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This book belongs to

THE CAMPBELL COLLECTION


The MacDonald-Stewart Foundation
and
purchased

with the aid of

The Canada Council

USH e OLD NG 0U 0F

DICTION^

HEBREW AND ENGLISH LEXICON


OF THE

OLD TESTAMENT

HEBREW AND ENGLISH LEXICON


OF THE
}

OLD TESTAMENT
WITH AN APPENDIX CONTAINING THE BIBLICAL ARAMAIC
BASED ON THE LEXICON OF

WILLIAM GESENIUS
AS TRANSLATED BY

EDWARD ROBINSON
LATE PROFESSOR IN THE UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY,

NEW YORK

Edited with constant reference to the Thesaurus of Gesenhis as completed Vtj E. Rodiger, and with authorized use of the latest German editions of Gesenius's

Handworierhuch

iiber

das Alie Testament

BY

FRANCIS BROWN,

D.D., D.Litt.
IN

DAVENPORT PROFESSOR OF HEBREW AND THE COGNATE LANGUAGES


WITH TBK COOPERATION OT

THE UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

R.

DRIVES,

D.D., Litt.D.

and

CHARLES

A.

BRIGGS,

D.D., D.Litt.

REGIUS PROFESSOR OF HEBREW, AND CANON OF CHRIST CHURCH, OXFORD

EDWARD ROBINSON PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL THEOLOGY IN THE UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

OXFORD AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

OXFORD
UNIVERSITY PRESS
AMEN HOUSE, E.C. 4 London Edinburgh Glasgow New York Toronto Melbourne Capetown Bombay Calcutta Madras

HUMPHREY MILFORD
PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY

IMPRESSION OP 1939
FIBST EDITION 1906

PRINTED IN OBEAT mil

WN

PKEFACE
so long felt that no elaborate explanation of the appearance of the Wilhelm Gesenius, the father of modern Hebrew present work seems called for. died in 1842. His Lexicon Manuale Hebraicum et Chaldaicum Lexicography,

THE been

need of a

new Hebrew and

English Lexicon of the Old Testament has

in V.T. Libros, representing a


his earlier

riper stage of his lexicographical work than was published in 1833, and the corresponding issue of his Hebrdisches und Chalddisches Handworterbuch iiber das Alte Testament, upon which the later German editions more or less directly depend, appeared in 1834. The Thesaurus philologicus Griticus Linguae Hebraeae et Chaldaeae Veteris Testamenti, begun by Gesenius some years earlier, and not completed at his death, was substantially finished by Roediger in 1853, although the concluding part, containing Indices, Additions, and Corrections, was not published until 1858. The results of Gesenius's most advanced work were promptly put before Englishspeaking students. In 1824 appeared Gibbs's translation of the Neues Hebraischdeutsches Handworterbuch, issued by Gesenius in 1815, and in 1836 Edward Robinson published his translation of the Latin work of 1833. This broad-minded, sound, and faithful scholar added to the successive editions of the book in its English form the newest materials and conclusions in the field of Hebrew word-study, receiving large and valuable contributions in manuscript from Gesenius

much

Hebrew

dictionaries,

himself, and, after the latter's death, carefully incorporating into his translation the substance of the Thesaurus, as its fasciculi appeared.

Robinson's Gesenius was made in 1854, and Robinson English edition of Gesenius, prepared by Tregelles, and likewise including additions from the Thesaurus, dates as far back as 1859. In the meantime Semitic studies have been pursued on all hands with energy
last revision of

But the

died in 1863.

The

last

success. The language and text of the Old Testament have been subjected a minute and searching inquiry before unknown. The languages cognate with Hebrew have claimed the attention of specialists in nearly all civilized

and
to

countries.

of research have been opened, the very existence of and have invited explorers. Arabic, ancient and modern, surprise, Ethiopic, with its allied dialects, Aramaic, in its various literatures and localities, have all yielded new treasures while the discovery and decipherment of inscriptions from Babylonia and Assyria, Phoenicia, Northern Africa, Southern Arabia, and other old abodes of Semitic peoples, have contributed to a far more comprehensive and accurate knowledge of the Hebrew vocabulary in its sources and its usage than was possible forty or fifty years ago. In Germany an attempt has been made to keep pace with advancing knowledge by frequent editions of the Handworterbuch, as well as by the brilliant and suggestive, though unequal, b
fields

Wide

which was a

vi

PREFACE

Worterbuch of Siegfried and Stade (in 1892-3), but in England and America there has not been heretofore even so much as a serious attempt. The present Editors consider themselves fortunate in thus having the opportunity afforded by an evident demand. Arrangements have been made whereby the rights connected with Robinson's Gesenius are carried over to the present
' '

work, and exclusive authority to use the most recent German editions has been secured 1 They have felt, however, that the task which they had undertaken
.

could not be rightly discharged by merely adding new knowledge to the old, or by substituting more recent opinions for others grown obsolete, or by any At an early stage of the work they reached other form of superficial revision.

and perhaps chief duty was to make a fresh and, as far as possible, exhaustive study of the Old Testament materials, determine the actual uses of words by detailed examination of every passage, comparing, at the same time, their employment in the related languages, and thus fix their proper meanings in Hebrew. In the matter of etymologies they have endeavoured to carry out the method of sound philology, making it their aim to exclude arbitrary and fanciful conjectures, and in cases of uncertainty to afford the student the meaDs of judging of the materials on which a decision depends. They could not have been satisfied to pursue the course chosen by Professors Siegfried and Stade in This excluding the etymological feature almost entirely from their lexicon.
the conviction that their
first

method deprives the student of all knowledge as to the extra-Biblical history and relationship of his words, and of the stimulus to study the cognato languages, and lessens his opportunity of growing familiar with the modes of
word-formation.

The

Editors

It greatly simplifies, of course, the task of the lexicographer. acknowledge, at once, that their labours would have ended

much

sooner if they had not included the etymology of words, and they are

sensible of the exposure to criticism at a thousand points which results from their undertaking to do so. They have cheerfully assumed this burden, and are ready to accept this criticism, from which they hope to learn much. Here,

anywhere, it is certain that results must, in many cases, long remain provisional. They have preferred to make what contribution they could to the final settlement of these difficult questions. For like reasons they have been unwilling to follow Buhl in excluding the explanation of the meaning of proper names, hazardous as
if

such explanations often are.


'

The eleventh German edition appeared

in
j

1890, the year before the First Part of the present Lexicon was issued, under the editorship of Pro-

and Volck, of Dorpat, who had prepared the eighth, ninth, and tenth also. The twelfth edition, in 1895, marked an era in tho history of this useful dictionary, for with it began the careful editorship of Professor Frants Buhl, of Copenhagen, then at Leipzig, who issued the thirteenth edition, also, in 1899, and, after a very
fessors Miihlau

any degree from personal investigation of the entire material. The Editors have, however, derived much benefit from the German work, and especially from the contributions to it of Professor Buhl and his co-labourers, Professors Socin and Zimmern. Unfortunately the present Lexicon with the exception of the Appendix was almost entirely in type when the fourteenth edition appeared, and adequate use of its new

thorough revision, the fourteenth in 1905.


of these editions

None

had the exact scope of the present

especially its extensive references to current philological literature must be reserved for a later opportunity.

material,

work, and none of them absolved the Editors in

PREFACE

vn

That the Editors have made use of the Thesaurus of Gesenius on every page, with increasing admiration for the tireless diligence, philological insight, and strong good sense of this great Lexicographer, and recognition of Robinson's wisdom in allowing him to speak directly to English students by the admirable

and editorship of the Lexicon Manuale, need not be further emphasized. have also made free reference to Gesenius's Hebrew Grammar, in the They successive editions prepared by Professor Kautzsch, follower of Gesenius at Halle, and, since 1898, to the excellent English translation of this book made by Messrs. Collins and Cowley, which appeared in that year. The grammars of Ewald, and Konig, the Syntax of A. B. Davidson, Olshausen, Bbttcher, Stade, August Miiller, and other grammatical works have been cited as occasion required. Noldeke's contributions to Hebrew Lexicography and Grammar have been constantly used, with the works of Lagarde and Barth on the formation of nouns, of Gerber on denominative verbs, and many which cannot be catalogued here. All the critical commentaries, and a great number and variety of textual, topographical, and geographical works, with monographs and articles bearing on every possible aspect of Old Testament language, have been examined.
translation

The published materials for the study of the languages cognate with Hebrew have reached such proportions as to tax even the most industrious in any extended comparison of kindred words. For the Arabic, constant use has been

made

of the dictionaries of Lane, Freytag, Dozy, Wahrmund, the Beirut Fathers, besides. The Editors have found themselves sharing with peculiar in the unavailing regret of scholars that Mr. Lane's magnificent plan keenness

and others

Arabic lexicography was not destined to be realized. Frankel's Aramdische Frerndiuorter im Arabischen has been constantly used. For the vast and increasing storehouse of Assyrian as yet most imperfectly explored the
of complete

dictionaries of Delitzsch, and,

as

far as the

times

of

its

appearance allowed,

Muss-Arnolt have been employed, as well as Meissner's Supplement, and many Paul Haupt, Bezold, Guyard, Strassmaier, Zimmern, Jensen, special vocabularies. Winckler, Scheil, Sayce, King, Johns, R. F. Harper, and many writers in the Zeitschrift fur Assyriologie, the Beitrage zur Assyriologie und Semitischen SprachA place wissenschaft, and other publications, have been laid under contribution. of honour must here be given to Eberhard Schrader, the founder of Assyriology in Germany, whose fruitful work has been prematurely cut short by impaired health, and the Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek begun by him is mentioned here
times. Winckler is of course recognized as the chief editor of the inscriptions from Tel el-Amarna. For Syriac, the Thesaurus of R. Payne Smith and the Lexicon of Brockelmann have been always at hand, with Castell accessible in case of need. Constant reference has been made to Noldeke's Syrische Grammatik

many

(now, fortunately, translated), as well as his older works, the Neu-Syrische

Gmmmatik, and the priceless Manddische Grammatik. Duval and Nestle also have been laid under contribution. The Aramaic of the Targums and other JewishAramaic documents, as well as the post-Biblical Hebrew have been examined in the dictionaries of Buxtorf, J. Levy, Jastrow, and Dalman, the collections of Bacher, the grammars of Strack, Marti, and Dalman, the editions of Lagarde,

b2

viii

PREFACE

and Merx, as well as the older publications. The Christian Aramaic of In the Palestine has been studied in the treatment of Schwally and Schulthess. Aramaic Appendix frequent references have been made not only to the grammars of Kautzsch and Dalman, but also to Krauss's Griechiscke u. Lateinische Lehnworter im Talmud, and especially to the independent and valuable pamphlets of Scheftelowitz Arisckes im Alten Testament I and II. The Hebrew text of Ecclesiasticus has been used in the primary editions of Schechter, of Neubauer and Cowley, of Schechter and Taylor, of E. N. Adler, G. Margoliouth, I. LeVi and Gaster, as well as in the more compact editions of Strack and Levi, and Dillmann has been the the admirable facsimile issued by the Clarendon Press. main authority for Ethiopic, with resort, from time to time, to Pratorius and North-Semitic inscriptions have yielded their material through the Charles.
Berliner,
;

Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum, the Repertoire d"pigraphie Semitique, the


collections of de Vogue", Euting, and others, and, especially in recent years, by the aid of the Handbooks of Lidzbarski and G. A. Cooke, and the Glossary of

A. Cook. The important Aramaic texts from Egypt, of the fifth century b. c. which have been just published by Cowley and Sayce, have also been utilized for the Aramaic Lexicon. The lexical matter of Southern Arabia has been gathered from the Corpus, from the inscriptions published by Osiander, M. Levy, Halevy, Mordtmann, D. H. Miiller (including the discoveries of Langer), Glaser, and others. Egyptian parallels have been adduced mainly from Wiedemann, Bondi, Erman, Steindorff and Spiegelberg, with occasional reference to Lepsius, Brugsch and Ebers. In all these departments, where active work is going on, fugitive materials have of course been found in many places, often scattered and sometimes remote. It has been the purpose to recognize good textual emendations, but not to There is still swell the list by conjectures which appeared to lack a sound basis. much to do in textual criticism, and much which has been done since the printing of this Lexicon began would receive recognition if extensive revision were now Among the critical discussion of the Hebrew texts which have been possible. frequently used are those of Geiger, Graetz, Wellhausen (Samuel, Minor Prophets), Perles, Oort, Cornill (Ezelciel, Jeremiah), Beer (Job), Driver (Samuel), Burney (Kings), the several Parts of the Polychrome Bible, the Notes by translators in Kautzsch's Altes Testament, as well as those found in the Commentaries (especially the two recently completed series published under the editorship of Nowack and Marti, respectively, and the Old Testament volumes of the International Critical Commentary, edited by Professors Briggs and Driver), and in many periodicals. As to the arrangement of the work, the Editors decided at an early stage of their preparations to follow the Thesaurus, and the principal dictionaries of other Semitic languages, in classifying words according to their stems, and not to adopt the purely alphabetical order which has been common in Hebrew
S.

dictionaries.

make

this

The relation of Semitic derivatives to the stems is such as to method of grouping them an obvious demand from the scientific

It is true that practical objections to it may be offered, but point of view. One is that it compels the Editor to seem to these do not appear convincing. each word under a given stem, some questions of etymology decide, by placing

PREFACE
which
in his

IX

are still open. The number of such cases, however, is small, and the uncertainty can always be expressed by a word comparatively And even if the objection were much more important it would be of caution. better to assume the burden of it, in order to give students of Hebrew, from the outset, the immense advantage of familiarity with the structure and formative laws of the Hebrew vocabulary in their daily work. Another objection incidental to this arrangement is thought to be the increased difficulty of reference.

own mind

This difficulty will diminish rapidly as students advance in knowledge, and by the practice of setting words formed by prefix or affix or otherwise hard for the beginner to trace a second time in their alphabetical place, with cross-

references, it is

hoped to do away with the

difficulty

almost entirely.

The Aramaic of the Bible has been separated from the Hebrew, and placed itself at the end of the book, as a separate and subordinate element of the by
language of the Old Testament. This is a change from that older practice which, since it was adopted here, has been made also by Siegfried and Stade, and by Buhl,

and which the Editors believe will commend itself on grounds of evident propriety. The question of adding an English-Hebrew Index has been carefully conWith reluctance it has been decided, for practical reasons, not to do sidered. The original limits proposed for the Lexicon have already been far exceeded, so. and the additional time, space, and cost which an Index would require have presented a barrier which the Editors could not see their way to remove. The articles The work of preparing the Lexicon has been divided as follows
:

written by

Professor Driver include

junctions, interjections, also some entire principal use (with or without a preposition) is adverbial stems of which only one derivative is used adverbially e. g. I. Tt3, TV2 (not ?y!?3),
; :

and other

pronouns, prepositions, adverbs, conparticles, together with some nouns whose


all

*&, i. "nj>, b$o and by (sub nby), Professor Driver's responsibility does not go "Wa (sub my), among others, beyond the particular words. Under ftiB he is responsible for the treatment of 'JB with He has prepared a few other articles, as well ; prepositions prefixed. In addition to articles for e.g. tyx, II. vo, bin, r\w\ njehn, Ten, ino, bj?o, inh.

W,
D V>

I.

bbl, DND, yri;

but in the case of 0oi\ 1M,

which he

is

exclusively responsible, he has read all the proofs, and

made many
;

suggestions.
l The following articles have been prepared by Professor Briggs they are in the main terms important to Old Testament Religion, Theology, and Psychology, and words related to these
:

JH3K,
I.

pK,
II.

I.

bnK,

3IK,

II. H1K,

I.

i>lK,

I.

fW,

TNt,

^J,

Dy6k, rfb$,
i.

II.

r6t?,

}DK,

nBN,

pK, TIN,
[fflj,

njfo,
"133,

Wftt,

1SW
HD3,

(but

nofBfc);
B''p3,

PN3, T3,

13,

Kn3,
i.

"TO,
TI3,

I.

TO3,

p3 (not

PS),

^3,

byi,

I.

*03, n^3, 113,

T3,

Except where words are pointed, or special made, it is generally to be understood that Professor Briggs is responsible for all words belonging to the stem whose letters are given.
1

restrictions

material, especially in the last two-thirds of the book, form a standing exception, nor is Professor Briggs responsible for any part of the Biblical

Aramaic.

Proper names, and

much

of

the

etymological

x
-lira,

PREFACE
tai;
I. nit,

me,
nst,

J,
I.

ins, naj, naa,


rot,

h:,
ssn,

rta,

^a
I.

(not ^?|), "BR;


ntn,
i.

W, H;

WW
j^n

(incl.

mn*)

nai,
I.

nyr,

P"iT;

Din,

Hon, hti, nan,

in. ^n,
;

ji.

abn,
aio,

jsn (not roan),


;

Lion, ron,

jsn,

ppn,

inn,

mn,

i.

epn, seta,
;

-ino,

noo
ova,

I. I.

io,

nsa,

naa, jna, riDa, boa, nr, ats', t&, nD\ iy\ nap, an, rrv, ye, ntr noi> rna i. dkd, j"i>, mo, i. nno, nrao, ^>yo, n,s6, aai>, ana, yna,
;

nso,
I.

nisp,
^S3,

mo,
i.

ntro,
nxa,

I.

hro;
ops
;

dxj,
nto, njy,

xa:,

ana,

ma,
;

I.

bra,

era,

ribs,

I.

n,DJ,

b>bs,

nxj,

rips,

nbo,

rbo
;

nay,

nw,

n. my,

m.
I.

hy,

W,
ytfa
;

nbv (not ^yp,


sax,
I.

^5?),

my,
i>np,

^oy,
1.

in.
nop,
jd'b';

iny

1.

-ins,
1.
5
,

ma,
ddp,
ne/,

n^es,
i. 1.

&b,
ejsp
soe>,
;

nos,
ran,
nne*,

pnx,
1.

nix;
yy~i,

ehp,
nxn,
-pe*,

n. nj*g,
^iNt?,

Mjp,

nsp,
rue*,

am,
yie*,

jrn,

orn,

jwh;
niB';

natf,

mb

),

pe*,

take*,

dbb>,

Don, ayn, nyn.

Professor Brown is responsible for all articles and parts of articles not included in the above statements, as well as for the arrangement of the book and the

general editorial oversight.

The work has consumed a much longer time than was anticipated at the outset. Twenty-three years have passed since it was undertaken, and nearly
fifteen since the issue of the

First Part,
it.

in June, 1891.

Several causes have

prevented an earlier completion of


in the

Not only have

the Editors been engaged

professorships, to which they were obliged to subordinate even so important a work as this, but they have more than once encountered serious interruptions from unforeseen circumstances of a personal

active duties

of

their

nature.
it

to be.

difficult,

the task itself has proved a greater one than they supposed has been large, the questions have been many, and often the consideration of usage, involved, as it is, with that of textual change But, above
all,

The

field

and of
the

fresh proposals in exegesis, has required


is

an enormous amount of time


of
;

study of etymologies

involved with masses

increasing and as yet imperfectly published and digested the many related topics is of great extent and scattered through many books and Even tentative conclusions can be reached often only through periodicals.

material, rapidly the critical discussion of

new

a careful weighing of facts yielded by prolonged investigation. And so the process has gone on year after year. The Editors are quite aware that the patience of purchasers has been put to a severe test. They would be glad to think that they

a partial compensation. indeed, that this result is far from perfect. Their most earnest They know, care has not been able to exclude errors the First Part, in particular, was printed under unfavourable conditions, and the years since the earlier Parts were issued

may

find in the result

have brought new knowledge at many points. It was not possible, nor would it have been just to owners of these Parts, to make considerable changes in the Such changes have been limited, almost wholly, to obvious misprints, plates. and occasional errors in citation. A selected, and restricted, list of some of the The more important Addenda et Corrigenda is appended to the volume.
'
'

additional material which

Editors venture to hope that in the future they is now in their hands.

may

be able to utilize the

PREFACE

xi
I.

list

of abbreviations
it is

was issued with Part

This has been

now

revised

and enlarged, and by the fullness of

hoped that by its aid the abbreviations made necessary reference, on the one hand, and the requirements of space, on

the other, will be quite intelligible. Thanks are due to many scholars

who have shown an


their suggestions.
;

and have contributed


are Professor

to its value

by

interest in the work, Prominent amonw these

Hermann L. Strack, D.D., of Berlin Professor George F. Moore, D.D., of Harvard University and, for the Biblical Aramaic, Stanley A. Cook, Esq., of and Cambridge, who has kindly read the proofs of the Aramaic
;

Appendix,

additions and improvements. Dr. Eberhard Nestle, of Maulbronn, Professors Theodor Nbldeke, of Strassburg, Henry Preserved Smith, D.D., of

made various

Amherst, Mass., Thomas Kelly Cheyne, D.D., of Oxford, Richard J. H. Gottheil, Ph.D., of Columbia University, New York, A. F. Kirkpatrick, D.D., and William Emery Barnes, D.D., of Cambridge, T. W. Davies, of the University College of North Wales, and Max Margolis, of the University of California, as well as Mr. H. W. Sheppard, of Bromley, Kent, and others, have laid the Editors under
obligation by sending important comments, or lists of corrections. Any further communications which may advance the cause of Hebrew scholarship, and promote a more thorough comprehension of the Old Testament Scriptures by supplying material for a possible future edition of the Lexicon, will be cordially welcomed. It is impossible to bring this Preface to a close without especial reference to the relations between the Editors and their Publishers, in America and in England. The new Hebrew Lexicon owes its origin to Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin

and Company, of Boston, Mass., holders of the copyright of Robinson's Gesenius,' and long its publishers. The present editors were authorized by them to undertake the work as a revision of that book. The late Mr. Henry 0. Houghton, senior

'

member of the firm, gave the project his especial attention, devoting much time to personal conference with the American editors, and making a visit to Oxford for a discussion of the matter with Professor Driver, and with the Delegates of
the Clarendon Press, whose co-operation he secured. It is a matter of deep regret that his life was not spared to see the completion of an enterprise in which he took so sympathetic an interest. We desire to record our appreciation of that
interest,
'of this

and of the considerate patience with which he and the other members -have met the delays publishing-house both before and since his death

in finishing the work. are under similar obligations to the Delegates of the Clarendon Press. Since assuming a share in this enterprise they have shown unfailing regard for

We

Hebrew learning. The Editors have many courtesies from successive Secretaries of the Clarendon Press, the late Master acknowledge of Pembroke, Professor Bartholomew Price, D.D., P. Lyttleton Gell, Esq., and C. Cannan, Esq. We desire to express our thanks to the printers, to whose painstaking care in the composition made complicated and difficult by the great variety of type, of foreign characters in the correcting and in including half a dozen founts the press-work, the excellent appearance of the page is due to Horace Hart, M. A.,
it

as a serious contribution to

to

zii

PREFACE
;

under whose direction they have worked and not least to J. C. Pembrey, M. A., whose sharp eye little escapes, and whose personal enthusiasm is always concentrated upon the book in hand. The merits of the work if it have them are dependent to a large degree on the hearty co-operation of all these, whose service we gratefully acknowledge. In thus sending out into the world a book to which have gone many years of life and much persistent effort, our most earnest wish is that it shall be of real use to students, as a key with which they may unlock for themselves the rich treasure-house of the Old Testament.
chief Oriental proof-reader,

THE EDITORS.
March, 1906.

ABBREVIATIONS
A
ABA
= Alexandrine MS.
= Abhandlungen
Akademie
schaften.
gint.
d.

of Septua-

B
Ba

= Vatican MS.

of Septuagint.
-

=J.Barth. Ba Erkl

"'"

= /</.,
;

d. Berliner

Wissen-

Ba ES = 7<2.,Etymologische NB = Studien; Ba /</., NoBa


minalbildung. ~K. C. Biihr.

Erklarung des Jesaias

Bi Bl Bla

=G. BickelL -F. Bleek.


-J.
S. Black.

Bloch<G'-'

= A.

Bloch,

Phbnirisches

absolute. abs, abstr. = abstract.

Bmg A.
Bo B6

Glossar. J. Baumgartner.

-S. Bochart.

Abulf-Abulfeda.

Ac
ace.

= Academy (London). = accusative (direct


= ace. =
etc.).

Bab. Babylonian. Bacher = W. Bacher.


obj.

Bo Htor01 - Id.,
-

ace. cogn.

of cognate meaning with verb.

ace. pers. ace. of person. ace. rei = ace. of thing.


ace. to

m active. adjective. adj, adv. = adverb. AE Aben Ezra. AGG Abhandlungen


act.

= according

to.

Alteste Terminologie der jiidischen Schriftauslegung. Bachm = J. Bachmann. Bad = K. Badeker. Bad E* = Badeker's Egypt ; Bad r*'-= Badeker' s Palestine. Bae -F. Baethgen. Bae^ 1 -, or B aeSem.Bel._Be trjige zur Semitischen Religionsge,
i

Id.

BacherTennln<>1 -

Hierozoicon. F. Bottcher. Bo

= Id.,

or
d.

Bb

'

Lehrbuch

Sprache j Ahrenlese.orNeueAhrenlese;
feris
;

Hebr. Bo*. r "* Id.,


In-

Bb'-'-W., De

Bo

"

r b-

Id.,

Pro-

ben

alttest. Schrifterkla-

rung.

Bondi-J. H. Bondi, Hebr. Lebnworter in Hieroglyphischen .... Texten.

schichte.
d.
d.

Gesellsch. schaften.

Gottinger Wissen-

Baen = B. Baentsch. Bahr =K. C. Bahr.

BOR Babylonian &


cord.

Oriental ReBr"- ln "-

Bahr s ml

>

Br

= C. A.
Id.,

Briggs.

AGI

"-Assyrian
sary,
versity.

&

English Glos-

Bahr, Symbolik des Mosaischen Cultus.

General Introduction

Johns Hopkins Uniof Philo-

BAL

AJPh American Journal


A JSL American
Ak.
al.

Bezold, Babylonisch-Assyrische Literatur. B.Aram. Biblical Aramaic.

=C.

logy.

Journal of Se-

BAS

BarHeb(r)

Akkadian.
et
aliter,

mitic Languages.

also

Albr = K.

el alii,

and elsewhere; and others.

Kel Bau(d) = W. von Baudissin. Bau

Hebraeus. =Beitrage zur Assyriologie u. Suiriit. Sprachwissenschaft, edd. 1)1. & Hpt.
Studien zur Semitischen Religionsgeschichte
;

Bar

the Study of Holy H - = Id., Scripture; Br Higher Criticism of the Hexateuch Br" p =
to
;

Id.,

Braun

dl!

v- srd.

Messianic Prophecy. = j, Braunius, Vestitus Sacerdotum Hebraeorum.

id.,

Albrecht.
.

alttest(am) alttestamentliche(r,s). alw. = always.

Bau

I rl

'

" = Id.,
t-

Am = Amos.

Am. J.Sem.Lang. = A JSL, q. v. AmRV = American RV. Andr = Andreas. Andr 31 Id.,
Marti's

Geschichte des Alttestamentlichen Priesterthums.

=C. Bredenkamp. Brock C. Brockelmann, esp. Id., Lexicon Syriacum. Bu =K. Budde. Bu 8* - Id., Richter u. Samuel Bu Cr- Id., Die biblische
Brd
;

Bd.
in

BD = Baer&Delitzsch,Heb.Text.
E. Bertheau. m beginning. Behrm G. Behrmann. Belsh. Belshazzar. Benn - W. H. Bennett.
Be
beg.

-Bad,

q.v.

Buhl

Frants
A.

Urgeschichte. Buhl, esp. as editor of eds. 12-14 of Gesenius's

Aram.Grammatik.

Handwbrterbuchiiber das
T.;

AR Andover Review.
Arabic. Aram. = Aramaic,
Ar.
Arch.

Aq

=Aquila.

Buhl^w.) _/<*.,
;

Aramaism.

ARSK = A.
As. Asrb.

= Archaeology.
R.
S.

Benz J. Benzinger.
ologie.

Benz Arcll

Assyrian. Assurbanipal. Asm. = Assurnasirpal.


A.T. Ath.

Kennedy.

Id., Hebriiische Archae-

Berggren = J. Berggren, Guide FranBerliner TOnk

A v.

AV

= Altes Testament. Athenaeum (London). Avesta, Avestan.


= Authorized Version. =Abu'lWalid.

cais-Arabe Vulgaire.
-

A.

Berliner,

Targum

des Alten Palastina Buhl""""Id., Geschichte der Edomiter. Bur = C. F. Burney. Burckh J. L. Burckhardt, esp. Id., Travels in Syria, etc. Bux = J. Buxtorf. Bz =C. Bezold.

Geographie

AW

A&W = Abel

of Onkelos. Berthol = A. Bertholet. BeRy = Bertheau's Cumin, ed. by Ryssel.


Keil-

c.

Ca

= circa, about; also cum = C. P. Caspari.


= Edward
Castell.

with.

&

Winckler,

Bev
Bez

= A. A.
-C.

Bevan.

Calv John Calvin. Cappad. = Cappadocia.


Castell

AZ = Agyptische

schrifttexte, Glossary. Zeitschrift.

Bezold.

BH

-Biblical Hebrew.

Castle -Castell.

XIV
caus.

ABBREVIATIONS
= causative.
Celsius,

Dan.
Hierobo-

CeigHHrok^o.
cf.

DB
De

= Daniel. Dictionary

Dr
of the Bible, ed.

tanicon.

-S. R. Driver. Dr = Id,, Hebrew Tenses ; Dr Imr


-

confer,
i

I Ch, 2 Ch -i Chronicles. Champoll J. F. Champollion. Che = T. K. Cheyne. Che Fouod,l^,


.'

compare.

Franz
v *r
-

J. Hastings. Delitzsch.

= 7rf., Founders of Old Testament Criticism Che


;

Complutensische Varianten zum alttestamentlichen Texte Kohelelh ,_ J) e HL Jrf


Id.,
;

Decompi.

Id., Introduction to Literature of 0. T. ; Dr PMl ' =


Id., Psalter;

Dr Sm

Text of Samuel. Dr-Wh- Driver and White, Le-

/</.,

or 8 m

1111,1

Comm. iiber
del.

das Hohelied

Dt

und Koheleth.
Hpt.'s Sacred Books of the O. T. ('Polychrome Bible '), Eng. Trans., and Heb. Text; Che1 "" 1 '-7j?.,TntroductiontoIsaiah; Che p = and
7rf., Origin Religious Contents of the

Du
dub.

=dele, strike out (also delet,


delent).

Derenb = (usu.)
sts.

H.

J. Derenbourg;

Derenbourg De-

Dvd David. DWAk-Denkschriften


Akademie
d.

=B. Duhm. dubious, doubtful.


der Wiener Wiss.

Deuteronomy.

viticus (Hpt.).

renbKtujM Id> feudes sur l'Epigraphie du Ye'-

Dy

J.

Dyserinck.

Psalter.

ChGn G.

Smith's Chald. Genesis,

Chron Chronicles also Chronicon Chro1 (e.g., Euseb '-).


;

Germ.

ed.

DeW = W. M. L. De Wette. DHM=D. H. Miiller. DHM B8 =


Burgen u. Schlbsser Sad - Arabiens
Id.,
;

men.

E
Eb

-Elohist. = G. Ebers.

Eh**" u.

Id.,

Aegypten

d.

Biicher

Mosis;Eb = 7d.,Durch
G8

DHM

Gosen zum

Sinai.

Chr-Pal.

Epigr.

DenVm.

(Ar., or aus Aliens.)

EB(i)- Encyclopaedia
Ec

Biblica, edd.

Christian -Palestinian

Aramaic.

Id.,

Epigraphische
or

= Ecclesias tes.

Black and Cheyne.

ChWB-J.Levy.ChaldiiischesWorterbuch.
Cilic.

Denkmaler,

Epigr.

CIS

(Aramaic). Corpus Inscript. Semitica-

Cilician

Denkm. aus Arabien, or Epigr. Denkm. aus Abessinien DHM H tmU! =


-

Ecclus Ecclesiasticus; Ecclus, Oxford ed., = Heb. Fragments of Ecclesiasticus. edd. Neubauer and

Id.,

rum. CIGann Clermont-Ganneau.

Co
coll.

= C.

H.

Cornill.

collective.

DHM* * !^ Id., Inschriften von Sendd -= schirli; DHM Id.,


museums;
1

Inschriften

des

Hof1

81

Cowley. Eg. -Egyptian, elsewhere. elsewh.

Comm.a Commentary,
comp. compare,
concr.
conj.
taries,

Commen.

Sudarabische

Studien

EMey - Eduard
hung

Meyer,

Commentators. compares, com-

I(Lj Alterthiimer in d.

DHMSmb .
Dillmann.

Entstebung

EMey
Entste-

Sab Kon.
Enc.Brit.

]d.,

Museen zu
Di

= concrete. conjecture (s);


tion.

parative.

Berlin.

A.
-

Judenthums, Id., Entstehung J., etc. Encyclopaedia Brittanica, 9th ed.

des

also conjunc-

Dict.Bib.

consec. consecutive. constr. m construction.


contr.

Dietr

Dictionary of the Bible. F. E. C. Dietrich, esp. Id., Abhandlungen fiir semit.

Smith,

contract,

contracted.

Cook -Stanley A. Cook. Cooke -G. A. Cooke.

Wortforschung. Diod = Diodorus Siculus. Dioscor Dioscorides ; Dioscor De


Mt.r.Mi.

Ency(cl).Bib. = EB(i), q. v. Eng.Tr(ans). = English Translation. Ephr. = Ephraimitic source. Ephr(em) Ephrem Syrus. Esar. Esarhaddon. Esdr. = Esdras.
esp.

COT The

Cuneiform Inscr. & the Old Test. (Eng. Trans, of KAT J , by O. H. White-

Id> De

Ma

especially.

teria

div.

Cowley A. E. Cowley.
cp.

house).

Dl

divinum, divinitatu. = Friedrich Delitzsch.


Assyrian

Medica.

Dl* =
;

Est -Esther. E.T. -Eng. Trans. Eth. -Ethiopic.

Eut

cpd.

CR
Ct

compare. = compound, compounded.

Id., Assyrian Grammar Dl" Hebrew Id.,


;

= J.Euting.Eut K 7d.,Sammten;

Comptes Rend us.


construct.

& DIHwb = jj h
D1 L

lung Karthag. Eut N =


tiiische

Inschrif-

/tf.,

Naba-

Assyrisches Handworter-

cstr.

buch; D1 K

Cuche

- Canticles Song

= Id., Sprache
;

Inschriften; Eut "'"Id., Sinaitische Inschriften.

of Solomon. Id., Dictionnaire ArabeFrancais. in Dt., in other books Deuteronomic author or redactor.
usu.
Id.,

d.

Kossiier

Id.,
;

E.V.

Assyrische Dl r"> =
Paradies

Lesesttlcke

= Deuteronomist

Dl Pr< = Id., 8 Prolegomena ; Dl Id. w Assyrische Studien Dl = Id Assyrisches Wor, ;

7rf., 1

Wo

Ew

lag das

= English Version(s). =H. Ewald. Ew = /<*., Heb. Gram.; Ew '"" = Id.,


1 -)

Geschichte
rael;

d.

Ew H = 7d.,

Volkes Is-

of

Isr.

(in

BAram. Appendix) -G. Dalman,


Aramaisches-Neuhebraisches

terbuch.

DLZ

Deutsche
ung.

Literatur- Zeit-

Worterbuch; D =

Grammatik des
Aramaiscben

Id., Jiidisched.,

Dn = Daniel.

or Jahrb. d. Wissenschaft Ew BTh -7rf., BiblischeTheoEw"">">-=7<,.,


bibl.
;

E w G(ech.)).

History (Eng. Trans, of

EwJBW

(2nd

Da

-A.

"90S)-

B. Davidson.
Id.,

Da 8' nt =
Neuhebrai-

Door - A. van Doorninck. A Doughty ">=C. M. Doughty, Travels in Arabia Deserta.

logie;

Ew An, -7rf., An-

Ex
exc.
exil.

= Exodus.

tiquities.

= except.
exile.

Hebrew Syntax. Dalm -G. Dalman. Dalm WB = 7rf.,


Aramaisches
-

Dozy -R, Dozy,

(usu.) Suppl.

aux

Ez
Ezr
i.,f.
f,

DPV =

Diet. Arabes.

= Ezekiel. - Ezra.
feminine.

Deutscher
rein.

PalUstina-Ve-

sches Worterbuch.

or ff=

and following.

ABBREVIATIONS
- F. Brown. feminine, feminae. FFP - Flora and Fauna of Palestine
F.B.
fern.

xv
L Familiengesetze ; Hpt Id., Beitrage z. Aon. Lautlehre ; Hpt" - Id.,
0r"

Gray -G.B.Gray. Gray

Pr<>-

-=W.,

Gu

H.

Hebrew Proper Names.

Fi

(Surrey). Frederick Field,

esp.

Id.,

Guthe, rarely Stan. Guyard. Gu' Guyard, Notes de lexicogr. assyrienne.

fig.

- finite, finitivum. FJB =F. J. Bliss.


fin.

figurative.

Origeni8 Hexaplorum quae supersunt.

Guerin V.

Nimrodepos ; Hpt /</., Prolegomena to an Assyrian Grammar;


richt
;

p,<>1,

**

Guerin, Description geographique de la Palestine,

8 Hpt . Id., SintfluthbeHpt T -Jd, ASKT,

Fl
Flora
fr.

-H.L.Fleischer.

F1 K,

Schr -

Guidi Ignazio ** =

Akkad.
Guidi;
Id.,

Guidi Delia Sede


Popoli

*"*

Fr Fra

Id., Kleine Schriften. Flora of Syria, from. -S. Frensdorff. FrMM -/</.,

Primitiva
Semitici.

dei

= Post,

Sum. Keilu Hpt, or i (Che t*,ftc.) usu. -Sacred Books of the O. T ed.
schrifttexte

&

Gunk =H. Gunkel. Guy

Gunk 801"** =
u.

Hpt (Polychrome HSch = H. Schultz.


u.

Bible).

Massora Magna. S. Friinkel, and (usu.) Id., Aramiiische Fremdwbrter

Stan.

Id.,

Schopfung Guyard.

Chaos.

Hultsch = F. Hultsch, Griechische

im Arabischen.
Frankenb(erg) =W.

Frankenb 8 !" = Id.,Comm.


;

Frankenberg.

Frey

G.W.Frey tag, Lex. Arab.


J- rey
Prov.Ar.

Spriiche (ed. Nowack).

Hebrew(ConsonantalText). = Code of Holiness. Haev = Haevernick. Hal -J. Hale'vy. Hal M - Id., DB = Melanges Hal Id.,
;

Hup = H.Hupfeld.
wack.

Hup-Now =

Rbmische Metrologie. Hup^jHupB"*"",


Id.,

Psal-

men, edd. Riehm, No-

Arabum
fs.

or Frov.^/^^ ( Proverbia.

Documents Religieux Hal MA = Id., Mission Ar;

che"ol.

dans

feminine

Fu
(5)

= J. Fiirst.
Greek

singular.

Hal* 8, or

s^.Yemen = Id.,
le
;

Idioticon. Imperfect. Imv. = Imperative. indirect. ind. indef. = indefinite.


Idiot.

Impf.

Etudes Sabeennes.

Inf.
Id.,

Infinitive.

Hamm =

Version of the LXX. = of Lucian

Hammurabi,
Code of Laws.

esp.

infr., en/r.

Inschr.

LXX

Hartm

pl >"""- 1> l "il">

- M.

Hart-

inscr.

- infra, below. = Inschrift, Inschriften. inscription(s) Inscr.

GACooke = (usu.)G.A.Cooke,North Semitic Inscriptions GACooke InKr


;
-

(Lag).

Pluriliteralbildmann, ungen in den semitischen

Hast

Gal

-Galilee.

Gann Clermont-Ganneau.

= James Hastings. Hast(ings) db or Dict. Bib. m Dictionary


;

Sprachen.

intr(ans).
i.q.

= intransitive,
quod,
i.

of ; Carpentr.Inscription of Carpentras.
e.

id

the same with.

Is

Isaiah.

GASm George Adam Smith. GA


>

of the Bible, ed.

James

Sm8<r = /</., Historical

Hastings.

Jehovist.

Hb
Hbr
Heb.

=Habakkuk.

JA
Jacob

= Journ.

Gei

Geography of the Holy Land. -A. Geiger. Gein hr = Id.,

= Hebraica.

of the Royal Asiatic

Urschrift

u.

ungen

der

Nhel. Schr.

Jrf-> Nac ),_

UbersetzBibel ; Gei

gelassene Schriften. gent. =gentis, of a people, gentilicium.

Hebrew. He(ngst) E. Hengstenberg. Herod(ot.) = Herodotus. Hex Hexateuch. Hg -Haggai. = F. Hitzig. Hi


=H. V. Hilprecht. m L. Hirzel. Ho = Hosea. Hoffm = G. Hoffmann. Hollenb = W. A. Hollenberg. Holz =H. Holzinger.
Horn =F. Hommel.
A. u.

HDerenb = H. Derenbourg.

Society. = G . J acob. Jacob Ar<,b-> Dlch '" "Id., Studien in Arab.


Id.,

ulHa = Dichtern; Id.*Leben der vorislamischen Beduinen.

geogr.

Gerber< v "- "*">"'> =

= geography.

W.

T. Gerber,

Hilg Hilpr Hirz

-A.

Hilgenfeld.

Jewish-Aramaic (Judisch-Aramaisch). JAs Journal Asiatique. Jastr = Marcus Jastrow, Diet, of


J.

Aram.

Targumim, Talmud,
Jastr""
Jr.,
1-

etc.;
;

Verba Denominativa. Ges

also Morris Jastrow, Jr.


*>

= W.

Gesenius.

Ges*

Id.,

m M. Jastrow,
of

Heb. Gram. ed. by lb Kautzsch; Ges = Id., Lehrgebaude d. Heb.


Gesch. Geschichte. Gf =K. H. Graf.
Sprache.

Hom AA
=

or

jAT.ImLichtd.AO = A.

()r

Aufsfitze

/,/

Aufsatze

u.

Abhandlun-

BabyReligion and Assyria. Jeremias, Das Alte Testament im Licht des Alten Orients.
lonia

GFM=G. F. Moore. GGA Gbttingsche Gelehrte


GGAbh.

An-

GGN
Gie

zeigen. = Giitt.Gel. Abhandlungen.

chr chiwttonu gen ; Hom , or or SQdir. ChreiL,,/^ gudarabische Chrestomathie Namen HomNS
;

Jb

JBL

=Job. Journal of Biblical Literature.


f.

Id.,

JBTh = Jahrbiicher
Je Jen
Jeremiah.

deutsche

-Gbtt. Nachrichten.

= F.

der Saugethiere. Houb = C. F. Houbigant.

Theologie. JDMich=J. D. Michaelis.

Giesebrecht.
Id.,

HP = Holmes &
HPS =H. P.
gint.

Parsons, Septua-

= C. D. Ginsburg. Gl"81 = Gl(as)=E. Glaser;


Gi(nsb)

-P.Jensen. JenCMm '- = Id.,


Cosmologie
der

Smith.

Baby-

Inschriften ; Gl 8 """ = Id., Skizze der Geschichte u.


Gloss. , gl. glossary,rarely

Mittheilungen Qber Sab.

Hpt =Paul Haupt.

Hpt =

Id.,
;

lonier.

Geographie Arabiens. a gloss.


Gratz.

Akkadische __ Sprache D Hpt id., Uber einen Dialekt der Sumerischen


1880, Sprache [GGN. Nr. 17] Hpt K = Id., E. F= vowel Hpt itf.,Sumer.
; ;

Jerome; also Jerusalem. Jerem = A. Jeremias.


Jer
Jerus.

Jes

Jerusalem. Jesaias.
-Johns Hopkins Univ. Circulars.

Gn
Gr

= Genesis.

JHC

=H.

XVI

ABBREVIATIONS
Knud tzon AM <** - J. A. Knudtzon,
-

JHMich-J. H. Michaelis. 1LZ Jenaer Lit.-Zeitung. Joel. Jo Jon Jonah. Jog Joshua. Jos^ Fl. Josephus, AnJos*
',

Lindberg

Ver ,s m - Gr

Assyrische Gebete an den

= Lindberg, Vergleichende semitische


-

Ko

-E.

Sonnengott. Ko'.' Konig.

Grammatik.
1-

"-

Jd.,

Linn C.
I

Linnaeus
Linne).
l.ittmann.

Heb.
Kii"
1

Gram.;
;

Kb

8*"-.'.tt.ni
-

(Carl

von

Joseph = F1. Josephus (sts.). JosKi Joseph Kimchi.


JPh(il). -Journal
(Engl.).

tiquities, or Bell.

Jud.

Gram.;

Kb*- Id., Heb. Kb E""- = .M.,EinStudies in

l-'.iiiin

Lo
loc.

R.

Lowth.

leitung in d. A.T.

Koh -A.

Kohler.

Loft

of

Philology

Kohut-Mejnorial =

MeHet

JPTh - Jahrbiicher fur Prot. Theol. JQ m Jewish Quarterly. Jr A. Jeremias, Leben naeh
dem
Jn
Tode.
of

Studies id. Kosters Her" 1 = W. H.

moryof A. Kohut; KohutKosters,

local, locality. - W. K. Loftus, esp. Loft08 /'/.,( 'haklaea and Susiana. LOPh Literaturblatt fiir Orientalische Philologie.

Low J. Low, Aramaische


zennamen.

Pflan-

JThS -Journal
Studies.

Theological

Judges.

Jud. - Judaea, Judsean. Jud. Zeitsclir. Monatsschrift fiir Gesch. u. Wiss. des J udenthums.
juss.

Krae = 1!. Kraetzschmar. Krauss = S. Krauss, esp. Id., Griechund Lateinische ische Lehnwbrter im Talmud,
etc.

Kp

A.

Herstel van Israel in het Perzische Tijdvak.

Lu

F. Kirkpatrick.

Martin Luther. Luz(z) S. D. Luzzatto. = Leviticus. Lv Lyon D. G. Lyon. Lzb M. Lidzbarski (v. Ldzb.). Lz^EpWem). = Id., Ephemeris
fiir

Kremer = A. Kremer.

Kramer 8""'-

semitische Epi-

=jussive.

Krochm A. Krochmal.

= Id.,

graphik.

Beitrage. Sachs.

E.

Kautzsch (in B. Aram. K* = Id., Appendix).

KSGW

= KbnigL
Wiss.

M, Ml
Ak.
Abh
d.

(in

BAram.

Appendix)
d. bibl.

K. Marti, Gram. Aram.


m.,m. masculine.

Gramm.
-

d.

bibl.
.,

Aram.

K A '* m Id Aramaismen
im A.T.
i

Kt -Knhibh. Kue A. Kuenen.


lungen.

Kue Ge

*-

M-A =W.

Muss-Arnolt.

M-A0D -

K 2K =
,

Jd.,Gesammelte AbhandDiet.),

&

Id.,

Compendious Assyr.

Kings.

Diet.

Kara.

al-Kamus (Arab.

by

KAT-E. Schrader,

al-FirQzabadi. Keilinschr. u.

3 d.Alte Testament. -Id., 3rd ed. by H. Winckler and H. Zim-

KAT

Lamentations. La Lag P. de Lagarde. Lag A * th,I1 Id., Agathangelus


;

Mai =Malachi.
Mand. = Mandean. Marquart J. Marquart.
Id.,
Fundament.

AS LagArm. Stud^ or

raern.

Kau = E. Kautzsch; Kau* =


Gram.
d. bibl.

Id.,

K au Aram(aismen)(lm AT) = J Ar AT = Die Hei*""-; Kau


ligen Schriften d. Alten

Aram.;

m J^., Armenische Studien Lag = Id., Bildung d. Nomina Lag", or u " th> Id., Novl Mittheilungen Lag
; ;

^/^

Marquart Jj- Un .

damente

israelitischer u.

jiidischer Geschichte.

Marti -K. Marti. Ma?(s) Masora. MBAk = Monatsbericht

*..p<. Id.,
terii

Specim.
0r

Novi Psal" "1 - Lag


Sacra
;

MDPV- Mittheilungen

Akad.

d.

d. Berliner Wissenschaften.
d.

Deut-

Id.,

Onomastica

Kau ungen
u.

Testaments,

ed.

Kau.

Lag

schen Palastina-Vereins.

Id.,

Orientalia

Id.,

Mittheil-

LagPer"-8tud.

Id.,

Per-

DPV,

etc.)=Kau

1904 AT
;

Kachrichten d. "" Ku
(So
,
.

sische Studien; Lag Se 8 Id., Semitica ; Lag ', or

Me A. Merx. Meierw 'WB = E. Meier, Hebriiisches Wurzelwbrterbuch.

Meinh J. Meinhold.
Meissn 8u >u Supplement zum Assyr. Worterb. Mem. Survey of W. Palestine, Memoirs, Meissn
Meisgner.
Id.,
',i

Kay -W.Kay. KB -E. Schrader,


Bibliothek.

Landberg
Keilinschriftl.

Bjmim.)^J( i Symmicta, = C. Landberg. Landbe rgProv. j(i ; p r0 ve r be8


t

= B.

et Dictons.

Ke

-C.F.Keil.

Kenn B. Kennicott. Kennedy = (usu.) A. R. S. Kennedy. KG E. Schrader, Die Kei linschr.


und
kg. die

Lane =E. W.Lane;


Eejpt.

usu. Id., Arabic

Dictionary.
tians.

Lane<*,od

-)

^ Itf.,Modern Egyp-

Mey E.

metaph. m metaphor, metaphorically. K Meyer. Mey JU<1 -, or


-

Entstehung
stehung
d.

or

Enst. J.

Geschichtsfor-

schung.

-king. Kgs. =King8. David Kimchi (Qamchi). Ki Kiep(ert)-H. Kiepert.

A. H. Layard. in loco citato. I.e. LCB Litterarisches Centralblatt. Ldzb M. Lidzbarski; usu. Id.,
Lay
Nordsemitische Inschriften.

Jud.

or Entor Judenth(um)

Id.,

Die

Entstehung
q. v.

MGWJ = Monatsschr.,
MI
Min. =Minaean. Mish(n). Mishna. mng. meaning. Mo = F. E. Movers.

des Judenthums.

Kirkp-A.
Kit

-R.Kittel.Kit D1 = Di,Jesaia, ed. Kit; Kit G *MorHi.)

F. Kirkpatrick.

Len

F.

Lenormant. Len Be lnnln ,

Id., Beginnings of History (Eng. Traps, of Origines de l'Histoire, I). Len 0r">~K., Les Origines de 1'HiBtoire. (v.)Leng C. von Lengerke.

Mesha-Inscription. Mi = Micah. Mich = J. D. Michaelis.

Kit,

Geschichte

der

Kit-Di-Kit D '-Dillmann's Comm. (Isaiah), ed. by Kit. Klo -A. Klostermann. KI 8 = Die
Bficher

Hebraer (or Eng. Trans.).

Monatsschr. Monatsschrift fiir Geschichte u. Wissen. d.

Sam.

u.

d.

Levy Jacob Levy. LeW y(Sem.) Fremdir(Orter)

Kn

Krap A. Kamphausen.

Konige.

Lewy, Semitische Fremdwbrter im Griechischen.


(language).

JJ_

Mordt(m)

Judenthums. J. H. Mordtmann.

Mordtm Hlm

IllK,>r-

Id.,

-A.

Knobel.

Lihy.

Lihyanian

nipl.

masculine

Hirnjarisehe Inschriften.
plural.

ABBREVIATIONS
masculine singular. ms. MT = Massoretic Text. Mull =A. MOller. Muss-Arn = W. Muss-Arnolt. MV !0* 8 = Gesenius, Handwiir11 <
>

xvn
Id.,

01

=J. Olshausen. Heb. Gram.


ung.

01*

pt(cp).

Ptol

OLZ
Oort
op.

- participle. - Ptolemy (usu.


Ptolemy),

Claudius

-Orientaliscbe Literaturzeitof Onkelos.

Onk Targum

punct. punctuation.

MVAG, or M VG = Mittheilungen d.
Vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft.
n.

terbuch iiber das A.T., edd. F. Miihlau & W. Volck.

OP also 0P(ers.)-01d Persian. = Origin of Psalter, (in Che ') opp. opposite, an opposed to, or contrasted with.
Opp(ert)
Or(elli)

=H. Oort. cit. in opere

Qor
citnto.

Na

= nomen, noun. =Nahum.

Jules Oppert. = C. vonOrelli.


Osiander.

Os

E.

Nab. =Nabataean.

OT
Ot

= Old
=S.

Testament.

Nag =C. W.

E. Nagelsbach. Nasar = Lexid. cod. Nasaraei, ed. M. Norberg. NBab. New Babylonian.

Ottli.

Nbr A. Neubauer.

Ne

= Nehemiah
Nestle).

(rarely

E.

Pal(m). Palmy rene. PAOS Proceedingsof the American

Priests' Code or Narrative. Pal (est). Palestine, Palestinian,etc.


Oriental Society.

Neb Nebuchadnezzar. Nes E. Nestle. Nes* = Id., Syriac Gram.; Nes'1 = Eigennamen; Nes Utr*- = Jd.,Mar-

Pap.
part. pass.

= Papyrus. = particle.

PB
Pe

= passive.
=

NH N HWB - Levy, Neuhebr. Worterb.


,

ginalien u. Materialieu. New (Late) Hebrew.

Proceedings of Soc. of Bib. Archaeol. J. J. S. Perowne.


Explor. Fund, usu. Id., Quart. Statem'nt. PEF
Mem.

NKZ Neue kirchliche Zeitschrift. No = T. Noldeke. No' = Id. Sy rische N6 Mr , Grammatik


i

PEF = Pal.
Pei

t,

=F. E.

or Bsw =/d., Beitrage z. semitischen Sprachwissenschaft


;

Perles =
pers.

Mem., q.v. Peiser. F. Perles. Perles< A "*'>


Analekten.

- Id.,

Nb M Id., Mandaische Grammatik


Nb NS
Grammatik; N6 u, tmuch
>

Pers.

person, penonae. = Persian.


Society.

=rcJ., Neu-Syriache
-

PESoc American Palestine Explor.

no.

Untersuchungen zur Kritik des A.T.; No Zur Gram. d. class. Ar. _ J^ Zur Grammatik des classischen Arab, (in Denkder Wiener schriften Akademie, 1896). = number.
Id.,
t

- Perfect. Ph. Phenician. Phi = F. Philippi. Pietschm R. Pietschmann


Pf.

Pietschm rh0l>' lz)


*)

or GMCh

(also
-

(usu.)

Id.,

Ge-

schichte Phoniziens.

Pinsk S. Pinsker.

nom. nomen, noun. nom. coll = nom. collectivum,


lective noun.

col-

nom. unit = nom.

plural. pi. Plin H!i = Pliny, Hist. Nat. POS Proceedings Am.
Post

Orient.

unitatis,

noun of

singular

or

individual

Nor E.
Norberg

meaning.
Norris,
tionary.
'

Assyrian

Dic-

postB post-Biblical.
postex
post-pos.

Soc. =G. E. Post. Post FlOT = 7d., Flora of Syria.

Le,ld

Norzi J. S.

= Nasar, q.v. ben Abraham

Norzi.
-

Now W.
n.pr.

Nowack.

Now Arch =
proper

post-exilic. = post-positive. = Proverbs. Pr Pra(t) = F. Pratorius.


Id.,

Id.,

Hebraische Archao-

= nomen
= .

logie.

Pra(t)

proprimn,

Neue

name.
n.pr.loc.

Nu
Ob
obj.

Numbers.
-Obadiah.

pr. loci, proper of place.

name

wi' Id., Beitriige zur Erklarung der Hi m jarischen Inschriften.


Seue

Pra Amhs r AmharischeSprache;


''

PRE = Herzog'sProt.Real-Encycl.
Presb.Rev.
Prol

= Presbyterian Review

= object. OBaktr. = Old Baktriau.


Oehl =Oehler.

PS

= Prolegomena. = R. Payne Smith, Thesaurus


Syriacus.

(New York).

m often. OH Old Hebrew (Inscriptions). Olran. = Old Iranian.


oft.

= Psalms, Psalmen. Ps Ps.-J Targum of Pseudo- Jonathan.


\p

= Psalm.

XV111
SahoSpr Saho Sprache. SASm-S. A. Smith. M ""'K Say = A. H. Sayce. Say Id., Higher Criticism
'> t'

ABBREVIATIONS
Stn

= B.

Gram.;
Israel.

Sta ***-' = Id., Geschichte des Volkes

Stade;

Sta

= M, Heb.

Univ.Pa.Exp. = Bab. Exped. of the Univ. of Pennsylvania, usu. usual, usually.


S3

and the Monuments

*-H,
Babylonia.

Say

Keligion of

Steind = G. Steindorff. Steuern = C. Steuernagel. Str =H. L. Strack. Str*

Id.,

= verse v. = vide, see. v van d. H. = E. van der Hooght, Heb.


;

= Vulgate.

SB -SBAk. SBAk Sitzungsberich t


schaften.

Gram.
d.

d. bibl.

Aram.
var.

Berl.

Strassm

= foil.
Strm AV =7rf.,

Akademie der WissenS-C p*p-=A. H. Sayce and A. E. Cowley, Aram. Papyri. Sch =F. W. Schultz.

Strm
sts.

= J.Strassmaier.

VB
vb.

text of O.T. * variant reading.

= Variorum

Bible.

Alphabet. Verzeichniss. = sometimes.

=G. Studer. Stud.Bib. = Studia Biblica.


Stu
subst.

Scheft = Scheftelowitz, usu. = Scheft, Arisches im A.T. ; Scheft

= substantive. = supra,
above.

MGWJ = 7(f. MonaUschrift


j

Sum(er). ^Sumerian.
su pi-., tupr.

fur Gesch.

u.

Wiss.

d.

Jud. (1903) ; also pub. separately (Scheft"). BL - D. Schenkel Schenkel, BibelLexicon. Scbl(ottm) = C. Schlottmann. Schr = E. Schrader. Schrod, Schroed = P. Schroder, esp. /</., Phonizische Sprache. Schu m A. Schultens. Schii =E. Schiirer, Gesch. des jiiditchen Volkes im Zeitalter

Surenh = W. Surenhusius, Mishna. wp = of Survey Survey, Survey Western Palestine (PEF); 8 1 = Id. of Eastern Survey
"
-

Palestine.

Symm = Symmachus. Syr. = Syriac.


Targum. t. (following a number) = times. TA. =Tel el-Amarna; also Taj-

=verb. vdVelde = C. W. M. van de Velde, esp. Id., Reis door Syrie en Palestina; E.T., Narrative of a Journey through Syria and PalesvdVelde Meln(olr) = tine; Id., Memoir to accompany Map of Holy Land constructed by C. W. M. van de Velde. vid. "vide, see. vir. =viri, of a man. Vog =C. J. M. de Vogue', Syrie
Centrale.

Vogelst

L*" d " lrth!<:h

= H.
zur

Vog p>lm = Id.


-

Vogelstein,

Landwirthschaft in Palastina

Zeit

der

Jesu Christi.
Schulth

Talm
Schulth

= Talmud.
tion.

al-'Ariis (Arab. Diet.).

MiSnah.

VOJ = Vienna
(

Oriental

Journal

F. Schulthess.
Uom.Wur.
(

= 7 ; -) Homony-

Tariff=Palmyrene Tariff Inscrip-

= Wiener
Kunde

Zeitschrift fur

die

mische Wurzeln im Svri1-"- = Id., schen; Schulth Lexicon d. Chr. Pal. Aramaischen.

TB,

TBA -

des Morgen-

Transactions

of

the

landes).

Society of Biblical Archae-

Vrss

Schw = F. Schwally. Schw(ally )"'

= Id.,

TelAm. = TA, q.v. Jer Tg - Targum Tg ^ Targum


Jerusalem, Th(e) =0. Thenius.
etc.

ology.

=01d Versions. Vulg.Ar. m Vulgar Arabic.

Vullers
of

J. A. Vullers, Lexicon Persico-Latinum.

Idioticon d. Chr.

Pal.

W
Theophr
f

=W.

Seetzen 88 '"" = Seetzen, Eeisen durch


seld.

= Sennacherib. Sendsch. Sendschirli (Zinjirli). = suffix, or with suffix, sf. = singular. sg.
Sen

= seldom,

Syrien.
rare.

Theod=Theodotion. Theophr=Theophrastus;
Hist.pi.rn.

- Id., Wright. G ArabicGram.; Wfi ,or co =


Id., Coinp.
Si
'ii

W AG
lit.

Gram.
Id.,

m j&

Historia

Wahrm = A. Wahrmund,

esp.

de Plantis.

Thes = Thes Aad


-

W.

Gesenius, Thesaurus Linguae Hebraeae. m Id., Additions by E.

WAW
wd.

We

Arab. Handworterbuch. = W. Aldis Wright. word, also would. =J. Wellhausen. We 8 -'*

Shim
SI
si

--

Shalmaneser II.

=Siloam

vera L

= ri

Inscription,
lectio.

vera

Siegf
aim.

SK
Skr.

8m

= C.Siegfried, = simile. = Studien u. Kritiken. m Sanskrit. = R.Smend (rarely = Samuel).


Sm B.i. och. . Smend, Alttestamentliche Religions1 ""1 geschichte Sin Id., Listen der Biicher Esra
-1 ;

ThT -Theologisch Tijdschrift, ThLB =Theol. Literaturblatt. ThLZ = Theol. Literaturzeitung. Tiele = C. P. Tiele. Tiphel Tiph.
To
=Tobler.

Rodiger.

= /((., Bleek's Einleitung Co "> = ind. A.T.; Composition des Hexateuchs ; We de "> = Id.,

We

M,

De

(rare conjugation).

gentibus et familiis Iudaeis WeHeld- (or Arab


-

Heidenthum)

/<J -(

J{ egte

TP
Tpg.

Tr
tr.

= Topography. = Transactions.

=Tiglath-Pileser.

Arabischen Heidenthums eSklzMn lv. 2nd ed.-) yf e (

Mit.

= translate
lation)
tive.

= /d.,Historyof Isi-ael
by Black)
;

(translated, trans transi; rarely

(trans,

WePro1

Id., Prolegomena

zur

u.

Nehemia.
trans(it).

So(c)

Spit = Gram. d. arab. Vulg. Dial. APK -7rf., Spieg =F. Spiegel ; Spieg Altpersische Keilinschriften.

Spi

=A. Socin. = W. Spitta.

= transitive.
Tristr NHB

Tristr-H. B. Tristram.

the Bible ; Tristr"' - Id., Fauna and Flora of Pales-

id!., Natural

History of

Geschichte Israels; skl2"" = /a\, Skizzen und Vorarbeiten. Weissb = F. H. Weissbach. Wetzst= J. G. Wetzstein. wi. with, construed with.

We

Spiegelb W. Spiegelberg. Spr = Sprache, or Spruche. followed sq. by. 88 -=C. Siegfried u. B. Stade, Hebraisches Wcirterbuch.
it.

TSBA = TB,

tine (Survey, Memoira).

q.v.

Wied = A. Wiedemann. Wied 6,mml AltId., Sammlung


agyptische Worter.
-)

TSWt=Theol. Studien aus Wurttemberg. TTijdschr=ThT, q.v. Tu =F. Tuch.


txt.
txt.err.

Wild(eb)=G. Wildeboer. Wilkinson< A "c E yP'- = J. G.Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians. WisdLt* Wisdom Literature.

St

=H.

ttatut, state, stative. Steiner.

text. = textual

error.

Wkl -H.

Winckler.

ABBREVIATIONS

XlX
[ ]

TOM-W.
Wr
Wii

Max MiMer.
u.

WMM
=
Jrf^

ZPV =Z. d.
ZVVTh.,

As. u. EurfopJ, or Asien.

ZVolkerpsych.

deutsch. Pal. -Vereins. = Z. fiir Vblker-

indicates

WZKM = VOJ,q.v.
Xen(opb).

Europa. =C. H. H. Wright. =A. Wiinsche.

Asien

psychologie. or ZWiss.Th.
logie.

that the form, etc., enclosed, is not actually found, or that the Hebrew offers no
positive proof; e.g.
n.
is

Z.

fur

Wissenschaftliche Theo-

[m.]
pre-

denotes that the noun

= Xenophon.

<

= Zeitschrift. Z ZA = Zeitschr. fiir Assyriologie. ZAW = Z. f. alttest. Wissenschaft.


= Zechariah. Zc Zehnpf=R. Zehnpfund.
ZEthnol.

over a letter, indicates the accented (tone-)syllable.


prefixed, or added, or both, indicates 'All passages cited.'

sumably masculine, though the gender is not clearly exhibited in Hebrew.

V
'=

root or stem.
sign of abbreviation (in words).

Hebrew

> indicates
to

be

that the preceding is preferred to the fol-

'K often -DYPK, Elohim.


1J1

Zeitschrift

fur

Ethno-

<
||

Zim

= H.

logie.

Zimmeru.

Zim BP = Id.,
Busspsal-

lowing, indicates that the following is to be preferred to the preceding. parallel, of words (synonymous or contrasted) ; also of passages sometimes = ' see parallel, or ' so also in parallel.'
;

- "IDiJI = et caetera
quotations).

(in

Hebrew

'>

= Yahweh.
beneath a Hebrew word represents

Babylonische

men.
Zinj.

any accent that

occasions

= Inscriptions m Z.
Syria).
fiir
f.

of Zinjirli (N.

vowel change.

ZK

ZKM = Z.
ZKW,
or

Keilsehriftforschung.

=
+

Kunde

d.

Morgenf.

plus,

equivalent, equals. denotes often that

other

landes.

ZKWL
Wiss.

Z.

kirchl.

und
fiir

kirchl.

Le-

ben. ZLuth.Tb. - Z.

Lutherische

ZMG
Zii

Theologie. --Z. d. deutsch. Morgenland. Gesellschaft. - 0. Zockler.

passages, etc., might be cited. So also where the forms of verbs, nouns, and adjectives are illustrated by citations, near the beginning of articles ; while ' etc' in such connexions commonly indicates that other forms of the word occur, which

Note.

Scripture citations in small superior letters and figures, following n.m. or n.f., refer to some pasBage where the gender Small inferior exhibited. is
figures following Hebrew words, names of conjugations, etc.,

Zp

= Zephaniah.

has not been thought worth while to cite.


it

denote the (approximate) number of occurrences of such


words, conjugations, etc

K
n
N, Aleph,
meral
=;
i

TIM
in post

first letter

B Heb.= nuOT times.


,

28

(v
cf.

DID), (also
cf.
13

i
;

ooo

(and so in marg. of printed no evidence of this usage in

MT)

&

IN T

v. II.

03*.

29 1 10 28 57 Pr 1 1 2 8 on mortality Jb 4 20
Is

31"

Dt 26? cf. infr.) Jon I 6 14 Jb Pr 31 s Est 4 14 " 16 Mi 4' Je 40 15


-

Ec7
1//

15

f
4

92

19

146 Ec

9';
cf.
15

emphasis Saul &


lion

22K (fresh, bright, As. abdbu Dl w


T[2Nj
BN207

AG1.)

Jonath., under fig. of weapons 2 Jb 4 11 ; caravan Jb 6 18 (cf. Di);

Si";

H!??T?

n.

[m.]

freshness,

fresh green

T?n

Inf. ibb; thence concr., cf. Ar. ZA; (Lag above stem&mng. better than V3JN (spring) cf.

As. inbu,

fruit,

Aram.

KM*
its

(q. v.)

Dl

HA65 FrU1
-

)
(i.e.

13X3 yij> while yet in


;

freshness

tfw,

12 concr., pi. green shoots reed) Jb 8 Ct e'^lpD^fenn w:n jaan nrnan).

bnjin ''SKS

njyo *o fcl Zc 9 ; perish, be exterminated (judgment for sin), of Israel Lv26 38 Dt8 ]9 1921 28 20 22 3o' 8 18 Je 2 7 10 16 cf. 6 21 Ob 12 cf. 1/, 8o 17 Is 27 13 other nations Dt 20 8 Je 10 15 51 18 + 2 12 io 16 83" cf. 9* i 7 11 Is 4 1 6o 12 cf. Jon 3 9 v. also Ex io 7 Nu 2i 29 80 16 house of Ahab 2 K 9 s wicked (JE) Je 48
7
,
' -

'N

Mi

Am
11

tS^M
fresh,
2
14

n.m.
'k

Lv214

coll.

BN207

(Lag

young ears
"b%

of barley

Ex

31

Inf.) indef.

1.

stea

3,

?^,'7

month
4

nroip. of ear-forming, or of

mth

Dniaa

2.

Lv cnn

s0 s in general Ju5 31 Jb 4 s cf.v 7 , 37 49 68 10 sim. of melting wax), 73" 92 ; also Pr (|| 9 i9 2i 18 ; 'n jb 20 7 ; cf. ' vyf)

m$

V'

6
;
-

sq. ?*!)$?? ?2?? (of annihilation of Isr.)


'

growing
passover,
.

green, Abib,

month of Exodus
18 - 18

&
.

Ex

13 2 3 34 (JE), Dt (1st month =c. April = i'B'Nnn "m anhn ( q v .) i n p ; v Di Ex i2 2 ;=postexilic JD'O q.v.)
L 7?2aN v. /r3s sub II. nns. tttrUQN n. pr. m. (Pers. cf.

1S

i6 ]1

K0J3) eunuch
WI84

26 26 17 1 1 Jos 2 3 13 16 (D) sq. iflHD (of 4 ijnfCJ Korah's company) Nu 16 33 (JE); perish, be ruined, destroyed, of inanimate things, e.g. s land Je 9" (|p?"1 '?5 MQf}) cf. 48 harvest Jo 11 i Jonah's gourd Jon 4'; riches Je 48 s6 13 vessel V'3 ll3 j houses Ec5 3" (so oft. As. Dl w ); city Ez 26 17 (but del. Co); cf. bamoth Ez 6 3 Co; heavens & earth 1^ 10 2".

Dt

Am

of

Ahasuerus Est

10
.

t*7SK vb. perish (MI-QK, As.abdtu D1 Aram. T^K, */). Qal P/ 'N Nu2i 30 +; n io^+^ + Ez 6 Co) etc.; Imp/. "K}# Jb'3 Je4 "W# Jb2o' + 2t.; 3&."Wlfrl Dt 22 + 4 t.; J3Jb8 ,, +3t.; TO* Ju 5 sl +3 t.; 29 irg* Jb 4 + 3 fpi. nrf3tfni 1 s 9 jngkn Dt 4 rnnw Jon i" etc.; Jnf.abs. + 13W Jni 3 i3X Dt 4 26 + 2 1. cstr. -nN Dt 7 20 Pr i r 10 fj^M
3
yj,

perish, vanish, subj. memory Jb 18" name yjr 41 6 (i.e. be forgotten); vigour Jb 30 2 wisdom Is 29"; cf. rfSj 13K Dt 32 28 s 22 ni' Jb njraN j e 7 28 3 (flnrna?); jirnEz 12

2.

tig.

yj/

(i.e.

be blotted out);
m|SI?

fail);

+
1

Pr io28 9
112 10
f?

2? Je 4*

(i.e.

Ez
;

courage 6 11 19 37 Jb
nxj;

8 13

so

'"1JS?

? ty

(i.e.

comes to naught);

nSnin p r iV,
sq.

8 q.

+ agent La 3 18
'N
(i.e.

+ rnta
,

Dt 28 20 ;\13!<Dt28 22 Daiix J0S23 13 D-DNOb 12 : Pr 2 8 28 i>V. i3iXDt26 5 +7t.; cstr."nN Dt 3 2 28 378 v. Di Bo* 1. perish, die, (bef. 5?? ); etc. of individuals (mostly late) Nu 1 7" (|| JU &
;

cf. Je 7 they could not 5 14 36 20 3. be escape) Am.2 Je25 Jbn V'142 6 3-20 asses 1 S 9 lost, strayed, ; sheep Je 50 Ez s 6 416 ^11 9 (fig. of erring men); perh. Dt 26 34

|D + persons esp. "JD

18 negligent Je 18 Ez

2r>

49

Di3>?

1'

Pi. caus. of

Qal. Pf. "ON


B

K 2i

+2

t.;

"ON
7 TJ3N1 Co Ez28" cf. infr.; W?N Je 15 'rnaNi Ez 6' ( Co V13K1) etc.; Impf. "W* Ec 18 "WP\ Ec f Zp 2";' 1 s. sf. 113S1 Ez 28" 9

reran
;

sf.

of) Destruction, Kuin, 'Abaddon (cf. JJ Jb28 22 etc.)!il3K Jb 2 6 6 ( + 4 t.); abbrev.m3N Kt V13K Q r tPr 2 7 20 . Place of ruin in She'61

(for '3NKJ

Ew"1 '

01' 79 *

Ko

I 338 ties' 68 *

but

for lost or

ruined dead, as development of


;

Co

3 ins.;

v. also

etc.;

22 n +

Inf. abs. etc. ; Ft.

Co 38 14 ); p3Nr> Dt 12 2 13X Dt i2 2 +3t.; cstr. id. Ez

DH3ND

J e 23'.
;

1. cause to

perish, destroy, kill, obj. pers. (mostly late) 1 2 ii Est 3 4 7 8 5 9 24 jin 8 12

||

DOH 9 3" 7* 8"; niC*33 Ez 22" (del. Co); in judgment, subj. ' V S 7 cf. Pr 1 s2 6 sq. ^ino Ez 28' obj. a 19 2 K 13' 2 K io ,8 =I s Jb 12 13 in people 37 4 17 13 judgment Dt n Je 12 15 7 Zp 2 ^ 9 cf. 21"; obj. inanimate things esp. idols, bamoth 62 62 3 s etc., Nu. 33 (J) Dt 12" 2 K 21 Ez 6
TOttVi
||

24

nn + ; 9 95 cf.^ 119 ; obj.


||

Sh e '61 (v. 12 htttf Jb WWfty Only in WisdLt ; Jb 31 26" Pr 15 11 27 20 n Jb 28"; ||-Qp + 88 12 vb. be willing, consent As. (cf.
earlier distinction of condition in
||

||

'

nJN

abitu,
id.,

w command, Dl Eth. hM\ refuse, Ar. ^\, I> jMS '>>ai 1CB18a>. si7\ Nejd 6e willing S
, :

Qal

(c. tfr,

te

exc. Is

19

Jb 39

only

K Ju
7wp/.
(

JED, incl.Lv2 6 21 );
i

Pf.

in Hex. rare fUN Exio 27 +


-

25

9
-

+ 7 1.;
Ko
1'

n3N , Dt29 w +2t.j


676
')
t>

3lTl1 2 N13N Is 28 12 ; (Sta*

Ko
7

1 - 414 );

2ms.juss. K3hPri'

Co supr.); bars of Zion La (but cf. 2. fig. cause to vanish, blot out, do
names of
idols

Sttt

-i.. to.

etc.; i><.

D\?NEz
29t.
;

(||"

3?').

;be
fi -

3. cause to stray, lose; obj. Isr. under 6 fig. of flock Je 23' (lirsO); abs. Ec 3 (||B>j33). T3ni Nu 24 19 ; Hiph. Pf. "J3Kn Jb 14"

Ec9

51"; memory 29'; understanding Ec 18


.

12 3 ; voice of Babylon Je of dead Is 26 14 ; substance Pr

away with

Dt

willing, sq. Inf. with 7 Dt 2 30 8 t.; subj.


2

Ex io 27 +
;
-

good

('"1310

q.v.)

etc.;
c*<i\

s 8 -* Impf. Hfak Je 46 (Ges''* "). //. K 10" 4- etc.; Pt. T3ND Dt 8 20 T3JHJ 2
1
.

subj. animal, D
;

19 'i Dt io' 23 29 Ch2i 7 human subj. Gn 2 4 8 Ju 19 10 2 S 2 21 13 25 I4 29 29 23 16 17 =i Ch n 18 19 30 1 Ch 19"; in bad sense Ex 10" Dt 2 25 7 Ju. 25 20 13 2 S i3 14 10 esp. of perverse Isr. Lv 19 8 26 21 Dt i 26 1 S 15 9 Is 28 12 30 9 4 2 24 Ez 3" 20

K8

19

23

13

24

without Jos 24 10
-

1. destroy, put to death, in judgment, (subj.


obj. pers.

Lv 23 s0

')

(sq.

Je49

38

ney a^pp
(sq. tfrtK?)
||

||

rns v 29 );

!Jb 39; abs. (no Inf.) 2 S 12 17 8 35 1 K 20 22 60 cf. Pr 6 of jealous man; bad sense Ju 11" Is 30 16 ; good sense 1 S 22 17 23 4 26 3 i =i Ch io 4 2S6 10 Pr i 10 + vb. fin. Is
,

,-

obj. nation, 16 rn3), c f. v ; 20 Canaanites Dt 8 Canaan =s (sq. D3"J9D) ; 51 63 Philistines Zp 2" (|| J"n3);'esp. Isr. Dt 28 7 cf. Js also abs. Je 18 7 (|| trtn# (II TV?*), 7 ;

Ammon Ez25 7 (sq.

(sq.DB*D);

Ob

8
;

i>

(Dfi?CB*lttNn DK) ; consent, yield


sense); sq.

to, sq. <h

niXlNH-JD;'

Dt 1 3 9 (good
i 30
;

i^8i
(all

12
;

sq/nsg^ Pr

sq.acc. 'rinsiPl

v 26

in bad sense)."
S

in want, needy, poor, 'P''?^? adjalw.


19

so,
;

^J);=i M + Dnn^) ==3I


(
,

abs.,'

28
(

+ pnnj);

ani-

D^K
29
;

Dt is 4 + 40 1.; ^ 3N Ex 23 s DU5 11 Am 4 + i 4 t.; '*0K (^3K) Ex 2 3 n Is


J

mals Ez 32" (sq. &T\ Bo i?yp) ; c f. Dt 7'; + 12 i43 (ll n, PV n ); (human subj.), obj. servants of 3 19 Baal 2 K io 19 obj. nation Dtg cf. Nu 24 (E; 2
,

n^3Sf 132

15

(Hex. only JED; mostly


is
7 -7 - 9 ;

poet., 2 3t. V') needy, chiefly

things); as adj.
||

Dt

poor (in material 14 16 24 f 109 (both 49 (IpW); Dt abuse Am 2 6 5 12


s

sq- """yP);

chariots
fig.,obj.

2K24 cf. Je 4 6 Mis 9 idols Ez30 13


;

name
;

19 hope Jb 14

of kings Dt7 24 (sq.D)EE>n nnnp); voice of mirth etc. Je 25 10 (cf.


-

inanimate, 2. (del. BCo).


obj.

*m;
4al

elsewhere subst.;

i5 ; 8 7 (both ||P^V) 4' 8 (all h) Is 3 2 ; 49 12 s9 14 16 18 22 Jb2 4 4 14 Pr 3 o 14 V, 37


||

subj. to oppression

&

Am
34

Ez

cf.

51" Pi.

supr.)

s0 24 "*"13 n.[m.] destruction, 'NHJ| Nu 24 (JE; on form with abstract sense v. Ba NB149 ).

'#) Jes (|| Din;) 2 ; cared 19 9 for by good Jb 29 16 30 25 Di ( "nB'P) 3 1 ^ 1 1 2 Est 9 22 ; Pri 4 s, (ll^)3i !!0 care Je22"(||'Jy);
||

io 9 16 supr. (all

28

||

Ti"H^ n-f a lost thing abs. exc. Dt2 2 cstr. rn3K Ex 22 with NXD Lv S 22 with
'

of

them
14
||

23

24

enjoined, negatively Ex 23"; 11 Dt 15 11 supr. positively Ex 23

cf.

Dt

Pr 31*
||

"T3N

^3t<

+ xxo Dt22 3 ; (m3N


infr.)
cf.
f

Pr

27

Kt

cf.

(both *#)c Dt is cared for by God Je 20 13


1

7 -7- 9

4 supr.V. 82

n^3, "ton D"?^' & I"*??


(Syr.

mn

=^ n 3
JJ),
(II

107

41

132
12

16

Jb

ty 1S
5

19 13 Is 14 30 (all ||?9)* 35 140

infr.

(both

||

cf.

Davidic king
13
(
||

72

||

'JV)=v

(cstr.)
('Nl

n.[m.] destruction
8";

UiW)
v.

Est 9 B

yvn 3-irrrop),
).

form

a6bl BeRy; 01

(on

Ba"'849487

!t>; needing help, deliverance from trouble, esp. as delivered by God f 9 19 12 8 4o 18 70 6 74 21 86 1 109 22 Is 29"

'?? **?

id-)> v"-

=
4

41"

(all ||'?y)

Is 2 5
n.f.

, 7Pr tp nMa.f. "'"abstr.nearly=n.pp.(place

(||h)

6 9 34 109 31 .

TrOi'O^

caper-berry (as stimulating

row UFM JBL18M Mtt desire) Ec 12 (v. Mish. nW2K, cf. NHWB; v. also 1IWB
5
'

3
so <3
;

WoM
family or clan
;

93,
i.e.

UK nu
Gn
2

as abode
40

Gn

38

>M1

Lv

22"

so Thes, Ew De, j capparis spinosa, cf. Ri etc.; but Wetzst in De (Germ. ed. 1875) proposes i"^?^ (as fern, of \V2H) the poor soul nji'axn iraxo c f. Symm , where in sense

+ ;= family + cf. Nu i8 lJ Jos

24

12 - 18

flpfinDBto) 41" 46" 6 20 esp. techn. of divi;

sions

of Isr. T)Sns,wh 3K
i. e.

tn Nu 3 M
14 14

8"

=a
oft.

father's house,
pi.
'

double translation).

papyrus (etymology = Ar. Jtff, As. abu Dlw AGl) ni>3N uncertain; 26 n?N Jb 9 (craft made of reeds, light & swift,
n.[m.] reed,
,

TrDN

Heliod.
II.

Aetl"

opX

,60

)=N" ^3

Is

i8 a

ma) nUK nu = fathers' houses= Ex 6 12 Nu families, clans (cf. Di on Ex 6 2 " i 2i M 22 1414 (oft. in Nu) Jos 14 19 u + oft. in (always P in Hex.); also 1 Ch 5 D^n ni3K *&n ( = N nU Ch cf. Ex 6 M cf. 1K8 iCh6 7 n + oft. Ch Ezr Ne. 4.
(DHUK,
8

a family or clan ; more

18

) 81

13 -

'

'->)

J"7Q^

as stem of existence & zmg M87. got A. oi ll23<: ace. toDF"


decide, 2K zM U ,, 3 7

3N

at least formally justified (cstr. UK), so Thes (cf. infr.), but Ba mng. wholly dub.; as real

(perh.

22

n3K As. aba =

ancestor (a) of individual; grandfather (instead of precise term) Gn 28 13 32' (J ; where used by Jacob of Abr. then of Isaac)

&

greatgr.
oft,

Nti

who decides; Thes (so RobGes & cf- g ta n< lL ) makes 3 x nom prim
Jie
,

pi.
1

(JE)
larly

1K15 great-greatgr. iKi5 n etc; 15 (= fathers, forefatJiers) Gni5 46' 4 3


13
;

imitating infant's speech cf. irumras, papima alsoAs.6a6 Jen ZA1886 4M pa,papa(ct'.Ew );
bilit.,
).

Qy 335? 1 K joined with 'ax Dy Xff\

mUK

19

,7 19" 20

particu-

I
1

21

10

11
31

21

IN

ii.m. father
1
1-

As. abu, Ar. (Ph. 3N,

4A
-

2 -"' al., Eth. frfl: Aram. K3K, 2 Gn 44 19 + 47t.; cstr.3K Gni? 4 5 U>^) DiTUK ib. & elsewh. in n.pr. On Hal's (cf. in -ON v. DH13N) ; UK (cf. Ge" 90 35 90 ) Gn 4 20 prop.

Sab.atTciS'*abs.

22" 14 is 2 8 24 15 38 cf. v7 , 16 20 + (all of kings of 6 Judah); intens., TnaK niaKi TnaK Ex io cf. Dn 11 24 ; (b) of people Gn 10" (J) i7 4 5 (P) 37 38 9 43 2 i 9 (J) 3 6 (P) Dt 26" Is 51 43" (where

22 40 +
24

'

?Gni9 + (Mi^K); T^Gn^' + V3* Gn 2 M + W3K J u 1 4 10 + 6 1. pi. ni3N Ex

sf.

rahCtl "|UK thy first fatlter, v. Che) cf. also Ez i6 3 45 + oft.; pi. Ex 3 13 1 '-" (E) Dt i 8 Jos i 6
-

Ju

S i2

12 15
-

**"

rd.

033^031

26 cstr. ni3K Ex 6 + 7 1. sf. *tfO* (VjbH Gn 47 9 + 1 5 t. D.Tni3K 1 Ch 4 S + 3 2 1. T^aK.) ante* Ex 4 5 + 106 1. etc. ; 1. father (late) 24 >Uta of individual' Gn 2 (+ ON) .. I9

5. originator or patron of a class, 20 21 . 6. fig. of proprofession, or art Gn 4


ducer,
:

We Dr.

28 3K "IDE& generator Jb 38

B".n

"US
||

ip-^

T^i.l).

7.

fig.

of benevolence

& pro-

+ oft. (mostly JED); of father as commanding Gn 5o (J) Je 35" Pr 6 20 (cf. Gn i8 J 28'-


16 19

PiSif iK
Dt8
s-3 5

(cf.

);
(

4 s2 specif, as begetter, genitor Pr 23


Is 45
10
;

2 ); instructing
cf.

nDID Pr
4

Zc 13
44
yjr

+ DK)
cf.

Gn
;

49

(J)

Lv
37*

Jb 29 16 CJiUX^ 133X Sf, cf. 31 18 ; of Eliakim Is 22 21 ; perk also of gracious Mess, king iy '3M Is 9" everlasting fattier (GeEw De Che Brd Di) others dixider ofspoil (Abarb Hi KnKueBr"p ). 8. term of respect & honour
tection

l8 7.8.n
20

P ). rebuking Gn 37 10

loving

Gn

(JE;
13

103
cf.
3
;

(JE

22 2 2 5 28 37 s 2S14 1 ); pitying 6 sim. cf. 2 S 18 ); blessing Gn 27*' (in 1 1 20 27' also 28 P + ); as glad Pr io 15
1 -2

(Abbas, Pater, Papa, Pojie); appl. to master 13 10 9 1 2 i8' ; prophet 2K2 ; priest Jui7 i4.n 521 I3 cf go. counsellor Gn45 8 (E; cf.itvripov add. Est 3"; ranarpi 1 Mac 1 1 32 ); king narpos

2K5
1

"

I9 ') Also as obj. of honour, obedience, love etc. 15 17 18 19 Ex 20 ,2 (E)=Dt 5"'; Ex 2i (E) Dt 2i
cf.29
-

36 22 grieving Gn 3 7 (JE;cf.2Si2

S 24 12

artificer

2Ch2 1! 4 16
-

9.

specif.,
).

rider, chief (Ute)

iCh2 24 42 42

etc. (cf.

Ew !273b

Gn
i 6

28 7 (P)
1

etc.
1 *

20 5 1 19 (all + DN), so (J) Mai Hence metaph. of intimate connection


1
-

tjinSjr'QN n.pr.m. a hero of David 2 S 31 rd! bvnH so i Chn", cf. Dr (We' 23


^JCna
"f"7lSI

Jb
(
||

io

corruption

I cry,

My father art thou

(v.

sub btWH)

otherwise Klo 8

ran}| <nhKl_

n*).
2

2. of God as father ofIds


constituted, controls,

people s guides and lovingly watches over it: Dt 32 Je 3 4 19 31 9 Is 63 1016 6 4 7 Mai i 6 2 10 (cf. Ex 4 s2
'

Sen"' who (v. RS ),

&

3S! n.pr.m. (El is (my) father, cf.in'3N Ph. 5>jn3N (fem.), also i'yaUN; & by2i2X our

father etc.; Abi-ba'al

KAT2366
here,

v.

ES 8"" 43

(JE)Dt32

Isr.)

fjm^

Ho

11 );
l

cf.

Je2 27 (ofidolatr.
'39

No

2 ""'*

makes

UK

&
;

in
cf.

TfO*
also

etc.,

cstr.

]2h a raw

but this seems unlikely

3N^N
s1

yyb r

tjncfcj

etc.;

esp.

8 9 27 ;/

God as father of Davidic line 2 S j" | 13 ofneedy(Me)f 68 (cf. 103 ) (in n.pr.,
cf. infr.)

views differ much ns to these n.pr. and uniform interpr. is impossible. Cf. in gen. 01
2771

/. ofindivid.,

3. liead of household,

= foregoing, Ch

).

1. Saul's grandfather 11". 1

9'

14

2.

nshaw
,,

TF|DN
thered)

3N

son (descendant)
so *|D\3K

n.pr.m. (my father 1ms gaof Korah Ex 6- 4

Sam. t]DUN,

iCh6 8 M
-

19

(cf.

Nes*" 186 ).
orig.
). 1423 - 39 -

(Thes 01 De MV) think a title of Philist. kings, cf. Pharaoh. 3. son of Gideon Ju 8 31 9 '- 3 4 + , 1 io (40 1. Ju), 2S11 21 . f4. priest, son of
-

'7^2^
0.
S

n.pr.f.

(my father is joy (?)


'

Abiathar

Ch

i8 ,e err. for
-

bilH I (^3X?) cf. MT infr. & No 1. wife of Nabal, then of David


27
1
I,

ZMGl883 K,7Al"n2
i

also n.pr.f. Osiander 2 " 01805

^g&Wi
209

q-v. (Sab.

).'

S
j

3o6
,

g
'

j
.

^3K
David

v 18 Saf?K v" 2
I1N

Ch 2 16 17 = PJ'3X

& 2S
2

Ch3

l.

= |,^X
s

g 25 3.36

2. sister of

n.pr.m. (my father is noble) man of Gibeah in whose house the ark tarried 1S7 1 2S6 3 3 4 1 Ch 13 7 2. a son of
1. a
-

T^I^^N
1

7".

n.pp.m. (my father is judge) a TJ'1 22 60 io 24 prince of Benj. Nu 1" z 7


- 155

S 16 17 1 K 4" (J perh. otherwise unknown Klo prop. 3 "^IS). 3. a son of


Jesse
8 13
;

'

Saul

S3i

iCh

8 33 9 39 io 2 .
is

'

JJTON

n.pr.m. (my father took know4

TOJM^N
father of

n.pr.m. (my fatlwr


-

delight)

ledge)

JIT3K,

asonof MidianGn25 1 Chi Cf. Sab. HalMA,92 22 also 3jrT>, DHM ZMa ^ *.
.
'

33

Barak Ju 4 6

12

1 - 12
.

"^"QN n.pr.m. (my


lamp
only
cf.

father

is

Ner, or
,

is

TlPP^iS* n.pr.m. & f. ( Yah(u)

is

so tVch
(
'A;3.oti,

i3

20 - 21

= n>3N S 8 +22 t. 1. king of K Judah, son & successor of Rehoboam M M Ch 3 2 Ch n 12 13W.M.U. 14 i5


A/30u 5);
31

'A/3w);

= D 3K fi K 14 = 2N f a K 18 (
31
T
,|

(my) father)
rS

'-"-8

+ lJ = son
1

2S21";
,

ace. to
cf.

Lag

BN75

of Ner; S 14 60 elsewh.
1

"IJ3K
1 32

@ cousin
-

=i 5tf (=f?)

'Afcwtjp)

so

of Saul,
_j_
.

"A/Sou,

and captain of 52 t. 1 & 2 S +

his host

26

S i4'' 51 1 7s5.5j.55 Ch 26 23 27 21
is
Jielp)

10

20,22

16

2 _ 2nd gon of Samuel 1 S 8 1 Ch 1 3. son of Jerob. I 1 4. son of 14 a Benjainite 1 Ch 7*. Becher, 5. head of a 10 6. id. Ne io 8 12 4,17 priestly house 1 Ch 24 wife of Hezion 1 Ch 2 24 . 8. mother of 7.
i7.i9.2o.-2i.22.ra_

6".

called 'son' 2 34 of GileadNu 26 30 8 2 and (cf. Di) Jos 17 Ju 6 son of Gil.'s sister r Ch 7 18 2. a Benjamite, a warrior of David 2 S 23 27 1 Ch ii 28 27 12
; . .

= "WNNu26

T~ljtl''QN

n.pr.m. (my father


30

1. a Manassite,

Hezekiah

K 18

Ch

t"ntj>n

"ON

1124 adj.gent. Abiezrite Ju6

29

Nli~P3S_$ n.pr.m. (he is father) a son of Aaron Ex 6 23 24 1 9 28' Lv io'+ 7t.


-

8_*-^K

nu
1

26 so

Tn^rPIlN n.pr.m. (my father


cf.

is majesty,
1

TD"VritS! n.pr.m. (((he) Exalted One is (my) 156 2 479 cf. As. faiher\v. Bae^ ) Aburamu(1)

KAT

"rin.TWB^son of Bela,aBenjamite

Ch

8s

T7?|T2N n.pr.m.
might, Sab. b'rati
2

&

f.

(my father
1. a Levite

is

Ch
26
.

ii
1S

18
,

iWQK

Hal MA234) prob.


1

Est

2. aGadite'i 3. father of Esther 2 4. wife of Abishur 1 Ch 2 2 . 5. 9 . wife of Rehoboam 2 Ch 1 1 18 .


3
.

Ch 2 29 Ch 5 14

= ^WON
Nu

1. a Reubenite, son of Eliab >**). Nu I 6 112 24 25 27 27 2 6 9 Dt 1 1 6 106 17 2. son of Hiel the Bethelite 1 16 34 . Cf.also following.
cf.
-

DP'

- 91 -

D*J3$? n.pr.m.
7
;

(id.,

Thes

al.

exalted
6 6

TQIJa^iK n.pr.m. (my father


ness)
'

is
r

son of Shaharaim, a Benjamite


is

goodCh 8 1 '.

On of jln; really = max Dn= Dm which however is not found in Heb. cf. Di > Hal EEJ 1887 17: f who prop. D?ia Dn "QK c f. Gn 49 s4 with Is 4 1 21 so that Dn "13$ chief of multi-

Abram Gn ii 2627 +57 t. Gn (to i7 )+i Chi 27 Nep = DrrOK Abraham Gni7 915 + 172 t. OT. (Dn"OK connected Gn 1 7 by word-play with
-

fattier)

'

-tt'ON n.pr.f. (my fatlver a wife of David 2 S 3 4 1 Ch 3".

(the)

dew)

tude

is

the

new name

of

Gn

i7 (Dn) JtVOT\).

t^NO'ClS! n.pr.m. (a father


Arab, name) son of Joktan
Cf.

is

El; South28
22
.

(MB*)?)

"Qt2)"ON n.pr.f. (my father is a wanderer 3 16 ,7 21 !2 a handmaid of David 1 i 2

K
;

Sab. nnfiycnN,

Abmi

io 1 Ch i 'Attar a father

Gn

is
.

'Attar ([vxft] v.

T^fS)

Hal" *

ls

n.pr.m. (Melek ( ,8 1. king lech)* is father) TfopiX Gn 20 of Gerar Gn 20 2 3 4 + 2i 22 25 25 +, 26'- 8 + (24 1. +2. king of Gath ^ 34 1 err. for B^K, Gn). cf. 1 S 21 "; a better known Philist. name

"^E'QN

DHM ZMQI8831S = Malik, Mo-

TyfllraN n.pr.m. (my 19 opulence (cf. J?w rich Jb 34 9 BN76 thinks 36' ? butv.W); Lag

father is rescue, oialso


fr.

JW

Jb

yiB* cf.

Phinehas
son of

'A/Sfo-o-ovf 1 Ch Ch 5 30 31 6 36 Ezr 7 5 Bela 1 Ch 8 4


1
-

}3K( = J?)

8 4)

1. a' son of 2. a Benjamite,

T^WOH n.pr.m. (my father is a wall, Sab.


W3K HalMA,48 'cf.As. AbudHru DlPr292)
Shammai
1

son of

substituted for a less

known (Hup3). > Others

Ch

28 - 29

fen
'

,,

jE

3N

n.pr.m. (my father


6

is Jesse;

thinks fr.'|3K (=#)

+ 'E* cf. 'Aj3f <raa[t]


-''-

'k i S 26 -+ 17 t. 1 & 2 S=BOK 2 5 1. 1 Ch. grandson of Jesse ; son of Zeruiah & brother of Joab 1 S 2 6 G 7 8 9 2 S 2 18 M +20 6

Lag I S 26 ) S io,0 +
-

BNra
(II

ttm)
9

cf.

more oft.
33

fig.,
3

Ho

(sq. by),

WW
M

(subj. WW); sq <jy Ho 10 inanim. subjugates Is3 M ; land24 4 Jo i 10 Je 4 28 (sq. by) 12 4 23' cf. 1 2"
s
.

Jb 14

22

14
1

pastures
;

Am

1*

Hithp.
1

(where (where insert


.

id.

3NV

<S

*&M We
(

Th We Dr) +

13 1 2
1

S+ 20
Ch.

Pf h*

S 15 s5

Impf. b$&fi Ez

"

7
;

Dr) + 5 t.
father
f.

01 2T2N n.pr.m. (my


ace. to

is

'N 1
ti
1
1

Lag
1

= f3K ?3) + D'W, c A/3r<raXa> K i5 = Di^'3S 2 S 3 + 2 Ch


1% 2 -' ,4
3

peace ;
/

^3KnlGn37 +3t.etc; Imv.h.'hyt.nn 2S14 8 1 Pt. ?3n i S l6 +2t. etc.; mourn

(mostly
2

prose) esp. for dead, sq. by


*)
,

Gn 37" 2 S

tiJiBbK 2

S
2

+ 1.' Eehob.'s
20 - 21
.

1 1

20 - 21

father-in-law

K is
v
38

2 - 10

Chi i

8. 3rd son of Dvd 2

+ 90 1. 2 S

(insert 2

del.

Dr cf. We), + ti
,
-

f Th We K
1

cf.
2

S3 Dr
-

7 -2

'

Ch 3 V 3 1
is

2 cf. 2 S 14 play the mourner (where indie, by dress); over un35 worthy Saul sq. ?K iSi5 i6'; over sin sq. by 6 9 Ezr io cf. (abs.) Ne 8 judgment of '1 Ex 33*
;

19 (|| H33) Jerusalem);

Ch 35 24 cf. 2J abs. 1 Ch 7
2
,

13" 14

also Is 66' (over

abs. (indie,
sq.

""I.TV2N n.pr.m. (the Great


so
1

One

by dress),
;

Nu 1 4 s9 Ez
5

7" (del.
12

father
7

(?)

'3

S 6 19

calamity

Ne i 4 Ez

cf.

Ba EeU66

cf.
22

Sab.-ini)
6- 9

a priest, son of Ahimelech


2

s 22 2 - 21

23

3o

7-7

S 8"
1

so

@WeDr)+22t.

(rd.
1

iterarp ac
sub
11.

Hipb.

Pf. "nb^n Ez 3 i' ; Impf. cause to mourn; Ez 3 1 16 abs. MT, but

B Co); Dn io2
8
;

X$$ La 2 ABCo

Ch.
ran.

^2?ON Kt
+

s 25 18

v.

byqq

La

obj. Dliin sq. by, caused the 8 2 obj-. wall etc. ;

deep to mourn over; (both these fig., cf. Qal).

MjKinterj. exclam.ofpain, Oh! Pr 23 s9 (IMS woe!). Prob. akin to Syr. Uo/ a/as PS M (AW Ges less prob. as a subst. need
.

t73M

n.m.

0n60 "
<1

mourningabs. Gn 50
Ijbs
Is

10

+ 17 t.;
Je 31 13
so
8', id.

cstr. 2 7

+ 3 t.;

6o 2 ; D^>3

from H3K,

c f.

|*3K).

WP

1"QN
wiewi,

(DP

fc

.""comp. As. [aM*], *or-

but dub.)
n.f. cstr. 3"in

[JITON]
ri30)

above, slaughter; but prob. error for

Ges Co

nrDN Ez 2 1" Dl, as nrOC (v.


;

26 metaph. Je 6 (|| Dnnen ISpD); Gn n Je 167 cf. 2 S 3 'x 19 ncp Ez 24 ' (v. Co) 5o"Gn 5o ,0 (v. also 11. ?3K a d fin.); for calamity, sq. ?
1

for dead, cstr. Gn 27" Dt 34" (g*M) 'K sim. for grievous mourning

Am

o-^dyiu

poix(f>aia?, cf.

$.

Est 4 3 9 22 (|| fej; contr. 310 Di) Jb 30 s ' (|| D , 33) Is 6o 20 6 1 3 (where appar.= mourning garb,
sq.

&
;

D^ITIMN

v.

nu3.

n^nn

nogt?, v .also Bi

Che on
(||

tact;

||

n?3

nn

un
T

v. v.

wa.

contr. flfy 19^);

vjM

-n^
v.

su b II.

nw.
S ub 11.

Las (|| bine), Am 5 16 (|| nSDD); cf. nj nta| ' Mi i 8 ;=time, 7 2


Je3i
pW?),
;

,3

15

period of mourning 2 S
4

""l^n "OH

v.

ir^ax
:

nat.

nnE*D,_v

iTOH

in;3N sub
v-

OT?y
D*3H
v.

n. nan.
sub
II. H2N.

mourning

(ynriDB' '3) 2 2 S 14
.

'S

'" n'3 Ec 7 (||'3. nja garments of

D"n?Q 'TIN
'

v.

t3 ^3K sub II.

bs.
s8

5|

JYOM, rul'QN

fl.
v. I.

rux.
6

'5^ adJ- mourning's Gn


u
;

37
2

Est
etc.;

12
;

WJ3K sub
v.

II.

rOK.

f^HN
=1JBH
;

IPS^S

sub II. H3K.


(I)

t["l2K]
Thes
?

vb. turn

(cf.

As. abdku Dl
-pn)

MV
s
.

al.

compare

Hitlip.

s5 12 cf. fig. 37 calamity Est 6 inanim. subj.), elsewhere as subst. (pred., li mourner; sg. ^3^ (cstr.) for dead (|| "Hp); pi. Jb 29" abs.; for calamity Is 57 18 6i 2- (where mourners for Zion, or of Zion, v. Di).

cstr.-^S V 35
dead

Q, r 3

? Jb 29"

Is 61
,

for
4

Gn

La

"'

}33K~1 la g 17 roll, roll up, as volume of smoke (of Isr. under fig. of thickets of forest) v. De &
cf.

II.

7^^
1*

(perh. JjI
45

grow

green,

cf.

^al

^annn j u
tl.

grass/ Lag" prop. Jj\ withstand, hence ?3X as withstanding scorching sun (protected by
trees, springs, etc.),

Qal iy. ^3S


Ho
3

72R,
+3
t.

vb.

mourn (As.
7

[abdlu]

v.

Dl')

hence also (Lag) Jj camel).


I

mourn,+ lament
Is 2 4
2
1.

etc

7m;>/ 3 fs. ^>3Xn (poet. & higher


9

tn. VnS*
rd. f3S c f!

n.f. 1.

v l4ls

Se Dr.
2o' 8
,

meadow(?)

S 6 1S

MT but

style); abs.,

human

subj.

Jo

Am 8"

9" Is 19

in N. Isr. 2

2. n.pr.loc. city near Beth Maacah v ,4

14 H3J?D 1V3 i>3N v" (so also v 20 29 DT> 'K 2 2 i is ; 15


1

Ch 16 4 (= Abil el Kamli, wheat-meadow NW. of Dan & S. of MuBBII, '*n tulleh Rob 3. W^Hj b n .pr.loo.( = ). in lowlands of Moab Nu 33"; acaeia-nieadotv) 1 =D't?BNu 25 Mi 6 6 (=Tel Kefrein (?) Tristr

Ew Th We Klo Dr),

18 17 ; ?? on which meal was eaten, in a compact

&
1

Merrill

PK8oc

" hS, "

,,1,

"! t

'

Gn 3 1 46 46 (JE); built into altar Ex 20 25 Dt 27 s 6 3238 cf. 2 K 23" Klo (for (JED) Jos 8"iKi 8' K of figured stone (forbidden) man) JTSflO Lv 26 (H); rbm 'N where ark rested 1 S 18 6u also v (MT 5>3N q.v.) (v. for other note-

1-

- ll>

n.pr.loc.

= vineyard-meadow)

).

4. D'HIS
in

i>3K

worthy stones 9.
rial, of tablets
-

infr.)
12

2. stone, as mate18
1

Amnion Ju

(v.

Euseb.

n.pr.loc. ( 4 ; dance-meadow) Ju )" 1 Klisha's birthplace 1 9" (v. Euseb. 'Afif\naf\ai). 6. D?"ttrt3 73K n.pr.loc. ( ma<ioM) of Egypt, i.e. fertile as Egypt ?) E. of Jordan Gn 50"

*A/3<Xa/rfA').

5. n^iPID i>3K

12

24 31 34 (pi.) v (JE) Dt 4 ,s 5' 9 9 8 10 11 io 8 of vessels, hence prob. 19 Ex 7 (P; 'x=vessels of stone D'VJ?) v. Di; 28 s6 64 16 18 idols (|| fg) Dt 4 28 i 29 2 9 =Is 37"; 32 9 also Je 3 Ez 20 2 K 16"; edifice pavement
-

Ex

4-4

1 -

||

(where interpr. as
'

if "0

?3K, so

33; v. Di).

72hf

adv.

1.

in older Heb. with an


21

asseverative force, verily, of a truth Gn 42 U with a 2 S 14" 1 1* 2 4 slight advers. 19 2. in late Heb. as a force, nay, but Gn 1 7 (P).

S 5 2 12 13 1 Ch 22 16 ; oft.pl. of (worked) stones Lv j 4 ---. 22 + , cf. of city(P; in wall of house) 2 34 wall Ne 3 36 ; of (ruined) city 1 15" Ne 3 tomb Is 14 19 ; rTnjV D'33N (costly building31 9 10 -' 1 5 7 (v. also sub 3) ; "NOK stones) 1 marble (v. ) 1 Ch 29 s ; ITU <J3*
1

67

cf.

Gn

11 3 ; also 2

11

&V =
hewn

decided adversative, howbeit, but -Dn io


o

7,21

stones

K5

31

Ch

22

Ez 40 42
2

3 17 truth, 19 33 (cf. Ar. sometimes, from the context, nay ratlter Qor

Ezr io 13
2

Ch

tables), cf. rma

3xn 'K
;

(for altar3 12' 22' 2

Ch

ofa

2.4.110.1;9.149.166.261

_143

,5S

g^g

III.
fr.

/Zl^

(cf-

Ar. JjI able to

manage camels,
'

11 34 ; foundation-stone, corner-stone Is 28' Je 51 20 Jb 38 s yjr 118 22 cap-stone, completing the building, npH-\n Iffl Zc 4 7 (but v. H39 tfNi 118 22 as above), Zc 3 9 upon one stone seven yjr

Jjjl, coll.,

Sab. !>3K camel


(?

DHM ZMQU8S

829

).

'/^iN

n.pr.nx.
1

camel-driver),
27
s0
.

overseer

of David's camels

Ch

cap- or head-stone ; the eyes are symbol of God's watchfulness; perhaps explaining cup-stones found in Orient, v. Guthe 11 2PV1890.129. stone . cuttert ' nrin 2S 5 iCh 22 15 ;
eyes, prob. refers to this
Iffl

'3?h 2

12 13

cf. 1

Ch

22

2
.

^ns, ^TlN T \

3. precious
coll. 2

v. fe>.

stone, gen. with


1817,40?
)

modifying word IT1P 'K


oft.
-

(m. R** m nf = the sharp, projecting


''

**

12 30

K
7

v.

Dl w

stone (As. abnu, PrlC7 Ph. pM ;


-

io 2 +
7

(v.

2); Dnt5>n
6 2
;

cf.

Ex 25

28 9 35 9
s - 27

27

39 (P)

Aram.?3K,
'

)i3(

n""*"
24

EthX-fTi; Sab.[o]33N
28
22

DHM
cstr.
etc.;

Ex
1

25 35

cf.

1
12
;

Ch
;'

29

K'Gn 2 12 (J) 1 Ch 29"; D**^ 'K T3D 'K Ez i 26"io';

)- 'Sabs. Gn
rf.

49

ta

K 3";
-

|3K

n +
3

rrnjat

133s is
';

D^3$ Gn

46

Ch 2 9 2
F

+,

Ez 28 14-16

stone (large or small).


-

1. in natural state,

used as pillow Gn 28 11 -' 8 (E); seat Ex 17 12 (E); cover of well Gn 29 2 s 3 8 10 (J) ; causing one to 1 stumble Is 8 *; marring good ground 2 K 3 19-25 hand-missile Ex 21 18 (JE) Nu 35 17 23 (P) 2 S i6" -13 esp. in judicial stoning, with vb. D2T Lv 202 27 2 4 2S Nu i4 l 15 s6 36 Jos 7 2 "(all P), so'also
; , -

* 118 v. D1 & W4; but Sm al. thunderbolts; also without distinctive modifier Ex 25 7 35 s ; 'K Ehn 33 t4. engraver in stone Ex 2 8" cf. 3 1 3 5 (P).
r>

pan ' ;&.-, npp-ii tpe rntc 54 8 on Efc i3* {stones offire) ID 'N Pr 1 7 as precious stones= As. aban isdti (?)

9 stones containing metal, ore, Dt 8 (v. Di) s 8 Jb 28 cf. v +5. a weight, as orig. stone (v.
.

Dt

Ch 24 21 Ez 16" 23"; cf. 1 K i2 18 = 8 2 Ch io' with vb. S?p Dt 13" 1 7" 2 2 21 24 1 K 2r,b 2 1 '; also Jos 7 (JE or D) sling-stones Ju 20" 1 S 1 7 >--- 2 Ch 26 i4 hurled by engines 16 2 Ch 26 set up for inscribing law Dt 27 s-4 8
21 21 2
-

Pr 27 s cf. Eng. weight Pr 16 11 (cf. As. D1 W38 );


ace. to royal standard;

s<<me

= i4lb)
'K 2
0n23 w
'

D , 3~ , :!3K
(i.'e.

^fj

S 14 26
)
;

cf.COT

'SO 'K

Dt 25" Pr 2o
-,

10-2s

(i.e.

dishonest use);

nonp

Jos 8
14

s2

(all
1

D)
12

as

memorial Jos 4
22

s--- 7 -*--!-

(JED)
35
24

as sacred pillar (n3S10)


(

Gn
cf.

28

18

(anointed with oil), 2 8

= i>N)V3) cf/K (HfS)


31"
-

btn'B':
m:27

Gn
(all

49

24

; weights raf a?< Lv 19 npy^'K hence also heavy mass of metal (lead) Zc 5 8 11 |6. plummet Is 34 (stones of devastation, or 13 7,8 also 7 em]>tiness, cf. on sense 2 K 21 ) made of metal y'ttn 'SH Zc 4 10 (conversely
;
.

different weights, for p.3K D'3 Mi 6"; just 36 ft ii r

Am

(v.
"

Di); as witness
pi.
(v.

Jos
(bi)
2

plummet ft: plumbum).


partic. hail, explicitly,

over dead, Jos 7

JE); 2

gathered into heap 29 18 27 (JE) Di) 8 cf. io

30

80
;

t7. objectslike stones; 11 TJ 31! 'J58 Jos io cf. Is "- 18 'K Ez i 3 38"; but also O^K VHlftQ
1

pN
W88 lime-stones n^'n? Jos 10" (E) (cf. As. D1 ); "U^SaX Is 2 "]'. 8. in sim. (mostly poet.) of sink6 9"; motionlessness ing in water Ex i5 16 Jb6 12 ; firmness^ 16 ; solidity EX15 strength 30 1 K io" (of iee) 38 ; in prose, of commonness ls 2 Ch i ; also metaph. of one in fear 1 825" (i.e.
;

7
flying; syn.1Sy=oft. dustlyingonor composing 10 24 M ground) Ex 9" Ez26 Dt28 (|psy) Is5 (|| P?) 29* (llfto); fig. of clouds under Yahweh's feet

=Ne

Nai
+
??i"1

3
.

petrified

Hb 2" +9. In topogr. 7 6 terms (nearly=n.pr.); JH3 |38 J 15 18' ; 1 1 12 'Kn ' 1 S also 4 '(We Ur) 5 cf. 7 T8?n 41 19 rd. &$n 33-lNn v. here & v 1 S 20
Zc 9 18
cf.

= perverse, hard
(of

with terror,

cf.

Ex

16

heart
Isr.)

Ezn

15

supr.);
1'

tW
"

ransomed

'N

36

s6
;

1
J?."

,
?.

3? 3S

personif.

[HjTlN or n^lN] n.f. prob. coll., cstr. np_3K Ct 3 6 powders of merclutnt = scent-powders. (On formation cf. Lag"""".) TjpnNj vb. denom. Niph. wrestle (=get
dusty,clK6 V is, koWo), v. also " Q 5\??"5 ?5! 3 =< at their
l

v 19

cf.

Ez 13"

(v.

supr.)

BbP*,t**' 1* paWlO
feet; others, e.g. Di,
s5

%n

comp. pan),

ay pggj

Gn

32

Inf.

sf.

ipavna

nv v 26

(We Dr

mammon comp

Klo);

rtnin 'k'i
^i-.

(where

We

"Oitf
'

(cf.

As. abdru, be firm, strong Dl


(fr.

w
).

t[p]

n.[m.]

Zuhal= Saturn). wheel, disc Du. ttpffl

"^N

n.[m.] pinions

strength,

poet. &

3 1. potter's wheel Je 18 (two discs revolving one above the other; name from likeness to

in sense) as of dove ^55'; eagle Is 40"; 'Nn 7|"1K of king of Babyl. under fig. of eagle Ez
fig., pi.
1
s

mill-stones

= sella
stool,

v.

AW

(||

D?B33n

7C\i

of broad,

overshadowing
unit., poet.) of

18

).

2.

TBT^ Ex

I* prob.

wings).
1

parturientis,=-8i<f>poi Xo^fialoi bearing-

rnSN

n.f.

midwife's stool (fr. likeness to potter's wbeel; on custom of labor upon stool v. Ploss
Da, weib.2-ded.il,

pinion (nom.
'

Qesnola Coll. fr. Cyprus, Metrop. Mus., N. York, No. 614, terra cotta fig. fr. 4th or 5th cent. B.C.; Descriptive Atlas
of Cesn. Coll.
l'ESoc.2nd Statement
,'
,,, - ,

35. 179 etc.

&

ostrich ; ""^aN of eagle, sim. for ' Dt of '< 91*; nVrt-QK of dove 32"; metaph.

Jb 39 13

^68";

(all||*)J3).

" L3"
76\

,-

UB

cf.

W.

H. W[ard]

1873, p.

T[~QN] vb. denom. Hiph. fly (=move 29 pinions)] of hawk |T"9! Jb 39


1

n:n Kt 2 K n:nN v. t333.

12

>,

v.

njDN.

[l

-^l

adj.

strong
for

alw. = subst.

the

Strong, old

name

God

(poet.); only cstr. in


s- 5
1

3pjr

Tax Gn 49 24 & thence ^


Che
crit.

32

Is 49 s6

6o 16 ;

"PI
[abdsu]

v.

-i:i

3N sub

II.

H3N.
id.;
1

t[D2K]
ox Pr 15";

vb. feed, fatten (Mish.

As.
of

24 *y&&l 'X Is 1 (cf. this cstr. to "^3X.

NB61 n.) Ba

assigns

Dl w") Qal

Bpa*

Ft. pass, fattened, 3 of fowl r 5

DWK

t'Y'SSl adj. mighty,

valiant 'x Jb 34s0


iS 21 s
2
;

+ Isio

,s

Kt(Qr"V33);
;

TD^N
form
4

n.m.

rrl4,4

v.

Ges 484 * 12B-)

crib (=feeding-trough, on of ass Is i 3 (cstr.); oxen Pr


s P^'DX Jb 39 (of wild-ox).

4 (abs.); lEJP^JJJ

Jb 24 22 + mighty (alw.=subst. & poet. exc. 20 22 s 1. men Ju 5 Jb 24> (=violent) 34 1 S 2 i ). 17 8 but Je 46 15 1 S 2 1 (rd. DTjn " Or Dr, cf. 22 BSi5 rrobebii>ei Klo iia?), La |>ai( v Id. Lag o*vjjn
;
.

cstr. id.

piOTW

t[u^QSn]
der;
1

n.[m.] granary (=place of fodww sf. rpKlNO Je As.'bit abdsdti Dl ) pi.


v. jna.

16
;

ab '"VaX
6
.

stout

t/c76

2. angels

12 of heart Is 46 20 103 ). ^^(cf.


3

= obstinate)
3. animals;

50

26
.

Is lo' (rd. bull, sim. of king of Assyr.

"*?*?

&

ninjnN
t[Y^N]
Jos
20

for enemies i^a V3R Di); elsewh.pl.; metaph. s1 13 ^22 (||D ,_| 3); for princes^ 68 ; forEdomites Is

TOJtf (meaning unknown).


n.pr.loc.
city in

34

7
;

hence even as

sacrif.
11
.

^ 50

13

(||

CTiny);

of horses
Issachar,

f3N

Je8 47 50
v.
:

lc

i9'

OiTON t t
:

D13K sub T

II.

H3X-

tplN

n.pr.m. judge of

Isr.

Ju 12 s

-'

(Lag
-

+ "7T"m^ proclaimed before Joseph

Gn 4 1 **
-

0>ij89ili9|s J3(j$),

'Miiacrav, <B

yC^O

p2N
tp^

(At. J3\

run away
10

(cf.

Lag

61

)).
t.

n.m.
3
;

Ez2U0

dust ' Dt
;

cstr.p'aKNai

sf.Di>3K Ez26

dust

28 24 + 3

fleeing,

deriv. proposed; e.g. (mng. dub.; many Egypt, Verhd a-bor-k, Copt. =proslrate thyself/ Benfey 1" 1 g.spr.z.sem.s<Bf. bowed ! Chabas aprek,head Alw WMttrlss 8 apbuta=y, v.alsoWiedemann B" ' Zel,schr Ifa re x -u, head of the wise, Harkavy ';

BTOM
ab-rek, rejoice thou!

8
,' ,r
'

Cook Spe*
1

5C<,mn,G *dloCK"1

8* *"; Lepage Renouf" command is our desire,


service
;

""

1888 ' 6

'^^)-^,
are
11" 134 "1-

%
1112 ).

Ex

i.e.

we

Say

**'

B*b

1S3

As. abrikku

vizier (unpub. tabl.), v. already

= Ak. abrik, DP
'

at thy

18 M 8 D^O K Is 4 1 ^io7 1 14 pi. without D?D 19 8 1 (P) Is 4 2 16 3. swamp-reed, rush ( 7 3 pOJS) Je 5I '.

sg.

t[D3N] adj. sad (cf. Mish.) ^-"OaK Is 19'.

who

cp.

As. abarakku

= title,

vizier; against DI, v.

COT & No
v.

perh. grand 2 " 01880 7M

tpjN,

]'iQriN n.[m.] rush, bulrush.

1.

0"pN, t'3N

v.

DT3X,

^3 sub II. na*


su b

used as cord or line Jb 40 26 (of twisted rushes, or spun of rush-fibre, cf. Di ad loc); as fuel 12 41 ; sim. of bending head Is 58". 2. metaph.
of the lowly, insignif.
(||

oiVcnN, a'VcrnN

di^3
Frey).

n. rax.

13 HB3) Is 9

16 1

KJK
t fcON

(cf.
11.

Ar.

y
24

\^H (prob. circular, round, cf. Ar.


/Zee

a2.L\ ball
vessel).

pr .m.

of David 2

S 23"

of a hero (fugitive ?) father 13 Dr 8m ). (ins. also 1 Ch

of cheek

&

v.

Talm.

I?,iN

curved rim of a

Aram. [jiH^tj n.[m.] bowl,basin(Talm. J31K,


S33X,

U.2N, (lUN

Nu

U4^';
;

Ar.

ajI^.1

vessel in

which clothes

n.pr.m. (violentl As.


-

agdgu
also

Nu

of Amalek iSis 8 9 - 80 32 32 32 38 , T>X") king 24' (E), as symbol of might; (Is 'N
?

As. .(pi.) agandteJDY"). 1. basins s used in 2. "inert J3K, ritual^>ttf>Ex 24 (E). sim. of curves of body Ut 7". 3. metaph. of
are

washed

then

title

v. Di).

family of Eliakim.

ni32Kn 'b3
vessels

= basin-vessels
Che) opp. v|

?;^

adj.gent. of

Haman (=Amalekite?
11 -

Is

22

24 (
;

= bowl-shaped
||

so Jew. trad.

&

cf. Jos.*""-

66
)

Est 3 1

- 10

83

im
2. 3te

9".

Dublin

both
(As.

JE>i?n

^3.
cf.

(bind,
n.f.

so Talm.

"12$,

Aram.

13N).

*"pX
*

stem of agappu, wing,

Dl w

).

t,T13N

band (Mishn. fWUK c f. NHWB).

1. pi. cstr. ntito ni^JX bands, thongs (fastening ox-bow) metaph. of fetters of slavery Is 58".
ffn^J & Mji C ;j of hyssop Ex 12 . 3. 'n abs. band of men ?3n. Eng. band) 2 S 2 26 (cf.
s2
.

[n^J n.[m.] band, army (loan-word, orig. wing of army; As. agappu, Aram. e)JN, wing.
Others,
fr.

t|M, Sta*
9

*")All
4
;

Ez.

&

all

l.

(or

&.t)T|2^ EZ38 39

4.

vnjx vault of the heavens (as fitted together,


cf.

constructed,

Ar. SU-1)

Am 9*.
(NH
id.,

38" (all c.~?3exc. 38 ) of Judah Ez 1 2 14 1 7 21 ; hordes

s2

VB3X i24-3t.; na;s 6ancZ, armies of king

(RV) of 39"; specif, of "103 38; of nO"uta {6.


fl. [")Ji*] vb. gather

Gog 38

s - 22

triaN n.[m.J nuts


Ar.

(coll.)

KTiSBK,

Ji, Eth. 7a*"H: Aram. <a^, KJUK; c f. u TUN as Pers.j^Vwhence prob. loan-word) Ct6
.

(food) only

Qal
;

comp. Ar. J^l (Hoffm Eth. X7A>: a certain one (name withheld),

7J^

,Ilob&5

m^,
etc.)

of ant Pr 6 s (obj. klND) ; 7m;,/ 2 ms. ?/ ""3$. s9 13 9 of Isr. Dt 28 (obj. grapes, not expr.) 5 Pt. Y*M ">3 subst. one who gathers (abs.) Pr. 1 o .

II.

72N
'

n.[m.] usually trans, drop, ?t3"\75S

As. o^Srw

*TJN (pay, hire, Arjil, Aram.13K, j^/", DF, Palm. "ON Reck 2MG I888 *).
'

s8 dew-drops Jb 38 (|| "W?D) so Vrss


'

De Di Hoffm
;

Riickstande,' Ansammlungen,' tions, stores, reserve-supply.

i.

e.

collec-

Aram. NTJX,
EA81.124.

T"ft3M n.pr.m. (perh. hireling, Ar. JLs.1, |{^' v ps, As. a^Jrw, cf. Hpt
. 1

TD^73W
(meaning?);
Areopolis;

n.pr.loc.

town in Moab

Is 15

8
;

others gatherer, fr. 1. an author of proverbs Pr 30 .

ux)

son of n| (

?cf. AlyaXtifi

(Euseb.) 9 m. S. of

t[nnia]

n.f.

payment, ^03 ITjbK

s6
.

v. LagOnom.228.9s, i.2,p.2

DJi^f (troubled, sad, As.


1>.I loatlie ; also

w agdmu Dl

Tj~n3S n.f. letter, letter-missive (late,])rob.


cf.

Ar.

iiil marshy jungle;

v.

8 abs. Ne 2 + 2t.; loan-word, As. egirtu DP) 29 cstr. Est 9 ; pi. D'njN abs. 20130' 3t.; cstr.

D3Jj).

T3JN

Ne
2

9
;

DH'nnaK
-

Ne 6" letter,
8- 9
;
. _

n.[m.]

troubled pool (Aram,

esp. royal letter

id.,

Jjo^/, As. agammu ,8 , 4i +2t.;D S3KEx8

Dl w
,

Ch 3o'- 6 'Ne 2 7
.29 (J]

but also others

Ne6 5 17 19 Es
-

'n abs. Is 35'; cstr.


,,

qM

lap vv
v.
:

2o. 3 o

other gyn 2PI30, jmfl q.v.)

Ex 7 19

1. troubled or muddy (gloomy) pools or


;

+ 2t.;
23

D|iKI 8 i4

DrTOJK

Vb-um t
:

hm

marshes,

pi.

D^D 's Is 14

2. any pool, pond

^JN

v. ejna.

7N
in, rfffm, ni-tN
i[2'liS]
-

m
Inf.

nam
to particular ones)

vl>.

grieve;

Hiph.

3Ht( =
s3
.

3HK[6 to grieve I S 2 (But Dr prop, 3*1$ fr. 3H q.y .) i7N3"TN n.pr.m. 3rd son of Ishmael (cf.
1 Ch discipline ?) Gn 25 29 1 1 Idiba'il etc., name of north. Ar. tribe (As. DF* 301 ; cf. Minan in

Ges* 53 3-" 7 ) to cause

of high degree so 'oft. Ph. 2 * 01875 080 "-*16 and =vassal Sab. 'K B'BJ coll

of low opp.

Ju 16 17 (cf. *H$ "in* v7 11 ) t^KIs 2'- 11 17 5"""cf. Ez 42 14 23 (del. Co Vrss); 'K \)3 2 S 7 (|| D'tMK) p r 8 4 (|| W*K); + 49 6 2" (both e" '?3) = men
-

i8 7

28

+ 73"

Je 3 2 29 +

-'

||

||

men
x

DHM

Ar.

CjS\

13

invite,

blK
>'

DHM

MV).

Ch gn Ei5 27 . +3> n ;pp-m first man Adam, (without art., cf. job 1 Ch 21 over ag. 'frn Jb i 6 Gn 4 26 (J)' 5>- 3 -- (P) etc.) 21 1 Chi +4. n (Gn2*3"- rd.'t6v.Di.)
ai"..*.1
.

Nu

*7"7K

cfl

Ar

strength).
.

1 pr.loc.city in Jordan valley (as builtl) Jos 3 '.

n^N
TIN

1717 n.pr.m. a chief Israelite Ezr 8

7V

?1^.

n-f224

S round land
>

(as tilled, Ger.


Arch " I
'

6e6aw<?

n.pr.m.
'

v.

Tin.

DF'^but
iLol,

Fleisch.

(Merx

a f
)

comp. Ar.

skin,

N^THN
(Pers'.l).
I.

n.pr.m. 5th son of

Haman

Est 9 s

&

close-fitting;

-/DT
20

as smoothly covering cf. Ar. S sroear (spread


'

over surface); cf.alsoNo 23"" 886


(cf.

737

T)l

W u Pr 104\
6C0

Q*7^

As. [addmu] make, jrroduce


Gn *"

(?)

cstr.

np"|S

Gn

'n Gni M +
2
-

47
12

etcj^niClN ^49
n.m.
1'

1.
;
-

sf.

VlcnN Jb 3 i 38 +
-

t!

~JN
Sab.
bird)
coll.

?.,

CIS
,

1,1 ' 4

man, mankind (Ph. Dix, al.; cf. As. admu, young (of
-

ing sustenance)

Ex 34 26
28 4.11.1 8
20
.

(all
33

J);

Gn 2 6 9 3 23 4 2 3 12 5 29 8 21 1 9 s5 4 7 s3 Ex 23 19 (E) Dt 7 1S 11" 26 5 10
17 15

srroM<i(astilled,yield-

S 3.42.51

Dlw but No 25"51886 722 identif. with Ar. Aj\ 12 cf. Sg. abs. exc. cstr. Pr 6 creatures)

4 25
1

23.2S.24 Jg 3Q 2 g ^,10 Jg j7 2g 3Q i" Mal 3 " yfr 83 11 105 35 Pr 12" Hg 26

24

28 19

Ch

27

Ne
Jo
i

io 36
10
;

38

cf. fig.

Jb
3nk

5"

(||

lay)
20

Thes; ('K(n) *2|


tfil

nto Gn6 2
4

=pl. of 'x Gn 1 i + 39 t., cf. 4 ) 1. a Wara(=Ger. Mensch)=


oft.
B

38

personif. 31
tiller,
i.e.

also 'Nn B'N

Gn
2

(J)

husbandman; meton.

'X

Ch 26 10

Jmman'being

Gn
2

a"-

7 - 7 - 8 - 16

-''-'^, i6
10

12

(2ft. J)
12

Lv5
cf. 1

(||E>S3)i3 -9(i 9 t.P)Ne2

Isi3

(||^N);
(||

lover of husbandry (or do these point to earlier meaning tillagel cf. DP' 105 n3jf eK
)'**

binan 'xn

j os 14' 5 (E);

i^s ' Pr 6
-

12

Jin

*H
-

S 25" & v. ^jr!>3);= any one Lv I 2 Nu 9 s 7 Jb 20 29 27 13 Pr 15 20 2i 16 20 24 30 Ec f + oft. 25 6 ,1 13 WisdLt, Je 2 4 Ne 2", cf. 'N Bta Nu i 9 +
-

seld.

wan
.

Ec
7"

28

opp. 2. coll.
-

woman Gn

tUt

32 (JE 24t.)Dt 4 (D6t.)(on 28 Chi 7" v. DrSm ); distinctly = men + women Gn I 27 5 Nu 5 given as name Gn 5 2 but= warriors Is 2 2 6 'N 331 D'ST); beasts 7 13 14 910 (41 1.) nil3 Gn 6 7" (J ?) Ex 8 9 (P) 9

(P 2 8t.)6
cf. 1

3"M maw, mankind Gn I 9 +


2
26
6 ---
s

"

2 - 23 - 26

of ground, landed property Gn 47 18.19.1 9 .19.20.22.22.23.26 (ftU J) ^ +3> earth as material substance of wh. man is made Gn 2 7 ('Nrrft? nay); so animals v 19 ("KnTP); 24 altar Ex 20 earthen vessels 'N 'bnn Is 45';
.

Zc 13 5

t2,

jptec

^^

S i 2 15 32 ; of 'SH ruyo 1 K Ne9 (cf. 1SN, 13y); 46 17 cf. 2 Ch 4 7 (firmness of earth, firm earth, clay- ground, for casting -moulds; or claymoulds (Be)? or is this n.pr.1 Klo prop. niyB3
on head, sign of woe
contrition
J

S 4 12

(||

||

'

'9-

12

2.13.,5

3 62 50 51 Ez 11 8 36 Jon 3 Zp
||

(gJJ J) + kte proph J e 2 j6 3 j27 13 8 u Jw- i4 25 2 9 32" (del. Co)


. -

8 Hg i u Zc2 8';

||"V?3

Ez 4

15
;

fs's,

cf.

Dnbn, Jon 3 7 ;'

descript. of

NU31 HtU + nDnsrrba? v 5 fljn Gn 9 (P) cf. Ez 'i--*\ & D^n? Ez io 8 14 21 cf. 41"; trees
'3
;
||
-

28

3<>

Gn 7 8 9 2 (J ?) Lv Gn 4 10 (J) Is 24 2
dew
2

in the red cave); mule- loads of 2K5 17 the dead -OSTncnK 'J.?*'? Dn 12 2 cf. Gn 3 19 23 i\r 146 4 4. ground as earth's visible surface ; 'Nil DD1 Gn I 25 6 20 (both P) Ho 2 2 " cf.
i""?7?*'1
it"
;

in

lie
-

2o 26 (P) Dt 4 18 Ez 38 20

'

Am 3
1

S 17 12
'Nil

rain

K'17
i6
30

Zp 1

2- 3
; ;

also ; as wet with


cf.

'

18 1
(||

||

Dt 20 ,9 (rd.D-lKn v. Di); opp. God 1 S 15 29 16" 2 1 Is 3 1 3 Ez 2 8 9 1 Ch 2 1" 29 2 Ch 6 18 Mai 3 8 cf. Ex 33 2 Dt 5 21 so '-?a Nu 23 19 (|| B*k) Ez
-

ffVTQ

nnsa

Nu

(P)

ps v
1

personif. 32 vid. ),

a j w addressed to proph.); 'Nfl 1 S 26 made in God's image Gn i 26-27 9 ; 29 29 29 cf. Ec 7 ; as feeble, earthly, mortal Nu i6 Ps 82 7 1 44 3 4 Jb 5 7 I4 1 10 cf. 25" ('N-J3) Ec 12 5 ; as sinful 1 K 8 46 2 Ch 6 36 Je io 14 cf. Nu 5 s Jb 33 Ho 6 7 ; of men in general, other men (opp. 31
2
i.3.6.s

(gy t

g z>

'33

19

v31 ; of partic. place, spot Clp 'N Ex 3 s esp. as abode of man Gn4 n Ex io 6 Dt 4 WM 1 2 1 S 20 31 6 14 4ffl 2S14 7 oft. 'n V.S Gn2 4 6 7 7 88 13 Ex 12 16 Nui2 3 Dt'6 ls 7 6 (all J, D) 1 S 2 o ,5 + 2 33 3
1-

5. land, territory, country ( es jix) Gn 4 7 24 '& (J) Lv 20 (J 1 px) cstr. bef. n.pr. tTSp? Gn 47 2026 irjWJ ' Is 19 17 ^'f! UEsxi**

19

1.

1|

16

t.

Ez

esp. of

land as promised or given by

1 32" (all J ?) Dt 5' 6 + i6t, Dt, Jos; 1 K 8" M + Je 16" 24' 25 s 35 ' Ez 28 s5 2 Ch 6 2531 7 20 8 19 cf. also Dt i2 21 23 29" 2 K if3 Is 6" 7 16 33 1327 + Ne 9 s5 (TOOK* '), in all c. 14' + Ez 34 s, 16 4it.; + Jo 2 (personif.); ehi?n'NZc2 (cf.sub 4 supr.); hence also as Yahweh's land Dt32 43 Is 1 4 s Zc 9" 2 Ch 7 20 t6. whole earth, inhabited earth (seld. cf. also 'Nn '?B sub 4 supr.) Gn 1 2 s 28 14 (both J cf. }HN 18 18 22 18 2 6 4 ) Dt 14 2 Am 3 2 Is 24". +7. n.pr.loc. city in Naphtali (as built cf. D"JN il^ed-Ddmel) W. of L. Gennes. Jos 19 s* v. Di.
1
1
,

to his

15 12 people=Canaan Gn 28 Ex 20

Nu

36

,M

(P) ; also

1 1

S 1 4 47 + 3 1 1. + 2 S 8 1S
,

(for

MT

Chi8 12 ^6o2 WeDr); perh. Ch 18"; MT DIN but v. We Dr); 2 also 2Cli20 (v. Be); 'N=king of Edom Nu ' 10mjoji. poet >$ v, 3 V!37 7 K na La 4 21iB
DIN; @@, v. 12 also v (@ 1
-

3. /and of Edom,
36') S.

Idumaea

&
32

SE. of
4
;

Pal.

Ez 32 s9 35 15 and Gn 3 6 324i, + 32 t. (incl. m'C


(/.
-

Gn 3 6 Nu 20 21 + ); uncertain whether 2 or 3 are Ex Nu 20" 24 + 9 t. (chiefly in 'N T]b etc.)


'N 'N jnN
1,U7!!1 31
23 18

Gn

33
15

37 15

s t">pn adj. gent. Edomite Dt 23

1
14

S 21 8
17
;

TfTC^N n.pr.loc. city in Vale 22 28 8 Gnio"i4 Dt29 Hon


.

of Siddim

KlI w ^ g 3 *. D'.p'nN 2 Ch 25 28 6 so 2K16 (Qr; Kt DWIN, v. DIN); DD'lN iK 11 /. nWlN. 1K11


2a 9.i8.
j
17
1
; .

2j53n *Jp"1N n.pr.loc. pass


Jos 19
II.

in

Naphtali,
,

Td^TO'JS adj. reddish (cf. As. ada(m)mumul DY"} of leprous sores Lv 13 42 (D]T") v49
24 ' 43

v. 3pJ.
(}'^>

(D'T-^/rtD-ronNv

nVv

19

;/pZ.n'EnKnN if,
as

D*7N
).
i

tawny, Eth.

kcn>:
cf.

(only in derivatives),

As.

addmu 1 Dlw ;

T,3it3T?HI adj. red, ruddy, of Esau


born babe

new-

Lag

8 " 28

t[D 1N, D"1N] vb. be red (on format,


Lag
BNS"* 120
zirites

cf.

(whence name Edom ace. 12 42 to E J cf. Di); of youth 1 S 16 17 0?b"lN). O^Tp'IN n-pr.loc. v. flJJJO sub rby.
25

Gn

s5

La

) Qal Pf 3 pi. $
4';

ruddy, of Na-

TUPiTyi^ n.pr.m.
Media Est
fjjijj
14

a prince of Persia

&

DIND Na
redden,

Ex 6a6 35

Pt. reddened, dyed red, 2* (of shield), of rams' skins


7-*

Pu.
,9

DW
(all P)'.

(cf.

Pers. admdta, unrestrained).


cf.

36 39

34

Hithp. Imp/,
;

(mug. disputed; (1)


(a)

As. [adannu\

1"1120 Hiph. l<mpf emit {show) redness (cf. Lag ) vbSns ions: Is i 18 (of sins) i.e. be glaring, fla15 grant (cf. also v ).

31 grow or look red, D^NJV Pr 2 3 (of wine)

firm, strong ;

Dl w >(2) Fii. whence flN whence fH$


;

adv. adanniS, strongly, exceedingly


(b) determine,

make firm, fasten (cf. ^xz) command, rule,

al. (a) intr. ; (3) Thes Add., be under, low, inferior (cf. pn, ^U), whence JIN;

MV
,

ta'n adj.red-'x Is6 3 2 Zci 8 +Gn 25 30 30


-

v.infr.;

M
8

tflN Ct5 10 ; f.nEHN


;

+ 2 1.
(||

ruddy,
but

Nu i 9
(||

,pl.D'SnN 2 K
10
;

,8.

pnfef c f.

As. D1

red, of W87
)

man Ct 5

horse Zc

put under command, Mrule over (cf. J"!) 102 whence fHN; v. also (4) Lag [1TW fr. ^jl). E * 2C 19 n.m. base, pedestal JTN Ex []"1&]
(6) tr.
'-

19 ; water 2 K 3" rednesson garmentls63 2;


2

1'n^); heifer (D13 'N); cf. as subst. red,


tilt<n

62

Nu

38
.

7
;

pi.D'3";N

Ex26 +
1!l

cstr.

TlNCt5

ls

etc.

= the (red) lentils


;

Gn
'

30 -30

25

rd. D'lNH

infr.

cf.

also

njjjjp.

1 pedestals of fine gold, on wh. pillars of rnarble were set Ct 5 15 ^.pedestals of the earth on wh. s its pillars were placed Jb 38 (|| corner-stone).
.

CHN

n.[f.]

earnelian
cf.

(fr.

redness/
10

<rap(P)

8w; on format, 28".

Lag

8 1144
-"

Ex 28" 39

Ez

TD TN
v.

n.[m.]nameofacondiment (Ar. lll\ Anderson in Di; cf. As. adumatul DI*) 'Nn
30 30
-

3. (metal) pedestals, bases, or sockets in wh. tenons of planks & pillars of tabernacle were set up two for each plank & one for each pillar Ex 26 191919 +52t. in Ex 26.27.35-40 Nu 3.4 'enN Ez 4 1 22 of altar. (all P) ; cf. Sm Co for
; ,

n.m. ""^ lord (Ph. fTTfH


cstr.
11 fHQ Jos 3 17 ;
;

Gn

25

(J; so rd. for 1*1

MT;

v. Di).

pN) *i2 + D'JhN Is 2 6 + cstr. + pi. rt|


'N
;

13

DV7M

StaGam ES 8"" 48 vid. n.pr. (name of a god? v.* 110 thinks dial. var. of V$f, but Bae 8 Q-ltniy, D11N '33= D"JN elderson of Isaac Gn
;

(fDIN Ez 25")

n.pr.nx.

1.

Edom

Dtio +
'j'lN

sf.W3.1N 1 S 25"+ etc.; (TIN, *t% are variations of Mass. pointing to distinfr.

guish divine reference


exc.

an intens.

pi.

of rank

human. PL, with few word takes sf. as pi.


;

J3)ssEao,

s0

(J)

tjtorjf)

(where etym.=raZ, cf. v (E 1) & sub ** 2. coll. (m. but f. Mai i 4 ) 36 (P).
25
1 1

in all other pers. ; so doubtless here. Orig. reading prob. in all cases TlN (v. Dalman
D.rOottMn.-eAdoD.j.

Edomites, Idumeans as descend, of Esau

Gn

format.)

'JIN

BN188 makes 'JIN an Aram. Lag now found in J 5 1 1. in E


;

11

p-TN
tGn 31
35 19 10

VTjim

32
3-3

42

Ex

21 6
in
)

in

P tGn

23

61116

Nu

36"; often S
-"3

& K;

LordandmyGod^zs
1

Chr only

iCh2i

8912 Je 37 20 38; elsewli. only in hist, parts Is 36 18 tDni ,0 io ,61719 i2 8 Zci 9 4" 13 6 4 V^iio 1 Ju 4

(=2S2 4

322

aCha"6
1013

in sources, Je *; Is

seld.
lel

&

6 13
8

Ru2
is
18

13

44

Nu

Jos 7 (J) Ju6 'JIK '? tEx4 20 referred "to God, but '?n '3 tGn43 1726 ref. to 12" (J) 1 S i 26 25" 1 3
13

15

error, & eventually supplanting it. In earlier 7,8 Is 3 17 4- ( 1 9 t. seeming to belong 7 9' here), Ez 18 2529 33' 7M 2i 14 (prob. * "pH as in usual

that use DVpK ; (writers " use 'J *?); b. Adonay n.pr. of God, paralwith Yahweh, substit. for it oft. by scrib.
1

Am

human
VlK

superiors.

There
'S'lK
:

is
2

uncertainty as to

Gn

18 3 19 18 ;
ref. to

19

) tl.
21
;

sg.

lord,

Mal i Lai + (i"4 t.) f 2 37 B 17 5 78 90 (?niiT) no (Dalman puts most of these 10 " sub (a); many cases are doubtful); 1 3 (Mass. "JINforrWTcf.Dalm. 2 K7;Dalm. rightly
phrase); Zc 9
14

1214

13

master (1)
;

men
s-9

(a) supt. of household,


(6) ref. to

questions

he
,

rds.

or of affairs Gn 45 (E)=* 105 5 22 18 34'; (2) 12 yjr (c) king Je

master

f 38
3

16

86 12 Adonay
'* 9 915
,

TW), The phrases 'n?!* 'jhK my God; D'nl'Nn tfi'tt Dn


4

God,
23
17

nW

fnsn

the

Lord Yahweh
;

(v.

TW) Ex

Dn

34 (Cov't codes) 1M3 whole earth Jos 3 ( J)

23

YWT^
1

P 1 * Lord f

the
;

niX3X * 'KH, earlier Is i 24 3 1 io 33 19 4 f$W Is 10 16 in common MT; not Massora, doubtless


Zorc/s,

^ gf

Zc 4" 6 5 Mi 4 13

as the divine name. (nWt) v 4. mrv ft{ ( a ) my Lord Yahweh (v. m.T) Gn 28 7 s4 s6 22 28 i5 (JE) Jos 7 (J, om.'")Dt 3 9 JU6 16
i
-

V*fa 2 8
7-

'K Dn &3 191919 9


1617

favour taking's

2S 7 (6t.) iK 2 26 8 53
13

prob.

2. pi. elsewh. intens. pi. of rank, lord, master, (1) ref. to men hill Samaria ti 16 24 (b) (a) proprietor of
scrib. error);
;

TW Mai 3 J^IK 3 17 kings Dt io =i/' 136


Gn 4 o
-

14
")

i/<-

14

Is 26

13

1725 32 Ez4 8' 9 6 13 20 49 37 3 (K'JK^yT 9 49 24 24 16 i3 23 24 28 ; 2 9 inappropriate in mouth


14

Am3

7-8

2 - 4S

9 Jei'4

10

of God ; del.

Mi
4O

Zp

Ob Zc 9 V
14

(Co) or rd.
7
1

0?$* * (Dalm.)
6- 1*

73";
s

(b)
26
;

appar.
exil. Is

master
24
9

Jb 3 V 1 23 Pr 25 27 30' Is 24 Am 4 Zp 26 27 12 6 6 i Mai i ^45 ; (i) (c) husband Ju 19


19
1
'

(J,

Ex 2 i 4 4 8 32 (Cov't code) Gn Dt2 3 16 Jui 9 1I12 +i3t. S&K; nt.) 13 2 s 18


7
-

6-

n.pr.
10

(E)

Adonay Yahweh
but 6 i ul

Is 25

Je44

+ (iot.,

rd.

tW, );

(c)

uncer-

; prophet Gn 42 10 3033 (E) 44 8 (J) 25 (E) Ju 3 + 40 1.


-

K 2 3516

Ne 3 (e) governor
1

s
;

S 29

10
;

S&K; Ch
4
;

(/) prince 1 (g) king Gn 40 in sources only


l6

tain whether (a) or (6) in proph. formula 10X 16 15 s2 4 8 '> 'K Is 7 7 28 30 49 5 1 65 13 Je 7 20 i 3" 3 6 s Ob ' Ez (13 it.); " 'K Is 56 Je a 22 5 7 i3 5 3. 9 .ii " Ez6 3 25 3 3 6 4 ; 3 4 8 z(8ot.); "> 'N 2 1 4 6 8 ; " 'N ^Knii H3 8'. 4 7

Am

DM

ITW

Am
8

iChi2>
i9 22
4
18

cf.
12

1S29 6
4-

2Chi 3
4
;

=iK22

17
;

Is
6
;

5.
1

VBfi

Am
9
.

Am

'

: 8

1S'nin''

YahwehmyLord f 68 109 140


6. niS35f T

21

2'

36
*rtj

37

Je27

(2) ref. to

D'??
''
^I!?'"
1

Lord of
22

lords

God Mai i Dt io 17 =-f 136 3

Hb3

Yahweh S.

(v. JT.K3S)

^ 6 9 7 Am
;

mn tfl ( a )
s

VJ^tf 135*147*
?
Is 5 1
15

= (prob.
5

Ne8'; Vffl*">
</;y

VS^Neio

30
;

WIN Hoi 2
(a)

(possibly error 'i'lK 1 ('i'lK) ( ) ref. to men


:

for^H).

husband, Yahweh); 3. sf. 1 s.


master,
s
,

28 s2 cf. 'S ntom Hosts my Lord

the God of a divine name, 25 Adonay, Yahweh S. Je 46' 5o ; (c) uncertain are 'S "> 'K nox H3 Is io 24 22 14 "; '* DW

Am 5"

rtf^J

FaAweA,
(b) 010

Is io

my 23

iord
22 612

my lord, my
12

(Cov't code) Gn 24 + 44 (J, ,s 3 s - !B 6 ; (b) husband Gn 20 1.) 1 S 30 1315 2 5 5 1628 19 6 18 713 2 2 i8 12 (J); (c) prophet 1 4 18 6 " 15 20 10 5 8 ; (rf) |>rne Gn 42 (E), 2 3 (P), 43 44 18 12 18 1 S 22 1 2 + , + (J, , 47 t,); Ju 4 ; (e) king

master Ex 2

'2f^Is3

15

Je2 19 4 9 5 503

'.

TpN
3113

n.pr.loc. in Babylonia Ezr

W
(v.

n.pr.)
t'd.

(S & K 75 t.); (f) father Gn 31 Ex S2 22 Nun 28 i2 32 26 27 (J);


11
-

t'p1
1

Ne
7

61

s5

(E); (a) 22 36 (P)

Moses
;

(h)
14

theophanic angel Jos 5 Ju 6 13 ; (j) captain 2S11"; (A) general re5 8 18 cognition of superiority Gn 24 32 + 33 + 24 13 7 44 + (J,i3t.), Ku2 iS2 5 + (i5t.);(2)ref.
priest
1
i
;

16 - 26 - 26

city

(i)

(or title) king of Can. without Maqq. v 66 _>, of Jerutp"l2 3"T^ n.pr.m. Canaan, king 13 salem Jos io (Lord of righteousness ; my

tpn- :"!^ n.pr.m.


Bezek Ju
i
;

Lord

is righteous,

or

my Lord is Sidiq divine


Ph. 'byn:it< etc.)
n.pr.nt.
8"
13

4 17 my Lord Gn 20 (1 E) 3Ex 1531 27 30 (Sam. m.T) elsewhere in Hex, J Gn 1 8 32 S.18(?) Ex 4 10.13 5 22 ^9 Nu ^17 J og f. a l S Ju I9 6 23 8 15 not Chron. 2 2 2 K 19 not S i 6 13 8 3 exc. memorials Ezr io (ref. to Ezra) Ne 1" 4 Jb 28 s8 (doubtless scrib. error for WisdLt only 24 ,416 (hist. nln'ofmanyMSS.); not Ho; Is37 3 8

to

God:

'i'-lK

a.

'?'-

name cf. Py ^9, Wft,


Vi;a"W (n3*TW)
Yahweh,
of
1

cf.

Ph.
8

(my Lord is |DeWlN, ^V3nN, B>C31K etc.,


172

in As. Aduniba'al Schi*

David
i 5 - 718

K i + lit.,
s8

+ 5 t. = n;?'lK 2S 3
(

1. fourth son
4

Ch 3 2).

2. a Levite ta

Ch

part); exil.Is 49

14

22

(cf.5i

);

Mii 2 ^i6 2 + (47t-,


cf.

chiefly this sense, exc.

sub b.;

'j'lW

wK my

3. a chief of the people Ezr 2 13 cf. 8 13 ).

tNe io 17

= D^ 7"

DpTTH

12

nna
t"HN n.pr.lm.] 12th (Babylonian) month Feb.-Mar. (late Heb. loan-word, Bab. A(d)daruv.VV"-'*- AW9S meaning dub. perh.addru, be darkened, eclipsed, but v. Dl Wl>190 Est 3 713 )

'j^lN

n.pr.xn.

(nil/

Lord has

arisen)

head of a family Ezr io 17 ).

13

8 13

Ne7

18

(IHjriK

Ne

TD'I'O'TN n.pr.xn. (my Lord is exalted) s8 official of Solom. 1 K 4" so also 2 S 20 24 5


;

8 i9 9 i.. s .i 7 .i.. 2 i

cf

palm> Nab.ms Vog 8 Eut Nlb24


is

18

We DrSm

^T?^_"!^
same foregoing)
Kehob. 1K12'
1

n.pr.xn. (Adar
v.

prince, As.
140
;

0"^"7N (contr.
official,

or corrupt,cf.
2

Adar-malik(T)
-

KAT2284
cf.

cf.

ABK

or A.

is

under David
2

S 20

24
,

&

(=DTin

Chio 18).
vb. (poet.) wide, great, (thence)
(?

t[T7K]
high, noble

D1 K62 '; otherwise Sayce KelB* b 7 on Bab. god Adar v. S c hr K8awia8' 19( Dl* 52 but Sayce 8818*" 181 '; Jen Ko457f al. rd. As. name Ninib; on Carth. ^^^3n , v. BaeBelM 1. )
Counsellor, Decider,
;
',

As. addru
**,

DPV) Niph.
Ex
11

Pt.
cstr.

majestic, glorious, of

"VIW

ous the teaching Is 42

T^

a god of Sepharvaim 2 K17 31 2. parricidal s8 37 son of Sennacherib 2 19 Is 37


.

v6

(v.

Di); Hiph. Imrf.t^lfc make s


'

glori-

^~P**

> tn^niM
v.

sub pis.

('<

subj.)

1. glory, magnificence (As. ironic, of price of shepherd aduru, adiru) 13 2. mantle, cloak (as wick) (symbol.) Zc
n.[xa.]

TlTM

)i3-n
V")*?*?
ti *^
4 4

paam.

v.

$rn.
v. Eni.

Mi

||

nobb), but rd. n-HK (n


01"' 427
.

lost bef. foil,

only irc/ abs. B*1K


216

n), so

WRS*

nnK
.

vb. love-QalP/. 3HK Gn 2 7 s +


;

7 1. ;
;

tD'HVlN n.pr.loc. (too Mfe?) city in Judah 2 Ch II* (cf. 'A&<opa, Aapa, Jos.*" -""- 10 ^ 5 3 ); now DUra, W. of Hebron, Kob. BB "- 215
1
-

1 '-

anN Gn27 14 3nat Gn 3 7 3 +3l; 1=nK Dtis 16 7 p r 3 '2 3 f8 nans ct i + etc. Jmpf.
,

angj (air)
;

1 i

s.'ariN
2
;

pr

8 17

Mai

TTTO

vonk}
8
6
;

Hon

(cf.
1

Ew il32d
;

Ges"* 1 ); 3HN1
Banta
'
-

Dank Ho 1 4 s
394 3
;
.

n.pr.m. (noble
1

t).
3

1. son of Bela,

167

Befor Y$

grandson of Benjm.
q-v-

Ch

Nu 26 40 Gn 4 6

8 (perh. error cf. 21 2. city in ).


(q.v.)
2
5

\^II9
nariK

nsn Zc

22 Ip 2mpi.ianNn Pri (cf.Ko


17
;

Ges* 63B 2 );
1

Pr4

parttjn lariK
8
;

,/,

Judah Jos 15 3 (nfft); ="VWI 1SH


1
8 ?

Nu 3 4
f.

4
.

tVW adj. majestic'K ^ 8 + lT^U 1. majestic (wide, Ez


7
(v. infr.) etc.

a'ns Ec nanx Dt iqM ,* /w/. cstr. 3 68 etc. ; cf. also sub n. nariK infr.

^' 3I

/TOW -3ns Ho
15
;

Am5

19 U(jg Zc 8

+ 1

nana Mi Pt. ink


1

(arj *)

Dt io 18 +
1

2 6t.

f.

cstr.

ronKHos
8

isprob.

lofty)

of waters of sea

Ex

10

15

ifr

03

4
;

a ship Is 33";
,

active

cf.
28
;

7 ; a vine Ez 1 7 (ftyiK JB3 so Fii ; or 'N n. abstr. v. sub ITJ^J infr.); also fig. of kings

a tree

Ez
18

ffl

Gn25 26
13
;

n3ins"Dt2i 161516 . 'we (mostly


18 2

Ba ^ "; sf. *ank Is 4i etc; f. nana Wank Ho io etc.; A;M.3TONe


174
11

c.

ace,
9
;

nations EZ32 ; gods 1 S 4 s ; of' ^ ; fff 136 4 210 2. subst. ma93 ?6; of name of '* + 8 1325 Na one, of nobles, chieftains, etc., Ju 5 jestic
18
.

+ obj. Lv 1 9 34 2 Ch 1 9 (late), sq. 3 Ec 5 8 abs. Ec 3 & v. infr.), (affection both pure & imdivine & human); 1. human love to pure,
sq. ?

Je 14 3 25 s4 (fNSn nnt* fig. so) 3S 3 30 21 Zc Ch 23 20 Ne 3 6 io30 of "> Is io34 3 3 21 of servants of '' yjfib 3 ( priests 1 cf. 1 Ch 24 s &
2 3
18
-

human object;
to son

ii j 2

v.

Che).

uVTOM
;

n.f. glory,
8
;

cloak

'

abs. Jos 7

s4
;

4 4 (JE) Pr 13 ; so 21 also 2 S 13 Ew Th We,cf. Dr, of Dvd's loving Amnon; never to parent, but mother-in-law Ru 4 15 of man's love to woman wife Gn 24 s7
-

Gn2 2 2 25 28 37 3

abs., opp.
4

hate
20

Kp.B'

Ec 3 s

of love
24

29
6

2030

(cf.

v'

8 32 )

JTVm Ez'17 cstr. Gn 25*+ 4*.; ton^ 1 K 19 + 3 1. DrrnM Zc 1 1 3 1. glory, magnificence, of vine Ez 1 7" (so Thes M V, but < adj.f. fr. "H"J of shepherds Zc 1 1 3 (or sub 2). 2. w<mq.v.), 25 */, cfoaA (wide garment) of hair yiv Gn 2 5

(JE), also
17

13

i 3

Ch

11

21

Est2
1

(as proph. mantle, so perh. herds= false proph.) cf. of Elijah 1 2


s.i>..4.

Zc 13 4

nar

= Babylonian man tie


(J)

but n?to -ly^ n

of shep1319 2 19 fine mantle of ghi . (


1 1

1 K 1 1 cf. v Ho 3 ; SB176 woman's love to man 1 S 1 8 20 mour, v. Ba 28 (so v MT, but rd. tak Sffi! '^ ,= 1 We Ct i 3 4 7 3 23 4 (5 1. subj. "B'bV) c f. aiso fig. of Dr) adulterous Judah Je 2 2S Is 57 s Ez 16 37 of love
1

34 (J)

Jui6 4is 2S13 1415 2


;

Dt 2 1 151516 Ju 1 4 16 1 S H03 Ec 9 9 but also Gn


1
;

desire)

(where of carnal jn 'K loving a para-

im
6

1-

;'

J*"

&

doubtlesscostly)Jos
.

ofslavetomasterEx2i (JE) Dt 15 16 ; inferior to superior 1 S 1 8 B cf. v 16 love to neighbour


;

(late) 'n alone

Jon 3 6

Lv

18

19

(lie? 15p.p

JjianNI), partic. to

stranger

nna
love of friend to ; (both P), Dt io S 16 21 18 13 20 1717 Jb 19 19 Pr 17 1 cf. 2 8 2 s 13 19" 2 Ch 19 ; v. also Pr 9 16 cf. 15 12 ; v. esp. Pt. infr. 2. less oft. of appetite, obj. food, Gn

13
use3
10
;

Lv

34

19

18 19
-

of

mere sexual desire


'>

friend

S 13";

fig.

of
f

Jerusalem's love to
his people

Je

2
.

(1yM>?

'),

&

love of adulter. Jerus. v 33

27
2

49H

Ch

(JE); drink Ho 3 Pr 2 i husbandry 26 10 cf. fig. of Ephraim Ho io" sq. inf.;


1

17

Ho

2. God's love to

Z P3 17

('N rTinajJ)

Je 31 s Is 63*

length of life ^34 ; of cupidity H09 Is i Ec 5 9 9 ; of love of sleep Pr 2o' 3 cf. fig. of sluggish watchmen (sq.inf.)Is 56 10 ; also c. obj. abstr. wis1
-

13

23

IHK (=~ir\Xl v.Thes.)


Tins
n.pr.m. son of Simeon

Gn 46 10 Ex 6".

dom
Pr 4 6

(personif.), knowledge, righteousness, etc. 1 ll 3 15 8 8' 721 12 2 2 2 9 5 Mi 6 (inf. || infini-

Am

np ; obj. folly, Wipj 56 22 17 X evil, etc., 4 f ii* 52 109 Pr i 8 1919 21 5 3 cf. 18 Zc8 17 cf. f? 'K 17 4 Je5 sq. 8 10 18 Inf. Ho 12 Je I4 ,esp.of idolatry Ho4 (where 13n c f. Ko * " K5 Je 8 2 del. 3. love to God Ex ) 20 6 (JE) elsewhere Hex onlyDt5 10 6 5 7 9 +9t. Dt+ Jos 22 s 23"; also Ju 5 31 i 3 3 Ne i 5 Dn 9 4 ; 24 1 20 116 145 , but usually sq. esp. in (late) V^i '* 12 s name, law, etc. of 1^ 5 26 40 17 69 s7 70 5 97 10 47 1 ig + 1 1 1. i// 1 19 ; cf. Is 56 s ; cf. also of love to Jerusalem Is 66' ^ 122 6 4. esp. Pt. ank 2 (a) lover, La I (fig. of Jerus.) (b) friend 15 46 Hiram of David 1 cf. Je 20 Est 5 1014 5 13 12 19 20 6 f 38 (||y]) so 88 & Pr 14 ; also 18 24 27 s ; Abr. of God Is 41 8 2 Ch 20 7 5. of divine love (a) to individual men Dt 4" 2 S 1 z u Pr 12 3
tives)
,

Zc 8 19

cf.Pr. 1 9

anx ab

Mi

T~nnN n.pr.m. 1. a Benjamite, son of Gera, deliverer of Isr. fr. Moab j U3 '->.a>.so.si.j3.j 2. a Benjamite, son of Bilhan 4 (= fore1
.

Am

going?)

Ch7
5 T,

10

35 10 A;)inteq.alas Jui i 2K3 15 nriK alas 6 with b Jo i Di'b for the day! In the combination rriiT 'riK nriK Jos for etc. s2 7 13 Je i 6 4 10 14 13 32 17 Ez 4 14 1 i 2V5 7 Ju 6

tnnK(
;

515

^HS n.pr.loc. town or district in Babyby which a stream is designated Ezr 8"
"JJ).
,SI
,

lonia,

31 also the stream v 21 ('k -\n:n), v ('

So

15

Et7

jr 146 813 6 23
4
'

Ne

26

13
1

Ko^g '!! !^ lKlO 2Ch2


1

(b) to people Israel, etc.


9
10

in Ho 13". Taken by many of the 15 ) older interpreters, and even by Ges in 13 14 as 1 s. impf. apoc. of F1V1 I would be : but this is less suited to the context, and the jus,

55

t^HKHo. 13' adv. where P = *K, 8 33 X AW in Ho 13', & <S (cf.

nK.
1

AW

Cor

IS43 4 8
08

3 Je3i Mai

2- 2 2
-

sive

n' 33 s i/r 78 87 ; (c) to righteousness, etc. s5 s 8 37 45 99* Is 61 Mai 2". t ITiph. Pt. pi. D,2nN n 2 S i 23 loveable of Saul & Jonath.

f4f;

to

Jerusalem

form
1

is

an

objection, being unusual with

the

ps.

lovely,

(||

DO^sn).

tpi.

pL pi. s

cf.

f.

-oriNp (n-)

Ho

Dl w & Pr!06

I. /fHf (settle down(1),Ar.JS\bein!iabited, As. dlu, settlement, city, ma'dlu, ma'dltu, bed; ).

2 9 (]-) j e 2 2 4- 6 t.'; rnaqKD Ho 2 6 t. 1. friends Zc 13 2. lovers in fig. of +4 adulter. Isr. Ho 2 7 9121415 Ez 23"; Judah Je 2 2 2022 14 19 22 333637 30 La i Ez 16 23

t-;

^?nD

TTM

313

n.m. G " 13 3 tent (cf. As. dlu,


'

supr., Ar.

ZMG Jj1, fellow-dwellers, family, Sab. bnN less. S4i a i so -; n n .p r s aD- & ph v. ax^nx) al#>
.

DHM

T[inNj

n.[m.] love only


9
,

pi.

D^riK,

loves,

amours; bad sense Ho 8 but 'K rP'K loving hind Pr 5 19 (fig. of wife [0 rhy).
||

+[nnN] 10 H09 (=nra=b$B


worshipped; t
'K
pl.

n.[m.] id.=loved object,


v.

sf.

D3i]K
18
.

K (fl Gn 4 + cstr. id. Ex 28 43 + i8 6 +; sf. ^nx Jb 2 9 + 1^,? f 61 loc.) Gn 8 21 ri^W Gn 9 + 3 t. (v. Dr """); pi. D^nx 283 Gn i 3 + (Ges* ); B^a Ju 8" + cstr.
abs.'x
; ;
:

%
;

nnnN n.f. love(=Inf.of artK q.v.) abs. Pno +i8t.; cstr. n?ns Je2 +3t;
12

= amours (carnal sense) Pr 7


2 26

Hi Now)

i.e.

the idol

'hj9tftti6*+

sf.

20 ^nfc Je 4 ;

D?vnN
'

Jos 22
3 29
;

4-, etc.
1

1.

T^ Nu
Ch
1

2 4 4-;

tent of

nomad Gt
20

Je'6 49

'K

aB dwWer
'*

m <m<s Gn 4
14
14
;

25

s7

sf.

(J);

mpp
1

iente o/cafe 2
cf.
10 Dr, Je 37 ;

of sol-

"nanx ^ 109 ^nans 2 S i to?? Is 63 Z P 3 17 itnanK p r 5 'Dnans Ec 9 6 tow, esp. WisdLt & late. 1. human (to human obj.) abs. 16 12 s Ec9 (both Unw'B') so Pr io 15 17 cf. 27 v.
;

45

dier

Sa 17 54
16

K 8 M T^h
;

!>K^E>,

exclam.,to
1

also 17 9

of

man toward man


(iB'Bi)
8

S 20 woman Ct 2" 5 8 ; Pr 5 19 cf. also 5 4 7 7 (QW3 'K) personif. Ct. 2 3 7 8


one's
self
1
17
;

46 love for 109 between man &


\fr

2 Ch io 2 S 20 (but cf. Dr, 1 S 1 7 ) of plea22 sure-tent on house-top 2 S i6 (=bridal-tent, K",sh "> 16 1 9 5 Jo 2 v. BS bridal pavilion, cf. nan

1616 1 <% tents, Israel! M K 1 2 cf.

168

).

2. dwelling, habitation;
to f/ty <?<*, pi.) (lit.

^
3

91' ^JJ' ^
cf.

26

Aom

Ju 19 9 (after 1?n);
ijr

cf. fig.

'IT? habitation of

my house

132

Dn

'tt 45
;

bnn
"in 'K habitat, or palace of David where throne erected Is i6 5 ; P' ra '8 h. of daughter of Zion

14
cf.

IN
Ph. ^>jnbnx, "frnbnx ; Sab. -innj6n8, !>xi>nx) chief assistant of Bezalel in construction of
tabernacle, etc.

{=Jerusalem) La
(II

4
;

3p
?

ytlX Je 30
11

18

Mala"
'8

Ex

s4

31 35

36

12

^8

ja-iD); rnji;

's

zc i2

h,

cf. of wicked Jb 8 Pr 14"; inb- ' Jb 15 s4 trpns '8 ,/, n8 15 0118 'K=Edom itself, ^83 7 cf. TJ? ' V' 120 5
,
,

in wo); Ven/n* 84
(ii
;

b*#-j onefc'K

trQ^nN t t

t:

n.pr.f. Oh61iba (=n3"^n *

tent

in her =(in meaning) ^J!? cf. Sm) of Jerusalem 4 411 22 3644 as adulterous wife of" Ez 23
1
-

JBna '8

Hb
of

3. the sacred tent used in


;

tnCl^TTT^ n.pr. Ohdlibama


high place) 'l. f. 2. m. an Edomite chief
wife of Esau

worsmp 0/ meeting of God with

God

Sl8n

the tent;

tfO

'8

to<

his people (tent of Ace. to congregation or assembly Ges al.) Moses so called the tent which he used to

MV

Gn 36 41

Gn 3 6 2 " 418!B 52 1 Ch i
.

(tent

of

the
.

which he used to enter, & where God spake with him - 11 face to face, Ex 33 7 Nu 12 s Dt3i 1416 J seems to have same conception of an 'O '8 out24 26 D has no allusion to side the camp, Nu 1 i
pitch without the camp, afar
off,

into

3 ms.

tn.[ 7nK]vb.Hipb..beclear,shine,Impf. ^n8 : (subj. moon rrv) Jb 25 s (|| ! subj.


:

'

MSO, cf.also H3P v ) (=b^, fr. W; (by text, after =1. bm Ko Ki). error?) cf. Di so >
1 ' 373
,

such a tent; 19
1.

P
(

mentions

it

131

t.

as 'B '8;

as

bnkn

c f.

Ez
1

41

)
1

&

IVnpn

'8, tent
6

of the

(?

oclorif. tree, aloe (?) fill. [ /JIN] &*] loan-word from Skr. aguru, agaru, dial.
cf.
p.

testimony

Nu 9'*

22 - 23

&

8 2 (as containing ark

aghil,
Dn
2d ed.

Wilson *** M.

Miiller in

Pusey

w7 f.

tables of the testimony) cf. 2CI124 ; this tent sometimes confounded with the [32*1? but
s2

aloexylon agallochum(c{. Sigismund

Aromata.LdPLisM.p.ssr
d.Aloe,DorpatlS74

MVcite Kondracki "M'"*""""cf.

of. iCh distinguishedin'D'K [3^0 Ex 3 9 40 6 17 ; bnky fse'an NU3 25 ; ^n?" n ?1 f?E'sn-n8


-

6 - 29

&

Baer Ki en m.293f^.
BL

Ex

cotrina (Schenkel , c ' 2d,,dle7 in De brings under

Di ad
I.

Nu 24
bna
;

fa eTS a /g sllc . s "Wetzst );

he proposes
tents,

tent was of three layers of skins, goatskin3, ramskins, & tacfiash skins, each layer of eleven pieces stretched in form of a tent, covering & protecting the fS^O, wh. was in form

35";

cardamum, Ar. JJLa


three-cornered

fr. ^jljt\

little
(||

from
pi.

shape

of
')

capsules)

1.

Dvn8

trees planted

by

Nu 24"
bed,

Dni8) perh.
sweet1'

of parallelopip. (Ex 26). An IJ^O ?H8 was at 60 called Shilo 1 S 2 s2 (om. v. Dr) cf. 78 67 The Mosaic ' '8 was later at 1DV '8 v

error for

3
;

0^8
;

cf.

Di.
for

2. aloes, as
.

smelling
(||

perfume
for

Dy? 8 Pr
*

Gibeon
ranged

Ch

36

'

courses of ministry arI

lb,

|i3p/)

for service at 'O '8


-

Ch

6 17 23

s2

cf.

n'lV'Sp ); of bride,
(||

21 23 1 Ch 9" ('8n), v ('8H rV3) David erected an bn* for ark on Mt. Zion 2 S 6 17 1 Ch 15 16
;
1

-to,

owa ffcy^l).
7

f 45 (|| lb, garments 14 under fig. of odorif. tree Ct 4


ni!?ri8

2'Ch
2
28 " 30

i
;

4
;

Joab

fled for refuge to

tW

'

IhnSt
Moses Ex
7

sacred oil brought fr. '8n iKi"; the 4 8 Ijrto '8 was taken up into temple 1 6 2 Ch 5 ; "> had not previously dwelt in a

K =

1 29 + 24 28 + (ii5t.Ex);Lv8 29 39 24r 1 Ch s (80t.Lv); Nu20 33 +(ioit.Nu); 21 26 4 + Mi6 (only here in proph.) ^77 io5

n.pr.m. Aaron, elder brother of 10 the priest Ex 31 + mentioned


; ;

Ex4
;

14

20

10

12 - 23

i5

i7

n?3,
fr.
(||

but had gone ^N'^X bnitV fr. tent to tent, one to another, 1 Ch 17','cf. 2 S 7 6 niiT '8
;

called jn'sn

"!?

& BHp in)


^15'

ig

s '6

righteous,

27

refuge 6 61 (cf.

&

dwelling-place of

vjnba
32

'81

Ex 31 10 35 19 39 41 Lv 7 M + neb also ?n'3n 1W* Ex


;

^ 99 38 Nu
v.
21

90

).

with his sons


tent
fr.

+ (all P)called IWT WIV ^ Lv 2 310 6 +


2

io6

16
;

oft.

named
5

T[7nNj vb.denom.
place to

tent,

move
-

sense

Ex
3 8

2S

1 -4-4

'8 '33 in strict

oft.

D^nbn
42
;

'8 '33

Lvi +

pkee

(cf.

As. d'ilu(1) Dl
(
.

WNo 4 * AG1 ^8>1 )


br\:

Nu

Gn 1 3
18 13

1218

(J), cf.

bm 38*

v by*) ; Pi. Impf.

(contr. for b\\W) pitch one's tent like


s0
-

nomad

of temple-priests 3 io Jos 21" 1 Ch6 18 21 in gen'l, as descendants of A., 2 Ch 26 29 910 14 14 19 io 39 ; & cf. '8-[3 |n3n e v. also 13 31 35
-

>

so '8 TV3

^
'

101S

I5

'81T3) iChia^cf.
t:
:

18 3 135 19 ; 17 27
.
!

Pn

alone

Tn7nN n.Dr.f. Ohfila (for rlSlX slve who lias " \ t t


T

iftf 320
vel).

tent,

tent-woman,

shrine, v.

Assyria Ez

Sm)

worshipper at tentof Samaria, adulteress with


i.e.

2 3 <---.

tzN'^v'N

n.pr.m. Oholiab (Father's

tent,

13 Nu S^ + oft. (esp. in laws); sometimes implys5 or rather Gn 24 ing a preference, nearly s ta a few days or ten Ju 18" 1 S 29 "titty
1.

G'

1''

* a,
31

)'

ooiij or ( wnether aut r


2
9

Gn

24

49

43

Ex 4" Ct

Lv

24

DW

15
Prefixed to the first as well as to the second alternative (rare) either (whether) .. .or Lv 5 1 49M ;=or, if not Ez 21" (si vera 1.) Ke Mai i3 3 2 17 Jbi6 22". 2. introducing a sentence, esp. a particular case under a general principle, or

TJ"QN

n.pr.loc. (water-skins)

station

of

= or

son, 13 2 S 18 or if I
life,

Ex 21" '31 36 etc. v Lv 4 s3 28


if
-

fS-ta or if he gore a
21 - 22

not yet determ., prob. on eastern skirts of Idumsea not far from Moab ; ace. to Wetzst in Dec,1M Wiba, llSl in the Arabah, but identif. not prob. cf. Di on
;

Isr. in wildern.

Nu2i" 34*;

(v.

Di) 5

25

49b

Nu

Nu

10

14

had dealt

Ez 1 4 1719 10 1 S 20 perchance, if perchance thy father answer thee with something hard, Lv 26 41 4.
then, etc.,
.

falsely against his or if I send, etc. 3. if

TM
oppress,
11

(be curved,
cf.

bent, also trans,

burden,

Ar. j.lV

once, with the juss. (as in Ar. with the subi,75 junct. v. Dr ) except: Is 27* I would burn them together, ptJT IN or else let him

TTIN n.m. brand, fire-brand (orig. perh. bent stick used to stir nsn&B hp 'N

Am 4 = B'ND 'D 'N Zc 3


Is 7
4
,

fire)

2
,

pi.

&!&$

W*fm tfafl

take hold
hold, etc.

= except he take hold) of my strong-

MyjO?

stumps of smoking firebrands.


k I

t[i

stance,

cf.

iH] n.f. cause (perh. orig. circumSab. 11N enclosing walC\ only pi.
,

T^^IN n.pr.m. a Judsean {will of God, s4 cf II. Tm or contr. fr. btfX c 1jr ?) Ezr 1
.

rniNGn2i"-r ;n nNNui2
vid.infra);

-r;

f.

^1^ (meaning?

Thes comp. Ar. CJ\ return,


cf.

C&>\ water-carrier ; but

Lag

8 " 90
).

MVcomp.

32X (with conjectural sense) to get meaning have a hollow sound. Deriv. and signif. totally
uncertain).

'rfhKJos 14 6 ; I'nVlNib.; cause,al\r. with by, & cstr., exc. Je 3", where sq. IB'K; 'K~by because of Gn 2i 1,2S Ex 18 8 Nu 12' 13 24 Ju 6 7 Je 3 s ;= concerning (on occasion of) Gn 26 B
Jos 14 66 ; in 2 S I3 16 L It. We Dr.
rd., for

(8t.-f.2S13
"3 'PIN

18

Dhiriw,

W
i

2iN n.m.
etc. abs. 'N
t.

JbS2,ra

skin-bottle, necromancer,
27

1"TN n.m. Jb18


23

12

distress, calamity (under


I

1. skin-bottle, only pi. CP'in JTOK new 7 19 2. necromancer, in phr. (vnne-) skins Jb 32 IN 31N necrom. or wizardLv 20 27 VSFI? (H; usually
.

Lv 20

8 1.; pi. rfi3N

Lv

lo

31

wh. one bends, cf. Ar. JJ burdening)

'n Jb
1

+ ;cstr.id.Jb3i +; TN 2 S22
,

distress, calamity(poet. chiefly

=V'i8 'etc.; WisdLt & late);

19

Pr 17 27
tate)

10
.

tr. 'a

man

also or

woman

that hath a familiar

spirit or that is a

wizard'

EV;

but better

Je 18 17 Ez 35 s Moab 48 16 Edom
;

1. national calam. of Isr. (aposOb 1313 13 ; of Egypt Je46 21 ;


-

(ifc^

')
22

49
19

8
;

Hazor v35
1

man

or a

woman,

if there should be
suff.

among
reason
'K

2. of righteous sufferer 2 S
i.e.

=f

8 19

cf.

b$ '
their

them, a necromancer or wizard; no

23 12 from God Jb 31 & DTK rfimN 30

for exceptional use of phrase here);

^SW
2

Dt
23

18 11 2
Is 8

m D"?jrf
24

33 =2 K 21 (where D\Jjm niaxn Lv 19 31 20 6 1 S 28"

Ch

');

(H)

(where repres. as chirping & muttering, in practice of their art of seeking dead
19

for instruction, prob. ventriloquism,


3

&
::

so

19

3. ghost,Is29 4 "iaV?
71
!

!|

^ t'H?? ^ 3,T
i|

)
l

calamitous jiaths (sf. ref. to bereavement, pain, 3. oft. of wicked Jbi8 12 21 17 31 3 Pr i 26 27 etc.) 15 s2 ID?) 6 24 ; also'K D*.' Dt (wisd. mocks at; s5 30 19 19 10 32 Jb 21 (cf. supr. 2 S 22 =V' 18 Pr 27 DV 12N DV Je 18 17 46 21 Ob 3 1313 where v 1214 , cf. rtim DV v 15 ).
-

||

||

ms

?1

'l!?^'

fr. the

'W3 r? x and thy voice shall be as a ghost ground and fr. the dust thy speech shall

but chirp19 ing might be of necromancer, as 8 ). 4. nechirp (so


al.,

Ge

MV Ew

De Che

Ar. j|=6e (deriv. dub.; which affords protection, strong; wiai Gn 2"; VlN Jb 36 s7 shade; otherwise Dl )

TIN

n.m. mist
jUI
that

I.

^71^

* A''-

(Jjl

betake oneself to a place for

cromancy

a*fN"TI2jn

mistress of necromancy

HW! a woman who was JPhll, mf 1 S


28"; (>ItS
'

dwelling,

etc.;

2.

id., be

tenderly inclined.

primarily a subterranean spirit, and signif. 2 only an abbrev.of 'xn^yaetc); aiN3DDp


divine by necromancy 1 8 28 s which seems to be 13 interpr. of I Ch io 't<3 ?NB> inquire by necromancy. (In these three exx. 3^N is usually interpreted as ghost or familiar spirit conceived as dwelling in necromancer; but this
,

makes

2m

fi.

'H n.m.
fr.

I,206

23' 2
)

; 'Wf so 01 place whither one be(contr. takes oneself for resting, etc., orig. fr. mariner's 'K abs. Is 20 6 +; cstr. Je 47 4 ; standpoint)

(tf. ,uab

coast,

region

apparently not the ancient conception.)

Di) pi. Q^N V 7 + ; Ez 26 (Co D"N) \'N Gn 10s + ; coast, border, region (mostly late), of Philistia & Phenicia 6 s 6 so of Caphwith adjacent country Is 20 23

(Jb

22

30

v.

sub IV.

10

cf.

18

TDTPH
tor

16

niM
T 1 '1N n.pr.m. (desirel) one of five chiefs
of Midian

Je 47*; DK\ -gya -itt>K *n 'a!>D 10 Ez pi., coasts of Chittim Je 2 s 2 7 of Elishah v 7 different countries (on or in 3 "6 26 1518 18 (last del.Cocf. ) cf. 30 6 so sea) v

(= Crete)
;
-

Je 25 s5
,

elswh.

Nu 31 8

Jos 13 21

t[^ND]
^140'.

n.[m.] desire pL

cstr.

yen WjD

io 5 (P); partic. &? *Ksx ". coast-lands & islands Is 11" 24 15 PT!?I? Est io 1 ; v. (without Djri) Dn 1 1 18, & ^ 72 10 ; so oft.
also
Ertan
,
||

Gn

tntMfl n.f.
fy

desire

abs.

Is
||

incl. inhabitants,

41
6

15

42
,8

410

(D!Tae1
9
l9

DN
10

io

+ etc; desire,
K

6 Gn3 +

cstr.JIWl
1

wish Pr 13 1219 18

of

u6e
1

Djn)

v'^q
11

51

59

6o 66 'cf.Je3i
;

Zp 2 (D^ian K); islands, distinctly 15 * coasts, (taken up by as little things) Is 40


97
',

physical appetite, longing for dainty food <>?NP 10 t\ Jb 33 20 ; distinctly good sense ^ io 17 38 Pr
1 I
s3

(? cf. infr.)

Is 26

(B^Tl f}3J^ *JpE>b)

banks,

i.e.

habitable lands Is 42

13

(||

rfriru).

t~tf2JTN n.pr.m. ((t"s) land of palms] Thes) s3 28 38 21 youngest (4th) son of Aaron Ex 6 60 6 " 16 5 4 s8 33 8 s9 Lv io Nu 3 4 7 26 (all P) 1 Ch 5 ^1.2.3.4.4.5.6 Ezr g2
1
'

io (Tl sense, lust, appetite, covetousness 12 10 ; Pr2i 2526 (as ace. cogn.); particularly V^B3)i

bad

4 of longing for dainties of Egypt 1 1 106 14 yjr 30 ace. cogn.) 78 & in n.pr. given to place (both where it occurred niKRil niiap Nu 1 I 34 35
'

Nu

(q.v.)

f [rnW] vb. incline, desire (cf. Stem 2) 13 HfflK Mi 7 + etc. Pi. -P/^X f 132 j Impf.
1
;

2. thing desired, in good sense 33 Dt9 Pr 1 o24 ; bad sense ^ 7 8 s19 so fa? Tl i/r 2 1 3 thing
. ;

1617

22

fs.

"KM?

Dt

i2

20

+4t.
1

desire
;

subj. usually
flesh (to eat)
;

6*33, obj. fruit


1

Mi
12
;

desirable (to senses) Gn 3* (E??' 5?!' Tl); perhaps 22 also Pr 19 the ornament of a man is his kindl

(in metaph.)
(sq. inf.

ness (Ea Ki, etc. but


til.

cf.

supr.)

2",

cf.
1

Dt
4

20

IpB

i>b$6)

food

&

drink Dt

of king desiring rule, ?ba FI3?J?1

L'llNJ vb.
(so
116

21 37 1 1 I^.M n;W-irK 2 S 3 1 obj. evil (jn) 10 * Is 26' rW>3 Pr 21 once obj. ^TWK e>'fij j f God bKl nniK iB'B:! Jb 23 13 as desiring Zion
;
;

with a mark
nin)

DP
(cf.

sign, mark, describe Ges (who compares nxn,

""**-')

D|? mark you


Vrss
1.

26 WKnn Hithp. Pf. nwin Pr 2 i 6 nn Nun 4 DlVWini Nu34 10 /wys/. Je 17' 2 fVKlVl 2 S23 16 apoc. 1KJV1 ^ 45 '2, njgBi; Ec 6 17 HWW 1 Ch n etc. P. fs. riwip p r i 3 mpi.

for dwelling-place (late, only cases


1314
;

without CB3)
;

D?7

Pf onwin Nu 34 (P), so out, measure, INnn v 8 v. however Di, & sub


only
7'

Hithp.

10

^i 3 2

PIW).

;'

1 1 dm're, long for, lust 5 4 after, of bodily appetites; for dainty food Nu 1 1

D'lKnp

Am

18

Nu

34

niniK
(J);

& Aram. nx, JL?')


Ex 4 9 + etc.
13

MH n.m.
DON
;

E* 4

" 24 17
'

(f.

sign (Ar. i$,

pi.
;

'K Gn 4 15

12
;

cstr.9

pi.

1. sign, pledge, token Gn4 15 niS true token Jos 2 12 (J); of blood of
;

(E;

sq. aec. cogn.)


-

= ^io6 Nu n
14
,

34

(E)

sq. 3

3 6 2 4 Pr23 cf.Ec6 (sq.acc.),v.alsoPr 13

15 Ch 17 ; ^53); abs. of extreme thirst 2S23 of king desiring the beauty ('tV.) of princess 1! 26 so V' 45 ( r ace.) ; of covetous man Pr 2 1 (sq.

=i

(abs.,subj.

Ex 1 2 (P) naiDp JliK token for good ^ 86 17 pledges, assurances of travellers Jbai 29 2. signs, omens promised by prophets as
passover
.

79 pledges of certain predicted events 1 S io 1 -fv where 'tt ins. 33, vid. We Dr; esp.
i S 2 Je 3 14 2 19 s5 44 is7" ; prob. also Is 44 (of false proph.). 3. sign, symbol of prophets Is 8 18 cf. Ez 4 3

phr.
29

nisn
14

j>

Ex

12

s4

10

29

ace. cogn.); obj.

Pr
**

24 D''

Am5
cf.
J

Ijn 5 (|pn) gq.inf. (of desiring evil companionship); obj. 18 (ace; of presumptuous, reckless
;

TODt

13

longing)

n "n

Je Di prop. 17
/'!'

16
.

(Nu 34
fr.

78 for

WnPl Pi.

of

5_6*riri,

& queries
iTM,

whether this

QD

"^

v 10 are not

= desire for
4

&

your-

4. signs, miracles, as pledges or attestations of divine presence & interposition Ex 4 s8 9 (J) 3 19 9 29 89 30 7!B 7 (P) 8 (J) ^ 74 2 K 19 20 =Is 37 ; 38 1730 c. Nu 14 1122 Jos 24 17 (all JE) Dt Hf| Ex 4
-

selves.)

Ju 6 17

c.
2

n;s

Ex
43

s8

(J);
19
;

[IS] n.m.

cstr.
,

*IK,

Kt Pr 3 1

desire, so Thes

MV;

but

<Qr

t [nW]

Kq. v. n.f. desire cstr.


10

sf. Ho io desire, will, usually sq. B'BJ; of natural human desire (morally for indiff.), meat Dt I2 1 ' 20 21 ; of longing for sanctuary 18 6 ;
-

WN

rrtK

Dt 1 2 I5 + 5t.;

Ex io (J) V' 78 Is 66 Dt 13 3 cf. 28 40 Is 203 'D M 'k Dti3 2 M 19 s s 21 c. [OJ D^BiBI rrtrtH Dt 4 7 26 29 Je32 10 12 20 27 Dt 6 Ne 9 c. DT Je V 105 c. n^ 32 Dt 34 \^ 135 9 5. signs, memorials, stones
c.

D , 8'

io 1 (J); risiani nin v (


c.

JVtf

DBiD)

11

fr.

Jordan Jos

4" (J);

metal of censers
25

of royal good pleasure 1 S 23 without of wild-ass Je 2 s4 ; of divine will Ho io 10


;

20

E'S?.,

(P); Aaron's rod

Nu
(||

17

Nu 17 D^iy 'N Is 55 13 (P);


etc.,

prob. also

Ez

14

^^D); signs on hands,

17
9 19 I3 (J)=Dt 6 ii prob. belong here; also memorial pillar in Egypt Is 19 20 6. sign, rainn ,pledge of covenant, rp"l2n 'K
,
.

V-K

Ex

tvW
ri7W
I4 +;
8

adj. id.
26

Zen".
cstr.

Mni bow, of Noachian covenant Gn g (p) circumcision, of Abrahamic covenant Gn 17" (P) the sabbath Ex 3i 13,7 (P); Ez 20 1220 T. en'

(v.

U)

n.f.

e.g.

n folly. abs. Pri2 +;

AWfc* f 38', etc.;folly,


;

special pro;

signs, standards

(P) tokens of changes of weather & times Gn I 14 (P; of heavenly luminaries) D^Pt?? ^iniS Je io2 (changes of the heavens as omens to frighten
74*.
si<jrn,

Nu

8.

duct of By^pf (v. ^D3) Pr 1 2 + (1 2 1.) c. D'KHB 18 !, J! c. D"blS Pri4 only i6 27 for alliteration. It is bound up in mind of boy, to be removed only by rod of discipline Pr 22"; 'x personif. tears down house built by D'tW ntoan Pr 14
1

the nations)

cf.

^ 65".
a Judsean,

it is

contrasted witli

n:iaijl

pr

I4

ig".
of, precede,

nllN n.pr.m.

Ne
cf.

s5

II!

7")K,
for

7"^
1

o) woe an impassioned expression of grief and de5 spair: usually with dative y 'ta Is 6 woe for I am undone, eo 24 16 Je io 19 15 10 to me IK woe to us 1 S 4 7 8 Je 4 13 6 4 ; y" W""!** fc$

-pl^

interj. (onomatop.;

.o'/,

lead; v.Thes

No"8* "*'* ""', who comp.

(be

in front

Ar.

jjf jj'T, Targ. Epigr.Denkm.S3.Sl. y Qn j t Je


*'><& sub I
+ 1.
.

vbm;

cf.

Sab.

bltt

DHM
II.

other hand Lftg Or

p.

S-,

r^xinfr.)

Je 4

31

45

3
;

*&

HP **

La

16

With

the 2nd cr

,i 3rd ps. often implying a denunciation ; lP" l" axiD Nuzi" (=Je 4 8 46 Je 13 27 Ez 16 s3 re)

[71N]n.[m.] body, beUy; sf. D^IX (in contempt) ^7 3" (lit. theirfront, prominent part).
til.
cstr.

peated
(||

,!

IK

^N; Is 3 DE'wb

v"

Ho 7

13

12

[71S] n.[m.] leading man, noble; pi. 15 ryPJ y* 2 K 2 4 Kt (Qr & v. in. |>x]).
,K7
'

D??
-

lb*).

With a
-VJ) <iK ;

24

OT0W

subst.

Pr 23 29

voc. (or implicit accus.) Ez absol. 24* Used as a

Nu

'tat*

*pj>

(||
->

n?b).

tiTiH T
III.

is^i2o 5,
'
,

porch(cf.DVs)'N abs. O^IN n.m. K 6 + ?* Ez 404849 cstr. D^K iKf+;D^ Ez 40 + (marg. D;>X 1 K 7 >i); pi. C str. 'B^K
ti.
1 3
1

.V

ffte. T J

Ez
Ar.
?T, <o

15

41

(Co

niN (/o cry <ix


S

/toio/ cf.

cry T

to be assumed prob. as source of two


+11. [
,

foil,

words).

N] n.m. jackal
Ar.

""IN v. (howler, for

Ba*8188
ruin).

cf.

22 14 39 DK, Is 13 34 Je 50 (inhabitant of desert,

J$ \

whence -^'fcoS) pi.

Ch Ez & infr.) porcA (only 1. in Solomon's temple 1 Jo). j" 2 Ch 29', 12 'x v 17 ; 8 (altar in front of); m,T 'x 15 8 naisn pai a^sn pj Ez 8 16 & Jo 2 17; (id.), cf.
vid.

D^X

oW

sg. c. sf.;

in

Ez Co

rds.

everywhere

IW

^nn' iK7

21
;

rvan'x v 12 'Knn^an iCh28".


;

s8 2. in Sol.'s palace 1 DHieyn 'X 1 ; 7 7" 6 7 'X v 7 cf. v ; KB?n " 7 3.' in temple BBtp'tpn
-

+ 1.
cry ;

!"PNt n.f.

hawk,

falcon, kite (peril,

fr.

cf.

Ar. jf _>, a kind of


cf.

generic,

Wy? & Di;


.

" 13 hawk) Lv 1 1 Dt 1 4 Jb28 7 (keen-sighted).

of Ezek.'s vision, partic. *< Co vid.

"WlI

'K
s-8
;

Ez

@ 8)

40'

(del.

44 4 6

"ran 'x 40 48

cf.

tn.
3 64

rr s S!
T
i 40

Ch

n.pr.m. (falcon) 1. a Horite Gn 2. fatherofEizpah 2S3 7 2i 81011


.

v 48 49 41 2520 ; nsnn *qJ>k Ez4i B Co sg. pynn lD^Xl v. B^8.-(m. Dbw, adv., v. p. 19.)
-

11.
1617

tTJlhp h*)Vl n.pr.m. (Bab. Avel (Amel) Maruduk, man of Merodacli) son & successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, B.C. 56231 s7 60, 2 K 25 (v. COT)= Je 52
.

7
1.

D 7W n.pr.m. 2. iChS 39 40
.

only geneal.

1.

Ch

^N
cstr.
15

n.m.

Gn ffi

13

ram

(as leader of flock,

I-

TlK
t)
17

be foolish, cf. $>N\

&

Ar. jT grov)

NHeb. & Aram, id., As. ailu Dl w rather than b% cf. CIS P!!S1)
1'

thick (of fluids)).


I

?v*l

2 adj. foolish 'x Jb 5 +; pi.


,

By^

By** (dS"S, D^X) Is 607 . raw, 1. 38 14 used as food Gn 3 i (E) Dt 3 2 (cf. ram of
; ;

W Ex29
;

^
31

Ph. >,

= ?:

(^S)

Gn 15 9

22

pi.

Gn

32

cstr.

Gn
32

31

7 etc.;/oofeA, Pr 29" ('K B*K) Ho 9 s of prophet); cf. Is 35 elsewhere n.m. (pred. fool (always morally bad), who despises wisdom & discipline Pr i 7 15 5 mocks at guilt 14 9 is s2 3 it is folly & licentious 7 quarrelsome 20 22 n useless to instruct him 16 2"j (19 1. Pr); cf. also Je 4 s2 Jb 5 23 Is 19" V 107 17

io7

sacrifice, infr. e.g.

wool
dise

2K3

4
;

EZ27

21
;

Ex 2 9 cf. Lv8 ); as yielding u as merchanas tribute 2Chi7 16 as gift Gn32 (E); in sim. of
;

('K3 "i?! ^"\r\n) v ; leaping, skipping in Dn.'s vision, ram with two horns symbol, 3 4 6 77 7 720 ; fig. kings of Media and Persia Dn 8 17 2. slain of rich and powerful in Isr. Ez 34 .
-

^i^

18
in ceremony of ratification of covenant betw. & Abr. Gni5 9 (J); in Abr.'s sacrif. Gn22 1313 (E); Balaam'ssacrif. Nu23'+5t. Nu23(JE); so in ritual (P), (a) in consecration ceremony
**

pS
TpSD ^N
v.

n.pr.loc. (terebinth (or

palml

Di) of Paran\ town

&
6

of ^Elanitic Gulf

Gn
22

14
6
;

harbour at head r6 36"; (v. Di);

of Aaron

&

D'K j>0 v 22
-

cf.

Ex 29'+ 15 t. Ex 29 ('N v26 2731 ) Lv 8 s + 8 1. Lv 8 (D^Von 'K


his sons
-

n^'K Dt
close to

K 14

16

W'K 1 K 9
133
ffff).

26

16 8 ;

Ezion Geber
alw.

(v.

v22 29 nbVn T< v 18 ); (b) in guilt-offering (B'fK) 'S Nu Lv s " 18-* i 2 > c f. Ezr 10" &
5'

tJD^M],
& Ex
15
27

aVN n.pr.loc. (= place of


Di

nn??n
2

terebinths or other great trees, v.

Gn
Ex

14
sta-

(c)

& Ez 4 6 4S 6
-

burnt-offering (njfr) Lv 9 & 7 11 on day of atonement


' -

Nu
Lv

15
1

611

(12 fountains
noiJK
cf.

&

70 palms)) 2nd

36
,

tion of Isr. in desert after passing sea

16 11

Pentecost 23 18
4 - 18
'

9 19 20 s3 24 cf. Ez 45 ; passover v day of firstfruits v27 28 ; in 7th month 29 s + 18 t, N1129; (e) in law of Nazarite Nu 6 141719 ; (/) in consecration 15 of altar of tabernacle Nu 7 +25 t. Nu 7 , cf. 23 25 consecr. of Ezek.'s temple-altar Ez 43 (g)
' '

(d) peace-offering (D'Opi;') Lv s 3 111214 cf. 29 ; "; beginning of month Nu28


;
-

Nu 33 910

Gharandel

Ex 1527 Nu 33 9 prob.=Wady Eob BE 1I0o


;
-

1(>5

ti. n^Wn.f. terebinth ( = n^K (?) v. iv. ^X > StaGesch ** wh. derives fr. ?N = divine ; but
'

cf. ib.

on lack of clear distinction betw. H?N, p?K


v. infr.)

more generally iSiS^Isi 11 Mi6 7 Jb42 8 ^ 66 1S also Is 34* 60 7 at bringing ark to Jerus. I Ch "2 Ezr 26 other occasions 29 s 2 Ch 13 9 29 21,2 15
,

& timy- Gn 35 4 +
n?*R

terebinth=Pistacia
;

5t.

+ nW Gn 49

21

(for

MT

terebinlhus,

'

8 s5 ;

cf.fig.

Jesi^Ezsg

18
.

3.

DWND D^'X flVy

Linn., a deciduous tree with pinnate leaves & red berries; occasional in Palestine; grows to

great age ; always of single tree

near Shechem

rams' skins dyed red, of covering of tabernacle Ex 25 s 26 14 35 7:a 3 6 19 cf. 39 s4 (all P).
/"'N n.[m.] projecting pillar or pilaster'K abs. 1 6 31 (but v. infr.) cstr. id. Ez
11.

t"^ Jos 2 4 (E, rd. r6t? ?), 12 1119 tree in in Jabesh 1 Ch io Ophrah Ju6 9 91014 v. also which Absalom was caught 2 S 1 8 ;
35
(E)
cf.
; ;
-

Gn

26

40
bt*

14

(but del. Co)


48
;

16

(Co better l^K);


10
;

^N

41

40
9

pi.

40
"
i 1

+ 7 t.;

sf. l^X Kt D'h? 40" + D^K 40 29 btt Kt 40 + 2 1. Qr (in all) tfa, vbt*;
;

expressly of idol-shrine Ho 4 (|| pN, Ez 6 13 ; as fading, withering, sim.of Judah iiyyp) 13 s0 Is 1 ; as hewn down, sim.id. 6 (|| p"N); fig. of
14

K 13

13

'?0\???

40

16
;

-pilaster

or projection in wall
(cf.

Naphtali nnbw n?JK hind

21 n^S Gn 49 (@ Ew 01 Di>

MT
I7

q.v.)

a slender

terebinth, v.

at each side of entrance


Sol.'s

Bb
1.

Proben - 32:NX927
),

in

&

cf. 11.

n?X; in topogr. designat. 'Sn


(v.

pOj;

Di S
21

temple

K6

31

(Bb
910

NXaa rds.
4

219

Ezek.'s temple

Ez 40

D^K), in Ez 40.41 + 40"'


rd.

2i 10

PW).

Ew

Hi Co D^N cf. B; 4038 Cocf. ; 4 o 14b Codel. 'N.


till.

D^N

so

Sm

tn. n,5^ n.pr.m. (terebinth, cf. Gn 49 sub 1. n^N) 1. a chief of Edom Gn 36"= 1 Ch
1
62

as

[/^?] n.m. leader, chief (=ram, 142 ' BV 17 leader of flock t cf. Di Ex 1 5" 01 Lag
v.

nb'K n.pr.loc. ? v. Di). 2. son of Baasha j ( 6 81314 16 3. father reigned two years in Isr. 1

Ez 34 17) cstr. b$ EZ31"; pi. cstr. ^N 15 13 15 i5 Ez i7 + 2 K 24 Qr (Kt S v. Sx); Ez 3 2 21 (del. Co, v. ). leader, chief 3*tiO 'K Exi 5 ,s ;n? ' EZ17 13 2K2 4 15 Qr; ttfl 'K

&

Ex

king of Isr. 2 1515 1 19 4. a son of Caleb 1 Ch 4 17 18 s son of Uzzi 1 Ch 9


of
last
. .

Hoshea who was

15 5. a

30

tl.^Vn.[f.]terebinth(=nbs)
1

+ 4 1.;

Ez 3 i" (D'i'S J041 17 v. sub rbn; perh. DH^K Ez 3 1 14 but cf. infr. iv. b'K & also ?K Note 1).
tiv.

(or other

3 pi. cstr. '?. tall tree, cf. infr. on

vN Gn 1

18

+ 3 1. terebinth
1

'Kcstr.Gn

S io3 JU4 5 ),

[?^N ?] n.m. terebinth


lofty tree, v.

minent,

vid. infr.; pi. 079 Is only n.pr. D N ? Q'iw Is 57' cstr. \!*K Is 6i; sf. DH^J Ez 1";

Di

Gn

(prob. as pro6 12 6 14 cstr. )

shrine, & 'K Gn 12 6 (teacJier's terebinth) signations; rrrtO 30 'K D'3?iVO ; (conjurors' tereb.) (v.Di) so owner or ruler KIOD 'K Ju 37

marking

hence used in topogr. de-

Dtn

Gn
Ju

distinguished by 18 13 13 14 18 by neighbouring town D'Jjn^l)


; 1
;

31" (>del. Co vid. 93 51). terebinth (cf. n^S); 29 as marking idol-shrines Is i 57* (so Che Di etc. > gods); fig. of ransomed ones of Zion
P"!* ? \?*8;
1

s3 D'MJfSa 'K Jos 1 9 (edd. v.NorziBaerDi);' 33 K3 Ti>X 3X 'N

4";

cf.

p^, but
Ju
g" (cf.

perh. of haughty ones

Ez

14

31

Gn 35 ); "fan ' 1 S io3 rd. rtfO] ' (& cf. nw3 f^K Gn 3 5 8 & rnfcn ion J U4 6 ) cf. Ew GeKh Th Di Gn 35 8 (v. also sub !^).
r6s
4
,

"' 81

(Am
tn.

19
ft*
.

p^N n.pr.m. (=id. cf. n^ n pr.)


14
.

1. a
34
;

1.

i"yN; in

26 sonofZebuiunGn46 Nu 2 6

2.

jSGn26

cf.

De,

&

of a melody for hind as fig. of

name

>//

22 1 ing>ri n?>X~;>y

dawn Yom."\

2 3. pb'K 3 6 a Hittite, father-in-law of Esau. 11 2 a judge of Isr., of tribe of Zeb. jip'X Ju I2


'

tp7}N

n.pr.loc.

(Z>e*r-field)
1

4. n.pr.loc. | v'?? Jos 1 9" a town of Dan


9 4 (where rd. f\

so

'X Josio' 2 -r8t.;

H'M

'K

Th

Klo).
coll.)

S 14 s1 1. city in Dan Jos 19" 21* (Levit. city) Ju i"; 1 S 14" doubtless same; so 1 Ch 6 M (where Dan om.);
13 10 2 Ch 28 18 (v. app. later in Benj. 1 Ch8 12 ?v'X pDJ? Jos io almost certainly named Be)
;

5>X

Aijalon

Nu

t^N M
26
.

adj.gent. of |^J 1. (as n.

'ri7 , W n.pr.loc.
palms?
cf.

from same
{lofty
6

;
.

tree(s

coll.?)

i.e.

119

= Epiph. 'ioXu, mod. Jdlo Rob BR " *,


2. city in Zebulun
n.pr.fl. TJlai,

Di

arm
(

of
8

Red
of

= Gulf
2

14 ) town & harbour, N.E. Sea, hence called J31anitic Gulf


fr.

Gn

Survey"
fl.
cf.

Ju

12' 2

[\?W]
;

Eulaeus (As.Uldi,
river of

Akaba,

Dt

2K1422
pXS =nb
(1

fuller
etc.;

16 66 (perh. later designat. for b'X q.v.) At\av, Al\a6, Gr. Alkava,

neighbouring fortress)

=
41

Gn
s6

36

v.

Di),

nO-X

infr.

in lower part) mod. KarAn r n8M29 in upper part Pasiligris) v. Dl (old mod. ZTerMaA( Choaspes), which perh. also
;

Dn 8

Dl raS29 Gr. EiXaut) only ^X, 216

= (at least =

Elam

TfrtT^M n.pr.loc.

id.

iK 9 (palms?))"
flKS b'N,

2K16

{grove of lofty trees 6 2 2 Ch 8" 26 (cf.

was formerly connected with Karun not far from Susa (Loftus *" * ""* " Schaff-Herz.

111.

2178. art. Shuth<>\

D^S).
(rnDPlX, q.v.; only Ez,
cf.

II.

[ET^N] n.m. porch

Where Co always for D^K,

alX af

makes DP'X vestibule, D7IX porclh) Dp'X rd. 37 for Ct"W Ez 40 (so Sm Co); sf. ID^K KtEz
40 * + 4 t.
ID^X

BbsX929

from ?, peradventure, perhaps


2

^7M* and (Gn 2 4 IX & ^ = \b, X as in


1

39

^N adv.
,

(perh.

vfyk, = or not ?)

Kt Ez

(Qr VB^'K) + 4 1 Co (for MT ^K); 2, 4 o + 6t. (Qr ?). Co all


15

611 hope, as Gni6 Nu 22 5 also a fear or doubt, as Gn 27 12 Jb i sq. JO Gn s 39 in mockery Is 47" Je 51 8 2. followed 24 ; by another clause dowdf'rar, it expresses vir-

usually expressing a 6 23' 1 S 6 Je 20' ; but


; .

tually the protasis


(cf.

sg.: pi.

niB^S Ez 40 ,e (Co

MSS.

of , etc., also 1621 of Ezek.'s temple Ez 40

Ew
s

sg.)

v30
t.

(del.

Co

cf.

29-32 )

H08

= if peradventure
the

Gn

18

2428

blade

shall

yield

no

Hi Sm).porch,
1

meal; *1$Q; Dnj nfcJC *jw ifperchance it yield, s5 3. in Nu 22 strangers shall swallow it up.
(q.v.) must be read; unless she aside from me, surely, etc.
1.

T7

St

n.

m.

(f.

42

hart, stag, deer


,

yv

had turned

w As. aiVw Dl but dub., (Aram, id., JL/', Ar. jjt #f 8 * 81 1 leader't , Eth. miH: v.Hpt cf>) 'N
-

6 1. ; pi D*^ Ct 2 *" 1 22 1 S sta<7, n llowed as food Dt 2


abs.
1 2
-f.

Dt

15

+ 3 1 ;Aari,
.

(all

||

3f) ;
s

?W n.m. & n.pr.m. v. sub II. blN. tin. D7^N and (Jb 17 perhaps for sake
& 11.
10
,

(||

'3S,
3

5 14 ); sim. of leaping Is 35 ; id. 'Xil nsj? Ct 2 917 8 14 "?S); as in search of (all 6 pasture, sim. of princes of Judah Lai ; as s of longing for '' 42 longing for water, sim.

K5

TWTi: etc.);
(||

eaten in Sol.'s household

as

Dt

of assonance with following D?3) o?K adv. but, 5 3 but indeed, a strong adversative Jb 2 5" 13

||

!//

+n7^{S!

n.f. hind,

doe

excellently oi pijv Bi aWd). More 29 19 with ), dSwO Gn 28 (cf. Ju 18 ) 48" usually be greater howbeit his younger brother shall 21 than he, Ex 9 16 but in very deed, Nu 14 (cf.
(where

'x abs.
;

Gn49

21

(but

iS 2 o 3 25 34 1K2023 Mic3 8 Jbl U


) 1,

II

I2 7

rd.nW
19

v.infr.);

rX Je 14 5 cstr.n^X 1^22* Pr
4t.; cstr.

i4

n"33

1
'

pi.

rrfyx

f 29' +
9

ni^K Ct2 3
tyh

I.

be fatigued, tired, "pjtf (cf. Ar.,T,T(med. 1^)

hind, doe, as calving

Jb 39
**

'

('K

|^f

rn*J

J' weariness, sorrow, trouble).

1&D)
'X3

cf.

f29
"is

'

^T
ct
cf.

^P;
s
;

in adjuration

rnfrn 'X3

niK32r3

in sim. 3^P

?wd
19

p
Ho

N
4

n.m.

Jb
21

trouble, sorrow, wickedness


sf.

abs.

!8:34 =2

S22 34

'X3

""

t*$ Hb3

'i.e.
34

1. 9
s'

Nu

23

'jS*

Gn

18

35

etc;

jrf.

trouble, sorrow ^IS'fl son of

D^S my

18 surefooted, secure, cf. W'lTW- Vfy ^8] s4 19 but vb. "??1T; metaph. of 2 S 22 ; so

trouble or sorrow

Gn 35 18 (E); 1?V? !J

"W *

Hb3

Nu 23

Naphtali

Gn 49 21 nn.^'K,

but

rd.

n^X,

cf.

sub

not behold (song of Balaam), he doth trouble in Jacob (|| he doth not see misery c 2

Dfwn
b0Vm
yea
lie),
/j

20
15

Isr.);

oft.

||

^>,

*?

(UT^ n ?? /o
iSfl ^"?V

A travaikth with trouble


/ia/A conceived

RTgg
Sf

n "!71>

misery

brougld forth a

n.pr.loc. (vigorous, for JU1n) city in 35 12 s3 Benjamin Ezr 2 Ne 7* 1 1 1 Ch 8 ; valley of same name Ne 6 2 ; prob. Kefr 'And, NW. of
'li'lN

prob. th:nce
4
;

Jb 15 35

Is

59

cf.

[}NJ

^V *
-1
fj.?

(v.

b0V); also

*fy bV rhn) 8 6 IO ' 10 7 55" 90 10 Jb 4 5 s sower rb\$ yr\S\ Pr 22 </?


(JIN

Lydda, Survey

11 ' 251
.

TO^N
Horites

n.pr.m. (vigorous).
i 40
.
-

1.

chief of

in this sense of iniquity shall reap trouble; 15 5 7 21 14 5 elsewh. only Dt 26 Pr 1 2 Je 4 Hb 3

Gn 36 s3 1 Ch 26 28 of Judah 1 Ch 2
.

2. chief of tribe

Am
&

pl.intens.

rj'3'N

0iJ7

mourning Ho oA
use of) teraphim
f1

bread of trouble, sorrow, or s9 12 2. idolatry Ho 1 2 Is 41


;

TplN Gn 3 8 4 89
-

n.pr.m.

(vigorous)
1

son
2
3
.

of

Judah

46

1212

Nu 26 1919
v. JN.
18

Ch

">VDn D'B^n* JIN stubbornness


1

is

idolatry

(tlm

yifr$

n.pr.loc.

S 15

23

(poet, source);

IV?

God,
cf.

^N n*! because Bethel, house of (for also 5" 10' given over to idolatry) so 5 'N rta Ho io8 ; 'N nyipa Am i (Baalbek);

Ho 4
is

15

'N nina rd. tH JN=On, Heliopolis Ez 30 ; 3 3. trouble of abstr. for concr.=iefo/s Is66 15 'K wickedness, JJN 'OO Jb 22 ; *^8
.

17

nV31 2 Ch 8 Kt v. *$ sub H2N. TTSW (n.pr.loc. unknown & dub.) whence 5 9 camegold/KD ant Je io 'N Qn| Dn io so Thes 1K10 tBIO 3nt (1D1='ND);"but odKipos, &
T
; ;

18

Ch9
fr.

17

"too,

Pt.

ns

q'v.

iniquity,

io 9

Dn

36 34 =7nem of trouble, 'N BN Pr 6 12 Is 55 7 ;

troublers,

wicked

men;

io 5 ,

cf.

whence MV Klo make IBID Hoph. Klo rds. "VBta (q.v.) for 131N Je 12 in view of "TO* Dn| Is 13
.

JIN \h>3 workers of trouble, 8,22 3 ^5 evil-doers, workers of iniquity Jb 31 34 8 2 15 29 Is 3 i H06 + (16 t. chiefly late f) Pr io 2i rtaBTID thoughts of trouble, wicked imaginaJIN 14 18 tions Pr6 Is59 7 Je4 ; oft. of words & thoughts
;

"VDiN
i

n.pr. Ophir 'N


29
;

iKio"+; m/BiN
1

+ lEnN fGn 1 o
io 30
fr.
;

T'BN f 1

o 11

1 .n.pr.m.
Ch
i
23
;

nth
Gn
SE.
infr.

son of Joktan

Oicpeip, 'Q<peip,

io 29 (J)=i name of an Arabian


2. n.pr.loc. (land

Gn

cf.
16

&

Di.

tribe, vid. or city S. or

Jbn + (5t.) V36 +( 9 t.)Pri7


5

i9
3

29

20

32 58 59

Ezn
13

Mi

'

Hb

30 Zc io 2

28

2,)

Is

Palestine, exact position


49

unknown,

&
it

rWSJfl JIN

73W

Is

1 cannot bear

iniquity with

^iixpijpa, 2a<peipa, 2ov<petp, etc.; Jb 28 'Q<pap AC, cf. 1 K 2 2 A 'QfpcipSe, B om.) place

the

solemn meeting

(RV & most

mod.;

AV

is iniquity,

even the solemn meeting).

whither Sol.'s ships went fr. Ezion Geber, bring18 49 28 2 Ch 8 ; gold, cf. 2 2 ing thence gold 1 K 9 wood & gems 1 o 1111 cf. 2 Ch 9 10 almug- (sandal- 1)

12 n.[m.] toil Ez 24 DNJ>n 'n she hath wearied (me or herself) with toil (but Co

to^Nn

del. as dittogr. cf.

).
Jjl

22 once prob. iKio ref. to same ships; they came in three years with gold, silver, ivory, apes & 21 2 Ch 9 makes these fr.

II.

Pi$

(cf-

Ar.

(med.

.)

be at rest, at ease,
life

enjoy life of plenty ;


ease,

one enjoying a ^s\


abs.
.

of
9
,

peacocks (all Ophir?); i. e. ships go to Tarshish (but on Tarshish-ships, 1K22" large, sea-going vessels, merchantmen,v. & sub e^BHfl). 3. characteristic of fine gold
4 'N D~3 Is 13 12 '* 3?] 1 CI129 (poet. & late) Jb 28 16 ^ 45 10 4. hence for fine gold itself Jb 2 2 24 (|P?3)._(lf 2 = 1, then southern, io 29 ) prob. south-eastern, Arabia (cf. Di Gn furnished the gold and other articles, which the point farther E. (e.g. to India, toward which words D'Bip apesSc D"?^ peacocks seem to lead),
;
.

freedom from

ti.
,
i

n.m. vigour, wealth |iN


3
,
i

toil Sf trouble).

Ho

12

sf. ?

IKGn49

vigour
J*iN

+ etc.; pl.D ? lN^ 7 8 4- 1. manly DENTIN miff WN3 Ho 12 4 (of Jacob)


;

51

JVS'NI beginning of manly vigour Gn 49 (of 36 17 Reuben,first-born of Jacob); Dt2i ^i05 (first51 D'tfN n'SPtn where lx>rn of Egyptians), so 78
s
,

'N

is

assim. to

OH?1?,
;

or intens.

pi.
;

2. strength

18 712 behemoth Jb40 10 pl.intens. BID Is 40 26 because of the abundance of 29 great strength (of God) of man D^N J'N Is 40 not having strength; D'O'lN Jl^nta Pr 1 1' hope one
of

man Jb

D'J^N

were either brought to Ophir by traders, & so found there by Sol.'s men, or were found elsewhere by the latter, whose cruise may have taken them beyond Ophir, the name of Ophir
alone, as source of gold-supply, being pre2 are not the If (less likely) 1 served. same, the only data for determining loc. of 2

&

in strength (not the hope of iniquity RV, or of 3. wealth Jb 20 10 Ho 12 9 unjust men AV).
6 'N

TINXO

tn.

pN
Nu

n.pr.m. {vigour) a chief of tribe of


16
1 .

Reuben

are the articles brought, & one may look toward India, Ceylon or other islands, or even lower Africa. Particular theories have as yet no adequate support ; e. g. (a) old city Supara, or Uppara, in the region of Goa, Malabar coast

21
(cf.

supr. 2, but also 1


its

form with 2 said on

of face of
/ace
1 1

God T^V H "


pon
1

"HR Fa/( u*A ma/fce At


2S

Copt, authority to denote India, v. Jablonskii Op,.Lt,W.torLS7. cf a)g0 J os A-t.m.6.4. j n that


case

*/u'ne

<Aee
17

Nu 6

(priest's blessing),

use by

may indicate

a theory of the

reappearing
135

location of Ophir); (6) peninsula Malacca ; (c) island Sumatra; (d) Sofdla, with city Zimbabye (SE. Africa); (e) west coast of Arabia

cf. f 4 9 27 yfri 18 ; once, of faceof man,Ec8'TWI


;

f3 (sq. 3), Dn 9

(sq. "^J),
17 7

67 (sq.TIK), So without D'3B ( S q. b)


;

4 -" 20

DIKnDsn
his face.

V3B

</(e

wisdom of a man
J

lighteth

up

these

& silver formerly found), etc. On other theories, v. Di Gn io 29 Ri HWB 15 cf. Gla Herzog, Smith ')
(where gold

&

=
sf.

TiN m n.m.(f.
tfru.

"w'
i

nta

UF)abs. Gn
f 27
.

1 ,

etc.;

;;/.

"flight (As. urn +; cstr. Ju i6 s + D^K f 136 ;1. %A<


3
;

t[f)R]

vb. press, be pressed,


13
;

make haste
16

-Qal Pf. yt* Jos io if 'JjlSS Je 17 Pt. 2 13 ft Pr l9 +3t. Pr; D'SK Ex 5' ; 1. jyress,
hasten (trans, but obj. not expr.) Ex 5 13 (E). 15 2. (intr.) be pressed, confined, narrow Jos 17

as diffused in nature, light of day Gn i 3 4 ' (P) Jb 3 9 38 19 4- 2. morning light, dawn, ">p3H 11K 2 M s4 36 light of the morn. Ju 1 6 1 S 1 4 25 '2817" 9 4 'K 2 S 2 of 7 Mi 2 ; 133
-

'Kn-iy ju
Di>n

QMS?"" ?
1

ij

r?

*?

hasten,

make

haste, sq.

Ne

8 3 cf.'Pr 4 18

n^RJB

n$>

25 T?3rny v ); Tllinrpp fr. dawn


(

c f.

23 (poem David); ii6 Jb 24 14 ;


till

mid-day,

13 ^4- Inf. Jos io Ni3^> fX t6 (J, of sun);

Pr 28 20

3. light of the heavenly lu'K,


"liK

minal ies;
"lis
,-

nibn

nenn
||

'

moonlight

16 Tty$ '*; sq. !? Je 17 nj?"i 'X tb ;2 sq. 3 (of in wh. one hastens) Pr 19 (Dv3"?3); particular
5 (Dmna); c f. also Pr 2 1 -iiDnp!> -] yx-b?). 15 4 Hiph. Impf. W<KJ! Gni 9 WWJ Is 2 2_

26 sunlight Is 30 ;

'3313 stars

of light

& + 1 48 s
;

}iS<D

20

29

!>K
,

DniND

luminaries of light Ez 32 s ; D , *)iN 7 sunshine Is 18 4 ; 136 ; so liK"\^J!

Aewtoi. (tr.) sq.

Gn 19" (J);

sq. b

+ Inf. 'Kn
& vb.
(cf.

%)
[

Is 2 2 4
43

(May be Qal Impf.,


o<

'"V.)
l\

the sun itself Jb 31 26 4. daylight D'VBn "ViK 15 /i^//i ofthewicked Jb38 (their work-day being the night); IIS tip a day of light 89 ( a
.

Am

clear,

nhfr]

vb. be or become light


Pf. "**
1

Ar.

37

"
;

15

sunshiny day). n cf. Hb 6.


3
.

5.

UgU

lightning Jb 36 of lamp Pr 13 9 Je
.

s3

enkindle,
deriv. in
29

Aram. (Nasar.)

Aph. illumine,
44
3

&
S

14

Impf. 3

As.)Qal fpl. njTkm


572 "1

Gn

+ *&
; 1

7mv. fs. become light, shine of sun (esp. in early morn.) Gn 44 3 (J) 1 S 29 10 Pr 4"* Is 60 of eyes (owing 27 to refreshment) 1 S i4 <" 29 Nipt. Impf.

Pr 4

18

(Ges

);

S 14 27 Qr; Pt. "lis 18 *f* Is 60 Pr 4 ;


1

of crocodile's hot breath Jb4i 10 7. 30 14 ' Jb light of life DWJ 33 ^ 56 ; cf. tm Jb 16 20 8. %A( of prosperity Jb 22 28 30 26 f 97 11 3 2 instruction ~h& rnini nist? 13 La3 9. light

25

10

of

Pr 6 23 tion a
Is 4 2
6

the

commandment is a fomp and

instruc-

"ntt light; so the Messian. servant is D^3 6 4 49 ; cf. D'Sy ' IS51 ; the advent of
.

"IN?.1

S 2 32 Inf. "t*h Jb 33 30 POitO 1// 76 s become lighted up of day-break 2 S 2 32 by light 30 of life, revival Jb 33 by light of glory, en2
;
; ;

37
,

10. light Mess, is shining of great light Is 9 11 of face D'JS liK:= bright, cheerful face (of men) Jb 29 s4 betokening king's favour Pr 16 15 (cf. 11 DS'S f 38 ); of God his shining, enlight-

=
,

veloped in light ^r 76
etc.;
/to/)/.
!7

s
.

Hiph. Pf. 1'Nni Ex25


24

Jb 4 i

+ 1iONu6 + 1^25
; ;

^n8
;

+,etc.; 7mv.lNn^8o +,'1T^V'3i + Inf. "WOT Gn i 15 + />. "? Pr 29 13 ; n^KD 11 1. (five light, of sun, ^ 19 9 JTTVKJp Is 27
; ;

20

ir

7 11. ening, favouring face V' 4 44 89" 'K Is io 17 as source of enlightYah weh is PS^fe^ salvation ^-27'; enment & prosperity; light

light to guide Mi 7 cf. of Zion, instead of sun

& ^ 43 everlasting light & moon Is 6o 19a) house


3
;

moon &

stars

Gn

1517

(P), of

moon

Is

60

19
;

of Jacob is to
+1.

walk

of

in his light Is 2

5
.

pillar of fire (eq.b)

Ne
fig.

1219

; 9 of the words of God

Ex 13 21 14 20 (both JE) + 105 39 2 s7 of sacred lamp Ex 25 Nu8 (both P)


;

tTVINii.f. light (late, Mish. z'd.,cf.Aram.


evening-light, mcon-light, star-light, etc.)

KrnW &

1 1

130

2. light up, cause


light19 4

1. light (opp.

to shine, shine, sq. ace. P3f?

Cpl? WKn
;

abs. H t nings lighted up tlie world ^ 7 7 97 *n33D n^Kn Ez 43 s the earth shined toith his
;

glorij (of theophany); of leviathan,

which makes

light of happiness Es 8 ;'pl. intens. 19 that quickens dead bodies as life Is 26 (light dew the plants Ew Hi De Che Di RVm; vid. Bo Br ir303 cf D n lis ; but Ki Ges

nyrn) f 139 16

12
.

2. light of joy niliK

MV

RV

path shine behind him 3b 42^; 12 3. night shineth as day \jr I39
-

"W
light

D*I n ty a lamp
10

transl. Jurbs).
til.

29

1//18

wood
13

Is 27"; altar(-fire)
4

Mai

4.

Ar.

= lights & flowers, & Sam. IK^NBH of .\y\


1"
12

[rPiW]
)

n.f.

herb

(so Mish.,

Ges

cf.

)n,

lighten, of the eyes,


etc.

&?]) 'WW, subj. '\ his law,


9 s
.

Gn

only pi. niliS


1.

lierbs 2

K 4M

(cf.

Is 26'*

Pr 29

19 Ezr 9

5.

make

shine,

supr. sub

!r

<|

N).

TIN
1 1 "VI
.

22

niH
isEl,Y.b$ sub ni>N; cf-Ph.^Dlxin As.Urumilki 2K18 1S T *, "' rC " "1 1Lt0 1. chief cf. COT , )) (Sen of Levit. line of Kohath, in time of David 1 Ch s 2. maternal grandfather of Abijah 6 9 15 ".
1,
'

N n.m. flame.
:

My')?

tJie

flame of your 14 16 whose light & flame were seen 44 47

fire Is 50",

~Q *3 ? u-alk in & so fire itself,

exil.

Is.

+ 31* &Ez 5 s
ta'nN
ls

(CoC S).

Is n.[m.]pl. region of light, East


so

2CI113

2
.

24

O^ti

coasts,

(soGesMVEwDeDiEV; LoHiKnCherd.
Cdd. ; mostly om.
23

rP")W n.pr.m.
is 2

Yah or {flame of

my

light

in

doctrina, thinking of

Urim,

vid.

Br" 1

"297

).

Yah v. ty. S 1 i 3f 23 30
.

1. Hittite husband of Bathsheba

toTlN n.m. Urim (pl.intens., mostlyc.art.


Urim, and mostly joined with tJ'BH q.v.) I'BH 8 tpnpn With T"|11 Dt 33 thy Thummim and thy
the

i6

10f
.

2 2. priest in reign of Ahaz Is 8 3. priest in time of Nehemiah Ezr

TIPP-VM n.pr.m. {flame cf Yahweh


light is

or

my

Urim has tlie man of thy favour, i.e. tested at Massah&Meribah; V>m\ DniRn were n 28 30 putintothe CBB^n f^' of the high priestEx
the Levite

Yahweh

v.
.

20 Jehoiakim Je 26

slain by mrp) a prophet

T'VN 1 n.pr.m.
light).

Lv 8 8 (P); this J?'n(q.v.)wasa little bag or pouch

or one giving {he enliglitens,


4141

worn on breast of high priest, to hold the Urim the name BBPBn Tl was given <fc Thummim; because of decisions made by that which was ** for within it thus, Eleazar was to inquire of
;

Jos

Ju

Dt 3 1. son of Manasseh Nu 32 13 22!S 1 Ch 2 2. a judge in Gilead 4 s 3. father of Mordecai Est 2 io 345

1414

if K
1
.

tn '^*
,

,,

adj.gent. Jairite

S 20

26
.

s1 Joshua ffTWil BS'f03 Nu 27 (P); Saul prayed TTWH nan, opp. Wp!J n3n 1S14 41 , so We Dr * (MT om. former, and rds. D'pn in latter) did not answer Saul B*"!*?, or by dreams or diffiprophets 1 S 28"; postex. Jews reserved
,
;

"hiNE n.m. luminary abs. Gn i + cstr. -to Pr i6*+; pi. rn* ? Gn i rh&q v 6
16
;

15

14

'

cstr.

cult questions until there stood up a priest 65 D'enitt Dn6 Ezr 2 13 Ne? (here alone without
art.)

SijXoxm rai aKi)6tia, 23


(JHoTHTnoi

These passages give

little

information

luminary, s """> (P) Ez 32 lamp," of sun & moon Gn 1 16 "rtKBn 7YYJD tJie lamp-stand of the moon ijf 74 'Bn is sum of seven luminary or light (where 1414 28 sacred lamps on golden lamp-stand) EX35 2 s 6 20 916 37 cf. Ex 2 5 27 35 Lv 2 4 (all P); 30 Nu 4
light, light-bearer,
;

^RD EZ32
8
;

doctrina
1-

et Veritas,

Sym

km TXt uTijTtr

Jos-*-"'"

8,9

thinks of the

y?Ttl$lP
eyes

twelve gems of face of bag as giving decision v "- Mosl " thinks of two small by shining; Philo & 'n), prob. embroidered in the cloth images ('N
of the bag,likeoracle-imagesof Egypt (Diod ""011 -"'- 309 ^"o- 295 of Aelian^ 11 ""- 14 34
'

joy

to the heart;

30 D^^-liSD Pr 15 the luminary of the (=the eyes as a lamp) gives the light of 8

T?.

"^Kt ?

V'

<'te

luminary

I,48,TO

of of thy face (thy face as a lamp) in the light which the secrets are exposed.

);

Ew

'

two

stones of different colours for sacred


v.

lot,

on this

tfj-niNn] =den
' I,

n.f.

light-hole only cstr.rvViRD


,

Dr 1S14 41 where

give, Sos
L~*' N4
;

= nan;
'i

OPf* & 0*95


v 42
,

as obj. of
41

8 of great viper Is 11 cf. I'M? Mish. 1 Ohaloth 13 (others eye-ball % Ew De Di).

c f.
20

&W\
1416

taking by lot

Is 7
,

);

1$* v (used of "" v. also We & RS

Bahr s' mbollk of one thing within bag, a

sacred pledge to high priest of the enlightenment & perfection he would receive fr. '< when K,M4 sees called to make sacred decisions; Ka the sacred pledge in the twelve sacred gems
themselves, that stimulate piiestto self-sacrifice & perfect sanctification.
of one of +11. "V1N n.pr.m. {flame} father David's heroes 1 Ch 1 1 35 (in. "IW n.pr.loc. v.
infr.)
<

tin. "WN n.pr.loc. Ur (Bab. Uru; seat of moon-god worship ; hence Eupolemos in Euseb 1 *epEvlx17 says Kaitapivg rjv nvas Ae'yfo' ancient city in Southern BabynoKiv
Ovplpof,

lonia;

OT alw. n>iV3
v.

"UK, i.e.

Ur of the Kasdim

(Chaldeans)

Abram's

Date's sublBO; home of Terah, father, & A.'s point of departure for

Mesopotamia & Canaan Gn

&

hence

Neo

7
;

also

Gn

H 15'
c.

(both J),

31

(P); mod. Muiflo

qayyar, south of Euphrates, 94 ' Dl p,226f of Babylon; v.

miles SE.

KG

rfrfiM
{fiery,

v.

nn
:

sub

I.

COT mx.

on

Gn

28
.

"H^N n.pr.m.
;

or contr. for npiK)

Judah Ex 3 i 2 35 30 38 s2 1 Ch 2 20 s 2 Ch I 2. a porter Ezr io 24 3. father of an officer of Solomon 1 K 4".


1. prince of
;

PirrtN t
:

v.

ram. T
1

"H/I^K] VD on ^y Wiph. Impf. consent,


agree
(cf.
49

Rab. rM" } Niph. Pt. esp. enjoying


^>

T7N vYlN n.pr.m. {flame of El or my light

NHWB

) sq.

Gn

s2

34

15 V} *>*; v

D$

rrtM;

nw
v nr6 pinto;
n'iM
g q.

23

inf.

K12 9 D^nan

visn

^STN
men iCh

n.pr.m. father of one of David's


11 37 (where 3tK-}3 1 K 51s
,

= ''3")Kn

23").

v. 11.

tm.
l\,\l\,

taiW
<TA
:

n.m.

hy 8 sop
Eth.

(Mish.

3W, Aram.

tM adv.

(cf.

also

BAram.

pN

: see tKDI at that time, prop, a then, whether expressing duration, or inception (= thereupon). 1. strictly temporal: a. of

subst. = time

AH-fl: vo-owor, Ujj Frey., herb of purging qualities, but peril, not precise botanical term, v. Di Lv 14"; v. also Low 93 )
Jso'l,

Ar.

without a verb Gni2 6 13 7 J0S14 11 past time: S 23"; with a pf. Gn 4 26 Ex 4 26 Josio33 Ju 8 s 2 21 13 Je 2 2 I3 v 3to tK (lien was it well to him (cf
.

"K abs.

Ex

1 2

s2

+4

t.;

3TK

Lvi 4 4 + 4 t.;
cedar)
1

hyssop), little
Tgffl

NX* IBfc

KW Ex 1 2 s (J)' 'K
;

plant (contr.

T1K

13

TTWS a bunch
;

v 16 Ho2 ); more usually (esp. when thereupon) 2 30 with an impf. (v. Dr * 7 ) Ex 15 Nu 21 17 Jos 8 16 12 DrIn,r192 ) al. b. of fut. io 22 1 3 8 9" (v. time (usually where some emph. is intended), 5 4 with impf. Is 35 56 60 Mi 3 rather differently Lv 26 41 1 S 20 12 rarely with pf. 2 S s 24 " {will s3 with an accompanyliave gone forth) Is 33
'

of h. for sprinkling blood on doorposts without mat*, used in cleansing from leprosy Lv 6 MUUt. burnt witn red heifer j4 1 9 ; used

Nu

in cleansing with ashes of red heifer v 18 (all

P)

cf.

yjr

51

"jjtDKl

'N3 'JKBnn.

mam
tt
:

- v. -or.

ing logical force, implying the fulfilment of a condition, then if or when this has been done 41 44 48 Dt 29 19 Jos I 8 (with the impf.) Gn 24 Ex 1 2 15 3 Hi Ke V 19 14 51 21 Pr 3 s3 1 S 6 Is 58 s9 Je 1 1 c. in poetry TK is sometimes Jb 1 1 15 13 20 2 2 26 used to throw emphasis on a particular feature 4 15 8 -"- ,MMJ of the description Gn 49 Ex 15 Ju 5

t/T^
^B|,

vb. go (mostly poet.) (X

id.,

BAram.
7
;

Syr.

rby* (poet.)

^jf) Qal m
Dt 32
; ;

Pf. by*

S9

fs.

36 ^in (for ^IKH) Je 2 Pr 20"; 00 about Je

Jb 14"; 7mp/. 2 fs. fyJ Ft. b)k Pr 20"go away


2
36

tfltfjj

5 11 12 23 1 d. it points back 33 4i Hb i ^2 96 * 22 with emphasis to an inf. with 3 2 S 5 24 ^r 1 26 16 27 KWn Di>3 (anomalously) 1 Ch 16 7 Jb28 33 to 2. expressing logical sequence strictly: in the

TpnTTtK;
(subj.

Je g^one, exhausted, used


sq. f 1

1KD tygTIQ 3C up Dt32


^| Drferj;
19

Is

T strength);
11

7 S9 U^SI?

Jb 14
sub

Dr?

7?

D^>

<%;
|>?JJ

Pu.

P.

bftm Ez27

DN (rare) for sake of special em5 31 =in that case, after phasis Is 58 Pr 2 Jb 9 >b or K.W> 2 S 2" hadst thou not spoken, tK | 92 7 surely then had the people, etc. 19 a^iiq
apod.:
after
14
;
;

(RV yarn,

cf.

Aram.
so

spin but) rd. ?t1KD,

v.

^K

infr.,

<S
1

Hi

Sm

Co.
rd. l(K)Wi

t[^TN]
of Joktan
rd. i>WKe

only

%?
1

S 20 19
brtt,

qv
.

after

vnx

protasis slept, then were there rest for

2K5 ^ 119 2K13" Jb 3 $


13

after a suppressed 0; IK V$l& I had


31 me; Jos 22
xh

t^N n.pr.m. (Sam.


Gn
io 27

AiftX)

6th son

(strangely)

that as things are; Ec 2 being so. ( 1 2 2 1., besides f NO and TN"|D. Seldom used except where some special emphasis is desired.
'

= now,
'

Ch i 21 =n.pr.loc. Ez 27", Hi Sm Co old capital of Yemen,


;

later
I.

.Wd,

cf.

Di

Gn

io 27

U^
w

(pointed,

sharpl

cf.

Eth. "iXffl;

Then

of

A V RV more commonly repreonce (Je 44


18

edge, corner, peak, pinnacle;

v. also

As. Dl w ,

sents

J,

esp. in the apodosis.)


(cf.

&

JTK infr.)

""WO

ili),

VfTVf,

lit,

that time:

used (a)

absol., as adv.

= in

from
time
s4
'
-

|tj*

n.f.

ElM
;

ear (Ar.

^1, Aram. foP,


2

Eth. KJTIN, As. uznu,


20

Is past, of old, whether of a nearer 2 S 1 5 21 3 5 8 s 16 13 or of a remoter past Is 44 45 48 7 2 Pr 8 s2 ; (6) with foil. gen. or relat. clause, yjr 93
-

as prep, or conj.=from lime


subst.
7

of, since.

With

cstr. Ex 2 9 + '?# iS20 + ,etc.; Dt 2 9 3 +; cstr. 'Iflf Gn23 + D3}K (D$ 28 with article). 'itK Mr) Nu I4 +; (never
sf.
10

XTH:) abs. 2

22

4S

du.
;

sf.

1.

Ru 2 "l^an tND from time of morning s with infin. Ex 4 10 TJ|1 tKO since thy 76 speaking unto thy servant ; with finite vb. Gn 3 9 5 Ex 5 s3 '31 'HK3 TND1 and since I came unto
;

of human being, as ear, as part of body ; 12


s 3
;

Ez 1 6 ; earring Gn 35' Ex 32 (all JE) 6 17 touched with a master Ex 21 (E) Dtis by 23 21 blood in consecration (' t|WI tip of ear) Lv 8
-

bearing pierced

Pharaoh,

etc.

s4

Jos 14' Is 14 8 Je 44 19

t ^TS

= tK (prob. a dialectic form;


i

cf.

Aram.

in that case \!1$) then,

n apod, after \jr 134***,

cut ff Dy enemy Ez 23 (of ^VljK 17 ear of dog Pr 2 6 3^-^X3 PEJD; of q.v.); 12 rescued from lion). 2. 3 (fragment sheep as organ of hearing, a. of man Dt 29'
1

i4.i;.25.28

Am

especially
2

ty:

cf.

tKf

119

92
.

22

45

=f

45
,

Jb 4 2 5 Is 30 21 implanted
;

(ytM)

JW
17 by'> ^94"; of idols (do not hear) ^115" 135 'K3 VOf 2 S 7" + 8 1. ; esp.'N3 after vb. of saying 10 9 in the ears, in the hearing of Gn 20 (E) 2 3
;

24
cf

|1Q
men Ju
1

^ 49

Is 28 Is 8
9

a Jo
;

(all

||jO?)

Ho

5
1

(||

Se>,

=
9

3WpJ)

sq. ace. rei

Gn 4*
Pr 17 4
;

+44t.; cf. Is (P)44 5o (J)Dt5 3i 5 (vb. om.); after noun of utterance, sound 7 cf. ' after verbal noun 1 S 15" Jb 13' 15* 3 M cf. Isn ; ' nisn incline Ez
1

-' 6

18

ll - ii - 30

10 9 Jb33 Isi 32 (all

||DB>)

42

23

(||VCB',3>"B'pn);
(rei)
(||

Jb 37" (Hia&in);
(||3<B>pn);

78

sq.^y

hearken
(\\]1CV)

to,

= be
(||

sq.tj?
19

(rei)
30

Jb 32"
to,
;

^nin)
Je
1
16
;

obedient
:N"e9
c.

abs.

3"
j>

24

('

W?"? ^)
1

the ear=give attention


5

^45" Pr 22 + 9t.;
,7

2Ch24
16
i

ace. rei
26
;

Jb9

sq.
(rei)
2

bf 49 + 4t.; so'K3^pnis 3 2
'b 'K

3
;

Pr2

Jb 34
.

yDt?)

Ex

15

b pers. sq.
18

Jb

(sq.b);

K^n Pr23 5
cf.
1

Jb4

15

Je9
s

19
;

news

S 3"

K2

as receiving words nj5n 'N as tingling (bb"i) at dreadful


;

34 (||yDB ); sq. ^y pers. Nu 23 ; sq. "?K pers. Is 5 1 4 2.o/ (?od, listening (with favour) to
prayer,
s

12

Je 19 s

as hearing with

etc., abs.
i
45
(||

i/'

80 2 84 s
c.
2

(||

yov),
3 )

sq.

"^N pers.
1

satisfaction, '2 <yj

triumph Darn) but Che

^ 92
del.;

1J

$?

njyD^n

(||

f 77 Dt
7

yap);

ace. rei

+ 5?
1

as intelligent (in-

(\\vnv, yvpn),
b (rei) sq.
4

V55
(I!

(lla^pn v
5

86

(|| 6

pa) 17
(||id.),
;

'K nyD!S> Jb 1 3' ; volving mental process) rf? J3ni 'K Jb 12 11 cf. 34 s ; as unsatisfied Ec jrpri |^0
'K t6sn tib; as seeking (E>p3) knowi JjtotS !? n ledge Pr 18"; as hearing & blessing Jb29 ; 'K Pr 20 12 25 12 a Jiearing (responsive, cf. nypfe> 31 Is 4 3"; opp. stopping obedient) ear; cf. Pri5
8
5

I40 i4i'; sq."bK(rei)V'39 13l 43 (both||yB );


V'

54

yetS

)-

"MWl
14

n. [m.] coll. implements, tools


P?.1K, ^-.1

(fr.
.

sharpness? Aram.

weapons

23

(Cdd.

"pW
my
ear

3 J.

S Dt

93 "fa cf. Di).

Pr2i ignorance) "|? 15 cf Is 33 ; also of adder in simile of wicked 9 s oas: chn jnD toa ; -p? 's -vpo p r2 8
the ears (wilful

'

ODN

13

t^ZtN

n.pr.ni. a son of
?

Gad Nu 26 16 (my
16

Iwaring, or

Gn
fr.

46

i^aSK q.v.)

f 58

VOf so 'R HTTy


'.

t^W adj. gent.


ni:W
s4

same,

Wll Nu

16 16

/fot'r

ear

is

uncircumcised Je 6
;

10
;

K Tpil Zc 7 11 cf. Is 48 s Je 5 21 Ez 1 2 2 cf. also 20 b. of Yahweh, + 'Ra after vb. of IS42 28 18 S 8 21 Ez 8 18 utterance (J) 14 (P) I

tin^ItN n.pr.m. {Yahweh hath 10 father of Jeshua, a Levite Ne io


.

heard)

Nun
Nu

t-Vinn
pi.)

n.pr.loc. (peaks of Tabor?


cf.

after rtft
2

2 K i 9 =Is 3 7
28
;

29
;

after K13

18 7

cf.

Jos

place in Naphtali

Di.
heareth)
1

22

where vb. om.


1 1
1

so also (after
"*

noun

without vb.)

sq.

28" nearly in presence of; incline the ear 'K HEn 2 3 2 6 I 18 ,7 i9" =Is37 Dn 9 t86 ; sq. ^>fi7 88 1 16 ; 17 3 5 s ' ' -b* V3i 7i io2 ; a**?? *i ;

(J)

'K3

Ch

MrPDTN"' n.pr.m. (Yahweh


2

so

b rfOEfc 2
i

Ch

40

15

7
/

cf. V'
I6

130

id. sq.
1

"^}

Ne

PratWC Je 35 Ez 1 1 ; contr. 1. a Judaean Je 408 n ;?P(1) Je 42 Vnpp) 2. an elder of Isr., son of Je 40 8 2 K 25 s 3. son of Jeremiah Je 35 Shaphan Ez 8".
1

K 25 Ez 8";
,

351

611

;vb.om.-b8
'b

Sf 3 4

T ;cf.Is59 'Kn-iap Xb;

La 3 M
reveal
''

'

D^??"^.

to, subj. man 1 s5 15 1 S 9 2 S f- 1 Ch 1 7

3. +'R nba open ears of, S2021213 2 2 8 817 ilu4 4 ; subj.


-

4. a leading Judsean, son of AzurEzn 2 1 n leading Judaean Je 42 (= ^!y 43 ):

5. a

II.

t[|TN]
(cf.

vb

0Ill

3Pi-

Pf-

weigh,

test,

ipii>
,

'

'3
4

Jb36
;

10
,

cf.

prove

Ar.

also Ar. J^jj weigh,

& Aram,

v "; 'Krn3^ 4 o 7 ;5?tos6'K' i'T^i S 5o 'K^nne 5 / 5 IS50 cf.n3nriEriD''Bnri S1Is35 opp. judicial
;
'

deriv.); f&\ (conj.)

Ec

12

(|pi?n, fW).

deafness
I.

Mi

16

7
42

J.s

6 ID
-

scales t['iTSt2] n.[m.]dn. balances, (Ar.

t['|IN]
45
;

vb denom. Hiph. give


wholly poet.

listen, hear, almost

Pf.
1

ear,

G^, Aram.
40 +4t.
15
;

(Nasar.)

cstr. typtO

UTa*>)OSpte (Ojr) Is Lv i9 M +9t. balances,

Dt
ie

pTKm
26

consec.
;

f 77

(v.
3

De Ko

"" );

H?

OTnl Ex
p
-i;'

15
18

U^
;

Is 64

+
i

njpftjn

pm (for P!5) Nu 2 3 + fs. ^nttn


;

Jb 32",
iS
2
;

Imp/. PBP Jb etc.; Imv. ms.


fpl.

10 for weighing money Je 32 '03 *[03n bpfX) T3 P0?'Is4o 15 tf'M** 0/6^., hairEzs'^fD'O);

nsvxn

Gn
1 ' 391

; sim. of insignif. of nations bef. fig., calamity 12 Jb 6 2 men ^62'; hills Is 40 (0^33 36 '03 nto;^ pnjf 'K LV19 (|| 's-'P.aK,
;

S^
c f.

s 4 Is 32 etc.; Ft. P!'(for PWD, v. 1. Aar, perceive by the ear, Pr 17 4

Kb

Dnn)
prij,'
;

's

ns^,

>s

abs. Is

64

s (||

yOB>) V'

35
1 ,

17
;

personif.)

Dt 32

cf.

bs. (of mts. J?* ear H iten & 2 Is I (of earth, personif.);
> ,

Pr 1 6"
P33?;

(t3S t?

Ez 45'10 1M D^B);

(||

's-ns^, 'jrna)

opp.'nDno To

Pm

fig.
1

Jb

ta 3G^
ja)
;

(\\bf

20 23

mm
(II

;t

25
nfitt

1HN
Punctuation is due doubtless to the word being treated by the punctuators as a subst.=,i^

t&Q
12
8

W) Am 8
;

5
(||

Ho
&

%
(||

S?n!

yen

popnb)

'o

Mi 6"

nenp *j\

''"H^tt? |?N a.pr.loc. (yortf

measured

built

by

% daughter
v. ppr.

of
-

She'ira,

on weighed Blau ZMO ^V place


1873
'

with

guff.

&

in

c. st.,

Ki on
o0eAoi/).

1,9
vb.
9 ,2

V&&
v.

'my wish

is that,' etc.;

cf

vftray), *

ah that! ( v

of

Ephraim

Ch

24

&ff*
id.,

[in]
'

irv or

inn (Co Ez 21").

*C'1?]
Ar.Jj\,

vb

Si rd

encompass, equip (Talm.

Qal Pf.
-IIIXPI

"WK

2K1 8 ;jrtrd,

Aram, in deriv. Lag"* 177 ""''rittj 1 S 2\- Jmp/rf; ^JK J b 30"; J e ,0. lmv w-lIN J b '8 3 4 o7; Pi.
.

Hns
pasg

''').
.

adj.nuin. one (Ph.nns, Sal>./.,ef. DHM'"""'* Ar. lil, Eth. A**, Aram. 1ft i on As. edu, ahadu, cf. Dl WNo 139 )_ a bs. '
-

in^
;

Gn
.

+ cstr.
v.
cstr.

in Gu
;

2
!>;

so even bef. prep.


2
21

grt'rrf

on, sq. ace. rci


,
8
;

Zoms
.

S 9 s al.
; 1

Dr
*in
5

f.

abs.

nnK Gn
13

Tn
vanoa

+ nn Gn
;
.

Jb 38=40', rjrflp Je

17.

TW niy **1 2 K
J^E

pa8S-i subj
c f. act. c.

Jb 3 o

ls

^3
nix.
'3)
.

"33,

subj.

%.
of
4

^n

uiph.

^
,

^
;
;

-^ n ace. pen.
y.

n' +
I
9

JinK

Dt
49

+ 4 t.;
2

pi.

DHrni
8

Gn
one
;,

Di;

God (nn33
tf.
(

nj^

fig

^ 6g
^,xa

/yj/. 2 ms.
22

GeB Mj
11

7^1
sf_

girded with "might. Pi. ^ i8 4 30 12 >?m\ 2 S

Ex I2 Jos 23" 1 S 1* 2 S I2 +, 7 9 10 Zci4 Mal2 Jb3I 15 + ,soalso(eInph.)2SI7 for MT yfa We Dr one or two in DV? n!)
; ;

Gn

Ez 33 *>

del.

Co

cf.

; 1.'

,^^Bn f
c.
33

g.

cstl;

Is

50 but
40

cf.

infr. gird,

2 ace. (pers.

&

fig.,^l8
ace. rei

=2S22 40 ^l8
;

rei)

Is

50

12
;

om. Is 45 s ace. pers. om. 11 but rd. rather *V*B cf.


'

(i':n);^3o' '(nnb'); 27

Hithp. Pf. Tji^aj ^ 93 / n^nn i s 8gird oneself for war Is 8 9 9 with fy J, o-,' Y Ji
Di).
i
.
-

m
8

rfpvnWD (@ Kn Brd

6 3+ -(- 'KH Gn 19 9 42 " 2 2 K 6 35 + ; one and the same Gn 40 5 Jb 31 15 O'lriN Pjn3-n pi. T tGn 1 i cf. Ez s?"' (abs.), but v. Co ;=few, a few 'N O'DJ fGn 27" 29 20 Dn 1 1 20 nriN E*'X3 a , one man, together Ju 20 8 1 S 1 1 7 also "inNS j a te Aram, tinra fEzr 2 M (=Ne7 66 3 9 6 20 'Ec i i 6 )

ls DS?V ^ Ezr io 213

as subst, sq. fD
1

Gn

2>

Lv

Is

>

v. esp. Is

65

2J

(
30

||

earlier
385

(subj.

every
12

'*),

EX36

Nu 7

28 21

WK
1 z 1

6- 7
).

2.
2

= eaC/
20

' ;

K
2
1

also repeated, distrib. sense


51!7

Nu
1
1

is
21

-)-;

TTii n.m."
JJJ
I,

7" 13

waistcloth
.

(NH

id.,

Ar.
1.;

cf.

cstr. 2

rs'-')_' 9
i

abs J b i2> 8 + 8

+ 4 t.; of

skin 2

Ki

of linen Je 13 1 (v. Che) cf. y*wjJMi ( sym bol. of Isr. & Jud. cleaving to *>); of Assyrian warriors' waistcloth, 'girdle

(prophet.);

3. =acertain 1 S i 2 S 18 10 2 3 4". 8 9 3 +cf. 2 S 17 v. Dr 1 S i ; hence 4. indef. art. 1 S 6 7 24 15 26 20 (but del. Dr) 1 K 45 19 1 5. only 1 9 + once 2 K 6 10 4 ; &

K =

Jos 4' Est

We

(fem.)

of loins'

Is 5

s7
;

in wall-

15 images of Chaldeans, D^HD3 'K nijri Ez 23 2 K 1 ls v. sub (cf. "UK) so fig. of Yah weh's power over kings Dn'jmca nitX *lbW Jb 12 18

D 3B' tfbvb nn 2 Ch ' Jb 40 5 nntTrjya Jos 6 3 " M rinN3 Nu cf. v io 4 Jb 33"; at once nnsa p r 28 28 18 cf. nns-Dpj 6. one. nopas] j u 1 6
ir
,

62 12 89 s6 {once for
,

21

n3E*3 'K
,

Lv

6M

all)

cf.

fetter, cf.

Di

('K=

another, the one... the otter 'N

;'

but ace. to RS'*

ref.

to slaves'

Am4 2S12
7

Je 24 2

Ch

garment); metaph. of righteousness fulness Is ii 6 5 (vjno'N, vyi>n'K).


-

&

faith-

14' rd.

vnx-ns nnsn for

'N Ex 1 7 12 1 8" Ne 4 + 2S intWTW tmn We


. . .

17

ll

J>i-|?iS> v. jnr.

Dr; one after 12 27 cf. Ec 7".


late)

Gn

another, one by one, 1HK nnsi I s 7. as ordinal, first P

mWI
HN
1.

v.

mr.
nrw.
etc. v.

of
1

first

(P) 2" (J) day of month


i
1 ;

v. I.

nw, awna, an, jarw


.

rm

Ne 8 2 Hg i i Dn i 21 9 12 s13 om.) Gn 8

Ex 39 > (P); Ez io esp. Ex 402 (P) Ezr 3" io 1817 s2 first year, TiriN T\2y 2 Ch 36 Ezr
14

(mostly

&

1 1

abs.

Jb 42"

cf.

first (day,
17 17

D*
-

V-ihb 1HS3;
s3

so
i
3

n. rtN v
fin.

Nu

118
1

II.

nnx.

29 33
29
17

(allP)
1 1

Dt
18
.

Ez 26

Ex 40 Lv 23 s4 2 Ch2 9 Ezr 7 9 9
8.
51

n
.

31

32

45

in

e^i

20

inteq. (onomatop.) ah! alas! Ez


s

a^'fy ins 2 (JE) Dt i


;

combin.,
23

eleven

(cf. ifc^, flB*j?)

Gn32
(P) 2

so nnb'y-nnK

t^rtN ^ 19 and "bm 2 K 5 3 (perh. from in. and ^ Aram. , lj>='6: the varying
1

(precedes noun, exc. 51 s0 15 as ordinal, eleventh rOB* nriN Ez ) ; ir}\S^ 30 s9 1 cf. 1 6 s8 2 b. with other numerals, as 3 9 ;
'

24

18

Ch 36 s " Je52'

JosV5

37 s" 23 Jos

thin
cardinal rflKO
cf.2
16S8

26

mttTlN
2 5 37 f scales of crocodile pot v. sub 11. nriN.)
;

Com

ej^6t

S4S9

&WW
,

""C?

Nu

41

Jb

41'.

(nx fire-

3i

(allP; 'k precedes other numeral);

but nif nnso rj'jniK ('k following)


ls ,8

2Ki 4 2Cni2 cf. 2K22 = 2Ch34 2K 2 4 =Je 52^2 Ch 36"; Jos 12 (D) Is 3 o Ezr 2 =Ne 7 cf. v D11 10"; as ordinal
1 ;

1K14"

10

15

UNn^ n.pr.m. Ahab (father's brother ;=


was a nephew of in Syr., given ob rnaximumcum]>atresuosimilitudinem,Tia.rILe;hr8R\is in Euseb. chr ' " B cf. LCB1879 1339 In many cases,
3X"nK
,

24

Nb ZMG1886'"2
cf.

17

'A x la&os

S6

30

37

Herod;

like

name

nju> ri'iSD e'en

nnto Gn
i6
13

24

17

25
1

8 13 (P)

Ex

ls

(P),
1

Ch
23

'

Ch

'('k

preceding); but

16

Hg 2 ('N following). TtinS n.pr.m. (union fr. mite 1 Ch8 6 ="nN Gn 4 6 2 tin adj. = nns Ez 33 s0 del
>.

however, the mng. of n.pr. comp. with nx


dub.,

is

1 ,n

?)

a Benja-

perfect consistency, especially in comparison with cpds. of 3X, seems impossible;


cf.

&

Dl"- 4
Co,
cf.

@.

rem. sub ^XOX, and further We 6 " " 8 "'"'", axnx 1 I6 28 -!-; anx: j e 29 22 *""')
1

1^ f7 }tf (stem assumed for nx j which however A 69 perh. bilit. & prim, so Thes Eob Ges al. D1"
prop, surround, protect; Dl BASIMO

1. son of Omri, king of Isr. 1 K16 2829 18 123 2o 21314 4 i t. 1 K, 27 t. 2 K, i 4 1. 2 Ch; Mi 6 16 t2. false prophet, time of Jerem. Je 29 2122

comp. ahu,

side.

2PIN TV

v.

axnx. T
'

Zehnpfund
Thes.

prop.6eZon<7<.')5re<Aer,cf.Schult.

De

Goeje in

RS

BemlB61'

suggests connec-

TpnW

n.pr.m. (brother of an
1

intelligent
2
29
.

tion with hayy, family, clan).


1.

son of Abishur, of Judah one)

Ch

nW

63o

X11 '

Sab. fix (sf. 1,Tnx) yi.\ etc.),

brother (Ph. nx, Ar. -J (cstr. 1 " *"" * CIS'


'

t^OinS n.pr.m.descendantof Judah 1 Ch 4 2


TDfc^nN n.pr.m.
s3

Eth. Mai-: As. ahu

cf.

DF, Aram.

al., r
;

one of David's heroes

2S

abs. I"IX Gn 24 Palm., Nab. sf. \Tinx, iTnx); Sm TR*; DI 33; + (Ez 18 10 del. Co cf. Ba K " defends as owe cf. As. ahu) never c. 21 TO* art ; cstr. "ns Gn 1 o + sf. 'nx Gn 4" +

nx, Ll/

23

iChu
,

35
.

s9

Ew

Tin^nS

rprr 4^ (always, exc. where other

Gn4'+; VnKGn 4 + Wnx Je 34 + 3 t. etc.; 8 0<"n v * rS pl.D nKGni3 +; sord. H013 v.De 10 cf. sub WN; cstr. 'nx Nu 27 +; sf. *W Gn 29 23 7 nnx I9 + vix 1 S 2o +'(but 1 S 30 @ We for HX'nx); ?pnx Gn 3 7 + 1""? Gn 44" +
2 9
;

15

'"

form noted), "TIN n.pr.m. (brother of Yah(u), cf. Ph. itan brother of Milk, & esp. "l^ennx sister of Milk, where nnx must be cstr. since cf. Carth. ^>D is a male deity; mp^Onn 213 318 2. a scribe Euting ). 1. a priest iSi 4
.

1K4I
29
;

3. a prophet

K
15

1 1

29 - 30

15

2-4

Ch

13

etc.

1. brother, born of same mother (& father)

Gn

51316 M 4 + oft.; also of half-brother Gn20 (on pa245 4 78 12 cf. v 2 Si3 +, + 2. indef. rentage ) 37 8 121416 relative; Lot, of Abr. Gni3 14 ; Jacob, 1215 hence of kinship in of Laban 29 (nephew); wider sense; member of same tribe Nu 16 10 18 26 13 11 " 18 12 2 S 19 ; of same people Ex 2 4 Dt 15 Ju
-

2-8 -9

">

611

27

44

20

49

cf.

28 s 2o 10
.

,0

+Ex

1 14 2 Ch 1 o (last five 9 *WW). 4. 2 '- 29 33 22 father of king Baasha 1 2i jg 2K9'. 5. grandson of Hezron 1 Ch 2 25 or perh. n.pr.f.,

4 - 5618

mother of preceding four, cf. Be. 4 Ehud, of Benj. 1 Ch 8 7 =n inx v


,

6. son of

vid. esp. Lv 19" cf. v (ex14 Is 66 Ne 5 tended to inch sojourner 13 v34 ) of Israel & Judah 2 S 19 42 Isr. & Edom Nu 20"; cf. of Ishmael Gn i6 12 25 18 of Mend 2 S I 26 1 K 9 13 20 32 33 ; of allies ' JV13 Am i 9 . 3. fig. of re3
1
-

58

18

7. one of 36 Dvd's heroes 1 Ch 8. a Levite, Dvd's time 1 Ch 26 20 9. a chief man under Nehem. Ne io 27 10. a Gadite 1 Ch 5 15 ("HK). 11. a man of Asher 1 Ch M (id.)
.

"j

TTirrn^
(brother

n.pr.m. prince of Asher


cf.
Tfrl,

NU34
v.

27
;

of majesty,

liriUX;

also

irynx).

semblance

Jbso

29

D'jnji

*n*n nx
cf.

(||

nta!> jn

tiTIW n.pr.m. (= ;ynx, i.e. fraternal).


a son of Aminadab, brother of TJzzah
2

1.

n ?J(-)

S 63 4
-

i.e.

by reason of
.

his crying,

Di;

Pr 18 9

4. in byJ? vxn nx toxica nsiro. another VnX tf'-X Gn 9 s Jo 2 8 Zc 7 10 phr! one s7 Vnx tf<x Gn 1 3" + 25t. + Ex 32 (where also fame phr. c. VIJJ1 & *aip v these words & also E"X, inx); for development of idiom cf. Dt 15' Is 19 2 Je 34 "<ii>n Ez 38 21 Hg 2 s2 usually of men of faces of golden cherubim Ex
jviitro
.
'.

( vnx,

We

vnx, but
1 i

v.

Dr)
,

Ch

13

2. a Benjamite 3. a Benjamite

Ch 8 14 but rd. Ch 8 31 =9 37 (>


.

( vnx). W1K Be.


Vnx).
cj.v.)

n.pr.m. (prob.=1in , nx a Benjamite 1 Ch 8 7 of Ehud,


1. grandsonof Eli

TTITHM

son

T^tD^nS! n.pr.m. (my brother is goodness) 3 *"-w-* father 1 S 14 1 Ch 5


;

of

Ahimelech

22

9S0
i

of pers. v. Zadok 2 S 8 17 ( son of Ahitub i


tity
;

Be
i

Zadok

Ch

11

Nen"

Ch Ch 5 37 Ezr f; grandfather
(on
(ace.
all

1U2 (3JBHK) V (on iden2. father of 16 1 8 but We rds. Ahim. ),

Ph.

Din
21

v.

DTn1

cf

Ch 5")?

(prob.

= mnx

ar>2ty eon
8 1 v. Be) '

Benj.

Nu
'

26
>ntt

Ch

of

cf.We

I.e.)

I'TO'TIN n.pr.m.
child's brother

to

Thes=1^

"1%
.

1. father of (?)) Jehoshaphat, 15 David's chronicler 2 S 8 16 20 24 1 4' 1 Ch i8 12 2. father of Baana, officer of Solomon 1 4

Hiram (Ph. Din; abbr. fr. S5"+i8t. iK+Kt 1 Ch foregoing) 10 14 2 Ch 4 9 (all Qr D1W) Di"Vn 1 K s 24 "
n.pr.m.
'n 2
1

Gn46 ). tffVn

(cf. V

Efc'll

"

11

40

also

D"Wl

Ch

8 -f 9

Tyre, contemp. of David


j

Tj-riftTlN n.pr.m.

Levite + L
-S>n,

1
*

Ch
,

6 10

(cf.

(my brotlier is death) NHQ 1 Ch 6 20 2 Ch 20 12 ).


OTTIK
-

gglMUUUt&JUMMl Ch 2 210" 8 2 8 9 21
'

>-

TTJ|7P"

nN
;

sent

n.pr.m. (brother of Melek, Ph.


v. also

4"

1U6

by Hiram the king


.

king of Solomon 2 S r" -11.11.12.14.37 I0 n.22 r qj, , 2. an artificer of Tyre,


t.

Ch. I.

&

1 1

K 7 ">>* 2 Ch
8s
.

12

na^Dn
24
31

supr.)
-

1. priest
(?jbp.''nN)

in Saul's (Dvd's) time


1

1
;

S 2i 2 2 3 9
1

22

14 - 16

tWTW adj. gent. 1BJ


TyyHM
of Naphtali

3. a Benjamite

Ch

as n.coll.

Nu 26s8

Ch

9 .n (rf.i2>.2o.

52

(title)

son of Ahitub i"s 22

father of Abiathar

S 8" EwWeThDr; "in 3X"p; whence id. wrongly


2
,|

S 23 s 30 7 so also where MT 'DT1K


;

Nu

n.pr.m. (my brother is 15 29 78 83 i 2 io 27 7


-

evil)

a chief

Ch

(IDIVN 'pao'nx) 2. a Hitt'ite 1 S *


f
i

&

18 16 (where rd.

'm

24", cf. v for '3X).

TTHH^nH
"""ittT'nN

n.pr.m. (brother of (the) dawn,


1

As. Ahseri Dl Fr202 a Benjamite )


over Solomon's household

Ch

10

26.

n.pr.m. (my brother has sung)


1

?">r

?^

Thes

cf.

n.pr.m. (my brother is a gift 1 so Ar. 1 a son of Anak Nu 1 f2 Ju ^S.)


.

K4

6
.

T7pJ"Vn!tf n.pr.m. (my brother

is

folly])

iVf?^ Jos 15".


*YyQT!M

2. a Levite,

1&m, iChf.
-

n.pr.m. (my brother is lorath) 1. son of -Zadok 2 S 15 2736 if' M jS 19 22 23 27 2**" 34 33 s8 15 1 Ch 6 5 (Ky:n) v perh. also 1 K 4
;

David's trusted & traitorous counsellor 2 S 15 12.31.31.34 15.20.21.23.23 23 M iCll 2 ,-1.6.7.14.14.15 jg j 2 I 23

1^

trWlM

n.f. brotherhood 'KH Zc

14

(be-

tween Judah

&

Israel).

(son-in-law of Sol.) of Saul 1 S 14 60


.

2. H> ,n S, father-in-law

t^n n.pr.m.

cf.

brother of (prob. Npnfl|)

T^PIN n.pr.m. Manassite 1 Ch 7


19
.

(fraternal,

Aram.

JlLLj')

Ph. I^Dn, etc.; v. El, *Ax>)X; neii\ jj ae a e thelite, rebuilder of Jericho

D-m &

K 16

34
.

TT^IPnNt n.pr.m. (my


an
officer of

brother

is

Solomon
n.pr.f.

K 4".
brother is
50

noble)

ninN 1U T
JfcLl,

n.f. sister (Ph. V ,

nnN, Aram.nns,

Ar.

JJ,

TOl^n^
2 7 3o
3
5

(my

delight)

1. wife of Saul 1 S 14 (daughter of Ahi2. Jezreelitess, wife of David 1 S 2S 43 maaz).


2

Sab. in n.pr. 'K 2 S 13 1 + (never with art.);

As. ahdtu, Dl Eth. X-Vt: z ** abs. inONnflN Os *)


,

cstr.

nins
etc.;

Gn
pi.
51

22

+;

sf.

WIS

(rrtTK)

Gn
2
13
;

i2 ,3

S2 2 3 2 1CI13
,

1
.

sf.

Vrtljg

(Qr VfrriK) Jos

^nlnK Ez

n.pr.m. (my brother has supported) father of Oholiab, a workman on tabern. 34 23


T7|D'
8

nN

Ex

3 i 35

38

16 (Qr; kfininN)+2t.(Coall'lT!K); Wtyj* Ez 16 62 (Co yrr); W\m. Ez i6 S2 (must be vn'rw Jb 42"; pi., but del. Co); DO'n^

H02 3
is help, cf.
^22

MtirnN

n.pr.m. (my brother


'

As. Ahulete, my brotlier is strength, Dl Fr202 ) 1. a chief of Dan Nu i 12 2 25 7 66 71 io 25 . 2. one 3 of David's heroes 1 Ch 1 2
.

niViVnK iCh2 l6 Jbi 4 20 2512 (same father, Lvi8 n cf.Ez2 2 n Gn2 43OS0 -r
;

1.
difl*.

sister
7

Gn
2 4
-

12

1319

,Ex2

mother) so 4
-

Lvi8 9

IDp^nSt n.pr.m. (my


;

brother has

arisen)

son of Shaphan, Josiah's time 2 22 2 Ch 20 24 father of 34 protector of Jerem. Je 26 14 22 5M!llll4 " 1 i*mmm Gedaliah 2 2 s Je 39 4 o 4
;

1214

Je22 18 = near relative Gn24 M-6 (or because Laban prominent? so Di); woman of same 18 3 2. =beloved nationality Nu 25 cf. Ho 2
;
.

2Si3'(either parent same) soDt27 Ct 8 88 ; called upon, in mourning for dead

22

Nu6

Ct 4 81013 5 12 (4
plying
that

t.
||

n^S bride

phr. orig. im-

43

6
-

TDTnN

n.pr.m.

(in-other

of

(the) lofty

of marriage with half-sister same father was allowed? cf. N6 ZM0189M50 3. symbol, of Judah, Samaria, & Gn 2012).
,

28

n
e.g.SAm2
4i
66
5
;

Sodom & Jerusalem Je

23

4 '"

4.
.

fig.

Ez I 6 3 of intimate connection
<

7810

45 - 52 - 33

d<lc'

^'
;

e.g. <S

Ju8 10

Ch 5 18 & Ez
;

(but

v. Co).

rrorb vihN| npK.


JIN \nriN

.Wig Jbi7
,

14
;

ncrrfc -toN

'&\

(cons.)

Nu
10

Niph. Pf s0 s7 Imv. 32 Impf. WINMQn' 47


;

3 pi. 1THN3 Jos 22';

t5. another, Unhfjr^J nf, of curtains of tabern. Ex26"- 6 loops t", tenons v 17 of wings of living creatures, Ezek.'s vision Ez i 9B 3"; not of persons, but vid. nW"l. n.m. Jb * n coll. reeds, rushes (Aram.
7
.

pr

Jos 22 19 ; Pt. 1PIW Gn 22 13 ; tfinN: 12 be aught Gn 22 13 Ec 9 12 ; elsewhere have EC9 ; 10 s7 Nu 32 30 Jos 2 2 919 (P). possessions Gn 34 47 Pi. Pt. inND Jh 26 c. ace. enclose, overlay (so
Wi-jn

Gn

34

MnN

As. Dl w pi.

*, cf.

NinN, orig. Egypt., a\d AOlBBMM 338 Wied 8*"""""* 16 Gn ; green, v. Ebers ) 15 s18 41 (E) Jb 8"; also Ho 13 where rd. D'HN pi.
cf. fr.
-

demot. a\u

tnriNe

be

Ch 9 fastened
{lie

Aram. +~1,

shut).

Hoph.

Pt.

to sq. ?.

tnN
triNliT
1

n.pr.m.
cf.
8

for
T) e

DW

c f.

AW),
mn.
1

or

fr.

parall.

form [nnN],

v.

COT

Compl.Vr.SSf

rrns!

v.

1. king "of Judah, son of 38 12 6 7 8 Jotham, father of Hezekiah 2 K 15 16 + 1 3 10 ls S8 18 13 9 i 3 t. 2K; Isi 7 i4 38 ; iCh 3 2Ch27
' -

(q.v.) on 2

K 16 )
1
-

hath grasped, abbrev. for As. la-u-ha-zi (i. e. Ahaz)

n^f C8 vb. grasp, take hold, take posses ~ T

&

sion (Ar. ii.1 Sab. lriN Sab. Denkm. 39 Aram. 1DK, ZA", As. a/iasu, Eth. Qal Pf. tnN 9 2 S i ; Ex "15" + ; ntntj Jb 23 1 ' Is 33"; sf.
,

__

MH;)-

1 s. sf.

tntm
nrn

2 2

4 Jb 17' + ; vript Ct 3 etc.; Impf. S 6 6 3 fs. intin Dt 32 41 ; irota) ru 3 16 S 209 tf*} Ju 206 pin* Is 13 8 /.
,

W V&

1 2 Ch; Ho 1' Mi I . 2. son of Micah, 35,36 42 great-grandson of Jonathan 1 Ch S 9 41 cf. Las). (+ 9

+ 8t.

TntnN
nt.;
11

n.f.

possession
8

'n

Gn47" +

cstr.ninNGni7 +2it.;
I
A.

sf.

possession,

""
18

4.7

Lv

M 2K 10 I3 25 27 29 33(hou8e
' '

P&

^njllN

^
4

8
;

late

of landed property
' ,41 45

Gn
"?2
5'

46

Nu
3i
1

2V

totnN"'

EX15
1

15
;

*|W]tf
3

Jei3
10
;

21

gutt. ths'i
/w/. ins

Ju 16

1K6
1

etc.;tas'B ms. trow Ec 7 18


, ;

35 2 48
43

Dt 3 2 49 Jos
.21.22.22

2
28

12 39
-

pi, 28 iCh7
,

2 2

2Chn
njnN
'

Ez 44

1^5.6.7.7.8^18.
14

Nen
,

3
;

0, ynfe,

niriN 'N
34

Ex Ne

4
7

4 3

etc.;

Ch i3 9 +3 t.; Imv. tilN WIN ItnN Ct 2 2S2 21 "^n' Ru 3 s WIN EstVj P. ac. IT* 2 Ch 25 ^ass. 3 Gn 25 26 Ex 4 4 grasp, take hold of, sq.
6
;

K6
,

ins

16

16

Gn'36 Lvi4 24 jnNn niriN Lv 2 7


cf.V21
;

land possessed, one's own land 24 2 Nu 3S 28 Jos 22 491919 cf. 25 5


'"

c. nijff,

'fc

Lv

27

16 - 22 - 28
,

(both J) Ju 16 20 (=? PgJ3 19 ) 2 S 4 6 61 6 6 'of beams having i Ru 3 1 " 5 ; 1 20" 1 hold in a wall; (cf. IJJJJ D'-MN IVf Jb 8 17 Hoffm rds. njnWN^); also Ct 7 9 of taking hold of branches, in metaph.; poet, fig., of 12 God's seizing man in wrath Jb 16 ; taking s3 hold graciously i/c 73 ; taking hold of judgment
6

29

10

32 33 rbm ; njnN 'y LV25 32 7 })ossession by right of inheritance Nu2 7 32 & ' n^nj 35 2 cf. nSn:a 'N Ez 46 16 (but Co as Nu 4 9 20 :,0 13 7 27 so B); napmrajGn 2 3 49 5o ; DbiV'N

c."i'V,

nm

Gn 17 8 48 4 Lv

25

s4
;

in promise to Davidic king


S

(|| nbn:) portion of Levit. priests Ez 44

^n-'ddn ^mnN.i

^2

fig.

of

''

as

s*

(ll^-n?).

n.pr.m. (PaA(w)
Aa<A grasped; 22 62 etc., cf. 'Oxof(e)ias 1 BNr,s 1. king of Isr., son of Ahab 1 22 Lag )

Dt32
folly

41
;

subj.
3

man <fa ntnx rnwa Jb 2 V


cf.

(||VnDB> -ay

also 17
18

);

of taking hold of

Ec2
s9

'cf.

jnNH DiS333;
2"
cf.

7 ; subj. also sq. ace.


4

Xfa
Ju
i

Jb 38
6

13
,

2Kl

18

2Ch20 37

(VVTnN);

+ 2Kl
-

Ch2035

Tht$ 12 6 16 21 2S
1

Is 5
1

Ct'2
10

15

v 6 supr.), subj. JfWJD, n ? '*1 D T!$ 'r??! 3 n ? a ? ; of a snare catching the heel, 9 s in metaph. Jb 1 8 fig., subj. God ^ 77 ; God's
(cf.
;

K6

iChi 3 9 2Ch25 5 ^ 56 137 9 "

9-'
;

2K iCh
3.
q12
'

io'-ii' 12" 13' 14'

W
*

2. king of Judah, son of Joram 2 iCh 3 1I 22 1 +i5t. 16 23 2729 2 11 (all WnN); 2 9

v O n.

a priest

Ne

li

13

(for

which rnp

Ch

Listen, Tafal\

hand 139 10 subj. pain, sorrow, fear, etc. Ex 9 6 16 63 3 14 141S 7 2 S i Jb 2 i 30 I5 ^ 4 8 119 Is 2 1 33


;

Je 13 21 49 24
Is 13
8
;

subj.

man,

obj. fear, etc.

'srn

obj. T^ AV RV hold

take one's

way Jb

1 7

Jb 18 20 p^? TriN''
11

D-tn^ n.pr.m. (possessor) a man of Judah 1CI14V TrvtnN n.pr.m. possession) friend of Abimelech
I.

on his

As. sabdtu urJju, e. g. V. R ); 3 12 7 of barring gates pt. pass, caught Ec 9 ; 6 held Est I ; taken (by lot) 1 Ch24 666 fastened,

way

(cf.
1 ' 74

&

23

Gn

26

26
.

supr., abs. Ne

nn^
2'

cr2/>

W, onomat.,

cf.

Ar. ll).
pi.

(on text v. Ot); taken out of a 30 47 STH ; 3I pt. act. of same form
-

Thes Ba

175

& Eth. pt.;

similarly

number Nu Ct 3 8 cf. Aram. Tfttt,

w n.[m.] jackal (As. afj.it Dl ) D^nk is I3 'n Dn'na ^sboi (|| D^s).

t[n]

11.

nnK?
nN
n.f. flre-pot, brasier (Ar.
Jill
,

tn.

in

-TIN
Thes,
is

an error) alw.

c.

art.

Je 36

s5

V3Bp 'SH

delayeth

(it,
6

the recompense) not to his enemy.


irrt>!
i8

rnSJ'ap the brasier before

'WOK v
t

brother

him was burning ; v 23 23 ik>s v 'srr^y iro e>sn fr. ns " T \ v -: -t) T v -: T v. sub nns 111. ns interj., p. 25).

wn

2 S 20

Qr

taken by 01'""' as Qal

tniflN n.pr.m. a Benjamite iCh8 4


7 corruption of iTns v q. v.)

(perh.

9 498 " Ko 13" Ges (cf. inril v from tns), by Sta' 2Bem as Hiph. (lit. shewed, exhibited delay): on the Kt (nn.l) v. Dr Sm
.

t"nin hrthi*) adj.gent.


for 'S~|3 rd. 1CT

S 23 (where
: .

IriN adj. another (prop, one coming behind), f. rnn (with dag. f. implic); pi. DnriS
1.

We

Dr;
v 20 )

prop, (tyn BK

|3 c f.

unknown Klo v 28 ^ 1 Ch 1 i 12ra 2 7 4


ref.

(as if

from

sg.

ins), once

Jb 31 10 fins,

rriins

TIN
so also

(P) (perh.

21 n.pr.m. a son of Benjamin Gn 46 s8 corruption of Dl'nS Nu 26 (P);

(= Ar.^LT, Sab. ifiss, As. ahru future, fpl. as s5 subst. afyrat time future of ins jnt days) Gn 4 " D'ins D <mo</tr seed 8 t e ven
11

^ nyaP

rnqK

Ch

cf.

ins

>=

'&

Ex
ins
'N

22

ins

nl'B>3

n the

field of

coram.)

o^er days another + oft.;

P"!*
;

another

/PJJ^ff

(existence

& meaning
rr2,

dub.)

Je 3 1

nNn "S5

man (husband) Gn2o 19 Dt24 3


1
s

K fthe

other court, v.lXO;


v.

t-'VnN n.pr. (Dl trans. 0! would that! ns supr.p. 25) & comp.interjecsub in. (cf. Y^S ! that I at last ! tional Bab. name Ahulapia, ZimBP " 6 cf. 01 OT otherwise HalJAS * *) 1. 31 so Be Ot al. f. daughter of Sheshan 1 Ch 2
s

roinri'2
s4

Ch

32

the other wall,

ncin.
2
31

Appended

'

in

view of v 34

2.

m.

12 s3 7 7 (see v =Ne v ) Ne 7 (prob. here txt. 18 v. BeEy not in Ezr 2 s9). Often with err., the collat. sense of different, as 'K D'lJS o/tfr 4 8 14 19 garments Lv6 iS28 Ez 42 44 ; lay,' D'ias

to a n. pr. for distinction


:

Ezr

Ne

father of one of David's

mighty men (not

in 2

S 23)

Ch

1 1

41
.

Lv

42

14
9

nn Nu

24

nSnN t
;

3^ v

Ezn"

v.

ata
n.f. perh.

thfi ( Hi Sm); dV
;

14

inasnii
Is 05'
6

s io 6

(cf.

62'

SS'in);

tfTO

nN

amethyst (etym.

dub.;

sub Di>nThes q.v.;


solide;

Hal" 871426 fr. D^n etrefort, Di Kn comp. Talm. nWD, malva &
HAS6 N

Dt 205 " 28 30 (so ins, Dnns alone f 109 8 Jb 810 12 Is 65" Je 6 8 10 al.); D? Dt 2 8 32 fft 31
;

with that of strange,

alien, as 'K tP'S

26 27 29 Je22

n^SJun P^Is28
;

n
(||nQ'B"JJ)b3);

der.fr. Aram, think of green malachite; D1 land Ahlamd), amethyst ace. to 33 Josephus; "* 1884 285 but cf. v. also'Lag Di; one of the on the ephod Ex 28 19 39 12 gems
-

esp. in the phrase


7
19
1

D'ins D'HpX other gods(6^t.)


13 14
-

Ex203 (=Dt 5 )23 (bothJE) Jos2 4 516 (E) 1 S 26 Ho 3 & particularly in Dt (6 8 + i5t.)
19
,

"^CriN

n.pr.m. father of Eliphelet, one of


.

s4 David's heroes 2 S 23 (Meaning dub.; 1 35 11 has rflK, sq. 1B n ; txt. prob. corrupt.)

Ch

& Deut. writers, as Jos 23 Ju 2 Je (18 1.) & compiler of Kings; ins i>S once EX34 (JE). So ins alone Is 42 s + 1 6 4 + Of time, follow(P) in the ing, next (rare) UfJ HJB'a Gn 1 7 'N in Joel I s ^ next year; 2 K 6 s9 'Kn Di3
16

1217 19

14

21

13

[nn^ vb. to remain behind, delay, tarry


(Ar. ll to put
off,

109

= another generation).
"1HN

poet, the next generation (Ju 2

10

in prose

also to
,

Aram.
**).

Pa. ins,

Aph. Lo(
;

remain behind; Shaph. iLa.L. Sab.

prop, subst. the hinder or following

iflK Osiander

ZMGlft65197

inns
s

DHM E^ De
(contr.
;

" k,n

tQal once only


cf.

Gn

32

insi
19

fr.

inSKI

3HK Pr

8 17 )

and I have

tarried until

now."
gt.; Pt.

tPi. Pf.

yX
(3

Gn 3 4
t.
.

njHJ Ju

s8

5
s6

7m;>/. into,
,_ (

inxn

thinks 3 1. Ju 5 28 '(|| '*&& tifr) Is 4 6 13 and my 3 8 6 19 salvation insn tib Hb 2 f 4o' = 7o Dn p with
T)
tarry, abs.
;

insn) etc. (in 24 + 1 intensive, delay,

part (cf. the pi.) 1. adv. a. of place, behind, Ol Ew twice Gn 2 2 13 (many MSS. Sam. 6 b. of time, afterwards read "ins v. Di) \//68Gn io 18 18 5 24 s5 3021 Ju i9 5 + insi in laws of 819 28 7 2. prep. 15 2 2 Nu s^al. P, as Lv 14 5 6 1 1 1 Ct a. of place, behind, after Ex 3 1 1 2

'

34 . Pr 23 ftO"^ BnrjKB <Aoe 2 over the wine, Is s" 5!^? 'insp, V' 1 2 7 tarrying , , nriKD (|| Dip D 3B>D). 2. causat. of T)2f
b

&

inf.

Gn

19

30

ins T]bn to go after, follow Gn 37" 2Ki 3 2 2 3 3 Is6 5 2 Ezi 3 3 Jb3i 7 ins njn iS s 3 71 12"; nnso from after t2 S 7 f 78 Is 5 9 6 28 b. of time, after Gn 9 Lv 25> al; DW^H ins
2
9

Is 57

'

keep Qal, cawse one to delay, hinder Gn 24 back (=bring late) Ex 22 s8 with 7 & inf. delay to Dt if2 quoted Ec 5 3 ellipt. Dt 7 10 he
; ;
. . .

s6

n^Xn after these things tGni5 22 39 4o' iK 38 17T Dt2i' 3 f3 ins fLv^ i7 2i'Ezr7 Est2 3 19 1S10 5 m ins (late) 2Ch 3 2 9 sq. inf. tNu6 24 3 ins iy till after +Ne 1 3 19 Je 40' 1 Ch 2 Jb 2 1
1 1

C.

Ne

15

strangely:

Ew RV

besides; but text


1

prob. corrupt, v.

Be Ry.

3.

conj.

I^K ins

30
and without ~\mt LVI4 after that EZ40 Je 4 1 16 Jb 42 7 As prep. & conj. the pi. ^HK is
; .

pro*
2

43

K9
15

18

^nK-bK ab v 19 Zc 6 6
back
of.
23 adj. Pr 2 8

c.

fyngrhs Ez
t3"l

4i

beside, at the

freq., which in any case must be Plur. only cstr. *!!D used before suffixes. 1. subst. hinder with sf. 'inK, V5j*i etc. a part +2 S 2 rvjqn nnN3 with the hinder end

much more

2. prep. a. of place, behind, of the spear. after Gn i8' rtfis H*T} and it behind him Dt

a vera 1.) *3JK (si that turneth backwards (cf. Je 7 24 ) so JosKi De 01 p 429 (doubtfully) Now Sta {301b ace. to Ew f220 *Hi an abnormal adv. afterwards, Pr Lag conj. ^rnN3 of. odois.

"MnN

man

11"

Jus" iSi4

u 2i 10

';

Ho5 8
;

T"3n Behind

thee! (sc. Look or The foe is) with a vb.as D*20 to look Gn 19 17 rS 24', B^h to shake the

head

K 19
),
1

jW

(Arab. Ji.1) the hinder side, back part, in the sg., mostly in ad"TiriN

subst.

21

or implying

esp. verbs expressing motion, as N3 to enter in (v. Dr

(=Is 37

s2

),

a. as accus., in poetry backverbial phrases tvards 23 t. (=prose TflHR) with vbs. such as
:

2S20
IT"},

14

i?a, PS*, pbi, njn, tfcn, >p,

n,

17 ^BJ/a Gn 49 3ib3 be turned 2 S 4 15 10 31D3 35 40 + Dgh), 3V^^9" 5 6 +


,
,

22 (||

31BTI

V?? *? (see these words), b. of time, after Gn 9 9 D^inK Q3jniyour seed after you; simi4 43 0li ,2 larly i7" 35 48 Ex 28 Nu 25 all P (also Dt i 8 4 s7 10 15 1 S 24 s2 2 S 7 12 & with V33 Gn 18 J ( + &!*) Ex 2 9 s9 P Lv 2 5 46 H Dt 4 40 1 2 25 28 1CI128 8 Pr20 7 U"rfn nJos2 2 27 W3 Je32 21 Jb2i Exio" Juio3 etc.; with inf. Gn 5 4 VT^in nnK after his begetting Sheth, I3 i4 17 i8 12 2 5 n + oft.; |3"nriK afterwards Gn 6 4 (nriN
13
||),

(of enemies 5 19 Is 50 (from obedience to God), repulsed), 44 4 3<B>n 44 25 ^44", nsn 7 S m behind "mj Is i
,

19

8 5 in the phrase D^S (opp. D"|p) i// 139 Jb23 10 -lil-M in front and 6e/wnd ti Ch i9 (altered 10 14 'K1 from' in 2 S v. infr.) 2 Ch 13 Ez 2
;

'fO

18:!9

b.

"rtn^jffl

fPr

29",
it

nsna^ "foKB

Dan) Ges

Hi

but a wise

man

stilleth it

14

wards

(sc.

when

when, cf. 2CI135 ) 15 21 3l 15 19 23 25 32 4i 45 etc; p-nriN vm as a formula of transition chiefly in 2 S (2 1 8 1 io 1


1t5>K
1|

= p26 afterwards,
ls

20

14

the background, sc.

(nn anger) backwould break forth), De in of his heart (|| N'xY inVTPS
1

^D3).

c.

"tim) (a) as a.

if

14

35

Je

24

(0) of
s3
.

1S24 Jui6 2K6 2CI120 Heb. flK) nnN tJb42 16 Ezr9 10 2Ch2i ( + -5'3)35 20 (do.);'cf.Aram. njinnK Dn 2 294S and nn inxa Dn 7".The local
||

3 2i H) cf. 24H; in late


1
,8

24

time, hereafter (cf. 42 d. -rtriND behind (P=on the side of) t2 S io 9 11 '9*i D*}it? in front and Je/mvd, Is 9 'W? DVK#M and the Philistines behind (=:on the West), opp.

D''32? = before) fls 41

23

'

\jt 49 Dn"B3 Dnnns^ & a/ter them (i.e. following, imitating them) men applaud their speech, cf. Jb 2 1 33 3. conj. *fflU after that, with
.

(metaph.) and temporal senses blend

14

tPlur. cstr. "!n$ hinder part (of D"$30 DTK. the tabernacle) Ex 26 12 (of a man or animal) s3 25 4 ls 33 (=2Ch 4 )Ez8
,

iK7

the finite vb.

Dt 24 4
2 s"
is
8 1

"^
9

Jos'7

out nc>N

tLv

S5

t.

+; with(The most common


23' 24

i6

20

TJTjVIN adv. (prop, nTHP Sta' ) backwards


367

an

adj.

fem.,

cf.

23 - 23

S 4 18

1
-

8 s7 2

(=poet, "tflK) 20 1011 Is 38 s


.

Gn

constr. of "Onx

Jos 2 7 *NT 1E>K3

nnK must be an error, either for

as a prep, with the inf. cstr.)

j^O**

f n J i|i n^>

pl-

B^S*

(also

D^nqK),

or for nt?N3 alone (notice DiTnriK twice in the same verse); 2 S 24 10 rd. 1SD '"inK , vid. Dr. 4. with other preps.: a. inKt3 r7 r 8 7 1 Ch 17 2 S7 -inso); (|| (a) from behind Gn 1 9 s6 2 S 2 s3 ; /rom a/ier i. e. from s following after, usually with 3^E> or ~&0 1 S 24 22 2630 ,s 43 2S2 1 1 oft. with God as obj. as Nu 1 4 1S 4 1618 23 29 1 S 15" + with other Dt7 Jos 2 2 32

new nnx

adj. from "inN, coming after or behind (as a conipar. or superl., ace. to the context); hence 22 a. of place, behind, hindermost Gn33 ; u*n I^DKiJ the hinder
(

'

on9
;

= the Western)

sea

(i.e.

the

opp. ^tolgn Djn the front sea =the Dead Sea, the Semites, in defining the quarters of the heavens, turning naturally to the East, cf. Dip of the East, P^, I?*? of the
:

Mediterranean

vbs. of motion, as
2

rhv

S 14 46
7
,

S 20 2
2
;

nbjU

TOT Hoi 1 Ch 17 np^ 7 pregn. 21 I830 thy ears shall hear a word ^'nriKD coming 21 7 from behind thee, Je 9 (sc. PS3, see v*) 1 S 1 3

s7

Am

15

s. v. lil"lK d. and As. mat aharru Western land,' of Phoenicia & Palestine) tDtn 24 34 2 Jo 2 20 Zc 14 8 Jb I8 2" poet. D*a*ins Ew Hi Di De the dwellers in the West More commonly b. of time, (opp. CJiO'lp).

South, above
'

tlie

L We Dr inng? Vnn.
2- 4 -"

latter

or
4

last

denoting position 19 " (\0=of,ontheside of; see p) behind Ex 14


(p)

S 19 12
41
;

Is 8

(ace. a of God
,

to context) Ex 4 Dt 24 6 12 Is 44 (|| fabrh 4 8 (do.)


8

cf.

Jos8

1K10" Ne4
1

in genl. subsequent (vaguely),'"

0^ =

(y) of

time (rare) t Dt
29

(i> 21

29'

r>) 2Chi3 Ec 10"; [3 'HnSD


.

13

time

to

come fls 30 8 Pr 31 s5 (but


last day), '(?) nil(n)

Ne
,

8 18 tftn

'n~the

tlte

following

+2S 3

i5

2CI132

23
.

b.

t'lDr^ 2S5 23

generation

tDt29 ^48" 78"

21

102 19 DTnS(n)

tvnrm
they that corns after Jb 1 8 (Ges Schl)Ec i 4 ,but 4 Is 4 1 the last, Jb 19 25 Dip; "isjri>y fiinto and as
16 2

31
n
'

DtSN
'THHfr* n.pr.m. app. a descendant of Judah 1 Ch 4 8 & mng.
(deriv.

one coming after (me) (and so'ablo to' establish my innocence when I am dead) will he ('pKll my The fern, is Vindicator) arise upon the dust. used adverbially (cf. njb>K")) afterwards or

dub.)

to^arWRjflTM
AT*K B"
21 E

n.m.pl.
>

satraps

(Pers.

Khshatfapdvan, 2>rotectors of the realm,

at the last (ace. to context): (a) absol.

nM
J

tDan
10

alm who
,

= (arpan7]s,

v. Spieir

(raTpartrjs,
;

cf.

Lag

0<AU >-M!
>.

rds.

(0) 2

njftqaa
2
26

opp n$fa)$) tDt


.

3
31

2 1 S 29 Ec i u
.

13

Dn 8 3 (vVkS fNu 2
;

17'

^BTWriK

n
3

FD11K nK)_'K Est 8 .


.

cgtr

EzrS 36

(P)

^I^DM
'

ii.pr.m.

Ahasuerus

Xerxes

|V'} !!7^
,

61

n-f- after-part, end;

a. of place,

only f 139 (late) D; 'X. b. of time, Zatter ;>ar< or actual cZose (ace. to context), opp. TB'NT; 12 of year Dt of a man's life Nu 23 10 Pr ; 11 12 ? 20 5 Jb8 42 ; of a people's existence NU24 ; 20 29 lot Dt 32 Je 12 4 3 i 17 V 73 17 ; a fu=final ture, i.e. a happy close of life, suggesting sometimes the idea of a posterity, promised to the

14 Je 29" 24 'N (Hipni DDp nrb), withheld from the wicked Pr 24 20 (|| '.r\]n> 13 v infr,) the end or ultimate issue of a course of action Je 5 31 Pr 14 12 s2 s 23 (of wine, i.e. of indulgence in it) 25 Is 10 46 (absol., but implicitly of a phase of history) 7 6b_7 Dn 12 8 47 (of the conduct described v *) Ec 7 8 of a prediction the event Is 41 s2 D*9*n TinnNri in the end of the days, a pro-

18 righteous Pr 23

(||

nipn

} j )e )

W
;

37.10. a]g0 Dn 9 where ma d e f tller of 3 ^ Darius the Mede,' cf. Meinh. T , ")TOn n.pr.m. but in form adj. gent. 'nxn 1 Ch 4" Pers. (cf. Be)

tntCWl, [b.c. 2 " 10 481]) king of Pers. Ezr 4" Est i -)- 18 t. 16 Est + Est io Qr (Kt " BhCTIN); B'T^DK Est i
1

(Pers. K)ishaydrshd= mighty + eye or man, vid. oM6 in Aram, CIS UI12J Spiegel ;
'-

2i

is

'

(perh.

= belonging
(fr.

to the realm, royal, vid. iufr.)

t[pntt>nN]

adj.

(?)

royal

Pers.
-

Khshatfa, lordship, realm, vid. Spiegel 1-c 215) pi. DTTnBTlKri agreeing with BO^n Est 8 I0M
.

nnx v.
CM v.

im.

DQK.
dub.
;

*7t3K (mn gfirm, strong,


cf.

perh.

cf.

Ar.

jj,j

make

phetic phrase denoting the final period of the history so far as the speaker's perspective reaches ; the sense thus varies with the conthe ideal or Messianic text, but it often

Thes MV).
Ju9
'

tltON
-

n.m.

15

bramble,

buck-thorn

period of Israel's 14 Dt 4 30 (of the possession of Canaan) Nu 24 of Israel's return to God after adverperiod 29 (of the period of Israel's rebellion) sity) 3 1
future;
(of

tGn49*

the

10 (cf. Che ty 58 ) [rhamnus, Ar. jjl, As. e(idu w No ,8s Aram 15 v. Dl KJB*, )^/ cf. Low*"- ) iiAi contr. D'SJ/ Ju g" (personif, in fable) ^58'
, ;

as fuel (in

fig.,

cf.

Che);

tW

fija

n.loc,

Gn

H03
48
47

Is2 2
39

so

io.n

^r

j-jj

& onxo

ba).

(=Mi
16

49

Ez 38

4 ) Je 23 (v. Graf)= 3 o (of the period of Gog's attack


14 (Aram.) io (of cf. D'Wn 'K3 Epiphanes):

20

24

J^J^JfJ Arab.

upon restored Israel) the age of Antiochus

Dn

s8

ing sound

(cf.

AW 1* 5 Ges'"]

to

emit a moaning or creak1604 '

Lane
pi.

").

t[*teH Ol.
3 19 mutterers

412

n.m. mutterer,

D'BK

Is

Ez 3 8 8

c. D^iSn

K Je 50 12 the

Am6'

of the nations (of


(Israel) cf.

Undermost Babylon), opp. DtOT TPVVCi NU24 20 (Amalek) chief of


last,

IVOR, D'Jjn?) i.e. either ven4 triloquists or whisperers of charms (cf. 8" 2 9 ).
(||

the nations, d. concr. posterity (extension of 20 37,38 usage noted above in Pr 24 ) yfr 37 (jwssibly

not more than 'a future' here) 109 (|pi*l? s 25 25 4 9 Ez2 3 DO'f "$ "OS) (acc.to others, 4 in these four passages, remnant, residue) Dn 1 1
13

TtON subst. gentloness, used only advera. as adverb, accus. 1 K 2 1 27 JBX IJ.jW and he (Ahab) went about softly (sc. in penibially:

Am

tence);
v.

b.

with p of norm or state


2

(as

in

til.

"N1N n.pr.m.

Ch7

12

ins adj. another, to quite dub. ; Be thinks avoid naming Dan (cf. Gn 46 21 Nu 26 42 ) on account of the narrative Ju 1 7 f. Ot identifies with DnnE* 8 s
).

(ident.

& meaning

S 18 6 "9^ ^"0*6 (deal) gently nB5b, {>) for me with the young man, Is 8" the waters
of Shiloah

0$

D^'nn

that go gently; with

11 "D'n a word pretonic qames Jb 15 '^V BNp with sf. Gn 33" (spoken) gently with thee
;

and I

^Np
to

n^q?riK will lead on gently

(lit.

ac-

trnnN

n.pr.m. a son of Benjamin

Ch8'

cording

my

gentleness).
cf.

(perh. corruption of

DynX Nu26

38

,cf.also ''HX).

tQDtSK]

vb. shut, shut up (Mish. DDK,

pt2N

32
Ar. Itl
contract,
list

DOW
stop,

stoppage,
li>l

Aram.

nt?t<;

Jon
(33

s
.

c.

+nt<P"
?)

t<

Je 5 7 upon what ground 1


f

fortress;
etc.

As.

headgear,
rriDCK
s8

Pi. aci.DCK

D1 WN lsi Pri7*+2t.; ;jas. D'OEK

afamu, in

of
4

super quo

how

= <ur&<m?
t.;

) Qal
i

coalesces into one word, v.

With other adverbs, % '"a'tf, naa'X, nB^.


^K,
cf.

Ez 40

16

+2

K6

HWI

(lengthened from

?n
;

&

nan)

Au,
p&ss.

17

ears 21' 3 Is33 is ;


cf.

= closf!d (i.e. narCo)


5

<o;>, obj.

lips

Pr

rowed, narrowing, 1626 D'BCS cf. 40" 4i ;

<S in

'K JliJipn
">3i^n
1

Ez
4
.

D'DW

K6

Hiph./m2?/!i.q.QalD??S^g8

(juss.

with sense

of indie, cf. Dr smob*-) of adder, stopping ears, sini. of wicked.


'

5 interr.adv. Where P Gn i8 9 i9 2 2 7 the most term expressing this idea, used of both gen. persons & things (but never with a verb [contrast nfa^Nj); oft. in poet. or elevated style, where 18 19 the answer nowhere is expected, Is 33 36 15 19 23 M 37 51" Je 2 (cf. Dt 3 2 *$) 1 7 37 Jb s he wandereth abroad for bread H*K (saying) Where
, 1

is it? 2 1

28

Zc
2

(Dn-n>K); in the (iron.) phrase

pt2N

n.[xa.]

thread,
84,liR-

yarn (etym.
Talm.NJIBK,

un-

where

is

thy (their)

God? t^42 411 79 10 115 2


an earnest
in.

known; onform v. Ges


cord, rope; so

K3VJJK,

3)

cstr.

tfnfO ' Pr

68 quiry Je2 J0D35

(KJT1K)

Jo

17
;

rhetorically, of
10
,

or longing IS63 1115

Ju6 13

f\

-*

t[Ht3K] " T
3

vb. shut up, close, bind (Ar.


'\io\

Tp
Is

(Aram. TO,
;

1. interrog.

How? Gn

l' [pron. dch])

adv.

26 s

614

K 12

11 bend,

curve,
fs.

Qal Impf.
Ezr
1642

Wn

what surrounds, encloses) 16 nsa *by '" ba). ,/, 69


(rra
?)

T"tt2N n.pr.m. (binder


2

a chief of Jews

Ne

2145

io 18

t^tSM adj. shut up, bound (NHIKiK, lame) i6 a j an bound, reSyip>~\i 's {?'{< J u jis 20
stricted,

as to his right hand,

i.

e.

left-Jianded.

PM]

in Syr. in cpds. as ((Jl,A:


-

JL,j'how?

bg ia>2 .

c As- at M) wJl0

wjMt A
sf.

+1 inter.

with impf. (esp. in 1 ps.) in an s s34 Jos 9 7 2 S 2 s2 12 18 \ff expostulation Gn 39 44 11 4 137 Is 48 for how should it be profaned? (l)iONn ytt how canst or dost thou (do you) 15 11 Je 2 (cf. 8 8 rcw) 4 8 14 Is i 9 say...? Ju 16 28 17 in an indirect sentence 2 K 17 Je 36 \jf 18 2. as an exclam. How! whether RU3 " Je 2 21 18 Mi 2 4 or of of lamentation 2 S 1 ; 9 4lJ Je 48 s9 51 41 Ob 5 al.; with Is i 4 satisfaction 19 how terintensive force=/iow gladly! Je 3 6 others render here 'for how ribly! 9 (but should I do'? etc.) [else]
al.

20 6

oft.

rog.adv. where?
form,
v.
is

a. so with

HS'K

Sta 1856bs]

Gn

3";

[a verbal
2
20
,

trCN
adv.
.

(from

''K

and H3

= nb

cf.

As. ekiam)

Ex

poet.

where

37" rd. and the place thereof

he?=he is nowhere Jb 14 10 20 7 (Je 17 Qr n); DJK Na3 (in indirect qu.)

is not known, D'X whire they are. Idiomatically, with the sf. anticipating the noun to which it refers (Ew sa09(: , cf. Dr

1 interrog. In what manner ? rim Tp6na>; (rather more definite than y$:=*fic;) Dt i'12 7 17 12 30 18 21 32 30 Ju 203 (indirect sen8 16 2. exclam. How! tence) 2 K6 Je8 ^73". than TO) Is i 21 Je 48 17 (slightly more emph.

La
cf.

1 '2

4
13

3.

Where?
7
',

(prob. north-Isr.;
Cf.
1

B-.'.a.M) 2

i3
,

non-Tibp

VS

wfo> r(

>

king of Hamath ? (|| Is 37 W*) I s i 9 Mi When used alone, or with other adverbs
13

t fo>, >2

the
10

Aram.
2

only

K6

*$% U*!' where?


Kt Ct i

each time
v.

Br ""- "& >)


an indirect

in

sentence.
(v.
16

to ' infr.),itis contracted

Gn 4 Dt32 37 1 S26
n'N.) "

"hrrtf 2

K6

13

Qr where ?

na'N 3.
'K

3 Qr. (The more usual form is strengthened by the enclitic ni (v. HI,
1

Pr

b.
,

4)

i l

J~

N ir

tnSD^
thus)
I.

(Ct)

(never of a person, exc. Est 7 24 23 (late), & only once 1 K22 [but v. 2 Ch 18 ] with a verb) Is 50 1 66 11 Je 6", in indirect qu. 18 1 S 9 in the phrase T}/}? iTPK wlw.re is ;
where, then
i

How?
[pfrj]

n33^t 3 3
'

only

CV5

(Est) (from Est 8 66


.

&

naa

adv. (from 'K; As. aina,ainu, Arab.


^y>\

'
{

Jj\

where ?

18 23 ti way (that) 13" 9 *-24 2. prefixed to other adverbs or Jb3&' the


. . .

whence ?) only in the com,

'2

K3

Ch

pound pM? ]7

them an interrog. force prons., thus a. H]PK which (of two or more)? only Ec 2 3 ii* (late), in indirect qu. b. tnfl?"' N
't?

imparts to

i 16 e.g. (2 _, njp K); used in a rhet. or poet, style (where 13 $ RUB njo-'N would be too prosaic) Nu 1 1

Gn

whence? Gn 29 4 42 7 (syn. 13 9 17 Jb 1 S 30 ) Ju 17 19

i"W?~
'

X
2

whence have I
for that

flesh etc.

K 6s

wlience

riK3

1 ; qu. Ju 11 2 , 13* 1 S25 ; with eubst. annexed 2S 15 ntt?" K nriK "Vy lit. whence, as regards city, art thou ?

(p?D= hence; v. sub HT) Gn 16 S 30'3 2 B i 313 Jb 2 2 in'indirect


1

Je 30" Alas

njlD"'^

day

is

great

VltoS J?KO whence

is its

like? (see also II. ]) ad fin.) 2 gi2.i. j n an j n(ij rec t sentence

Na 3' ^121' Jb
J0S2 4
(cf.

RJ^PB

iS25")-

33
fr. I. where ? or |?X) |S adv. (contracted 10 whither? I S 10" (cf. 27 @ X, v. sub b ad

rra^
<z7 to, treat

as enemy

Ex

s2

23

(E, Gov't code)


else-

5 Kt only besides in +1$?'? whence ? 2 (Qr f?KD); +JNI? of time to wAa/ jw&l ? **> 2 forca ? Jb 8 With h focaJe : ^(a)whither ? Gn
s0

fin.);

fT^prHJ

'rrai

where Pt.

i8i8B Term vk
; ||

T'^N-nK $^n (roM.*);


btof

fjjjj

i3 in indirect sentence Jos tltn


2
19
;

i6 8 32

ls

2S2

13

2K6

Isio 3

^i39 +9t.;
16
;

77

usually as subst. & mostly sf. 5 sonal foe Ex 2 3 4 (E KJS* v )

enemy, of perNu 3S 23 (P) 1 S


27'
2
8

2*

Ne

= where? (6)
PI3X

19

17

(cf.
(||

18 29) 24 520

8 20 2S4 1K21 Jb

f 54
Pr 16 7
15'-'
10
;

(c)

in

the

pbrase
-5
;

HJN1

55M
24''

Hjfetp;
;

any

toftttfter

ti

K 2 3642 2 K 5
1

opp. ^p, in sim. Je 30"


24

jnD v") Mi

how long ? tEx


6

6 s8
2

Nu

I4
'

(d) of time, n:xnj) ,tu Jos 18 3 Je

national enemy, sg. n

Ju 16 s321
;

(3%

1130)
;

of public

coll.

Ex

4 7 (sq. t6) rib i V i3 common than the syn. T1?

22

3 '3

t6) 62 4 Jb 18 2 19 2 (less
(c.

Dt^f Na3 2Ch6 +


more
oft. pi.

personif.
71

Mi7"9

Ex

s2

23

Dt

4S

*iy).

6 19 Je 15 9 34

(E) Lv 2 6 (H) Nu io 2021

(P)

of enemies of God,
<5

tnfeW (from 'X & ns here) adv. 1. where? Gn 3 7 1S19 22 2S9 Is 49 Je 3 2 Jb 4 3 8 Ru 2 in indirect sentence Je36 (less common
16 4 21 7
19

19

than nK, used of persom [contrast .]"^] and with a verb [contrast >V.8]). 2. of what kind?
i"1

io 35 (J) Ju 31 1 S S i8 19 ^66 3 68'~ Na i 28 Is 66" + as 30 24 20 ,010 + morally supreme Jb 13 33 V'37 92 of God as enemy of rebellious people Is 63', in sim. La 2 46
as protector of his people
26

Nu

(qualis?) only

Ju8".
10

tra'
betw.

n.f.

enmity'X Gn

15

fill.
Ec,!l49

")

"W interj.(soinKabb., v.De Kohl97 Wr Ec 4 ^ M (written in MT alas (late)


I

na'X Ez 25 15 35 s

enmity,

+2

t.;

cstr.

personal hostility,
serpent

men Nu35 2l22(P), betw.


Cib\0

as one

word) alas for him (Ew

!309c
),

the one,

Gn

3 (J), betw. peoples

15

& woman rm? Ez 25" 35'.


unknown Thes
;

who

falleth, etc. (i.e.

who

falleth alone)

io 16

n.i^N n.pr.m. Job (meaning


VS'tt
;

tlV. N&$ adv. not (frequently in Rabb., as T-"3X 'N impossible; and in Eth. the ordinary 16M8; negative; cf. Ph. <K CIS'", and in 30 , 167,11 the non-innocent. As. at) Jb 22 i?5"' ^

obj. of enmity, cf. for pass.

Bense *TO?

Ew
cf.

^K

comp. Ar. i_XI lie who turns (to God); but Di on i all dub. cf. Lag BN9) Jb i>"'
l
;

4 8t.Jb;

EZI4

14 - 20
.

"Hi 23 \S

(1

S 4 21 ), "Ttl3"', M

(1

S 14 3 ) n.

TN,1v.W.

pr.m. (inglorious), son of Phinehas (explained 21 1 S 4 by ^ni^D "rtU ^bi glory is gone into
exile

n^
T

v.
v.

in.
''s.

re, sub *.
,,s

from

Israel).
1-

n"N
168

v.

in. rm.
v. ib.

?3rM n.pr.f. (sense uncertain, CIS

there

TP, HSNt*. nDD^N

occurs the n.pr.f. 5>2?ni>JD Baal exalts % oris husband tol [v. JsjJ], of which blVX is conjecto be an intentional alteration, tured by made for the purpose of avoiding the name Baal. If so, 'X suggested to the Hebrew ear

^*, Vhs, rb$&, $h$, ]^,


d ?^, n ?"^.
1 1

dVm,

DHM

^"^
f
88
5

etc v
-

^N

perhaps

tV'M a.m. help


"SiJjWfc
in sim. '
eo

the idea oiun-exalted or un-husbanded), queen of Ahab, daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre 5 7 1 16 31 18 41319 i 9 2 2i + ; 2 9 +.

Lag

(loan-word ""' 81' 175 No01


,
.

from Aram. JU/

*
20

626

) only

'-

M? 1?:3
"
:

I.

^N a.m.

isle, coast, v. I.

S"I}N.

tfn^l^N] T
(||mn>).

n.f. id.

sf.

V'^ V' 22

my

/teifc

II. l^N* nought, v. p. 34.

D^K
"$pM
T
-r
.

cf *.
-

B!i28 Talm. D' <myi/ Lag ).

v.

ir?t.

-ran***

v. 1.

m. TT
w
),
;

terrible, of adj. terrible, dreadful D'X Hb i 7 ; of d'gnifi ed Wn Chaldeans

to s X

Jtjti)

[^^] vb.behostileto(As.ai'6tt(v.Dl Ex 23 s Ft. a** enemy = 3*) Qal Pf. Y%&f\


283

woman, awe-inspiring

ni73"l23 nQJ_K

Ct 6 4W

tnO^N
As. imtu,

,,

n.f. terror,

(3*)
f.

Ex 15 + sf.^K^K) 2S 22 =^i8 +; 4 810 l^k Ex 23 +, etc.; pi. ^3h Mi 7


; ;

19

18

D1 W

EttJIJlfc ,/,

68

24

127

D^N ^ 139

22
,

etc.;

be hos-

W2B "); cstr.np'SPr 20 sf. IT^H! E (cf Ges "- V1DK Jb 33 7 etc.; pi. D^S Je 5o :s B^U 23
2
;
,

)-'N Gn

dread (Talm. id., cf. , Ex 15" i 5 + ;

"

DWiH
Jb 20a nto'N
;
||

34
16

f 55

s
;

sf.

dread (mostly poet.), 25 34 s1 s; (song inj; ins) 23 (E) Dt 3 2 Jb 9 13 cf. 7 17 2^P * 88" (|| D^\n, DT11V3 v ); cf. Gn 33 15" rcrflj nj'w'n TO'X; occasioned by enemies
;

TSS ^ 88 ;terror, ^ Ex 15 inspired by

fa

Gn 37", 6 Ex

22 1 , DB>

Ex

30
,

D5

s
,/,

14

etc.,
31

16

Jos

2' Is

18

33

njo nlcx
dile

Ezr 3 3 ; by king Pr 20 s ; cf. ^ 55 s 6 njn, nrcVa v ); pred. of (|| nxv,


10
,

but even for emphasis prefixed to it, as Gn 1 9 15 1 16 6 9 8 40 *tf!K PX -in'B* 41" Ex 5 JU13 14 i6 19 MI 24 ) if however it be thus brought to the (so end of a sentence, or be disconnected with what 5 follows, it stands in the absol. form, as Gn 2
:

snorting of a war-horse Jbso/

of teeth of crocodreadful, shock-

noixn 12V? pX mXI and man there was none 5 to till the ground, Lv26 37 px *ITl1,Nu20 2K
d. sometimes the subj. 19 Ho 13 Mi 7 . has to be supplied from the context thus (a) 4 ti S9 and they passed through the land of Shaalim pXI and tliey (the asses) were not (lit. and nought /), esp. after vbs. of waiting or
3 4 s
:

Jb4i
1

6
;

pi. fig.

= idols
(|| 5

(i.e.

38 ing things) Je 50

D^D3).

TD , E' N
v"
(').

n.pr.in.pl. TZznim. (terrors) ancient

inhab. of Moab

Gn

(tWXH)
v.

Dt
"X.

10

('xn) ;

L
II.

[]?N].

i^ D w^ce ?

sub

PK, P& cstr. PX subst. prop. nothing,


23

21 9 6 25 17 seekinglssg" ^6 9 Jb 3 Is4i Ez7 Pii 4 4 4 7 *S in the midst of us is 20 13 (|S) tEx 17 20 20 .'pX-DX or not f Nu 13 (y)tJu 4 l* PTjetn then thou shalt say, There is not, iK i8 10 i Sio 14
; ; ;
. . .

(&)

nought (Moab. JX, As. idnu). 1. tls 40 fn'ian pXp D'JrtT who bringeth princes to nothing ;

Gn 30 die, Ex
-

Jb 33 s3
(late),

give me children, pX~DX1 and if not, 32 1520 6 10 2 S 17 (v. Dr) 2 2 3 2 Ju 9 e with subj. not expressed, once

tW|

a* no^jny,

ib.
!

40

17

41"" Hg 2

^39;
24
.

almost (|| CyD|) ^ 73 ; +pxt? of nothing Is 4 I 2. cstr. pX, very freq. as particle of negation, is not, are not, was not, were not, etc. B* q.v. Similar in (corresp. to the affirm.
usage, though not etym. akin, are ,jllJ, fiv, ' .' hA, fiVP:), prop. there is nought of sq. a subst. or a pron. suffix [verbal form,
. .

5 x ? 5$ PB] and (it) was not 15 f. once, Jb35 the earth. with the touching finite vb.; but rd. here "Jp3 PX '3 (the usage of

Dn8

in Heb.)

JLJj, cited by De, does not justify the anomaly Je 38 s the impf. may be due to the
fact that

(WK

Qggjioo.SiW.icj^j^ rjyx, yyx, n|j%, oarx, D3 ,x alsp V' 59" toy, 73 5 to^'K): twice ab,

no ptcp. of ?3J was in use, and a relat. The king is not (one tacitly supplied On Ex 3 2 that) can do aught against you.' 169d i6* aB 6 Ew* 3. ? pX, with subst., seeGes

must be

'

normally, in late Heb.; anom. "3K PX, "?. PS Ne 4 17 (so sts. Tiff, fc^, No"-"- 296); once,' in1 denying existence correctly, JIN Hg 2 6 10 absolutely Is 4 4 4 7 'Jtp pX </tere is none that
'

or pron., there is (was) not to ... .. have, has, 30 Fl? px she had no etc. not : Gn 1 1 had, child, *v}
.

seeth me,
</<re is

lit.

nought of one seeing


else

me

"ity
.

px
b.

none

Dt 4 39

K8

60

Is 4 5

6 - 6l8!B

Nu 2 7 9 MS v PX'DtO and if he have no daughter + oft.; withaptcp. bt22 il Je 14 30 49 5032 5 ^ 142 Lai 2917 Ex22 2 i^ f&O* if he have s6 nought, Dn 9 y? pxi and have nought (or none).
16
17 s
;

more commonly, in a limited sense, there is none here or at hand Ex 2 12 and he saw PX -, 3 B"X that <Aere was no man (sc. there), Nu 2 1 6 Gn 524 *3yxi and he ia no* (of Enoch's disap;

u 4. in circumst. clauses (Dr 5164 ): (a)Ex2i she shall go out free *[B3 px without money, 22 9 HX"1 pX none seeing
it,

Nu

Ho 3

'7

^32" 88 +.

13 pearance from earth) 42 one (cas.pend. as oft.), 36 30 lie is not, v oft. ?s (or has) vanished Gn 37 ; 40 14 10 12 24 19 1 K 20 Is 17 V37 103" Jb 8 2 4 27 C. with the sense determined by a predic. fols9 39 lowing : Gn 37 Joseph was not in the pit, 4 1

(6)

32 IS47 J2 Dt 3 2 a God of

II

faithfulness ?)$ PXI

and no

iniquity, i.e. with.

out iniquity, Je 5 21 Jo I 6 i/' 104 25 (c) very oft., in such phrases as T^HSJ PXI with none to 6 31 affright Lv 2 6 (12 t); 'n331?' pxi Isi al.;

+ oft.; Ex 5
ll>

ing you where duration has to be expressed Gn $g m Dt2i Is i 16 Je7 16 or intention Gn 207 DX . ,V[ 3'B'p IJ'X if thou art not restoring her,
, .

fan D3^> |ni |J^J / am not giv . straw ; and so often with particip.
10

V*Q
and
is

pxi 5
'?, it is

f,

etc.
.

59

(Dri'
i.e.

)'.

S.'with

inf.

not to.

.:

(a) like
1

oiie lariv, it

not possible to...

(cf.

sub
2

B'.' .

and

X?),

but
pXI

hardly exc. in late Heb.;

Ch 20 6
.

^V

l ) 1 ! '- ! '!'r'

is

s 15 17 know, 43 Ex 8 33

not 2>ossible

to

v.

Dr

1S7

Ju 1 2 3

(idiomatically, after DX; 17 Toll. once pleon.by & 135

Treated as a mere part, of negation, PX may vaiy its position in the sentence, the subst. which should strictlystand in thegenitive being not only separated from it by a little word, as

with thee, 22 9 Ezr9 16 Ec 3 14 out 7, yjf 40 6 TJB "n^J? f*X ovk ea-Ti jrapa^dWfiv there is no need to ... 1 Ch 23 s6 G$? (/3)
, DXB'7"f X for the Levites also

stand (in conflict) 2 Once withEst4


001.

Dj|

to bear 2

Ch

11

16

35

(v.

Dr'

i/<ere 2021
).

was wo

ec?

6. with

35
prefixes
:

^r N
|*1 na'X
cf.

want

of,

without

a. t P*?3 prop, in defect of: (a) for Pr 5 s3 he will die ">DVS P^3

Mi 6
v.

10
.

(On the actual


'H.

size of ephah,

na).
rTE',

for lack of instruction, 11" flfenn pN3 with4 22 20 18 out guidance, 14 15 26 29 Is 57 1 Ez 38";
cf. S<?3.
(/3)

sub

of tiine
b.

M.,Aei

there
10

was
-

not
for

Pr

8.
ft

(were)
c.

tP?|

Is 59

tfjgy f-Nf poet,


1

D3TI

HJ 13^3
10
.

(cf.

Ew* 286 * Ges* 152


29
;

B^K, ti'lK (Stem assumed in Thes for E^K existence & mng. somewhat dub. Thes (Add) & most derive t^K fr. [$] /# (q.v.)
;

'").

+ pxb
2

ft (a) for
10

|U"I^
(/9)

Ne 8 14 not... (7 of state,
Ch
that not
.
. .

in late prose IS40 in the condition of

In favour are pl.D'BOK, fem.n^K=[rie>Mjt], lack of proven E^X, & lack of clear parallels for Vhtt in cogn. lang. Against the deriv. of B"K

v.

sub 7)=without or so

fr.

inS

is

the vocalization ft, and that fully

(peculiar to Ch),

trees "1BDO

psp without

Ch 2 2 4 cedar 12 number, 2 Ch 1 4 and


1

written, not

),

maintained even with

guff.,

there

fell

of the Cushites

TWO DH^T^
alive,

so

that they

had none remaining


(y)

20

25

the (rare) pi. O'E^X, the impossibility of deriving B"N & neK from same (n&*K fr. ^ol), the existence of K*13K as parallel form, and the

PN?

18 KETp so that there was no carrying away, 21

(exceptional)

parallel

Aram. E"N

(Inscr.
||

of

Ezr 9 14
there

H{n8

(see *>

"VI),

Ch 36 16 until
, 13

vmsno remedy (cf. PX "13? V 4 2 pND (a) (P? causal) from lack of. Is 50 11 32 v. IP) prop, away Je7 19 (ft) (p? negative, from there being no (with pN pleon., cf. V3D, and pt< V 31?), i.e. so that not. ., without, mostly epexegetical of some term expressing
d.
. . . . . .
.

J D 5 9 )-

Carpentras), also Ar. JjLLo! (cf. Fray) ,_Jjl ; MI, SI, Ph. bk are not decisive ; Sab. has both DDN & DD3N ; the former app. Bi, N, the latter ZK ,88) 360 Eh3N but on former cf. & Sab. Denkm. 37 On the whole, probability seems to
;

= DHM

favour
BA.rriei

B"N

Thes gave mng.


_

comp Ag
;

&

n.pr. K'Kini

be strong; Dl cf DF' pM4 ), ( Lorh F " b 1884 cf. also Prat other;

iganUf strong
-

Is 5 9 Surely many houses shall be oft. desolate SB/V P$K> witi'tout inhabitant, 6"

desolation

wise
BN68
;

DHM
cf.

''*

ZMG1883

330

&

also

Wetzst

in

De p^ ,nen''d 4p
-

esp.

No 2 "0188* Lag
-

888

al.

v.

Je 33

& Zp;
1012

Is 6"
28
;

EZ33

D1H pKD, Je 3 2 nDn: CCJN pso La 3 49 Once sq. inf. Mal 2 13


43
.

also SMK, En3).

so that there is

no regarding more, (y) in Je io" 1i3 pND, pXO is supposed by some to=
to justify this expl. logically;
is
7
-)

&H

2166

a.m. mari (=vir) (MI, * X


'

SI, Ph. CN,


188S-

perh. also Sab. 33oj_/ N abg

DDK cf. Prat ,c but


-,

DHM 2MG
27

Gn

z>

a strengthened P$, even none, none at all; but


it is difficult it is

cgtr ,

Gn
4

25

sf.

^K

and

Gn29
;

32

+,etc.;pl.D'r'K 1/ri4i -f2t.(Ph.DE^);


20 DTJK Gn i2 + fr.12 -/tN q.v:; cstr. 17 ^JS 1 S 23 etc. ;man, opp. ;'sf.
,
-

preferable to point v3 p^D whence 7 like thee ? cf. 30 (So Hi v. Dr


. :

any

^ 3K J u 6 +
i

usually

woman Gn 2 s3 24 Lv 2V27 Nu 5 6 Dt
9 24
1

^N
(so

iSzi'-.t?!
17
yjr

KiGes

prob. irreg. for p Efft""' 2*" Ol" 40 Sta' 1940 ) with B


flfl
);

1 Jos 6 21 8 s Je 40', emph. on sexual distinction & relation Gn

16

38

pleon. (as

num ? v. Dr ad loc.) tnETN s6 ,nDN n.f. ephah (etym.


oi0i
etc., cf.

135 (De, but

>dialect.=Aram. ^,( 8m

PS

'T'tf rin

Ex22 Lv^'^y^r nsffly(nf*i 10 Nu 5 13f Dt 22 s2 ' Jhj 33B> Ti-K) 20


15
'

25

Is 4

thence

= husband, esp.
;

c. sf.

Gn 3 616

16 3

3234

dub.,

36

29 s 45 19 25 Je 29 Ez i6 +
*B
i

Lv2i 7 Nu 3 o 7f Dt28 56 Jui3 8 'Rui 3f iS


fig.

of

as husb. of Isr.

Copt, oipi,
;

Thes Lag
;

oril - 2

&

c it.)

'.

1. a certain grain-measure. quantity of wheat,barley, etc. ten omers ("V?5?) Ex 1636 (cf. in measure of offerings Lv 5 11 6 13 6 is Nu5 2 8 all 'n Nrfff%; rV chomer ("ion)
;

5 ephah,+a

Nu

15

HDNEx i6 36 +

cstr.ns^N

LV19

(opp. V??); man as procreator, 3 father Ec 6 ; of male child Gn 4 cf. EWJS JH| 7 u Lv 2o' s (cf. 1 S i mam, opp. beast ; 7 male of animals D"1K) cf. fig. i^22 but also of
''N

H02

18

Exu
opp.

GnV
Nu23
32

(VWlfl C'S);
19

?nara,

God Gn32 29
'

Ez 45 11
54.24.24

= bath,
Eu
2

J"I3,

liqu. meas. q.v.)

cf.

Is 5

10
; -' 3 -

chiefly of offerings, v. supr.


^5.5.7.7.7.11.11.11.14.

&

S
.

24

S 1 7 17

cf.

17

&

bu< algQ of fo0(J rf J u6 10 Is 5 supr. 2. receptacle

Ez 45 13

32

13

^N);

(|| Dnjn^ ttVjTffl; 1 8 Is 3 i Jb'12 (">Wb? rjri hence in phrases to denote ordinary, cus-

^1 S C^K Kb
Hon
9

Jb

cf.

tomary,

common

tf^

B3B>' 2

14

7
1

(||

V.?

or measure, holding an ephah, in proph. vision 7c 5 6.r.8.9.io. j ugt meagure pnx-na's Lv 19 36 10 11 nB'K 'JHJWD, 'JT'SSK, 'X cf'.Ez45
-

); E'V"^ DIN); D'E-JK (cf. 3 10 u Dt3 but also contr. D"IX ^49 62 ; man,
1722 Dn^ Ez 24

Is 8

(II

pil)

valiant

S 4 99

{Of^ *n?)
2
9

so

K2

cf.

nD^ Dt 25 15 (|| 'XI 'B |3); of unjust measure nsw fl3\X Dt25 14 Pr2o 10 ;;K ptppn Am 8 5 ;
'SI

26

15
;

so b)n

B^K 31'

2S24 iKi^-r;
4 - ,l

also

nipni>D

B^K

49 1416 Jos5 +; Nu3i Dt2 S 2

even of''

7*
Ex
s 15 nonbt? tf'K mn' ;

nouns in
adj. gent.

ap'p.

fn*
2
9
1
,

2", |nb 'S

Lv

Ex* 2 cf. Gn 37 *T$? ,,-u + ; a man as resident 38'* 39" 1 S *7 *30 in, or belonging to a place or people Nu 25
1
1

Gn DnD 'K E*K Gn 39


'

prefixed to other 3033 BBfen T& 'K Ex , 42


ft,

Je 3 8 7

partic. bef.

1119

adv. (perh. from the same demonstr. 7[!S! 1. surely. 2. root found also in '3, H3, J3). with a restrictive force, emphasizing what follows: a. in contrast to what precedes, howbeit; b. in contrast with other ideas generally, 1. asseverative, often introducing with only. emphasis the expression of a truth (or sup-

Ju

io'
!1

4S l4 67 31" cf. Jos7 +; alsosg.coll. Dt27 Jos9 Ju 20 1 S 1 1 8 (v. Dr) + 2 S 1 o 6 8 (ato '*) (so MI 10ls = retainers, followers, soldiers 1 S 18 27 ); mn
-

+ (soPh.);

usually pi.
;

V^^SiS 7"
;

23

sf

24 25 +cf.Dt33 sg.coll.v.Di;
l

,s

D^N E>'N
1

man o/Cod^proph. Dt33 J0SI4

S9"

K
26

I2 is '+(v. DViIsk); in phrase sq. abstr. 7*} 0HJ, 'x nonfiD 'k v. supr.; ran? ' Dt32 25
,

own
i
s

67

cf. v. 8,

Sy^an
31

'n 2
;

s 1 6 7 njo "k
,

k2
),

DDn 'S

^ 1 40

12

Pr3
,

sq.

word of occupation,

etc.m'B"K

B^
1

Gn 25 s7

nD-lNn'K
(cf.

flftoHMtoft
J2
;

20
,

"ITISV

20

23 Dr) v OlfeS 'S2S E*N Aw counsellor Is 40", cf. ^"in fc*M 24 oft. distrib.='eac/, ffjl ' Pr 18

Gi^cf.Zc 1 3
,

'

anointed of * is before him 25 Je 5 ifr 58 113 but also in other cases, though rarely, 73 6 14 Jbi6 7 18 2 ; Is 34"-" Zp 3 7 ^23 139" 140 1S 13 & rather singularly Ex 1 2 31 Lv23 27 39 (all P). 2. restrictive : a. in contrast to what pre4 cedes, howbeit, yet, but: G119 howbeit, flesh 12 with the life thereof. ye shall not eat, 20
21 4
!

posed truth) newly perceived, esp. in colloquial language, surely, no doubt (dock wohl) Gn 26 Kin <i|ns>K nan *]X of a surety, lo, she is thy 24 39 s8 6 14 wife 44 Ju 3 20 1 S 16 surely the 29
;
" !

12

'

l8l?<

Jeio 24 Ex2i si LV21 23 27 26 Nui8 1517 2S3 6 correct me, BE^OS^S but with judgment, Jb2 24
13
;

every

Gn
1

10 s
3

40" Ex

I2 3

incl.

women

Jb 42"
also E*S

Ch

tjnjpS?

&t6
;

16 iyi thxg bxyj) vfojrt$ pfeji 3036 '; nflk; of inanim.' things iK^
; ;

15 13 ; sts. with anadvers. force, as Is 14 43 before an imper. (minimizing the request), Gn 13 23 only, if thou wilt, I pray thee, hear me 13 Juio 15 1S18 17 iKi7 13 al. So iS8 D 27
;
!

16

Ex 34 3
gods
vntc
(v.

3:!4

EK Ex 3 6 4 Nu 4 1949 Ez i4 47 + any one + also E^tjt B*K Lv 15 2 2 2 418 + of


1

33

= Is 36

18
;

one... another "E^K


i
,
,

ttTTII

'3 7]K b. in contrast (v. '3; and cf. nXi/v on), 32 to other ideas generally: (a) Gn 7^ i8 ^]N Dysn only this once (so Ex io' 7 al.) 34 15 Ex 1 2 16

'n'ljrns

y in) of inanimate things

itw injn-ns eta] nK-nsEx32 27 .&* Dt i 16 Mi 2 (v.'nN),>nj)T...^KGn n M +

Gn

10

15

tfWfi-ttT'M n.pr.m. Ishbosheth (for B"N *3J?3 man of Baal v. OB*!, i$?3 & Di*"-**BA^ ,nne1881 1. son of Saul, & king of Isr., with ) 12 David as rival 2 S 2 swnM u " also v

8 ro^tsn "6 (note accents), 1 S 18 1\V) and there yet remains for him only the kingdom, 6 14 ^X 'I? ^S only in thee is God 2 1 Isa 45 8 62 s etc. Jb 14 22 ; 37 fret not thyeelf f
!

>

(which leadeth) only to do he that withholdeth more than


int}{
"liDnipp

evil,
is

Pr meet
s

W
"H&

24

4?*,
;

Dr cf. We;= SyaUJN 1 Ch S'V9


23",

cf.also 2. 2
aB'''

S
2
.

Dr

nK>3& N* for n3E>3 one of Dvd's heroes v. qne*


rd.
!

where

so

We
27

23 16 (tendeth) only to penury, 14 21 22 ; itself closely to the foil, word (/3) attaching (usually an adj., rarely a verb), only, i.e. ex10 clusively, altogether, utterly Dt 16 and thou
s9 shalt be n ?E' t]N altogether rejoicing, 28 (cf. Isa 16 7 DKM ~i\X utterly stricken, 19" t*P!) Jei6 19 nought but lies, 32 30 Ho 12 12 Jb 19 13 y~fi

Ch 1 1 11
a

of Manasseh

TTin C^N n.pr.m. (man of majesty) 18 1 Ch 7


.

man
Prat

D1 of eye (cf. flirt* n.[m.] pupil jjj ^Llll, LOFh.7.1,.1*^ but alg0 Ar
t

HA9

& No

are wholly estranged (wifh play on c. as an adv. of time (with inf. 30 K3 lb'JJ] 3pj: N N'r ] aba.), twice Gn 2 7
"i\X

^3N

cruel).

only just (or scarcely) had Jacob gone out,


.

mow*.

HP13 'K ^ 17

,)_/

a]1 C8tr8

_f y
:

'

Dt 32 'o
n"?;*?

pr7S

= middle, midst of night n"?SKl


i.

of preciousness); (in all, sim.

and ( = when) Esau came in, Ju 7 19 ^) thrice Gn 9 5 and only (second limitation of v3); Nu
:

'K3 Pr

7";

20 15" '"3 20 Kt p^N3 v.' Now).

e.

in deep darkness (Qr

22 20 but only; Jos 22 19 but howbeit. Note. In some passages the affirmative and restrictive senses agree equally with the context; and authorities read the Hebrew

differently.
16 yirPN Ez 40 Qr
" ,

Thus only = nought

is
v.

JVT1N

sub fWN.

adopted by Ges
1
'

Ew

but, altogether,

Hi De
s -7

in

23

62 10

,,

N, ?N' rv
,

v. ntc with.
1.

iojvn

v.

"k sub

mn.

l^^nNv.tnv

(Che surely); by surely); by Ew Hi in 73 18 (De Che surely); by Ges Hi 14 De in 139" (Ew doch). Isa45 Ges Ew Hi Di only ; but De Che of a truth.
73
;

13

Ges

Ew De

byEw Hi De
in 39
12

in 39

(but

Hi Che

13M
tl3Kn.pr.loc. Akkad Gn io 10 Wtn WJTJ :iwr jnsa n^si/Ni ijt$j boa ta&eo; name of
a
city

37
18" consequences of action, good or bad Pr I Ho io 13 cf. ystpa-nx ^3N-D3 bl&\ Gn 3i u i.e. he has reaped all the benefit, cf. Ho 7*; of
fig.
31

in

Northern

Akkadi, mostly

name

also of city, v. Hilpr.

Bab. (?) Babylonia; of land or district, but Fre,brl,!fNobI '' ul !io loca:
'

=
;

, -

tion uncertain; on possible identif. or confusion

8o* Hiph., & As. akdl al dkul, bikitum kurmati food I ate not, weeping (was) my refreshment

mourner,

'^K

Dr^3

1SS<

,/,

IC 2 10

(cf.

with Agade (Agate, Aganel), city of Sargon I, r 198 cf. Dl & KI9f COT Gn io 10 Tide 00*"- 76 ''*
1-

Hptun-ifcLw^BH^. of gotl8i partak = destroy Dt 7" ing of sacrifices Dt32


.
38
;

swn, anan t

v. ata.

(cf.

Nu

fig.

cf.

Je

o 2S 30 16 50 7

beasts, birds, etc., eat, devour;


v.

TOR

"nt3*,

ninttM
-

no.

1K13
locusts
;

28

14
I

11

16 4 21 2324
2

BfaN n.pr.m. kingofGath i S 2 i ,ll21315 + 39 I5t.i S27-29+ 1 K2 (perh.cf. Jfco^'anijrer).


4

7DN
Nu
2
i

vb. eat (Ar.

Jiff,

As.

w akdlu Dl
;

A1B4'; moth Jb tt 28 flies f 78 worms Dt 28 39 also Ez i93 - 13 34 717 (of Isr. under fig. of lion), cf. Je 50 51 8 also Ho 13 (of' under fig. of lion), Ez 2 2 25
2

Jo

Ho2 +
14

Ho 7 2. of Gn 37 20 33 40 "
7
.
'

17

specif,

of

13

Cb.7

cf.

OtS?
3.

^??., f false

s8 Aram3?^>i r) Qal P/. ^?? Ex 34 + 28

n^3S;

fig.

of

fire,

proph. under fig. of lion). 3 devour, consume Lv 6 (sq. 2 ace.


fr.
''
1

+,

etc.

Impf. bg*>
;

Gn4 9 27 +

^h
18
;

consume offering to ashes)


partic. of fire

Gn z$*+; fe*$ Gn 3 6 + !$* Lv zi 22 -)-; b?K Gn 2 4 + 59*5 27 s3 !*) Is 44"; $&% Gn 33 a.ii. Dti8 + jpLtfto* Gn 3 2 +; 3
33
;

Lv

101214 2 K i 2 Ch 7 Dt 5 m of fire at Sinai;


;

Na3 IS5 (in sim.), io 2 16 26 Ju 9 15 ' 1 K 18 38 t cf. Am. i*mmu 2 5 +


.

13

24

of

''

as fire (in
'3
;

judgment)
Is io' 7

etc.

(for
sf.

Co);

^ #
'

%#

Dt4

24

Kin rfyak B>N


27 - 30
14

''

prtSlfJ

cf.

Dt 9 3

Ez 42
6

rd.

1^V!%

l^N'

Ew
etc.,

Lv7 +;
Jb 2026
,

Da}^

la 33"

VV?3Nfl prob. also

form

fr. 1&1 (Ew '^Di) 1 389 or Po'el, Ki De MV; Imv. ; >Pi., Thes Kb 16 4 b'OX 1 i8 + etc.; Inf. abs. ^3N Gn 2 +
-

either as secondary 68 1 or text, error (Ges* )


-

4. of sword, 33 (||D^y'Hi?iD). (lh3) 3O 42 26 25 8 1 1 1 8 Ho 1 1 Je devour, slay Dt 32 2 S 2 s> i2. 16 2 c jI2 f devastation of land Is I 7 Je 8 5. in genl. devour, consume, destroy (inanim.
.

subj.) of

drought
;

Gn
;

40

31

of pestilence
' '

Ez

15

cstr.

bb

Nu

26'+

2 t.;

bbvb

Gn

24

33

rtat

S 18 8 cf. Lv 26 s8 P.? ?$ *b?X) ne 3n je 3 24 ( v ryfa). e. fig.' of D3'3;n of 14 14 oppression, devour the poor, etc. Pr 30 Hb 3
of forest 2
;
.

Je 12 9 ; 24'"+
,

+ oft.;
(ea< q/j

+ some cr from) EX34


of,
43f

6 Pt. b:k (Sofc) Gn 39 njofc Ex 19 1. eai, human subject Gn 3" etc. 35 also sq. ~p? ; mostly c. ace. Exi6

cf. Vr

14
1

of bitter enmity
s2 ).

,-

lfef71K !>3$6

f 2 f.
22 s

(cf.

Jb

tNiph. Pf
2,
;

bj*y[ cons.
12
,

Ex

15

Ru2
6

,4

-|-;

sq.

(eat

act of worship Dt 12 718 I4

of or at) Ex i2 ; abs. Dt 2 + ; as Gn 31 54 (cf. 46 ) Ex 18 12 24" 34 15 13 s2 +; cf. of priests Ex 29 Lv io

cf.

^"inn-bs

bm

Ez

18 61115
-

D^n-by Co Dnrapjj (but PS*"emend first 4 by last); eat up, finish eating 28 2 Gn43 (c.ni>3) iKi3 + Dr6 ?3K=takeameal
;

Sem ' K4 N

22"+ 33 would

s5

Impf by Gn 6 + bhm Nu I2 etc.; Inf. 18 7 rbiva Lv 1 1*; 1. abs. i'bNn Lv7 19 Pt. 46 7 I 21 28 29 31 Lv 6 ea<en. by man Ex 12 30 2 9.16.19.S3 j2 2 gl7 Ez45 '; 6 ^6.15.16.16.18 jj41 ^6.7.21 16 21 22 of custom, usage Gn 6 Ex 12 Dt 12 Jb 6"; 19 n 13 34 47 47 17 13 c of permission to eat Lv 7
;

f.

*-

238 2. be devoured 29". neg. beuneatable Je24 3. consumed Zp I 18 3 8 Zc 9 4 Ez 23 s5 by fire, 12 Je 30 16 6 waited, destroyed, of flesh Nu 12
. .

20 24 Gn43 Ex2 1 S20 Je4i 4-J so 'n alone Gn 19 16 'ti = eat, get food Gn 3 43 iS20 + tir\)>
25
1

Pu.

Na
2

Pf. 1??X be consumed with fire 10 i so Pt. (=b3KV (fig.);

Ne

313

cf.

bm

Ew !169d ) Ex

K 4 + Am 7
8
;

5"; 'b 'K

io3

fig.

spend one's life) cf. 12 6 20 i.e./aa< 1 S 28 30 Ezr io cf. Dn 'K Ec4 s waste away); eat WtpaviN (i.e.
(i.e.

12

Ec

3
sf.

by sword
14

Is
6
,

*6
1

Dnbsn ^ 80
; ;

ty. tHiph. Pf. 2 ms. 26 sf. "hb?* IS49 TP^,?1


;
1

20

cons.'is58

words Je

16

(i.e.

Pr qo O

20

:p vibya-N^ ct |T
', :

eagerly receive); of adultery, mex! tv nnnoi rtax t t t t-: it


1

T ?^ ?
1

Ez i6 19
4
;

D'ni)3Sni' C ons.
,

Je 19 9 Impf.

sf.

418 |^ Nu n

etc.; 2

ms. js.
,

|T|

|T

j >

^3Nn
etc.;

1 s.

?$* Hon
i

Imv.

eat (taste)

good fortune,

3*lt33

'K

Jb 21 25

*&*$}
Dt
;

Pr 25 s1

'Stb
;

in eating

v3N! according to his eating, i.e. ace. to his needs Exi2 4 16 1618 also v 21 ; cf. Jb20sl &

7n/:^? ?|'Ez2i S3 (butCoi)nnKqv.); Pt. 1. cause to eat, feed with, 7'3SO Je 23 15 etc.;
,

4
;

sub nb3X

nan b?X

s9

Am 9

sq. 2 ace. subj.

14

enjoyment of results of labour;

fig.

of peaceful of receiving

Jei9
23
15

9
;

abs.
26

Hon

mostly'';
cf.
;

Ex

16 32

8 316
fig.

Ez

Nun

418
6

Je 9"

Is 4 9

19 58" Ez 16

also

+ 80

onb Dni)3Kn

te s
njnp' !

38
ThlZN<"'

THCtVm
I7 '' 8S

^
a

102 10 Qal supr.); sq. ace. pers. + JD but also subj. man Pr 25 21 1 K 22 s7 81",
1

c f.

S[iegfr.]
pi.

Jui 9 s9

rhsnp

Gn2 2 6,

nfetcp Pr 30".

Ch 18*

n$ D $ V^?5?1
n.m.
Gn41
'

ace. pers. only 2

devour, obj.

Ch 28", cf. Ez 2 a sword Ez 21 33 (but on


36

of prison fare ; sq. 2. cause to text vid. Co).


.

tnVfsC
1

n.f. fuel cstr., only tffc'KO l S9 -.

1"JY?S)0 n.f. food-stuff, consisting in D'tSH,

72N
On 41"+;

food (Ar. jtf, Aram.


,

K 5^ (on
t|DK

form

v.

Bo' 416 Sta 1112

*'

2 ).

JOMK, JboV,

As.aAa/MDl w

Eth. Ml&:) 'Xabs.


;

(perh.

from

Wj

cf.

Aram.

ffi

&

j?-n)

cstr.
etc.

^3K Mai 1

Gn4i
,

3548

sf.

;Hex mostly JED,


-

\ij3N LV25 not Ez

37
;

a<J
18

food, food-supply esp. cereals of store in Egypt Gn 4 i 3SJS 12 t.Gn 41-44; 47 24 cf. i4 n ( JE ); 6 28 84 ' also Lv 1 1 25" (P) Dt 2 unity (D);

o//ood Dt

23

q#

(D)

(||

*|D3

'3,

etc.); i>$kn

meal-time Ru 2"; tpoet. i^t.; /ood \^io7 ; of offerings Mai i 12 ; partic. food Jb 12" (as
so ^i45 ; tasted); 36 (as given by God) 23 SP3J a^nb 'K Lai" cf. v"; esp. cereals Pr 13
31
15

D$

adv. with strong asseverative force: a. surely, truly, esp. at beginning of a speech (stronger & more decided than Xfi) Gn 28 16 Ex 2" 1 S 8 2 s323 10 16 32 7 In 1 1 1 ?K 4 8 15 Is 40 45 Je 3 and "J3 (cf. <S X) should stands unusually; b. emphasizing a prob. be read (so Klo). contrast, but indeed, but in fact, esp. after ^"lDK
.

but also flesh V78' 21 of wild animals ^ 1 04 ( spo) (prey) 4 s6 w ravens of eagles Jb 9 39 38 '.
Jo*ri
;
||

Hb 3

17

8 ' 30
;

tt
;

of food of prey

said or thought, expressing the reality, in Is opp. to what had been wrongly imagined, 3 *> 4 4b 49 (opp. to V) 53 (OPP- to v -") Je 3 (opp. nb 19b 7b to the expectation v 3i (opp. ) Zp 3 s 6 7 19 23 7 to v ) Jb 32 (opp. to v ). tov *) 66 82 (opp.

t'lDitf vb. press, urge (Mish.

id.,

Aram.

i"i~l70N
bal force, cf
r$9$j>,
3

n.f. food, eating (with

some ver;

Aofbe urgent,
Qal Pf.
Pr
1

cf.

&>o},

Ar. i_jl5l
*6
||

saddle);
i>EJ)

Dr jrh1"- 217 )
s

only P,

& Ez

always
29

1. esp. in phr. like


39
;

^
D?^
15
.

i.e.

his

rWr) D3^>

Gn I

21

nbpy ( hunger impels him to work.


sf.
21
,

6M

WB vbv '

Efej)

9
cf.

Lv

1 1

so 25

H^"
Ex
-

H?7

n ?^ "$#1;
s

t [*pN] n.m. pressure,


al. rd.

3* Jb

33 (

'Kb fOJ
'
'

Gn

30

16

2. devouring, by

?cf. 13

but

cf.

Di).

wild beasts, only fig. of ravaged people Ez 29 4 1J s 8 10 3- consuming, in fire Ez 39 cf. 35 34 37 46 fig. of 15 , of fire-sacrifice of children 23
> ;

"QK
man

(Ar. J5I dig,


Jo111

till

the ground).

t""GN n.m.

ploughman, husbandcf.
;

judgment

of

'<

Ez 21 37
1

(cf.

also inf. of ??).


v.
fife).

^5^1
(on form

Pr 30

rd. 5>3NJ

&

(Ar.Jlfi, 23 'K sg. abs. Je 51


8

Aram. J*#', Nl? ,{<,


(

Mish.)

+ VTOS)

Am 5

16

pi.
(||

nnax
M?iS)

'tTn'ON

n.f.
1

an

eating, a

meal

K 19

v.Ba 188).
n.m.
10

Je 14 4 31 24 (|| T!SQ Wp:i) '2 Ch 26 Jo i 11 (|| id.), D3*T$K Is6i 5 (|| id.)
r]UJ2N
v. *|Bb.

10

Hb i ) food t^3NE (f. Gn2 9 +2it.; cstr. 5>3MD Gn407 +3t.; 'O 8 sf. l|30 Ez 4 "taxp Hbl ^3KO Pr6 D3i53KO Dn i wfood, in genl. Gn 6 21 1 K io 6 = 4 7 2 Ch 9 Hg 2 opp. drink Ezr 3 2CI1 1 1" Dn
16 16
;

Jul414

I.

7N

(=jT, Ar.

article,

preserved perh.

in following words derived

(or algebra, Alhambra, alkali, alcohol, alcove, etc.)

by Hebrews from through) Arabic-speaking tribes; cf. Eng.

12

10

i"1

!^'?

^^p Jl>33
'

20
;

fig.
16

food for Chaldeans


6

Hb

of peoples as fishes, 9 appl. to fruit Gn 2

tttfaaSM n.[m.] hail (=Ar. JJJS gyp1113 38". sum; cf/sub E>3J) ' 'J?* Ez 13
to" *p ,lil7^| n.[m.J
,

23 20 3 (of tree 1&> 3to) cf. 'T5? Lv 19 Dt20 s Is 62 ; appl. to Ne 9 K Ez 47 ,2: 2 ; appl. to 41 14 honey Ju 1 4 ; to flour 1 Ch 1 2 where appos. 8 nop; to food of ants Pr6 (||Dn^); to baker's

pi. a tree (foreign


:

scure) alw. with


2
7

^S
J|,
:,

perh. sandal- wood


X5?

& ob2

Ch

It]
10
(II

D^i-O D"nK
n

work Gn

40' cf. Ez 4 appl. to carcasses, as 26 2 birds of prey Dt28 V' 79 food for beasts 12 Je y 33 cf. 44 (' f**f, sim. of suffering people)
7
;

10

^ oth "!^ I??;

&

' ^5? 2 Ch (fr. Lebanon); Ophir); cf. v", vid. foil.


id,
1

&

tff'MjV*? n.[m.]pl.
io 11
-

D'?oi)K
12
!

12

(fr.

'Kn 'V Ophir);

K io

^
Gn
1

tTtiWM n.pr. of South-Arab, people (but

D /3NQ n.f.

knife (as cutting instrum.,

or instrument for dividing,

making

small,

cf.

for ^,cf. Di prob. rd. b$ (Sab., god) 20 8 ""- 280 God is loved (?)) Gn io Glas

io !, ,&
2 I ".

Ch

39

h
poet. "b
(cf.
19

taipS^band of soldiers (=Ar. 'pJI, * 8o1 "6 people; so E. Castle, Thes etc., cf. Che**
-

\bj>,

>nj(),

'5

M
29

but only in Job (t 3 n

>text. error for

D^K

Hi

cf.

tl?iri7N
<

n.pr.loc.

(cf.

in southern
(q.v.) 1

Judah Jos 15 30
2' J

Now) Pr30 "& sub lb") city 4 cf. also *VW 19


.
t .

).

with
(5
t.)

suff.

0% D3^K&
Ex
i
19

&, Tfo
dn^K &
2\
]r\"b
t

flfe

etc.

DJ^
yf,

rjnfe

very often), once to^j

(both once jn^K

Ch

of negation (so Ph. e.g. CIS ; Sab. (DHM 01875 696 ), and in the BAram., Eth. AVO: aZ6o, w woA, denying however,

wu

II.

7K adv.

not objectively as a fact (like SO, ni), but subjectively as a wish (like pi), expressing therefore a deprecation or prohibition : a. (a) with a verb, which is then always an impf. (never an imperative), by preference in the cohort, or jussive mood, where this is in use, and

physical or mental). 1. of motion to or unto a person or place Gn2 ,922 8" 14 22 16 9 3 etc., after every kind of verb expressing motion (Ki3 ^il, K, etc.) So with fro to give (though b is 14 here more common) Gn2i 35* Dt 13" + ; 1?D
;

(As. Hi, Ar. Jil), prep, denoting tion to or direction towards (whether

mo-

etc. Metaph. Je 2" ?]^K Wlia nS 37 and that my fear (cometh) not unto thee (cf Jb 31 s3 ). Peculiarly Gn 6 16 TOS b unto the

to sell

36

be of any person or number; Gn 15 1 and often 12 y?"*J(g fear not! 22 f| fl^f^O* put not
forth thy hand, 37
s7

may

And metaph. in the length of a cubit, etc. phrase ^Sp.^K)"^ unto exultation tHo 9" Jb 3 s2 Once, exceptionally (si vera 1.) =even :
.

tar*rtjo* our hand be upon him, 21 16 nN"iK"?K not look upon the death of the lad!

W}
;

and

let
let

not

Jb 5 s Wing! DnSEriw and even out of thorns he


taketh
4
1
'

me
25
s

it.

Sometimes pregnant, as Is 66 17 Je
-

V'

flBfatOK
(rare) 2

let
ss

me

not be
18

ashamed

with

1 pi.

Si3 Jei8 Jom". In an imprecation

njt commit whoredom (by going) to Nu 1 EHT Seek (by resorting) to Ez I6 26 28 29 25 10 one (sc. for oracles) Dt 18 11 Is 8 19 -|-; *OU
-

?K

Gn
i/f

49" Inin-PN have not thou the excellency!


12

109

W: Gn
2

Jb3
8

46

' join together (& come) unto


W
rise early

Gn
24

14
11

3
;

D'aB'n
Tp"i:in

13
6

i8 3

Sometimes strengthened by
al.

(and go)

to

19

27
;

?X

(b)

without a verb,

i
!

21

Ze<

(there be) not

dew &
rVfM)

(a)

made

to kneel

down

not rain upon

at; 47

18

?K DO

i.e.

has

you Is 62 1^83'. (/3) used absol., in deprecation 13 16 27 Gn 19 18 2 S 13 16 (v. sub 2 3 4 6

been made over to;

>N "ins

to

come

in fear to

Hos
(syn.

but possibly to be expl. by Dr* 1521 "; so Th Ke hardly as Ew* 355 ") Ru i 13 "033 b Nay, my daughters, cf. Ju 19 23 (y) after a preceding 14 13 Pr 8 10 a juss. if, an inf. imper. 5 Jo 2 2 abs. 2 7 in poetry ?N sometimes (c) expresses vividly the emotion or sympathy of the poet
: : ;

RVm

(v.

from end

Opp. is I, as mrj3rr{>N nx^n-jo end Ex 26 28 nB'bs fiBO Ezr 9" 2K21" nab ns). And of time
.

Mi 7 17
to

(rare)
13

Am
.

25 njp$ nyo f 1 Ch 9 ns>-b^ Di>D tNu 30 23 s 1 Ch 16 f 96 B*j Di'D). (in the


;
||

(P)

2.
into,
1

Where the
21

86 8 9 tth K&rriw and forgive them (v. Dr* ); Is2 not ! (with a touch of passion), i^4i 3 Pr s5 3 Jb 5~; f 34 6 (but Ew Che here rd. D^JW,

"

Gn
3

limit is actually entered, 6 18 and thou shalt enter into the ark

19

41

42

17
;

&

so after verbs of throwing,

prob. rightly); 50 may our God come "bsi c T 7 Qv an d nt oe silent (the psalmist identify!

casting, putting 37^ "inDH U t him into the

ing himself with a spectator of the scene v 2 31") 1 2 1 3 (contrast v 4 *6) Je46 6 + h. once Pr 1 2 s8 joined closely to a subst. (cf. *0 2 b)
-

to express with emph. its negation In the way of righteousness is life, and in the path:

rtno to blot out ; 6 6 was pained into or unto his heart, 3?"?X DB*, a'S^n to place, bring into (=lay to) heart Dt 4 39 2 Signal. In connexion with a number or multitude into which something enters, in among: 1 S io 22

(Lv8 M
49
;

Dt23
etc.;

25
;

Brfe>

Nu 5 23

to squeeze

Ex 28 30 so after 1=1? to bury Gn23 ,9 25 9 11


prison house,

(T^ n )
40

39

20

"T^? ?!
,r

metaph.

Gn

way

immortality,

thereof niB"?K there is no-death! i.e. s5 c. once Jb 24 used poet, as a

behold he had hid himself


thorns.

B^ST^J

in

N.B.
is

subst.,

And
1

bring
Din

my

S 27 10

once/sr^x

words 7k? to nought! bis with thepf.

3 the baggage, Je 4 sow not D'Sp-PK

among among

against all analogy; and either 'B-pK (with X v. 33), or better fK whither l (with S io 14 ) must be read.

3. Of direction towards anything: (a) of 40 physical acts or states, as Gn 30 [XSn <JB fro
7 b$, 39 b* 32

YfV

K'BJ,

Ex 25 20 Nu6 M
,

b VJ3
18

K'BJ
2

H i$

(nearly always followed by Makkeph),

b* V3B T\f, Jos8 V 28 (2 K 9 differently), 24' 2930 Tin 1 K 8 (to pray towards) v pregn. b*
38
;

bH
to

40

L^
more gen.
of,
1

tremble (turning)
:

to

Gn

42

s8
,

bx Rpn to
,

16" 21 22

B'aj-.-X

on account
1

wonder (turning) towards Gn 4 3 s3 Is 1 3 s 10? bx Je 36 16 without a vb. D^B-bx D'OB face <o
u 12 8 *b$ ttj*^1 ? 32 4-; ns'bx H3 the face of Laban, that he is not toward Gn3i* * TJ? the * are towards.. me; 'B"bx eyes of
face
;
.

for
17

the sake of, one's life

1K19

7"

(Gn

Gn

s1

(by is more common in this sense.) And specially with verbs of saying, narrating, IDX Gn 20 2 Is telling, etc. with regard to, as

19

by),

s3

2I33

29

37
s7
;

+;

^ 34"
bbsnri

18

(cfl

33

).

(6)

with words such as IDS


5

69

nris2 3 n

T!
;
.

Je4o "; nap yj, 2 7 4 ny-^n the ypB>Ezi9


2
7'
;

,6T

to say <o

praise to), ~C3V} 40". (c) with words expressing the direction of the mind, as flip <o >ai't 27"+

Gna' + oft., "Ifl 8' 4-oft., * 19 20 17 etc., VQf to hearken io 16 11 bbil to to 12" bx bbn to profane (cf. Ez 13"
,

report regarding the case of ">OX.)


7.
,

S 4 19

(Not

freq., exc. in

?"'' N
4

Of rule or standard, according to (rare) according to the command of, Jos


:

13

I5 ing 26 4

17
to
(v.

b(T to ho]>e Is 51*; bx rtD3 KfeO to lift up the soul (i.e. set the desire) towards Dt 24 15 iff 25 1 ;

what
Dr)
:

is

(generally "B'by); fOffy accordfixed of a certainty ti S 23 23

perh.

5'

80 (45

by).

bx ab 5^
to

DB,

T)f to set the heart (mind) to

Ex 9
;

2I

al.;

"TP? to

accustom oneself

io
;

shew

fear towards 2

K4

13

Gn

Je io 2 ; bx Tip 30 Dt 28 32 43

at,

8. Expressing presence at a spot, against, by, not merely after verbs expressing or
11
5

and thy eyes Dn\?X TOS failing (with longing) towards them, La 4 17 ; Is 63 16 2 S 3" 1K14" 6 alone, as predic, directed or disposed ijr 40
;

4 2K6" who of ours is towards favours) the king of Syria? Ho 3' ^X'DJl 9 1 17 :'^bx Ez 3 6 Hg 2 Je 15 (bx ^a: px).

towards,
(i.e.

Gn3

16

implying motion (cf. 1, Gn 24 ), as Jos 1 1 and they came and encamped together OVID ^"bx at the waters of Merom, 1 S 5 4 cut off (and fallen) on to the threshold, 2 S 2 23 al. and smote him tPBhrrbx in or on the belly, Dt 33 s Ex 29 12 Lv
4
7
;

but also in other cases, as Jos 5 3 and he

the motion or direction implied appears from the context to be of a hostile

4.

Where

circumcised the Israelites bx against, at the hill of the foreskins, 22 11 have built an altar

character, bx and Cain rose

= against:
;

JTWJ

nfr'JH
2

bx by the
30
,

districts of Jordan,

Gn

4"

barrbx
1
,

'p DPJJ

JUI2 C

up against Abel
14

(so

Ex

14
;

NU32

with papj Jos io 6

20 with X3 of calamity, etc., coming to or 21 s7 upon any one Gn 42 Ju 9 1 S 2" 1 K 14'+ 9 Is 2* 3 their tongue and doings are /y "bK 32 s
30
;

S 24") 22 12 10 1&J Ju i

S3

32

I4

&

18
1

(elsewhere rb,

by),

T?K K 13

at the side of

20

as they

were

sitting jnbE>rrbx at the table,

2X11" ^rrbx

(b? "lib) Ho 7" (cf. Na i ) 12 ^xbp-bx and he strove against the angel. Here also btf 'Mil Behold belongs in partic. the phrase 14 6 13 I am against (thee, you, etc.) tNa 2 3 Je2i
9
5

"%

12 and found him by the by the king, Je 41 10 rPS nnj-bx by the great waters, etc., 46 15 8 18 s 7 12 7 Euphrates, Ez 3 n" 17 31 40 43 47 48 9. Prefixed to other preps, it combines with them the ide&otmotionov direction to: thus
.

. .

Ez 13 2i 29 30 34 51 3 22 s on 3 6 9 v. supr.) 35 3 39 (5 26 2S 29 5. Unto sometimes acquires from the context the sense of in addition to, as Lv 18 18 thou shalt not take nrrinx bx nE*X a woman to, in addition to, her sister, Jos 13" Nu 31 8 (||
(23
3

s0 32

31

by) 50
1

25

820

22

10

"inx-bx 2 S 5* 2 K 9 1819 nnx-bx ab turn u behind me, Zc 6 (where bx is pleon., prob. due
note bx XX^ before & after) 1014 nfra'bx similarly pa-bx in between Ez 31 2 Ez io 'b rV3Krbx to (the part) within(v. sub ,s 15 2 K 1 1 have her 1V3), in within Lv i6 forth in within the ranks; blO"b x v. biO;
to clerical error
;

||

by);
(v

S 1 4* to eat 0^-bx together with the blood


7
;

32

'b
to

bx tppVl (generally by); Je 25 M Ez 7 26 nyiDtf bx njnotf (|| <?y); 44 7 La 3 41 let us lift up D'Brbx aab our hearts toA0 " 61c 1 get/ter with the hands (cf. ). J\, Qor 4 6. Metaph. in regard to, concerning, on
;

& generally by); 1 K io

333-bx unto the south of Jos 1 5 3 ; 'b fWO-bx the outside of Lv 4 1221 4- ; n ?3"bx to the front

of Nu 19 4 ;

nnrrbx j u
1

6'

iK 8 6 al.
s4

(v.

sub nrw).

Note
'31

.In Gn 20

13

xia: iste D"ipE>rrb3-bx

'b-npx nee'; Nu 33 'ai Vx-bx; Pri7 bx appears to be used by a Dt 16 6 ); (cf.

account of: thus .QNnri to mourn concerning 1 S s4 15 ; D r to repent as regards 2 S 24"; tTH to inquire 1 14'; bbsnn to pray with regard
i

to

27

K K 19 20
1

species of attraction ; the idea of motion involved in the relative clause influencing illogically the beginning of the sentence and

3Xyj be pained

pyx 'to cry 2 K8 (v by); S 20 34 DH3 to comfort 2 S 1 o 2


3 6
;
;

causing bx to be used instead of


E0\: N
,

In Ez 31 14 as pointed, can only be from b?X


3.

wirr^H
or iv (q. v.);
if

41

n^N
llvi*
(Jjt,
Jifr;

the word be taken as the pron.

XI: Rabb.^N, Aram.

rbet,
-

with

esp.

(Hi Ke), Dn^S must be read. Note 2. There is a tendency in Hebrew, manifest in S K Je Ez, to use 78 in the
suff.

sometimes 7N being used exceptionally in a phrase or construction which regusense of


?5?;

& compd. with )oi and ./' in ~^oi, t-^-l) V r pl.m. & f. these, in usage the pi. of HI. a. Gn 2 & oft. in appos. to a subst. with a pron. suff. (always without the art.) Ex 9 (rd. with
4
:

14

Hi. 1? nVt< for


8

larly,

and in ace. with analogy, has 7$); sometimes, the two preps, interchanging, apparently without discrimination, in the same or parallel
sentences.
T

signs,'ii

Dtn
14

1$"^) M
l9

io

n*V>N

^nhN fAew

'iK8

io8 22 23

Ezr
1

Thus

(a)

Jos 5 14 VJB-7-X ^*5j

s
1G

U
3

^P J?T'? If'^P" 14 (v. sub 5); 1 f 7JJ Dt 1 9 2 S ) "K?7?S tWlfi (contr. 6 20 '(contr. 8 1K13 18 (contr. 2 K 3
;

" D'PH
29

34

29

in the genit. 2 6 Is 47* Dt ; 6 3 oft. Stand5 ; and after 73 Gn 1 4 ing alone in a neuter sense, these things (rare in best prose, & not very common in poetry), with nby Dt 18 12 22 6 25 16 2S23 1722 ^15'+;
2

s6

Ne 6

8 12

>//

K +

my 2K1 13 Je3i" 20

23

16

46

15

37 all (6) Ju 6 and upon (by) by) Je 35" Ez 7 be dryness, v 39 let there the earth let there
.

) 18

with other vbs. Ezr 9 1 Is 44 s 47" Je 13 22 Ho 10 5 43 21 Jb8 2 with-nx Nui5 13 i4 VM2 5o 107
' ;

10 be dryness on (?) the fleece; 1 S 14 come 13 23 " 12 i6 & i8 10 up W^, v come up tt*&j 16
;

with"73 Ju 13 23 Is66 2 +; v.also some of the cases with preps, sub d. H7N may point IS48
14
;

715 indifferently to what follows, Gn 6 io 25 s 19 203132 or to what has preceded, Gn 9 io \jr 42 ;


9
1
'

b<*

nSx,

io 6
^yi

al. ?J?

17 nbS; 2 5 evil
25

is

determined

25
\jr
.
.

Lv
12

2I 14 22 s2
.

i)r

i;f;=such as

these (roiavTa),
. . .

irv3-b

wjfw^t v 2 7 2 S 2' b vizfocPi 7K1...7K1...; f>..,by6rv by\... *>y> bf\ ..3ni 2K8"'; 9 6 * 3 Jeio 16 25 s 2 6 15 yelay s innocent blood Dtftn T^IT^tl D3^; 27" 28 *' 5 14 31 13 14 6 7 Ez iS" 21 etc. V79 33 34 36 37
;

10

73
.

Jbi8 21 b. repeated, H7N1 those Dt 27" Jos 8^- Is 49" (3


art.

H7K, these
8 ^ 20 +
.

t.)

(but only after a subst. deter1 mined likewise by the art.) H|Nn Gn 1 5 + oft.
c.

with the

d. with preps.

'

12

nWa
1

ti
17

S i6 10 17 39
(5
9

It is prob. that this inter(Je io 75; twice). change, at least in many cases, is not original, but due to transcribers.

25

K 22
18
;

t,);

Lv 2 5" 2 6* 1 K 2 2" (7 1.), Lv n 24 (4 1.), rbxb nfcfj" 19 Gn 9 (16 t.) n^K ly Lv nfcfi}
rr?N3
;' ; ,

26

"
i ,

?&?"75)
al.;

Conversely, though not with the same frequency, 75? occurs where analogy would lead

64" Je5
27 Je 18 13 )
12

s on account of these things Is 57 19 2 ,6 nVxs njj>N3 fJb 16 Je io =5i s io 19 (things like these, so Is 66 25 28 M P (cf. Ez 4s ) 2 K 2 5 17 =Je
.

+Gn
B2

46

Lv

us to expect 7K, or even in juxtaposition with


b*, as
s5

1
.

S
.
.

10

7?
;

?Win
1 35

to pray to (v 26 ??); v 13

Nu 3 %"i3 +Jbl2

25

by

bx
2

k 20
12

43

15 Is 22 Je

in"?-^ 1^1 (21


'

??);
.

II.

^N god, TT^N, iT$J?& etc. v.


I

I.

rfot

23

3i

Cf.

Dr 9ml

13' 13; "- 8 ' 7i15 ' 4

TN7N
Solomon
I.

"Pj^JnTlyTN n.pr.m. (unto


eyes) exile

''

are

mine

n.pr.m. father of an officer of K 4 18 (=11. nb terebinth]).


(*6g)

1. a Korahite

Ch 26 3

2. a returning
^od,

Ezr 8 4
2'
1

H7K (assumed as -/of ?K,


G'od,

B*&g

but

3?V7N n.pr.m. (id.) 1. a descendant M 2. a Simeonite of David i Ch 30 4. priests i Ch 4 3. a Benjamite (id.) "f.
t
-,

^W

clusions dub.
1

question intricate, & conIt is uncertain whether ?S &,

D , ^ ^!!? are from the same V.


chief theories
:

Following are the

1. a. Thes

makes b &

DWX dis;

in time of Ezra (a)

Ezr io 22

(6)

io 27

(^X);

(c)Nei2
1.

41
.

f 7i$ pr. pi. m. & f. = the more usual HJX, 34 8 with art. bt*n Gn io 825 2 6 tJtese i Ch20 s2 42 an orthogr. Lv i8 27 Dt 4 7 19 (Merely
;

really primitive, but associates tinct, in treatment with ?X strong, Pt. of -/,-IN b$ derived from mng. strong, ace. to Thes, being be in of; (different order in Lex. Man.,

and both

front
;

11

RobGes)

b. b$

&

D'ripN distinct

former

fr.

variation of i"l?N, and doubtless pronounced have in genl. a similarly; the kindred dialects

71N strong; latter pi. of iiPK from */[t*OX]


l]\ (li~.) go to and hence H^K fear &

fro in perplexity or
object
bti

fear,

Written similarly dissyllabic form: v. sub n?K. 5 3 s2 in Ph., e.g. CIS 3 14 93 (^)> but isro.240 Poen. v. (N e o-Punic) K7M; in Plaut. 81160 286ff 1.9 rhGl'"transliterated tty; Schroed. .)
'

ZMG

of fear, reverence,
trepide confugere
42

revered one;

ad

Ho

^ = nns DVi7N=ina Gn
li\

3i

=sq'ie Is

8'

^N
De
o in.

42

w
another god Ex 34 (J); 11 PS foreign god 12 10 2, 10 11 t4. 44 8i ;i33PsDt32 Mal2 ^8i
14
.

( cf
cf
;

f/3aaMa( postB.Heb.

nsn?NHWB

Aram. *brn CWB);

so
.

De

following Fl in

De

A
Ju

1^

**.*

connected
>ron<; so

My a PS & W$H possibly VP1S 6e t ?t? = leader, lord,


fr.
-

n.pr.

nnn ps #Z AvtA Ju 9" (=nn3

PJJ3

&
to

D'npS

3. a. PS N6 MBAkl8M 7 8EAkl88a 1TOf & both fr. a -/nps (=&) connected,


r;
.

8 s3 9 4 ) cf. also 6 (/) infr. +5. as characterizing mighty things in nature, PS 'Tin mighty mountains ifr 36' (lit. mountains of El) ;
also V'SQ

which

is

assigned mng. strong; so


X. 11,

Ew !146d
jj

'

ITSblv. ]so JihrbOchisrd.blbl.Wltt.

Blbl. Tl'ieol. I1.SSU).

^S

mighty cedars
of Israel
1
-

fr.

-/nps strong (not nPS), & D'nPS expanded from PS, cf. pi. ninDK fr. nes etc. so Di on Gn I he supports rnng. strong by ref. to 29 phrase TJ Psb I* Gn 31 al.; c. similarly, PS,
;
1

01 Bi Che v. sub II. f)pS; PS 'PS 80 11 PS '3313 lofty stars Is 1 4 13 yfr 6. God 217 the one only and true God
; .

10

being very early formed pi. D'nPS,


afterwards
(criticized

& common
fr.

Shemitic word, which sing. niPS was


Th,'0, 8,ud
:

inferred,

Nes

lrtt:;i882

b$n the God, the true God Gn 3 1 13 S 22 3L33 4S {=+ i831SU8 ) V^S 20 21 35 15 77 I9HP P*?? the faithful God Dt f; psn 17 Je 32 18 Dn 9 4 brOTl <A jrrati (?od Dt io Ne i 6 932 BHpn bun the holy God L55 17 ban mrv the God Yahweh Is 42 s ^ 85'. t(6) 78 my
:

(a)

3 4 6 (E) 2

8BAlc by No ).
fr.

'-7<

disregarded)

vn,N

4. PS (niPS, stretch out to, reach

DWS

God Ex 15 2
102
7 25

(poet.)
7

+
17

18 3 22 2211 63 s 68 25 89 s7
.

118

HPS swear), God after (cf. prep. PS, 'PS, also ' as <Ae on lohom men strive to reach, das Ziel
aller

<^e (jorf

PS 140 Is 44 (c) cstr. PS of Bethel, who had his seat there Gn

28

m
5
;

35 (E);

T3K PS God

of thy fathers
36

Gn 49"
ba
'PPD PN

B.b.

strebens,' Lag T. of on.. A P p. u

Menschensehnsucht und alles Menschen0r -"- 3iON1882 TO -" M .Cf.


'

wnere

a]1

Spurrell tnege viewg are gtated


;

(poet.); PS1E" PS V68 ; D'OCn </te (7oi of heaven


the

3JJJT

PN
26

^
;

146

136
10
;

God who

is

my

rock

^ 42

"tpi

nnB> ?N
i/'

somewhat more fully, & briefly criticized on the use of PS & nPS in Shemitic languages vid.,
exhaustively,
II.

<Ae Corf icAo is the

'SO PS
(J);

i/te (roc?

joy of my w/10 lets himself be seen


s

exultation

43";

Gn

16

13

No

MBAk SBAk
-

TOSH PS

(* Corf

'").

of glory
1

-f

29
;

niyn PS

Sn n.m. (also, in n.pr. PS,


(i.e.
i

\?S;

Sam.

the

PS,

all-knowing God

(poet.)

u?V PS
Is

Ph. ps, }PS


Ar.,

Or.Co n,r.L.d.n.l883

prob. PB), Sab. ps,


1

Ag

Aram.

cf.

No

"

^
-

DHM

?A everlasting

God Gn2i 33
94
10

(J);
6

VunE" PS

U Ar. i^'l Palm. Nab. Sab. (alsonnps) "- 8 ""- 154 As. iJZafe Jr66 Syr! (pi. i~,Uil) Fl

ppr. perhaps als0 on goddess DPS Ph.

12

2 4

VJ^f 43*;
orae
14
ijr

riOSPSf 3i =H31DS PS Dt
11
;

32 (poet.); D1DP3 PS
(rf)

V'

56 niPC? PS Je 51 .

DHM

ins PX
21

Corf
3
;

-,

1 -

Dt
6

77
15
;

95

Mai 2 PH3 PS a ^r-eaC Corf -innDD PS a Corf At'rfmjr /rfm;

but IL'i^r, cf. also Bae^ ) god, with various subordinate applications to express idea of might; hardly ever in prose exc. with defining word (adj. or gen.); its only suff. is * ; tl. applied to men of might and rank, D13 PS mighty one of the nations Ez 3 1 " Neb.;
'

15860 97271297

self Is

45

Dim PS a
86 15
;

compassionate God

Ex
;

SE>3 PS a forgiving God 34 (J) ^ s 31 Jon 4 2 |*in pS a gracious God Ne 9 ^ 99 6 S3p PS a jea^OM* Corf Ex 20 34" (J) Dt 4 24 9 15 ,9 2 'n b a 5 6 Jos2 4 (D) = si3p PS Na I living
;
;

Dt 4 31

(of

ap K wv

;8v*>v,

P'S
17

some MSS. Co);

D^S

mighty men Jb4i (D'P'S, many MSS. Di); Dni33 "^ mighty heroes EZ32 21 (\^S MSS. Co); n V* Ez 17 13 2 K 24 15 H? (Kt *ym); Bfy$ Ex 1S of in. b% q.v.) These readings I5 (prob. pi. are uncertain because of an effort to distinguish
these forms from the divine name. 1133 PS mighty hero (as above) or divine hero (as re6 f2. angels, flecting the divine majesty) Is o
.

God Jos 3 ,0 (J) H02 ^42 3 8 43 pnvpsls 4 5 21 yen fan ps sp + 5 5 ps sp Dt32 21 (poet.) Is 3 2 2!) 18 1103 PS nS Mi 7 (cf. Ex 15"). 31 Ez 28
1
;

(the only true God, needing no article or predicate to define him) 12 13 (E id. PS 12 in poetry, Jb 5 8 t. Jb), yfr 7 io Di) always (55
(e)

God

Nu

+
-

11.12

, 7 IQ 52 ggSO g^ 73 ?4 77 7 g7.8. 82 8 3 2 9 o 2 104 21 io6 14 21 107 11 1 1 8 s7 1 39 1723 6 18 ,2 14 20 9 41 1 9 149 150 Is 40 43 45 4 6 La 3 Ho 1 1 1 2 Mai i 9 ; PSUBJ? God is with us, as name of child

l6 l
-

3.7

11.17

10

,819 34 41
-

7 f3. gods of 89 =D'r6sn "33. the nations, DvS PS God of gods, supreme God Dn 1 1 3*; D?S3 roba 13 who is like tjiee

D'?S '33

^ 29

in prediction Is

14

7.

cf.

8 810

name PS1B" 'npS PS Gn 33 20

mmin Nu

i6 22

gods Ex 15"; idols Is 43 44 46"; 'D D'OEO PS wAa< heaven Dt 3"; "** PS
the
10

10

"

among

17

6W m

D'nPS PS Jos 22 s2 (P) f 50 This is probable also in the ancient poems, Nu 23 819 22 23
1
.
-

fW
24

(P=nmnn

(/) El, a divine (E) ; 'nps PS 'nps mtr Nu 27 16 );


-

<3.i6.23

( poet>

Baj aam

||

*& & p^yj Dt 32

i8

33

2s

43
(poet. (poet.

DVl^N
D^K
1

IIS) and in the combinations 5* (10 1. ; vid. \vbv btt (5 1.; vid. ivby) &
||

Moses David

"Vtt
||

&

DTjp >n^N)

S 22"2 23 s

'33.
8

d. gods Dmbttn
2*

Ex

18" 22" (E)

*w

Ch

+ 86 8
;

IPrfoffl >rbtt the

God of

gods,
I1B

17 supreme God Dt io

136

s
;

D'n^K

Ex

HB*),

t7.

strength,

with

I.

n^t
etc.
27

c f.

Di
3i

Gn
M

power (on connection 29 t'< i 31 ) in <T


^jjreft is in

Qnnx D<nl?K otlier gods (JE) Ju 9" Ex2o3 23" Jos 24 216 (E) Dt 3 i' 8a> (JE) 5 7 + 12I7W io 13 1 S 8 8 26" (17 t. in D, not P) Ju 2 69
32
1

according to the power of my fuind=it

my

power,

Gn

(E;

sq.

^>

+ Inf.);
2
1

bx!>rri7)3

Vt Pr 3
1,1.;

less,

^Ne
so
id.,
,C

(sq.id.);
6

BT ^"E* Mi

(abs.); neg.

32 P*} Dt 28 (abs.)=<Aou shall be power-

n'bN 67 so Dt 32 17 p6n^ Dn 1 i 38 (vid.BD)sf.


;

inPKPHb
(Sam.

i"; elsewhere ITl 7>N

n.m. god, God.


iJI,

DHM ; n^K

Aram. S^t,

J^',

Ar.

Sab. nfo

as found in Heb. prob. a sg.

7j cfoiA ormjr GW in his hand Jb 1 2 6 Di RVm, etc.) 2. God, used in ancient (Ew 1517 poems Dt 32 ^ 18 32 and on their basis an archaism in later poetry Jb3 4 -f- (4 1 1. Jb), iff 50 22 19 5 7 8 3 17 1 14 139 Pr 30 Is 44 Hb 3 Ne 9 (citing Ex 34 s where ?N is used).

formed by inference fr.pLOVfrK; cf.Nes lc ) 1. a heathen god, late usage iw"v3 2 Ch. 32 15 Dn 11 37 irOSO iri3 *T whose power is his god Hb l u 2 K 17 31 (but Qr *$%), nibx ann ne>K
;
;

16 16 3 " (E) Dt 3 i (JE) Juio 1S7 2Ch 33 Je s3 5"; -nru 'N Gn 31 (E); D'iSD 'x Ex 12 12 (P) i2.i3. noNn /N Jog 24 i5^ E ) Ju 6 io. D ^ x /N etc Je43 Ju io 6 >T nETJD D'H^X Dt4 28 D"Un 'x yo</ 0/ 17 Ae nafc'oras 2 K 18 33 19 12 Dt29 2CI1 32 1719 Is ,8 12 M 8 D'C5?n'NDt6 i3 Ju2 12 V96 5 iCh5 !B 3 6 37 16 26 2 Ch 32 1314 ; ep3 'x Ex 20 23 (E); 3nr'N Ex 20 23 (E) 32 31 (JE); nsep X Ex 34 17 (J) Lv 4 i9 (H). 2. .PZ. intensive, a. <jrod or goddess, al7 24 ways with sf. 1 S5 (Dagon), Ju 1 i (Chemosh),
; ; ;

22 17 (=2Ch 3 4 25 )2Ch28 25 Jei' + (i8t.Je)Ho 3 ; 133(H) \lbn foreign gods Gn 35" Jos 24 a>a
1

K9 (=2Ch7 m2 )n

<

-">i 4

2K5

17

i75J?-

iKi8 24 (Baal), JU9 27


3X1JD 'X BHDsi)

Dm 22

or cstr.

nm^
-

ITS

'x to Ashtoreth goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh god of Moab, etc. 33 26 26 27 1 'x god of the land 2 1 7 ;

tWW

Kn

pxn

''H'

2570

n.m.pl.

(f.

1 1

33
;

on number

of occurrences of ?X, FlvN, DVOK c f. also Nes' c ') 1. pi. in number, fa. riders, judges, either as divine representatives at sacred places or as reflecting divine majesty and power:
D\"l7Nn

suppose that Yahweh is a 20 28 mountain-god and not a god of valleys 1 b. godlike one Ex 4 16 (J; Moses in relation to 1 Aaron), Ex 7 (P; in relation to Pharaoh), 13 7 1 S 28 (the shade of Samuel), f 45 (the Messianic king, <S Jer, most God, scholars ancient and modern, but thy throne is GW'= God's throne Ki Thes Hup,
so the Syrians

and

AE

Ew

Ex

(Onk
22

<3,
827

but to

xpiTrjpiov

rov

Ra AE Ew RVm; but gods, JosephusPhilo AV; God,BiRY; all


eC )
22 78 ; Oirbbt

works of God, or things specially belonging to him (vid. ?5< 5) JTnbtt "in ^ 68 16 Ez 28 1416 Q^rbn b>k Jb i 16 wrbti(n) p
cf.
1

Ch
;

28 s ).

c.

(X

Ez28 13

8 -9

3I

d.

God

(vid.

3 &

4).

iS2 25 v.Dr.; Ju5 8 (Ew,but 16 gods; God BarHeb.; m,T 33 Be)^82 (De Ew Pe; but angels Bl Hup) 138 (@ X Rab Ki De but angels Calv God, Ew gods,
Covt. codeofE)cf.
1 ; ;

Yahweh

3. trnSNn the (true) God, D'H^KD Nin *> 3539 is (the) God Dt4 1 8 60 18 3939

f
;

tb. divine ones, superhuman Che), 6 beings including God and angels \^8 (De Che and most <S X Ew; God, Br; but angels 27 with Philo 5! Jer De moderns) Gn i (if

Hup Pe

K 18 2Ch 3 2 D^Nnxin nm 2S7 1K18 2K19" iChi7 Is37 Ne 9 DWNn as subj. or obj. is used in E 33 Chr
1
2 ' 24
16
;

22 M (P?)
28

2Ch33

13
;

Wnbttn Nin IS45 18


37

DM^xn
26
16

'1

Jos
7

1.,

RV

Che we interpret ne>yj as God's consultation 7 with angels cf. Jb 38'). tc. angels i/r g ] ( @ Calv; but gods, Hup De Pe Che);
1

2224 6 911 38 t., Ec 31 1., Jon 5 t., elsewhere G115 18 s4 16 (sources of P) 17 (P) Jos 22 (PI) Gn 4 4 (J) Dt 4 s5 39 7 9 Ju 6 XM 7 14 io 14 16 28 21 2 1 S io37 36 s8 16 27 7 1K8 60 jS 21 24 24 37 39 39 19 15 14 2S2 6 7 12
-

sons of God, or sons of 6 24 7 gods angeh Jb i 2' 38 Gn 6 (J; so Bks. of Enoch & Jubilees Phllo Jude v 6 2 Pet 2 4 Jos Antl 31 most ancient fathers and modern critics; against usage are sons of princes, mighty men, Onk and Rab. ; sons of God, the
cf.

D , n7X(n)

'33

= (the)

10 12 16 18 14 9 7 (Ephr) Jb2 Je 1 1 IS37 45 fio8 Dn i 6 '1 1 S6 20 ^nan 'xn Ne 8 icn 'xn m-ipn 'nh
-'

'<

niwiU
Ju
68

Ezr

3
;

Qivban ynt

Dn9

3
;

in

many

B^N the man of God, acting phrases, as under divine authority and influence (a) angel
:

DwKD

pious,

Theod Chrys Jer Augustine Luther

13 (b) prophet (the term coming into use in the Northern kingdom in the age of Elijah 9- 10 7 cf. nnn b*k Hos 1 S 9 9 ) of Moses Dt33>
,

Calv Hengst;

rd.

ni

viol

rov Bioi),

cf.

Jos 14 (E)

Ch 23"

Ch 30 16 Ezr

+ 90

1
;

urfot*
of Samtw./ 1 So*- 10 of David 2 Ch8 u Ne 1 2 S4M 2 2 Ch 1 1 ) Elijah, Elisha, ShemaiaJt 1 K 1 2 M ( " " and others of their time iKi3 IJ1 I7 18 24 20 28
;

44
1433
;

13 2i 3

13 6 56 8 21 23 (R vid. Di Jos 7 ) Ju 4 5 6 n iS I + (2ot.)K(26t.) Chr ( 4 5t.)^4i


-

17

14

2 2

Ki wl 4 5-*> 6 s-"
;

s- 9

8 s 11
-

19

3
1

23

16" 17

(Ephr)

S 2" Hanan prophet 4 Te 35 a later title of prophet was DTlpXn "DJ? the servant used of Moses 1 Ch 6 M 2CI1

Ch 25"; unnamed
of God,

106 48 (doxol.) 59 6 6 9 7 Is 17 6 2 1 1017 29 s3 Is 3 24 15 2 2 4 Is 4 i ,7 +(6t.) Je 3 5 17 + ( 4 8t.), Ez 8 37+ (7 t.) Zp 2 9 Mai 2" Ru 2 12 bvrsr> nu-iye 'x
' ;

Gorf 0/ the battle array of Israel


2

46

17

'X

24

Ne
s1
,

s0
1

Dn 9".
1
;

DTli'Xn ]T3

</j
17

Chr (52 1.) Ec 4 'KT1 1 Ch 22 Orbxn (nna) fOX <Ae ark (of the 27 covenant) of God Ju 20 1 S 4-5. 14, 2 S 6-7. 4 i5(2 3 t.) 1CI113. 15. 16, 2 Chi (13 t.); HBO 20 9 Wrbttn the rod of God Ex 4 1 7 (E); dTl^xn in 5 13 the mount of God (Horeb) Ex 3 4 27 18 24 (E)
esp. late,
1

Ju 18

house of God, Dn I s ; '> JV3

2 812 10 7 3p 75 76 81" (poet.) V 20 46 3 2 7 84 94 Is 2 ( Mi 4 ); B-ayn 'x Got/ 0/ tiU Hebrews Ex 3 18 5 s 7 16 9 113 (JE) it is used with other proper names, Nahor Gn3i S3 (E), Shem Gn 9 20 (J), David 2 K 20s 2 Ch 21 12 343 Is 3 8 5 Hezekinh 2 Ch 3 2 17 Elijah 2 K 2 14 ; li>Dn nx 'X

S 23

9-

tlie

God of my

lord the king

nouns of
ancient
28

attributes
;

(Ephr) D'n^xn "\xbn the (tlveoplumic) 19 20 69 angel of God Gn 31" Ex 14 (E) Ju 6 13 16 20 s8 2 S 1 4 17 1 in other combinations Ex 1 8 Nu 9 5 23 22 s 8 11 23" (E) Ju 20 i S 4 5 io 2 S 16 1 K 12
1
;
'

K 19

Is40 ;riDX
(vid. 19$);

God Dt33 27 / X<,-Me God

36 1 K i with (|3) or relationships, DTp 'X D/1V 'X everlasting God


.

Chi 5? }OX'Xl86 5 16
;

6 , ;"to2
-iea bsb

17 Dno'xMi HHPD'k Is 3 o Mal 2 bs 'X God of all flesh Je 3 2 27 cf. 'x


; ;

18

iCh2i 7 +(i4t.) V'87 3 Ec9 4. Oibx = God 11DX D'r6x '^Yahweh is God in truth Je io a. On7X (as subj. obj. direct or indirect) is used by P (50 t. in
1 .

rnnnn

Nu
t,

10

story of creation

and deluge, elsewhere 28


chiefly in poetic sources

t.).

by
1

(91
s7

-"- 5

9
1.)
1.

39 Dt 32

t.), 9

J
(29

Gn
1.)

,W9
,

S (50
(180
CIOT), 28

by

(1 1 1.)
t.);

Ju (21

t.)
s

Chr (45
5"
7

in

f
1

43-86

God of heaven Gn 2 4 7 (J a ) 2 Ch 36 s3 Ezr i 2 Ne 4.5 4.a>. j 2 cf Nn 3 N Is 54 5 'XI n^ncn 'X '' B 3 pxn Gn 2 4 (J ); an^tp'Xa God at hand opp. 'X Je 2 23 Tljne 'X, 'X God ph-iO 3 of my soi47 = 2S22 47 )24 s 25 5 27 9 65 6 79 9 85 5 a<jon^i8 ( 10 18 35 Is 17 Mi 7 7 Hb 3 1 Ch 16 "V\y\W 'X V' 882

16 22 27 16 (P);

own

'x

p
,

^
)
;

often
14

elsewhere

36

77

change for an original IU2 18 413 " 25^ 14 9 io 3 2 6 812I2 8 29 2 9 ioo io8 i49 Jb 5 20 28 3 2

by

editorial

'nyiETI 'X

f3
-

ness

f4

2
;

f 51 ^Dn
S

s13

25 Ec (7 t.) Hos (5 1.) nx orbit roaniM as 4" (did God overthrew Sodom Je 50 40 Is 13 19 ) Zc
34 (& in Prologue 6
t.)

Pr

Am

my my

rock 2

''pIX'X Goo! o/wiy righteous1U8 niV 'X 'X God mj^o is ; '59 3 3 22 1 8 ''Wyo 'X God w/to '*
;

16

(cf.

f ^
2
;

stronghold V'43
1
i//-

praise
phr.

109

c.

^CfTO '" God m;Aj is my W!A /. in P (22 t. incl.


1432
-

8 8 a 12 Mi3 7 (but nrrfo Je io 10 Ez (13 t.) Mai

<S)

phrase
13

Orbxb S
24

(5t.) 21 'b rHl Gn 2 8


1

IS35 Jon (4
B

Is

(9

t.)

t.);

the

4S 33 s8 1245 29* Lv ii 22 25 26

(E

)
41

17

78

Ex 6 7

Jos io 21 3 i 17 Juio'i6 a!4 iSio 19 2Sl0 12 22 10 12 28 20 23 2 (4 t. poet.) 1 19 Chr (83

17 yrbxv nXTl) Lv 19 25 27 37 24 (E) Dt 3 2 (poet.) Jos

3643

(H) Ex 8 p (JE) Dt 32
21

23

t.)

29

Nui5
Zc 8 8

Ch

22

17

Dt 26 17 Je (6 t.) Ez
(P)

f(62
(29 (12
t.)
2

t.)

Pr

2 17
4 -5 s

30
23
12

Ru
6

151616

Ib

10

13

7
7

8 1921 Is 2

1.)

righteous God (6 t.); 19 holy God Jos24 (E); D^n 'x 36 23 2636 Jeio <n'x S 1S17

p>T

Orbx

f f;
living
2

Oiinp 'x

Am 2
14

Jes

36

5i
7

Jo iJJaW
i2
5
;

Ez 3 4 31 Dn(st.) Ho 5 8

Mi6

7
sf.

Jon
is

For the phrases 'x mn\ niX3y 'x ). 37 nixav 'x, '* 'x bx, 'x it, 'x nixnv '\ vbtt

417

God Dt
416
(

Zp3 Nai

= Is
',
'<

with Zc9 used with niiT several hundred times

D^X

also

(vid. mrp).
cf.

TTT7N

rmsst, 'x *:~ix vid. rnm, n, mxav & onx. b. cstr. VJ^K ( a ) wi<A 2>ersons DH13X VpX 24 13 of Abraham, a phrase of J, Gn 26 28 36 18 53 10 2 Ch 18 I Ch 29 elsewhere ^47 1 31

bum DHM
elders

11.pr.1n. 2"9
26 - 27
;

(God

Juts loved,

Sab.

Nu

1 1

."; v. also n^TT) one of the 21 prob.=T1vX Nu 34 where

GW
s

called a prince of Benjamin.

On

n.pr.

with
42,

bx

cf.

those with

Gn 24 27 42 48 (J); nx vh 30 father's God (various sf. & names), a phrase of 4 61315 2 3 6m 42 E, Gn 3 i i5 i8 Jos 46 50 Ex3 s3 i8, elsewhere Gn 32 43 (J) Ex 4 (J 1) Dt Ju 2 2 K 2 1 22 Chr (31 1.) Dn 1 1 37 ^X (8 1.) 20 b#Tp) Israel's God, phrase of E, Gn 33 Ex 5 16 30 27 elsewhere Ex J0S8 i4 22 24 24 32 1819 13 1319 20 9 22 24 io 4042 34 Jos? (JE) Nui6 Jos 9
;

Dmax

rra 'x

12 -

&

(Sab.)

DHM K

3X & nx, & eSp. No '%


""!rI)

km 88
-

v. p.

tnjH^N
T-QtvN
pot,

n.pr.m. (God has called 1

cf.

U>

17

,6

10

son of Midian Ar.)

Gn

25

Ch

33
.

12

7X ,

'

13]
1

l0

14

2!!3

Gadites

n.pr.m. (God has given, cf. Oeobcoa. one of David's band of n^"i3l) Ch 12' b. a Korahite 1 Ch 26 7
)

'-.

Tjrn^N n.pr.m. (God

has been gracious,

n h
cf.

45
of

JOB^
Gad Nu 1"
2
14

Ph. nrbtt, \)rbv2, in As. Ba'alhanunu COT Gn io 18) two of David's chiefs 2 S 2i 19 =i Ch

42 - 47

shon

20

S23

54

=iChn
112

26
.

Nu 3
,

io 30

b. chief of Ger-

24
.

t"
is father, cf.
.

n.pr.m. (God btplty a. prince of Zebulon Nu i 9 2 7 7 24,29 io ]6 b. prince

tMJPW

help,

5 .)rVN CUR" Gn i5 + ) n.pr.m. (God is 4 cf Ex 18 v. also "!$? infr., V'3', Ph.


;

of

26 Reuben Nu 16 David 1S16 6 I7 13 28 28


-

s 9
-

Dt

1 1

C.

brother of
18

ttJBWH,
Offl

-ityi>jn,

baw)
.

a.' Abraham's

steward

Ch
e.

Wj||
f.

Ch
19

18

27

). 1

d. a Kohathite

b$% v

cf.

W^j
1

1
.

Chii (cf. 1J 1 Ch 6 = 1 Ch 1 2 Gadite


2
9
.

13

)>
1

a Damascene

Gn 1 5*.
24

b. a son of Moses

Ex

Levite singer

Ch

15

1820

16

5
.

IvMyN n.pr.m. (El is


God) only Ch.
1

God, or

my God

Benjamite 1 Ch 7". d. s5 1 Ch 26 Ez io 18 e. Reubenite I Ch 2 7 16 f. prophet in time of Jeho37 16 io 23 shaphat 2 Ch 20 g. Levite chief Ez 8 h. son of Harim Ezr 1 o 31
c.

18 4

several priests

Ch 2 3 151717 1 Ch
.
.

15

is

a.
11
.

Ch

1 1

46 A1

12

two or three of David's chiefs b. chief of Manasseh 1 Ch 5 s4


1

C.

two

chiefs of

Benjamin
1

Ch 8 20,22
1

d. chief of

the Hebronites
1

Ch
v
12

9 15 ". e. a chief Kohathite

kinsman; Ph. S 1 1 3 cf. ^X'B? DJlfot) 5 1 Uh b. one of David's heroes 2 S 23 s4 3 to some = a). (ace.
is

TOy^M
.

n.pr.m. (G>d

a. father of Bathsheba 2

Ch 6

19

=:i!<<?!({
13
.

cf.

W?N

f.

a Levite

2Ch3i

TtD"'7N n.pr.m. (God.

is fine
1

gold
3536
.

t)

a. son

tnrM" 7Sl
,

n.pr.m. (God has come) a He4

Gn 3 6 of Job Jb2 u 4
of Esau

4
l

'

011121216
1

'

Ch
-

b. friend

15

22

42

7 '9

manite'/ch 2 5

= nri;?K

Ch

25

27
.

D"

N
,,

n.pr.m. (God has judged) one of


1

Tvht*

v.

T&S

supr.

David's heroes
Sab.
8

Ch

1 1

35

(but

v.

o B'j>N

S 2 3 M ).

tSTJpt* n.pr.m. (Godknows,ci.b^Sn, 209 y-lbn Hal ) a. son of David 2S5" 1 Ch

T inT'E
:

7N

n.pr.m. (may God distinguish


1

1 Ch 14 which perh. rd. here, cf. Dr 8 b. father of an adversary of Solomon iKii 2 Ch 1 7 17 C. chief of Benjamin
7
.

= J)T/jn

3
8 "1
. .

him) one of the doorkeepers


l

Ch

821

15'

ttO ?Q'

lI

7^ ( Dhr
cf.
7
;

5'

+ ) -P*.xn.
David
5
.

(God
2

is

deliverance,
1

^ P?S)
,

a. son of
1

S 5"

Tfhyi
n.pr.m.

2Ki + 4
3

Ch

68

t.;

V1J7M iKi7' + 62t.;

14

=0"^}
s4
.

Ch

14

b. one of

is God, cf. a. Elijah, -'N^) ( Yah(u) the great prophet of the reign of Ahab 1 1 7 + 65t. K; 2 Ch 2 1 12 Mais 23 b. Benjamite 21 s7 1 Ch 8 C. a priest of Ezra's time Ezr io ; 26 c. a son of Elam Ezr 1 o

David's heroes 2 S 23 (cf. also ^"fpN 1 Ch 1 I 36 ). 39 c. a Benjamite 1 Ch 8 d. one of the line of

'

Adonikam Ezr
Ezr io33
.

8 13

e. of the line of

Hashum
cf.

fro^M n.pr.m.
4

(nis

Hock

is

God,

Dt
2
10

tVT^M

Jb

32

+ 3 t.; NIPPON
-

Jb

32

32

v. also

bwjK)

chief of

Reuben

Nu

^30.35

IQ 1S_

6t.; n.pr.m. (He is (my) God) a. the young 4 5 6 friend of Job Jb 3 2 2 3 4* 3 5' 3 6\ b. an

Ephraimite, Samuel's great-grandfather iS I 12 cf. 3N^K 1 Ch 6 v 19 c. chief of Manas,

tjC^TN n.pr.m. (God has protected, cf. Ph. a. chief of the Kohathites Nu 3 byZitt)
=iss!'? s chief of Zebulun Nu 34
29
;
.

*W%

Ch 15 8

Ch

13

Ex

6 22

Lv io Ch
1 1

4
.

b.

seh

Ch

12

20
.

d. a Korahite
1

Ch
27

26
18

7
.

e.

one

of the brethren of David 6 1 S 16 ).

Ch

(cf.

3K^
of

tHg^M n.pr.m. (inot in ,


one of David's heroes
2

27

Dr)

TN2rP7N
David's chiefs
'

23

&

n.pr.m. (God

hides)
33
.

one

2S23

31

Ch

n
1

l"!'"'V^ n.pr.m.
-

(Autumn Godt

cf.

Jb

TD^p* vN n.pr.m. (God sets up, cf. Sab. 61S 1 a. Hezekiah's prefect of i>NEpn, ^SOp Hal )
1

29

one of Solomon's scribes

K4

3
.

31122 18 18 * 37 io 2 Is 2 2 20 3 6 the palace 2 37 b. son of Josiah, made king by Pharaoh 2

s
.

s4

t^TE^N (&
king, .3.9 4

!^D Eu

n.pr.m. (God

is 2
3

23
c.

Ch 36 4 = D i#rP 41 priest Ne 1 2
2
,
;

24

Je

3 i

Ch 3*.

cf.

?N , 3?p) husband of Naomi

Ru

s' 3

ty3C7'

7M

n.pr.f.(6W
Is 19
18

is

an
14

oath,
6

by which
wife of
7
.

one swears,

cf.

Am 8

t^D^N

n.pr.m. (God has added)

a. chief

Aaron Ex 6;= 'EA<ra/3<0 @,

cf.

Zp Lu
i

)
i

n h*
TyiU?' ,

7S

n.pr.m. (God
or
1

is
cf.

salvation,

cf.

V?"?!!? infr.;

is

opulence,
14'.

y*B"?S) son of

David

S 5"
I

Ch

dant of David
1

TTCJJ N n.pr.m. (God restores, cf. Nes " lil & Sab.Vwin DHM ZM0188SM a. a descen)

Abinadab 1 S 7 c. one of David's S 23' 1 Ch 1 1"; ins. also 1 Ch 27* cf. Dr 8m!80 d ft Levite j Ch 23 21.22 g 33 42 f. priest of the time of Ezra Ezr S Ne 12 one of the line of Parosh Ezr io 25
b. son of
1
.

heroes 2

Ch

24".
.

b. priest of David's time c. high priest of Nehemiah's time


1

24

CI13

ftt^ty,

||

rhyhi*

n.pr.loo. (God doth


(vid.

ascendtyof a village in the tribe of Eeuben, near

Ezr io 6 Ifeji.io.M.ji i 2 10.10.12.23 I3 .?. d a ginger Ezr io 21 e. one of the line of Zattu Ezrio 27 f. one of the line of Bani Ezr 1 o 36
. .

Heshbon, in ruins, el Al 4 337 9 34 32 Isi5 16 Je48


.

Rb BB111!78 ) Nu

tjrrttT'V

N (God has heard, cf. btWtf), & Sab.


1 "' 193

tniry 7N n.pr.m. (God lms made, cf. Wb^, 3940 V^-etc.) a descendant of Judah 1 Ch 2
.

VDD^X, $>Kyeiy Hal Nu i 10 2 18 7 48M io22


2

)
1

a. chief of
26

Ch

b.

Ephraim son of David

b. a Beiijamite

1
.

Pashur Ezr io 22

9". c. of the line of d. son of Shaphan Je 29 s


.

Ch 8 37

S 5"
1 .

.jg12.20.21

41
2

Ch 3 1 4 c. scribe of Jehoiakim Je d one f tue r0y aj gee(j 2 K 25^ Je 41 e. a man of Judah I Ch 2 f. a priest
1

68

tt^S&M

v.

^?^K.
J

t^ysV^
nD3s6yB)

CI117
,
,

8
.

a Benjamite
v.

n-pr.m. (God of doing 1218 1 Ch 8"


.

cf.

Ph.

i tt?" T

n.pr.m.

(God

is

salvation,

cf.

ISS^M t v
I t
:

Wtfe. T
has created, or taken (God Samuel 1 S 12 (8 t.)
.

J**&,

Sab. bsyiv

DHM
@
;

ZM0188315

)the prophet

!"l]p

7N n.pr.m.
.

io 16 Elisha, the successor of Elijah 1 57 s7 all K; 'EXra, 'EAiotuc 'EXi<raios Lu 4

t.

tl3Dttr7M n.pr.m. (God has judged, Ph. BBB^jn, i'WDBB') a captain in the time of Jehoiada 2 Ch 23'.

possession) 24 1219 b. son of Korah Ex 6 1 Ch 6 in Jerusalem in the time of Ahaz 2


.
>

a. father of

c.

Ch

a ruler 28 7 d.
.

6 e. several one of David's warriors 1 Ch 12 lla 910 21 16 23 Levites (a) 1 Ch 6 (y) 9 (8) 15 (/3)v
.

nn^N T
T- v;

v. v.

nnx^N. t t VI

Trio^N v t
:

sub

1.

*?<*.

f II. J"7 /"? vb. swear, curse (cf. I. HPK? so Thes Lag '"- 9 ) Qal Pf 1 K 8 31 (= 2 Ch 6 M all
reading n^XI); tifat Ju 17 ; 4 2 abs. H$K H04 ; ni^K Ho io %, swear, Inf. 31 8 (=2 Ch 6 s2 ) ; in take oath before God 1 4 2 covenants H04 2 io (falsely). 2. curse Jul 7

Vrss

Th Bo Ba Kp

IDyj^N
father of

n.pr.m. (God is pleasantness) two of David's heroes 1 Ch n 46 (not

inS).
Fra llu-iddin Dl ", Ph.

t|n^N

(God has

given,

cf.

!>BfO?,

&

As.

Eut
ass

jrunp, N ' bl2

nbm
'\

jn^JD, bv2iT\\ Palm. p " 3*>" 31, -Nab. Swam, jruop Vog
,

24 Hipb. Impf. bf\ S 14 Inf. fr%lj> = 2 Ch 6 adjure, pmt under oath.

K8

31

s12

Sab. i>tom,

amfo

dhm

28 ti"&N n-f- oath Gn26 + T


41
i

sf.V^K, Srb&

Gn

ZM01883

16 - 361 -

QTgiv.j.i.w

Theodore,

Diodate).

a.

the
s2

24 ; cf. Je 26 grandfather of Jehoiakim 2 122S b. Levites of the time of Ezra 36 (?).

20 n 24 1. oath -r(4 t.); pi. l!3KDt2 9 +(4t.) in testimony Lv 5 Nu 5 2121 (P) Pr 29 2S N3 n^N3 come into an oath Ne io 30 ntaa N'an 3 31 rbtt NSW 1K8 bring into an oath Ez 17'
1 ;
;

Ezr 8 161616

22 (=2 Che ).

2. oath of covenant
1113
;

Gn
10

24

4141

'"IJ^yN n.pr.m.

(God

lias

testified)

an

26
j

28

(J)
j

Dt29
-

nbt< 013 despise


,
24
s

Ephraimite

Ch

21

6 59

i6.i8.i9

curse

imjON T
T^J^N
*<#$
cf.

Dt 29 19 19 20 307
cf.

n.pr.m. (God has adorned,


1

Zc 5 3

(b)

2 Ch 34 Dn 9 Is 24 Je 23 from men J b3 1 30 <// io 7 59 13 4. exe11


.

an oath Ez aj from God Nu5 23 (P)

^HJ) an Ephraimite

Ch 7 20
is

cration
.

in

the
27

n.pr.m. (God
Sab.

my
.

strength
2 " 81883
-

=
15

execration

Nu 5
sf.
'

phrase rON? iTO become 18 18 12 (P) Je 29 42 44


.

an

one of

nv^N (tjfo?) DHM the heroes of David 1 Ch 1 2 5

bww,

tn^Nn, T -: )

yrbm,
I*

'

n.f.

curse

La

3*.

till.

[H7K]
n.f.

vb. wail
"b$ Jo
i
8

(Aram. N^t, ^*)


,

1tyV
supr.)

n.pr.m. (God
ffl

lias helped, cf.

"W^K
in
7.

only

Qal Imv.\.

a. Eleazar the priest


i

Hex) Ju 20

Ch 5 M3 6 M

Ex 6 + (50 1.
24
1

tn^?N

fat

^). taU of sheep,


(v.
;

still

ac-

20

Ezr

counted a delicacy in the East

(Mish.

id. X,

nrnbt?,

WrbtS, etc.; Ar.

i$\

cf.

Fl.

TWBLt18
*)

Ex
1

29

s2

Lv3
for
ch. vl

s5

(all fl5$J)j 9
v.
Scha/t

pro b. also

4 contrast with D'iw, D'ryN) Lv 19 (not to be 1 8 " 2050 silver & made) 2 6 (bothH),Is 2

(of

gold),

S 9s4

n^Vn
JJJ

Gei

Dr

(cf.

Tristram

io 10 Tjffi niabpp
viorthlessness,

(coll.) kingdoms

of idolatrous

Nat. Hist.

Bit),

ItWB

gjjjjfk

Diet. Bib. iherp\

+V->N conj. in Mishnah; Aram. *K, (oft. ?Z/V from f'X, and lb) if, though, clSw^ . in late Heb., Ec 6 6 Est 7 4 only
:
.

(Egypt),

Hb
M
)

v" 19 13 (of Egypt) 31" Ez3o' s 2" D'pbx 'K dumb idols, f 96'
all

(=iChi6
II-

the gods of the nations are 'K

vain, worthless gods 97".

I.

Ne6 Nei

16

n.pr. of 6th month, Aug. Sept. Pal. blbtf Vog 79 As. Ululu COT (Mish. id.,
,

^7N

7 7^

-/assumed

for

following words).

t.lTN

n.f.

oak
rd.

(cf.

pbs, but

here r (p iis

1
,

Ar. J_>M, Aram. J)<s~/).


.

Jos 24 s6 Hiv6as) only

tlis

oak which

in the

sanctuary of
(v.
1.

''
;

tffil

however perh. n?N, terebinth

n.pr.loc. a station of Israel in the

fibs?).

wilderness

Nu

1314

23

tLM/^J ~ T
rally;

vb. only ITiph. be corrupt mo_*

tpV n.m. 'X abs. Gn35 +


s

Gn358

oak (

frihavos, b,w,, etc.)


pi.
12
;

cstr. it.;

tainted (Che

14

) (cf.

Ar

111

vni. be

Ez 27

s
;

13 cstr. 'Oi/'K Is 2

Zc ii

as

9 D'iibsjSAm 2

marking

confused (of a thing), of milk, turn sour\ Pf. 3 pi. 3 4 16 ,n n J$? V' J 4 53 ; -f'- h?3 a corrupt man Jb 1 5

8 grave of Deborah, Rebekah's nurse Gn35 (E); whence called oak of weeping, 11133 'K ib. (v. Di

^N Gn
;

24

39

v.

&K.

4 tnU.^7^ n -P r -loc. as sow. ofJavan Gn io 7 7 iChi 'N^NEz 27 (Aeolis Josephus Jer Kn;

ad loc, & sub p?S? p. 18); elsewhere only in pro13 phets; as marking illicit shrines Ho4 (|| njnp, 13 felled Is 6 (in sim.; fibs?); as flbs?) ; as fur||

H
cf.

Derenbourc
30 "

'! '

lnB ;aGr* ux 2S5r<Eng tn'5


'
'

'

'

in,r -

0c '- 188'. 7 >.

nishing material for making idols Is 44" n n^ n**); as smi fr strength (|Dn)
-

(||

TIN,
9
;

Am 2

IfettasZ

etc.,

Len

"*"- 234

X;bp"K n:Ht? i>.ropuio <Ao^'=Elissa, Sta


i. s

'; Italy, with Sicily, 4 CarEzek, Di Gri io


;

also IB^n

*$*

Is 2

13

EZ27

(as strong,

(as lofty majestic), for making oars);

&

cf.
2
,

Zen
Ch
4

j.van.sr.
;

metaph. of prominent men.

Meyer

Gesch.

282

decision difficult

last

view very

"m 7N
(on Jos
1

n.pr.m. (oak) a Simeonite


s3

37

attractive).
I.

v.

pbs?p. 18).

[77^?] 0 oe weak or insufficient, assumed


as root of ? vK (as also of bs)
:

in Thes
^11

cf.

Ar.

so

tTjVQ^ n.pr.loc. in Asher (=^D Thes MV) Jos 9 (Baer tabs?).


1 26

D^N?

to fail in

a thing).

t'
i.q. b'bg,

77^

interj. (prob. onomatop.:


vjail,
1

cf.

Jl,

fll.

hbVi

Je 14 14 Kt,
(etym.

q.v.
:

fibs?,

tb'

/M n.m.

uncertain
r

most

sq.

^Vto to me Mi

AA.:

woe! Di

718

alas! )

woe!

Jb io".

prob. akin to Syr. ^*^.( weak, feeble, poor ; ?N perh. also in usage [cf. b] felt to suggest

not;

cf.

Che on

Is 2
17

t[D_?N] vb. bind (perh. cf. As. [alamu], EP " 4 & in BD Ezek."'; almattu,fortressT>\ in Zim
Ar.
1)1 be

wortldess) insufficiency,

b^bxn *jn the shepherd of a. ness. 4 worthlessness =the worthless shepherd, Jbi3

Zen

Niph.

in pain, Aram. yi^t retain anger). be dumb, Pf. 3 fs. ) {be bound

bb 'KB! worthless physicians ( Ijy^Db), Je 1 4 14 Qr concr. a thing of nought (uttered by prophets), but here bvK DDp a worthless divin. (|| pin, Dab VttTp) should perh. be read b. esp. pi. D y vX concr. worthless Gf).
||

nob.SO IS53

7
;

PlO^l EZ3
;

26
,

etc.;

7mp/. 2 ms.

IJJJW
6e
10

Ez 24
i.e.

s7

fpl.

fijpbsw
'3

^ 31". 1.
(||

dumb,
(||

silent

s ^ 39 iWJM

Wtfrifl);
7
;

T#

cf.v
6e

^-rWBK S?b);
i.

dMm6,

e.

sim. of sheep Is53 (|| id.) 6 unable to speak Ez (result

(cf.

gods, idols

Ak*H word=0wfa, cf.Sab. nbtcbn,&v.N6


but even
if so,

(cf.

Evan)

(possibly orig.

an indep.
)

of

W^j
Dn
^riBB'

p'aiK

^V^)
33"
v 16 );

cf.

rty Dbsri ^!n naini;


also
fflg

niy
be

associated

idea of worthlessness,

&

by the prophets with used by them in iron.

io 15

(cf.

iT* nr^ 'np^w n^ nns^.; made dumb subj.


24
(II

s7

Zymy

Zt>*

31

19

^8

,D

v ' 8 )-

toVn
sheaves.

48

Pi. Ft. bind G1137 7 (E) D'tpbx D'E^XD binding


T

Gn 38 1419

cstr.

m>n rVODJw
;

S 203

(of David's
;

imprisoned concubines
n.f. sheaf, in Joseph's

but text impossible

[nD7^] T
;.7.7 .7

dream

We
fig.

Gn37
also

'()
s

3q sf v.bSx,
fig.

p i. on^x, eovtoSs;
of ret.
fr.

niJDbx, c f. Dr; Klo thinks gloss); of Jerusalem Is 54 4 IJTIUDpK.


ni>Pl
"t?

f 1 26

Vn'ebx (in

captivity).

"Y"?

at^J -

som e

one, a certain (name

tO^N
De, in

n.[m.] silence,

f 56

(title) vid.

01

unspoken);

'X

name
etc.

of melody D'prn D7X

roiOy;

also

alone.of person,

+ 58* ( = adv.
De
'

in sihnceX) but rd, D(')bx 01

= such-an-one,so-and-so~Ru 4 tipVX n.pr.loc. Ellasar Gn 4 ( = Bab.


1

*frf Dipt) 1

S 21 s

K6
'- 9

8
;

' 'B
.

Che,

D7S

adj.
"lX

dumb, unable

to speak;
;

Ex 4

11

Larsa, mod. Senkereh, c. 28 miles NE. from Ur; C8240f cf. Loft Dl 1 '* B3, Tiele Ge 'chlM COT"""00 ).
,

D;>X DVc> ip

Dlt6 HB Db 'O

Is

56

10

D^?
D'^bx

fl.

[*]7^]
to,

vb

learn

Ar (

^4

**5P

Dn$K 8
Hl>2
;

'X fig. of false proph.; of idols 8 6 as subst. Pr3i ^38" IS35


.

cleave

become familiar with; Aram. *P8,


Sl.1"
,

&^L,
2
1JB

learn,

Pa
22
2i

teacli).
;

Qal Jfnp/
sq. ace.

^N
S^N T "
T
D'r6.XD).

v.

in.

D^Sp.

ms. iririN C]bxn

v.

D^'X sub

II.

h.

Sta'^'Ko 1 388 Ge'^S'cf. Ewt rab) Jb 35 u ;'sq.


'

pr

Pi. teach,
J

Jbi5

(subj.^J!); so

P<.sb(for '^XID

5 of Israel Je 51 (sq. |72T'N adj. forsaken,

2 ace.

noon is^xx Jb 33 s3

ti.

[*$*] n.m.
As.alpu,

y8

'

8
;

only

pl.

cattle
Is

TTQ
Is 47"

n.[m.] widowhood,
v
9
;

fig.

of Babylon

(Ph.

tjijN,

(||

btotf, cf.

vid.

BaNBB
*

24 30 used in
).

COT Gl0") D'B^X

Pr 14 4
13

tillage; subject to

man ^8 8 (H^.S);
28 41851

their increase
(||

widow (Mish. id., As. aZmattu Dl in Zim Bri14 )'x Gn 38"+ no cstr.; a 18 p riboj* Ex 2 2 + pi. sf. vrfuoiix Jb 27
n.f.
:

tn:oV 61 tt

T^X Tjtf a blessing Dt 7


adj.

all 13t6t niriB'jj)'.


1.

l.

tpV&
Pr
;

tame

'n

abs.

Mi
pl-

+;

etc.widow 1

K
910

1
;

20

1K7

14

n M i7
cf.

'X
;

n K
;

Gn 3 8"(J;
(H
;
||

S 14 ( nD'l) living in father's


||

^K

cstr.

,7

sf.

*fcl
14

^55";

D^
.

Je 13 21
cile,

sf.

house)

ITf*^) ; widow forbidden as wife of h. p., like HE^nj, rppn, H3T cf. Ez 44 K SS 22 (ti. of all priests, exc. widow
-

Lv

22

13

14

(H), where

^v8

etc.; 1. tame, rfo0*B^8 ^ 144 19 fe*33 a <2oci7e (gentle) Zam6 Je 1 1


14

s 2. n.m. friend, intimate yj/ 55 (|| 1>^B) Mi 7 28 9 21 Pr 16 17 Je 13 ; of a woman's hus(|| IT!!)

of priest);

niJDbx
G'DJV)
(sim.);

Nu3O (P; of widow's vow, ||nt!'Vi3); 23 D3^?=ye shall be slain Ex 2 2 (||D3''A3


Je 15 8 18 s1 Ez 2a also La 5 s of those snatched away by pestilence

10

band y\W:
\^

'X

Pr 2";
4
.

fig.
1.

of

"*

as

husband of

cf.

V109 9

Judah, id., 14 144 (i.e. cows).


II.

Je 3

3. i.q.

*fy(;

aty&} CW^t

Hj^an tib 1>tfl$$ Jb27

15
;

by sword,
(v.
fig.

id.,

^78";

We
less,
16

Sab.
,

rd. rrtn

nfofsj*
s

2S203

DHM

^7^ a.m.
2MG1875
-

of imprisoned concubines;

noj>x i n fr .) of Jerusalem

Is 47 ; esp. widow as helpexposed to oppression & harsh treatment (oft. ||DirV, & -13); Is i 23 io 2 Jb22 9 24 s

Lai'; Babylon

$* X^bx)'x ^X du. D^X Nu4 + pl. D"?^ Exi8 + cstr. T^X Dt7 +2t.; I'S^X Q r BJJU EX32
; ;

thousand (^X MI, SI, Ar. dii( Aram. *]', 16 15 f Ju 6 ('X) Gn 20 + sf.
615
;

Ju615

36

2I

28

13

-!-;

harshness forbidden, & care them enjoined Ex22 21 (E) Dt 14 29 16" 14 19 6 3 BJUUI 26 1213 10 cf. 4 27 Is 1" Je 7 22 Zc 7 13 18 Jb 29 ; under esp. care of God Dt io Je49 u Pr 15*^68' 146 9 ; once of severity of judgment
31 for
y(r

s s 94 Mai 3

in not sparing

widow
vid. ib. n.f.

Is 9 16

PD")X

Ez 19

&

('PX Is 1 3 vid. sub also sub pjJD.)


.

s2

t[rVljDTN]

widowhood

1 S i8 +2t. 1. nu(Kt IS") meral: a. used with noun alone; mostly before noun NU35 4 Jos 7 s Ne 3" 1 Ch i8 4 + ; after noun (late) 1 Ch 1 2 35 + 6 t. Ch Ezr Ne; TOX3 'X Nu 35 5 5 '" Ez 47 3 (del. Co); the noun always pl. when preceding, sometimes when following, 2 4 i S 25 1 ^r^Is 3 6 8 2 Ch 3024 f 904 3 2 Jb 4 2 12 Ec 6 6 ; elsewh. sg. tr N Ju 9 49 1 5 1516 Jos 7 3 + ; nox Nu 3 5 4 + (so SI); "rtl Dt7 9 +, cf. iCh 18 4
'

a thousand.

(Mish.

id.,

6 19 2

19

15

Ph. riD^x) sf.nnyD^X HJ3 her widow's garments

coll.;

'Npl.

Jb42 Ct4 Is 7 noun sometimes 60 7 cstr. Mi 6 ^ 1 1 9" Gn 24 noun not


,

1 ! '

21

ffw
expr. (or not fully)

49

Gn
4

20 16

Nu

5,6

3l

distrib.
'

! 31 ; multipl. Dt i" D'OV? *])* 6 10 18 indef. for great no. (pi.) Ex20 34 7 Dts Je'32 other num. usually Dt 3 2 30 Ec 6 6 b. 'x
,

Nu

(sg.)

in the tribe of Dan, between Ekron As. Altaku (COT) Jos 19 44 2i B


.

TNpfHN, npn7N n.pr.loc. Levitical city & Tirana,


TjpfHN
n.pr.loc. a city in the tribe of
15".

precedes
2

it Ex 38^ + oft.; but foil. VfOF\ Ezr + 2 1.; it follows also smaller no. Nu 3 M i K 5 (so SI); the noun foil, in sg. Ex 28 + 8 1.; pi. 2 S 8 + 2 1.; noun precedes, in pi. (late) Dn 2 + 2 t.; noun not expr. Ex 3 s 28 + oft. c. x

12

Judah north of Hebron Jos

25

12

conj.

(= Aram, ^/[and in JI/In^=

't<

Jf

y/

other no. always foil. Ex i2 37 -f ; usual order is no. X 'X + additional no. (if any) + noun (ifexpr.)

=
\\

+ no. x'x Nu 3 i iK8 +; Ex 38 s6 Nu26 M 3i 32 EX48 30 2 usually sg. Nu n + exc. after units, where 46 Ju 20 34 + (so MI); seld. pi. cstr. pi. abs. Nu i
ffl
'

35 S2 4A 37 Nu3i Ju 20 cf.Ex 1 2 2K 3 + 33

oft.noun (other combin. v. 7 1 Ch2 9 etc); '


;

if not, except], Ar. ^\ if [and in VI if not, except], Eth. Xm>: (gmma) if ,jl .TB + DK (\S. [and in if

less

not, but], As.

+ ^[) umma ;

M'.^alld)
-

also in Ar. ll
'

'Anf =
-

(**'-
1.

208 Z * OI888 cf DNH- v No*"-

',-

7S9

'

W AOI

,3S7

"\

Ex

s8

Ju 4 1 K i2 when preceding it
foil.
10 33
5

32

Ju 4 10 Jb

3-3
;

(noun mostly
yet
pi.

sg.
1

when
;

21

Jos 4 13
21

S i 35 +
coll.

a. construction (v. hypoth. part. if. more fully Dr' 136 13* 143 Friedrich D ",He,,rCo " <m " 18S4 with impf. (continued by pff. & waw ): (1)
"

is pi. 1

Ch

4-

or

Nu

2 63 5 1S25 iK8 2Ch7 +); n'S^flbK iCh 14 8 21 22 2 Ch 14 ]Xp ^b ^68^ cf. fffi; nina ^ 5 o 10 rd. bx cf. ^36', OlBiChe; igg

consec; apod, usually begins with pf. & waw consec. or bare impf.; or, if necess.,withimper.

31

NXDN-DN if orjuss.) (a) of /uure time: Gn 1 8 I shall find 50 righteous in Sodom, 'ntwjl I will 8 9 s' 62b 12 33 i 6 ; pardon, etc., 24 32 Dt 19 1

yet
etc.

v.

Hup De.Note.
4

Ju i 3 1 K 5 1 less'oft. Si, 2. a thousand, a company of ^551 e t c <! 1000 men, as united under one superior, or hence ' Ex 1 8 2L2S cf. Nu 1 "
s8
-

0,000 Cb.2 9 7 +;
1

=D^

roby

Gn 4 2 37 Ju

13"

62 *

^ 132 12

fV"
'

(b)
8

of past

leader, cf
.

"If (ne>)

16 4 s130 & iwif; X 'V1 Nu 1 1 o Jos 2 2 s 15 cf. also 1 S 29 etc. Ju 6 esp. family,
;

v. infr.
1

S io 19

time (rare, but classical): Gn 31 IPS' DN if ever he said ... VPJ^ then they used to bear, etc., Ex 4037 & in the protestations Jb 31 71316 25 etc. (alternating with pff., v. infr., & with jussives a purely imaginary in apod.) (c) assuming case (with impf. in both clauses, like the double opt. in Greek), if, though : Gn 1 3" so
;

(|[

cat?

&

c f.

farfcl *( parently shew transit, to this technical use.


in.
1

21 2 s6 nna^t? v ); cf. Mi 5 ; Nu 10 14 s3 1 S 23 n^a-i) 31* Jos 22 ap-

that ?3^"EN if a. man were able to number the stars, thy seed also ""1313? might be numbered,

Nu 2 2 19 Is i 18 WJ& D'JE'a tl ViT-DK though your


sins were as scarlet, they should become white VVirr~btC though they were to as snow,

fpN
'QX 2
tyl^N

n.pr.loc. city in Benj., 'KH Jos

s8
;

perL Lifta

N.
.

fr.

Jems. Survey

" 18

Am 9"

(cf.

11.

for prob. meaning).

11.

nm
.

ichi.oi v.

chief)
15

chiliarch

Gn 36 )' abs. Gn ^N (denom. 6 + cstr. 3 pi. (^K) Ex i5 + sf. DiTE^N Gn 36 1930 chief (tribal) of Edom Gn 15(5,> 36 +38t.Gn 3 6(P);Exi5 (E)iChi 61(4t)
fr. 11.

Di

16

^X

dig into Sheol, from thence Dnjjn would my hand fetch them, 1// 27 s 139"+ (2) with pt. a present process, or an ap(expressing either 42 49 Ju proaching future apod, as 1 a) Gn 24 i6 OX if ye are going to j j9 gas 9 tPSffe
.
'

am

15

bring

15

+ 9t.;

of

Judah Zc 12

"; so *\\x 9' (in sim.)

* ..."' ]r$) then will, etc; 8 s6 s similarly with J?", or J'K Gn 44 Ex 22 1 S 20 s3 & with no explicit copula Dt 22 2 25' Lv 23 ; 314 of fat. or pres. i etc. (3) with perf. (a) time by pff. waw consec: apod, as

me back

(continued

&

t[T7K] vb. Pi. urge (Aram. -Stfi Sam. 6 n , ?.?"]a \b WW). a) 3 fs. ins^Nni Ju 1 6
nip
1

I a) 43 if I do not

||

v. 1.

W.
c.

^"'IT'lpV^

adj. gent.
1

art.

Nahum
c<"""n -

ero) s for ever, 47 if thou knowest that there are men of worth among them !WI?en then make

T2?^ W?* T^? Wtf**?" nVdn bring him back (si eum non reduxand set him before thee, I will be guilty

Gn

the

them,

etc.,
30 '-

Jui6 17 2S1533
14

^ 41 7

Elkoshite
locality

Na

(perhaps
;
;

=. from Elkosh, but

Jb

unknown

identified

by Jer
also

with a

io 7 9 watchest me.

^IQW TXan OX if I sin, On XrOX Gn 1 8 3 al. v. X).

94 thou
(b)

village Elcesi in Galilee

cf.

Capernaum

(=Din: IB!?); others (improbably) with an Elkosh on E. bank of Tigris, near Mosul).

of past time, whether (a) in actual fact, or () in an assumed case (the pf. is here continued by the impf. and waw consec; apod, begins as

DM
before),

50

...OHifye have done honestlyttyOTn and have made Abimelech king..., 1S26"; esp. in protestations, as let f TIW Vrt^ DM if I have done this 5 9 s5
(a)

Ju

1619

Dn^

78' (v.
Is 4
4

LV
}*n"i

,36 *

ob

DM *); Am 7
Nu 36*

2
.

(b) of pres. or

fut.,

DX when
cf.

the Lord shall have

25 washed, 24" 2S ;

(with the impf.)


:

yfr

c.

the

enemy pursue my

soul,etc.

Je 33

''

Jb 3 i

''

DK

W3 except
DS

Compounded with other particles


if,

(a)
s- 4
.

except,
,9

etc.

s7 (b) Nu 5 / sAe Aar denied herself PVO

tGn 47 18 Ju 7"
7
. .

Am 3

a?id fircn faithless, 'N21 then shall they come, s4 23 54 with bare pf. in apod., in etc., 15 3S (c)
" .

sense of

If ... had
. . . ,

...

only

Dt 32
(v
is

30

'3

t6"DK

:ere it o< that

^73".

more usual

+2 K20 (for which Is 39 has sim(0) fcrtbq ? ply '?), perh. Is it not (good), j'/\ (De Di). DK ny +Gn 24 1933 Is 3017 (8) ( y ) Dtp?, q.v. Ru 2 21 , & ta "f* "1J? tGn 28 ls Nu 32" Is 6",
until, prop. MWiti i/ or

when,
cb

in such cases.)

Jb 9

27

Note that the vb. following DK is saying). s often strengthened by the inf. abs., as Ex 1 5 s6 1 9 n 30 8 " L 6 s sls ,6a 1 6 1 1 1 cf. Dr
2
i

*Tft

DS =

(4) with inf. once (si vera 1.) if I say (lit. if (there is) my

(e)

DN pi

if only

*6~DN in Ez (v. sub pi). The Vrss render If I had

22

Ju

4"
.

etc.

b.
1

S/iecial
.
.

uses:
.

(1)
.

repeated

DN
1

.or (sive 2S15 "; similarly t0 Ez 2 5 Ec J 12 14 (cf!

DK whether

sive)
.

Ex 1 9" Dt BM Gn 3 i 62 Je
.
.

3 6

very difficult sent, etc., implying *b for t6"DN (for Ew's M'^IWtssWI, q v is precarious): GesHiCo 'but (N?~DK aftera neg., 2 s8 cf. supr. Gn 24 ^ 131 ) unto them (Isr.) have can understand thee' (but I sent thee they
3
.

is

.,

42
.

understand

is

a dub. rendering of ?$ 1"?^).


:

/.

vfi V|5

v?

?S;

&...&

\Z\

} ...\Z\).

phrases in 1S3" 2 K6 ) Gn 14 42 N1114 14 36 11 4 6 1 ,4 1 S 3 3 & oft.; Is 22 V89 95 19 2 28 s8 23 9 kVdk Nu 14 Jos 14 1 K 20 2 9 s6 Jb 6


31

an oath (expressed, or merely Ott implied) (the formula of imprecation being omitted) becomes an emph. negative, and N?"DN an emph. affirmative 2S11 11 by thy life n 1^n-ns TtyflfrOM (may God bring all manner of evil upon me) ifl do this thing surely I will not do this thing (cf. the full
(2) After
:

2. Interrog.part. a. in direct qu. (a) ? expecting alone (not freq. and usually the answer No, esp. in a rhet. style): Gn 38'' 27 i Ju 5 8 nanj n^VTJM f?0 was there a 1 16 ? Is shield to be seen or a spear 29 ; and

= Num
. .

repeated
in

Am 3*

Je 4s 27 Jb 6 12

(b)
:

disjunctive

interrogation

(o)

more frtq. H DK .

t

13 expressing a real alternative Jos 5 nriX y?n U^Xp'DN art thou for us, or for our enemies ?

23

15

23

'

K2

Ju 9 2

14 Jei5 a neg. clause, emphasizing a contrasted idea, Gn 24 38 (where the expl. by Aram. X?N is not

IS5

24

]I M 49 Jbi + esp. Ez;

after

1 22 615 more oft. expressing a merely formal alternative, esp. in poetry (a rhetorical s 1222 Ju n'261 2 S 19 36 Is Num'l) Gn 37 Nu io 15 66 8 Je 3 6 Hb 3 s ^ 77 10 78 20 Jb 4 17 6" io 45 7 1 1 etc. (/3) DW . . . PI (rarer than DM ... H, but
:

supported by Heb. usage),

cf.

Je
8

22

6
.

Repeated,
16
16

similar in use) 2 S 24 (a real alt); Is 49 s4 50 2 2 4 Je 5 9 (v 29 DM) 14 22 Joi 2 4 4 Jb8 3 21 22 3

13

2 S20 2K3 Is62 Je38 Ezi 4 In adjurations (with 2nd or 3rd ps.) that not 61 i Gn 21 23 26 s9 31 60 1 S 24s2 1 Ct 2 7 3 6 + Of past or present time: 1 S25 34 as * liveth (I say) that, unless thou hadst hastened .. . , DM *|
2(l

DNl...DK

I4

(formal); Gn I7 shall a child . . i "l.?n n V?

34

17

40

8f

17

P
D

or Sarah,

(with an anacol.)
"
J 1
i

na n

"T'T*!
bear*!

shall she that is

90 years old

s6 that surely there had not been left .! 1 7 as thy soul livelh ^V"!'" 13 ^ if I know it! 1 10 both B^-DK (? here merely intro47" 1 8

"in*0

b. in oblique (OKI after neg. clause), interrogation, if, whether: (a) alone, after verbs 2 of seeing, inquiring, etc. 2 i Je 5 1 30 6 Mai 10 24 Ct 7 13 La i 12 Ezr 2 59 once V1^ " 3 + 139
27

Pr

24

duces the fact sworn


lated;
:

a neg.

& need not be transs so2S3 v. ''3); f 121 t6"DM (after s8 90 clause: cf. supr. Gn 24 )' Cf. Str'
to,
2
. .

haud scio an) 14 , perhaps Est 4 (older syn. ITt^ P alone: see 22 n 2 S 1 2 Jo 2" Jon 3 9 ). (6) disjunctively DN Gn 27 21 Nu 13 18 20 so DKK DK Jos 24 15 cl
i.

DN who knoweth if...1

e.

(like

. . .

. .

(3) Part, of wishing, if but


9
-

.!

oh that.

(rare) ^8i If thou wouldest hearken to me! n 32 7 With an imv. Cf. KX32 95 l 39 P r 2 4 16 vera 1.) Jb 34 nj'jjTDSl; and with an ana(si
.

oh

coluthon, Gn 23" (P) *)$$ lb TOM-DM ?/thou! that thou wouldst hear me
(4)

s8 compounded with 1 DKH fNu 1 7 f$ WOM DKH an emph. Num ? Shall we ever have prob. finished dying? Jb 6 13 difficult: perh. Is it that my help is not in me ? (a forcible means of expressing that that which might be thought
,

Nearly

= when with
9
. .

impossible
aposiop., If

is

the
.

pf.

(a)
ffffl

my help

nevertheless the case); Hi as an is not in me (am I still to

of past,

9 Gn38 Nu2i

flM"}}

TIB/rDK

and it used to be, if or when a serpent had bitten a man, that he would look, etc., Ju 6 3

(The view that DNn 5>n nonne f is inconsistent with the fact that Dl< in a question, has regularly the force of ?)
wait)1

Num

DN
ON
v.

51

DBX.
v.

H$
DDK.

33(ll 5o*)i fubj. |E3


1
10

Is24
;

(||B>i-i

bzt*\;

HEN, HEN T T
\

y&} Jo

(||

of foil., which how77 f2b$ (assumed as 188 ever prob. bilit. cf. Sta* ; vid. also Lag BN82
).

>2 njxn v

(||

TW, !, B*3in neain


;

ITJW); c f.
t

La 2 8

kindred subj.); 5 nbax jsan) D*"Jf j e 14 (|| rm; noim brrbatw. i^ett

t,"TON n.f. maid, handmaid (Ph. DCX, * T T


Ar.
iS\,

[T?72N]
!

)&r,
sf. 'not?.

Sab. J1DK in n.pr. Sab.Denkm. Aram. BP67 10 As. amtu Zim 'x abs. Gn 2i +; )
,

20

m b Sta tion cf. Ew


t^Vr;^
(|| rDjrjj

adj. feeble (Mish. id.; on forma*

D^betsn DHVWi
6-

Ne 3 14

Gn

3o

etc.; pi. abs.


2

nhDK Gn
5

33

31

adj. id. (Ew'

Sta

!23

);

'JK'Kf

maid, handmaid.
rarely
-

S6 22 ;'cstr. n^TDN
P

S6

20
;

^hOX Jb

19 etc.

ibqa?).

3 33 2 9 P Hex) Gn 30 31 (|| nriEK> 2 9 5 4f 2 S J etc.) Ex 2 (all E) Jb 19 15 3o Na 2 8 (sf. refers to mistress, exc. Jb 19 16 cf. 2022 in legisl. (|| T$fi Ex 20 1017 2 i*" 2 S 6 ); Lv 25 6MM (H) Dt s'1414 18 12 1218 15* (all E) s5 16 1114 cf. also Jb 31" Ezr 2 Ne 7 67 applied

maidservant (= nnEB' q.v., wh. however sometimes more servile


1.
lit.

I.

Q^2^ (perh. be wide, roomy, As.[amamu]


Dt?

in

whence ummu, womb,


but
n.prim. ace. to

6^

motfir = Qtt cf. Dl rrKI9 Thes Sta 1189 " Lag BN22).
*1, *[,

CN m n.f. mother (Ph. DK, Ar.


Ab.
;

Eth.
Ke1118

to concubine
(all

(sf.

of master) Gn 20 17
;

E) Ju 9

18

19

19
7

also

Gn2i

101013

Ex 23 (i6"P nnst?
2
1
12

12

Xy, Sab. DN (only in n.pr. cf. e.g. Bae ) ummu COT G,0M Aram. Dg, KB'K, ),<>') M 2 'Xabs.Gn32 + cstr. Gn3 + sf. 'Bt? Gn 2o' BnbN J e 16 3 + etc; + pi. only sf. tfn'Bt? La 5
,2
;

vid. on this Sta (all E), address, I^CK etc., referring to 99 nnaB* (|| speaker, in token of humility; Ru 3
q.v.)
2
1

Ex

"*"'"- 880 .

La

2.

fig.

in

(human) mother, as parent Gu 20 12 32 12 44 M Ex2 8 ^5i 7 ii3 9 (opp.n-iK))Jei5 8 * 20" 22 20 50 12 1 Ch 4 9 Ct6 9 8 6 + hence of Eve Dt?
2
;

1212

1.

lit.

-1

13

id. 14 (|| addressing

) 1516

iSi

,6

18

24.24.25.28.31.41

(||irf.v

25

id.

V 27 )
20
;
,

S
in

'n-^SGns^poet.of birth,
5";
Mia
Dt?

Dt?
cf.

JBaOKr Jbi 21 Ec
13

v.7.i.i'.w-i);

20 17

lKi 1317 3
1

DIT30 S5P
"jjisi?

Nu
6

12 12

+ i39

18 (Je 20 &) 10

God
116
16

(never nnaty)
.

llllu

cf.

nsN

'S-|3^86
ti.
25

16

my
1142

71 (subj. '\ cf. nru 22 ; Hup Pe); also benefactor fr. birth Thes

> n>=
1

Ew

ViON n.pr. Amon,anEgyptiangodNa3 8


,
;
1'

comp. by Greeks with Zeus (Herod. 13 He was originally the local Diod. ), 'Aii/iif. 8 of Thebes (=t?J, called f<OH to Na 3 deity 25 cf. t?3J? 'X Je 46 ), but subsequently became the supreme god of the Egyptian Pantheon, the successor of the sun-god Ra and so-called Anion Ra. He was the secret god, who hid himself and was difficult to find (Amon

Je46

nap tpM TUjnje 20 Dt? |C30=fr.earliest exist18 ence Jui6 17 Jb3i ^22"; so DX JfBI 8 49 as 10 2 giving suck Ct 8 (Dt? Hf) f 2 2 cf." 1 3 1 (v. Ex
;

17

'

cf. v ); 11I3

as exercising authority

Gn

21 21 24 s8

Ebers Ri UWB

concealment, hidden);
.

v.

Raw l.Hit.Ac.E BJPu.322


in.

mother as possessing dignity & influence 1K1" 23 131920 Ct 3 11 Pr 31 '; cf. names of mo2 2CI122 2131 210 3 15 thers of kings of Judah 1 K 14 + as s3 19 30 s7 1 2 1 S 2 1 K 3 4 Is 7 shewing love & care 66 13 (sim. of /v s comforting his people; cf. also Gn 2 7 45) as beloved & lamented 1 1 9 20 ( at?)
'
;

27

2 8 4 2f "Jui7 Rui Ct3 8 etc.;

esp. of queen-

||

(11.

in. ftoN v. p. 54.)

"hCN

n.pr.m. Ezr a"

|iCN Ne
(cf.

9
-

Gn 24 35"; tet?"t? = own (uterine) brother 29 & ns G1127 29 Dti 3 7 Ju8 ^so20 GU43
s7
i/'

19

||

69 Ct

cf.

1 ;

so iTOTna
;

t[7^K]
JJil
7]ri3p

vb. be weak, languish

Ar.

(||V3K-ri3) Gn

20 12
4
;

oft.

Lv 18 20 Dt 27 with 3, as^re^es Je
17

s?

hope, expect).

Qal

Pt. pass.

f.

how weak
9

W^j
Is

thy heart! Pn'l. P/. ^-no);


is

Ez 16 30
Jo
10

33

+;

'-v?*?

Je 14 2

etc.;

nx8 TO (but < Co + n^ot?


;

i6 3

Zci3
,

33

Is 8
etc.,

authority,

as rightfullyclaiminghonour, 10 7 cf. supr., Gn 2 8 (P) cf. 37 (E)

Ju i4 2f
22
7
;

he

or

yrow

/eeife,
1

5 8

languish ; of loss of fertility (woman) Je 1 5 9 ; of fisherman whose trade fails


(||fWN,

16 laws enjoining these Ex 20 =Dt 5 Lv 1 9 15 1S17 cf. Dt 22 ; laws prohib. contrary Ex 2i (E) Lv 20 99 (H) Dt2i ls19 27"; laws as to mourning

so in precept

Pr i^^io is^etc.
1

cf.

Ez
3

12

for

Lv2i 2 "(H)Nu6 7 (P)cf.Jei6 7 Ez44 25

left

for wife

Gn

24

Is 19
infr.

^3N);
3

in

genl. of inhab.
Is 2
4/

of
cf.

for

mother-in-law

Ru 2 24

for

smitten land
8
;

Ho
cf.

(||

YW) ^W)>
;

usually subj. inanim., personif.; TrtOJg


is 16

pa^n

Nai 4 4 ban L324 4


-

(||bj,

b);

husband Dt2i 13 (law for captive women); cf. Dt 33 9 (of devoted service of Levites); loving, 3 caring for children Pr 4 (on the opposite cf. 3 ls 13 10 6 cf. v loved, cared for Jos 2 \j/ 27 ); e 2

HON
iS22 a iKi9 M
borah as caring
'

52
.

cf.

2S

for

38 +2. fig. of De19 her people ?N~b^3 DX Ju

all
1

3K Is 22 s Jb 29 16 ); 5' (cf. ('stock, race, community'


of Israel

so of a city 2

S 20"

RS

K2a

of.*""*- "");

num. Ex 26"-8 8 27 918 3 6 9(M513 21 NU35"" 6 "- 6 B!B!!3 2 2 Ch 4 2 2 Ez 40 21 47 s Zc 5 22 + 7 1010 cf. eton ntek^ 2 Ch 3"; oft. **m 'x Ex 25 ; 31 3235 21 101717 Xil ^sm 'X Ex 26 16 + also 36 i K 1 7
-

K6

'

'

io"; of Judah Is 50"; 3? of Hittite as mother of Jerusalem 'TD^J


cf.

Ho2 47 4

etc.;

cf.

rn\T

rites' t?e>

S17
s
.

4
;

sq.

rmpa in

measurement Jos 3 4

Tl-rin

^"cf.v4445 alsoi9210 &vid. 23 s s9 t 3. of animals, dam Ex 22 (of ox & sheep) Lv 26 22 (of bullock, sheep, or goat); Ex 23"= 34
-lOWEz
.

2. t measure, 3 full measure, limit, only ^}/S3 D13X the measure


2
13 of thy gain-making Je 51 (||

Ch

^'i?).
;

s7

= Dt 14

51

(of kid); mother-bird

Dt

22

6M

tin.

fig.

[nM]

n.f.

(etym. & mng. dub.

Thes

Jb

Ez 2 i M (HOT)!?
tl.

14 : 17 n^nS 'nhsi ^qn nnx <3 vany nne^. t4. =point of departure or division T!^? EX

foundation
sense,
cf.

MV

(cf.
;

Talm. AW), fr. DX in metaph. De on Is 6 4 der. similarly, but


35)
;

*if

kw).
nBXn
jriD

n^SN

makes support of superliminaria (cf. @ @ Ew Di der. fr. -\/DOX = ll precede, whence


front; Dl hence contain,
t iv.
Prll

n.f. only mother-city, metropolis

IP
.

(cf

38 2

S 20 19 &

Ph.); in phrase

au-

tr.

holder

fr.

-/dOX

6 101'de,

thority of motlier-city 2
11.

S8

l ;

v.

30;

cf.

Dr.

/told)

only D'SDH
hill

J"li2X Is

64

i"TCSN

216

n.f. eU, cubit (SI

nX; so Sab.

r!73W n.pr.loc.

near Gibeon,

DHM ZG
Nor 190
der.
fr.
;

1865. 613.

Aram J^' KQX. Ag amTOO<M


XflO^j

ntsx-nyrij 2

s4
.

Eth.

mater brachii,
-v/dOX,
cf.

i.e.

etym. dub.; Thes al. length of fore-arm; others

[trTON]

ummatu
only
pi.
16
;

II

precede, be in front,
4
;

&

hence

fore-arm

Di Is6
/

Dl

FrlTO

MV der.

imme-

Gn25

(||

n.f. tribe, people lit As. (Ar. Jen KMmo, 336 Aram. Jhoco^, XEW) niBN Nu 25 15 D^BX sf. DnBX
;

cf.

of tribes of Ishmaelites

^n7
Dia

Gn

16
; 1
.

nE>X diately from V DDN be wide (v. supr.), distance, & hence a particular distance, ell, 16 cstr. IIBX Dt 3" Je 'X abs. ;

Midian

3X-TV3)

Nu

25

15
;
||

25 117

of

TC2N
26

n.pr.loc. in southern Judah Jos

cubit)
13

Gn6 +

I5

51
1.
(cf.

dw.D^QX Ex25 10 + ;^Z.nte)K Ex26 16 + ; cubit, so C5"X"TIBN i.e. ordinary cubit, Dt3"
;

(@L 'A/iO/x, SO A, but B 2i)v). +L [|Q^1 vb. confirm, support


etc., v. infr.;
1 "-

(cf.

Ar.

Is 8'); in

breadth longer,
absol.
Meuures
tif.
.

Ez 40 5 43 13 is a cubit one handcf. 2 Ch 3' ronton rnB3 'X "* B,b~ **-** length dub., cf. Smith J*""< *er Alten. SBAk 1883. 1196 J,J en . Lgpg J u

^y\,

Sab. JDK in deriv.


;

&

n.pr.

cf
in

CIS

1 ' 10

DHM ZMG1886D98
in

Aram.

RKj, <x>l

Haph. Eth. h9h\ As.

f.

Pt. [OX;

1.

deiiv.) only Qal

with Egyptian, longer cubit -525m., shorter ien.741 450m.; v.also H*****ummmmttwk OOA187M0&5iB " dA 'srr ,m on the Bab. Oppert (also AJPhl888 419 Hom 8m t" 'half-cubit'
-

Est
2 2

2".
s3
.

as vb. support, nourish 2 2. as subst. foster-father

io 15
(J)

Nun

12

Is 49

S 44

16 3. fOBX foster-mother, nurse Ru 4 4. n'liDX pillars, supporters of the door


16
I

= -27om. Hpt

'

W1

on rfrsx 'K Ec 41 8 cf. Sm & Co (Co del.); ); 16 0*% niDK Bton Ez 42 Kt, rd. rflKO so Qr Co;

(as

, Pt. 2>ass. a. D ?" N \ those brought up s b. D^IDS intrans. faithful (in scarlet) La 4 firm, stable) as subst. m. faithful ones
.
:

K 18
s

25-27. 36-38 (56 t.) 1 K 6. 7 (45t.) 2CI13. 4 (2it.) EZ40-43 (86 1.); a (one) cubit=nx Gn 6 16 Ex 2s loa + nexn Ez 43 14 nnx 'X Ez A o nMMaM 4 2 4 43 14 ; two cubits=
chiefly in

Ex

y^ 1 2

(>

<S al. faithfulness) 2

S 20 19
\^>\

(cf.

Ar.

be faithful, ^J-\
24
<//

trust in, ^J*\

'' keepeth, faithful ones '" is here taken by Ri but

DTIBX
flteX

Ex25 1017
9

'

23

3o 37

1 - 610i!5

Nun

31
;

n)F\V

n.abstr. v. ]C.
7m;>/. RJfi [OW;

Ez 40 4 1 43"; c. num. 1-10 'x mostly follows num. in pi. Ex 26 16 27 IM 1 K 6 10 Ez J 4o' '+; c. num. 11-1000 + it mostly foil,
,

3!2

"l?fl D^OX; De Che as 13 Niph. fDW Pr n +(6 t); M Pt. JDS? Pr 1 K 8 +

be secure);

(9

t.)

num. in
Jos 3 4
1

Je 52 Ez 4049 49 + seld. foil, in pi. EZ40" v 27 (Co sg.) 42 s so (del. Co) also ntox twni Dnbj; Ez 40 1329 but tWffl vn
-

K 6 223 7
'
-

sing.

Gn6 151516 Ex27 1213 38 131415 NU35 2122


16 - 16
; ;

HBX Ez4o2S 3 33

3,i ;

21 l3 riJDW ^ 89 s9 25 + (16 t.) nj9$ Is i + (4 t.); 69 6 1. D"?03 Pr2 7 4-(9t.); niJON? Dt2 8 4 2. made firm, sure, carried by a nurse Is6o s3 25 name 1 Chi 7 s4 ; waters ; lasting: place Is 22 16 18 an event Ho 5; sickness Dt Is33 Jei5 ; 3 3. confirmed, established, 28 mercy Is 55
;
.'

611

(late) also in pi.


3

precedes

al'l

sure:
25
s8

num^Chs

3 -3 - 4 - 9 - 8
-}-

;6'

Ez42

2
;

also oft. DBX3 foil.

kingdom
1 1

S
23

7
;

Ch 1 7

house, dynasty 1S2* 20 prophet Samuel 1 S 3 cf.


16
; ;

pN
word-play

53

BJ2*
']r^ a-[m.J trusting, faithfulness (on format, cf. Ges ,84 * HI2 1. D3 JOK t6 D'33 ). children in whom there is no trusting Dt 32* 2. tTODN p l. a b 8 t. (poet.) faithfulness ; K V? messenger of faithfulness, trusty messenger Pr 17 13 ; 'K I)} faithful witness Pr 14'; cf. 'K B^K K net? Pr20 6 2 tepi-ny faithfulness Is 2 6 , 24 'N TM v. I. perh. also 1// 31 [JEN].
;

Kn tb KM&p t6 DM = if ye believe

not (have not firm confidence) ye will not be believe in confirmed Is 7"; UDNni "a WW>?} Yahweh and ye will be confirmed 2 Ch 20 20

4.

8 confirmed: words of God 1 9 7 2 Ch i 6 17 ; his precepts f testimonies ; 8 s f I9 93 covenant ^ 8Q 29 ; words of men Gn 20 5. reliable, 42 (E). faithful, trvsty: persons 36 1 S 2 22" Jb 12 20 V 89 s8 101 6 Pr 25 13 Is 8 2 Ne 13 13 ; a city Is i n ; |BR3n i>xn the faithful God Btf cf. IS49 7 ; "> 19*} faithful in spirit
verified,

20

(disposition)

Pr
s
;

1 1

13
;

fDM

*aaf> Aj

ful

NeQ

8
;

fDtUI

TICK

TJ true

mrt faithand faithful


fi

n^t2M n.f. firmness, steadfastness, fidelity Ex 17 + 46 t.; rfHSg Pr 28 20 1. lit. 'N VT WJ / firmness, steadiness: Ex 17
12
.

12

Aanrfs were steadiness


fastness, 1ny

witness Je 42

wounds of a loving one Pr 27"; Bf Ho ia 1 ; 3 of thing ^ 78 37 ;


all

3H1K lyVB D-3DN3 faithful


c.
,

the

flK
,

1^78*;

IS33

6
.

n 3-^33 is
JOK?

conduct
office 2

P9JHJ
3'

Nu i2 (E). my Gn4 5 26 +(i8t.); /mp/ POK!,


house (of Moses)
7

f 37 3 P112 22 Je5 3 7 28 9 2 2K12


22
7

(i. e. steady). "2. steadsteadfastness of thy times 3. faithfulness, trust: a. 0/ human

rUWK

16
;

in

Ch

A
Is

i5

trusts Da).

Dt i 32 Jos 25 16 1. stand firm Jb 39 24 (cneg.of the horse when the trumpet sounds Di De MV 11 Vm; but neitlier believeth KV, hardly
.

W
28
2

Hiph. Jb
(2 t.);

19 3 1
222631

12

34

12
;

(bv)
;

ny.o3 fa
1/,

<*< (over)

+ (3t.);

Imv. U"DKri

Ch 2O

20

119
ply

30
;

DiJiDN Wit
'K

28 20 ; associated with

'K 2 Ch 31 1518 iChg JJTJ man of great faithfulness Fr


p"13f

in

human

character

2. trust, believe: (a) abs.


i 5

Ex

31

16

Hb

(J
{>

V 1 i6">
;

Jb 29";

(6)

with

of

breatheth out faithfulness sheweth forth righteousness Pr I2 17 ; cf. iS S6 23 Is 59 4 Je 5 ; rVIT injIDSa pnx righteous man 4 Luth by hisfaithfulness livelhRb 2
m,^
1

rw

>faith
1//

AV

person, <rs<

to, believe

Je 4 o 14

of thing 1 J 15 IS53 l r 14 ; (c) with


believe
15

Ch 3 2 15 Ex 4 89

Gn 4s 26 (E) Ex 4 18 (J) with God Dt 9 s3 Is43 10 7 (J) + 10 6 1 K io 2 Ch 9


;

KV).
1

b. as a divine attribute
21

88 12 89 236 9 Is
'

25
i/'

Ho2 2S La 3
is
80

fulness
1

in Ex 19 (J) 1 S 2 Ch 20 Jb 4 27 Pr 26 25 Je 1 2 Mi 7 5 the usual construction 31 11 12 with God Gn 15 6 (E) Ex 14 Nu 14 (J) 20


9
12

a of person,

trust in,
20

18

19 ; 50 V'Sg ; it reacheth unto the skies ^ 36"; untoall 5 90 he will not belie it generations if'ioo ;

; fifGQ bt* Dt 3 2 ; his faithin his works V' 33 4 J commands 75 in affliction^ 1 19 ; in hisoath to David

shewn

!^

f 89
1

s4
.

Dti 32 2K17 ' 2Ch20 20 V78 22 Jon 3 5 31 12 with a of thing Dt 28 Jbis 24" 39 ^78 106 12 119 66 (d) with' ? trust or believe that Ex
(P)
1
1

138

19

4 (J)

Jb 9
;

16

La

12

IDn mercy +8g ib g2 3 8 3 H02 22 with the divine 9 13 s & salvation f 40 11 P^X, "5^ f 96 143 Is 1 I
;
1

It is JDN nDN Is 25 ; cf. "IND njWK ^, It is closely associated with the divine
1

13

27
II

also trust to
.

Ju

20

Jb 15 22 do a thing, almost= a#ou;,


(e) so

with

infin.

Tn2pi^
'

n.f.

bringing up, nourishment,

Est
JD&

20
.

TJEH n.[m.] faithfulness;

nnm'.perfect
1
.

trUCN

adv.

(fr.

faithfulness (faithfulness, faithfulness) Is 25 1M6 1 2 1 t) adv. verily, truly Dt 2 7 ( t.)

truly, indeed

Gn

fCN by affix n_) ve rily, 20 12 (E) Jos 7 20 (JE).


1.

K
n

tn^QN
1

n.f.

faith, support.

Un:K

36

Ne

(=f

13 Je 28 s & doxologies 5 106 48 ); J?N(1) JON Nu 5 22 (P)

1 Ch Ne 8
.

16 36
6
,

&

in the doxologies

^4 1

14

19

72

89

s3

106

43

a^v

J9^ ^T ! 3 we are flighting faith (make a sure covenant 2. 'Dfl !>y 'K ,p. EV) Ne io 23 port, fixed provision, for the singers Ne

AV

Amen : fOK NtSn J s 6 5 16 ' of Amen De Che cf. Ttev 3", or God of ; faithfulness, God of truth (KV) (perh. rd. JEN Che Di).

CW

TnDDN
Is
16

n.pr.fl.

RVm

1. a river (constant

1 cf.

tist

Tj'SN (omnuin) n.m. master-workman, ar2 Ct7 (Mish. Talm. flpK, nUENK handiwork,

33 ) flowing down from Antilebanon into the plain of Damascus 2 K 5 I2 (Qr; n33X Kt), the Gr. Chrysorrhoas, mod. Ar. A'ahr Baradd. 2. the region from which it flows Ct 4".
t

Ex 28 where Syr. ^ioV likewise used of gems; Nab.


11
,

= Heb.
,

P"jn
94
,

&
;

is

MCtJ

adv.

(fr.

JON by

X30X Vog
cf.

As.
cf.

truly, indeed, always in interrog.

nar
11.

ummdni, Lyon

s*rsoo,e]"" 65

Zim BP12

elsewh.D3t?NnNu2 2 (E)

37

D-) verily, Gn 1 8 13 (J), 1K8 27 2 Ch6 18 f 58 s


.

aff.

fiOf).

tD2?p{<t adv. (=D3CN) verUy, truly, in

TON
asseverations 2
36*

54
45
12

1'

19

Ru

12

also ironical

19 (=Is 37 ) Jb Jb 9 s 1 2 s
.

19

34

Je io 10 elsewhere nOK3 J u 9 15
;

145

19

Je 26"

28 9 32 41

tjlESt

n.f. firmness, faithfulness, truth


fr.
4 i

tn.pDM n.m. artificer, architect, masterin his workman/ Was at his side architect, master-workman ( <3 93 Ges Ew De MV RV,

for niDK, (contr.


sf.

taOK,

*|nBtj

^9

|DK) 18
ls
;

Gn
t.

24

48

106

t.;

workman,
ship
:

as firm

and sure

sureness:

DDK

T]T1 sure
1 i

way Gn
J1DN
.

1. reliability, 48 24 (J); "OB>

ftoK *DXK rvnK}

TICK *wre reward Pr

Jlltf

swre token

> foster-son AE Ki AV) PrS


al.,

30
;

ftoKH

"OT

2. stability, conJos 2 12 (J); nK JHJ. Je 2 21 s tinuance: nONI Dii'B' ^eac and stability Is 39 30 19 19 (= 2 20 ) Est 9 Je 33" Zc 8 cf. nCK Je 1 4 13 3. faithfulness, reliableness: (a) of men

res<

o//A master-workmen Je 52 (Hi RVm, but rest of the multitude Ges


J1DM

15

Gf De

K
.

W&

et

= pen)

MV RV

1.

jiON v. supr. p. 51.

till.

pT2N n.pr.m.

(master -workman) (a)


-

DDK BN
i8 21 (E);
fully ", Tjne3
1

faithful

man Kef; MCN 'MK Ex


walk in faithfulness, faiths 20 3 Is 38 cf. 1 S 12 24 of
; ; 1

HDX3
4

7]?n

"**"
22
s6

king of Judah 2 Je i 2 2 5 3
2

K2

3* 2
6

Ch

18 25 ;
S9

3 2 Ch 33 (6) captain of a city 1 (c) one of the line of Solomon's


1
;

K
,,

i8 192354 25

Ch

14

26 3 86"; riDNn "Vy Zc8 3 of men *^ 45' 51 2 Chsi 20 32 Pr2 9 14 Is io20 4 2 3 1619 Jos 24"; '.^P?" mercy 48 D'Dn3l'N3 Ju 9 and faithfulness Pr3 3 14 22 16 6 2028 Ho 4 1 & 49 s9 the phrase nONl HDn ntPJ* Gn 24 47 Jos 2 14

^25 8

servants

Ne

?N Ezr 2".

+p:aN n.pr.m. (faithful) 1. eldest son of David 2S3 2 i3>*;=} b*D| 2Si3 20 ;=Jipx iCh 2. a son of Shimon 1 Ch 4 20 3
!

54' 71 (J) 2 S 15 . (6) an attribute of God 8 20 18 -' 9 9 is 38 61 net* jna Mi 7 ; nos nfeji Ez 18

20

22

prON dimin.,
err.; cf.

so
s0
,

Ew

,ro *

cf.W

!269

,or txt.

Dr

now non n'trj? Gn32 (J) 2S2 21 'Neg nDXI IDn abundant in mercy and faithfulness Ex 34 6 (J) yjr 86 15 these attributes are also
33 6
;

S13

v.

fODX.
fr.

T^jHQN n.pr.m.
'.)

(irws,

rips by adj. affix


2

father of the prophet

Jonah

K I4

2S

Jon

1
.

115 138 Is 16 Gn 2 4 s7 (J); they are messengers of God tq men 4 15 3 ^57 85" 89 cf. Vm3 now non ' rwrw i>3 10 the faithfulness of God endureth for ^ 25 ever ^ 117 2 he keepeth it for ever \^ 146 6 5 it reacheth unto the skies ^57" 108 it is
associated

^ 40

1112

61

t ftS^n n.pr.m.
IP'np,
is
.

Heman (failhful,ci. Aram.

ixsotio)
1

a wise

shield

&

buckler
2

^ 91
3
;

4
;

he
is

is

nN
12
;

i>S

^31" =

DJ3N

v6n

Ch
7

15

nCK
8
;

also associated with

the divine -\&


BEtpT?

salvation i^69 14 ,/, Je4 ; truth (a) as spoken: DDK ~\2~l speak truth
.

1 1 i
2

&

P# V 8 5
2
;

n
i?"!?

zc
I

8s

compared (Klo sons of the one being Ethan the Ezrahite; 1 Ch 2 6 a Heman is named with same 3+1 other, & all called sons of Zerah of Judah; Heman appears \jr 88 also as the Ezrahite (v. sub mT), cf. Ethan
1

K 5",

man with whom Solomon where app. son of Mahol dance); named with 3 others,

4.

supr.; in other passages Heman is a Levite; specif. Kohathite, son of Joel, called the singer
1 Ch 6 v (|| Asaph rpf&On) Heman, Asaph & Ethan named
18

K
10
;

24
,

22"2Chi8 Je9 Zc8 f 15 20 np the thing is true Dt 22 iKio' 5 2 Ch 9 Dn io nann [13 J T1DN /ie thing is cer15 4 tainly true Dt 13 1 7 DOK 19K=Ilf3K DnK Pr 22 21 DON nn Pr8 7 'K T)h Dn n 2 ^npS 10 f30 nOK nSB* Pr 12 19 DCK ? a'<mels43 9
' "n*jn
1
;
;

ls

16

^Ec^
,

Ethan v 29 );

as the singers

(D*T)feton)
'

Ch

15
37

1719
;

cf.

Heman & Jeduthun

16

414 2
(|| 6

Asaph v
2

);
;

Heman, Asaph
-

&

Jedu'

thun 25
[VflTl
(||

Ch 5 12 35' 5 elsewhere fO'HI e)DN jj 445 6 4 iCh25> cf. v PpW J1 2Ch29 .


1

with you Gn 42 16 14ls (E) cf. Is59 of testimony and judgment (6) no "ty <r witness Pr 14 26 ; JDXJ1 flON ny Je s 8 9 riDS OSB- Zc 8 16 42 '; nX USTO Ez 18 Zc 7
D3J"IK

riDNn whether truth


.

is

D'H^Nn n3Ta
2

Ch 35

nriW 2J);_a5 Heman is called !$fn mh 30 Jeduthun (cf. Asaph 2 Ch 29 15


).

On question of identity of Heman


,

in these various connections, v. Thes

Comm.

(c)

of divine instruction DDK


;

3T13

Dn

io 21 ;

min
;

TjOinO
(id.;

n.pr.m. a eunuch of Ahasuerus


'Afiav)
v.

Hon Mai 2" cf. Ne 9 13 noN imin ^ 119 142 nnx yu " in iKif cf. 2 s 7 s8 * ^seto don V' 19' noK "psn mr\ ^ 119; fnttD DDK V' II9 (d) <nt</t as a body of ethical
;

but

Est

10
.

II.

[^C]
1

ICJ.

161

t [7't "]
(ace.

v^- be
BN28f
-

stout, strong, bold, alert


earlier

or religious knowledge Dn 9 13 5. adv. in


.

Dn 8
is

12
;

"jriBNS Tiltflb
11

to

Lag

fr.

}*?

c f.

truth,

DCS

DWK

HUT Yahweh

God

truly yjr 132 ; in truth, truly

Qal P/

3 pi. rat?K 2

S22 18 +
;

Y*)
'

Gn

25

s3
;

WBJOI

Ch 1 3 18

/wip/ rP^.". 7n. rP Jos i 7 1 Ch

2 t.;'

ynN
7 28 2; fDKJosi 6 ; ) Dt 3 i + 3 t.; <XKDt 3 i 6 + 2t 1 be strong, of a people Gna5*(J); of personal enemies 2 S 22 1B 18 18 ; \^ 142 7
-

55
horses Zc 6 7 (in v 7 perh. rd. B!ta see another view in
s-

QWK,
).

c f.

v',&Hi;
abs.

compar.) also (without p) prevail Ch 13 18 2. /mi), be bold (alw. pgj, ^PTH) Dt 3 i 723 Jos I"-"; (|| fcL+WWr^K] *?*$) Dt 3 1 6 id. + nnn iw p3?n4x) j os i- (|| id. + wnn tyvrtm $) j OS io 25 i Ch 2 2 !3 28 20 2 Ch 7 Pi Pf j*BK Dt 2 30 etc.; 32 Impf. J** Am
;

(all sq. JO

of

=f

Lag

tpSH
,2

(JBH)

adj.

mighty-'*

2S

||

||

I5 + 2 t.; cstr. Jb9 4 + 2 i.miqhty, of Absalom's conspiracy 2 S 15'=; elsow'h. of persons; as subst., instrum. of" (i.e. Assyrians) Is 28* '*<= valiant, (II PIC); conqueror 2"; of
1

Am

'\

&

2"

etc.;
22
;

V^
Na2

W7BW
sf.

is.

44" 3 fs D3SDXN Jb j6 6
.

Is

s f.

nis.

etc.;
28
;

2
;

WIs35 "SQXDts // s f.toBK 7T^;Ptrin^TT2^;\.makefirm,strengihj

ttBWH
f?

aa> ojn Jb 9 4 c f. "k nb v " (v Di vite ai). RV), nb 'n is 4 (ii


'to

nb

>

t^SCM
man of

n.pr.m.

1. a Levite

Ch
||

6 S1

2.

priestly line

Ne 1 1"

(not in
('

Ch 9").

^JsON, iTSCN
.

n.pr.m.

has been

ace, of giving clouds their place Pr 8 (subj. ') ; of repairing temple 2 Ch 24"; of physical vigour Pr3i 17 'Krn ,T3n rtJQ fTWI
en, sq.
ffi

i king of J ud., son of Joash, father mighty) of Azariah; WJBJj 2 K ^"-^St. 2 K 14; i 5
.

iCh

12

n'njfrir

nb s

Na
s
;

(subj. i>Tl nsfc); 2 2 D?:rie


(||

Pr 24

pjri)

A m2 " (subj. ptn)


2

f strength for
17
(||

war
;

n;?fpt<

2K12 22

2Ch24 27
13

12

c f.

of royal

power
;

Ch

11

pWl); c f.

Simeonite 1 Ch 4 s4 . 4. priest of Bethel, under Jerob. II,

25 +i5t. 2Ch2 4 ; 26 "; 8 2. -TttW, a 14 15*. 3. t'tZ., a Levite iCh 6*.


1 1

alone

rtbp d^ n*1 On; PRO s8


II

3 3 'n is 35

rfeni 'a n Jb 4 (both


.

Am f'

"*,

[y?Np]
pi. cstr.

n.[m.] power, strength, force,


.

Dt
'<

(subj.
||

of encouragement; so 'N 5 3 (|| p?n) Jb 16 (|| -|B>n q v .) ; yj, gg 22 10 of support yi-it);


fig.

nb-"spxo Jb 36 19 iDtt 6287 vb. utter, say


I. 2 s/ieto,

(MI PiODK, Aram.


Ar. Ill cow-

IS41

make
7

sub 2). 2. assure, self, alw. sq. b st.; of carpenter appropr. tree Is 44"; cf. of '> appropriating Isr. under fig. of bough 8o 16 ; under 18 fig. of chosen man v 3. sq. harden,
secure for one's

"W,

IDn; De Che

(subj.

*j

ION, Eth. ft<n>&

declare,

mand;

perh. -/nDX or\g.

= beor makeprominent,
;

obstinate

Dt

30

2$

hence Hithp. infr., "I^DX; Sab. 1DN to/iy, epith. of king JHMordtm ZMQW6S7 cf. Dl rr28 who thinks orig. mng. hell, sichtbar sein, whence
As. amdru, Pf. 'N
noN'l
see, & shew, declare, say) Qal Gns -!-, etc.; Impf. iDtf Gn 3 i 8 -(-; Gn i 3 + ip_^l Gn 14 19 + in Jb alw.
1
; ;

15 (of unkind man);


kiah,
1
||

"inn (subj. '<; HE-pn) Dt 2 Ch 36 13 Zede||

(of king

13-ijrm

18

= 2 Ch

nSQNno E u ,. 7 spirators 2 Ch 1 3

nvpn). Hithp. Pf jDxnn 7 o 18 ; Impf. tt^NW 2 Ch 1 3 Pt.


;

!. strengthen oneself of con2. cora/frm onese^/ (sq. &).


,

+ 3fs.iP^Gn2i +; iDKnPri is."iNGn2 2 + iTJp^K^42 nptO Gn20 +; 717 ipiSJNe2 3 m. pi. XTQ* Ex 4' + etc.; sf!
-iax>!Jb 3
12
21
;

10

,3

20

in a purpose, 6e determined Ru i ,8 (sq. 3. ma&e oneself make haste 1


alert,

5>

+ Inf.)
i2 18

^no^ I39
Ex2i 5 +
but
c.
;

2o
;

2mpl.npri2Si9

,4

(cf.

Ko

-"- 385

Imv. ION pDK)


cstr.

);

Gn

45

i7

etc.; Inf. abs.


;

"nON

Ch

io 18

(sq. !>4-Inf.)

Hiph. Impf.

Juss.
pin

lbs Ez25 8 +

exhibit

^27",

strength, be strong pOK^I, 25 so also 31


.

^A

'{01

rd.

lONn

18 ibN(n) Jb 34

33 Di, or better ibxri

n interrog.

cf.

Ew t328d
Gu
10

// a j.

sf.

^DK

Jos6'+;

ty^N
strength.

-[
9

-]

strength,
clean

fig.

I'D*

D?T-inD

D3-10X JC23 38 ; D3"lDNMali 7 + ;

1bN^Gni !B +'

H? x Jb 17

<Ae

of hands increaseth

"I'DKH etc.; P<. ac. ION 32 , etc.; pass. Mi 2 7, but this grammatically indefensible, rd.

TrTOpN
difficult, cf.

n.f. strength,
-

fig.

Zc 1 2
'

s
,

but sense
'

18CT,

niOXn, Inf. abs. ML


1.

c.

n interrog.,

v.

Dr Klpo,"r

'

A,lr "'

*3f^*{>

Wr 2ech StaZAW1881 " prop. HNSDX (after $) may 7 6 sufficient for


585
;
.

^ay
1
,

(subj.

God Gn3*+or man 32 s


,

serpent 3
ffi

ass

NU2 2 58

horse nxn nps> Jb

yiCN
1

ing) Is

n.pr.m. father of Isaiah ^follow1 2 2 2I 1 2a, 2 13' 20 20 ; 37 38 =2Ki9


-

39 v 22
etc.

etc.;

etc.; so in
;

inanimate things, personif. Jb28"cf. allegory or fable Ju 9" 2 K 14'

esp. in narrat.,ipN1etc,
sq.
14

2Ch26

22

32

20 32
-

mostly
cl.

Gn 4 + very oft.) 17 thing said, either subst. Je 14 (c.


6

^tV^N]

adj. strong, only

pi.

D'JtOK

of

K 20

app.)

Dt

27

,6f

Jui2 6

pronoun

Gn 44"
3
1

-)-;

or (usually) clause

Gn

20

37

+ oft. (prat, recta); with adv. thus, so G1132 Nu 20" 1 K 2036 + oft.; esp/'IDN nib Ex 5 f' 8 1S0 1 Ch 17* + oft. the person addressed usu.
5 1
;

ace. of dir. obj.

+?

of pers.

+ inf.

of purpose)

NC9

23
.

4.

Command
2

(esp. late) sq.


18
;

vK
sq.
(v.
i>

of per-

introduced by
1

K 12

or \

1 7 7 Gn3* 15 22' Lv 21 2 S 3 ,s 15 2 21 2 Gn 3 4 1 S20 2 S2 1 K i 4 +

i>K

son addressed,
2

6"

K
i
21

Nu i5 38 iCh2i 24 Jb 9 + 106 4
7

Jos
18

1 1

84

sub
i

"i?fc

oft.;

rarer combinations are, 'JTXa'K 1849 s0

(cf.

8
2 2

e); sq. inf.

1
1?

S 24 11
4
1315
4
1

Ch
10

21 17 2

Ch

2<f^

9 7 5&vid.nan); ^.Di'NEz2 8 ; 31 Jos 12 1 o Je 28 11 ; 3 'X Jo 2" f 1 26 2 , where 3 local ; in

V^^Dt

3i" 35"

6 9 14 ; sq.inf.

+b

all cases usually sq. dir. obj. of


s

words said, Ex

s5

Ch Ch

14 29' 3 1 Est i ; sq. ace. dir. obj. s4 i/te 29 ^iri^r commanded the burnt-

of pers.

being very singular; Gn 4 the object-clause has probably fallen out, cf. Vrss Di; mention, 23 27 29 13 40 name, designate Gn22 43 EX32 NU14
'

offering

and
cl.

l/ie

2"; sq. pers. v~; sq.


(rd.
1//

with
cl.

-\Vtt

sin-offering, cf. 1 5 that Ne 13"; id.

20

Est
of

+b

with

'?

Jb 36 10
2

abs.

S 16 16

cf.i//i39 nei'?i"I n'?* speak of thee for falsehood (but many, as Hup Pe Dy Che, rd. 1"D!);=<eW, declare,
;

iSio'Se^Se^Nee

19

however prob. TOStC 3,34 25 12 i05 io7 iCh 14


conEec);
25

for nDX', cf.

Ch 24 s Ne

Dr); also 919 13 (all


'X

proclaim
.

sq. vb.

command by
sq. inf.

letter "iSBri'DJ?

(sq. dir. obj. only)

question

= answer Ex
*?

ifr

40
1

11

Ez 13 7
1

2 27 Jos 4 7

K 9" Je 5" 2 2 9

in reply to

Est9
1

K
;

1 i

K =threaten
3
;

(sq. impf.); appoint, assign

'X
.

Dnj
22
14

Dt
;

s5

i//-

106 23

The obj. spoken of may be referred to by ?X 2 K 32 18 ,9 Gn20 13, TOK say of me, 19 Je22 27 ,or 9 M 2 3 10 etc. Dt33 Ju 9 Is5 V'3 7i >very rarely by
i'

tNiph. P/.1PN3 Dn 8

s6

Impf. lO^Gn
9

+ ^
2
2

IDS''.

Is 4

TCK".

Gnio +;
14

TjSfl Jos

a simple accus. Is 3 10 (where


,_

rd. prob. for '"ttpx,

!lpN),

except after
(cf.

X>X where

the words used


16

17 29 31 68 4d) Gn3 Nuio i4 Dt28 4 23b iK8 29 La4 20 ;cf.Nu2i 2Ki7 12 Ju7 iS9 4 2 & (two extreme cases) Is 8 La 2 (v. Dr -Km* Mi 2 7 rd. inf. abs. c. n interrog. "*);

follow

-iBte

be said, told Gn 1 o 9 2 2 8 7 s Je 4 11 1 6 14 ; (all abs., indef. subj., of current saying); so said in 14 26 a book 2 1 ; be related, told, of vision Dn 8 2 31 said, told to (sq. b ind. obj.) Jos 2 Ho 2 3" ;

Nu

17 -

12

15

"liONn

Nu 23 s/WZ 6 ca<f. (it shall be ("bx) D3^> 1Q$.z=y s 18 s said to you) Is6i 6 (|| VT$P), cf. 4 i9 32
either
;

so,

or told concerning

s3

Zp Ez 13 12

(v. supr.) shall one say ? shall it be said ? After another vb. of saying, introducing thing said:Dt2i 7 25 9 27 ,6 Ct2 10 +,evenaftenoxGn 22 7 LV21 1 Je 3 4 2 Est7 5 + ; esp. inf. ibx ?, after
1

II

i>

N"!i)

6 2 44; hence be called, of Tophet

nann
"1P?0

niy Je 7 32 ; subj. DE?

Gn

32

29
;

")St6 Jb 34 31 '3

^"^, Rabb.(cf. AV) treat "TOXn a s Niph.


but against grammar; the form
Pf., <>X-;>X
is

nan

Gn
28 20

8
,

15
,

nix 2

16
,

njy 4 4

16
,

Vu

1DX 2 S 3 18 1 K 12 23 Ru 4 4 ,8 1 Ch 2i + after nbv 2 Ch 35 21 315? Gn 3 2 7 5 8 4 20 28 cf. also Gn 28" Ex 5" 9 1 3 1 7 Nu 1 1 Dt i


etc.; after
;
,

713

22
,

jntw

24

7
,

Inf. for "lOXnp,

as it stands
s7

Qal

the interrog. for emphasis


1

being prefixed to 15 26 23 Ne (cf. Je 22

13

Ju8 15

S 23*

),

v.

Dr* 9 Di

13
1324

when

subj. of "flMO differs

Je 3 2 3 3 7 9 + ; also from that of pre-

~^^Ki

inf. abs.

= imv.
i

al.;

'so

Hoffm., however, reads must one speak (it be

ceding clause

= 2Kl 9
cf.
21

Gn 3 1

38

etc; after yOB* Is 37"

Hiph. Pf. avow, avouch Dt spoken) to God.' 26 17 cnV? yb n^nb oin rnoxn ">-nx v 18 *l
;

8 17

2. Say in the 1te,art ( think) 33^3 'x Dt 1 12 26 V ioUUJ 14 1 35* Is i4 13 47 810

Dy|)
i.e.

lb

m\lb DIM ^"ONn

(z;<.

caMse

to declare,

through agency of Moses; on this


\bga~P3 ac proudly, boast

&
(||

other

49
cf.

Ec
21

1!S

17 -' 8

D33$> 'X

Ho

interpr. vid. Di).


subj.
fJN

isS^X

+Hithp. Impf. ntSKrv

'X

f 94

Gn 8 Gn

said unto his heart (to himself), subj. '\ La 3 24 ; thence 'x alone iS27'; t?D3

mo

Pn ?
(in

n ?T);
good

W^C

20 u 26 9

Nu

24"

Ku 4 4
*3
1

1
2
;

2K5";

sq. cl.

with
14

<Zere *\$B3

Tptdrnp

JUI5 inparticular = S 2 o 4 cf. Est2 13 sq. inf.


;

S 20 26 285 s 12 22

93

X &

Is6i 6 prob. also 2 mpl. 3 of thing sense, sq. gloried in) cf. ; Ges^"""- so De Che Kb'- 4671

W^T?

(fr.

[1B] exchange

Thes Hi

Kn Ew Di

but

^purpose, Ex 2 thinkest thou to kill me, as s3 6 thou killedst tlte Egyptian 1 Jos 2 2 1 S 30 1 10 5" 2 Ch 28 "; expect 2 S 21' lie expected to 8 1 slay David 2 Ch 13 32 3. Promise (sq. inf.) 1 Ch 27 s3 2 Ch 21 7 9 u E8t 4 7 ; {id. + b of pers.) 2 8' ;

vid.

nio).
'

T~l?iN a.m. + 77 9 utterance, speech, word, s abs. 'x Jb only poet., & Jos 24 exalted style ;
'

Ne9

(sq.

Jb2029 7JZ.abs. DnBXPri 9 7 21 nX Nu24 4 +; VJOX Jb 22 22 ; 22 cstr. D3nOK Jb 32 14 Is 4 1 26 (on deriv. fr. Hox c f. Di
22 28 +5t.; sf.nON
;

Jb 1 5")
.(II
6

etc.;

1. utterance, word, esp. pi. Jb.


(

irk) 33*34"; ^5*(II W). 1 1" Che); Pr 2 (|| niXD), v 4 1 s 7 v 19 Is 4i a< ; words of God (IP??)> 7 (|| ni?), Nu 24 4 ' 6 cf. Jos 24 s7 Jb 6' 22 2S f 107"; fig. of
afo) 32
i4i (onthis
v. cf.

2 .H

3,

Gn io (J) 1 Ch i =2. a chief people dispossessed by Hebrews ; (a) living E. of Jordan Nu 2i ,3 ,3 25 t. Nu + Jos 24" (all E), cf. Jos
14
,4
-

Nu 2 1
5'
j34.3s.36

n MM iK4
2
]

+9

10

4 2 (JE) Dti 3 '+7t.

>

&!$]) but vid. Che 21 of wisdom (personif.) Pr I oft. out.; (|| Pip); ,s 4 in phrase 'ST""!?* Dt 3 2 f i 9 (||fn); 54 s 4 7 n n 7 gl (il "P ); Pr 4 5 f 88 Vcf- Jb (II H?); 12 4 8 2 Pr6"; of" Jb2 3 (||Vns't>> mxe); f 138
day

9 (sing.);

cf.

v4

(||

of Jordan Jos io

D; also Juio" n ,9 Vi35 1 3 6 (Sihon their king + Sihon & Og Dt 3 8 + ) (6) li ving W. 6 6 1215
19
;
;
-

24

,8

(all

E),

cf.

io 13 (both
6 19
1

K2

D;
i

cf.

K2
Dt

also 13 4
1

(c) living in south

cf. 1 719 *02744

q. del.

(JE); Di) Ju

8
;

14

7
cf.

5
;

Gn

14

Ho6 5 (of Yahweh's words as weapon

in phrases
1

(W. of Dead Sea); (d) in gen.=ancient inhabitants of Canaan Gn 1 5" (J or It) 48'a (E)

^n.OKJb6
run 'n 1 9 "
returneth

25
;

nfO'NPri
;

2
;

26 DSi'N Pr 1 s

s4
;

Am 2 910
11

(e)
10

named

in list of Canaanitish peoIsr.

23

12

nose 'k
vfy

2 2

v 21 wtora answer;
(i.e.

nos Dno afta 20 nn.DK 3Hffrl Ju 5 sAe


21
,

ples, to

be dispossessed by
9' (all J);
1

Ex 3 s
7

17

13 33

cf.

repeatetli)

her words

to herself;
1
27

'N ^BTI spare


Fg.

(i.e. refrain fr.)

words Pr

2.
29
;

command i^68 12 (but v. Che);


;

promise-^ if; appointment, decree Jb 20 7>faw, purpose Jb 28 'N~iT3 Hb 3 9 Thes sworn are the rods of 22 appointment (i.e. the chastisements decreed), but

passage dub., v. "VOK; fid. Di.

Comm.; Gn 49
utterance,

Ex 23 s3 Nu 13 29 Jos 24 n (all E); Ju 3 5 20 8 345 1 K 2 Ch 8 7 Ezr 9 Ne 9 cf. Ez 16 9 (on these lists cf. Bu Ur"wch w '-&We JBTh "' " .) 3. 24 adj.gent. sg. Gn 14" Dt 2 t^QS n.pr.ni. 1. a man of Judah 1 Ch 4 s cf. 2. Ne 3 9 (=tall or eloquent ?).
(all

34

J0S3

Dt7'
;

2o'

Jos

12

D);

21

rd.

,-

?.OK cf.

^V^i n^lQM

n.pr.m. (Vah(u) hath

[rn?2Nj

n.f.

speech,
103
,

word

(poet., mostly sg. coll., cf. pi.

Is 5 +

rd. prob. pl.n. cf.


;

VHCK Gn

01 Hi De Che)cstr. DION
23

vb.i/'i^

but here

4
;

^12";
n

csti'.

111CK ib.
||

(song of Lamech,
(||

utterance, speech Gn 4 2 113 s 32 ; Dt32 /ip) so Is 28


4-4
!

+ etc;

PI. abs. TlhBK

promised, cf. Palm. KMBBHOM , Sab. iDNJjrv) 11 23 long form only 1 Ch24 2C'hi9 31'. 1. aLes"3 19 s3 vite 1 Ch 23 24 (in Dvd's time), cf. 1 Ch 5 6 37 Ezr 7 3 ; vid. also 2. 1 Ch 5 37 37 abo 3. Ezr 4. chief priest under Jehosh. 2 Chi 9". io 42 5. Levite under Hezekiah 2 Ch 3 1 ". 6. son of
-

Hezekiah
1

7. a priest
.

& great-grandfather of Zephaniah Zp Ne io 12 213 8. a man of


4
.

Is 29 also ">3' !); esp. say(|| '< ing(s), word(s) of (command & promise) Dt 31 M 18 31 33 (||nna) ; is 5 (||rnin) 2 S22
P^),

^ if

Judah Neil 4

=^
+

t[inNr]
(late;

n.m.
cstr.

E!,9

>

32

word,
i
15

command
2
20

12 7 105' 9
2
,5

(||

W)
n.f.

esp. V'
5
.

11 - 3841

Mish.

19

16

t.

id.)

ip^O Est

M
.

I38 I47

(IP?1), Pr 3 o
id.,

I/D^TOS! n.pr.m. king of Shinar


FIJI

Gn

19

i4

t[n"^S]
La
2
17
.

only

ffc irPDK

(prob.

3">en,

Hammurabi
De
B.C., cf. Ge 1887
'

reigned

COT"
.

c. 2961

2100

Schr

of Pabylon, who 8I,A1*!7 '" xl<J, "",;!S)

DI

in

E,cll|r,,M

T1?2'iXii.pr.m.grandsonofEsau(e^o2 Men ^)

Gn 36"" 1 Ch i 36 TT?2N n.m. top, summit, of tree Is 17 of mt. v 9 (1 so Ew Kn De Di Lag Che Brd 21 Or foil. & rd. vV!3Kn); PI. cstr. TOK Gn49
6
; ;

ttT!2N adv. yesterday (etym. dub.; MV 3 s2Mc der.fr. </nvo after Fl De on Jb 3 o cf.Sta

,-

whence j\~.. 1, evening; v. also in As. musu, night COT" "", Eth. yttft: but abo Ar. ^^11 = As. amsatu, yesterThes,

= Ar. L~,
&

cf.

(so rd. for *$**,

Ew Di al.,
1. a

cf.

also

1.

fl^K p.

8).

day)=last night
cently 2
26

Gn
3

34

2942

19

31

(itteKJpsre-

assigned Dvd's time 1 CI124 14 perh. 2. ancestorof priest u Ezr 2 37 10 20 Ne 40 3. 12 1 Ch 9 cf. Ne ii 7 1 4. father of in Jerem.'s time Je 20 priest
priest

MN

11. pi-. 111.

to

K 9 . Jb30

nsiB' 'H is difficult

& un-

gloom of wasterds. ness, so KV, but dub., cf. Di; G. Hoffm. 'V nV; = the mother of (all) the ruined (said of
certain Thes

MV al. darkness,

Zadok Ne 3 M

5. n.pr.loc.

(?)

Ezr 2 w =Ne
as pi.
7

61

the desert).

"HT2N n.pr.m.coll. (construed


-

Dt

riDW.VlOW
3"

v.

|0R

1, 3S 7 Nui3 Dti "-etc.&DiGnio al.)alw.c.art, 29 1. called son of Canaan Ez i6 4i exc. Nu 2 1


,!
.

+ 5 t.)Amorites(perh.=mowmtam-dtt'e iers,cf.

nnpw
IN adv.

v. v.

nno.
sub
'K.

58
Ez 30 ) n. On (Egypt. An cf. Eb G87S Wied R*mm146 pr.loc. BAS1 610 contr. Dl perh.=As. Unu, Steindorff

3N
29

t]N (Gn

41

43

46) yiN (Gn 41


-

s0

17

propelled by oars
1

EZ27

K22

49

Ch 9

21

(cf. 1

K
;

esp. trehPl'^cf.^X) o 22 supr. sub ?) f 48"


;

r,:" 8

in lower ) city

Egypt, prob. on border of


' ;

Is2 16 23 114 60 9 Ez 2 7 25 late of ship going to Tarshish 2 Ch 9 21 20 36 Jon I 3 mercliant-ship,


;

land of Goshen, residence of Potiphera, priest of On,' father-in-law of Joseph Gn 4i 4iM 46 20 also Ez 30 17 (where JJK); it was celebrated for worship of sun-god Ra, & hence called also 13 'HXi'ou n-dXif; mod. sun-city, B*CB> TV3 Je43

-iniD 'K

Pr 3 i 14

H3N 'N

wl/<
1

rOK); seamen. ni'JN-'B'JSI


till.

K9

aftpi
s7
.

Jb 9 26

(cf.

MT

[mJN]

vb. be opportune, meet, en-

Matariye, on E. bank of Nile, c. 7 miles E. of N. fr. Cairo & 18 fr. Memphis; cf. Eh 0870 507
-

'-

*""

Wied lc

counter opportunely (Ar. ^il the right time is come, or it is come to the right time, or to maPi. Pf. n3K Ex 21 13 turity, or is opportune).
cause (or allow) to meet in 1T3 'X ( bj. om.), i.e. without any purpose of the man to whom sf. ref. Pu. be allowed to meet, be sent, 21 c Impf.nM Pr I2 (c.b); 3 fs. nsxri ^ 9
.

DwXn

|N sorrow,

v.

/'IN.

tN3N

interj. (from

iW and

N3, q. v.) a
!

strong part, of entreaty, ah, now beseech thee oft. sq. an imper.;
!

Gn

I (or we) 7 50' (to

subj. evil.

Joseph)
pray,
sq.

'31

NJ NB' N3K Ah,

now!
9

forgive,

we

occasion
'

= seek

Hithp. cause

i"( bx), oneself to meet, seek

a quarrel with)sq. b 2

5'.

etc.,

Ex
3

31

* or

32

(to

jhS

V 1 18 2525
-

God); elsewhere always Ne i 5U Dn 4 AVritten


.

Ln^SflJ
sf.

n.f. occasion,

fl|N 2

K 20

3 (=Is 3 8 ) Jon

14

416 V "6

tion;

finjsri i.e.

time of copulaof wild ass Je 2 24


.

PM14 rl1 inspring, leap, so D1 (pe ferred fr. As. annabu, hare ; ag. this No ZMQ 1886, ).

22N

HA65

TiTJNri n.f. opportunity,


quarrel
;

i.e.
4 1

ground of

of Samson, sq.
v.

ft?

Ju

thaf^M

n.f.

hare(Ar.^jl,
.

Syr.
it

\^>T

H2N T
|T

3X. T T
'

As. annabu, as springerl) eating of Lvii 6 (P)Dti 4 7

forbidden

6 13 Je42 Kt:

v. after

mA, H3N V T TT
I.

v.

sub

H*.

f [Jl JN] vb.

mournQal Pf.
Is
s

3 pi.

U$

*[n3M] vb.onlylfiph. sigh, groan, mostly & late (Aram. n:K, yJ^Ethp. cf. As. \anaZim BPli&9)P/. 3 fs.nnjK3 La I 8 hu], inhu, sigh
poet.

Jo

18
;

cons.

L^iVfllbKq.v.)
n.f.

2 7 3 pl.iniWIs 2 4 ; Imp/, rux;:Pr'2 9 etc;

TiT'lN

mourning;

29

La

Imv. n)Q Ez2i";


(both

La

21

times in combin.

fWW

etc.;

1.

n'JXri).

4 2 Pr29 Lai

(||ni3l3)v

Pt. PUJ Ez 21 12 ; nnjw sigh, in token of grief Is 2 4" 21 8 Ez2i nil

;ofJerus.Lai
PJM);
S q.

tn*3n t
:

n.f. id. ib.

mostly abs. but sq. "^5?


"PX 21 12
3nb);
foil,
.

EZ9

4
(||

"^ &
3.

TDJVjN n.pr.m. man of Manasseh.


II-

(lament of people) 1CI17 19


As.

2. in physical distress
sq. JO

Lai 11

djCfi?

Ex2 B

nj^
in

(-/whence
vessel,

'-;

noiins,

cf.

groan of

cattle

by reason of 18 (iTOna) Jo i
.

(\\PV\).

dnu, un&tu,

utensil,

v.

Dl

in

Zim BF115
fleet
2627
;

TnTON
2 Is 2 1

n.f. sighing,

groaning
4

(poet.
;

&

Hpt
abs.

KAT 2G1 M
9

Ar.

sli'l).

late); abs. -f 3 1
(sf.

s/

^PUN Jb
sf.

nnrUK
i
22

t^N
1

njn. 1 "*" & f/ 22 k M cstr. 10"

coll. ships,
Sol.

with Raphe), PI.

*nhj

La

+;

+ ;of
Is
21
.

1K9

sighing, groaning, in distress, physical or

men-

called t5"Bnn 'K

(i.e.

large, sea-going vessels,

such as

sail to

2222 ffvn 'N io"- 22 ; ; Tarshish) io

propelled by oars

&VT'H

TITOS
=abs.
8*m
1

n.f. unit,

a ship

33

talJb 3 (||n3KB>),23*(||n*),^6';38 w (||m|Jn), 2 u Is 10 u 3 La i 22 Is 2i pa: V 3i 35 5i Je 45 8 'N 7ip if, 102


,

||

abs.

Joni 3 -r 3k;
18
;

WTOM

pron. 1

pi.

we

v. infr.

PI. abs. ni>3X

Dt28 +; ni>% 2 Ch8 cstr. K22 4* + ,etc; ashipVr 30" Gn49


68

tmnDX

n.pr.loc. city in Naphtali Jos

13

Dt 28 s8 Ju

on text) 1 K22 Jon i 4 -' + io4 26 107 23

""

17

(where, however,
49 - 50

cf.

Is 43

14

Bu BBEIcht,!^l, 18 2 Ch8 20 307


Ez
27";

19". Kn (cf. Di) comp. en-Ndtira, on E. side of Jebel Dahi, little Hermon; cf. Rob BRlllS39
.

Dn

40
;

Djn 'N

"ON, ''J^ pron. 1

s.

comm.

(\S\,

N3K,

"OH

59
15
7

+ oft. Following a ptcp. as 9 express mostly either a true present or the fut. instans) Gn 18 17 'JN 1 i ?'?n I hiding from Abraham that which, etc., Ju 1 5 3
its subj. (to
'"
)

Ur, :)Gn 6"

913

28 13 Dt 29 s Ju 6'+;
12 10
4

freq.; only

Am

Ho
15

(ruff 'jjjx much less JE & proph. writers, tEx202 =Dt 5', 13 ^81", Ex 20' = Dt5 9 I843" 44"
,

S3

'

Je

'

38

14

44
23

5i (Ex4
31

,l

isdiff.); cf.
4
4

(v.

Dr

135- 4

to a verb, it expresses, in early

D?3 'JN emphasis, as Ju 8 not rule over you, 2 S 1 2 s8 lest I take the city, 1S 2 S 1 7 thus and thus did Ahitophel counsel,
;

). Appended Hebrew, a real ^BnpK s6 7 will

a qu.) 18 9 (vjjn '>) 20 only 2 S 2 ; on the contrary, with a jrrtdicatt, is *?&$ regularly employed, Gn 24" 1 S 30"

38' (Hez.) 4 9 23 5 6 4 1 82 + ; 'JX


27
24

Dr"" "'- 22 "); >nW)K Is Je 5 io 19 ( 3 ,9 ';jjk) Iiu4 4 f- tf 3


1

Wl

Gn

(in response to
1

Ju 13"

S 20 17

14

13

and thus and thus 3N VtyJ did I counsel but in later Heb. it is sometimes pleonastic, Ec n-i5.i8-2o 2 + j n regp0nse to a quest i on 'jx a i one

3lK 'pboy tl * 20 17 Is 6' Je i Jon


17

1')

>

Cm) "W >9$ Gn 6 9 Ex 3 i Nu 3 + (but 443 ojx nm 25 Ex 3 'jx run Gn24' 9 +


9
>

32

13

am,

It is I,

Gn2f* Ju
.

13"

Ki8

+.

is

With

n, 'JNri

9 fls 66

(Syn. ^JN, q.v.)

"HJK

far as the usage of partic. books is concerned, in the Pent, (exc. Dt) "i is used in P (incl.
;

very uncommon

v. 16.

226

).

So

pron. 1
cf.

pi.

comm. we (common
Amh. end) may be VN (W 80 M), only Je

in
re-

130
is

t.)

exc.

Gn

23

(cf.

H) always (about Ez below); in JE '3JX


:

postB. Heb.; garded as the

also

pi.

of

42

Kt, for which

Qr

substitutes the normal 13n:x.

9 *DJK, "OJN (once Jb 33 *3ij$) pron. 1 s. 4 comm. I; Gn 3 7 15 12 i6 5 + oft. With J, '3lxn fNu 1 1 Jb 2 1 Ph. & Moab. (As. andku,
10 12
4
.

not in Ar. Aram. Eth.; but ku appears as the affix of the 1 s. in the Eth. verb (e.g.
"JJX
:

waladku Heb. V&). *?*? and V appear to be two parallel formations (both containing
the element ani
[cf.

preferred, though not exclusively (81 48). In S there are 50 instances of each form. Je has some 54 instances of 'JN, 37 of '3jx. In later books the preponderance of ^X. is evident. Thus in Ez 'jx occurs 138 t., '3JX 4b 7 once 36 s8 (perh. a reminiscence of Je 24 22 in LaHgEzr Est Ec 'JX 30 ); 45 t., '3JX never; 2 in Ch 'JN 30 t., '3JN once 1 Ch 17 (from 2 S 7 ); in Dn 'JN 23 t., '3JN once 10". Vid. more fully Giesebrecht at ' m * Dr 10 222 7

^PTJN?,
.

^Jn^K
,

pron. 1 pi.
,

comm. we
;

the

sf.

'j -, '>] or ana,

& one
:

'Six as (the pi corresp. to

to ^N

v.

W
8

80
.

* 10
;

strengthened by the addition of the demonst.


basis

Ph. jnjX
13

CIS 131617 Aram. *$&$, $

also Njnj'
4

ku
79

Sta"

809

[prob. akin to \o, N3, H3 here] cf. 98-1 " 1 of which, in most of the ),

"

Syr. ^jujV, <i~, tf&, 1fhi\)

Gn

13 29 37'

42"

Nu 9 7 Dt! 28
4

41

Jo

2 1718 , etc.

Like

WL

Sem. languages, one prevailed to the exclusion of the other, but which in Heb. maintained their place side by In some cases 'JX side.) and '3JX appear capable of being used indifferently; in others the choice seems to have been
determined, partly by rhythmical considerations, partly by a growing preference for ^N.

13 29 following a ptcp. as its subj. Gn 19 Nu io Ju 19 18 2 18 26 ; appended to a vb. for emph.

JU9

28

K 2Kl0
,

IS20 6

Tl^ni
ttjffl!
;

^2T\2

pron. 1

pi.

we
-

(abbrev.

from

also As.

among

later writers.

Thus when appended to

(In 2

'j, "irhk NJnj, just cited; 32 7 9 42 G1142" Ex i6 N1132 La 3 n'tni) S 17 12 ru i s 1 pi. perf. Qal from TO.)
(cf.

cf.the forms

the verb for emph. (whether with or without , D?) the lighter form ?N is nearly always used 5 s4 32 Dti2 30 'jui 3 8 a 2S12 28 17 16 (Lv20 26 18 222 Je 17 18 21 5 Ez 17 22 Jb i 3 2 + ; cf. the cases
-

TT|2^ n.[m.] plummet


dlST

words in cogn.

lang. for lead, tin, etym. dub., perh. foreign; Ar.


\AjI", Mand. X3JX, As. andku Lyon s" ,e,te92 v. Lag Arm 8,l" 10'cf. Id. BS17S J exc. once Am TJ 7" 2>lummet Am f**;
(v.
,r,>
-

Fra 153) Syr.

Gn27
,=3

26 S25 2S19 iKi Pr2 3 24


1

15

);

on the

contrary, in the emph. rhetorical style of Dt, ? is preferred (in the discourses, uniformly,
1

'X Dcrtn,

i.e.

a vertical wall v 7
v.

exc.

30
,

in ace. with usage just noted,


;

&

29 in

"ODN pron. 1 sg.

supr. sub ^X.

a standing expression

In

partic. phrases, also,

on 32 4851 (P) cf. infr.) usage prefers sts. 'JN,

jTJJ^I vb.

only Hithpo. complain, mur,!,!,

2' sts. '3JX; thus there occurs ^*"1J Nu I4 & 40 919 i always, exc. Dt 32 (Je 30" ($*) *% 18 2 5 2 -" & elsewh. in P, '?* Ex 6 46 Is 4 3 );
;
-

mur (Mish. |JX, Aram. J?$, Ar.


SfcTr>
">

As. [an&nu\,

mW

^N
&

whence enenu, unninu, sigh Zim Br22)

Impf.

La

&

esp. freq. in

H (Lv

(sq.
1

^S in

||

member);

Pt. D'JJXnc

24 6
-

etc.)

Ez, also

Gn

'Jixa

Nu

(sq.

ace; vid. Di).

d:n
('[DjNJ vb. compel, constrain (late, oft. /ish. td., Aram. D3N, .aJ/') Qal Pi. D3X flj
viz.,

60
Niph.
cstr.
(||

WW
id.,

in

mourning, lamentation
(||

Inf.
<

p3Nn

Ez24 17
sq. h?.

i>3X

n'B^)

P<. D'p3X3 9

to drink Est i"

(||

BX1 B*X

|iri3).

D'ruW)
ti.

t[*V)^5 *"PN] angry (MI id., cf. Ar. Qal Pf PIB3X deriv.)

vb. (breathe, snort) bo


i^ijl,
yj,

Hp-N

n.f. crying,
6

groaning, in dis2
13

As.
,

etc.

in

tress

(Aram! J&J/') Mai

(||

Htf>\ ^33);

r
l?.'

^ 2 12

etc.;

60

cstr. J"lp3X

etc.;

7mp/.

(of poor, P*3X);

79" (of prisoner

^ ^ Hithp. id. alw. sq. 3, ^2 & alw. of \ Pf. I^nn Dti 3^2^ 20 Impf. 8 18 C|3XrW Dt 9 1 Kii* 2K17
1

K 8"= 2

Ch 6 s6
also

be angry, of "; usually sq. 1 14 s Is 1 2 85 Ezr 9 ; abs.


12
.

2 TDK), so 102 '.

til.

PIp'N

n.f. ferret, or

shrew-mouse,

60 3 79 s ;

cf.

unclean animal
.1

Lv

1 1

30

(Tristr "*";

)*/',

xnopx).
ti.

I.

ri^^n.m.

" 30 2
-

nostril, nose, face,


'

an2

[tOK]

vb. be weak, sick andsu (As.

127 ger (As. appu,faee Flood"


0,

29

cf.

Hpt
45

KAT

-,

Ar. <l), Etb.A1: nose; Aram.Ji^,


<//

Wft

Plm.,e<l. 4.882 -^r etzst i n J) e der fr. Prl6 identified with BON ^>er antiphrasin; Dl p"lmme<i 4 904 B V6 III. also De so

Zim

Br M ,70.

II.

B>3X; v.

Lag

78" + cstr. Gn 2 7 +; sf. *HS face) abs. Ex2 2 23 +, etc.; du. D^SX Pri4 ,7 + VBX Gn 1 2 7 + etc.; In Hex JE (Jos 7 Pi 23" D?). 1. 22 s as organ of breathing Gn 2 7 7 Jb 27 nostril, s 9 20 2 S 22'=^ 18 cf. Is 65 cf. Nun Is a" La 20 Ez 3 8 18 (del. Co) Am^ T? x 0" (of ) 4 8 i.e. wind Ex 15 cf. 1BK nn not?? 2 S 22"= s 9 16 f i8 (vid. also sub 3); nose sg. Ct 7 Ez 8 17 2S Pr 30 33 (where play upon diff. meaning of 23 as organ of smelling Dt 33' fix & D?9S) (a)
; ; ; ;

who comp.
fes Schwert.

C-j\ i_a

,n,

weichlicJies d.h.

stump-

the three

distinct).

It seems safer at present to keep Qal Pt. pass. W)X Jb

18 Mi i 9 & so rd. 1//69 21 (Bi 3464.; ne>UX J e 15 Che) etc.; as adj. incurable, of wound, but

metaph. (nao)
12
'

Mi

Jei5

18
;

cf.

Jb 34 6

(ffj),
11
;

Je

3o assis^ cf. Je 30 15 (3X3D); cf. t*3X tft if"; also in phr. wn eoxi ^bp ajn a'py j e 17 9 iriph. impf.
.

e>'3X (i?C'; ||n3pnbn3); so

1// 15 ; (b) as place of ring for ornament Gn 21 17 Ez 16 12 (c) as place of ring or hook 24' Is 3

$.'.1
II.

S 12 15

be sick, of child.
(f-

for captive

2
22

K i9
31

28

=Is

s9

t0^

Ar.

u-i'

oe

inclined

to,
1 .

swine Prn 2. Du. face


42
14
2
s 4

37

hippopot. Jb nsnx D?3X) (esp. in phrase


;

for beasts, e.g. 24 26 40 ; crocod. v


;
.

Gn

19

48

12 33

Nu22
18

1S20

14

18 29 24 20

iKi
also

41

2V 25
;

Ch 7

20

Ne 8"
S 25 s3
;

Gn 3
;

19

2S 23 iCh2i 21 I849 13X Fiaa ;jrufc> /


9 41

28"

which however No 23"51 **6 "* friendly, thinks denom., cf. ^jl coll. men, people ; v. on the other hand Wetzst' Zim BP2, v. also Lag
social,
"

BIf68

; hence D'BON p l. of B^N;


Jb1514
v:

v. also

sub Bn).
'

tttJiiN n.m.
poet. (18
t.

man, mankind, mostly


etc.) (Ar.

/'

couniencmce
*?B?)
1

io 4

'fix?

before, loc. sense

Jb, 13

t.

\jr,

^Lil

(coll.),

We D?fN 1S1' rd. Dr (q.v.) 3. mostly anger, human Gn 27 45 c 7 ,2 19 49 + (45t-); oftenerdivineEx32 Dt9 2K 20 24 + (1 7 7 t.) oft. subj. rnn ("irm etc.) his anger
(cf.

DBS

Aram. Bbg,
Sab. D3N
people,

Lij7(coll.),

Nab. BnSN, Palm.

B*3X,

'

teas kindled

Gn
12

30

19

39
4

Ex 4
,4

14

22 s3 32 10I1 + ;

& cf. tenisetu, humanity, human race, v. COT Glo sub B>3K & B>3 & Hpt KAT2497 )abs. Is 9 8' + cstr. Je20 ; 1. of individ. Jb 5 13
10
17
;

DHM', also Ar. J&, As. nife,

in various combinations, esp.

of anger

Ex32

Nu 25
29

32

1^ f^U fierceness cf. IK^TJ] 1 S


;

20 34

24 ^l^'Py? Pi-2 2 owe

B?BN TJK

*^w

<o

yiww <o anger, etc.; 19 17 anger Ex 34" Nu 14 Ne9


15
19

2 ^55"', cf. Isi 3 (HO-lK) 5 6 (|| DTtrJI); Je 10 , 20 D??' 'X jm o/my jjeace, i.e. my friend. 2. coll. men Is 24 33 s 51 7 i^66 12 ; men in
12

+7

t.

of

God; Pi-14

i6

32

25

15

ofman.

general, ordinary mem// 7 3 cf/Xti'in mon stylus Is8' (v. CTK nr?X Dt3 n
' )'.

i.e.

a com3. man,
17

mankind Dt 32 s6 Jb
(||

14
s
;

19

28 413 32 s 33 s6 36 25

tD^BM

n.pr.m. a son of Nadab,

iCha**

Dl* 33

n.f. an unclean bird As. anpatu (cf. mng. quite dub.; on conjectures v. DiLvn 19) Lvii' 9 Dti4 8
;
.

TnC2N

(in??)7
io3
13
7
ls
;

yj, 56 esp. opp. God Jb 4 2 4 6 4 4 2 2Chi 4 10 ; V8 5 9 io i5' 2 5 33> 12 20 21 3 (||DnX-f3) so IS51 ; 90 (|| D1P33);

D"1X

&

D'B3X

v 24 )
-

,7

V9
'

'"|3 i44

3
(||

Q-lX); c f.

B^T^ "?"} 'N" ?


11

Qal
26",

f [p^N] vb. cry, groan (Aram. p3X JiT/*)


;

ny.bin
cf.

Jb 25 s
yjr

104
''

1515

nWTr
.

io 18

'N

33p~b

is

Impf. p3N) Je5i

62
;

Inf. cstr. p3X

Ez
1

tttfoW n.pr.m. son of Seth

Gn 4 26 5 -7'"

both of groaning of

wounded \f$).

Chi

1
.

61
III.
v.

Lag

V?M r
68

(soft, delicate,

cf.

Dl

'",

also sub I.

NgZMG

1886.739

wnQ
n.f.

fa

Ar. cJl, EON; but


fr

id.,
cf.

of Isr.) Zc ii 9 ; nnriK btt ' late)

mng
'

& f inanimate things Ex 26 "- 8,7 (P) Ez i


3

(P,

&

jj^fcfc^

(del.

Co>

nC?N 77
,

woman,

J3f Sab.nnJN etc.

DHM

wife, female (Ar. 2 * 1884 360 , Aram. KNPIH,


.

tw*UK, ten*, jij^ Pa i ra Alflfr Ph. nt^N, As. atfoiu

Nab NnruN) jj^


.

BAram. Kt WJJU

J"UN (the^root of the pron. 2 pers. in Shemitic: cJ|, Alt: anta; f. t> antl;
(,.),
f.

njK
,

^
&
f.

jik

Gn2 23 +
2i"
i

cstr.
7

T)f$

COT )'x abs. Gn u + (appar. abs. Dt


G,OM
29
-

S28 ^58* but cf. Bo* 728 Ces il3 5 ); sf. Gn 2 o"+ in^N Gni2 + (^WS V128 ), 44 etc.; PI. iT)&K Ez'23 (Co tttoxk); ' Gn 4"+; cstr. Vi Gn 4 + sf. fy Gn 30s6 1 K 20 D3<BO Ex 2 2 23 + etc.; 1. twmum Gn 12 3 12" + opp. man 2 22 23 Ex 3s 29 36" Dt 7 2S 22 s2 5 iS2i +; 'tf emphat. a genuine (or ideal) woman Ec 7 s3 (|| Dis); sim. of men as feeble,

J^jJ" the n being written but not pronounced; As. atla, f. atti-e D1 4M * the nt being merged iu the double t; Heb!
f.);

( uot h

m.

Syr.-fcj/',

^N
7
;

,8

similarly.

Wi
;

Aram.JVlJN,

-3

Pl.pl, hWa*: ^f, *}*}; *o/'; As.aun M). v*jf, r

W,

rPM, nijl (so regularly; but 2 6-7 1., with different disj. accents, nPIN; v Fr MM228 St*' 178 (rd.8forl8)i tm 'pron. 2 s.m. thou (for anta, v. supr.; cf. nrrj for Gn -+oft. Written bk
-

o_

^*
3

'

30 37 note esp. CEOS )Bn */( Jeso 51 children among the women, female children 18 NU31 (P); as conceiving Ex 2 2 Lv 12 2 2S 5 n + travailing Jei3 =I bearing children Ju 13* 1 K 3 18 cf. Jb i 4 15" 25'+, etc.;

timid

>

Ne 9 . Appended 7 1919 to a vb. for 66 nnK 1 S 17 emph., Ex i8 8 18 inquire thou, 20 22 Is 43 26 fOTK nsp. 'Added for the purpose of strengthening a gen. or 19 accus. sf. 1 21 Pr 22 19
1
1

S 2 4 19

njnj)

f 6 4 Jb

'

Ec

s2

(Ges

" ).

; Gm8"; ttty ^T>I 30 31 ; with adj., or app.^i^O'NnMrsMw/wowiaw, 1 wwras Ex2 7 ; H3i1 'N /wr fo< Jos 2 1 6 K

suckling IS49'

D'EOS rn

16

K3
s

16

Pr2 16

adulteress

Pr 6 M Je 3 3 Ez 16 30 23"; so .TJT 'X cf. also Ez 23" supr.; Ttyffltt Pr 30 20 (cf. tTN JIB'S 6 26 ), D'JUT VlBte
'

Jun

thou (fern.), preserved, prob. dialectically, 2 2 ua 8 1 Je s0 7 t. in Kt, Ju 17 1 14 2 4 4 Ez 36 13 As in Syr., the ' may not (V. supr. have been fully sounded: the Massorites direct AN to be everywhere

of

TIN,

i.e.

'RN, the older

& more original

form

read.)

Ho

2
;

rrinaj

D'EO foreign

women
(cf.

ii

1 -

**ft

Ezr lo 2101114
20'
6

1718 - 44

Ne^

26 - 27

v 23 ); .IMPl 'N
2 S' 1 4 s
:

from

WK

^J Pron- 2 s.f. thou (fem.


(q. v .)
;

(shortened

in Syr. the

two genders are

wise woman, one


,

known as clever, shrewd

($*f 'N concubine Ju 19 127 5 26 910 njD^N 'N wiiow 2 S 14 1 K 1 1 1 7 r^PM 'N 4 also cstr. bef. noun of prophetess JU4 quality 3 jn nate p r 6 24 ni^ps 'n yn'N n 9 ^n 'n 12 4 31 10 P1U3 11 D^HO 'K Pr2i 9 25" 27 15 DMI'D'N 2 1 19
etc.;

also

>

written differently, 1^J', J^', but, the - not being sounded, are pronounced alike: in X both 1113 are written or 24^+ oft. WK) Gn 12 Thrice Nu ii 15 Dt 5 24 Ez 2 8' 4 used as a masc. (as in Aram, of X); but prob. PIN ( v su b .IRK) should be here read.

2.

Il'i/e

usually cstr. or sf.) Gn 2 3 4 one betrothed (ehn) Dt 207 28 30 ;


-

(woman belonging 24 25 8
17

to a
117

man,
of

+ oft.;

Ex2i 322 nfoto** Ju204


;

HB'N(n) i>p

.IBtajj

fo

rife

Gn "

12 16 34 oft. (after <vb, jnj husband or father subj.); for wife (after woman subj.) Gn 20 12 Nu 3 6 3 6 61112 Dt 22 1929 +; for unfaithful wife cf. 1 ; cstr. in DEW Dt 1 7 cf. phr.

19

21

CilN pron. 2 m.pl. you (masc.) (lorantem, 7 4 s7 supr.) G119 26 29 + oft. With T[, amr\ tJu 6 following the vb. for emph. JU15 construed inaccurately with a fem. Je34 20 EZ13 31 t]n Ez 34 (many edd. }m), n:m Gn 31"
v.
31
;

12

15

WW,
";
22

Ez

(edd.

Mm)
cf.

34

pron 2
.

f.pl.

you

(fem.)
I.

28 s4

Wjn
14

TTV3

'N

3K

r)B*S

= step-mother Lv i8 8n
Gn7

Pr5

18

Mai

^f)|
20".
;

3 'N v 14 ;

(7DN

(perh.

Ar. LL\ heal, Aram. NDN,

3. Female of animals

v. also

sub 4.

t4.
(E);'cf.
heartless

Firnjn eac ^

With distrib. & recipr. sense, fiND 'X woman from Iter neighbour Ex n 2

Eui"
15

Je 9 19

prey L334

cf.v

16

women

each one, of birds of (del. (fig. of 3 of Isr.) 4 ; of sheep (fig.


;

n.pr.m. (perh. healer) king of Judah, son of Abijam and father of Jehoshaphat 1 K 891l 10 6 i5 +24t.iKi5.i6.22; iCh3 9' 2Chi 3 23 + 28t. 2 Ch 14-21; Je4i 9
.

NDN

Bi Che); of cows

II.

Am

HDK

cf

Ar

jyjl

be sorrowful, dis-

tressed).

62
T

VpH
perh. Is

lirN

11.

m. mischief, evil, harm; alw. abs.


4!l8

without

art.

Ex2i a!3 (nVl).


"ij^CN

Gii42

(as subj. of mp).44"(mp).

40" pap) ; (d) the bed ("?) Gn 49 s3 8 'i of Is 5 8 1jD0 ni3|


.

draw up the feet upon 3. bring up the rear


i.e.
12

be thy rear-guard

v. "71D.

(|n"H5r

f|^ ^>n)_ 52

has Pi.

MBDKD

q v
.

QP^}

(gather, store,

Aram.

+bb(

t 4.
).

rr " storehouse i"[ODS] a.m. (Aram. N2DN, s Pr 3 10 id., |i/We *u^/)pl.sf.TP* Dt28
.

draw
JO),
23

gather and take away, remove, with19 17 1 S 14 (obj. hand), Je io (bundle, sq.

leprosy 2
Is 4
1

K 5"
a

(v.

SHY);
4

remove
30

(set free)

man from
\jr

cf. also njT!9 'N, 307 Gn leprosy v


;
||

tn]pN n.pr.m. (Aram. KJP*t thorn-butht) w head of a family of Nethinim Ezr 2 (om.Ne 7**).
Tri2DX
n.pr.f. wife of Joseph
'
-

(wrath, a^n), Jei6 5 (peace, sq. JO), Jo2 10 4 15 (light), V 26 25 2! so Jui8 ^io 4 (nil) v also Jb 3 4 14 (Btoj)
(reproach),
' ;
.

8s

Egypt \a.n, = belonging to (goddess) "" r Comm ' 479 Keith (Thes) Cook Spe prop, either
L'Acro-fwtf;
;

'Ao-twrf,
(sq.

"'?);

hence destroy

1S15

obj.

pers.);

As-Neit, Gn 4 i 46w 46 !0

favourite of Keith, or <Isis-Keit)


.

s &Dti destroyed with hunger pass. 3jn 13 2 also Zn/. abs. Je 8 Zp I (joined with

Ez 34 20

Tpn

fr.

e|lD, v.

Ko'

445
;

BaNB73

v, supr.)

considered Hiph. Inf. abs. by ,3 ITiph. Pf. f]DM Nu 27 +


19
;

*"lD^
Dl
Pr46

)
1

vb. gather, remove (As. asdpu, 23 4 nP Gn 3 o + flDDK + 8 5 Qal

P/
1 ;

napw Je48 33 etc.; Irnpf. *$ Ex9 + e)pKl 8 22 Gn25 + |ttg# f 104 etc.; Imv. H^BJ Dt
;

etc.;

/mp/
ID
'

n'DK'
2

^BDg
yjr

^'27', etc.;
29
;

also

S6

ms. Iph

104

1 s.

HBDN
v.

Mi 4 6

so prob.

(sf.)

^BCX
C|bM

S 15 6

(rd.

ISDN)

'BDXn Je 4 7 6 1BDXnGn49' + Zn/a&*. SB74 ibSTJ 2 Si 7" (on form cf. Ba ); cs<r. "JPJCT Gn2 9 7 Nui2 15 Pt. |PM Gn 4 9 29 D'BDNJ iS
50

32

K5

1.382

Drsm. jmv
fs.

16
;

'SDK Je 10";
7

Nu 2i 4-n3DK Nu "BDK ^ 50*+ Inf. abs.


,6
;

11

13

IS13
Is 43

14
;

D'BDW
^P),
4

Is 57';
subj.
3

1.

assemble, be
1

gathered, reflex, (a)

men Gn 49
(sq.
|>)

(||j*3P

fl'DS

Je 8 l3 +'(Hiph.,
2

fr. S|1D

ace. to
16
;

BaNB73 );

c<r.
s9
;

2 ),

(II

>

Ch 30

13

(sq. ace.
1

IDK

1S13K

Ex

23

P. act. *1PK

Nu

19"; ^JBpk

MBDK Lv 23 K22 20 2 Ch 34 s8
c

I2 ; loc), Ezr 3 '9 (all sq. "?) 9 30 earlier mostly of assembling for war Gn 34
(sq.

Ne8 M3

28

(pointed 1BpKi. e .Hiph.;'cf.Ko'- );DBpN^ 39 '; 'BDX Ez 34^; 1. gather, collect pass. pi. cstr.

(sq.

Josio 5 Ju6 33 9 8 io 17 (||pyV3), 20 11 14 11 ~?N) v (sq. TT loc), 1 S 1 3 (sq. ace loc.)


"^5?),

JJ10.M 2I Joa 2 ( sq ^ + n- loc.) 24' (sq. rr 8U 2 K loc; all these JE); 1 S 5 23" (sq. 'b) Jos2 16 Is 1 1 12 Zp 3 8 Hb2 6 Ezn 17 (all ||*3p)+;
i6

(a) persons

Gn 29" 42" (sq.

i>K)

Ex

10

29

Nu

+
v
7
-

(6) subj. flocks, etc.


(all

i Qal); (c) inanim. subj. herbs Pr 27 ; water 2 S 14 14 (in 2 s3 sim.); bones for burial Je 8 cf. 25 (bodies of

J); fish

Nu n

Gn 29 3
22

(pass.; sq. '"'BE')


25

(cf.

Hb

s5

collect
23

men, people, armies,


20
1

Nu2i (EWuii

M 1S17 2S10" I2 +;
(b)

etc., for

fighting
cf.

slain) v. also

appar. = compose, arrange for burial.


of Qal

Ez 29 s

(||

yap which Co

ids. I3p),

2. pass,

Zc I4 2 (sq."?5? against);
-

once obj. beasts Je 12 9 ; (c) things, esp. fruits of earth Ex 23 1016 3a, 39 14 13 38 (Cov't code) L v 2 5 (H) Dt 1 1 1 6 2S Is 1 f

2; (a) be gathered to one's fathers Vrmx't'S 'NJ Ju 2 10 ; elsewh. to one's people

Je 40 1012 Jb 39 12
the quails
(sq.
11

+ 39
3232
;

7
;

Vtyfy
(|f via),"

(all

P)

Gn
24 - 26

25

8 - 17

s9

35

29 - 33
(|| 13 - 13

nojl T
3
2
i

S^3>1)
2

49
50 - 50

cf.Ru

2'

(||

B^> glean)

NU20
||

(||niD) 27

Nu

bt32

1 i

food in gen.

14 "??); eggs Is io ; ashes of red heifer 24 ;

21 $&&) Gn6 money 2K22' 2 Ch 910

(both
28

II

DID); also

frnap-^K

22 20 =2Ch

K io M

Ch

14
,

etc.; of
5
;

Nu 19 ; chariots fisherman (Vpoapa,

Qal q.v.); hence also (6) oe brought (both in (into association with others, etc.) Nu 12 1415 (E) of Miriam, after leprosy; also refi. betake 34
oneself, of

in

metaph.)Hbi'

Vjena rAT'K. company of others


one's fathers
2
||

of collecting wind Pr 30 4 'b 2. gather an individual into


:

Moses

iM

(E),

cf. 2

13

(both sq.

(a) obj. pers. esp. gather to

"'?); even with inanim. subj. Je 47 ^BDNH of man & TJ"iyPl"7X (addressed to sword)
;

22 20

M (^#5*^8)= a Ch 34

("7X
v.

both
2

also (b)

Niph. of same vb. q. v.); hence 62 bring, obj. pers. 1 S i4 (on form here

beast brought Ex 9 19
.

home

(sq.

H"

loc.) for

protection

3. Pass, of Qal 4; be taken away, removed,


11 3 perish, of menls57 (||13N); fishHo4 gladness Is 16' JC48 33 (sq. |D); also reflex., with;

(both sq. "?*?), association, reDr) sponsibility, protection being implied ; also of
1 I 2 stray ox or sheep Dt'2 2 (sq. 'ijiFrpK); hence 10 also (c) take up, care for, subj. * ty 27 (cf.

s7

draw

itself of

Pt. e)pSD

moon Is 6020 ( vfo& xia). Nu io26 -*-; VBDXD Is 62 s (so


||

+ Pi.

BD

v.

fpN
Ko ); D3DBKD
1

63
i-

TDM
but Hitz-Now al. refer to the wise ; utterances, called lords (possessors) of collection. because of their well-connected
grouping.
vn

Is 62

(Upp);

Is 5 2' ;-1. gather harvest bodies for burial Je 21 2.

5 18 <ae in, receive into 3. as (sq. '*irP3) Juio/ subst. rearguard, rearward Nu io 25 013 (P) Jos6 12 (both E); fig. of God L352 fPu. Pf. lBtO 4 14 (cons.) L333 Zc i4 etc; Pi. ]pND Ez 38" s2 ,0 be gathered, of men Is 24 Ho 1 o (sq! ?$ against), 4 14 Ez 3 8 12 ; booty ; wealthZc
-

9
.

[f)CDDM]

eipBDNn

Nu 1 i

n. [m.] collection, rabble, only of the camp-followers

Hebrews
.

attending

at the Exodus.

IS33
5

Inf.

W$Tin Dt

14

fHithp.

3 3 grower themselves.

cf.

l832M t'lpN n.m. gathering (on formation B109 Ba* ) of summer fruit ftT'SpN Mi cf.
1

3 rd son of Haman Est ab equo sacre datus ace. to 9' (Pers. aspaddla, Thes Add 7 ', after Pott &

***$$9^ n Pr -

Benfey).

i.e.

abs.fl9<Is32 ; ^pnrj'K gathering of the locust, 4 as the locust devours, destroys Is 33


.

10

tpDNf]
'jZ\,

vb.
cf.

tie,

bind, imprison (Ar.

rjDN n.pr.m. {gatherer, cf. Ph. n.pr.f. nSDx) tl. father of nNV the recorder 2 i8 18 37 =Is J 22 2. one of David's chief 36 musicians, a Levite, son of Berechiah 1 Ch 6 2424 (|| JD'n v 18 i7 jrpK j v id. these name8 ) 15 (|| Heman & Ethan, all called) Dnn'tTBri v 19 v. also i6 55 7 37 cf. v Heman & Jeduthun v 41 42) 25 s named (|| 12 15 with Heman & Jeduthun also 25" 2 Ch 5 35 f 50- 73-83 are ascribed to Asaph; cf. also 46 he is called also mhn IP?] TV? >5? Ne 12

Eth. h(\\
3
fs.

Aram. 1DN, J^]\ kwd:)Qal Pf. sf. CT\m Jb 3 6 13 s iTJDX Nu 30 -r,etc; Imjyf. "***"! 20 14 ;
;

As. asdru,

COT 010 ",

K
;

lbN>!

Gn 4 2 24
7

1'DN>!

Gn
1

46

29 -

r;

pi." sf.

Ju 16

etc.;

Imv. ION
27
;

K
10

18 44 2

7$K
vVdk
n*IDK
10
';

21

' ;

Je46 l6 M
;'

^n8
arfr.
12
; ;

Inf. abs. 1'DX


;

Ju 15";

T19S5 11 G1149

+
14

Nu 3 o3 + "IIDN^ Ju I5 D ~l* Ho io P<. aci'.'cstr. npK I5 "iK Gn40 3 4-; j?ass. pi. B^WK 39-
Ibxb
; ;

also
(cf.

2 Ch 29 , cf. ^ffVT-5^ VOfn lpN x Ch 2 5 2 ; repeated mention is made also of sons of Asaph

30

Kt (Qr n^DK); 1.

Ju i6 2125 Qr (Kt DTDK); Dnibn Ec 34 cstr.niDN Gn^ 20 Now); nfrpK 2 S3


fte,

6?

W,
;

for security, foal

1 i<~').3,
(||

sons, descendants,

who sang and played


2
15

after his

Heman & Jeduthun) Ch 35 Ezr 2 41 Ne 7"


service
; 1

and pupils, or those manner 1 Ch 25


1

to vine (sq. b) Gn horses and asses 2

49" (blessing of Jacob); 1010


7

|n8 B i8 dub.
2.
tie,
;

De

2-2
;

called Dnnfeton
cf.

bind

the festal victim with cords;

Che bind
har-

22
,

Ezr

the procession with branches, etc.


ness, kine to (3) cart 1 io 10 harness tliem to

3';

per-

of purification, Hezekiah's forming time 2 Ch 29 13 one of them prophesying 2 Ch 19 1 Ch 26 for S]DK 133 rd. 20"; *|p}3N '33, cf.9 ; on "13T9 15 "I3T Ne "WDB1 ia*

S 6 710
(7)

so (metaph.)

Ho

their

(but Jer
cf.
6

EwNow

make

'k here

= ID'

two iniquities
1

chastise,

v.

these names.
2
8

Ne

called'"^!? +3. keeper of king's* park

a DIB? v );

Exi 4 '(E)
of
(II

2K9

also sq. ace. chariot 21 44 abs. ;

Gn

46
21
;

s9

(J)

1K18 2K9

making ready chargers

DWBn
42
s4

n.[m.] ingathering, harvest (on 22 formation cf.Lag BN173 Ba NB136 20 EX34 16 Ti Ex (J); IP?? 23 (E) both Cov't codes.

WpON

&$W typrisoner,
10.12.13.13.13

even 'N Je 46*

bind, with cords, fetters,

etc., as

Simeon

Gn

(E),

Samson

)TP^

Jul5 = 2 Ch

l6 5.7.8.U.l!.12.

D^TOB
"2
||

'N 2

K 2^
cf.

36

=Je
2

7 39 52"; also

Ch 33";

'

t/pN] n.[m.] what

is

gathered, store,

hence D'BBNri JV3 store-house, near south gate 24 17 'Kn of temple iCh 2 6' 5 alone (cf. 2 Ch25 ); v in same sense; cf. D^VE'n 'BDX Ne 12 25
.

tnCDS n.f. verbal, a collecting, gatherIs 24^ they are collected, as ing VfU 'K a collecting captives unto a pit (dungeon); or they are gathered with a gathering (us) captives, 18 cf. 22 but perh. rd. "VBKn ]DN (cstr.V v.
;

MM

Weir Che.

Hip,!??"); metaph. of king held captive by a weman's tresses Ct 7"; perh. imprisoned (whether bound or not) Gn 39 20 40 35 (all JE); as subst. 20 pi. prisoners Gn 39 (Kt, v. supr.); so (late) as

S 3 M thy hands were not bound and thy feet not put in fetters); CijJTSb 'K J e (|| 8 40 cf. D<i??3 'N Jb 3 6 (prob. fig.
esp. Pt. pass. 2
1

4 17 (t6| n<3 'K (without *) ISP), 2 f; 13 cf. of divine chastisement Jb 36 & v. also Ez 25 8 22 3 ^ 149 ; fig. of absolute authority ^ 105 ;

distressed,

&

obj. of

divine compassion Is 49*


'

t[rt3CN]

n.f.

collection

(cf.

Ph. riSDK

niBDX Ec 12" (D'COn H3^) assembly) only to driven nails; members of learned compared assemblies Thes MVal.; so postB. Heb.

^3

NHWB

^3 prison Ju 16 2 25 cf. 146 4. gird (rare & late) QO^no? l'W 'X Ec 4 14 Jb 1 2 1S (liTK = slaves' waistcloth, P.S p. 2 5 supr. ; Hoffm rds. 1?J1 for Ibsjl); VjriO-^ DnipK ton
61 1
7
yj, ;

DnDXH

TIDN
5. sq. 'IOC ? 1? begin the battle, make Ne 4". the attack (cf. Germ, mit jemandem anbinden) 6. fig. of obligation of 1 20" 2 Ch 1 3 s
"
1

64
''"["'D'iO]

n.m.

Is2822

band, bond, poet.

&

oath or

vow

(only N1130, P) B'SJ"-'? 'N, usually

Eq.acc.cogn.1DN,
">?
etc.,

1BN Nu 3 o3 " 6 8 ""; without


cf.

'

(=ipxb; Eth. "VXwCl Syr. H'liU, As. mesiru, slueathing, plating, e.g. Lyon 8.r B c&tr Jb I2 18 ( S Di ontt.,p.l6.1.65.p.80)_
late
cf.
_

v 710

v 4 "IBS 'K

(e>sr^>$?

om.)

Hoffm al. for IDIO) niiDb Jb 39 5 npia


;

2Tiph. pass, of Qal 3, be bound, imprisoned, Impf. (juss.) 1DN; Gn 42" (E); 2 ms. IDNPI Ju 16 l6 .io.i3 ^ of g amson ). jmv ncrn Gn 42 (E). V^BN Is 22 s ; V1DK ft. Fn. Pf. be taken prisoner
.

fntwto Je3o
2
3

8
;

etc.;

bands

s ninpiO J e 5* 27 ; cstr. s 18 Is 52 sf. npto ^ii6 ; s2 By^to Is 28 ; tojnVwpto ,/,

^
;

pi.

ace. after DP1S

Jb 39 s

restrain-

tniDN n.m. J 15

"

band, bond (Aram. "HON,


12

16 1 16 bonds of distress ; ing-bands of wild ass; 2 'D bonds of Is 52 captivity of Zion, vb. 18 nna tP^D *lpto Hithp.; cf. also Jbi2

VW*

(so

84 ' of \il"; on the form v. Ges* ) VJ^DtJ, s8 14 Samson Ju 15 ; DniDK Ec 7 of hands of evil

woman;

"ilDNn

JV3= prison Je 37 15

t^DN T J

n.m. 0n992 bondman, prisoner (Ar. V

j^
cstr.

Aram.
;

JUW, MI
;o

nDt)
,

'tf

abs.
'

11

79
;

102 21
,

etc.

DTDS Gn 39 22 + cf. Ju 16 2 25 Kt 34 20 TpNVio7 +,Gn39 Qr;l pN^69 4-, Gn 39 2022 (J), elsewhere only prisoner
pi.
, ,

-!

Di understands bonds imposed by kings; Hoffm girdles of kings, & rds. "1CW in ||, for "IDW; more oft. ace. after 3 pnj ^ 2 bonds imposed by ^ & his anointed, Je 5 6 & 2 20 ( v. Comm.) of Yahweh's cf, 8 13 breaking bonds of Isr. Je 30 Na i (last four 14 '13 5S* "O^, bonds of oppressed ^ 107 JpJTIj s2 s Is 28 i.e. bonds imposed by Assyria; cf. Je 27
rd., v. supr.

& AVEV);

||

(||t2ta) lit.,

symbol, of rule of Nebuchadrezzar.

as having rest in grave from poetic; Is 14 18 task-master Jb 3 esp. as obj. of divine coms4 7 'N AgM passion *68 (|| TIT), 69 (|| JV3N); 10 2 79" !02 '(both ||nnwn "os), 107 ^nai "iv/tt
17
;
;

T i"HDi^ n.pr.loc. station of Isr. in wilderness, where Aaron died (this was Mt. Hor 22 6 ace. toNu20 '33 37, )Dtio ; locality unknown.

Another form

is
id.,

(\\mrw\

^n

n?*);
12
.

c f.

of liberated exiles of Isr.

34 specif. nj?'x La a' Zc 9 11 called captives


;
,

tniipfcl n.pr.loc.
T

NU33

303
'.

o/%>nipnn'Nv

J^rrnDN n.pr.m. Esarhaddon(As. Asur-

T"VDSl n.[m.] mostly coll. prisoners (ace. BNU0 taken 1861 to Ol' corruption of TDK, cf. Lag ) 4 8Jmm, ,05iGGA,884 in battle Is io (Lag ids. Tin TDK etc., Osiris is broken, but cf. Che crltn ), K 24 (sim. of judgment upon kings of earth);

ah-iddina, Ashur hath given a brother) king of Assyria B.C. 681-668, son & successor of Sen-

nacherib Is 37 38

=2K

37

2,s,,

(van

d.

H. ptn-lDX)

Ezr4

2
;

cf.

COT.

42

7
(||

T^

'S^;
1

ref. to
'

exiled Isr.,but v. also

Hi

prob. =sons of Jeconiah the captive (yet note omission of art.) so Be Zo Ot al.; S3 trans, as n.pr.

Che Di);

Ch

1BK n$fl

^
-

n.pr.f. Esther (Pers. stdra, star) of Abihail, cousin and adopted daughter of Mordecai, of tribe of Benjamin ; made queen in Vashti's place by Ahasuerus;

daughter
her Jewish

~^np^

name HEnn q v Est


. .

7 2 81011161S1617
-

n.pr.m. son of Korah 6 7 ; called son of Ebiasaph v 8 22


.

t^ON

+ 47 1.
I. II.

Est.
v.

Ex 6 24

Ch
F|M

sub
.

s\:tt.

t""lDN n.m. Nu30


(cf.

bond, binding obligation


;

*1S conj denoting addition, esp. of some,

BAram. "9!*, Syr. *( so forms with suff. NB62 208 "cf. Sta* infr. v. Ba *; but perh. Aram, BNm loan-word v. Lag 'x abs. Nu 30'+ cstr. ) sf. v u sf. PnOK v6 v 616 v8

thing greater, also, yea (so Ph. Aram. &( IN, 1. very rare in plain prose (in ^itf; cf. >-j).

which D3
2

is

more usual):
v Dr ) (

rnptJ only Nu 30 (P), binding obligation of oath or vow; 3 4 6 5 6 8 mostly ace. cogn. with "1DX (q.v.) Nu 3o 11.1J. -1DN v 13 ; -IBX oa<A v". n^B3 n$>3f foVidm?
;
;

pi.

rnpK

;
-

as rather often) I also h n*.!o* a

g 20

Gn 40 * (*with pron., in my dream, Nu 16 Dt n*


16
14

K2

Est gM. more


-

freq. in poetry, esp. as introducing emphatically 6 7 9 new thought Dt 33 3 20 28 1 S 2 7 18 49


-

tmon
so @).

n.f.

cstr.

nnan

'd &ond o/ <a

65 16 a 74 8 9

14

they shout for joy, yea, they sing

^i6

68 M7

93

Pr22'

covenant Ez 20 37 (=JTlbKD; text dub. cf. Lag J g n p, D y sub ^p,. Gai882.W8f.K01; Cq rdg

-^

elevated prose style, 25 t. in the impassioned


-

more Lv 2 6 16 *- 24 *- 28 *- 41 *; and 2 rhetoric of Is (40 24 23

+5

or in

15 24 10 26 13 719 42 43 46" yea, I have 48 ), e.g. 40 4 1 spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have

ncN
purposed, I will also do it 48 \ Implying something surprising or unexpected, even, in4 and also Lv 2 GMA3M deed Jb I4 3 i5 *. 1"j
!

mcN
,21

6 * 15 19 32 * 38 17 Dti5 Hb2 ^68 i'Ch8 = 9 *2Chi2 C Ne 2 18 i3 15 and even Jb 19 4 DJN" 1N1


;

TO
.

ephod, priestly garment, shoulder-cape or mantle; a. as worn by ordinary priest made of white stuff (13) 1 S22 18 ; 'K Kfc'l cf. 2; so Samuel as a temple-servant 2 8 'N "ton gin with an
;

eph.;

so
1

David when dancing before ark

S6

l4

(t'd.)

and
n,

Wl

even indeed (if) I have erred indeed ..A really . .1 t


.

With
i8 13ia

Gn

'K nn b. as prescribed in P 15 bjTjj for high priest, more costly, woven of gold,

Ch

27

wilt thou indeed sweep away the righteous 2" Jb 34 17 40 8 In with the wicked? v 24 contrast to a preceding thought (expressed or

Am

blue, purple, scarlet,

&

linen

(?

implied) but, nay (imo) ifr 44' 58 ; cf. Ju 5 *. 2. (Equallyinprose and poetry) with ref. to

s9

provided with shoulder-pieces & breast-piece of like material, ornamented with gems and 4 61216 s 7 2 7 ,!17 gold, Ex 25 28 29 35 39 + 17 t. Ex
-

&&)

threads,

a preceding sentence, yea, a fortiori, the more


so
(

= hovj much more I


.

after

an

affirm, clause

a neg. one): t2 S 4""' when one told me, Saul is dead ... I took hold
less ! after

=how much

; prob. ('N NBO) 14 sub 2); tB} apn EX28 2728 29' 39 s0 21 (v. Lv8 7 'Kn b"VTi 29* 39 k (cf. Lv8 7 ); with vb. "?5 'NrrnK fnj ^< A ep/wd on Aaron Lv 8 7

28, 39, also


2
10

Lv 8 7

cf.

S2 28

of

fortiori,

him and slew him .'31 Win myen D^J^n? f|K how much more (should I do so),
.

when wicked men have slain a righteous per5 21 27 son, etc.! Ez 14 (Ew Hi) 15 Pr 21 (in all these passages '2 = when) Jb 4". So ti S 3 13 23 2 K 5 f$g "IPK" | *\K) and tlie more (=and how much rather), when he hath said to thee, etc. More commonly in this sense
>

'' 1 S 23' 'x ephod used in consulting borne in hand (rd. \T* 'Km TV We Dr) v 9 18 w 30" (all c. tyj) + i4 (tsfai) & v in both 18 rd. 'NH for jriK & v also Klo Dr; a.

2.

KM

^
2
5

ace. to

Thes

MV

Di Ex 28 s
''

al.

properly sub

1 b

&

strengthened by '3
\f bjk

infr. (q. v.), v.

1. furthermore
1

tEz 23 40

Hb

(Ges

& tniN); so, view ephod (cf. of NBO 1 S 2 s8 1 4 318 (cf. supr.), not used elsewhere= wear exc. 22 18 & of 23", the word might be used by meton. for the breast-piece itself;
,

in that case by Urim Thummim in the breast- piece attached to the Ex 28 2M0 v. if in
;

consultation of

2. in a qu., indeed quin imo, quin etiam). (is it) that ..A tGn 3 0*7$* -lOtps e)K indeed-,
that

b. others, e.g. Sta

06**-'

466 ' 471

Bu 881" al.,

think of

God has

said ... H. e. has

God really said ... 1

3. with ref. to a preceding (cf. above). sentence (which is often introduced by JO or n n that i.e. how much more (or
?.

^D
!

),

yea,

the righteous in the earth NBini yen 3 |K


less)

tPr.

1 1

3'

lo,

is

recompensed
indeed that
!

3. an image representing '1 cf. following. a. ephod of gold made by Gideon Ju 8 s7 for a local sanctuary, by which Isr. was ensnared = 2 b ace. to @ Thes ('sine controversia ') Stu al. + Sta Bu I.e.; orig. = gold sheathing of 22 an image (cf. etymol. supr. & Is 30 sub TIBS)
; ; ;

MVBe Kb
1
v. supr.

Hiap,I,robl<",",M

'tis

(=how much more) the wicked and the sinner27 710 Jb 9 is 16 25 6 1 S 1430 1 K8 15 if 19 2 Ch 6 ) lo, the heavens cannot contain (= thee W? JV?n '? *]&< 'tis indeed that this house
11

b.

made

think of garment, as sub (material not given) for a


141718 20
-

14

18

^DB, ( private, local sanctuary Ju 1 7" 1 8 n3DD v20 om. .1300, D^e in all, for gives 4 Isr. shall abide without king, cf. Ho 3 Iq);
||

(cannot do

so), i.e.
1-

2CI132
but
14

16
.

v.

US
.

how much less this house 6 27 So'? tDtsi iS2i (perh.; 11 8 "" 293 8 - 4* Dr ) 2S16 (InJb

W
9

prince, sacrifice, pillar, ephod or teraphim; ace. to Thes al. Sta Bu l.c.=2 b; Stu Be Ry al. regard as sub 1 ; in view of distinction from

35

(Hi De)
.

Ne

18

*!

is

simply=yea,
Thes

PDB,

D3DD & D'Bin

when

this is not

it seems more likely that an image, but some means of con-

.)

TDK (existence & mng. dub.

MV

sulting deity, perh. in imitation of


al.

Urim &
Ma-

Thummim.
nasseh

infr.;

"IBK gird on, but this denom. v. identify with N BN^8;S - 1890 15 prop. Jjj, come as amLag bassador, as 1/ of
,,

tlbX n.pr.m. Nu 34
21
.

father of a chief of

lis?*).

ifeM

2 8t.)

& TEN (2ot.)n.m. El28 7 ephod


'

T[7DN]
Pf.
"IBNil

vb. denom. gird on ephod, Qal

cf. Aram. JL'.3 id. (on mng.v. Lag'- *), (Eth. K4*2:\ BF39 on form v. Ges also As. pid, pittu Zim ; perh. C liSS JM.12.E. but Lag'- comp. jUj, & thinks 'ttn 3B>n 'robe of approach' to shortened from
-

Ex 29 s and thou shalt him with the cunninglygird the ephod upon v "IB^'l wrought band of the ephod; so Impf.
SS-ns \b rnBXI
la
(||

-un)

Lv 8 7

God)'K

abs.

Ex

25

+;

cstr. 1

18

+; 1.

tiTJDN

n.f.

ephod (=1iBN,

for

which

it

66

|TBM
''"fTON n.pr.m. an ancestor of Saul

supplies cstr.
cf.

ephod, s 39 the cunningly-wrought band of his ephod. 2. of sheathing of idol-images, ^ jjHJJ D3DD ITIBX
Is 3 o

& sf. forms). 1. of high-priest's liBS 1 b, only ttnBK 33>n Ex 28 s

189'

(etymology

& meaning

dubious).
set

/D^
the sun)).

(A'"-

ffi disappear, depart,

(of

M
(||

^JBD3

^DB

nax)

c f.

liSK

a.
;

both t[ft|] n.[m.] palace (Syr. \jj'"Uchr 128 K< from Pens, apaddna, cf. Spiegel Mtpen ZM<51885 but this-<reaswn/, armoury, M. Schultze
-

's alw. abs.

T7DNn.m. Jb3,6 darkness, gloom (only poet.) 1. darkness, of night ^gi

6 3

'

(opp. OyVJS); deep


(||T]3'n,

in the earth, 'K |3K

Jb

28

")

folBK \SlK

north,' i.e.

45 of the 'king of the Antiochus Epiphanes.


,

Dnn

niOpX); darkness, gloom of underworld

Jb io 2:!!2 (|| ?fn H?, ns^)} 'K, niojtt)


Jb 3 6
fig.
tltat

tHS^
VIBTn
1

vb. bake (As. epu, Zim

BP43

Aram.
Is

night

let

darkness take

it

personif. 'N VngJ;


1

?K, )ir) Qal 19 44 ; toNI consec.

Pf
Lv

'ti

Gn
etc.
; ;

19

WBN
;

18 of spiritual darkness Is 29 (HT;?'" ); of 2 2. esp. fig. of calasecrecy, treacheiy \^

26 s6

S 28";
16 s3
;

1BK'
jP.

1BX
pi.

Ex

Ez 46 20 nBN Gn 4 o' +
;

Impf. 3 fs. sf. 1BXR Ex 16 23 7mv.


;

17 mity Jb 23 (Iheri

q.v.),

30

26

(opp. nix).
'<

DnBk H07 6
21

T7DN

adj.

gloomy, of day of

Am

s0

Gn 4o' 6 + BK 1 S8 I3 ,etc 6ae, obj. Dr6 Lv26 M (H) l8 44 -" (cf-Je 3 7 ); nto Gn 24 niso niay Exi2 39 (J); niVn io 3'(J) 1S28
D^BK
ls
, ;

nbsx. (lhe>n, opp. nai) c f.

T!i?DN

n.f. darkness, gloominess,


j

calam-

Ex i6 (P; (H); nn?T? Ez 4 6=Vl s 39 c. 2nd obj. of material Ex 1 2 P?3, Lv 24 n?b, s4 P. alw. as subst. baker Gn 40 1 S 28 nop). 2i ' . Je 1.J.S.16.17.20.B X n pno jio all E 37
Lv
24
5

a23

ity'x
s

29 9 1. darkness Dt28 Pr7 (||nW> |WHt); Is 22 of supernatural darkness in Egypt Ex 1 o ; of

59
.

Exio^ +

^bk

IS58

10
;

pi.

nbm

day of
||"JBTI,

'

ou< o/</*e tours' sree<; also 1 S8 (|| HinsO, Nowhere as a menial rrtni?!; only here fern.)
13

Pr 4 19

sub 5>BK) Jo 2 2 Zp 1 1S (both of wickedness Je 23 18 pJ7, ?Biy) sim. 22 of calamity Is 8 ( n3E>n), 58 10 2. fig.
(cf.
||

Am 5

20

where despotic power & office, not even 1 S 8 Niph. Impf. growth of court emphasized.
13

(Ih^n, opp. Dnns), 59"

(||id.,

opp. ninjj).

TL^^DN]

adj. (darkened, concealed, thence)

fs.

HBNri

Lv6 ,0 Y 9
6 10
.

3fpl.

n^BKri

pass, of nriJD

Qal
cf.

be baked,

baken of

Lv23 ; Dnj Lv 23 ';


1

17

late, of crops;

HTBX Ex
n-f-

s2

of wheat

&

spelt.

"I^DN^ n.[m.] darkness,


'31

Jos

24

(E)

dm
i>B8<D

t[nCNtD] n.[m.] thing baked, nan nsxp Lv 2*.

cstr.

nrOD

d3' 3.' 3 'O,


l
l

between Hebrews

&

Egyptians.

trPTBWO

deep darkness

(=W

s6 623 24 ), elsewh. 19 \sn and Ni3"i), enclitic part, then (prob. (cf. from 13, a part, with a demonstr. force, cf. it's In the Targs. JIB IB, here, with X prefixed. 10 Nu 1 i M is used somewhat similarly, e.g. Gn 26 1819 9 used 1. in connexion with inIs i 48 ), terrogatory pronouns or adverbs (like Spa, ttort,
15

tlSK

(Jb 17

NlSN

ace.
*

to'Thes

MV
2
31

cf.

Ct8 6 ^mni)^; but


'

Ew

166b

&
fr.

on Je

rds. njbBSD, fem. of


cf.

[^DNO],

der.
BA8471
sis,

Hiph. Pt.;

Sta 5 302

"

H^BND; Jager
'>

an enclitic part, of empha31 comp. As.) only "O JHK J e 2 fig. of in dealing with his people (II" ?! )-tijiu^g this HJ

&

khz** v t
:

v.

sub b%.
dub., perh. turn,
Ezl
'

nah and for thee, then, what 16 NiBK r$ n031 and shall I do, my son? Ex 33 A NiBN nN wherein shall it be known, then
. .

tandem) KiBS ntaM no NiBX


:

''

Gn

s3

27

who,

then,

v 37

fSi^ (meaning
t
1

cf.

nis).
fBiN
s3

n.m. JCIS, ttrtM


32

20

wheel.abs.

Isio where, then? Jug tfDN ^3^0 NIK; IS2 2 KiBK


1 . . .

38

12

Jb^

15
;

Ho

K7
;

+;

JBiK
30
;

Ez
25
;

,6

cstr. JB1N 1

K7

Is

13'
is

28 s7

|BK
1

EX14

pi. Cl^BiS

iKf+i
,

cstr.

1]>>"nO

what

*3Bfe<

? 2. in a command there to thee, pray io" NiBK ty] know, then; (in or wish: a m 6 3 IBS in^O apod.)Pr 6 Jb 1 9 ; Jb 1 9 $0 that my words were written would, then,

K7

ls etc. a. wheel On^DiN Ez io

of chariot (n33-)DJ

Ex

14

25

iKf
28^
00 ' 21
cf.

Na 3 2

of
(as

fO^

(threshing)
instr. of

cart {ffy$
616161919
j ,22 4
-

Is

Pr 20 26

punishment),
i'

b. wheels in

vision

Ez

20 - 20 - 21

Ezek.'s

1-

13

IO -.-..">-i<>.

3. after DK,

Gn43

so,Aen,dothis,

triDK J3"DN if it be *>i|ntft 24 Jb9 if not <^m, who is it? 24*.

is.i2.i2.i3.i6.ie.i9

C-

w heels of the ten bases beSol.'s

neath the lavers in

temple

K7

30 - 32 - 32 - 3233
.

|Q
'

67

PEN

L]?NJ n.[m.] circumstance, condition


lit.

turning) only du. (or pi.) sf. VJBNT7JJ 11 (right) circumstances Pr 25 (cf. Str ad *'" d Ze " u Ewl " " " f loc, also Orelli ).
(perh.

= in

'$; v. Baer), lit. the two extremities, i.e. either the soles of the feet (so Ges; cf. Aram. KriB'B, or tf* &* 3: (,

AW

&

j^),

sq^'

tnJWM * 88

16

ap]runa(ma) adv. but dub.; Thes

= ma'dis, very, very much, MV form -/pfl, & comp. Ar.


fr.

(&r. Xfy.

Dl FrI35t comp. As.

most): only Ez 47 'K *D wa ter of (i.e. reaching to) the soles (or ankles); cf. v4 'D D.-inD water reaching to the loins.

t Q">Sn

DON

n.pr .loc. in Judah, c. 1 6 miles


1

^S\ diminuit, mente diminuit (Frey.), hence be confused, helpless, cf. ifrfiroprfov; 53 conturbatus sum; others emend iWBK fr. 3*9 q.v. vb. however is not needed for

SW.

of Jerusalem, called in

Ch

1 1

,3

parallelism).

BNW on basis ofMSS. (meaning unknown; Lag of would read PD 13D edge or brink (jLo>) of water; but such a pronounced Aramaism is
not
probable), only
1

O'DI DB,

tD3K
20

(cf.

DDS) vb. cease,


3 ms.;

fail,

come
47
1516

to
(of

an end: only Qal Pf.


money, IDS),
29
Is

Gn
||

t[VD] VBSD
DBS; so

Is 4 i txt. err. for

kX
v.

DBgO v

Saad Thes

16 4 (extortioner:
|j

Ew

Di

al.

'1P3, Dfl),
:

(terrible one:

ni'DS

sub nys.
> surround, encompass (As. 1BBN V^o 13 ; ^BBK i>/.
13

nb>3,

rP33), -f 77* (VnDn

^l|_

*J*J

TDpN

DDK, n.m. prop, ceasing, hence 1.

end, extremity, only in the poet, phrase ""DBK H? (f 59 14 PNil '") <&, extreme limits, 'of the earth, used esp. hyperbolically Dt 33 17 10 1 S 2 Mi 5 3 Je 16 19 + 2 8 59 14 72 s (=Zc9 10); +
:

also

^i8 +; encompass (poet.) lit. Jon 2" (subj. D?P); fig., subj. evils & misfortunes nijTJ ^ 40 s s niD (sq. ^V); *3#>P 2 S 22 cf. 13 'ban ^ 18 3
s
,
,

BP69 ap<%>w Zim ) Qal

116

"b

Is 45*" 52

10b

(=f 9 8

3b
)

+ 22 s8

4 67" Pr 30
:

2.

Expressing non-existence

a.

as

t[pSi$]
also

vb. hold, be strong Thes wh. (so

subst. (mostly a rare poet. syn. of PN): Is 3 4 12 and all his princes DBK V!T shall become nought,
29
12
;

comp. Ar. ,jj| excel

= multum valuit M V comp.


;
16
;

(jU)o'nly Hithp. Pf. 3pUpBNrin L863

41
(II

41 f-^l) as

DUfSI flO W; 40 Whj DBKD made of nought and worthlessness


17

Impf. 14 64"; pB^m I S4 2


compel oneself
31

pBXm Gn 43 31
;

Est 5 10
.

ms. pBNTin I s

are they accounted


D.BND,
||

pKO,

v.

VB*); 5a

by him, 41 (rd. &??VB 4 and Asshur op-

24

b. as part, pressed him DBN3 _/br nought. of negation, prop, cessation of...\ (cf. . P$ 3 nought of...), very rare in prose (2S9 ), chiefly

refrain Gn^ 3 of Yahweh's compassion Is 63 15 ,


,l

1. force, pSKTiXJ 1 S I 3 2. restrain oneself, 14 10 45' L342 Est5 ; of * Is 64" ;


I

S 13 12

^ptjMrUI

W (almost passive).
2S22
-

TBrni

^pjftJ

tEpTDM] n.m.

16

a poet. syn. of P: Is 5 DipD DBK is an end of place till there is


s

nj> till

there
(cf.
36
11

confining waters; poet.)

channel
cstr.

(as holding,
pi.

P^K Jb6";
cstr.

TV n y Vf4o'
(hence, in
;

Am6 (cf. prose, 2 K 14


3
10

no place
20
),

D^BK Ez6 3 +
i+;'sf.
Ti?.

6 D'pBN Ez 3 2 ;
;

),

p JU4
Is 45*

s6 ),

(cf.

Dt 3 2 px 43

v 14 4 6 9 54 15 "fa *pB*] <?K Z P 2 15 Is47 810 isprob. to be rendered, 'I am, and there is none besides' < (so Ges Ew Di etc.), the being 'paragogic'
as in

Ez 35 8 VP/BK Is8 7 ^stream-bed, ravine, wady D?D 'N ^ 18 cf. 4 Ct 5 12 also V' 18 16 but better
,B ?
; ,

cAaW
42' Jo
I
20

^BK

Jo

DJ 'N 2

S
so

22 16 ;

D'bro 'X
4
;

Jb6 15

of river-bed

Is8 7
12

?$W
;

etc.

(Ges

590' 3 *

Ew tmb
the

),

cf.

1iV

P
1 s.

also (without defining

Is45
'I

5 - 618 - 21

but

ace. to

De

V-I26

is sf.

am am, and / am nought besides' (i.e. nought besides my all-sufficient self). DBN3 28 20 Jb f Dn (like PK3, q.v.) without: Pr 14 26

of and I

HKJ!

Ez6 3 35 8 3 6 46

word) Ez3i
;

fig.

32 34" of bones of
18

hippopotamus

Jb 40 ; of (as hollow) furrows betw. scales of crocodile D'iiJD 'N 41".


nlD

HBTI3 'N

s5
.

c. as adv. of limitation:
(cf.

22 s5

(a) only:

tNu
that,

v 20 ) 23 13

(6)

'3

DBS save

is dub.; Thes Di al. , say girdle of the strong (p BX=/?rm, forceful, or Di capable, powerful) ; D'?^.

_D^B6<

Jbi2 21

MV

||

howbeit (qualifying a preceding statement): 28 4 9 8 5 +NU13 Dtis JU4 9 (+1S1 Sta Dr). So DBK alone ta 8 ia M (the foil.

Am

We ?

tpDN,p 'GH(Ja ) n.pr. loc. Aphek (perh. 1. city near Jezreel enclosure, or fortress).
i

31

(As. Apku,
1

cf.

DI 1"* 287 ) Jos 12 18

signifying because).

[DDN] n.[m.]

only in the du. QJDBK (not

20 2630 cf. 2 so) Asher Jos 19 30 Ju

K
i
31

29' (ngJBJJ,

13

2. city in tribe of 3. city NE. of (P'BS).


.

17

i'

68
Beirut, mod.
4 Afqa Jos 1 3

reio
3.

^P,??. v. Di.

4. place

D^SS~in

</te

mountain-country of Ephraim^

near Mizpah

S4

(cf. 7").

n.pr.loc. (mng. perh. id!) one of a s3 group of cities including Hebron Jos 15

tilpCN

I-

"lDfc^

(f-

perh. Jil leap,'J>\ be agile; v.

a ridge stretching from N. to S. through territory assigned to Ephr., with fruitful land on both slopes, esp. the western (cf. Di Jos 16 ) M 7 5 15 9 27 4. by Ho Josi7 i9 20 Ju2 3 4 +26t. & Is (rarely later) Dy}BK kingdom of north1

ern Israel (from Ephr. as largest


tribe in it)
-

&

strongest
-

'X n.[m.] ashes (as light, flying i) Nu 19 910 ashes of red abs. GniS^-f; cstr. 910 on head, heifer, used in purifications Nu 19

tlEN

v ,U2 +30t. (|| $#?) 2 5 8917 Je 7 15 3 i 9 ,82 Ez Ho; Is7 +9t. Is; also 9 16 19 7 10 cf. 30' + 60 37 (del. Co) v + 78" 2 Ch 2 5

Ho 4" 5 83 6
-

S 13"; contrition Dn 6 6 = uto, pe>), Jon 3 (|| 1*9 cf. Jb 4 2 c -i?V)> 9 (|| 8 13 s cf. Jb 2 Is 58 (|| &); mourning Est 4 (|| W) 30 Je 6- 6 ( Pr), Ez 2 7 ( isy) in ('Wl -pra 3B^),
as sign of humiliation 2
|| II

= io8
9
,

9
;

'K

*1? 2

Ch

hence 'x alone in


5
2

19 2 6 17 cf. 34 ; 'K rnff Ob ; sense 2 Ch 31 '; also Ho loc.

where /em. (& perh.


6
,

Is 7

2
).

S 18

E. of Jordan;
.

L
&

+5. tt^f
rd.

"

Klo
54

tWnp
Mace

V,
34
?

16 sim. scattereth hoarfrost 'K3 i/^ 147 ; but also 19 as filthy, loathsome 'K1 1BJD Jb 30 (Di sim.

cf. 1 7

2427
23

t6. name of a city near Baal-hazor


(='E#/>cii/*

2S13
9
;

John

11

&

11

Klo comp.

ro0pm/t

pissjj,

Qr

plD}? 2

Ch

of mourning, grief), as worthless, 'N


12

v<ffti

Jb

13

IS44

20

proverbs of ashes; /
,

fig.

of wortlilessness
;

insignificance
21
;

X na5?Gni8 27 ignominy

Ez28 Mal 3
^102'*
II.

18

distress

& sorrow
cf.

*!$%$

D$3'K

so previously Bo Th Ke cf. Dr). t7. 13 3 D^IBK nyB a chief gate of Jerusalem 2 K 1 4' s3 16 39 2 Ch 25 Ne 8 1 2 ; perh. at NW. angle, near ZPV18ai Holy Sepulchre, cf. Schick-Guthe
.

(so As. cf.

Zim BP43)

La 3 16 Is6i 3

pBN nnn

rnEN

v.

nniDN.
'

tkb).

"13J<J (enclose, envelop, As. apdru, attire jjjptm. rp neg com p. comp. Ar.^ai, cover;

MV

tnrnBM n.pr. (v. st a \ t t mvight in several cases, ForKh.215^


;

38,i -

'

s,2d - 2lM "* " 1 1

Aram. Ita^jo,

N1BJJO, mantle, turban; but connection of V(p)y 'a with "1BN is dub.)

TIEN
covering FrM
)

n.[m.] covering, bandage (As. i/pru, b epartu, garment, Id.' & DI 38 41 I^T^J? '" 1 K 20 cf. v

1. n.pr.loc. be IT)B+n loc, but v. Ru 4"; place near Bethel, where Rachel died & was buried Gn 35 1<U9 48' (n")SK only Gn 48 7 where

e.g.

Gn 35

16
,

Zim BF95

'

H perh. dropped on
in last

ace. of

n following (01)

rhEN v. ms.
TVV'ISN n.[m.] sedan,
(so
litter,

two passages Drb fV3 Kin is a gloss, v. Di ; cf. 1 S io 2 ). 2. id., a name of Bethlehem Mi 5 1 Ru 4"; cf. perh. nrPBK 3.^3 1 Ch 2 24 (
rj\6tv Xa\f/3 tit 'E(ppdda).

3.

id.

palanquin

^ 1 32

s
,

perh.

NH;

etymol.; perh. (so


wordMKB^

origin dub.; no plausible Shemitic ES in Yule 010" '^" 11""*"


'

where Kirjath Jearim lay, on the border of Judah & Benjamin, cf. De
applied to district

Che.

4. n.pr.f. 1"H?K
1

g r paryahka, litter-bed, '-palankeen ; has perh. (if poem be late) Gr. <popdov; 33 ferculum, JJck, X *?}*) Ct 3" Qopflov,

Caleb

Ch

19

= nrnBK
1.

name given
v 60 4
4
.

to wife of

"PrHEN
raimite,

adj. gent. Ephrathite.

1.

Eph-

cf. '"in"JBK

Jui2
(of

1S1

<

conn.pr.m. Ephraim (Gn4i cf. KID Hiph. nected with rnan, Hiph. of ms, Ho 13"). 1. 2nd son of Joseph Gn4i 62 46 s"; reckoned among sons of Jacob, blessed by him, and given preference over Manasseh 20 2 10 23 20.a. 1.6.13.H..7.17 c f. v l<>) v 5Q N U 1 I Ch 7 48 ( 2. EP1BN descendants, tribe of E.) Nu (= ,n 2 i'8.i8.m 7 ' IO J2 26 3s.37 j og x 55.9 (boundaries of 12 3 1014 20 8 2 Ch 28 1 Ch 9 12" 2 7 territory), 17
"
.

D^SM

S2

of Elkanah) iKii" (of Jerob.) n^3 'K 1 S17 12 Jesse);

(of ancestor 2. from ' 2


;

D$

pi.

D^S?
oil(
Thes

Dr n'BO Ru
calamity,

2
.

Jn3J*J (meaning dub.

V whence Ar.

&

also wonder, portent; ace. to


evil).

Ar.

=<SjI suffer

TnCiO
,

n,.m. Dt29,2
i

wonder,
9

sign, portent
;

less

oft. '

HBO

Nm B i3
8

J0S21 6
4

iCh6

51
;

'N-"?3

HBO NU34 24 Jos 16


'N JV3

u (=nD^)_ns Ex7 +i4t.; D3nBiOEzi2 34 D nBiDt4 +4t.; Q^nab Dte^+gt.; ^sio


iO

cf.

I4
;

'K B3B>

Ex7

tribe

IpV !?nN); s8 17 Ephraim Nu 26 Dt 33 Jos i6' + oft.; N Jos 7' 7 cf Ju 1 2 15 2 Ch 30 10 esp. netafl 'N
7S
(||

67

Ju io 9

also ' alone,

vr!Bi^78 1. wonder,

11 9 ;
11

43
;'i

nBbiChi6 ^io5
12
;

li

as special display of God's


21

Ex7

3 13 ^105* iChi6 J03

and Aaron

Ex 4

10

cf.

(in

power by Moses mouth of

JOSH
Pharaoh),

69

by

false

proph.
;

Dt 13"
29
2

(||nix);
11

usually ||niN

WM Ne 10 9 27 105 9 135 3e 3 2 applied to effect 46 of Yahweh's curse Dt 28 (||nix); to one proby


'*

Dt

s4

6* 7" 26 s

(perh. noMe,

cf.

P'XN
-

34

78"

than
II.

Ch8

37 - 38

2) a descendant of Jona.

=9

43 44

[T2],

in pause

&N Zc 14', ace. to X


with PXKiTTVa

tected

71

7
.

2.

sijro

or

<oei
-

of
;

Thes

Ew
;

al.,

n.pr.loc. near Jerusalem; but

future event

(cf. ni) 3 symbolic act Is 20 (||niN); as such the term 6 11 19 is applied to persons Is 8 (||niK) Ez I2 24,27 'O 'BOX Zc 3 8 men who serve as a cf. 24 ;
-

24 31 1X13'" 2Ch 3 2

no

site found,

&

identification

uncertain

hence

Symm

33

Kbh Wr make

subst., ?ii}~bii =very near,

symbol or sign.

Vb.

Ex
to

etc., D'ty

Je 32 20 ;

used, of divine act, is J)"U D^'B* also of entrusting


,

the supposed abs. form of


,

1.

hard by (?XX being 1,,rb ^SK; cf. 01 ).

human power Ex 4 21 human agency n'tyy Ex 4 21


t|^3SM
|W3SM,

cf.

IS" !
5

1 i

n
16

10
,

}r

K 13 of K 13".
3
;

t[7" 2N] n.[m.] side, corner, chief


'

pi.

IT^SK Is 4 i; 1. sides 9 (borders) of earth IS41 (||mYp); cf. 'n to*


cstr.

\^XN
etc.
cf.

Ex

24

11

sf.

n.pr.m. 1. faSK asonof


="?}

Gad(Sam.
26 16 (

Je 6 22
ports,

2.

fig.

nobles

(perh.

as sides, sup-

eNN) Gn46

Nu

sub

11133;

'Afi/, 'Afai/), this

shorter form less probable. 2. fi3XS a grandson of Benjamin 1 Ch (

noble

from

soEwDi: but perh. = J-~l


be
rooted,
root, met. a (known)

origin, stock
origin,

J^l prop, a man having


J-^l
cf.

'Aoefliov, 'Eo-(re/3a>i/).

sprung from an ancient and famous

V22N
yysG7i\
I

v. II.

Jfi
i.q.

stock; so Ges,

Lag

BN68 )

Ex

24".

[7^J^]
<
,

prob.

Jij

to

join

(cf.

on the X

elbow)-pi.
V
*

1.

Is'N
61

subst. conjunction, proximity

with

^St?, i?VS etc.; only used as a prep, a. (as an implicit accus.) in proximity to (as 3 1015 BS68 beside: Gn 3 9 4i and though Jjj Lag ),
sf.

(cf. JLjI 18 cf. (on ["]T tyfQ Ez i 3 Sm Co); joint of hand, i.e. elbow Ez 13"; 9 12 fJJ ni^SS Je 38 arm-joints. H^XK Ez 41 is obscure; perh. 'k is here a technical archi-

tjVsN]

n.[f.] joining, joint

cstr.

'.

tectural term to the joining

(cf.

Sm

Ke).
reserved,

stood
,s

nhan
oft. in

bin* beside

imck Dagon, '1


39
;

the kine, 1 S 5 30 24 * Ez 2 1 Pr 8 1 3
'

|fc^
1
15

tirT
or
set

,,

72W

n.pr.m. (Yahweh hath


9
.

"

30

33
16

2K22 3

apart)

father of Shaphan the scribe

Dt 1 6 21 1 K Am 30 2) Dt 1 1 beside the
1
9
12

bxs Lv i 6 phrase (* 'd) nattpn 8 29 2 + ; of a locality (cf. II. "K 2


.

2CI134

D)m
tD^N
1

(meaning dub.,
n.pr.m.

cf.

Ar.

'-*\

be

angry).

4
;

Je 4 1 17
cf.

terebinths of Moreh, 1 After a vb. of motion (late) Dn


.

1. elder brother of David


1

Ch

2".

2. a descendant of Judah
v. nvs.
:

Ch2*.

8 717

Ch 2 8 16b
to,

b. with
(cf.

ft?,

bwn
Dyt?):

from
f
1

prroximity

from

beside

HSD,

S
;

matatH t v
Aram. IXK,

20

41

(read with
;

mound)
with

Ez
1

33-]Sn ^SXO/rom 6es?'d 40' contiguous to, beside (ft? 3 c)

the

["l^i*?] vb. lay up, store


j'^*,

up

(Mish.

id.,

suff.

S 17 30 i^? 3DM and he turned


1

about from beside him,

K3

20

20

36

Ez io

16
.

Pf
10

t[71'N] vb. denom. lay aside, reserve, 36 withdraw, withhold Qal Pf FljfK Gn2 7

Ar.J^I confine, restrict) K 20 17 Is 39 6 Pt. Wffa pi. *Vffl 17 Is 39"; store up treasure 2 K 20
2
;

Qal
Am
obj.

ifen

DOT

Am 3

10
,

i.e.

treasure gained
"fin**

by violence
18
.

and robbery.

Niph. Impf
(cf.

be stored up,

'nisSN

Ec2
17
;

10
;

Vt$\
;

cons.

Nu
set
.

11 l7 ;reserve,

of the merchandise of Tyre Is 23

Nun

r\y)i"h

Gn2 7 36
s

'{withdraw), 10 withhold Drro Ec 2


be

apart nnrrft?
P/. shortened or
'

Impf

m SitO
T

Hiph.

Ko 1391 )

(denom. from IXiK)

Niph.

Ne

13

13

and I appointed

treasurer, sq. ace. pers.

?HJ3 Ez 42

withdrawn,

i.e.

narrowed.

= QalNuii
til.
ace. to
cf. 11.

Hiph.
17
.

/m;>/. ^f*l

Nu 1 1 25 (Ko

390
)

a
5>X*?rrn'3

"h"N n.pr.m. (treasure; or covenant Ar.\*>\) 3842 .' chief of the Hoiites Gn 3 6*> 1 Ch i
rrl5 tll'i^ n.m. "treasure, store, treasury,

hp* in n.pr.[m.] Hi Ew Ca Ke=i'SK


infr.

Mi

i,

Zc 14

5
,

but dub.;

storehouse
16 Pri5 +
;

(so
cstr.

Aram.,
yfi*
17

also
19

">XiK

l^o/")
;

^SK

Jos6

+
;

sf.

ff Dt

fi.

^>2N, in pause !*K (Ge

n.pr.m.

28 13 +2t.; pl.niixiNJoi

e + nhxt<Pr2i +;

rnpx
cstr.
.

70
;

n
pi. liers-in-wait i.q.

ninsiN

M nnsiN

Mi 6'+; ninyk Jb 38^ + pi. sf. w 4 34 i)t32 Is39 ftp*'* Dt32 Ti N


;
;

Pi. Pt.

9*(c. b), 2
t

Ch 2053 (c.
1

6 S1 Jei7'; DrnxiK IS30 ; DnTiixk Pr 8 , etc.

bna (for 3^a)


68 - 2

Qal Pt. ^"WO Ju I Hiph. 5>S). 7p/ 3JJ 5 S 1 5 (cf. Dr Ko 390 Ges-Kau
'-

1. treasurers), gen. pi. (gold, silver, costlys 19 24 Is 2 7 30 8 45 rap*1 N utensils, etc.) Jos 6
,

queries) but

txt. dub.; cf.

01 !257b

&

Klo,

who

i.e.

concealed, hoarded)

48 Is

20 wealth Pr gathered for temple-building (sg.) s 69 6 70 1 Ch 29 also v --DOpn 'K Ezr 2 =Ne7 27 2. store, supply of food, drink, (cf. 1CI126 ).
;
, ,

39" = 2 K

49

51"

K i+* x
1315

Ho
2

prop, i>raa T3JM,


'

13" Je 15
24
,S13
,

13

17 20

perh. also 16 21 620 ; 15 '* JV3 'N

1. a lying-in-uiait T[l"lN] T"<N n.[m.] 2. coiert, lair 37 s (|| niJflO). Jb 38 40 T2"^N n.pr.loc. city near Hebron Jos 15 52
.'

etc, 2

Ch 11"
;

Ch
">

27

"

8
;

fig.

VKH
2

'K

Mi

6
,

10

'Ep/i, L 'E/jf/3; ace. toOnomast. 'EptfiivBa Lag On.254.2nd.d.260 EreD J d 2nd tillage

119,

ed. 152

Pr io 2

mix

Ileromith in

N'n
10

J1R"1<
39

Is 33.
;

3. ">S1N

n3

Daroma

cf.

Di Survey" 13 ").

a. treasure-house

magazine Mai 3

Ne 1 o cf. Dn 1 b. storehouse. & without JV3 a. treasure;

"hSHH

adj.gent.

'ten 2

S 23 s5 (but

cf.

Dr).

61 1818 house or chamber, treasury 1 2 1 5 7 i2 14" 16 8 18" Je 38 11 50 37 (1) 1 Ch 9 M 26 20 20.22.24.26 4. 57 28 ,!.,S 2Ch5 , l6 cf Ez2g 32 b. storehouse Jo 1" Pr 8 21 1 Ch 27*-* Ne 13 1213 ; C. magazine of weapons, fig. of Yahweh's 24 armoury Je 50 ; d. storehouses of God for 12 Jb 38 s2 22 rain, snow, hail, wind, sea Dt 28
-

i3")X

fig. t[i")S] n.[xn.] D*to* Je 9 7 i.e. he planneth treachery.

ambuscade only

a.

J^

b. D3">N their intrigue

Ho 7 6

cf.

t[nmN]
Is

n-f- artifice, pi.

Now* 126 cstr. VT rfOTVf


.

25"

(lit.

tricks

of his hands).

TrQ~!N n.f.

lattice, window, sluice (Mish.

Jeio 13 5i"*i35 7 33 7

rnpN

v.

mp.

7 13 ; pitf.)_'K s 2 Mai 3 10 ; niTiK Gn 7" 8 ; DWflir^j Is 60 ; lat,

Ho

"^

cstr. id.

5 nj?N n.m. wild goat (?) only Dt 14 in list of clean animals lK^ l**T) <P**1 "WM^J '? f>;K " H,erM *'ot ,'Thes EP, ( V*, @ tf; cf. Bo
' ,
l

sub pJN cf. MV, with ref. to Ar. jLlc gaiV Thes comp. also Talm. Kg'K, but

latticed opening, where smoke escaped 8 3 13 ; openings of dove-cote Is 60 ; metaph. of eyes Ec 1 2 3 (as latticed by lashes 1 Hi Now; only here of opening to look through); elsewhere of sluices in sky, opened by '\ through
tice,

Ho

NHWB MV

refer this to

cu).

which rain pours destructively, D?B^Q /N Gn 7" 8 2 cf. Is 24 18 (BVlBD '); but also fertilizing
,

"\k

v. li, for

Am 8

v.

"*).

19

(D

BBa

'); fig.

of blessing

Mai

10

n.pr.m. (meaning unknown, Thes conject.^ 1K lion) a descendant of Asher


,

TJON
38

(D*ots>n ').

+n' Q^ n.pr.loc. (=3"!?


1

cf.

Klo ad

loc.)

Ch

K4

10

flb-iKS.
2 t.;

"

btnM,
T
also

V^"!*? v

^*i

sub

L niN

9 +2"I^O n.m. ambush3"JSD Jos 8 + s5

16 1"; Imv. an.K Cr}tW Ju 9 32 Jos8 2 t.; Ju'9 ; 7/"3f3{Pria*; 4 , 12 3"?.iK Jos8 +4t.; D 3'] Jos8 +2t.; lie in
;

4 Dti 9 "Ju2i S^MJbai'j B^ff59 La 8 9 W 4 Imp/ 3*Hg V I o"' Q^v Pr x Mi fi s 34


!!0 ;
'

31N1 C^l ii'e(aknot)Frey) Qal Pf


;

J jN vb. lie in wait (Ar.

i^/l be crafty,

consec.

place place
i

8 anxp Ju 9 ; cstr. 31t<p^ io ; 1. a. ambush, s5 9 of lying-in-wait Jos 8 Ju 9 ; b. lurking-

^ io
(cf.

(||D''T?Dt?).

2. liers-in-wait 2

Ch

1313

aiKPt.)'
cf.

nanw Pr

?Na"?H
ninitf
v.

^N3-is n'3, sub n'a.

Aa*

+n

sub nan.

31M wait (with hostile purpose), abs. Ju g + 21 20 ,0 813

San, nja-iN,
yan.

raaiM,

d^in
id. cf.
,

etc. v.

4 llls 2 2 34 JU9 usually c. Mi 7 Ju 16 * 5 9 Pr i 2 Pt. as subst.=&rcf. Jos8 24"La4


;

Jbsi'V'io' Pr7 9 9 ^ 10 ); c. inf. of purpose ^ io c. Pr 12 6 c. -'S, and pers. against whom Dt 19"
cf.
; ;

12

23

28

1S22

La 3

(of bear, ace. 0^ 'K

i>

19

4 - 14

triTlK] vb. weave (Mish. 13 2 fs. ^"IKPI Ju 16 3 mpl. weaver) Qal 7mp/ 32 5 Pt. rfr Ex 28 +4 t.; pi. tfffr Is 59 13'^
Ph. JIN
;

Ju 2029 usually sg. coll. ambush Ju 16912 203336 37 3738 Ezr 8 31 pi. Jos 8 = ambuscades Je5i is sg. = place of this sing. 7 of lying-in-wait, ambush (loc. sense) Jos 8
in-wait
(pi.) 2121419 21
-

9 weave cloth, etc. Is i9 4-5t.; ni3"ik 2 23 ; 13 7 9 Is 1 9 (in Egypt) 2 23 Samson's locks Ju 1 6 s ; weave spider's web=intrigue Is 59 metaph. 12 most often Pt. used as subst. weaver Is 38 ;

riN
work of the weaver M weavers' beam 35
;

71
32
-

Ch

1 1

23

20

'k n'tyyo Ex 28 39 s2 27 'K ifao 1 S 1 2 S2 (pi.)

cf.
1
,9

nnrjH

n.pr.loc.

city

of

Phenicia

also sub

BVnK

(sim. of

^m

huge spear-shaft) cf.


-

t;PSl n.[m.] loom GFM P0S 0ct ,m) (v. 3 Ju 16 14 hand-loom to which Samson's hair

Aruada, etc. v. COT Gn io 18 D1 F*; <s> 'A^io.; mod. Rudd) on an island near main land, northward fr. Tripolis, mentioned with Sidon Ez 27" 0111
.

(As.

was K1
*3B

fastened, plucked up del ; in;n as gloss, cf.

GFM

by him

(' obj. of

'"Hi"!*?

adj.gent.
18

c.

art.

as n.coll.

supr.);

Jb

Arudai,
naanites,

etc.

"E
v.
v.

*OJ

my days are swifter than a

loom.

COT 010") mentioned among ^nKn Gn io =i Ch 1".


n.pr.m. a son of

(As.

Ca-

3Srj

an.

TTIS
(Pers.,
;

Haman

Est 9*

H-JM

m
;

t]l3-)^ n.[m.] purple (of Aram, form, cf. Heb. infr. perh. txt. =purple thread
2

perh.=haridayas, delight of Hart, v. Add Thes 72 but text very uncertain; cf. diff. tradition as to the names in ).

Ch 2" (+rtarn

err.) 13 b"a-a), c f. 2

*Mr*n^j n.pr.m.
(Pers.,

a son of

Haman

3" sub jon.

but

'l^-HM []
purple thread

&

purple, red-purple, i.e. cloth argamannu COT


(As.

1.

perh. = Hari-ddta, given by Hart, v.

Est9

t'6.,

GapaSaBay

Aram. JJo^j/', cf. fJ?"iK yUJ1, supr.; etym. dub.; possibly Skr. rdgaman, adj. red, reddish, fr. rdg'a, red colour, so Benary cf. Thes Add 111 EobGes; vid. MV; Thes earlier,
Ex2,5
,

Ar.

Qal DTI*?] W"! Ct 5 Pf


1 s.

vb

Pluck, gather (Eth. hilii)


1

3 pi.

sf.
,

rsrm

+ go
1 .

13

pluck (grapes from) vine

\jr

8o

l:!

myrrh Ct 5
>-

tnn
wild

n.m. Pr2815 lion (As.

fr.

DJT
;

but prob. loan-word,


Pers.

cf.

also

BN20S

Lag

Ex 35 s5
ref. to

form alw. as above 3 6 39 Est i


alone;
18. 23

#{]

1.
;

is

also

cited

by

PS)

purjrte thread, cf. esp. a. mostly Ex (P) with

lK Am 12 + n^H infr.) 3 20 13 1.+2 s 23 Qr (kt mm), La'3 10 (id.)+ f 22 17 P3 for wh. rd. nMSsttg c De Pe Che
beast, cf. also
f.

aria, Eth.

ACT:

crit.
3

note); pi.

&*% 1 K ro
38
?

20
;

rrintjt

(also

m.)Zp

the hangings of tabernacle, the ephod,


c.

etc.; seld.

rpari, violet (q.v.), ^ti ny^in,

3 + i6t.(f. Je5i narrative Ju 1 4 s


2

butcf.
<J

S1

(3TEfo) tip, (also


368.35.37

Dnyj
-

Ex 25 26"** 27"
4
.

35
.

821"*
.

K 17

2526

JU14 ); lion, lit. in HMK 2S23 20 =iChn 22


cf.

Pr 22 13 26 13 Ct 4 s
1

Am

12

3^4 (on tex< y Di) y29 w th these + 2nt 2 8 5 6 815 39*"*; om. "O tip 28= 39
38
-

lion-images

29 - 29 - 36

7
s4

io 19 20 =2
-

3
1819
;

5";
in

Ch

also of

temple-hangings, with ni?2fl,


14

p3 & ^D"13
c.

2CI13
riffl

cf.

13

(v. also 2

s8 comparison Nu 23 24' Ju 14 Is 38 Je 51 23 2 S i Ez 22 s La 3 10 ; metaph. Na 2 12 Zp 3 3 Je 17 15 Fomto f 22 17 rd. PtO, 50 Ez 19" Pr 28


18 13
.

v.

sub'fjnK). b. as
tip, HC?"!,

cf.

above.

Cf. also 'THS.

iiidicatingwealth& luxury of Tyre,

v 16 (as articles'of 6 2. commerce); also in Persia, c. p 3 Est i purple cloth, chiefly of garments, 'N 1iM Nu 4 13 Ju 8 s6 'Nl pa !|T3rn Est 8 15 Hftajl 1(] B# Pr
c.

Ez 2?;

HDP1

& fa

tpTHM] n.f. manger, crib (Aram. N^IN, BA8, \liZ}, Ar. ^J stall, etc., As. urd Dl 'j
PI.
fli-lK
173

Cb.32
cstr.

*>

3I

dbq!5
;

t(|

Ct

10

in simile,

niri Je io 9 ; 'also 'K i33lD of woman's hair Ct f.

21 "N"|M n.pr.m. Gn 46 son of Benjamin, but Nu2o 40 #radson of Benjamin = TJU 1 Gh8 3
.

1X5" (app. in enumeration of horses themselves, Eng. head, or span, cf. 25 ioM ; so Th MV, but also 2CI19 with 1
cro'6

Lag"" of horses
);

28 (Aram, form for n'nti; c f. ntix 1X5', ninx 2^9*;

txt.

here dub.

cf.

Klo), hence 2
2
-

Ch 9 s

of any

animals (nona^a)

Ch 32
8

s8

(on 'N^ v. Add.).


id. Syr.

T\*? adj. gent. 40 "RftJ '^Po Nu 26


.

c.

art.

as

n.pr.coll.,

tiT-lN n.m. Am3


also

*1K supr.) only


20
-

lion

(X

W,
4
-

cf.
1.

sg. as

above

Am 3 + 44
cf.

+THN
'

n.pr.m. son of

Gad Nu 26 17 =HViK

+ 2 S 23
in
(c.
,-

Gn

46

16
.

Kt (Qr ns) La 3 10 (id.) ; lion, lit. 8 8 '' 20 2 S 23 iK 1 3 s4 2426 M narrative Ju I4


D 10V
s5

txt. err. ace. to


s

28

Klo)

20 3636
10

Is

1 17

T^lVlM adj. gent. c. art. as n.pr.coll., 'BfQ 'NnNu26 '; without art.asn.pr.=ir\t< Gn46 16
1 .

n.pr.m. son of Caleb, of tribe of Judah I 'Ch2 18


.

mTPM

10' 17" 35" 65 ; in simile Gn 49 2 S 17 + 4 8 44 8 30 12 49" 50 La 3 10 (Kt) 22 14 Is2i 31 J6 2 Ezr 10 io 14 1 Ch 12 8 Ho 11 10 Jo i 6 Hi 5 7 , cf.

Am 3 48 Ec 9
* 22
s2

4
;

metaph.
7 6

Gn

49'
.

Dt 33 s2 Jb 4"*

Is

Je4

Na2

1212 ' 3

m
Tn^N
n.pr.m. soappar.
c. art.

K
&

a an

officer

v 23 24 ; Kt
-

of Pekahiah, but

^."l^n,

on text with
v.

but

cf.

possible corruption

&

dittography

Klo.

(q.v.) 1

ro-vixn fja v 16 (Qr njnxn) c art. 18 Dr; Kt (Wrt* 'i v (Qr njHX); IJ1X Ch 2i" f; in S & Ch 'Op.'
.

^ ,N"Htl 1. n.pr.f. (prob., v. Ew) Ariel (lioness of Ei) name applied to Jerusalem Is 2Q -"-7 (so Ges Ew Che Di al.; X De Brd Or al.
1

T")K
retreat).

(cf-

Ar.

^1
*

be firm, also witlidraw,

tnst n.m. K
but
del. HD-lil

' 17 '

s2 cedar; f. Ez 1 7 HBirt 'X,

2. n.pr.m. a say hearth of El, cf. ^XIX). chief man among returning exiles Ezr 8 16 3.
.

Co;

(Ar.
D'HS

'-\

pine-tree, etc.;
4

3XiO

SufHS 2

by

EV

s 23 =' D V"!S Dr 8 al. as


20
1-

Ch

1 I

st

Eth. ftCH: Syr.


,3 ife Is2 -|-5t.; A s3

taken

TiX Jb 4 o 17 + 6t.;

)W)
pi.
sf.

'x abs.

n.pr.m.,
469

id.

two sons of

Ariel of

8""" Moab; RS

comp. btOtt
,

MI

12
,

altar-liearth (so

Sm,cl v. sub So, and Dr 3XiO 'X altar-hearths of t*1FH9 and transl. Moab. 4. Ez 4 3 15 & Q r v "' 16 vid. sub ^X'nx.

Sm &

f =2K 9 Nu 2 4 ^ 148
Is 3
1
6

1. cedar-tree, (a) as growing Is 41 19 44" cf. Ez 31 8 ; esp. as


;

ym Jez2" Zc
1

Lv i 4 19 t., Is 9 +35t.; cstr.

11';

vnx

growing on Lebanon
25
,8

K 5";

K 14 = 2 Ch
9

(both in fable of Jehoash);


1S

oft.
16

!3^>(ri)
,

T)X
20

Ju
2

\?N"1N n.pr.m. (app. n.gent. from fore16 going, but Nu 26" 'ApirjK (Gn 46 'Apor)\fts,
'

K i 9 =I 8

Is 2

13

Zc
I
3

cf. 1 K "5 14 ^ 29" (fig.) 104 24 13 15 s 37 f 92 Ct 5 Ez 27 (sg. coll.)


8

(fig.);

Ct

17

'AporjSis,
16

coll.

also adj.gent. c. art. as n.pr. Gn 46 Nu 26 Nu 26 ^x-xn nnap*tp 'aP uj\,i. T[7N"1N] n.[m.] (form & meaning dub. v.
17
;

'A.irt)&(is)= foregoing)
17

a son

of

Gad

(%-);

W
&

es P- in s i

Ezr 3 7 Je 2 2 23 (fig.) Ez m -. OI outward power,

stateliness
(personif.,

but

majesty ^80" (i>K v. Co on text),

Am 2

'X) cf.
9

infr.)
cf.

onlyin D^?")?
lit.

viduals Je 22 7 ^92" Ez 17 2223 ; cf. of fig. use, supr.; sim. of straightness

Ez 31 of indi; other exx.

Is 33 7

.'

GesE)i>XnX heroes;
cf.

ThesKnChe; Hi

from /N'l^i
their

heroes; Ate. is*, p. ,00 cf


6Zm<7,
<3
cf.

= lion of God, coll. c.sf.,& transl. -W'lX = Zion Nbr n.gent.


fr.
.

BJTJijs

De,

who

der.

Di.

S
II.

al.

rd.

_ g ay ib. 466 Ew Brd prop. !7<7V1 'cry some form of .1X1, X"P.
_

^^

<reTO .

pitifully.'

2. cedarhippopotamus). 11 timber, cedar-wood for building, DTlX 'SJJ 1 S 5 2224 6 9 11 iChi4'22 4 4 2Ch 2 7 Ezr 7 5 3 without YV 2 S 7" 1 K 6 9 15 1618 18 20 36 72.2.^.7.11.12 16 27 15 3 9 io 1 Ch 2 Ch i 2 9 27 & Ct 8 Is 9 9 Je 17 20 6 7 22 1416 (cf. also Is44 14 EZ27 Ezr 3 3. cedar-wood used in purifications, supr.)
(tail
1

Jb 40 17

& strength
:

of

iK

'

1K5
6

"Wholly

c. fl?

Lv

" Nu
n.f.coll.

19

(all P).

uncertain.

TiTT'lM
(burn,
al. v. cf.

cedar-panels,

cedar-

HIN

Ar.

hearth;

Ew* 163 '

^|, whence

i~.\

work Zp
I

14
.

infr.)

t^frON
'A

Sm

n.[m.] hearth, altar-hearth ( 163 * 0\ im X; fr. mx with b aff. ace. to Ew* 15 Di Is 29 al.; but this formation Ez43
1

[rHN] adj. firm, strong DT1KEZ2 7 24


.

(cf.

Ar.JJl supr.)

trnft
tine

n.pr.loc. Meroz, in northern Paleso


(expl. as

here dub.; X Hi De Brd Or Is 29 der. fr. ^>X + nx hearth of El, v. also RS s. '**, who thinks of pillar-altars; cf. nin ^>X"lX

very rare

&

JU5

23

= li"lXD

U,

retreat

by Thes

MV al.)
TrPN
conduct,?.
Sab.

MI"
43

v.

Sm &

So,

and Dr Sm,c1

.5.,..

(Qr^nK)

all c. art.,

^-iri v (Vr 8 s Co fena), ; of altar-hearth in Ezekiel's temple.

) ^xnx

Kt Ez

ls

in IT1XD, prob.

vb. wander, journey, go (Ph. rn.Kt? cf. Eth. aoCdt: lead,

mx

N6 ZM018 472

';

T[i"R2VW] n.pr.loc. home of Abimelek 41 (ThesAdd sub mx) Ju 9 nonxa prob. = non o^" *"- ** * 2 K 2 3* cf. Jer It must Lag
,

DHM Qal traveller)


fhx
niX Jui9 17 + go, c. Q? fig. of
;

epithet of god
,

Eshmun,
s

Epl8T - De kra - " 70

Aram.

ni.ix, \J.tf'

consec. Jb 34 ; Pt. OVVlk Je9'; 1. journey, pi. association, companionship Jb

Pf rnw

have lain near Shechem; identified by MV al. with El 'Ormah, 2 hours SE. from Shechem * """ 268 but this place not (van de Velde ),
1

34
(cf.

:vEh-''B'3X-Dji

ro^n px otT)J nnan^


B"xn JU19 17 S
;

'xi

also "pn

\jr

').

2. P^. wandering, wayfar;

otherwise known;

cf.

Survey"

-3*7
.

ing, journeying,
8
(|| "13,

D"?.Ki?

as subst.
2
4

'X

Tnj'I^N n.pr.m. Araunah, a Jebusite 20 20S1Z! 23 2 S 24 (but rd. ^'IX TJJJ c f. We Dr)
-

wanderer, wayfarer, traveller D"iX 2

(||

^\j),

Je

in sim. of '<)
.

D"n-]X

p^O wayfarers'

1 lodging-place Je 9

T>
tmfi a.m. ">" (f. **) way> path rAw COT G,0 , Aram. mk, L^A_'j,
VT9 +;
-

As (
a bs.
3

a-f meal allowance '""7"? ~ (of food) abs.


>

^ 139 nirnx Jb 8" +; s f Tftjt Jb 13 27 33"; Qnin-iK j * p r 9 15 15 also vnrnk i s2 3 +; I'nh-ik DrpnhrjN p r2 IS V' H9 + etc.; way, ^>a<A (in Heb. mostiy 6 6 1. lit. Ju 5 poet.) song of Deb. (alone =
etc.; pi. abs.
-

cstr.

Pr 4 +; sf. H^rnx Jus 6 6

,8

TO Jb 19
cs'tr.

Je 40';

cstr. P11

i.e. a slender meal elsewh. of allowance given ; to captive king Jehoiachin, TDTI 'X a continual

nrnx Pr 1 5" portion of herbs,

allowance 2
'

K 25 M = Je 52";

*JVV)X ib.=id.

,-

[^"7"]^]

a-f- travelling

company, cara.

'

van

highways, opp. riipppgj) 'X crooked (by-)pat/is; , 9/ cf. l

1 Pt. of (strictly rnx), cs t r firrk Gn 37 *; pi. cstr. ninix Is 21"; cf. also sub rnk, 4.

alsoD^n?

?|>'n

-6.);'l833
17

Nn3"y= Way/araAose

^HM, ^M^M
tljtHM
ally

etc, v.

I.

&

II.

mx.

(||ni->DD), v. also
(II

Gn49

(blessing of Jacob)

TO) & Drrtrm Dn^Dri


;

wAo make
15

ways (|| !JT1 naj?) p r 9 , 'X Ni3 ^ 3 of course of locusts J02 7 (tread) a ;>a<A I841 'X |M33y* si? they confuse not their paths( tfSVti; 89 B**E 'X pa<As 0/ the seas pn rMm
straight their

of Chedorlaomer

(prob.

Gn 14", western foray Rim-Aku, Elamite king of Larsa=


n.pr.m. king of Ellasar
in his
cf.

Ellasar;

COT"- 297 ').

f
.

mk
2.

\\

afo,^

tppN,
of time

*T]N]

vb. be long, almost alw.

a path,
8

fig.

of sun

^
3

19

of course

&
18

fig.

fortunes of
(II
19

life

Jb 8 13
142
4

paA, way, n

I9
6

(II
(II

a ) * I39

i^"=^
"?<*?)

Qal Pf
3
fpl-

ardku (As.
13-iX

COT G1", Aram. ^X, J?*\


26 s ; Impf. VFj Ez 12 22
(del.
;

Gn
31
5

TO)
||

(||

pr

J?1^1 Ez

TO) T?rnk
3
V'

27";

I5
is

BtyS

mk

3 ; p i a i n or even j)at h "tohf 'x in two cases with a special ref. (1) Gn 18" (J) of menstruation;
(2)

(both

id.) Is 26'

(H^VP) so

D'Djn^.e. a long time urriku Ami, days grew long, Creation Tablet* v. COT Gn i of delayed fulfilment of ); pro22 s phecy Ez 12 subj. nixa Ez3i (but cf. supr.)
1

B Co)be long, subj. 8 passed Gn 2 6 (J); cf. As.

jpa<A (tntA) / *Aa M0 return, I going Jb 16^ i.e. to Sh''6l, cf. As. name of lower world irsit Id tdrat, land without

V%* 3*^
return, v.

*6 rnk a

Hiph.

am

T"!?Pr 19 20 Impf. T1- Dti? -)-;


Pf.
;
:

Jr 1065

3.

fig.

way, of

mode of
.

Ex 20 12 cf.' Dt 5 16 6 2 Imv. fs. ''S'lXn Is54 2 Inf.

Dt22 7 etc.; OTip Dt5*j J"ix: 26 18 fsnxn' Dt 4 3 o etc.';


;

11

Piaixni

cstr.

T"]Xn

Nu 9

10 -"3 ;

Jb 34" (|| ?5?3) ^ 119 9 his mode of action ^25'; Specif.: a..waysof'\ b. of man's righteousness, called ways of'i \jr 4 i 3 2 25 (|| D<rn) 44 9 (|| nnipsi) i s 2 =Mi 4
living, or of character

PMjnXD Ec 7
Q'O;
(i.e.

8 12 ; 1. trans, prolong, (a)obj. 9 20 18 live long) Dt 4 2 " 5 30 17 22' 30


!S

Jos 24 31 Ju 2 7 (c. ,-?nX= survive), Pr 28 16 ,i 12 Is 53 10 Ec 8 13 ; also (late) without tK!> Ec 7 8 ;

32

47

D,3
(II

"H)

cf.

yVQp?

'N Is 2 6 8 ;

also
2
8

way of
(||

justice, uprightness, etc. 23 ls 4 o 14 17


r

DBK>D 'X Pr

IfH)

13 (BTO), T* t* Pr 2 (Ijid), I2 (y nyru g0 njrjj (|| rtwru), m_X alone Is 30" (||TfTJ) Pr I5 note esp. Q"0 ITjJ; ^>a<A of life, in righteousness & 11 Pr2 19 5 6 15 24 (opp. enjoyment of God ^ 16

x 8 20

^.

'

subj. TCpiX "B^Kri] / will prolong thy days; (c) postpone anger Is 48" cf. Pr 19" (i.e. shew oneself slow to anger); v. also Jb6 u *?>ig i.e. be patient; (d) lit. (but in fig.) make long furrows (c. 7) y\r 129 3 ; tentcords Is 54 2 tongue 57* (stretch out in mock(b) id.
1
14
'>

K3

?rm
;

Wp),
1
32

also Dni> 'X I0


C. of

(on these cf. Str Pr wickedness, J"T| 'X way, path of the
cf.
i

17

violent
(II

-^if,

also
19

Pr2 2 2S

D'JEn 'X

TO).
128

?#
(||

so v
cf.

Pr2 15
16
;

; q. abstr. "ip^'X OHIpS), also c. adj. Jn 'X (D'B'ipV crooked) called

'

| n f,
^ii 9
101

Pr4

14

grow long, continue long (i.e. display length or continuance), subj. D'O' Ex 20 l2 =Dt 5 16 6 2 25"; tarry long Nu 9 1922 (subj. 2 fJV0)> last (continue) long, subj. J? Pr28 ; be of staves of ark 1 8 8 2 Ch 5 9 long (lit.)
ery).

2. intrans.

22
i.

note also

DTX

D$yKn

Jb

'X

<Aei'r

destructive ways,

12 ways that cause destruction Jb 30 (cf. 12 4. by meton. traveller, wayfarer Jb 19 ). 32 4 18 3 1 (cf. ?Jjn 2 S 12 ) & in pi. caravans 6 "; but rd. perh. rnt6 31^ rtTTTfe 6 l81 .

e.

6 2 3a, + (i3 t. & Ch), Ez 4 o7 " 'X Dt 30 20 etc. b. of time


-

only sg., 'x abs. Ex "^7.^ ,6 + ; *3")X Ex25 ,0 + ; D?"!X 27'+'; cstr. 11 2 Ch 3 f?1X Ez 42", etc. a. length of ark ,5 Gn 6 (P), of land of Canaan i3 17 (J); most oft. of ark & other measurements in tabernacle & 28 9 1017 26 27'temple EX25 (22t. Ex,P), 1

n.[m.] length
Gn6

K
s

18

1W
"

+ (4i
1

t.
12

Ez),
2
I

Jb

TrnN
Asher
1

n.pr.m.
.

(traveller])

1. a

man

of

23* 9 1 93 Pr 3 ance, self-restraint,


rd. 3T for ^.X,
cf.

'6

Ch 7 39

ing exiles Ezr

2. head of a family of return5 10 1S 2 rn_X Ne 6 7 ; perh.

=Ne

41

22

rd. prob.

WX

Pr 25". (Ez 31 7 <& Co v4 where Co del. vb. 11X Sm, or VJHX Co=6ose.)
;

Las

20
.

'* ^M forbear.

V*
+
t[ip.] adj. long only cstr. Tins Ex 34 s 14 t. T3NH 'K long of pinion Ez 1 7 (|| Mlf
1

74
s

D?B33n) of eagle, in metaph. ; elsewhere always 8 of feelings, as subst. Ec 7 O^" '" the patient of
*"'

W. of Euphrates, but Chatti instead, with other particular names, COT Gn i o 22 also Dl u ); on 2 S8 12u 1 Ch 18 11 v. DilN. b. less
to people
,

spirit (opp.

51

Pr 1 4 (opp. nm'xp),so 1 5 ,8 (opp. non inns teo) m0 re oft. of '\ d?bk (||
;

??);

D^BK 'K ojw

s/om> to

anger
1

t^s),

6 32

Aram Nu 2 3 2 S 1 5 8 + Ch 202 (rd. however here DPN Thes Add al.), 'N rnv Ho 12' 3 also of particular divisions of
often clearly of land,
2
7
;

now
'

"ibn-ani d?bk 'k


8 8
;

pam Dim

c f.

Nu

Ex 34 6 18 14 Ne
13

the territory DHH? '" 'Mesopotamia' i. e. prob. land between Euphrates & Chaboras, so Di
after

Kiep,
t

Gn
,

24

10

Dt23 JU3
v.

(cf.
20

V
18

9
cf.

Vr86" io 3 145 so+nyinHTf orm j 2 Jon 4 a (where *?K), nb !>n?1 D?BK N Nai s ;
15 Tqxb only Je 1 5 'N appar. noun; Pr 25".
,

supr.); cf.'N

ls

!B/Wei'ara-.4ramGn25 3i
28
2-5-6-7

33

35
cf.
'

- 26

46

15
,

'K
6
.

nfif

pa; P&QI

' 2

S 86

^JBK
cf.

rd. Ifjfc

Ch

18

c. often indeterminate, esp. in

'HJP etc.,

perh. primarily land but often


:

t"

!^]
;

fl-

long only

fs.

abs. ITST!*;*.

including people

so

Ju

11

10*+

1 of time, 'N 'TonpO long war 2 S 3 ; of the exile 28 b. fig." of God's wisdom nTO ffXQ 'tt Je 20

Chi " + (4 it,


ZMQ
1871. 113
;

K&

io 6 ('N Tips)
f.

Ch)Is7'. (Cf.esp.
v. 3, 44:!

JJ^Schenkel BL,

Hermes

T)l

r* 287 \

Jbn

(||Dr?on3rn ).
:

THD^nN

n.f.

healing of a wound, restora-

T^SHN adj.gent. Aramaean, c. art. 'ttn Gn 25 2020 2 8 31 2024 2 K5 20 of Israel "13K 'K D'snK 2 K8 28 29 (||D-IK) 9* Dt26 pi. (!<);
5
;

tion (properly the wounded spot, Ar.

new

flesh that

S&J;

grows at the Fi ,Ph ""- "", so Fl De


]

D'enn (='Nn) 2CI122 5


1

(fl

id.);

njtsntn

Ch

14

on Is 58"; v. also Di)'k 2 Ch 24" Ne4 6 22 17 ^npnt* Is TBTg Je 3 o 33 ; cstr. rDTO JeS
;

K 16
K i8

his

Aramcean concubine.

V$% (D'OnK Kt

rd. rather

Qr ttOVlK.)
2
4
.

58

s
;

alwaysfig.
s
,

T n^QT N adv. only of language in Aramaic


2
26

a. healing, restorationof Israel


c. '"yj?;
6

Is 58
(||

here
c.

c.

vb. nps, elsewhere


subj.

J e 8 s2
(|| id.) 13
,

=Is 36" Ezr 4" Dn


of following; ("/

KB-J),

rhv Hiph.,

30" 33

D")K
'

cf.

DIM).
abs.

of b. restoration of walls of temple 2 Ch 24 1 walls of Jerusalem (cf. Fi supr.) Ne 4 (both


c.

tpm
+
4
;

n.m.
2
;

IsS2 - 14

citadel 'K
etc.

Je 30 18
;

cstr. Is 2 5
;

pi.

DUETtS abs.
,

nby).

0rrtJD")U

4 Mi5 +

Am 3 99
citadel,

cstr.

castle,

t"ipN n.pr.loc. city in Babylonia (Bab. Uruk v. Dl infr.) on left bank of Euphrates,
c. 40 miles mod. Warka;

NW.

fr.

cf.

O**) LofW* "


16

Ur

toward Babylon; DI 1* 2211


-

palace, not used before royal period, mostly in & Je; citadel prophets, esp. common in 19 as securely barred (in sim.) Pr 1 8 ; T] jQn JV3 'N

Am

to

adj.gent. (deriv. unknown) applied S 1 5 s2 16 16 17 514 1 Ch 27 s3 with art. =n. coll. 'Nn Wli Jos 16 2 (not far fr. Bethel).
'2
;

"HSIN

m^
m

n.pr.m.
;

Aram

(As.

Aramu,

etc.,

D1 P,2OT Thes al. prop. VD1N= DP but cf. No 2223 1 Ch 1 ". as below) 1 5th son of Shem Gn 1 o 2 3. 1 Ch 2 23 2. grandson of Nahor Gn 22 s4 Elsewhere 4. a descendant of Asher 1 Ch 7 of Aramaean people & land (=1 supr.), only 2 a people, sg. coll. = </< Araf.s> >".
v.
.

'.

23 16 18 cf. 2 15 stronghold 1 of castles, palaces, promigeneral, nent buildings; esp. used in speaking of conquest, because the fine buildings would be esp. object of attack & plunder; palaces of Isr. 8 14 5J 2 Ch 6 ; of Jerusalem Is 32 (sg. coll.) La 2 5 4 6 19 f 4 8 414 i2 2 7 cf.Ho8 14 Mi5 Am2 3 Self; s 20 1011 of Samaria also Je 6 9 belonging ; 3 4 27 to Benhadad (i.e. Aram) Ami Je49 ; of Tyre s 13 10 i of Babylon Is 25 (sg. coll.), cf. Is 23 ;

i.e. the.

citadel,

usually more

Am

Am
rd.

Am
(||

22

13
v.

where

WrrtJtJT*
cf!

Che Di

maeans, a leading branch of the Shemitic stock inhabiting Mesopotamia & northern Syria, in 6 2021 many tribes & settlements ; 2 S 8 + 1 2 o

"

S K Ch) Am 9/ Is 7 2-"- 8 9" 16 H but Co in both DHS; 17 Je35"; soEzi6 27 ' of particular divisions of Aram, B"}S OS? Am 1 3irn rva n 2 S io 6 Naiv 'tt 2 S io 6 8 ^6o 2 (title), 5 even D?3JJ 'X f 60 2 pfctOT 't* 2 S 8' cf. 1 Ch 18 that As. never gives name Aramu (title); (note

+ s1 Ch 1 a 1012 + (64
;
,

1.

in Ez 19 7 & rather pjm ; Dl BDxl defends 13 As. almattu, fortress); of Edom Is 34 comp. 12 14 7 i , of Bozrah of Gaza i of Babbah i 9 of Kerioth 2 2 of Ashdod 3 9 of Egypt 3
,

tfbom;

for mtit&K Ez 19 7 ace. to

so

@ % 93
al.,

but

MT

Am

T'1 j^"^M

n.pr.m. a son of Saul (palatinus)

2S21 8
j
sible

?"l}f^ (cf.

Ar. ^.\ alacer, latus fuit; pos-

of

following).

pN

75

W
ffot,

'H^

n-pr.m.adescendant of

wild-goat)

Gn36

28

Esau(?Aram.
also (B^).

Ch i 42 (v.
cedar
14

JW
(but

'K Jos 4"


1
1

+ 32 1. Jos (JED) S K Ch.


,

d. 'K

BNp$
11

fl-

J"J n.[m.]

fir

or

(As. erinu
(||r!X,

COT oio
tn. Judah

Mith.pl.

D^N)ls 4 4
(fir-tree)

nnn,

IE K^.

pN n.pr.m.
1

a descendant of

3 S 5 + 6 1. 8, term used only by Philistines; Vjfe" \l5>K mn 'N tl Ch 15 12 4 ; DJV^k rtW 'K tJos 6 4 (JE); 'K
.

Ch

tfn% 'K 1 S 4"+ 32 1. 8 Ch 1818 1 S 14 rd. IIBKn We j) r cf u n K N ^


<,
/

S 3 3 4j
e.

*#& **
2

' 1

'

'Tin'

Ch

25
.

'}*!*

+I

K2

rWJ"H h * m T 'N
?
'

tJos3

13

27" for MT ?n

Tp2"lN

n.pr.loc. whence wine, so Co Ez fjlj cf. As. wine of Aranabanim.


.

21 T]D~IN n.pr.m. a descendant of David 1CI13

a Jebusite, whose threshingT|2""lN n.pr.m.


floor

pnrr5>3 jnx [nnai] 'k v where iman (c. art.) is prob. interpol, v. Di; only once & late the long phrase 32*1' HOT rj'nSxn 'K OtftOW xfe Q^npn x Ch 13'. f. in combination with nna largely D & under D's influence; nnan piN ark of the covenant t Jos s6 8 6"
-

(JED)

cf.

was bought by David


temple
;

to erect

^ILMUUUIAMUA &
site of

acc-

an altar 1 Ch t0 2Ch3 became


!

(all

JED); nw

4"

nna'N Nuio33

44

14

called

'1311?*

S 24

16t

q.v.

io 8 3 1' Jos 4 718 6 8 S 33 Je 16 + 3 I7 t. S K Ch; 4 once longer Q^ian ae nixax *> rina 'N 1 1

(both J)

Dt
-

S4

in
fr.

P-"!*?, p")W n.pr .fl. Arnon, wady& stream Moab (MI ;jix, Thes Add Rob Ges MV der.
JJ1, i.e.

also
1

Nu

1313

the rushing, roaring " 1 2 t., I'3-lS 21

Nu

jfa"HJ stream) + 1 o t. called

Ch

dvi%i nna 'k tJu 20 1S4 2S15 24 16 6 & D3TOM " nna 'x Dt 31 26 Jos 3 3
27
4
;
.
1

% rvn i? ? p" ^ ar 0/ ifo testimony, only in P, 16 Ex corresponding to nna 'K ( c f. Di on Ex 25


1
'

),

13 boundary between Moab & Amorites Nu 2 1 18 22 s6 Ju ii cf. !3"! !*M Nu 22 oft. bm Dt fTfg 2 34.36 38.i2.l6 4 48 , K JQ33. fa-^ /J J og jjM ^9.16.
-

25 2

s2

+ 8 1. Ex, t Nu 4 s
.

s4

Jos 4 16

h. t Bnjsn 'N

Ch 35 3
1
yjr

6 41

pj-lK D'i'njin

Nu 2 1 H

i.

e.

the stream-ravines that

&

the ark of thy strength 2Ch s lc 32 (Cf.also tables given by Seyring his theory as to earliest of ark.) designation
i.
.
-

^'N
ajx.
v.

unite to form Arnon,


heights of Arnon
2

cf.
;

Di

also jb"lK D1D3

NU2I 28
elsewh.
;

naJw v.
iT'Dl^

?13~)N

TTn3J?0

/o/-<f s
-

o/ylTOOriIsi6
syn. of
Jlfojib.)

Nu2i

13 - 24 - 26

Juii 1318 26
-;

njm.

Moab Je 48 20

(cf.

Tristr

M * bI25f

mod.
Sta

II.

**>..

])^ (^assumed Dpnis argues for


c.

for foil, word,

cf.

ynnN
.

( g0 Theg ^ on

ground of an As.

erd, synon. of erenu).


E,35 12 5 n.m.
'

(f. JTiKn, pn '") chest, ark (Ph. pN, sarcoj>hagus, As. erenu (& erd) cAs< Zim 81 6 22 Ar. yH, c/ies<, r so Aram. )Jo>(' also Nab. WIX, Vog p m Ph.;

\rm,

art.

78 9 (on 'Va<t>i6='hfxt>d6 cf. Lag"* ), also Is io Je 49 s3 ; (cf. No 2 * 01871 258 Kiep "- KS .)
'

T1E"1N n.pr.loc. city in northern Syria nm 9 (As.Arpadda D\ )'ti Is io elsewh.^N; c. 15 miles N. of Aleppo, mod. Tel ErfAd; in OT only as conquered by Assyria, alw. named 13 with Hamath, etc. 2 K 18 34 io 13 =Is 36 19 37
1

184,17;2Ch8,l

"

'

TT^aB^H n.pr.m. 3rd son of Shem 'n Gn IO M. S4 II ki 3lCnI ,7.i 8 .j4. n ^ 3 a-,K GnlI i<).n. doubt _
less a geogr.
fr.
cf.

Mish. also

i2 10 = 2 Ch 24 s c. art. fFVgn Dt 1 o 2 + alw.' exc. Ex Lv Nu where PNH (Ex 25 1414 + 13 t. Ex, Lv 16 2 Nu 3 31 io 35 ); cstr. fn* Ex 25'+, tplj Ex 6 5 30 Nu 4 7"; tl. chest, for money-offerings 1011 2 K 12 2 Ch 24 8101111 t2. sarcophagus, 26 3. chest, mummy-case of Joseph Gn5o (E).
;

pi.

nww) only
,

sg.; abs. tfVlK 2

name(deriv.

& mng. dub., Thes der.


define,

ii.\

boundary (stem i_Tl


Eth.

also

HiWri

wall,

+ 1V2 = 1&3,
-

limit),
i.e.

ark in tabernacle & temple, containing tables of law, with cherubim above, the esp. seat of '<
his people, only

among
alone

Hex (71

t.)

S(6i
;

t.)

C0T Gn ,ft22 who identifies" with Chaldean; so Schr & t^ffl 1< v29 31 ); v. Babylonia (cf. Gn another interpr. DI 1"* 265 ; ace. to most=^rrapachitis on Upper Zab, NE. fr. Nineveh, As. Arnien. Stud. S5 * reff. Arbaha., Armen. Albak Lag Bo MV, Di Gn I0 22 Lag 8" 64 No ZM0M2 182 but As. Arbaha is unfavourable to this).

nm

'

ZAW Seyring '"' a. indef. fn an ark ofshil'"'). tim-wood Ex 25 10 Dt io 3 cf. v 1 To. def. 'an Ex 25"+ 54t. (Hex P, exc. Jos JE; S K Ch)'. c.

16 8 27 (i2t.)&Ch(48t.) + Ju 20 Je 3 V'i32 used

&

in various combinations

DW ^

(cf.

yik M07 n.f.


land (Ph.
Sab.
cf.
-

G 10

"

& (seld.) m. " earth,


,s
",

'

MI p, As. irsitu COT G,M

Ar.

Z * G187!S 9 614!SOT px e.g. Os DHM Pra 8*81 874 ^, Aram. JHK, \jLil*)
5I>4

S ',

Jty, ~
J, ' ,2
,

' abs.

76

feTlN
Is

Gni* +

cstr.2"
;

n*5
cstr.

i" +

0.

also poet.

= HS
1

+ H$ i'+; cart. always 'V loc. nnK ii> + (this form


;
,

40

28

41
35

5 9
'

5.

pi.

niJHS

is

almost wholly
2
I1

late,

Jei6 15 + 6t.
11

Jb34 +);
.

13

sf.

niinw E^ 39 + 6 1.; sf. DrfriK Gn io' + 2 t.; 1. a. earth, whole earth (opp. to a part) Gn i8 18a 2 2 ,8 ( nD"ln 12 3 ) Je 2 5 26 29 30 26 s Is 16al 1619 2 K 19 Zc 4"> u + b. earth, opp. to 37 Gni 2 EX204 Dt5 8 30" Jus 4 La2' heaven, sky 18 15 6 16 " Is37 f 146 iCh2i 29" 2Ch 2 + ; as permanent Ec I 4 built on foundations,

Wl* ORE*)

'

etc

'

P1

"^ Je
.

T!* 20 +;
28 s + 65 1.;

15

'

=2Ki9
1

22 4 ; the various petty divisions of Canaan afterward united under Israel's control Gn 2 6 34
,

27 ^105" 106 besides these only P Gn io sa) 31 Lv 107 26 :i639 exc. Gn 26 s 4 (J) 41 64 (JE) ; it denotes lands, countries, often in contrast to Canaan, lands of the nations, etc., v. esp. abs. Ez 20 32

19 (Is 37 2K19 17 ); 22t. Chr;


3

K 18
,

Je; 23*. Ez;


18

rd.

Is36 37 D^an v Che Di &


.

cf.

116 9

Dn9

40 42
-

cf. 1

Ch
9

3 bit-w) nix-iN, 2

Ch

1 1

23

rrpn) nirix.

5 13 13 16 cf. 104 Jb 38^ Is 48 5i firm, so that its shaking is something terrible, & token of terrible power 4 8 8 6 1S14 2S22 ='f 18 Jb9 cf. V^46 2 & v"; so 8 also Am 8 Is 2 1921 24 18 19 50 ^ 60 4 77 19 99 114 7 as hung on nothing Jb 26 7 with waters under it Ex20 4 =Dt 5 8 cf.Gn 7"; personified, esp. as ad19 s9 dressed, called to witness, etc. Dt 32 Je 6 22 Is i J Mi i 2 Jb 16 18 c. earth inhabitants of

or pillars

+
5
;

also Is 24 18

^ 82

TN!pNt

n.pr.m.

chamberlain of

Zimri

1K16

.'

'

Qal
22
6

BP68 on ["Hi*] vb. curse (As. ardru Zim relation of mngs. bind & curse in As. v. Dl Pr101 )
;

Pf. 'ni-W, ITrihX


.

Mai 2 2 Impf. 2 ms.lNfi


;

=
8

Ex 22 17 Nu 22 612
23
7
;

"IKK

Gn

12 3 ; Imv. "T)?

Nu
14

VliK, rife
8

earth

Gn6"

n iK 2
1
.

Pr8 31 Jb37 12
-IJtfB'
10

io V'33 66 cf.'N ^?TI 2. land=a,. country, territory,

S4

*T* Jb

'K

Gn
6W
;

o 10
8

DnxO 'K 2 1 21
18

cf.

also

o"

1 1

M
20

+ 36
&
Mai
2

t.

etc.;

& Inf. abs. inK all Ju 5; Pt. s9 s VT$* Gn 27 Nu 24 "VnK Gn 3


;

curse

||

1)13 bless, chiefly in poetic


:

legal sources of
2
;

JED & later imitations Gn


24 (E) Ex 22 (E) nx= curse for ever her in2 37
9

I3
1

47

Chi 43

Is7 23 27"^ 78 4 1617 b. personif. L362 Ecio


5
19
.

113

12

Je25

I2 3 27 s9 (J)
habitants

Nu 22" 2
"ihtf
s3

s7

region
23

Gn

28

22 2

Josn
1

territory

Dt 34 s Ju2i 21
.

V'4 2? S 9 416 13 7
-

district, c. tribal
1

n'Q^''

Ju
.

K 15
4

DV

20

*V|fe cursers

of

the

day

Is S' ; and still smaller territories 1 S 9 \ d. 15 e. specif, land of piece of ground Gn 23 31 I2 1 5 6 7 31 3 EX14 34 Canaan, or Israel

Gnu
;

(magicians whose imprecations made days un8 Pt. pass. Tnx, chiefly as exclamalucky) Jb 3 tion, ^13 Gn 3 1417 4 11 9 s5 27 s9 49 7 Nu 22 12 24'
||

Dt 17 14 189
103

K5 +
2-4

esp. obj. of

&v 2>ossess
J os
i
49

(E, poet.)
1 1
3

Dts^ + oft. Dt^al.;


Dt
i4
e
13

1 7

2o 14

so after ^0}
12

+;
29

cursed be

Ez

+ f.= inhabitants of land Lv 19 + cf. Dt 24" Zc 12 etc. g. used even


.

21

^n 9

Ju 2 1 18 1 S 14 2428 26 19 Je Mal i 14 T?? D*?6>n D ") n 48 those who wander from thy commands

Dt
'

27

16 - 26

16

1(U0

21

Jer
2

De
s4

Ri),

PW
"

nnnsri

this

of Sh 'ul Jb 10 (cf. As. irsit la tdrat, land without return, in Descent of Ishtar, v. Jr 10 65 ); s3 v. also yjr 139" Is 44 3. a. ground, surncnK q.v. Gni 26 * 18 2 33 s 38 s face of ground
'

2122

cursed

woman

-fNiph. Pt. O^Ki

cursed Mai 3 9 . tPi. 3 ms. sf. WTTJJ curse, lay under a curse Gn5 29 (J); Pt. ^ir^on D^sn the
18 27 curse-bringing waters Nu 5 (P 6 1. waters destroying the perjured adulteress drinking be cursed Nu them). Hoph. Impf.

Ex 4 1 6 Ku 2 1 S5 as productive =nns 8 cf. Nui 4 7 Is 3 6 7


3
4 10
-

+ very oft. in
Gni
11 - 11

S.
9

b.

ml,
3435

=2Ki8

32

LV19 616 V72


:

4 25" 2 6

107

2 2(E).

Ezr 9 12 Ne 9 2i 4. H? i n phrases a. people 71213 of the land 'NrrDy f non-Israelites Gn 23 9 4 6 (P)Nui4 (JE);aswellasIsr.Lv20 (H)2Ki5 is
.

t n"1n n.f. a curse Dt 28 s Mal2 2 3 9 DIKE) P r 3s3 ; pi. nilSD Pr 28 s7

cstr.

i6

2 1 24

24

esp.

common

"'IIW

v.

princes

Lv 4" (P) Ez

people, opp. officials, 18 2 1 1 -'. +b. in

nnn.
(As.

measurements of distance, 'KH D"]33 the space or distance of country (v. m33) Gn 35'*, so "N rn33 some distance Gn 48 7 2 K 19 c. 5
.

^~!"^^ n.pr.terr. Ararat


-

Urartu
27
;

C0T G1 ", cf. Lag Arm,,n 8tud Gn 8 4 +3 t. a district

5100

)'n Jesi

in Eastern

QJ] Armenia

niB"Bn J*1N the country of the plain, level or s3 21 10 plain country Dt 4 Je 48 ; "lie**? 'N fig. -^ 1 43 rd. rPN <S Bi Gr Che, cf. f 2 d. D^O'K (but 7").

land of the living


'Nn ns]5
ncZ(*)
24

13
yjr

27

D^Hn

'N
10

yj,

142
s

6
.

e.

between the river Araxes & lakes Van & Oroomiah, cf. KGF; to this prob. ref. in 2 K s8 4 37 i9 =Is 37 'K HS; also Gn 8 ' T$ where the ark rested; used perhaps with wider ref. Je
51
27

'

0/
,

135 Pr
7

17

42 43 (|| pirn) so 'N ^DBK p r 3 o 4 + ; 'n nixp

<Ae earfA. Is

niabpp

(||

'an,

M?^).

t[tC"l^]

vb. betroth (Mish. DIN, Ph. {TIN

ntfM
in n.pr.,

Log

1 -''

connects with Ar.

Yit.pay the price, so gain the right of possession ,cf. Aram. D 1N one who As.

&

<j\

a fine,
;

idols
2

K
i

THf M
1 ,

23
3

mirsu, tribute, Zehnpf only Pi. Pu.; Pi. Pf. 7 14 "nent? 2 S3 ; i WfyTto 3ms. bn.K Dt2o Ho 2 21 21 22 ; Imp/. 2 ms! KHNTi Dt betroth Dt 20" 28 30 ; sq. (subj.man) obj. woman, 3 of price paid to father & *? of husband 2 S s1 22 3"; 3 of gift to bride & b of husband Ho 2 where fig. of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.
BA8,H8
;

farms land;

Ne

Asherim i.2 , chariots Jos 11" , house Ju 1 2 14", tower g a, city-gates 24 27 7 2 31317 city Jos 6 Ju 18 cf. Is i + ; also
1 ,
-

Wk

2^;

3 e>x rfev Am i 4 710 + e*x3 Tyn-nK ; tJu I 8 20 48 cf. 2 Bfcs' 8 12 "t^RTM JVtfn Jos 8 819 Je i7 27 +, cf. Ju o/ 2 Si 4 JI (of

n^

field,
fire,

cf.

Ex

22

supr.)
.

3. of supernatural

3 i9 (both JE) Dt 4 ujwmmi + gpecif g>x(n) -may Ex i 3 nn 24 1219 33 cf. Dt i i4 (all JE) Nep (v. BW-ntnD

attending theophany

Ex

18

Pu.

Pf. 3

fs.
15

n'Bnx

fee

betrothed,

c.

*6, subj.
f.

Nu 9 1516 P);
(J) 26
10

of destructive

fire

from

"

Nu 1 1 "
1

nbvia

Ex
,

22

Dt

22

s8

(nSra

tjo); P.

n'Bnfcp
i>

(P)

Lv

io (P);

cf.
17

tlfik

K
24

in sim. of
s

Dt 22 s3 where
husband) v
25 ' 27

affirmed of r6lrD 1JM (sq.


(in both subj. ^5??n).

of

l^ni"?

(to rf*Ve, request,

As. resw Dl rrB

).

TnttT)^
Dl ,c
)

n.f. desire, request erislu (As. 3 'k cstr. 2 i only (||k rwtn)

request granted by

way \

(E) Dt4 9 ; v. also 2438 1 K 18 2 K i'>'2i2" Jb i(perh. lightning UM intended), cf. further of lightning Ex g (JE) 1314 s 1 48 etc. 3. fire for cooking, roasti// 1 8 ing, parching, etc. BX v5f roasted at a fire Ex i2 89 (P) cf. Lv 2" 2 Ch 35 13 Is 44 1619 ; of tinder for lighting fire Gn 22 67 (E); of fire for melting 24 for re(gold for the idolatrous calf) Ex 32
;

Yahweh's glory

Ex24

J"hN

v. niix.

W fining Je 6
cf.

where

rd.

with

Qr TVlBJf

DPI

S?KD;

tHFriptfTUTIN n.pr.m. Artaxerxes (Pers.


Artakhshatrd, Spieg
s3

AFK68

'

207

'Apraitpfo,
1

cf.
102
;

3 (sim. of purifying work of messenger of cov't). 4. esp. of altar-fire Lv 1" 6 ,AM ;

Mai

BeRy on Ezr 4 7"- Ne i')'n Ezr 4' v. BD in 7 KM^IWJIJ Ezr4 Knprnn-!Ezr7 8 Ne2> U 6 Artaxerxes I, or Longimanus, son & 5 I3
,

o also rnt E>K strange fire, i.e. an incense not commanded, offered 4 61 fire from ^ presumptuously io Nu 3 26 s4 8 consuming sacrifice (cf. 2) Lv 9 2 Ch 7 ; of
in offering incense
1

Lv
1

1-

successor of Xerxes, reigned B.C. 465-424.

fire in child-sacrifice (usually

T7S")ff^ n.pr.m. a descendant


16

of

Judah

1 Ch 4 latter element in this & foil, may (the be 38 God, but mng. of former part dub. Thes comp. 1DN bind, quern Deus obligavit sc. voto).

K 16 2K 7
2
1

(i>)

B>K3 |3
;

T3JH )
IfW

2
,

cf.

17

17

10

23
cf.

2
3
.

31

'K3
31

IM 2 Ch 2 8
(sim.)
19
,

Ch 33 s
5.
6

also 'K3

fig.

of Yahweh's
2
4

anger

^ 89 47
36

Na

La

tH^f^S
;

Ez

TH ,fr<nC.'N
25"
cf.
,

n.pr.m. a son of Asaph


.

Ch

14 nbkiff) v

6 38 "nwpT5*K Ez 3 6 v. also Is s 15 47 s9 * Je 66 ^ 79 89 etc.; of word of 23 fig. of outbursting emotion \j/ 29* f flagrant wickedness Is 9 17 etc. 6. in various com-

22

'>

binations, t&<

T7^' "lU?St n.pr.m.


tum
Dei,
cf.

a Manassite

(Thes

vo.

(cf.

Di);
t?i<

1^ Gn I5 17 (J) a torch of fire twrn?^ Ex f flame offire, t?S 31^ J


(in sim.) Dn io cf. Zc 12 t?K 'i.nS is 66 15 cf. Ttorb 'K
6
'

supr.)

Nu

26

31

Jos 17

Ch

14

2
31
.

5
,

n^
7

6
,

ni3q^>

t^VirvtoM
Eft*
j , 9
,

adj.gent.'Sn as n.coll.Nu26
9 ' 23

VK

y\,

29

105
^, 2

32
,

377
26)

n.f.**
fire

Je

48,

45

(m.
-

104, 4

f.

& m.

mrfc
oei
yj,

' njl Is 4 6
1

cf.

Ho 7

6
;

WK
"
;

/Js/re Jb

8s

cf.

V* n^l

41
6

3^ ,parA 0/ K ^Pl
;

10

jb

20.

As t gato COT
'

G1
<"",

Syr. )l&r,

element(MV Wetzst cf. i J\ iwjiU), improb.

Eth.XA^:deriv.fr.n.tWK,JLjl,sociable,friendly i ! " mra ei <* 68 in De


;

Zc 1 o/^re, 78"; Or?? VI* flaming


K*N li>3
24
1

2 ; B'N "fa* light offire 4 104 ; B*S fire

|W^
-

Lag

dagheshprob. 36 2 abs.Ex 9 24 + ; cstr.Lv6 + (seld.);tsf.^KDt 4 11 5 Is 50 ; D#K Is 66 ;l. fire, Jbi8 EDfK


;

esp. in view of As.; 189b 'ti secondary; cf. also Sta* )

Is 5 tongue offire, B*t< ^D? Ez 2 6 so io cf. tW 'B?- ! Ct 8 ; on


,

13

v.

f3S

m VK Dt 33
1"H

W ^K Ez
&

coaZs o//re,

28 14

16

s
,

lit.

fire of a law, or fire

was a law, but


rh[sb]

/aw is Pers.

c f.

Ex
Qr

20 18 or

n-i[p;]

late; rd. perh.


c f. Is
i.e.

65

s
.

of conflagration, e.g. in briers, endangering or

destroying crops

OH> "?* % ** Ex

22 s

t[nN]
tlieirfire,

n.f. id.

Je 6

s9

Kt

Dne-SfD)

/row

cf.

2 more often of de3 E>N3 "1J?3 njen (both E); liberate destruction by fire, esp. 2^3 t[~\W (3 c 20 qam. preton.) obj. golden calf Ex 32 (J), other
.

but

DPI

t?KO, v. sub SW.

n n.m.
(>
Wetzst in

Jo * 13- 14

an

offering
der.

made by fire
fr.

Dep,"mw,

ed 4 889

Vii.^K,

era
means
cf.

t.;

Lag Mt.; pi.


s
,

to friendly 8*"190

relations betw.
J5

) cstr.

Ex 29 18 + 32

cstr. ntftt
sf.

God & man Lvi 9 +

20 Je 25 s0
1

Ch
7
;

26 6 ;

c.

n_

loc. 1

S 51

Is 2o>;

'K 'EON
2

^K Lv4

+i5t.;

*Nu

S 5

appar.= territory of Ashdod

Ch

28 Lv6 ; used chiefly of offerings of animals, but also of the n^U? Lv 2", and of the sacred bread and frankincense Lv 24 7,9 which was placed on the table as a memorial, and The word is used finally went to the priests. s8 in Dt 18 1 Jos 13 14 1 S 2 ; elsewhere in

H0K

10

442 26 6 "li^NS Dnj? ITJM. (Cf. Survey'' .)

+ "Hi'TOW
coll.

adj.gent. Ashdodite, 'Nn

n.sg.

Ne
(Qr

36 Jos 13 3 ; usually pi. DHne>K(n) 1 S 5 1 and as adj. f. niHHB'X O'E'J Ne 13 23 Kt 4 ,

rii"ne>N).

Lv6' 10" 22 s2

Nu2 8 23
1.,

(D)

esp. in phrases *B>M

t]"V, Ti,!$N adv. in the

language of Ash24

mm
14

Lv

11

mm{> nma

+6t., new nvx LV3 16 Nu as 15 mm? new 18", rmh (wn) ne>NEx29 Lv2 20 ace. after verbs of offering Ex 30 + i4t., n#K
1.,

nm nn

rmfy nm* rwm nvrh Lv 23 13


,

nm

m Ex29
nn|>
f

nn

neta
18

Lv

dod,

i.e.

of Philistines

Ne

13

'N *OTD.

("7t^ {support,
t

Vwhence
113
,

following).

column, support, AW No"


Kflll^lX) only pi.
sf.

[n^]

n.f. (support) buttress (Ar.

ilj

% Nt&K, pi. KnE*lK,


(||

mmb nb'yjxu 28", mm!>n|toi


ttfM 2S14" Mi6
usual B*
10
,

buttresses of city of Babylon

25 s7 T"]gLv 2 2 Nu 1 s

Je 50 15 mnneta Kt, yrttfy Qr

mrfrtn).
supporteth)

softer

form for the

irWttN\
1.

IV&W

n.pr.m.

(*

(q.v.), there is, are.

(Cf.

Aram. tJK,
ye, yi to

Ar.

seeEw""8 " Ol

(_^jI;

and on the softening of


1" 425

imB^ king of Judah, son of Amon 1 K 1 3 2 2K21 2426 + nt. K, + i 9 t. Ch, + 17 t. Je +


1
' ;

Nb f40c .)
(=^N3E>K? S o Thes; more

Zp

also

Wl^fa Je 2 7
.

'.

2 fi&b
.

a returned

tbrHTN
(
'Act^X)

exile
11.pr.1n.

Zc 6 10
v.

likely i'yaK'K)
2<./3a,

Nu

2nd son of Benjamin


26
s18

Gn
81

7WW

sub III.
20

tint.

46

s1

A & L

'A<rvl3 nP )

Ch

( B
.

Qr Pr 20

v.

YXTK sub BN.

'Ao-fyX).
n.coll.

t^JMCM
1

adj.gent. 'Nn as
chief of

Nu 26 s8
36

"ttlEN n.pr.gent. & terr. Asshur, Assyria land & city Dl Pa252 COT on Gn 2 14 ; (As. AsSur,
Pers. Athura, Syr. iol('; on the connection with name of god ,4#Mr,& with '/~\Wtt,=-~\Wgood, ZA 1886 ir Schr '; v. also J en gracious, cf. COT ib.ni Nt j ^ gsW as person; 2nd jib.268f.)
1' '

t)3ttM n.pr.m. a

Edom Gn

s6

Ch

41

(etym. dub.,
v.

'A<r/3ai/,'E<re/3ai<,'A</3a>i/).

yzxpt*

V2&.
v.

^5Dt!?N

n^a-^'x.
following,
cf.

*UM$

(vof

prob. As. isdu,

foundation).

io 22 (P, in table of nations) 2. people of Asshur (oft. as invading n army & even world-power) Nu 2 (poem of Ho 1 2 2 14 4 Is io 5 14 25 19"*** 23 13 3031 Balaam) son of
i

Shem Gn
.

Ch

17

4 9

foundation, bottom, lower TP186 > others fr. part (slope) (As. isdu cf. Lotz "IB/N, ,jw your, Sab. "IDX=' PDD (npB*o)
;
I

TTvTN n.[m.]

3i 52

6 5 La5 Ez2 3

27

s2

32

(here fern.) Zcio";


(if

f 83
^83

perh. rd. **>|, cf. 2

S 2 9 sub ""Wj; or

DHM
.

16 zmgiW^ whence /a, *Zope; cf. Di Nu 21 ) ^VO?^ K the bottom of the ravines Nu2i 16

be late) regard TW^J (like p.??V t'6.) as used because of ancient significance; sts. personified 6 as one Is io EZ31 3 (but del. Co q.v.), cf. also Mi 6 s8 2 3 7 912 23 3. ?ad of Assyria Gn 2 M 1 o" 13 11 3 9 6 1116 23 18M 12 i Ho5 7 8 9 io Isii Mi7 Zc 9 Je2
'

5" Zp 2
1

13
;

'N
.

run?
'

Kig

si

=la3'j*; 'N

'jf

Ez

TLmtTN]
slope
12
s
;

n.f.

(cf.

supr.)

foundation,
only
1

pi.
1

(mountain-) abs. n^K*N Jos io 40


;

cstr.

rfn^K Jos

20

4 ' rilfK Dt 3" 4

io 10 ; >T|^NGn25' 8 IS19 23

2K15
Mi
5

29

623

17

18";

mountain-slopes Jos io^'Nni ni>BB>ni 3ni "inn; 12 9 (|| id. + -mo); elsewhere defined 'N Tinn

n^pKIs7
"WBfc Is 8
i
19

18

13

27
!
'

Hon
4 -6

11

4. esp.
'

io 12 2o

17 (prob. gloss Is 7

20

njDSn

Dt3

17

3 4" Jos 12

tTVTCM n.pr.loc. (As. Asdudu, COT 01"" DP* 289 Thes MV der. fr. V yvff q.v.)
;

if. Ashdod
cf.

+ 4it. 2K;

i4t.Is 3 6-38;iCh5
1718
18

a powerful city of the Philistines on Mediterr. Sea, "W. from Jerusalem, modern EsdUd, Jos
11
22

i3t.Ch; also Je50 Na3 Ezr 4 ; (only Ezr 6 s2 of Persian or any king not strictly Assyrs 6 'N ?]?Bn Is 36 ian); note also ('N perh. gloss, 23 31 cf. Di who holds same view as to 2 1 8 );
'

2K p^) +
87)

^O

M47

(where assigned to Judah)


cf.

(but

del.

Dr

@)

17

Am

S 5"
6

'N^D2Ki9
tO"Vltt?tjf

11 ' 17

=Is37

'

18

2Ch28 30 Ne9 32
16

Zp

"

Zc 9

Is

n.pr.gent. pi.

an

Arab

tribe

am
traced back to
cf.

Abraham & Keturah Gn 25


n.coll. 2
;

Di.

"Mm* adj. gent. 1*J as


cf. also rd. perh. *"JWtyl q.v., 32 al. rd. netan comp. Ju i .

ing nona ifxrrnrro n?a?a ; 3 i gaul and his sons are buried 'NnTirW; it wa s perh. a sacred
tree,

9
,

but

marking

shrine.

We Dr Kbh Klo

t
^>\,

&

DttW, DBfc vb. offend, be guilty (Ar.


id.,

reum
^Jl,
.

"WMjfcJ
30

v.

nne\
n.pr.[m.] a god of Hamath
1

judicavit,

'\J\,

"l^, fault,
;

guilt, mulct, cf

Eth.
t.
;

tNtyiPN
17
,

2K
Eth.
2
1
20
.

otherwise wholly unknown.

TO Ez
+
1.

am Hb
13

"

+7
4
;

22

WS Lv 4
:

Lv 5 " Nu 5 7 fhvy-)~ 10 flD^X Nu 5 riosfN Pr 30


DB>X
;
'

t[^A]
t

n.[m.] testicle (Syr.

Jja*./

',

t.;

Inf. abs.

7mp/'ci^ H04 tim LV5 DitW Ez25 12 ;


;

'

19

Jifth/h etym.

unknown) only
8

Iflfe

nilD
Nul3
-

Lv

SiStfM (5*^ Ct

7 )

n.m.

23

cluster

do a wrong, or an injury, with ? niiT7 De*X OB'S /i hath done a great wrong to Yahweh (in violating the comtrespass,

commit an offence, a

Aram. nfo; etym. Ar. (Eth. RflilA: J\5o|, sub VblW, but no suitable Thes dub.; 268 300 der. fr. -/"je>X 0. meaning proven ; Sta*

MV

mands)

Lv5
it
7

shall give

(P); \b DB>X 1B* (restitution) to him to


1010

19

]r\i) and he whom lie did

'

afformat.
pi.

b)' abs.

Nui3 +

24

cstr.
,

v^+J

s2 niba^K Ct f; cstr. r6??te Dt 32 tibyft 10 9 Ct7 sf.n*r63E'Gn40 ; 1. cZwster of grapes,


;

D\m ttffen wrong Nu 5 (P), cf. 2 Ch 19 ; and tliey committed lasting wrong (irreparable 12 wrong, the Edomites against Judah) Ez 25 2. be or become guilty Ju 21 22 Je 50 7 Ho 4"
.

B*3$

'K

Nu

s3

cf.

v 24 ; vid. also

Gn 40 10 &&B\

grapes; hence fig. of deeds of enemies of Israel, clusters of gall s 32 have they Dt 3 2 (|| *1 *3jy); fig. of Isr. Is 65
t"i

D*33V 'S

clusters ripened

'xa Bflrwjn

s;rc>>;

Mi

^3*6

1"; in offences requiring sin-offering Lv s 3 -' 7 23 Nu 5' (P), of trespass-offering Lv 5 with b guilty of Lv 5 46 (P), with 3 in or (P); 4 1 3. be held guilty, through Ez 2 2 Ho 13 bear punishment V'34 22 23 Pr30 10 Is 24 s Je 2 3 4
13 ' 22 - 27
-

Hb

'

^ia?te

px

fig.

of

H05

15

io

14

Zc 11

Ez6 6

desolation of Israel under Yahweh's judgment;

(but

cf.
.

DB>).

Niph
Impf.

*DE>X3
sf.

Ct f in sim. JS3n Jl'i^KS "tfff cf. v 8 (where Thes think of ciusters of dates, v. "ion

suffer punishment

Jo I ls

Hiph.

MV

DO'B^n

declare them guilty

^ 5".

palm-tree, "iS3n 'X

ib.)

2.

cluster

of henna-flowers,
'

tD#H adj. guilty/x abs. 2814"; pl.tTOKte


Wnx~;>X
42 (E); guilty, and so bound to 19 offer a trespass-offering Ezr io ; but rd. prob. chroao1 v h Perllsch T U d vk. 1890. 43 DD&'XI
so

(v.

Ct

1 ".

(Cf.

^3), metaph. of the beloved one GrunwaldIs^a<,1 Letlerb<ie. ** xi 148 M


'

Gn

s'

m. an Amorite, brother of Mamre, dwelling in neighbourhood of Hebron 13M 2. in combination bty* bm Nu Gni4 s3 M 9 'i 1 Dti 24
T73tL'N n.pr.
1.
.

Kue

'

'

'

QttJN n.m. offence, guilt

'

Gn

26'

37

tl/sf.

iDBfc

Nu

7 t.; 1.

offence,

Eshcol,
(cf.
1

=
);

Sto^X valley of a
;

Nui3
fr.

32

;valley

of

cluster,

region of Hebron

s2

in 13

24

der.

'x cluster, q.v.; see

s2 2. [guiltiness RV). fault ty 68 10 Pr 14 9 Je 51 5 3. compenguilt Gn 26 (J) sation, lvK ^T?? to whom to return the

trespass,

DEW

however Di ad

loc.

B3tt/M n.pr.m. 1. a descendant of Japhet Gn io3 = 1 Ch i 6 = 2. a northern people JeSi 27 W2^K1 JO DTj ni3?pp (perh. a people of Bithynia, =Ascan(ians) + az ending of Armen.
;

patronymics, v. esp. Len


Abhu.dl.2Mf.

0r "-

3s8f,
)

also

Lag

06*

compensation (or satisfaction for injury) Nu 5 4. trespass(P ; restitution for guilt RV). used only offering ( AV, but guilt-offering RV) 2 22 10 Nu 5, 6'2 i8 9 (P), & in Lv 5, 6 7, 14, I9 Ez 40 39 42 13 44 s9 46 20, cf. Ezr io 19 This offering seems to have been confined to offences against God or man that could be estimated and so
78
'

TJ

iGn

io

3.

but v Lag Arm.n.Stud.l^

"GttJN

V. II. 13B>.

hwi$ f
be

(be firm,

firmly rooted,

cf.

Ar. j}|

firm).

covered by compensation. The ordinary tresa ram, together with restitupass-offering was tion and a penalty of a fifth of its value. The and Nazirite trespass-offerings of the leper 12 were he-lambs Lv 14 Nu 6 ; if the person who
suffered wrong or his kinsmen the priests. living the fine went to

were

not
vic-

t^ttJN n.,m.

tamarisk-tree (Ar. JJ1, Sab.


66

The

bm Sab! Denkm.
*bm
v.
-

cf.

DHM 88 "*
6

58
;

on an Aram.

cf. Tristr Low" Abraham Gn 2i 33 (J); in 1S22


;

38

FFP26

planted by Saul is dwell)

offered, the blood and fat pieces going to the altar, the skin and flesh to the There seems to have been no applicapriests.

tims were

nwrw
tion of the blood to the horns of the altar (the chief ceremony of the sin-offering) because the
guilt

80

ItfM
T nSffiS n.f. quiver for arrows (As. Upatu D1 K29) 'x lit. as part of warlike equipment Jb 39 Is 2 2 ; fig. in sim. of sons of one's youth as arrows (weapons which the father may wield)
23
6

was not expiated at the altar but by compensation to the wronged person or his representative. A part of the blood of the leper's
trespass-offering

was applied to

his person to

27

DHO

iriEB'N-riK K.k) -IB>K "oari

neil

the

consecrate him (as in the case of the consecration to consecrate the priests

ram of

Lv 8 s3 ).
and

happiness of the man that hath filled his quiver with them 1 of Yahweh's quiver, in metaph. of

The

trespass-offering the older Hebrew literature.


Philistines send
-

is

unknown

to

JED

prophet as arrow of

However, the an DB*N of golden mice and tumours I S 6 3 4 8 17 and an DE>N of money was 17 but these are given to the priests 2 K 12 different from the trespass-offering of entirely P. The Messianic servant offers himself as an
, ,

'^r"??

ln

Is 49 "1113 yr6 Wr'J! 3 ??'^ and he made me into a -polished


<!>

arrow, in his quiver he hid me; also of quiver in which '' has his arrows of chastisement, V>3

inB^K,

i.e.

his

arrows La 3" (||fD v 12 ).

tT3Btt$M n.pr.m. the

D'Dncon

chief of

DE>N in compensation for the sins of the people, 10 interposing for them as their substitute Is 53
(incorrectly, sin-offering

eunuchs, of Nebuchadrezzar

Dn
;

(meaning
19

AV 1W).
14
.

unknown).
t-MBtfN

See further

Oeliler^^'^DiLvs
TrTOtrS!
n.f.
cf.

2S6=iChi6
v.

2S6
-

Aq.

wrong-doing,
'K

guiltiness
16

cake or roll; other Verss. ancient & mod. have various conjectures, but actual etym.

Symm.

Lv22 + fnnK, n*T) (properly Inf. 10 cstr. DDE* Ezr io 4-3 t. ; sf. inotfK Lv 5 t., 10 24 5 + 6 t.; pi. niDBte 2 Ch28 ; sf. "ntOpX f 69";
1. doing wrong, committing a trespass or
offence 2

& mng. unknown; 8m


Dr
riBttk?,

Lag
v.

GGA1884 No

7'

aa -'"- 2"

ninstpw

n>.

PV v ) ^69 (||n^N) njfgp nato tap H3 TOE'tO of all tlutt one may do wrong therein Lv 5 s6 (P; H3na Kbn^ v 22 ). 2. becoming guilty
-

M 9

Ch 24 18
13

2 8">

131313
6

13

(||nNBnv
:

s3
)

32

Ezr

tn 7plEN
(As. Isqaluna
infr.)
i
8

n.pr.loc. a city of the Philistines

13-"

COT010" Dl"
19

290
;

(||

Ju
2 47

18

S6

17

20

Ph. adj.gent.cf. Je 25 20 47"

Am

||

Ezr io 1019 DVn np^Kb KOP1J sin to the becoming guilty of the people (so that the people incur guilt) Lv 4 3 [VipS? np^K guilt of Samaria 14 3. bringing a trespass(their idols) Am 8
1

Ch

Zc 9"; on the Medit. Sea, S. of W. fr. 2*7 ' Jerusalem, mod. 'Asqaldn, Survey'"(with

Zp

plan);

cf.

also

ZPV"

164

'-

"b]*!7pttJN adj. gent.

c.

art. as subst.

1W

Jos 13 (Ph. ^pCX).


j-

iriDC'K Di'3 in the day of his bringing offering, 24 HDE'X his trespass-offering ; fIJJ iniquity

LV5
7

[^ti'K] vb. go

straight,

go on, advance

requiring a trespass-offering
:

Lv

22 16
v.

BP Ar. Aram, in deriv.) Qal (As.asdru Zim "; Imv. V1B>K Pr 9 6 nr3 TJTia Ti^K go straight on

m^intCN (rvnn- mtor) t \


D^Ottfa
v. |DB>.

-op.

in the

way of

understanding.
;

Pi.
16

Pf

Vkfl*

Mai
IBto
for
foil.; perh. be hard,

12

Gn 30
;

13

Impf. "Hfc? Pr 4" + 4 1. Imv.


.

]ltfi$ (/assumed

firm,

Aram. *}*$, ?T?. something./^). triDlTN n.pr.loc. (the firm f) name of two
cf.

B^Bfcp Mai 3 + 2t.; 1. u 2. causintensive go straight on, advancePr4 15 12 19 3. set right, Is 3 ative lead on Pr 23 9

p r 23 19

Pt. pi.

Tighten Is

17
.

cities in

Judah.
v. 3JB>.

1. Jos 15 33

43 2. v .

Gn 3 o
Is 9
15
.

13

(J)

Jb2 9 n ^72" Pr
m
l

4. pronounce happy, call blessed 28 9

3. Pu. Impf. ti$


blessed

^4
16
.

n^ffiN
T
;

1. be led on Is 9

Ct6 Mai 3i Pt.-M* Pr3 18 2. be made happy,


;

]yc?

v. ie>.

^4i Pr 3

18
.

t[nt^^]
)

a.m. conjurer, necromancer

t[-ltt>N, or

TOSH,

cf.

Lag

81' 143

n.[m.] only
1

Bab. loan-word, As. a&ipu (prob.

COTG1"

PI. cstr. 'IB'K happiness, blessedness of

cf.

Dl Prl4, Aram, *$$,

is***!'; v. also As. siptu,

D'BBfc conjuration) only pi. 2 2 CEiebs, D*i{ps). (|| fi,

Dn i M (||D"QB-in),
foil.)

io 8 + 32t.&c.sf.,v.infr.; abstr.intens.exclam.O the happiness, blessedness of, <H#* Vflft 1|fe r^X *p!3j; liappy thy men, happy these thy ser7 8 vants iK io (=2Ch 9 ); Tf*

n^ &%

*1l^K

(*/rf

'l

u t>- meaning, whence

rii^K blessed the

man whom Eloah

correcleth

Jb

-itfN 5
17
;

81
7 b. a symbol of this 23', houses v goddess, a sacred tree or pole set up near an 4 3 altar 1 16 33 2 i 3 17" 18 21 23""; prohibited Dt 1 6'; burnt by Gideon Ju 6 B mnM

VI
1

V' 1

19

1'1D 1"J?
;

W? "tyt
^f
is

blessed the perfect in way blessed hischildren after


cstr.

vessels 2

him Pr20 7
8 4 6.ia
6

elsewhere

with E"JN V'S 2 '

Pr3

127

12 1 2 nyn ^,8 9 16 144 ; before'ptcp. f 2 32 41 s s s 18 12 before 84 106 119 128 Is 30 Dn 12 verbal clauses without relative ^ 65 s Pr 8 32 with ^ 137 89 146 5 with sf. (for
1 ;
;

B^W)^! H2 1515

8 34 28 n. with -,aan ^34**40' 94 12 1 1 6 2 ; <ta&:f 33 H ; ; Bn3NIs 5

PI. r>VlE>K a. the goddess

Ju

3' (prob. error for

b. sacred trees or poles 2 Ch 1 s 9 33'; elsewhere D'lB'S id. Is 27 9 12 t.; sf. Mi 5"

nnn^y

33).

S t.; Ex 34

I3

(J)

Dt
10

Is

2 7"
-

Je

1 7

s"

Mi
1

y
;

T1W)

thy happiness

Y#t Dt 33 f 28 VW*
1 2
;
'

ia

K1415.23 2
3 - 47

33" 34

2 Ki7 23" 2 Ch 14 17 24" 31 . (Cf. also Sta ZAW1881 S44f ES B"- UT"'

Ec'io 17 D3nK*S IS32 20 VIB'K Pr 14" 16 20 ; 18 WTrtJ Pr 29 (on these forms'v. Ges !93 B1 K ).
;

""We, who
dub.
:

think 'n only the sacred pole.)

")t^ part, of relation (Moab. id.; origin


DI " L,"!d * Muhlau 84 1. ace. to Tsepreghi Foiwh. 1875, 188 Lb. (117 g^Morg. Hommel 2* W78, H1,r.ll.51 708* l3 M(ill Sayce LagM-i.^ & egp Kraetzschmar Hbrrl 2<* ff, orig. a subst. 'place'
-

t[-ivr&] n.[m.] happiness, only


in

sf.

,-

lf?3

my happiness 30 (J). *' 19 step, going tf"VttJ, lltTN] n.f.


,

Gn

13

Lb.il.79ll.

(cf.

'

Ar.yM
irnr'K

')\,

Eth.
;

hvC:
:

footstep) only
5

sf.il^
3
2
;

Jb 23" Pr 14 16

Tflftj

^44";
of
S

VJE>K

V40 73 ^37", all 'poet. & fig. of


17
;

nzta

=Jj1 footstep, mark,

bwCl

(do.),

"ITIK,

iff

mode

life, etc.
Jb31 7
'

place, As. aSru, used (v. Kraetz.) both as a ' subst. there, where,' and as a relative of place 'where': in Heb. this development has ad-

T["HL N] n.f.
ntSte

step, going,

same usage,

vanced further, and

it

has become a relative

"!$Kf 17". TltTS n.pr.m. Asher


;

Jb 3 i

(Iiappy one, Felix,


'

may contain 6 161 1. son of (god) Asshur or Osiris, cf. Bae" ). 4 Jacob and Zilpah Gn 30 13 3 5 26 46 17 Ex i Nu 20 13 2. the tribe Gn 49 Nu i Dt 26" 1 Ch 2 2 31 s6 s3 1011 34 13 24M Jos 17 17 19 Ju i 5 6 7 1 27 33
cf.
.

Ph. rPBHBW, which however

K
;

4
i

16

Ch

12 36

Ch 30 Ez 4 8 2 3;M
11
-

;
-

31 40 1 Chf"io 26 26 M47 34 s7 Jos 19 s4 -\m nap Nu i 41 2 s7 13 13 Jos 21 630 1 Ch 6 47M 3. n.pr.loc. city E. of Shechem Jos 17 7

f^

'J

Nu
.

40

2 s7 7 72

The chief objection to this sign generally. explanation is that it would isolate Heb. from the other Semitic languages, in which pronouns are formed regularly from demonstrative roots ZMG1886 2. according to Phi also Nb '). (cf. *"* NoU B " lm Hel,r st - n for iffc, deSperling relative E> (q.v.) by (i) the veloped from the a merely prosthetic X, or, prefixing of either tetter, a pronominal X (giving rise to CN, the form of the relative in Ph.), and (2) the addi1-

'

tion of the demonstr. root 7 [found also in

t>N,

t "n\r>K adj .gent.

c.

art.

'K? as

n.coll.

Ju i 32

f^N, n$>n (q.v.), i^jji he who, Art: wlw (pi.)]: the main objection to this explanation is the

6 torntfN, in'N na Ez 2 7 (rd. DneterB with Hi MV Co al., cf. foil.) box-wood Bo

t -rt&Stri n.f box-tree (on form cf. Sta 19 13 Is 4 1 60 Ez 27* (cf. supr.) a small evergreen about 20 feet high, growing on Lebanon, tree
5 :

change of b to "I, which is hardly rendered of probable by the comp. of Syr. \oiet by side 1 seems preferable, the primiTarg. N??^.
tive root having acquired different significations in the different Semitic languages, and been weakened in Heb. to a mere

(Others sherbin, a species of cedar distinguished by the smallness of its cones and the upward direction
,

Bo

Tristr

N"-

Hlst -

E"

,-

3S9

so 33

RV.

having

of its branches,

cf.

Thes RobGes.)
2

tmttHrrPttJN t t" -: -:
Schr

17" n.pr.f. Ashera

c. sign for deity, in Ca(As. n.pr.f. As-ra-tu, naanitish n.pr. Abad-Asratum, servant of A. Th<"",",mmd, B1Am*rM ZA1888M3

sign of relation, particle of relation). it into relabringing the clause introduced by tion with an antecedent clause. As a rule is a mere connecting link, and requires to be the grammars) by a pron. supplemented (see such as Of, defining the affix, or other word,

"^

ii.No.77,1.9^

cf. Wkl & Abel & gay ce BF2.H.67,UL71.


,

Qn deriv.
'

Cf.

As.

aiirat, adj. fem. gracious, *): usually with the art. prob. a. a Canaanitish goddess
:

COT

08

nature of the relation more precisely: e.g. Gn " i3~iJHT IS'K lit. as to which, its seed is in it 1 4 in which is its seed, ijr I like the chaff nn 13S'in~K5'X as to which, the wind drives it =which the wind drives, etc.; & so Of. .IB*

of fortune

& happiness ; having prophets i K 16 13 21 7 sacred 18 19 , an image i5 =2 Ch 15 2

etc.

=where, D^t? Sometimes also


.
.

.y*=wlience, Gn
(v.

2" 3 a 20"

infr.)

the relation

TOM
expressed by
causal, etc.
it is specifically

82
temporal, local,
antece-

"TOM
he made, 3' the tree fan Tjina IS'S which is the midst of the garden, etc. b. after words denoting time, place, or manner, so that ~W% then becomes equivalent to when, wliere,
in

More
includes

particularly
its

1.
dent,

it

pronominal

whether in the nom. or obi. cases, 6 as Nu 22 1NV ikn -KW1 and he whom thou cursest is cursed, Ex4 12 and I will teach thee TfTfl "IBS*! that which thou shalt say; and with particles or prepositions, as "IS*?* 1"IN
(ace. to the context)
tliat

why:

(a)

Gn 6
2

etc. (cf.

Ch 35 20 ) 45 6

nB>K I? *XJ* afterwards, when, there are still 5 years

which...; "V-hQ to

him who..., those who..., him who... Gn 43 16 to


,

v*V} P$? yfe when there shall be no plowing, Jos 14 10 i'k 22*; after Off or Din Dt 4 10 Ju s 25 14 4" 1 S 24 (v. Dr) 2 S 19 Je 20 al.; simiGn 40 13 ((3) Gn 35 13 inx nan nata Dipraa larly
.

tltose

who

...

i6 ao
7

2Si8 18
s

1P1XD M\i\> to
Is

nt5>KD Ju to tliat which 27 47 than those whom; LV27 24 ~f^2 him from whom he bought it, Nu
, ;

in the place where he spake with him, v 14 39 20 Nu I3 27 2 2 26 Dt i 31 in the desert which thou
sawest, where (accents

Ke Di),

8 15

iK8'
v.

(unless

?'y? like him against whom 5 ; 24 there is a creditor. 2. instances of "Wi


fa N2>3
1

"

nnan
Is

nSrrb has here fallen out:


10

&

Dt 9")

55" 64

f84

4
.

So(y)in "#* b$

to (the place)

or by QB>, nDK*, DBto, are so common that the exx. cited above will be sufficient. Very rarely there occurs the
affix,

followed

by a pron.

anomalous constr. "f*K D?


12

Gn

32

31

for to? nB>S<

(see

for

Gn 44), f*M Is 47 for DH3 40 f 119* dn^..,*^ EZ23


:

jfa, "0t see under

32 Ru I ; yfofyfa ,6 8 every (place) whither Jos 1 Pr 1 7 ; nB>SQ in where tJu s 27 17 89 1 S 23 13 2 8 (the place) Rui 1617 Jb 393, once only with Uf Gn2i 17 ; ?ba wheresoever Jos i 7 9 Ju 2 16 1 S 14 47 18 5

which (or whither)


to

Ex

s4

16

yfe

2S7

K 18

7
;

IB'KD /rom
<

(the place)

wtere=

nt?X Pp.

It is followed

nomin., in the foil, mostly before an adj.

by the pron. in the cases: (a) immediately,

n whencesoeveriTLx5 Jlxi2 >; "V^jj"?? to(the place) whither (or which) 2 S 15 s0 1 18 12 ;

K
-

or

ptcp.,

Gn

"f*ip$"^S
c.

all

Je

7
.

(8)

moving things VI'MWl IK'S which are

Lvn Nu 9
26
18

living,

13

14

827

35

31

2K25" (HJC52 25
s6
;

n\n)

Ru 4" Ne 2 Ec 7 before a vb. 2 K 2 2" (omitted 2 Ch 34 21 ). (b) in a negative sentence, at the end: Gn 7 2 1 7 12 Nu 1 7' Dt 1 7 15 KWl ym t6 yfc
who
20

Dt 2050 1S10 19 (v. Dr) 8 19 9 Je27 EZ43 Hgi

that or J s 5 4 1 K 1 extreme instances Lv I4 22 30 31

...T^K

iyp

fit

this is the reason


1
27
.

w%

more

Nu

is

||.

not thy brother, 20 15 N.B. V 16 3 Mf\ jnN3

Ju 19 12 1 K 8 4l Tfa Lb an unpa||

20 32 15 (wherewith), 28 1 S 2 (wherein), 1 Is 8 12 (where nDN* would be (about whom), 6 foil, normally by v), 31 turn ye to (him as to) whom they have deeply rebelled, 47 16 Zp3 n Ec 3 9, 1 1 4 19 (=how). d. it is dispensed with

Dt 7 19 K 2 s6 Ju8
,

6 21

only in appearance after

('31

"^nON) 1DK *Kfa

ralleled expression for 'who are in the land'; non jna rd. '51 'the saints that

TW

followed by the words used, its place being really taken by a pron. in the speech which
follows, as

are in the land, they (nDil) are the nobles, in 3. sometimes (though rarely) whom,' etc. the defining adjunct is a pron. of 1 or 2 ps. as well as of 3 ps. In such cases it is strictly to be rendered I who ..., thou who, etc. Ho 1 4* Din; Drrv iJ3-V^N thou by whom the fatherless
;

manded
it,

Ex

Gn 3 17 the tree as to which I comthee saying, Thou shalt not eat from 22 8 Dt 28 s8 Ju 7 4 (flj) 8 16 (where the noun
Dt 9 2 )
5.
.

repeated takes the place of the pron., cf. 16 4 12 iB9 B (ng +; cf. 2 s 11 2K17 21
*HfT|

sts.

in poet. 6.

= one

who, a
4

man who (men


45

82 /, whose covenant compassionated! Je3i 19 23 Is 49 Jb 37 17 thou whose they brake, 32 garments are warm..., canst thou? etc., 1^71 nM 12 15 144 we whose sons, etc., 139 my frame was not hidden from thee, nriDa >l?|fl ftt / v)ho was wrought in secret (= though 7 was 13 wrought in secret), EX14 for ye who have seen the Egyptians to-day, ye shall not see them again for ever! (cf. Vmi 9)4- the a. defining pron. adjunct is dispensed with

is

who),

Saris, o'lTivtt,
17
.

''

(Hi) 15

W
1

^ 24

55

20

95

Jb 4 19 5 s 9 s

occas. receives its closer

definition

word of *
(b)

it, in other antecedent is inserted in the rel. clause (a) in the phrase peculiar to Je., b* '" nan n;n IB* that which came (of) the

by a

subst. following

words,

its logical
:

to Je. t'14
4

46 47 49
30

s4

(cf.

Ew' 334)

Ex
201
;

25

:pna DB>
Di*

Nu 33 1 S 25 M^rTIi Ez 12
9
25

2
cf.

K
30

8'

12 6 bbb
13

the Eth. usage

represents the simple subj. of a sentence, or the direct obj. of a vb.: so con1 ng>X which stantly, as Gn 2 the work
nb^f

when

"S'K

50 1 S 25 (c)(antec. rei>eated)Gn 4 9 s Is 54 (prob.) as to which I sware ('' repeated), which I take up over you (as) that, etc.,
,

s9

Ams
7.

a dirge.

na'K

tttat

(belongs, belong,

-HtfM
belonged) to, is used a. either alone or preceded "i'S to express (all) that (belongs) to, as Gn
1

83

1tt>N
to confess Lv 5' 26**, jrajf*ri (caused to swear that .); after a noun Is 38' T3ta niKH the 2 20 9, ?) with sign that (|| growing frequency in late Hebrew, 2 Ch 2 7 and esp. Ne Est: Ne 2 s10 7 M (= Ezr 2 W 8" "

n^nn

iK"
:

by

23

Tp-ffr

P|9 of

all

that

is <Atne,

'

31
24

TBtoO

C^Kp

of that which

was our
wtacA

father'*,
/i

32

& sent
b.

over i?~TB>K"nx

</(a<

Aad,

+ oft.

as a circumlocution of the genitive, as Gn 29 rPDsb -IB* JNSn-Dy with the sheep that were

10" 13"*" Est 1"


4

Dn

her

father'*,

6 8 40 47* Lv 9 Ju 6"
31

S 25' D*?rn

11 2 3 4 6' 8" Ec 3" (TBtoD) contrast Ru 2") \ mx &* (with 3iD 9' 8 8 i (y) prefixed to a direct citation, like

10

18

iS'ts'K,

2S14
1

'brBte ni^nrrnK, 23 s

1K1
49

833
s

Y"TJ%j ^^ISl ?y upon mine own mule, v 4 10 1 1 2 16 13 Ru 2 2 '; and esp. in the case of a

(=5ri recitativum) (rare) 1 S 15 2S1 b. it is resolva(v. Dr) iff 10* (prob.), Ne 4". 4 ble into so that : Gn 1 1 7 WDE ? t6 TB>X o */ia > 16 14 they understand not, etc., 13 2 2 TDK '-i;5>N go
'? q.v. 2*
4

s0

compound expression depending on a 5 43 genit., as Gn 23" 40 41 fc^f^ "5^??

single

that

it is said,
1

Ex

20 26 Dt 4 10 40
-

*|b
'it

3D"

na*N 6 3
18 4

*WP

28 2751

K 3 1213 2 K 9

s7

Mai 3".

c.

has a causal

the chariot of the second rank which he had, Ex 38 30 Ju 3 20 6 M 1 S 17 40 2 1 8 TfK D'jnn T3K

PINEO the mightiest of Saul's herdmen, 24 s

iWWyjte ^vt?n"S)33-n?, 2 S 2 Saul's captain of the host, 1 io 28 15 20 22 31 Je 52 17 Ru 4'. C. with names of places(esp.suchasdo not readily

* force, forasmuch as, in that, since: Gn 30 31 and Mizpah.TDK ^'JXfor tliat he said, 34 1327 42" we are guilty, U^SO TE>X w ioAo saw (or, in that we saw), Nu 20 13 Meribah, because they strove 81 7as 22 Ju 9 17 1 S 2 a 1 5" 20" there, Dt 3" Jos 4

go in peace,

WV30

Tg>K

forasmuch as we have

admit the
15

st.

cstr.)
hill)
9

Ju 18 28 19 14

fV$$ TE^N nyaan


1S17 iK Comp. bf (q.v.)
1

Gibeah (the

of Benjamin, 20 4
3

s6 ** sworn, 25 <A<n* rc/iom ( or, seeing <Aa<) hath withholden, 2 S 2 5 blessed are ye of '\ B^lflj TSW, wAo (oiiwi) have done (or ire Aa<

17 19 2K14". IgW 16 which in Rabb., like the Aram, -yi, -'%-?,


in habitual use as a

ye have done),
1

3" 15

K 12

17

s8

23

Je

mark
**J,

of the genitive.
7,

is

De Now). Here also belongs 10 its use in neb TB>K since why ...?(= fes<) Dn 1
Ec
:
:

6 13

8 1112 (Hi

N.B. In Aram,

also

?,

without

expresses

v.
v.

sub neb.
sub
J3

On H
?y
'P.
:

h? TEta forasmuch as Jb 34 s7
d.
it

the gen. relation, as 6*3?K)~, "7 NO??, lit. the word, that of the king=the word of the king. The few apparent cases of a similar use of "it^X are,

(rare

that
27

= w/ii
29

& peculiar) LV4 22 KDnj tofco -efc


(or i/) a ruler sinneth (v

expresses a condition jn case ) (


313 27
-

DN),
34

however, too foreign to the general usage of the language to be regarded otherwise than as due to textual error : 1 S 1 3" read TDK TE>i;j
(or
Dfc>

NU5
1 1
28

Dt (explained differently by *), and the blessing WO^fl TS>!< tyye hearken
22

Ew"

Ex
f,

bipcq (
s2

ttire)
10

n&V (
(as
||

hnhytfr); 2
14

K 25

supply supply n with

1 1

25

Je 52 ) ; 2 Ch 34 read T]ban 1DK "IB^I ( c f. and those whom the king appointed (abbre) B b viated from 2 K 22"); cf. Ewf *' with note.
8.
TE>K.

21 IB'K wA7 Ges, Jos 4 . . . 4 6 8 they ask ... , then . (v ^S), Is 3 1' . In s4 v 35 37 ) ">0< may be ren2 Ch 6 '3, cf. (||

(v

DK), 18

pW
B

'1

dered indifferently because or when. Once, 31 1 K 8 e. perh. (ex(|| DK). similarly, ^P

becomes, like Aram.

"I,

?,

a conj.

Is54 (sq. J3 ; ceptionally) =TBfoj3, a s, Je 3 3 but |3 q.v. sts. stands without ns?N3, &ntW may
in these passages connect with what precedes) s 106 34 (in a connexion ace. to some also Je 48
;

approximating in usage to '?: thus 9,.=-quod, on, that, subordinating an entire sentence to a verb of knowing, remembering, etc. (a) with
flK

Dt

r 9 forget not

HBVpn

TSW*
etc.,

m
29
' 1

the fact that


15

(=Jiow) thou provokedst, 19 20 2 S 1 1 know ye not 24" shoot from off the wall?

Jos

10

TMfa 2K8

DX how they
2

where ~W$3 would be more usual "W? may HKT however be the obj. of TDK). In 1 S DTXn rd.TS'K3 v. Dr. f. combined with preps.,

^
iy,

T^

TB'K

converts

them

into

15 19 1 Of time 1 4 2 K 14 20 15 +2 S 1 4 TB>K nny now (is it) that (peculiarly) Zc8 20 (prob.) yet (shall it be) that...?3*; cf.

As subj.

(rare)

Is38
.

+ oft.
. . .

conjunctions
T3-1

see

20

below, 1?K3,

-\2ta3,

T3*?D.

On its use similarly


pc, jypp,

withTns (Tq),
,

'If*?,

Tp,

Byp? Ct 3 (/3) mon, '3 being usually employed)


B>
.

without

)")K

(not very com:

B3, Ty, T3*KC, with H interrog., occurs once, 2


i>y, 3i?y,

'JSO, nnri, see these words.

K 6a

after

ST Ex
,

Ez 20 26 (very strange in Ez v. Hi) Jb 9 5 15 31 12 (Ew De Di) Ec 8 P.KT Dt i (RV) 1 S 18


1 1
7
:

Note 1. TB>K being a connecting link, without any perfectly corresponding equivalent in Engl., its force is not unfreq. capable of being

84
See e.g. represented in more than one way. s 12 2 S 2 (above 8 c), Is 28 unto whom lie said, or for that he said to them.

DM
t]VW?N
n.pr.m. a

man

of

Judah
1

(perh.
11 ' 2
.

fr.

T\W&=ejfeminate or uxorious)

Ch
i

Note

2.

The opinion that

IB'K

has an as4

tvioPtw
city in

Jos 21",

ybntTN

s 30 s8

ch

severative force (like '3, q.v.), or introduces the apodosis, is not prob., being both alien to its

M im 6 nfoflttJN Jos I5 n.pr.loc. Levitical


1'

not required by the passages Render Is 8'20 either ' Surely ace. to alleged. this word will those speak who have no dawn,' or ' will they speak iohen (cf. supr. 8 d Dt 27 1 1 Jos 4 21 ) they have no dawn.'
general usage
.

&

mountain-country of Judah, south of "L 8" 484 " ** <a Survey Hebron, mod. Semu v. Rob 15S 17.19 403 fa it a p pears as n .p r j Cn 4 B(J Pal. man of Judah. (On the form, cf. sub ^iNn^SJ.)
.

I.

ntps n j9

a. in (that)
;

which ... Is 56* 65"


;

nanx tNu 2Z 33

JIN, with makk.TlK, with suff. Vlfc; Trff, nanx tEx 29 s5 fem. 'nns; 'nps,
, ,

66 4 (supr. 1) 12 l8 47 (v. 2).


-

which (4 c) b. adv. in (the place) where: c. conj in that, inasmuch as, supr. 4 b (y). 8 s 23 d. t Jon i f*$S Ec f 8 4 ; cf. ^. fGn 39 ^P? on account of whom 1 (? "IB^i on account
3' in (that, in)
.

Ec

W
Ex
45

etc.;

2 pi.

16 D?J, once DaniS Jos 23

3 mpl. 20 1 8
;

regularly DriK, rarely

Onm

tGn32'

Nu 2 1 3 Ez 34

12

Ch 6 s0

once DnrfiX Ez

of,

framed on model of Aram. ?H3

v.

sub

?B>).

->N3
"YdTNft
them,

v.

sub
a.

3.

from
.

(or than) that


'

which (him,

etc., that

Lv 4 M)

.)

Gn 31 Ex
1 .

29

s7 27

Nu 6" (see
. .

30 . Jos 10" Ju 16 Is 47 13 + ; than that 11 a b. adv. from (the tEc 3 ; ffcD "n!> f Est 4

23 3 fpl., on the contrary, regularly jnnx 54 Ez 83* (13 t.), once ft* Ez 16 (also rnrflK runs Ex 35 26 njniK Ez 34 21 ) forms with cAokm also oft. written plene : the mark of the accusative, prefixed as a rule only to nouns that are definite (Moab. id., Ph. fVK i.e. n>K p 213f rp freq. in %; Syr. %i ); Aram, (Schrod rare as mark of accus. (for which "^ is very but used often in the sense of subpreferred),
,

place) where

:
.

(the fact)

tliat

C. conj a (j3). supr. since tls 43*.


. .

from

stance

oicria,

also in that of self, e.g.

l^o

found, establish!) t[tCt^] ( i_r^"' " Hithpo. WWtnn) Is 4 6 ( der & above by S Jer Hi Kn De MV, /tio yourselves firm, but) rd. perh. ttjf^BJ Lag Che, v. Bfla (Thes expl.
-

c f-

per AftT
is

sibi ipsi, se, reapse, otfcJ^.


;

PS

1Mof
-,

Sam.
it

Ar.

VjI

only used with

sf.,

when

desired to emphasize the pronoun, e.g. Qor 4 Mi,im. uses \\S\ Jaya similarly, i [Eth. Di S150 *; but it is dub. if this is etymologicaliy

as

denom. from E*N; on other views

cf.

Di).

akin.]

The primitive form

will have been


-

tnttrttJM n.f. (pressed) raisin-cake 'K S 6" 1 Ch 16 3 distributed, with other viands,

with foil, gen., 01 p 'iwyath, orig. a subst. a parallel development with whether ultim. AG1 5188 niN sign from -/iTlN is uncertain: 01
;

432

to people ; esp. as stimulating, pi. rffcWN Ct 1 s 2 ; more explicitly D"3J$! "&&R Ho 3 used 1**''-'"-'- 7 'B*ete sacrificial feasts (cf. RS in ); 7 ^?Q.n "^P Is 16 i.e. the raisin-cakes which were

Lag"'-*

affirm,

N6 ZMG1888 738
'

the ground-form is being abbreviated.

In Heb. doubts. the forms with e, e ftfX In postB Heb., used in


;
:

an article of trade at Qir-hareseth (taken by Thes al. foundations, i.e. foundations exposed by ruin, from [B*?*?] with such a meaning).

combination with another prep. thus iniK3 Di>n=Bibl. wnn Di3, nytfn nrfiX3; or as a
nomin., e.g. B&WJ Wx=Bibl. th$l. 1. As mark of the accus. prefixed to substs. a genithe art. defined either 73), or by
tttnn
-

new v.

nuta sub III. EOK.


s3

t frtMTIttJM Jos 1 5 + 2 1., VafltfN Ju 1 3* + 3 t. n.pr.loc. (in form like the inf. of the Arab. vm. conj. from i'KB': so jfori^K from VO&. Perh. Arabic-speaking tribes may have
settled in parts of S. of Judah) city of Danites in the fvBB' of Judah, named with H^njf Jos
s6 31 2<ul s3 ; perh. mod. 'Bshu' 5 1 9" Ju 1 3 1 6 1 8 p,1 "- 13,MS tt Guerin . Survey"'

by (or tive or pron. affix, or in virtue of being proper 116 29 30 names: a. with transitive verbs, Gn i
2
11

12

9 (:^3-nS) etc.

Jos (in particular),

24"

whom Similarly 8 3 28 11 Is 6 al. I S 12

V$

with nj Gn 29 4 4 (but never nVIX); also s7 T\ti) Gn 29 2S I3 S7 , iS 21 18 18 18 So pretty nVx Gn 46 Lv ii Is 49" +

s3

29

iKm'+,

fJjbHtflA V \ T

adj. gent. "

c.

art.

VQ T

as n.coll.

iCh2

s
.

is comuniformly in prose ; but in poetry nx monly dispensed with. By the use of nx with the pron. affix, a pron. can at once, if required, be placed in a position of emphasis ; let the order of words from this point of view be care-

rm
fully noticed in the

85
1
:

37 Lv 10" her I had kept

5 5 one called) his name Enoch, 17 (P), 21 (E) 1 18 13 Hoio 6 etc., to Je 27* 2S21' 1 35* 4 a 3 JI h t 3 8 5 o 'Ez 1 6^E S t2' (cf.Dr : ) alsowith

) conceived as expressing neutrally the action in question, and construed accordingly with an accus. of that which is its real object: exx. occur with tolerable 18 frequency from Gn 4 and there was called (= (J) l|bn inip-nN

Ew i295b

thou wilt take that, take 35 9 s2 i it, 1 14 Is 43 57" J e 9 \ So 'niKn +Je 5 s * 7". It also sometimes enables the reflexive sense to be expressed (elsewhere DB>33) Je 7 19 Ez 3 4 2 Barely with a subst. which In undefined (Ew' OT " Ges 117IB 2 as Ex 21 28 Nu ), 9 21 18 Lv 20 14 1 S 24 s (but v. Dr) 2 S 4" 18 21 or which, though 23 is without definite, 16 s the art., Gn 21 s0 2 S 3 15 Lv 26 1 S o (so Nu 16 15 ) Is 33 19 41 7 Ez 43' (for further exx. v. Ew 1211 b. with a passive verb I.e.) (Ges*
if

VB n $TQf

passages Gn 7 24" 22 32 thee I had slain, and 14 6 13 23 13* J u 14 3 alive, Dt 4 ?i N take forme Ar, 1S14 35 15 i8 17 2i 10
foil,

33

Nu

Zc
In

29<b 3 VJ'C 2 fDn 4Ne ( Co prefix Wn).' Ec 4


7

8' 7
1

S30
37

23

Hg
x

nyiCCM

remember is Kb l9b

9"" Ch 2' 2 Ch 3 prob. some such word as to be understood. (0) J e ,8' Ez


9
1

'

A
'

Z ^li
a
.

Zci2';
(i *

? la )-~

Mo ,K6' Ez 43 the clause: sta ? ,r merely and and K also,


s
l
}

m
is

>s

especially (v. J);

v tt

to the use of 1 riN, see A. M. Wilson """ 13'* 2"* (who, however, confuses it sts. with II.

- z47 TJE] rift-a* ngnn rd . similarl for nw, : see v.-For some particulars as
1718

nw

n% E

corrupt (rd. with

For denoting the pron.


suff.

obj. of

vb.,

m with

flN)

preponderates relatively much above the verbal affix in P, as compared with JE Dt Ju 2AW188I!B8 S (v. Giesebrecht '), partly, probably, on account of the greater distinctness and

precision which

loves.

H^J

11
suff.

*P&

P reP-

withwith makk.TlS, with


etc. (also,

^W, ^m,

Dim

WK, and

similarly ^jrilNO,

'

"^

WD etc.), first

however, tyfc,
in

pass. vbs. of filling

(Ew

!281b
),

as

Ex

+.

c.

Jos io 25 i4 IS, next 2S24 24 ; then repeatedly (but not exclusively) 1 K 20-2 8, & in Je Ez, e.g.
1

Ne q 32 (cf. i S 20 Dr). Once after ft?, Hg 2 TO t% d. poet, (si vera 1.), after an
13

with neuter verbs or expressions, esp. such as involve the idea of regarding, or treating, appy. 25 by a constr. Kara alveviv Jo 22 17 2 S
(rare),

K 20
3

25

15 Wl?) 2Ki

11 -

io 16

19

10

20 n Ez
,

(but v am) 12 26 6 16 (beside


-

23

2 27

8 - 21

(beside

WKD)
116

8 8 Je 2
(v. infr.

io 17 23

37

17

^m

1 d; also Is 59 21 Gn 34 2 al, v. sub


1'

contr.
33B>,

Gn 17*: on ^N 33B> & c f. Dr 8- "*") prep,

13 noun used with a verbal force, fHb3 11 19 (Am 4 Is 13 Je 50 40 naanp exerts a verbal

abstr.

force, like the

Arab. nom. verbi

[v.

AG1

IM

-];

and

Nu
2.

io 2 Ez 17 9 VDd|), niKB>!> are Aramaiz:

denoting proximity (syn. D?; Ph. riN, e.g. CIS 3 8 DSB1 MM 33B13 nis p< tib let there not be for them a resting-place with the shades ; As. itti (perh. akin to ittu 'side,' Dl PrI,s

ing infinitives

cf.

Ew' 239 *).

KAT 2498
that

but

cf.

No ZMQ * <).

Hpt
as

Not found

accus. in other relations than that of direct obj. to a verb: a. with 17 7 verbs of motion (very rare) 13 Dt 1" 2

nN marks an

yet in the other cogn. languages: but cf. Eth. ATI": 'enta, towards, which supports the view

Nu

n
to

'

(to

Ju 19

walk the wilderness'); denoting the goal 18

VfUN

for 'int [cf. 1W, Wl] mee 01 " 431 Prat 2 * 07* 643,
is

p er h. from

Ez 21 25 (Ew'"*"-"").

b. denoting
7 22

1.

Of companionship,

Lag "'**).

together with:

Gn6 13
of
,

time (duration), also very rare: Ex 13 LV25 Dt 9 20 c. expressing the accus. of limitation 1114 23 1 K 15 (rare): Gni7
.

behold, I destroy them JHKrrnK together with 31 the earth, r2 4 + oft., esp. with verbs

3. Chiefly in an inferior or later style, (or T1X1) is used irregularly, partly (a), as it would seem, to give greater definiteness (so esp. ONI) at the mention of a new subject (when

nx

3 11 4 dwelling, abiding, going, etc., as Ju i 14 19 in the phrase iflK "IB>K Dyn Ju 4 " & 71 9 20 4 1 S 14 ' 30 etc. ; thou, and thy sons l\m

with thee

it may sometimes be rendered as regards), or through the influence of a neighbouring verb (a cstr. Kara avvtaiv), or by an anacoluthon, partly Thus (8) as resuming loosely some other prep. 2646 10 (a) Ex 1" NU3 5 (within; so Ez 35')

6 18 ; similarly (3rd pers.) 7' 13 8 18 8 ,D,r124 9 al.(charact. of P: Dr ); n'riStfrrnK r\bnm

Gn

walk with God, i.e. to have him as a coma course of life pleasing (sc. by adopting M 69 JIN ^nnn lit. 1 S to him) Gn (cf. 25");
to

panion

by
in
2

the side of, like Is 4 5", eqvally

vnth

Lv 26 s9

J0S17 JU20 (anacol.), 14 25 36 34 16 22 1 S 17 2 S 2i 2 65 (contr. v ) (v. Dr) 26 12 J s 53 s Je 23 s3 (but rd. rather with (prob.), 57 s s2 16 4b !l* Nfcen Ez Kt, 4 5 38 QRg) 27 36
-

Nui8

2,b

Dtn

13

11

44 ' 46

common

in partic.

with Je

23

28b
(cf.

DV 1

e,

f ). Hence,

a. with for the

purpose of help:

Nu^'UriK^, J0S14 12

K6

(VtfK,as
is

16

32

*9 ''m 'D

who

on

my

Je2o") Jul" side, who?

86
Is 63 12 our lips are with us, on our side ; in the phrase 'b 2 S 14" 2 Je 26"; Nfco
3K

n
g"

^m

"3 Is

43

Je i 1M,

UPIK

HD = what

luxve

wef

25
27

s9

Is 49
8

my

m
1

t
.

(nirn)

15"

right is with Jehovah (contr. 40 ), the light of mine eyes also 'HK J'N
;

Je8 ^38"

)"IK

to bear together with,


17

i.

e.

to assist

Ex

8 s2

with the help of: Gn Exceptionally, ' ,_ nx with the help 4 for I have gotten a man 45 25 of'* (cf. Dy 1 S 14 ) 49 (where, however, the

Nu 11

i. e. is gone from me, Pr 3 s8 8 18 in his power, Je 10 5 a^n 6 DniS |'X is not in their power, perh. 1 2 A
-<\r
.

Sam. favour 8 M b. beside cf. Est 9 "B? nf?1) Mi 3 (Germ. 6en): Gn 39" nDIKO WK VT *6 he knew not with him, beside him, aught (i.e. Joseph man8 23 aged everything), v Ex 20 "RK (*^J f6 ye c. besides shall not make (aught) beside me. 16b and before in the presence of (rare): Gn 20 8 In this all thou shalt be righted, IS30 M16 , d. sense 'B , S "R? is more freq., v. sub Q ?B.
parallelism,
<B
'"IB*

&
j

7N1 for

is said to be n&? wn'<A dream, or the word of 12 a prophet, 2 Je 23 27 18 3 Metaph. of a mental quality, Pr 1 1 2 13 10 b. in one's know-

ffl

12 , ledge or memory: I859 WRX ^ VB'S our transwith us, i.e. present to our minds gressions are

(||

whom

aejrv wrtrtjn), Jb 1 2 n^x-ios ptpo-nK with are not (i.e. who knoweth not? Wt oi
I4'?|J?K i.e.

o-woiSe;) things like these?

known

to thee,
thee, as
[2

Pr 2 1 Gn 40 14 Je 12 3 (Ew Gf towards 1 d y). So OaE>BrnK tM Gn 23 s


'i

3.

K9

15

alone],
is

of intercourse of different kinds with another, or cone.g. after verbs of making a covenant
tract, or (less often) of
(a)
1

Dy

4 b,

^(rnsj

K 10".

Comp.

which

more frequent

in this sense.

4. T1KQ

(>riHO, etc.; also

-rfKD, v. p. 85)

speaking or dealing:
60

Gn 9
1

19

is

17
cf.

(EZ16

Is

21

59

-DiK)

Josio 4
is

K3

etc.;

1S2"

(but here

VlKO fnbn

from proximity with (like Gk. itapa with a genit., Fr. de chez; in Syr. Arab. Lo^. ^o, ilc
correspond.

<S X Ke prob. to be read with Dt 1 8 3). ()3) Gn 1 42 30 ttW5 ns<

We

etc., cf.
1

TM,

K8

15

\fr

109

2
,

&
to

esp. in Je and

Ez

^]5
Gn
;

EZ2

16 s 4" [52 (as Jei 5 4 all -nix); 14 44

Synon. OJN?; see below): coupled almost always with persons (contrast DJ??, a). Thus a. with nji? to buy Gn 25 10 + oft. (cf. 1 7 s7 );

perform kindness J1K (E? is here 20 17 2 Zc genl.), 2 S 16 ^STriK VflQ *% Ru 30 9 27 Jui i njn n*trtp^) nflg), Dt i 10" iS 7 14 26 29 89 24, i2 7b (-rriK) Je 21 2 33 9 Ez7 27 i6' 22 23 39 44 21 19 abs. Ez 17 17 20 \jf 109 Zp 3 ; (y) in a pregn. sense, (in dealing) with, i.e. towards (rare): Is 66 14 ^ 6f WIK V3B ito make his face to shine
24

49

Gn 42 24 Ex 25 s Lv 25 36 Nu 1 7 17 + oft.; Nfc'J s 8 ^ 24 nW, as Gn 8 WN1? nji'H-nK n^l and


ngb
;

more

he sent forth the dove from with him 26 s7 ?pn Gn26 31 1 K18 12 2036 Je 9 of a wife deserting
; 1
,

her husband Ju 19 2 frWBJ ^Fll, Je 3 (cf. Is 57 s ); with sim. words Gn 38 1 Dt 2 8 iKii" Je 2 37


'

(v.

EX5
16

iK2
'B *Ji

otA

(= toward) us (varied from ? Nu 6 ) Dt 28 s ; faithful wcfft V 7 g8 ( cf v37 D V J*3?). Ez 2<i


25
-

14 10 Is54 t\,66*>; with b*f Ju i 7 ^27 +,e'l 5 1K22 al., VQf IS2" DKD Gn 30 M Ex io" Jb 2 7 Lv io4

20

);

27

43

(B>-li3'n),

14

(n?an).

Hence b. of

rights or

(IjrfK);
-

Ju 16 15

WW
2

PU

*|ai>l.

(8) often

with

verbs of fighting, striving, contending, as Gn 2 8 9 i4 Nu20 ,s IS45 9 ' 508 ^35' Pr23"; with

BBK>EO K3
2.

14

143

(Is 3
19

al. DV).

handed over from, given on the part of, 22 any one: Gn47 njriB DSD ph; oft. in P, as Gn 23 20 Ex 27 21 a perpetual due Vj^ *&n& from, or on the part of, the children of Israel,
dues,

Of

localities, esp. in

the phrase

describing a site:
is

Ju

11

B^pTlK
s7

W
8
;

DX IB'N.
which which
21

LV7
v.
is

34 "

24
2

1 d)

Nu3 7 + Dti8 iS 2 (, etc.; 1 5 S fop ns?P IJ^TU yOBh but there


8 9 84
3 ,3
;

near Kedesh,

is

commoner
Qipo nin.
fo/

1 g 2 9 in this sense);

(cf.

Dy 2,

none to hear thee deputed of the king,


expressing origination:
''

K 5".

EZ43

Ex

33
16

C.

VW
or

Perh., anomalously, 1 S 7 at 23 all those places (but v. Dr); in 2 S 15

njnj tlben.

Esp.

DSC
:

of a concrete
1 s4

27

^'"IN

TIKO

DX

object

na-Isn-riX
anal.: rd.
1

fyj ^B-by, nx=ou/ards is against with L T3")Ba 1B^ OSJ fJJ VjET^y;
beside
it

proceeding from him Gn 35 31 11 (fire), (a wind), 16


Is 38' (a sign), Jesi 12 of wrath Zc 7 (cf.
53

(brimstone),

Nu

S 16 14
),

(evil spirit),

K9

s5
ttltjt

(sc.

the altar); butl^V 13

Nu 17

(wasters),
11

(dew); 4 teaching Is 51

Mis
1

etc.

would be idiomatic,

&

for

"ffi'K
20

WK

the
2
1
10

Klo

word of prophecy Je7*

(so

i8'

+ oft. in

proposes plausibly i#tCnX (v. Ex 30 ). 3. 'B ns denotes specially, a. in one's 16 29 possession or keeping: G1127 30 thou know.Tn -IB>K how thy cattle est ... TO *J?po 33 s3 2 13 3 fared with me, v Lv 5 19 Dti5 Jui7 1 S

Je) 37

17 Ez 33 30 ; with 'have I (we) heard' Is Ob 1 ); of an event, or phase 28 s2 Je49 14 ( 20 of history Jos 1 1 nJTH "> nso it came of* to ., 23 *> rn " nsp ( 1 12 24 Hb 2 13 v 118

napa Kvpiov) Ezr 9"


6 s8

Mi

12

Ne 6 ; of trouble (ny )) 2 of a good or evil lot, having its (T!})}

16

TEUTM
source in " Je 13* Is 54"

87

onnn
, ;

^ 2 2M

Qr ^XD of 30 Kt is WK 'I? who myself {cL an i/iavrov John 5 was with me 1), 54 15 'HiKO DSK not at my in;

'npnn iriKO /rom <Ae s4 (thou art the source of it); Is 44

109 cometh

s0

cf.

Jb

10
;

my praise

of earth, etc., personif. Is 41'; of time, morning n Is 21 12 years Jb 16 22 of weather 3h-tf ; of beasts, to devour Is 56* of

Pr
8

s7

Jb 3 come upon,

(sq. inf.),

c. sf.,

calamity of dominion Mi

stance

place

tiK6 s
iVote.

(cf.

'3D

&6 30

1
,

^BD t6 Ho
:

).

d. of a

(corrupt
cf.

rd.

with

33

[partly] flftT]
DJf:

mm, &

Ez 41 21 ).

OX expresses

closer association than

Pi. pi. fem. as subst. 4 (sq. IS). things to come, future things Is 41 s3 44? 45 11 Hiph. bring, Imv. D*> Vnn I s 21" bring water (on form, for V1KH c f. Di Ew' 14 " Ges'"-"1 1 ); Je 12' bring beasts, to devour.
. -

denotes hardly more than from the surroundings or belongings of, nXD expresses jfrora close proximity to. Thus Saul asks, UBjtt ?|pn ^D who has gone from (those) about us ? but Jacob, speaking of the
sts.

hence while DJ

fWH Ez
""jflti

tpiTN

Qr, pi-IN"' Kt, n.m.


rds.
,

entrance,

40"; Co
i
,,

[rm
v.

cf.

Sm

01"".

"TIN,

?N rT N

sub

II.

m.
8

loss of Joseph, says,

Gn 44** WKD iriKn

KS>1

and
cf.

+ Dn!SI n.pr.loc. (perh.= Egypt. Chetem,


Ebers 08821
20

the one

is

gonefrom with me.

J"IKD is

accord-

Ex

ingly preferred to DJrtD in the sense of origination or authorship; DND is not usual in the sense of DJ> c, nor DV in the sense of OSD b.

13

Nu

33

w Dm
;

but 'O0op,'od<o, cf. Lag "") in Egypt, place on edge of desert, so

'-

nana
riJN.

Nu 33 8

DriS

v.

sub
v.

t^ynriK n.pr.m. Ethbaal

(with Baal,

i.e.

btoriNt
1

sub
'

i>on.

living under B.'s favour; '106pa\os, EWafidKos j 08 A M .,iii.i 3 ,i. 2 .cA P.i >18 . on later king of li]e

? ( mn gj/lfc

Thes comps. Ar. take ^y\

name, in As. Tuba'lu,

v.

COT Gn
1

Sidon, father of Jezebel

K 16
-

31
.

io 15) king of

short steps, hut this appy. only by-form of JJI).

tpJ-lK

n.f.

" 45

'

23

she-ass (Ar. lfl, Aram.

"HriN n.pr.m.

1. one of David's captains, a panionable) 2 612 native of Gath 2 S 1 18 2. one of David's 30 mighty men, a Benjamite 2 S 23 M

(perh.

from

r\H

with=com.

*f&, MX}', As. aidnw) JTT1K 30 32 yhVL Nu 22 ; WHj Gn 49" +


-

Nu 2 2+ ro t.;
2
1.
;

tfw*
30'-'

Gn

i2 w + 2

pi. abs.

nahK

(in

iCh

31,

nt<).

t^NVVN
:b3N1
is

1. Pr
in

bwt6

-nan with

dnj

Vn^b,
v.

MT. n.pr.m.

(iprob.

me

taken as name of a son or pupil of Agur; but most moderns read b V*k TNJ& I have wearied myself ibffi

God:

01

S82c

) usually

42 ; 16 314 perty (constituting wealth) Gn 1 2 32" Jb i 12 30 cf. 1 Ch 27 ; so of the asses of Kish 8 t. 1 S 42 3.3. 6 2o io j.j.h.i.. as beastg of burden Gn45 B ; for 9 10 2122 2X4"; of Balaam's ass riding Jus Nu 22 S1 22 23 23:S 25,27 27 28 2930 30,32 33 14 t. Nu 2 2
.
' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '

12

rium J u 5'+ i 2 t.; niaint* Jbi 3 she-ass, as dam Gn 49 Zc 9'; as prot.;


11

]ni*,
:

rnjwi
v.

v.

sub

nat

(v.

^S?),

and am
in.

God, I have wearied myself, God, consumed. 2. a Benjamite Ne ri 7


.

njHN v t
'

run.

nN

v.

nnx.

28 ''PHN n.pr.m. an ancestor of Asaph iCh6 6 apparently identical with ''I) v


.

nnns, n,

vw
'

v.

sub nan.

gnK
,

v. II.

pn.

trT Db$ vb. come

(in
*-

Heb. only poet.) (Ar.


*"
1883 - 343

T [p^ri^] n.m. gallery, porch (deriv. uncertain)

J\

Sab. VIM

DHM ZMG m

Aram.
12

SriS
,

Ez

16

41

Kt

KiTpiJINI,

Qr KJUWlD-p^K EZ42
del.)
'jjj
; '

Dt33 Nn ? Is 2i v. Ges 22 !a 27 ;ipl.nKJe3 ;/M^/.nnKyb37 Pri 677 21 ww Dt33 (=nnK;icf.Di Kb'- ), nm is 4 i 25 s 2S sf. 3 mpl. vnsj 3 fs. nntw Mi 4 wikji Jb 3

Wr) Qal Pf S75R22

Co

(q.v.) rWtP.

tp^lN
41" Qr,
t
v.

n.m.

id.

pin Kt;

Ez 42 s 3 TM
.-

3
;

pi.

DWWJ (Co
Nu 2
1

CnnN

n.pr.loc. only

tH}

so
1

Twmj. mpl. VTO Is Is 4 1 nVnk Is 4 1 B + 2 1.; come, of fpl. men Dt33 21 V'68 32 L341 25 56 12 Am. =come now, 14 of men unto * with hostile purpose Jb 3c" 12 s2 of Dt 33 2 of ends Je 3 (sq. b) cf. Is 21

Jb i6

22

+2

t.;

JvriKjl

, perh. (Di) name of a caravan-route,

cf.

2i ls +2t,; P.

others (after X@) transl.icay vestige, footprint;


22 for D*TW1 is of the spies (cf. 13 ); but D^riKn and a locality would hardly highly improbable, receive its designation from the spies.

nrw
J"lJ"li*$ (?

88
iron, usually transl.
i

Lag
;ilso

"

"

\/of following, meaning dubious. * proposes -/n:x, whence he derives

S i 3 20

pi.

Ar. ^ll a tool used in tillage). fin. [n^>] n.[m.] a cutting instrument of

D3TIK Jo 4 10
i.e.

ploughshare sg. sf. frlK 4 a Is 2 =Mi 4 sf. S 13 21 5 ace. to Klo al. also 2 K 6 J^JST^
i
,

^m

the axe

of iron.

ral 2

2nd letter; post BHeb. nume!H, Beth, so in margin of printed MT); (and times. 2000; no evidence of this usage in

2
I.

5=

action refers to only a part of the object, as 3 nan to smite among ... i. e. to smite some '
of... (diff.

OT

from HSn with accus.); 3 31?

^7 8

31
;

2, prep,
fl:) ilai- i
1

in

(Moab.
suff.

3, Syr.

o, Ar.
s9

3 KKO
,

1"

Eth.

before tone-syllables in certain cases


)

to bear in, i.e. to share in bearing, 2 fU3 to build in or at Zc 6 15 Ne 4 4 ; al.;

Nu

(Ges

3,

with

%; 13 (Ex
and fem.
1

S 22

s0

3 Ti&y

Ex5

9
;

3 bvy

to labour

on Jon 4 10
16

!>3K,

^14 4 Jeif

H33), in pause
Kt'n'3), H3;

?]3;

*I3

(once,

U3; D33,

[[33];

DH3, D3

nena tEx 304 36 Hb i 16], jna ti S 31 7 [also 16 Ez 42" [15 times JO? (Fr MM2ffi ), and Is 38

3 nne> to eat or drink of Ju 13 Pr g"; 3 P^n c. specifying the to give a share in Jb 39 17 parts of which a whole consists (esp. in P)
.

Lv 5 s2 Nu i 3 Je 5 , njns]. Prep, denoting properly in, Gk. iv, but applied in many derived and fig. significations. The senses expressed by 3 are grouped by the
19 17

thrice,

1016 s3 17 Ex 12 Nu 31"-* Ho 4 17 7" 8 9 3. with ref. to the limits enclosing a space, 5 10 within: Ex20 TIV^'3 toithin thy gates, Is 56

Gn

19

Rabbis in three classes, y3n JV3 Beth vasculi, njWSni p*3 ]n JV3 Beth coniunctionis et viciniae, ~ $ ? n, 3 Beth auxilii; and the same arrangement may be followed here, though the limits between the three classes are not clearly defined, and they sometimes overlap one another.
,,;
l !

into^ns within my walls. 4. often pregn. with verbs of motion, when the movement to a 83 Gn place results in rest in it, into : after

n s3 8 17 to send Lv 1 6 ; in 9 Is 1 9 ; ID3Gn2 7 ; 2 7 7 '2 Ho 12 (an extreme 1 among Jos 2 3 3 to return (and rest) in thy God, case)
1

rw
.

Kn

3W

I.

In: 1.

strictly, of position

in a place

S 1 6 3 (unless H3p should be read, as v 7 ). 3 t?S? (with) eye (looking) into eye tNu 1 4 14 P5? 4 s 3 'S fj the eyes Is 52 D"?B3 D^B tDt 5
1
;

12

(which often is expressed more precisely by anpa, j'lns), as IV33 in the house, "VIB in the 3 in the land, etc. city, TTOJ in the pot, J*?.? Heb. idiom also says 1^3 in the constantly. mountain Ex 24 18 etc., even in cases where we could hardly avoid saying on, as 1K11'

are upon, both in favourable (Dt 1 1 s 6 5. Jb 7 s ) sense. ^r 101 ) and hostile (Am 9 1 to time, as Gn i O^IOS in the beginapplied
of
.

. .

inn etos Ex2 4 19": so 3-ih3 Dti" al.; 16 Preceded by a verb of motion (esp. yfr 72 6 13V) 2=through, as Gn i2 and Abram passed * w the land passed through it, through fl?? 10 s 17 13 2 S 24 + in(=through) agate, Is 62 Je Mi2 13. Fig. to speak 'JIN? in the ears 17" of...; to be good (or evil, etc.) ^J'J?? ' the 2. of presence in the midst of eyes of. s8 there was not a multitude t pmong, Ex 1 4 s6 2 S 15" left Dns among them even one, Lv 26
17
.

2 , ning; 2 y 3B'n D^'3 on the seventh day; Ju 8 S'nn n)B>3 in that year; & constantly. 6. 10 of a state or condition, whether material or mental, in which an action takes place: so
,|

oft.,
yfr

BpKlm

peace
T|pn to

Gn

13

15

!T)X3 in distress

91"; tens
JTJ3

walk in

his integrity;

Ex

19

5 predicate, denoting it as that in which the subj. consists, or in which it shews itself (the Beth esgentiae, common in Arabic, esp. with

in evil case.

7. 3 introduces the

a ptcp. or adj. and in a negative sentence Qor and God (appears) not as 2 79 Jili) ill
:

l*j

Ahitophel D^^pS i s among the conspirators, 1 8" mirp' ^{JO bb3. So 13 in thee (of 2

one remiss;

27

^~x*i+> _*
"):

\SJ

and they are

Israel,

coif.)

Dt '7 14

47
15'

18 10 23" 28"

from 1J3? beside thee LV25 35 ). Spec. a. of an Jos 14 15 individ., implying eminency among 18 Tabor among the mountains, 49 15 Pr30 30 Je46 Ctl" D'Bto na;n the fair one (=the fairest)
:

(diff.

homme]
pred.,

not believers [comp. French en A"" ,1S viz. a. v.


;

en
:

honnete

W
+

a primary

Ex

18 4 the

God
6

of
9

my

fathers

TJ$?
"O ^3

was

my

help,
<S

146
al.);

Ho

with
the

Che

f
+

13 68 5
.

(rd.

1^3
''

among women, La
v.

1
:

cf.

Luke

42
.

On

S 17 12

consists in Yah,
pi.

Jb 23 13 37 10

With

BJf his name the pred. in


J. is

Dr.

b. hence with

some verbs, when the

(as pi. maj.)

118 7 '^tyS

my

89
great helper,
54"
(v.

Che),

Jun

35
.

b.

D7?S3 with
ployed), Is

secondary pred.,

Ex6 3
as

and I appeared unto

arbitrators (arbitrators being


disciples,
1 1
19

emi.e.

them

unclean = while unclean, 28 Is 40 Kfr pjns he cometh as a s strong one, yjr 35 v. De) and rise as my help, v 16 30 7 (where up 26 32 55" Pr 3 Jb 36 (De). c. a pred. as accus.,
as one
62
,

God Almighty, Nu 26 s3 s 16 n ?P^3 as an inheritance, 14 34 Ez46 47 Dt io 22 26 14 I have not put away therefrom NCC3
*J|J

i>K3

8" :ne!>3 with iny them present; Ex 8 113 Jo having


a tree with
its

10(1^3 py

sap;

19

19

and he with the

12th.

10

b. often of

ibyn D , 3B'3 iom what one

,M takes or brings with one: Gn 32 b03 with 54 staff I 1 over Jordan, Ju my passed 15 24 24

Is 7

Mi

6" al.

3 Dip

Is 48

10

though
1

silver,

have refined thee IDM tib) hut not as Ez 2o 41 Nu 18 26 36 s Jos 13 67 23 4


;

Ez 45 47 2222
(cf. b),

( r d.

6$)
as a

48
it

20

+ 78

s5

& allotted
(i.e.

ntaa (v. Co) all nbnj iona as a line


,-

with; 3 K3 to come with Lvi6 3 \fr66 13 71". (In Arabic this usage is developed more fully than in Hebrew, and lit. to come with, Js\ C**i lit. to go away with, are used idio-

to go to

meet

of inheritance

is26
for

4 ''

m Yah there
is

there

ma <s s different a rock of ages (cf. Qor 4 7 47 d. sufficiency in God as a patron),


tnfrv
yet
is
-

mm

measured inheritance).

matically in the sense of to bring, and

away
D ?? 3
>

respectively:

WAG

to take
I'NS,

"- Mb

in comparisons,
the form of, as,

s0 consume away fB^S {n \jr 3 7 smoke 78 33 102 4 Jb 34 s6 36 14

7?*. &2 without, c. of concomitant (or surrounding) conditions, as filBns with (or in) haste ; plX3 wrcU (or m) righteousness
;
-

.)

Hence

II. Denoting proximity 1. at, by (not 1 very common): 1 S 29 J?JB by the spring ; Ez i 5 .a> 3 -Q3 n n33 I0 by the river Chebar (i by). 2. on: Gn8 20 Nu2 3 2 n the altar; Ju8 21 n3ja3 5 on the necks of the camels ; 1 2 al. ^jnm

njJB'B

t re

error

ISiE*

bipZH

nyVTTB
1//

2
2

S 6";
in thy
13
;

often in such phrases as inp"IS3

righteousness;

I^Dns m thy mercy Ex 15


happiness .'= happy

31

^lEWa wt'<A.
30";
is
\//-

my

am

Gn

4 * 29 the voice of is 033 wj'<Apower= 12 nyi3 wt evil purpose; powerful; EX32

; 59" a helmet Svthl on his head. 3. often with verbs of touching, approaching, taking hold of, cleaving, etc., as

on his

loins

Is

^73

""39

strength. as a. 3in3

" wickedness; 90' ni33 tw'di 2. of the instrument or means :

wi h
t

he sword
. . .

Ex

5' etc.;

D&Q3

1, p31,

pK'n, VI), tWJ, 335, V3B, Tjpn, B>Efi (see

these words). 4. with words expressing or implying an act of a. against : hostility

hand against all, and the hand of all against him ; 3 'B T iin\l 10 9 Dti3 1S5 i8 17 + oft. Hence after verbs
his
(q.v.) of fighting (DO?:, an), going up to invade (r6y), being angry ("OS/Tin, *!?*!, P]N rnn), sinning or acting treacherously (Nt?n, 133, Tip,

Gn

16 12 13 bb T1

%2

by the hand of. (v. sub T); to stone ?3K3 or mJ3$3 toiV/j stones Lv 20 2 Nu i4 10 etc; 3 nriB to drink with a cup
(cf. in Aram. Dn5 ); to cry with the throat Is 58 1 ; to burn E*N3 or wt'<A fire (oft.) ; to slay or to perish 3yi3 through hunger or 1313 through pestilence Ex
5 Gn44 Am 6 s

wti/t the feet Is

28 3 ;

T3

fV

fil33

mo,

bye, )#f,

l|j>t?,

3JP, ETG), testifying (njy,


'

Tyn), mocking

(3^1

b. idiom., with certain verbs, as 3 pPIB* to play with Jb 40 29 ; 3 13JJ to labour with a person (as with an in1
.

16 Je2i +oft, (cf. save with or by Ju 7 7

Jb27

15

raft niB3); to

S 14 6

brin), /eeZ ? w?

loathing

(pP), rebuking (lyj: prop, to protest loudly), 12 s "), etc., & even exspeaking (131:

strument),

i.e.

Nu

22"
15

2 7 7 al.;
;

treme case)

Ho

7"

'3

as to be) against

(an VNDJ they turn aside (so me. In a weaker sense


al.

2" 3 11 6 6 with one Nu 12 28 *


i
23 ' 2 ).

to use him as a slave Ex i" Je 3 riVV J e 18 23 Ne 24 Dn 1 1 7 Est 9 & perh. 3 131 (of God) to speak
al.

(v.

Ew a7t<3) Dr 8m
;

'

mjB pnipp mingens ad parietem 1 S 25 s2 b. down to, upon {super with accus.), esp.
such phrases as ^3

in

with or by " or Baal,


spirer;

Further by33,

1W Lv 20
17

al.

his blood be

?{?,

being the intJHl to or ask by means inquire


c. .11.T3

mn<3 33nn * or Baal

to prophesy

upon him;
head Jos
1

iSM$13 1D1 his blood be wpora. his


;

of a god (or

oracle),

through
;

'<

19

Wh
44

31E> J u 8 (* 3^,1)
,/,

57

K2

(nyi),

s3

(Di), v
1
s2

(ny'i),
oft.

ie>Nl3

K8 &

(ibpy);
'

'b
21
.

jyj

joj

III. 1. With

a. of accompaniment: Nu
;

in Ez, as 9 10

1 1

20 133 Dy3 with much people, Jos 22 s Ju 1 1 34 2 9 15 1 K 1 o 2 K Ex 2 i 2i and he shall give 5 Je 4 1

30 by His aid) in many connexions, as yfr 18 44" 511 60 14 Is 26' 3 4 5 25 Ho 1 7 Zc io 12 with 56 s9 Is 45 17 (to be pass, verbs Dt 33 saved): and even of the immediate cauee Nu 36 s to be commanded mn ,3 by \ Gn 9' D1X3 by man

shall his blood

d. allied is

be shed (both unusual), Ho 14 4 . the use of 3 in such phrases as

90
to bless, swear, speak, prophesy, etc., DB/3 in the name of e. the name (i. being used or 13 21 appealed to in the act) Dt 6 Je 1 1 , etc.
. . .

account of: Gn 18 28 n^t?na Wlffriri w ilt thou destroy on account of five the whole city? Lv

(so

26 s9

Nu

16 26

to swear
bless
yjr

mrpa by
i.e.

'>

Jos 2" etc., fra'a Is 62 s ; to

Dt 9" 24 16 :vrov iKcna j^k they


,

swear with me using oath, Je 29"); almost=in the authority and power of 1 S 17 46 s 8 s s e. n3 2 1 Mi 4 Zc io 12 ^ 20 6 44 6 25 1 89

13 with

thee

102',

Gn 48 20 to my name in
,

put to death, each because of his own 7 sin (cf. Je 3 1 30 Ez 3 18 v. 18 17 2 S s7 ) 14 (cf. 3 Jon i) Is 7 4 (|||D) 28 7 (|| JO) so i 53 ' 57" J e

shall be

or

6 i ^5.6.10
this

nS3 by means of v;hat ji Mal 2 7 , K 22


i

with this=on 3. of cost or price (the Beth pretii), the price, whether given or received, being treated as the instrumental means by which the act is accomplished, with, for, at the cost of: thus regularly
;

Gn42

15JB

this condition

Ex7 NU16 Gn 34** 1 S 1 1 2


17

28

how ? Gn 15 8 Ju n x,a hy TOeang f


Is 27".

So (|| ) 31" 3 2 4 2 90 94*. b>?3 (v. -rate, bbi), & ( sts .) in nana a t, 6. of the material through, the word of. with which a work is wrought, both absol.
in

51-

+5

U1 6'

19

f&,

4 anja 7\f$ to work with gold Ex 3 1 1 7"; to make a thing with our idiom, of) (in 8 20 22 1 gold Ex 3 8 Ez 7 15 (Hja). Without a verb Lv 1 3 s2 2 Ch 9 18 7. with for although, in spite of (cf. Germ, bei alle Lv 26 27

and

a.

with -OB> hire


20
,

Gn
S
3

30
14
,

16
,

n"1B

redeem

Ex
;

Nu 14

11

ninkn

^)ba i n spite

34
i

fen 6e<ro<A 2
23

K2

Hg

& My 2
life

S 24 s4

te>M3 a<

</?

co

0/ ids

spoken this word,


at peril
'"n?-:

33
its

of their a ' tt

S 23 17 s6 lives, Pr 1 La 5' Jos 6 pnc 0/ his firstborn shall

hath A. who went OnVcaja

s 1 have wrought, Dt I 32 Is 47" 27 ; esp. in the phrase ntfri>33 for all this Is s 25 1 - 16 -2 9 io 4 V 78 32 al. (Cf.'in Ar. O. Qor 9 s5 8. .)

dem): of all the signs that

1 Ch 12" ttHSfcnS <o of our heads he will fall away, etc. 18 20 b. with 130 seZ? Dt 21"; 122 serve Gn 29 Ho 1 2 " ; TDH exchange Lv 2 7 10 Ho 4 7 their glory I will exchange for ignominy, i/e 106 20 ; 'HB'33 fro

he lay

foundations,

the jeopardy

'

of a standard of measurement or computation, 4 with, by: Ex 12 nfefej np3D3 by the computation of souls ; Lv 5 25 al. ^"ijfa by thy reckoning; Ez 4 10 ; 1SD03 by number Dt 25'+ ; . . . lappa 1" Nu I 2, etc.; by the number of . . Lv 25
.

Bhpn b?p2 Ex 30 13
nBK);

al.

(in P);

TOKa

often (v.
26

Dt
s6

11

B*N ni2Sa oy the cubit of a man;


-

to give /or interest Lv25 37 \/m5 6 ; in other connexions Gn 23" 47 16f Is 45 13 La 1" Ct 8 711 ; Dt
-

19"

P5? 3

fX

Vm*?.

life

for

life,

Is2

mn aOTJ/np

wA<

is

eye for eye; he to be ac-

2 S 14 ![^n jasa. Of a model, Gn i pbsa tw our image, 5 1 3 Ex 25 40 ; fTja w'Zi the way 2426 10 (=in the manner) of . . Is io 4
.

Am

23 7 athousand vines IDa n?? 3 ^ athousand (shekels of) silver. Hence (perhaps) the idiom, usages ri J?' 3 ^JK* year for year, one year like another, annually Dt 1 5 20 al. ; Di'3 Di' (late), Di'a Di'a ti S 18 10 ; Dysa oyaa T. tip, Off); ( BHha enh +1 Ch 27 4. rather peculiarly, in certain cases where the object of an action may be treated as the instrument by which it is accomplished as t^Nia jPJfj to shake with the head Je 18 6 Jb 16 4 (as well as BWl fflQ ^2 2 8 ); to open with the mouth Jb 16 10 with the lips f2 2 8 to gnash with the teeth Jbi6 9

counted?

used also with certain classes of verbs, though the explanation of its use may be sometimes doubtful : viz. a. with verbs of
is

IV. 3

taking refuge, trusting, relying, as PPi^D, n P3, n P?> 15?^. b. with verbs of ruling, governing, restraining, as ^O, i'B'O, B*M, "IXJ?, PITl, ts^tr.
C.

with verbs of

rejoicing, feeling pleasure or

satisfaction, etc., as ?*|,

$?, WC,

nce>,
is

}SPI,

'T)>

"^? (but with

common).

verb fO [Prob. a case of III. 5. j


this

more

d. with

verbs expressive of sensible perception, to denote the pleasurable or attentive exercise of the faculty concerned, as 3 J?BB> to listen
to,

16 gnash the teeth ^35 ); to wink with the 13 10 eye Pr 6 (to wink the eye, ib. io ); ^ip3 jnj s4 to utter with the voice ifr 46' 68 Je 12 8 (but Pip |nj is more common); to stretch out with the hand La i 17 flBB3 Cnn (unusual) Ex 7 20 So DK/3 tOi? to call with the name in diff.

(to

3 D^an, nyj, ntn, to look upon, a


at
(see

nnn

to smell

these

words),

e.

occasionally also

with verbs of speaking, thinking, mentioning, knowing, to denote the object of the action, as 3 na^ to speak about Dt 6 7 ^ 87 s al. (v. sub

TO;
s4
;

? &, "JC

D^ V44'63
,

69

13
;

VT

Je ^2

senses, ace. to the context, viz. to irroclaim Ex s 12 to invoke Gn 4* 12 8 33" 34 " Is 44' ; 1 I8 24 2* Is 12 4 to rcaroe honourably Is 43 1 282 " AG "- ,Mb " Cf. Ew' Ges 119 3bB

f49
;

45.

ib'**:***

5. with a cau8al forcej

^r0M^ ^

De

inf. c, 3 forms a periphrasis for the gerund, though in English it is commonly to be rendered by a verb and

16 38 Tajn 1?; once Je 3 of thee is my praise. V. Followed by an

oft,;

^ 71 V^NJ

conj., viz.:

DNiana in

1. as a temporal conj., as when their being created

Gn

2*

upon

the

[whitewashed] stones
it

all

the words of
fig. exj>lain,

they

this law, doing


'

plainly

and well;

s were created, 4 Dni^na in their being

(=when

they were) in the field; and constantly. Sometimes it has in appearance the force of after 18 Ex 3 12 13"; hut as a rule this that, as Gn 33 due to the action denoted by the inf. is really within being treated as extending over a period which the action of the principal verb takes
place
:

expound Dt 1 JTjinn "1N3 fl&O ?'{<in Moses began (and) expounded the law.

tlNQ
23
1.

n.f.

0nKn
1.,

well, pit, mostly

Hex,
,

Gn
-0,
)

Ex

1 1.

Nu 5
8

37

t.

in all

Aram. Ar.^lj

SOX3, -V3,

K-J'3,

)U,
161
"

Sab. 1N3

DHM z "au75

so

esp.

in

the

phrase

>

"}^

J1KX3

QnXBD, even of events at the close of the 40 s the whole period being years, Dt 4** 23 Jos 5", treated as that in which Egypt was left (comp.
where the time included is future). Cases, however, occur in which this explanation
2
1 ,

K2

As. beru, Lyon *'"" (connexion with above 1,0 \/not clear; Lag spring of water, as coming to UgJd, appearing ; possible, although meaning in use rather well, than spring; v. however, Gn 16 14 cf. v7 26 19 Nu 21' 7 '3 abs. Gn 2i+ ; U 19 Gn sf. cstr. 2i X$$ Pr 5 pl abs n

)
;

will hardly apply, as


conj. (cf.

Dt 2 7

412

2. as a causal

above III. 5), as


J.'s

Gn

16

19

* nppns

V?V through

having compassion upon him, Exi6 7 33 16 34 w Dt i 27 Unk '' ntufett through s8 18 18 J.'s hating us, etc. (9 similarly J?),' 1 s 7 Ch 28 s (=in that ye have .) Ez 9* 43 44 2 15 3. as a concessive conj., when though : Is I " the earth do change. 6' '?7 ? though +4

Nu
Gn

14 ; 1. a well, often as made by digging C1 ? ) Gn2i 2630 (E), 2 6 51919 21 22 32 (all J), also poet. 1617 18 2i (+ ma) vid. also v (where the well
-

26 15 ;

cstr. id.

26 18 ;'cf.ion niKSnita
-

Gn

10

addressed, in song, "itQ ^pg); also

c.

ma in prose

HS

' l

Note.

Ex io
is

'with the ceived as implicit but prob. n|1f6 should be read.


late

can only be rendered '"I3"]K3 locusts,' the locusts being conin Moses' uplifted hand:
12

Gn 16" Ex2 (J) Nu 20" 2i m (E) (J; 1S3 Gn 2 i 19 (E) 24"(J; P5? 2 S 17'" CTO(n) 18 25 vv131643 46 ); (cf. also 21 26 supr. & esp. v
26 25
||

also with

no

ref. to its origin


is

s 7 H? v ), 29
1
;

||

19

D^n D?p 1X3); water taken from


(aSB-)
-jp)

it

by drawing
it

Gn
2
-

24
-

1120
;

flocks

watered from
16

38 10

Thrice in
1

Heb. 3

used peculiarly
it

Ch

s3

filled

7
(

for

with misfortune was

in his house

chosen for the purpose of explaining with g nSK^Ba DiTpy it devolved upon them the work
;

Vl? 3 ny"! );

29 (cf. esp. the troughs) ; also mxa ^inp . . . D^p Pr 5 15 (|| 113); the opening called ">K3n '3
.

Ex 2

they drew, rbl,

(*$? n and

mf
Gn

!.3.3.8.io.

29

cf

3n

>jb 2

Si7'

'3 so (rd. prob.

Sam. $(333,

cf.

Dr);

fig.

of fresh delights of
Dfl
f!l/p

woman
|i33p"|p

15 beloved Ct 4 Dn D?p 1K3

Ezr

3' for

with terror (was

it)

upon
(the

them from the peoples of the countries


sentence without a verb as oft. in Chr.: 295 m cf 8 Comp Ew' lutr.KHf.)
.

D , pfl31

2
16

pit

= ""3)

pits of bittt-

Dr

mln Gn 14 10

'-

tfeS

poet, for

(v.
10

sub to:

cf.

Sab.

M,
s

DEM""***") 30 2 619 44> + u Jb 9


II.

Is

Qr (<Kt $) 43 16 45 Kt ( > Qr 'M) 1 6 1 9 3 f.


25
"J3,

1N3 f 55" pit of 1K3 fy -iBKrr^ and cf. 69 n*| (the) grave; shut its mouth over me (|| npisp); let not (the) pit of strange woman niX 1X3 a narrow pit, fig. s7 out of which rescue is difficult Pr 23 (|| nriW
(cf.

supr.);

nriB>

for 3, perh. abbrev. in n.pr.

rV3 q.v.

n i?~S).

3
Is

a station of

Isr.

as n.pr.loc. in desert b.

a.

c.

H loc. '1"1N3
16
,

Nu2i
8

possibly
,

=
el-

HMO v.
(so
cf.

sub Ni3.
-

E^N

1X3

1 5".

21 same form Ju 9

ace. to

ffHfcO] vb
NH.Aram.;
deriv. infr.;

** make distinct, plain BN68 Lag prop. for Q a n^3,nj<3,


onlv
1

Euseb.

Lag

Onomm2ndedai0
cf.

miles

north of

Eleutheropolis;

Eob BBItt2 who comp.


1N3 3.
a.

Thes & most comp. Ar. JLT dig a Pi. or well,hut this prob. denom. v. Lag ") pit 2

Blreh, near Beth-shemesh.

D^N 1N2
"hi*""!

v.

Pf. 3 ms. "K?3

1X3 Dt 27 s
13 Klip

(cf.

Dt i Imv. "K?3 Hb 2 Bo im'*) make distinct,


5
,

Inf. abs.

TD "INS n.pr.loc.
that seeth

(lit.

well of the

plain,

of letters on tablets

Hb

"^

3ha IK?? pin

may fH> fjrpb ninj>n, i.e. run past and (still) read; or, so that one may s read swiftly; on stones Dt 27 '75? J?anai ac'n "1N3 .... D'iaKn and thou shalt write

so that one

16 14 (where exliving 11 s2 from story of Hagar) 24 25 (all J); plan., name of ancient shrine or holy place, cf. perh. zAwn.347 & dj Gn 16 14 W. of Kadesh, cf. ; sta ^ ls> v. Rowlands om !* Jer sub Barad, Lag

One

me) Gn

in

WilUams^

' 01 "' 489

Trumbull K*d

"h- B*rne* 64

"H3
(well of 30" as place of swearexplained Gn 21 ing by seven lambs, or, well of oath, v. nyaE*; cf. same meaning otherwise derived 26 s3 )
seven,

92

#H3
well at Bethlehem Bob BB ' 47- 473 cf. also
1
1
-

tj?ntr "1X3 n.pr.loc. Beersheba

28

Survey"

WO ia as a
Gue-rin;""*"-

*'),

cf.

Ec 12 6 & Je
t'fe

we?; caste^. om<


&ee;> cooZ, /res/t

V2f 1K3 Gn 26*+ 13 t,, J# 1N3 Gn 2i"+i8t.;

WBON3

but "Vpn perh.


pit

J og

/<,';

Ex
,6

33 Hi Gf.
;

Kt V|Stf water (Qr T3) ;


6
7

Gn

V# ITJPJ (n_ 46 south from Hebron, to Onom.


1
-

loc.)
c.

V'7
6

20 miles Lag 0aom


Seba,
1

10S- 234 '

ace. a " 1 * >*


'

2 h.

fr.

Hebron Bob BB
'

mo d. Bir-es1-

f-

20
'

Am 5
2

I*"*" 22'' 26^ 28' 46" lS 3 8 2Sl 7 2 4 lK


1

Gn Survey" Jos i 5 19 2 Ju
S
-

13 as hiding-place; 2 S 23 20 (Qr)=i 14 ;V3 113; of 2 K io into wh.


cast
cf.

34 cf. (ma), cf. v of wickedness v b. lTl3, nan); (II fine';

33

33 (vb. nna), v

fig.

iS

Ch

22

Gn 37 20 22 24 (D)p is px
-

1$

pit

Joseph was

further
nia

Je4i
c f-

7 9
-

f'TO./rom Dan to BeersJieba (i.e. all the 8 14 Ju 20 1 1 S territory of Israel, v.


\f)
,

" 3 n yi

Ch 4

28

I9

2Kl2
;

fig.

pn ttsnj) yjuwi ^ JE ^ of Sarah 'as mother of


f calamity

Ch 1 9 4 24 Ne 1 i 27 30
1

23

Israel '3 T13J3D I s gi>; fig.

in phrase

40

Am

S 3 10 17" 24 216 1 K 5 5 & (only Ch) JOB" 1X3J? rr1^ from Beersheba to Dan 1 Ch 2 1 2 2 Ch 5
30
7
.

3-

's. *88 4. with no water in it Je 38" Zc 9" cf. Gn ,3 14 s2 37 supr.) Gn 4 o Je 3 8 66 4i (E) Is 24 /a) v 7.9.io.n. 1S alsQ , (0)1? r s<m Ex nto?J n 3
;

l*P
24

ni>nnn

^eon

(pit

12 29 Je37 16 ;
cf.

fig.

of exile

N"}N3

n.pr.ni. a

man

of Asher
1

Ch
s

s7
.

also

La

53M

Zcg

n
(13

^.

D?0

}<K "1130);

5. (poet.
;

trn^S n.pr.m.
-

a Reubenite

Ch

Blreh Bob BBI462

s T ifnNl n.pr.loc. (but only 2 S 4 ace. to 8 " 2 25 elsewh. rnN3), city of Masorah, v. BD the Gibeonites Jos 9 17 ; assigned to Benjamin 2 25 25 29 cf. alfoEzr2 2S4 Josi8 Ne7 mod. el; ;

pit of the grave Pr 2 8' 7 19 of the pit Is i4 (of sepulchre, walled with & of Sh"61 f 30 4 (|| '3 >ray_ hins stones) of (tlie) pit, i.e. remotest pit Is 14 15 (11^1X5?)
art.)

late; never c'. so 'a "33K stones

&

W)
12
;

Ez 3 2 s3 esp.
to
(the)

pit

ty

in phrase "113 *fp those going 18 28' 143 7 Is Ez 26 20 25

dmm
-

Bd

r* 1214

38

29 - 30
;

32

1-

Survey"

88
.

also,

(II^IXK'),
(all

-f88

Pri
:

further

Ez 26 20
||

t^n^Nl
23
s7

=
"J

adj.gent. always c. art. 2 S 4"-, 39 niari 1 Ch Dvntcan 2 g 4 . pi.

32

,a - 24

\\Ttm$ }ns)
1|

3J.4..6

n'rinri;

v 14

(both

pK

also nio,

+
i^if^
,

v 16 Snb>).

'^?^

f^* n.pr.loc. Dtio

(cf.

Nu

"Trnen iia a .pr.ioc. 2 s 3 26 {cistern of&ra/i,

where r0, a station of Isr. in desert, prob. in country of Hoiites, cf. Di.
33

31 ' 32

py

Thes cist.declinationis,
( so

HYofthejyot, v.Td).
ordinary 'y
1

T|jr "Til

r d, for

T , "1N1 n.pr.m. (my


Esau's father
father-in-law

welt).

1. a Hittite,

BD "
pit),

"lia,

v.

"

@) n .pr.loc.
7

S 30 30 (smoking
JB'V q. v.

Gn
ls

26 s4

in

2.

Hosea's

S.W. of Judah; elsewhere


v. lia.

Ho

1
.

T3 Qr Je 6
'

J,,2 t[lN2] n.m.

cistern, pit, well (for


2

V%

n.pr.m. a descendant of Asher

Ch

1N3

cf.

-fa) sg.

Kt 1N3

S 23 1S

16 20
-

36

(Qr
;

"13);

(perh.

1516 20 13 appar. well v (rd. perh."W?3), fit v pi. Je 2 they have forsaken, the fountain of living JV1N3 n ,1K3 orb 3fr6, to hew water,

=nN3).
n.pr.loc. near
c f. foil.

me

Tnnil^
fr.

Hamath Ez 47"

Bna|*a

out for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns, etc.

t"rt3 n.m.

Gn37

; hardly Bery tus (contr. I), (Beirut) with wh. form of name might agree v. 1 Steph. Byzant. al. in Movers"""" 110 "-; perh.
-

nriiisa

20

pit, cistern,

well

(="^3,

Bereitdn near Baalbek,


'

v.

Furrer zpv "'" M

MI

"13,

Ar.

g.

'yi
,

hole or hollow for cooking, As.

'? n.pr.loc. belonging to


;

Hadadezer

2 burtum Dl rr 182 Mrw Lotz"" 169 )'a abs. Gn 3 7" 33 20 + ; 13 Ex 2 1 (2 S 23 Qr, V.1N3 cstr.lia

ofZoba2S8 8

perh. = foregoing.
1

supr.);

t"nhn adj.gent.
t

Chn

39

v.

2Kio + (2S2 3
14

,5 - ,6
l
l

"Phfn SU pr.

sf. n3 2Ki8 ; ^'3 loc.)Gn 37 i3Is36 15 20 Pr5 pi. nina Gn 3 7 -r 3t.; Tins Dt6": 1.
l"l

Qr, v.nxa supr.); rn:3(n_


16

:!1

luNH vb.
)
,

have a bad smell, stink (Ar.

cistern,

containing water, made by digging 10 25 (3Vn) Dt6" 2CI126 Neg ; also (without ret to origin) Pr 5" (|| Lv 1 1 36 r

JLij be evil, Aram. CW3, +.) be evil, As. blsu 18 Lotz TP78 Qal Pf t?31 consec. Ex 7
;

Impf

iSi9
(

2l

= TN3)

Is36
1

= 2Ki8 2. later appar. * Ch n =Qr 2 S 23' (yet now no


,, 31
.

"*)

(II

VP),

17

'

616

Ex 8 stink, of Nile, on account of dead fish Ex 7 1821 (E); of land of Egypt, owing to dead
;

21 OX" 16 20 ; 3 ti$H v

fs.

KN3P1 Is

50

CK3P11

10

frogs 8

10

(J); of

manna kept over 16 20 (P

or

tfMn
R)
E>N3>1

93
?"<

TO
H^Il n.pr.m. a chief of returning exiles '33 10"; '33 * Ezr 8"; *2m Ezr 8"; '33 ?33 Ezr2 u io^NeY".

D^Sin

D-iJl

ten, decayed) with

? rew /ohJ (rot2 worms, and stank; Is 50

and

nds? nbni d^d pNo for lack of water, etc. (

Dm Eton
||
,

Ne

their fish stink

Lo Di
i

up and
of cfr).

die,

which

suits

rd. IP3VI, dry but not the usage

Nipa. Pf
;

io 6 ;

21 3 JjHpN ? 2 S 16

only

E>X33

S 13 4 W^aj 2 S fig. make oneself


;

7221 M2 n.pr.loc. Babel, Babylon (in As. written Bab-ilu, gate of god Dl r* *, cf. on other

hand Jen KMrao1


n^33
2

498

) n_ loc.
c.

n^>33

Ez 12"+,

odious, become odious

(cf.

Eng.

be in

bad odour),
2

sq.nN with=towards; T??" n 9

V^i

l62

'

the an""^33D J e 27"; cient capital of Babylonia, mod. If Utah, situated

20

17

+ once

thou hast become odious with thy father; also 3 (rather sq. strangely) 1 S 13' Isr. made 6 tliemselves odious to the Philistines; 2 S io

on Euphrates, in long.

c.

44 30'

E.,

and

lat. c.

10 9 32 50' N.; Gn io 1 1 (where name connected with 773 confuse, confound), both J, not elsewh.

Hiph. Pf. E^NIin Ex i6 24 iS2V 12 ^N3n^38 6 Dneton Ex5 21 ;/top/. 5 12 B*N3: Pr 13 Ec io Inf. aos. Eton , S 27

Ammonites

to David.
1

in

Hex; 2Ki7 +3i


4

24

t.
,

late^87 137
43
cf.
14
1

18

Is

2 -3

cstr. sf.

^B^JOnp

Gn 34 30

1. emit a stinking
EN3n Eton
he

Mi 47 48 ; Pr 6 B,S *'"'-"- &


1

1420

4'
-

2i 39'-"i4 13 (but here prob. not orig.,


viz.
1

K; i8t.Chr; 119
42J

Est
9

2';
7

odour

16 24 of manna (cf. Qal v 20); ^38" >pDi }e"N3n my wounds have grown stinking, they have festered (of chastisement for

Ex

+
'3

19

t.

Tnisn
sin) ;

n?
1

10 Dn i Ez 12" reff.) Zc 2" 6 44 6 6 note esp. Ez; Je 20 -|- 165 t. Je; J e 5 o28 ft lso of land & people realm,

=
;

'3 partic. in ?|JD 2

K 20
34

12

of Merodach Baladan

17

12

v 18 24

7111212

+ oft.
cf.

fig.

of

David top

25"= Je
1

52
.

31

of Nebuchadrezzar; 2 of Evil-Merodach Ne 13"

K
.)

hath become utterly abhorred among his people. 2. cause to stink, Dpin fCE* JpiT (J%0C DID *3J dead flies cause to stink (and) io ferment the oil of a perfumer; usually fig. UrVTTIK DRE'iOn Ex 5 21 (J), i. e. ye have made us odious, sq. ^J!3 30 cf. ace. (c. pers.) Gn 34 sq. 3; also without 5 obj. Pr 13 a wicked man makes odious and
,

of Artaxerxes; the city personif. as ?33


42 47 Je 50

D3
94

Is

(See

DP* S1J COT Gn

KG

32 EZ25 7
'

rd. 13 v.TT3.

Qal

v^ # act or ^ ea^ treacherously 15 ni33 J e 3 2 + I4 t.; Pf. Imp/. "133? Mai 2 +


- t J
10
8

shameful (De
odiously
1

Now

Str;

Be

Ew

Hi Zo

5t; n33?Mal2

;7n/a6*.n'i33Is48 'je5";
8
;

cstr.

acts

and shamefully). Hithp. Pf. ^NSTin 6 19 they had made tliemselves odious 6 2 S io (=Niph. in ), sq. 0?.

T33I S33 ';


1313 Is

H33EX2I
t.
;

33'+ 10

POJ3Pr22 +nt.;
ls

Ch

act or deal treacherously,

faithlessly, deceitfully, in the

marriage relation,

||

Jo
'3

tCJNS n.m. stench '3 cstr. Am 4'; sf.^Eto 50 I3Eto Is 343 _D3'3nn '3, i.e. stench of 2
;
;

in matters of property or right, in covenants, in word and in general conduct, a. abs. 1 S


1
s3

Jb

15

^78"

Is

24" 33
u
;

corpses

Am 4

phrases

?ri3

1D3 1133 TIN

my

8 Cf. 4 8 Mai 2". brethren have dealt

10
,

also Is
byn).

34

cf.

Jo

20

of locusts

deceitfullyasabrookJb6

D'TjfcD

1331 1133

DH33
yea

nby

*irnns
(||

n3 3
T

the treacherous Juive dealt treacherously,

tnttJNS
nE>N3
nnytJ'

n.f. (stinking things)

stinking or
to*

noxious weeds, Jb

40

Tinrn

rrtn

nan nrw

instead of wheat may there spring forth bramble, and instead of barley stinking

weeds

(cf.

As.

bUu Zehnpfund

6 * 31633

Ex2i (E), Ju9 Ho 5' 6 Mai 2 101415


7

in treachery have the treacherous dealt treach16 ,erously Is 2 4 (striking alliteration); |1N 1?3 b. with 3 treacherous in wickedness ijr 59". a Is ' 1 8 n Lai'2

33

-' 6
.

c. c. ace.

Jef>s i2' + 73".

d.

).

TO^NS,

n.[m.]pl. stinking or worthless

things, wild grapes


(perh. adj. om. D"33J?
cf.

(NH

n.

unit.

flE/lNS)

24 Di) Is 5 of Yahweh's

aino ne*N H"133 acteth treach20 erously {in, departing) from her friend Je 3 22 8 t., ^25' 59 s 119 *8 is used Pr 2 + Theptcp. 5 Is2i 2 24 16 ,6 33 Je3 8 " 9 Hb i 13 2 T$3 nj*
c.

I pregnant,

vineyard, 33 labruscae (v. further De).

dealers treacJierously in treachery (very treacherously) Je 12 .


1

033 Zc 2 12 the apple of t[H33] x %. Est his eye (Aram. \JL} )&>^; ?? gate 14 Ges gives sense perThes sub 333 to which 5
n.f. only \F$
;

+I.1JG -[W"] treachery,

1 Is 24'" Je 12

forate, hence opening

of eye; but
49

ery

tjTYTfe pl.abst. Vfnfl "^N men 4 Zp 3


.

of treach-

cf.

Ar.^j^j

of eye, perh. =1IJ Dozy y^ji pupil


bebe (imitating infant's prattle)
i.e.
';

babe, baby,

t [liJB] adj. treacherous,


-.io cf-Ew S>b Nii }io;)j e3

f.

'"H^S.

n form

child of the

eye; v.

Hi

St,

Flin

ChWB

1-

4191

cf.

f^K!).

11.

na n.m. (except Lv 6

20

n^V. but

Sam

^'

naa
cf.

94
covering

m
11.

Di

in loco
94

Ko 1182) garment,
i1?3

Gn
1

T3, "T3 n.m. separation,

^45'; 1. garment,
any kind, from the

t.; sf. 9 + (i4 t. without dag. lene Ges Lgb ); B^gS Lv 6 + 32 t.; cstr. H?? Gn27 +39t.;sf.T13?iK 2 2 + 8it,;T ?' ??

28 s + 36
,5

Ez

(jj, sJJ
etc',
?,
f"

portion)
2
1

concr. part
1

sf.

pi.'

!0

clothing, raiment, robe of

filthy clothing of the leper to the holy robes of the high priest, the simplest covering of the poor as well as the costly

njfap,- 13? prop, in a slate of (v. sub ?) a. Ex separation, alone, by itself (Fr. & part), 26 s (= 36 16 ) five curtains 13? by tfiemselves, and
sg.,

3 only in

pi. tGn

28

(always with 29 jni3p, v

p)*" !?^,

i ,,

?p

1. with

raiment of the rich and noble, used throughout Heb.Lit.: Gn 2 4 63 (J), 28 20 (E; 14 1. JE), Ex 2 26 2 8 +(P 90 t.),Dt 24" Ju8 + 4t., 1 S 19" + 14 9 iot., 1 K i>+ 23 t., 2 Ch i8 + (Chr gt.), Est 4 K 22 6 19 9 17 102 27 109" Pr6 w Jbi3 37 V.22 45
2o'

six curtains 13? by themselves, Ju? him shalt thou set 13? apart, Zc 1 2 1W4 b. with sf. (89 t.) to express the idea of by oneself, alone (prop. in his, thy, my separation), Gn 2 18 it is not good
.

for

man

to be il3? alone, 21

28

and A.
(lit.

set the

10

20 13 8 s2 3 9 2 16 25 27 Ec9 Is 24 36 37 Is 5o + Je 1 2' + 3 t., Ez i6 16 + 13 k, J02 13 Am2 8 1.,


6
1

seven lambs ID!?? by themselves 8 17 43^ 2 S io Is separation), 32

in their

5";

Gn
3

42

s8

Hg 2 Zc 3
T',

12

-
"

i4

VlJ?

NTO his lap-fid

K4

39
.

tob

HOT he alone,
14,|

2. covering, wrapping, of furniture of tabernacle Nu 4 6 13 (6 t.) ; coverlet of a bed 1 S 1 9 13 .

Nun
Ju
20

Ex 1 8 T^p
14

,in thou alone,


1014
;

^2 n.pr.m. =
=Ne 7
19
,

(cf.

Skr. bhagavdn, happy f)

Dt8 not 13p'3bN I alone, 1 K 19 bread alone, 29 13 2 S 13 32 18 24 Is 44 s4 49 21 upon 3 19 63 + after an oblique case, as a dat. Ex 22
;

7 1. a companion of Zerubbabel Ezr 2 2 7 ; head of a family of returning exiles Ezr perh.

=Ne
*

14

("m)

cf.

Ezr 8 14

2. a chief of the
;

6 1 113? 1? against thee alone have I yjr 5 sinned ; a genit. 7 1 16 1 will make mention of : 113? 'jriij'iy the righteousness of thee alone.

17 peopleinNehemiah'stime Ne io

cf.

SmL! ,TO ".


a eunuch

13 C. as adv. of limitation, tls 26 only through thee do we celebrate thy name, Ec 7 s9 d. followed by \Q it becomes a prep., apart from,
.

T^rOS. n.pr.m.
of Ahasuerus Est
1

(Pers.
.

cf. N1

besides,Ex

37

P-'?S)

10

@ X Aq Ew Di) Ju 8 M
,

Nu 29 s9 Dt3 5
instead of

i8 8 (rd.
al. (1

V13BO with
5
t.)';

20 15
[p.

once,
(prob.

Ezr i 6 with

?J?

e.

God f) a eunuch of Ahasuerus Est 2 21 = W^JS


<

T]rU21 n.pr.m. (Pers. bagaddna,

"OpO^

gift

of
62
.

X2Jn32
tl.

v.

foregoing.
[*]

inverted for JB 13? besides) (chiefly P and 1 26 Lv 9 17 23^(4 t.) NU5 8 621 late): Gn 26 4 6 12 t.Nu 28-29; Dt28 69 J0S22 29 1K10" 17"+

"13,12
pi.

white linen
liBK
1

(deriv.

un-

iCh 3 9 2Ch9 12
35

19

16

i7

3i

Ezr2 66 =Ne7 67
is

Dnn

4
.

known)

0^813
-

14 s7 1 Ch 1 5 (David): in P (priests of Nob), 2 S6 42 28 asmaterial of diff. priestly vestments Ex 28 39

S2 18 (Samuel), 22 18

With sf.tDt4 113pO Ity p there 21 besides him (cf. *T$89 Is 45 ).


t2. concr .;>art
for
(i.e. like;
cf.

none

else

Ex 3034 (P) WT 133 13 part


3. end)^jart shall
it be.

Lv 6 33

I6 4 4
-

4 - 4 - 23 - 32
.

PI.

DT8(n)

E?13?(n) clad in

HI,

(the) linen garments, of angel

Ez 9

2311

io

2- 6 - 7

Dn

io 5 12 67

11,

in. "IS v. sub I, II. 113.

T N13 vb. devise, invent (bad sense) (Mish. id., Aram. N13, ]^ invent; cf. Ar. IjJ begin,

f3. D^l? parts, spec, extended from some13 thing, i.e. (a) of a body, members, limbs Jb 18 4 41 (of crocodile) (6) of a vine, rods (of man), or shoots Ez 17 6 19' 4 (c) of^>ofeor staves used for carrying the ark Ex 25 1314 15 35 12 37" 39 s5
; ;

make a beginning)
sf

Qal Pf N13 1X12"; Pt.

40 Nu 4 shewbread
20

8 Jeroboam (instead of DN"]i3) Ne 6 12 33 ; invent devised a feast in 8th month 1

DNlb

8 99 7 88 1 K 8 (=2 Ch 5 ), or table of Ex 2S 28 35 37 1416 Nu 4 8 or altar of B. O. Ex 2 7 " 35 3 8 7 39 39 Nu 4 or s7 28 altar of incense Ex 30" 35 Nu 4"; (d) 37 6
-

13

6-6

16

5-6-

14

16

accusation

Ne 68

more gen. bars (of fortress) Ho Jb 17 16 fig. 5*f> *& (v. Is 38 10 ).


113
is

1 1

6
,

(of a gate)

fl. [*7*1Z11 vb. be separate, isolated (Ar. jj cause to withdraw; 11. separate, disunite, Gnu'Saad.; iv. divide into parts; x. go alone,

TTD n.[m.] isolation, separation


189,2

Is 27

10

i"n*X3 ~V)S the fenced city is isolation, i.e.

act independently), oji\y P<.11^3 Is 14

31

(of strag-

9 1113 NIB a wild-ass (sim. gler in army), Ho 8 of Ephr.) going alone for itself (i.e. wilfully: v.

more usu. solitary (subst. for adj.: Dr' ); 12 as adv. accus., to signify alone, Dt 32 ; esp. with vbs. of dwelling, Lv 1 3 46 3* 113 he shall
dwell alone (lit. in isolation), Je 15 17 La I 1 3 s8 of freedom from attack, security Dt 33 s8 fig.
:

sub

?),

102 8 (of bird sitting

solitarily).

-m
(of Isr.), Je 49" (Kedar); so Vn|> Nu 23 s (Isr.) Mi 7 14 ^ 4 9 for thou neob "nab raa kest me dwell solitarily, in safety (v. Dt 33 s8 ).

95
apart
apart

rb-n
men Dnajj, i. e . <0;,aM through, or, that shall pass through (RV); so of setting

w&m
q.

mm

cities, ace.

Dt 4 41
.

cf.

n.

"7*0

(prob.

i.

tna

q. v. taM; t'e%).
.

tin. [TS] n.m. only PZ. On?. a empty, j'rf/e tatt CIS 3 6 listen not to DJ"U=Heb. (Ph. , D? '!!3 ef. [IS vain esp. with collat. idea
-

a distinction between clean and unclean, holy and profane, sq. pa*. pa Lv 20" (H); io 10
.

19

'.

3.

make

talk),

of imaginary pretensions or claims Jb 1 1 3 J*W DV1D thy idle talk brings men to silence
:

^3
.

(both P); sq. !>...pa Ez 22" 42 s0 4. divide into parts Lv i 17 8 5 (P), prohibited in case of fowls offered in sacrifice.
.

11 47

Hipb.

(II

WW),

Is

16 (of Moab) ina

[3 rfj his boast-

ings are not right (unfounded), hence Je 48 30 b. concr. empty talkers, praters (cf. HK^a, 25 Syr. Uo*=>, Kar),of false prophets, Is44 Je5o 36

8 iChi2 8 Ezrg Impf. *7J$ Ezr io 3 I Ch2 Ezr 10" Ne 9 ; Imv. 3 1%1 21 PTjn Nui6 Ezr 10"; Pt. ha? Ezr6 Ne

Pf
;

W^a?

mn
io 29
.

'

21

NH

1. (reflex, of Hipb. 2) a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their

*TTa
(Tin)

n.pr.m. father of an Edom. ruler


35

Gn 3 6 =iChi
v.

46
.

*TS

'X
'1 1

from non-Jewish wives, sq. 2 abs. in same sense Ezr 16 G " m * m " 1o Wl """M" * *>\ v (cf. Sta withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Nu 16 51 (P), sq. IjiDD. c
practices, also
9'

Ezr6 2,

io"

Neg

separate

*"PT3 n.pr.m. (=nH3Jj servant of 35 Bapata, @L Ba&uai an Israelite Ezr io

oneself

unto (?$) David


bines a.

Chi2 8

d.

Ne

io 29 com-

&

c.

separate oneself JTirjKfl 'Bjp

divided, separate (Ar. Jjo cliange, substitute, Mish. ina divide, Syr. ^!la
Ithp. Ethp.)
5>*Wlj
20

[7 J^*J v^- be

OTpgri

mjn-^.

a. pass., be separated,
sq.

a.
.

6e excluded

from the people,

Ezr io8
-

Hipb.
26
,

rfmde,
sf.

separate;
consec.

Pf
Dt

Nui6 Dtio8
9

b. 6e set apart, of Aaron, sq. iB'^pni' 1 Ch 23". On $>H3ii, & distinction fr. *p-iDTI v. Dr ,Ph xla9
L ^7? J n '[ m .]

i^Sni

29

fs.

nbiam Ex 26 s3 ; nhani Nu8";


17
4
'

piece, severed piece, cstr.

^nan Ez 2 2 etc.; Imp/. 7*1$ Lvi +; 3 1 Ch 25 sf. 5*3*! Gn i *?H?! IS56 h?*J nbl3Kl Ezr8 24 LV20 etc.; Inf. abs. ^'an Is 56 3 cr. Hsnj) Gn i + Pt. Hap Gn i 2 1. divide, separate, DyT?P Is 59 subj. God Gn i 4 sq. pal Pa between light and dark1 ;

flN-ha

Am 3".
ni^aen ni^asn
that
cf.

26

*[i D^jE)] n.f. separate place, Jos 16 9 (appos. CIV?); tut rd. prob.

14

Hopb. Pt.
which
Plin.
is

fr.

ha,

or

nihrm iriph.
dross

p., c f. Di.

T '^"!? n.[m.]
H "tN *,

alloy, tin,

(orig.

separated from precious metal;


i

ness,

cf.

v 7 ; subj. heavenly bodies v 1418 ; subj.


.
.

Ex

6 firmament sq. ?. P? Gn I (all in P's source); 26 s3 of the naia in tab., sq. . P?1 ... pa D ??; of men from God iniquities,
. .

PL

sf.

If&T? Is
2.

" lTl8^'"- 9 1B )_'3abs.Nu 3 i +4t.; 26

; 1.

alloy, Is

25

fig.

of evil

of Jerusalem,

which

V??

2 P 3 Is 59

separating 2. separate,

HT2D).
(Pj
Isr.

<wi

remove p*pn; s {plumbum album) Nu 31


will
fijia,

'

set

apart, sq.

+3,

I??, nr/ns,

nnp
;

ng

of

P,

of

20 24
cf. 1

from other peoples Lv '1, Nu 16 9 (P); Lv 20* sq. also 4 **$; (H) K 8 ra roni ? 'Ian separate them to thysetting off Isr.
1

Ez22 18 (+ne*ra, bra, n^)

n simile

v 20 ( + id.
to

+ 'l??); as article of commerce brought


.

inheritance; of Moses, setting apart 14 Levites, sq. ^ilTO Nu 8 ; of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Dt

self as

an

12 Tyre from Tarshish Ez 27 (+103, bna, 3. plummet, ITIDij;). b^n J3XH (appos.) Zc^ 10

""nbia n.[m.] prob. bdellium (5

L^oU;

29

20
,

sq. also np-ib;


cf.

sq.

b$ Is 56
3

s -3
,

i.e.

ex-

Nn|"na; etym. dub.;


c.

Lag

"-*""- 20

prop. Skr.

cluding him;

also

Ne

13 sq.

P;

of setting

apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean N8B? D37 Lv 2025 ; of setting apart the tribe of Levi
'131

apparently therefore well known ; one of the products of the land Havilah Gn 2 12 ; used in simile of colour of

uddkhala)

art.

'an,

manna n>13n

nafpj
1 ,

Dt io 8
sq.

f<J>3

iryi

Nu 1 1 7
12

(subj.
2

'>);

cf.
10

also

(hum.

subj.)

Ch 25

rrpfe,

Ch

25

sq. Inf.; similarly

Ezr 8 24 ; even

sq. ptcp.

Ez 39 14 they

shall set

Jos Ant.m.i.6

Gn 2 av6pa$, Nun */w'"araMos; Saad. AWKiBo al.jsear/s.cf.Lag


what uncertain;
7

Meaning some44 ;

Aq

Theod

gymm

gj

m0B t bdellium,

96
an odoriferous transparent gum, of yellowish Dtc,B"" Aron"' u colour. (Cf. Smith Sigismund .)
Israel
cf.

ncm
2 1 as adj. terrible

Zp

18

nbrOJTJK

n^>3.

2. be

1. a judge of t|-jn n.pr.m. (=rwy?). 1S12 11 ; but rd. prob. |TJ3, so <S We, Dr (v. Ju 4 6f ). 2. a Manassite 1 Ch 7".
(j>enelrate, split
1 cf.

in haste, hasty (late, cf. Aram, above): Ec 8 s l\?n V3BD 'SlJTpK 6e no* hasty (to) go from him;

Pr28 22 pnp 7H33


/y>/. ^Q3J5 Est'2

hastening after riches.


9
;

Pi.

sf.

V6n3^
2
sf.

Dnn
2

44
;

l^tyj

p*7!^

Aram, pi?, .oI


cf.

Jb 22 10
18

to&]3J

^
9
;

5
;

ms. D.brpn
?i>n3p

^
s1

83
;

16
;

explore; but these perh. denom.

Lag

GN1882,100 ).

^OJ^U
32
sf.
;

Ec 5

Inf.

Ch'35

D_
4

Tp"Q

n.m.

2K12

fissure,

rent,

breach

Part,

tprfoso

Kt,

'3 abs. 2 12 ; (Aram'. Np,?3, )J>J> (Nasar.)) cstr. ib. + 6 t.; sf! ^lp"!3 Ez 2f ; in a build'3 3 ing; temple rV2n n'3 '3); v 6 abs.; ahv. (*
'2 repairers
I

x K 2 MAM
1

(BeEy pref. Kt, v. Pl?3);


2
6

D^{38 Qr Ezr
44

1. dismay, terrify, sq.

Ch

18

32
')

(||

trfl),
16

22

5
,

cf.

12 13

^2
(v.

(subj.

83

c.

P?H repair;
927

cf.

'p'tnp

sub

ft?-).

(of Tyre). of thy fissures Ez 2 7 [p"1i] vb. denom. mend, repair, only 10 Qal Jnfcstr. rvsn p?n^ pinsb 2 Ch 34
.

hastily (late), 2
liath

Jb 22 10 (subj. in?), Ezr 4 4 (|| tin; subj. *>); cf. also 2. hasten, make haste, act Ch 35 21 ^bnpb "Wf Wtfa God
1 1
; 1

Dn

given

make
Ec
9

Imste Est 2

command to speed me (EVm) 9 of hasty speech Ec 5


;

sq. inf.

'3n"bl<

77n^
sible

t"lp"I3 n.pr.m. Ar.


(cf-

Isr. officer 2

K9

s5

T?"^
7

(IP??

(v. [3).

*fg TQCP*
'sn-^K.

^fh); of anger
.

^>

be

empty; on a posBA811s
).

Diysb
,

^nra

pu

/>. pi.

o^rpn

connexion in As.

Est 8 14

cf.

nbn'30

cf.

Hpt

Qr

Pr 20 21

(so rd.

with Vrss

T^irQ n.[mj] emptiness (on form v. Ges '" 60 l"* 1 * Stat 96 198 on alw. ', usage cf. Lag ')
-

of primaeval earth; Je 4 s3 of earth under judgment of **; VinijS ^Hb \>3N1 Is 34 11 tAe Zm 0/ wasteness and
c.

Wl

q. v.;

W3J *nn Gn
,

-hasStr; RV); Kt rbrao v. 14 tened Est 8 of royal posts (|| D'SirPI); Juistily 21 gained '3D nbra pr 2 o Hipb. Pf sf. "frmn
.

Now

AV

bm

Jb 23 16 Impf. 14 W73ilEst6
; ;

1. dismay,

sf.

WTOT3*!

Ch 26 20

3*mpl.

terrify, sq.

sf.

Jb23

16

the stones

ofemptiness, i.e. plummets, employed, not as usual for building, but for destroying walls ; cf. Di & v. sub J3N 6.
a costly stone, perh. por-

*& tjin). 2. (late) Aastew, /twrry ; 20 2 Ch 26 DB'O In6n3>1 and they hurried (trans.), him thence (|| ^nij); nwle Aas<, sq. inf. Est 6 14
II

(subj. nr

Tjon3 n.[m/J phyry (cf. Egypt,


Dict.v.

N^np
T PI

'3>1

and

tltey
.

made

haste to bring

Haman.

behiti, behet, behat Brugsch Diimichen c*"*-"- Wendel Alul|r B* u " EdeUflned^TTt. hag Est I 6 Tjrtbl IT) B'E'rO DSri wp^ a pavement of
-

7HS n.f

dismay, sudden terror or ruin

^p^^
id.

porphyry and marble,

rS2 16 As^ Ultu, terror, (cf. ) '3 abs. Lv 26 8 2 t.; pi. ni7n3^ J e 15 ; sudden terror Lv + 26 16 '3 CD'h? 'klpsn) (appositives follow) cf.

DF

etc.

Je 15 8 ;
Pt. pass, h.T3 eftV

tpL^] *>
quieted;
precipitate, also

(NH

Pi. disquiet;

Pa.

-'''Oi

hasten, be
6e quiei\

dismay: but^.00 21 5>naj 1 s 28 ; rbrai Wipb.. P/.


1 3
;

is
,/,

, ;

b$Xr*)Q$ ended their days nbn|3 Dnijcyi nngj a?lrf in a breath, and their years in sudden terror.

Is

65

C3

rhn^b

*"ft. *&,

f 78

s3

0713
rTOnS
sf.

(Ar. _4j, iv. shut, x. impeded in

4
;

*^njj
3

speech, tongue-tied; Eth. "flOon; 6e

dumb).

Is 2

Wj*J3?1
29
,

consec.

Jb 21
;

6
;

$%$ Gn45 +
ms. brav\
8
;

n.f. beast, animal, cattle (Ar.


i 24

etc.;

Impf. ?na>l

J u 20 41

Ec 8 3
28
s2

L^J) '3 Gn

+ 137
6

t.; cstr.

npns Nu

41 ""

3
10

ti*S*
!

+ 104

etc.;
;

P<. ^H33

f.'"V ???

Zp i
Ez

18

1.

^ 3o

bn33

pr
1

be disturbed,dismayed, terri-

fied,
1V

Gn 45 3 (E) Ju
cf.

20 41

S 28 21

S 4

(||

W)!!

j" supr.);

of bones of sufferer

63

+ iot; inon3Lvi9 +4t.; inn3Ex2o + 4 t.; inpns'Gn 3 6 Pr 12 pi! abs. ntona Dt 3 2 24 + 6t. + V73 22 (v. infr.) cstr. nicm ^ 8' + 5t.; beast, & coll. 6ete (Gn 8' + very oft.)
19

10

of hands of dismayed people Ez ; (|| 1 at chastisements & judgments of '' Ex 'f ; esp. 15 4 3 15 cf. supr. v (song, in E) ^ 6 (subj. B>M, )
cf. infr.
||

v4)

v"
2
1

(||

3
32

29 18 8 7 Bh3) 3 o cf. 104 ; 8 3 (j| Eh3) 90 Is 13 15 JD of occasion of fear) Jb 23 (id.) Je (sq.

man (D^?) G" LviS^Xwhere '3 is male, so 20 ) Dt27 ^tfeic; '3 7$) tTWI? ('3 ins5 12 cluding all the larger animals) Ex 9 12 8 J 35 J e 5 3 e tc; as inferior to man Jb 18 3
1. of living creatures other than
8'

11

Ex8
16

13 - 14

91022
21

22 18

\f/

13 - 21
\fr

51

Ez 26 18

(del. Co);

49

so also

Ec
23

181919

21
;

3
cf.

pp. also birds


etc.;

&

Jb

4 (||n^),

cf.

also

reptiles

Gn 6 7

8"

Ez 44 31

also to

mena
fishes
i

w
9
.

K5

13

Jb 1 2 7

cf.

v8

also to wild beasts 20 H 14 1. 2 3 9 7

Hx? n n
'

^ 8 Zp i 3
,

2. opp.

of leprosy

5o

T *10

'IIBCI 'n

Gn I***
etc
.

I4 gl0
10

^ 46
,

esp
19

therefore
"<

cattle,

as
35

47

('an njp?)
4M1.46.45
37

Ex

owned and used by man, Gn


2o
15

Lv 1 3 U " B but possibly a (passing) UnSDO v"; or due to a boil ('ne* v" D eruption due to pna (q.v.) Lv 1% XM
; ;
.

Nu3
4- 6

j) t2

j j

=Dt 5", Lv i 9 J^ll Z( 38 glO j ^5

26 s2

t-Vn3

Ezr
'
.

jb 37 21 Q^nfz

adj. bright, brilliant, of light; only mn '3 -an uo tb.

Ne

io 37

etc.;

in one (late) passage of

N12
(As.

2.w,9

vb come
-

animal for riding (horse'! mule?) Ne 2 1212 4 3. rarely of wild beasts, esp. carnivora, ">S! '3 ' 7 Mis H? n a Dt28* Isi8 6 8 Je^ 15 s 16 4 19 7 M 44 30 n-i^n 'a 1 S 17 34 alone, Pr 30 ntoa"lf> M '3 "lfc> Hb 2 17 . Dt 32 ; On ntani.f 73* of. infr.
-

Qal Pf S3 Gn 6
B f. 2

bd'u

Hpt
44
3

" 7499
,

in.

eome, go
Ar.
is.

in,

Eth.

M;
3

13

+
.

3 Gn 15" +
,
i

& return)
;
(

go

ri3
7
;

i
;

yf,

mg nxa j og
Itu 2 12
,

S3

fs.

n3 Gn 16 8
10
;

+ nnxa TOM congee.


3
,
;

TJuQrQ
mus
40
15

n.m. behemoth,
pi. intens.

R113

2S14 Mi4
7

3pl.^Gn7-^

ipl.K3
;

i.e.

hippopota-

(appar.
cf.

of foreg.; ace. to

Di Jb

an (assumed) Egyptian 13 p-ehemau, ox of the water) Jb 40 (on identity, m "'- '" 705 s2 cf. further Bo nions ) prob. also f 7 3 7]Qy ^"n a beliemoth was I with (toward) thee
Is

De

30

fr.

+ (? 1 S 25 s), etc.; Impf. Ki3J Gn 9 M 3 2 +, *% Gn4 9 -|-; 3 fs. VtOR Gn4i + sf. Jb 22 (but text dub. v. Kb LM4 ); 2 m B inxiari Ufa? Gn 15"+ 2 fs. 'Kian Ru 3 + 1 s. Mty Gn 33" + cohort. HKaK Ju 15', nvfQH Gn
32
10 21
.

Gn

,7

(so

Hi De

Che
6

morn

I s 30

tlie

beasts); ace. to De Or also in burden of the behemoth of the


;

29

21

4-,

'rirtwi

s 25 s4 (Qr ntfam but


Dr, rd.
'KSPII);

text

prob. wrong, v.
V/ST,
cf.

Ko 1647

south (supposed to be a designation of Egypt but this unlikely, cf. Che Di, rd. therefore) rather beasts of the south, viz. of Judah.

Gn6 20 +,
,

also (by text err.)

3pl.m. *<3 Je 27 w

K6 1646
;

PS3^ 95 ";
^
l7 16

v41

3f.pl. Jfte*
1

sf.'?^ f 119", ^j&l Qnso^, njttan iSic/+;


,

jnZl

(f-

Ar

*-!

IV

shut, cover (v. fore-

nrsari
7'

S io 7
1

45
1
;

etc.;
7
,

Imv.

Ni3,

S3 Gn

fn'3 going) whence also *\4j^ covering the hand, cf. Lane).

as closing

and

nxa*

s 20"
5

K 13
s

'trta,

"td 2 Si 3 "+;

t]rd
only
est r.

n.[f.]

(cf.

Sta' 310 ")

c.

T thumb,

c.

great toe (Ar. *\_\,

&
1

(vulg.)
1. ;

Ex 2 9 20 20 +
-

niJ'ra pi. cstr.

l^J, *L^) Ju i M

^
'3
'

Gn 45 + 7n/i3, K3 Gn^'+j sf. mpl. > Gn *N3, ^Si3 Gn 4 8 + 1?<i3 1 S 29" + io ,9 + etc., DK3 Gn 34 + JN3 Gn 30 38 cf. Ez
1S3
, , , ,

(fr. sg. [jins]

as alw. Cod.
in*
'a,

Sam.

for

MT fO*);
&<1 '3 Lv 8ak!, !<

42" (where Co for JN133 reads njn$> N3 Gn 33' + f. ?WB Gn 29" + nsan
; ,

N13^>); Pt.

thumb (DT)
(always

&

great toe (tfyfl)

named

together)

Ex

29

(accent wrong ,0 cstr. "K3 Gn23 +;

Ew ,581bs-);
f.

abs.

further on forms

Gn6
T|nS. n.pr.m.
'3 |3K (closing, covering l\ 2
s

18

913

7
10
,

sq.

Ko l64St ); Gn 19 8 &
,

Gn i8 s, + Gn 18" + pi. WQ nto Gn4i M (see


;
;

1. come in, sq. ?K

so (subj.

37
24
,

sq- ^

Est'6 4 sq.
,N
,

nGn

nn) Ez

loc.

Gn 12" 41'7 Nu
19

6 B^TTJI J 8 1 5 1 8'", a mark tween Judah & Benjamin.

of division be-

14

sq. ace. (rV3)


"'??'

Ju 18 18

Kn
1018
;

cf.

+ loo

010), & Tf

p)"0 (NHpn3AtW,Aram.pn3,j9o3,Aph.
id.;
j. '

hence KTPgfJB,
.<

)}

.ooq, an eruption,

even of life? 23 21 less things 2 K 18 iS?3 SOI (of broken reed) 3 pierce; of food and drink (sq. "vK) Dn io

=
I

v.

sq.)

pH2 n.m. a harmless eruption on the skin 39 (NH id., Aram. Ki?nia Ar. J+5) Lv 13
.

(fat v. also (sq. 3)


42 6

cf.

Gn
14

41

21

Nu s***;

kine when eaten by lean kine); 16 s1 1 abs. Gn 7 24


4 -8
;

cf.

K il B9 =2 Ch 23 +

more

partic.

"")l"Ti

(NH

Hiph. be
Pe.)

brigld,

Aram. 1H3, io^ (not


Ar. J4J surpass,

&

shine; cf. deriv.; Eth. OCW:


brightness,
Ai'w

a. opp.

tma
id.

N, go out and come in (Sab. WC DK3n Hal" 52 ) Jos 6 1 2 K 1 1" = 2 Ch 23 7 esp.


;

esp.

in

in sense of going about one's affairs (including 19 Zc 8 10 121 8 ; all one's undertakings) Dt 28

Trnrni
abs. flinna

+ 3E*

K 19

27
;

also Bq.

Dyn

'p.Bp etc.
10

= act
K
7

n.f. brightness, bright spot, of

eruption on skin

bright spot (sore, scar, etc.), 13 S6 clean or unclean Lvi4 ; following a burn
;

2 +7t.; nvo Lvi4 Lvi3 38

(NH

id.,

Aram. M
;

tXTJHS)

'3

Lv

'

39

pi.

abs.

cf. 1 as ruler (judge) of, Nu 27'" 2 Ch i 3 ; 13 " cf. also Jos 14"; of leading an army 1 S 18 2 v. further Dt3i 1S29' & sub c. infr. b.

of taking part in worship of congregation Dt 23 3 4 4 23 +(sq. 3); or entering into tabernacle


'
'

'

(from

fire)

Lv

24 25 26 - 28
-

possible beginning

for priestly service

Ex

2S 29 56
'

Lv

16 2*

(all sq.

WO
mrf "Itb), Lv i 6 "bx), Ex 28 (sq. O. of entering on official duty 2
30
17

98

MTQ
future, esp. in phr. D'XS D'O; 20 17 Je 7 s2 9 24 16" 19 6 ; cf. also
r\ijr\

K n =2 Ch
9
.

(sq. inf.)

Is

26'
;

39"= 2 K Ez 7 7 +

1 CI127 (all opp. NX*), d. of bride coming 18 M into her husband's house Jos i5 =Ju i 6. of entering -i woman's tent or apartment (with

23

of day of
as adj.

Jo 2 1 3* Zc 14 Mai 3 21923 also ptcp. D^XSn D*D>n Ec 2 16 cf. Je 47 4 as subst.


'*
1 ; ;

cum femina, cf. Ar. i\j, nN'3 coilio ; on origin of this use of word cf. RS i rmnn 'nptrbx, 16 1 Gn 6 4 i6 ! K9o.w7.Bi) Ju Ig
implication coire

NH
-

flton Is 4 1 22 things to come, future things; & D'XSH alone = adv. in (days) to come Is 27 s

30 3 8

8 -9

39" Dt

22

13 2'

S 1 2 M 1 6" 20 s Ez 23 44 " 4 44
19

Pr 6 M (all

sq.-btt);

sq.'by
4
.

nm*?

ib

woman

rj$*; cf. Gn 1934 2 S


cf.

Gn 1 931 Dt 25 s nty tfcT IVX3 Pr 2 ; subj. rarely


f.
6

come with, i.e. come, bringing, sq. 13 i:nx ni-nas Ni3s 3: ni^isn tyrg tfax ,j, 66 3 16 1? ^7i (innpT ^?]) so Lvi6 & perh. Pr s 3 III. 1. b. b. come upon, fall or 18 cf.
partic. a.
'* ;

light
1

upon, of enemy, attack,


12

sq. "?y
sf.

1 1

7,s (sq. 3) Jos 23

Gn

49

of associating with "tfM X3n bx Dlfaa

1 1

cf.

Gn 32

also 20
t/r

22

Ez 32";

(sq. "OX); sq. of calamity, etc.

Gn 34^ Jb 15 21 so Pr io 24 28 s2
,

("inrrpx
relations,

||

DpnpS).

ft^Q m3); *& D'EHS come into blood-guiltiness, became guilty ' s6 b. of burial, -Qirbx 3 I K of murder 1 S 25
.

g. of entering into specific '3 '3, nn33 (v. nbx,

44
9

18

(all c. sf.);

sq.

Jb 3 a
sq.
.

(||

nnx

c.

sf.)
15

Is

47
sf.

(||

by X13); of blessing,
(cf.

"by Jos 23
1

1
i.

s2

14"

cf.

TC^'b?
23
;

Ni|3J

Gn 5"

(il

W)-

c. come Di) y\r 119 of signs, wonders, predictions, etc. Dt 6 9 14 1S9 (X3} X3) Is 4 2 Je 28" 23

Jb 22 21

4177

; sq. to pass,

3
12

Jos

Pn 3

Jb

of sun,
I

COT Gn
28" Ex

5 M M s6 s4 so io 1327 Ju 19" Ec i 2 S 2 3 1 K 22 18 also fig. Je 15* of calamity DOV nij?3 FIBTptf ilKS
;

(go in, enter, cf. As. erib ianSi 1217 opp. KV go forth, rise) Gn 15 12 22 K Lv 22 7 Dti6 6 23 12 24 131S Jos 8 a 7
set

19

perh. has presented itself before me (v. Kb), cf. La 1" supr. & 2 Ch 7 11 (where N13 for usual nby); but perh. has come to pass before me, i.e. in my (cf. Di) mind it is already a fact, e.t in phr. njy ^Xi3~ny
.

68

d.

Gn

6 13

N3 iB'fbs ^J"

}>i?.

(||

nyn^ri ;nb

nbbox

etc.),

cf.

Is'60 20

Mi

Ju 6 4 cf.

1 1

83

62

7
fo

until thou comest


(i13S'3) alone,
of,
1

j. of harvest,

D'tO^rrpy t?Ctpn '3} of ignorance and confusion. come rn=be gathered Lv 25 s2 (cf. 14 2 Ch so of revenue {income) I K io nsl3n);
13 k. in opp. NX^ be expended, 9 (sq. ? pers.), 10 liiT33 "r^H 2 4 + ari,i 2 other phrases:

far as; so also *|X13 as far as, or in the direction


1

= as

S 5 25

8 46

(nM^TIJ)

Gn
7
15

io 191930 13 10 25 18
;

S 27 s

(all sq.
8

n_ loc.)
1
,

came into siege; cf. ^ 105 18 '"1X3 ?P3 it?B3 /us soul came into iron (v. AV RVm; Che iron chains, cf. Ew 01 Hup Pe; % Hi De felt al. iron came upon his soul); D'OJ? N3 come into advanced in age Gn 24 Jos 13 23 (tfie) days,= 2. come (apon 1 S i7 1! v. Dr. ?pT); (all
</<

S 15

so

nn Nib Nu 13 21

34

Ez 48

cf.

Ez
16

47

city

(in a different connexion 5 3 'n Xbb iy Jos 13 Ju 3 48?); s 20 'n Xi3?0 Ez 2 Ch 26

nmSN Xi3;> Gn35


i

Ch

13
1

cf.

47
8

Am

6"

8"

K 14
2^

25

Ch

of Isaac

tjft "D.b

"1N3 N"l30

N3

Gn

62

(but text dub.)


2

f.

attain to r\vbfr\ nyi


.

N3 tO
rated

S 23 19 =i Ch 11 21

g. be enume-

nit3B'3
1

||

proach, arrive) opp. 'HpH

Gn

16 8

S 20"

(cf.

names
1
20

Ch

D'SSHj Ht. those coming with s8 3. go, i.e. walk, associate 4


.

Ne 6 Ec 5 ) pers. vel rei Gn


22
17

1415

(of birth opp. death); sq. "btf s3 s3 7 2 Ch 14 37 sq. "by Ex 1 8


;

with (Dy)
3

&

m ibnnn Gn
X3-^,
i

^26

4
,

so

c.

m PF22
6 9 ).
411

84

(cf.

nx ibn
(cf. -fin)

22 - 24

4. go
17

20 24 (come up upon, almost

= ascend);
Ch 29
17
;

cf.

also

from speaker, but with limit of motion given


15 Is 22 "bx

Lv 21 Nu 6
11

6
;

sq. b

S9
cf.

12

sq.

n?

Nu
2

so

Ez

Gn 4 5 waiabi
r\b ;

12

13
3

I9
1 1

ny+bx
16

= ls 37 children have come to the birth; 2 K 9 Dn\bx ny X3 S q. n_ oc 2 K 6 S 4 2 K 8 Je 32 sq. ace.


s 20
;

Ju 15

14

16';

-Qpny
12

tW3

W3
i
.

K
Ju
cf.

)yi2 nsnx';

s 22

nnin^ fix ^b-ntai

is

47

sq.

s4

also

La I 4

"iyiO 'X3 those

coming

to

an appointed

feast; abs.

&

oft.;

Joseph's brethren are come, also of lifeless things, ark of '< 184;
19

Gn 45
;

16

^B^n ntt3 nj3S a ship going to Tarshish; Hiph. go to war nonbsb 1X3^ Nu 32". 4 4 Pf X'3n Gn 4 '+; sf. W3i] Dt 9 + etc.; s3 nxan Gn2 9 + etc.; sf. 2 ms. nxan is 43 2 s 7 ^rw3n iChi7 yri^an Nu 16", vnsn
Jon i 3
,

18

16

19 our inlieritance has fallen to us Nu 32 ~?S); so 1S9" its cry is come unto me, cf.

so 'bx K3 D3BD3 Gn 43 wind Jbi your money came unto me = I received your money;
s3

^66";' Kt (Qr ^nxsni); M Is


1

s.

'nxan
8 f.

Gnsi

39

-!-,

Tnixnni Ez

37

etc.;

3 pi.
2

W3n Gn
19

^ixsni J e 25" 16 3 8 + n'nxan s 43 + sf. WW>3ri


,

(c.

2
1

Ch 2 8 27 etc;
S16
17
;

mpl. QnX3n
sf.

Nu 2 o +
4
17
;

Gn

1
,

pi. sf.

Dpxnn Nu 32
;

18 21

Ex

3*

La

22
;

of time, oft. of

imminent

Lv 4 32 +

X3> 1 t

Gn 2 +

W?}

Dnfc^Ip Impf. X'3J (X3J) Ez 4 o 17 etc.;


; ,

N13
Jb 14 sf. ins'3Ti J e 13', Dtoarn Ne Ex 1 5 17 K^N Ex 1 1 + {*? 1 K 2 i 29 Mi 9 ,iDX3n 16 I Imv. N3? Gn 43 16 Ex 4 6 Ann 1 S 20 40 ), etc.; nN"3n Gn 2 7 7 + fs. H*nn 2 S 1 3 10 + etc. //. 6 " cs<r. Knri Gn 1 8 + Pt. Nno Ex a&s. tan Hg 1 H io + ,no 1 K 2 i 2l + 3^,1^30 Dt8 7 pi. D'NnD
2 ms. K'IPl
23
; 1 ,
, ,

99
time, cause a

day
;

<o

come La

21

cause cry to

come ("Py)Jl>34 28 =carry fVha 7|>J3 n.Tl Ig 49


(II

^
;

(cf.

inf^f); carry oa* m'(3) </, e Aa,/ .11, n?N p. 43); alloy) to come, almost = invite
(sq.

Est 5 ,!
cf.
s

-b)
obj.

cf. v';

partic. a. sq. 'by bring


1*
17 12

M cstr. 'K3D Je 1 7 iVKntp Dn come in, bring in (conduct, lead, 19 4 4 obj. persons and animals), sq. vR Gn 6 Ct 2 3 41 21 3 Lv 26 yff 66"; sq. b Ju 19 I S 9 "; sq. sq. MsVEst i 1117 sq. n_ loc.Gn 24 w 46 7 ; sq. H__
(D'iOD
II* ;

1 cause
)

1 o'-

against, or upon, bring enemies against Je 25*

Ez 23 s2
29

to

33

plague

Ex
9

Dt
2

1
-

K 9 = 2 Ch 7
EZ14
22
;

sword Lv 26 s6 Ez 5 17
1 ;

14

curse or calamity
s2

Jb 42"

cf.

44 49

8 37

27 Je 25" 36 31
;

Gn

sinGn20 9 26' Ex 3 2 21
M
.

cf.

+ -^ Gn 19
Mai 3 ; sq. ing) arrows
sq.
10

10
;

sq. ace.

(Tin) Ct

K9

2
;

also

also sq. ~b* J e 25 M Is 37 ic,

32" 49
cf.
1

b. bring to pass 2
4'

Ch

V 78

C.

bring,

bring, carry in (lifeless things), sq. ~?K

Nu 31 s4

3 Je
(fig.)

21

17

La 3 13

send, of sending (shoot36 cf. Lv 26 ; of sending


,

bring forward, bring on the scene d. bring for a purpose, sq. inf.
iaj?
.

Mi 1" Zc 3". 71 inKD -^r 78

breath (nil) into


b

s dry bones Ez 37 (Co

by);

Nei3

12
;

sq.

n_

be.

Ex
;

26 s3

20 20
10
;

nyyn ron-riK k:m;


also

S q.

ace.

(Tin)

2S13

2Ch I5 1S (TV'S);

abs. 2

S 6 17

partic. a. opp.

28 X'Sin (bring (sq. "??); esp. in comout) Dt 9 bination with N'lrtn Zga( om< aiii in (to and

a'pp nir6 tann ni?y. e onV^, jrocur ' Hoph. Pf. K3W XXg$ Jttjj BS?3 La 5'. Lv io 18 + 3 k'nxan Gn 33" (v. infr.); 2 ms. 18 nnsan Ez 404 3 N3V pL cpn Gn 4 3 /rop/. 22 >.K3W 2X12' + pi. Lve^-r, WtjP J6 2 7 D-N31 Gn 43 18 Ez 30" + 23*" (Co EH310),
;

nixrHD
18
,

from battle) Nu 27 1 Ch b. bring in women as wives for sons (sq. J'Wl ftp) Ju 12 9 <j. (opp. nsinn n?^. bring into judgment
17

^45

15
;

things), abs.

Gn 43
2

a. be brought in (of pers. 18 ; sq. IT3 into a house


i

and

Gn
b.

43

temple

"" 4 17 22 4
-

Ch

34

914
.

lay

os^oa s-an

nk|

jbi 4 3

cf.

Ec

be brought, sq. b

Gn 33"
;

(but

12

14
.

d. cause sun to go down 8 (symbol of judg10 e. of harvest, bring in, gather 2 S 9 ment), 6 15 i f. put staves (opp. JHT) cf. Ne 13

Am

have brought), V, 45 15
i
2- 9 2

sq.

Hiph. / "?K unto Lv6 25 io 18


rd.

Hg

into (3) rings hand into (3)

Ex 25" 37 s 38 bosom Ex4 66


g.
jf e g5 jmt

cf.

26" Lv 14 42 ;
D"^,?f
i

girdle into (3)

Co VB); sq. Hjn n^33 J e 27 s2 sq. inf. Lv 16 27 Ez sq. 11 9 c. be introduced, put, sq. 3, 30 sq. fl? Je io staves into ringsEx27 7 ;vesselinto water Lv 1 1 32
3

14
;

cf.

Ez

23

42

(but v.
;

Ez 40 4
;

water Je 13
OiT-P^
etc.; >

1
.

n "13J)3
:

other phrases, t r n^ckg

^
^

W?n
wor]c

tpiSli n.f. entrance, entry, nX33


i.e.

Ez8 5

(fa
(
; J

of temple (but del.


JeS8
'

B
14

Co).

12 IW31 fisr. 5>S*3 DSntOm W3T1 Je27 t t O "lMB? Pr 23 12 apply to instruction thy heart; ^37

T NilD a.m.
in,
30

entering;

entrance, a coming
1.

' abs. Je 38'"+ 3


cf.

+ Ez 42"
N130 Dt IttB

iTODn 33? K3J1

^ 90

12

</ia<

we may gain a

heart

Kt (Qr

of wisdom.

2. cause to come, bring, bring


1922

n +
1 ;

WW
12
t.;

wrong,
sf.

near, etc. (animate obj.), sq. vX Gn 2 43" Lv 24 11 Nu 5 15 ; oft. of bringing Isr. to Canaan

f 50
cf.

1N13D
pi.

Ex 6 8 2 3 23 + cf. Is 14 2 56 7 Ne i 9 abs. Dt 4 38 6 23 b Gn 39 1417 sq. n_ loc. Ez 12 sq. D?i] sq. Ju 18 3 & DPrplJ (fig. of Yahweh's prospering 32 18 abs. GU46 also with care) 2 S 7 =iChi7 39 7 lifeless obj., Gn 2 7 (sq. ?), so 2CI136 Gnsi
, ; ;

Dr); 1.

S 3 M Kt (Qr 13i inexplicable 10 flW30 Ez 27 s cstr. fjtaO Ez 26


2
, ;

W30 ^

Co);

cstr.
19

104

2 t.;

13

16

way of entrance, 2426 39 Pr8 3 (D'HTIB '); I Ch.4 into a city Ju i 18 16 16 I Ch 9" into buildings 2 K ii fTOW 1316 Je 38" Ez 42' 46 19 v. also Ni3Ein) 2 Ch 23
entrance,
i.e.
;

place or

10

(sq. "PS);

sq.

ace.

K12
5
;

Ch 36 18
6

Dm";
Ch
24
14
;

DJ DXtap entrance of (the) sea, gale of the sea, s 2. entering, act of situation of Tyre Ez 27 .

sq.

n_

loc.

Ex

26

33

Je 20

sq. ?Bb 2
1

of ravens bringing food

of entrance, by violence, in storm of city Ez 26 10 coming in or together, making a crowd,


;

17

(sq.

f);

of

bringing presents
cf. 1

Ne
abs.

io 3" 7 (n, ?p),


4

S 17 18

esp.
32

Gn 43 s6 1 S 9'iC)27 (all sq. p); 3 25 offerings, sq. b Gn 4 Nu 15


16

alsO

Gn 4 EX 35 2>.23. 2

Lv 2 2 sq. "? of priest; 1313 2'Ch 31 5 cf. LV4 23" Mai i


etc.;
1.24.27. 2 9

DV N13D3 Ez 33 31 sira. of eagerness to hear Yahweh's word; in phrase lN130~nNl ^XXtoTlS s5 2 S 3 thy going out and thy coming in ; mode entering temple, or the people who enter of

fa

I,

Ez 44 5
i04
,9

particularly of sunset t^O^!


30
;

K"30

\j,

g0

3^ +

Qf

;=west Dt n

Jos

23

Ni3D ?H3nD>ri

N3TO
Cto^n

100
7

DM
Jbi2 21

Ki3B p.X V' 50 113* stm*<=wes<, (|| nrijp jnK), east; in phr. from E. to IF., i.e. opp. sunrise over the whole earth, everywhere on earth.
Btotfn

= Mediterranean, Zc 8
Mai
11
1

out ("]&) by God, in judgment 40 107


.

= \^

trma

n.f.

M contempt Ne 3

'3 S*n toe

have become (an object of) contempt.

[Nai^ J n.[m.] in-coming, entrance, 25 ^tOlD Qr 2 S3 cf. Kt sub MOD; VK3tol Ez 43"
I
,

till.
,

t^llS

n.pr.ni.
-,_ _

ra 307 zk is*. 93
f.)

(cf.

As. n.pr.loc.

Bdzu

and its entrances ( I'NSiCI), del. B Co. In both, ungramm. form for assonance with NV1D. t PlN'On n.f proventus, product, revenue
||

ham's brother Gn HI & X?** Je 25*


ti.

2nd son of Nahor) Abra22 21 J; tribe named with

2. a Gadite
fr.

Ch 5

14
.

TO3

adj.gent. (=IJJ2

t?3 ace. to

'PI

abs. it
sf.

Dt Lv io^ + Ez i4 3 18 anwapi 48 Qr (Kt*wwvan), nhwori j e2 18 10 Kt (so Co); nW3n Ex23 +7t. + Ez48 20 PIN13H Lv25 ,5 +4t.; niK13Ti Pr LV25 pi.
ut.;
ffl

07 + 3 1. cstr. J1N13PI Lv 2 3 'ntran Jb 3 i 12 Pr8 19 'inwari


1
37
;

s9

J.

Eiju of Elihu's father Jb 32". Derenbourg )


+11.
""I^Q n.pr.ni. father of

+2

t.;

in^iw Pr 3

Ezekiel

Ez

s
.

iriX13Pl

4 14 16

8
;

13 Q? ,rIK13P) Je 12

1. product,
H??
'

T^S, n.pr.m. a Jew of Nehem.'s time Ne 18 '133 v 24 which prob. rd. also v ( Bt8, 3 LI'"!n12 B, M*p)\ cf. further Sm
18

yield,

usually of earth

s9 7 23 25 (used as food for man & 2 37 22 Lv 25 1516, also cf. Ne o beast, cf. v ) Jos 5>

(= crops,
,

etc.)

n Ex 23 10

t 'T'Q

v^

perplex, confuse

(?

Ar.

i)U>

stir

Lv

25

s1 -

19

up (water of spring) then be disturbed, confused; cf. As. bdku, lead captive, orig. lead
astray 1

Ez 48 18
8 2

in

Gn
cf.

s4

47
'PI

'PI?

must=o/
9

'(3 partitive,

1. 2. b;

Ch
;

31

DTG
;

del. 3); IT^ Dt 22 cf. f 107


37
;
; * ;

the crops 'PI 2

Est 3 15

COTEzm )only Nipt. Pf 3 fs.n3i33 Pt. pi. &$ Ex 1 4 3 mpl. toj Jo 1


18

'PI

0$

be confused,

in confusion (of a city) Est 3 15


;

noiKn Is ** 23 Hi 'Pi & 3g 'PI Nu 18" JfM 'Pi 30 t t ~: T T TAT Dt 1 4 s2 15^ 'PI 2 Ch 32 28 as property of hus20 bandmen, or people Lv 25 Dt 14 16 2 6' 9 'PI Pr3 crops as determined by season, SPOt? 14 of a year POP Lv 0"rr\) yield
;

wander aimlessly (of Isr.) Ex 1 4 3 so of cattle Jo i' 8 (Merx prop. 133, after @ HicKavo-av, but
rQ3 not elsewhere of
cattle).

28

15

triDiap
22 s PI31301

n.f. confusion,

confounding, Is

Dt33
25
1222

(||

BHS);

i"!D13D1

flDinD tff a

day of consterna4

cf.

v 21

'PI

H^V,

subj. n3E>.
12

2. a. income,

revenue, in general
sions)

Jb 31 s Pr 10" 14 4 15 6 16 8 Ec 5 9 cf. Is 23 (lein bread venue of Tyre from trade with Egypt b. fig. gain of wisdom PIMPI 'n Pr 3" stuffs), 20 i.e. 8"; product of lips (Hn# 'PI) Pr 18 Bi, N" , B of Isr. as results of his speech (|| *T$); Yahweh's product Je 2 3 of Israel's wicked, ;

= posses(almost

tion and down-treading and confusion; Mi 7 Dri313D IWUJI rwy now shall be their confusion.

VIS n.[m.] Bui, 8th month = MarchesK wan, As. Arah samna, iK6 Kin ?13 PITJ3
ti.
<yipfn

tfnhn

"(Canaanitish;

Ph.

rrv;
93

Palm, god
etc.)

is *?in (in n.pr.


,
,

^miy, Vog

b)2"W

& ^13m (Vog93

ness Je 12
fl.

13
.

B,r.wiOT .Ak.cviH.977

Qal [T13] vb. despise (NH id.) L439 10 V3 Pr i 7 ); 3 pi. P/. 3 ms. 13 Zc 4 (cf. Ko 9 13T11 Pr 3 17 ; 2 ms. /w;;/ ?; Pr23 ; 3 fs.
;

"II.

(q.v.) thinks=i>$)3,

moon-god), which connectg w i tn Heb. i>13; Bae pM0 cf. Thes


).

DHM

712 n.m.

product, produce, v. 713\


v.

T13PI

(juss.)
1

Pr2 3 22

pi.

Ct 8
c.

1i3 Inf. abs.

Ct 8 7 ;

Pr6 30 Ct8 7 $ Ft. Pr 1 1"+ 2 t.;


;

n:ia n.pr.m.
"'Ilia

ps.

n.pr.m.

v. H33.

despise,

shew despite toward


;
'

(WisdLt &
;
l

poet.)

ace.

r.oun,

Pr i 7 c. Inf. + b Pr 30 17 elsewh. sq. 7 + 10 Pr 6 s0 11" i 3 3 14 s1 23 s22 Ct 8 " Zc 4


.

tn. PI2 n.m.

38+
exc.

gt.;

cstr.

contempt '3 Jb 3 1 34 ; (WisdLt


1.

PrI8!l

T [DI2] vb. tread down, trample Qal 14 14 D13FI Pr 2 7 7 3/s. Impf. D13J ^6o =io8 D13K Is 63"; sf. 3 s. 13D13S I s 14 26 1 pi. D133 ^
;
,

abs.

Gn

44";

tread
with

&

poet.,
'

obj. expr.

down, trample (of warriors), no Zc io 6 id., fig. c. ace. (subj. \ as


;

contempt springing 3 4 34 from pride and wickedness Jl^i ^I23 with D1NJ i e^)> joined in one adverb, phr.

Gn

38

J).

warrior) ISI4

25

cf.

^6o =io8
14

14

Is 63"; (subj.
;

(II

^31"
ease
12";

'31 '33;

Jb

12

6
;

= object

springing from prosperity and


of contempt
3
.

Gn 38 Pr

linErin^iio^PriS

2. judicial, poured

God's help) ^ 44 s men, fig. reject, 7 Pol. Pf 1DD13 is 6 3 18 1DD3 J e loathe Pr 27 12 10 tread down, in bad sense, subj. enemies 10 of '\ obj. ace. Je 12 (in metaph.) ;=i desecrate 18 Hithpol. Pt. f riDD'ana vhpo) Is 6 3

(obj.

Dll"

1 Q1

tfQ
Aram.

Ez

blind movements of infant's limbs, kick out (this way and that), fig. of Jerusalem. Hoph. Ft. OZMi Is 14 19 pass, trodden
1

6 -"

of the

n u H .n.t

}'13 ,,<>;

-/dub.; Birch, Wilkinson

fr

Egypt

down Is

14", of corpse, sim. of king of Babylon.

Herodot"-"; Thes fr. Armen., ace. to Lag

V pa, but No
--")

hboSi

chthe;

z " oml,

gny
,,,10 ;

a fine white

TD^""P n.pr.loc. Jebus. name of Jerusalem


ace. to
1

Jui9
4
i,
>

10

Btyr* ten WSJ,


5
.

cf.

also v";

Egyptian linen, and cloth made of it, "tfriEB'p 21 ftn rnajnva. 1 Ch 4 families of the house' of
byssus-working; cf. 2Ch2"; p3 i>*yD3 ^3130 1 Ch 27 15 clotlied in a robe of byssus (but id. rather as 14 2 S 6 n|-13D was dancing with all his TiT^a
||

Ch

11

D13) IWJ D^OTi;, cf. v


"'Ca*'

t*, DQ,

1. adj. gent. Jebusite.Je-

1618 cf. 1 Ch 21 busites, sg. 'pajri riTWH 2 S 24 i5.i8.28 2 Chf; as subst. aJebusite Zoo/; usually
c. art. ''l
1

might);

cf.

'3 -pari Est 8 15 ;


i;

ps D'B^D 2 Ch 5";
material of naiB;

coll. the Jebusites, in hist,


1

Gn

10 16
11

I2 8 24

Canaanitish peoples; so also 1 K 9 20 =2 Ch8 7, where remnant of these peoples referred to; also Ezr 9 which seems to shew that this list had become a standing expression for early
1 ,

14 29 (J)= Ch i 5 Nu 13 8 Nep (all D) JU3


,

statement 3 (E) Jos 9


1

P3

V<pB Est

Ch
"

14

article of trade

Ez

27

(del. Co).

Cf

also

BB>.

all

in

list

of

pn
"1"}?

(-PP3).
n.f.

tnj5*0

emptiness,

Na

2"

nj513D* npi3

39' emptiness and void and waste.


n.f.
?'(/.,

inhabitants;
l5

cf.

Ex

specif,

7 2f 33 34 defined as inhabitants of Jebus-Jerusa-

"

further in promises
2

if

(JED) Gn
;

Tnp^QO
I.

Na

11

v. supr.

Dt
5

'

20 17 Jos 3 10

""IIS, cistern, v.

sub "1X3.
v. "13

lem Jos 15 6363


Dr)
y-\r\
1

(J)

Ju

i- 2

68

Ch
a^

11
1

(called also Ch 11 4 ); v. also

HW

nwn

(on which
2

cf.

II.

"VQ, cleanness,

sub

1*13.
1 9 (c acc -);
-

S 56

&

tTQ
prob.
(si

vb Q*1
-

Wor

cstr -

""^ Ec
q.v.)
cf.

"p>yr\ -ty

19"; whence 2. Jerusalem, Hex 8 ten 333D 'Di3'n Wjrbx i 5


p^tfiT " 28 l8 i6. l8 ntyftv

ju only P, Jos

vera

1.)

make

clear, clear up, explain

(VB

so sts., in

NH, ma
imb
-

but
i"

rd. perh.
2
3

t*TT3
jyja.

cf.

ntf*) "ab*}

e Bi;
-

Gr,

s6

mm vpamy-or.

t#"Q 109 vb be ashamed


=evil-doer
Loa
;

T nD*1""l*0 n.f. down-treading, subjugation,


np!3Dl Iglg
'13

DHII 01883 9",


,

(Sab. D13; DN3.TD

||Aram. nna, Syr.


disperse)

Is

1&1 a nation of might and

Ar. cX>
39
;

ijf
13
;

mean

Qal Pf
Je3i" +
;

of down-treading (Che all-subduing);

naUDI

'IK Is 2 2 5 , cf.

OT sub
flpirtfl 2

ntpliTO

DV

Je48
25
1.
;

B'3Je48

HBns J e i 5 ;
;

*riE'3

-JO.

6 15
ss ruin,
pi.
7

T [r*D*Q]l]

n.f.

down-treading

downfall, cstr. VWtK fall of Ahaziah.

Ch 2 2

20 Is 2 9 + 5 7 t. /m/. abs. t^3 Je Impf. 8 12 Imv. *#B Is 2 3 4 Ez i6 i2 ,^3 EZ36 32 P. D'Bns EZ32 30 ; 1. abs./eeZ shame Je 6 15 +
;

B^
23

tfo cfoam-

i6t:, Is i9

37

27 26

Is

45
6

16

+
S0

14

t.,

Ez 16 63

Mi7 Jo2

16

26 - 27

2Ki9 Ez9 Jb6 ^6"(+27t.,

J/-Q (assumed
but
Ar.

as

of

foil.,

cf.

Lag

BN1
;

V perh.

JJJ?3

ace. to
et

Sta * a7 a quadrilit.
(sanguis),

chiefly in late Psalms). 2. sq. IP, be ashamed reason of of, i.e. disconcerted, disap])ointed by

Aj, efferbuit

commotus fuit

A_Ju puteus cvjus aqua haurienti propinquaf.

tj-|J03nSl
I*yi3jnxj
rf.

n.f. pi.
J>?y?,
9

blisters,

boils

(X
.

NH

nyia jraja, Syr.

)^oL^)Ex9
P*Q
t

'n'y3V3

rna pnt^cf.v 10
(cf.

3. with Je2 36 36 i2 13 48 13 Isi 29 20 5 Ez32 30 36 32 X tb / obj. b Mf'? "rip / am ashamed to ask Ez 8 p ^13"iri 1S?3TI ye ar not ashamed to deal hardly 3 CT13 often Eibsi & with me (impf. sub'.) Jb 1 9 "iBn 1033*11 IK'S <^ey are ashamed and confounded 4 s2 11 6! 7 2 Je 14 3 82" Is 41 45 1617 Ez i6 36 ^ 3 5 6 9
-

||

so Thes, better

V*Q
(xh

Ar. Jiti

EZ9

/taZi be
,

surpass in whiteness; ^IIj white?iessf.

[nra]

n.f.

isio'

eg g
sf.

&, Ar.

ixj,
22
66

Q'BDpn ^IDni D'lhn IBOl a rf <A *eer* ashamed and the diviners confounded Mi 3 7 cf. Je 15 9 Jb 6 20 ^ 35 40" 70s 7i J4 s iiipp Ho 13" (id. bo" j <%); en3"iy t Ju 3
6
; 116
;

"W

Aram. KHJT?, )*-) only PL 5


Is 10"; cstr.
Is
22
s

DTI

Dt

K2
;

i;

8".

Polel

59
66
,

eggs

T8 Is59
Is io
14

"Tl Jb 39", DI?T 3


Dt

n*np
(J)
to

"12*0

W3 Moses delayed
tlpa yVTO
.

P/

delay (in shame), to descend Ex 32'


delay his chariots
8

14

bird TBJt) (of small

Si3^i

"1331

why

ostrich BJT) Jb (in simil.); (of 39"; (of great viper <J1$?SX) Is 59" (metaph.)
cf.

Is io

tyQ, ya

n.[m.] byssus

(late),

(Ph. p3,

s3 come) Ju 5 Hiph. 1. ifi?* f 44 J nn^3n f 53"; /mp/. 2 ms. sf. *#*?? f 1 i9 3U16 s 34 6 lB*'3ri ^i 4 pw< to ^ame, P<. B**3pPr 10 14
;
;

rnma
19* 29
full;/,
||

102
Ez 22
8
;

tn
one's

ls
;

one causing thatne or acting shame;

own ways Pr i9

lfi

(i.e.

is

careless

^affD Taj a servant acting wisely will rule over a son causing shame Pr 17 s '"18*30 b)n D^K Pr 12 4 2.
t^at? f?3
;
.

^#5

^:

of them, lives recklessly, opp. WSJ "lets', cf. 7 s5 Ssy\ "isi 16' ); distress of the distressed yfr 22

B*3in

2S19

Je^V Joi
i 1217

||

'

012
;

t^3'n

Jeio

14

30 (but tHOto Kt); WOh Je8 912 /rot,, ifrjh Jo I 11 (all the forms in Joel derived v/ B'3J by ancient versions and some moderns, vid. Ew 122 " Ges > w 6 ). a. put to shame 2 S 19 6 b. act shamefully Ho 2'. C. to be put to shame Je 2 M 6 15 46- 4 48 ,uo 50" Jo 1 d. 6e asAawd Je 8 9 2 Jo 1 1US (?) (?).
t.,
; s

+7

Ho

27

Jo

Is

Y?, subj/'); prayer, subj. id. i^i02 ; broken & contrite heart ^ 51 19 (c. ^?), cf. on other hand 20 27 David i7 42 cf. 73 sq. ace. pers. Saul 1 S io Pr is 20 , '< 1 S 2 30 2 S 12 10 Pr 14 2 his prisoners
(II
; ,
,

18

^
i

s4

69

(subj.

'1);

sq.
21

j>,

Ch

15

29
,

W^
22
;"

b
sq.
6

t3Bl 2
*>$?'

S 6 16 =

=is 37
|11

pers.

Ne2

19
;

T
,8
.

-'

note esp. CS3 I s ^^' a despising of soul, i.e. owe despised


sq.
;

Inf. T

nVJ) VJ71

Est 3

HT3

Is 30' (Qr);

c.

? J e io

14

=5i

17
.

Hithp. Impf.

WtPaJV ashamed before one another


tnttTia n.f.

Gn
7'

25

fromtlxe soul, thoroughly despised; on otherviews v. Che Di. Pt. pass, despised, of pers. cstr.

(J).

DV
cf.

'IIS

despised of people
4

(||
;

D"1K

n3"in) ^, 22",
.

shame shame

^8 9

46

Mi

Ob v10
io 6

DTR3 *a Je49 15 also Obv 2


;

of

Ez

tniO n.f.
tjim
a,
4

(?f3

Ew ,16)f ) Ho
23

Niph. Pi!, njaj f 1 5 + f. nj33 1 nnOJ cf. Webr); pi. DV33 Mai 2*; 1. despised 4 141 33 Is 2. Je 22 M worthless
V'lo
1

wisdom Ec 9 16 S 1 5 9 (so rd. for


wTe,

119
.

53

n.f.

shame Jb
1. sAame
1

+ 20
2c,
30 30
-

t,;

s5 18 10 26 519 7 70 30" 6 1 Je 2 3 20 Hb 2 Zp 3 ; ls ffl :6 ntfa Wlb clothe with shame Jb 8 V' 35 1 32 ; m D n 3 shame (or conHBO HUVV' io 9 ; ^T( ) T^

^6 9 + 7t.
Is

f^ 20 40" 69

sf.

3. despicable, contemptible Mai I 7 12 9 21 said of table of cf. v 2 ; Dn 1 1 as subst.

S 15 9

of Antiochus Epiph. Hipb. Inf. fn^ys nttW^ Est 1 17 so as to cause to despise their lords (cause their lords to be despised).

||

fusion) of face 2

21 7 Ch32 Ezr9 Dn 9",

cf.

Je 7"; TD^JJ n ?' 3 s/iaie 0/ 2/ou</t Is 54"; 11 cf. DBOTP-iy nakedness (that is) shame Mi I
V'

^44

16

t|V-n n.[m.] contempt Est

18

(*|X$. '3).

ntS v. T
*

sub

TT3.

45

6
;

l ox -l? n

P
;

2o3-

thing, substituted for 75?? (q.v.)

2 shameful by later editors,


-

T 113 vb. spoil, plunder Aram. (Ar. y>


,

jj
-

H09 Je3
1

npab nina]p j e 2Sii 21 = ^3T Ju6 32 nj&T^il


;

10

n
2

13
,

cf.

flftov

Amhar.nHnH:perh.Eth.fl,Ha>:r*CMePra 19 Qal Pf. 3 ms. ID* (consec.) Ez 29 3 pi.

BAS, 3S

W3

S2 8 =^5?3E>N

Nu

63

+7t.;
i pi.

1TT3

Nu
2
35

Ch S 33

Je 20 6

H3 Dt

3 1 ; sf. WHtM consec. 7 VfUS 3 ; Impf. 2 ms.

t[1lO] n.[m.] pi.


T2
v.

sf.

VBQD, his privates,

fan Dt2o' 4 ,

pi.

M^

Is io

+ 2 t.;

27 *5 Gn 34 +

that excite shame, pudenda,

Dt 25 11

sub

T13.

9 2 tW3; Z P 2 ; 2 mpl. IfaPl Jos 8 ; 1 s6 67811 cohort, nj'33 x S 14 (cf. Ges' ); Imv.

4 t.;

sf.

pi.

V&

f [NTH] vb. divide, cutthrough(? cf. Aram. T 13, <*L cleave) Qal P/ B"TB WJK Is 18"

13 13 Isio 3 t.; 113 Est 3 Inf. cstr. s4 25 8"; Pi.aci.pl. D'Uia Is 42 2CI120 ; sf.^Lfa Je 30 16 IJMTS Is 17", DHMTS Ez 39 10 ; pass.
;
,

Na2 1010

whose land

rivers cut through (of Cush).

H13 Is 4 2 s2
3
2
1
10
yjf

pot7=take
i

as spoil,

c.

ace. rei

Nu
Na
Is

TnT2
<Ae
,

vb. despise (Pal.


loftily

head "

and disdainfully) Qal Pf. Nu

3! NTS, cf.

Hj raise

Dt

s5

(c.
11
;

&

refl.
c.

suff.)

Je 20 5 Ez 26 12

109
13

oftener

ace. cogn., 13

Nu

s2

31

+;

n]a 2

12

9
;

sf.

^rira

2
i

s 12 10 8
,9

etc.;

io 6
2

(||

tyf tyv,
;

as oft.)

19 1213 ; 33* Ez 29 38 HJ3


-

Impf.
13Fn

131

Gn 25 s4 Est 3 6
;
;

sf.

VTKM

42

fs.

Ne

2S6" 1 Ch 15 29 2 19 27 VIMS 1 S io
;

ms.

nnn>5i
;

20

73

WSJl

Ew 4180 ");
D'tfa 2

P. ac.
16

Ch

36

^13 Je 49 + ; with contempt, sq. ace.


2

1S

* i nfo p r 15 I9 vrna p r 14 s0 6 M'a 1 S 2 sf. 'Jto Mai i joass. 3 Ec 9 ,B f. n ^' despise, regard
;
;

Inf.' cstr.

nfa IS49 7 (Di

4 7 Ch 25 tyv Dt 3 2o' (both sq. b c. refl. suft .) s525 s 13 28 Est 3 8"; nom & 5^B Jos 2 Ch 20 u g2.w j j ( a u g q c re fl guff^. i,j p erg carr i e(i M off (cf. 13) Gn 34 (MT, but cf. 01); plunder,
jj
_

of

25 31 (J); words of' Nui5 (P; notelsewh. in Hex);


rei,

birthright
'"

Gn
i

s4

12"

cf. 2

Ch 36 16 name
;

Mai

robbed Is 1 o 2 1 1 14 1 7 " (nDB*) 10 10 10 c. DH3 ( pe rs.) 4 2 (|| ?"d.)Zp2 Je30 EZ39 36 s7 c. ace. of place plundered Gn 34 1 S 14 ; 53 16 13 2 2 Ch 1 4 abs. Nu 3 1 7 14. fNi'pb.
despoil,
22

c.

ace. pers.
9

(cf.

P/.M331 consec.

Am 3"
s

infr.);

oath {ffyf)

Ez 16

59

i^"-"-"; holy things

Inf. abs. Ti3H Is

Impf. 24
;

ms. 1^30 Is 24 s ; plundered,

be spoiled,

n
subj.
(
||

103
s
;

-ra
Oei t^ ""
1

nuDiN

. pian pian). be taken as spoil, subj. msiK.

Am 3"; )nxn Is 24 fan ?ian + p u />/ vni C onsec. Je 50


37

(so in lexx.) nauseated (yet v.

1-

NSyr.%-4 mvV
Pf. 3
'3
fs.

cf-

'3 abs.

Tta n.[m.] spoiling, robbery; spoil, booty Nu I4 S + so also Ez 25' Qr (Kt J3


;

nbna z c 1 1 8 '3 fdt a loathing against me.

Stoddard db>m d:i nna

c ~"

,-

,a-

**>)

^w ispni
;

)- Qal

fll.

meaningless);

T3

Je

H;
i.e.
||

sf.

W3 Ex
.

29";

14

but 13H

Nu 31 s3 v. d.
21

only Pu.

[bra] vb. PL nb nap


;

(Ar.

Ji>

be

avaricious)

1. spoiling, robbery, '3b


(of temple

6y

<?W Pr 20
ttjnS]
^li,
try,

21

to be plundered, despoiled Ez 7 46 2. s^ot'Z, iooty, bbt?) 23


50 32

nbru an inheritance ^oMen Kt; < Qr Vrss rfjnap 'J, v b.T3.


.

plunder Is io
||

vb. examine, try

(cf.
1.

Aram,

jns,

33

Ez 29

19 13

38

1213
3

(all ace. cogn.

bbe*); c f.

Nu

Syr.

Je 15 in phr. q} rl J e 31 17 49^ (of 4 5 camels) Ez 36 cf. v ; also of human beings Nu 33 ' Dt i 39 Je a" (all '3b rm) i 21" 14
;

W
(||

examine; Ar. crs.-*


sf.
1 1 5
,/,

vm.

te, cf.

8Q6S

) Qal Pf
Inf.
18

7 t.; /m;;/. jjBj

$ + 5 t.;
9

Jb2 3 10 nana ^17'+


,

Imv. sf.'^ns^ 26'

+ K
6
(||

+ 2t.;
23

(||

nDB*D) Is 42

s2
(||

*.)

Je

14
,

cf.

3 o'

HD^D);

spX, DDO);

!>13

ZC13 ; Pt. (03 Jen^+st. 1. examine, scrutinize, try 1// 11'


:3
ttjfl;

Ez 25 7 Qr, 26 s ('ab Itn both in personif.); 28 of Isr. as sheep Ez 34 s 22 fig. (both 'ab fWl) v T3 w (no b). On Is 8 3 T3 e>n bbe> ino v inc.
also
;
-

139

Jb

dtk

VBjrey z/ls eye

try the children

13 t Prt3 n.f. spoil,booty(late) HJ3 2 Chi 4 +

and through) f 11 2. prove, test, try. a. with the metaphor of gold Jb23 10 ?n33 Crura*
. ;

of men (search them through 4

9t.;

3njrrriS

and I

14 spoil,prey, of things 2CI128 13

Est9

101516
,

Zc 13 9

will try them as one tries gold b. without metaphor, of God testing

cf. 2

Ch i 4

spoiling,

M 25 Dn 1 i (||bbe>&B>l3-i); n. verb., '33 Ezr 7 Dn 1 1 33 cf. also 'sb Ne s6 g 3


13
, .

jVta.

v.

sub

HT3.

t i"P rYVTS n.pr.loc. ace. to

MT place
|3) v.
al.)

near
27

s 10 8 27 persons \jr 26 66 81 Je 9; their ways Je 6 ; 3 3 the 3? i/r 17 Je 12 Pr 17 3 1 Ch 29 17 ; reins Je 10 1 7 heart and reins f 7 10 Je 1 1 20 (= 20 12 ). c. ; of man testing or tempting God i^95 9 Mai 3 1015 d. the ear trying words Jb 12"= 34 s Niph.
.
.

Beersheba Jos

28

but
-

rd. prob. n'niJSI

and
1 1

her daughters (villages,

cf. ri3

sub

Ne

Jb 34 36 Gn 42 1516 to be tried, proved. Pu. jn'3 Ez 2 1 18 the trial has been made ( 23
Impf.
fri3^
,

(We

Sm215

HolIenb Ata

'"*'

jM

Ges

-"Di

MVEwKe, but noun

jn'aMT

Symm Haev.;

rd. fns

with grace, favour, Hi Co).

pO

(Aram.

p]3, jjJLs scatter;

Ar.
1W

JjJ
).

n'

(of sun) is prob. erroneous v.

Lane

14 tpjl n.[m.] lightning flash? Ez i Hi Co del.; verse oin. in old MSS. of ; sense

tried stone, stone.

t|ni n.[m.] testing, Is 28'" fO'a [3N atested, i.e. approved for use as a foundation-

On Ez

21

18

MT v.

foreg.

ad fin.
.

14 Is 32 iJfTl a.[m.] watch-tower,

uncertain, possibly error for pia.

Tpt2
Israel

n.pr.loc.

t[pm]
Kt)
'

sf 'JW|i(dag.

f.

implic.

Qr;

W13

(pn3) rendezvous of

Is 23 13 their siege-towers.

under Saul and Sam.; Ju i 4S home of Adoni-bezek on loc. cf.Euseb. Lag " 010 106 2nd " 139 4 see also Stu. Ju i 17th (mile-)stone fr. toward Scythojiolis mod. Hirbet Neapolis 231 Ibzik, 14 Eng. m. fr. Nablus, Survey"; ; ; ;
.

TpPQ n.[m.] T
'

assayer, one

who tries metals

Je6 27 (G es* 84 s Ew tlK!b).

TSTQ Is
t"in3

13

23

Kt;

v.

[pna] supr.

vb. choose

(cf.

Aram."in3, Syr. 1
rr76

f[1TIl]

Qal

vb. scatter (Ar. Aram. "H3) Jjj, 24 Drib tfa-y bben nis Impf. Dn

beru (-/1K3) Dl lljra, 1b. Dt 7 6 + 66 1.; ina: l s 4i 24 + 60


9

)Qal
1.;

Pf.

ins

"fS$ Jb 29^

"rip;

plunder and spoil and 2>ossessions he will scatter among them (subj. Antiochus Epiph.) Pi. Pf. 31 but rd. Imv. "ffl ("?)( 33 so 1|3, id., f68
,

tna Exi7 +5t.; Inf. abs. (Baer); Imv. 6 1516 28 1 S 2 Is 7 Inf. cslr. sf. 'Tg Ez 20 ; Pt.
;

^
5

most;

De

follows

*Mr^3
I
10

MT), subj. ref. to \ obj. B'BJ?. n.pr.m. a eunuch of Ahasuems,Est


-

30 Zc 3 2 ; pass. Tina Ex 1 4 7 1 8 1.; 1 S 20 1. with a, a. divine choice, of Abraham Ne9'; 5 Israel Dt 7 7 Is 44' Ez 20 ; to become his people Dt 7 6 i4 2 Jesburun IS44 2 the seed of the patri-

ina

sc. membro, beste, (Thes comp. Pers. 1'"*- 1'" 8ligatus sub siL-j). e.g. spado, cf.Vullers

Dt 4 37 10"; Levites Dt 18 6 26 n 2Ch29 Aaron yj/ 105 Judnh 67 Levi and Judah Ephraim ty 78
archs
; ; ;

21

Ch

15
the

1 C

h 28 4 not

I.

[^riB] vb. feel loathing (cf.Syr,

king Dt

1S

I7

especially David

S io24 16 8 "

Je^;

-ra
2

104
1

rten

i Ch 28" 29 2 Ch ) 16 6 I7 M (P) Hg 2 s3 place of sacrifice Dt 12 18 14 25 16 716 17 s 2 Ch 7'*; the 8 ,6 (=2 Ch 6 534 ) 11 33 ; Jerusalem city 1 6 1 2 Ch 6 Is 14 Zc i 17 2 16 3 s ; Zion ^132"; de-

S 6"

K 8 (= 2 Ch 6
16

6'

V 78 70

others

Nu

lusions Is

66\

b.

man's

choice, of
;

ways Pr 3

31

Is 66

s
;

good

things Is 7

1516

life

Dt 30"; gods
.

Is 4 1 24 ; God's pleasure Is 56* 65 12 66 4 2. with 1B* (alone, for '3 "HW): a. 8 10 c/101'ce, of Israel Is 4 1 0? ^i5?-, 4 3 ; the

Ju 10"

nm

dmne
Dt

people

WfB* T

^33

12
;

men Nu
27
c,

i6 7 (P) ^65";
(P), especially

TIITO n.m. young man Is 62"+ 7 t.; pi. D^Via (intensive with dag. f. implic.) Pr2o 29 + i3t.; cstr. ,lin3Ez23 6 + 4t.; sf. ^in? etc. La 18 1 + 1 6 1.; young man (choice, in the prime of manhood* 1 S 9 2 Ec 1 1 9 Is 62 s coll. young men Je 15 8 rpinai "Ana young men and virgins Dt 22 s6 6 17 10 32 2 Ch 36 Je 51 Ez 9 ; usually pi. Ju 14 10 16 12 liu 3 1 S 8 2 K 8 2 Ch 36 17 Pr 20 29 Is 9 17 31 8 30 22 21 15 20 26 3 3 15 40 Je 6" 9 11 18 48 4 9 50 51 La i 8 4 1 612 23 11 17 10 Ez 3 3 minru 5 3o J03 Am2 4

'

'

||

s3

king

I2 14M i5

S 16" 1 M 10
17
-

Ku";
I2
i
9
;

place of sacrifice
24

V'

78
.

148

12

Is 23

Je 3 1 13 La

18

21

Am

13

31" (D) Jos


5 -2 '
,

DB> iB>

0*7 Dt
2 6:i1

12" 14" i6
6 s8 ),
db>
);

Ne

BB> i> 14 the city 1 K 8"

I2

,s

nvth 1 Jerusalem iKii" 2


'et?
>

Kn

36

21

5 6 12 b. man's 58 way ty 25 29 7 choice, place to dwell in Dt 23 gardens Is i 13 1 S 12 wives Gn 6 2 (J); what to do king 1S 2 S 15 3. with ace. & ?, choose some one or M something for : a. divine choice, of Levi 1 S 2 Jacob 1^ i35 4S inheritance ^ 47 s b. human

330

2 3W

K 21
.

14

Dt (=2 Ch = 2 Ch ( = 2 Ch (
I??'!)
;

Zc 9 17 + [D"n/)!"0]
lnna

nu

^ (j
;

n.f.abstr.pl. youth,
;

pi. sf.

Onk

Sam *B Lu Ke)
(but

T9*"

w? Ec
sf.
20

@ Ges De Di
1 1
9
,

TO
Ch

V-v-m 3 Ec 1 2
1

tflYTIl] n.m. chosen,

cstr.
1

"Vna 2 S 2i 6
16 13

fast I s

'

We Dr
ic.6

''

TO);
3

l*Vro
4

8 94

Is 4 2' 43 105 45 65* the chosen or efectf of Yahweh.


1

643

5 - 23

always

choice,

4. with ace. and JO, choose, Jb 34 9 10 5. ace. a. from 2 S io (=i Ch 19 ). divine choice, temple 2 Ch 7 16 Judah ^ 'jS 68
1
.

s 1522 persons Ex 17 Jos 24 (E) 1 S 8 13 20 2S24 (=iCh2i ); thingsGni3 (J)iSi7 40 2325


18

12

12

11

K 18

'HIIS n.pr.loc. (young men's village) of a small town of Benjamin beyond the Mt. of Olives on the way to Jericho (cf. Rob BBi 433 8 Kasteren ZPV im ,00 ff ) 2 S 3 16 16 5 17 18 19 17 1 2
'

'

select

(=ftej>J ace. to
ZPV
III.

} "

Schwarz Marti-Schick
'

8 1\

servant Is 41 9 49 7 b. man's choice, persons Ex ^^(E) Ju 5 8 Jos8 3 (J) 2 S-I7 1 ; things Jb 8 14 26 s3 30173 Pr i 29 Is 4O s0 6. 7" 9 15 2 9 34 1 19 with by, :jjd nt by *a /or <A </iow Aa<
. .

TirQ'] n.pr.m. (He (El or of David 2S5 16 iCh 3 6 14 5


.

chooses)

son

mra

chosen rather than affliction Jb 36 21 ; with ace. and by pregn. ^y ">rnn IK'S !>3 aW that thou
cltoosest
i>

t["\nnQ] n.[m.](f. Ez 24 ) choicest, best, n 16 cstr. in}!? Dti2 + iot.; sf.VjnaDDn 11 vows
;

S 19 39 7. with of ace. 1 S 20 MSS. have 3; but (many We Dr read I3n companion). The ptcp.
(to lay) 2
.

upon me

30

"WI3 chosen, of a ruler ^ 89 20, warrior Je 49' 44 15 5o ); as cedars Ct5 ; coll. "lira 331 chosen ( chariots Ex 14 7 (E); "lira B^N chosen men, warriors Ju 20 151634 1 S 24 s 2 Ch 13 317 for wh. s lira alone 1 2 Ch II 1, 2 Ch 25 ; 12 2

Dt 1 2"; valleys Is22 7 fir trees Is 37 24 cedars Je2 2 7 bones Ez 24 4 sepulchres Gn2 3 6 (P); s of the flock Ez 24 of the Assyrians Ez 23 7 Ex 15 4 (E poet.); young men Je 48 captains 16 P33^ 31131 "iri3D Ez 3 1 (del. 31131 Co); D? 131? Dn ii =his choice troops. ^"JC
;

15

i5

K
1

'

btriw
(|j

mn3
10

S 2 6 2 ^ 7 8 31

S 1 o 9 btcfcv nira

linnip choice city 23 fir trees 2 19

Tl'irOE) ^-[m.] choice, in the phrases "1'V 2K3"; VBna nin3D choice VBTia nnap I 8 37 s4 (prob. K

reading, as

iwi'tra lira, doubtless the true 8. test, try (Aram. ). fn3) 3V "i31^-in3Is 8 10 /AaDe<*<erf thee in the 4 fur1

Ch

scribal error in both cases for ID??).

19

2S6

TirQQ
warriors
1

n.pr.m.

(choice)

one of David's

Ch

1 1

38
.

nace of affliction <S X Ges


chosen 93
ft. Ira?

Rab Calv AV.

Hi Ew De Che Dr, but 3 Niph. "inai J e 8


'

pr

"Pjp^nrQ adj. gent. Baharumite M 1 i =<prna 2 S 23 31 Prob. ^ira Dr.


.
I

Ch

chosen, choice

8'4.5 t.; to 6e chosen. Pr 8 1019 io 20 b. cstr.


.

a. abs.
JO,

1D3J1
life

[riZDS.,

WI33] vb. speak rashly, thoughtPt.


fiB*?).

D"nD Je8 3

mo

(iea</t wt'rt

6e chosen rather
16

than

lessly

(NH idV"D3) Qal


(oipTp.
4

ncta Pri2 18
Pi.

choicer than

Pn6

22';
tfo

mtO HW

in30

one that babbleth


ny^3B'3 Kt33^
so'

D'^q

Impf
Inf.

clwicer (more acceptable)

Yahweh than peace-

Lv

5 speak rashly, unadvisedly;


(of Moses)
4

offering

Pr2i 3

Pu.

"tro? chosen, selected

Ec

WS'Ba

Kt33)l

I06 33 ;

9T

^Qr).

D^ns^3

NB3^>

Lv 5

(P).

MSOO
TNt22p a.[m.] rash
irnab>

105
utterance,

]M
tnTlSSa

NB3D
/.

Nu 30

7'9
.

= nB3Is 32
.

n.f. trusting
ir).

Is

30"

(prob. inf.

f I.

npS vb. trust


'

(cf.

Ar.

'kwo throw one


lie

down upon
on
the

his face Thes,


se

lilft

extended

t]inJ2S n.m. 4 hope Ec 9

trust

i8'

= Is 3 6
Jb
111

4
;

ground,

MV) Qal Pf.


Jb 40
23

ne>3

reposer sur quelqu'un' Fl + 2 8 7 + 35 1.; Impf. nti2)

tnin^2 n.f.pl.
TI^JQ
HB3D Pr
i4

security, safety

12".
cstr.
t.
-

+ 27 t.; Imv. HB3 + 3 f + 8 t.; Inf. 8 nlD3 Is 5 4 cs^r. Hb3 9 f n8 +2t.; i><. nca f 2i 8 + 3 5t.; pass. TODS V,ii2 7 Is 2 6 3
abs.
,

n.[m.] confidence Ez 29

+ 2

t.;

sf.

<nt>3
;

Jb 31* + 6
7

(dag. implicit);
pi.

DHC30 Je48 13

rtPlBao
2
:'

Pr2i a

I. trust.

1. abs.

Isi2 2

2. with cogn. ace.

18 D<nt?3 Is 3 2 ;'

^0030

Je
.

';-l.

th* act

nnca

2K i8 =Is36 4 3. 10 20 with 3 trust in a.. God 2 K 18 5 19 1 CI15 ^ 9" 21 8 22 5 6 25 2 26 2 8 7 32 10 37 3 40 4 55" 56 512 1 8 20 25 62 9 84 13 9i 2 ii2 7 I i5 9 ' 11 i25 i43 Pri6 2 9 18 2 Is 26 s 4 37 10 Jei7 7 b. persons Ju 9 26 39 Zp 3 10 118 89 146 3 Pr 3 i" Jei7 5 4 6* Mi s it 41
19
.
-

ib-k nrn pnuan that thou dost trust?


1

no

wto

'

this trust

of confiding

Pr

2
14

confidence

i7 48

13

Jb8 16 Ez29
Pr 14 26 <

2. the object of 18" 3 1 24 ^40 5 65 6 7i' Je 2 s7 3. the state of confidence,


18
.

22

22 19 25 19

security

Is 32

tn.
l8 8 ;

of Zobah 2

c. </a'^
,8

i35 Pni 28 Is 3 o 42" 47' Je5 17 7' 25 4 7 15 13 13 4 8 49 Ez 16 Ho 10 Am 6 d. in the name of God ^ 33 21 Is 5 10 mercy of God ^ 1 3 42 52'; word of God 4t 119 salvation of God 4. with by, trust or rely it 78 a. upon God it 31 15 37 5 Pr 2 8 25 Je 49". b. persons 2 K 5 I8 2021 24 Is 3 6 6 9 Je 9 3 c. things 2 K 18 21
l: 1
.

Dt28 32 Jb39 u ^2 7 3 44 7 52 9 62"ii5 8 28 26

HB|l n.pr.loc. city of Hadadezer king S 8 8 (but read rather Tirao so 1 Ch Sm Maa/3a<c, @L Ma3< Ch Mfra-

PlX"'>
II-

L raftaad cf. also We Dr). ntO^ (-/assumed for following).


;

211

D^ntplN

n.[m.]pl. water-melons (Mish.


cf.

tVOaUt,

Sam.^/rr^S;

Low

1'

2* 7
;

Ar,
;

'%,

= Is36"
18
.

=
2
7

Ch 32
6

10
,

it

49 Is 31 5 9 Ez 33
7
1

13

Hb
22

2
(

5. with bx <ms<
)

4 2 5 b. persons 5 86 Pr 3 JU20 c. things Je 7 4 II. (=nm by 7 8 ). 16 Se confident Jb 6 20 40 23 Pr TM3 fi^TO 14 n 93? </ig righteous are bold as a lion Pr28';

= Is 3 6 V 4
36
.

<oa.
.

ffoc?

K 18

mod. 6 Egypt, battich, biftich cf. reff. in Di Nu ii ; on formation cf. Lag 8" 10 who comp. Eth. 'Kn Nu 1 1 5 D'KB'iSPI ( aqtala) Egyptian fruit, TJfnn Q^SSn, D^tp^n); roi,, nhtovas.
etc.; perh.
cf.
,
||
,

loan-word in Heb.

Sta' 258

tp92]
Eth.
cease

vb. cease

(NH

bos, Ar. jii,

secure
1 8'

Jb 1
;

10 - 27

Is 3 2 9
/to;;/

Dy a people secure Ju nintpa J11J3 careless daughters, (women) 011 cf. v Hiph. Pf. nnenn j e 28 16 nC3: Is 36 15 + 2t.; P. TOpS? ^ 2 2 10
1 1
;
'

18

Pr 1
.

16

nt33

0mA:

both be futile, vain, but As. bafdlu,


,

Lotz TP98 so Aram.


consec.

vD31
I.

Ec

1 2

b'BS.^a^Qal Pf
cease.
-\/of

and the grinders


dub.;

7J0^ (meaning
1.

following).

cause to trust,
<

make

secure, abs.

^22'; with

15 by Je 28 29 31 ; with b 2

i8 30

Lv
Je

ti. nC2 n.[m.] security Gn 34 + 41 t.; 17 n 95J EpK'n Is 32 quietness and security 5 Is 30' (but prob. both "C^ai Bgjp'P? infs.) elsewhere always adverb securely, riD3b 3E"
2S

= Is 3 6

15
.

{B3

n.f.

Nu51!5

beUy, body,
;

womb

(Ar.

Ju i 3 7 + (C3 v6 +; cstr. it?3 ,3 10 it i39 +; sf- '?? Jb 3 + 1?B3 Dt 7"+; 23 '003 Jbi5 2 -r,etc.; 1. a. "HP? GH25 belly,
'3 abs.
;
;

^)

25
32

1819

26
31

37

49

5 Ju 18 7 1 K 5 5 i, 4 9 Pr s 29 Ez 28 26 34 2528 38 81114 39 6 26 Zp
-

Is
2
15

47 Zc

10 14"; nD3 3K Dti2 1S12"; nuab pe> Dt 12 9 s 16 PIB3 ptf Dt 33 s8 Pr 33 f 16 Je 23 33 s3 i"; nonb (rm) Jb 24 Ez 34"; nt33 IW1 Ju 8";
;

21 22 of woman Nus 2122,27 abdomen, of man Ju 3 as beaiitiful in form Ct 7'; as seat of hunger Pr 13 25 ; as eating Ez 3' (|| D'yp); c f. Pr 18 20 2023 (fig.); as seat of passion, avarice, etc. Jb 20 in fig. of God's casting riches out of extortion15 er's belly Jb 20 also * 17"; fig. (|| WKp;i), cf.
'

of innermost part of a

man = inmost soul Pr 1 8 s


intell.

nu3b ibn Pi-3 23

na3 ibn
nt33b
2
9

Pno
Is 14

9
;

nD3b aw>
nsD3b nra

= 26

22
,

20 27 3(all
-

'3

Jb

ii 18
53
;

Ho

20
;

pi
;

30
;

faculties
9

= Eng. breast
2SS

Tin); as seat of

7S

nD3 I3y Mi

ing) securely Ez 30 del. nti3 Co); HB3 Tyn

Ctt#A (dwell(pregnant construction,

nC3 Bh3

it 40 ) Jb i 5 at theophany

3 2'

8
,

or bosom) 2 2 18 (cf. O y yo '303 nn T ; as trembling


b. belly of hippopotamus
:

Hb 3

16
.

by Wfaj and

upon

the city (dwelling) securely

Gn

34

<% s

came
(J).

Jb 40 16
||

3 fB3 Jon 2 (Jonah's prayer D>e: 33^)3 nblp).' 2. body, opp. soul * 3i'
.

c. bSttp

pa
(opp.
B>??.),
71

106

also 44

M
(opp. id.;

on
27
>//

this

of.

T ''a part, of entreaty, craving permission


to address a superior, always
1
''j'"

Zin^
12 4
,n

).

3.

womb Gn
v 18 ) Ec

Jb 10" (||

Dm

25*** 3 8 (all J) Ho ii 6 Jb 3 i 15 JC3? tfyf\

^),

and always

(exc.

Jos

^V ^^5? did not he that made me in the womb make him (|| ".m Drn.3 ttJ3Jl)j cf. 139" *ffiBfl 5 s fC33,& J e i esp/3 nB ^offspring Gn 30 (E) 3 ^ 1 2 7 Is 1 3 18 Pr 3 1 2 }B? 13 = OTy w ,i ( *"!) 16 cf. BJO|PT| Is 49 of birth JB3D Jb i 21 3 11
; i
'

of a speech, I pray, excuse

me (not
)
!

foil, by (or at the beginning

tflNt

improb.

||

from -/"a; so that *t% 'a will be literally a supplication of (i.e. to) my lord cf. Wetzst 1. c, who compares the Ar. tjll J-^ lit- a
prayer
to

Ec
fig.

14

Jb 3 10 i.e. 0/ my (mother's) womb; JCSDniia take, draw out of


?
cf.

RJgl came tlie ice

;ea &hne=birth Ho 9" (|| ITJ?, jinn), c f. M 'D |B3D Jb 3 8 (w< 0/ whose womb
*$3}

my lord

a standing formula

= Pray,
(

excuse me, used exactly as '} q| '3. Ace. to others contr. from 'JO, from nya to ask, and so
lit.
1

V^l

~CO t6

jietitionl
1

cf.

Aram,
but y

tyaa,
is

^4,-.

e .g.

Gn

18

S, Nu

13

<S);

not often elided in


so

the

womb, subj. /, (i.e. cause to be


7
,

born)\|>-2 2
11
i/<-

10
;

,-

)B

19 Heb.) Gn44 *-i3T

<J'lK *?

fB3 used also of father Mi 6 cf. 132 (David as ancestor of Messian. king); Jb 19 17 'JO? 'J? 8<ras of my body, of doubtful interpr., perh.= son* of my (motlier's) womb, cf. 3 10 (Ges De), i. e. my brothers or men of my clan RS K33t others my sons (E\v), my grandsons (Di); also in ad13 41U8,53 dressing Isr. as a whole (masc.sf.) Dtf 2 8
,

let
1

thy servant speak,


i
26

S
20

K3"
1

etc.;

I pray, my lord, Nu 12" Ju 6 13

6
,

and

43

UT?
jjSi<

1^; ' '? Oh,


"3

foil, by a pi. subj. Gn my lord, we came down,

etc.;

(to

1013 Jos God) Ex 4

f Ju6
:

15

13

in Pent,

and
iv

Jos.

iivfttu, Saififda

in other

books absurdly

f/iot).

^pnp Ho 9 beloved ones of their womb; J03n~|1? (JB3D) =from birth Ju 13"
30
9
,

cf.

16

D3tp3
6

tp2l

vb. discern

ZMO,883H2r

(Nb

-;

Ar.

'J6_

^ 58

71

,'

cf.

also Is 44
17

2 24
-

46'

$K joao /. j u 16 Jb 3 1 (|| on-i). 4. architectural word of some rounded projection connected with the two pillars Jachin &

(|| 18

Drn) 4 8 49
1

15
;

become separated, be distinct, IV. speak perspicuously ; Eth. Q?ii 1. 2 consider, perceive, Aram,

^aV

ws

as epith.

Boaz

K7

20

<

(Klo

rds. rvan).

fii. |t03 n.pr.loc. city in

Asher Jos 19 25

2 ^ i 39 "rfra Dn 9 Impf pp, V' i9 + u 8 25't.; R]Je 9 +2t.; f?n 1 S 3 +2 t.; W3K ^ 73 +4t.; ?; Pr 28 + 12 t.; /bw. p3 Dn W3 + 5 2 ira Dt 3 2 + 2 t.; Inf. abs. P? p

nnaa

make to understand, cf. Sab. pa (the) wise, Mordt ZMG "^ " )Qal P/ pa Dnio 1
,

13

17

23

\=depression,

Lane 22000
II.

'-

Onom. 236. 2nd ,*.*!,.

valley 1 cf. Ar. .^Jjj, Barra., called B<80ctcv cf. Lag


basin,

Pr2 3 ';
senses):
23
9

BmdoK>
as

L BfX

Pt.

D^a Je 49 7

l.^erci'w(with the
with ? Jb 9 11 14 21 19 Pr29 with p Jbi3'.
7',
,
:

a. eyes, ace.
.

Pr

|t2H (assumed
11.

V of following

Pri4

15

b. ears, ace.

mng.

c. touch, ace. V'

58

10
.

d.

taste, ace.

unknown).

TD^JpSl
(cf.

m.

ipl.

pistachio, an oval nut


4,9
,

As. butnu

C0T Gl0"&Schr 1,BAkl881

Aram.

X3CH3, Jfcoc^a, Ar. Ikj;


Bla\i ZMaimsn
"' 222

on Punic Povtvov/i
'

Is 6 910 44 18 Dn 12 10 10 H04" 14 ; p3S* vb) ViyDVl heard but I could 9 s not understand Dn 1 2 8 b. ace. Jb 15 23 36 29

understand, know (with mind) 20 3 s 21 12

Jb 6 30

2.

a. abs.

Jb

38

42

^49

82 Pr 24
.

Pr
32
2
9

Post PEFOctl888

one of the articles carried from Canaan to Egypt by sons of Jacob as present to Joseph still a ; delicacy in Egypt and Syria, cf.Wetzst in Low"- 420
.

vera

Low NoM ); Gn 43 11

8 "'- 208 )=pistacia terebinthus Rob 21s >io 21 * f;Tr vlc, In,t "" 271etc ^ji'/
'
' -

20 24 28 s f 19 13 92 7 Je 9"; BBBte flX* Jb Pr 28 s njn pa* Pr 29 7 c. with '? 1 S 3"


;
.

6-9

S 1 2 19

Is43'.

* with

inf.

& ?, njjjl
to,

fSfi

Is 3 2
2

4
.

3. observe, mark, give heed


sider (with attention):

a.acc.Dt 3
Dn
c.
2

distinguish, con2
7
>//

50

22

94

7 -8

Pr
17

23

'

29

(Qr)
119
.

10
3,

1
.

b. with

?,

tD'jtea n.pr.loc. city of Gad, E. of Jordan Jos 13", mod. Batne, "W. of Es-Salf (v.d. Ono,n 2 "d "' M7 BoT'a Velde ""no,r 298
)

f 73 Dn 9
1 1 30 - 3

r
.

s3

39 Dtsz d. with

with 28 s
.

Ezr8 15 Ne 13 7
with
bf,

i>N,

e.

Dn

cf.

Lag

_3, 3] vb. entreat (Ar. "J come as suppliant, entreat, still current in the Hauran: 34 36 v. Wetzet in De" of which (prob.) '3K ), 'ax Jb 34" is 1 s. impf. (used
-

4. Aa^e discernment, insight, underJe 49". Niph. '01333 Is 10 13 ; f<. p33 standing 33 Gn4i + 15 t.; pi. D'Jia? Je 4 22 elsewhere D'?a3
'.
'

Dti 13 Is5 22 (Baer)Ec9


1

V333I S 2 9 14

be intel-

ligent, discreet, discerning,

a* ' 8*
1

were

ID 3 ? would that tried !

(lit.

dialectically) entreat that)

S 16 18 Pr
21

io 13 14 6 16 21
10
;

hare understanding 28 25 11 3 17 19 Ec 9 Is 3
|t} 3.? |i33

Job

io 13 29"

Je^ H014
33
14

intelligent

mind Pr 14

15

I8

15
;

Dam

Gn

33 - 311

4!

rem
fOO\

107

D3H Dt 4
.

K3

r*
>

2
;

^3331 D'oan

Dt

13
.

Po. WJjtoj /ie 10 32 Hiph.


s T?: Is 28 9

attentively considered

him Dt

is to

When the space separating two distinct


be indicated, this
is

objecti

^ 32 _+ 9 Pr28 7 + 26t.; 1. understand: a. ubg. Is 29 40 56" 1 K 3 V 32' Dn 8 10 b. ace. a Pr i 2 6 8 5 8 3 1 Ch 28 Jb 28 14 Is 28" Dn V


I6 21
17

Pf pan J b 2 8 + 5 t.; Impf + 4 t. I9J! 2 Ch 1 i 23 Dn 9 s2 Inf. pan Imv. f?n Dn 8 + 12 t.; Pt. P3C t,;
;

done a. most com-

16

12

monly by repeating pa, as G1113 3 pa 1 'gP r? lit. in the interval of Bethel, and in t/ui interval of 'Ai, i.e. between Bethel and *Ai, 16 14 i7 7 3 i 5 + ft. b. more rarely by .p?
.
.

V|

Mi4
(i.e.

P?D one with understanding Pr8 9 17 10 24 28 w.h. j,to y3Q Dn i 4 able to understand
-

12

2. give heed
Is 57'

old enough) Ne 8 3 io 29 cf. 8 2 (sq. gfc*$). to, attend to, observe, difcern, abs.
,

Dyp pa ]i t. f t i e dividing interval of waters with reference to waters, i.e. between the waters and the waters Lv 20" s3 27 Dt 17 888 2 S 19 36 1 K3 9 Ez 4 i> 8 s323 Jon 42=0 44
4

?,

Gn

0$
'.

n
7

Mal
.

1818

Chi 4

c.

2Chu Dn8
23

5
;

c.

Ne
'

8
;

12

3 Pa skilled in
9
.

Ch

26* 3 4

3. give y~0 3113 pa 1 K 3 understanding, make understand, leach: a. abs. Dn 8 27 9 22 b. with

Dn 9 io'; c. ^ V33
23
16
;
.

2>

d.byp3p...pa +Is5oI>

by J*...?* tJo pa i8UEednot

17

ace. pers.

^119

34.73.125.130.144.169

Jb 32 s Ne

8 79 Is

40

14
.

c.

pers. acc. pers.

&
27
.

with ? pers. 2 Ch 35' A ace. rei Jb 6" Dn 16


8
.

Dn
d.

1 1

33
;

with

only of actual locality, but also with verbs of 14 10 dividing (fig.) Gn i Lv io , and of judging, knowing, teaching, etc., if the idea of distins guishing be involved, as Gn 1 6 2 S 1 9 s6 pa JTlNn inp 3113 can I discern between good and evil ?

*?

rei

19 Ezr 8 16
fjianx

V' 1

Dn

Dn 1 e. double ace. Is 28 9 io"; pan teacher 1 Ch 15 22 2 5 7 8 27 s2


.
-

Ne 8*,

Jb ii
V'

8 utfarr I S I4 ^ 43 oneself attentive, consider diligently:

Hithp. Pf. fJiann is ,t + 6 1 impf Jb2 3 15 + 3 t.; /Jians jb 3 2 12 +5t, 3tot


.

'

* io7+2
43

>

t.;

1. 'shew
a. abs

12 " between two contracting parties, Gn 9 31"+ or an oath Gn 26 s8 2 S 21 7


;

(watch between), Jun and he shall judge 3 L.V2 7 33 Ez (arbitrate) between the nations, 5 23 Mai 3 18 2 Chi 4 10 (see 44 and in other IIV); metaph. applications, as of a covenant or sign

1K3

Jon 4";

Gn3i

49

10

27 4 (hear), Jos 2 2 (witness), Is 2

Ex

23' Is

Je

10

16

9
.

b. ace.

Jb 37"
1

107
1
16

119
.

95

Is 4 3 52 15
!y

c.
'

with b*
io
.

K3

21

strife G113 13 Dt25' Pr6 ; peace 1 K5 26 ; 9 good- will Pr 14 . It is used of time in the IS of P D^anyn pa v su b phrase e5 ( any), &
.

15

enmity or

19

Is

Jb32
2.
V' 1

12

get
1

Jb 3 1 ^ 3 7 e with ny 8 f.with3 Jb3O 20 Je23 20 ( = 3o 24 ). 3 8' 14 understanding, understand Jb 26


.
.

d. with

r
JNpJ
i.e.

Q.?'J>

PS during

the interval

of ten days,

every ten days (unusual).

19
ifr

ing

119

100

3. shew oneself to have understand.

a. tp3~^K, after prepositions: a verb implying motion, in between, in among Ez 3 1 1914 So ? niJ*3-i>N fib. io 2 b. tf?a Is
. .

With other

Tn^nH a.pr.m. No 3 N313 Vog a man )


-

(intelligence=Pa.lm. n.pr. of Judah 1 Ch z 25


.

44" in the midst

of,

TSn
11

amongst (

Ew

Di Che

D: p33).
d.

tf^y

L|15j subst. prop, interval, space "


I

between

19

fV^from

nearly as P?"^ Ez between: Gn 49' nor the

id.)

cstr.

1?*,
sf.
1
-

V9,
-

13'3

P3, once Is 44* (Baer) J3, W3, 4 11 (V3<3 tJos 3 8 Qr); with pi.

etc.; also ni3'3 fEz Hi E w etc. for TW]), B*fjb8 ( + tGn 26 s8 Jos 2 2 s4 Ju n 10 Dn^? tGn 42 s3 2 S 2 1 7 Je25 16 dual 038 ( v infr.); 1. always

in pi.

form *J*| (WJ5),


1
13
,

pa from between his feet (where, as the king sits in state, he holds it), s2 Ex 25 from between the cherubim Nu s9

ruler's staff vbil

o2 2 6 6 7 7

Ho 2 4 Zc 6' 9
J

7
;

Dt 28 s7 the

7 ), (so after-birth pat? flSi>n

(exc. dual) as

prep, in the interval

of,
,

be-

tween
pieces,
PV), Is

(so

Aram. p3,
as
9

&

pi. 'jpa,

Jua

OOCPt:),

Gni 5
al.
30

17

Ex
22"

13
al.

T^

nnjan pa P? between thy eyes

j^^

% {-

^
(v.
;

Vf! that cometh forth from between her feet, from her womb (cf. II. 19. 10 rrcu> jkt& noaaX yvvaiicos). Repeated 2 K 16 14 to specify the two objects from between which a thing is moved. Ez 47"* is difficult and uncertain: v.
i.e.

Comm.
1
2

Less precisely from the midst of: Nu nslf'L' p3 out of the midst of the burning,
12

between the two walls

(v. HD'in),

yf,

104

30' 40 part him between merchants 15 23 rather more gen. among Ho Ez 19 2 13 Ct 2 3 37 less exactly within Pr 26 13 a lion 31 Jb 34 is riiahnn pa within the broad places (cf. 23" ^na) once with a sing, (unusual) Dn 8 16 pa
;
:

Jb 24

11

D'NBg p3D/rom amongst the branches


the

48* and a flame midst of Sihon (Sihon representing his people: but expression is 28 singular; rd. perh.'D rV3C, cf.Nu2i 'D JVnjTO: 21 in both passages e. tniJ'lP paf'no), EZ37
I'

they utter their song, Je


n, P

P89 from

||

V*N between the Ulai,

i.e.

between

its

banks.

from

between

Ez io 2 66 7
-

rrn
2.
I

108

JT2

Dual D?33 space between two armies uraiX fuoi'), i S 17 423 man of the peraixium, i.e. champion (of Goliath).
(

= Gk.

VSR &K
94
':;

t[n 3"Y 2l]


built

n.f. fortress,

abs. (late); only pi.

fortified place ni33D Hfl rf'jva 2 Ch 17 12


'3 2 7 4 built

Syr. V~i PS (No"' 9b 47 be oft, PS prep, between Ez 4i (to ) 10 see RVm), unless indeed a joined with v mere error for P? (which Ez oft. uses); also Pr 8 2 a7 ace. to (mA ixtaov) X 33 Hi Ew * ; and Jb 8 17 ace. to Ew Di l (Di 2 undecided).
fern,

tm

by Jehoshaphat; Bffrjjp

by

of RS,

Jotham.

JT3

n.m.
2034
o,

Dt8 '' 2

house (Ph. na, Ml. na, \


Jfc-Ji,

sf.

t nyS n.f. understanding i Ch 1 2 32 +


cstr.
pi.

2 8 1.

nV? Pr 302
20

n^a
i

Jb 20 Is 29"; sf. 4 1; 19 Je 23 20 Is 27"; 1. the act Is 33


22

W?

Sab n ; 3;n3j fortress DHM 2 * 01883 837 257 o-, Eth. ftt: Palm, temple Hal 32,64 * in NE&y na, NmapD na sepulchre Vog -; Thes -/nia, Aram, na, fcj> s^gnd /! etym. dub.
-

nm, COT oio

Ar. vjLo, Aram. KTr3,

As. bllu,
;

DHM

jn'jrfa,

Ar.uiG, Eth.n.1": but


17

this perh. denom.,


187

Dn

8'
4

p
2
.

io

1 .

Pr 3' 2 3 30 Is 2 7 rWS TOP get understanding 6 Pr 4 s7 16 16 3. the object of knowledge Dt4 12 1 Ch 22 Jb 28 122018 34 16 3s 36 39 17 Pr 9 610 23 s3 32 1112 Jb 3 8 4 2 Ch 2 Is 1 I s 29" ; n$? VT 1 Ch 1 2 Pr i 2 4 Is 29". 4. personified Pr 2 8 "j* 8 14 . Tpy n.pr.m. lone wlw is intelligent, dis;

"

2. the faculty

Jb 20 3 39 26

"

cerning)

two Canaanite kings of Hazor;


2.

1.
&
s8

Jos 11

1
.

Ju 4W-*

10
yfr

83

M66ff 2 Ju4 Bu ) D^laO 2 Ch 35s Kt;

(But

cf.

Be
v.

& rVQ fr. /'"!? c. n afform. cf. Sta' ") abs. n?3 Ex ia"+J JV3 Gn 33 + "C :? ( n - loc.) s 7 sf. VI Gn 1 5 + cstr. n^3 Gn 1 2 + V. 68 + ^TW? Gn 7 + etc. nrran, HJT3 (jn)to the house, 10 also nJT3 (in)to homeward, Gn 19 i//68 + Ex I 2 + (i.e. bdtttm, the house of. pi. tNfl Arel, 45,t cf.Ges* ); cstr. "na Ex v. No in Me 6 Vna 1 Ch 28"; WW} 8 + sf. T? 3 Ex io K D3"n3 Gn 4 2 nrpna Nui6 +; Exia'+j
1

15

'

- ,-

96

,7

19

rd. D*33B

(Qr)

12
-

sub pa Hiph.

(iD'na y\r 49 ), etc.; 15 2 3 411 habitation Gn l 9 27


-

1.
'3

;'

house, a. as dwelling,

33"
29

(obj.

of H33) n?3

understanding Dt 32 + 1. Pr 5 + 7 t; vmin Jb 26 12 Kt 27 2 (Qr taj*3); tri Ho 13 for Dn;i3n v D e


n.f.
;

tn^nil

Exi2 + oft; aeto


7

Lv25
' -

(cf.

*l3B>j>

k won
16

7 );

word

the house of, when modifying Sm29 n 2 cf. Dr follows, (after st. cstr. rtfcv
e.g.

n*3=m

,j,

ntop ^ 49+ 4 1.; 30 3 2 4 Je 1. <Ae act Jb 26 f 78" 136' Pr 3" 2 = 5 1 ) Ez 2 8 4 Ho 1 3 2 Ob 7 2. the faculty 1 o
27
12
;

Davfton Jb'32 11 ;
1
.

9 pin nnbio in?3 Lv 19 );

T3?
s4
;

'

Gn

24

23
;

12

PlB^N '3

Nu 30
13
;

11
;

nin '3 2
11

K 23

so in n.pr.

Ex

Pr 36 (P) Dt 32 (poet.) Jb 12 611 2 28 16 Is 44 19 njran B*Kp r io B i5 sl 17*20'; niJiari B*K Pr ii 12 Ob 9 where E*K omitted (
3
1

31

35

s8

1213

btW2
19

Am 7
715

9
1

by scribal error) nM3TI TfYJ Is 40". 3. <ta o6^ec< 2 8 5 3 29 of knowledge Pr 2 3* 5" 14 18 19 ^ 49' 147 is 40 28 1 K 5 9 7 14 raorb -ph nan nmIhm thy mind to understanding Pr 2 2 ; reasons Jb3 4. personified Pr 8 as teacher.
; ; . 1

7 17 i^68 Is 14 etc.; cf. sub 7 infr.; partic. J occasionally of tent Gn27 15 cf. 33 17 hereof nomad's hut); usually (0) house (c. n}3; of solid materials, with doorposts, etc. Ex 1 2"

3 (a) in

(of
1

man &

beast)

nn^3(n) into the house, home Ex 18 7 1 S 6 v 10 ) cf. Ju 19 (cf.

D3taf. t
'
:

inHin
sub pa.

v.

sub

WML
T

Lv 14 s7 39 of stones, timber & v 40 42 43) so also Jos 2 1S supported (cf. 26 by pillars Ju 1 6 '-; with roof on which one could walk 2 S 1 i 12 etc.; v. esp. temple and king's house 17 Je2 2 14 ; of in Jerusalem 1K5-7 etc.; cf. Cti
Dt
6
9

ii

20

walls

mortar v 45

'

n^a.
"V3

v.

Ezekiel's temple

v.

sub 1N3.
n.f. castle,

ous houses

Hg
6

Ez 40 f.; D*^M0 D3n3 of luxuriD'3b D<ro'n33 Dt 8 12 nJ3


; ;

BhPrn^3Dt20
trTV3.
palace (late
2
8

&
;

loan-word; cf. As. birtu, fortress Skr. bura, bari, v. Ry Ne bdru

D1 IIA22
)

1.

prob. Pers.

(y) cstr.
27

alsoc!n33Dt28 30 + oft.; , before word of material, D l"!^ '3 2 S


cf.

22

of

119 HTari; of fortemple at Jerusalem 1 CI129 8 2 Ne I 1 tress near temple Ne 2 7 (cf.ftapit

=i Ch 17' ('Kn '3) v JE'n '3 K22 Am3 n'W '3 Iwuse oflwwn stone Am 5";
6

39

cf. cf.

14

ifiipd,

fiitpd

and
415
6

pJ3^>n ny: n-a


(8) also

K7

Ch 9s0
II

TH WJf
'3 ;

Is 22 s ;

before

word
II

2. rrvyn jcWa 2 8 14 9 6 " 12 Dn 8 ; in these passages it appar. 3" a fortress in the city bearing the same means
Aat.r.ii,^

later fiapis Jos Nei 1 Est i" 2 3 '- 8

of quality or characteristic,
nnrsfe'

>3K

2 n| Ec 7
5
;

nriB>o '3; v 4 V

nnp '3
Ez 26 12
;

Jei6
5.

n'335?n

n'3

nn^p Mi
()

'3
2
9
;

Jei6 8
cf.
,-

W!^5 ^ 3

10 '3 rebellious house sub

name

(cf. esp.

Est 3 15

8'

')

d infr.;

in combinations, of structures for

rrn
n, ?= various purposes (i) 'H??? palace i 110 io I2 +, etc.; fU^DD ma Am?' 1 cf. sub 9
:

109

W t io 4
'

17

(cf.
fig.

infr.;
i
18
;

nttijBn '3 Est 5


cf.

cf. 2

16
;

in!>p!j 'a 2

2 Ch
'3

conies '). c.

& Che); Pr 30 (of the of human bodies "iprnria


s*
||

PR?
Jb 4"

houses of clay,

cf.

(a)Tnfe!J
;

TVZ=the prison
'3

Gn 2g*>so"'3 2
;

in phr.
i.e.

man net* Eci2 J


;

l - 21

*! *>
;

keepers of the house,

the arms

v.

further
,s
,

40

3 -5

"HDKPI

0310^0 15 DnDKn Je37


;

Gn 4 2

19
;

n-ip^D '3 J u i6 2L26


2

S 2 o3

Dnn
Ch
2

'3

Ec 4"; N^??
37
16
1518
10
;

'3

K 22
4

s7

K 17
27
;

18 26 Je

cf.ls 4 2 7 ;
KS>3PI '3

t^a'a

2K25

nasnpn'a

Ch
s2
;

Je 3 7 52"; 0^3 WJ Is 42 Je 37 16 nnpen '3 JV53"; (3) ma MUM4 D'B'Sri A ow (. of the women, harem Est j j 8 '3 Ct 2 4 cf. (4) EH nW?9 '3 Est 7 ; rjp
nian-ri'3
; ;

ofSh"oi,"m3i'iN2'Jl)i7 1 'rrbz ? nyin ma 3 o=> (||mp) ; tafcfo ma Ec 12 6 (perh. tomb, v. De). e. of abode of 20 f. of land of light & darkness Jb 38 Ephraim '3 '3 Ho 8 1 15 as 2of 9 (cf. 9
cf.

^upmaf u 9

a.

mm

Jerusalem TiaK mhap.


also n.pr. cpd. with
13

ma Ne
infr.,

|"W

)-

/>&*,

3
(
||

Ty

v'), cf.

ma,

&

na!>pp

ma Am

trt'cp Is

'

3
;

32
16
;

(5) (6)
r,,

f\-jhr\

ma"

Am 3

Uj|
'3

15

Je 36

s2
;

r$

Am 3
2
J

nhb)

ma & )$| ma 2 K 2o' =


3

m? Pr8 2 i.e. where meet RV; m33K '3 Jb 8 17 on both these paths v. ma sub P? p. '108. t 3. receptacle,
7

(pred. of Bethel); HfcWIj

I s 39

(7)??'?

3grar(Ze.-A.

(orn. pr.? cf.p.

m)
K

mnKD
tacle

[W

JV33

n^J

18 32 a trench

like
i.

2K9";
1
;

(8)

o 1214 (9) 0^35; ms h.ofslaves (where slaves live), 314 20 2 Dt 5 s 6 12 7 8 8 14 only fig. of Egypt Ex 13 611 8 4 17 13 Jos 24 Ju 6 Mi 6 Je 34 13 ; on mB>snn '3
5 temple
2

IprfV? binding-h. (or n.pr.

?) 2

of two seahs;
;

E>S3 <fia I 8 > 3

a recepe . vials of

perfume

esp.
i.e.

D^ai)

mn3 Ex

25

s7

Ao'dr* /or
;

the staves,

= 2 Ch 2 6
12 -

21
1

D'nSNn
s3

esp. o) K 7 40 " & very oft.; also (mostly late) ma iCh9 ,113 26 + oft.; but also of earlier
;

cf.

n^Bn

( 1

"

n3

s 1427 cf. rings, hjQp ib.; so 37 38 D'na 26 m 3 6 M /MrfArra the bars DmT$ for (all P, & all expl. by T\))2a) Xty rf?~W2 Ez i 27 (si
;

vera

1.)

its

[cstr. as

^ 58^]

/iom*6 (

= enclosing

cage)tt>as

round a6ou((del. BHiCo). 4.of house

tent of worship
9
;

Ju 18 31

v. also bntcn '3 1

Ch

cf.

mrpK

mouth of Jacob,
Bethel

'3 of local shrine 17'; as explanation of


(cf.

&

also in

as containing a family, hence in phr. of slaves 12 belonging to household frV3 'TJP Gn 1 4" cf. 1 7
13 (opp.'IDa-nipp) v

Gn

28 17

v 19 ),

&

as

Macceba v 22 (all E); also 'i 18 724 1 Si worship Ju 19 10 cf. man !??<n dy6k, mm); -ttrtxn '3 Mal3 K 6 3 & '3 alone in same sense, esp. 1 K 6 cf. 1
;
,

of stone, or '3 of earlier tent of 2S 12 s0 (cf. further

name

(all

||

id.);

fig.
;

of Israel Je

name of

Ch i 18 2 311 +
?3
2

v. 1
;

Ch 28 2
also

' ,_

rvi3

frig nnup
s

'3

wn? Gn is 5 ^ mn m3-'?3 Ec 2 7 (as token of wealth & prosperity) also of one's sister m3 nn.^D Lv 1 8 pn 'o cf. infr.); *V3 ^iK Gn 1 7 s7 '3 n'iB'ESJ Gn 36 s Btorb s7 Hence 5. household, family apJim^i) Gn 46
2
14

(||-i3y); c f.

19

(||

<*tiH|

B'li&l

BHpn
2

ms
;

wphgi
farm's

ch

' ;

3
;

Wjuem uj^ 1
mj
10
;

29

enp' '3
is

(592 t.) a. ordinary sense, those belonging to the same household Gn 7 ' 1 2 17 4- , Dt 6 s 1 1 6 + ;
'

64

10
;

Hex

mostly

JD E Gn 35
;
1

Ch6 2

not

Ch 7 12 Dc^ppms
;

17 7 2CI136 ; H^BTI '3 Is 56"; "n-iKBPl '3 6o also of heathen temples nns^ja'a J u 9 4 ; faT' 3

infr.; Jos 2 2 ,s ;

P Gn 36" Exi

i2 4

s3 22 2 42 50 cf. Ex i Lvi6 81u7 Nui6 52 i8 31 s

>

tents

Nu

even where expressly said to inhabit 16 s2 Dt 11' Dn\WriKl DWia-nK;

ninri^y io 21 bysn '3 2


;

S5

'3
-

S31
-

?te")
18
;

'3 2

Ks 181818
'3
1 1

2123

25 - 26 - 27

11

Dn^sg
||

31' (but rd. rather DiT3Xjrr)N as in 31 1 2 so Dr); ni3 JT3 1 (cf.

Ch io 9
,

s 7 24 cf. 50 (of rank & dignity in household); of a family of handicraftsmen 21 j>3n rn'3$rma rrinepp 1 ch 4 (v. pa); also,

specif. '3"1P|

Gn

We

v. also i 3

32

2Ki7

29 - 32
;

MI n3 n3), Vr6 nxta ma Dn i 2 etc.;


7
;

with
2

fig.
13

K2
||

'3

of house clearly in mind '3 fPpB'P fWSP Is 22 K h. family of descen.

made of woven material 2 K 23

T\\iyt

"H^?

D'ro QB'perh.
;

= fen<-A>t'nebuttxt.dub.
L
<rroX;
cf.

me'jn

"iSTte

dants, descendants as organized body m) + & so c. nja (q v.) vn* 'a (j


, .

Gn

18 19

n> Dt

&

Xemfw (nn3?);
Klo
(C)
1

Ew Hlu

718

25" 17
!

cf.
;

Eu

11

4
1

&, subj.

10 ' 25

so pi.
24
.

vna

of portion of larger building (late), Ch 28" i.e. of the temple (IP'?]??,


cf.

also

S
11

s6

\ b '3 roa 2 S 7"= 1 Ch K ii (both JON3 '3), so


38 24
;

'3 nb>V 2
i
51
;

S
c.

K2

also pi.
1

Wf$
;

Drib bj?2l
e'sp.
1-

WCfcji ^IIH);

mjfcjn

's

t -j.

m!>?>apn 1

Ez

Ex
('tS*

i>

fp$

'3

n^V

46
cf.

b. as shelter or
19
;

W3 W3
Imj;

Ex 9

&?$l
18

abode of animals I S 6 710 JV3 Jb 8 14 spider's web (cf. '133

n.pr.,

e.g.

'3

t^KB? mj 2 8 8 1 nnBBtai), v 19' (cf. 21 where


1

S 25 s8 "cf. S 3 '- 81 9
s9
;

c.

2 - 3-<

rd.

27

);'

of wild ass

Jb39 n:ny WtX'


mtfTa'mrpn

D'DT nh'3, so t
..6

ma

rrep

lias

^84

(||!P);

m_

We Dr) 1 Ch 1 2
,
s4

-PH

H'l
1

"iw 2 S
12"

Ch

cf context in both),

rru

no
2

Wra
.

= 2 Ch io
tDJfltV
1

19
,

v M 13 s 14 9
80
-

K i7

!1

la 7

" 22 s5
;

Je2i ,, Zci2 7 8 10 ,2 ('VannQBi3) 2 Ch2i 7 ^i22 6 s4 io.io.i3. 16 3 21 s5 9 'a 1 K j


-

4 13 I5 6 8 I8 2727S7 (ofAhaziah 'K '3 Rjn), 3 ;'+2Snt(i 'a 2 7^.. Io .0:il 2I J3 Mi6 16 2 Ch 21 6.1S 22 3.4.7.8. 9 d. esp. of Hebrew people & subdivisions (a)

2K9

of oxen supporting the molten sea); 2 S5' nJTni Ni?pn |p from the llillo and inward, 17 Ez 44 8. JV3 a. adv. on the inside (of

^
r

a building, chest,

etc.:
1
15
;

opp. l*inp)
15 - 16 9

+Gn
30

14

Ex

25= 3 7
.

Lv 14 41

K6

K6
loc.

(of a per-

t prto) JV3
afop

Am 7
s7

16
;

'3 (3) t ib^


3
1

Ob *j
13

rV3 (7) t
3
20
4

Ob'

Gn 46 (P) Ex 19 (E) Am 3 9 Mi 2 " Is 8" io20 14 2 9 4 6 48' 58 Je 2


8 8
1

22

14

also

3pV

'3
JT2J

Ez 20 5 (del. Co); most

130 , within (cstr. Ges' ") prep, b pnp), nais^) JV3D within the veil Ex (opp. 33 26 Lv 16 212 Nu 18 7 rvapSi nstpn
'

son's clothes), Ez 7 6 15 b. t b TV3D

so with D

iirrap fi

n ,3 (Vrss & var. sometimes frequently 13 v. |S) +Hex Ex 1 6 3 40 38 Lv ro6 Nu 2029 (all 3 810 2 18 43 2 2 (H) Jos2i (D)t; iS7 + 8t. P) Lvi7
(R) bt}ty)
'
-

everything of the altar, and for (that) 831 within the veil ; I 7 (rd. nbn|^ ; see VB
fl? *?? for

lyf^

SKjHoi^s'e 19
3
2
4 - 26

10

^ Am5
1

+7t.Am;tMii

Is5 14

+i7

t.

1A5 " Je; Ez 3


:2

also 46

13 63' Zc 8 t; but esp. Je 17

Wm-bx (after' a verb of ); 15 14 15 2 Ch 23 motion) in within Lv 1 6 2 K 1 1 Note. rca perh. occurs abbrev. into 3 in
&
'

2 Sta ** 1883

165

+75

t.
;

Ez;

also

Ez 44 (Co del. '3) +VI3 *# s Is 8 14 HTW1 i\X-}'f ? JVS Ez 9' + 25 Co Sni*! IT'S rebellious house Ez 2 5 6 further 'IP (of Isr.) / s I2 3 & rj^i a Ez 2 I2 j... I7 is 24 > + 39.ai.3r 6 471011 1 K 1 2"= 2 Ch 44 Co] ( f ) rrm n-3 2 s 2
;

8 btpfr '3 JHJ J e 2 3

n.pr. iTinBtys q. v so Thes al. ; cf. also Aram. N3=JV3 in like usage Lag *".** *.! GGA 1884, 276
.

tjvS
al.

c. art.

n?3n Is I5

ace. to

Ew Brd Di
27

j.

j-

n.pr .loc. but abbrev.; perh. for D?rv:n rP3


(so

1 1

2
,3 -

Zc 8
6

K ig^Is 37 ,iU9
io
3-6

31
,

Is 22
esp.

21

Ho
I8

12 "

12

&

Je 3

+9 t.
22 - 23 - 35

4 + 4 1. Ez+ 9 supr.; also t f?^?'' 6 jz 23 ; frrm 1^9 's Je2i" 2 2 ;

"W
23

Zp 2 Je; Ez
'3
1

Je 4s 22

Ew al.) or 11103

fP3

cf.

MI

K
'3

Di); others (Ges De CheOr) take '3? the Iwuse, i.e. temple or shrine.

(cf. De here=

(Ot^
2

t<

'l^lN

TV'S.

n.pr. loc.

(liouse

of iniquity

Gn 508
1

Jos 17 17
28
6

1 1

Am 5 Ob
'3 2
1

(all
18

io 9 ;

(6) IPI?3

Zc io S 3" cf.

JE) Ju 6
;

(1,)

S 19 21 fD^BK '3 J u
supr.;
2
1

or idolatry ? hardly likely unless as alteration of orig. fix IV3, house of wealth or strength}
12 23 1 S 14 eastward from Bethel Jos 7 2 18 5 8 6 15 1 S 13 'N-JV3 (on Ho 4 5 io v. bySV* infr.);
;

K 12
'3

()

fWB*
i7

'3

K 15
1012

27
;

() t*1$

Ex

(E)

Nu

13 (P) Zc 12

('b '2 rinseta),

pm
&

'3

^ us

118 3 135 19

135 ; (x) e. technically,

20

&

site

unknown.
(so

7NJ"P21 n.pr .loc. Bethel


PNTI'S as Jos
2

read, not

yet with some looseness of usage, 3X JVZfalliers house, of family or clan, pi. J113X 1V3 fatherhouses, families (e.g.
14

ace. to v. d.

H;

Nu

(79

t.;
t.

Chr) Ex 6 12 Nu i 22" 14 1 CI14 38 5 13 + 25 t. Ch io35 ; = tribe Nu x yi717.1s.21.


3

2 - 418

+4i

ma

Ezi-2 59

only P Nu; Jos io Ne7 6


16
'

1. ancient 12 8 ; house of God, or house of Et) place and seat of worship in Ephraim on border of Benjamin, identif. with Ltiz (former
13 19 s name) Gn 28 35 Jos 18 Ju

cf.

BaerGn

23

i n division of

appar. dis-

tribe

Nus^ + .cf.
Ex
12 3
1

34

1414
'

etc;
;

further sub-

Ch7 + cf. esp. 1 CI123" Jeush and Beriah had not many sons, therefore nn rnpsb 3N rV3j> (cf. nUN ^Ni, they became
division

2 tinguished from Luz Jos 16 (yet cf. Di); name vision of Jacob when journeying connected with

to

Paddan-Aram (JE) Gn

8 I9 35 7 (where
I5

iwiVa, but
cf.
;

@ S3

01

del. bit;

b$ Di maintains);
(P);
8
14

sub 3N).

persons, property, 5 cf. Vl'33 v ; Vn^a-^S TSfo

6. house, including household affairs, Gn 39 4 etc. in 3~;>5>


l,

Ho 12 5 when journeying^/rom P.-A. 35


first to

name appar. given


cf

a stone
1

(Gn 28' 35
3
;

"TUEfS
14

Gn 44 ; hence ie>K TV3n by as title of governor of the palace 6 15 3 H "'- a in (Ew 3 6 cf. 1 K 4' 2 K 15 ) Is 22 5 23 9 3 further 2 S 17 Israel 1 K 16 18 2 K io Is 38'; hence of personal property 2 2o'
; :

S 13 3 portant place of worship I S io


biir\>2
;

:We

sktaui.To.

i)xn'3 nn

later im-

vS

npy

Ijya 'Sfn? ^"iFn-DI* family and property (everything on which one depends)
1

K K

13

DVp|(n; abode of prophet 1 K 13" 2 3 2 Jeroboam set up one of the golden calves at 29 1 I2 29 cf. also I3 * 2 K io 23" Je Bethel 1 16 1S Th prop, on 2 K 23 48 v. further

'-

zKif;

Jb 8 16

7.

nn}3,

hence metaph. invmrds,


of the ephod),
1

IW3, lit. homewards, tEx 28 s6 = 39' 9 (sc. 25 = 2 Ch 4 4 (sc. of the circle 7

internal grounds, ?X rV3 Jwuse of nothingness, or HpX '3 house of execration; !"yX '3 also

Benan'" "'1

" 186
;

in proph.

Am

14

4 5

6 - 66

1013

Ho

io

ls
;

note esp.

Am

])$>

IW Wn, &

^Nn
?J

rva

M
Lag Mm
-

urh

nra
;

n,

?(/'OMse of iniquity) as tubstit. for i:N}T3


13

Ho

io B (p rva nibaj;); mo d. 2fo<m Rob Guirin Ju<" "' "^ cf. Bd a5 Survey "- 305 2. place in south country of Judah, not far from Beersheba & Ziklag i S 30" cf. We Dr;
5 4 BR
'

'

! '>

t Hiirr&n, 1 hour E. of Jordan, opp. Jericho, Tri8tr" 0-, * ,, name Teller8"*"- 1877 Schick 2 '* "*" ( c f. Iiam(eh) Merrill"

P H n*l Nu 32", mod. 5<


los - 16 - 2 "d "<1 - 1S7

al

=MT
'"
1

b'02 Jos ig(txt. err.;


4
,

pn TT
I

jva

v.

Din "

jvs.

BmfyA); also
in

?tfl|

Jos 19

?JPlha

Ch

30

?^'7

^tt
34
.

adj.gent.

c.

art.

the Beth-

elite

1K16
cf.

n.pr.loc. (j>Zce of partridge) Benjamin, on border of Judah Jos 15"; 19 21 TrrV3 !8 mod. 'Ain llajla (or <?a-

*fnSn rra
,

cf.

Rob & Di Gn 50 11 ) Rob 81"- 044 Bd p'lm


t
10

IlajUi
."

tVsNil
dub.,

J-P2, n.pr.loc. in
p. 69.

Judah Mi 1";

sub PVX,

14 n.pr.loc. Ho I0 perh. dr&eZ near Pella (E. of Jordan) Jer Euseb. in


,

tTM5"jM JTO

fVin ITS n.pr.loc. Jos io ", also plh '3, pn '3, & in Ch I^n '3, two cities in Ephraim, lower & upper B.H. (place of a ho'.e or hollow^) "in, perh. fr. a wady betw. the two, or near 10 Tito v 1 Mace itM by; cf. also n^J|0 Jos io 3 )
,

Lag

o..itadi.i 1Bia 4.!hdrt.as

cf
,

Now

ad

/oc

but in Galilee Rob BB "- 399 Furrer zpvulsre B7t ; Bd p*12n


'

mod.

Irbid,

cf.

47 tjiyp Vl'f JTl n.pr.loc. Jos i 3 = ^a s8 9 8 PVO Nu 32 Ez 2 5 1 Ch 5 (MI JVC by2 & D3 P i>JQ) = |tyt? TV3 J e 48 s3 f&S Nu 32 s (rd. ,,1,Bt prob. }j; cf. Dr* ); city assigned to Beuben Jos 1 3 17 Nu 3 2 3 ss 1 Ch 5"; possessed bv Moab Je Ez 25 9 ; mod. Tristr" M * bS03f
,

r*?53 frf i further, 'n '3 Jos 16 5 'n 'a 2 ch 8 ! b. i ; ji'bjm hour W. from a. finnn'n '3 Jos 16 3 18" 'n '3 2 Ch8 5 also Jos io 10 " 9''; I*innnrt
a.

ch 7 24 f^yr-riM
ftfy

mnn$
s3

iK

13 prob. also 2 1 iS 13 1 Ch 6 2CI1 25 ; mcd. Beit'tJr el-fbqa & e<-<aAa Rob 8 *" 260 Bd 1"*121
18
'1

22

18";

Schick ZPV " IS79

Survey

"

86

;cf.^ihn

adj.gent.

Ne

10

"

Ia

Survey

EP ' 176

Bd ** 19>

only of Sanballat; also du. & 2Si 3 34

D'^H Jos

3 io'"

a
,

@WeDr.

"^"O rV3

n.pr.loc. v. niN3^ n'3 infr.


'3 '3

t|2n iT'S n.pr.loc. in


ty
listine territory)
11.

Dan (Judah?
rd. 'n '31 v.
cf.

Phi-

trn3
T"rt3
waif)
27
28
,

1V3} n.pr.loc. in combin.


(?

\T?-T\ Ju 7**

pi>N p.

1K4' (where 19); mod. Beit I/anun


';rT

sub
-

Rob"""- 35

=iTJ3Jj

n^jfew offord).

iT2
2
51

tniQ

n.pr.loc. in Judah (place of a


(as n.pr.m.)

J-Pa n.pr.loc. E. of Jordan


9

Ch

?,

BadlyaiSav
cf.

L
x

Bi,fy88p;
etc.

ti| Jos

ra B

nian

ch

'

(place ofthe desert, DB*) in Moab Ez 2 5 ; nbe^n '3 Nu 33 49 Jos 1 2 3 ; given to Reuben niDB^ri '3 Jos 20 Vo,*r 13 perh. mod. es-Suiveime, De Saulcy 316t Soc " 1S77 cf. Merrill" Bd"1172
;

'

Survey*"-

tVa^H ns3 n.pr.loc. tWCa JTS n.pr.loc.


(place

Ne
in

12 29 ;

cf. baba.

T"^3 ]"Va n.pr.loc. (place of a lamb) appar.


belonging to Philistines
1

Bd p',20s

of recompense) mod.
, ,

Moab Je 48 s3
ej-Jemdl
?

11

Umm

5 hours S. from Bosra.

Bai&w (Bmaryov), L Bmdapav, 2 K <fs mod. Jeninl v. J2, sub (33, GMChlM2 andD'Sipy; cf. Sta

t]2n rV !l

n.pr.loc.]
;

Jl'a n.pr.loc. in Judah (vineyard D"n3n '3 Ne 3 14 on location cf. Schick * 2>lace)Je6\ T^ m zrviiLss^ but v editorial remarks ib., &

D^3n

tniNnT'
of lionesses 1)
1

ri'a n.pr.loc. in Simeon (place Jos I9 6 , K"|3 '3 (perh. text, err.)

tCnbll AT T
*
:

ITS

n.pr.loc. fa
4

Moab Jetf 12
27

Ch

31

= rii3i)
41

(in

s2 Judah) Jos 15

=nov$:n
1. in

jbby

Nu

33
,

"

(Ml irtai re) v. "1.


19
n.pr.ioc.

Cn? JVa

n.pr.loc.

1. in

Judah
,

(i>!ace

t^iayrva
Judah
but

Jos i 5 41

pi n^a
-

(house,

i.e.

temple of
41
I

Bit-Daganna
BnyafiiijX,

C0T ,M15 '* L Br)08ayai>)


>> .

Dagon; As. 281 Jos 15 41 ( ) name appears in

oJj !* of of bread (food), mod. Ar. 2 hours south of Jerusalem; birth-place meat),
of

^
a

David; D$ IT} Ru

1 1

19

mod. Beit Dejdn, SE. of


able, cf.

Rob 88 "- 232

Jaffa, but loc. unsuit27 2. in Asher Jos 19 (

20 6

1.

orb n a j u
,

+ 1 1 1. BTT^ 1 S + 1 1 1. + Gn 35
;

19

48', -where

Drb
1

nn
S i7
2

KV1
15

is

gloss, v.

T)SK,

Bm6(yiv(0, but

L
Di.

Brjddaywv) perh.= Beit Dejen,

0-b-'2 p. 68;

+
4

near Akko,

cf.

tain jT3

n.pr.loc. in

Gad Josi3 27

kTjW
as'

JuiV

89

121818

19
1

Ru
4
;

t.; as cstr. Dn^'3 2 2 i 1S17' treated


1;

n.pr.m.

Ch

5,M

men of

Bethleliem

^arhn rva
'3 <t5>?K

112

QtgQj r-pn

Ne 7 M

name
gloss

of Bethlehem,

Gn 35 19

nJTJBK as confusion arising from 48', v. p. 68; mod. Beit Lahm,

= '3 "33 Ezr 2 ;on


s1

&

Bd 5 m. S. of Jems. Rob Survey Gu^rin'"** 1120 206 2. Orb TV3 in Zeb. Jos 19 15 perh. also Ju 12";= Beit Lahm, 7 m. NW. 301 of Nazareth Rob"""" 3 Survey
1

81"- 171

p,U2S

"* 8*
;

t]T3S*;"JT3 n.pr.ioc. in Naphtali (temple 8 ' 114 Bae 1" 163 Mey ZMG 187T 718) Jos of 'Andt Nes s8 1 Ju i 33 'V 1T3 v 33 9 perh. mod. Ain-Ata v.
-

d. Velde**"-'-

170
,

6m.W.of Kedesh (name'/lnata


iax)

Gu^rin

' 111 *74


;

'Ainitha,

Survey
-

).

1-

JV!| adj .gent, the Bethlehemite 19 1 S 16 so read prob. also in 17" 2 S 2 1 6 H1 "- 70 1 Ch 20 for MT or6 cf. BeThEw Bm Kue Dr Bm 4>rr'3 1 S 16 \Ve
18
,
||

t"pn|pn

Tgy*iT5 P erh a-Pr.loc. (6wwZ14 12 "wi the 2 K io cf. v ing-house of shepherds) " " 10 7 17 2"'1 "1 141 'JT'3; Bethacath Jer Lag ; mod. 2?e< A'dcZ near Mt Gilboa (Fuku'a) ace. to Survey" 83 ; but cf. JV3 1. p. 109.'
; 1'

t^inn

Tn^EJ'v f^3 n.pr.loc.appar. in Philistine 10 site unknown, & txt. dub. territory Mi i
;

i^p rra

v. irtfep

sub t6o.
.

JT21 n.pr.ioc. (jrtace of the dereckoned to Judah Jos 15 6 61 to Benpression) 22 18 18 cf. also jamin 18 nrvgn 18 nnpnyn v 31 adj. gent. NCIfjyn' 2 S 2 3 (perh. rd. 'Vp-^3
'

tninyn

Klo
'

cf.

]iyp jva v. fivo bys rva supr troyn rva n.pr.ioc. so only
2
i

Dr)= 1 Ch

1 1

32
;

site

unknown.

'31

nban
?3X
D-^

S 20 u where
,

TINT'S JTZ1 n.pr.ioc. (place of in escape) 26 south of Judah J0S15 27 cf. adj. gent. ;

Nen
1

rd. as in
29

v 15 and

in 'D '3
c.

K 15 2 K 15
;

loc

napn

of Beth Maacah; '3 n^>3K 2 S 20 15 cf. sub n.


.4&eZ
;

'L^3n

23

26
,

&

so rd. also

Chu

27

27

10

(Be).

t-rij'B ITS! n.pr.ioc.

i>as.

(='S

i>ys '3, c f.

sub

T prnQPI PP3. possibly n.pr.ioc. house or settlement on bank of Kidron 2 S 1 5 17 (RV

Far House; Beth-merhak, cf. The Ke Sta tlie last house of the city).

MV RVm

Ew

Py3) E. of Jordan Dt 3^, in land of Amorites 46 20 4 cf. Jos 13 (where assigned to Reuben); in land of Moab Dt 34 s . On site cf. Di Nu 23 s8
JjQgOnom.tt2.2naea.246

Q on(J Heth * Moib 142 p]p


f.

1882. 85

f.

Tristr

M * bS05
.

tni^nQ
of chariots)
1

i"P3 n.pr.ioc. in Simeon

Ch 431 = nionBrr'a

(jylace
site

Jos 19 6 ;

JY^3

jyvg n.pr.ioc. in Issachar (place of


Jos 19 21 ; site unknown.

unknown.

dis]>ersion)

trPOj iTS n.pr.ioc. E. of Jordan, in Gad * T ....


{place of leopard)

TTlXW 3 n.pr.ioc. in Judah (house of rock)


Jos I5 68 2

Nu32

36

= J0S13
-

27
;

KmSavafipa,

mod. TeZ
rjnoj
s

*'A Survey KP1OT Bd p,U79


6
,

etc., v. also

Lag

0nom *" "*

Na/xpa^, * * ;
,

Ch

1 1

Ne

16

as n.pr.m.

Ch

45
;

cf.

also

mod. Beit ^Ar, c. 12 m. S. fr. Jerusalem Rob ui.au BEin.276f. Bd 138 (Burj Stir). gurvey

DIsi5 & Bob **"*.

]"!!^

or land
sieh (cf.

= Paradisus
Rob

^? n.pr.ioc. Am
K0199

Aramaean
Tl4

city,

mod. Ju(Ptol ), BE " LK *)? or cuneif. Bit-Adini, in

Geo8T -

TlirTVJTS. n.pr.ioc. (place of street, or market l) near Dan on road to Hamath Ju 1 8 s8 6 21 2 S io (where 3irrriV3 DIN) ah") Nu 13 ; cf. 1S71t 3irn* N3ix DIN 2 S io 8 ; ). loc."dub.(cf. Rob"

Mesopot, cf. Schr 6 v. sub HP; otherwise St,


:

DP"8 '; COT 2 K 19


'"

12

& Hoffm ZAW " w

tSD"1 1V2. n.pr.ioc?


n.pr.m.
1

in

Judah;

as

Cli 4

12
.

TPV5t3*~rP21 n.pr.ioc. near Jerusalem " v t Ne 7 M =njD|y Ezr 2"* & iwrty Ne 1 2"; cf. 1 Ch 12 13 (where n.pr.m.); mod. El-Hizmeh c. 5 m.

NNE. of Jerus. ace. to Ritter Gw>" "' 5U Survey" 9 TpQVn ]T2 n.pr.ioc. on border of Asher
r1' .

T^SUJ TV3. n.pr.ioc. in Manasseh, "W. of Jordan (place of quiet) 1 K 4 1212 ?NBHV3 Jos 29 lo: 2 27 1 Ch 7 ffW% ;=JB!)V3 1 S 3 i i7-' Ju i 12 mod. Beisdn (Scythopolis), 2 S 21
; '

NH

(valley -Jtouse)

Arnha,

Jos 19 Survey comp. m. NE. of Akko (but v. Rob 8" 111103108).


.

27

,,M5

i?3

Rob 381 "- 329 Bd p,li!24 Survey ll01f

t ntfltZJn H^!l n.pr.ioc. the acacia) (place of 88 "- 3 Ju m site cf. Rob
7

Tni3J?"TPS n.pr.ioc. in Judah (perh.= 8*153 Hal ,A, 7xllll879pao8 cf. temple of -Andl Bae 59 Jos 15 ; mod. Beit 'AnUn Rob 881 "- 280 foil.) Guenn , 'w<""- lnt Survey " 351 But L B n 6ap*0,
-

(on

").

tttjpuj

fP3

'-

< mod. Bittir, c. 2 J hours

SW. fr. Jerus. Bd Pal m

Jos^^+St.; 38 i9 +4t.; 1.
6 ..i.is.u.i6.i..jo
j

n.pr.ioc. (sun-temple) '& '3 'P-'S Josi5 ,0 6t; VBV '3 Jos

city in

K4

SW. Judah J0S15 10 iS K 14 13 = 2 Ch 25 s3 2 Ch

"mrrrrrn
name
as

113
'ai

ffoa
btpn

28 18 ; distinguished from other places of same

rrvmb

TO

Gn
.

2i w
2
12

'B

'3 2

16 assigned to Levites Jos 2i

at mod. 'A in
in.s5.eo_

Shems Rob BB "

K 14"= 2 Ch 25 = CI16 ruin ' Bd p" m Survey


21
;

44

S 3 32 1 3 s6 Jb also Jb 30 31
2
1
s6

27" 29" Ju

11

Ku
2.
,

914
,

cf.

* '3W3

24"
1 1

'3

Nu

K 2o3 =Is38 3
'3

38 city in Naphtali Jos 19


22

Ju

33 ' 33
.

c ace. cogn. '33 J u 21' 2 S cf.'aaa i 8 16 9 'aao Je48,


,

&

naa nain
^lp3 '3
c. inf.

3. city in Issachar Jos 19 ; possihly 'Ain eshShemsiyeh, Jordan valley, S. of Beisan (Beth 231 4. =On-Heliopolis, in Shean) Survey"
.

b
also

Ezr io sq. ^"13 i>ip s i 5 c f. Ezr 3 12 ; weep bitterly 'T 10 Ig 33';


1 ;

abs.
i

weep
?J?

intensely, grievously

iSi"

13 BB1B Egypt Je 43 Kob

Eb G8606t DF' "


31

Je 22 10 La
supr.)

s
,

cf.

Is 3 o ,9

& Mi
4 6

i'(but on text v.
i.e.

tlfeB^nTVa cart. 1S6 1418


.

adj.gent. of foregoing 1,

3. sq.
'a

weep upon,
14

embrace and
50'; also
4

weep, inwriij

Gn 4 5
14

cf.

45"

Yyp>l
trns.Fr,n^2 n.pr.loc.
apj,les)

2K
1 i

13
37 - 38

v. further
j

Gn 33 45" &

in

Jos

53

p.um g urve

;mod. TaffM

Judah (place of Rob BB " n Bd

injrrns rhj al
over,
32

for

Ju
31

S 20 41 S 3 s4 La
;

also sq.
1 ';

weep

sq.

"i>K 2

S i 24

in.3io.sre

TTJT'3. n.[m.] house, palace


;

abs. f^'an

S Ez 27 ; sq. j> Je 22 48 Jb 30 ; sq. 'JBD because of Je 13 17 sq. temporal clause (of oc,0

32

s3

'a Est 7 ('an n?a) cstr. Jiva Est i 5 nn), (^WJ'**<*"" Elfj all garden of '3 ; ace. to Dieulafoy throne-r 00m, syn .ofapaddna in mng.,but cf. f "1BN.

casion of weeping) Gn 50 17 </< 137 Ne 8". 4. s5 2 3 M sq. ace. bewail Gn 23 37 50 Lv 10" Nu 20


1

Dt2i 13 34 8 Je8 23,cf.Is.i6 9


burden, annoy with

5. sq.

^ in sense of

IT'S prep, between,

v.

[P?] sub pa.

tfcOS. n.[m.] balsam-tree (v. Ar. l> ZMO 1869, 188 bu< L5w No.47. ac( to TA Hke Dozy
.

'J$
2

Nu
26

1 1

20
.

23 ing Ju 20

Ch 34 s7
2

j^ja-ja.,
little

an eruca,

cf.

Lane
i.e.
;

s.v.;

perh.

cf.

l5 give

Ju 20

S i2

(cf. cf. also 2lss

13 1,17 cf. weepingNu 1 i Ju I4 * '3 of 6. penitent weep*jp Be v. also 2i !) Dt I 44 2 K 22 19


;

Nu 25";

cf.

Ezr io

joined with fasting ; so of weeping


1

milk, of camel,
cf.

S 5 23S4 =i Ch i 4 ,415

drop, drip); pi. sg. in K?3n pJ?

D*K33

8 47

in anxious entreaty Ho 4 s ; on pt. as n.pr. Ju i.s 2 v D 3a infr Vi pt ft n33 ,3 iammt j e 31


25

balsam-vale,

De

Che.

sq. ?J?

bewail, pi.

ntaaD

S q.

ace Ez8 14

Qal
Dt
2
1

vb. weep, bewail (Ar. ^o, BP23M Eth. Aram. *?, J4, As. 6aMZim Oh?;) 14 Ho 12 5 nnaai consec. 'a Gn43
,

tnD3
P/.
13
;

Tn221 n.[m.] a
'a

weeping, only

Ezr

10' 133

nann oyn.

t^a
20
1.

n.m.
6

,o21 ' 2

Waa
naaril

Jb 30^,
s8

etc.

Impf.
3
fs.

*13>l

+ 16 1. + 2 t.;

(la'i'Gn 27
1

etc.);
7
,

na'an

Gn 37 1S1"
s5

(also cstr.
2

weeping "a? Ju 2i + 8 2 Lt3 4 etc.); ^33 Gn45 'aa


,

Is 15
25
;

+
as

t.;

sf.

"33

masc. cf. Di)+ 4 t.; 2 21 naarn 2 K 22", jan* 2 S 12 2

!]? ms. n|3n Is 3 o 19


37

Gn

21 16 (where

16
;

EZ24
s7
;

+4t.; naasi 2 S 12 Is + 2t.; f*Xvi6+3t.; *? Jb 3 i 38914 33 7 ; 15 'aw Ru i etc; 3 fpl. "j'l'an Jb 27 ^ 78"; 5 24 10 Imv. pL WB Je 22 Jo i ; ni'33 2 S I ; /n/.
JOB
1

naas Ju

Ch 34

fs.
22

ace cogn. (c. naa) Ju 2i a 2 S 13 36 2 K 15 s2 9 3 3 Is 3 8 cf. Isi6 ('333) Je 48 20 (>33D); 19 13 21 u 9 audible '3 5? V' 6 Is 65 Ezr 3 cf. Je 3 3 i

^6

9
;

weeping ^ 30
;

Is

=
3

Is 15

('333

IV"

W v. Je9
&
Je 48 s
;

17

); so also

Gn45
Jbi6 16

'333 i.e. ('33 ('33 li>p-nN* jn"l) the sound of it shall ascend) but text here
suspicious,
||

n^

cf.

IS15

as disfiguring
3

+ 3 1. + Mi 1 (where rd. tap, v. n'aa 1 S i + 3 1.; cstr. nisab Gn 4 3 + iay) naa (nsta) Ex 2 + 6 1.; 3 1. nnaab Gn 23 />. Dtaa pa) Ear 3 2 + etc.; fs. .Tata La i pi.
a&s. ta3 Is
;

30

19

10

10

30

16

'

words of mourning Est 4 (b, Di2f, nBDO), cf. ?3N Je 3 1 9 (D'jwnn cf. 3 21 ), 9 10 3 1 15 (to), /aa 8 nB'D Dt 34 & Di ad loc; contrition (humilia12 Is22 12 (1BDD, nmp, (D1X, 1BDO), tion) J02
-

1. weep (in grief, humiliation, or joy), abs. Gn 44 410 1 7810 11 6 3030 24 Ex2 6 30 14 iSi 42

p e>-n:n),

cf.

Mal2 13
4

(npsn, nyon);
cf.

of bitter
;

43
12

Nun
s0 - 30

S
6

18

36

12

i 4

13

15

19

K 8"
;

12

Is

30

1919

4i 5 o
cf.

Ez24

69" (but

Lai 2 Zc7 3 Joi 5 2 17 ^78 64 4 16 on text v. Che) Jb 27 Ec 3 (opp.


16 - 23
1

Je i26 6

Je 3 1 15 (& Is 33 7 ) 9 32 "ITJ)" '33 Is 16 Je48 i.e. Ya'zer in Moab, cf. 6 10 -\W n.pr.; f 102 (>n3DD '33 'IPC* cf. 42' 80 & Bab. dtmtu mastlti, tears (v:ere) my drink

weeping
1

Is 2 2

'333 T?OS<,

laugh pnb>) Ezr io


subj.

Jb3i
4

38

'3?

Ne8 Est8 3 once c inanim. W;I1 its furrows weep; on


9

Zim BP34

42
).

in mines

Trop., trickling hindrance to miners Jb 28". (nnnj)


n.f.

of

streams

Ne

naasj- VOB* cf. As. attaSab abakt, Flood T ijoed.Di Q u i'; Hpt 5Asi.i45. of ]oud weeping NfeO
i

TrV)32 T

weeping.
oak,

Only /
cf.
1

in 1"U33 P?S*

Gn

35"

i.e.

mourning

p^N, p. 47.

rp3i
t[r"5a]
i.e.

114
4

nvpTaa
f
>JXj

n.f.

weeping Gn 50 im33
Pethel, D*33n-i>K

V,
Ju

H133

n.f.

young camel, dromedary (Ar.


,
;

the appointed time of mourning for him.

:3 yowng she-camel) Je2

"
,

pl.cstr.

33 1360'.
25
s234

tO"OSl n.pr.loc. near


2
1
,

B'Sa V 5
;

(cf. V*);

2
i.

trnSa T
17

n.f. right of first-born


1 -2 ;

Gn
:,6

to* KXm/fywra

*u tm
;

on
t
cf.

BatSrjX

v 5 KXaufyii>er

e.

D?33

Stu &We rd. iwrpa instead of


-

poss. connex. with BlMk '* Blnl * * 18S Com P- H"'- 1889
-

(L KXavfyiwi/) s J"H23 /i?S Gn 35 cf.


'

sf. iChs (J) Dt 2i (JE); 3l 33 33 ^rnbaGn25 (J); im b3Gn2 5 4 3 (J) iCh 5 T

W33 Gn2 7

'.

216

but pcrh.
E82
.

D03

in v

1 ,

cf.

We Bu

t rPi33 S9
1
. '

n.pr.m. (first-born) Benjamite

[*P2]

vb.

(NH

133, Aram. 133,

t&S

Ar.J!x>

rise arfy, <7o

anything early ; Ixj,

T !~IT33 n.f. first-born, always of Gn i 9 ^-34 37 2 9 26 (JE) 1 S 14 49


.

women

virgin,

woman

primogenitus ; Pi. /m/)/ 133) Ez 47 12

having her first child; Eth. flH*C: As. lukru, first-barn, Dl S66,6 1
;

PH^S n.f.

first

ripe

fig,

early fig (re-

7n/. 133i>
12
.

1. bear early, new fruit Ez 47 16 constitute as first-born Dt 2 1 (den. of 1133).


,

Dt2i 16 ; 2. ma&e or

391 garded as a delicacy) (Low ; cf. Ar. ijJfo, 10 Span, albacora, Moorish bokkCre) Mi 7 Ho 9
1

ir?=nrpWDa nn33je 2 4 2
s f.
.

(rd.

ma
31
;

Di), is 2 8

4
;

pi.

Pa. Imj)f. "133^ Lv 2 7 s6 6om or ??tarfe a firstling. 31 Hipli. Pt. f. '"n 33p Je 4 one bearing her first
child.

t CJH^SSl n.m. first-fruits 28 26 (P)


cstr.

Lv
(J)

14

23
23

17

Nu

42

Ne

12

13

Dn33 Lv
22M

20

(P);
s0

"1*133
,3

n.m.first-lx)niGn 35 s3 + 78 1.;">33
3

Gn25 +i4t.; &+&} Gn 4 9 +i 4 t.; W3? Gn 38 6 +3 t.; pi. cstr. ^133 Ne io^+a nnbs Gn 4 Ne io Drni33 f 136 pi.
t.'; 37 10
4
;

nibs Dt i2 617 14 23
individuals

1. iew and women:


b. coll.
10

f.

(E) i8 13 (P) Ne io 3636 EZ44 30 ; sf. T7? Lv2 14 ; the first of grain and fruit that ripened and was gathered and offered to God according to the ritual; D^SSn Dn? bread made of the new
20 grain offered at Pentecost Lv 23 ; Dni33il DV 26 day of the first-fruits (Pentecost) Nu 28
.

no? Ex2 3 16,9 (E)

34

Nu

13

a.
16

i8 is

c.

Gn 25 13 + 69 1. 37 f 1 35 s pi. Ne io
'

Nu 3 4660 8
d.

136

im b
.

Exil'l 2 12 29 1 3 s131616 2 2 29 34 2 Nu jHJUMMMMMI


2. animals: a. ro8 33 4^ 78 io5 26 Nui8 17 Dti5 1919 33' 7 dividuals LV27 3V 5 41 I2 2" 13 15 coll. TOTO "a Ex 18 16 ;
.7..7.18

73

v.

sub n^3.
v.

51

3,

73, "iSttfuSa

sub bo,

p. 128.

-ii33n
23

14

me

4 3. figurative, n. of relation 13 1133 first-born of death Jb 18 (deadly


.

NU3
4

TpN73 n.pr.m.
hath given a son

(=Bab.

abal-iddina, he

Dt

19

c. pi.

nroa Gn

Dt 1 2 6 17
-

COT 2 K

20 12) father of TP1?

Ne

io37

disease); Orp~[ '1^33 first-born of the jmor (the 30 poorest) Is 14 ; Israel is the first-born of

20 12 flKJQ king of Babylon (v. sub *|f?) 2 name prob. abbreviated by omi? sion Ts39'; of name of god (v. ib. Merodach-baladan Marduk-abal-iddina, Marduk hath given a son;

Yahweh among

the nations

Ex

s2

cf.

Je3i
yff

9
;

cf.

Esarhaddon,

v.

HOnDX

p. 64).

and the seed of David among dynasties

Sg".

1133 n.pr.m. (young


.

bakru Asrb Ann*h ",C5) 26 35 =T13 1 Ch 72. son of Benjamin


I

camel, Ar.^5o, As. 1. son of Ephraim Nu.

trj7 j] vb. gleam, smile


Hiph. Impf. 1 2 t.; Pi. 3v30
14

(Ar. iJJ)

only
(f'

s. c.

subord. n y%)
9
;

Gn46
35

21

Am

1. shew a
.

Jb

smile, look

Ch

6'8

(133).

cheerful
c. art.

\//

39

Jb (f io 20

2. cause to burst or
9

1^33
'

adj. gent.

as n.

coll.

Nu 26

flash n-bv
.

*> '30H

Am 5

(cf.

Ew
14
.

St).
.

"PTOS, n.pr.m. aBenjamite(onformcf.^O?'3 *dto ^p, & oi sl0, -; on Nab. n.pr. in 1 v. Eut
n*" 24
25 ' 8 "-

1 priest of t nUT'S. n.pr.m. (cheerfulness)


15th course (David's time) 1 Ch 2 4 that went up with Zerubbabel Ne

2
1

priest

& No

" 73

618
.

*)

Ch

r9

T"H33 n.pr.m.
2

1. a Benjamite (youthful)
only in phr.
pi. c. art.
;

=9

44
.

T ''ipS, n.pr.m. withNeh.Ne io9 (id.) priest

n^fff V2#. 14 D^psn 2 S 20 Bichrites (i. e. family of Sheba')', MT Dnsn the cf. iv X(V /.fi=na(3); so Klo Dr.
;

S 20

1 '-

5 - 6 - 7 - 1013 - 21 - 22

ifn^JfTOO]

n.f. smiling, cheerfulness,


!
1

2. perh. adj. gent.

18 source of brightening fa) ^K ,, ^''r' 3P Je 8 a source of brightening io me in sorrow; but text dub. cf. VB Che.

nba
tTJ^S
cuneif.

us
Nb z "QM88
-

n.pr.m. ( BaUab;
cf.

Bel has loved,


of

*!$?
cf.

DF'
8

2*'
'

ZKllm
)

Bir-Dadda,

Job fntfn)

Hpt TlWn 'a Jb 2"

Hbr1885 224
1 1

comp. 2nd friend


1

In Is 40 24 it is prob. that it acquires from the context the sense of hardly : yea, hardly are
they planted, yea, hardly are they sown when he even bloweth upon them, and they 20 4 Joined anomalously wither; cf.
.
. .

18 25 4 2
.

9
.

in H

3 n.pr.loc. in Simeon Jos io

2K

with an

infin.,

^32' T?$

3<n
i?

??

(else) there is

t[n/!H]
(Ar. JI3,

vb. become old and


\?3, JL>,
4

worn out
28

not coming nigh thee

(i.e.

else they will not

Aram.

Eth. <1M: id.) Qal


;

approach thee).

p/

nnj?a

Dt

4
,

*i>3 2

9
4

etc.;

7w/

c. sf. ,r

P 3 Gn

7y>/ tfy$ Jb 13 18 ; wear out (intr.),


12 4 -4
,

t s 73 subst. wearing out

(^

-^- wear-

all c. ?J/D pregn. garments Dt 8 29 wear out (and fall) /row upon... (hence Ne 9 21 ), Jos 9 13 fig. of the heavens (with sim. of gar-

esp. of

ing out of a garment), hence 1. fig. destruction Is 38" 73 nne* pit of destruction (of Sheol).
2.
defect, failure,

hence adv. of negation

(cf.

ment) Is 50 \jr 102 v3j 1333, the earth Is 51 n ?3Jjl 1333; the bones (through suffering) ^3
afflicted

27

DBS), chiefly poet, for &6, J'*?: a. with finite vb. rare and only once in prose, Gn 3 i^E) v3"py
i?

Tan because he
'

man Jb

s8

13

O^aj 3J713

MR]

-I333
(|j 12

8 7 9 16 (Kt)
or ptcp.

Bty i'3X); of an
>

aged and decrepit

woman Gni 8
1

told him not, Is 14 6 32 10 Ho Jb 4 1 8 b. used to negative an adj. 2 TIPD 73 not an ointed, f 19 2 S i


. '

(J)

'T'3 ^"ins after

7 am worn

out.

Pi. caus.

of Qal.

a.

wear out

(trans.), fig.

La 3 4 '"IB ? n?3

more freq., esp. in Job, joined with a subst. in sense of witfiout, Jb 8" will the reed-

H07

and their form i>iK?> HlVab is for t\, -f 49 She'ol to consume away (others rd. nv3? is for
wasting away [Dr
17 iniuyb 2
1

15

grass

about naked Btop


16

10 grow DV0"v3 without water? 24 they go M without 73

clothing, 3i

S204

],

connecting 'B* with

foil.),

9 6 2 33 34 3^ words njnyJl without knowledge,

Ch

wap
10

to

wear

it (Isi\)om< (altered fr.

by

S 7 '), cf. 7" Aram. b. wear out 22 and the work of use, use to the full, Is 6 s
hands
1?3^

Dn

59 |WWJ ?iV~ ^3 without (my) inirun (against me), cf. v 4 N?, 63 s a quity they s 8 dry land tFO v3 without water, Is 28 Jb 30 39
42
yfr
;

their

they shall use to the full, enjoy, Jb 2 1 13 they wear out their days in prosperity (Qrhere 1?3* complete, which perh. is the true
reading in both passages;
cf.

DB^y? ^33 children of (men With preps, a. t^33,


'

of)

no name.

in

njH 733 Dt 4*

Ex5 Jb36").
f.

13

0n n^3^ 92 ,
,

v. subi>!?3.

3 5 4 19 Jos 20 D (=unawares: all in D's law of homicide); without knowledge Jb 35" 36". b. i.e. vritht y3p in a slate of (v. sub p) no
. . . ,

t[n|?S] adj.

worn out;

nba Ez

23

43

(of

out, Is 5"

a woman, cf. Gn i8 12 supr.); pi. Dv3 Jos 9 4 4 5 5 (sacks), v (wine-skins), l"lv3 v (sandals), v
(garments).

Jb 38 41
state
()

prppap regardless of, without measure, 25 4 1 that is made TVrfyfr (to be) in a

T[Ni/3]

n. [m.]

worn out

things, rags
1,u
,

cstr. jftf Je 38 (Syr. )=>' id.) pi.

*&$

12
.

JO expressing causation, 9 on account of Jehovah's not being able (in Nu 1 4 16 *lj>aO),2 8 M (Ew "* ; but also ES Jrh "' 72 )
. . .

c. t V3D of no fear, i.e. to be feartess. from want of, followed by a subst. or infin., Dt 28 * TOT 730

>

t[rP"?:ip]
struction.

n.f. destruction:

c. sf.

Is io

25

Is * for viant
S

DJTparrby 'SKI and mine anger

for their de-

"iJfiD

X3

'O'SO

5 6 4 of knowledge, H04 EZ34 Lai for lack of comers to the stated

feast.
:

b&
psb
before

adv. not (Ph. id.

e.g.

CIS

'

1S

f3

Followed by a pleon. f't? in the phrase n Y?Dn is it on account of there being


. .

shall not be for the priest;, Tiy of comparaof time) a poet. syn.2 16 tO, 21 35' 7 9 (Qr) Is 1 4 tively rare occurrence, 30 17 Pr 9 13 14 7 19 23 22 s9 2 3 7 3S 35 24* 1 Ch 16 43 10 in the pas(=\jr 96 only besides, except

3,3

^2=

no
cf.

(lit.

is it

my

fc-X?
3 - 6 - 16
i
.

*Xa

/row* the deficiency ofno. .A 529 ,- in Syr.; PS ), Ex 14"

Ho

(3) so that there is


.

no

(lit.

away

from there being no


and v3 being
Je
is

i? expressing negation,

),

pleon., as in

sages cited, in other Psalms often repeated in 2- 2- 2 '4141818 the same context, as Is 2 6'>'>' 33
:

15

its cities

are burnt
9" 1 '

23.23.24

.8.9.9.9

J, j

4.6.1I.15.18

j g2.4.4.8

3.3.5

j3.8.12.

no inhabitant, 9
11

P9,V.mh f?S 6 d /3); at^ 7|0 so that there Ez 1 4 1S Zp 3". Once as a


.

also used oft.


8
7

6 8 with BtoK, BFttP., Dfen f io 16 5 10 Pr io30 12 3 Jb4i 15 21 30 46 93 96 104

conj. TtW$

Ec

y3D, with pleon. iO, so tltat not In Job v?? is used more freely
1 2

nwhz
being no longer distinctly
felt
20
:

116

nfca :
1

without, the connexion with a preceding verb

(rr^iS

32

*)

for

who

is

God

except

'"

v 32 "; 45
21
.

without any 6 7 8 heeding,! hey perish for ever, 6 24 prob. also 4" 31" (though here the sense (a) would be ad4
'

similarly Is 43"

Jfte "$JQ9

NJ|, 44

68

[nV]

subst. (from fyS, of the form fta

(y) in Jb 1 8 %rtyp i^K3 fVfr, 19 prob. partitive (so Hi): there shall dwell in his tent what is nawjht of his Ew'"8 ' De less

,s

missible),
is

01 ! I46 b) prop, failure, hence used as particle of negation, not, except (cf. y3, DDK), twice
with
4343

probably even naught,

cf.
14

sub

|*K

6 dy

Ges

sf. (v. infr.),

'terror (supplied from v ) shall dwell in his tent so that it is no more his.' d. ty 3"*!? till

binding vowel '-^

elsewhere always (with as mark of cstr. state: Sta


,

w|

there be no
1

yjr

7 2'

Mai 3 10

Ges 5903), (Ph. n!>3 <mfy: Tabnith-Inscr. 6) 26 tl. adv. not, with an adj. 1 S 2 o lino nj>a

TV2\^L n.[m.] nothingness (from y3 & HD, lit. not-aught) Jb 26" who hangeth the
earth on
'3.

wo< clean, with a subst. Is 1 4" 'Tip rial? a stroke of non-cessation, i.e. a never-ceasing 3 stroke, with a finite vb. (si vera 1.) EZ13
41 ob (RVm: but v. Dr* >).

Wa

t
not,
1

worthlessness (cpd. y3 27 n.[m.] without and ?5?! worth, use, ffofiCi '3 Dt
,

negation, no<

= except

t2. after a preceding


(syn.

S**

,S

3" + 20

t.

bvhl yj, 1 o i 3 + 5 1.

the quality of
1. abstr. B*N
1
2!!

have not heard Di'n

he that sacrificeth 'v


12

w? w3

Gn 21 26 I 19 except to-day, Ex 22
,J

?W),

except unto

32

Jos 11

19
:

so

DN
2
2
).

Vm
.

\ Nu
14

Gn47
sf.

18

Ju

(cf.

being useless, good for nothing.

DK

"3

Gn

28 17

Ne

With

hHwt), ^V^an VJK,


thing, base fellows
s17

(attached to
1
4

worthless, good-for-no>

S 25 s5 2 S 16 7 20 1K21" 27 Pn6 ;='3-|3iS25 17 /3 33Dti3 14 Jui9 20 13 1013 '3 na 1 S i 16 2 Ch'13 7 1 k 21 1 S 2" 10


1
;
;

the ground-form ^V?) 2 ^n,a except thee ti S 2

W? except me tHo

'3 *1J? base witness Pr 19 28 (drunken woman); 9 '3 "lai base, wicked thing ^ 41 (yet cf. 3 infr.),

t3. conj. (likewise s after a neg., expressed or implied) Gn 43 D3riX D3'nK eascepi your brother (be) with

W3

101 s (add prob. also


'3..."i:n
(elliptical

2. concr. elliptical
by* ??) jn tf'trb
1

so @ We Dr); and in apposition) Dt 15 9 18 of '3 B*N 2 S 23" Jb 34


1

S 29 10

6 you, v Nu 11 our soul is dry, there is nothing at all; save that our eyes are toward the 4 manna, Is io (and where will ye leave your glory !) save that they bow down under the
5
1

s 30s2
t^

i^s

d"in

Pr

6 12

prisoners, and fall under the slain i.e. (iron.) their only refuge will be among the corpses of
!

3. ruin, destruction : so

9 4 1 ace. to

De Che al.,

but

v. supr.;

'3 fJT counsellor of


2

ruin
2
1

Na

i";
'

'3 alone

maw of ruin, destroyer Na


(||

'3 \pru
.

floods of destruction

^if)

S 22 6 =^ 18s

t'Hjna (perh. Syr. ^i=av,


Euf"* 8 9) bf.
'

from

% and TJ, ^S mw<o;


Nab. nypa
except,

battle-field. So BK V$9 Am 3 3 4 .Dn 1 1 where no neg. precedes, it is difficult to extract a sense consistent with the gen. usage of ''JjyS Ges besides that his reproach he will return unto him, Ew only, nothing but, Hi certainly, Drechsler (on Is io 4 ) nay, even (cf. RV).

I8

x</V;

4. With preps,
sq. inf. cstr., as

a. 'l????

(once)

rsffi (3 t.), prop, not unto, hence


:

T^l

(4

t.),

Tw*

so as not
inf.),

in order not... (negation of ? sq.

usually

except, without

a.

Jb 34 s2 njHK

apart from, 3 &rce;rf,


'"IKp

iniOTOn
1

apart from (what) I see myself, do thou instruct M me. With sf. Gn 4 1 TT??P aiH,r< r^ om thee without thee, no one shall lift up the head, Is
'

gave a sign to Cain order that any finding him ,8 should not smite him, 19 21 3 8 9 Ex8 25 9 17 Lv

Gn 4

15

w3p in
15

30

20 26

Dt 8"

12

the

man that

doeth pre-

sumptuously ybE'
etc.
(cf.

wap

so as not to
11

hearken
)

s 45 for there is none "^Vr? except me. Also 24 with sf., as a particle of deprecation, Gn 14 I claim nothing, (in our 'TV? ? not to me! i.e.
16 idiom) not at all! 4 1
,

Jei6 is 'i7 23 'i8 10 42 is Dn

v 20 Ju

in order not to profit (the 2 +: P'jfi'l result represented forcibly as the design; cf.

TO?

h. with JO, ^Bff&i (so

^& without), (a) apart from, esp. with the collat. idea of without the knowledge and 20 2 18 25 (=Is 36 10 ) ami now consent, Nu 5
,>'\^.

sub lyPp) IS44 10 Je7

Gn

11

which

after vbs. of commanding commanded thee B1?"P3K wap


;

not to eat thereof, 2

K if
21 7
s5

come up apart from, without '' against this place


to destroy
jpar<
it
t

21 s swearing Dt 4 Jos 5 Ju

Ru 2", Je35 Ez 20 15 agreeing


,

8f14

Je 44 19
besides,

(cf.

44 41 Y$fi Gn 19 ).

2K12
2

9
,

/rem,

except,

Jos 22

S 22

((3) s2 *

interceding Je 36
(cf.
*?

Once

,r

?? ?
3

K 23

10

|g$ Ez

2I

20
,

j>

liap

Ch

19

).

n!
Twice
(

117

dVi
;

as conj. with the impf., 11 In c f. -raja, JO Dt 33 ).

&

perf.,

which

is

2 S 14" Je 23" 27 18 sq. inconsistent with the nature of

Ex 20

20

,ss

Pt. pass.
t.,

W>3 Ex 29*

+
1 1

28
7 -"

IliX>3

Ex 29'+ 4 t.;

1.

t.,

rhhi Lv

2'

final conj.:

rd. either

CW*
3

Itfjj,

or 3*>, Ni3

fuse

(cf.

Dr

410b>
).

On Ez
. . .

13

v. supr.

tb.

'?$W

speech, language, q.v.) Gn 2. mix (cakes or flour, etc. always (J). with oil) term, techn. sacrif.,only P (H Lv 23"),
(obj.

nab'

mingle, con-

an account of not (negation of IP sq. inf.): 16 * n>3< wSJ?; a verbal noun sq. inf. Nu 14

Di on Lv 2 usually as nmo, '[OB'S '3 n^b Ex 29 40 Lv 2 s I4 I0!1 23 Nu 7 >-i-3i.i7..4...i.R.


cf.
4
;

13

Ez 1 6* wpty '?|>W.
sq.
t

t c.

'nb-iy inks oe.

7379
.

.,

Nu 8
10

15

" 28

l *-*4

i3MM

238

"),

a perf! (Ges; RS in the phrase

Jph, "- K

or an inf. (Ew j, (0$) ib-VN^n V^-TJf


tio<

Lv

(opp. ruin) 9
1212
,

'e*3
,

M u ,'v2'2 nruo 29 '3 rfsp rrt?n Ex 29'


-

Lv7
6'
6
,

i.e.

made by mixing with


2
4
,

oil;

J17D

1 , "!B'

um&7 one
35

left

him (them)
1 1
8

a remnant,
11
'

'e>3 '3

mxo n^n Lv
flour (in
V'
11

Nu

21

Dt

3 Jos
7

S^io33
there

Kio .Jb i 4 2
(cf.

i.e. fine

'bo '3 ni^n rta Nu the form) of cakes so made.

D?OB>

^b-l? ($
).

be no heaven

TTTJf V'72

"r&3 JJjp JOE'S with fresh oil


this sense;
cstr.

92

AV

/ sliall be (am) anointed RV; vb. not elsewhere in


.

t[n7H]
Ar.
i-L>

vb. trouble (Aram,


intellect ;
v.

.j^,
also
7113)

23 Hup Che rd. 'itfa fr


my

^2

inf.

cf.

be

weak in

sf.,

abstr. for concrete,

wasting

= my

only Pi. Pt. Tfti


needless)

OWN mnbp Kt

(Qr B^flDD

wasting strength, of declining age; Israel under figure of old man ; this however is not favoured

Ezr

4* troubled

them in building.

by context. The passage

is
8

therefore doubtful.
;

Tni"T vS. n.f. terror, dreadful event, ca-

lamity, destruction

nn?a
';

i s 17

14
;

Hithpo. Impf. y?i31V Ho 7 " KV1 D'OJQ D^BN Ephraim, among the peoples doth he mix himself;

pi.

ninps

but

Ew Now derive here fr. 773=1173 (or


cf.

Jb 18" +
terrors
tf.

7 t.; cstr. nin|>3

Jb 18 11 27 20 30 15
'3

Jb 24" ; 1. only pi. '3 ^O Jb i8 14 =death,


14
,

733) waste away,

Hiph.

Hiph. Impf

7331

nmb?
19

73
tl.

2. calamity Is 1 7 pi. s6 21 calamity, destruction Ez 26 27 28".


.

Jb 24 17

Is 64

cf.

733

cf.

fr. and we faded away, but rd. perh. Di (De, less probably, derives from 773

7331

cf.

Ew Now Ho 7
Hi

or

713

= 733).

nrT?21 n.pr.f. (etym. dub.) handmaid of M 345J Rachel, concubine of Jacob Gn 2Q 3o


(sons Dan & 35 2S Ch 7 13 46 01)
2225
1
.

t^3 n.m.
Ar.
24
;

,l30M

fodder

(Aram.^2^;

Naphtali) 37 (prob. gloss,

moisture of fresh pasture)


6

7v3 Is

30
1

sf.

iW? Jh6 24*fodder (strictly, mixed


Jb6 6
;

tn.
s

nrtvS

n.pr.loc. a city of Simeon


1

Ch

fodder, farrago)
cf.

as growing in field 24'

*,

prob.

= nbp Jos
n.pr.m.
i 42
.

W ffa 1 3 cf. Di 9
,

Is

30

24
.

site

dub.

tjrOS T
36
27

1. descendant of Esau
1

Gn

til.

Ch
v.

2. a Benjamite

Ch

1010

Qal

[7^3] vb. denom. to give provender 21 Imp}. ?3J1 Ju 19 Qr (Kt 7131) sq. )
snail (Shaph. form, causing

the asses. give provender to

NiVa
1

sub nb.

t?l V3!QJ n.m.


773);

2 * 1887 86 Dl in BD Dn *'*;" Hoflm conj. = god Saturn?) protect the "VN [lie* D?3 Balat ( but name then infang ! Dn 4' conn, with Bel, name given to Daniel by Neb. explicable),

io (prob.

= Bab. baldfsu-usur, protect Ids life!


7
'

in moisture, from notion of moisture or fluid trail name due to slimy 58',

W#
Di on

COT Dn i

TfSjV

eon.
["*] confusion,
violation of nature,
cf.

t "QFl
or the

divine order Lv

18 23 20 12 (H)

^2, ncV?.
fl.

^-W v

8ub n ^ 3

18 16
-

773

vb. mingle, mix, confuse, eon-

tTpSTl n.[m.] confusion, obscurity (on ;0 7 form cf.Ar. conj. v. Inf. Sta'* ) Lv 2i (II)
WJJ3 'n
(33, p"!,
i.e.
T Tf?

found (Ar. JJ moisten (with water), cf. Jl> Pr70 cf. Ph. 773 name n<ns<ure, As. ia&SZw, Dl
;

defective sight?
CI'""?,

cf.

Di.

(V??,

etc.)

of a sacrifice,

Qal
infr.);

Pf.

& NHH?5 Aram 'Ifi.XSii) ^3 Gnu', ^92" (h ^ cf


-

J>p/.

pi.

nbi

^ = n^

t[D73] vb. curb, hold in (NH id.,


B&f,

Aram.

Gn

7
,

cf.

Ko

?&>)Qal

Inf.

D^) ^32',

cf.

Che.

Th:

D 7H
fig,
cf.

(<* Eth. dM-.fig, Ar.

Lag"-'-

-1 " 1

JJJ

a kind of

hence following).
figs,

La
fig(||

Che); subj. wicked men,enemiesi/'35 Is49 cf. 16 13 12 2 (abs.) Hb i obj. reflex, in sense Ec io

:5

,9

= annihilate
n-n^n);

IS25

78
;

b.

\\t.

= destroy

2S20
'ffj

19 ' 2"

[Dt3] vb. denom. gather

tend

idef. subj.

Jb 8 18 lopoo
.

c.
,

trees, sycairores (

tcvifav, S3

properly to ni}> the sycamore nut. Bib. s Boi1.cp.s9. p. sot. eating, v. Tristr Fi HM""- "* '<* Theophrast" 2 Theodoret ap.

vellicans, prob. fruit to fit it for

fig.

for greedily (seize, adopt) practise


20 squandering Pr 21
,

Pr 1 9 28

for extravagance,

Pu.

impf.
15

vb;
be

s 17 16 rb; jb 37 20
2

Pt. Epybt?
;

Qal
t

Pt.o'tiZ,

Am 7"

D'Opt? '3.

^73

vb. swallow down, swallow up,

engulf (idea of quickness, suddenness) (NH id., Ar. i> swallow, Eth. A2vO: a<, Aram. V?3,
>*ia; As.
fteZri,

20 tip, i.e. destroyed Jb 37 S 17 16 (impers.); ruined Is 9 15 Vb;-I3 Hithp. Impf. 3 fs. vbnn (yet cf. sub Pi.) ^ io7 27 (subj. nD3Pl) their wisdom is all gone, they are at their wit's end (cf. sub Pi.)

Is9
cf.

swallowed

0$

'

'

Pi. destroy

ZimBF27) Qal
34

Pf.

15 V^3 Jb 20

sf.

*J*#3 Je 5 1
30
;

(Qr,

cf.
1

Kt -);
4
;

fs.

nvb Nu
Jb 20
19
,

16

3 pi.

sf.

WTO V

V?? n. [.] swallowing, devouring, swallowed. 1 swallowing destruction, thing vb-nST ^, 5 2 6 devouring words (|| ncnp }te>b).
I
I.
.

24'; 7rap/. 3
fs.

^1
Nu
mpl.

vb>l

Ex
1.;

12

2. <Amgr swallowed IV.b,

7
sf.

sf.

T\yfcy\ Is 28
16
,

Jesi

44

'3TIK

'rttfijrn

V9D and I
I
;

sjoni
16

Nu
s4
,

i6 32 +2

}l?Ja
,

V6 9 uybn
Ex
12

will bring forth that which he hath swallowed out of his mouth.

Dvbrn Dt

11
7
;

iojtan

15

3
i 7
,

sf.

W$
;

H08
1

3 fpl.

n^ini Gn
;

T |yb^.

Gn 41 24
sf. ''J'??
,

pi.
;

Jon

2
19

'

Jb 7 l9
12

sf.

12 DJJOJ Pr i // ySab 1 swallow down, c. ace.


.

jn n.pr.m. 1. vb Gn 36^= 1 Ch Vb Gn 36= 1 Ch i a king of Edom, i 2. vb -I1V3 P '3 (cf. Dvb & Di Gn 36
II.
43
44

s2

).

1st son of

Jb7
41

Is28 4
12

subj.
7
.

724
;

HBO Ex

tt Jon2'; Gn subj. 2. swallow up, engulf, subj.

B$0
17
;

8 13 (V.b).

21 38 40 6 Benjamin Gn 46 NU26 iCh7 3. Vb a Beubenite 1 Ch 5 s


-

H? Ex 15 Nu 16
of greed
tion

30 3234
'

26 10
;

Dt 1

f 106

t V?3i adj.gent. of 2,
t in.

'JCT n. coll.

Nu
.

26 s8

fig.

Jb 20 15

(obj. ?jn

violence, extortion

Pr

12

opp. N*p www'*); of (P'Mj??); of devasta-

V vi

n.pr.loc. city ="lVs

q.

Gn 1 4 2 8

34 7 by enemy Ho 8 Je 51 16 whelming by calamity 1^ 69

124

3
;

over-

nyVa v.
I.
'

sub

nb.

of full

enjoyment,

profit
,

(subj. nbfo); Jb 20 18 (no obj.)

C2S*7S 11.pr.1n.
;

Balaam
-

Vb + D
DV),
-

Nbr stud

Blb '

s 7 JTiph. Pf. vby Ho 8 V^J L328 ; swallowed 8 i.e. devastated Ho 8 engulfed by wine up, 12 7 (yet cf. Pi. Is 3 ) Is 2 8 (pvrp '}, Wf),
;
||

prop, b = 7 + (god)

(ace.

to Sta

^rr

Pi. Pf.
3
pi.

vb

^2

son of 11V3, prophet fr.linS (q.v.): Nu 22 5 7 8 9 + 47t. Nu 22-24 (all JE) 31 816 (P) Dt 23" s 910 5 2 (D) (cf. W> Jos 1 3 ) Jos 24 (E) Mi 6 Ne 1 3
.

Is
12

25*4-3
;

wb

Is 3

pi.

SR consec. vb La 2 16 sf.
t.;
,

Is 25 7 ;

W$J

tn. DV^S. n.pr.loc. town in Manasseh


6 55 ;

Ch

sf. 3 ms. Zmp/. "fa* Pr 19 Wfto Jb Pr2I 2o. by^a; v 2 10 36. sf. 3 ms. q*pi Ec 10 12 2 ms. vbn 2 S 20", sf. '?vj>3. Jb io8

+ 35^;"
8
is

28

I0\ aafi,
t.;
,

17" + 2

Ic^Xa af<=Dvb; (q.v.) Jos mod. Bel'ame, 6 hours N. of Nablus,


47
.

Bd p'1K8

so Survey"

1 s.

vb
sf.

8 20 20
20

VJ>3*<
13

Is

3
;

Imv. vs
2
8
,

10

V,

55
2
3

([p721j vb. waste, lay waste (As. baldku,

Inf.

Vb Nu 4 Hb
1R$30
Is

]?b La

sf.

*ivb

Jb

P<.

49"; 1. swaZZow

Nu 4 M (V.b?
;

Po. Pt. without


subj.
',

Pi. destroy,

Lyon

S""

" 61
;

cf.

Ar. h^S_ a desert)


1

as a swallowing =for an instant) elsewhere 2. swallow up, engulf, usually c. ace, a. fig. of
12 destruction, ruin, Is 3 (obj. TJ^); (Ba from a 15 3 II. confound, cf. Di ; v. also 9 19 28" 27 '< La 2 2 "- 8 Jb 2 s io 8 21 10 55' 107 ); subj.

obj.

I^i IS24 on form (which might jnsn);


D,
sf.

(||Pi?.i3,

also

be Qal Pt.)
,

cf.

01 1264

Lag

1882' 403
;

also pp2 Po.

vb

Je 5 1 2 and intensive use of Inf. abs. Niph. Is 3 11 further Pu. (i.e. intens.) Pt. Na 2 (this 24 however perhaps largely influenced by asso;

(||

bx),

Is 19 so

(obj.
10

ns}
"2'^

),

i.e.

confuse, con-

nance).

Pu. Pt. npbo Na 2 " ('301 T

npntpi npa),

found/

f 55

D?

<

3k

J^J

vb
-

m/Me,

devastated, or as subst. a devastated city.

Lord, divide

t/ieir

speech (cf.?b

Gn 1 i 7 9 & v. De

p72

n.pr.m. (devastator) king of Moab,

P
ites fa 'a

Nu 22" r + 37 1. Nu
(E)

22-24

(all

+ J0S24

JE)

cities 2

Jui i 55 Mi

5
.

nsNttna,TStfNVa

v.

h sub bvx
NH
& Aram.

T|tp73 n.pr.m. (=inquirert


cf.

sub p) an Israelite wbo returned with 93; Zerubbabel Ezr 2 2 =Ne 7'.

population after the exile of Israel 2 K 1 ?***: these various idolatrous high places were first 3*-* 2 K 23" 2 Ch destroyed by Josiah 1 K ttf3 The worship of Yahweh on high 34 places continued in Judah until the exile 1 22" 2
.

and the people worshipped there 17"; these were also used by the mixed
1 7
,

[rhi], *rhz
T

v.

sub

,-63.

nOS
^

n.f.

account of firm

high place (-/appar.


;

qu

on
,

cf.

As. bdmdte

Moab. no3 MI 3 ") Je 48 35 + 18 1.; 13 ,1 ni3 Nu 21"+ 62 t.; cstr. 9 pi.


;

Is 14" Dt 32 Is 58 4 ,; ,ald Ges 587,6 archaic fem. cstr. with retracted


13

Am

T%

13

14

Zim BF48 nncsn 1 g Jb 9 8 3 Mi i (Ew

the sanctity code predicts that Yahweh 30 will destroy them Lv 26 ; they were regarded as the reason for the rejection of Shiloh \^ 78". The compiler of Kings, writing from the point of view of the Deut. code, complains ntosn pn

36

15

rq l6

W3

12* 14 15 cf. 2 Ch i 5 20 and praises the few pious kings who destroyed them. a. Rehoboam built ni3 with ni3VD & Dnt?X
2
17

on every high
1

hill

K14 23

and under every green tree

h.

accent before monosyl. in poetry, bdmo-the not , nb3 2 S22 :,4 +3t.; , niD3^ I 8 34 + iot.; &wi);sf.
1.

places

K 15"
C.

Asa did not remove the high 24


(2

Ch

14

is

incorrect unless

?V3 niD3).

high place, mountain:

mountains Mi 3 12 mountains Ez 36 2

= Je 26'
;

1^

l"liD3

forest

Jehoshaphat in his reform on the basis of the covenant code did not remove

8
;

D^IJ?

ni3 ancient

them

JJIN J11D3

Nu 21 28 (E poet.)

2. high ])laces, battle-fields, the chief places of the land giving possession, victory, dominion: TJTID2 b]} on thy high places (Gilboa, the battlefield) 2
v.

1 22 (nirarrnK Tpn liy 2 Ch 17 16 is doubtless incorrect, possibly rd. ni3SO); Jehoram, his son, made high places in the cities of Judah 2 Ch 21 11 (@ not mountains $); j

19 - 26

(in

v 19

has a doublet

T?

thy

dead, ride

We

Dr).

pK

&

Is

upon 58" Cf. ~Dt3f>


:

a. of Israel: TID3 by 331 the high places of the land Dt 32 13


34 34 ^l8 =2S22 Hb 3
,

19
.

b. of

God
3J?

p <noa
the earth

by

-JIT fr-ead wpora Ae


13

places of

Am 4
.

%/i
TI03

cf.

Mi

and Ahaz sacrificed on high places on the hills and under every green tree and in everv city 5 of Judah 2 16 4 2 Ch 28 425 cf. Mi i (rd. flNUn? so @ X Che al.; yet cf. JBL 18" ') 421 l2 d. Hezekiah removed them 2 K 1 8 2 Ch 3 1 3 2 Is 36' but Manasseh rebuilt them 2 K 2 1 3 2 Ch 319 and the people continued to sacrifice 33

'

3
;

D'

Jb 9 8

TID3

b]l r\b$

of Babylon) Is 14 14
tains, later

(aspiration of the king 3. high places, as

places of worship, at

first

on

hills

and moun-

on

artificial

mounds or platforms,
cities; still later for

thereon to Yahweh 2 Ch 33 17 e. Josiah, in his reform, based on the Deut. code, defiled them and brake them down from Geba to Beersheba s 8 9 2 K 23 but subsequently there were D1D3 nann in the valley of Ben Hinnom Je 7 31 , and
.
-

under green

trees,

and in

the chapels erected thereon, and once apparently for a portable sanctuary (decked with diverse colours) Ez i6 16 The ancient worship of Israel was conducted on these high places. In the times of Samuel and David they ascended to them, descended from them, and
.

niD3 throughout Judah Je 17 3 cf. Ez 6 3 ' 20 29 4. funereal (questioned by Ew & Co). 7 mound(t) EZ43 (Thes, but in their high places AV RV; in their death % Theod Ew Hi EVm), Is 5 3 9 (Lowth Ew Bo Bodwell Orelli but in
;

his death

A V RV,

or martyr death

De Che Br).
J"liD3 cf.

T]"n^3
22 41 Jos
1

on them, 1 S 9 12 25 io 513 (HD3D for nrV3n We The custom continued in Dr). the reign of Solomon, but Gibeon was D03n
offered sacrifices

"

n.pr.loc. (high place or great high

in place) place
17

Moab Nu2i"-20 =:?y3

Nu

possibly on Mt. 'Affords

Di.

rbrm i K 3

2 -4

cf.

iChi6 39

21 29 2 ch

313
.

High

T7HCj1 n.pr.m. (='D~|3


cisionl
cf.

41 b places of Baal were also used Nu 2 2 (E) Je 1 g of Moab I SI 5 2 16 12 Je48 33 (cf. MI 27 ); 32";

these must be demolished Nu33 62 (J). Solomon built J1103 (platforms or chapels) to Chemosh and Milkom on the Mt. of Evil Counsel op-

iQS.

v.

son of circumsub |3) descendant of Asher 1 Ch 7". sub 3, p. 91.

JTIOS

v.

sub H03.
so Sab. CI
.

Jerusalem 1 K 11': Jeroboam made temples on the ancient high places of Dan and
posite

cf.

]2 ^n.m.son(MI Ph.p; Bm
^3
,

S^',

DHM
Dl

sp^worKh.e

they are called 8 9 the kings JIN m3 Ho io pl-lb" H1D3 7 of Israel built niD3 and niD3n TI3 in all their
1
;
,

Bethel

12 3132 2

Ch

15

Lyon
Gl0M
cf.

8*180091 -

At ^i As
-J,, pi.
;

Hn^

67
;

esp. in bin-bin,

grandson

COT

Am

cf.

infr.;

Palm., esp. Vog

Aram. 13, "" a " * * *'


-

pJ3, ^.la;

possibly orig. con-

120
nected with
getter
ri33 build, so
cf.

P
calls his
28 - 43

Thes,

cf.

As. bdnu,

be-

Laban
sons
D'V 3 !
2

(Dl*
*
I

Ba ZMH "".); but all traces


;

Gnsi

cf.

of this </ lost in

Heb. form
* 183

-/ perh. orig.

bilit.

(,

3 v. Sta
}3
,

i8; Est 2*

cstr.

Gn

)abs. '3
49
22 22
-

Gn 4 + Gn

fS Ez
|3

-J3

Ne 6 18 & c. prefix Gn 17" Nu 8 s5 1 Ch s 1617 to Nu 23 18 24 s15 "33 27* 2 Ch 25 31 Gn 49"; J3 Dt 25 s 1? Ex 33" + 32 t. (29 t.
;
; ;

5^+';

o sons of the fourth generation, and, in general, descendants Jos 2 2 242527 + v. also ; sub i. infr. g. constantly, as more precise de1

daughters' children his own 17 32 ; so of Naomi Ru 4 ;


1

*J$

30

signation,

added
12 19

to personal
-|-;

name

n3D'~fa 3^3

Nui430

32
17

34

|tt*f?

ytPirn

Nu
215

ii 28 I4 3"

in combination jy~|3 (WSJ*, VBnn)


;

3 13 Gn2i I0 +; 1?3Ex2o 10 + Dt7 iKii Gn 3 o 14 + 133 Gn 4 17 +7 333 Gn2 I +; ,6 2 cstr. *J3 Gn 6 + sf. '33 Gn pi. D*J Gn 3 + Db'33 Ex H + etc.; 3l*+;tt^| Jos 22* + 3 1. son., male child, born of a woman Gn4 2i 16 1115

}33

^
cf.

'33 J>B>in'); s f.
";

i2 B33-f3 (jyarv j 34 ; , etc.; also without personal name (often with implication of contempt) E^i?"' 3 1 S 10"; 'B>'"[3 1 S "

32

12.28

2O 27.30.3i 22 7.8. 9 .i3 25 io

g 2Q i. n

19

cf.

v 16 1 8 1014 1 9 37S8 + oft.,

'5 . F13B3-J3 Is 4 9

03 (11133) daughter Gn 5 4 71" nJt Ex 20 10 Dt 5" i6 1 S 3036 Jb i 2 4 2> 3 + of son as desired Gn 30 2 (cf. 15 2 16 2 17" i8 10f 1 S i M1 )
'

begotten by a
||

man Gn

4t28

6 10

n +
llf
;
-

* 8 16 ; Wjiffl-fl Is 7 ^.ao-ja i s 7'j C f. also '33 Nu i6 78 h. designated as T<! trj^JTf 3 i.e. born in old age of father Gn 37 ; opp. Dnwari '33 sons one s youth ^, I2 7 4 ; a i so
.

vj

S i6 10

'

,J

oft.;

T 3~I 3

one born in
'33

my
27.

house
i.

Gn

15

(i.e.

slave) so Tt

Ec
;

in various

com-

binations

(a) as expression of
1

nvriisn nis

s 20 30
3

mn

K 4 1428 f 1 2 7 3 +
5
1 -3 -6

Ex2i 2Si 9
Mai
18
17

disciplined. & trained


;
1 1

6 beloved rejoiced in Gn 30 ; 26 cared for Dti 31 ; spared ; 1K3


;

contumely, f3 6 32 this BjRIjrrjj 2

son of a murderer;
ib.;

cf.

^-PPS Jb 30

8
;

3?'" r'3

'33

Dt8 5 Pr3 12
'

24

H33V
1 1
2

,
3.

3 Is57
v
1

(|||K30jnj);

13

owing reverence, obedience, etc. to 20 jrtaa I? 3 thy first-born parents Pre io 13 s2 iban jan Dt2i 15 cf. 1 S 8 2 iW? son, Gn 27
19

29

17

Ju

(0) as Qv^ n "! 3 son 0/ nobles


(cf.

);

n^STf? term of respect, dignity,

cf. JTiriK

Ec io 17
6

(in

born); D'03rrj3I s

Aram.=/ree
cf.^]b"l 3

Dlp-'abp-p*.;

bhfn Ar eWr sow


fttgn ;ier

Gn

27

16 - 42
;

^Jn to
15 ' 42
.

27

FI33

+ 72

younger son
cf.
s9

Gn
8

27
19

In partic. a.
20

(ll^); ^n-f3 ^ 86' in addressing '' 29 (Wy0) fcTW?.3 f 102 ; of noble appearance

to^n? son of his mother,


ther

i.e.

own
V'

Gn 43 s9
'J!

1'??

50 3 sons of thy father =hrethr en


,

27

Ju

(uterine) bro6 9 9 & v. DN;


,

tb. (n'Tl }* cousins (poet.) ^33 son, as term of kindliness or

>

=
1

Gn49

with name of ancesdenote descendants, inhabitants, membership in a nation or family,


^J 13 ?
V.
.

3 Ju 8 18

oft. pi.

tor, people, land, or city, to

Nu 36".

c.

etc.:

21

my

HuuMwa Dt
2

(a)e.g."l35?-'33Gnio
.o

used by Eli to Samuel


2L2S

S 3 616

cf.

endearment, 16 17 17 4 24 26
-

25

4?
;

nrr'33

Gn23
,7

"

10 -

all ^
19

pj

^njH^ Nu 24
VE'JJ

y gub
_

8); "iton-'ja
4 - 812 - 2229

Gn33

Jos 24 s2 ;
'33

'33
;

Gn36

61519

v. also Pr i 2 + ; cf. *J33, used , by Benhadad of himself to Elisha 2 K 8 9 ; by Ahaz to


1

810

Tiglath-pileser 16 ; esp. to express intimate and gracious relation with God '' calls Israel
:

nba
cf.

3JJ

Ex 4 22 cf. v23 Ho

1 1

v. also

^ 8o

16

(but
1

Gn 36 'D3n('33)-f3 9 sub *W); Ci^ '33 Dt 2 919 Gn 46 27 48 s 1 Ch 5 1 ) Nu i 32 26 s8 37 tip !'-'?.!! (lit. 6 s3 16 34 3 6 (" '3 HBO) + 6 t. Jos, cf. V 77 ; even ,8 n$3D t33BJ 'Jtn '33 x CI15 23 TIT '33 2 S8

T*^

2021

Jos i5 8 +
1

(cf.

V^

(lit.
s3

Che); D3'ni>K
6

mth

QriK D'33
,
?.

Dt 14

'J?

V82 (|| dv6k); $-i$ 3 Ho a 1 ; cf. further 5 20 Dt32 (pl.) v (pl.) Isi 24 30 19 Je 3 1422 4 s2 31 20 of future Davidic king 2 S 7 14 =i Ch 17 13 cf. ^ 2 7 expressly referred to Solomon 1 Ch 22 10
fi'bj;
; ;

Ch 18 1 Ch 3 19 ) 2 Ch 13 8 13 41 8 2 Ch 29 Ezr 2 3 + (v. *lpK);


1
17
,

23 32

t]p

V3

rrib '33 in titles of

42-49. 84,85,87,88; esp. (0) |toj>-'33 (stand38 ing designation of people of Ammon) Gn i9 + 81 t. (cf. fBg & Nb ZMQ1886 ,71 Dr 8m66 '33
V'
'

21 also of children (offered in fire) Ez 16 d. DTOKH '33 applied to supernatural beings


;
.

28 s

(lit.

Gn 34"WM7
cf.

35

mui

);

492) 2

a'pj|'

Mai 3 6

f 77
2'
5

16

Gn6 24 Jbi
^29'

Crbtt
cf.

'33

Jb 38 7

D'iw 'pa

(on which
cf.

son of man,
on
7

Che's note) 89". e. 0"1N"f3 'N '33, v. D1K; t&"K


'

& (|| fflK '3a) 4 9 3 62'.


14

tf.

*J3

3 "f 3
2

Ex io2 Dt 6 2 Ju 8 s2 cf. Je 926 Jui2 2K17 41 34 Dt4

VPVV = % prawcZEx
16

42 45 4 6 t'., inch Hex 427 (of which 328 P, 49 E, 25 J, 25 D), Ju6i, SK Ch 73 (23 in ref. to ancient history, 10 in opp. to Judah); so also Vrss & var. sometimes
1

Gn

& chiefly (y) Ex i ) Ex i 7 + 613


;

^^
Ez

i 7

^' 10

'33

(lit.

for IS*

27*; also pi.

ri'3,

e.g. Jos 21

+ v. Di,
4
;

3'

+ v. Co;
D 5?

13 17 Ez 37 ; also f3 alone with similar reference Gn 29 s (Laban son of ;

128"

Pr

22

Ch8 40 Jb 4 2

also the reverse


;

Ez

al.;

note esp.
-

' Wlty 3

26

Nahor)

Ex I 9 btpfr '3 ip| Ex3 10 7 ^"j'^ '33 nTJ| Ex 1 6 12 910 i 7 Lv 1 6 1 9 2 Nu 1 263 8 9 20 1 3 26 1 5*


'
-

p
if
also
9

121
P);

19

25" 26= 3 i'

(all
;

^
-

P
<nB^KLa 3
"
;

'a ntt"!

Ju

3
1

Dyn-b?l

Nu
cf.

26 'l;>n 'jM '(^'3 Ne io 40 ty '3"!53 2 o 12 310 4 ) ()TJW NO (lit. Gn 46 26 i Ch 2 26


;

floorls2i
or class,

w
.

cf.'pr;3 i.e.cornofmythreshirig7. a. member of a guild, order

19

+D'(*'3a-| '33 i.e.

18

t.

Nu Jos, Ju

8 ,1,

(so rd.
18

ako v 21!1

Jos 15 53

4 in K, of Judah or of any other tribe, except nD Jos is 120 21 12 31 ) inch *k ^ 1 J| 1 50 21 1 Ch6 for usage with other tribes of ;

Chr,

& v. sub |D'33) 2 S 1 Je f + 4 t. Je; Ho 2 J Jo

1
6-

Ch 4 s7 + 8 t. 819 Ob I2 (not
'

20 s4 prophetic order 1 p "" h 85!. I


-

those belonging to the


2

K 2 " 4 1M * 5 6
,,AS,J

(rIofrmRS
As.

mdr

"";Zehnpfund

sipri (siprdlum), son

comp. of a messengers

messenger, and explains from the son's succeed-

ffW

ing to father's calling)

&

N'33-f3
1

Am 7
;

14
;

prob.
'33

also+D^nan
;

'33

Ch9

30

Ezr2" io 18 tC'IS^n

Isr., v.

the articles;

but note
17

(f)

t*K

'?.

(Ht.

Gn 4 6 Ex 6 16 Nu 3

CI15

27

6' cf. 23")


26
;

Ex 32 s8
I'TOrb

Ezr2 42 cf.iniin '33 2 Ch 25" men' of the troop, -'* v. Palm. Nm'B' '33 inen of the caravanV og*
1

Nu3
Nu

15

16 78 18
etc.);
;

21

Jos 21 10 (as including sons of


'33-^3
'

alson^3n'33

ea; ?

19 2<, 8 3S io7 7etEzr4 6


,
-

'

16

(v.nS3

Aaron

*fc

EX32
Dt

'b 'a
cf.

sub nbi); further, in


P, poet.,

"I33 f3

= foreigner (only
12 43
2

16 10
3

6 'a
;

D'3nan

21 5 31 9

1K12

11

Ch 2 s 24 27 2 4 20 Ezr8' 6 (distinguished from priests) Ne 1 2 s3 EZ40 46 (including pi"IS '33 the priests); also 'b '3 DiJnp 1 Ch 9 18 "^n J| 27 Ne io40 D^n JS 1 Ch 15" 24 30 (cf. 1 Ch I2 '33 also '); (f) EX2 8 40 1 Ch 5 20 24 ; (lit. |*IE| 4 21 oft. Aaron and his sons lit. Ex 27 28'- + ) Lv 8 ..3 7.ii 10.33 >o .39. 6 15 Jog 2 , j Ch 635 3 7 4( + Levites) 131 Ne 12 47 also D'3n'art 'K '33 Lv i 5811 2 2 3 2 24 8 3 19 19 l8 21 1414 Nu3 io &Jos2i 2Ch3i cf. 26 2o 35 4 7 P 3 ^ PnS 'J3 Lv i Jos 2 1 (as subdivision of
1
; ; 11

&Mal

Ez 44 9 9
-

late) '3n-'3 fig

&

tGn if Ex
56
3
;

Lv

22 s*

i8 4M6

Ne 92
56
6
;

TJTSI
D'-13ri

S 22

4S - 4, 7

=
",

Is

60 10 61 s 62" Ez 44 7

144

'an-'sa Is

also D3E>y

D'3B*inn '33

Lv

25.
i.e.

b. of animals, I? 3 "' 3 son of (the) herd, s2 young one of the herd, 1p3 '331 1p3 1 S 1 4
1

"
cf.

P 3 "! 3 b)$ T
:

the herd

fit

5.

9 (P); then, in general, one of for food Gn 18 78 (J), for sacrifice

Lv

Nu

89
-

is 3 3 ip, "i ip a rr

(P); '3n-p only Lv 12' (P); esp. 314 i6' 23 18 EX29 Lv4
1

13
t.

Nu7"+i6
18

Nu (all P)+ 2 Ch 13 9 EZ43


111927
13
'7

19 - 23 ' 25

45

13 34 Levites) v cf.Lv7 ; prv* *JfTI$

ROT

'3na-riK
ft 3 ?
,

D^rn Chi3 PD$li Ne io39 v. also sub pqs (,) fptt| '33 Ez 4 o26 44 prw *aa en^n owm 48 ehpon twron pHX '33D ( Sm Co join D of '33D to preceding word, making pi.); (6) *B with names of peoples, lands, and cities, D'!?* 3 V 3 Am a 7
2
cf. v';

once in sing.
;

'33 NU28 '33 Gn 29 (P); also 4 6 D1?KVf3 49 "(poem,J; ||ni'y); iKJT'ja^x^ 6 10 14 ^29 D'3Bin '33 Est 8 lij^n) '33 Lv i -|-

Km
;

46

6
;

D^B

t.

Lv + Nu
Pr 3 o 17
;

6 10

cf.

16

11

"Wjl

3-l.ir

'33

6 n3V-[3 l'v 12 (all P); r 8. 3 as n. relat. ^147'.

"^
etc.

followed by word of quality, characteristic,


esp. t(a) b]nC)2)-\2

D^SfO
TV 3 ?
!

'33

H?
2

Ez 1 6 s6 fiB'K ' 3 Ez 30 5 (Co


;

*J|
del.

Ez ie 28

^
-

7 ' 912 ' 23


;

23
i

i5.i7.23.

d^t
Zc 9
13

'3
).

Jo 4 6 ; J*|
,

p); ^33 '3 Ez '3 Jo 2 s La 2


4
()

2S2 7 13 28 17 1010 1 K i M + 7 t, Ch; 'n '33 D'B>3K Jui8 2 2R2"; ^nn '330 B'K t\b Ju 21 10 t(3) n^'U Wtc/fcrf reen 2 S 3 s4 7 " 1 Ch 1 7 9 Ho io";
;
1

mighty man

S 14"

18' 7

'y-ja
re6e/

^'Sg

23

v. (for by>b2 '33

^3);

i(y) *TR

'P.

^i 49
'

(cf.

Vid. further
14

1S '? 3 Lv
-

cf.

2o ,7
s

Dn
2

K 23
28

12';

Nu 22 5 Ju i 4 " -WEz3 u 33 s u 37 Dyn '33 T3JJ IB? T1? 9? Dn II


l7 - ! 18 '
;

(<e)

Ch 35
29'
410
;

5 - 7 12
;

OR
12

'33 '-pp.
1

J e 26 s3

';

(X)
6
;

Dlp-'33

Gn

Ju

8 10

*K 5'
'33

10

Jb

Is ii

Je49 Ez25
(

t(f.)n3Htpn

Ezr2'=Ne7
-

8Kim! 254 ,4 Di. )ofbulls,fB'3'33Dt32 (song)cf.Klo 16 5 7 2. children (male and female) Gn 3 2 1 Ex 2 1 23 '33 J0S17 2 male chil2 2 ; hence D'l 3 ??
v

+() of pledges hostages 2 K njD '33 i.e. those deserving of death 1 S 26"; 5 nruon '33 appointed or exso niO"J3 2 S 12 21 ntan |3 one cf. to deathf 79" 102 t(f) posed s '33 Pr of smiting Dt 25 31'; +(,) if worthy '33 Pr 3 1 8 fMV '33 Je 4 8 4S M+() 1&q
; ; ; ;

Nu ^^(cf.

>T); +(8)

ntol^M '33 s4 14"= 2 Ch 25

aorw

i{8)

multuous ones; so also (


3 +(X) P?'?"!

= = flNI?) HE' '33 Nu 2 4


14

17

cf.

"^??

RVDi al.; t()"J?!D "?.? Zc4


Gn
-'7'n

i.e.anointedones;
i.e.

15 dren, "Ut |3 Je 20

3. youth,
-

young men

2 15 son of possession,

heir;

4. the young of animals Lv 22 28 (HB' IK "M?) cf. Dt 22 6 7 1 S 6 710 Zc 9 9 _ 8 416 u Jb4 28 39 ;lp3 f3 etc. v. sub 7binfr. 5. T
(pi.)

Pr

Ct

t^pDjrr
mals ynti

Is

'33 i.e.

13 4 o of dawn; +(i)ofani8 s6 proud beasts Jb28 41 ; () of

'

of plant-shoots

H33
(||
;

see

Gn 4 9 22 22 also ?3 f 80 ? TTp 6. fig. of Che trans. & crit. n.)


-

16

J3

Jonah's gourd H^"J3 Jon 4 1 9. n. hill ICtrta HP Is 5


.
'

1010
;

relat.

+() of a fertUe of age: a. of


cf.
6

men,

%>
T 2
;

rfrtb ton-|a ni
'

>m

7 stars Bty lifeless things, *\f~j. '?. 3 sj>arks Jb 5 2 '33 Jb 38 s2 ; arrows n'fPT'|3 Jb 41 n'33-^JJ
; ;

7it.P;

Dt

31

Gn5o Josi4 24 (allE);Nu32 (J), s336 4 8 1 Ch 2" 2 S 4 19 also Ju 2 1 S4


15

26

71

Qn^

7
11

p
2'

122

rw-p

Je52';

Ch_24 u 25 s 3 1 1617 Ezr3 8 Is 65 s0 M +4it.SKChof kings at accession; note


s

27

^rrp
TpiVlS
1

n.pr.m. (son (man) of might) a


2

esp. (inch in above) the phrase rOB*

prince of Jehoshaphat

Ch

*)b'? I?*?

Ex "^ Ch 30"v38ChNu i'+ 2" Ezr


s6

21
8

23

24

25

26 62 1 Ch 23 s & without rbyo rue D'tfirp n$n nas* n-iby jap LV27 3 rue DHStorrp nvi r6yoi rue Dt6tf pp
5 5
5

Nu 1-3+ 26" 24 7 cf. Lv 2 7 Nu 8 Nu 8 JS 18"; also


1.

n.pr.m. one of tribe of Judali

Ch 4=.
T "ipn
'|3.

n.pr.m. (son of mercy) an

officer

cf.

6-6
;

of Solomon

K4

10
.

Nu

s-3

4
18

+ 12
cf.v
s8
17

1.

Nu 4 n^vcta bub b^b pe 2 Ch 3 1 & no!a rue* cme-i; }apj> 1 Ch 2^. b.


5 5 ;

"HSJ^'IS n.pr.m. (*on of my people) son of Lot by his younger daughter, and ancestor
of the

of animals,

also

Lv 9 s 23 18" Nu 7" + 28 t. Nu 7,' 28, 29 Mi 6 6 irUBH? Lv 1 2 6 23'' Nu 6 1214 + 1 2 t. Nu 7 also Ez 46 13


29
; ;
.

(Hex

all P,

inch

H) iUBH? Ex

12 6
;

Ammonites (faiTI? v. tp"^l"' 23 n.pr.loc. city


,

ftej?)

Gn

38

19
(in

of

Dan
;

Note.-

p
ed.

appears perh. abbrev. as 3 in a


v. 1p"j3

45 45 mod. Banai-barka COT Jos 19 ) Jos 19 Ibn Abrak, or Ibrak, c. i\ hour S. of E. from Pal Be,,e256 & Survey Di, cf.Map Bd Jaffa, Scholz

As.

few cpd. n.pr.; n

(=np"rp?),
(so

fB/Sp, i^nps,

Hamasa
but
cf.

O^P, 3?P, W}*, &$B


;

MV
-

after Schol.

Freytag 'Ro

deIlbr hl,Un,<>ri''- Ar*

bM

'

21
;

a station of Israel in t]pX?' "03 n.pr.loc. 31 32 wilderness Nu 33 (= fPP " nhK3 Dt IO


,

this is very uncertain, cf. Ol* 227 "-"- 613 ). On in some n.pr. as for pt* Lag.'s explan.of

UK

Lag

BNTO

&

=p

q.v., p.

92;

cf.

also
JjjgL
31

Ch

42

fPjn

Gn

v.

-onN

p. 4, etc.,
1

but this
18

is

dub.

36",

&DiNu 33
35

)-

TjS n.pr.m. a Levite Be Ot cf. v20


.

Ch

15

but

del.

pQ^Sl Gn

18

tnnraM"]!
an
officer of

n.pr.m. (?) (son ofAbinadab) Solomon 1K4"; but cf. 31J'3N p. 4.


(son

(son of (the) rigU Jacob, so called by him, but by Rachel, the mother, who died at Benjamin's birth, called

1. youngest hand)

usually !P^3 n.pr.m.

]s6

son of

T^D'IX'p n.pr.m.
Rachel's

of

my

sorrow)

name

for

Benjamin

(cf. infr.)

Gn

35

18
.

18 Uitf'P (q.v.) Gn 35 ; own brother of Joseph On 35" 42* 43" 45"; cf. 42 38 45 ,6!M + ; name of 11 Dt 27 12 33 12 Ju 5 14 + tribe of Benjamin Nu i

TlIlS"^ n.pr.m. (son of a man, or of an officer of Solomon 1 K 4 13 Geber)


.

Ju; 32 t. S K Chr; H05 EZ48 Ob 21 a 8o s P P. 3 (lit- Gn46 ) of tribe Nu ^68 .2> 38.41 36 22 J U 2q3.14.15.18.2L23.24.28.30. J os l8 2 x ^60 26
8

23

19

23

1.

'

31.32.36.48

T^jTR'p n.pr.m.
officer of

(?)
9
.

Solomon

K4

an (son of Deker)

13.20.23

j
4 7 - 31
-

25

2 j*>
i
2121

Qfr g

40

3.7

j j31

i2
||

,7li0

Neii
cf.
21

Je6'; Ju
2
4

(but tTTIf XJ in

Jos 15
22

Bu*87);
Jos
21
;

explicitly

iU3 nap
6
50
;

Nui 37
npp
5

n.pr.m. (appar. son of (god) Hadad= Aram! ?? J>, <S ??i ii PS cf.Bae*" 68 ;

T^n~p

i3 34

iCh6 45
1

cf.

Jos 21";
'3

'3 J3

Nu
1
21

io 24 Jos 18 1121
5

Ch

B3B
cf.

alsoBab..Bm-acZcfo-atanetc.,Pinche8 20 1 Hpt Hbrl886224, but As. Bir-Dadda COT 1


;

PBKeb

,8fa71

io 20 21
-

K12
;

12 , observe also '3 p3B'-^3 Ju 20

cf.

cf.

vlhs'Afcp,

& Dl^

11 -

1885 ' 16

"-;

v. also

Schr
27
;

1S9

|0;j?
1 ;

Kflj75ir.538f.\

1. partic. ; 24 2 Ch 16 .

name

for king of Aram Je49 1 time of Asa & Baasha 1

in

pp;-pp

S9
32

B ^ Ju20 41 1S4 12 16 21 fpU3 p.S Ju2i 1 S9


13

E*K
2
1
14

2
1
19

2. son of 1.
24
fi

Bad-idri
20.26.30.35.33.33

COT (Bir-idri
2

(cf. Dl u jKzo
)

K 5*"= K 20 ) As.
34
1

Jei'i7

2S

44

12

""" *
6

EZ48
'31

22

(del.

37 24 Co) v
23
5

33

cf.

32
in

'3

^33

S 10s
;

>pu? rrs
1 ;

2S3

na

flW iKi2 2Chn


.

g;..,

3. g on

HaZael

3- 24a

cf.

Am i\Vid.

Tin.

TnniT"13 n.pr.m. Ch 4 20 nnirpi nnii


TTin~pl n.pr.m.
I

one of tribe of Judah,


upi.

'3 nye j e 20 cf. gate li'fyn 10 t2. a son of Bilhan and great-grandson 14 10 of Benjamin 1. I Ch 7 +8. a Jew of Ezra's
.

name of a temple32 13 7 37 38 Ez 4s Zc

time Ezr io 32
4

cf.

Ne

s3

34

(son

ofChur) an
in

officer

Kt
1

rd.

with Qr

* 'WW

. pa a
Kff.

;D'J3

Ch

of Solomon
t"i3B
1

K 4".

tlpW-]^

Ch 24 2827 as n.pr.m.

AV RV, but

render: the sons of Jaaziah his son, & the sons of Merari by Jaaziah Aw son, cf. VB & Be Ot.

W
f
7

adj.gent. from iP^? 1. T^"? 3 Ju 3 15 2 S 1 6" 19 17 1


1

1
8

S 9 21
;

K2

pi.

p3

S 22 7 Jui 9 16
,,

"J^P;
1

33^

Ch 27 12 (Qr

Tp; pS); =

r^

(q-v.)

S 9 4 +.

or::!

123

n-a-rra
2
1

tlj , 32 n.pr.m. (our sonl 01 ,2" b '"- 613 a ) Levite Ne i o M


.

Ex Ju

i.e.
3
;

14

i.

Pa
MI
9

n.f.
J153 pi.

daughter (=*nJ3

fr.

p. Ph.
,8Sl

infr.

n3,

maidens, As. bintu "Winckler


ZMQ
W1
. ;

Pr 3 1 29
D'B>|n

woman of tribe of Levi also T n $ '3 1BJ? '3 Ez 13 17 . finrna etc. v. sub 3 t2. young women, women Gn 30" (J) Ct 2 2 6 9 nines nto i 9 32 9 also na
a
;
;

ii

Ar.oJj- Sab. m, nJ3 DHM CIS iv.i.N.6. a Aram IJ^L'j, ab8 Ex ,w + 29 16 sf. *a Dt 22 cstr. Gn n 4+ in? Gn " + UBS Gn 4 17 z9 etc.; pi. nfoa Gn5 + 34 nta Gn 6 2 + sf. Tlla Gn 3 1 26 + cstr. Gn *J*fof 12 19 + Drt3 Gn 3 4 21 DITTOS Dt 1 2 31 + etc. 1. daughter, female child, born of a woman Gn 3 o21 34 Ex i 16 33 21 4 Lvi2 Ho i 6 cf. Gn 20 12 Lv 18 9 Dt 2 7 K + begotten by a man Gn 5 4 710
8.r,on. oiom.
.
.

t3. with name of city, land, or people, poet, personif. of that city or inhabi8 31 tants, etc.: Jtaf~n3 Is i io 16 62" Mi 1"
. 1

Dn

17

4 4

8.io..3

s2
;

Je 4 n 62 :3 Zp 3 Zc a 4 9 , ^ 9 Lft i6 2 4 even p'HU *Jfl La 2' ; 'Jf '3 ntrin v> also
.

,.

=ls 37 s2 La 2 'r'2 nptf K 8 4 Is 5 2 2 B&f** '3 2 K i9 2, =Is 37 Mi 4 Zp 3 10 Zc 9 9 La 2 131S cf. frTIf Zp 3 daughter of my 13 ?33'3 Je5o 42 5i M dispersed ones; ~i'S"n3 ^45
'S-'3

n&WS
;

21

13

'

cf.Gnn i9 20 28 Lvi9 Dt27 + son Gn 5t7 + (v. J3); cf. in allegory of Jehoash 2X14'= 2 Ch 25 note esp. ni33 Dnn i.e. human women Gn 6 24 nJDjpn ^3
8
l2

111315

29

22

oft.

|[

i?

18

11 v. further Zc 2 ^?? 3 "i" " 3 Is 47 also of Tarshish Is 23 10 Sidon v 12 (+ njiins), Dibon Je 48 18 ( + n3B*i^), Gallim Isio30 T\bv\2

I37

'

18 v 26 thy younger daughter Gn 29 (cf. TVySri rb'nirs <ra eldest daughter 1 S opp. nT33n) ; y

cf. TTffa PiZ n.S3D 2 Brn3 rnWj-'S Lai 4 ,4M 8" 19 21 22 23 daughter ofmy people Is 2 2 Je 4" 6 _ 6 48 3 810 17 'V '3 9 La3 4 nJ>W| Je i4 D^VO n3
16

34 ^(^-nz-princess 2CI122 2K 9 Dn 6 18 1 1 cf. 2 S 13 Je 41 10 4 3 6 ^45 10 cf. as term of

18 17 ;

11

Je46

24
;

also

46
;

11

DilK '3

La 4 2122

(+ n^V13), v (+ Hjj*); 15 note BWJ Dnf3 '3 Is 47


;

19

3H3TI3 Ct 7 in partic. ta. girl called Uns by father and brothers Gn 34 cf. D3n3 v 8
2

praise

1'

^(ll^lf on DnB>'N-na Ez 27 s
often in pi. D^J

PI33**1 Je 3 1

n|?VI3 v )49
v.

2,

4 (

= Aramon);
p.

sub D , ")? N
i

81; less
(

ih. of adopted daughter Est 2


.

715
.

tc. used in
111213
2 - 822

mi3 Ez 3 2 ,6 DTHK H '3 v 18


;

these

2 speaking to daughter-in-law Ku i 1161S 11 td.V3K-ri3 =SJ g fcrEz2 2 (appos.ininN); 3

perh.sub 1
cf.

i);

D , n^ani33Ezi6 27 (inallegory);
etc. Y4i
-'<i

also of

Sodom, Samaria, Syria


J

also half-sister
cf.

Lv

18 9

&
'

v 11

cousin Est 2 7 +f. used in kindly address, *I3 E u 101 3 (Boaz to Ruth), cf. + 45"; 'Tlin in mouth of "> Is 43 s (|| ). fg. 1-33 n*J3
.

Gn 20 'WTta tb ^K '3KT13, te. il'vna T?? np -n3 20


12
17
,

55.55.57.57

4- Tpl=villages, after name of 23 ITrta-brK fafyn* Nu 2i a cf. v 32 32 42 (E) Jos !&**" (3Et)+y* Di, 17" (6t.) v'(J) Ju i 27 27 27 27 1 , Je 49 2 + 17 t. Ch + 6 t. Ne ii 25 31 On 1 Ch 18 & its variation from
city,

"

granddaughters (H); note also

Gn46 Gn37

(P)
3i
,

cf. Lv 18 & v where vni33 must


10

17

2
||

S 8 vid.WeDr.

5. in phrases denoting

include other than actual daughters,

h.

n[53"i

character, quality, etc., "13?. 'KVIS daughter of a strange god, i.e. idolatrous (woman or people)

PN1D3TI3
-

(as
-

more precise designation)


34 - 34

Gn
-

25
_

20

cf.

note esp. + also 26 ; 24 29' 5 8 910 n'SHB (without personal name) Ex 2 '1

23 24 47 47

na
cf.

K3

24

9
cf.

1 1

Ch 8";
cf.

J*>
1

Gn

2 38

v 12

(but

Wfl Vyp thfT9 Ch 2 3 sub V&T&

of a troop, i.e. war4 1 2 the daughters > of song, i.e. songs, melodious notes; - 5f!p3"na iSi'S. byiba sub nb. te. nay; n? ostrich

Mai

';

"IVljrns daughter
14

like city

Mi

y&n

nfa3

Ec

Lv 1 i 16 =Dt
21

l5

4
cf.

pi. njy:

ni33

Jb 3 o M Mi
py-na

Is

ti. oft. pi. as designation of n.pr.f. infr.) women of a particular city, land, or people: 4 4 12 61 1617 |i'S ni33 Is 3 4 Ct 3" cf. Is 49 60 La 3 ;

i3
</te

34" 43 18 ^e La 2
fig.

s0

Je 50 39

(v.'njy:)';

^^7

0/

+7.

tfyprt ntos ct
2
21 - 21

27 3

510

816

4
;

^eJ-rfaa j u

ters (i.e.

0A1: v. also |WH. nin 'Fl^ n^isy^ Pr 30" two daughSh e '61 & the barren womb, cf. Comm.)
Eth. -nit:

phrase Gn 28 168

m33 Je49 3 observe transitional ni:3 'BOX n3 Gn24 13 further Tjh JWJ|
Din
;
;
-

s2 t8. of vine = 6rac/t "WT^y nnyv ni33 Gu 49 cf. Di & v. sub |3. t9. as n. relat. (all P),

3 37 3V (all P)'cf. 'iVm 'a Gn 24 (J)'; 3K1D ni33 Nu f$fn ni33 Gn 27* 34 (bot'hP); s nn '3 Gn 4<M6 2 27 25' Is 16 cf. Na 21 "(P); &n&b& '3 Jui4'-2 2 Si 20 Q*^0gJ '3 v 20 (poet,); 24 40 '3 ^ 48 1 Si btc&) >3 Ju 1 (poet.); ffJW 8 '3 Jos f; ft '3 2 Ch 2 cf. "&** ntf?D 97
1 ;
||

of woman njB> D'y^n-na Gni7 10 14 of she-goat ewe-lamb nnj^Tl? Lv 14 Nu 6 s7 Cf. f3 9. 11. n3 v. sub nn3 p. 144. id. Nu 1 5 of age of
17
; ;
.

D^TrQ

12

tudes)

n.pr.loc. (daughter of multiappellation of populous city of Heshbon,

13

;'

;'

or of 'its' gate, Ct

(\\

j'i3fn).

sntf-ro
ti^C?Tl3
IQB^N)
n.pr.f. (daughter of oathl
3 2
;

124
cf.
4

nan
1

wife of Uriah

wards of David,
,n.u.i4H 3
..8.i..

&

2 S 1 1 f 50 aftermother of Solomon 1 2 24 1 K 28 jQcrna i i cf. also foil.

3 27 cf. of Tyre Zc 9 pto); (8) of wall 1 K 3 Is6o 10 Ezi 3 10 2Ch 33 14 (cf. 27 s ) Ne 4 4 6' +

()

gate 2 15 9 10 4 2 Ch 26 2 7 cf.
-

35

Ch

27
9

(f)

fig.

Ct 8

&
2

pt.

tower Is 5 2 4 pass. Ct 4 (in

tyiCJTlS
lence
V)

sim.); +(17) siege- works against (6j?) a city

(daughter of opu1. wife of David, mother of Solomon,


(?)

n.pr.f.

20 2 pto), Ec 9" (Q'Tto),


4
2

(all PJJ),

&

etc. 1

Ch 3'= in^Via
1

q. v

Be; but prob.


wife of Judah

text, error v.

Klo JN^Tia cf. Dr on 2 S 1 1 3 2.


.

We

so (without ^>J?)

Dt 4 25'= Je 52 Ez 17 27 cf. EZ17 21


;

ty
35
7

rOS, abs.

La 3 s
24
4

(in fig.); (0) altar

Ex

15

Ch

rvjjtfan 'B'-'a,

RV Bathv
2
).

Ex 3 2 5
Ju 6 s8
etc.

shua but in
||

Gn

38

212

not a n.pr.
J13 i.e.

(cf.

17 (all E), 11 (both J), Jos 22 + 6 1. Jos 22 (all P) 4 Ch ; oft. sq. mn6 (pt. pass.) 2 1 + 6 1.

20 25

Nu

23

11429

Gn2 2 Gn 26*

l>

TrPPS

n.pr.f.

(=-I**J

worshipper of
of

Gn

8 20

2"
t,

Yaht cf. Ph. n.pr.f. ^nna) 1 Ch 4 18 wife Mered of Judah, called njr]S~ri3.

Ju 6 24M
i9 3 2
16

+
;

iKn'if
5 35

cf.

vb. build Nab. Eut No1 HJ3, (MI, G,OM Ph. p, Ar. U5, As. &mm2 COT cf.Ba ZMai8S7MO I,oM Aram. NJ3, |i, Palm. NJ3 Sab. CIS 1,I / No:u 5 Vog )Qal pf 3 Dt 20 + nrija p r I4

J7IQ

Dt 2 7 Jos 8 (E) + () high places (TO3) 2Ki7 9 2i 3 23 13 2 Ch 33 319 JeV31 33 Ez i6 24 31 (both dm) & ncn
1

18

s6

30

(all J),

K Ch;

||

373

v25 ; +() f*? Ez39 16 ;


32
2 2

also t(X)

ftfif
18
.

(E);- t(/i)

ra^ri

'

ace. of material

Ex
;

>

Ch

16 6 16
6

Ez 27 s
;

c.

20 25 (E) 1 K 6 M 18 32 15 22 3 of material i K 6 1516 15 17

#D

/lVj|

Nu
c.

2K16

tb.

Dt 6 fW3 Ez
JTJ3
ii
1
3
,

10
,

nnja

6 s5 ;

W
50

Kg

i
;

rn3>i consec.

K8 +
1S

Dt2o -f; 3 Gn pi.


Ezr
;

20

npt6 vbxn-m fa;i Gn 2 and he ( Yahweh) fashioned the rib into a woman.
cf.

Ch

tc.
1

s2

etc.;

Impf

ni2)

Dt

25' +

id. abs.
s2

juss. |3^

2S5

K6' 6

Is 9" Je
I
4

10

i 3

18 9 22 13 3i 28
(opp.
obj.
1

+ sf. *$$ njaS Jos 19 + 2 t., f3>l Gn Jb 20 19 3 fs. |?rn I Ch 7 M Zc 9 3 H33S 2 S +; s2 HJ3 Nu 23" + pi. pi. 3? Is 65 + etc.; 7wn>.
;

B 2

Is 65 12 t. Chr Mai also e. Pt. &ct.=builder 1


1
.

Ec

pa);

f
;

OS Nu
1

32

24

+ //
;

6-

"i|

K8

Ez 27 4 ^ 1 18 22 1 27 ff. c. indef. = 2 Ch 8 6 tg. inn'D? I^bmJ


.

K8**+6t. Chr +

K9

19

Ae & M tft on

13
;

cstr.

niJ3
17
;

the hill

1
'

K 16

24
.

th.
Is

sq.

Ch 6 17 +

etc.; Pt. act. nj'3 (TOia)


2
;

Gn 4 +
;

4
1

11

cstr.

"33

iK5 M
3
;

nj'3^147
,

pi-

O'Jta

(D'Ja)
4

etc.;
pi.

pass.

n;3^i22
a.
c.
4-*

D^3Ne7
(all
(all
13

^;Ct4
i
26

^4' +
4

cstr.
28
;

K 16 Am 9
34

(cf.

3 I 2 b,
14

p. 88).

3 build at Zc 6 16 Ne ii.=rebuild Jos6 26


2
5

45

13

+ 6^ Ne
;

Dn

26

9
,2

all

JU6

f.

of city;

cf.

phrase dViV niain n33Is58


14

6i 4

build, 1.

(lit.)
17

n
1"

ace. (a) of city

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