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• This high level of connectivity encourages an unparalleled degree of communication. two words: • Internet is a network of networks. according to Internet World Stats. • As of March 2007. resource sharing and information access.173.8 % of the world’s population) people worldwide use the Internet.109. approximately 1.a global communications system that links together thousands of individual networks.925 (17. .What is Internet? • Internet is derived from Interconnection and Networks.

in conjunction with a number of universities and military contractors. • It started out as a research project. It was used for email. • Its purpose was to explore the possibility of a communication network that could survive a nuclear attack. the ARPANET quickly developed into a communication tool. • Although it started out as a research project.Internet’s History • The Internet began way back in 1969 . and was developed by an agency called ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) within the US Defense Department. discussion groups and for exchanging files. .but it was called the ARPANET then.

• All these different networks had trouble communicating with each other because they used different communications methods.more and more universities connected. .• In 1979 Usenet was born. and it became increasingly popular . • All the separate networks started using the protocol. • Other similar networks started popping up too (BITNET and CSNET were two). • This became known as the Internet. • By the end of 1983 a standard communications protocol was established (called TCP/IP). The size of the network grew too. and connected to one another forming a network of networks.

making navigation a matter of browsing through a menu system.• The size of the Internet kept growing at a faster and faster rate. there were other ways to retrieve information from the Internet. However there was no way of using it for searching .it organised files in hierarchical menus.000 machines connected to the Internet. 'Archie' and 'WAIS' (Wide Area Information Systems) were ways to search for specific files from all the files held on a single computer. and by 1989 there were 100. • Gopher was the next step .000. • Before the Web became popular. • In 1987 there were 10.000. • In 1984 there were 1.

• The 'inventor' of the Web . making it possible to search them.• VERONICA (Very Easy Rodent Oriented Net-Wide Index to Computerised Archives) was a database that held Gopher entries.(the European Laboratory for Particle Physics). the hostile looking interface made it inaccessible for most home users. . They needed a way to keep track of their information and documentation so that it could be easily accessed and updated. in combination with Gopher. was the most successful way of using the Internet. • The idea for the World Wide Web (WWW) came from CERN .Tim Berners-Lee . • By 1993 VERONICA. • While the Internet was a powerful tool for experienced computer users. The system was implemented by 1992.had previously worked with hypertext and recognised its appropriateness for this project.

• Several different ways of viewing World Wide Web documents were devised. but it wasn't until Marc Andreesen of NCSA (National Centre for Supercomputing Applications) developed a program called 'Mosaic' in 1993 that the WWW was shaped into what we know it as today. . • Mosaic was the first graphical web browser . sounds and other multimedia to be viewed in one document. graphics. • This revolutionized the Web and brought its potential to the attention of the rest of the allowed text.

WWW. The most common browsers are Netscape. Web Browser: The piece of software that runs on your computer and allows you to view Web pages. . • Web Site: A set of Web pages that are logically connected. They usually have a consistent look and feel. Everything you can see in your browser window at one time (including what you can see by scrolling) makes up one Web page. Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.Internet Terms • The Net. The Information Superhighway: The Internet • The Web. W3: The World Wide Web • Web Page: A single Web document. • Browser. and are all related to the same theme.

• Hypertext: Text that can contain links. . • Link. This is the language that all Web pages are written in. • Broken Link: A link that references a page that no longer exists. Hyper Link: A part of a Web page that can be clicked to get somewhere else. Hot Link. Links usually turn up a different colour and/or underlined in your Web browser.• Home Page: The starting. If you click on a broken link you will get some kind of "Page not found . introductory or welcome page for a Web site.Error 404" message. • HTML: Stands for HyperText Markup Language. A person's own home page is a Web page that describes all about them.

html or .unitecnology. This indicates it's a This part is called the This part specifies web page 'host name'. to leave this Each '/' page resides /path/to/ file.html This is the actual name of the file. . part off.• URL: Stands for Uniform Resource Locator.html http:// It is indicates what actual page you quite common computer the want to look at. In separates the modern name of the browsers. the directories (or http:// will folders). Most pages have a suffix of .for example: http://english. or page you are looking at. This is the address of a Web page . It the 'path' to the ntroduction/language.domainn ame. automatically get prefixed to addresses you type in.

. visit's just an ordinary computer (though usually a fairly powerful one) running special software. Cyberspace is a real world metaphor for the Internet.not really having any direction.not real but existing only in the context of the Internet. just clicking the links that look interesting to find yourself in weird and interesting places. chat to them. • Cyber: Virtual ... go shopping . Web Server: A Webserver is a computer which holds a number of Web pages.but you can roam around in it. • Surf: "Surfing the Web" means casually using the Web . and 'serves' them out to computers that request them. There is nothing very special about the actual computer . • Cyberspace: A conceptual place that doesn't actually physically exist . meet other people there.• Webserver.

but the word is simply used to describe saving a file permanently on your own computer. such as pictures contained on it) every time you view it. pen. you are downloading a Web page (and all the elements. • Remote: Not on your own computer or on a computer directly connected with yours.• Snail Mail: Traditional mail using paper. • Local: On your own computer. • Download: Download a file means transferring that file from a remote computer to your own computer. envelope and stamp. but far away out in the Internet somewhere. Technically. . or on a computer connected closely with yours (a local network). • Upload: opposite of download. It refers to the act of moving data from one computer to another usually to a server or remote computer.

"Elearning" and "E-commerce" are common examples of this. They are companies who provide you with Internet access.• Shareware: Software that you can use for free on a trial basis. Usually you use your telephone connected to a modem to dial up and connect your computer to your ISP. "E" seems to have taken over from "Cyber" as the prefix. • ISP: Stands for Internet Service Provider. This practice has evolved from the word "Email" (in which the E stands for Electronic). . • E-Anything: You can prefix the letter E to any activity to make it mean doing that activity over the Internet. It can often be downloaded from the Web.

.Reasons why people use the Internet • To find general information about a subject • To access information not easily available elsewhere • To correspond with faraway friends • To meet people • To discuss their interests with like-minded people • To have fun • To learn • To read the news • To find software • To buy things. etc.

Why do people put things on the Web • • • • To advertise a product To sell a product To make money To share their knowledge with the world .