Summer Games

Elapsed Time


Hosting the

Dianne Irving

CA 92649-1030 .Quality Resources for Every Classroom Instant Delivery 24 Hours a Day Thank you for purchasing the following e-book –another quality product from Teacher Created Materials Publishing For more information or to purchase additional books and materials.7339 FAX For further information about our products and 5301 Oceanus Drive Huntington To receive special offers via e-mail.7070 www. please e-mail us at: customerservice@tcmpub. please visit our website at: www.858.230. please join our mailing list at: www.

Summer Games Elapsed Time Olympic Hosting the Dianne Irving .

8 (right) Northwind.S. p. p. Photolibrary. pp. (second from bottom) Photolibrary. (left) Corbis. Creative Director Lee Aucoin Publisher Rachelle Cracchiolo. p.7 Corbis/Richard Cohen. p.10-11. © 2009 Teacher Created Materials Publishing ISBN 978-0-7439-0902-0 .9 (below) Corbis/Gideon Mendel.1 AAP Image.4 Photolibrary. p.5 Getty Images. Editor-in-Chief Sharon Coan.Publishing Credits Editor Sara Johnson Editorial Director Emily R.13 Getty Images. While every care has been taken to trace and acknowledge copyright.Ed.29 AAP Image/Anja Niedringhaus. Library. p. p. p.15 Corbis/Tom Stewart. p. p.Ed.6 (both) Photolibrary. p.18 AAP Image/Rick Rycroft. Photolibrary. Teacher Created Materials 5301 Oceanus Drive Huntington Beach.19 Getty Images/Yoshikazu Tsuno.S.9 (top) Shutterstock. p.24 (inset) Getty Images/Andy Lyons. pp.17 Getty Images/Phil Walter.Ed. p.24 Getty Images/Michael Steele. p. p.22 (all others) Shutterstock. Smith. p.16 (all) p. the publishers tender their apologies for any accidental infringement where copyright has proved untraceable.11 (inset) AAP Image/Russell McPhedran. They would be pleased to come to a suitable arrangement with the rightful owner in each case. Table of Contents Olympic History Host Cities Sporting Venues Sporting Events Tourism Roads and Transportation Looking After the Athletes More and More Athletes Counting the Cost Host City Time Line Problem-Solving Activity Glossary Index Answer Key 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 24 26 27 28 30 31 32 Image Credits The author and publisher would like to gratefully credit or acknowledge the following for permission to reproduce copyright material: cover Photolibrary. p. p.A.23 Getty Images/Matt Turner.20 Corbis/Adrian Bradshaw. 26-27 Corbis/George Tiedemann.12 AAP Image/Kim Ludbrook. M. CA 92649-1030 http://www. p.21 Corbis/Carl Purcell. M. p.

The opening ceremony of each Games is always an amazing event. This time over 10. Many Games Athens.  .Olympic History The first ever Olympic Games were held in Olympia. the site of the ancient Olympic Games. Greece. They first began in 1960. a.  The Olympic Summer Games are not the only Olympic Games.000 men and women took part. The Paralympic Games are held in the same year as the Summer Games. They took place in the year 776 B. Describe how you solved the problem. How many years passed between these Games? b. The first time was in 1896 and the second in 2004. This ancient Greek vase shows men running in an Olympic race.D. The first Winter Games were held in 1924.C. The first modern Olympic Summer Games were held in 1896. They took place in Athens. has hosted the modern Olympic Games twice. 393. There are also the Olympic Winter Games and the Paralympic Games. too. These ancient games were held every 4 years. Only 241 men took part. in ancient Greece. The 2004 Olympic Summer Games were held in Athens. They stopped in A. The Olympic Winter Games are held every 4 years but in a different year from the Summer Games.

Tower Bridge in London. The second time was 52 years later. In 1896. The flame is first lit in Olympia. Olympic Host Cities Host cities are announced many years before they hold the Olympic Games. Then it travels to the host city by relay. California. The first time was in 1932. has hosted the Games twice. the site of the ancient Olympic Games. Since then. the host city is London. In 2012. there have been over 20 different host cities. The 100-meter race at the 189 Games The Olympic Flame The Olympic flame goes to the city hosting the Games. Greece. England The city of Los Angeles. Athens. was the host city for the first modern Olympic Summer Games. The Games take place in a host city.Host Cities The Olympic Summer Games are held every 4 years. What year was this?   . The Olympic flame is passed between relay runners in a special torch.

305 km) from Olympia to Barcelona. the stadiums are used for other events in the city. 8 Under Construction Building of the National Stadium began in 2003 and finished in 2008. new sports stadiums (STAY-dee-uhms) are built. 9 .218 km) from Olympia to the city of Berlin in Germany. The torch traveled nearly 2.000 miles (3. 926 miles (1. It visited 7 countries. The 1992 Olympic torch traveled 2. Of this distance. The National Stadium in Beijing is known as the Bird’s Nest. Can you see why? The ancient city of Olympia.490 km) were covered by bike. Sporting Venues A host city must get ready for the Olympic Games. The Olympic torch is carried into the stadium in Berlin. Greece Getting the Torch Around Different types of transportation are used to carry the Olympic torch to the host city.The first Olympic torch relay was for the 1936 Olympic Summer Games. When the Games finish.675 miles (4. Often.

11 10 . Australia. Then explain another approach to solving this problem. The site covers almost 186. Over 1. Work began on the stadium in September 1996 and it opened in March 1999. Stadium Australia was used for the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2000 Games. It took a long time to build Stadium Australia. How many years and months did it take to build Stadium Australia? Stadium Australia. At the time. It could seat 110.00 workers built this stadium. a.520 m2).000 square yards (155. Its highest point is 190 feet (58 m). That is about the height of a 14-story building.000 spectators (SPEK-tay-ters). Explain how you solved this problem. during the 2000 Games b.Stadium Australia This huge stadium was built for the 2000 Olympic Summer Games in Sydney. it was the largest Olympic stadium ever built.

Nearly 20. Watching the Events Many people watch Olympic events. 12 In 199. the swimming events were held in the Aegean Sea. At the 1896 Games. The venues (VEN-youz) must be big enough to hold a lot of spectators.Sporting Events There were 43 events in the 1896 Olympic Summer Games.500 spectators. 13 . beach volleyball became an Olympic sport. At the 2004 Games. the swimming events were held in a stadium. Different Events The 2008 Paralympic Games held events in over 20 different sports. Fans at the 200 Games Different Sports. In 2004. The stadium seated 11. That is an increase of over 700 percent in the number of events.000 people watched them from shore. there were 84 events held in 7 different sports. At the 2006 Olympic Winter Games. there were 301 events.

V. 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 1 . in Italy. before the Games. after the Games. Greece had more tourists visit the country than before the Games. In 2005. In 1992. Hundreds of thousands of tourists went to Athens for the 2004 Games.7 million tourists went to Barcelona. in Spain. In 2005. A family from the United States went to see it. The Games were held in the city of Rome. They go to the city or they watch the events on television. Millions of people were able to see this city from their own homes. 1992. there were 5. They left home on July 20 and returned on August 11.5 million tourists. How many days were they away? July 1992 Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday August 1992 Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Olympics on T. More than 4 billion people watched the events on television.Tourism Many people get to know about the host city by watching the Games. In 1990. The 1960 Olympic Summer Games were the first to be shown on television. the Games were held in the city of Barcelona. Barcelona The opening ceremony for the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona was held on July 25. Hosting the Games increases tourism for the host city. 1.

996 feet (608. More people will be in the city. In 2004. Food was even sold at the ancient Games. Georgia. It was 1.000 hot dogs! Roads and Transportation A host city will often improve its transportation systems before the Games start. At the 2000 Games.000 ice-cream cones and 30.806 sq m) of pavements.000 trees were planted. A worker fixing pavements and streets before the 200 Games That’s Long! In 1996.000 plants and flowers and 11.000 bottles of water were sold every day. 3. workers in Athens improved around 450 streets. They fixed over 2 million square feet (185.Food stalls feed the crowds at the Games.3 m) long! 1 1 . a hot dog was made in honor of the Olympic Summer Games in Atlanta. So were 4. so these systems must be able to cope. Over 350.

it was announced that Sydney. That was 15. Atlanta. a. hosted the 1996 Olympic Summer Games. The Games opened on September 15.About 6 million people traveled by trains and buses to the 2000 Games. and days did Sydney have to prepare for the Games? b. Around 100.000 workers used transportation during the Games. So did more than 2 million spectators. would host the 2000 Games. Australia. Georgia.7 million more rail trips than normal! Spectators wait in line at a train station during the 2000 Games. 1996. How many years. What did you need to know before you could solve this problem? 18 19 . months. Huge crowds in Atlanta On September 23. 2000.

In 2008. The Olympic village in Beijing The 1976 Olympic village in Montreal. It is where the athletes. and officials stay. These buildings were 19 stories high. what time would they have to leave the village? Use the clock to help you. If they needed to be at a venue at 12:35 P.. The athletes stayed in 4 large. coaches. 20 11 10 9 8 7 12 1 2 3 4 6 5 12:35 P.5 miles (0. coaches. pyramidshaped buildings.M.Looking After the Athletes Each host city has an Olympic village. Canada.800 athletes. the Beijing Olympic village had 42 multistory buildings. and officials stayed here. Over 16. was built just 0.M.8 km) away from the main Olympic venues. 21 . The Olympic village in Montreal It took athletes only 14 minutes to walk from the Montreal Olympic village to the main venues.

M. Lunch 12:00 – 2:10 P. milk eggs fruit and vegetables meat fish Look at the table showing the meal times for the dining room in the Olympic village. Dinner 5:40 – 9:35 P. In 2004. For how long is dinner served? 22 23 .000 meals a day! Plenty of food was needed. Food Amount 3. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 12 1 2 3 198 gallons (750 L) 528.000 loaves bread tomato ketchup drinking water Officials and coaching staff line up for meals in an Olympic village. For how long is lunch served? c. Use the clock to help you answer the questions.500 gallons (2.964 gallons (15.000.862 kg) 85 tons (77.590 L) a.155 kg) 120 tons (108.500 dozen 300 tons (272. Breakfast 5:15 – 9:30 A. the Athens Olympic village served up to 144.111 kg) 25. For how long is breakfast served? b.Food for the Athletes It takes a lot of food to feed all the athletes and workers at an Olympic Games.M.005 L) 2.M.

000 9.000 1896 1920 1992 2004 2008 Year Athletes from all around the world compete in the Olympic marathons. Today. In the 1896 Olympics. And in 2008.000 7.000 10.000 6. there were 2. They are from 200 different countries. There were 9.500 athletes competed.000 5.More and More Athletes Only 311 Greek men took part in the ancient Olympic Games. over 10.000 4.000 11.000 1. 241 athletes took part.000 2.956 athletes competing in 1992.626 athletes. Athletes Competing in the Olympic Summer Games 12. In 1920. 2 Number of Athletes 2 .000 8.000 3. both male and female athletes take part.

France Amsterdam. England Stockholm. Netherlands Los Angeles.A Seoul. Japan Mexico City. China London. England Helsinki. Canada Moscow. Greece Paris. Korea Barcelona.A London. U.R Los Angeles.S. The Games bring more tourists to the host city. And the fun of the Games cannot be missed! Host City Time Line Olympic Summer Games Athens.S.S. Belgium Paris. Finland Melbourne.Counting the Cost Hosting the Olympic Summer Games can cost a city around $10 billion.S. Australia Rome. U. But for most host cities. Italy Tokyo. Georgia Sydney. Mexico Munich. Sweden Antwerp. U. England Over $00 million was spent building stadiums and venues for the 199 Atlanta Olympic Games. Australia Athens. Just think how much a new stadium must cost to build.A Berlin. France St. Germany London. Greece Beijing. Germany Montreal. U. 2 1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2 . then and in the future.S. Spain Atlanta. this cost is worth it. Louis.

28 29 . Step 1: Write the time the session starts. Solve It! What time does Jacinta have to leave her home? Use these steps to help you work out your answer. and finally the time it takes her to walk to the bus stop. 11 10 12 1 2 9 3 8 7 5 4 6 10:00 A. She will walk to the bus stop. take a bus to the train station. but she needs to find out what time she must leave home so she will not miss any of the races.M. The train trip takes 45 minutes.Seeing the Swimming The Olympic Games are a very popular event for spectators. Jacinta catches the 8:55 A. • • • • • • The walk from her home to the bus stop takes 9 minutes. Jacinta will take public transportation. and walk from the station to the swimming venue. She arrives at the station 6 minutes early. Step 3: Subtract the time the train trip takes. Step 2: Subtract the number of minutes it will take her to walk from the Olympic station to the venue. then the waiting time at the station. It takes Jacinta 20 minutes to walk from the Olympic station to the venue and find her seat. then the bus trip time. The bus ride takes 35 minutes. The session will start at 10:00 a. so Jacinta knows what time she needs to be seated. Jacinta has tickets to one of the swimming sessions.m. train.M. take a train to the Olympic station.

16. 19 venues. belonging to a previous age cope—manage modern—present-day. 7. 21. 27 tourism. 13. 17. 6. 27 Berlin. 8. 22. 20–21. 27 Montreal. 7. 8. 10–11. 20. 16. 22–23 host city. 14. 21 31 30 . 7 Olympic torch relay. 4. 15. 4. 15. 26. such as stadiums. 27 London. 10–11. 23 Rome. 26.Glossary ancient—very old. 5. 8 Olympic flame. 16. 17. 9. 6. 27 Barcelona. 27 athletes. 10. 14. 4. 27 spectators. 14–15 transportation. recent relay—a journey or race where each runner completes part of the distance before handing over an item to the next runner site—place or location spectators—people who buy tickets to watch an event stadiums—sporting arenas tourists—travelers from another city or country transportation—moving from one place to another venues—places. 27 events. 19. 22. 6–8. 12–13 food. 24–25 Atlanta. 8. 20. 27 Beijing. 20–23. 24 Athens. in which events take place Index ancient Olympic Games. 27 Olympia. 26 Sydney. 9. 18 stadiums. 17. 13. 8 Olympic Village.

Let’s Explore Math Page 4: a. Answers will vary but could include: September 1996 to September 1998 = 2 years September 1998 to March 1999 = 6 months Total: 2 years and 6 months Page 14: 22 days Page 18: a. 2000 to September 15. 108 years b. 2 hours. Answers will vary but could include: 1896 to 1900 = 4 years 1900 to 2000 = 100 years 2000 to 2004 = 4 years Total: 108 years Page 7: 1984 Page 11: a. 1996 to September 23. Step 3: 9:40 – 45 minutes (train trip) = 8:55 A.M. 8:14 – 9 minutes (walk from home to bus) = 8:05 A.M. Step 2: 10:00 – 20 minutes (walk from station to venue) = 9:40 A. 12:35 P. 2 years and 6 months b. September 23. – 14 minutes = 12:21 P. Page 21: The athletes would have to leave the village at 12:21 P. 4 hours.M. 2000 = 11 months August 23. 32 . 8:55 – 6 minutes (wait at train station) = 8:49 A.M. and 22 days b.M. Page 23: a. 3 hours. 1999 to August 23. 55 minutes Problem-Solving Activity Step 1: The session starts at 10:00 A. 2000 = 22 days Total: 3 years.M. 10 minutes c. Answers will vary.M. 15 minutes b. 1999 = 3 years September 23. 8:49 – 35 minutes (bus trip) = 8:14 A.M. Jacinta has to leave her home at 8:05 A.M.M. 11 months.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful