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" Gerry: After the article in today's Oakland Tribune described the takeover of the Miller Avenue Carnegie Library by the "Occupiers", a friend and I discussed what the Library might do to save and renovate the building. He is also a retired librarian and a fan of Carnegie library buildings. A quick on-line search revealed that the Miller Avenue building is on the list of Historic Sites in the Oakland General Plan, so perhaps there are some resources that would help you find the money to "save the building". One website lists library renovations that are funded by local Community Development Block Grants. There are also foundations and corporations that provide some funding for building renovations. Any chance that you and Ms. Martinez would be interested in setting up a fund raising committee to find some money to get started on that project? If the building could be renovated and retrofitted to repair the 1989 earthquake damage, there perhaps it could turn into a cultural center and new branch library for the San Antonio district. Attached are some on-line references to Carnegie Foundation buildings and renovation issues.
PATRICK HAGGARTY, M.L.S.
pwhaggarty @ msn.com Research Services 2767 25th Ave. Oakland, CA 94601 (510)532-1025
Public Library Building Grants eHow.com
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Washington, D.C. 20250 2^2-720-9619 rurft'fev.usda.gov Thes0?rrpose of a Business, Cooperative, and anmunity Facility Grant is to enhance lives of cans living in rural areas by bringing leadership ._ ^14.1.. Tesources necessary for building successful businesses and cooperatives into rural communities throughout the United States. Libraries can benefit from the Community Facility Loans and Grants for Community Facilities offered by this organization.
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Community Development Block Grants;
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 451 yth Street S.W., Washington, D.C. 20410 202-708-1112 TTY: 202-708-1455 hud.gov
Community Development Block Grants distributed by the U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Office are issued to communities for the purpose of making resources available to deal with unique development needs. These grants are targeted to serve low-income and moderate-income communities. Libraries situated in at-risk socioeconomic climes are encouraged to visit the HUD site for funding opportunities. Sponsored Links
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National Trust Preservation
National Trust Preservation 1785 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20036-2117
Library Building Grants eHow.com
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Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners 98 N. Washington St., Suite 401 Boston, MA 02114 .617-725-1860 mblc.state.ma.us/grants/construction/index.php
Institute of Museum and Library Services
The Institute of Museum and Library Services is a federally funded organization that offers grants to museums and libraries throughout the country. Money is allocated to states, cities and organization to help libraries get built, expand, renovate and increase the number of programs offered. Technology grants are also available for computers and software. Grants are given in various amounts depending on the size of the project. The Institute of Museum and Library Services 1800 M St., NW Ninth floor Washington, DC 20036 202-635-4657 imls.gov
The Dodge Jones Foundation
The Dodge Jones Foundation is a private philanthropic organization that offers grant money for education and beautification projects in Texas. The organization offers grants to help with the creation and expansion of libraries. The organization is based in Abilene, Texas, and the bulk of its funding does stay in this area. However, projects in other parts of Texas are also considered. The Dodge Jones Foundation offers grants for as little as $500 and as large as $900,000. The Dodge Jones Foundation Lawrence E. Gill, Grants Administrator P.O. Box 176 Abilene, TX 79604 915-673-6429
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Oakland General Plan Historic Preservation Element
OCPD 263 DC 30.03
OAKLAND PROPERTIES LISTED IN THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES SEPTEMBER 24, 1993 * = Designated as Oakland Landmark (Section 7002 of Oakland Zoning Regulations) NHL = National Historic Landmark Property Name *Lake Merritt Wild Duck Refuge (NHL) *Joaquin Miller House - "The Abbey" Mills Hall (Mills College) *Dunsmuir House *Camron-Stanford House (Old Oakland Public Museum) *Alfred H. Cohen House *Paramount Theater (NHL) *Pardee House *First Unitarian Church of Oakland Location Lakeside Park, Grand Avenue Joaquin Miller Road & Sanborn Drive Mills College Campus Peralta Oaks Court 1426 Lakeside Drive 1440 29th Avenue 2025 Broadway 672-llth Street 685-14th Street Date Listed (10/15/66) (10/15/66) (10/14/71) (5/19/72) (6/13/72) (6/19/73) (8/14/73) (5/24/76) (6/16/77) (7/15/77) (11/17/77) (5/22/78) (11/15/78) (11/20/78) (1/29/79)
*Treadwell Mansion & Carriage 5212 Broadway House (Macky Hall & Carriage House) *Antonio Maria Peralta House *Greek Orthodox Church of the Assumption *Dunns Block Clay Building *Federal Realty Building (Pierce Building; Cathedral Building) 2465-34th Avenue 9th Street & Castro street 725 Washington Street 1001-1007 Clay Street 1615 Broadway
Historic Preservation ~ City of Oakland, California
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Oakland's wealth of historic buildings and neighborhoods is matched by few other California cities. These artifacts reflect the city's rich multicultural history, from earliest times to the present. The materials and workmanship used are impossible or costly to obtain today. Still, they serve as our homes, workplaces, and community centers. How can we protect our historic assets, while moving forward with today's needs? • Historic Preservation Element • Landmarks and Preservation Districts • Mills Act • Surveys and Rating System
Historic Preservation Element
In 1994 the City of Oakland adopted a Historic Preservation Element as part of its General Plan. The Element is based on two broad "Goals": to "use historic preservation to foster economic vitality and quality of life" and to "prevent unnecessary destruction of properties of special historical, cultural, and aesthetic value." The Element spells out these goals through policies and actions that govern how the City will treat "Designated Historic Properties" (DHPs: landmarks, districts, and Heritage Properties) and "Potential Designated Historic Properties" (PDHPs). The City has adopted these policies because it believes historic preservation offers many important benefits: • Urban revitalization • Employment opportunities • • • • Cost-effective affordable housing Economic development opportunities Community identity and image Educational, cultural, and artistic values.
To view the Historic Preservation Element, click here.
Oakland General Plan
Historic Preservation Element
Chapter 5: HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND ONGOING CITY ACTIVITIES OBJECTIVE 3: HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND ONGOING CITY AcnvrnES
To establish administrative procedures and criteria to promote preservation of significant older properties as a routine part of City-sponsored or assisted projects, programs, and regulatory activities. Besides Chapter 4's preservation incentives and regulations which are mostly for private projects, there are other more direct preservation measures the City can take as part of City-sponsored or assisted projects and programs. The City can also increase preservation emphasis in ongoing regulatory activities, including code enforcement, and zoning and other discretionary permit approvals'. These measures are set forth in the following policies and actions. POLICY 3.1: AVOID OR MINIMIZE ADVERSE HISTORIC PRESERVATION IMPACTS RELATED TO DISCRETIONARY CITY ACTIONS. The City will make all reasonable efforts to avoid or minimize adverse effects on the Character-Denning Elements of existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties which could result from private or public projects requiring discretionary City actions. Policy 3.1 is a general policy which is expressed more specifically in this Chapter's other policies and their related actions.
1. "Discretionary" approvals or actions contrast with 'ministerial" approvals, which are based only on the application of fixed standards or objective measurements and do not involve special discretion or subjective judgement by a City official or decision making body. Ministerial approvals include those for building permits and many demolition permits.
Oakland General Plan Historic Preservation Element POLICY 3.2: HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND CITY-OWNED PROPERTIES To the extent consistent with other Oakland General Plan objectives, the City will ensure that all City-owned or controlled properties warranting preservation will, in fact, be preserved. All Cityowned or controlled properties which may be eligible for Landmark or Heritage Property designation or as contributors or potential contributors to a Preservation District will be considered for such designation. Properties held by the City for purposes of subsequent disposition will be exempt from this policy but shall be subject to Policy 3.3. This policy sets an example for owners of other potential Landmarks, Heritage Properties or Preservation District properties to have their properties similarly designated. The City will prepare Intensive Survey identification and evaluation materials for existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties held by the City for subsequent disposition and provide this information to prospective developers of those properties to ensure that historic character is considered at the earliest stage of the planning and development process. ACTION 3.2.1: DESIGNATED HISTORIC PROPERTY STATUS FOR CITY-OWNED PROPERTY. Determine which City-owned or controlled Potential Designated Historic Properties are eligible as Landmarks, Preservation Districts, or Heritage Properties. Perform Intensive Survey evaluations for Potential Designated Historic Properties requiring such evaluations for eligibility determinations. Consider initiating designation of eligible properties. Individual City-owned properties will be considered eligible for Landmark, Preservation District, and/or Heritage Property designation if they meet the eligibility criteria for these designations set forth in
Chapters Historic Preservation and Ongoing Gty Activities
Chapter 4, Policies 2.1 and 2.5 and, in the case of Landmarks and Preservation Districts, have been determined eligible for these designations by the Landmarks Board according to Article 4, Section I of the Board's Rules of Procedure (see Technical Report, Appendix F). City-owned Potential Designated Historic Properties included in the Reconnaissance Survey which may be eligible for Heritage Property designation (e.g. those rated "C" and contributors to Areas of Primary or Secondary Importance), but which require Intensive Survey evaluations to confirm eligibility will have such evaluations expeditiously performed. Staff will ask the Landmarks Board to consider initiating designation for all potentially eligible Cityowned Landmarks and Preservation District properties and to consider designating all eligible City-owned Heritage Properties. ACTION 3.2.2: HISTORIC PRESERVATION MANAGEMENT PROCEDURE FOR CITY-OWNED PROPERTIES. Issue Administrative Instruction directing the Offices of Public Works, Parks and Recreation, General Services, Economic Development and Employment, and Housing and Neighborhood Development, and all other City departments responsible for designing, constructing, maintaining, leasing, or selling City-owned or controlled properties to ensure that these properties are managed in a manner consistent with Policy 3.2. The management procedure should consider requiring that when City-owned existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties are sold, deed restrictions will be applied to the property ensuring a reasonable level of preservation.
Oakland General Plan Historic Preservation Element ACTION 3.11.2: DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR BUILDING SAFETY PROGRAMS. Prepare design guidelines to minimize changes to Character-Defining Elements due to code compliance or other City-mandated modifications. Code Compliance, Seismic Safety 'and other Office of Planning and Building staff would use the design guidelines to suggest specific code compliance measures. The guidelines could be part of the Design Guidelines for Landmarks and Preservation Districts (Action 2.4.1).
Chapter 5 Historic Preservation and Ongoing City Activities POLICY 3.12: HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND SUBSTANDARD OR PUBLIC NUISANCE PROPERTIES. Before requiring vacation or demolition, the City will take ail reasonable actions to repair or rehabilitate existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties which have been determined to be substandard or public nuisances under the Oakland Dangerous Buildings Code, the Oakland Housing Code, the Blight Ordinance, the Earthquake Repair Ordinance, or any other City code or ordinance. In cases where such properties are already vacant or an immediate hazard, such repair or rehabilitation will occur expedif iously to prevent further deterioration or to abate the immediate hazard. Buildings which are unsafe, deteriorated, abandoned, and/or have serious violations of Oakland's building and housing codes can be declared substandard, ordered vacated, and, if also declared public nuisances, ordered rehabilitated or demolished. This can be done either by the City's Building Official under the Oakland Dangerous Buildings Code or the Earthquake Repair Ordinance, or by the Housing Division Official and the Housing Advisory and Appeals Board under the Oakland Housing Code or Blight Ordinance. The Housing Code's abatement procedures are the most frequently used. Under the Blight Ordinance they can be applied to both residential and nonresidential properties. similar procedures are set forth in the Earthquake Repair Ordinance for earthquake damaged buildings. City demolitions are accompanied by liens on the property to eventually reimburse the City's demolition costs (see discussion of these procedures in the Technical Report, Chapter 4, Sections G.3 and G.4). In recent years, almost all demolished buildings were vacant or abandoned at the time they first came to the City's attention. Many vacant buildings have owners who are either unable, unwilling or simply not interested in maintaining the properties. If not adequately secured, vacant buildings usually deteriorate quickly and valuable fixtures are stolen. The rapid deterioration cycle resulting from building vacation or abandonment has been the biggest source
Changes to meet code requirements sometimes unneccessarUy destroy historic fabric. Top: New wrought iron guardrail installed to meet 42inch height required by the Building and Housing Codes. Left: A better approach is to retain the approximately 30inch historic guardrail and supplement it with a new or extended guardrail to meet code requirements.
Oakland General Plan Historic Preservation Element POLICY 3.13: PROPERTIES. SECURITY OF VACANT
Chapter 5 Historic Preservation and Ongoing City Activities
Vacant or abandoned existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties shall be adequately secured in order to prevent unauthorized entry, theft, or property damage. When vacant or abandoned buildings are inadequately secured, they usually deteriorate rapidly and are eventually destroyed (see Policy 3.12 discussion). The City has programs to secure vacant buildings, but these programs have often been inadequate to prevent building damage.
(b) using dependable locks on doors and windows and ensuring that the doors and windows are kept closed and locked; (c) keeping premises free of trash and regularly trimming grass and shrubbery. (d) installing burglar alarms in the most important an existing or Potential Designated Historic Properties; (e) removal and storage of valuable fixtures for safekeeping; (f) ensuring that fire alarms and fire sprinklers remain in service; (g) establishing a regular monitoring program of at least the most important secured properties to check for and discourage break-ins; (h) greater use of Police or Fire Department security orders to accelerate the building security process, which usually takes about 20 days; (i) continuing the operation of electrical systems (which are now ordered shut-off when buildings are vacated) so that lights can be left on and the building appears less abandoned (the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development uses this approach as an alternative to board-ups for vacant properties it acquires through foreclosures); and 0) erecting security fences, where necessary, without leaving gaps between fence sections and ensuring that fence gates are kept closed and locked.
Owner-installed building security measures which the City has considered acceptable are often ineffective, create blight, and attract vandals, arsonists and other criminals.
ACTION 3.13.1: SECURITY PROCEDURE STUDY. Review and revise where appropriate, existing security procedures and methods for both Cityowned and privately-owned properties. Additional security measures which the City might consider include: (a) acting promptly to secure at least the most important existing and Potential Designated Historic Properties;
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