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SCHEDULE OF MINIMUM TEST REQUIREMENTS (FREQUENCY)
Schedule of Minimum Testing Requirements Governing Items of Work of the DPWH Specifications for Highways, Bridges and Airports (2004 Edition) PART C - EARTHWORKS ITEM 100 – CLEARING AND GRUBBING * This item shall consist of clearing, grubbing, removing and disposing all vegetation and debris as designated in the contract. Tests: None ITEM 101 – REMOVAL OF STRUCTURES AND OBSTRUCTIONS * This item shall consist of the removal wholly or in part, and satisfactory disposal of all buildings, fences, structures, old pavements abandoned pipelines, and any other obstruction which are not designated or permitted to remain. Tests: None ITEM 102 – EXCAVATION * This item shall consist of roadway, drainage and borrow excavation and the disposal of materials. Tests: Same as for Items 103, 104 and 105, whichever is applicable ITEM 103 – STRUCTURE EXCAVATION * This item shall consist of the necessary excavation for foundation of bridges, culverts, under-drains, and other structures not otherwise provided in the specifications. If the excavated materials are washed, the volume involved shall be reported so that quality control requirements may be adjusted accordingly (submit Project Engineer Certificate of Waste). If the excavated materials are incorporated into the work: Tests: For every 1,500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G, Grading Test 1 – P, Plasticity Test (LL, PL, PI) 1 – C, Laboratory Compaction Test For every 150 mm in uncompacted depth: 1 – D, Field Density ITEM 104 – EMBANKMENT * This item shall consist of the construction of embankment. Tests: For every 1,500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G, Grading Test 1 – P, Plasticity Test (LL, PL, PI) 1 – C, Laboratory Compaction Test
For each 500m2 of each layer of compacted fill or fraction thereof: At least one group of three in – situ density test. The layer shall be placed not exceeding200 mm in loose measurement or based on the result of compacted trials. ITEM 105 – SUBGRADE PREPARATION * This item shall consist of the preparation of the sub-grade for the support of overlying structural layers. Tests: Same as for Item 104 ITEM 106 – COMPACTION EQUIPMENT AND DENSITY CONTROL STRIPS * This item shall be used in determining the density requirements of selected embankments, sub-grade, bases and bituminous concrete. Tests: Same as for Items104, 105, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206 and 300 ITEM 107 – OVERHAUL * This item shall consist of authorized hauling in excess of free-haul distance. Tests: None PART D – SUB - BASE AND BASE COURSE ITEM 200 – AGGREGATE SUBBASE COURSE * This item shall consist of furnishing, placing and compaction of aggregate sub-base course on a prepared sub-grade. Tests: For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G, Grading Test 1 – P, Plasticity Test (LL, PL, PI) For every 1,500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – C, Laboratory Compaction Test 1 – Q, Quality Test (Grading, Plasticity and Abrasion) For every 2,500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – CBR, California Bearing Test For every layer of 150 mm of compacted depth based on the result of compaction test trials: At least one group of three in – situ density tests for each 500 m2 or fraction thereof ITEM 201 – AGGREGATE BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of furnishing, placing, and compaction of aggregate base course on a prepared sub-grade. Tests: For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G, Grading Test
Plasticity and Abrasion) For every 2.500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – CBR. Field Density Test for every 150 m or fraction thereof 1 – T. HYDRATED LIME For every 100T or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. Plasticity Test (LL. PL. Laboratory Compaction Test 1 – UC. Amount of lime to be added: 3 – 12 mass percent of dry soil aggregates test Tests: A. placing. MIX For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – C. Quality Test (Grading. PI) For every 1. Laboratory Compaction Test 1 – Q.500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – F. Thickness determination fro every 150 m or fraction thereof D. Unconfined Compaction Test C. composed of soil aggregate. Amount of cement to be added: . PL. Quality Test (Grading. Plasticity Test (LL. Fractured face ITEM 203 – LIME STABILIZED ROAD MIX BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of a foundation for surface course composed of soil aggregate. Grading Test 1 – P. Portland cement and water in proper proportions. SOIL AGGREGATE For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. California Bearing Test For every layer of 150 mm of compacted depth based on the result of compaction test trials: At least one group of three in – situ density tests for each 500 m2 or fraction thereof ITEM 202 – CRUSHED AGGREGATE BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of furnishing. Quality Test ITEM 204 – PORTLAND CEMENT STABILIZED ROAD MIX BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of a foundation for surface course. COMPACTED BASE COURSE For every layer of 150 mm compacted depth: 1 – D. Plasticity and Abrasion) B.1 – P.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – C. crushed stone or crush rock on a prepared sub-grade. lime and water in proper proportions. and compacting crushed gravel. Tests: Same as for Item 201 For every 1.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. PI) For every1.
Laboratory Compaction Test 1 – UC. composed of soil aggregate and asphaltic material in proper proportions. Unconfined Compaction Test 1 – CBR. Field Density Test for every 150 m or fraction thereof 1 – T. Quality Test for every 2. MIX Same as for Item 203 C. COMPACTED BASE COURSE Same as for Item 203 ITEM 206 – PORTLAND CEMENT STABILIZED TREATED PLANT MIX BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of a foundation for surface course composed of aggregate Portland cement and water in proper proportion. MIX For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – C. Thickness Determination for every 150 m or fraction thereof ITEM 205 – ASPHALT STABILIZED ROAD MIX BASE COURSE * This item shall consist of a foundation for surface course.6 to 10 mass of dry soil aggregate Tests: A. PORTLAND CEMENT For every 2. WATER 1 – Q.000 bags or fraction thereof C. SOIL AGGREGATE Same as for Item 203 B. Amount of asphalt to be added: 4 – 7 mass of dry soil aggregate Tests: A. SOIL AGGREGATE Same as for Item 203 B. Quality Test/Project Engineer’s Certificate D. SOIL AGGREGATE Same as for Item 203 B. COMPACTED BASE COURSE For every layer of 150 mm compacted depth: 1 – D. CEMENT 1 – Q. California Bearing Ratio E.000 bags or fraction thereof: . Quality Test for every 40T of 200 drums or fraction thereof C. EMULSIFIED ASPHALT 1 – Q. Amount of cement to be added: 6 to 10 mass of dry soil aggregate Tests: A.
PI) For every 1. COMPACTED BASE COURSE For every layer of 150 mm compacted depth: 1 – D. Fractured face ITEM 301 – BITUMINOUS PRIME COAT * This item shall consist of preparing and treating an aggregate base course. Tests: For every 300 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. Quality Test/Project Engineer’s Certificate E. PL. MIX Same as for Item 204 D. Field Density Test for every 150 m or fraction thereof 1 – T. Quality Test for every 40T or 200 drums ITEM 302 – BITUMINOUS TACKCOAT * This item shall consist of preparing and treating an existing bituminous or cement concrete with bituminous material. of the Specification PART E – SURFACE COURSES ITEM 300 – AGGREGATE SURFACE COURSE * This item shall consist of wearing of top course composed of gravel or crushed aggregate and other binder material. Tests: Same as the specified Item No. Plasticity Test (LL. Thickness Determination for every 150 m or fraction thereof ITEM 207 – AGGREGATE STOCKPILE * This item shall furnishing and placing aggregate in stockpiles at locations.1 – Q. Grading Test 1 – P. . WATER 1 – Q. Laboratory Compaction Test 1 – Q. Quantity: 1 to 2 L/m2 Test: 1 – Q. Plasticity and Abrasion) For every layer of 150 mm of compacted depth based on the result of compaction test trials: At least one group of three in – situ density tests for each 500 m2 or fraction thereof For crushed gravel or crushed stone 1.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – C.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – F. Quality Test (Grading. Quality Test C.
BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 1. COVER AGGREGATES Quantity: 5 to 14 kg/m2 Test: For every 75 m3/200 kg or fraction thereof: 1 – G.58 to 2. Plasticity and Abrasion) For every 1. Quality Test for every 40T or 200 drums ITEM 303 – BITUMINOUS SEAL COAT * This item shall consist of an application of bituminous material with or w/o an application of aggregate on an existing bituminous surface course. AGGREGATES Quantity: 13.6 to 19.04 L/m2 if using cut – back asphalt or asphalt cement 1. PI) For every 1.7 L/m2 Test: 1 – Q. Quality Test (Grading.6 to 38 kg/m2 if using cut – back asphalt or asphalt cement 13. Fractured Face B. Grading Test 1 – P. Grading Test ITEM 304 – BITUMINOUS SURFACE TREATMENT * This item shall consist of either a single application of bituminous materials followed by a single spreading of aggregate (single surface treatment) or two applications bituminous material each followed.58 to 2. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 0. Quality Test for every 40T or 200 drums B. A.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. A.500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – F.2 to 1.5 L/m2 Test: 1 – Q. A.Quantity: 0. AGGREGATES .04 L/m2 if using emulsified asphalt ITEM 305 – BITUMINOUS PENETRATION MACADAM PAVEMENT * This item shall consist of furnishing and placing one or more aggregate and one or more application of bituminous material followed by a seal coat a with cover aggregate constructed on a prepared base.2 to 0.04 kg/m2 if using emulsified asphalt Tests: For every 75 m3/200 kg or fraction thereof: 1 – G. Plasticity Test (LL.
HYDRATED LIME Tests: For every 100T or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. at least one (1) but not more than three (3) samples shall be taken ITEM 307 – BITUMINOUS PLANT – MIX SURFACE COURSE – GENERAL * This item includes general requirements that are applicable to all type of bituminous surface courses irrespective of gradation of aggregate or kind and amount of bituminous material. A.5 to 7 mass % of total dry aggregate Using emulsified asphalt – 6 to 10 mass % of total dry aggregate Tests: Same as for Item 301 C. COMPACTED PAVEMENT Tests: For each full day’s operation: D & T (Density & Thickness Test). Stability Test 1 – C. Grading Test 1 – Ext.2 to 11 L/m2 Test: Same as for Item 301 ITEM 306 – BITUMINOUS ROAD MIX SURFACE COURSE * This item shall consist of constructing a bituminous road mix surface course on a prepared base. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 7. A. AGGREGATES Tests: Same as for Item 304 B. AGGREGATE Tests: For every 75 m3/200T or fraction thereof: . Quality Test E. MIX Tests: For every 75 m3/130T or fraction thereof: 1 – G.Quantity: Using Asphalt Cement or Rapid Curing Emulsified Asphalt Course (crushed) 80 kg/m2 Key (crushed) 24 kg/m2 Cover (crushed or screened) 8 kg/m2 B. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: Using cut – back asphalt – 4. Laboratory Compaction Test D.
Grading Test 1 – Ext. Grading & Plasticity Tests (LL. Quality Test E. A. MIX Tests: For every 75 m3/130T or fraction thereof: 1 – G.1 – G & P. Grading & Plasticity Tests For every 1. Stripping and Bulk specific gravity) 1 – F. PI) F. MINERAL FILLER Tests: For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G & P. laid cold on a prepared base. at least one (1) but not more than three (3) samples shall be taken ITEM 308 – BITUMINOUS PLANT – MIX SURFACE COURSE – COLD LAID * This item shall consist of constructing Bituminous Surface Course (Asphalt Cold Mix) prepared in central mixing plant.500m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. PL. Quality Test for each 40T or 200 drums fraction thereof C. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: Using cut – back asphalt -. Stability Test 1 – C. Fractured face B. HYDRATED LIME . Laboratory Compaction Test D. COMPACTED PAVEMENT Tests: For each full day’s operation: D & T (Density & Thickness Test). HYDRATED LIME Tests: For every 100T or fraction thereof: 1 – Q.AGGREGATE Tests: Same as for Item 307 B.5 to 7 mass % of total dry aggregate Using emulsified asphalt – 6 to 10 mass % of total dry aggregate Tests: 1 – Q. Quality Test (Grading.4. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 5 to 8 mass percent of total dry aggregates Tests: 1 – Q. Plasticity and Abrasion. Quality Test for each 40T or 200 drums or fraction thereof C. MIX Tests: Same as for Item 307 D.
constructed and laid hot on prepared base. mineral filler and bituminous material mixed in a central plant. Grading & Plasticity Tests (LL. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 4 to 10 mass percent of total mix Tests: 1 – Q. A. COMPACTED PAVEMENT Tests: Same as for Item 307 ITEM 309 – BITUMINOUS PLANT – MIX (STOCKPILE MAINTENANCE MIXTURE) * This item shall consist of a bituminous stockpile maintenance mixture composed of aggregate. hydrated lime and bituminous material mixed in a central plant. AGGREGATES Tests: Same as for Item 307 B. MIX Tests: Same as for Item 307 D. PI) F. MINERAL FILLER Tests: For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G & P. AGGREGATE Tests: Same as for Item 307 B. Quality Test for each 40T or 200 drums fraction thereof C. PL. HYDRATED LIME Tests: Same as for Item 307 E.Tests: Same as for Item 307 E. mineral filler. BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Quantity: 5 to 8 mass percent of total mix . A. COMPACTED PAVEMENT Tests: Same as for Item 307 ITEM 310 – BITUMINOUS CONCRETE SURFACE COURSE – HOT LAID * This item shall consist of constructing a bituminous concrete surface course composed of aggregate. MINERAL FILLER Tests: Same as for Item 307 F.
Grading Test C. HYDRATED LIME Tests: Same as for Item 307 E. % clay lumps and % shale) b. MINERAL FILLER Tests: Same as for Item 307 F. constructed on the prepared base. Organic Impurities. MIX Tests: Same as for Item 307 D. Absorption.54 m2/m3 concrete if using angular or crushed coarse aggregate Tests: For every 1. Elutriation – wash.68 m /m concrete if using angular or crushed coarse aggregate Tests: For every 1. CEMENT Quantity: 9. COURSE AGGREGATE Quantity: 0.000 bags or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. Unit Weight.50 m2/m3 concrete if using rounded course aggregate 0. Mortar Strength. Bulk Specific Gravity.77 m2/m3 concrete if using rounded coarse aggregate 2 3 0.) For a source previously tested and passed quality test: 1 – Q.0 bags/m3 (40 kg/bag) Test: For every 2. Elutriation – wash.Tests: 1 – Q.500 m3 or fraction thereof: a. Quality Test (Grading. Quality Test (Grading. Absorption. A. Mortar Strength) For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. COMPACTED PAVEMENT Tests: Same as for Item 307 ITEM 311 – PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT * This item shall consist of pavement of Portland cement concrete. with or without reinforcement. Quality Test B.) For a source not yet tested or failed in previous quality test: 1 – Q. Quality Test for each 40T or 200 drums fraction thereof C. Bulk Specific Gravity. FINE AGGREGATE Quantity: 0.500 m3 or fraction thereof: . Soundness.
Absorption. Bulk Specific Gravity. STEEL BARS Test: For every 10. Quality Test on each thickness of filler for each shipment F.a. driven or placed. Quality Test (Grading.) For a source not yet tested or failed in previous quality test: 1 – Q. Quality Test if source is questionable E. Pre – molded joint filler Test: 1 – Q. Grading Test D. Quality Test on each type of ingredient for each shipment 2. SPECIAL CURING AGENTS Test: 1 – Q. TIMBER PILES Test: . Abrasion. Absorption and Abrasion) For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. WATER Test: 1 – Certificate from Project Engineer or 1 – Q. A. Quality Test (Grading. Bulk Specific Gravity. Quality Test (Bending. Soundness and Unit Weight) b. furnished.000 kg or fraction thereof for each size: 1 – Q. COMPLETED PAVEMENT Test: Thickness determination by concrete core drilling on a lot basis Five (5) holes per km per lane or five (5) holes per 500 m when two (2) lanes are poured concurrently PART F – BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION ITEM 400 .PILING * This item shall consist of piling.) For a source previously tested and passed quality test: 1 – Q. JOINT FILLER 1. 230 mm depth or fraction thereof placed each day Volume of concrete not more than 75 m3 I. Tension and Quality Analysis) H. cut and spliced. Poured joint filler Test: 1 – Q. CONCRETE Test: Flexural Strength Test on concrete beam samples: 1 – Set consisting of 3 beam samples shall represent a 330 m2 of pavement. Quality Test for each shipment G.
Inspection Report for each type and shipment of timber ITEM 403 – METAL STRUCTURES * This work shall consist of steel structures portions of composite structures. REINFORCING STEEL Test: Same as for Item 404 ITEM 402 – TIMBER STRUCTURES * This item shall consist of construction of timber structures to the dimensions. WIRE AND WIRE MESH Test: . Class C B. STRUCTURAL PILES Tests: 1 – IR. BAR REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE Test: For every 10. Quality Test or Mill Test Certificate ITEM 401 – RAILINGS * This item shall consist of furnishing.) Reinforcing Steel Test: Same as for Item 404 C. inspection Report 1 – Q. fabricating or placing.000 kg or fraction thereof for each size: 1 – Q. Quality Test or Manufacturer’s Certificate for each type of material used 1 – IR. for bridges and other structures of the material of combination of materials. bending. grades and dimension.1 – Inspection Report for each size and shipment of timber B. A. Quality Test (Bending. Quality Test or Manufacturer’s Certificate for each type of material used 1 – IR. Tension and Quality Analysis) B. lines and grades as shown on the plans. Tests: 1 – Q. Inspection Report for each type and shipment of metal ITEM 404 – REINFORCING STEEL * This item shall consist of furnishing. fabricating and placing of steel reinforcement of the type. CONCRETE PILES a. shape and grade required. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405. constructed in reasonably close conformity with the lines. A. Tests: 1 – Q. size.) Concrete Test: Same as for Item 405 b.
68 m2/m3 of concrete Class B 0.52 m2/m3 of concrete Class C 0.400 psi/16.7 MPa Class B 8 bags/m3 of concrete – 2.) For a source not yet tested or failed in previous quality test: 1 – Q.5 bags/m3 of concrete – 3.45 0.66 m2/m3 of concrete Class P 0.7 MPa Test: For every 2.47 m2/m3 of concrete Test: For every 1.44 0.000 psi/20. Soundness. Unit Weight.70 0.000 bags or fraction thereof: 1 –Q. Quality Test (Grading.77 0.000 psi/20. Elutriation – wash.500 m3 or fraction thereof: a.000 psi/20.65 m2/m3 of concrete Test: For every 1.54 m2/m3 of concrete Class B 0.82 0.7 MPa Class Seal 9.7 MPa Class B 11 bags/m3 of concrete – 5.) For a source not yet tested or failed in previous quality test: . Quality Test B.000 psi/20. Mortar Strength) For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. Bulk Specific Gravity.50 0. CEMENT Quantity: (40 kg/bag) Class A 9 bags/m3 of concrete – 3. Grading Test C. Absorption.4 MPa Class C 9.56 0.53 0. bending. and placing and finishing concrete in all structures except pavements.59 m2/m3 of concrete Class P 0. % clay lumps and % shale) b.73 m2/m3 of concrete Class C 0. COARSE AGGREGATES Quantity: ROUNDED ANGULAR/CRUSHED Class A 0. Quality Test ITEM 405 – STRUCTURAL CONCRETE * This item shall consist of furnishing. Bulk Specific Gravity. Organic Impurities. Absorption.500 m3 or fraction thereof: a. Quality Test (Grading.) For a source previously tested and passed quality test: 1 – Q.1 – Q.5 bags/m3 of concrete – 3. Mortar Strength. FINE AGGREGATES Quantity: ROUNDED ANGULAR/CRUSHED Class A 0. Elutriation – wash. A.
STEEL REINFORCEMENT Test: For every 10. Quality Test (Grading. Grading Test D. Quality Test for every 20T or fraction thereof ITEM 407 – CONCRETE STRUCTURES *This item shall consist of the general description of the materials.) For a source previously tested and passed quality test: 1 – Q. Bulk Specific Gravity. Bulk Specific Gravity. WIRE STRAND Test: 1 – Q. Quality Test if source is questionable E. CONCRETE Tests: Same as for Item 405. workmanship and construction requirements of concrete structures and the concrete portions of composite structures. Tests: Same as for Items 403. WATER Tests: 1 – Certificate from Project Engineer or 1 – Q. A. Abrasion. Absorption. Quality Test (Grading. Quality Test on each thickness of filler for each shipment F. one (1) set consisting three (3) concrete cylinder samples shall be taken from each day’s pouring and to represent not more than 75 m3 of concrete or fraction thereof ITEM 406 – PRE – STRESSED CONCRETE STRUCTURES * This item shall consist of pre-stressed concrete structures and the pre-stressed concrete portions of composite structures. Class P B. Quality Test (Bending. Absorption and Abrasion) For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G. 404 and 411 Elastometric Bearing Pads will be tested to determine its quality . equipment. Soundness and Unit Weight) b. PRE – MOLDED FILLER FRO EXPANSION JOINTS Test: 1 – Q. STEEL REINFORCEMENT Test: Same as for Item 404 C.1 – Q. CONCRETE Tests: Compressive Strength Test on concrete cylinder samples. Tension and Quality Analysis) G.000 kg or fraction thereof for each size: 1 – Q.
PART G – DRAINAGE AND SLOPE PROTECTION STRUCTURES ITEM 500 – PIPE CULVERTS AND STORMDRAINS * This item shall consist of the construction or reconstruction of pipe culverts and storm drains. One 4 – L can for every 100 cans or fraction thereof ITEM 409 – WELDED STRUCTURAL STEEL * This work shall consist of the joining of structural steel members with welds of the type. Inspection report 1 – Q. pastes. Test: 1 – Q. Quality Test for preservatives ITEM 411 – PAINT * This item shall consist of furnishing and applying all paint materials including vehicles. One 20 – L can for every 100 cans or fraction thereof 1 – Q. One 20 – L can for every 100 cans or fraction thereof 1 – Q. dryers. and mixed paints for steel and wooden structures. Tests: Same as for Item 403 and 411 Painting: 1 – Q. grades. . dimension and designs. pigments. Test: Same as for 403 and Inspection Report ITEM 410 – TREATED AND UNTREATED TIMBER * This item shall consist of structural timber of the specie size called on the plans either treated or untreated as called for in the proposal. One 4 – L can for every 100 cans or fraction thereof ITEM 412 – ELASTOMETRIC BEARING PADS *This item shall consist of the requirement for elastomeric bearing pads whose main function is to transfer loads or accommodate relative movement between a bridge superstructure and its supporting structures ITEM 413 – PRE – MOLDED JOINT FILLER FOR CONCRETE PAVING AND STRUCTURAL CONCRETE * Preformed sponge rubber and rock expansion joint filler for concrete paving and structural construction.ITEM 408 – STEEL BRIDGES * This item shall consist of construction of steel structure conforming to the lines. thinners. Test: 1 – IR.
Absorption and Dimension) Alternative Requirements: 1. inlets.5% of the number of pipes for each size but not less than two (2) for Strength. Quality Test for one (1) pipe for every 50 pieces (Strength. Inspection Report for each size for not more than twenty – five (25) pipes cast in the field B. and catch basins. Absorption and Dimension Alternative requirements: 1. fine aggregates and water: Test: Same as for Item 405 ITEM 501 – UNDERDRAINS * This item shall consist of constructing under drains. INLETS AND CATCHBASINS * This item shall consist of the construction. Compressive Strength for one (1) set consisting of three (3) concrete cylinder samples for not more than twenty – five (25) pipe cast in the field 2. A. CLAY PIPE Test: Quality Test for one (1) pipe for every 200 pieces of each size. reconstruction or adjustment of manholes. CAST IRON FRAMES AND GRATING Test: Inspection Report ITEM 503 – DRAINAGE STEEL GRATING WITH FRAME . Absorption and Dimension ITEM 502 – MANHOLES. LIDS. MORTAR AND JOINT FILLER Cement. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405.A. with a minimum number of two (2) specimens for Strength. under drain pipe outlets. using pipe and granular filter materials. Inspection Report for each size for not more than twenty – five (25) pipes cast in the field B. PIPES Test: 1 – Q. and blind drain using granular materials. Class A B. A. CONCRETE PIPE (NON – REINFORCED) Test: Quality Test for 0. Compressive Strength for one (1) set consisting of three (3) concrete cylinder samples for not more than twenty – five (25) pipe cast in the field 2.
Grading Test C. ITEM 504 – CLEANING AND RECONDITIONING OF EXISTING DRAINAGE STRUCTURES * This item shall consist of cleaning and reconditioning existing pipes and appurtenant structures. FINE AGGREGATE Quantity: 0.17 m2/m3 of concrete Test: For every 1. ITEM 508 – HAND – LAID ROCK EMBANKMENT . CEMENT Quantity: 2 bags/m3 of concrete Test: For every 2.500 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. Test: Same as for Item 505 (Cement – Aggregate ratio = 1:3) ITEM 506 – STONE MASONRY * This item shall consist of stone masonry of minor structures.* The steel frame clear openings of drainage grates shall be 15 mm larger than nominal sizes of industry standard sized pits. WATER Test: 1 – Certificate from Project Engineer or 1 – Q. in headwalls for culverts. Quality Test (Cement – Aggregate ratio = 1:2) B. Test: Inspection Report ITEM 505 – RIPRAP AND GROUTED RIPRAP * This item shall consist of the furnishing and placing riprap with or without grout as the case maybe. with or without filter backing.000 bags or fraction thereof: 1 – Q. in retaining walls at the toes of slopes. A. STONE Test: Inspection Report D. Quality Test if source is questionable ITEM 507 – RUBBLE CONCRETE * This item shall consist of construction of rubble concrete. Quality Test (same as for Item 405) For every 75 m3 or fraction thereof: 1 – G.
A. Quality Test for each shipment PART H – MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES ITEM 600 – CURB AND GUTTER * This item shall construction of curb and gutter either pre-cast of cast . CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405 ITEM 511 – GABIONS * This item shall consist of furnishing. STEEL SHEET PILES Test: Same as for Item 403 ITEM 510 – CONCRETE SLOPE PROTECTION * This item shall consist of furnishing and placing of concrete slope protection including all necessary excavation. BED COURSE Test: Same as for Item 200 B.in place made of concrete.* This item shall consist of hand-laid rock embankment. driving cutting off of sheet pile. CONCRETE Quantity: 0. Test: 1 – Q. STEEL REINFORCEMENT Test: Same as for Item 404 C. CONCRETE SHEET PILES Test: Same as for Item 400 C. and placing rocks installed at the location designated.078 m3/m (curb only) . TIMBER SHEET PILES Test: Inspection Report B. Test: Inspection Report ITEM 509 – SHEET PILES * This item shall consist of furnishing. forming wire mesh baskets. A. a bed course and reinforced concrete to the required thickness and extent to protect slope against erosion. A.
PRE – MOLDED EXPANSION JOINT FILLER Test: Same as for Item 311 ITEM 602 – MONUMENTS.145 m3/m (curb and gutter. MARKERS AND GUIDE POSTS * This item shall consist of right-of-way monuments. TIMBER POSTS Test: Same as for Item 410 C. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405. A.074 m3/m (curb and gutter. STEEL POSTS Test: Same as for Item 403 B. TIMBER Test: Same as for Item 410 D. REINFORCING STEEL . Class A B. JOINT FILLER Test: Same as for Item 311 ITEM 601 – SIDEWALK * This item shall consist of construction of asphalt of Portland cement concrete sidewalk. Type A) 0. Class A B. REINFORCING STEEL Test: Same as for Item 404 C. PAINT Test: Same as for Item 411 ITEM 603 – GUARDRAIL * This item shall consist of furnishing and constructing posts and guardrails. Type B) 0. A. Type C) Test: Same as for Item 405 B. maintenance marker posts. A.0. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 405 D. kilometer posts and/ or guideposts.092 m3/m (curb and gutter.
PAINT Test: Same as for Item 411 ITEM 604 – FENCING * This item shall consist of furnishing and constructing of post and barb wire or chain link fences. BARB WIRE.Test: Same as for Item 404 E. CONCRETE POSTS Test: Same as for Item 405 C. Test: Inspection Report ITEM 609 – SPRIGGING * This item consists of planting sprigs of living grass plants. or topsoil removed from designated areas. Quality Test B. Test: Same as for Item 411 ITEM 607 – REFLECTIVE PAVEMENT STUDS * This item shall consist of furnishing and installing reflective pavement studs on the surface of the pavement. Test: Inspection Report ITEM 606 – PAVEMENT MARKINGS * This item shall consist of placing markings of the finished pavement. CHAIN LINK FABRIC Test: 1 – Q. transported and spread. RAIL Test: Inspection Report F. A. haul and spread. . Test: Inspection Report ITEM 608 – TOPSOIL * This consists of topsoil furnished. STEEL REINFORCEMENT Test: Same as for Item 404 ITEM 605 – ROAD SIGN * This item shall consist of furnishing and installing road signs.
Test: Inspection Report ITEM 611 – TREE PLANTING * This item shall consist of furnishing and planting deciduous shade. construction of sod ditch checks or similar appurtenances. flowering trees evergreen trees less than 150 mm diameter on the areas. 303. or other locations as designated. Quality Test for every 100T or fraction thereof ITEM 702 – BITUMINOUS MATERIALS Test: Same as for Items 301. PART I – MATERIALS DETAILS ITEM 700 – HYDRATED CEMENT Test: Same as for Item 405 ITEM 701 – CONSTRUCTION LIME (HYDRATED) Test: 1 – Q. 308. fly ash or other suitable mineral matter. 307. Test: Same as for Item 307 . hydraulic cement. 302. ditches. 306. Test: Inspection Report ITEM 612 – REFLECTIVE THERMOPLASTIC STRIPPING * This item shall be applied to the road surface in a molten state by mechanical means with surface application glass beads at a rate not less than 350g/L. 309 and 310 ITEM 703 – AGGREGATES Test: Same as for item of work in the Bill of Quantities ITEM 703A – MINERAL FILLER * This item shall consist of finely divided material mineral matter such as rock dust. slug dust. hydrated lime. slopes.Test: Inspection Report ITEM 610 – SODDING * This item shall consist of furnishing and laying of live sod on the shoulders.
REINFORCING STEEL Test: Same as for Item 404 B. packing and marking of concrete admixtures. FENCE Test: Same as for Item 604 B. Quality Test for every 10. CLAY AND OTHER TYPE OF PIPES Test: Refer to applicable requirements of AASHTO Test and Specs ITEM 707 – METAL PIPE Test: Same as for Item 400 ITEM 708 – CONCRETE CURING MATERIALS AND ADMIXTURE * This item specifies the classification. CONCRETE Test: Same as for Item 500 B. PLASTIC AND FIBER PIPES A. testing. Quality Test for each shipment ITEM 709 – PAINTS Test: Same as for Item 411 ITEM 710 – REINFORCING STEEL AND WIRE ROPE A.WIRE ROPE Test: Same as for Item 406 ITEM 711 – FENCE AND GUARDRAIL A. CLAY.000 units or fraction thereof ITEM 705 – JOINT MATERIALS Test: Same as for Items 311 and 500 ITEM 706 – CONCRETE. sampling.ITEM 704 – MASONRY UNITS Test: 1 – Q. GUARDRAIL Test: Same as for Item 603 . Test: 1 – Q.
and as permeable separator to prevent mixing of dissimilar materials. erosion control.ITEM 712 – STRUCTURAL METAL Test: Same as for Items 403 and 406 ITEM 713 – TREATED AND UNTREATED TIMBER Test: Same as for Item 410 ITEM 714 – WATER Test: Certificate from Project Engineer or 1 – Q. sediment control. . if source is questionable ITEM 715 – GEOTEXTILES * This item covers geotextiles fabric for use in subsurface drainage. Quality Test. pavement superstructures as a water proofing and stress relieving membrane. hydraulic filter.
TABLES MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR SUBMISSION OF SAMPLES MATERIALS MNIMUM TESTING REQUIREMENTS MINIMUM QUANTITY/VOLUME OF MATERIALS FOR EACH SAMPLE SUBMITTED .
Non – Reinforced Concrete Pipes 7.000 units 1 sample per 10T 1 sample per 100 sheets 1 sample per 20T 1 sample per 100 cans 1 sample per 75 m3 1 sample per 75 m3 or 1 day pouring 5 holes for every km/lane 1 core for every 100m 2 pipes 1 pipe (1 m length) 2 pcs Of 100 mm long taken from both ends w/ thread 3 units 3 units 1m 3 pcs 60mm x 60mm 2m 1m x 2m 1 . Classification b. Water a. Concrete beam 19. Routinary tests c. MDR test and CBR 6. coarse aggregate b. Aggregates a./0. Sediment load analysis 22. Paints 15. Steel bar 11. Concrete hollow blocks (CHB) a. Asphalt core 21. Cement 2. Chemical analysis b. Curing compound 17. Joint – filler (pre – molded) 16.4L can 1 – 400mm x 400mm 1L 1 set (3 cylinders) 1 set (3 cylinders) 500 ml 500 ml 1 sample per 50T 1 sample per 100T Reduced section as prescribed COMPOSITION AND STRENGTH OF CONCRETE FOR USE IN STRUCTURE Class of concrete Minimum cement content per Maximum water – cement ratio Consistency range in slump Designated size of coarse Minimum compressive strength of .500 m3 10 kg 5L 20 kg 70 kg 50 kg 20 kg 50 kg 50 kg 2 pipes min. Concrete core 20. Structural steel/sheet 23. of pipes 1 sample per 50 pipes or 2% of # of pipes 1 sample per 500 lengths 1 sample per 10. Soil aggregates a.5% of no. Concrete cylinder 18. Wire strand 13. Asphaltic material 3. fine aggregate 5. strength b.1. Steel sheet (galvanized) 12. Hydrated lime 1 sample per 2000 bags 1 sample per 40T or 200 drums 1 sample per 130T 1 sample per 1.500 m3 1 sample per 1. Gabion 14. Reinforced Concrete Pipes 8. moisture content 10.Steel pipe (galvanized) 9. Aspahlt mix 4.
5 – 4.5) 380 (9.0 – 4. 4) 150mm x 300mm concrete cylinder @ 28 days MN/m2 (psi) 20.53 0.No.0 – 4. 4) 19.75 (1 ½ . mm 37.No. 7 (5000) 20.5 (2400) 20.75 (1 . 4) 25.75 (2 . 4) 12. m kg (bags) kg/kg mm (inch) 50 -100 (2 – 4) 50 -100 (2 – 4) 50 -100 (2 – 4) 100 max ( 4 max) 100 – 200 (4 – 8) aggregate square opening – std.49 0.75 (½ . 5 – 4.5) 0.No.No.55 0.cu.No.58 PAYMENT ADJUSTMENT FOR PAVEMENT WITH DEFICIENCY IN STRENGTH Deficiency in strength of concrete pavement Percent (%) Less than 5 5 to less than 10 10 to less than 15 15 to less than 20 20 to less than 25 25 or more Percent (%) of contract price allowed 100 80 70 60 50 0 PAYMENT ADJUSTMENT FOR PAVEMENT WITH DEFICIENCY IN THICKNESS Deficiency in the average thickness per lot(mm) 0–5 Percent (%) of contract price per lot 100 .75 (3/4 .7 (3000) A B C P Seal 360 (9) 320 (8. 4) 50.7 (3000) 37.0 – 4.58 0.5) 440 (11) 380 (9.7 (3000) 16.
6 – 10 11 – 15 16 – 20 21 – 25 more than 25 95 85 70 50 removed and replaced (no payment) COMMON LABORATORY TESTS Kind of material Cement Coarse aggregate Type of test Physical and chemical Grading Specific gravity Absorption Abrasion Unit weight Grading Specific gravity Absorption Unit weight Grading Liquid limit Plastic limit Compaction CBR Abrasion Test duration per sample (min. # of days) 8 3 3 3 1 1 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 3 7 1 4 4 1 1 1 Fine aggregate Soil aggregates mixture (subbase. base and surfaces courses Asphalt Paint Concrete cylinder Concrete beam Concrete core Physical Physical and chemical Compressive Flexural Cutting of sample .
1% ±0.3% ±0.LIMITATIONS/VARIATIONS ITEM 104 Abrasion loss Plastic index Liquid limit Permitted variation from design THICKNESS OF LAYER Permitted variation from design LEVEL OF SURFACE Permitted surface irregularity measured by 3m straight edge Permitted variation from design cross fall or camber Permitted variation from design longitudinal grade over 25m length California Bearing Ratio 6% max 30% max ITEM 105 ITEM 200 50% max 12% max 35% max ±20mm 1TEM 201 50% max 6% max 25% max ±10mm ITEM 202 45% max 6% max 25% max ITEM 203 4% to 10% ITEM 300 45% max 4% to 9% 35% max +15mm. -20mm -5mm. -10mm +15mm. -30mm +10mm. -5mm 30mm 20mm 5mm 5mm ±0.1% +0.2% ±0.2% +0.1% ±0. -5mm +20mm.5% ±0.1% 80% min DIMESION OF PILES 25% min Ø (1m from the butt) minimum maximum 300mm 450mm 320mm 450mm 350mm 500mm 80% min 100% 80% min Length of pile less than 12m 12m to 18m more than 18m Minimum tip Ø 200mm 180mm 150mm .
150mm 0. frames or arches Floors slabs Walls Columns Sides of beams and all other vertical surfaces Minimum time 14 days 14 days 1 day 2 days 1 day Minimum % of design strength 80% 70% 70% 70% 70% SIEVE SIZES NO. 12 NO.425mm 0. 60 NO.075mm 0. 8 NO.700mm 2.840mm 1.50 NO. 40 NO.300mm 0.180mm 1.000mm 2. 30 0. LIMITS (703-A) . 100 NO. beams. 16 NO. 4 0.REMOVAL OF FORMS Scope of work Centering under girders.600mm NO.750mm DETAILS OF WELDS Size of fillet weld Maximum thickness of part 5mm 13mm 6mm 19mm 8mm 32mm 10mm 51mm 13mm 152mm 16mm 152mm and above MINIMUM LAP FOR SPLICING GRADE 40 24 times bar Ø 20 times bar Ø GRADE 60 36 times bar Ø 24 times bar Ø Tension Compression MINERAL FILLER SHALL BE GRADE WITH IN THE FF. 10 NO.360mm 4. 200 NO.250mm 0. 20 NO.
100 HYDRATED LIME SHALL CONFORM TO THE FF.100 MINIMUM WEIGHT OF SAMPLE FOR MOISTURE CONTENT Sieve No. (passing) NO. REQUIREMENTS (701) Sieve size NO.Sieve size NO. 20 NO. 4 ½” 1” 2” Weight 25 grams 50 grams 200 grams 300 grams 500 grams 1000 grams . 200 Mass % passing 100 95 – 100 70 . 200 Mass % passing 100 85 . 50 NO. 30 NO. 40 NO. 10 NO.
What is the required size of test specimen for G. What is the sample for compressive strength determination of a structural concrete? Answer: concrete cylinder sample 2.0 m/10. What is the test to determine the consistency of concrete? Answer: Slump test 3. What is the length required for RSB sample for quality test? Answer: 1.m fresh concrete? Answer: 1 set consist of 3-pcs sample 5.REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. sheets? .I. How many samples should be taken for every 75 cu.000kg/size/shipment 4.
For how long or how many hours shall a bituminous prime coat be left undisturbed? Answer: 24 hours 9.650 cu.m Item 201 (Aggregate Base Course)? Answer: CBR. How many grading tests are required for a 3. abrasion.2 to 0.m selected borrow topping (Item 104)? Answer: 3 grading tests 14. What is Item 311 of the DPWH Specification (Blue Book)? Answer: Portland Cement Concrete Pavement 19. What are the tests needed for the 2. What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat? Answer: 0. What is the standard specification for LL and PI of Item 201? Answer: maximum of 25% and maximum of 6% respectively 16. What is that construction material that has a property of being a dark brown to black cementitious material in which the predominating substance is bitumen? Answer: asphalt 8. What is the penetration grade of blown asphalt? Answer: 0 to 30 penetration grade 11. What asphalt is used for sealing weaken plane joint of concrete pavement? Answer: Blown Asphalt 18. As a materials Engineer. GPCD 13. What kind of paint that has a reflectance or beads? Answer: Reflectorized paint 7. what will you recommend if you find out that the materials to be used as Item 200 if finer than the required materials? Answer: blend Item 200 with coarser materials 15.Answer: 3 pcs-60mm x 60mm in 1 sht/100shts 6. What is the CBR requirement for Item 201? Answer: 80% maximum 17. What kind of sample is taken for flexural test? Answer: concrete beam sample 12.7 L/sq. What is the machine used for abrasion test? Answer: Los Angeles Abrasion Machine . m 10.200 cu.
How many concrete cores shall be taken for one (1) kilometer concrete pavement? Answer: 5 holes/km/lane 25. Why is it that cooling an oven dried sample before weighing is advisable? Answer: because it can affect its weight 30.5 grams and an oven – dried weight of 138. 200. As a Materials Engineer.58% 26. How to determine the degree of compaction of Items 104. What is the formula in obtaining the value of PI? Answer: Liquid Limit minus Plastic Limit 22. What are the other terms for sieve analysis? Answer: Grading Test. In oven drying a sample for test. 31. What is the difference between hygroscopic moisture content from natural moisture content? Answer: HYGROSCOPIC MOISTURE CONTENT is the moisture content of an air – dried sample while NATURAL MOISTURE CONTENT is the moisture content of the original sample from the field. how can you determine that the sample placed in the oven is already oven – dried? Answer: if the sample reaches its constant weight 28. & 201? Answer: by Field Density Test 21. For 15.200 kg/m3.20. Mechanical Analysis 23. If the group index of a soil is high. with an actual moisture content of 10.86% 24.2 grams? Answer: 17. what indication does it mean? Answer: the soil is clayey 27. For how many bags of cement does a 10 kgs sample represents? Answer: 2000 bags 32.960 kg/m3? Answer: 101. Particle Size Distribution Test. What is the moisture content of the soil having an original weight of 162. how many samples shall be submitted for Quality Test? Answer: 2 pcs – 1 m sample . What is the degree of compaction of the soil if the wet density is 2. 000 kgs RSB. what temperature shall be maintained? Answer: 110 ± 5°C 29.2% and a maximum dry density of 1.
40 (0.33. High plasticity index means _____ of a soil? Answer: high degree of compressibility 44. What asphalt is commonly known as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt? Answer: Asphalt Cement 36.425 mm) 45. Temperature between 63°F to 85°F are permitted for a period not to exceed _____ hours immediately prior to test if free moisture is maintained on the surface of the specimen at all times. How many days does the sample for Immersion – Compression Test be soaked in water? Answer: 4 days @ 50°C 37. What compaction rammer shall used if the specs given for Moisture – Density Relation Test (MDR) is T – 180? . 15% beads 39. What is the temperature to be maintained when curing sample after its initial curing? Answer: 23°C ± 1. Concrete cylinders are cured and ready for test. An admixture is being introduced to the fresh concrete mixture for heavily reinforced concrete structure using a pumpcrete to pump out the fresh concrete mix. 50% pigment. What is the use of blown asphalt? Answer: as joint filler and water proofing 35.7°C 41.4 °F ± 3°F Answer: Twenty – four (24) 43. what admixture should it be? Answer: Superplasticizer 34. Answer: three (3) 42. Loss on Ignition 38. Sample to be used for liquid limit and plastic limit tests should pass to what sieve? Answer: No. Paint is composed of _____ Answer: 35% vehicle. Insoluble Residue. The molds of specimen not to be transported shall be removed after initial curing of _____ hours and should be cured to the standard curing temperature of 73. _____ is for cement? Answer: Magnesium Oxide. What is the size of tamping rod used in tamping concrete sample? Answer: 16 mm Ø and 610 mm long with hemispherical tip 40. If ductility test is for asphalt.
As Materials Engineer. Answer: Ten (10) .865. except that an overload up to _____ percent above the mixer’s nominal capacity may be permitted provided concrete test data for strength. when is the right time to start sampling and testing aggregates? Answer: Once the source is identified 55. what is the minimum compressive strength for concrete Class “C”? Answer: 3.98g.10% 48. Applying the tolerance of 0. segregation. what is the % asphalt by weight of mix? Answer: 5. A bean mold measuring 6” x 6” x 20 is to be used for sampling concrete.Answer: 4.54 kg with 457 mm drop 46.5% 51. what is the degree of compaction for this kind of soil? Answer: 95% degree of compaction 52. 47. how many blows/tamps per layer shall be applied? Answer: 60 blows/layer 47.000 psi 56.4% for asphalt content to your answer in prob.000 psi.007 m3/m2 50. LL of 40% and GI of 0. If asphalt mix having a weight of 3. application of cover aggregates shall be evenly spread over the surface at the rate of approximately _____? Answer: 0.m. and uniform consistency are satisfactory.m 53. Quality control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility of the_____? Answer: Contractor 54. and provided that no spillage of concrete takes place. What is the material used for Bituminous Prime Coat? Answer: Cut – back asphalt 49.7% to 5. In Item 303. An embankment having a PI of 30%.004 to 0.020g and an aggregate weighing 2.m as shown on the manufacturer’s standard plate on the mixer. The minimum compressive strength for concrete Class “P” is 5. how about for concrete Class “B”? Answer: 8 bags/cu. The minimum cement factor for concrete Class “A” is 9 bags/cu. The volume of concrete mixer per batch shall not exceed the mixer’s nominal capacity in cu. what is the acceptable range of asphalt content? Answer: 4.
000 cu. How many samples shall be submitted for CBR test and for sieve analysis? Answer: 2 samples for CBR and 17 samples for sieve analysis . The thickness of asphalt core using a caliper is based on how many measurements? Answer: four (4) 64. Slump test is a very important test in fresh concrete to determine _____? Answer: consistency of concrete 62. The spot test on asphalt is used to determine ______. What is the basis for the acceptance or rejection of any construction material? Answer: Materials test results/reports 60. which of the following amount of water is most likely required for the mix? Answer: 20 liters 67.m and to be laid in a 15cm compacted depth. Penetration test is for asphalt: cement is to _____? Answer: consistency 61. How many samples shall be submitted for test if 315 pails of flat wall enamel paint are to be used in the project? Answer: four (4) pails 69. Failed samples do not necessarily mean that the structure it represents is defective.57. Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any core taken from pavement is deficient in thickness by more than 25 mm? Answer: at no less than 5 meter intervals parallel to the centerline in each direction from the affected location 58. The specification calls for a 1: 2:4 concrete mix. In a one bagger mixer. Aggregate Sub – base course has a volume of 5. Under what climatic condition do we use lower penetration grade or hard asphalt? Answer: hot climate (cold climate – higher penetration grade or soft asphalt) 59. The thickness of concrete core using a caliper is based on how many measurements? Answer: nine (9) 65. Answer: overheating during the process of manufacture 68. How many samples should be taken for an asphalt mix for each full day’s operation? Answer: at least one but not to exceed three samples 63. why? Answer: may be the sampling is incorrect 66.
70. in other words the ME must refer to what report so that he/she may be updated on the balance and on file quality test of the construction materials being used in the project? Answer: Status of Test 79. the Materials Engineer should know how many sample has been submitted and tested and how many samples are to be submitted. Answer: Fourteen (14) 78. How many compaction tests shall be conducted for Item 201 having a volume of 8.2 mm). What is the required mixing of mortar for Item 500 (Pipe Culverts and Storm Drains)? Answer: 1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume with sufficient water 75. Before the project starts. The road will not be opened to traffic until test specimens molded and cured have attained the minimum strength requirements. If such tests are not conducted prior to the specified age the pavement shall not be operated to traffic until _____ days after the concrete was placed.m? Answer: Six (6) compaction tests 72. What program or report is this? Answer: Quality Control Program 76. The _____ is expressed as the moisture content corresponding to 25 blows. what is the alternative way of reducing sample for testing size? Answer: apply quartering method and get two opposite sides as sample 77. Answer: Liquid Limit . If sample splitter is not available for use in reducing samples for test. As the work progresses. How many samples shall be submitted for quality test if 60 tons of Bituminous Prime Coat is to be used in the project? Answer: Two (2) samples 71. What is the required mixing of mortar for Item 505 (Stone Masonry)? Answer: 1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume with sufficient water 74. the materials Engineer or the technician must have a program on how many samples for each item of work should be tested based on the minimum testing requirements.250 cu. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be molded without breaking or crumbling up to 1/8” (3. Answer: Plastic Limit 80. What composed of Materials Quality Control Monthly Reports? Answer: Summary of field tests and status of test 73.
the quantity represented. Why is it that 6 samples are needed for quality test of concrete masonry? Answer: 3 samples for compressive strength and 3 samples for absorption 89. What is the common name of that tag for you as Materials Engineer? Answer: Sample Card 90. If the design of concrete mix has the following corrected batch weights: cement = 40 kgs. coarse aggregate = 115 kgs. kind of sample. what is the slump of the concrete? Answer: 127 mm 82. Since not all construction materials can be tested . original source. One of the duties of Materials Engineer is to see to it that all the construction materials be tested: Answer: before it is incorporated into work 87.81. 1035 kgs coarse aggregates. does it pass the DPWH specs? Answer: Yes. 585 kgs of fine aggregates. After the test. What is the maximum depth or roadway embankment per horizontal layer in loose measurement? Answer: 200 mm loose measurement 88.m Class “A” concrete? Answer: 360 bags of cement. the date sampled and date submitted and etc. If course aggregate like embankment is to be placed in layers. If this material is for Item 201. The ME should always be alert of his schedule with regards to the number of days of a quality test that takes place. After the soil has been tested in an Abrasion Machine. What is the rate of revolution per minute of an abrasion Machine used for testing the mass percent of wear? Answer: 30 – 33 rpm 83. because the specs is 50% maximum 85. Quality Control Assurance Report should be submitted every _____? Answer: week 86. The concrete has been tested for consistency by the use of a slump cone with base and tamping rod. how many layers should a 40 cm thick Aggregate Base Course is placed? Answer: Three (3) 91. and water = 15 liters. the height of concrete measured is 178 mm. the mass % of wear computed is equal to 21%. Sample submitted for test should have a tag bearing the name of the project. What is your actual batch weights for 1 cu. fine aggregates = 65 kgs. 130 liters water 84. who sampled and who submitted it.
because the moisture content is high and can affect the result 95. If sieve analysis and plasticity test are used for Soil Classification. gradation.5 m. except Answer: specific gravity. abrasion. 2. Along the slope of high embankment _____ is provided as an erosion control measures and also to improve the stability of the slope.0 m 102. What apparatus is used in plastic limit test? Answer: glass plate 98. What is the device used in testing for liquid limit test? Answer: liquid limit device with grooving tool 97. Answer: 1. Atterberg Limits. 0. relative density 101. Structure crossing above such covered underground drainage conduit shall be laid at least _____ above the top of the conduit. Checking the gradation of composite aggregates and asphalt content of asphalt mix can be done by what test? Answer: Extraction Test 96. Answer: Berm 100. a soil sample was taken for field and laboratory tests. Class of stones for riprap ranging from 30 kgs to a maximum of 70 kgs with at least 50% of the stones weighing more than 50 kgs. In soil and sub – surface explorations for flood control design of foundation condition. Heavy rains occur the night before prior to your scheduled field density test. what is the lead time should he consider for a quality test of a cement sample? Answer: One (1) month 92. compaction. Answer: Class B . are you going to pursue your schedule? Why? Answer: No.5 m. CBR Sample for test has been compacted but it should be soaked for how many days before testing? Answer: Four (4) 93. what test that its result be used in field density test? Answer: Compaction Test or Moisture Density Relation Test 94. The test required for soil was taken.just for a day or even a week so. water content. 1.0 m. How long does a vibrator be inserted in a concrete mix? Answer: not to exceed 15 seconds at 50 – 60 cm interval 99.
Answer: Class D 106. measures the shearing resistance of soil 115. measures the potential cohesion of soil 114. strength. except Answer: Gives particle size distribution. Required plasticity index range on Item 300. Significance of plasticity index are. Answer: Class C 105.050 mm Ø 111.0 mm to 0. The maximum size of aggregate for item 300. capillarity. Properties of concrete are. Significance of grading test are. except . Answer: 1 inch 108. Class of stones for riprap ranging from 100 kgs to a maximum of 200 kgs with at least 50% of the stones weighing more than 1500 kgs. measures permeability. permeability.103. In roadway construction test on sub grade. Answer: 4% to 9% 110. indicates the clay fraction of a binder material. durability. Answer: 150 mm 107. cracking 116. Answer: 2. the following will determine the economical thickness. Answer: Class A 104. The ratio of the weight of water to the weight of solids Answer: moisture content 113. Required maximum liquid limit for Item 300. Class of stones for riprap ranging from 15 kgs to a maximum of 25 kgs with at least 50% of the stones weighing more than 20 kgs. Range of sand size. Answer: 35% 109. Class of stones for riprap ranging from 60 kgs to a maximum of 100 kgs with at least 50% of the stones weighing more than 80 kgs. The maximum size of stone for stone masonry. except Answer: indicates compressibility. except Answer: workability. The ratio of the volume of voids to volume of solids Answer: void ratio 112.
except Answer: shrinkage limit. Answer: Class B . The relative consistency of a cohesive soil in natural state. Class of concrete used in footings. Class of concrete used in all superstructures and heavily reinforced substructures. Answer: 2 days (minimum % of design strength – 70%) 123. pedestal. plastic limit. The important parts of the structure included are slabs. Amass of solid reinforced concrete cast around the head of a group of piles to ensure that act as a unit to support the imposed load Answer: Pile cap 125: An embankment shall be compacted layer by layer. In Atterberg limit. beam. box culverts. the following are determined. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for floor slabs. pipe bedding and gravity walls. sub-base 117. liquid limit. Answer: Class A 128. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for walls. girders. unreinforced or w/ only a small amount of reinforcement. massive pier shafts. frames and arches. surfacing. Answer: 14 days (minimum % of design strength – 70%) 121. and reinforced footings. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for columns. arch ribs.Answer: embankment. group index 119. base. retaining walls. beams. Answer: Class Seal 127. columns. Answer: Liquidity Index 118. Answer: 150 mm 126. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for centering under girders. reinforced abutments. Class of concrete deposited in water. Answer: 1 day (minimum % of design strength – 70%) 122. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for side of beams and all other vertical surfaces. Answer: 1 day (minimum % of design strength – 70%) 124. Answer: 14 days (minimum % of design strength – 80%) 120.
Item 202 shall have a minimum soaked CBR value of _____ Answer: 80% 139. cribbing. 40 141. Dowel bars for PCCP shall be _____ Answer: plain bars 136. railings.80 MPa 137. Sieve designation standard (in mm) for 0. Height of dropping concrete to the point of deposit Answer: 1. Item 310 shall have a mass percent of air voids with range of _____ Answer: 3% to 5 % 135.50 m 132. Minimum price allowed of contract for deficiency in strength of concrete specimens for PCCP which 10% to less than 15% Answer: 70% . Permitted variation from design thickness of layer for Item 201. the aggregate sub – base shall spread and compacted in ____ ` Answer: two or more layers 138.425 mm to alternate US standard Answer: No.120 kg/m3 142. pre-cast piles. Permitted variation from the design thickness of layer for Item 300 Answer: + 15 mm and – 5 mm 134. the minimum density is _____ Answer: 1. Answer: Class P 131. Answer: 3.129. Concrete beam sample when tested by Third – Point Method shall have a flexural strength of _____ when tested in 14 days. and for filler in steel grid floors. Class of concrete used in pre – stressed concrete structures and members. If slag is used as course aggregate for Item 311. Answer: ± 10 mm 140. When the required thickness of Item 200 is more than 150 mm. Reflectorized Thermoplastic Pavement Markings Answer: Item 612 133. Class of concrete used in thin reinforced sections. Answer: Class C 130.
.000 sq.0 L/m2 146. A-2. Atterberg limits 149. how many sets of concrete beam samples shall be required. how much is the rate of application? Answer: 0.m or lower . the surface will be treated with bituminous curing seal. width = 6.m.000 cu. consistency. fluidity. It is constructed when there is an interruption of more than 30 minutes in the concreting operation Answer: Transverse Construction Joint 144.143. fineness and shape of grain. The required liquid limit for selected borrow toppings Answer: 30% 153. The significance of liquid limit are the ff.m.5 L/m2 to 1. except Answer: workability. 35% or less passing No. except Answer: measures the shearing resistance of soil..0 mm 145. Given: A = 115. Slump test of concrete determines the following. job density 148. the volume required in the project is 10. To evaluate the performance quality of a soil as a highway subgrade material Answer: Group Index 151.50 m. Minimum variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight edge between contacts with the surface in Item 310 Answer: 6. thickness = 230 mm Answer: 353 sets 152. In soil classification. A-4 150. Soil is considered unsuitable material when the liquid limit and plastic limit exceeds Answer: 80% and 55% respectively 155.m. A-3. except Answer: A-1. Portland Cement Treated Plant Mix Base Course after the completion of the final rolling. Soil is considered unsuitable when the material density is Answer: 800 kg/cu. The required number of CBR test is _____ Answer: four (4) 147. This joint is also called cold joint. 200 sieve are the ff. The maximum plastic limit for selected borrow toppings Answer: 6% 154. measures the potential cohesion of soil. If the paving of concrete pavement will be done at the rate 200 ln. In Item 201. half width per paving day.
In – place density determination of aggregate sub-base course material shall be made in accordance with Answer: AASHTO T 191 . The minimum compaction trial of embankment Answer: 10 m wide by 50 m long 160. At least how many in – situ density tests should be carried out for each 500 m 2 of each layer of compacted fill? Answer: three (3) 161. Maximum size of grading requirement for Item 200 Answer: 2” 164. The required soaked CBR for aggregate sub-base course is determined by Answer: AASHTO T 193 168. layer by layer Answer: 95% 159. The required abrasion loss for Item 200 Answer: 50% 166. The plasticity index is determined in accordance with Answer: AASHTO T 90 157. The minimum CBR required for Item 200 Answer: 25% 167. The liquid limit is determined in accordance with Answer: AASHTO T 89 158. Maximum liquid limit for Item 200 Answer: 35% 163.156. Minimum required percent compaction of each layer of aggregate sub-base course Answer: 100% 169. Maximum plasticity index for Item 200 Answer: 12% 162. The required compaction of embankment. The Los Angeles Abrasion Test for aggregate sub-base course is determined in accordance with Answer: AASHTO T 96 165.
Maximum size of aggregate for Item 202 under grading B Answer: 1 inch 178. lime. In some areas where the conventional base course materials are scarce or non – available. Minimum required soaked CBR for Item 202 Answer: 80% 175.crushed stones or gravel) 171. Maximum size of aggregate for Item 203 under grading A and B Answer: 2” 182. Answer: 40% (60% . The required plasticity index for Item 203 Answer: 4% to 10% 180. Maximum size of aggregate for base course material under grading B Answer: 1 ½ inch 172. Maximum required mass percent of wear for the aggregate on Item 203 Answer: 50% 181. Maximum required mass percent shall have at least one (1) fractured face of Item 202 Answer: 50% 174.170. Maximum size of aggregate for Item 201 under grading A Answer: 2” 177. how much is the required mass percent of lime to be added to the soil aggregate? . This item consists of a foundation for surface course composed of soil aggregate. Maximum size of aggregate for Item 202 under grading A Answer: 1 ½ inch 176. water in proper proportion. Maximum required percent abrasion loss for Item 202 Answer: 45% 173. Answer: Lime Stabilized Road Mix Base Course (Item 203) 179. Item number for water? Answer: Item 714 183. road – mixed and constructed on a prepared subgrade/subbase. In Item 203. the use _____ allowable percent weathered limestone (anapog) blended with crushed stones or gravel.
Required percent compaction for Item 203 Answer: 100% 186. What is the thinnest cut – back asphalt? Answer: MC – 3000 192. Equipment to be used for initial rolling Answer: Pneumatic tire roller 187. to determine the modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of an overlay. and to determine the remaining life of existing pavement. Answer: Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device 190. It is used for the rapid in – situ measurement of the structural properties of existing pavement with unbound granular properties. Answer: Falling Weight Deflectometer 194. What is the equipment used to pinpoint rebars. Equipment to be used for final rolling Answer: 3 – wheel tandem type steel wheel roller 188. The test on asphalt cement consisting of heating the asphalt in an open cup and passing a small test flame Answer: flash point 189. what is the method used to determine the casting length of the regular piles? Answer: Test Pitting 193. Answer: Dynamic Cone Penetrometer 191. In the construction of bridges projects. nails and other metals embedded in concrete before cutting or drilling? Answer: Rebar Locator 195. What is the instrument or equipment used to measure for surface test of concrete and asphalt pavements as soon as he concrete has hardened sufficiently or as soon as the asphalt mix has been initially compacted? . conduits. It is a manually – operated device for deriving a measurement of roughness from the surface profile which may be expressed in terms of International Roughness Index. It is an equipment which is used to measure differential deflection between joints of a concrete pavement. Minimum soaked CBR for Item 203 Answer: 100% 185.Answer: 3% to 12% 184. pipes.
Answer: PLASTIC LIMIT 202. What is the sampling requirement of bituminous mixture? . Steel bars placed along longitudinal joints to hold the adjoining slabs together are called _____ Answer: tie bars 204. The concrete in the area represented by these high spots _____ Answer: shall be removed and replaced (but if high spots being noted exceeds 3 mm but not exceeding 12 mm. Water content at which soil passes from plastic to liquid state. Answer: LIQUID LIMIT 201. 205. What is the latest state of the art equipment consuming radioactive material which is commonly used in the compaction control of earth and asphalt road construction and in the measurement of moisture content? Answer: Nuclear Density Gauge 197. Answer: Benkelman Beam and Deflection Logger 198. Soil stabilizing agent Answer: Lime – for silty and clayey soil Cement – fro sandy soil 200. Water content at which soil passes from semi – solid to plastic state. What is the instrument that is used for examining the quality of rigid materials such as rocks and concrete? This instrument is a non – destructive portable instrument with dimensions of 110 mm x 180 mm x 160 mm and its main uses includes the determination of concrete strength (either in – situ or pre – cast). The concrete pavement surface shows high spots of 15 mm in a 3 – m straight edge. and to help in the design of road strengthening measures and road capacity improvement. The calibration of the Universal testing machine is conducted _____ Answer: Once a year 206.Answer: 3 – meter straight edge 196. It is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resulting from vehicle wheel loadings. The results of the elastic deformation tests are used to evaluate the structural condition of roads. Water content at which soil passes from solid to semi – solid.also to determine the presence of voids. cracks and other imperfections. Answer: SHRINKAGE LIMIT 203. Answer: Pundit Ultrasonic Concrete Tester 199. it shall be ground down only.
m . In the design of bituminous mix. What is the grade of the asphalt? Answer: 85 – 100 212.Answer: 1 sample per 130 tonnes 207. The required flexural strength of concrete beam sample of Item 311 when tested by the midpoint method. What is the length of a lot of pavement when a single traffic lane is poured? Answer: 1. if the penetration is 9. Answer: 4. What is the depth of the thermometer inserted in the bituminous mixture? Answer: 2” 208.50 MPa 214. the design criteria for stability under the Marshall Stability Method for heavy traffic is ____ Answer: 1800 lbs 209. The required slump of concrete using slip – form method of paving is _____ Answer: 1 ½ inches 218. The stability criteria of the Marshall Stability Method is the maximum load resistance that a specimen will develop at _____ Answer: 60° 210. what type of pozzolan shall be used? Answer: Portland Pozzolan Cement Type 1P 213.000 ln. Sowing of the weakened plane joints shall be done usually at _____ Answer: Within 24 hours 216. Deficiency in strength of concrete specimen wherein no payment of contract price allowed is _____ Answer: 25% or more 219. The required forms to be used in concrete pavement are _____ Answer: Steel forms of an approved section 215. In a penetration test. In case of scarcity or non – availability of Type I Portland cement. Removal of forms of concrete pavement Answer: 24 hours 217. Bituminous mix specimens are compacted at how many blows at each end for a heavy traffic design under the Marshall Stability Method? Answer: 75 blows 211.
Answer: 4 to 6 rpm 226. What is the required compressive strength that concrete piles be moved? Answer: 80% of the designed 28 – day compressive strength 224. m 221. What is the length of a lot of pavement when two lanes lane are poured concurrently? Answer: 500 ln. What is the slump of concrete Class A deposited in water? Answer: 10 to 20 cm 227. This item consists of an application of bituminous material with or without the application of aggregate on existing bituminous surface? Answer: Seal Coat 231. m of pavement of fraction thereof placed each day? Answer: 1 set 223. The mixing speed of the transit mixer during batching. This item shall consist of preparing and treating an aggregate base course preparatory to the construction of a bituminous surface course. What is the size of the sample in Item 310 taken for each full day’s operation? Answer: 150 mm x 150 mm or 100 mm Ø 233. Job – mix tolerance for temperature in the mixture for Item 310.4% 230. What is the required size of concrete beam sample? Answer: 150 mm x 150 mm x 525 mm 222. Answer: ± 10°C 232. The required circular pin diameter used to bend 10 – 20 mm Ø reinforcing steel. What is the required number of set of concrete beam specimens to be taken from each 330 sq. Answer: 6d (20 mm – 25 mm Ø = 8d: 28 mm Ø and above = 10d) 225. What is the required tolerance for bituminous material in job – mix formula for Item 310? Answer: ± 0. is Bituminous Surface Treatment? Answer: Item 304 229. Answer: Prime Coat 228. What item no. What is the required temperature of mix in item 310 when placed? .220.
What is the required Index of Retained Strength of Item 310 when tested by AASHTO T 65? Answer: 70% minimum 245. In batching concrete mix.0 lit/m2 242. The required speed in rolling in Item 310. What is the minimum dry compressive of Item 310? Answer: 1. 4 and larger sieve. Answer: 800 mm (Class A – 300 mm.8 lit/m2 241.9 to 1. What is the maximum tolerance of the variation of the surface of Item 310 from the testing edge of the straight edge between any two contacts with the surface? Answer: 6 mm 243.40 MPa 244. Answer: ±7 246. Job – mix tolerance in Item 310 for grading. Answer: 5 kph 235. passing No 8 to No. Answer: faulting 236. Answer: Tack Coat 240.5 to 3. What is the rate of application of bituminous seal coat using cut – back asphalt? Answer: 1. the accuracy of cement content shall be _____ Answer: ± 1. What is the rate of application of bituminous seal coat using asphalt cement? Answer: 0. In core specimen asphalt mix thickness determination. passing No. This item shall consist of preparing and bearing an existing bituminous or cement concrete surface with bituminous materials preparatory to the construction of bituminous surface course.Answer: 107°C 234. Class B – 500 mm. it shall have a diameter of at least ______ Answer: 100 mm 237. It is the resulting difference in elevation across a joint or crack. . Job – mix tolerance in Item 310 for grading.0 mass % 238. 100 (inclusive). Class C – 600 mm) 239. Minimum thickness measured perpendicular to the slope using Class D stones for riprap.
Why is it that a trial section is conducted in sub – base or base course construction? . . What is the test on asphalt in order to determine the effect of water on the cohesion of the mix? Answer: Immersion – Compression Test 254. Answer: 92% to 95% 253. water. The property of asphalt mix to withstand repeated flexing caused by the passage of wheel loads. Answer: fatigue resistance 251. Peat and muck soils are considered as: Answer: highly organic soils 259. To determine the temperature of delivered asphalt mix. Answer: ±2 248. Percent air voids will _____ as percent asphalt increases in Marshall Stability. what is the most commonly used grade of asphalt cement? Answer: 60 – 70 and 85 – 100 255. To determine the thickness _____ of asphalt. Answer: durability 250. Answer: stability 256. what apparatus is used? Answer: armored thermometer 258. In temperate countries like the Philippines.Job – mix tolerance in Item 310 for grading. Immersion – Compression Test is performed. The property of asphalt mix to resist the detrimental effects of air. The property of asphalt mix to bend slightly without cracking and to conform to gradual settlements and moments of the base and subgrade. Answer: stability 249. passing No. Answer: flexibility 252. 200 sieve. The range of aggregates composition in Item 310. Answer: decrease 257.Answer: ±4 247. temperature and traffic. The property of asphalt mix to resist deformation from imposed load.
260. is it allowed in DPWH specs to use core samples to determine the strength. Subgrade having a CBR value of 2% or less is considered _____ Answer: weak subgrade .3 mm crack 264. If no beam sample taken to determine the strength of concrete pavement. 125 – 175 psi/second (flexural) 265. Two tests are done in one lot sample. In testing concrete cylinder sample. the applied load should be continuous without shock at a constant rate within the range of _____ Answer: 20 to 50 psi/second (compression). What is the required compressive strength? Answer: Yes. What is the test criterion for reinforced concrete pipe tested in a three – edge bearing test machine? Answer: 0.500 psi at 14 days 269.Answer: to check the suitability of materials. efficiency of the equipment used and the construction method. third test is taken. What does it mean when there is bleeding in a newly paved asphalt road? Answer: excessive asphalt content 261. 3. Cement which has been in storage for a long period of time and that there is already doubt as to its quality should: Answer: be retested prior to use 266. Concrete samples may be tested at an earlier stage in order to _____ Answer: determine the trend of its strength development 263. The test differs from each other. A good subgrade soil should have the following: Answer: low liquid limit and low plastic limit 262. Tact coat must be at what condition prior to the application of asphalt mix? Answer: tacky 270. It is a process of improving the properties of soil to make it more suitable for a particular purpose. What will be this test? Answer: referee test 268. The use of sea water in reinforced concrete may _____ Answer: induce risk of corrosion in reinforcing steel 271. Answer: Stabilization 267.
54 kg (10lbs) rammer with an 18” drop. fine grained soil. Weighing hot sample is not advisable because it affects the accuracy of the result. How many rotations per second will the crank of a liquid limit be rotated? Answer: 2 rps . Liquid limit brass cup w/ sample is raised and allowed to drop sharply on the base through a height of _____? Answer: 10 mm 284.5lbs) rammer with a 12” drop while T – 180 uses 4. what alternative should be used? Answer: oven – dry the sample @ 60°C 279. What is particle size analysis? Answer: It is the determination of particle size distribution in soils by sieve. Subgrade other than those defined in the two above categories is considered ___ Answer: normal 274. True or false? Answer: true 277.5kg (5. What are the three (3) major groups of soil? Answer: granular soil. Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve size? Answer: Method A & B – use sample passing No. What is the significance of field density test? Answer: to determine the degree of compaction of soil. 276. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals with chemicals? Answer: distilled water 283. If it is impossible to air – dry the sample under the heat of the sun.272. 281. How to prepare or to come up with an air – dried sample? Answer: air dry the sample under the heat of the sun 278. It is also a control test in embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction. Subgrade having a CBR value of 15% or more is considered _____ Answer: very stable 273. What is the difference between T – 99 and T – 180 compaction test method? Answer: T – 99 uses 2. hydrometer or a combined analysis 282. organic soil 275. 4 Method C & D – use sample passing ¾ inch 280.
weighing scale. to what Ø will the soil thread begin to break? Answer: 3. What is the approximate area for density control strips? Answer: 335 sq. It is used in a gravimetric – volumetric relationship in soils (or defined as the ratio of the wt. m 288. oven with temperature control. uncemented sand passing No. (AASHTO T 11) 291. 10 and retained No.7 mm) 295. chisel or digging tool. 200 sieve 294. moisture cans. dry. guide plate. What is the minimum degree of compaction for Item 200 and 201? Answer: 100% 292.285. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for field density test (FDT)? Answer: Any clean. jug (at least 4 liters). plastic bags and labeling materials (tag name) 296. What is specific gravity? Answer.075 mm. What are the apparatus used in FDT? Answer: sand cone.2 mm (1/8”) 286. in air of an equal volume of water at a stated temperature) 287. In doing a plastic limit test. How many hours does a fine aggregate tested for specific gravity and absorption be soaked in water? Answer: 15 to 19 hours . What is the standard diameter of an orifice of an FDT sand cone? Answer: ½ inch (12. free – flowing. What kind of material for Item 200? Answer: Aggregate sub – base course 290. What is the highest point in the moisture density curve of the moisture density relation test or compaction test? Answer: Maximum dry density (MDD) and Optimum moisture content (OMC) 293. What Item of work is embankment? Answer: Item 104 289. calibrated sand. What is the required particle size for selected borrow for toppings under Item 104? Answer: All particle size will pass sieve 75 mm or 3” openings and not more than 15 mass % will pass 0.
.000 grams ± 25 grams 301. What is significance of abrasion test? Answer: It evaluates the structural strength of coarse aggregate. dry unit weight: Coarse aggregate = grading. 302. 12 (1. dry unit weight an d abrasion Note: Soundness test is also performed as per request 299. At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural test? Answer: 14 days 304. How to determine if the fine aggregate reaches the saturated dry condition? Answer: It is determined by the use of cone test for surface moisture. How to compute the flexural strength of concrete beam sample tested at center point? Answer: R = 3PL 2bd2 306.8 mm Ø and each weighing between 390 – 455 grams 300. absorption. If the molded shape of fine aggregate slumps slightly. What is the size of the tamping rod used is sampling concrete? Answer: 16 mm Ø and 610 mm long with the tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same Ø as the rod. specific gravity. What is the sieve used in sieving materials for abrasion test? Answer: No. specific gravity. What are the tests required for concrete aggregates? Answer: Fine aggregate = grading. It gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact and wear. it indicates that it has reached a surface dry condition 298.70 mm) 303. absorption. grading A with 12 as number of spheres? Answer: 5. What is the required total weight of sample for abrasion test of coarse aggregate.297. What are the size or diameter and weight of cast – iron spheres used in abrasion test? Answer: Approximately 46. It also determines whether the aggregates will have degradation during traffic or rolling. How to compute the flexural strength of concrete beam sample tested at third point? Answer: R = PL bd2 305.
311.45 MPa (500 psi) minimum Average (for 3 samples) = 4.5 MPa (800 psi) minimum Average (for 3 samples) = 6.307. What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat? Answer: cut – back asphalt 316. What is the required testing requirement for paints? Answer: 1 can (gal or pail)/ 100 cans (gal or pail) 313. etc. weather. how many samples are required? Answer: 6 pcs/10. daily activities. For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime coat be left undisturbed? Answer: 24 hours 315. All records regarding quality control such as accomplishment. What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars? Answer: To determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade. Concrete masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test. SS – l or SS – lh is what kind of asphalt? Answer: slow – setting emulsified asphalt 314. One (1) set of concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every how many pieces of RCCP? Answer: 25 pieces 317. What is the strength requirement for non – load bearing concrete masonry units? Answer: Individual = 3. What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt pavement? Answer: thickness and density of pavement 318. What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry units? Answer: Individual = 5. What is the significance of bending test for RSB? Answer: To evaluate the ductile properties of RSB 312.000 units (12 pcs if more than 10. are recorded in a _____ Answer: Materials logbook .5 MPa (600 psi) minimum 310.000 units) 308.9 MPa (1000 psi) minimum 309.
how many pipes shall be subjected to test? Answer: 6 pcs RCCP . If you were the ME assigned to the project. If concrete cylinder is not available for a 300 pcs RCCP. The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concrete is called _____ Answer: segregation 321.319. displacement of the mixture 327. Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of subgrade preparation. In placing concrete. Quality of factory – produced RCCP may be best established through what? Answer: Test of concrete pipe samples 324. Answer: pulverizing of the aggregate. How many concrete cylinder samples is required for a 300 pcs RCCP? Answer: 12 sets 329.5 m and shoulder width of 0. The Standard Penetration Test (SPT) is an in – situ test that measures what? Answer: depth of soil layer 320. Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discontinued whenever it begins to produce excessive _______ or _______. the spreading and compaction of the base and subbase courses shall be carried out in _____? Answer: three (3) layers over the full width of 4. A one – lane road with a pavement width of 3. How many times per layer should a concrete specimen molded in a 6” x 6” x 21” beam mold be rodded? Answer: 63 blows/layer 326. what is the most effective and cheaper method that you would recommend to stabilize the soil prior to the construction of the subbase course? Answer: geotextiles 325. If the thickness of the subbase is 125 mm.5 m on each side of the pavement was designed to have subbase and base courses with a combined thickness of 300 mm. During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a _____ rate of loading shall be permitted? Answer: higher 323.5 m 322. the required temperature should be less than ____ Answer: 29ºC 328.
What influences primarily the grade of asphalt selected? Answer: climatic condition 338. The job – mix formula contains provisions the following: Answer: .adheres better to aggregates which have positive charge. Emulsified asphalts are either _____ or _____. What greatly affects the service of asphalt cement? Answer: grade and quantity of asphalt 337. ANIONIC EMULSION . It is a positively charge electron.330. What is the bituminous material used in Item 310? Answer: asphalt cement 336. Who will approve the job – mix formula? Answer: DPWH PE and ME 340. What are the solvents of cut – back asphalts? Answer: GASOLINE – for rapid – curing type KEROSENE – for medium curing type DIESEL – for slow curing type 334. 335. 331. PETROLEUM ASPHALT – are the products of the distillation of crude oil. It is a negatively charge electron. how many minutes after the initial time of mixing does adding water be permitted? Answer: not exceeding 45 minutes and that water – cement ratio is not exceeded. Answer: CATIONIC EMULSION – works better with wet aggregates and in cold weather. How many weeks do the producer of asphalt mix or the contractor shall submit the job – mix formula? Answer: three (3) weeks 339. emulsified asphalt 333. 332. What are the two (2) types of bitumen that are commonly used in the bituminous mixture? Answer: TAR – is a viscous liquid obtained from the distillation of coal or wood. cut – back asphalt. What are the three (3) major petroleum asphalts? Answer: Asphalt cement. If there is a necessity to add water to the concrete mix in order to increase its workability (provided concrete does not excced specified slump).
What is to be done in order to determine the number of passes that would attain the required density? Answer: trial section 344. each trip overlapping one half the roller’s width. 346. When is the right time to compact in order to attain the required density? Answer: when the mixture is still hot and workable 343. In Item 310. In transporting concrete. What is the allowable slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated? Answer: 40 mm – 75 mm 351. how is rolling be done? Answer: It should begin from the sides and proceed longitudinally parallel towards the center line. After the final rolling. How do we take sample from the finish pavement? Answer: by the use of core drill or saw 350. c. When tar is used. what is the time of mixing? Answer: not less than 50 seconds or more than 90 seconds 353. What needs to be controlled during the mixing and compaction and is of great significance in the strength of the resulting pavement? Answer: temperature 345. When concrete is mixed in a central mixing plant. what is the temperature that the mixture shall be placed? Answer: 66ºC to 107ºC 342. When will the traffic be permitted to utilize the pavement? Answer: when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature 349. grading of aggregates percentage and type of asphalt temperature of aggregates and asphalt temperature of mixture upon delivery or time of compaction 341. d. what will be checked? Answer: degree of compaction 347. What is the allowable slump of a workable concrete if vibrated? Answer: 10 mm – 40 mm 352. b.a. what is the time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until the concrete is deposited in – place at the site? . The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or greater than _____ Answer: 95% of the laboratory compacted density 348.
What kind of bar is placed perpendicular to the joint stated in the preceding problem? Answer: deformed steel tie bars 357. The width of the weaken plane joint is _____ Answer: not less than 6 mm 359. What is the depth of the weaken plane joint when sawed with a concrete saw? Answer: not less than 50 mm 358. How is concrete consolidated? Answer: by the use of vibrator inserted in the concrete vertically 355.Answer: It shall not exceed 45 minutes if hauled in non – agitating trucks and 90 minutes if hauled in truck mixers or agitators 354. Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with _____ Answer: asphalt or other materials 361.5 mm 365. To protect dowels from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in concrete. What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the time of sawing? Answer: sawing shall be omitted 360. If the lanes are concreted separately. it shall be coated with _____ Answer: thin film of bitumen 363. what kind of joint in a form of a keyway is used? Answer: longitudinal construction joint 356. The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of _____ Answer: brooming 364. What is the material that is used as a load transfer device held in a position parallel to the surface and center line of the slab of pavement? Answer: dowel 362. What is the depth of corrugation produced by brooming in the surface of the pavement? Answer: 1. The surface of a newly put concrete when has sufficiently set shall be cured for a period of _____ Answer: 72 hours .
The mixing temperature of bituminous mix is Answer: 163ºC 378. When is the right time to seal the joints? Answer: after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic 368. Answer: asphaltene 373. The mineral filler which is used in the bituminous mix is passing sieve? Answer: No. by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water b. It is a chemical composition of asphalt that gives color and hardness. The compaction temperature in molding the bituminous mixture specimen Answer: 124ºC 377.366. The heating temperature of bituminous mix is Answer: 121ºC . Cold mix asphalt is used in _____ Answer: pothole patching 375. The requisites in transporting samples of the laboratory is _____ Answer: Well packed in durable containers to avoid damages in transit. VMA means Answer: Voids in Mineral Aggregates 376. Who has the power to recommend the acceptance or rejection of construction materials for use in the project based on test results? Answer: Materials Engineer of the DPWH 372. The curing of the pavement is done by means of the following: Answer: a. 200 374. accompanied by a sample card filled up in detail and duly signed by the ME 371. by applying curing compound immediately after finishing of the surface 367. by ponding d. by thoroughly wetting the pavement c.188ºC . The ME of the contractor is directly under the supervision of the _____? Answer: Materials Engineer of the DPWH 370. What is the difference between Item 504 and Item 505 (bluebook ’95)? Answer: the placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine sand 369.
How many group of three in – situ densities are required if the compacted volume of embankment laid was estimated to be 1.191ºC 380. It is a dynamic test used in the field to obtain rapid empirical results which can be used to estimate shear strength and bearing capacity Answer: Standard Penetration Test 387. The heating temperature of aggregates ranges from Answer: 177ºC .379. A tube sampler is used in sampling undisturbed sample Answer: Shelby tube 384. The allowable % variation in mass of deformed reinforcing steel is Answer: 6% maximum under nominal stress . A type of coring bit used in rock coring Answer: diamond bit 388. m with a thickness of 200 mm/layer? Answer: fifteen (15) 392. CQCA means Answer: Certificate of Quality Control Assurance (submitted weekly) 389. Used in sealing undisturbed sample Answer: wax 385. The type of electron present in rapid curing emulsified asphalt? Answer: cationic 391.01 – 1.04 390. A tube sampler used in sampling disturbed sample Answer: split spoon sampler 386. The specific gravity of asphalt ranges from Answer: 1. SPT means Answer: Standard Penetration Test 383. The maximum moisture content of CHB Answer: 45% 382. The maximum absorption content of CHB Answer: 240 kg/m3 381.500 cu.
10 retained No. subbase materials b.06% 394. Answer: GRADING A – 12 spheres GRADING B – 11 spheres GRADING C – 8 spheres GRADING D – 6 spheres 401. 200 399. Plasticity index is an indication of percent Answer: clay content 396. base course materials 400. Which of the following items does not need CBR? Answer: a. The maximum allowable % phosphorous content of a deformed and plain billet steel bar is Answer: 0. Tensile and yield strengths of steel bars? Answer: TENSILE STRENGTH GRADE 40 483 MPa GRADE 60 621 MPa GRADE 75 689 MPa 395. The condition of the soil to be tested in the laboratory compaction test is Answer: air – dried condition 397. In abrasion test. the minimum number of revolutions after all ingredients including water is in the drum is Answer: 100 rpm 402. Air –dry sand used in the density apparatus is passing Answer: sieve No.393. surfacing materials c. The method in the determination of density of soil in – place Answer: Sand cone method 398. A maximum time of _____ shall be permitted for wet mixing. In truck mixing. lay down and finishing when this method is used (Item 206) Answer: two (2) hours YIELD POINT 276 MPa 414 MPa 517 MPa . the abrasive charge shall consist of cast – iron spheres or steel spheres.
In placing concrete for slab. Where and when was the first use of Portland cement? Answer: Bellafontaine. Mortar shall be used within _____ after its preparation Answer: 90 minutes 405. The curve in the logarithmic scale where the 25th blow is projected in order to determine the liquid limit of the soil. Answer: 40 kph 404.75 413. what will you recommend? Answer: conduct recoring 407. what is the volume of water in the concrete mix that produces a slump of 76. The standard packaging weight of cement Answer: 40 kg/bag 414. The standard fineness modulus of sand is about _____ Answer: 2. When loads have been arriving at the spreader with the material peaked or doomed up and a load suddenly appears in which the material lies flat.403. using buggies.2 mm? Answer: 24. Traffic shall be prohibited from traveling at the speeds in excess of _____ until the asphaltic material has set. if you are the ME of your firm.7 liters 412. There is a failure of flexural strength in the pavement. Answer: curing compound . Ohio (1893) 409. the correct method that should be followed is Answer: concrete should be dumped into the face of the previously placed concrete. Percentage of wear represents the value of _____ Answer: abrasion loss 411. In the design of concrete mix. 406. it indicates Answer: excessive asphalt 408. It is an impervious membrane applied to concrete pavement before its initial setting that prevents rapid evaporation of water from the mix. Answer: Flow curve 410.
The average loss in weight of three specimens in zinc coating test. traffic lanes and parking spaces which is rapid drying. The rate of application of traffic paint. The maximum drying time of thermoplastic paint. Answer: glass beads 417. Answer: Latex 418. Answer: tremie with 250 mm Ø 424. Answer: Triple spot test 419.5ºC 426. Answer: 0. The maximum specific gravity of thermoplastic paint. The type of paint that is used in wood surfaces. The softening point of a thermoplastic paint. The supporting value of a material as subgrade may be assumed as an inverse ratio to its group index. that is a group index of zero indicates Answer: good subgrade material 422. Answer: Enamel 421. Answer: 10 minutes 427. The paint which is used on concrete or masonry units. The instrument used in placing concrete in water in a compact mass in its fina position. Answer: 102.15 425. It determines the target density which is constructed at the beginning of the work on each course of material to be compacted. It is a special type of paint made with varnish as the vehicle.415. Answer: Single spot test 420. One the three specimens in the triple spot test with lightest coating.33 lit/m2 . The type of paint that is used for zone marking. resistant to abrasion and weather conditions and possess improved visibility at night. Answer: reflectorized paint 416. An ingredient in the paint that gives reflection during night time. Answer: 2. Group index is an empirical number ranging from 0 to 20 under average conditions of good drainage and adequate compaction. Answer: Control strips 423.
The temperature requirement in initial rolling for Item 310. Answer: Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregates 435. Answer: 10 kg 430. Answer: gasoline 433. 432. A device used to determine the relative hardness of asphalt. Volatization test which measures the relative proportion of asphalt to oil. The minimum weight of sample for reflectorized paint. What is the color of asphalt when it is overcooked? Answer: yellowish brown 441. The Index of Retained Strength (IRS) is computed through the formula Answer: (Wet Stability/Dry Stability) x 100% 439. How many gradation ranges for Hot Plant Mix bituminous pavement are there in the blue book? Answer: seven (7) . Answer: Softening point 438.428. The method used to determine the grading of aggregate extracted from bituminous mixture. The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted bituminous paving mixture. Answer: penetrometer 436. Answer: 15 – 30 minutes 429. Answer: 200˚F to 225˚F 440. Answer: Distillation 437. Answer: Bulk specific gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using saturated surface dry specimens. The measurement wherein the asphalt begins to melt. The percent of bitumen is computed based on Answer: mass of dry aggregates 434. The solvent in the extraction of bitumen. The maximum drying time of traffic paint. It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture of the degree of compaction of the asphalt pavement. Answer: vernier caliper 431.
How many gradation ranges for Cold Plant Mix bituminous pavement are there in the blue book? Answer: two (2) 443. The test that determines the resistance of aggregates to disintegration by saturated solutions of sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate. Answer: alligator cracking 448. The wearing away of pavement surface caused by dislodging of aggregate particle. Answer: admixtures 452. The interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling an alligator’s skin or chicken wire. The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than Answer: 45 minutes . It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities and specifies the kind and number of test of each item of work. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler? Answer: not greater than 4 446. Too much asphalt in the bituminous mixes causes Answer: bleeding 445. the weighted loss shall not exceed Answer: 10 mass % 450. If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate soundness test.442. Answer: raveling 447. The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at Answer: approximately quarter points 444. the weighted loss shall not exceed Answer: 12 mass % 451. Answer: Minimum Testing Requirements 449. Answer: Soundness test 453. Additives used in concrete mixing. The design of concrete mix specified in the bluebook is based on Answer: Absolute Design Method 454. If the coarse aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate soundness test.
Answer: sampling 464. Answer: disturbed samples 465. Answer: thin – walled tube sampling 467. The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of Portland cement in the laboratory. A soil sample received from the field for subsequent tests by reducing aggregations of particles into sizes which will pass certain sieves. The final setting time of Portland cement Answer: 10 hours 456. The compressive strength of cement mortar samples in 7 days is Answer: 19. The critical number of days of curing of concrete Answer: first seven (7) days 463. Answer: Gillmore needle 460. and the sampler shall sue every precaution to obtain samples that will show the nature and condition of the materials which they represent. What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails to meet the autoclave? Answer: crumbled 462. A procedure to recover relatively undisturbed soil samples suitable laboratory tests of structural properties. A mixture of cement and water is Answer: cement paste 459. The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland cement Answer: Ottawa sand 457. It is the equally as important as testing. Answer: government . The representative who will witness the testing of materials in an accredited laboratory. The apparatus used to determine the fineness of Portland cement by air permeability Answer: Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus 458.455.3 MPa 461.
Answer: undisturbed samples 469. If the type of soil in Item 200 is non – plastic. The type of additive that is used to attain maximum early compressive strength of concrete. Answer: 10 days . The type of additive that is used to delay the setting of fresh concrete. Samples obtained from the field with minimum disturbance by using any drilling equipment that provides clean hole before insertion of thin – walled tubes that is. Answer: accelerator 471. The best enemy of construction. grading A for aggregate base course? Answer: 0 – 12% 474. Soils that cannot be properly compacted as determined by the engineer 473. Materials containing detrimental quantities of organic materials such as grass. Highly organic soils such as peat and muck c. Soils with LL exceeding 80% and/or PL exceeding 55% d. 200. Answer: retarder 470. roots and sewage b. 800kg/m3 f. Answer: water 472. The engineer shall be notified at least _____ before the treating process of timber. The minimum penetration of the preservatives into the surface of timber is Answer: 20mm 478. both the natural density and moisture content are preserved as much as practicable. m 475. Answer: sounding 476. The rate of application of special curing agent Answer: 4 liter per 14 sq. what Atterberg limit test can be performed? Answer: Liquid limit test 477. Soils with a natural moisture content exceeding 100% e. What is the spec of mass % passing in sieve No. The method of measurement for determining the depth of the river channel. The following are considered unsuitable materials: Answer: a. Soils with very low natural density.468.
5m – 3. Answer: 3” to 5” 484. Answer: 2mm 480. shape and gradation.14”. Super plasticizers can reduce the water content by _____ and increase the 24 – hour strength by _____. Loose material is removed from all joints. All grout shall pass through a screen with a _____ maximum clear opening. Answer: greater than 0. cracks and areas that have previously patched by asphalt by _____ with nominal _____ air pressure. It is the activity of monitoring planned scheduled against actual and by speed task to make – up for the past or future loss of time. 100 psi 487. Stabilization and under sealing are recommended if the mean deflection is ____ or the differential deflection is ____.479. Answer: Compaction 482. In general. 50% to 70% 486. ` Answer: potholes . Answer: air entraining admixtures 488. The recommended thickness of Hot Mix asphalt overlay depending on the expected traffic and the modulus of the cracked and seated pavement section.5 (concrete) 4. soils high value of this and plasticity index are poor as engineering materials.002” 485. Bowl – shaped holes of various sizes in the pavement surface.5m (timber) 481. Answer: liquid limit of fines 483. The allowable height of fall in driving piles to avoid injury using gravity hammer. Admixtures which can help incorporate a controlled amount of air on the form moist in concrete during mixing without significantly altering the setting or the rate of characteristic of concrete. Answer: 2. greater than 0. Answer: Delivery control 489. This increases the shearing strength of aggregates of any size. Answer: 25% to 35%. Answer: power sweeping and air blowing.
Answer: 40 times bar Ø 496. Minimum separation of splices when staggered. placing and finishing concrete in all structures except pavements conforming to the lines. Minimum grouting pressure of bonding tendons. Consist of furnishing. The main cross member of Bailey bridge that carry the roadway structure. Answer: Structural concrete 497. A form of plastic movement typified by ripples (surface waves) across the pavement. The uniform sampling run in core drilling. The initial diameter of bore hole. 30m 500. It is the chief load – bearing of gravel road? Answer: base or subbase course 493. Longitudinal surface depression in the wheel paths. Answer: transom 499. A form of plastic movement resulting in localized bulging of the pavement. Answer: 0. Answer: 76mm . Answer: shoving 492. What is the diameter of split spoon sampler? Answer: 50mm 501.490. grade and dimension. Answer: 1.50m length 502. Answer: rutting 492. The maximum distance of the discharge point from the point of deposit by pneumatic means. Answer: corrugation 491.6984 MPa (100 psi) 498. Answer: 3 meters 494. Coring sampling shall be done at _____ interval by using split spoon sampler and the depth needed is _____. Answer: base course 495. It reduces the vertical compressive stress induced by traffic in the subbase and subgrade. Answer: one (1) meter.
What is the core bit diameter? Answer: 67mm 504. Answer: Flush Surface Reflector 513. For buildings less than 930 m2 Answer: two (2) boring at opposite corners 512. What is the primary purpose in establishing design criteria in design? Answer: consistency 515. Positional tolerance of duct tubes during casting operations.503. The required spacing and depth of bore holes over foundation area of dam. . Answer: 60m spacing. This reflector shall be the short type having a minimum base area of 180mm x 140mm. For ports and harbors projects: Answer: 30m to 150m. The required spacing of bore holes along centerline for new road on swampy or marshy ground. The required spacing of bore holes for bridge project Answer: 1 deep drill for each abutment (30m run) 1 boring for each pier for multi – span (3m into the bed rocks) 508. Answer: 100m (2m along the centerline of new road) 507. The required spacing of bore holes along centerline of roads for less than 300 VPD traffic. The required spacing of bore holes along centerline of roads for 300 VPD traffic. Answer: shrinkage cracking 514. 30m intermediate along centerline Depth = ½ times base width 509.5m below subgrade) 505. For buildings (large area – greater than 930 m2): Answer: 1 bore hole at each corner of the structure and one on the interior (9m below lowest foundation) 511. Answer: 500m (along centerline) 506. Occurs on PCCP when the cutting of weakened plane is delayed. 1m below dredged bottom (12m minimum for piers & wharves) 510. Answer: 250m (1.
Answer: 1. Answer: 2.033. Answer: Drenching 518. This method is used when soil shows termite infestation. This method is usually adopted when there is no visible evidence of termite infestation. The minimum energy per blow of diesel hammer on concrete/steel pile at each stroke. Design pressure of glass in glazed position. Answer: 244 kg/m2 521.12% 527. Moisture content of rough lumber should not exceed _____ Answer: 22% 519. Moisture content of dressed lumber should not exceed _____ Answer: 14% 520. The minimum pressure of testing water tank. Answer: 831. The minimum distance allowed for the top portion of the splice below ground line or seabed. Answer: Cordoning 517. It is the digging of soil after the final marking of the building outline has been established on the ground. Consist of the excavation of river beds. Answer: Minor excavation . Allowance for sediments or debris provided in design Answer: 20% 528. bottom of creeks or esteros and other bodies of water. Answer: dredging 525.48 kg/m 523.5 meters 524. The slope of batter piles Answer: 1:6 526.50 KPa 522. Longitudinal gutter grades shall not be flatter than ____ Answer: 0.Answer: ± 4mm 516.
Measure of construction materials for concrete structure shall be Answer: volume . Liquid limit is usually Answer: greater than plastic limit 537. design of concrete mix 540. Which of the following is not the responsibility of the Materials Engineer? Answer: a. sampling of material b. This shall be conducted for buildings three (3) storey and above. analysis of test result of material c. Typically a plain or reinforced concrete that is usually provided to support a column. Answer: 700mm 532. you noticed that the delivered materials are different from the on tested passed. Answer: Spread footing 534. what will you do? Answer: conduct immediate re – testing for verification 539. The blue book requires that the base course be compacted at least Answer: 100% modified proctor 538.529. Answer: ± 3% 535. Answer: 100mm 533. As construction work progresses. The minimum depth of footing on a well compacted fill. Gabion dimensions are subject to tolerance limit of _____ of the manufactured state. Answer: footing 530. If you are in doubt. It requires wide excavation of total extraction bearing capacity. Answer: Boring test 531. scheduling of delivery of materials d. A field density result of 88% degree of compaction obtained on the subgrade indicates that Answer: compaction of the subgrade fails the compaction specs and needs additional compaction 536. The minimum depth of CHB wall footing of other minor structure on the ground.
is not included in determining moisture content? Answer: a. well graded soil c.541. What should be done on the subbase course with existing moisture content of 10% higher than the optimum moisture content? Answer: dry out to reduce moisture.5mm 544. erosion control 545. Geosynthetics may be used for Answer: filtration or drainage. The DPWH specs provide _____ tolerance for asphalt pavement thickness Answer: . Which of the ff. granular. beam balance b. Steel bars are considered undersize if Answer: its nominal diameter as determined by caliper doesn’t meet the manufactured size 547. extruder 546. none of the above 542. What will you recommend? Answer: reprocess the materials by blending 548. The moisture density curve if different from each soil. well graded soil have greater densities than uniform soil at OMC d. clay soil have lower densities at OMC than granular. Which of the ff statement is true? Answer: a. well graded soil generally have fairly high maximum density at low optimum moisture content b. Concrete curing refers to Answer: procedure done to maximize concrete strength 549. moisture can d. What is the testing soil that involves the application of energy and addition of water as lubricant? Answer: Moisture – Density relation test . granular. oven c. reinforcement. Samples of aggregates for base course when tested for quality the requirements except grading. spread to the required thickness and compact 543. What is the most inferior type of soil as to its engineering properties? Answer: organic 550.
What is ASTM? Answer: American Society for Testing & Materials 555. In soaking sample for CBR. What is AASHTO? Answer: American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials 556. grinding or crushing of rock and which will pass 2. A rock fragment usually rounded or semi – rounded with an average dimension between 75mm – 305mm Answer: boulders 563. What kind of material that passes . The dividing line between gravel and sand in concrete pavement is Answer: No. What is the maximum size of aggregate used in Item 104? Answer: ½ of the thickness 559. What is the category of contractor that are required by DPWH to have laboratory equipments or apparatus in pre – bidding qualifications? Answer: large 558.001mm sieve? Answer: colloids 560. Answer: Pruning . A material resulting from the disintegration. The process of cutting the branches around a tree on the roadside to make them denser and grow straight.075mm sieve Answer: sand 554. DPWH thru Bureau of Research & Standards has prepared a revised laboratory testing procedure manual. in order to have be consistent with the latest methods as prescribed under Answer: ASTM & AASHTO 557. A natural or prepared mixture consisting predominantly of stone. gravel or sand and containing silt – clay materials Answer: soil aggregates 562.002124 m3 553. What is the volume of the mold using 6” for AASHTO T – 180 D method in compaction test? Answer: 0.551.00mm sieve and be retained on the 0. 10 552. the water should at least _____ above the specimen Answer: 25mm 561.
What is the work sequence on cylinder specimen? Answer: cylinder shall be prepared. The road near or abutting a bridge. In hydrographic survey. The use of geofabric material to increase the strength of the subgrade material for road construction is classified as Answer: Soil Reinforcement Method 569. cured and tested at the specified date 574. sounding joints should be made at a maximum interval of Answer: 20 meters 568. loose materials and extending to the full width of the embankment 571.564. What is Twelve – Inch Layer Method Embankment? . When to remove the false work of continuous structure? Answer: when the 1st and 2nd adjoining span on each side have reached the specified strength 575. It is generally either a soft soil composed largely of silt. clay. organic deposit or loose sand having high void rather and usually not high water content Answer: Weak Subgrade 576. Settlement of right of way problems should be done Answer: before the construction work 566. What is commonly used as curing media for fresh concrete? Answer: Liquid membrane forming 573. Material that has the greatest load carrying capacity Answer: sand and gravel 567. Answer: Approach 565. What to recommend if the surface test of newly asphalted which showed a lump Answer: remove and replace the pavement area with irregularity 570. What type of cracks will appear on concrete if it was not cured immediately after final placement especially during the first seven days? Answer: Plastic shrinkage cracks 572. Controlled Density Method in embankment construction involves Answer: Depositing and spreading materials in layers of not more than 225mm depth.
Occurring usually at the transverse cracks joint caused by excessive expansion of the slabs during hot weather Answer: buckling 586. What is the principal factor used in determining the thickness of the pavement? Answer: STRENGTH OF SUBGRADE (deterioration due to frustration move also be considered) 580. The surcharge shall remain in place until the embankment has reached stability or the required settlement 581. parallel to the finished grade and extending to the full width of the embankment 577.Answer: the material shall be deposited and spread in layers not more than 300 mm in depth (12”) loose measure. What is Placing and Removing Surcharge Method Embankment? Answer: were unsuitable material is present under the embankment corrective work consists of placing a surcharge constructed to the full width of the road bed. This method is only applicable to fill ≥ 1. glass – like reflecting surface that usually becomes quite sticky Answer: bleeding 585. – wt. 584. It shall not be placed within 600 mm of the other grade 578. What is Rock Embankment Method? Answer: the material shall be deposited on the fill and push over the end of the fill by means of bulldozer. Mixture of fine – grained aggregates. What is Hydraulic Fill Method Embankment? Answer: the material shall be taken from borrow locations and shall be deposited so as to form the grade and cross section and shall be thoroughly compacted 579. The splitting of concrete surface material from the concrete pavement . What is the formula for percentage of wear? Answer: Percentage of wear. Free bitumen on the surface of the pavement which creates a shiny.2 m in depth. % = (orig wt. What is Hydraulic Construction Method Embankment? Answer: this involves the introduction of water into the embankment to accelerate consideration 582. retained @ sieve # 12) x 100 original wt. bituminous binder and water for surface sealing Answer: slurry seal (bituminous slurry) 583.
What is the minimum distance of water table from subgrade level? Answer: 4 – 5 feet 597. Who is the father of Soil Mechanics? Answer: Dr. When do clay and granular soils become unstable? Answer: Clay soil becomes unstable if moisture content increases. The authorized hauling of materials in excess of the of the free haul distance Answer: Overhaul 588. What is the process of combining two or more soil in suitable properties to produce good grading on gravel.Answer: crushing 587. What is quality? Answer: It the degree of excellence 592. What is control? Answer: Is to regulate 593. What is the amount of cement to be added to the soil aggregates in Item 204? Answer: 6 – 10 mass % of the dry soil 590. Karl Terzhagi 591. what is the typical slurry ratio? Answer: 1 tonne lime : 2 cubic meter of water 589. What is assurance? Answer: it the degree of certainty 595. Granular material becomes unstable if it has dried . silt and clay? Answer: Mechanic Stabilization 598. What is quality control? Answer: It is conformance to requirements 594. What is the common material employed in stabilizing the moisture content of soil or liquid and hydroscope in nature? It is an aid in the compaction process by slowing the rate of evaporation of moisture from the soil Answer: Calcium chloride or rock salt 599. sand. What are the two kinds of control activities? Answer: Inspection and Testing 596. If slurry (wet) lime is employed.
600. Why do liquid asphalt was introduced in road construction aside from asphalt cement? Answer: It was introduced in order to save heating costs and from convenience in road – mixing or priming 601. The theory of concrete design mix is to Answer: Optimize aggregate packing and optimizes properties of cement mortar 602. To optimize the properties of the cement mortar, one has to depend on Answer: cement type, cement content and water content 603. What type of cement is the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)? Answer: Type I 604. What type of cement is the Moderate Sulphate Resistant Portland Cement? Answer: Type II 605. What type of cement is the Rapid Hardening Portland Cement? Answer: Type III 606. What type of cement is the Low Heat Portland Cement? Answer: Type IV 607. What type of cement is the High Sulphate Resistant Portland Cement? Answer: Type V 608. What type of cement is the Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement? Answer: Type 1S 609. What type of cement is the Portland Pozzolan Cement? Answer: Type 1P 610. Type I is for general use such as Answer: pavements & sidewalks, buildings & bridges and tanks & water pipes 611. Type III cement is used for Answer: early stripping of forms & high early strength 612. Type IV is used for Answer: massive structures such as dams 613. Type V cement is used for Answer: when sulphate content of groundwater is very high
614. The inventor of Portland cement was Answer: Joseph Aspdin 615. Portland cement is composed of blended materials containing Answer: calcium, alumina, iron and silica 616. The simple recipe of Portland cement is Answer: 2 parts of crushed limestone, 1 part clay/pulverized shale, 1 pinch of iron ore, then 1 pinch of gypsum added to clinker 617. Pozzolan cement is composed of a raw material called Answer: volcanic earth 618. The 75% compressive strength of Portland cement is composed of Answer: C3S and C2S 619. The 25% setting time of Portland cement is controlled by Answer: C3A and C4AF 620. When water is added to Portland cement, _____ process is developed Answer: hydration 621. Calcium Silicate Gel (C–S–H) and lime [Ca(OH)2] are developed when _____ is added to Portland cement Answer: water 622. When Portland cement contains a low C3A, it means Answer: the setting time is larger 623. Surplus lime [Ca(OH)2] in Portland cement when mixed with water takes care of the concrete’s Answer: alkalinity 624. Coarse aggregates can be taken from Answer: crushed rock, slags and river gravel 625. The water required for concrete mix should be Answer: fresh water 626. Sea water is deleterious to concrete mix unless on admixture is added because it contains Answer: chloride 627. The entrapped air in concrete is Answer: accidental and unwanted
628. The entrained air in concrete is Answer: deliberate and desirable 629. We use aggregate in concrete as Answer: filler materials in concrete 630. Aggregates are important in concrete because they strongly influence: Answer: the properties of concrete, its mix proportion and its economy 631. Which of the following is not deleterious material to concrete? Answer: a. calcium b. chloride c. coal d. sulphate 632. Over sanded and under sanded mixture require more water to be workable, but making it so will only result to sacrifice in Answer: strength 633. Concrete in the area represented by the cores will be considered adequate if the average strength of the cores is equal to or at least _____ of the specified strength, fc’ and no single core is less than _____ Answer: 85% of f’c, 75% of f’c 634. Fine aggregate shall be rejected when it fails in the _____ for organic impurities Answer: Colormatic Test 635. Portland cement may be/shall be rejected if: Answer: it has partially set, it contains lumps of cake cement and it comes from a discarded or used bag 636. A measurement of the coarseness or fineness of aggregates Answer: fineness modulus 637. An excess water needed for absorption of coarse aggregates Answer: free water 638. What do you mean by SSD? Answer: Saturated Surface Dry 639. A general term relating to the character of a mix with respect to its fluidity Answer: consistency 640. More silt and clay content to fine aggregates is Answer: objectionable
641. Type A admixture is classified by ASTM C494 as Answer: Water – reducing admixture 642. For core specimens, each lot will be divided into how many equal segments? Answer: five (5) 643. The unit pressure greater than which progressive settlement occur leading to failure Answer: bearing capacity 644. The recommended thickness of hot mixed asphalt overlay Answer: 2” 645. In the test to determine the moisture content of samples, the beam balance should be sensitive up to Answer: 0.1g 646. If a sample can not be weighed within the prescribed time after being removed from the oven, it will placed inside a Answer: dessicator 647. Plastic and finely grain soil will require at least how many hours to dry ay constant weight/mass Answer: 4 hours 648. A sample may be cooled at room humidity and must be weighed after it has been removed from the oven within Answer: 1 hour 649. Drying the material sample in the oven to constant weight at a prescribe temperature; the drying time depends on the kind of soil and size of sample. A 25-gram sample of sandy material will be dried in about Answer: 2 hours 650. Test conducted for buildings 3 storeys and above Answer: Boring Test 651. A test to determine the moisture content of soil Answer: calcium tri – chloride 652. The aggregate crushing value of strong aggregate is Answer: low 653. The kind of asphalt used in overlaying seated pavement Answer: hot – mix asphalt
In air – entrained concrete.3% (small – bigger aggregates) 664. A cement which has a cementitious effect Answer: Portland cement 657. what is the range of % air entrained? Answer: 3% . What is the mixing time of concrete? Answer: 1.50 – 0. what will happen if air content is involved? Answer: the strength of concrete is reduced 665. What will happen if you lower the water – cement ratio and maintaining other values of its ingredients? Answer: it will acquire strength 666. If you want to adjust the slump and the air content.05% to 0. For a constant water – cement ratio. What chemical property in the composition of steel material that will cause brittleness or cold shortness when its content goes beyond 0. what is the range of air entrained? Answer: 8% .60 656.10% Answer: phosphorous 660.2% (small – bigger aggregates) 663.60 m 661. Base or sub base is extended beyond each edge of proposed concrete pavement Answer: 0. how do you it? Answer: ± 10 mm slump = ± 2 kg/m3 from (water) ± air entrapment = ± 3 kg/ m3 of average (water) 662.5 m3 capacity mixer. A concrete where compression is induced before the application of working load so that tension under these loads is reduced Answer: Pre – stressing 658.molydate 659. The minimum width of paved sidewalk Answer: 1. What laboratory test is used in determining the phosphorus content of steel materials? Answer: Phospho .5 m 655. T ≥ 60 seconds . The limit of water – cement ratio of concrete Answer: 0. In non – entrained concrete.0.654.
5 m3 capacity mixer. what is the maximum size of pipe that is negligible in the volume computation? Answer: pipes with Ø of 4” or less . T ≥ 90 seconds 667.Above1. Concrete delivered by agitation of truck mixer must be discharged within 1 hour or 250 revolutions of the drum or Olader. When cement is in contact with moist aggregates. Why? Answer: to avoid over mixing and initial setting of concrete 671. batch made by mix will be disallowed beyond ____ Answer: 1 ½ hours 668. as 32ºC temperature is present 670. How many hours should an aggregate be washed and stockpiled before batching starts? Answer: 12 hours prior to batching shall be stockpiled or binned for draining 669. In final computation of concrete in road to be paid. When will truck mixing start? Answer: mixing shall begin within 30 minutes upon cement has due added 15 minutes when wet aggregates is used.