You are on page 1of 11

Poularikas A. D.

The Mellin Transform


The Handbook of Formulas and Tables for Signal Processing.
Ed. Alexander D. Poularikas
Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC,1999

1999 by CRC Press LLC


1999 by CRC Press LLC

18

The Mellin Transform

18.1 The Mellin Transform

18.2 Properties of Mellin Transform

18.3 Examples of Mellin Transform

18.4 Special Functions Frequency Occuring in Mellin Transforms

18.5 Tables of Mellin Transform

References

18.1 The Mellin Transform

18.1.1 Denition

Example

18.1.2 Relation to Laplace Transform

By letting the transform becomes

18.1.3 Relation to Fourier Transform

By setting in 18.1.2 we obtain
which implies that

M{ ( ); } ( ) ( ) f t s F s f t t dt
s

0
1

M{ ( )} ( ) e u t e t dt a s
at at s s


0
1

t e dt e dx
x x


, ,

M{ ( )} ( ) ( ) { ( )} f t F s f e e dx f e
x sx x

L
s j + 2
F s f e e e dx
x ax j x
( ) ( )

2

M{ ( ); } { ( ) ; } f t s j f e e
x ax
+

2 F

1999 by CRC Press LLC

where
Fourier Transform

18.1.4 Inversion Formula

where

c

is within the strip of analyticity

18.2 Properties of Mellin Transform

18.2.1 Scaling Property
18.2.2 Multiplication by

t

a

18.2.3 Raising the Independent Variable to a Real Power
18.2.4 Inverse of Independent Variable
18.2.5 Multiplication by ln

t

18.2.6 Multiplication by a Power of ln

t



F{ ( ); } ( ) f x f x e dx
j x

2
f t
j
F s t ds
c j
c j
s
( ) ( )

+

1
2
a s b < < Re .

M{ ( ); } ( ) ( ) ( ) f at s f at t dt a f x x dx a F s
s s s s





0
1
0
1

M{ ( ); } ( ) ( )
( )
t f t s f t t dt F s a
a s a
+

0
1

M{ ( ); } ( ) ( ) , f t s f t t dt f x x
a
x dx a F
s
a
a
a a s
s
a a a

_
,

_
,
>





0
1
0
1
1
1 1
1
0

M{ ( ); } ( ) t f t s F s


1 1
1

M{ln ( ); } ( ) t f t s
d
ds
F s

M{(ln ) ( ); } ( ) t f t s
d
ds
F s
k
k
k


1999 by CRC Press LLC

18.2.7 Derivative
18.2.8 Derivative Multiplied by Independent Variable

Example

18.2.9 Convolution
18.2.10 Multiplicative Convolution

Properties of the Multiplicative Convolution
1. commutative
2. associative
3. unit element
4.
5.
6.

M
d
ds
f t s s k F s k
k
k
k
k
( ); ( ) ( ) ( )

'

1

( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )!
( )!
( )
( )
s k s k s k s
s
s k
s
s k
k
+


1 1
1
1
L


M t
d
ds
f t s s F s
s k
s
F s s s s s k
k
k
k
k
k
k
k
( ); ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ), ( ) ( ) ( )

'


+
+ + 1 1 1 1

L

M t
d f t
dt
t
df t
dt
s s F s
2
2
2
2
( ) ( )
; ( ) +

'



M{ ( ) ( ); } ( ) ( ) f t g t s
j
F z G s z dz
c j
c j


+

1
2

M M
M
{ } ( ) ; ( ) ( )
{ ( ) ( )} ( )
f g f
t
u
g u
du
u
s F s G s
F s G s f
t
u
g u
du
u

_
,

'

_
,

0
1
0
0

_
,
f
t
u
g u
du
u
( )
f g g f
( ) ( ) f g h f g h
f t f ( ) 1
t
d
dt
f g t
d
dt
f g f t
d
dt
g
k k k

_
,

_
,

1
]
1

_
,

1
]
1
( )
(ln )( ) [(ln ) ] [(ln ) ] t f g t f g f t g +
( ) ( ) t a f a f a t
1 1

1999 by CRC Press LLC

18.2.11 Parsevals Formulas

where

18.3 Examples of Mellin Transform

18.3.1 Example
18.3.2 Example

.
Setting we obtain: Hence ,

18.3.3 Example

From with the setting we obtain
.
Hence,
.

18.3.4 Example

Using 18.2.3 and 18.3.3 we obtain

( ) ( ) ( ), ,
( )
( )
t p t p t pp p p
d t
dt
f
d
ds
t f
k
k
k
k
>

_
,
0
1

0
0
2 1
1
2
1

f t g t
j
f s g s ds
f t g t t dt f g d
c j
c j
r
( ) ( ) { ; } { ; }
( ) ( ) { }( ) { }( )


M M
M M

M{ }( ) ( ) f f t t dt
j r

0
2

M{ ( )} , Re{ } t u t t t dt
t
a s
s a
a
t
a s o
a s

+
<

+
+

0
1
0

M
1
1
1
1 0
1
+

'

t
s
t
t dt
s
;
t
x
+

1
1
1
x
t
t
dx
dt
t

+

+ 1 1
2
,
( )
.

M f s x
x
x
dx
x
x x dx B s s s s
s
s
s
s
s s
; ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( , ) ( ) ( )
sin
Re{ } .
{ }


< <


0
1 1
1 2
0
1
1
1
1 1
1 1 1
0 1

o
m s
u u du
m s
m s
s m
1
1 1
1 0 0


+
> >

( )
( ) ( )
( )
, Re{ } , Re{ } ,

u x x + /( ), 1
0
1
1

+

+

+
x
x
dx
m s
m s
s
m s
( )
( ) ( )
( )


M{( ) ; }
( ) ( )
( )
, Re{ } Re{ } 1 0 +

< <

t s
s a s
a
s a
a


1999 by CRC Press LLC

.

18.3.5 Example

(see 5.3.1)

18.3.6 Example

From 18.3.1 and 18.3.5 and hence,

18.4 Special Functions Frequency Occurring in Mellin

Transforms

18.4.1 Denition

The gamma function


(

s

) is dened on the complex half-plane Re(

s

) > 0 by the integral

18.4.2 Analytic Continuation

The analytical continued gamma function is holomorphic in the whole plane except at the points

s =

where it has a simple pole.

18.4.3 Residues at the Poles
18.4.4 Relation to the Factorial
18.4.5 Functional Relations

M{( ) ; }
( / )
( )
, Re{ } Re{ } 1 0 +

_
,
< <

t s
s a b
s
a
a b
s ab
a b


M{ ( ); } ( ) t t s t t t dt t
o
s s

0
0
1
0
1

M{ ( )} t u t t
t
a s
a
a s

+
+
0
0

M
M M
df
dt
s s F s s
t
a s
a
t
a s
t
au t t t s t t t s
a s a s
a s
a s a
; ( ) ( ) ( )
{ ( ) ; } { ( ); }

'


+

+
+
+
+ +
+
+
1 1 1
1 1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0 0

( ) s e t dt
t s

0
1

n n , , , , , 0 1 2 L
Re ( ( ))
( )
!
s s
n
s n
n

1
( ) ! n n + 1


( ) ( )
( ) ( )
sin( )
s s s
s s
s
+

1
1


1999 by CRC Press LLC

(Legendres duplication formula)
(Gauss-Legendres multiplication formula)
(Stirling asymptotic formula)

18.4.6 The Beta Function

Denition:
Relation to the gamma function:

18.4.7 The psi Function (logarithmic derivative of the gamma function)

Denition:
Eulers constant


, also called

C

, is dened by
and has value ....

18.4.8 Riemanns Zeta Function

The function


(

z

) is analytic in the whole complex z-plane except in

z

= 1 where it has a simple pole
with residue equal to +1.

1
2

_
,

( ) ( ) ( / )
/
2 2 1 2
1 2 2 1
s s s
s
+


( ) ( ) ( / ), , , ,
/ ( ) /
ms m s k m m
ms m
k
m
+

1 2 1 2
0
1
2 2 3 L
( ) ~ exp ( ) , , arg( )
/
s s s
s
O s s s
s
2 1
1
12
1 2 2


+

_
,

1
]
1
<
B x y t t dt
x y
( , ) ( )


0
1
1 1
1
B x y
x y
x y
( , )
( ) ( )
( )

( ) ln ( ) s
d
ds
s
+
+

+

_
,

n
n s n
0
1
1
1
( ) / ( ) 1 1
0 577 .

( , )
( )
, Re( ) , , , ,
( ) , Re( )
z q
q n
z q
z
n
z
n
z
n
z

+
>
>

0
0
1
1 0 1 2
1
1
L

1999 by CRC Press LLC

18.5 Tables of Mellin Transform

18.5.1 Tables of Mellin Transform

TABLE 18.1

Some Standard Mellin Transform Pairs

Original Function Mellin Transform

Strip of holomorphy

Algebraic Functions
Exponential Functions
f t t ( ), > 0
M f s f t t dt
s
[ ; ] ( )

1
0
u t a t a
b
( ) , > 0
+
+
a
b s
b s
Re( ) Re( ) s b <
( ( ) ( )) u t a u t t
b

+
+
a
b s
b s
Re( ) Re( ) s b >
( ) 1
1
+

t

sin( ) s
0 1 < < Re( ) s
( ) , arg a t a + <
1

a s
s1
csc( )
0 1 < < Re( ) s
( ) 1+

t
a

( ) ( )
( )
s a s
a

0 < < Re( ) Re( ) s a


( ) 1
1


t cot( ) s 0 1 < < Re( ) s
( ) , a t a >
1
0 a s
s1
cot( )
0 1 < < Re( ) s
u t t b
b
( )( ) , Re( ) 1 1 0
1
>

( ) ( )
( )
s b
s b +
Re( ) s > 0
u t t
b
( )( )

1 1

( ) ( )
( )
b s b
s

1
1
Re( ) Re( ) s b < < 1
( ) , Re( ) t a a
2 2 1
0 + >
1
2
2
2


a
s
s

_
,
csc 0 2 < < Re( ) s
( ), arg t a a
n
+ <
( / ) csc( / )
/
n s n a
s n1
0 < < Re( ) s n
t t
t

0 1
0 1
< <
>

'

( ) s +

1
Re( ) Re( ) s >
( )
Re( )
1 0 1
0 0
0 0
1
< <

> >

'

t t
t
h
h

h
s
h
s
h

_
,
+

_
,
1

( )

Re( ) s > 0
( )( ) 1 1
1


t t
a na

na n
s
na
s a
na
sin csc csc

_
,

_
,
+

_
,
0 1 < < Re( ) ( ) s n a
e p
pt
> , 0 p s
s
( ) Re( ) s > 0
( ) e
t


1
1
( ) ( ) s s
Re( ) s > 1
( ( ) s zeta function)
( ) , Re( ) e a
at
+ >

1 0
1
a s s
s s
( )( ) ( ) 1 2
1
Re( ) s > 0
( ) , Re( ) e a
at
>

1 0
1
a s s
s
( ) ( )
Re( ) s > 1
( )( ) , Re( ) e e a
at t
> 1 0
1
( ) ( , ) s s a Re( ) s > 1
( ) e
t


1
2
( )[ ( ) ( )] s s s 1
Re( ) s > 2

1999 by CRC Press LLC

Logarithmic Functions
Trigonometric Functions

TABLE 18.1

Some Standard Mellin Transform Pairs (continued)

Original Function Mellin Transform

Strip of holomorphy f t t ( ), > 0
M f s f t t dt
s
[ ; ] ( )

1
0
e a h
at
h

> > , Re( ) , 0 0


h a s h
s h 1 /
( / )
Re( ) s > 0
t e
t

1
1
( ) 1 s < < Re( ) s 1
e
t
2
1
2
2 ( / ) s 0 < < Re( ) s
1 0 0 > >

e a h
at
h
, Re( ) ,


h a s h
s h 1 /
( / )
< < h s Re( ) 0
e
jat
a s e
s j s
( )
( / ) 2
0 1 < < Re( ) s
ln( ) 1+ t

s s sin( )
< < 1 0 Re( ) s
ln( ), arg 1+ < at a
s a s
s 1
csc( )
< < 1 0 Re( ) s
u p p t ( ) ln( ) 1
+ +

p s s p
s 1 1
1 [ ( ) ln ]
Re( ) s > 0
t t

+
1
1 ln( )

( )sin( ) 1 s s
0 1 < < Re( ) s
ln
1
1
+

t
t
( / ) tan( / ) s s 2 < < 1 1 Re( ) s
lnt t a
t a
0
0
< <
>

'

s a a s
s

1 1
(ln )
Re( ) s > 0
t t t
t

ln 0 1
0 1
< <
< <

'

+

( ) s
2
Re( ) Re( ) s >
e t
t n
(ln )
d s
ds
n
n
( )
Re( ) s > 0
u t a t ( )sin( ln ) 1
a
s a
2 2
+
Re( ) Im( ) s a <
u t a t ( )sin( ln ) 1
a
s a
2 2
+
Re( ) Im( ) s a >
( ( ) ( )) ln( / ), u t u t p p t p > 0
p
s
s
2
Re( ) s > 0
sin( ), at a > 0
a s s
s
( )sin( / ) 2
< < 1 1 Re( ) s
e pt a
at
> sin( ), Re( ) Im ( ) ( )sin tan
/
a s s
a
s 2 2 2 1
+

_
,


Re( ) s > 1
sin ( ),
2
0 at a >

2 2
1 s s
a s s ( ) cos( / )
< < 2 0 Re( ) s
cos( ), at a > 0 a s s
s
( ) cos( / ) 2 0 1 < < Re( ) s
tan ( )
1
t

2 2 s s cos( / )
< < 1 0 Re( ) s
cotan ( )
1
t

2 2 s s cos( / )
0 1 < < Re( ) s

1999 by CRC Press LLC

References

Bertrand, Jacqueline, Pierre Bertrand, and Jean-Philippe Ovarlez, The Mellin Transform, in

Transforms
and Applications Handbook

, ed. Alexander Poularikas, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 1996.
Davies, G.,

Integral Transforms and Their Applications

, 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1984.
Erdelyi, A., W. Magnus, F. Oberhettinger, and F. G. Tricomi,

Tables of Integral Transfer

, McGraw-Hill
Book Co., New York, NY, 1954.
Oberhettinger, F.,

Tables of Mellin Transform

, 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1974.
Sneddon, Ian N.,

The Use of Integral Transform

, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY, 1972.

Other Functions

whole plane
none (analytic functional)

TABLE 18.1

Some Standard Mellin Transform Pairs (continued)

Original Function Mellin Transform

Strip of holomorphy f t t ( ), > 0
M f s f t t dt
s
[ ; ] ( )

1
0
J at a

( ), > 0
2
2 2
2 2
1
1 s
s
s
a
s

_
,
+

_
,

< < Re( ) Re( ) / s 3 2


sin ( ), at J at a

> 0
2
1
2
1
2 2 2
1 1
2 2
1 v
s
s
s
a v s
s

_
,
+ +

_
,
+

_
,

( )
< < < 1 1 2 Re( ) Re( ) / s
( ), t p p > 0
p
s1
( ), t pn p
n
>

0
1
p s
s

1
1 ( )
Re( ) s < 0
J t

( )
2 2
1 2 1
1 s
s
s

+
+

( ) /
[( / )( ) ]

< < Re( ) / s 3 2


p t p
nr n
n

( ),
1
ln ln
,
p
n
p
n

_
,

s r j +
p r > 0, real Im( ) s
t
b
( ) b s +