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Practice Exam: Series and Taylor Series Time: 60 minutes

Problem 1 (15 points) Use the fourth degree Taylor polynomial of value of

to find the exact

Explain your reasoning! Solution: Taking derivatives, if necessary, we obtain that the fourth degree Taylor polynomial

for

equals becomes

. Using the substitution y=2x, the Taylor polynomial for

Consequently for

Thus

Problem 2 (15 points) Find the third degree Taylor polynomial of

with center x0=3.

Solution: We have to find the first three derivatives of f(x) at x0=3.

, so

, so

, so

. Finally,

, so

. Thus the third degree Taylor polynomial with center x0=3 is given by

Problem 3 (15 points) Let x0=0 and its radius of convergence.

. Find the Taylor series of f(x) with center

Solution: This is easiest if you remember that the Taylor series with center y0=0 for has radius of convergence 1 and is given by

Using the substitution y=x2, one then obtains the Taylor series for f(x):

Since radius of convergence.

, the Taylor series for f(x) will also have 1 as its

Alternatively, observe that for and integrate.

, then write down a geometric series expression

Problem 4 (15 points) Find the radius of convergence of the power series

Solution: The absolute value of the general term of the series is

Consequently

The series will converge (diverge), if this quantity is less than 1 (bigger than 1).

so the radius of convergence is . Problem 5 (20 points) Find the exact value of the following series:

Solution:

Solution: You can only do this problem if you recognize the given series as a special case (x=1/2) of the

Taylor expansion

Problem 6 (20 points) An antibiotic decays exponentially in the human body with a half-life of about 2.5 hours. Suppose a patient takes a 250 mg tablet of the antibiotic every 6 hours. 1. Write an expression for Q2, Q3, Q4, where Qn is the amount (in mg) of the antibiotic in the body after the 2. Write an expression for Qn, and put it in closed form. 3. Assume the antibiotic treatment consists of a total of 28 tablets. Give a numerical estimate for the amount of antibiotic in the body immediately after the patient takes the last tablet of the treatment. tablet is taken. Note that Q1=250 mg.

Solution: Using an exponential decay model of the form measured in hours, and the given information that

, where t is , we can compute

. Consequently

In a similar vein, we obtain

and

In general,

In particular, [Calculus] [CyberExam] S.O.S MATH: Home Page Do you need more help? Please post your question on our S.O.S. Mathematics CyberBoard.

Helmut Knaust
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