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Josef Hesoun (Czechoslovakia, 1903-1965) Sttn idovsk Muzeum v Praze (State Jewish Museum in Prague)
Offset litho Prague, Czech Republic, Vytiskla Polygraa, [1963] Gift of Al Zais, 76.189 Founded in 1906, the Jewish Museum of Prague was closed after the Nazi occupation of Bohemia and Moravia in 1939. In 1942, the Nazis established in Prague the Central Jewish Museum, a repository of objects taken from the countrys liquidated Jewish communities. After the Second World War, the ownership of the collection was transferred to the State, and in 1950 the institution became known as the State Jewish Museum in Prague. In 1994, a year after the creation of the Czech Republic, it was renamed Jewish Museum in Prague. The poster, by Czech modernist designer Josef Hesoun (1903-1965) reads: The world-famous museum in the center of Prague invites you to visit the Old Jewish Cemetery, the Old-New Synagogue [and] six permanent exhibitions and displays. Open daily 9am-6pm.

2. Synagogue und Juden in Basel. Eine Ausstellung der Israelitischen Gemeinde Basel (Synagogue and Jews in Basle)
Basle, Switzerland, Robert Hiltbrand - Gissler Druck, 1988 2012.0.4 Poster for an exhibition of the Jewish Community of Basel, held at the Kleines Klingental City and Cathedral Museum in Basle, highlighting a long and multifaceted local Jewish history. The poster features an architectural rendering of the faade of the citys Great Synagogue, built in 1868 according to the Moorish style then fashionable in Germany and other European countries.

3. Ebrei a Lugo. I contratti matrimoniali (Jews in Lugo. The Marriage Contracts)

Offset litho Imola, Italy, Grache Galeati, 1994 2012.0.5 Poster for an exhibition highlighting the decorated ketubbot (Jewish marriage contracts) from the Italian city of Lugo, near Ravenna, where Jews rst settled in the 13th century. The exhibition, held in the citys public library in 1994, was promoted by the local municipality in partnership with regional and national Jewish institutions, including the Fondazione per i Beni Culturali Ebraici in Italia, a foundation established in 1986 to ensure the conservation and promotion of Italys twenty-two century old Jewish cultural heritage. Lavishly decorated marriage contracts from Lugo, dating from the 18th and 19th centuries, are kept in some of the most important Jewish collections worldwide, including The Magnes.

4. 1000 Jahre sterreichisches Judentum (1000 Years of Austrian Jewry)

Offset litho Eisenstadt, Austria, 1982 Gift of Dr. Kurt Schubert, 87.27.1 The sterreichers Jdisches Museum (Austrian Jewish Museum), housed in an 18th-century building that was the home and private synagogue of the prominent Viennese court Jew and Rabbi, Samson Wertheimer (Worms, 1658 Vienna, 1724), was opened in 1982 to celebrate the history of the Austro-Hungarian Jewish community of Eisenstadt. There, Jews developed one of the most important communities in Europe from the 14th century until the Nazi Anschluss in 1938. A private museum was founded there in 1902 by Sandor Wolf, but was plundered during the Holocaust.

5. The Precious Legacy. Judaic Treasures from the Czechoslovak State Collections
Offset litho United States, Grak Communications, Ldt., 1983 Judah L. Magnes Museum purchase, 84.68 Poster for an exhibition highlighting the holdings of the Sttn idovsk Muzeum v Praze (State Jewish Museum in Prague), organized by the Smithsonian Institution in partnership with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. The poster features fteen Torah pointers (Heb. yad), ritual objects used in the public reading of the Hebrew bible in the synagogue; they are all of diverse shape, from the same collection.

6. Chefs-duvre de lart juif. La collection du muse de Cluny (Masterpieces of Jewish Art. The Muse de Cluny Collection)
Offset litho Paris, France, Imprimerie Union, 1981 Gift of Leo and Florence Helzel, 81.61 Poster for an exhibition of the holdings of the Muse National du Moyen ge (National Museum of the Middle Ages, better known as Muse de Cluny), held at the Grand Palais in Paris in 1981 under the sponsorship of the French Ministry of Culture and Communications. The Muse de Cluny housed the collection of Isaac Strauss (1806-1888), conductor of the orchestra at the Paris Opera and avid art collector, from 1890 (when it was purchased by Baronne Charlotte de Rothschild, who donated it to the State) until the opening of the Muse dart et dhistoire du Judasme in 1999. The Strauss collection was the source of the rst public exhibition of Jewish ritual objects, held in 1878 at the Exposition Universelle at the Palais de Trocadro in Paris.

7. Museo Sefardi (Sephardic Museum)

Offset litho Toledo, Spain, Ministerio de Cultura, n.d. 2012.0.3 Promotional poster for the Museo Sefardi (Sephardic Museum), established in 1964 in Toledo, Spain, by the Ministry of National Education. The museum is located in the restored El Trnsito synagogue, built in the 14th century and used, after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, as a hospital, a church, and as army headquarters, until it was declared a National Monument in 1877. The poster features the reproduction of a detail drawing of the interior decorations of the synagogue by Carlos Gondorff (engraving by D. Martinez) from a 19th-century survey of Spanish architectural monuments, Monumentos arquitectnicos de Espaa (Madrid 1959-1881). The surveyors ambiguously categorized the facade as Christian art (followed by a question mark) in the mudejar style.

8. Die Architektur der Synagogue (The Architecture of the Synagogue)

Offset litho Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Union-Druckerei, 1988 2012.0.6 Poster for an exhibition on synagogue architecture held jointly at the Deutsches Architekturmuseum (German Museum of Architecture) and the Jdisches Museum of Frankfurt am Main in 1988. That year marked the reopening of the citys Jewish Museum, established in 1922 (as the Museum Jdischer Altertmer, or Museum of Jewish Antiquities) and destroyed in 1938, during Kristallnacht. A Society for the Research of Jewish Art Objects had been previously founded (1901) in Frankfurt by Heinrich Frauberger, a Catholic art historian and the director of the Kunstgewerbemuseum (Museum of Applied Art) in Duesseldorf.

9. Die Mesusa (The Mezuzah)

Offset litho Ausgburg, Germany, Jdisches Kulturmuseum, 1988 2009.0.167 Poster for the exhibition, Die Mesusa, at the Jdisches Kulturmuseum (Museum of Jewish Culture) in Augsburg, Germany, featuring the black and white photograph of a shshaped ritual doorpost (Heb. mezuzah), and the inscription, in Hebrew characters: (And thou shalt write them upon the doorposts of thy house, and upon thy gates, Deut. 6:9). Founded in 1985, the museum is housed in a synagogue that was built in 1917 and damaged in 1938 during Kristallnacht.

10. Die Jad Thorazeiger (The Yad Torah pointer)

Offset litho Augsburg, Germany, Jdisches Kulturmuseum, 1989 2009.0.166 Poster for the exhibition, Die Jad Thorazeiger, at the Jdisches Kulturmuseum (Museum of Jewish Culture) in Augsburg, Germany, featuring the color photograph of a decorated Torah pointer.

11. Judaica Kultgegenstnde des 20. Jahrhunderts (Judaica: Ritual Objects of the 20th Century)
Offset litho Augsburg, Germany, Jdisches Kulturmuseum, 1989 2009.0.161 Poster for the exhibition, Judaica: Ritual Objects of the 20th century, at the Jdisches Kulturmuseum (Museum of Jewish Culture) in Augsburg, Germany, featuring the black and white photograph of a Hebrew manuscript Esther scroll decorated with Orientalist motifs, rolled in a silver case.

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