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Report on Renewable Energy

Introduction

Introduction
This is the fourth issue of the Quarterly Report on Renewable Energy magazine prepared and circulated by BD & MS Deptt., New Delhi since inception of idea originated to make management aware the facts, Govt. Policies, incentives, progress and opportunities in the field of Renewable Energy and 1st issue of the current fiscal. As per the data published and displayed on the website of Central Electricity Authority (CEA) total installed capacity of nation was 2,00,037 MW1 in the month of March, 2012. Coal once again remained the back bone of Nations power generation and contributed nearly 67% of total installed power. A report published by Economics Times revealed that in April, 2012 country faced a peak power deficit of 10,876 MW. Part of the country worst affected was South India. States of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu faced a peak power shortage of 15%. This situation arrived because on an average, 25 thermal power stations were starved of required coal and this situation may further worsen in the coming months. In an interview with Honble Montak Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission on CNBC AWAAJ, in the month of June, 2012, he also showed his concerned about lack of supply in oil & coal and told that it will take time in formulation / correction in policies especially in Coal Sector to bring back life in thermal power plants. A status is given below showing normal and peak power scenario for the month of May, 2012:Power Supply position (Surplus / Deficit) during May, 2012 2: May, 2012 All India Target in (MU) 84,162 Achievement in (MU) Surplus / Deficit in Surplus/ Deficit in MU (%) 77,888 (-) 6,274 (-) 7.5%

Peak Demand / Peak Met during May, 20122: May, 2012 All India Target in (MU) 129,030 Achievement in (MU) Surplus / Deficit in Surplus/ Deficit in MU (%) 118,608 (-) 10,422 (-) 8.1%

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Introduction
Power Supply position (Surplus / Deficit) during April, 11 - March, 12: April,11March, 2012 All India Target in (MW) Achievement (MW) 17, 601 20, 502 in Surplus / Deficit in Surplus/ Deficit in MW (%) 2, 901 16.5%

Renewable power generation of the nation stood 25,107 MW as on 31st May, 2012, which was 12.5% of the total installed capacity. The percentage of Renewable Power has been growing
Source: 1, 2 Central Electricity Authority (CEA)

continuously from last 2 to 3 yrs thanks to governments consistent efforts to encourage investment in this sector which had largely been ignored from the decades. Wind Power is the fore-runner of this race among different sources of power. Total installed capacity of Wind till 31st May, 2012 is 17, 533 MW. A distant second is power from Small Hydro also called SHP which figured 3406 MW of installed capacity. But the show stealer for the 11th Five Year Plan was Solar Power. Total generation from solar power in the month January, 2010 was 8 MW and in the end of April, 2012 it stood 979 MW as against of target of 50 MW. Total installed capacity of Renewable Energy System /Devices in the country as on 31st May, 2012 is as below: Renewable Energy Programme / System Wind Power Bio- Power Small Hydro Power Solar Power Cumulative achievement 31.05.2012 in MW3 17533 3188 3406 979 up to

Total Power

25107

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Source: 3, Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE)

Introduction
Share in percentage of different Renewable powers in total installed Renewable Power:

Cumulative Achievement in MW and share in percentage


979, 4% 3406, 13% 3188, 13%

Wind Power Bio- Power 17533, 70% Small Hydro Power Solar Power

Growth of Renewable Power through various Five Year Plans:Resources 9th Plan Capacity Addition/Achievement (in MW)4 10th Plan 11th Plan Cumulative achievement from 9th Plan to 11th Plan (31st March, 2012)
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Wind Power

1667

5427 538 795 1 6761

10259 1419 2040 938 14656

17353 3395 3225 941 24,914

Small Hydro Power 1438 (SHP) Bio-Power Solar Power Total 390 2 3497

Introduction Graph below reflects the growth in Renewable in Five Yr. Plans:

Growth in Renewable Power through Five Yr. Plans


18000 17000 16000 15000 14000 13000 12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 9th Plan Wind Power 10th Plan Small Hydro Power (SHP) 11th Plan Bio-Power Total Solar Power

Achievement in comparison to target set in 11th Five Yr. Plan is mentioned in table: Target in 11th Five Yr. Plan5 Wind Energy Small Hydro Bio-Power Power 9000 1400 1780 th Achievement during 11 Five Yr. Plan5 10259 1419 2040

Bagasse Co- Solar Power Generation 50 938

Total (MW) 12,230 14,656

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Source: 4, 5 Planning Commission & MNRE

Introduction

Target V/s Achievement


Target 10259 9000 Achievement

1400 1419

1780 2040 50 Bio-Power

938

Wind Power

Small Hydro Power

Solar Power

Growth in capacity addition from different sources of power in 11th Five Year Plan: 11th Five Year Plan6 Source of Target of Capacity Actual Capacity Surplus / Surplus / Deficit Power Addition during Addition during Deficit from from Target (%) the plan in (MW) the plan in (MW) Target (in MW) Thermal Power 59,693 45,588 (-) 14,105 (-) 23.63% Hydro Power 15,627 4,337 (-) 11,290 (-) 72.25% Wind Power 9,000 10,259 1,259 13.99% 18.76 times from Solar Power 50 938 888
target / 1776%

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Target v/s Actual


60000 50000 45588 Power in MW 40000 30000 20000 10000 4337 0 Thermal Power Source: 6, CEA & MNRE Hydro Power Power Wind Power Solar 10259 938 Solar Power Target Actual

Solar Power
To promote the solar power generation in the country Govt. of India has set a mix of policy structure, preferential tariff, Renewable Purchase Obligation and lastly Renewable Energy Certificate. For the projects connected to less than 33 kV grid, a scheme of generation based incentive has been implemented under which a total of 98 MW projects were allotted. Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission is also a part of govt. initiative to promote grid connected solar power at a larger scale in the country. A total of 979 MW capacity of grid connected solar power has been installed in the country till 30th April, 2012. State wise installed capacity is mentioned below: Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 State / UT Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh Delhi Gujarat Haryana Jharkhand Karnataka Capacity (MW)7 21.8 4.0 2.5 654.8 7.8 4.0 9.0

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8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal

2.0 20.0 13.0 9.0 197.5 15.0 12.0 5.0 2.0

Total
Source: 7, MNRE & Gujarat Energy Development Authority (GEDA)

979.4 Solar Power

Since government is promoting Solar Power under its flagship project namely Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission (JNNSM), it will be fruitful here to discuss the target and achievement under Batch-I and Batch-II of this project till 31st March, 2012. (i) Project under Batch-I, Phase-I (Solar PV- 150 MW, Solar Thermal- 470 MW) Out of the above, PPAs have been signed with 36 Solar Power Producers for 145 MW of Solar PV and 470 MW of Solar Thermal by 10th January, 2011. Commissioning status/ progress status of above projects (state wise) is given below: Solar PV as per Target Solar PV capacity to Solar PV capacity of JNNSM Batch-I be commissioned as actually (MW) per PPA (MW) commissioned (MW) Rajasthan 105 100 100 Maharashtra 5 5 Andhra Pradesh 15 15 10 Karnataka 10 5 Orissa 5 5 5 Tamil Nadu 5 5 5 Uttar Pradesh 5 5 5 Total 150 140 125 As far as solar thermal is concerned all projects are scheduled to be commissioned in 28 months from the date of signing of PPA up to May, 2013.
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State

Report on Renewable Energy

(ii) Project under Batch-II (Solar PV- 350 MW) Commissioning status/ progress status of above projects (state wise) is given below: State Project Capacity (MW) / No. of Projects 5 Rajasthan Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Total 6 1 10 5 1 10 9 15 4 20 6 1 1 Total 24 2 Total Solar PV as per Target of JNNSM Batch-II (MW) 295 25 20 10 8 28 350

Solar Power
4

Solar PV projects of 340 MW scheduled to be commissioned in 13 months from the date of signing of PAA i.e. February, 2013. (iii) Projects under Migration Scheme (Total-84 MW, Solar PV-54 & Solar Thermal-30 MW) Commissioning status/ progress status of above projects (state wise) is given below: State Projects under Migration Scheme Solar PV Solar Thermal Total (MW) (MW) (MW) 36 30 66 11 7 11 7 Solar PV capacity actually commissioned (MW) 35 9 2

Rajasthan Maharashtra Punjab

Total 54 30 84 46 Solar Thermal Projects (30 MW) to be commissioned in 28 months from the date of signing of PPA up to mid-February, 2013. (iv) Projects under Roof Top PV and Small Solar Power Generation Programme (RPSSGP) (98 MW) Commissioning status/ progress status of above projects (state wise) is given below:

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Sr. No.

State

Sanctioned Project Solar PV capacity Capacity (MW)/Solar PV actually capacity to be commissioned (MW) commissioned as per PPA (MW) 10.5 4 8.8 5 8 8.5 12 7 7.75 4 7.8 5 5 5.5 8 5 3 5 2 0 58.05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Total

Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh Haryana Maharashtra Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttrakhand Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand Madhya Pradesh

Solar Power 5
8 16 5.25 98.05

Out of the sanctioned projects 11 projects are to be commissioned by June, 2012.

Solar Power in various states


State of Gujarat8
Gujarat has been in forefront of implementing environment friendly initiatives through state owned companies as also with private sector participation. As fossil fuels are depleting, judicious use of natural resources and alternate renewable sources only can sustain the progress. In view of above, Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the State of Gujarat on 7th September 2009 to assess the feasibility of developing a Solar Park of 3000 MW capacity in Gujarat.

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Solar Power The Solar Park concept is similar to an economic zone dedicated to the generation of solar power and the manufacturing of solar components. A Solar Park is comprised of a number of solar power generation plants and manufacturing outfits, each developed by separate sponsor groups. The concept aims to accelerate the development of generation projects and to de-risk single investments, through the availability of large areas of suitable land, the provision of common infrastructure including grid connection for power evacuation, water access to a number of generation and manufacturing plants, as well as facilitating the permitting process, internal access roads etc.
Gujarat Power Corporation Limited has been designated as the nodal agency for development of solar parks. Accordingly, solar park are to be developed in a phased manner;

Phase I: Location-Village Charanka, TalukaSantalpur, Objective Dedicated > 500 MW Solar power Area- Approx. 2456 Ha land (including Govt. & Private land)

DistPatan Generation

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PhaseII:

Sr. No. 1 2 3

Place Dist. Banaskantha, TalukaVav, Village Radhanesda Dist. Surendranagar, TalukaMul, Village Kuntalpur Dist. Kachchh, TalukaBachau, Village Kakarva

Waste Land Available 1400 Ha 5200 Ha 11567 Ha

Charanka Solar Park


Charanka Solar Park is the largest site within State of Gujarat which is built on more than 2,000 ha plot of land near Charanka village in Patan district, northern Gujarat. This hosts about 17 different projects by different developers. Foundation stone of the plant was laid in December, 2009 and construction of the park began on 3rd Dec., 2010. On 19th April 2012, Solar Projects of 214 MW were commissioned. When fully built out, the Charanka Solar Park will host 500 MW of solar power systems using state-of-the-art thin film technology, and expected to be completed by the end of 2014. The investment cost for the Charanka solar park amounts to be Rs. 9000 Cr. After dedicating it to nation, it has become the largest solar park in the world Solar Power surpassing Chinas 200 MW Golmud Solar Park. List of Solar Power Plants commissioned in Charanka Solar Park till 9th may, 2012 are as follows:
Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Company Name AES Solar Energy Gujarat Pvt. Ltd. Alex Asatral Power Pvt. Ltd. Emami Cement Ltd. GMR Gujarat Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. GPPC Pipavav Power Company Ltd. Jaihind Projects Ltd. Kiran Energy Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. District Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Capacity Commissioned (in MW) 14.92 25 10 25 5 5 20

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8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., NKG Infrastructure Ltd. Palace Solar Energy Pvt. Ltd. PLG Photovoltaic RohaDyechem Pvt. Ltd. Sun Clean Renewable Power Pvt. Ltd. Surana Telecom & Power Ltd. Universal Solar System EI Technologies Pvt. Ltd. GPCL Sun Edison Energy India Pvt. Ltd. Total Capacity in MW

Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan

5 15 15 10 15 20 25 6 5 2 1 5 25 259

Solar Power

Total capacity addition till 9th May, 2012 in Gujarat: Sr.No.


1 2 3 4 5 6

Company Name
Acme Tele Power Ltd., Harsha Engineers Precious Energy Services Pvt. Ltd. Sandland real estate Pvt. Ltd. Solitaire Energies Pvt. Ltd. MBH Power Pvt. Ltd.

District
Anand Anand Banaskantha Banaskantha Banaskantha Bharuch

Commissioned (in MW)


15 1 15.2 25 15 1

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7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

GSEC-TPS PDPU-GPCL-GEDA Tata Power Company Ltd. MSIL Solar PV Power Corporation Adani Enterprises Ltd. Backbone Enterprises Ltd. Essar Power Ltd. GMDC Ltd. Integrated Coal Mining Ltd. Konark Gujarat PV Pvt. Ltd. Solar Semiconductor Unity Power Pvt Ltd (Videocon Group), WelspunUrja Gujarat Pvt. Ltd. GSEC-Canal AES Solar Energy Gujarat Pvt. Ltd. Alex Asatral Power Pvt. Ltd. Emami Cement Ltd. GMR Gujarat Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. GPPC Pipavav Power Company Ltd. Jaihind Projects Ltd. Kiran Energy Solar Power Pvt. Ltd.

Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Jamnagar Junagadh Kutch Kutch Kutch Kutch Kutch Kutch Kutch

1 1 25 10 40 5 1 5 9 5 10 5 15 1 14.92 25 10 25 5 5 20 Page 13

Solar Power
Kutch Mehsana Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan

Kutch

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28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., NKG Infrastructure Ltd. Palace Solar Energy Pvt. Ltd. PLG Photovoltaic RohaDyechem Pvt. Ltd. Sun Clean Renewable Power Pvt. Ltd. Surana Telecom & Power Ltd. Universal Solar System EI Technologies Pvt. Ltd. GPCL Sun Edison Energy India Pvt. Ltd. ZF Steering Gear (India) Ltd. GHI Energy Pvt. Ltd. (SPV of Refex) Hiraco Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd.

Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan Patan

5 15 15 10 15 20 25 6 5 2 1 5 25 5 10 20 15 5 10 5

Solar Power
Patan Patan Patan Porbandar Porbandar

Moserbaer Energy & Development Ltd. Porbandar AravaliInfrapower Ltd. CBC Solar Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Ganeshvani Merchandise Pvt Ltd Rajkot Rajkot Rajkot

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48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Ganges Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. Green Infra Solar Energy Ltd. Abellon Clean Energy Ltd. Azure Power Ltd,Harayana GIPCL Azure Power Ltd,Gujarat EMCO Ltd. Environmental System Pvt. Ltd., Louroux Bio Energies Ltd. Millennium Synergy (Gujarat) Pvt. Ltd. Rajesh Power Services Pvt. Ltd. Rasna Marketing Services LLP Som Shiva (Impex) ltd. Visual Percept Solar Projects Pvt. Ltd. Waa Solar Pvt. Ltd.

Rajkot Rajkot Sabarkantha Sabarkantha Surat Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar

10 10 3 10.2 5 5 5 5 25 9.27 1 1 1 25 10.22

Solar Power

Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar Surendranagar

TOTAL

654.81

State of Karnataka9
State of Karnataka has generation capacity of 40,000 MU per annumavailable from various installed capacities (8600 MW including share from CGS) in the state. Out of this, renewable energy sources contribute to about 4600 MU of energy per annum (11.5%).The energy consumption in the State is anticipated to be around 64,000 MU per annum by 2015. To achieve a 20% share, the renewable energy sources are required to contribute 12,800 MU by 2014. This necessitates a renewable energy capacity addition of 6600 MW by 2014.
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To achieve this target, Govt. of Karnataka in 2010, came out with Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy 2009-14.This policy wasalso applicable to all the Renewable Energy Projects sanctioned prior to the commencement of the policy and those Renewable Energy Projects in the process of development including already commissioned Renewable Energy Projects. 6600 MW capacity addition target was revised to include solar power generation of 126 MW up to 2014. Installed Capacity and proposed target (Year wise) for RE Generation, 2009-14 are mentioned in a tabular form:

Source: 8, Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA) Source: 9, Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (KREDL)

Solar Power
RE Source Potential Installed MW capacity MW
09-10 10-11 680 100 56 60 10 30 12950 3000 1500 1000 135 1368 416 535 81 -3 630 100 281 60 10 6

Capacity addition by 2014 MW Target


11-12 530 150 56 60 10 30 12-13 530 150 56 60 10 30 13-14 599 100 57 60 10 30 Total 2969 600 281 300 50 126 4337 1016 816 381 50 129

Cumulative

Wind Power Mini and Small Hydro Cogeneration in Sugar Industry Biomass/Biogas Waste to Energy Solar PV/Thermal Total

18500

2400

4326

6726 Page 16

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Solar Policy of Karnataka:Karnataka has abundant potential for solar power. Karnataka Renewable Power Policy released in 2010 set a target of setting up 126 MW Solar Plant till 2014. In the mean time Govt. of India has taken a decision that 0.25% of the total consumption will be from Solar Resources which should go up to 3% till 2022. In consistent with that Karnataka Energy Regulatory Commission (KERC) also issued the fresh guidelines to purchase 0.25% of power from Solar Resources. It was therefore a separate Solar Policy was released on 1st July, 2011 which will remain in force up to 31.03.2016.It is proposed to install 200 MW up to 2015-16, for the purpose of procurement by the ESCOMS. This will be in addition to the allotment received under JNSSM. The annual capacity approved will be as follows:2011-12 40 MW 2012-13 40 MW 2013-14 40 MW 2014-15 40 MW 2015-16 40 MW

The minimum capacity shall be 3 MW and maximum capacity shall be 10 MW per project for Solar Photo Voltaic and Minimum Capacity shall be 5 MW per project for Solar Thermal. Power evacuation shall be through 11 kV lines and above. As per power purchase obligation (RPO), ESCOMs are required to purchase 0.25% of the total consumption. Following the Solar Policy Karnataka Energy Regulatory Commission (KERC) invited bid to install 80 MW Solar Projects (30Solar Power Solar Thermal & 50 MW Solar PV) at a tariff determined by KERC.

State of Andhra Pradesh10


Non-Conventional Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Ltd (NEDCAP) has been designated as the Nodal Agency to implementing non-conventional energy programmes sponsored by both the State and Central Governments. Andhra Pradesh is one of the few states blessed with more no. of sunny days. The estimated potential is 5-7 kWH/sq. mt. per day which is untapped till now. Of late, Andhra Pradesh has come out with Renewable Power Purchase Obligation (RPO) Regulation, 2012. This regulation shall come into force from 1st April, 2012. The salient features of regulation are as below:1. Renewable Power Purchase Obligation (RPPO) make it mandatory to all Distribution Licensee, Open Access Consumer & consumer owning a captive generating plant of installed capacity of One (1) MW to purchase electricity from renewable energy sources.
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2. Every Distribution Licensee & Open Access Consumer shall purchase a quantum of not less than 5% of its consumption of energy from Renewable Energy Sources during each of the years from 2012-13 to 2016-17 (each year commencing from 1st April of the Calendar Year and ending on 31st March of the subsequent Calendar Year), provided that the purchase of Renewable Energy Certificates issued under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for recognition and issue of Renewable Energy Certificate for Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2010, shall also be treated as fulfillment of the Renewable Power Purchase Obligation (RPPO). 3. A minimum of 0.25 percentage out of the 5% Renewable Power Purchase Obligation (RPPO) above specified shall be procured from generation based on solar as renewable energy sources. 4. The obligation to purchase electricity from generation based on solar as renewable energy source can be fulfilled by purchase of solar certificates only, and the obligation to purchase electricity from generation based on renewable energy other than solar can be fulfilled by purchase of non-solar certificates. 5. Purchase of renewable power, by the distribution licensee, from other distribution licensees in the state of Andhra Pradesh, shall also be taken into account for computing the fulfilment of Renewable Power Purchase Obligation (RPPO) by such a licensee. 6. Every consumer owning a captive generating plant of installed capacity of One (1) MW shall purchase Renewable Energy Certificates issued under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for recognition and issue of Renewable Energy Certificate for Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2010 in the same quantum as of distribution licensee and open access consumer. Other terms and conditions shall be same Solar Power as for others. Eligibility and Registration:A generating company [including a Captive Power Producer (CPP)] in Andhra Pradesh engaged in generation of electricity from renewable energy sources shall be eligible for obtaining accreditation from the State Agency if it fulfils the following conditions: a) It does not have any Power Purchase Agreement for the capacity related to such generation to sell electricity at a tariff determined by the Commission from time to time for sale of energy to a distribution licensee; and b) It sells the electricity generated either (i) to the distribution licensee in the State of Andhra Pradesh at the pooled cost of power purchase, or (ii) to any other licensee or to an open access consumer at a mutually agreed price, or through power exchange at market determined price.

State of Chhattisgarh11
In pursuance to Govt. of Indias thrust to develop renewable sources of Energy and CERC (Terms and Conditions for Tariff determination from Renewable Energy Sources), Regulation,
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2012 and in exercise of powers vested under section 61, 86 read with section 181 of Electricity Act 2003 and all other powers enabling it in this behalf the Chhattisgarh State Electricity Regulatory Commission (the Commission) made the following Regulations namely Chhattisgarh State Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and conditions for determination of generation tariff and related matters for electricity generated by plants based on renewable energy sources) Regulations, 2012. The salient features are:1. These Regulations shall apply for all new Renewable Energy projects to be achieving COD within the State of Chhattisgarh after April 1st, 2012 and shall continue to be applicable till 2016-17. Provided that benchmark capital cost of Solar PV and Solar Thermal projects may be reviewed annually. 2. Tariff Period for SPV & Solar Thermal shall be 25 Years. 3. Solar generating plants with capacity of 5 MW and above and connected at the connection point of 33 KV level and above shall be subjected to scheduling and dispatch code as specified under Chhattisgarh State Electricity Grid Code 2011, as amended from time to time.

Source: 10, Non-Conventional Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh (NEDCAP) Solar Power 11, Chhattisgarh State Renewable Development Agency (CREDA)

SOLAR PV: Applicable for grid connected SPV system of 1 MW & above and based on technologies such as Crystalline silicon / Thin Film or as approved by MNRE. Capital Cost Rs. 10.00 Lakh/ MW for Fy. 2012 Capacity Utilization Factor 19% O&M Expenses Rs. 11.00 Lakh / MW for 1st Yr. of operation and escalated at the rate of 5.72% per annum. SOLAR THERMAL: Applicable to Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technologies like line focusing or point focusing as may be approved by MNRE. Capital Cost Rs. 13.00 Lakh /MW for Fy. 2012-13 Capacity Utilization Factor 23% O&M Expenses Rs. 15 Lakh /MW for 1st Year of operation and escalated at the rate of 5.72% per annum. Auxiliary Consumption Factor 10%
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State of Orissa12
The Orissa Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA) was constituted as state nodal agency in 1984 under the aegis of Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of Orissa with a view to popularize the exploitation and use of renewable energy sources in the state. Gross potential from Renewable Energy Sources in t he state of Orissa is 53,820 MW. By virtue of its geographical location Orissa receives solar insolation of about 5 kWh/ sqm/day. Gross Solar Power potential is 50,000 MW (Solar PV-40,000 MW & Solar Thermal- 10,000 MW). Feasible Potential from Solar Energy is 10,000 MW (Solar PV- 8,000 MW & Solar Thermal- 2,000 MW). State of Orissa came out with its own Renewable Energy Policy in 2005 to harness this huge potential from Renewable Energy Sources. As a result, 8 Solar Power projects of 8 MW (1 MW each) are un der installation in different parts of state under Roof Top PV and Small Solar Power Generation Programme (RPSSGP) . Two projects of 1 MW each have been commissioned in Bargarh & Cuttak Distt. In addition to this 8 more solar power projects of cumulative 8 MW capacities are to be installed in the state. As per the orders of Orissa Electricity Regulatory Commission on OERC (Renewable Purchase Obligation and its compliance) Regulation , 2010 every Obligated Entity shall purchase notSolarthan 5 % of its total annual consumption of less Power energy from renewable energy sources from 2011 -12 onwards with 0.5 percentage increase every year thereafter till 2015-16. Provided that 0.5 percentage point out of the renewable purchase obligation so specified in the year 2011-12 shall be procured from generation based on solar as renewable energy source and shall be increased at a rate of 0.25 percentage every year thereafter till 2015-16 which result in RPO quantum for Solar- 100 MW and 600 MW for Non-Solar Renewable Energy Sources or 15-20 MWs every year till 2015-16. The State Technical Committee for RE Power projects has resolved to invite RFPs for a total of 25 MWs for fulfilling the RPO of GRIDCO.

Brief Details of Two Big Solar Power Plant commissioned in India


1. 40 MW Solar PV plant of Reliance Power13:Reliance has commissioned the 40 MW Solar PV plant located in Dhanu, near Dhrusar village in Jaisalmer Distt., Rajasthan in the month of April, 2012. The plant is expected to produce more than 60 million kilowatt hours of electricity a year, enough to lighten 70,000 household. The details are given below:BD & MS Deptt., Yusuf Sarai, New Delhi Page 20

Report on Renewable Energy

Capacity of Project Name of Company Place Date of Commissioning Manufactured by

40 MW Reliance Power Dhursar Village in Jaisalmer Distt. of Rajasthan 9th April, 2012

L&T Construction // project is commissioned in a record time of 129 days. Technology 5,00, 000 ground mounted Thin Film Modules and 13 Nos. of 3.5 MVA Transformers Power Evacuation 5 Kms long 33 kV Double Circuit Line Area 350 Acres Cost $ 147 Million (ADB has given a loan of $48 Million Reliance power is also setting up a 100 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant in Jaisalmer Distt., Rajasthan for which Asian Development Bank (ADB) has extended its helping hand by providing a USD 103 Million loan to Reliance Power. Plant is expected to be completed by May, 2013 and cost to be USD 415 Million.

Source: 12, The Odisha Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA) Source: 13, R-Power website, Economic Times, thrivesoftpower magazine

Solar Power

2. 30 MW Solar PV project by Moser Baer14:Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited, a subsidiary of Moser Baer commissioned 30 MW solar PV project in Gunthawad village of Banaskantha distt., Gujarat on 14th Oct., 2011. This will generate 1, 50, 000 units per day and 52 million units of electricity per year. It will supply power to 50, 000 households and remove 50, 000 tonnes of carbon per year. Capacity of Project Name of Company Place and date commissioning Technology 30 MW Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited of Gunthawad village of in Banaskantha of Gujarat on 14th Oct., 2011 Thin Film Modules (2, 36, 000 Nos.)

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Time of completion Power Evacuation

4 months 66 kV Double Circuit Line to substation of Anganwada and Dunawada. Rs. 465 Cr. 305 Acre

Cost Area

Source: 14, Moser Baer Clean Energy Ltd. (MBCEL), Economic Times, Power MarketAsia

Solar Power
News on Solar Power
1. Gujarat dedicates Asias largest Solar Park:The newly-developed Solar Power Park in Patan district, dedicated to the nation on Thursday, April 19, 2012, By the Chief Minister, ShriNarendraModi, is the largest cluster of solar power plants located in a single in Asia, spread mainly on government land. Its solar power potential is 500 MW out of which 214 MW capacity plants have been operational as of March 2012. The Gujarat Solar Park, spread across a desolate 3,000-acre (1,200-hectare) swath of desert, can supply 214 megawatts of electricity, making it larger than China's 200-megawatt Golmud Solar Park.

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According to Gujarat Government, the solar project will lead to a reduction in carbon dioxide emission to the tune of eight million and save 900,000 tonnes of natural gas annually.

Solar Power
2. 600 MW solar power projects dedicated to nation: Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi dedicated 600 MW of installed solar power projects to nation on 20 th April, 2012. The projects, having potential to generate 30 lakhs units of clean energy per day, are spread over several districts.it also includes the Asias largest solar park with 214 MW capacity. This will lead to reduction of eight million tonnes of CO2and save 90,000 tonnes of natural gas annually. 3. L&T commissions 40 MW Solar Power Plant in Rajasthan: Leading engineering Major Larson & Toubro has commissioned countrys largest SPV plant in Rajasthan to generate 40 MW of clean power.

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L&T construction executed the project owned by Reliance Power at Dhursar village in Jaisalmer Distt. from concept to commissioning in 129 days. Plant comprises more than 5 lakh high output generating thin film technology based solar PV modules and thirteen 3.5 MVA power transformers spread over 350 acres of land. The work included construction of 5 Km 33 kV double circuit transmission line. The plant will supply more than 70 million units of clean energy to 75,000 households and displace nearly 70,000 million tones of CO2annually. 4. Karnataka to construct 80 MW solar Projects: Karnataka has invited bid to construct 80 MW solar Project targeted for Yr. 2011-12 & 2012-13. Out of which 30 MW is for solar thermal (plus excess capacity for solar PV- 10 MW) at KERC tariff of Rs. 11.35 per unit and 50 MW for Solar PV (plus excess capacity for solar thermal10 MW) at KERC tariff of Rs. 14.50 per unit. 5. Tamil Nadu to add 3,000 MW Solar Energy: Tamil Nadu has set a target to add 3,000 MW of solar energy as part of its solar mission programme by 2015-16. This is more than 33 per cent of Indias target. The State Governmentis also planning to bring in a new policy for solar energy was disclosed by Natham R Viswanathan, Minister for Electricity and Prohibition and Excise in a recent conference organized by Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA). Tamil Nadu, according to him, would become a power surplus state by 2015-16. The State is facing a shortage of around 4,000 MW at present. 6. Committee on Renewable Energy Set up: The government has set up a committee to suggest legislative and policy changes to speed up capacity addition from renewable power sources like wind, biomass and the Sun. The committee will be headed by a senior official from the Power Ministry and include representatives from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, power distribution companies (Discoms),Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, electricity regulatory commissions from renewable resource-rich states like Tamil Nadu,Gujarat and Rajasthan and powerproject funding agencies, like Power Finance Corporation (PFC) and Rural Solar Power Electrification Corporation (REC).The committees terms of reference include suggesting legislative changes to make it binding for Discoms to comply with the renewable purchase obligation (RPO). It is also mandated to outline measures to penalize Discoms in case of violation of the obligation.The panel also has the mandate tosuggest amendments to the Electricity Act 2003 to empower the regulators toframe innovative market instruments like renewable energy certificates (REC) to facilitate development of therenewable power market. 7. India to be a Global Sourcing Hub for Solar Projects:AREVA Solar, the US-headquartered renewable energy subsidiary of the French nuclear energy group, AREVA, has an ambitious plan to tap the growing solar market in India as a technology provider. The company has also been awarded a contract by Reliance Power to set up a 250 MW project in Rajasthan.
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He said that as a technology provider, AREVA will source most of the steel and glass from the domestic market, and has plans to set up a large number of plants in India. Besides, there is availability of the skills required for assembling and for this they will rope in local contractors. 8. World's first' canal-top solar project dedicated to nation: Gujarat Chief Minister NarendraModi on 25th April, 2012 dedicated the 'world's first' canal-top 1 MW solar project on Narmada branch canal network, to the national grid at Chandrasan in Mehsana district. The pilot project to be an innovative merger of "jal and urjashakti" for a greener tomorrow, which virtually eliminates the need to acquire huge tracts of land, as is typically needed in setting up such plants. The project was commissioned within 1,000 days of conception. The trial run of plant shows that solar panels here produced 15 per cent extra power as compared to land installations as the water flowing under the panels keeps them relatively cool. This initiative of Gujarat on Narmada branch canal network has the potential to bring down per unit cost of clean energy from solar panels to between Rs 8 to Rs 8.50 in future.

Solar Power
The solar plant set up at the cost of around Rs 17.50 crore by the US-based Sun Edison and is projected to generate 1.6 million units annually and simultaneously prevent evaporation of 9 million liters of water.

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The entire length of SSNL canal network in Gujarat is around 19,000 kilometers and if even 10 per cent of it is used for this type of projects it could generate 2,400 MW of clean energy annually. It would also eliminate need of 11,000 acres of land required for a solar project of this magnitude and save 2 billion liters of water annually. 9. UPs first solar plant start functioning: First Solar Power unit of 5 MW started functioning on 4th March, 2012 at Naini, about 25 Kms from Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. The plant is being developed by Kolkata based company, EMC Limited as part of JNNSM. The project has been set up on 25 acres of land and has been completed in 7 Yrs with a capital cost of Rs. 80 Crores. It has signed a PPA with NTPC VidyutVyapaar Nigam Limited for a period of 25 Yrs. Electricity is being generated with the help of 21,300 solar modules which keep functioning efficiently even when weather is overcast and involve virtually no environment hazard. 10. BHEL Commissions 13 MW projects this fiscal: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited announced that it has commissioned 13 MW of projects in various part of country during this fiscal. The projects commissioned by the country during this year include a 3 MW grid connected solar plant at Raichur, Karnataka, Solar Powerin Rajasthan, 2 plant of 2 MW each in 5-MW plant Maharashtra and over 1-MW in Lakshadweep. 11. R-Powers Dahanu solar Plant start supply to Maharashtra:Reliance Powers photovoltaic power plant has started commercial operation to provide electricity to thousand of household in Maharashtra. 40 MW plant located near dhrusar village of Jaisalmer is one of the largest plant in the country. The plant is expected to produce more than 60 million kilowatt hours of electricity a year, enough to lighten 70,000 household. The plant located on 350 acre of land cost $
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147 million out of which Asian Development Bank (ADB) has provided $ 48 million of loan. Project consists of 5, 00,000 ground mounted thin film modules from First Solar. Asian Development Bank (ADB) has also provided $ 103 million loan to Reliance Power to develop a concentrating solar plant near Dhanu. Dhanu Plant is part of ADBs goal of developing, financing or commissioning 3, 000 MW Solar Plants in Asia by May, 2013. 12. Solar Energy Corporation to be fully functional by June: Solar Energy Industry Advisory Council (SEIAC) has been formed primarily to make Indian solar industry globally competitive and advice MNRE on issues related to technology, R&D and attracting investments. The council comprises of leading industrialists on the panel, namely Jamshyd N. Godrej, R V Kanoria, Meher Pudumjee, Vineet Mittal and Ratul Puri, headed by Mr. Anand Mahindra, vice-chairman and MD, Mahindra & Mahindra. The inaugural meeting was headed by Dr. Farooq Abdullah on May 24 in New Delhi. The broad mandate of the company will help implement the JNNSM. SEIAC would execute turnkey projects, disburse projects under JNNSM and set up grid in energy deficient areas for access. 13. Moser Baer Solar enters CDR cell: Moser Baer Solar and Moser Baer Photo Voltaic, two subsidiary of Moser Baer India headed with a debt of Rs. 823.63 Cr. were admitted to Corporate Debt Restructuring. Solar Energy companies are involved in manufacturing of solar panel and are also procuring land and setting up power project. These companies have been under strain as European Market, particularly Italian Govt. has dialed out and reduced its solar policy. The demand is much lower than supply and prices of solar panel has dipped more than 50%. 14. Gandhi Nagar to have 5 MW rooftop solar power generation capacities on PPP model: Gujarat Energy Deptt. said it will have 5 MW rooftop solar power generation capacities at an investment of Rs. 50 Cr. It has signed agreement with Azure Power & Sun Edison, to develop 2.5 MW of rooftop solar on northern and southern part of Gandhi Nagar over the next one year. Under this scheme 80% of Govt. building and 20% of residential premises would be covered. The terrace owner would get Rs. 3 per unit as Power electricity supplied from such rooftop Solar rent, and installation through discoms. 15. Gujarat has 749 GW of renewable energy potential: TERI Gujarat renewable energy potential is estimated at 749 GW as per the study conducted by TERI. Gujarat potential for concentrated solar power with water availability stands at 345.71 GW, Solar PV (SPV) wind hybrid excluding CSP at 240.60 GW, only SPV excluding wind and CSP at 21.36 GW, only wind excluding solar potential at 139.21 GW.

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The methodology for the study included data collection on the previous estimates of renewable energy potential in the state, analysis those data, finding the shortcoming and need for its improvements and additionally the impact of technology development in to actual potential. 16. Delhi Metro to tap solar power: Delhi Metro Rail Corporation is planning to harness solar power at some of its facilities. Initially, solar panels will be installed at Karkarduma, Noida Sector-21 stations and Yamuna Bank depot. Thereupon, the panels will be installed at elevated stations, depots and open areas of the stations. It will further implement it for structures coming up under Phase-III. 17. Haryana Raj Bhawan installs 45 KW solar PV plant: Haryanas Raj Bhawan in Chandigarh has commissioned a 45 KW solar power plant in its premises. The plant has been set up by Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA) with complete financial assistance from MNRE. HAREDA is also working on solar projects to supply power in various district collectorate offices with a Central assistance of 50%. 18. Germany boasts record solar production: Germany created a world record by producing 22 GW of solar electricity per hour through the mid day hours on May, 25 & 26 according to the institute of Renewable Energy (IWR), Germany. 19. Apple to power its data centre by renewable energy: Apple has announced that its data centre in North Carolina will be powered entirely by renewable energy by end of 2012. 60% of its renewable power will be produced on site while remaining 40% will be purchased from local and regional renewable sources. Apple is also building the largest non-utility fuel cell installation in the US in order to provide green energy. 20. Maharashtra govt. to set up three solar plants: The Maharashtra government is scouting land in Marathwada region to set up three solar energy plants as part of its efforts to augment electricity generation in the state. Three plants of 50 mw each would be set up in Osmanabad and Parbhani. The three units will be set up using two kinds of solar plant technology - Thin film and Crystalline. The state government had already announced a 125 mw solar plant in Dhule but since the Forest department claimed that it was their land, central government permissions were required .

Wind Power Wind Power


In the first issue of renewable energy of this year and fourth from its very inception, it will be fruitful to recapitulate what we have come through in these three issues.

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In the first issue, we explained the how Govt. of India started wind power programme. Wind potential, policies and regulatory framework developed to harness this potential & state wise potential of wind power. In the second issue, we explained technologies in use in wind power. New technology frontiers like Floating Turbines are being explored. Technology and economic challenges being faced to exploit huge potential far into sea and international scenario. In the third issue, Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET), revised estimates of wind power potential in India. It is revised from 49GW at 50m Hub Height to more than 1 Lakh MW (1, 02, 788 MW) at 80m Hub Height. CERC moving away with its old Wind Power Density (WPD) criterion to install a wind plant at some particular location keeping in mind the technology development in its latest regulation on Terms and conditions for Tariff determination from Renewable Energy Sources) Regulation, 2011 applicable from 1st April, 2012. To start, Wind Power installed capacity in India till 31.05.2012 is 17,534 MW. In the 11 th Five Yr. Plan 10, 259 MW capacity of wind power installed against a target of 9,000 MW. For the current Five Year Plan i.e.12th Plan, a target of 15, 000 MW capacity addition is set from wind power. Out of target set for 12th Plan, 181 MW has been installed till 31st May, 2012. Pace of development of Wind Power is very fast as compared to other sources of renewable energy leaving Solar Power which also raced very fast in last two years after launching JNNSM and several other incentives being given to generator and buyer of solar power. A table and graph depicting the growth and comparison from 9th to 11th Plan and each other (among various renewable energy sources) is given in the starting. Still for hands on knowledge of the respective energy a table representing growth is mentioned below: Source Power Wind Power of 9th (in MW) 1, 667 Plan 10th (in MW) 5, 427 Plan 11th (in MW) 10, 259 Plan Total from 9th to 11th Plan (in MW) 17, 353

Wind Power
As far as regulatory framework is concerned, Accelerated Depreciation benefit given for Wind Power Developer for setting up Wind Plant has been withdrawn from 1st April, 2012 in the budget of 2012-13 but Generation Based Incentive (GBI) has been kept intact. Accelerated Depreciation has been an important driving force in the country so far and a large number of wind power projects in the country have availed the AD benefit. From April, 2012 new wind
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farm can only claim accelerated depreciation at 15% of the cost of the equipments, as against 80% earlier. Almost 70% of the 2,800 MW of new wind energy capacity added last year was set under this incentive, while the remaining opted for generation based incentive (GBI). Independent power producers (IPPs), who set up unit to sell electricity to state distribution companies, typically opt for generation based incentives, which give them a benefit of Rs. 0.50 for every unit of electricity. Withdrawal of these sops may keep power producers at bay and could reduce annual capacity addition to less than 1,000 MW in 2012-13 against a target of 3, 000 MW. Here, it is very much required to explain the generation based incentive (GBI) scheme and how it is different from Accelerated Depreciation Scheme:Generation Based Incentive (GBI)15:The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) announced the Generation Based Incentive (GBI) for Grid Interactive Wind Power Projects commissioned after 17.12.2009. The main Objectives of the GBI scheme are: a. To Broaden Investor Base by: Facilitating the entry of large Independent Power Producers (IPPs) Attracting FDI in the Wind Power Sector b. To provide level playing field between various classes of investors. c. To incentivize higher efficiencies. d. To provide a framework for transition from an investment based incentive to outcome based incentive. Main features of this scheme are:1. Companies shall be allowed to avail either AD or GBI but not both. 2. The GBI is @ Re. 0.50 per unit of electricity fed into the grid with a cap of Rs.62 Lakh / MW. The GBI is over and above the tariff approved by State Electricity Regulatory Commission.

Wind Power

Source: 15, IREDA Website, MNRE

3. The incentive will be for a minimum period of 4 years and a maximum of 10 years. The total disbursement in a year will not exceed one fourth of the maximum limit of the incentive, i.e. Rs.15.50 lakh per MW during first four years. 4. There is no floor or ceiling for a developer in terms of the MW capacity that can be considered for availing the incentive.

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5. All wind power projects whose machines are commissioned in India after 17.12.2009 and on or before 31.03.2012 and wishing to avail either Accelerated Depreciation (AD) benefit or Generation Based Incentive (GBI) are required to be registered with IREDA. Eligibility for availing GBI: The claim for GBI would be applicable for those power producers who have claimed turbines commissioned after 17.12.2009. The scheme however limited to a capacity of first 4, 000 MW commissioned through GBI on or before 31.03.2012. The incentive would be available for grid connected wind power projects set up for sale of electricity to grid, at a tariff notified by SERC and / or State Govt. and also for Captive Wind Power Projects to the extent of sale of electricity to the grid. Exclusion: GBI would not be available to any wind power project selling power to third party, (viz. merchant power plants). Difference between AD benefit & GBI: Under Accelerated Depreciation (AD) scheme; (i) AD benefit is linked with installation cost of Wind Power Plant in which 80% depreciation is given in the first year of commissioning. It has become a tool of tax planning and performance of machines is hardly cared at. It has led to installation of obsolete machines with less efficiency. In GBI, incentive is given on no. of units of electricity fed into the grid over & above the SERC set tariff. Thus it encourages new, innovative and improved technology in the system. Wind machines which is suitable for different wind profile and deliver higher CUF. With the advent of RPO obligation, capacity fed into the system is more important rather than capacity addition. (ii) AD benefit can only be availed by those companies which have profits from their own and sister concerns thus independent power producers (IPPs) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) were not able to avail of the accelerated depreciation benefits. Under Generation Based Incentive (GBI), no such obligation exists. Wind Power In the previous issues we explained the growth of Wind Power in the state of Tamil Nadu and Gujarat. In this issue we are covering states of Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.

State of Rajasthan16

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Rajasthan is the largest state in India. It has hundreds of kilometers of barren land unused for human settlement. It is also endowed with good solar insolation and wind power density which makes it suitable for setting up wind and solar power plants. To exploit the huge potential from renewable power sources, Govt. of Rajasthan formed the Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Limited (RRECL) in August, 2002. RRECL is working as a State Nodal Agency for promoting & developing Non-Conventional Energy Sources in the state. As far as wind power is concerned, State has more than 1500 MW of installed capacity of wind power at the end of 2011. It will be more this year but no such data of capacity addition is available on the web site. The govt. of Rajasthan had brought out a Policy for Promotion of Generation of Power from Non-conventional Sources on 11.3.99. A separate Policy aimed at achieving installed capacity of 100 MW exclusively from Wind was issued on 4th February, 2000. The operative period of both Policies ends in March 2004. Later, a new policy was promulgated in April, 2003 to encourage the Wind Power installation in the state. It made obligatory to purchase 250 MW of power from Wind Energy by Rajasthan Vidyut Prasaran Nigam (RVPN). It was applicable to all wind power plant commissioned up to 31 st March, 2009. On 11th Nov., 2011 Govt. of Rajasthan has come up with Draft Regulation on Wind Power known as Policy for Promoting Generation of Electricity from Wind, 2011. This policy will remain in force until superseded or modified by another policy. As per this policy, The State will promote setting up of wind power plants for direct sale to Discoms of Rajasthan on the tariff determined through competitive bidding process for the years 201213 onwards. The target under this category for the year 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15 will be as follows:-

Source: 16, Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Ltd. (RRECL) Wind Power

Year 2012-13 Wind Power Projects to be 400 MW set up for direct sale to Discoms of Rajasthan
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2013-14 400 MW

2014-15 400 MW

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State govt. may review the target as and when required. Purchase of Wind Power by Discoms: The minimum Renewable Energy Purchase Obligations (RPO) for the Discoms of Rajasthan shall be governed by the relevant orders of RERC. Grid Interfacing: Interfacing arrangements from the points of generation to the Pooling Substation including the Pooling Sub-station shall be developed and maintained by the Developer and the entire cost for this will be borne by them. Receiving sub-station will be of RVPN and electricity generated will be received at minimum of 33 kV. All future Wind Farms will have wind generation forecasting system for forecasting their generation up to accuracy of 70%. Actual generation beyond + 30% of their schedule may attract UI charges as per prevailing Grid Code and regulations. Incentives by State Government: (a) Exemption from Electricity Duty (b) Allotment of land for establishing wind power generation projects: The Government land shall be allotted to the Wind Power Developers at concessional rate of 10% of the market price. For setting up of Wind Power Project, maximum allotable land to the Developer shall be 5 Hect. /MW. Govt. will help purchase private land in excess of ceiling limit prescribed. (c) Time frame for completion of projects: from the date of In principal clearance: Project Capacity Up to 25 MW Above 25 MW- 50 MW Above 50 MW 75 MW Above 75 MW- 100 MW Above 100 MW Completion Schedule 8 months 14 months 18 months 22 months 26 months

Wind Power
State of Andhra Pradesh17
State of Andhra Pradesh is endowed with good potential of Wind Power. As per the assessment of MNRE, the estimated gross potential is 8,275 MW in A.P. and whereas the technical potential
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is 2100 MWs. New and Renewable Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh (NEDCAP) is the single window clearance agency to sanction projects in the State. 2.00 MW demonstration project was set up by AP Genco, at Ramagiri in Anantapur district. NEDCAP has established 2.25 MW wind farm project at Kondamedapally, Kurnool dist. and 2.50 MW wind farm at Narasimhakonda, Nellore district under demonstration scheme of MNRE. With a view to encourage investment and to promote wind power projects in Andhra Pradesh, the Govt.of Andhra Pradesh has announced a comprehensive policy and incentives to set up wind power projects in private sector in the year 2008. So far 200.15 MW of Wind Power projects have been commissioned in the state. On 11th April, 2008 Govt. of Andhra Pradesh came up with a new policy on wind power. Salient features of policy are as below: 1. The policy was to remain in force for a period of 10 Yrs. From the date of issue of orders until superseded / modified by any other order. Later period was reduced to 5 Yrs. 2. Minimum turbine capacity of WEGs proposed for installation would not be less than 225 KW. 3. The tariff for the upcoming Wind Power Projects set up under the policy was set at Rs.3.50 per unit and it was applicable for a period of 10 years from Commercial operation Date (COD), subject to approval of the APERC. In case any eligible developeroffers less than this tariff, such developer was to be given preference in allotment of Govt. land. The tariff for the period 11th year to 20th year shall be as fixed by APERC. 4. Each Eligible Developer may be allocated available government land to harness up to a maximum of 200 MW of wind power initially. After commissioning of 100 MW capacity Wind farms in the 1st stage in the allocated government land, the Government may lease land for another 100 MW capacity Wind farms. This is to ensure that there is no preemptive occupation of government lands by any developer or WEG manufacturer with a view to monopolize potential sites. 5. Developers would be eligible for using the power produced for captive consumption or making sale to a third party or to DISCOMS. A PPA will be required to be entered into with concerned DISCOM as per the power purchase guidelines. 6. Duration of PPA shall be for 20 years and the entire cost of power evacuation of the wind farm with the grid shall be borne by Power developer.
Source: 17, Non-Conventional Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh (NEDCAP)

Wind Power

SJVN forays into Wind Energy Business


Hydro power major SJVN Limited which has successful commissioned and running Indias largest hydro power plant NATHPA JHAKRI HYDRO POWER STATION in the state of Himachal
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Pradesh and aspiring to leave its foot print on the nations power sector not only in Hydro Power has decided to venture into Wind Power. Events occurred are described in a chronicle manner:1. The Board of Directors in their 181st Board meeting considered and approved in principle for setting up of wind farm about 50 MW 2. Tenders for hiring the Consultancy Services for setting up SJVNs 50 MW Wind Power Project were invited in April, 2009. 3. The work awarded to M/s Power Energy Consultants, Delhi (A division of Gold line Power solutions Ltd.) in July, 2010. 4. The Feasibility Report for setting up SJVNs 50 MW Wind Power Project submitted by PEC and approved by the SJVN Limited in October, 2010. 5. The Board in its 207th BOD meeting held on 21st October, 2011 approved inviting tenders for Engineering, Procurement and construction contract with its comprehensive O&M for 10 years for 50 (+/-5%) MW capacity Wind Power Project at suitable location in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh. 6. Tender for SJVNs 50 (+/-5%) MW capacity was floated on 21st December, 2011 and last date of submission was 4th February, 2012. 7. The pre-bid meeting was held on 11th January, 2011 at Delhi and was attended by following prospective bidders: M/s Enercon (India) Ltd M/s Gamesa wind turbines ltd. M/s Kenersys India Pvt Ltd. M/s Leitner Sriram Manufacturing Ltd. M/s Suzlon Energy Ltd. 8. Though the Bid was initially scheduled to be opened by the committee on 28 th May, 2012, the Bid opening was extended to 12th June, 2012 as only one prospective Bidder has Bid. 9. Finally the techno-commercial Bid was opened by the committee on 12th June, 2012 at Shimla. 10. M/s Gamesa wind turbines private limited, India a wholly owned subsidiary of Gamesa group, Spain has proposed to establish 47.5 MW at hirvire in Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra. The park will consist of 58 numbers of Gamesa G58-850kW WTGs. 11. The current status is that the Bid is under evaluation by the Consultant and the Wind Power committee.

News on Wind Power

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1. Suzlon crosses 1 GW capacity at Jaisalmer Park: Wind Power major Suzlon crossed 1 GW mark on 1st April, 2012 completing 1,064 MW of installed capacity. The development of wind park started in August, 2001 and comprises Suzlons entire wind portfolio, ranging from earliest 350 KW model to the latest S9X2.1 MW series. The first S9X series wind turbine was commissioned in Barmer, Rajasthan. Park comprise cluster of wind farm in the Jaisalmer. Company also gave credit to state govt. for the support. It is worth important to inform that Govt. of Rajasthan has once again come out with a new Draft Policy on Wind Power. The Draft has been published and put on web site. 2. Suzlon bags Rs. 305 crore contracts for wind power project in Gujarat: Wind Power Major Suzlon has signed a rs. 305.32 Crore contract for setting up 50 MW wind project with Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation. GMDC has an installed base of 100.50 MW, of which the major part- over 60 MW has been supplied by Suzlon and is operating across Gujarat. The new order takes GMDCs total installed capacity to 150.50 MW.

3. ReNew Wind Power's 25.2 mw wind farm starts generation: Mumbaiheadquartered ReNew Wind Power has commissioned its first wind power project of 25.2 MW near Rajkot in Gujarat. ReNew Power, which was founded by Sumant Sinha who was earlier the chief operating officer of wind turbine major Suzlon Energy, has plans of setting up 85 mw of wind energy capacity spread across Gujarat and Maharashtra. ReNew Wind Power bought 12 turbines of 2.1 megawatts each for the project from Suzlon Energy. 4. MNRE draft guidelines on offshore wind likely in a month: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is likely to come out with draft guidelines for offshore wind energy in the next one month. The consensus is that the draft guidelines should be framed within a month. Experts have bet big especially on Tamil Nadu's offshore wind potential. A pilot project off the coast of Dhanushkodi, in Tamil Nadu's southern tip, is set to come up. Offshore is said to be three times to five times costlier than wind onshore. At the same time, it's twice as efficient as onshore wind. Some of the issues being discussed by the panel include how to make sea beds available to private offshore wind players as also how to simplify the process of clearances, given that there are at least a dozen approvals required.

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Wind Power
5. Gamesa to sell 700 MW wind turbines this year: Spanish wind turbine major Gamesa said it is planning to sell 700-MW turbines in the country in 2012. We plan to sell here around 700 MW wind turbines by December which will include machines of 850kW and 2 MW. For Gamesa, India accounts for about 20 per cent of its global sales with sales in 2011 touching Rs 1,600 crore. The company has installed and commissioned over 700 wind turbine generators within two years of setting its base in the country and currently has an installed base of 565 MW spread in Andhra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. Company has a portfolio of over 6,000 MW at various stages of development in India and Sri Lanka and expected to achieve a production capacity of 1,500 MW by 2013 from the current 800 MW in these two markets. Gamesa had recently expanded its product portfolio by launching the G97 2 MW turbines specially designed for low-wind sites in the country and set up a new factory in Gujarat for manufacturing blades for G5X-850 kW and G9X-2.0 MW turbines at a cost of Rs 175 crore which is estimated to produce 390 blades by 2013. Company expects such sites to drive a major portion of demand in the 2 MW categories and have already procured orders for G97 from a number of investors and is confident about the G97-2MW category will enable it grow in India. Company has already done five projects in Tamil Nadu for 40 MW and also looking at other regions. 6. Government may re-introduce sops for wind farms: The renewable energy ministry is planning to re-introduce incentives for the wind energy sector to allay fears that capacity addition could fall after the sops were withdrawn from April 1 st, 2012. The government rolled back key incentive for the sector this year: Accelerated Depreciation. Industry players say the withdrawal of these sops will keep power producers at bay and could reduce annual capacity addition to less than 1,000 mw in 2012-13, against the target of 3,000 mw. The wind energy industry, which is expected to add 15,000 mw in the next five years, thrived even as other sectors missed targets due to incentives such as generation-based incentives and accelerated depreciation. Their roll back has also triggered concerns that investors seeking tax breaks may migrate to other sectors such as solar power, which offer incentives. 7. India and Brazil to drive the global wind energy capacity addition: The global wind industry will install more than 46 GW of new wind energy capacity in 2012 according to a five-year industry forecast published by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).
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Wind Power
By the end of 2016, total global wind power capacity will be just under 500 GW, with an annual market in that year of about 60 GW, the report said. Overall, GWEC projects average annual market growth rates of about 8% for the next five years, but with a strong 2012 and a substantial dip in 2013. Total installation during 20122016 is expected to touch 255 GW, with cumulative market growth averaging just under 16%. According to Steve Sawyer, GWEC Secretary General for the next five years, annual market growth will be driven primarily by India and Brazil, with significant contributions from new markets in Latin America, Africa and Asia. Asia will continue to be the world's largest market with far more new installations than any other region, installing 118 GW between now and 2016, and surpassing Europe as the world leader in cumulative installed capacity sometime during 2013, ending the period with about 200GW in total. Having achieved a 3 GW market for the first time in 2011, the annual market in India is expected to reach 5 GW by 2015. 8. Lloyd sets up wind turbine tower facility in Gujarat at Rs 200 crore: Cooling products maker Fedders Lloyd Corporation (FLC) announced its foray into wind turbine component sector by setting up a tower manufacturing facility in Bharuch district of Gujarat. The B R Punj-promoted FLC has set up a wind turbine tower manufacturing facility, having annual production capacity of upto 250 towers, at Jambusar in Bharuch district of Gujarat with an investment of Rs 200 crore.

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