The following rhomboid strengthening exercises are designed to improve the strength of the rhomboid muscles (figure 1).

You should discuss the suitability of these exercises with your physiotherapist prior to beginning them. Generally, they should only be performed provided they do not cause or increase pain.

Figure 1 – Relevant Anatomy for Rhomboid Strengthening Exercises Begin with the basic rhomboid strengthening exercise. Once this is too easy, progress to the intermediate rhomboid exercises and eventually, the advanced rhomboid exercises.

Rhomboid Strengthening – Basic Rhomboid Exercise
To begin with, the following basic rhomboid strengthening exercise should be performed approximately 3 times daily. As your strength improves, the exercise can be progressed by gradually increasing the repetitions, frequency or duration of the exercise provided it does not cause or increase pain. Shoulder Blade Squeeze Begin this exercise standing or sitting with your back straight. Your chin should be tucked in slightly and your shoulders should be back slightly. Slowly tighten your rhomboids by squeezing your shoulder blades together as hard and far as possible provided the exercise is pain free (figure 2). Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 10 times.

Figure 2 – Shoulder Blade Squeeze

Rhomboid Strengthening – Intermediate Rhomboid Exercises
The following intermediate rhomboid strengthening exercises should generally be performed 1 - 3 times per week provided they do not cause or increase pain. Ideally they should not be performed on consecutive days, to allow muscle recovery. As your strength improves, the exercises can be

Hold for 2 seconds and then slowly return to the starting position. Figure 3 – Darts Resistance Band Pull Backs Begin this exercise in standing or kneeling with your back straight and holding a resistance band as demonstrated (figure 4). Slowly pull your arms backwards. Darts Begin this exercise lying on your stomach with your arms by your side. This exercise may be performed with palms facing up or down. Perform 3 sets of 10 repetitions provided the exercise is pain free. Hold for 2 seconds at the top of the movement and then slowly return to the starting position.progressed by gradually increasing the repetitions. Perform 3 sets of 10 repetitions provided the exercise is pain free. tightening your rhomboids by squeezing your shoulder blades together as shown. Tighten your rhomboids by squeezing your shoulder blades together and slowly lifting your arms and chest off the ground. Figure 4 – Resistance Band Pull Backs . keeping your neck straight (figure 3). number of sets or duration of the exercises provided they do not cause or increase pain.

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