On the Paper Published in English and Russian: 1996 Effects of Aquatic Pollution by a Non-Ionogenic Surfactant on the Marine

Diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana
N. Fisher *, M. Maertz-Wente *, and S. A. Ostroumov ** * Marine Science Center, State University of New York, USA
** Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy Gory, Moscow

** What is new, a 2-line summary: this is the first paper to report hazardous effects of a widely-used chemical on diatom algae, important component of phytoplankton. This is a first publication to report a hazardous effect of a synthetic non-ionic surfactant (exemplified by Triton X-100) on diatom algae (exemplified by a marine species, Thalassiosira pseudonana). In the paper, it was shown that this chemical inhibited the reproduction rate and abundance of the cells of this species of marine phytoplankton. Non-ionic surfactants are the key components of many detergents and other chemical mixture products that are being produced in big quantities and used on large scale. The reference in the exact form as it is given in Web of Science: Title: Effects of aquatic pollution by a non-ionogenic surfactant on the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Author(s): Fisher N.; MaertzWernte M.; Ostroumov S.A. Source: IZVESTIYA AKADEMII NAUK SERIYA BIOLOGICHESKAYA, Issue: 1, Pages: 91-95, Published: JAN-FEB 1996; The reference in traditional format: Fisher N.; Maertz-Wernte M.; Ostroumov S.A. Effects of aquatic pollution by a nonionogenic surfactant on the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana.IZVESTIYA AKADEMII NAUK SERIYA BIOLOGICHESKAYA, 1996, No. 1, P. 91-95. [in Russian]. This paper was translated and published in English. The reference of the English edition: Fisher N., Maertz-Wente M., Ostroumov S.A. EFFECTS OF AQUATIC POLLUTION BY A NON-IONOGENIC SURFACTANT ON THE MARINE DIATOM THALASSIOSIRA PSEUDONANA. - Biology Bulletin. 1996, Vol.23, No.1, p. 76-79. The former title of this journal, prior to 1991: Biology Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR ; Web page with the table of contents of this issue of the journal: http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?issueid=632265 This journal has being published since 1936; ISSN (print) 1062-3590; ISSN (online) 1608-3059;

English abstract of this paper on the web-site of the publishers:
http://www.maik.ru/cgi-perl/search.pl?type=abstract&name=biobull&number=1&year=96&page=76

The text of the abstract: Effects of Aquatic Pollution by a Non-Ionogenic Surfactant on the Marine Diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana
N. Fisher *, M. Maertz-Wente *, and S. A. Ostroumov ** * Marine Science Center, State University of New York, USA ** Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy Gory, Moscow, 119899 Russia Abstract—The effects of the non-ionogenic surfactant, Triton X-100 (TX), on the growth of cultured centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana were studied. In the presence of 0.1 mg/l TX the cell density in the culture was markedly lower than in the control culture. In the presence of 1 mg/l TX the decrease in cell density exceeded 50%. The decrease in the specific growth rate was about 10% in the presence of 0.1 mg/l TX and about 40% in the presence of 1 mg/l TX (over a period of seven days). The diatom sensitivity to TX was higher than that of some red and green algae and chrysophytes, as well as that of starfish spermatozoa and plant seedlings to TX or similar surfactants. These data reveal some more aspects of the ecological danger of aquatic pollution by non-ionogenic surfactants. This information on the publication is presented at the site:
http://moscowstate.academia.edu/SergeiOstroumov/Papers/1905817