You are on page 1of 22

# Laboratory scouring measurements

1360867 AAE

## Jons model (1930-1935)

1360867 AAE

Fields of Application
FIELDS OF APPLICATION FOR RIVERS AND DAMS
Scouring downstream of a hydraulic structure, which often creates a fall, weirs, road culverts, dam flow release structures (dissipation pool, basin, return current) River banks, bed narrowings, groynes, River cut-off, river bed lowering, Bridge pier and abutment scouring

1360867 AAE

SCOURING MODELLING
SIMILITUDE CRITERIA
No geometric distortion (three-dimensional type flow), Froude geometric scale Similitude of threshold (or critical) velocities

HYDRAULIC SCALES
4

Geometric scale: , Velocity scale: 0.5 Discharge scale:2.5. Sediment scale: Threshold velocity
1360867 AAE

## Threshold velocity estimation

Uniform flow distribution: Isbach Formula Developed boundary: Shields diagram

ISBACH

SHIELDS

1360867 AAE

1360867 AAE

## Scourable material: boundary layer developed

H: depth i: friction slope : submerged weigth D:diameter ,g: gravity acceleration ,:viscosity

D= 6 mm

1360867 AAE

General remarks
LIMITS According to Shields, the minimum threshold velocity is # 0.25 m/s, Dunes form for sediment diameter < 0.6 mm. REPRESENTATION OF IN-SITU ROCK By cubic blocks (size of fracturation of the rock) By cohesive material (to represent erosion trenches with steep angle of repose)

1360867 AAE

## REPRESENTATION OF COHESIF MATERIAL Difficult / generally involves using a mixture

MATERIAL USED
If prototype sediment diameter > 0.006 / , scale material represented at geometric scale; Example: 0.1 m gravel is represented by 2 mm sand on a 1:50 scale model (=1:50).

If prototype material diameter < 0.006 / , threshold velocity of scale material will be at Froude scale Example, if the threshold velocity of the prototype material is 0.5 m/s, the scale model material will have a threshold velocity of 0.07 m/s (0.5 m/s x 1/50) 9 In this case, it is not possible to use sand. A distorted density material has to be used. EXAMPLES OF DISTORTED DENSITY MATERIAL Bakelite, Artificial mother-of-pearl, Sawdust, Coal dust, Plastics and similar materials: PMMA, PA, PS, ABS/PC, PSDCI

1360867 AAE

Threshold velocities

## Specific gravity 1.05 1.05 1.22 1.4 1.65

Water D50 (mm) depth (m) 0.07 0.2 0.25 0.10 0.12 0.10 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2

## V (m/s) 0.07 0.08 0.12 0.14 0.25

10

1360867 AAE

Scour measurements

Simple measurements made with a rake, Contour line measurements, materialised using wool yarn Observation through a viewing window
11

1360867 AAE

3D technics

## Time of flight scanning

Optical triangulation

12

Photogrammetric scanning

1360867 AAE

Examples

13

1360867 AAE

Examples

14

1360867 AAE

Examples

15

1360867 AAE

Examples

16

1360867 AAE

Examples

17

1360867 AAE

Examples

18

1360867 AAE

Examples

19

1360867 AAE

Examples

20

1360867 AAE

Examples

21

1360867 AAE

The end

22

1360867 AAE