Sustainable development Indicators in HQE2R project

Tools for neighbourhood regeneration and buildings renovation
Philippe Outrequin, La Calade (France) Sophia Antipolis, 28 june 2003

PHASE 1 1. Expectations from inhabitants or residents or perception of problems 2. Strategic decision for sustainable regeneration of the neighbourhood

PHASE 2 3. Inventory : analysis based on the 21 targets and measure of the SD indisputable indicators



4. Shared SD diagnosis of the neighbourhood (potential, dysfunction, cohesion)

12. Monitoring the progress towards sustainability : monitoring indicators

0. Participation of residents and users Partnership (public / private) Local Governance 5. Strategic priorities for the neighbourhood and definition of objectives for SD


Monitoring ind.
9. Urban planning regulations

11. Neighbourhood specifications for the project stage

10. Buildings specifications for call for tender PHASE 4 8. Action plan for the neighbourhood

6. Generation of scenarios PHASE 3

7. Assessment of the scenarios

Definition of the Indicators system



ISDIS = system of state indicators in order to measure the state of the situation INDI = system of pressure indicators in order to measure the desequilibrium of the situation Monitoring indicators : system of assessment indicators to measure the evolution of the situation

Architecture of SD Indicators System
Global SD objectives (5) SD targets (21) and key issues (50) SD indicators (ISDIS, INDI, monitoring indicators)

Sustainable Development Objectives


The SD definition (Bruntland) is too general to be applied directly at any territory level : we refer to this definition but we precise the content at the building and neighbourhood level. We refer to SD principles which must be taken into account in any sustainable approach : ! economic efficiency ! social equity ! environmental wisdom ! long term / short term ! global / local ! governance

Which Global SD Objectives ?
SD has been defined for existing neighbourhoods and buildings as a policy or a strategy which does :

! ! ! !

Preserve and enhance heritage and conserve resources, Improve the quality of local environment, Ensure diversity, Improve integration, Reinforce social life.

21 targets for a SD neighbourhood regeneration
Heritage resources Quality of Local environment Diversity Integration 1 Energy 6 visual comfort, Landscape 13 Population 16 Education 2 Water 7 Housing quality 3 Land 8 Hygiene Health 4- Materials 9 Safety Risk 10 Air quality 5 Built and natural heritage 11 Noise 12 Waste

14 Functions 15 Housing supply 17 Access 18 Attractiveness to equipment & services 19 Displacements

Social Life

20 - Social 21 - Social governance / capital / participation solidarity

Presentation of the systems
SD Objectives Assessment INDI model % of buildings with a % of buildings with a standard of standard of the heating / To improve energy the heating / cooling system and / efficiency for heating cooling system and / or the or the insulation system above the and cooling legal norms (national or European) insulation system above the 1 - To reduce legal norms (national or energy % of housing units and public % of housing units and public consumption buildings (expressed in housing To use renewable buildings using renewable and improve unit equivalent) using renewable energy sources energy in the neighbourhood. energy energy in the neighbourhood. management Measures to save emission of Emission of greenhouse effect Te fight against the gases from heating of housing units greenhouse effect gases from greenhouse effect per resident gases heating of housing units
Drinking water consumption

SD Targets

Key issues

Diagnosis ISDIS system

Monitoring system % of buildings with a standard of the heating / cooling system and / or the insulation system above the legal norms (national or Number of housing units and public buildings using renewable energy in the neighbourhood.
Emission of greenhouse effect gases from heating of housing units per resident

Heritage and resources

2 - To improve water Use of rainwater resources management ... and quality

Consumption of drinking water per Measures to reduce the resident in the residential sector of consumption of drinking water in the neighbourhood in m3 per year the residential sector of the ... neighbourhood ... ...

... ...

... ...


Comments on the systems
Normative but not rigid : the indicators systems must be flexible to answer problems of cities, neighbourhoods and buildings and constitute a debate and discussion element



For diagnosis : we can use ISDIS system but also some more indicators which are more specific for the neighbourhood and the built elements For assessment : INDI is an open model where we can modify the proposed indicators and their value on the sustainability function For monitoring : Indicators must be chosen from the priorities or stakes for the neighbourhood and its built elements; all targets are not taken into account

ISDIS system

Indicators System : not a set of indicators but a group of indicators which must be used all together. We do not

pick up some of them



SD indicators : must cover all the fields or issues of SD : economy, social, environment, governance Indisputable indicators : correspond to the items (targets) which must be taken into account for a neighbourhood analysis : the system must give the minima of the necessary information for the analysis of a neighbourhood or a city (mediem size)

ISDIS : 65 indicators

65 indicators or questions for a SD diagnosis
Buildings stock Neighbourhood Neighbourhood and buildings Total

Heritage and resources Quality of local environment Diversity Integration Social Life Total

8 7 2

7 8 7 10

2 7 1

17 22 10 10

1 18

4 36

1 11

6 65

INDI model
! !



The INDI model is an evaluation model of the impact of urban projects or scenarios on the SD indicators. This model is a decision-aid tool for local authorities as regards urban planning and regeneration projects. The INDI model comprises 63 indicators. For each of them, the model user will measure or estimate the indicator value for the neighbourhood. This value will then be expressed in a sustainability scale ranging from -3 (non-sustainable) and +3 (sustainable). This expression is made by the model, through a sustainability function Then the model aggregates the value to provide sustainability profile for each target and objective.

Profile of a neighbourhood and its built elements

Evolution for each target

Heritage 3

Heritage 3 0
Environmental Quality

0 Social Life -3

Social Life -3

Environmental Quality





Heritage 1 -1 Social Life -3 Environmental Quality

Evolution and comparison of the profiles



SD Indicators : for what ?


To favour discussions and negotiations between the stakeholders, municipal services, elected people, inhabitants, i.e. a relevant system for people engaged in a regeneration project to support them to work together and to take into account every dimension of the SD to be a tool of training for all actors … and governance offering a time to think together (global and local) and discuss about the fundamentals of the city planning to


shared diagnosis and then empowered decision, which the fundamentals of a SD approach.