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# Ch 4.2 pg.191~(1-10 all),13, 14, (a,c,e,h, j), 17, 21, 25, 31, 32.

1) What is a probability experiment? A probability experiment is a chance process that leads to well-defined outcomes. 2) Define sample space. The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment is called a sample space. 3) What is the difference between an outcome and an event? An outcome is the result of a single trial of a probability experiment, but an event can consist of more than one outcome. 4) What are equally likely events? Equally likely events have the same probability of occurring. 5) What is the range of the values of the probability of an event? The range of values is 0 to 1 inclusive. 6) When an event is certain to occur, what is its probability? 1

7) If an event cannot happen, what value is assigned to its probability? 0 8) What is the sum of the probabilities of all the outcomes in a sample space? 1

9) If the probability that it will rain tomorrow is 0.20, what is the probability that it won’t rain tomorrow? Would you recommend taking an umbrella? ( ̅)

( ) . ( ) *( c) A sum of 7 or 11. a) A sum of 6.10) A probability experiment is conducted. find the probability of getting these results.45. i) 112% 13) Rolling two dice. If one card is drawn from a deck. ( ) *( )( )( )( )( )( )+ 14) Drawing a card. a) An ace. If two dice are rolled one time.59. d)-0. ( b) Doubles. Which of these cannot be considered a probability of an outcome? b) -1/5. find the probability of getting these results. f) 1. ( *( )( )( ) )( ( )( )( ) )( ( )( )+ ) )( )( )( )( )( )+ ) *( )( )( )( )( )+ d) A sum greater than 9. ( ) *( )( )( )( )( )( )+ e) A sum less than or equal to 4.

( ) 17) In college class of 250 graduating seniors. and 80 are going to various other kinds of graduate schools. a) all boys 1 1 P (all boys) = ( )3  2 8 b) all girls or all boys .44 250 250 b) What’s the probability that the student is going to medical school? P (students going to graduate school) = P (students going to medical school) = 10 1   0. ( ) ) ) j) A black card and a 10.56 21) Gender of children. 20 are going to law school. A couple has three children.04 250 25 b) What’s the probability that the student will have to start paying back her deferred student loans after six months? P (do not continue school) =1-0. Select one random graduate at random. a) What’s the probability that the student is going to graduate school? 80  20  10 110   0. 50 have jobs waiting.c) An ace of diamonds ( e) a 4 or a 6 ( h) A red queen. 10 are going to medical school.44=0. Find the follow probabilities.

Find the probability of getting these results.1 1 2 1 P (all girls or all boys) = ( )3  ( )3   2 2 8 4 c) exactly two boys or two girls 3 3 6 3 p ( Exactly two boys or two girls) =    8 8 8 4 d) At least one child of each gender 6 3 p( x  1)   8 4 25) A roulette wheel has 38 spaces numbered 1 through 36. because it has the highest probability to occur. and 00. which is most likely to occur? Explain why. a) An odd number ( not counting 0 or 00) P (an odd number) = 18 9  38 19 b) A number greater than 27 P (X>27) = 9 38 c) A number that contains the digit 0 P (containing 0) = 5 38 d) Based on the answer to part a. (a). c. 0. b. .

\$5 bill.31) Selecting a bill. and it is not replaced. A box contains a \$1 bill. a 10\$ bill. . and a \$20 bill. A bill is selected at random. then a second bill is selected at random. Draw a tree diagram and determine the sample space.

.32) Tossing Coins Draw a tree diagram and determine the sample space for tossing four coins.

If an instructors is selected.Ch. 200 #2. 40 play basketball. No f) Select any course: It is a calculus course. 5 computer science instructors. and 4 science instructors.5. a) Roll a die: Get an even number. and get a number less than 3. and the voter is a Democrat. yes g) Select a registered voter: The voter is a Republican. ( ) ) 13) The Bargain Auto Mall has these cars in stock. and get a number less than 3. Yes 5) Selecting an instructor: At a convention there are 7 mathematics instructors. and 8 play both. and a business major.21 2) Determine whether these events are mutually exclusive. SUV Foreign Domestic 20 65 Compact 50 100 Midsized 20 45 .15.5). and get an odd number. No b) Roll a die: Get a prime number (2.9. find the probability of getting a science instructor or a math instructor. Yes d) Select a student in your class: The student has blond hair.3 pg. 4.13. ( ) 9) At a particular school with 200 male students. and the student has blue eyes.3. and it is an English course. No c) Roll a die: Get a number greater than 3. No e) Select a student in your college: The student is a sophomore. What is the probability that a randomly selected male plays neither sport? ( So. 3 statistics instructors. 58 play football.

Foreign and mid-sized ( c. Marital status Married Not Married Cashiers 8 5 Stock Clerks 12 15 Deli Personnel 3 2 If an employee is selected at random. The employee is a stock clerk or married. ( ) b. find the probability that it is a. 3. ( ) 21) Door-to-Door Sales: A sales representative who visits customers at home finds she sells 0. the employee is not married ( ) c. Domestic or an SUV ( ) ) 15) A grocery store employs cashiers stock clerks. 1. a. find these probabilities. The distribution of employees according to marital status is shown here. or 4 items according to the following frequency distribution. Domestic ( ) b. Items sold_______Frequency 0 1 8 10 . the employee is a cashier or is not married. and deli personnel.If a car is selected at random. 2.

7.35.37. 215 (3. a) Exactly 1 item ( b) More than 2 items ( ) ) c) At least 1 item ( ) ( ) d) At most 3 items ( ) ( ) Ch.15.13.29. 4.5 5) Medical Degrees: If 28% of U. both are woman.21. Would you consider this event likely or unlikely to occur? ( ( ) ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) The event is likely to occur since the probability is more than 0. medical degrees are conferred to women.2 3 4 3 2 1 Find the probability that she sells the following. find the probability that if 2 people that do aerobics are randomly selected.41.39.45) 3) If 84% of all people who do aerobics are woman.5. find the probability that 3 randomly selected medical school graduates are men.4 pg.31.17. Would you consider this event likely or unlikely to occur? Explain your answer.S.

( ) ( ) 17) In a scientific study there are 8 guinea pigs. ( ) ( ) ( ) b. 90 of whom will buy at least one item. ( ) c. If 3 are selected at random without replacement. one by one.3% of incoming first-year students have computers. All have computers. what is the probability that none are covered? ( ) ( ) 15) Customer Purchases: In a department store there are 120 customers. If a model is selected at random. and model II. If 3 students are selected at random. a. find the following probabilities.S. At least one has a computer. None have the computers. find the probability that all will buy at least one item. If 5 customers are selected at random. ( ) 21) Sales: A manufacturer makes two models of an item: model I. find the probability that all are pregnant. which accounts for 20% of unit sales. children are covered by some type of health insurance. Because of defects. ( ) ( ) 13) Eighty-eight percent of U. the manufacturer has to replace (or exchange) 10% of its model I and 18% of its model II.7) At a local university 54. which accounts for 80% of unit sales. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . find the probability that it will be defective. If 4 children are selected at random. 5 of which are pregnant.

60% have a deck. patent? ( | ) ( ( ) ) ⁄ ⁄ 37) According to the Statistical Abstract of the United States.182 Government 921 104 Individual 6129 6267 Select one patent at random. and 82% play bridge. 42% of the houses have a deck and a garage. ( ) ( ) ( ) → . None have ever been married. ( ) ( ( ) ) 31) House Types: In Rolling Acres Housing Plan. 73% of the members play bridge and swim. a. ( ) ( ( ) ) 35) Consider this table concerning utility patents granted for a specific year.29) Country Club Activities: At the Avonlea Country Club. Find the probability that a home has a garage.3% of females ages 20 to 24 have never been married. given that it was a U. find the probability that the member swims. Find the probability that a. given that the member plays bridge. Choose 5 young woman of this age category at random. Corporation United States Foreign 70. 70. given that it was issued to a corporation? ( | ) ( ( ) ) ⁄ ⁄ b. What is the probability that it is issued to an individual. If a member is selected at random.S. What is the probability that it is a foreign patent.894 63. given that it has a deck.

A routine may not be repeated.23. 4.c. What is the probability that at least one is read to every day by someone at home? ( ) ( ) 45) Defective Brakes: It has been found that 6% of all automobiles on the road have defective brakes.b.39 1) Zip codes: How many 5-digit zip codes are possible if digits can be repeated? If there cannot be repetitions? ) ) 3) How many different ways can 7 different video game cartridges be arranged on a shelf? 7!=5040 7) At a local cheerleaders’ camp.31. 13(e.5 pg. 9.b. Suppose that 6 toddlers are selected at random.7. ( ) ( ) 39) Seventy-six percent of toddlers get their recommended immunizations. Suppose that 5 children are randomly selected. What is the probability that at least one has not received the recommended immunizations? ( ) ( ) 41) Fifty-eight percent of American children (ages 3 to 5) are read to everyday by someone at home. If 5 automobiles are stopped and checked by the state police. 5 routines must be practiced.19. f.35. 217 /# 1. ( ( ) ) ( ) Ch. 11. g).27a. In how many different orders can these 5 routines be presented? .3.29. 17. find the probability that at least one will have defective brakes. At least one has been married.

5 P3 =60 17) Anderson Research Co. 200 27) Evaluate each expression. decides to test-market a product in six areas. How many different ways can 3 areas be selected in a certain order for the first test? 6 P3  120 19) How many different 4-letter permutations can be formed from the letters in the word decagon? 7 P4  840 23) How many different way can 4 tickets be selected from 50 tickets if each ticket wins a different prize? 50 P4  5. 12 P4 =11. 5 C2  10 b. 7 P5 = 2525 f.9) How many different 3-digit identification tags can be made if the digits can be used more than once? If the first digit must be a 5 and repetitions are not permitted? ) ) ⁄ 13) Evaluate each of these.527. 8 C3  56 . e. a.880 g.

c. 7 C4  35 29) How many ways are there to select 3 bracelets from a box of 10 bracelets.6 #9 9) A committee of 4 people is to be formed from 6 doctors and 8 dentists. Find the probability that the committee will consist of a) All dentists p (all dentist )  C4 10  143 14 C4 8 b) 2 dentists and 2 doctors p (2 dentist and 2doctors )  8 C4 * 6 C4 60  143 14 C4 . disregarding the order of selection? 10 C3  120 31) How many ways can a committee of 4 people be selected from a group of 10 people? 10 C4  210 35) How many different ways can a theatrical group select 2 musicals and 3 dramas from 11 musicals and 8 dramas to be presented during the year? 11 C2 * 8 C3  3080 39) How many different ways can a dinner patron select 3 appetizers and 2 vegetables if there are 6 appetizers and 5 vegetables on the menu? 6 C3 * 5 C2  200 4.

c) All doctors p (all doctors )  C4 15  1001 14 C4 6 d) 3 doctors and 1 dentist p (3 doctors and 1 dentist )  6 C3 * 8 C1 160  C4 1001 14 e) 1 doctor and 3 dentists p (one doctor and 3 dentist )  6 C1 * 8 C3 48  143 14 C4 .