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Coverage Optimized Mobile Broadband Solutions: B db d S l ti UMTS900 with HSPA Evolution d E l ti and LTE1800

LTE World Summit, Amsterdam Summit 18.5.2010 Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa ,

Elisa-Finland in brief
Founded 1882 Worlds first GSM network launched in 1991 Revenue in 2009 was EUR 1.5 billion The number of personnel is 3 000 3 million mobile subscriptions, 38% market share, illi bil b i ti k t h market leader (Finland: 5.4M inhabit., 17 per km^2) 1.2 million fixed subs (market leader) including 0.5 million ADSL subs (market leader) HSDPA 21 Mbps and HSUPA 5.7 Mbps W ld first UMTS900 network l Worlds fi t t k launched i 2007 h d in LTE license for both 1800 and 2600 MHz in 2010 Subsidiary in Estonia both for mobile and fixed Estonia,
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Wireless broadband forecasts: HSPA domination


HSPA mass market: Big variety of terminals + low cost Existing networks + evolution g Available spectrum + UMTS900 Sufficient user experience so far

3500 3000 2500 2000


Millio on

Subscribers per technology


WiMAX LTE HSPA

1500 1000

Source: Informa Telecoms & Media, , WCIS+, June 2009


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500 0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

HSPA evolution, theor. max. user speed and carrier capacity


First downlink deployments & terminals in volume: 2009 2010 2011 2012-13 (est.)

=> Much potential with HSPA evolution


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Broadband subscriptions in Finland


1 800 000 1 600 000 1 400 000 1 200 000 1 000 000 800 000 600 000 400 000 200 000 0
1.7.2007
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All other th MBB 63% th than DSL 48%

End 2011 MBB overtakes the sum of all other broadband technologies End 2010 MBB overtakes DSL

All other than MBB DSL Mobile broadband Cable modem FTTB Wimax, Wimax Flash OFDMA FTTH Other

MBB/ HSPA 37% Reasons for MBB success: Cheap flat rate prices - 384 kbps = 10 /month (offer 5!) - 1 Mbps = 20 /month - 15 Mbps (full rate) = 35 /month MBB data speeds sufficient - IPTV requires fixed BB Mobility
1.7.2010 1.1.2011 1.7.2011 1.1.2012

Cable modem 9%

1.1.2008

1.7.2008

1.1.2009

1.7.2009

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Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

3G mobile data traffic still increasing heavily

18.5.2010

Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

Downlink traffic distribution during 27 hours in one GGSN

Downlink: streaming, peer-to-peer and web browsing each about 30% Uplink: peer to peer at least 60% web browsing about 10% streaming 5% peer-to-peer 60%, 10%, QoS mechanisms in RAN applied to protect premium users
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Comparison of data speeds in Finnish 3G networks


Measurements made by European Communications Engineering (http://www eceltd com) (http://www.eceltd.com) Drive tests with over 12 000 kilometers in Finland, measurements mainly in the moving car Download of 50 MB file repeatedly, using 3 USB modems connected to 3 laptops Car was driven in the main roads inside and outside of 100 cities until 3G coverage was ended One measurement point is the average of the data speeds in one 100 m X 100 m square
100000 90000 80000

Elisa

DNA

Sonera

Squ uares of 100 m X 100 m

70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 >250

Median speed for operators vary between 1.2 2.2 Mbps in 1 2 2 2 Mb i a moving car and i d including a lot of weak coverage areas After upgrading BTS transmission to Ethernet (preferably 50 Mbps) the main remaining bottleneck is the air interface and related coverage issues

>500

>750 >1000 >1250 >1500 >1750 >2000 >2250 >2500 >2750 >3000 >3250 >3500 >3750 >4000

Cumulative data speed [kbps]


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HSPA+ offers enormous network capacity


ADSL analogy: l ADSL 2010: 500 000 homes, BH-traffic 35 Gbps Assume 1000 subs/BTS BH-traffic 70 Mbps/BTS 70 kbps/home Assume similar mobile data usage: 70 kbps/user (20 GB/month/user) HSPA+ capacity in loaded network about 8 Mbps/sector 3+3+3 configuration HSPA+ base stations would be sufficient Remarks: 1000 subs/BTS is a relatively high value especially outside urban areas value, Fixed broadband takes much of the traffic load + possible offload to LTE Quality of service ( y (QoS) can help manage the traffic load ) p g BTS transmission capacity: possible bottleneck, Ethernet is the only choice! => HSPA+ network capacity satisfies most traffic predictions for the coming years. HSPA In many cases the most critical issue is the coverage.
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Heavy assumption!

Demand for HSPA coverage everywhere


Customers getting more and more dependent on the internet access Mobility getting increasingly important Increasing demand to have HSPA coverage everywhere, also rural areas (Mobile) internet used mostly indoors Comparison to GSM voice service: its needed everywhere => HSPA (or mobile internet) should work everywhere!

UMTS2100 and other high spectrum technologies have tough business case UMTS900 suits here very well!
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Why UMTS900 (or HSPA at 900 MHz)?


In principle, only for one reason: Network costs for HSPA coverage at 900 MHz can be only about one thi d compared to the costs for HSPA coverage at 2100 MH third d t th t f t MHz Especially attractive for rural area HSPA coverage Other reasons: Better indoor coverage in urban areas (10 .. 20 dB) Possible to reuse existing GSM900 sites and infrastructure => relatively easy rollout for an existing GSM900 operator (typically ( i ll GSM voice coverage area corresponds to 1 Mb d i d Mbps data coverage area for UMTS900)

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Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

Coverage Impact of the Spectrum

Mobile network costs are proportional to the number of sites => larger coverage area means less costs
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Elisa 3G coverage 2007-2010


1Q/2007 2Q/2010
= UMTS900 = UMTS2100

3 times more UMTS2100 sites compared to UMTS900 sites. Still UMTS900 has much larger coverage area.

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Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

Field Experience of UMTS900


Item under analysis Coverage area compared to UMTS 2100 MHz Indoor coverage compared to UMTS 2100 MHz Required spectrum Co-existence with GSM900 HSPA throughput at UMTS2100 MHz cell edge 1 Mbps coverage area for UMTS900
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Expected performance 3 times larger g

Verified 3...5 times larger g

10..20 dB better 4.2 MHz enough for UMTS900 No significant interference Doubled Similar to voice coverage area for GSM900

Verified Verified Verified More than doubled

Verified

Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

14 networks, refarming 24 countries, devices 300


UMTS900 deployment status www.gsacom.com Refarming status www.gsacom.com

321 UMTS900 devices announced d (GSA 7.4.2010). Number more than doubled in 9 months. th
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900 MHz Allocation and Refarming in Finland



11.4 MHz 11 4 MH or 57 GSM carriers per operator (DNA 58) i t Each operator has allocated UMTS900 carrier in such a way that 2nd UMTS carrier can be activated later without moving 1st carrier.
2nd carrier assumes that GSM900 traffic must be very low We can have max 16 GSM carriers low. together with 2xUMTS, which implies max GSM 1+1+1 the use of AMR HR and 1800 MHz makes refarming easier (later possibly Orth. Sub Channel)

operator: DNA
GSM only 1xUMTS 2xUMTS

operator: Sonera

operator: Elisa

= DNA = Sonera = Elisa = Current UMTS900 center frequency = Current UMTS900 channel occupancy (4.2 MHz) = Potential future 2nd UMTS900 carrier (4.2 MHz) = Guard carrier
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Possibility for dual cell UMTS900 Theor. max. peak bit rate of 84 Mbps, similar speed to LTE using 10 MHz bandwidth which is the assumed case at LTE coverage band (800 MHz or digital dividend)

A possible scenario for terminal penetration in Finland


- UMTS900 in practically every 3G terminal => penetration gets very high

Possibility to start closing the GSM network

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Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam

LTE1800 promising option for many markets


+ + + + + Main M i motivation: coverage area about 2X l ti ti b t larger th LTE2600 than LTE2600. Possibility to reuse antenna lines of UMTS2100 or GSM1800. Possibility to deploy multi-RAN BTS with simultaneous LTE&GSM. 1800 MHz (ITU band 3) widely available in Europe and APAC. Not big regulatory issues: 1800 band often technology neutral.
Coordinated GSM-LTE case 20 MHz LTE 15 MHz LTE 10 MHz LTE Required spectrum 18.4 MHz 13.8 13 8 MHz 9.4 MHz

+ Spectrum need for full LTE data speed 18.4 MHz when GSM and LTE base stations at same sites (coordinated case). + Often easier to refarm than 900 MHz.

Terminal availability 6-12 months after LTE2600: not a real issue. y LTE1800 can be estimated to be ready for mass market in 2012 with first network deployments and terminals in volume.

=> LTE1800: promising and available for mass market in time


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Summary
HSPA can offer sufficient speed and capacity for the coming years. HSPA service needed everywhere, coverage often an issue. UMTS900 saves max. 50 70% of costs i rural/suburban areas. 50-70% f t in l/ b b UMTS900 a proven solution already with 10+ commercial networks. UMTS900 improves coverage also in urban areas areas. Former issues with regulation and terminals practically solved. Refarming is time consuming but worth the effort. g g LTE1800 provides 2 times larger coverage area than LTE2600.

=> UMTS900 is a 100% clear go, the focus is now on the details for the most efficient deployment. => When LTE needed LTE1800 is a promising option for LTE needed,
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Thank You!

Dr. Eetu Prieur eetu.prieur@elisa.fi eetu prieur@elisa fi

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Dr. Eetu Prieur, Elisa LTE World Summit, Amsterdam