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viscosi ty

viscosity [viss ksstee] (plural viscosities) noun

1. thickness and stickiness: a thick and sticky consistency or quality 2. PHYSICS property of fluid that resists flowing: the property of a fluid or semifluid that causes it to resist flowing 3. PHYSICS measure of substance's resistance to motion: a measure of the resistance of a substance to motion under an applied force

mallea ble
malleable adjective
[mllee b'l] 1. able to be shaped and bent: describes a metal or other substance that can be shaped or bent without breaking 2. easily influenced: easily persuaded or influenced by others

[14th century. < Old French < Latin malleus "hammer"] -malleability [mllee blltee, mll blltee], noun -malleableness [mllee b'lnss], noun -malleably, adverb
Word Key: Synonyms

See pliable.

tenacio us
tenacious adjective
[t nyshss] 1. determined or stubborn: tending to stick firmly to any decision, plan, or opinion without changing or doubting it 2. tightly held: difficult to loosen, shake off, or pull away from his tenacious grip 3. persistent: persisting for a long time and difficult to change, destroy, or get rid of a tenacious head cold 4. able to remember many things: capable of absorbing and retaining a large store of information and of recalling details accurately 5. sticky or clinging: sticking or clinging to something else, especially a surface tenacious burrs

6. ENGINEERING not easily disconnected: holding together tightly or fused solidly

[Early 17th century. < Latin tenac- "holding fast" < tenere "to hold"] -tenaciously, adverb -tenaciousness, noun -tenacity [t nsstee], noun

densi ty
density [dnsstee] (plural densities) noun
1. how full area is: the concentration of people or things within an area in relation to its size 2. PHYSICS relative mass: a measure of a quantity such as mass or electric charge per unit volume. Symbol 3. ELECTRICITY Same as charge density 4. ELECTRICITY Same as current density

col or
color [kllr] noun (plural colors)
1. property causing visual sensation: the property of objects that depends on the light that they reflect and is perceived as red, blue, green, or other shades 2. not black or white: a manifestation of color, e.g. red or green, as opposed to black, white, or gray printed in color 3. GRAPHIC ARTS pigment: a pigment used in painting 4. something that adds color: something that is used to add color to something, e.g. paint, cosmetics, or dye She chose an auburn color to dye her hair. 5. natural shade of complexion: the natural shade or color of somebody's skin as characteristic of race, especially of somebody who is not white We do not discriminate against people on the basis of color. 6. nonwhite skin coloration: a skin color other than that conventionally described as white people of color 7. healthy look to skin: the normal look of somebody's skin, especially in the face, when healthy 8. extra facial redness: an extra redness in somebody's face, e.g. caused by embarrassment or exposure to cold wind 9. variety of colors: brightness and variety in the colors that something such as a room or picture has 10. interest or vividness: a quality in something that gives it interest or immediacy The story lacks color. 11. GRAPHIC ARTS use of color in painting: the use of color in painting, as distinct from line, form, or composition liked her handling of color 12. MUSIC sound quality: the quality of a particular sound

13. LAW claim of legality: a claim or appearance of legal right by color of law 14. PHYSICS hypothetical quantum characteristic: a hypothetical property of quarks that takes three forms designated red, blue, and green 15. PHYSICS hue and saturation: the property or aspect of something that involves hue, lightness, and saturation or, in the case of light, hue, brightness, and saturation 16. OPTICS ability to see colors: the aspect of visual perception by which an observer recognizes colors 17. PRINTING type of printing ink: the type and amount of inks used in a printing job a four-color brochure 18. MINERAL EXTRACT gold found in gravel: a particle of gold found in gravel or sand

colors, plural noun

1. somebody's real self: somebody's real beliefs, opinions, ethics, and principles It showed her up in her true colors. 2. national, state, or military flag: the flag of a nation, state, or military unit, or all of these combined, especially when on parade 3. colors representing team or group: the colors that are used to represent a team, school, or other group 4. clothing worn in sport: the clothing worn by a jockey or an athlete that indicates the horse's owner or the team to which the athlete belongs 5. U.K. SPORTS team members' badge: a badge or other symbol given to members of a sports team In her second year she got her rowing colors. 6. HERALDRY heraldic color: the main heraldic colors tinctures of azure, vert, sable, gules, and purpure

verb (past and past participle colored, present participle coloring, 3rd person present singular colors)
1. transitive verb change color of something: to change or add to the color of something using paint, dye, cosmetics, or a similar agent 2. intransitive verb take on color: to take on a particular color or change color 3. intransitive verb blush: to get more red in the cheeks or face than usual, generally because of embarrassment 4. transitive verb skew opinion or judgment: to influence an opinion or judgment, especially so as to make it less objective

[13th century. Via Old French < Latin color] -colorer, noun nail your colors to the mast to make your opinions or intentions obvious They've nailed their colors to the mast and announced that they will not sell their property for redevelopment. with flying colors to an excellent standard See African American.

odo r
odor [ dr] (plural odors) noun

1. smell: a smell, whether pleasant or unpleasant the delicious odor of baking bread 2. pervasive quality: a quality or attitude that suggests or resembles a particular thing the odor of sanctity

[13th century. Via French < Latin]

Word Key: Synonyms

See smell.

hardne ss
hardness noun
[hrdnss] 1. firmness, solidity, and compactness: the state or quality of being firm, solid, and compact 2. unyielding toughness: the state or quality of being tough and unyielding 3. CHEMISTRY water quality: the degree to which water contains mineral salts 4. METALLURGY MEASUREMENTS degree to which metal is hard: the degree to which a metal may be scratched, abraded, indented, or machined, measured according to any of several scales

volu me
volume [vllym, vl ym] noun (plural volumes)
1. space inside object: the size of a three-dimensional space enclosed within or occupied by an object. Symbol V 2. amount: the total amount of something 3. loudness: the loudness of a sound 4. sound control: the knob or button on a radio, television, or audio player that controls loudness 5. book: a bound collection of printed or written pages 6. book of set: a single book that belongs to a set of books 7. PUBLISHING consecutive magazine issues: a set of issues of a periodical spanning one calendar year 8. thickness: the thick quality or appearance of somebody's hair

involving large quantities: using or involving large amounts or quantities offering volume discounts on carpeting

[14th century. Via Old French < Latin volumen "roll, scroll, book" < volvere "to roll"] speak volumes to be highly expressive or significant

impenetra ble
impenetrable adjective
[im pnntrb'l] 1. impossible to get in or through: not able to be passed through or entered The woods formed an impenetrable barrier. 2. incomprehensible: impossible to understand or discern impenetrable legal jargon 3. closed to influence: not open to intellectual or moral influences, impressions, or ideas

-impenetrability [im pnntr blltee], noun -impenetrably [im pnntr blee], adverb water noun


1. liquid of rain and rivers: the clear colorless liquid, odorless and tasteless when pure, that occurs as rain, snow, and ice, forms rivers, lakes, and seas, and is essential for life. Naturally occurring water picks up color and taste from substances in its environment. Formula: H2O 2. area of water: an area or body of water, e.g. a river, stream, lake, or sea We went down to the water to feed the ducks. 3. surface of water: the surface of a body of water swim under water 4. element: in ancient and medieval philosophy, water as one of the four elements 5. transportation over water: transportation by ship, boat, or some other means of travel over or through water can only get there by water 6. water supply: a supply of water to a house, town, or region Our water's been turned off. 7. solution of substance in water: a solution of a particular chemical or substance in water lavender water 8. body fluid: any watery fluid present in or secreted by the body, e.g. urine, sweat, saliva, or tears 9. U.S. fluid surrounding fetus: the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in the womb (often used in the plural) 10. wavy pattern: a lustrous wavy pattern on the surface of some fabrics such as silk 11. brightness: the quality of brightness of a gem. See also first water

waters, plural noun

1. particular area of sea: a particular region of sea, e.g. that belonging to a specific nation territorial waters 2. water containing minerals: naturally occurring water containing minerals, e.g. that found at a spa and used for health reasons take the waters

verb (past and past participle watered, present participle watering, 3rd person present singular

1. transitive verb sprinkle or soak something with water: to sprinkle, wet, or soak something with water 2. transitive verb irrigate land: to take water to crops or fields 3. transitive and intransitive verb give or get water: to give drinking water to an animal, or get or take water as an animal does 4. intransitive verb fill with tears when irritated: to fill with tears, especially because of irritation (refers to eyes) 5. intransitive verb produce saliva: to produce saliva, particularly in pleasant anticipation of food (refers to the mouth) 6. intransitive verb NAUTICAL take on water supply: to take on a supply of water 7. transitive verb TEXTILES give fabric wavy sheen: to give a lustrous wavy pattern to fabric, especially silk

[ Old English wter < Indo-European, "water"] -waterer, noun be dead in the water to have no chance of success or survival be water under the bridge to be something that is in the past and that cannot be altered hold water to be well-founded, or stand up under scrutiny in deep water in a difficult or complicated situation in hot water in trouble or in an embarrassing situation muddy the waters to cause confusion or trouble pour or throw cold water on or onto or over something to discourage a plan or idea by showing a lack of interest in it or rejecting it as impractical throw water West Africa to offer somebody a bribe tread water 1. to keep afloat without moving forward, by moving the legs and arms 2. to make no progress but manage to keep a situation the same for a period of time water off a duck's back words or actions that have absolutely no effect on the attitude or behavior of the person to whom they are said or done Water Music, an orchestral suite (1717) by German-born British composer GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL. It consists of three separate suites for strings and wind instruments. The exact circumstances of its composition are not known, but it was first performed to accompany a royal barge trip along the Thames River from Whitehall to Chelsea on July 17, 1717.

substa nce
substance [sbstnss] (plural substances) noun
1. material: a kind of matter or material 2. tangible physical matter: physical reality that can be touched and felt 3. practical value: real or practical value or importance There was nothing of substance in the document. 4. material wealth: wealth in the form of money and possessions 5. gist of meaning: the actual or essential meaning of something said or written the substance of their argument

6. PHILOSOPHY essence: the unchanging essence of something 7. PHILOSOPHY something specific: something that is individual and caused

[13th century. Via French < Latin substantia "essence" (translation of Greek hupostasis) < substare, literally "stand under" < stare "to stand"]

tas te
taste [tayst] noun (plural tastes)
1. small quantity sampled: a small quantity of something eaten, drunk, or sampled to assess its effect on the sensory receptors on the surface of the tongue or in the mouth Can I have a taste of that? 2. experience of something: a brief sample or experience of something, especially for the first time a taste of freedom 3. liking for something: a tendency to like or enjoy something She has developed a taste for modern art. 4. ability to judge aesthetically: the faculty of making discerning judgments in aesthetic matters He has good taste. 5. sense of socially acceptable: a sense of what is proper or acceptable socially The remark was in poor taste. 6. PHYSIOLOGY sense that identifies flavors: the sense that perceives the distinctive qualities of something such as a food by means of the sensory organs in the tongue taste buds 7. PHYSIOLOGY sensation stimulated in taste buds: the sensation stimulated in the taste buds when food, drink, or other substances are in contact with them. Sweetness, saltiness, bitterness, and sourness are considered the four basic taste sensations, and all flavors combine these in various ways with the sense of smell. has a salty taste 8. PHYSIOLOGY assessment of taste of something: an act of putting a small amount of something in the mouth in order to try it or test its flavor

transitive verb (past and past participle tasted, present participle tasting, 3rd person present singular tastes)
1. have particular flavor: to have a particular effect on the taste buds This tastes horrible. 2. PHYSIOLOGY discern flavor of something: to discern the flavor of a substance by means of the taste buds 3. test something for flavor: to put a small amount of food or drink into the mouth in order to try it or to test its flavor Taste this for salt. 4. experience something: to experience something, especially for the first time or only briefly He had tasted success.

[13th century. < Old French taster "to touch"] -tastable, adjective

tast er
taster [tystr] (plural tasters) noun
1. judge of food or drink quality: a specialist who tastes food or drink to judge its quality 2. device used for tasting: a device or container used for tasting, e.g. a small cup for tasting wine 3. somebody testing for poison: somebody engaged to test an important person's food or drink by sampling it first in case it contains poison

luster [lstr] noun (plural lusters)

1. soft sheen: a soft sheen of reflected light, especially from metal that has been polished gently 2. shininess: a bright and shiny condition or tone 3. splendor: the glory and magnificence of a great achievement 4. polish: polish or wax used to give something a shiny finish 5. chandelier: a chandelier or candelabrum made of cut glass, designed to reflect the light 6. glass pendant on chandelier: any decorative piece of cut glass hanging from a chandelier 7. glaze on pottery: an opalescent metallic glaze on pottery, especially porcelain 8. MINERALS light reflected by mineral: the quality and amount of light reflected from the surface of a mineral. This is one of the ways in which a mineral is defined, the highest degree of luster being splendent. 9. TEXTILES glossy fabric: fabric with a sheen or glossy surface 10. TIME Same as lustrum (sense 1) (formal)

transitive verb (past and past participle lustered, present participle lustering, 3rd person present singular lusters)
1. impart glossy finish to something: to impart a glossy finish or coating to something 2. glorify something: to give something a glorious or magnificent quality

[Early 16th century. < French lustre < Latin lustrare "brighten, purify by lustral rights" < lustrum "purification"] -lusterless, adjective

ducti le
ductile [dkt'l] adjective
1. malleable enough to be worked: able to be drawn out into wire or hammered into very thin sheets ductile metal 2. readily shaped: able to be molded or shaped without breaking

3. readily influenced: easily persuaded or influenced

[14th century. Directly or via French < Latin ductilis "that may be led" < ducere "to lead"] -ductility [duk tlltee], noun
Word Key: Synonyms

See pliable.

permeabil ity
permeability [prmee blltee] (plural permeabilities) noun
1. permeable nature: the property of being permeable 2. rate substance passes through porous medium: the rate at which something such as a liquid or a magnetic field passes through a membrane or other medium 3. magnetic property: the property of a material to alter a magnetic field in which it is placed, or a measure of this property. Symbol

permea ble
permeable adjective
[prmee b'l] allowing substances through: allowing liquids, gases, or magnetic fields to pass through

-permeably, adverb

impenetra ble
impenetrable adjective
[im pnntrb'l] 1. impossible to get in or through: not able to be passed through or entered The woods formed an impenetrable barrier. 2. incomprehensible: impossible to understand or discern impenetrable legal jargon 3. closed to influence: not open to intellectual or moral influences, impressions, or ideas

-impenetrability [im pnntr blltee], noun -impenetrably [im pnntr blee], adverb

poro us
porous [pwrss] adjective
1. permeable: permitting the movement of fluids or gases through it by way of pores or other passages 2. breachable: easy to cross, infiltrate, or penetrate 3. with pores: having a surface that contains pores or a body that contains cavities

[14th century. Via French < medieval Latin porosus < Latin porus "passage, pore"] -porously, adverb -porousness, noun

porosity [paw rsstee] (plural porosities) noun
1. porous quality: the porous nature of something, or the extent to which something is porous 2. GEOLOGY percentage of pore space: the ratio of the space taken up by the pores in a soil, rock, or other material to its total volume. It is expressed as a percentage. 3. GEOLOGY pore: a pore in soil, rock, or other material (technical)

[14th century. Via French < medieval Latin porositas < porosus (see porous)]

tenab le
tenable adjective
[tnnb'l] 1. with reasonable supporting arguments: justified in a fair or rational way and able to be defended because there is sufficient evidence or reason 2. able to be occupied: capable of being occupied or held, usually by a particular person or for a particular period of time (formal) 3. MILITARY capable of being defended in battle: able to be held successfully against an enemy attack

[Late 16th century. < French tenir "to hold"] -tenability [tnn blltee], noun -tenableness [tnnb'lnss], noun -tenably, adverb