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2Calculating the Magnetic Field Due to a

30-4 Lenz’s Law
An induced current has a direction such that the magnetic
field due to the current opposes the change in the magnetic
flux that induces the current.
30-5 Induction and Energy Transfers

30-6 Induced Electric Fields

A changing magnetic field produces an electric field.

29.3Force Between Two Parallel Currents

Electric potential has meaning only for electric fields that are
To find the force on a current-carrying wire due to a produced by static charges; it has no meaning for electric
second current-carrying wire, first find the field due to fields that are produced by induction.
the second wire at the site of the first wire. Then find
the force on the first wire due to that field.
Parallel currents attract each other, and antiparallel If i and f are at the same point,
currents repel each other.
29.4Ampere’s Law 30-7 Inductors and Inductance

Curl your right hand around the Amperian loop, with
the fingers pointing in the direction of integration. A
current through the loop in the general direction of 30-8 Self-Induction
your outstretched thumb is assigned a plus sign, and a
current generally in the opposite direction is assigned a An induced emf L appears in any coil in which the current
minus sign. is changing.

30-9 RL Circuits

Initially, an inductor acts to oppose changes in the current

through it. A long time later, it acts like ordinary connecting
29.5Solenoids and Toroids

29.6A Current-Carrying Coil as a Magnetic


30-2 Two Experiments

1. A current appears only if there is relative motion
between the loop and the magnet (one must move relative to
the other); the current disappears when the relative motion
between them ceases.
2. Faster motion produces a greater current.
3. If moving the magnet's north pole toward the loop
causes, say, clockwise current, then moving the north pole
away causes counterclockwise current. Moving the south
pole toward or away from the loop also causes currents, but
in the reversed directions.
30-3 Faraday’s Law
An emf is induced in the loop at the left in Figure 30-1 and
Figure 30-2 when the number of magnetic field lines that
pass through the loop is changing.

The magnitude of the emf induced in a conducting loop is

equal to the rate at which the magnetic flux FB through that
loop changes with time.