ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;

\
b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

pkd;&Sdef
1

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

pkd;&Sdef

q&mMuD;ocifudk,fawmfrIdif; uG,fvGefcJhonfrSm okH;ESpfausmfcJhjyDjzpfonf/ q&m
MuD;uG,fvGefcJhaomfvnf; q&mMuD;\trnfrSm vGwfvyfa&;orkdif;ESifhpmayorkdif;wGif
armfueG ;f wifjy;D om; jzpfayonf/ xkaYd Mumifh q&mMu;D udk *g&0jyKonft
h aejzifh q&mMu;D
\]]b0jzpfpOfaeYprJG sm;}}ukd &SmazGazmfjyygonf/
89-ESpt
f wGi;f q&mMu;D aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;rSm rsm;jym;vSojzifh þrSww
f rf;onf
jynfph aHk om rSww
f rf; r[kwaf o;yg/ awGU&So
d rQ pmtkyf pmwrf;rsm; ? pme,fZif;rsm;rS
aumufEw
k pf pk nf; azmfjycsurf Qom jzpfygonf/ txl;ojzifh ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f tw¬KyÜ
-wåd ? ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f #Dum ? ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f ed'gef;ESiu
hf rÇmvSno
hf cifu,
dk af wmf
rIdif;pmtkyfyg tcsuftvufrsm;ukd tajccHxm;jcif; jzpfygonf/ aeYpGJtwdtusrod&
onft
h csurf sm;udk ca&yGijhf yxm;ygonf/ q&mMu;D \b0ukd avhvmolrsm;ESiq
hf &mMu;D
\pmukd cspjf rwfE;dk onfh pmayokawoDrsm;u rdrw
d o
Ydk &d cdS surf sm;udk qufvufjznfph u
G f
oGm;Mu&efjzpfygonf/

q&mMu;D ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f onf jynfc&kid f a&Tawmife,f ? 0g;v,f&mG Zmwdjzpf
onf/ tzOD;pH'eG ;f ? trda':tke;f jzpfonf/
1876
rwfv 23-&uf(1237-ck ? waygif;vjynfah usmf 14-&uf ? Mumoyaw;aeY)jref
rmem&Dwcsuw
f ;D ausmw
f iG f zGm;jrifonf/ i,frnf armifvrG ;f armif jzpfonf/
1883
7-ESpo
f m;t&G,w
f iG f rdrOd ;D av; OD;yOöi;f ESirhf EÅav;jrKd UokYd pmoifwufa&mufonf/
1885
Ek0d ifbmv 29-&uf(1247-ck ? wefaqmifrek ;f vqkwf 8-&uf)aeYwiG f oDaygbk&if
ygawmfro
l nf/ xdak eYwiG yf if oydww
f vk;H vG,f ? ouFe;f wxnf yck;H wifjy;D jrawmif
ausmif;wku
d rf aS eí ppfuidk ;f bufoYdk awmxGucf o
hJ nf/ rk&H mG ? tvkH ? aMu;rIH ? acsmif;OD;?
2

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

1895(1256)
tz OD;pH'eG ;f uG,v
f eG o
f nf/ omoemabmifrS xGuo
f nf/ a&TawmifjrKd UrSaeí
&efuek o
f Ydk tvky&f mS qif;onf/ ql;avbk&m;vrf;&Sd ZrÁLUMuufoa&pmykEH ydS w
f u
dk w
f iG f pm
pDtvkyu
f &dk onf/ xkrd w
S qifh pmjyift,f'w
D m jzpfvmonf/
ÄZrÁLUMuufoa&wkdufwGif tvkyfvkyfaepOf Munfhjrifwkdifola':&SifESifhtaMumif;
ygonf/
ÄZrÁLUMuufoa&ykHESdyfwkdufukd owif;pmwkduftjzpf ajymif;vJvkdufjyD;onfhaemuf
q&m&if;rsm; r&Sdonfhtcg ]]ZrÁLUMuufoa&}}wkdufrS EkwfxGufjyD; ]]&efukefwkdif;}}owif;
pmwku
d o
f Ydk ajymif;vJvyk u
f idk o
f nf/
&efukefwkdif;owif;pm
Ä&ef
pmrSm ykvdyfa*ZuftwGuf tpkd;&xHrS uefx&kdufysufoGm;
jyefojzifh armfvjrdKifokdYajymif;a&GUjyD; jrefrmwkdif;owif;pm
pmwGif t,f'Dwmvkyfonf/
armiform"dtrnfjzifh aqmif;yg;rsm;a&;onf/
1897
rk&H mG jrKd UwGif owårwef;pmar;yGJ atmifco
hJ nf/
1905
'DZifbmv(1267-ck ? ewfawmfv)wGif armfvjrdKif jrefrmwkdif;owif;pmwkduf
wGift,f'Dwm vkyfaepOf armfvjrdKif &mZ0if0w¬K ukd ykHESdyfxkwfa0onf/
pmpa&;onfrSpí ¤if;pmtkyfa&;onftxd a&TawmifarmifvGrf; [laom u
avmiftrnfudk cH,o
l nf/
]]uAsmhom&rOÆL}}}}ukd xkwfa0onf/
Ä]]uAsmh
jrefrmwkid ;f owif;pmrSxu
G jf y;D Zif;usKd uaf wmifwiG f t*¾&d wfx;dk onf/ twefMum
vQiaf &TawmifoYkd jyefonf/
1910
uAsmom&w¬oN*ØK[f xkwfa0onf/
1911
jrefrm&mZ0ifcsKyfESifha&Tewfawmifbk&m;orkdif; a&;om;xkwfa0onf/
ol&,
d owif;pm
pmay:xGuv
f monft
h cgwGif ol&,
d ü t,f'w
D mvkyo
f nf/ vuf
rIynm#Dumukd q&mvGe;f trnfjzifh a&;onf/ ]]bke;f Mu;D ys'H yD eD}} a&;onf/
1913
]]Ekid if jH cm;omoemjyKav;csKd ;}}ukd a&;onf/
3

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

bkwvifoYdk c&D;vSní
hf pmoifco
hJ nf/
ÄouFe;f 0wfjzifyh if uEéu
D eJü¤if; ? a&Tbüdk ¤if; pmoifonf/ &Sit
f rnf y@dw
jzpfonf/

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

pkd;&Sdef

1913-14
ol&d,owif;pmwGif ]]Akdvf#Dum}}aqmif;yg;rsm;ukd pwifa&;onf/ xkdtcgrSpí
rpöwmarmif;rIdif;[laom uavmiftrnfukd cH,lonf/
1914-15(1277)
ZeD;jzpfol a':&Sif uG,v
f eG t
f edpaö &mufonf/ ZeD;onf uG,v
f eG o
f nft
h csed w
f iG f
om;orD;av;a,muf usefcJhonf/ xkdtcsdefrSpí q&mMuD;uG,fvGefonftxd aemuf
xyftrd af xmif rjyKbJ aecJo
h nf/
1916
]]rSmykaH wmf0w¬K}}yxrwGu
J dk a&;om;xkwaf 0onf/
1917
rPdcufeef;wGif; ZmwfawmfMuD; udkwnf;jzwf xkwfa0onf/
1919
(1281)
1919(1281)
]]a'gif;#Dum}}
m}}a&;onf/ ¤if;pmtkyfukd trsdK;om;ynma&;tzGJU oifcef;pmaumfr
wDu &Spq
f ifw
h iG f ok;H &ef jy|mef;onf/
Zlvidk v
f wGif 0kid t
f rfbaD t toif;csKyu
f Mu;D rSL;í OD;yk ? OD;babESiOhf ;D xGe;f &Sed f
wdu
Yk kd bdvyfoYkd uk,
d pf m;vS,t
f jzpfjzifh vTwí
f [kr&® ;l twGuf ta&;qkcd idk ;f onf/ xkt
d
]]Mo'dóyw¬emav;csdK;MuD;}}}}jzihfzGJUqkd aumif;csD;Mobmay;cJhonf/
cgq&mMuD;u]]Mo'd
]]rSmykHawmf0w¬K}}}}'kwd,wGJ xkwfa0onf/
1920
]]a'gif;taraqG
bdvyfoGm;ukd,fpm;vS,f OD;xGef;&SdefuG,fvGefaomtcg(2-6-20)]]a'gif
wrdrSmjzifh}}}tpcsDonfh av;csdK;udk zGJUqkdonf/
1921
]]rSmykHawmf0w¬K}}wwd
}}
,wGJudk xkwfa0onf/
wuúov
dk af usmif;om;oydwEf iS phf yfvsO;f í ay:aygufvmonft
h rsKd ;om;aumvdyf
wGif jrefrmpmygarmu©tjzpf aqmif&u
G &f eftwGuf ol&,
d owif;pmwku
d t
f ,f'w
D mt
jzpfrS Ekwx
f u
G o
f nf/
aemifwiG f &mZ0ifygarmu©tjzpf aqmif&u
G o
f nf/
þESpw
f iG yf if a*smb
h &k if\om;Mu;D a0vrif;om; tifyidk ,
f mtwGi;f vSnv
fh nf
&m jrefrmjynfoYdk qku
fd af &mufvmonf/ xkt
d cg q&mMu;D xHwiG f jrefrmpmayoif,b
l ;l
aom OD;aratmifu q&mMu;D tm; ulnv
D í
dk ]]a0vrif;om; cs;D usL;*kPjf yK&wkudk a&;
ay;yg ? ÓPfyal Zmfc aiGwaxmif cs;D jri§ yhf grnf}}[k yefMum;onfudk ]]q&mMu;D u jrefrm
Ekid if u
H dk uRejf yKonft
h *Fvyd b
f &k ifr\ajr;udk cs;D usL;aompm ra&;vk}d }[k ajymum jiif;
y,fvu
dk o
f nf/

4

1922
(1284)
1922(1284)
arsmuf#Dummukda&;onf/
rSefeef;&mZ0ifawmfopfukd wnf;jzwfxkwfa0onf/
1923
arsmuf*P²d a&;om;xkwfa0onf/
A[ef;ae&Sife,f aumvdyfysufaomtcg '*kefr*¾Zif;wkdufwGif t,f'Dwmtjzpf
jzifah qmif&u
G o
f nf/
1924
(1286)
1924(1286)
rpöwmarmifridI ;f \aqmif;yg;csKyMf u;D (yXrwG)J xkwaf 0onf/
1925
AE¨Kv*sme,fwiG f acG;#Dummaqmif;yg;rsm; pwifa&;onf/ ZGev
f 13-&ufaeYxw
k f
ol&,
d owif;pmwGi]f ]a&Twav;bGUJ uAsmav;csKd ;Mu;D }} a&;onf/
1927
AE¨Kv*sme,fwiG ]f ]w&ky'f yD eD}} tcef;qufaqmif;yg; a&;onf/
ZGev
f 29-&uf(1289-ck ? 0gqkv
d qef; 1-&ufaeYxw
k f AE¨Kv*sme,fwiG f ]]pHz}J }t
aMumif;aqmif;yg; a&;onf/
Mo*kwv
f 10-&uf ? (1289-ck ? 0gacgifvqef; 13-&uf)aeYxw
k f ? AE¨Kv*sme,f
rSpí ]]ykaH wmif Ekid af rmfueG ;f #Dum}} a&;onf/
1928-29
awmykef;MuD;pHzJ MudK;rdefYusonfhta&;wGif acgif;aqmifí t,lcHudpöaqmif&Guf
ay;onf/
jrif;jcaH xmifwiG f pHzu
J dk oGm;a&mufawGUqko
H nf/
1930
q&mpH olykefxonfhtcsdefwGif ol&d,owif;pmü *VKefysH'DyeD#Dum aqmif;yg;
rsm;a&;onf/
1931
a'gif;*P²d ukda&;om;xkwfa0onf/
1933
*VKefysH'DyeD#Dummpmtkyfukd xkwfa0onf/
atmufwkdbmvxkwf wkd;wufa&;r*¾Zif;wGif ]]&mZ0ifeDwd}}tcef;qufaqmif;
yg;ukd pwifa&;onf/
1934
Ek0d ifbmv 30-&uf ? 1296-ck ? wefaqmifrek ;f vqkwf 10-&uf wuúov
kd t
f rsKd ;
om;aeYusi;f yonfh tcrf;tem;wGif obmywdtjzpf aqmif&u
G o
f nf/ obmywdtjzpf
5

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

pkd;&Sdef

jzifh]]0¹kwkZdeomoeH}}trnfyg rdefYcGef;ukd ajymMum;onf/ wkdYArmtpnf;t&kH;\yxr
tMudrfocifuGefz&ifhMuD;udk a&eHacsmif;wGif usif;yonf/ wkdYArmtpnf;t&kH;okdY vlod
&SiMf um; 0ifonf/ wkAYd rmtpnf;t&k;H \ em,utjzpf wifajrm§ ufonfudk vufco
H nf/
rdrd\uavmiftrnfudkvnf; ]]rpöwmarmifrdIif;}}rS ]]ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;}}}}odkYajymif;vJ
cH,o
l nf/
qifjzLr,f{csi;f udk wnf;jzwfxw
k af 0onf/
1935
Ekd0ifbmv(1297-ck ? wefaqmifrkef;)xkwf pmqkdawmfr*¾Zif;wGif ]]trsdK;ESifhpm
ay}}aqmif;yg;udk a&;onf/
1935-36
'DZifbm-Zefe0g&D(1296-ck ? ewfawmfjymokd)vxkwf pmqkdawmfr*¾Zif;wGif]]jref
rmvlrsKd ;}}[laom a0g[m&ESijhf refrmpm taMumif;aqmif;yg; a&;onf/
1936
ZGev
f (1298-ck ? e,ke-f 0gqk)d wkAYd rmtpnf;t&k;H \'kw,
d tMurd f nDvmcHukd jrif;
jcHjrdKUukd;aqmifausmif;wkdufMuD;twGif;ü r@yfMuD;aqmufvkyfusif;yonf/ xkdnDvmcH
odw
Yk ufa&mufonf/
Mo*kwv
f (22)rS(25)&uftwGi;f om,m0wDc&kid üf w&m;a[monf/ Ek0d ifbmv
a&T;aumufyw
JG iG f ocifrsm;yg0if,OS jf yKd iMf u&mü vli,frsm;ESit
hf wl jrKd U&Gmrsm;wGif w&m;
vku
d af [monf/
91-Xme tkyfcsKyfa&;0ifcgpwGif acG;*P²d yxrwGJESifh'kwd,wGJ a&;om;xkwf
a0onf/
1937
'DZifbmv(1)&uf(1299-ck ? ewfawmfvjynf)h aeYwiG f wkAYd rmtpnf;t&k;H rSxw
k f
a0onf]h ]a<u;aMumfo}H }*sme,fwiG ]f ]okawoe'DyeD}}aqmif;yg;udk a&;onf/
1938
]]acwfumvjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;}}
&;}}aqmif;yg;udk e*g;eDpmapmif wGif a&;onf/
f ajr pmtkyfukd
]]jra'gif;ndK}}trnfcH OD;atmifodef; a&;om;xkwfa0onfh 0okeþ
wnf;jzwfonf/
ocif#Dummukd a&;om;xkwfa0onf/
{jyv
D (22) ykord w
f iG f w&m;a[m&mü]]vGwv
f yfa&;ukd vuf0g;jzefaY wmif;ae&kEH iS hf
r&Ekid f ? olyek x
f &rnf}}[k a[majymcJo
h nf/
1939
Zefe0g&Dv(14)&efuek üf usi;f yaomvlxt
k pnf;ta0;Mu;D wGif t&if;&Sipf epfudk
&Iwcf sco
hJ nf/
6

{jyDv 6-&ufrS 9-&uf ? ocifodef;armifwkdYtzGJUrS OD;pD;usif;yonfh wkdYArmt
pnf;t&kH;\pwkw¬tMudrf nDvmcHukd armfvjrdKifwGif usif;y&m ? xkdnDvmcHudk wuf
a&mufco
hJ nf/ (ocifApdew
f t
Ydk zGUJ u om,m0wDc&kid f ? ok;H q,f ? yef;qGw
J iG f usi;f ycJh
onf/)armfvjrdKifnDvmcHrSwqifh armfvjrdKifc&kdifwGif &Gmodrf&Gmi,fav;rsm;ygrusef
wynfrh sm;ESit
hf wl w&m;a[mxGuo
f nf/
ZGefv(22) ykodrfwGif usif;yaom tpnf;ta0;wckwGif ]]jAdwdoQtpkd;&\'Pf
csuaf Mumifh jrefrmwkq
Yd if;&JErG ;f yg;iwfrw
G af cgif;yg;jzpf&onf}}[k w&m;a[mcJo
h nf/
ZGev
f (27)&uf ? ig;okid ;f acsmif;wkt
dY oGm; ykord b
f w
l mü q&mMu;D tm; qku
d u
f m;
orm;armifoef;pdeq
f o
dk u
l (blwm&k0H if;cwfonfq
h ifyh idk ;f )wkwjf zifh &ku
d o
f nf/
ig;okid ;f acsmif;ta&mufwiG f e,fcsUJ vufyg;aprsm;u q&mMu;D tm; trsKd ;rsKd ;aESmifh
&Su&f efrv
l mojzifh wynfw
h OD;jzpfol ig;odik ;f acsmif; acsmif;apmuf&mG rS ukb
d pdeq
f o
dk u
l
rcHr&yfEidk jf zpfum "g;ckwrf jI zpfco
hJ nf/
ZGefv(28)&uf ? ykodrfc&kdif &mZ0wfw&m;olMuD;u q&mMuD;tm; 2-vw&m;
a[mjcif;rjyK&ef wm;jrpfco
hJ nf/
'DZifbmv(4)&uf ? Munfhjrifwkdifü usif;yaomtpnf;ta0;wckwGif ]]qkd&S,f
vpf0g'onf Ak'w
¨ &m;awmfEiS n
hf n
D w
G o
f nf}}[k a[majymcJo
h nf/
1940
Zefe0g&D(13)&ufESifh(14)&ufwGif usif;yaom jrefrmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif&m awmifol
v,form;tpnf;t&k;H 'kw,
d ESpyf wfvnfnv
D mcHwiG f ]]jAw
d o
d Qe,fcsUJ pepfudk wGe;f vSef
í qk&d ,
S v
f pfpepf}}wnfaqmuf&ef wku
d w
f eG ;f onf/
1941
Zefe0g&Dv(1)&uf? jAw
d o
d Qe,fcsUJ tpk;d &\&efoal wmfeyH gwf 1-tjzpf ausnmjcif;
cH&onf/
rEÅav;ESiyhf cJ ;l v,form;nDvmcHoYdk wufa&mufonf/
1941-42
jAw
d o
d Qe,fcsUJ awmfveS af &;twGuf ajratmufvQKd ;cJ&h onf/
1943
*syefacwfwGif a&TawmifMum;ü wynfhrsm;ESifhtwlaeonf/ *kdPf;aygif;pkHoHCm
awmfrsm; nDnw
G af &;twGuf omoemh tpnf;t&k;H Mu;D zGUJ pnf;jy;D 2- ESpMf umrQ MuKd ;yrf;
aqmif&u
G o
f nf/
1944-45
zufqpf*syefrsm;u vkdufvHzrf;qD;aomaMumifh xdefukef;&GmokdYajymif;a&GUaexkdif
onf/

7

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

pkd;&Sdef

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

1945
'kwd,urÇmppf jyD;aomtcg &efukefjrdKUokdYjyefvmonf/ wkYdArmtpnf;t&kH;Xme
csKyjf yefvnfziG v
hf pS o
f nft
h cg Ouú|tjzpf wifajrm§ ufjcif; cH&onf/
1947
Zlvidk v
f ? Akv
d cf sKyaf tmifqef;ESiw
hf uG acgif;aqmiftcsKd U usq;Hk onfwiG ]f ]tmZm
enfArd mef#u
D m}}a&;í rSww
f rf;wifco
hJ nf/
1948
pufwifbm(19)&uf ? a&Tw*d aHk pwDawmifbuf apmif;wef;ü jyKvyk af om(19)Murd f
ajrmufO;D 0dpm&aeYwiG f Ekid if aH wmfat;csr;f om,ma&;tzGUJ ukd zGUJ jy;D em,utjzpfaqmif
&Guo
f nf/
{jyDv tmZmenfAdrmefpmtkyfukd a&;om;xkwfa0onf/
Ek0d ifbm (28)&uf ? jird ;f csr;f a&;twGuf ESpOf ;D ESpb
f ufaphpyfEidk &f ef 6-OD;aumfrwD
zGUJ í 0efMu;D csKyo
f cifEEk iS ahf wGUqk&H ef awmif;qkcd \
hJ /
1950
Zefe0g&Dv ? vGwfvyfa&;ESpfywfvnfwGif]]tvuFmausmfpGm}}bGJU&onf/ Mo*kwf
vwGif ]]tdyrf uf'|d K#H u
D m}} xkwaf 0onf/
1952
azazmf0g&DvwGi]f ],ufuef;'DyeD}}aqmif;yg;ukd a&;onf/
yDuif;ü usi;f yaom tm&SEiS yhf pdzw
d af 'oEkid if rH sm;\jird ;f csr;f a&;uGezf &ifo
h w
Ydk uf
a&mufonf/
arv (10)&ufrS (14)&uftxd *sLbvDa[mwGif usi;f yaom urÇmjh ird ;f csr;f a&;
uGe*f &uf(ArmEkid if )H u q&mMu;D tm; uGe*f &ufOuú|Mu;D tjzpf wifajrm§ ufMuonf/
Zlvidk v
f (10)&uf jynfwiG ;f ppf &yfpaJ &; jynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&; yefMum;vTm xkwf
jyefco
hJ nf/
1953
w&kyjf ynf ? rGe*f v
dk ;D ,m; ? [efa*&D ? qkAd ,
D uf,el ,
D o
H Ydk c&D;vSnv
hf nfonf/ ,if;
okdYc&D;vSnfhvnf&ef arv(29)&ufaeYupí jrefrmjynfrS xGufcGmonf/ Zlvkdifv(28)
&ufwiG f jrefrmjynfojYdk yefa&mufonf/
1954
'DZifbmv (20)&uf ? armfpukdjrdKUwGif usif;yonfh urÇmhpwmvifqk a&T;cs,f
ay;tyfa&;tzGUJ Mu;D u q&mMu;D tm; 1954-ckEpS t
f wGuf jird ;f csr;f a&;pwmvifqt
k yf ESi;f &ef
qk;H jzwfonf/
1955
rwfv(22)&uf ? Ak'¨[l;aeY eHeuf 7-em&DwGif jrefrmEkdifiHpma&;q&mtoif;u
8

q&mMu;D touf 79-ESpjf ynfjh y;D 80okYd 0ifa&mufonfah eY txdr;f trSwt
f jzpf &efuek f
jrKd Uomoemh&yd o
f mwGif oHCmawmftyg;(80)ukd qGr;f uyfvLS 'gef;jy;D q&mMu;D tm; *kPf
jyKcs;D usL;\/ aeYv,fwem&DwiG f q&mMu;D ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f arG;aeYusi;f ya&;aumfrwD
u Mu;D rSL;í jrKd Uawmfcef;rwGif *kPjf yKyu
JG si;f y&m o0PfvmT urf;jcif; ? vufaqmifay;
jcif; ? *kPjf yKpum;ajymjcif;rsm; jyKvyk o
f nf/ q&mMu;D uvnf; Mo0g'pum; jyefvnf
rdefYMum;onf/
rwfv(22)&uf Ak'[
¨ ;l aeY nae 5-em&Dct
JG csed w
f iG f jrKd Uawmfcef;ra&SUü pwmvif
jird ;f csr;f a&;qkay;yGo
J bif usi;f yonf/ tjynfjynfqidk &f m pwmvifjird ;f csr;f a&;qkay;
a&;aumfrwDOuú|rpöwmEkdukdavwDac:aemh(A)u q&mMuD;ukd jidrf;csrf;a&;qkvufrSwf
ESiahf &Twq
H yd t
f yfEiS ;f onf/ jird ;f csr;f a&;qktwGuf &lbv
J af iGwode;f (jrefrmaiGwode;f ESpf
aomif;ig;axmifcef)Y &&So
d nf/
rwfv(24)&uf ? Ekid if aH wmfor®wMu;D u qkAd ,
D ufu,
dk pf m;vS,f wDuadk emh(A)ESihf
q&mMu;D ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f wku
Yd kd *kPjf yK{nfch yH w
JG &yf usi;f yonf/
Ek0d bFmv (24)&uf ? Armekid if v
H ;Hk qkid &f mvli,faygif;pkaH qG;aEG;yGu
J dk AvpXmecsKyf
üusi;f y&m q&mMu;D u rdecYf eG ;f pum;ajymMum;jy;D aqG;aEG;yGu
J dk zGiv
hf pS o
f nf/
'DZifbmv (15)&uf ? (1317-ck ? ewfawmfvqef; 1-&uf ? pmqkad wmfaeY)&ef
ukefaxmifMuD;twGif;wGif usif;yonfhpmqkdawmfaeYtcrf;tem;okdY wufa&mufum t
uefawmhco
H nf/
'DZifbmv(16)&uf ? Ekid if aH wmfor®wtdr0f if;twGi;f usi;f yaom xrif;pm;yGw
J iG f
ArmEkdifiH urÇmhjidrf;csrf;a&;uGef*&ufOuú|q&mMuD;ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;u qkdAD,uf0ef
MuD;csKyf bl*eifESifhuGefjrLepfygwD yxrtwGif;a&;rSL;u&k&SufwkdYukd jidrf;csrf;a&;vuf
aqmifrsm;ay;onf/
1956
azazmf0g&Dv(27)&ufaeYrS rwfvuket
f xd txufArmjynfwcGio
f Ykd vSnv
hf nf
íurÇmjh ird ;f csr;f a&;w&m;ESijhf ynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&;w&m;rsm; a[mcJo
h nf/
azazmf0g&D(28)&ufaeYrpS í ucsijf ynfe,f rk;d n§i;f jrKd UwGif urÇmjh ird ;f csr;f a&;uGef
*&uf(ArmEkid if )H \ucsijf ynfe,fnv
D mcHukd ok;H &ufwidk w
f idk f usi;f yonf/ xku
d csin
f v
D m
cHoq
Ydk &mMu;D wufa&mufonf/
rwfv(31)&uf ? rEÅav;jrKd U tdraf wmf&mbk&m; 14-cef;p&yfMu;D ü rEÅav;jrKd Uav;
jyifav;&yf q&mawmf(143)yg;ukd jynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&; yefMum;vTmwapmif wifquf
avQmufxm;jy;D Mo0g'cH,o
l nf/
{jyv
D (28)&uf ? a&Tw*d aHk pwDawmf awmifbufapmif;wef;teD;&Sd OD;b&Dp&yfü
&efuek cf &kid f urÇmjh ird ;f csr;f a&;uGe*f &ufrS Mu;D rSL;í usi;f yjyKvyk af om &efuek jf rKd U&Sq
d &m
awmfrsm;\qE´cH,lyGJwGif jynfwGif;jynfy jidrf;csrf;a&;yefMum;vTmukd wifqufavQmuf
9

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

pkd;&Sdef

xm;jy;D Mo0g'cH,o
l nf/
ZGev
f (28)&uf ? Avp(vli,frsm;tpnf;t&k;H )14-ESpaf jrmufaeYwiG f jynfwiG ;f ppf
&yfpaJ &;yefMum;vTmukd q&mMu;D ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f vufrw
S af &;xk;d jy;D wjynfv;Hk ¤if;
yefMum;vTmvufrw
S rf sm; aumufc&H ef pwifonf/
1957
oD[Vdk Ef iS t
hf Ed ,
d´ oku
Yd rÇmjh ird ;f csr;f a&; uGezf &ift
h wGuf oGm;a&mufonf/
rwfv(21)&ufrS (23)&ufaeYtxd urÇmhjidrf;csrf;a&;uGef*&uf(jrefrmEkdifiH)\Ekdif
iHvkH;qkdif&m aumfrwDwkd;csJUnDvmcHukd usif;yonf/ xkdnDvmcHwGif rdefYcGef;ajymMum;
onf/
rwfv(28)&uf ? jynfwGif;ppf(10)ESpf&SdcJhonfhtwGuf vlxkqE´jyyGJjyKvkyfonf/
q&mMu;D u ]]jynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&;ukd igraocif jrifomG ;csiyf gonf}}[k rdeMYf um;onf/
1958
ZGev
f (1)&uf ? &efuek f uefawmfrifyef;jcüH usi;f yonfjh ynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&;qE´
jyvlxt
k pnf;ta0;wGif obmywdtjzpf rdecYf eG ;f ajymMum;onf/
1960
Mo*kwfv(10)&uf ? ta&SU*smreDjynf [rf;bkdYwuúokdvfu *kPfxl;aqmifynm
yg&*l(a'gufwmbGUJ )tyfEiS ;f onf/
1961
Mo*kwv
f (20)&uf ? &efuek jf rKd U Munfjh rifwidk f pvif;ausmif;wku
d t
f wGi;f usi;f y
jyKvyk o
f nfh &efuek cf &kid jf ynfwiG ;f jird ;f csr;f a&;tzGUJ wku
d ef ,fau'gaygif;pkH tpnf;ta0;
Mu;D wGif rdecYf eG ;f ajymMum;onf/
1963
Mo*kwfv(6)&uf ? nae 4-em&DwGif jrdKUawmfcef;rü usif;yonfh[D;&kd&SD;rm;aeY
tcrf;tem;okYd jird ;f csr;f a&;uGe*f &uf Ouú|taejzifh o0PfvmT ay;yko
Yd nf/
1964
Zlvidk v
f (23)&uf ? Mumoyaw;aeY eHeuf 1-em&Dcw
JG iG f vlMu;D a&m*gjzifu
h ,
G v
f eG f
onf/
q&mMu;D \psmyetwGuf awmfveS af &;tpk;d &u yxraiGwaomif; ? aemufxyf
aiGig;axmif axmufyo
hH nf/
owif;pmwku
d rf sm;uaeí]]bMu;D rIid ;f psmye&efyaHk iG}}zGio
hf nf/
Zlvidk (f 26)&uf ? aeYv,fwem&DwiG f jrefrmjynfoYkd acwåjyefvmol ukvor*¾t
wGi;f 0efcsKyOf ;D oefu
Y q&mMu;D \&kyu
f vmyfukd *g&0jyKonf/
Zlvidk v
f (28)&uf ? q&mMu;D csuu
f pdk vkad A;uD;,m;jynfoYdk a&mufpOfu &ku
d u
f ;l
cJo
h nf&h yk &f iS w
f um;ukd csut
f pk;d &xHrS ay;yd&Yk &So
d jzifh &efuek &f dS csuo
f t
H rwfMu;D a'guf
10

wmukyd wfuu
D ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f rdom;pkoYdk ay;tyfonf/
Zlvkdifv(29)&uf ? nae 5-em&DwGif q&mMuD;\&kyfuvmyfukd prf;acsmif;vrf;
aetdrfr@yfrSaeí prf;acsmif;abmvkH;uGif;&Sd awmfvSefa&;tpkd;&u aqmufvkyfxm;
aomr@yfoYkd a&GUajymif;onf/
Mo*kwv
f (8)&uf ? aeYv,fEpS ef m&Dtcsed w
f iG f q&mMu;D \&kyu
f vmyfukd prf;acsmif;
r@yfrS a&Tw*d b
Hk &k m;vrf;&Sd uefawmfrifyef;jco
H Ydk ykaYd qmif*o
l iG ;f onf/

pkd;&Sdef

rSwcf su/f
/1967-ck ? 'DZifbmv ? ESm(29-34/) aiGwm&Dr*¾Zif;üvm&Sad om ocif
uk,
d af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOfaeYprJG sm;ukd jyefvnfí jyifqifjcif;r&Sb
d J &ku
d Ef ydS o
f nf/

11

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

ocifu,
kd af wmfridI ;f \b0jzpfpOf aeYprJG sm;

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