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NCCT

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts OPTICAL NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR ROBOTICS APPLICATION
Frequently, robots find themselves asking this question. Knowing your location?? And being able to navigate to other locations is extremely important for autonomous robots. The act of finding one's locatio n against a map is known as localization. So how can a robot localize itself? The most common form of intelligent localization and navigation is to use a map, combined with sensor readings and some form of closed-loop motion feedback. But a robot needs to do so much more than just localizing itself. Often, we'd like our robots to be able to build their own maps, since map building by hand is tedious, boring, and error-prone. The field of robotics that studies localization and mapping is typically called SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) [1]. Robot cists around the globe have been working to find a solution to localization for more than 20 years; however, only in the past 4-5 years we have seen some promising results. In this work, we describe a first-of-a-kind, breakthrough technology for pose finding for localization that requires only one low-cost camera and a powerful ARM based micro-controller. Because of its low-cost and robust performance in realistic environments, this technology is particularly well-suited for use in consumer and commercial applications.

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Smarter way to do your Projects Abstract of the Project

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

Proposed System Advantages

Architecture Diagram

Block Diagram

Explanation of Block Diagram

Components usage Details

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NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam Hi gh Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2

NCCT
Smarter way to do your Projects
EMBEDDED HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS Microcontroller, Atmel 89c51 / 52 Embedded Active components Embedded Passive components Electromechanical components Electrical components

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
Assembly Language Embedded C KEIL Compiler HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
If PC is used, for Independent Kits, this will not applicable

System RAM Hard Disk Monitor Mouse Keyboard

: Pentium Dual Core Processor + Board : 1 GB : 80 GB : 17 Color Monitor : Logitech Mouse : Multimedia Keyboard

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS Operating System Front End Database : : : Windows XP Visual Basic / Java Access

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ABOUT EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts


An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. By contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as a personal computer (PC), is designed to be flexible and to meet a wide range of end user needs. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today Embedded systems contain processing cores that are typically either microcontrollers or digital signal processors. The key characteristic, however, is being dedicated to handle a particular task. Since the embedded system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it to reduce the size and cost of the product and increase the reliability and performance. Embedded systems are designed to do some specific task, rather than be a general -purpose computer for multiple tasks. Some also have real -time performance constraints that m ust be met, for reasons such as safety and usability Embedded systems are not always standalone devices. Many embedded systems consist of small, computerized parts within a larger device that serves a more general purpose. The program instructions written for embedded systems are referred to as firmware, and are stored in read-only memory or Flash memory chips. They run with limited computer hardware resources: little memory, small or non-existent keyboard or screen.

PERIPHERALS
Embedded Systems talk with the outside world via peripherals, such as:
Serial Communication Interfaces (SCI): RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 etc. Synchronous Serial Communication Interface: I2C, SPI, SSC and ESSI (Enhanced Synchronous Serial Interface) Universal Serial Bus (USB) Multi Media Cards (SD Cards, Compact Flash etc.) Networks: Ethernet, LonWorks, etc. Fieldbuses: CAN-Bus, LIN-Bus, PROFIBUS, etc. Timers: PLL(s), Capture/Compare and Time Processing Units Discrete IO: aka General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO) Analog to Digital/Digital to Analog (ADC/DAC) Debugging: JTAG, ISP, ICSP, BDM Port, BITP, and DP9 ports.

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NCCT
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MICROCONTROLLERS

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts


A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated C, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programma ble input/output peripherals. Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often included on chip, as well as a typically small amount of RAM. Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications. Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices, such as automobile engine control systems, implantable medical devices, remote controls, office machines, appliances, power tools, toys and other embedded systems. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor, memory, and input/output devices, microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes

ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLERS


The Atmel AT89 series is an Intel-8051-compatible family of 8 bit microcontrollers (Cs) manufactured by the Atmel Corporation. Based on the Intel 8051 core, the AT89 series remains very popular as general purpose microcontrollers, due to their industry standard instruction set, and low unit cost. This allows a great amount of legacy code to be reused without modification in new applications The AT89C51 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 4Kbytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry standard MCS-51 instruction set and pin out. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8 -bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C51 is a powerful microcomputer, which provides a highly flexible and cost-effective applications solution to many embedded control

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam Hi gh Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2

NCCT
Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam Hi gh Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2