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What is Islam

The word Islam means submission to the will of God.i.e.,Allah


The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning peace and submission. Islam teaches that one can only find peace in ones life by submitting to Allah in heart, soul and deed. Followers of Islam are called Muslims.

Who is ALLAH
The Arabic word for God is Allah. Allah means God. It is a personal name, which Allah calls Himself in the Quran. Allah created and rules everything what wee see between the Earth and the Sky.Whole the Universe is ruled By Allah. Allah is not like the sun. Anyone can see the Sun. Actually looking at Allah is the greatest pleasure of the people in the Paradise (Jannat). This pleasure Allah does not give anyone but the believers. So no one will see Allah before he dies.

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We will se Allah when we go to Heaven.


Allah has always existed and will always exist. Allah knows everything that can be known. Allah can do anything that can be done. Allah cant be seen.(only seen when a person goes to heaven after death) Allah rewards and punishes fairly. But Allah is also merciful. Muslims worship only Allah... because only Allah is worthy of worship.

The one and only God


All Muslims believe that Allah is one alone: There is only one God i.e.,Allah Allah has no children, no parents, and no partners. Allah was not created by a being. There are no equal, superior, or lesser Gods.

What is EEMAAN (Faith)


Imaan consists of 6 articles of faith.
Muslims have six main beliefs. 1.Belief in Allah as the one and only God. 2.Belief in Angels(farishtey) 3.Belief in the Holy books Such as Quran,Injeel,Zabur and Tawrat. 4.Belief in the Prophets...Allah has sent a 1,24,000 of prophets to mankind to teach them how to live according to His law. e.g. Adam(Adam), Ibrahim(Abraham),Yusuf(Joseph),Musa(Moses), Dawud(David),Isa (Jesus) Muhammad (s.a.w.) etc. Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the final prophet. 5.Belief in the Day of Judgement (Qiyamat)
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The day when the life of every human being will be decided whether they go to heaven or hell. 6.Belief in Predestination.(Fate) That Allah has the knowlege of all that will happen.

Five Pillars of Islam


The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars consist of: 1.Shahadah (Faith) 2.Namaaz (Prayer) 3.Zakat (Poor Due) 4.Fasting in the month of Ramzan or Ramadan 5.Hajj (Pilgrimage)

1.SHAHADAH (Witness)
Transliteration of the shahadah from the Arabic below Ashhadu Alla Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammadur Rasulullah. Meaning :I bear Witness that there is no God but Allah, and Muhammad(s.a.w.) is his messenger. This is the basic statement of the Islamic faith: anyone who cannot recite this whole heartedly is not a Muslim. When a Muslim recites this they proclaim:

That Allah is the only God, and that Muhammad(s.a.w.) is his prophet. That they personally accept this as true. That they will obey all the commitments of Islam in their life.
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2. Namaaz or Salat (Prayer)


Salat (calh) is the Islamic prayer. Salat consists of five daily prayers Namaaz or Salat is the compulsory prayers, performed five times each day by Muslims. Muslims must wash themselves before prayer, this washing is called Vazu or Wudu means purification. Allah ordered Muslims to pray at five times Everyday: 1. FAJR: dawn, before sunrise 2. ZUHR: midday, after the sun passes its highest. { 1:30 PM } 3. ASAR: the late part of the afternoon 4. MAGRIB: just after sunset 5. ISHA: late evening, night { 8:30 PM } The azan or Adhan is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the Muezzin. Azan is called out by the muezzin in the mosque five times a day.

Translations
Allhu Akbar God is Great Ash-hadu al-la ilaha illa llah I bear witness that there is no God except Allah Ash-hadu anna Muammadur-Rasulullah I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God Hayya ala s-salah Hayya ala l-falah Allhu akbar La ilaha illa-Allah Come to prayer (salat). Come to success. God is great There is no God except Allah.
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3. Zakat (Poor Due)


Zakt is the giving of a fixed portion of ones wealth to charity, generally to the poor and needy. It is compulsory for all who are able to do so. Zakat consists of spending 2.5% of ones wealth for the benefit of the poor or needy. It is regarded as a type of worship and of self-purification.

4. Fasting
Muslims are required to fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims are prohibited from Eating, drinking, smoking, and engaging in sexual intercourse from dawn to sunset. Fasting is also viewed as a means of controlling ones desires (of hunger, thirst, sexuality, anger) and focusing more on devoting oneself to God. Sehri is an Islamic term referring to the meal consumed early in the morning by Muslims before fasting The meal is eaten before fajr namaaz, or dawn (before Sunrise). Iftar refers to the evening meal when Muslims break their fast.

5.HAJJ (Pilgrimage)
The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Zill Hijjah to the holy city of Makkah. It is the journey that every adult Muslim must undertake at least once in their lives if they can afford it and are physically able. otherwise no problem.
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Number of foreign pilgrims(except Saudi Citizens) by year : According to the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, the following number of foreign pilgrims arrived in Saudi Arabia each year, to perform the Hajj:

1920 - 58,584 Pilgrims 1921 - 57,255 1922 - 56,319 1996 - 1,080,465 1997 - 1,168,591 1998 - 1,132,344 2001 - 1,363,992 2005 - 1,534,759 2006 - 1,654,407 2007 - 1,707,814 2008 - 1,729,841 2009 - 1,613,000 2010 - 1,799,601 2011 18,28,195

Cost of Hajj in 2012 for Indian Citizens is 1,45,000 Rupees (excluding Food)
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What is Quran
Quran the religious text of Islam. the Quran to be verbally revealed through angel Jibril from Allah to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately 23 years beginning in when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632 AD, the year of his death. Muslims believe the Quran to be the book of divine guidance and direction for humanity and consider the text in its original Arabic to be the literal word of Allah and view the Quran as Allahs final revelation to humanity. The Quran is different from all other books in ways that are impossible for any other book to be, such that similar texts cannot be written by humans. Quran is the Only Book in the World that have not changed a single word since it was completed in 632 AD over a period of 23 years. The Quran has been translated into most African, Asian and European languages. In 2010, the Hurriyet Daily News and Economic Review reported that the Quran was presented in 112 languages at the 18th International Quran Exhibition in Tehran.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE HOLY QURAN


The Holy Quran has 30 parts The Holy Quran has 114 surahs(chapters) The Quran have been Translated into 112 Languages. Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Raheem is repeated 114 times in the Quran.
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Al-Baqarah is the longest surah(chapter) in the Quran Al-Kawsar is the shortest surah(chapter) in the Quran Milk is the best drink mentioned in the Quran Honey is the best food thing mentioned in the Quran The best month is Ramadan The best night is the Night of Power in Ramadan (Laylat al Qadr) The most disliked thing by Allah, although being halal, is Divorce Quran was revealed over 23 years: 13 years in Makkah City(Mecca) and 10 years in Madina Surat Al Nissa speaks about laws of marriage,rights of women.

Prophets/messengers in the Quran


There are 25 prophets mentioned by name in the Quran.Although Allah sent 1,24,000 Prophets/Messengers.But only 25 names of Prophets mention in the Quran They are : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Adam alayhis salaam Idris alayhis salaam (Enoch) Nuh alayhis salaam (Noah) Hud alayhis salaam Saleh alayhis salaam Ibrahim alayhis salaam (Abraham) Ismail alayhis salaam (Ishmael) Ishaq alayhis salaam (Isaac) Lut alayhis salaam (Lot) Yaqub alayhis salaam (Jacob) Yousef alayhis salaam (Joseph)
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12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Shuaib alayhis salaam Ayyub alayhis salaam (Job) Musa alayhis salaam (Moses) Harun alayhis salaam (Aaron) Dhul-kifl alayhis salaam (Ezekiel) Dawud alayhis salaam (David) Sulaiman alayhis salaam (Solomon) Ilias alayhis salaam (Elias) Al-Yasa alayhis salaam (Elisha) Yunus alayhis salaam (Jonah) Zakariyya alayhis salaam (Zechariah) Yahya alayhis salaam (John) Isa alayhis salaam (Jesus)

Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wasallam (peace be upon him) { Last Prophet }

Prophet Status in Islam


The Quran speaks of the prophets as being the greatest human beings of all time.A prophet, in the Muslim sense of the term, is a person whom God specially chose to teach the faith of Islam.Before man was created, God had specifically selected those men whom He would use as prophets. This does not, however, mean that every prophet began to prophesy from his birth. Some were called to prophesy late in life, in Muhammads(s.a.w.) case at the age of 40.

Difference between prophets and messengers :


Prophet (Nabi) ; Messenger (Rasul) ;
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All messengers are commonly considered to be prophets. However not all prophets are considered as messengers.

How do Muslims honor the prophets?


Muslims read about, learn from, and respect all of the prophets. Many Muslims name their children after them. In addition, when mentioning the name of any of Allahs prophets, a Muslim adds these words of blessing and respect: peace be upon him (alayhi salaam in Arabic).

Suras (Chapter) in the Quran


The Quran, Islamic Holy Book is divided into 114 Chapters. Chapter is called Surah. There are various Topics mentioned in the Quran.Such as 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. The Women (Surah No.4) Maryam or Mary (19) The Prophets (21) The Pilgrimage, The Hajj (22) The Romans (30) Muhammad(s.a.w.) (47) The Mount (52) The Star (53) The Moon (54) The Congregation, Friday (62) The Hypocrites (63) Divorce (65) The Prohibition (66)
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14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

The Pen (68) The Sure Reality (69) The Day of Resurrection(last day judgement), Rising Of The Dead (75) The Human (76) The Sun (91) The Earthquake (99) The Elephant (105) Purity of Faith(112) Mankind (114) etcAnd many more subjects for the benefit of all mankind for their daily life and hereafterlife are mentioned in the Quran.

Muhammad (Sallal lahu alaihi Vasallam)

Muhammad (s.a.w.)was a leader from Makkah who unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam. He is a messenger and prophet of Allah, and by most Muslims as the last prophet sent by Allah for mankind. Born in about 570 AD in the Arabian city of Makkah.he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25.
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At age 40 He became a Prophet. Born Muhammad ibn Abd Allah 570 Makkah, Arabia (now Saudi Arabia) Died 8 June 632 (aged 62) {According to Islamic Calender he lived for 63 Years} Yathrib, Arabia (present-day Madina,Saudi Arabia) The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart, reprinted in 1992 with revisions. It is a ranking of the 100 people who, according to Hart, most influenced human history. MUHAMMAD (s.a.w.) is the No.1 Most Influential Persons in History although Michael Hart is a Christian he Gave Jesus(Isa alaihis salam) 3rd Place in Most Influential Persons in History.But he mentioned Muhammad(s.a.w.) top place. Spouse Wives of Muhammad (s.a.w.) Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (595619) Sawda bint Zama (619632) Aisha bint Abi Bakr (619632) Hafsa bint Umar (624632) Zaynab bint Khuzayma (625627) Hind bint Abi Umayya (629632) Zaynab bint Jahsh (627632) Juwayriya bint al-Harith (628632) Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan (628632) Rayhana bint Zayd (629631) Safiyya bint Huyayy (629632) Maymuna bint al-Harith (630632) Maria al-Qibtiyya (630632)
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Childrens Sons Daughters Parents Father Mother FAMILY LIFE In addition to being a prophet, a statesman, and a community leader, the Prophet Muhammad was a family man. The Prophet Muhammad was known to be very kind and gentle with his family, setting an example for all to follow. SUNNAH/HADITH The Prophet Muhammad is considered an example for Muslims to follow. His life example is known as the sunnah, and is a valid source of Islamic law. The things that the Prophet Muhammad said and did have been gathered together in texts called hadith. Every one Should follow the footsteps of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) : Al-Qasim, Abd-Allah, Ibrahim : Zainab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthoom, Fatimah Zahra : Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Muttalib : Aminah bint Wahb

S.A.W.S. or PBUH
Definition: When writing the name of the Prophet Muhammad, Muslims often follow it with the abbreviation SAWS. These letters stand for the Arabic words

Sallallahu alayhi wa salaam (may Allahs blessings and peace be with him).
Muslims use these words to show respect to one of Allahs Prophets when mentioning his name. It is also abbreviated as PBUH, which stand for the English words of similar meaning (peace be upon him).
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Also Known As: PBUH(Peace Be upon Him) Examples: Muslims believe that Muhammad (SAWS) was the last Prophet and Messenger of Allah.

What is Hadith or Hadees


Hadees means Sayings and practices of Prophet Muhammad
(s.a.w.) The sayings and life of Muhammad(s.a.w.) as recorded by trusted companions; second to the Quran in authority for Muslims. Every one Should follow the teachings of Prophet Muhammad(s.a.w.) and follow the HADEES including QURAN its a only way to Heaven. The six major hadith collections(Al-Kutub Al-Sittah) are collections of hadith or Hadees by Islamic scholars who, approximately 200 years after Muhammads death and by their own initiative, collected hadith attributed to Muhammad. They are sometimes referred to as Al-Sihah al-Sittah, which translates to The Authentic Six. Sunni Muslims view the six major hadith collections as their most important. They are, in order of authenticity. 1.Sahih Bukhari, collected by Imam Bukhari includes 7275 ahadith 2.Sahih Muslim, collected by Muslim b. al-Hajjaj includes 9200 ahadith 3.Sunan an-Nasai, collected by al-Nasai 4.Sunan Abu Dawood, collected by Abu Dawood 5.Jami al-Tirmidhi, collected by al-Tirmidhi 6.Sunan ibn Majah, collected by Ibn Majah We must read the Hadees Book and it is available in all Major Languages of the world.So,every one should make a habit of reading hadees then we understand how to live our every part of Life according to Allah.
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Divisions within ISLAM


Prophet Muhammad predicted that his followers would become divided into seventy-three(73) sects or groups, every one of whom would go to hell, except one sect, the religion professed by himself and his companions. It means who ever follows The Quran and Hadees will go to heaven. Unfortunately Muslims have been divided themselves in many sects and groups. Allah never says to divide yourself within ISLAM Allah says call yourself as MUSLIMS. Dont say that you are Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafi, Maliki, Tableeghi Jamaat, Shia,Barelvi etc. Just call yourself as MUSLIM believe in one God i.e.,ALLAH and Muhammad the Last Messenger.

Haraam & Major Sins (Gunaah) in Islam


Haraam is an Arabic term meaning sinful. In Islam it is used to refer to any act that displeases or angers Allah (God). Acts that are haraam are typically prohibited in religious texts and is the highest status of prohibition given to anything that would result in sin when a Muslim commits it The religious term haram, based on the Quran, is applied to:

Actions, such as pre-marital sex, murder or getting a tattoo. Interest in Banks Food and drinks, such as pork and alcohol

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Some Major Sins (Gunaah) in Islam


Allah says:Surely, Allah does not forgive associating anything with Him, and He forgives whatever is other than that to whomever He wills (Al-Nisa 4:48 and 116) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Associating anything with Allah Murder Practising magic Not Praying Not paying Zakat Not fasting on a Day of Ramadan without excuse Not performing Hajj, while being able to do so Disrespect to Parents Fornication(Sex) and Adultery Homosexuality Interest (vaddi) Wrongfully consuming the property of an orphan Lying about Allah and His Messenger Bearing false witness Drinking Alcohol (wine) Gambling Stealing Robbery Consuming wealth acquired unlawfully Committing suicide Frequent lying Judging unjustly Giving and Accepting bribes
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24. 25. 26. 27. 28 29. 30. 31.

Believing in fortune-tellers and astrologers A womans bad conduct towards her husband and Husbands bad conduct towards to his Wife. Making statues and pictures Treating others unjustly .Overbearing work toward the wife, the servant, the weak, and animals Mens wearing Silk,gold and Diamond. Not praying in congregation(Usually in Masjid) but praying alone without an excuse Persistently missing Friday Prayers without any excuse

Zina: Adultery&Fornication(Sex)
Islam considers zina a major sin. Zina is generally defined by Islamic Law as unlawful sexual intercourse, i.e. intercourse between a man and a woman who are not married to one another. This encompasses premarital sex and extramarital sex. Premarital sex means Sex before Marriage. Extramarital sex means when a married person engages in sexual activity with someone other than his or her Spouse (Husband or Wife). Adultery means sexual intercourse of a married man with a woman other than his wife, or of a married woman with a man other than her husband. Fornication means sexual intercourse between two unmarried persons.

It is strictly prohibited in Islam.


1. Anal Sex is Prohibited. (Source: Tirmidhi Hadith 3192) 2. Masturbation is Prohibited. 3. Watching Pornography and naked women Pictures and Videos etc. is strictly prohibited in Islam. 4. Prostitution is also Prohibited in Islam. 5. Married Couples not to have Sex during Daytime of Ramadan otherwise fast will break up.
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Hijaab

The most visible form of hijab is the head covering that many Muslim women wear. Hijab however goes beyond the head scarf. Muslim women are required to observe the hijab in front of any man they could theoretically marry. This means that hijab is not compulsory in front of the father, brothers, grandfathers, uncles or young children. The reason Why Hijaab is prescribed for women is mentioned in the Quran Sura Nos 24:30, 24:31, 33:59

If Womens dont wear Hijaab:


Example of twin sisters Suppose two sisters who are twins, and who are equally beautiful, walk down the street. One of them is wearing in the Islamic hijaab
i.e. the complete body is covered, except for the face and the hands up to the wrists. The other sister is wearing western Clothes,
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a mini skirt or shorts. Just around the corner there is a eve teaser who is waiting for a catch, to tease a girl. Whom will he tease? The girl wearing the Islamic Hijaab or the girl wearing the skirt or the mini skirt? Naturally he will tease the girl wearing the skirt or the mini skirt. Such dresses are an indirect invitation to the men for teasing and molestation.

The Quran rightly says that hijaab prevents women from being molested.
Hijaab does not degrade a woman but uplifts a woman and protects her modesty and chastity.

America has one of the highest rates of rape United States of America is supposed to be one of the most advanced countries of the world. It also has one of the highest rates of rape in any country in the world. According to a FBI report, in the year 1990, every day on an average 1756 cases of rape were committed in U.S.A alone. Later another report said that on an average everyday 1900 cases of rapes are committed in USA.
Rape Statistics of top 10 countries as of 2011 (Source : Nationmaster)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

America South Africa Canada Australia India Mexico United Kingdom Germany France Russia

95,136 52,425 24,350 15,630 15,468 14,373 13,395 8,615 8,458 6,978

Because of Western Clothes(i.e.,Tight Jeans,Mini Skirts etc.) High Rape happens,if a women wears a Hijab then she is 100% Safe.
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Life After Death


This life is a test for hereafter life and if we will do good works in this world we will enter Heaven(jannat) and if we will do bad works will enter Hell(Jahannam). When a Muslim dies his Funeral is offered after giving him bath and then he or she is buried. Funeral is actually a pray for the person who has died. On the day of Judgement(Qiyamah) all the Humans will be presented in front of Allah and they will be shown what they have done in their life. Life after death : A person after death is given a new Life by ALLAH and He or She is will enter heaven or Hell according to their deeds which they have done in this World. In this World a person lives for Just 60 or 70 or 100 years or even below of this span and one day every person will die.this life is not for ever.This life is for Temporary. The Permanent Life is After death in Heaven(Jannat) or Hell(Jahannam). That Life will never end it means from hereafter death will not come.we will be alive for billions of years and for ever.

Qiyamat
QIYAMAH The Day of Resurrection also known as the the Day of Judgment. The exact time when these events are to occur is not specified; however, there are said to be major and minor signs which are to occur near the time of Qiyamah.
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Nothing will remain on the day of Qiyamat except ALLAH On this Day, all living things will be raised to life again and called in front of Allah for the final judgment. People will be divided; some will enter Jannah (Paradise) and some will enter Jahannam (HellFire). The timing of the day of judgment is not known to people - only Allah knows when it will occur. (Quran 33:63) The Quran declares that the belief in God and the belief in the last prophet Muhammad (including the belief in all the prophets of Islam) and the last Day of Judgment and the doing of good works on earth Believing in and observing in the five pillars of Islam: Shahadah(faith), salat(Namaz), fasting, Zakat and Hajj are necessary to secure heaven. Major and Minor signs which are to occur near the time of Qiyamat

Major Signs of Qayamat


Wine (alcohol) will be drunk in great quantities. Illegal sex will become widespread. Earthquakes will increase. Time will pass more quickly. A man will pass by the grave of another and wish he was in the latters place. People will gather for prayer, but will be unable to find an imam to lead them. The number of men will decrease, whilst the number of women will increase. Wealth will come so abundant that it will become difficult to find someone to accept charity. Arabia will become a land of gardens and rivers. A great fire in the Hijaz(a region in Saudi Arabia), seen by the inhabitants of Busra(Iraq).
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The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also said: 1. Alcohol will be called Sherbat, and will be considered Halal. 2. Interest will be called Trade(Business), and will be considered Halal. 3. Bribes will be called Gifts, and will be considered Halal. 4. Women will be naked in spite of wearing dresses. The 3 kind of naked women are (i) Those who wear see-through dresses (ii) Those who wear tight dresses and (iii) those whose dresses are so short,that they expose the body.

The sun will rise from the west

Jannat (Paradise)
Jannat (Arabic:Jannah), is the Islamic word for paradise. According to Islam after death, one will reside in the grave until the Qiyamah(Last Day Judgement). The treatment of the every persons in the grave will be according to his or her deeds which have done in his or her Life. Descriptions of Jannat : The descriptions of Jannat are mentioned in the Quran, & Hadiths. Jannat is described as surrounded by eight principal gates. The highest level is known as firdaws. It will be entered first by Muhammad (s.a.w.) Life in Jannat will be without hurt, without sorrow, without fear where every wish is fulfilled. All men and Women will be of the same age of 33 years. Jannat Life will be forever.we will never Die.Life is forever for Billions of years
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Jahannam (Hell)
Jahannam Arabic is the Islamic term to Hell. Jahannam (Hell) is described as having seven gates, each for a specific group of sinners(Gunaahgar). Jahannam is described to have nineteen angels(farishtey), who will punish wrongdoers. The leader of these angels, as stated in the Quran, is Maalik. According to prophet Muhammad (saws) Maalik is an angel, very severe & harsh, and he will listen the request of Sinners of hell after 1000 years and that will also be in negative. Punishment in Jahannam : Muslims believe that unfaithful Muslims not true to their religion will be punished in Jahannam. The Quran and Hadith offer detailed descriptions of the methods of torture in Jahannam. The Quran states the punishments will be: the burning of skin, only to be replaced for reburning; garments of fire to be worn, and boiling water will burn the skin and internal organs; faces on fire; lips burnt off; roasting from side to side. The Quran teaches that wrongdoers and disbelievers will be punished by Allah in the Fire of Jahannam. A person cannot bare the punishment of Jahannam even for one second its a very very dangerous place. Therefore every person should follow the Islamic law i.e.,according to The Quran and hadees.

Masjid
A masjid is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The mosque serves as a place where Muslims can come together for salah (prayer) as well as a center for information, education, and dispute settlement. The imam leads the prayer.
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Ritual washing : Muslims must be clean before they pray. They make sure of this by performing ritual washing, called Vazu or Wudhu. Mosques have washing facilities. Praying in the mosque Muslims can pray anywhere, but it is especially good to pray with others in a mosque. Praying together in a congregation helps Muslims to realise that all humanity is one, and all are equal in the sight of Allah. Muhammad(s.a.w) preferred women to pray at home rather than at a mosque, and they cite a Hadees in which Muhammad supposedly said: The best masjid for women are the inner parts of their houses, although women were active participants in the mosque started by Muhammad. Muhammad told Muslims not to forbid women from entering mosques.They are allowed to go in. Masjid Al Haram,makkah,Saudi Arabia

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Masjid Al Haram The Sacred Masjid or the Grand Masjid Islams holiest place. It is located in the city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia and is the largest Masjid in the world. The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square metres (88.2 acres) including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to four million(40 Lakhs) worshipers during the Hajj period.

Al-Masjid al-Nabaw Mosque of the Prophet), often called the Prophets Mosque, is a mosque built by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad situated in the city of Madina. It is the second holiest site in Islam (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah). Established in 622 AD. Capacity 600,000 (increased to 10,00,000 during the hajj period)
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Jama Masjid, Delhi

Jama Masjid is the largest and best-known masjid in India. Capacity 25,000 people Established in 1656 AD. Tajul Masjid,Bhopal,Madhya Pradesh

Taj-ul-Masajid is a masjid situated in Bhopal, India. The masjid is also used as a madrasah (Islamic school) during the day time. Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad
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Makkah Masjid was built during the reign of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the 6th Qutb Shahi Sultan of Golconda (now Hyderabad). Completed in 1694 First MASJID of India

Cheraman Juma Masjid is a Masjid in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk,Kerala.


Built in 629 AD by Malik lbn Dinar.

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Holiest sites in Islam


According to Sahih al-Bukhari, Muhammad (Saws) said Do not prepare yourself for a journey except to three Masjids(Mosques) i.e., 1.Al-Masjid-Al-Haram ( Makkah,Saudi Arabia ) 2.Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, ( Madina,Saudi Arabia ) 3. Masjid al-Aqsa ( Jerusalem,Israel )

Masjid al-Haram

Inner View of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi

Al Aqsa Masjid,Jerusalem,Israel
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Festivals in Islam
There are two main Festivals in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Azha.

Eid ul-Fitr
Eid-ul-Fitr, abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting or Roza. Eid is an Arabic word meaning festivity, while Fitr means breaking the fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days. The first day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month Shawwal. Eid al-Fitr is celebrated for one, two or three days. Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting Eid Mubrak (Blessed Eid) or Eid Saeed (Happy Eid). Muslims wake up early in the morningalways before sunrise offer Salatul Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer), and in keeping with the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad clean their teeth with a toothbrush (Arabic: Miswaak), take a shower (Arabic: Ghusul) before prayers, put on new clothes and apply perfume.
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Muslims recite the following in a low voice while going to the Eid prayer: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Laa ilaaha ilal-lahu wal-Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa-lilla hil hamd No Call to Prayer(Azaan) is given for this Eid prayer. It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid. As an obligatory act of charity, money is paid to the poor and the needy (Arabic: Sadaqat-ul-fitr) before performing the Eid prayer. Celebrations include Family meals (especially lunches and late breakfasts), eating sweet foods, wearing new clothes, giving gifts to children.

Eid al-Azha
Eid al-Azha (feast of sacrifice) or Festival of Sacrificeis an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. Eid al-Azha is celebrated annually on the 10th, 11th and 12th day of the twelfth and the last Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah. traditionally celebrated by the sacrifice of Sheep,Goat,Camel etc.. Muslims usually sacrifice an animal and distribute its meat amongst family, friends and the poor. Eid al-Azha celebrations start after the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide. The date is approximately 70 days (2 Months & 10 days) after the end of the month of Ramadan, i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. Celebrations includeFamily meals (especially lunches and late breakfasts), eating sweet foods, wearing new clothes, giving gifts or money to children.
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Islamic Calendar
The Islamic calendar, Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days. In the Islamic year, there are twelve months of either twenty-nine or thirty days each. Islamic months begin at sunset of the First Day.The current Islamic year is 1433 Al Hijri It is used to date events in many Muslim countries concurrently with the Gregorian calendar, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper days on which to observe the annual fast Ramadan, to attend Hajj, and to celebrate other Islamic holidays and festivals. The first year was the Islamic year beginning in Friday 16 July 622 AD during which the emigration of Muhammad from Makkah to Madina known as theHijri. 1. Muharram (1st Day of Muharram is Islamic New Year) 2. Safar 3. Rabia Awal 4. Rabia Thani 5. Jumaada Awal 6. Jumaada Thani 7. Rajab 8. Shaban 9. RAMADAN (this is the month of daytime fasting) 10. Shawwal 11. Zill-Qadah 12.Zill-Hijjah (The month of Hajj - this is the month of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca
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Important Islamic Websites


1.www.searchtruth.com 2.www.islamhelpline.com (Question and Answers) 3.www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/islam 4.www.islam.about.com
5.www.youtube.com/user/Drzakirchannel/videos
( Zakir Naik ) ( Zakir Naik

6.www.youtube.com/user/zakirnaikstudent/videos

7.www.youtube.com/islamgr8religion (Videos) 8.www.tauseef-ur-rehman.page.tl/ (Videos) 9.www.quranexplorer.com 10.www.islamicfinder.org 11.www.questionsonislam.com 12.www.islamicvoice.com 13.www.islamgreatreligion.wordpress.com 14www.islamqa.info/hi (Hindi) (Question and Answers) 15.www.islamqa.info/en (English) (Question and Answers) 16.www.darussalam.in ( Books Store ) 17.www.islamicbookstore.co.in/ (Books) 18.www.sirat-e-mustaqeem.com/ (Books) 19.www.moonsighting.com/ 20.www.hajtips.com ( All HAJJ Related information ) (Indian Muslim News Paper) 21.www.names4muslims.com 22.www.milligazette.com 24.www.peacetv.in 25.www.irf.net 23.www.muslimpopulation.com (Islamic Tv Channel Website) ( Worlds Largest Islamic Bank)
(My Personal Website)

26.www.alrajhibank.com.sa/en

www.islamicinformation.in
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Islam in India
Islam is the Second-most practiced religion in India after Hinduism, with more than 13.4% of the countrys population (over 138 million as per 2001 census). Islam came to India with the Arab merchants and traders on the Malabar Coast (Kerala)in the 7th century. Islam arrived in north India in the 12th century. Indias Muslim population is the worlds third largest and the worlds

largest Muslim minority population.


The largest concentrations about 47% of all Muslims in India, according to the 2001 censuslive in the 3 states of Uttar Pradesh (30.7 million) (18.5%), West Bengal (20.2 million) (25%), and Bihar (13.7 million) (16.5%). Muslims represent a majority of the local population in Lakshadweep (93% in 2001) and Jammu and Kashmir (67% in 2001). High concentrations of Muslims are found in the eastern states of Assam (31%) and West Bengal (25%), and in the southern states of Kerala (24.7%) and Andhra Pradesh (14%). Officially, India has the third largest Muslim population (after Indonesia and Pakistan)

Urdu language in India


According to 2001 Census Urdu language speakers are more than 51,536,111 i.e., 5 % of Indian languages.Urdu ranks 6th place among all Languages in India. Urdu is Official language in 7 states of India i.e.,Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and DELHI.
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Muslim population in Indian states according to 2001 Census. State Lakshadweep Islands Jammu & Kashmir Assam West Bengal Kerala Uttar Pradesh Bihar Jharkhand Karnataka Uttaranchal Delhi Maharastra Population 56,353 6,793,240 8,240,611 20,240,543 7,863,842 30,740,158 13,722,048 3,731,308 6,463,127 1,012,141 1,623,520 10,270485
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Percentage 95.38 66.9700 30.9152 25.2451 24.6969 18.4961 16.5329 13.8474 12.2291 11.9225 11.7217 10.6014

The highest Muslim Population is in Hyderabad City 15,76,583 (41%). By percentage Sri Nagar (90%) is the highest percentage of Muslim population in India. Bhopal (35%) and Lucknow (30%) When we talk of metros, Mumbai has the highest percentage (22%), followed by Kolkata (21%) and Delhi (around 15%).
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In Kerala, Kozhikode which was earlier known as Calicut also has more than 35% Muslim population. Maharashtras Aurangabad has over 40% Muslim concentration.

First Masjid of India

Cheraman Juma Masjid is a Masjid in Methala,


Kodungallur Taluk,Kerala. Built in 629 AD by Malik lbn Dinar.

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JAMA MASJID,DELHI. Indias Largest Masjid.Built in 1656 by Shahjahan.It has a Capacity of 25000 peoples.

Famous Muslims in India


India is home to several Muslims who have made their mark in several fields. India is home to several influential Muslim businessmen. Some of Indias most prominent Industries, such as Wipro,

Wockhardt, Himalaya Health Care, Hamdard Laboratories, Cipla and Mirza Tanners were founded by
Muslims.

Zakir Naik is one of the most influential spiritual speaker of India.


Out of the thirteen Presidents of India, three were Muslims Zakir Hussain, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed and A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Additionally, Mohammad Hidayatullah, A. M. Ahmadi and Mirza
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Hameedullah Beg held the office of the Chief Justice of India on various occasions since independence. Mohammad Hidayatullah also served as the acting President of India on two separate occasions; and holds the distinct honor of being the only person to have served in all three offices of the President of India, the Vice President of India and the Chief Justice of India. The current Vice President of India, Mohammad Hamid Ansari. In Cricket (the most popular game in India), there are many Muslim players who have made their mark. Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi and Mohammad Azharuddin captained the Indian cricket team on various occasions. Other popular Muslim cricketers in India are Mushtaq Ali, Syed Kirmani, Arshad Ayub, Mohammad Kaif,Munaf Patel, Zaheer Khan, Irfan Pathan, Yusuf Pathan and Wasim Jaffer. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, one of Indias most well respected scientists and the father of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) of India was honored through his appointment as the 11th President of India (2002-2007). Zahoor Qasim, former Director of the National Institute of Oceanography, led Indias first scientific expedition to Antarctica and played a crucial role in the establishment of Dakshin Gangotri. Azim Premji is the Richest Muslim in India and Third Richest among Indians and 41st in the World with a personal wealth of 15.9 billion US Dollars in 2012.He is a Chairman of WIPRO based in Bangalore and serving Worldwide.
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Muslim Universities, Colleges, Schools and Computer Institutes


There are several well established Muslim Institutes in India. Here is a list of reputed institutes established by Muslims in India.

Aligarh Muslim University.Aligarh,Uttar Pradesh,INDIA. Established 1875 (as Muhammedan Anglo- Oriental College) 1920 (as Aligarh Muslim University) Jamia Millia Islamia University,New Delhi Established in1920 Osmania University, Hyderabad Established in 1918.

NIMRA EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY


(Vijayawada,Andhra Pradesh)
Nimra College of Engineering and Technology (NCET) established in 1997 Nimra College of Business Management (NCBM) 2001 Nimra College of Pharmacy (NCP) 2006 Nimra Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) 2008 Nimra Institute of Engineering and Technology (NIET) Ongole, Andhra Pradesh (2007)
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data Creations
College of Animations & Technologies Vijayawada,Andhra Pradesh,INDIA.

Shadan Educational Society,


Hyderabad ( since 1985 )
L.K.G to Post Graduation.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Shadan Group of Modern Schools Shadan Junior College for Girls Shadan Junior College For Boys Shadan Degree College For Women Shadan Degree College For Boys Shadan Institute of Computer Sciences for Girls Shadan Institute of Computer Sciences for Boys Shadan Institute of Management Studies for Girls Shadan Institute of Management Studies for Boys Shadan Institute of Post Graduate Studies Shadan College of Education Shadan Womens College of Engineering & Technology Shadan College of Engineering & Technology Shadan Womens College of Pharmacy

15. Shadan College of Pharmacy 16. Shadan Institute of Para Medical Sciences 17. Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences 18. Shadan Womens College of Engineering & Technology 19. Dr.VRK Womens College of Engineering & Technology
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20. Shaaz College of Engineering & Technology 21. Hi-Point College of Engineering & Technology 22. Ayaan College of Engineering & Technology 23. Shadan Womens College of Pharmacy 24. Shadan College of Pharmacy 25. Deccan Medical College, Hyderabad 26. Anjuman-I-Islam, Mumbai. 27. Eras Lucknow Medical College, Lucknow 28. Jamal Mohamed College, Trichirapally 29. Hamdard University, Delhi 30. Al-Barkaat Educational Institutions, Aligarh 31. The Maulana Azad Education Society, Aurangabad 32. Dr. Rafiq Zakariya Campus, Aurangabad 33. Maulana Azad National Urdu University,Hyderabad 34. Al Ameen Educational Society

35. B. S. Abdur Rahman University,Chennai (formerly Crescent Engineering College). 36. Aliah University,Kolkata 37. Al Ameen Educational Society,Bangalore. 38. Integral University,Lucknow

39. Al Falah School of Engineering and Technology, Faridabad 40. Darul Huda Islamic University,Kerala
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(The only college in India run by a State Wakf Board)


Islamic Universities: 1.Darul Uloom Hyderabad, Hyderabad 2.Jamia Nizamia, Hyderabad 3.Markazu Saqafathi Sunniya,Kerala

Muslim Political Parties in India


1.All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen,Hyderabad 2.All India Muslim Majlis (Dr. Faridi),Uttar Pradesh 3.Indian Union Muslim League,Kerala

Muslim Monuments of India


Red fort, Delhi

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Red Fort (Lal Qilah or Lal Qila) is a 17th century fort constructed by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. It also served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857. It covers a total area of about 254.67 acres. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, started construction of the red fort in 1638 and work was completed in 1648 (10 years). The Red Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Old Delhi, attracting thousands of visitors every year. The fort is also the site from which the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on 15 August every year since 1947.

Charminar, Hyderabad

Charminar is a monument located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591 AD.
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Qutub Minar,Delhi

The Qutub Minar was constructed with red sandstone and marble, and is the tallest minaret in India with a height of 72.5 meters (237.8 ft), contains 379 stairs to reach the top The Construction was commenced by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1192 and completed by Iltutmish. Iltutmish was the third ruler of the Mamluk dynasty of Delhi of Turkic origin during 13th Century.

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Agra fort, Agra

Agra Fort, is a monument located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.It was built Mughal Emperor Akbar during 16th century

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Taj Mahal,Agra,Uttar Pradesh,India

The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the worlds heritage. Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic and Indian architectural styles. Built in between16311653 (22 years)
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Panorama of Tajmahal

Islam in Andhra Pradesh


In Andhra Pradesh Muslim Population is more than 6,986,856 (9.16%) and Urdu language is spoken by 8.63% of the population. The highest Muslim percentage is in Hyderabad (41%)15,76,583. (also in India) Nizamabad town is around 36% Muslims while Kadapa 30% and Anantapur 25%. Before Nizams there were Qutub Shahi dynasty which ruled the Andhra state between 15181687 (269 years). Later Nizams(Muslim Kings) ruled the Andhra Pradesh for approximately 228 years Monarchy started on 31st July 1720 Monarchy ended on 17 th September 1948. They were called Nizams of Hyderabad State. Muslim Population of 19 out of 23 Districts of Andhra Pradesh (Census 2001)
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Famous Peoples Converted to Islam from other Religions: According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Islam is the worlds fastest-growing religion by number of conversions each year. In the period 1990-2000, approximately 12.5 million more people converted to Islam. According to the New York Times, 25% of American Muslims are converts to Islam. In England, around 10,000 20,000 people convert to Islam per year. In the United Kingdom and France, about 100,000 people converted in the last decade Germany (usually 300 a year) and many other places around the world. Wayne Waleed Parnell (born 30 July 1989) is a cricketer who plays Tests, One Day International and Twenty20 matches for South Africa. He accepted Islam in July 2011. Mohammad Yousuf formerly Yousuf Youhanaborn 27 August 1974, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) is a Pakistani right-handed batsman. He is best known in cricket for his achievement in 2006 when he broke the world record for most Test runs in a single calendar year. Shabbetai Tzevi -Turkish Jew who had claimed to be Messiah and attracted a large following. Later he converted to Islam Malcolm X - early leader of American Black Muslim/Nation of Islam movement; later a convert to Sunni Islam Cat Stevens - British rock musician; changed name to Yusuf Islam John Coltrane - prominent jazz saxophonist and composer Art Blakey - American Jazz musician Muhammad Ali - boxer
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Matthew Saad Muhammad - world champion boxer (formerly Matt Franklin) Dwight Muhammad Qawi - world champion boxer (formerly Dwight Braxton) Eddie Mustapha Muhammad - world champion lightweight boxer (formerly Eddie Gregory) Mustafa Hamsho - boxer Akbar Muhammad - boxer Mike Tyson - boxer Hamdan Chris Eubank - boxer (super middleweight boxing champion) Kareem Abdul-Jabbar - basketball player Maryam Jameelah - Jewish American essayist and poet. Formerly Margaret Marcus. Daniel Moore - Anglo-American poet Muhammad Marmaduke (William) Pickthall - author and Quran translator Michael Wolfe - author, journalist (The Hadj: An Americans Pilgrimage to Mecca; One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing About the Muslim Pilgrimage; ABC Nightline documentary An American in Mecca) Pamela Taylor - science fiction author; Publications Officer of the Islamic Writers Alliance and co-chair of the Progressive Muslim Union Mumia Abu-Jamal - journalist, Black Panther, political activist, known for his 1982 conviction and death sentence on charges of a police officer, and for a nationally popular counter-culture campaign to free him

List of converts to Islam from Hinduism:


Rama Varma Kulashekhara the first Indian king to accept Islam. Dhiren Barot - Born in India to a Hindu family, Barot was later sentenced to 40 years in prison in the United Kingdom for conspiracy
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to murder. Barot admitted to plotting to bomb the New York Stock Exchange, the International Monetary Fund headquarters, and the World Bank, amongst other targets. Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah son of Raja Ganesha; he converted to Islam, then to Hinduism and finally reverted back to Islam, and later introduced Islam to many Hindus. Malik Kafur - Indian military general. Khusro Khan - a medieval Indian military leader who was a Hindu convert to Islam. Murshid Quli Khan - the Mughal governor of Bengal. Muhammed Yusuf Khan - Born Maruthanayagam Pillai, he converted to Islam and later served as Commandant for the British East India Company troops. Malik Maqbul - Prime Minister or Wazir of the Delhi Sultanate, during the reign of Feroz Shah Tughlaq. Rumi Nath: Lawmaker from Indian Province of Assam, elected MLA twice. Converted Islam upon marriage. Mahmud Iskandar Shah of Malacca - Born as Parameswara, a HinduMalay prince from the Srivijaya Kingdom located in Sumatra. He founded the Malaccan Empire in 1402. Abdul Wahid Pedersen - Danish cleric. A.R. Rahman (stands for Allah Rakha Rahman) - Modern Tamil South Indian singer, songwriter & Oscar winner officially converted to Islam from Hinduism. Sahaj Ram Sapru - the grandfather of the Muslim Philosopher, Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, who was an official in Kashmir during the administration of the Afghan Governor Azim Khan. Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah - son of Raja Ganesha; he converted to Islam, then to Hinduism and finally reverted back to Islam, and later introduced Islam to many Hindus. Kabir Suman- Modern Bengali singer & songwriter officially converted to Islam from Hinduism in 2000.
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Sharmila Tagore - Indian film actress. Converted after marriage to Mansoor Ali Khan Patudi (former Indian Cricket Team Captain). Kamala Suraiyya (formerly Kamala Das) - Anglo-Malayalam writer Tansen - Notable musician and poet.

Famous Womens Who Converted to Islam:


Khadijah - wife of Muhammad (s.a.w.). First convert to Islam during Muhammad (s.a.w.) Time. Jemima Goldsmith - daughter of British billionaire Sir James, who married Pakistani Cricketer Imran Khan. Changed name to Haiqa Khan. Queen Noor - American-born queen of Jordan during reign of the late King Hussein I. Aminah Assilmi : (born.Janice Huff, 1945 - 5 March 2010) was a journalist, national Muslim community activist and former director of the International Union of Muslim Women. Formerly a Baptist preacher, she converted to Islam in 1977 in college while trying to convert some Muslims to Christianity. Sara Begum Kobori: also known as Kobori or Kobori Sarwar. Bangladeshi film actress, Politician and member of current parliament. Converted to Islam upon marriage. Yvonne Ridley (born 23 April 1958, Stanley, County Durham, England) is a British journalist. Ridley currently works for Press TV, the Iranian-funded English language news channel. Myriam Francois-Cerrah (born in 1983) former British actress.converted to Islam in 2003
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Islamic Terms and Definitions


Azan or Adhan : Call to Namaaz(prayer) Akhirah : hereafter Life or eternal life i.e.,Life after death. Al-$amdu Lillh : Praise be to God! Allh : The Arabic name of God Allhu Akbar : Allah is the Great Alim : One who knows. A scholar (in any field of knowledge); a scientist (who knows science) or a theologian (who knows religion) Amin : O Allah, accept our Dua(in Prayer) Astaghfirullah : I seek forgiveness from Allah. Ayat : a verse in the Quran. Bidah : Innovation in religion, i.e. inventing new methods of worship. Bidahs in Islam are considered and a serious sin by many Muslims. Bismi-llahi r-rahmani r-raheem : In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Dawah : the call to Islam Farz : a religious duty, or an obligatory action: praying 5 times a day is farz Neglecting a farz will result in a punishment in the hereafter. Hafiz : someone who knows the Quran by heart. Literal translation = memorizer or Protector.
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Haid or Haiz : Menstruation Hakim : a rulers or governors title; in some Muslim states, a judge. Halal : lawful, permitted, good, beneficial, praiseworthy, honourable. Haram : Sin Hidayat : guidance from God. Ibadah : submission, worship, but not limited to ritual: all expressions of servitude to Allah, including the pursuit of knowledge, living a pious life, helping, charity, and humility, can be considered ibadah. Eid ul-Azha : the Festival of Sacrifice. The four day celebration starting on the tenth day of Jhul-Hijja. Eid ul-Fitr :the Festival of Fitr (Breaking the fast). A religious festival that marks the end of the fast of Ramadan. IMAM : literally, leader; e.g. a man who leads a community or leads the prayer EEMAAN: Personal faith Islam : Submission to God. The Arabic root word for Islam means submission, obedience, peace, and purity. InshaAllah : If it is Allahs will Janaza : funeral prayer Laylat al-Qadr : the Night of Power, towards the end of Ramadan, when Muhammad(s.a.w.) received the first revelation of the Quran. Madrasah : school, university Masha Allah : Allah has willed it. Mawln : respected religious leader, in particular graduates of religious institutions. Muslim : a follower of the religion of Islam. One who submits their will to Allah.
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Nabi : literally, prophets. In the Islamic context, a Nabi is a man sent by Allah to give guidance to man, but not given scripture. The Prophet Ibrahim(Abraham) was a Nabi. Nikah : the matrimonial contract between a bride and bridegroom within Islamic marriage. Nur :light babr : patience Shahdah : The testimony of faith: La ilaha illa Allah. Muhammadun rasulullah. (There is no god but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.). Shariah : Islamic law based on the Quran and Sunnah Ya Allah : O, Allah Ya Rasool Allah : O, Messenger of Allah!. Term used by companions when interacting with Prophet Mohammad(s.a.w.). Zina : sexual activity outside of marriage.

Islamic rulers in India


Many Muslim rulers came to India ruled the India for many years.First Muslim Ruler came to India during 7th Century. But From 1206 to 1857 India was ruled by Only Muslims for 650 years and many Dynasties were formed such as Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate Deccan Sultanate,Nizam of Hyderabad State,Mughal Empire etc.

Delhi Sultanate
The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five dynasties and one Sultan (means A ruler of a Muslim country), Delhi based kingdoms, mostly of Turkic(Turkey) origin in medieval India. The Kings ruled from Delhi between 1206 and 1526, when the last was replaced by the Mughal dynasty.
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Sultanate of Delhi
12061526

The five dynasties were : 1. Mamluk dynasty (120690) 2. Khilji dynasty (12901320) 3. Tughlaq dynasty (13201414) 4. Sayyid dynasty (141451) and 5. Lodi dynasty (14511526)
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Bahmani Sultanate
13471527

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The Bahmani Sultanate also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state in South India and one of the great medieval Indian kingdoms. Bahmanid Sultanate was the first independent Islamic Kingdom in South India. The sultanate was founded on 3 August 1347 by governor Ala-udDin Hassan Bahman Shah, a Persian (Tajik) descent from Badakhshan(present day Afghanistan and Tajikistan), in favour of Zafar Khan who ascended the throne with the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah. The Bahmani capital was Ahsanabad (Gulbarga) between 1347 and 1425 when it was moved to Muhammadabad (Bidar). After 1518 the Bahmani sultanate broke up into five states: Ahmednagar, Berar, Bidar, Bijapur, Golconda (Qutb Shahi dynasty) known collectively as the Deccan sultanates

Deccan sultanates
15271686

The Deccan sultanates were five Muslim-ruled late medieval kingdomsBijapur, Golkonda, Ahmadnagar, Bidar, and Berarof south-western India.
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The Deccan sultanates were located between the Krishna River and the Vindhya Range Mountains. These kingdoms became independent during the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate. These Kingdoms were later conquered by the Mughal Empire.

Hyderabad State
This article is about the princely state in India ruled by the Nizam(King) from 1724 to 1948.

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The Hyderabad state was located in the south-central region of the India and was ruled, from 1724 until 1948, by a Nizam (King). The capital city was Hyderabad. The region became part of the Mughal Empire in the 1680s. When the empire began to weaken in the 18th century, a Mughal official, Asif Jah, defeated a rival Mughal governors attempt to seize control of the empires southern provinces, declaring himself Nizam-al-Mulk of Hyderabad in 1724. The Mughal emperor, under renewed attack from the Marathas, was unable to prevent it. Nizams Dominions in the 18th century extended from Aurangabad and Berar in the north to Tiruchirapally and parts of todays Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In 1947, at the time of the partition of India and the formation of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, the effect of the Indian Independence Act 1947 was to give the then Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, full independence, with the option of acceeding either to India or to Pakistan; however, he initially decided not to join either new nation. The Nizams patronized Islamic art, Islamic Architecture, culture and literature, which became central to Hyderabadi Muslim identity. The Nizam was known for his huge wealth and jewelry collection; he had been the richest man in the world until the end of his reign.The Nizams also developed the railway, and the introduction of electricity; developed roads, airways, irrigation and reservoirs; in fact, all major public buildings in Hyderabad City were built during his reign. He pushed education, science, and establishment of Osmania University(1918). The Nizams drew on Sharia law to guide the administration of the state.

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Nawab of the Carnatic(1690 and 1801)

Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot), ruled the

Carnatic region (Present day Tamil Nadu, south eastern Karnataka


and southern Andhra Pradesh and Kerala) of South India between about 1690 and 1801. Their capital was Arcot (present day Tamil Nadu). Their rule is an important period in the history of Tamil Nadu. Zulfiqar Khan Nusrat Jung 1690 1703 (First King) Azim-ud-Daula 1801 1801 (Last King)

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Mughal Empire
.

Mughal Empire 15261857

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Islam (1526-1582)

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The Mughal Empire Sultanate-e-Mughliya), or Mogul (also Moghul) Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power in the South Asia from 1526 to 1857. The Mughal emperors were at the height of their power in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, they controlled most of the subcontinentextending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan(present day Pakistan) in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south. The classic period of the empire started in 1556 with the accession of Akbar the Great. Under his rule, India enjoyed much cultural and economic progress as well as religious harmony. Akbar was a successful warrior. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, was the golden age of Mughal a r c h i t e c t u r e and the arts. He erected many s p l e n d i d
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monuments, the most famous of which is the legendary Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Pearl Mosque, the Red Fort,Delh, the Jama Masjid of Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expansion during the reign of Aurangzeb. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 1.25 million square miles, ruling over more than 150 million subjects, nearly 1/4th of the worlds population. The last emperor, Bahadur Shah II had authority over only the city of Shahjahanabad. He supported the First War of Indian Independence in 1857 against British and was overthrown by the British, and the empire were taken over by the British Raj. Other Islamic rulers : There were another many Muslim rulers who ruled India in many occasion Some of them were :

Pataudi State, Bahawalpur (princely state) Banganapalle State Bantva Manavadar Bhopal State etc

Nawab of Awadh ruled parts of current day Uttara Pradesh. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were in power in Mysore kingdom.

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World Muslim Population


Islam is the worlds second largest religion. According to a 2010 Research , Islam has 1.62 billion followers, making up over 23% of the world population. There are 51 Muslim-majority countries. Islam is the predominant religion in the West Asia,Southeast Asia,Northern Africa. Around 62% of the worlds Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion followers. The largest Muslim country is Indonesia home to 12.7% of the worlds Muslims. About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries. Arabic is the most spoken language of Muslims, and is spoken by 20% of Muslims. Bengali is the second most commonly spoken language, spoken by around 10% of the total population, and Punjabi is the third most spoken language (spoken by around 5%). Other major languages spoken by the Muslims are Javanese, Turkish, Urdu, Persian, Pashto , Sindhi and Kashmiri.
Top 10 Countries with the largest Muslim Populations (2010)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Indonesia Pakistan India Bangladesh Nigeria Iran Turkey Egypt Algeria

204,847,000 178,097,000 177,286,000 145,312,000 75,728,000 74,819,000 74,660,000 73,746,000 34,780,000 32,381,000
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10. Morocco

Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims Living as MINORITIES


Estimated 2009 Muslim Population Percentage of Population that is Muslim Percentage of World Muslim Population

INDIA ETHIOPIA CHINA RUSSIA TANZANIA IVORY COAST MOZAMBIQUE PHILIPPINES GERMANY UGANDA

160,945,000 28,063,000 21,667,000 16,482,000 13,218,000 7,745,000 5,224,000 4,654,000 4,026,000 3,958,000

13.4% 33.9 1.6 11.7 30.2 36.7 22.8 5.1 5 12.1

10.3% 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.3 <1 0.3

List of Muslim-Majority Countries


This is a list of countries in which Islam is the majority religion of the people. The list contains only countries where more than 50% of the population is Muslim. There are 51 Muslim-majority countries.

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Muslim Majority Cities around the world


Population 22,000,000 City Jakarta,Indonesia (Worlds top Muslim Majority City) Cairo,Egypt Istanbul,Turkey Karachi,Pakistan Dhaka, Bangladesh Lagos, Nigeria Tehran,Iran Lahore, Pakistan Baghdad,Iraq Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia Khartoum, Sudan Riyadh,Saudi Arabia Alexandria, Egypt Ankara, Turkey Algiers,Algeria Bandung, Indonesia Kabul Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Casablanca,Morocco Surabaya, Indonesia
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17,290,000 13,135,000 13,085,000 10,135,000 9,459,999 8,170,000 7,110,000 5,850,000 5,835,000 5,180,000 4,740,000 4,295,000 3,885,000 3,555,000 3,555,000 3,370,000 3,175,000 2,960,000 2,885,000

Population 22,000,000

City Jakarta,Indonesia (Worlds top Muslim Majority City) Islamabad, Pakistan Faisalabad, Pakistan Izmir, Turkey Mashhad, Iran Karaj, Iran Amman, Jordan Aleppo, Syria Dubai,United Arab Emirates(U.A.E.)

2,870,000 2,840,000 2,695,000 2,585,000 2,575,000 2,525,000 2,520,000 2,390,000

2,370,000 2,365,000 2,350,000 2,340,000 2,285,000 2,235,000

Damascus,Syria Tashkent, Uzbekistan Tunis,Tunisia Medan, Indonesia Sanaa, Yemen Kuwait City,Kuwait

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List of Countries by Muslim Population


All Countries of the World by Muslim Population
A Research conducted by the Pew Research Center (American Organisation) in 2010 and released in January 2011 found that there are 1.62 billion Muslims around the

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