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Experiment No. 2

EXPERIMENT NO. 2

1.0 TITLE :

a) b) To measure high value of D. C. current by a Low range D. C. Ammeter and Shunt. To measure high value of D. C. voltage by a Low range D. C. Voltmeter and Multiplier.

Part B :To study the constructional details of Permanent Magnet Moving Coil and Moving Iron Instruments.

2.0

PRIOR CONCEPTS:

P. M. M. C. instrument.

3.0

NEW CONCEPTS

Proposition 1 : High value of Current and Voltage. High value of current means the current exceeding the safe working current of the particular instrument. Similarly High value of voltage means the voltage exceeding the safe working voltage of the particular instrument. Concept Structure 1 :

Proposition 2 : Range of the instrument (measurement capacity) Range, also called as full scale deflection (FSD) of the instrument is the maximum permissible value of current or voltage that the instrument can measure and it is limited by the current which the coil of the instrument can carry safely. For example, the coil and spiral springs of the P. M. M. C. instrument are very delicate and are normally designed for maximum current of only about 50 milli - amperes and a potential drop of about 50 milli - volts. But the instrument (Ammeter or Voltmeter) is often required to measure value more than its Range i.e. measurement capacity. i.e. it is required to measure High value of D. C. current by a Low range D. C. Ammeter. Similarly, High value of D. C. voltage by a Low range D. C. voltmeter.

14

o

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

So for a low range D. C. ammeter depends upon the resistance of the coil of the particular instrument. necessarily lower than the instrument and it is connected in parallel with Ammeter (i. Ammeter. C. to measure a high value of D. C. 'Shunt is a low resistance. to measure a high value of D. current. its resistance should be increased. 2 Concept Structure 2 : Proposition 3 : Measurement of high value of D. Concept Structure 3 : Proposition 4 : Shunt resistance. So for a Low range D. C. voltmeter. The current carrying capacity of D. which is done with the help of a device called 'shunt'. MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 15 . voltage. Ammeter with the help of 'Shunt' can measure high value of D. Thus a low range D. The current carrying capacity of a D. current. voltmeter also depends upon the resistance of the coil of the particular instrument. voltage.e. its resistance should be reduced.) instrument coil. Ammeter with resistance ‘r’ ohms and maximum safe working current (full scale deflection) ‘I’ amp.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. C. C. C. can measure the high current of ‘I’ amp with the help of ‘Shunt’ of resistance Rsh given by Rsh = r / (M – 1) ohms Where M = Multiplying Power of ‘Shunt’ = I / i Concept Structure 4 : with the help of Proposition 5 : Measurement of high value of D. C. C. which is done with the help of a device called 'multiplier'. C. current. C. A low range D.

1) ohms Where M = Multiplying Power of 'Multiplier' = V / v. Concept Structure 6 : 4. 16 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . current by Low range D. • To calculate values of Rse of 'Multiplier' for measurement of high values of voltage that a low range voltmeter is expected to measure. Ammeter and Shunt. C.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No.0 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : Part A : To measure high value of D. C. Thus a low range D. • To interpret the results. C. voltage. Concept Structure 5 : Proposition 6 : Multiplier resistance A low range D. 5. Motor Skills • Ability to connect the circuit. voltmeter of resistance 'r' ohms and maximum safe working voltage (full scale deflection) 'v' volts. C. voltmeter with the help of 'multiplier' can measure high value of D. • Ability to read.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Intellectual Skills: • To understand the concept of shunt and multiplier. record the meters and observe the use of ‘Shunt’ and ‘Multiplier. C. 2 'Multiplier' is a high resistance and it is connected in series with the instrument coil. can measure the high voltage of 'V' votls with the help of 'Multiplier' of resistance Rse given by Rse = r (M . • To calculate values of Rsh of 'Shunt' for measurement of high values of current that a low range ammeter is expected to measure.

6. Calculate value of shunt resistance Rsh so that the low range ammeter can measure 10 amp. 6. 4.V low range voltmeter (0-15V. Switch on the supply. 8. C.0 APPARATUS : Ammeter . 3. 2. 1. Measure resistance of low range ammeter. C. 7. Connect the circuit as shown in circuit diagram of Part A. Increase current 'I' in steps to 2. 2.A low range ammeter (0-1A . C. D. Voltmeter and Multiplier.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No.) and Multiplier. Ammeter of 0-10A D. 5. Measure resistance of low range voltmeter. D. Voltmeter . C. 10 Amp and note down 'i'. voltage by Low range D. Part B : MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 17 . 4. Potential Divider Load up to 10Amp Digital Multimeter. 6.0 STEPWISE PROCEDURE : Part A : 1.) and shunt . 7. Voltmeter of 0-300V D. Connect the low range ammeter and shunt in parallel with each other. Switch off the supply.C.C. 2 Part B : To measure high value of D. Calculate value of multiplier resistance Rse so that the low range voltmeter can measure 300 volts. 8. Find multiplying power of 'Shunt'.

(low / high) value of current. Find multiplying power of Multiplier. • The ………. 9. Increase voltage 'V' in steps to 50. Observation for different currents Part B : To measure high value of D. 4. Switch off the supply. 9. Connect the low range voltmeter and multiplier in series with each other. Connect the circuit as shown in circuit diagram of part B.0 OBSERVATIONS : Part A: To measure high value of D. with the help of 'Shunt' can measure ………. C. Ammeter and shunt. C. (same / different) instrument (DC Ammeter) can be used to measure DC currents of different ranges by employing ……… (same / different) shunts. 5. voltage by a low range D. 200. 8. Voltmeter and Multiplier. 2 3. 6. 7. 8. 18 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . 100. Switch on the supply. C.0 CONCLUSION : (Write conclusion by selecting appropriate word from the bracket) • A ……… (high / low) range DC Ammeter. 230 Volts and note down 'v'.0 CALCULATIONS : I M = Multiplying Power of 'Shunt' = i V M = Multiplying Power of 'Multiplier' = v 10. 150. current by a low range D. C. Observation for different voltages. Keep potential divider to such position that minimum voltage is applied to the circuit initially.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No.

M. What is the main factor deciding 'Range' of P. (Space for answers) MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 19 . The ………. with the help of 'Multiplier' can measure ………… (low / high) value of voltage. current and voltage measurements respectively? Give reason. What is the meaning of 'High Value'? 2. M. How to convert a given Voltmeter into 0-75-150-300 Volts DC Voltmeter? 9. C.C. instrument? 4. 2 • • A ……… (high / low) range DC voltmeter.? 8. How the range of a given Ammeter is extended to 75 Amp D. C. What is meant by 'Range' of an instrument? 3.0 QUESTIONS : Write answers to Q…Q…Q…Q… (Question numbers are to allotted by the teacher) 1. What is the advantage of using 'Shunt' and 'Multiplier'? 7. Why it is necessary to increase the range of a DC Ammeter and Voltmeter? 5. (same / different) instrument DC Voltmeter can be used to measure DC voltmeters of different ranges by employing ……… (same / different) Multipliers 11. What are the properties of Shunts and Multipliers? 6.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. Is it possible to use Shunt and Multiplier for measurement of high values of A.

Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. 2 (Space for answer) Signature of Teacher 20 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION .

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