Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

183 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Chapter 3
- Elliott Lira 2ed Compare1st2ndProbs-171681
- Eliot,Lira-Intro to Thermodynamics in Chemical Engineering
- ch20.pdf
- Ch 3 Study Guide
- Assinment 5 Corrected
- Beer & Johnson - Ansys Workbench
- Demister Sizing
- Hygood Component FM200 1
- Investigatry Project
- Grease Master Application Engineering Guide
- Note Chapter16 Thermodynamics
- Physics Paper 2
- 1era ley.pdf
- Tutorial 5
- GRE Pipe Testing
- hw7
- M19_KNIG9404_ISM_C19.pdf
- LG Ref Diag General Sealed System Info.pdf
- ASSGNMENT 1

You are on page 1of 8

(p9.01) The stream from a gas well consists of 90 mol% methane, 5% ethane, 3% propane and 2% n-butane. This stream is flashed isothermally at 233 K and 70 bar. Use the shortcut K-ratio method to estimate the L/F fraction and liquid vapor composisitons. (ANS. L/F = 0.181) Solution By short-cut vapor pressure eqn.

yi i xi yi = x i K i

i ?, i

Pr ,i

Though not required, the table below also shows bubble T and dew T calculations at 70 bar. For the bubble calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then yi = xiKi. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of ys is unity. This is an iterature calculation.

For the dew T calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then xi = yi/Ki. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of xs is unity. This is an iterative calculation. For the isothermal flash calculation, the T = 233K and the pressure is 70 bar, so the K-ratio is fixed, as tabulated in the column under 233. Equation 9.63 is programmed in the cells below the value of L/F=0.181 below the Flash title. Each row holds the value of the term Di = zi(1-Ki)/[Ki + (L/F)(1-Ki)] from equation 9.63. These values are summed at the bottom of the column. The criteria for the isothermal flash is that L/F is adjusted until the sum goes to zero, as is shown at L/F = 0.181. Once the value of L/F is found, the xi values and yi values in the last columns are generated separately using equations 9.57 and 9.58 respectively.

pMPa= 7.000 z C1 0.9 C2 0.05 C3 0.03 nC4 0.02 Tc 190.6 305.4 369.8 425.2 Pc 4.6 4.88 4.25 3.8 w 0.011 0.099 0.152 0.193 BUBT 210.9 y 1.108 0.997 0.049 0.002 0.006 0.000 8E-04 0.000 1.0000 DEWT 300.5 x 4.7949 0.188 0.6332 0.079 0.1456 0.206 0.0379 0.527 0.9997 FLASH 233 0.181 1.767 -0.424 0.111 0.1632 0.016 0.152 0.003 0.1088 5E-07 x 0.553 0.184 0.155 0.109 1.000 y 0.977 0.020 0.002 0.000 1.000

To accompany Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics J.R. Elliott, C.T. Lira, 2004, all rights reserved, (3/17/04)

1 of 8

(p9.2) An equimolar mixture of n-butane and n-hexane at pressure is isothermally flashed at 373K. The liquid-to-feed ratio is 0.35. Use the shortcut K-ratio method to estimate the pressure and liquid and vapor compositions. (ANS. P=0.533MPa; xC6=0.78). Solution By short-cut vapor pressure eqn.

yi i xi yi = x i K i

i

?, i

Pr ,i

For the isothermal flash calculation, the T = 373K. Equation 9.63 is programmed in the cells below the value of L/F=0.35 below the Flash title. Each row holds the value of the term Di = zi(1-Ki)/[Ki + (L/F)(1-Ki)] from equation 9.63. The value of Ki requires P which is to the left of the table. These values are summed at the bottom of the column. The criteria for the isothermal flash is that P is adjusted until the sum goes to zero, as is shown at P = 0.533. Once the value of P is found, the xi values and yi values in the last columns are generated separately using equations 9.57 and 9.58 respectively.

To accompany Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics J.R. Elliott, C.T. Lira, 2004, all rights reserved, (3/17/04)

2 of 8

Though not required, the table below also shows the bubble T and dew T calculations for P = 0.533 MPa. For the bubble calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then yi = xiKi. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of ys is unity. This is an iterature calculation. For the dew T calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then xi = yi/Ki. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of xs is unity. This is an iterative calculation.

BUBT 349.2 y 1.766 0.883 0.624 0.000 0.236 0.118 0.097 0.000 1.0010

DEWT FLASH 383.2 x 373 0.35 x y 3.5299 0.142 2.906 -0.426 0.223 0.649 1.3902 0.000 1.11 0 0.000 0.000 0.5826 0.858 0.452 0.4257 0.777 0.351 0.2631 0.000 0.199 0 0.000 0.000 0.9999 1E-06 1.000 1.000

To accompany Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics J.R. Elliott, C.T. Lira, 2004, all rights reserved, (3/17/04)

3 of 8

(p9.3) A mixture of 25 mol% n-pentane, 45% n-hexane, and 30% n-heptane is flashed isothermally at 365.9K and 2 bar. Use the shortcut K-ratio method to estimate the L/F fraction and liquid and vapor compositions (ANS. L/F = 0.56) By short-cut vapor pressure eqn.

yi i xi yi = x i K i

i

?, i

Pr ,i

Though not required, the table below also shows bubble T and dew T calculations at 2 bar. For the bubble calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then yi = xiKi. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of ys is unity. This is an iterature calculation. For the dew T calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then xi = yi/Ki. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of xs is unity. This is an iterative calculation.

4 of 8

For the isothermal flash calculation, the T = 365.9 K and the pressure is 2 bar, so the K-ratio is fixed, as tabulated in the column under 365.9. Equation 9.63 is programmed in the cells below the value of L/F=0.56 below the Flash title. Each row holds the value of the term Di = zi(1-Ki)/[Ki + (L/F)(1-Ki)] from equation 9.63. These values are summed at the bottom of the column. The criteria for the isothermal flash is that L/F is adjusted until the sum goes to zero, as is shown at L/F = 0.56. Once the value of L/F is found, the xi values and yi values in the last columns are generated separately using equations 9.57 and 9.58 respectively.

pMPa= z nC4 nC5 nC6 nC7 0 0.25 0.45 0.3 0.2 Tc 425.2 469.7 507.4 540.3 Pc 38 3.37 3.01 2.74 w 0.193 0.249 0.305 0.349 BUBT 358.6 y 57.73 0.000 2.107 0.527 0.821 0.369 0.348 0.104 1 DEWT 312.48 x 18.804 0.000 0.5756 0.434 0.1898 2.370 0.0694 4.324 7.129 FLASH 365.9 0.56 67.18 0 2.51 -0.227 1.001 -2E-04 0.432 0.227 3E-08 x 0.000 0.150 0.450 0.400 1.000 y 0.000 0.377 0.450 0.173 1.000

5 of 8

(p9.04) A mixture containing 15 mol% ethane, 35% propane, and 50% n-butane is isothermally flashed at 9 bar and T. the liquid-to-feed ratio is 0.35. Use the shortcut Kratio method to estimate the pressure and liquid and vapor compositions. By short-cut vapor pressure eqn.

yi i xi yi = x i K i

i

?, i

Pr ,i

For the isothermal flash calculation, the P=9 bar. Equation 9.63 is programmed in the cells below the value of L/F=0.35 below the Flash title. Each row holds the value of the term Di = zi(1-Ki)/[Ki + (L/F)(1-Ki)] from equation 9.63. The value of Ki requires T which is to the left under the Flash title. These values of Di are summed at the bottom of the column. The criteria for the isothermal flash is that T is adjusted until the sum goes to zero, as is shown at T = 319.4K. Once the value of T is found, the xi values and yi values in the last columns are generated separately using equations 9.57 and 9.58 respectively. Though not required, the table below also shows the bubble T and dew T calculations for P = 0.9 MPa. To accompany Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics J.R. Elliott, C.T. Lira, 2004, all rights reserved, (3/17/04) 6 of 8

For the bubble calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then yi = xiKi. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of ys is unity. This is an iterature calculation. For the dew T calculations, in each column, the temperature at the top of the column is used to calculate the K-ratio. Then xi = yi/Ki. The temperature is adjusted until the sum of xs is unity. This is an iterative calculation.

pMPa= 0.900 z C1 0 C2 0.15 C3 0.35 nC4 0.5 BUBT DEWT 290 y 326.9 x 32.92 0.000 49.257 0.000 3.963 0.594 7.9952 0.019 0.86 0.301 2.0955 0.167 0.213 0.106 0.614 0.814 1.0016 1.0002 FLASH 319.4 0.35 45.74 0 7.027 -0.184 1.779 -0.181 0.505 0.3648 6E-08

7 of 8

- Chapter 3Uploaded byJasmine Jones
- Elliott Lira 2ed Compare1st2ndProbs-171681Uploaded bygmrp
- Eliot,Lira-Intro to Thermodynamics in Chemical EngineeringUploaded bysticker592
- ch20.pdfUploaded byRodrigo Silva Quirino
- Ch 3 Study GuideUploaded bytownsenr94
- Assinment 5 CorrectedUploaded byTarun Kumar Vangani
- Beer & Johnson - Ansys WorkbenchUploaded byFaisal Tariq
- Demister SizingUploaded byrakesh3487
- Hygood Component FM200 1Uploaded byawuawu86
- Investigatry ProjectUploaded bynaruto_3
- Grease Master Application Engineering GuideUploaded byofitecnicajg
- Note Chapter16 ThermodynamicsUploaded bySaiful Nizam
- Physics Paper 2Uploaded byAdam K C Tiong
- 1era ley.pdfUploaded byVllsS
- Tutorial 5Uploaded byZarny Tun
- GRE Pipe TestingUploaded bySaravanan Mohanraj
- hw7Uploaded bycrzyviolin
- M19_KNIG9404_ISM_C19.pdfUploaded bynorma_jeann
- LG Ref Diag General Sealed System Info.pdfUploaded bydan theman
- ASSGNMENT 1Uploaded byGaneshGani
- factors.pdfUploaded bylucky414
- Probe IntelleX 25k Ultra Fast Pressure Gauge Data Sheet Rev 1-1-6691351_01Uploaded byFernando Olaveo
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded byDenis Bahtiar
- 1Uploaded bySergio Smith
- Bme Handout 1Uploaded byJenn Holmes
- Plan-j Frm4 PhysicsUploaded byqalanis
- Physics Form 4Uploaded byfaizi_ammar
- r0 Hysys PrintUploaded bydedynovandi
- FM II AssaignmentUploaded byMatthew Smith
- science as 90940 pressureUploaded byapi-218511741

- Transient Conduction ChartsUploaded bySaqib Ali Khan
- P-001 - Process Design Ed5, Sep2006Uploaded byDragoslav Dzolic
- Atd Questions and AnswersUploaded byPraba Karan D
- Science Form 1 Chapter 3Uploaded byLai Swee Ho
- Joukowski Airfoil at Different ViscositiesUploaded byAntonio Martín Alcántara
- A Novel Ejector-Absorption Combined Refrigeration CycleUploaded byalmadhagi
- ch19Uploaded byCourtney Johnson
- HW1 Solutions ME321Uploaded byR02
- EarthquakesUploaded byاسد علی
- WRE 404 Lab - Lec1 to Lec6Uploaded byShahAfzalSaki
- fedder caclUploaded byGgogpl Yyoggsh
- Assignment Questions - Heat TransferUploaded byPratik Walimbe
- Design Rating Shell Tube Heat Ex ChangersUploaded byjazzmin100
- Fans 2Uploaded byHandayani Kesumadewi
- Ansys Verification ManualUploaded byDav89
- CHEE3731 2013 FiltrationUploaded bypetecooper7159
- Ccb 3033 Advanced Transport Processes NewwwUploaded byhaziq
- Important Aspect of Viscosity in Gravure Printing ProcessUploaded byMakarand Dole
- Performance of Lead Rubber Bearing as a Base IsolatorUploaded byIJSTE
- Lecture22 ThermoUploaded byHerthya Np
- Flexural Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened With Prestressed Carbon CompositesUploaded byboubress
- RO Sizing Calculation ShtUploaded by903352
- High Strength Reinforcement in Ordinary Reinforced and Fibre Reinforced Cement Composite Light Weight Concrete BramsUploaded byab8ccw5288
- ACEG220 Lecture 4 Shear Strength Measurement _triaxialUploaded bymira0604
- pipe flowUploaded byAneesha Farzu
- Pressure MeterUploaded bywadalarbab
- 3Uploaded byAbhishek Gupta
- Mechanics of Materials - Modulus of Elasticity Flexure TestUploaded byDavid Clark
- TP29-31-Shell Energy Balance1.pdfUploaded byGautam Sharma
- Dytran 2010 Theory User's GuideUploaded byMSC.Software