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BF7 76 Dual Band Wi-F i L N A usi ng BF776

Technic al Rep ort T R 117


Revision: Version 1.0 Date: December 2009

RF and Protecti on Devi c es

Edition December 2009 Published by Infineon Technologies AG 81726 Munich, Germany 2009 Infineon Technologies AG All Rights Reserved. Legal Disclaimer The information given in this document shall in no event be regarded as a guarantee of conditions or characteristics. With respect to any examples or hints given herein, any typical values stated herein and/or any information regarding the application of the device, Infineon Technologies hereby disclaims any and all warranties and liabilities of any kind, including without limitation, warranties of non-infringement of intellectual property rights of any third party. Information For further information on technology, delivery terms and conditions and prices, please contact the nearest Infineon Technologies Office (www.infineon.com). Warnings Due to technical requirements, components may contain dangerous substances. For information on the types in question, please contact the nearest Infineon Technologies Office. Infineon Technologies components may be used in life-support devices or systems only with the express written approval of Infineon Technologies, if a failure of such components can reasonably be expected to cause the failure of that life-support device or system or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system. Life support devices or systems are intended to be implanted in the human body or to support and/or maintain and sustain and/or protect human life. If they fail, it is reasonable to assume that the health of the user or other persons may be endangered.

Technical Report TR117 Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

Technical Report TR117 Revision History: December 2009 Previous Revision: Previous_Revision_Number Page Subjects (major changes since last revision)

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Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

Overview
Device: Application: BF776 Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

2
Table 1

Summary of Measurement Results


Summary of Measurement Results Symbol Freq Vcc Icc VCE Value 2412~ 2484 4920~ 5845 3.3 8.2 3 14.2@2.5GHz 9.3@5.2GHz 0.85@2.5GHz 1.40@5.2GHz -18.5@2.5GHz -15.8@5.2GHz -12.0@2.5GHz -15.7@5.2GHz -23@2.5GHz -16.5@5.2GHz -10.7@2.45GHz -1.8@5.2GHz 2.5@2.45GHz 6.5@5.2GHz -5.4 -4.5 8.8 4.6 Unit MHz V mA V Remarks

Parameter Frequency Range DC Voltage DC Current VCE

Gain Noise Figure Input Return Loss Output Return Loss Reverse Isolation Input P1dB Output P1dB Input IP3 Output IP3

G NF RLin RLout IRev IP1dB OP1dB IIP3 OIP3

dB dB dB dB dB dBm dBm dBm dBm

Plot5 Plot1 Plot2 Plot6 Plot7 Plot4 Plot8 Plot9

Plot10 Plot11

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Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

Introduction

Wi-Fi networks operate in the unlicensed 2.4 and 5 GHz radio bands, with 11 Mbps (802.11b) or 54 Mbps (802.11a) date rate or with products that contain both bands (dual band). To keep longer range communication, a cost-effective solution is using a low noise Figure, High-gain LNA. In this application note, Infineons BF776 would be introduced to dual-band WI-FI LNA application with its high performance of very low noise, high gain, high linearity. Concerning the loss of input/output long signal lines, the signal lines of input/output has been cut out, and replaced by two rigid RF cables. Standard FR4 material is used in a three-layer PCB. Please refer to crosssectional diagram below.Low-cost, standard 0402 case-size SMT passive components are used throughout. Please refer to schematic and Bill Of Material. The LNA is unconditionally stable from 5 MHz to 8.5 GHz

Schematics

R3 30 Ohm C6 1e4 pF

Power source 3.3 V

R2 5.1e4 Ohm R1 10 Ohm

C4 2.7 pF

C5 10000 pF

L2 2 nH C2 2.7 pF L1 15 nH
2 C 1

C3 2.7 pF

PORT P=1 Z=50 Ohm

C1 22 pF

PORT P=2 Z=50 Ohm

BF776

3 E

Figure 1

Schematics of the used Circuit 5 / 15 December 2009

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Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

Table 2 Symbol C1 C2,C4 C5,C6 C4 L1 L2 R1 R2 R4 GP1

Bill-of-Materials Value 22 22 10000 4.7 6.2 4.2 10 52 30 22 Unit pF pF pF pF nH nH k Size 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 0402 SOT343 Manufacturer Various Various Various Various Various Various Various Various STABILITY IMPROVEMENT BIAS FOR BASE. PROVIDES SOME NEGATIVE Various FEEDBACK FOR DC BIAS / DC OPERATING POINT Infineon Technologies BF776 Comment DC BLOCK( INPUT) DECOUPLING (RF SHORT). DECUPLING, LOW FREQUENCY. ALSO IMPROVES THIRD-ORDER INTERCEPT DC BLOCK( OUTPUT)

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Noise Figure

Figure 2

Noise Figure Table (2412 to 2840 MHz) @ 25C

Figure 3

Noise Figure Graph (2412 to 2840 MHz) @ 25C

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Figure 4

Noise Figure Graph (4920 to 5845 MHz) @ 25C

Figure 5

Noise Figure Graph (4920 to 5845 MHz) @ 25C

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Stability

3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 0.5 2.5 4.5 Frequency (GHz) 6.5 8


B1() K()

Figure 6

Isolation

0
2.5 GHz -22.96 dB 5.2 GHz -16.52 dB

DB(|S(1,2)|)

-20

-40

-60

-80

-100 0.0003

3 Frequency (GHz)

8.5

Figure 7

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Forward Gain

20
2.5 GHz 14.19 dB 5.2 GHz 9.285 dB

DB(|S(2,1)|)

10

-10 0.0003

3 Frequency (GHz)

8.5

Figure 8

Input Return Loss

10

DB(|S(1,1)|)

2.5 GHz -12 dB

-10

-20

5.2 GHz -15.68 dB

-30 0.0003

3 Frequency (GHz)

8.5

Figure 9 Technical Report TR117, Version 1.0 10 / 15 December 2009

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Dual Band Wi-Fi LNA using BF776

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Output Return Loss

10

DB(|S(2,2)|)

-10

-20
2.5 GHz -18.51 dB

5.2 GHz -15.78 dB

-30 0.0003

3 Frequency (GHz)

8.5

Figure 10

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Input 1dB compression Point: Input P1dB =-10.7dBm@ 2.45GHz

Figure 11

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Output 1dB compression Point: Output P1dB=2.4dBm@2.45GHz

Figure 12

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Third-order Intercept Point


Two Tones input: -35dB@2415.5MHz, -35@2414.5MHz IIP3=-35+ (59.2/2)=-5.4dBm, OIP3=14.2-5.4=8.8dBm

Figure 13 Technical Report TR117, Version 1.0 12 / 15 December 2009

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Third-order Intercept Point


-35dB@5200.5MHz, -35@5199.5MHz IIP3=-35+ (61/2) =-4.5dBm, OIP3=9.3-4.5=4.8dBm

Figure 14

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Evaluation Board and layout Information

Figure 15

Photo Picture of Evaluation Board

Figure 16

PCB Layer Information

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TR117