You are on page 1of 4

Crisstomo Ibarra Crisstomo Ibarra, or commonly called as Ibarra, is a half-Filipino half-Spaniard who is the only descendant of the wealthy

Spanish Don Rafael Ibarra. He was born and grew up in the Philippines, but during his adolescence, he spent seven years in Europe for education. Those years prevented him from knowing what was happening in his country. When he had returned to the Philippines, he found that his father had died and that the corpse was (supposedly) moved to a Chinese cemetery (but the body ended up in a river). He heard tales of how helpful and kind his father was and decided to honor the memory of his father by doing as his father did. Mara Clara Mara Clara de los Santos, is the most dominant yet weakest representation of women in the setting. When thinking of Noli, the name of Mara Clara is can be seen predominantly as image of ideal Filipina women. Mara Clara is the primary female character in the novel. She is seen as the daughter of Capitn Tiago and Doa Pa Alba. Doa Pa died when delivering Maria Clara. The poor child only grew under the guidance and supervision of Ta Isabl, Capitn Tiago's cousin. Mara Clara is known to be Ibarra's lover since childhood. When Ibarra was away in Europe, Capitn Tiago sent Maria Clara to Beaterio de Santa Clara where she developed femininity under religion. Later in the novel, Mara Clara discovers that her biological father is not Capitn Tiago, but the San Diego's former curate and her known godfather Padre Dmaso instead. Padre Dmaso Dmaso Verdolagas (commonly known as Padre Dmaso/Padre Damaso or Father Damaso), of Franciscan order, was the former curate of the parish church of San Diego. He was the curate for almost twenty years before he replaced by much younger Padre Salvi. Padre Damaso was known to be friendly with the Ibarra family, so much that Crisstomo was surprised by what the former curate had done to Don Rafal. He is revealed to be the biological father of Maria Clara. Padre Dmaso is described to be snobbish, fierce and talkative. He does not control his words when speaking and does not care if the person he is talking to feels down. There are also issues that he and Donya Pia had a relationship and they had a daughter which is Maria Clara. Capitn Tiago

Don Santago de los Santos, commonly known as Capitn Tiago, is the only son of a wealthy trader in Malabon. Due to his mother's cruelty, Capitn Tiago did not attain any formal education. He became a servant of a Dominican priest. When the priest and his father died, Capitn Tiago decided to assist in the family business of trading before he met his wife Doa Pa Alba, who came from another wealthy family. Because of their consistent devotion to Santa Clara in Obando, they were given a daughter who shared same features as Padre Damaso, who is Maria Clara. Capitn Tiago owned many properties in Pampanga, Laguna and especially, in San Diego. He also managed boarding houses along Daang Anloague and Santo Cristo (in San Diego too) and had contracts for opening an opium business. He is with the priests because he gave lump of money during ecclesiastical donations and always invited the parish curate every dinner. He was also with the government because he always supported tax increase whenever the local officials wished. That was the reason he obtained the title of gobernadorcillo, the highest government position that a non-Spaniard could have in the Philippines. Later in the Noli sequel, El Filibusterismo, Capitn Tiago loses all his properties and becomes addicted to opium, which would eventually lead to his death. Pilsofo Tasyo Don Anastacio, or commonly known as Filsofo Tacio (Philosopher Tasyo) is one of the most important character in Noli. In one side, he is referred to as philosopher/sage (hence, Pilosopo Tasyo) because his ideas were accurate with the minds of townspeople. On the other hand, if his ideas were against what the majority thought of, he is considered to be Imbecile Tacio (or Tasyong Sintu-sinto) or Lunatic Tacio (Tasyong Baliw). Filsofo Tacio was born into a wealthy Filipino family. His mother allowed him to take formal education, then abruptly ordered him to stop. She feared that Tasyo would become "too educated" and lose faith and devotion to religion. His mother gave him two choices: either go into priesthood or stop his education. Tasyo chose the latter because he had a girlfriend that time. Soon enough, they married. After a year, Tasyo became a widower while his mother also died. He took most of his time reading and buying books so much that all his properties were lost and he became poor. Elis Elis came from the family which the Ibarra clan downtrodded for generations. He grew up in a wealthy family until when he discovered something that changed his life forever. He is also the one who helped Ibarra in running away from the guards. Doa Victorina Doa Victorina de los Reyes de de Espadaa

Sisa Narcisa is the mother of Basilio and Crispin. Shows how Filipino mothers love their children. Doa Consolacon Doa Consolacon, el musa de los guardias civiles e esposa de Alferez Other characters Noel Alfred Ayie Notes on Filipinization of names Transformations As it was mentioned on the introduction page, Noli Me Tangere was written in Spanish. Specifically, when Noli was translated in Tagalog language, many names were retained in their Spanish spelling. When later Tagalog editions came into print, apart from removal of diacritics, names were also modified into Tagalog orthography. Even though many names in the novel still used Spanish spelling, vast majority is in Tagalog.

Crisstomo Ibarra is spelled now as Crisostomo Ibarra in Tagalog and English texts of Noli. Mara Clara is now spelled as Maria Clara, while others spelled the name as Mariya Klara or Mariya Clara. Padre Dmaso is now spelled as Padre Damaso, other books use the convention Pari Damaso (pari being the Filipino word for father-priest, even though padre is a Filipino word too). In English, it is Father Damaso is also used. Capitn Tiago is now spelled as Kapitang Tiyago or Kapitan Tiyago, although in English it is widely known as Captain Tiyago or Captain Tiago. Filsofo Tasyo is spelled now as Pilosopong Tasyo or Pilosopo Tasyo. In English, it is either Pilosopo Tacio, Sage Tacio, Sage Tasyo, or any word that describes somebody who has incredible intelligence. Tacio can also be an alternate for Tasyo. Elis is now spelled as Elias. Elijah is not acceptable. Doa Consolacon is now spelled as Donya Consolacion. (see below) Alferez is now spelled as Alperes. English texts employ the use of Alferez although some uses the word's semi-equivalent, lieutenant-general. Gobernador General is now spelled as Gobernador Heneral (or with the dash in between the words Gobernador and Heneral). In English, it is Governor-general. Teniente is now spelled as tinyente or tenyente. In English, it is lieutenant. Guardia Civil is now spelled as guardiya sibil, guwardiya sibil or guardia sibil. In English, it is civil guard. Gobernadorcillo is now spelled as gobernadorsilyo. In English it is still spelled the same way as Spanish.

Honorific titles Being in hispanic society, Spanish honorific titles such as the following below is used. hereby accompanied some transformation of those titles when Noli was translated in Filipino and English: Honorific titles Original Spanish In Filipino/Tagalog translation Don Doa Seor Seorita don, ginoo donya, ginang senyor, ginoo senyorita, binibini In English translation Don, sir, master, mister, Mr. Doa, madame, Mrs. Seor, mister, Mr. Seorita, miss, Ms.