6.

Summary of Loading Effects

LOAD CASES DENOTATIONS
No.

LOAD CASE

CLARIFICATION

1

G_DC

Girder Self-weight

2

S_DC

Self-weight of Deck Slab+Diaphragms

3

DW

Self-weight of Surface + Railings

4

SH_D

Shrinkage Differential

5

CR_D

Creep Differential

6

TG

Temperature differential 50C

7

CR

Secondary force due to Creep

8

LL_MAX

Maximum Live Load + Impact

9

LL_MIN

Minimum Live Load + Impact

10

IM_MAX

Maximum Impact of Live Load

11

IM_MIN

Minimum Impact of Live Load

12

PS

Prestress after losses

10. Checking Nominal Flexural Resistance of Section

COMBINATIONS TO BE UTILIZED FOR CHECKING
Printed:

COMBINATION
STRENGTH-I
1
2
3
4
STRENGTH-IV
5
6
7
SERVICE III
8
9
10

DC

DW

1.25
1.25
1.25
0.90

1.50
1.50
1.50
0.65

1.50
1.50
0.90

1.50
1.50
0.65

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

LOADINGS
(LL+IM)_MAX (LL+IM)_MIN
PS

1.75
1.75

0.80
0.80

CR_D

SH_D

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.50
0.50
0.50

0.50
0.50
0.50

1.00
1.00
1.00

0.50
0.50

0.50
0.50

0.50
0.50

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

Notes: *For checking tensile stress, SERVICE III Combinations will be used.
*For checking Nominal Resistances of Sections, all Combinations will be used.

TG

0.50
0.50
1.00

CR

1.00
1.00
1.00

9/2/2012 23:45

INPUT DATA FOR CALCULATION

Thickness of Slab (mm)
Width of Slab (mm)

TS
BS

=
=

100 mm
990 mm

1.4. Material strength & Stress Limits:
1.4.1. Prestressing steel (low-relaxation)
Ultimate strength of prestressing steel
Yield strength
Elastic Modulus
Limit of tensile stress after immediate losses
Limit of tensile stress at service state

:
:
:
:
:

f'pu
=
fpy=0.9f'pu
Ep
0.9f'py
f'pe=0.8f'py =

1860
1674
#######
1506.6
1339.2

1.4.2. Reinforcement
Yield strength
Limit of tensile stress at service
Elastic Modulus

:
:
:

f'sy
=
f'sa=0.6fsy =
Es
=

400 MPa
240 MPa
####### MPa

1.4.3. Concrete
Density gc
Thermal coefficient EXP
a) Girder Concrete
Compresive strength at 28 days
:
f'c
Compresive strength at time of initial prestress
:
f'ci = 0.9f'c
Limit of compresive stress at time of initial prestress:
0.6 f'ci
Limit of tensile stress at time of initial prestress
: 0.58(f'ci)0.5
Limit of compresive stress at service
* Prestress + permanent load
:
0.45 f'c
* Live load +1/2(prestress + permanent load)
:
0.4 f'c
Limit of tensile stress at service
:
0.5(f'c)0.5
Elastic Modulus : 0.043gc1.5(f'c)0.5
:
Ec1

=
=

2500 kg/m3
####### 1/0C

=
=
=
=

50
45
27
3.89076

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

=
=

22.5
20
3.54
38010

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

b) Slab Concrete
Compresive strength at 28 days
:
f'c
=
Limit of compresive stress at service
* Prestress + permanent load
:
0.45 f'c
* Live load +1/2(prestress + permanent load)
:
0.4 f'c
Limit of tensile stress at service
:
0.5(f'c)0.5 =
Elastic Modulus : 0.043gc1.5(f'c)0.5
:
Ec2
=

30 MPa
13.5
12
2.74
29440

Creep Coeff. : (at t= 120 days)

Fti

=

1.2

Infinity Creep Coeff. : (infinitive time t= 75years)

Finf

=

2.2

Stress Coeff. Due to Creep at t=120 days:

K

=

0.375

Stress Coeff. Due to Creep at t=120 days:

K'

1.5.4 Differential Shrinkage : (at time t= days)

SHDIF

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.6875

=

#######

1.5.7 Differential Temperature:

Page 3

1-Condition

Delta T

TDIF

Page 4

=

5 0C

1-Condition

2.

Section Properties

2.1.

Cross Section Properties (Oval holes included)
Cross section
Section

Area
mm

2.2.

2

Bending Modulus

Top y'

Bottom y

Top W'

mm

mm

mm

Inertia

Bottom W

3

mm

3

Ix
mm

4

SEC-1

713,025

382

368

87,731,257

91,068,859

33,513,340,000

SEC-2

511,653

385

365

81,612,832

85,972,276

31,400,944,531

SEC-3

511,653

385

365

81,612,832

85,972,276

31,400,944,531

SEC-4

511,653

385

365

81,612,832

85,972,276

31,400,944,531

SEC-5

511,653

385

365

81,612,832

85,972,276

31,400,944,531

Tranformed Section Properties for initial stage at tranfer (Prestressing steel included)
Area
Section

2.3.

Extreme fibre

mm

2

Extreme fibre

Bending Modulus

Inertia

Top y2'

Bottom y2

Top W2'

Bottom W2

Ix

mm

mm

mm3

mm3

mm4

SEC-1

730,342

388

362

90,456,833

96,870,829

35,082,759,403

SEC-2

528,971

393

357

83,872,816

92,196,292

32,939,179,778

SEC-3

528,971

393

357

83,872,816

92,196,292

32,939,179,778

SEC-4

528,971

393

357

83,872,816

92,196,292

32,939,179,778

SEC-5

528,971

393

357

83,872,816

92,196,292

32,939,179,778

Composite Section Properties for final stage (service stage)
Area
Section

mm

2

Extreme fibre
Top y3'

Bottom y3

Bending Modulus
Top W3'

mm

mm

mm

3

Inertia

Bottom W3
mm

3

Ix
mm4

SEC-1

830,747

334

416

159,420,322

127,798,476

53,200,750,670

SEC-2

629,375

321

429

158,748,483

118,463,316

50,879,521,983

SEC-3

629,375

321

429

158,748,483

118,463,316

50,879,521,983

SEC-4

629,375

321

429

158,748,483

118,463,316

50,879,521,983

SEC-5

629,375

321

429

158,748,483

118,463,316

50,879,521,983

Inertia
Iy
mm

4

54,012,959,000
42,573,303,073
42,573,303,073
42,573,303,073
42,573,303,073

Inertia
Iy
mm4
56,907,377,220
45,467,721,293
45,467,721,293
45,467,721,293
45,467,721,293

Inertia
Iy
mm4
65,107,900,503
53,668,244,575
53,668,244,575
53,668,244,575
53,668,244,575

3
3.1.

Internal forces
Due to S.W of Girder

DEAD L OAD(DC)
HOLL OW SL AB
A

B

A

B

B-B

A-A

w = 13.043 N / mm

w = (A1x2+A2x18)x2.5/20 =
(0.03351x1.2+0.03225x18.8) x 2.5 / 20 =
Where : A1 : Area of Section 1
A2 : Area of Section 2 , 3 , 4
Length of Section 1 : 2 m
Length of Section 1+2+3 : 18 m

13.04 kg/cm

Ltt = 19.4m

Bending Moment and Shear forces due to S.W of Girder
Component
Unit
Sec - 1
Sec - 2
Sec - 3
Sec - 4
Sec - 5
Distance from section to left bearing
mm
0
375
3,300
4,850
9,700
Distance from section to right bearing
mm
19,400
19,025
16,100
14,550
9,700
Moment M
N.mm
0
46,526,827 346,487,295 460,205,951 613,607,935
Shear V
N
126,517
121,626
83,475
63,259
0
3.2.

Due to S.W of Deck Slab

w = 3.64 N / mm

Ltt = 19.4m

w = 2.913 + 0.723 =

3.64 N / mm

Bending Moment and Shear forces due to S.W of deck slab
Component
Unit
Sec - 1
Sec - 2
Sec - 3
Sec - 4
Sec - 5
Distance from section to left bearing
mm
0
375
3,300
4,850
9,700
Distance from section to right bearing
mm
19,400
19,025
16,100
14,550
9,700
Moment M
N.mm
0
12,970,294 96,590,340 128,291,715 171,055,620
Shear V
N
35,269
33,906
23,270
17,635
0

3.3.

Due to S.W of Railing, Parapet and Barrier
DEAD LOAD (DC)
SUPERSTRUCTURE

A

B

DETA IL "A"

DETAI L "B"

w = 0.968 N / MM

Ltt = 19.4m

w =

0.968 N / MM

Bending Moment and Shear forces due to S.W of Railing , Parapet and Barrier
Component
Unit
Sec - 1
Sec - 2
Sec - 3
Sec - 4
Sec - 5
Space from section to left bearing
mm
0
375
3,300
4,850
9,700
Space from section to right bearing
mm
19,400
19,025
16,100
14,550
9,700
Moment M
N.mm
0
3,453,038 25,714,920 34,154,670 45,539,560
Shear
V
N
9,390
9,027
6,195
4,695
0
3.4.

Due to S.W of surface

w = 1.116 N/mm

Ltt = 19.4m

w = 990 *50 * 0.0000023*9.8066 =

1.116 N / mm

Bending Moment and Shear forces due to S.W of Surface
Component
Unit
Sec - 1
Sec - 2
Sec - 3
Space from section to left bearing
m
0
375
3,300
Space from section to right bearing
m
19,400
19,025
16,100
Moment M
T.m
0
3,982,699 29,659,329
Shear V
T
10,830
10,411
7,145
3.5.
3.5.1.

Sec - 4
Sec - 5
4,850
9,700
14,550
9,700
39,393,651 52,524,868
5,415
0

Due to Live Load plus Impact
Calculation of transverse distribution of live load (AASHTO 98 4.6.2.2.2)

Calculation span length
With of beam
Moment of inertia of beam
St. Venant's torsional inertia
Number of beams

L =
b =
I =
J = A4 / (40*(Ix+Iy))
Nb =

Distance from exterior web of exterior beam
and the interior edge of curb or traffic barrier
Correction factor for Moment
Correction factor for Shear
Impact factor
Factor used in calculation of distribution factor
Distribution of live loads per Lane for Moment in
+ Interior beams
+ Exterior beams
Distribution of live loads per Lane for Shear in
+ Interior beams
+ Exterior beams

19400.00
990.00
5.09E+10
3.75E+10
18.00

de =
e =
e =
IM =
k =

mm
mm
mm4
mm4
Nos

-200.00 mm
1.01
1.01
1.33
1.50

g =
g =

0.2480
0.2514

g =
g =

0.4313
0.4342

VEHICULAR LIVE LOADING DATA

Truck
Tandem
Lane Load
3.5.2.

Unit

Standard
load

Axle concentrated load P1
Axle concentrated load P2
Axle concentrated load P3
Axle concentrated load P4
Axle concentrated load P5

N
N
N
N
N

35,000
145,000
145,000
110,000
110,000

Uniform distributed load W

N / mm

9.30

Distance from axle to front
axle
4300
4300
1200

Calculation value of influence line
4.3

Xi
P1

P2

MY1

4.3
P1

Xi

4.3

Ltt

P3

MY2

VY1

P5

MY4

MY3

MY5
Ltt

4.3
P2

1.2
P4

1.2
P4

P3

VY2

VY3
Ltt

P5

VY4

VY5
Ltt

Iterm
Distance from calculated section to left bearing
Distance from calculated section to right bearing
Area of Moment influence line MA
Area of Shear influence line VA1 > 0
Area of Shear influence line VA2 < 0
Value of Moment influence line MY1
Value of Moment influence line MY2
Value of Moment influence line MY3
Value of Moment influence line MY4
Value of Moment influence line MY5
Value of Shear influence line VY1
Value of Shear influence line VY2
Value of Shear influence line VY3
Value of Shear influence line VY4
Value of Shear influence line VY5

Unit
mm
mm
mm2
mm2
mm2

Sec - 1
0
19,400
0
9,700
0
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

Sec - 2
Sec - 3
375
3,300
19,025
16,100
3,567,188 26,565,000
9,329
6,681
-4
-281
0
0
368
2739
285
2007
0
2241
356
2637
0.98
0.83
0.98
0.83
0.98
0.83
0.98
0.83
0.98
0.83

Sec - 4
4,850
14,550
35,283,750
5,456
-606
413
3638
2563
3188
3488
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

Sec - 5
9,700
9,700
47,045,000
2,425
-2,425
2700
4850
2700
4550
4550
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

Bending Moment due to Live Load plus Impact

M = IM*g*MY(i)*P(i) for concentrated load or M = g*MA*W for uniform load
Forces

By
Truck
By
Tandem
By lane load

Sec - 1
0
X(mm)
M(N.mm)

P1
P2
P3
Total
P4
P5
Total
W

Total

0

Sec - 2
375
X(mm)
M(N.mm)
-3,925
0
375
17,830,528
4,675
13,800,501
31,631,029
374
0
376
13,100,013
13,100,013
8,340,637
39,971,666

Sec - 3
3300
X(mm)
M(N.mm)
-1,000
0
3,300
132,784,716
7,600
97,320,475
230,105,191
3,299
82,418,100
3,301
96,979,199
179,397,299
62,113,089
292,218,280

Sec - 4
4850
X(mm)
M(N.mm)
550
4,827,630
4,850
176,365,245
9,150
124,243,557
305,436,432
4,849
117,242,449
4,851
128,277,032
245,519,480
82,498,879
387,935,311

Sec - 5
9700
X(mm)
M(N.mm)
5,400
31,599,034
9,700
235,153,660
14,000
130,910,285
397,662,979
9,699
167,357,848
9,701
167,357,848
334,715,696
109,998,505
507,661,483

Shear forces due to Live Load plus Impact

V = IM*g*VY(i)*P(i) for concentrated load or V = g*VA(i)*W for uniform load
Forces

By
Truck
By
Tandem
By lane load

Total

P1
P2
P3
Total
P4
P5
Total
W

Sec - 1
0
X(mm)
V(N)

Sec - 2
375
X(mm)
V(N)

Sec - 3
3300
X(mm)
V(N)

X(mm)

V(N)

X(mm)

V(N)

8,600
4,300
0

8,975
4,675
375

11,900
7,600
3,300

13,450
9,150
4,850

15,151
62,786
62,805
140,742
47,645
47,641
95,286
67,488
208,231

18,300
14,000
9,700

10,098
41,851
41,870
93,819
31,763
31,760
63,523
29,995
123,814

0
1,200

20,204
83,721
83,740
187,665
63,527
63,523
127,050
119,979
307,645

375
1,575

19,813
82,103
82,121
184,037
62,299
62,295
124,594
115,386
299,423

3,300
4,500

16,766
69,477
69,496
155,738
52,721
52,717
105,438
82,633
238,372

Sec - 4
4850

4,850
6,050

Sec - 5
9700

9,700
10,900

3.6.
3.6.1

Due to prestressing
Stress Loses (AASHTO LRFD 5.9.5)
fpu
fpy = 0.9fpu
fpt = 0.75fpu
fpe = 0.8fpy
Aps1
Aps2
A'ps1
yc
f'c
f'ci = 0.9f'c
Ep
Ec
fpj = 0.75fpu

Specified strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
Stress in Prestressing steel immediately prior to transfer
Stress in Prestressing steel at service limit state after all losses
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 3,4,5) (32 strands)
Area of strand at top fibre (3 strands)
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 1,2) (10 strands)
Density of concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete at time of stress transfer
Elastic modulus of Prestressing Steel
Elastic modulus of Concrete
Stress in Prestressing steel at jacking

1860
1674
1395
1339
3158.7
296.1
987.1
2400
42
37.8
197000
32765
1395

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
2
mm
2
mm
2
mm
Kg/m3
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

14 Ton

Jacking force (for one strand)

Loss due to Elastic shortening
DfpES =Ep*fcgp/Eci
Eci Modulus of elasticity of concrete at transfer
(1.5)

(0.5)

Eci = 0.043*yc *(fci')
=
31084 MPa
fcgp Sum of concrete stresses at the center of gravity of prestressing tendons due to prestressing force at trasfer and the self-weight
of the member at the section of maximum moment

fcgp = fo + fp
fo due to self - weight of girder
fo = Mo*e / Ix
Mo Moment due to self-weight of girder
fp due to prestressing steel : fp = N/ A + N*e*e/Ix
N = 0.7*fpu*(Aps1 + Aps2) =
4498215 N
e : Distance from CGS to center of gravity of girder

Sum of concrete stress at CGS fcgp
Loss due to elastic shortening DfpES

11.67 MPa
-4.38 MPa
16.05 MPa
-235 mm
Unit
N/mm2
N/mm2

Sec - 1
11.67
73.9

Sec - 2
11.67
73.9

Sec - 3
11.67
73.9

Sec - 4
11.67
73.9

Sec - 5
11.67
73.9

Sec - 2
85
29.5

Sec - 3
85
29.5

Sec - 4
85
29.5

Sec - 5
85
29.5

Sec - 4
11.7
-1.9
126.6

Sec - 5
11.7
-1.9
126.6

Loss due to Shrinkage
DfpSR = (117-1.03*H)
The average annual ambient relative humidity H
Loss due to Shrinkage DfpSR

Unit
%
N/mm2

Sec - 1
85
29.5

Loss due to Creep
DfpCR = 12.0 *fcgp - 7.0*Dfcdp 
Dfcdp change in concrete stress at center of gravity of prestressing steel due to permanent loads, with the
exception of the load acting at the time the prestressing force is applied

Dfcdp = Msw *e/Ix
-1.92 MPa
Msw : Moment due to self - weight of deck slab , surface, railing and parapet
Msw =
2.69E+08 N.mm

Sum of concrete stress at CGS fcgp
Change in concrete stress at CGS Dfcdp
Loss due to Creep DfpCR

Unit
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

Sec - 1
11.7
-1.9
126.6

Sec - 2
11.7
-1.9
126.6

Sec - 3
11.7
-1.9
126.6

Loss due to relaxation
Loss due to relaxation at transfer (Initial stage)
DfpR1 = log(24.0*t) / 40.0*[fpj / fpy - 0.55]*fpj
fpj : initial stress in strand at the end of prestressing = 0.75*f pu
Loss due to relaxation at after transfer (final stage)
DfpR2 = (138 - 0.4*DfpES - 0.2*(DfpSR + DfpCR))*30%
Unit
Time estimated in day from stressing to transfer (t)
Day
Loss due to relaxation at transfer DfpR1
N/mm2
2
Loss due to relaxation after transfer DfpR2
N/mm

Sec - 4
5
20.5
23.2

Sec - 5
5
20.5
23.2

Unit
Sec - 1
Sec - 2
Sec - 3
Sec - 4
INITIAL STAGE AT TRANSFER
Initial prestress si = Jacking stress sj - (prestress losses due to relaxation at transfer and Elastic shortening)
Jacking stress sj = stress in prestressing steel immidiately prior to transfer fpt

Sec - 5

3.6.2

Sec - 1
5
20.5
23.2

Sec - 2
5
20.5
23.2

Sec - 3
5
20.5
23.2

Internal forces due to prestressing
Bending moment, shear force and normal force due to prestressing

sj = fpt
Normal force N =si1*Aps1 (A'ps1) + si2*Aps2
Shear force V = 0
Moment
M = si1*Aps1(A'ps1)*d1 - si2*Aps2*d2
d1 Distance from CGS at bottom fibre to neutral axles
d2 Distance from CGS at top fibre to neutral axles
A'ps1 for Section 1 and Section 2
Total of Losses due to relaxation and elastic shortening
Jacking stress at bottom fibre sj1
Jacking stress at top fibre sj2
Initial stress at bottom fibre si1
Initial stress at top fibre si2
Distance from CGS at bottom fibre to neutral axles d 1
Distance from CGS at top fibre to neutral axles d2

750
2

N/mm
2
N/mm
N/mm2
2
N/mm
N/mm2
mm
mm

94
1395
1395
1301
1301
295
338

94
1395
1395
1301
1301
290
343

94
1395
1395
1301
1301
290
343

94
1395
1395
1301
1301
290
343

94
1395
1395
1301
1301
290
343

Normal force N
Shear force V
Moment
M

N
1.67E+06 1.67E+06 4.49E+06 4.49E+06 4.49E+06
N
0
0
0
0
0
N.mm 0.00E+00 -2.40E+08 -1.06E+09 -1.06E+09 -1.06E+09
FINAL STAGE AT SERVICE
Prestress si = Jacking stress sj - (total losses of prestress)
Jacking stress sj = Stress in Prestressing steel at service limit state after all losses f pe

sj = fpe
Normal force N =si1*Aps1 (A'ps1) + si2*Aps2
Shear force V = 0
Moment
M = si1*Aps1(A'ps1)*d1 - si2*Aps2*d2
d1 Distance from CGS at bottom fibre to neutral axles
d2 Distance from CGS at top fibre to neutral axles
A'ps1 for Section 1 and Section 2
Total of Losses
Jacking stress at bottom fibre sj1
Jacking stress at top fibre sj2
Stress at bottom fibre si1
Stress at top fibre si2
Distance from CGS at bottom fibre to neutral axles d 1
Distance from CGS at top fibre to neutral axles d2

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
mm

Normal force N
Shear force V
Moment
M

N
N
N.mm

Where :

CGS : Central gravity of strand

274
1339
1339
1066
1066
349
164

274
1339
1339
1066
1066
362
151

274
1339
1339
1066
1066
362
151

274
1339
1339
1066
1066
362
151

274
1339
1339
1066
1066
362
151

1.37E+06 1.37E+06 3.68E+06 3.68E+06 3.68E+06
0
0
0
0
0
0.00E+00 -3.33E+08 -1.17E+09 -1.17E+09 -1.17E+09

Summary of sectional forces for initial stage(at tranfer)

Self - Weight of Girder (DL1)

Initial prestress (Ps)

N
V
M
N
V
M

Unit
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm

Section - 1
0
126,517
0
1,668,852
0
0

Section - 2
0
121,626
46,526,827
1,668,852
0
-239,998,824

Section - 3
Section - 4
Section - 5
0
0
0
83,475
63,259
0
346,487,295 460,205,951 613,607,935
4,493,063
4,493,063
4,493,063
0
0
0
########### ########### ###########

Section - 2
0
121,626
46,526,827
0
33,906
12,970,294
0
9,027
3,453,038
0
10,411
3,982,699
0
299,423
39,971,666
1,367,310
0
-333,250,123

Section - 3
Section - 4
Section - 5
0
0
0
83,475
63,259
0
346,487,295 460,205,951 613,607,935
0
0
0
23,270
17,635
0
96,590,340
128,291,715 171,055,620
0
0
0
6,195
4,695
0
25,714,920
34,154,670
45,539,560
0
0
0
7,145
5,415
0
29,659,329
39,393,651
52,524,868
0
0
0
238,372
208,231
123,814
292,218,280
387,935,311
507,661,483
3,681,220
3,681,220
3,681,220
0
0
0
########### ########### ###########

Summary of sectional forces for final stage(service stage)

Self - Weight of Girder (DL1)

Self - Weight of deck (DL2)

Self-Weight of railing, parapet, Barrier(DL3)

Self - Weight of surface (DL4)

Live load plus impact (LL)

Prestress (Ps)

N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M

Unit
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm

Section - 1
0
126,517
0
0
35,269
0
0
9,390
0
0
10,830
0
0
307,645
0
1,367,310
0
0

4. Checking for initial stage at transfer

TRANSFORM SECTION 1 , 2

Specified compressive strength of Concrete
at time of initial prestressing
Compressive stress limit
Tensile stresses limit

TRANSFORM SECTION 3,4,5

f'c
f'ci = 0.9*f'c
[ f1 ] = 0.6*f'ci
0.5
[ f2 ] = 0.58*(f'ci )

42
37.8
22.68
3.57

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

=
=
=
=

42.0
37.8
22.68
3.57

N / mm2
N / mm2
N / mm2
N / mm2

4.1. Summary of Sectional forces
Self - Weight of Girder (DL1)
Initial prestress (Ps)
Total (DL1 + Ps)

N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M

Unit
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm

Section - 1 Section - 2
Section - 3
Section - 4
Section - 5
0
0
0
0
0
126,517
121,626
83,475
63,259
0
0
46,526,827 346,487,295 460,205,951 613,607,935
1,668,852
1,668,852
4,493,063
4,493,063
4,493,063
0
0
0
0
0
0
-239,998,824 ########### ########### ###########
1,668,852
1,668,852
4,493,063
4,493,063
4,493,063
126,517
121,626
83,475
63,259
0
0
-193,471,998 -711,889,542 -598,170,886 -444,768,902

4.2. Checking sectional stress (AASHTO' 98 5.9.4.1)
fb < [ f 1 ]

OK
if ( ft < 0, ft < [ f2 ] , ft < [ f1 ] ) 
OK
fb = M / W + N / A
ft = -M / W + N / A
W , A : Bending modulus and Area of transform section
Unit
N / mm2
fb
Checking
N / mm2
Checking sectional stress
ft
Checking

Section - 1
2.29
OK
2.29
OK

Section - 2
5.25
OK
0.85
OK

Section - 3
16.22
OK
0.01
OK

Section - 4
14.98
OK
1.36
OK

Section - 5
13.32
OK
3.19
OK

4.3. Checking Flexural Resistance (AASHTO 98 5.7.3.2.2)
Specified strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of tension reinforcement
Yield strength of compression reinforcement
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 3,4,5) (32 strands)
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 1,2) (10 strands)
Density of concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete at time of initial prestressing

fpu
fpy = 0.9fpu
fy
f'y
Aps1
A'ps1
yc
f'c
f'ci = 0.9f'c

1860
1674
400
400
3.16E+03
9.87E+02
2500
42
37.8

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Load Modifier
Factor

Strength
limit state
1.050
1.000
1.050
1.103

hD
hR
hl
h

mm2
mm2
Kg/m3
MPa
MPa

Service
limit state
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

h*Mu < Mr  OK
Mr = j*Mn
Mn = Aps*fps*(dp - a/2) + As*fy*(ds - a/2) - A's*f'y*(d's-a/2) + 0.85*f'c(b - bw)*b 1*hf*(a/2 - hf/2)
a = c*b 1
c = (Aps*fpu + As*fy - A's*f'y) / (0.85*f'c*b 1*b + k*Aps*fpu/dp)
fps = fpu*(1 - k*c/dp)
Sectional Properties Depth of Girder
Width of compression flange
Width of web
Compression flange depth
Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement
Calculation of Mr

Checking

H
b
bw
hf
Aps

Unit
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

Section 1
750
990
920
0
987

Section 2
750
990
920
0
987

Section3
750
990
920
0
3,159

Section 4
750
990
920
0
3,159

Section 5
750
990
920
0
3,159

dp
As

mm
mm2

700
0

700
0

700
0

700
0

700
0

ds
A's

mm
mm2

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

d's

mm

0

0

0

0

0

0.69

0.69

0.69

0.69

0.69

b1

Stress block factor
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to the
Neutral Axis
Depth of equivalent stress block
Average stress in Prestress steel at nominal
bending resistance
Nominal Resistance
Flexural Resistance factor
Factored Resistance

c
a

mm
mm

73
50

73
50

219
152

219
152

219
152

fps
Mn
j
Mr

MPa
N.mm

1806
1,202,830,392
1.0
1,202,830,392

1806
1,202,830,392
1.0
1,202,830,392

1697
3,345,969,646
1.0
3,345,969,646

1697
3,345,969,646
1.0
3,345,969,646

1697
3,345,969,646
1.0
3,345,969,646

Factored Bending Moment due to
External Loads

Mu

N.mm

0
OK

193,471,998
OK

711,889,542
OK

598,170,886
OK

444,768,902
OK

N.mm

4.4. Checking Shear Resistance (ASSHTO 98 5.8.3.3)
fpu
fpy = 0.9fpu
fy
f'y
Aps1
A'ps1
f'c
f'ci = 0.9f'c
Ep
Es
Ec

Specified strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of tension reinforcement
Yield strength of compression reinforcement
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 3,4,5) (32 strands)
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 1,2) (10 strands)
Specified compressive strength of Concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete at time of initial prestressing
Elastic modulus of Prestressing Steel
Elastic modulus of reinfocing bars
Elastic modulus of Concrete

1860
1674
400
400
3.16E+03
9.87E+02
42
37.8
197000
200000
32765

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
2

mm
mm2
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Vu < Vr  OK
Vr = j*Vn
Vn = V c + V s + V p
Sectional Properties

Depth of Girder
Width of compression flange
Effective web width
Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
Prestressing Cables

centroid of

Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Effective shear Depth
Effective web width
Spacing of stirrups
Angle of inclination of transverse reinforcement to longitudinal
axis of girder
Factor indicating ability of diagonally cracked concrete to
transmit tension
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
Shear stress on the concrete
Assumed Inclination angle

Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Component of effective prestresed force in the direction of the
applied shear
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Nominal Resistance
Resistance factor for shear
Factored Resistance
Factored Moment due to External Loads
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads
Factored Shear Force due to External Loads

Unit
mm
mm
mm
2
mm

Section 1
750
990
920
987

Section 2
750
990
920
987

Section 3
750
990
920
3,158

Section 4
750
990
920
3,158

Section 5
750
990
920
3,158

dp
As

mm
mm2

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

dv
bv
s

mm
mm
mm

540
920
150

540
920
150

540
920
150

540
920
150

540
920
150

a

degrees

90

90

90

90

90

#NAME?
616
0.002000
#NAME?
0.283
0.0057
27.00
#NAME?
13
0.002
345000
1

#NAME?
616
0.002000
#NAME?
0.272
0.0054
27.00
#NAME?
13
0.002
345000
1

#NAME?
616
0.002000
#NAME?
0.187
0.0037
27.00
#NAME?
13
0.002
345000
1

#NAME?
616
0.002000
#NAME?
0.141
0.0028
27.00
#NAME?
13
0.002
345000
1

#NAME?
616
0.002000
#NAME?
0.000
0.0000
35.94
#NAME?
13
0.002
345000
1

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

b
Av
ex
q
v
v/f'c
qassumed

Effective stress of P/S after all losses

Checking

H
b
bw
Aps

fpe
ex1
Act
Fe
Vp
Vc
Vs
Vn
j
Vr
Mu
Nu
Vu

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

N.mm
0
-193,471,998
-711,889,542
-598,170,886
-444,768,902
N 16,688,518,466 16,688,518,466 44,930,626,639 44,930,626,639 44,930,626,639
N
126,517
121,626
83,475
63,259
0
#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

#NAME?

5. Checking for final stage at service

COMPOSITE SECTION 1 , 2

Specified compressive strength of Concrete
Compressive stress limit due to Ps + DL
Compressive stress limit due to LL + 1/2 (Ps + DL)
Compressive stress limit due to Ps + (DL + LL)
Tensile stresses limit at service stage

COMPOSITE SECTION 3,4,5

f'c
[ f1 ] = 0.45*f'c
[ f2 ] = 0.4*f'c
[ f3 ] = 0.6*f'c
[ f4 ] = 0.5*(f'c )0.5

42
18.9
17
25.2
3.24

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

=
=
=
=
=

42.00
18.90
16.80
25.20
3.24

2

N / mm
2
N / mm
2
N / mm
2
N / mm
2
N / mm

5.1. Summary of Sectional forces
Self - Weight of Girder (DL1)
Self - Weight of deck (DL2)
Self-Weight of railing, parapet, Barrier (DL3)

Self - Weight of surface (DL4)
Live load plus impact (LL)
Prestress (Ps)
I. Ps + (DL1 + DL2 + DL3 + DL4)
II. LL*1.25 + 1/2 * (DL1+DL2+DL3+DL4+Ps)

III. Ps + (DL1 + DL2 + DL3 + DL4 + LL*1.25)

N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M
N
V
M

Unit
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm
N
N
N.mm

Section - 1
0
126,517
0
0
35,269
0
0
9,390
0
0
10,830
0
0
307,645
0
1,367,310
0
0
1,367,310
182,006
0
683,655
475,559
0
1,367,310
566,562
0

Section - 2
0
121,626
46,526,827
0
33,906
12,970,294
0
9,027
3,453,038
0
10,411
3,982,699
0
299,423
39,971,666
1,367,310
0
##########
1,367,310
174,969
##########
683,655
461,764
-83,194,051
1,367,310
549,248
##########

Section - 3
0
83,475
346,487,295
0
23,270
96,590,340
0
6,195
25,714,920
0
7,145
29,659,329
0
238,372
292,218,280
3,681,220
0

Section - 4
0
63,259
460,205,951
0
17,635
128,291,715
0
4,695
34,154,670
0
5,415
39,393,651
0
208,231
387,935,311
3,681,220
0

Section - 5
0
0
613,607,935
0
0
171,055,620
0
0
45,539,560
0
0
52,524,868
0
123,814
507,661,483
3,681,220
0

-1,170,876,183 -1,170,876,183 -1,170,876,183

3,681,220
3,681,220
3,681,220
120,086
91,003
0
-672,424,299 -508,830,195 -288,148,200
1,840,610
1,840,610
1,840,610
358,008
305,790
154,767
29,060,701 230,504,041 490,502,754
3,681,220
3,681,220
3,681,220
418,051
351,291
154,767
-307,151,449 -23,911,057 346,428,654

5.2. Checking sectional stress (AASHTO' 98 5.9.4.2)
fb < [ f1 ]

if ( ft < 0, abs(ft)< [ f4 ] , ft < [ f1 ] ) 
fb = M / W + N / A
ft = -M / W + N / A

Checking stress due to Ps + (DL1 + DL2 + DL3 + DL4)
OK
OK

W , A : Bending modulus and Area of transform section

Checking sectional stress

Unit
Section - 1 Section - 2 Section - 3
2
N / mm
fb
1.65
4.42
11.53
Checking
OK
OK
OK
N / mm2
ft
1.65
0.49
1.61
Checking
OK
OK
OK
Checking stress due to LL*1.25 + 1/2 * (DL1 + DL2 + DL3 + DL4 + Ps)

OK

fb < [ f2 ]
if ( ft < 0, abs(ft)< [ f4 ] , ft < [ f2 ] ) 
fb = M / W + N / A
ft = -M / W + N / A

Section - 4
10.14
OK
2.64
OK

Section - 5
8.28
OK
4.03
OK

Section - 4
0.98
OK
4.38
OK

Section - 5
-1.22
OK
6.01
OK

Section - 4
5.65
OK
6.00
OK

Section - 5
2.92
OK
8.03
OK

OK

W , A : Bending modulus and Area of transform section
Unit
Section - 1 Section - 2 Section - 3
N / mm2
fb
0.82
1.79
2.68
Checking
OK
OK
OK
N / mm2
Checking sectional stress
ft
0.82
1.61
3.11
Checking
OK
OK
OK
Checking stress due to Ps + (DL1 + DL2 + DL3 + DL4 + LL * 1.25)
if (fb<0, abs(fb) < [ f4 ] , fb < [ f3 ]) 
OK

if ( ft < 0, abs(ft)< [ f4 ] , ft < [ f3 ])
fb = M / W + N / A
ft = -M / W + N / A

OK

W , A : Bending modulus and Area of transform section

Checking sectional stress

fb
Checking
ft
Checking

Unit
2
N / mm
N / mm2

Section - 1
1.65
OK
1.65
OK

Section - 2
0.35
OK
3.54
OK

Section - 3
3.26
OK
7.78
OK

5.3. Checking Flexural Resistance (AASHTO 98 5.7.3.2.2)
fpu
Specified strength of Prestressing steel
fpy = 0.9fpu
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
fy
Yield strength of tension reinforcement
f'y
Yield strength of compression reinforcement
Aps1
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 3,4,5) (32 strands)
A'ps1
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 1,2) (10 strands)
yc
Density of concrete
f'c
Specified compressive strength of Concrete
f'ci = 0.9f'c
Specified compressive strength of Concrete at time of initial prestressing
h*Mu < Mr  OK
Mr = j*Mn
Mn = Aps*fps*(dp - a/2) + As*fy*(ds - a/2) - A's*f'y*(d's - a/2) + 0.85*f'c(b - bw )*b 1*hf*(a/2 - hf /2)
a = c*b 1
c = (Aps*fpu + As*fy - A's*f'y) / (0.85*f'c*b 1*b + k*Aps*fpu/dp)
fps = fpu*(1 - k*c/dp)
Unit
Load combination
Ps*1+DL1*1.25+DL2*1.25+DL3*1.25+DL4*1.5+LL*1.75
Mu
N.mm

1860
1674
400
400
3.16E+03
9.87E+02
2500
42
37.8

Load Modifier
Factor

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

hD
hR
hl
h

2

mm
2
mm
Kg/m3
MPa
MPa

Strength
limit state
1.050
1.000
1.050
1.103

Service
limit state
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

Section 1
0

Section 2
178,637,962

Section3
29,014,505

Section 4
345,416,508

Section 5
834,072,609

Sectional Properties Depth of Girder
Width of compression flange
Width of web
Compression flange depth
Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of
Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of
Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to centroid of
Compressive Reinforcement

H
b
bw
hf
Aps

mm
mm
mm
mm
2
mm

870
990
990
120
987

870
990
990
120
987

870
990
990
120
3,159

870
990
990
120
3,159

870
990
990
120
3,159

dp
As

mm
2
mm

820
0

820
0

820
0

820
0

820
0

ds
A's

mm
mm2

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

d's

mm

0

0

0

0

0

Stress block factor
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to the Neutral
Axis
Depth of equivalent stress block
Average stress in Prestress steel at nominal bending
resistance
Nominal Resistance
Flexural Resistance factor
Factored Resistance

b1

0.69

0.69

0.69

0.69

0.69

c
a

mm
mm

73
51

73
51

222
154

222
154

222
154

fps
Mn
j
Mr

MPa
N.mm

1814
1,422,605,420
1.0
1,422,605,420

1814
1,422,605,420
1.0
1,422,605,420

1719
4,035,697,703
1.0
4,035,697,703

1719
4,035,697,703
1.0
4,035,697,703

1719
4,035,697,703
1.0
4,035,697,703

Factored Bending Moment due to External Loads

Mu

N.mm

0
OK

178,637,962
OK

-29,014,505
OK

345,416,508
OK

834,072,609
OK

Calculation of Mr

Checking

Checking Limit for reinforcement (AASHTO 98 5.7.3.3)
Maximum reinforcement
C/de  0.42  OK
c = (Aps*fpu + As*fy - A's*f'y) / (0.85*f'c*b 1*b + k*Aps*fpu/dp)
de = (Aps*fps*dp + As*fy*ds) / (Aps*fps + As*fy)
Minimum reinforcement
Mr  1.2*Mcr  OK

N.mm

Mcr = fr* Wt
fr = 0.63*f'c^0.5

Checking Maximum
reinforcement

Checking Maximum
reinforcement

The corresponding effective depth from extreme
compression fibre to centroid of the tensile force in the
tensile reinforcement
C/de

Modulus of rupture
Bending modulus for top fibre of section
Factored Resistance
Cracking moment

de

Unit

Section 1

Section 2

Section3

Section 4

Section 5

mm

820

820

820

820

820

0.09
OK

0.09
OK

0.27
OK

0.27
OK

0.27
OK

fr

MPa

4.08

4.08

4.08

4.08

4.08

Wt

mm
N.mm
N.mm

3

159,420,322
1,422,605,420
650,891,916
OK

158,748,483
1,422,605,420
648,148,887
OK

158,748,483
4,035,697,703
648,148,887
OK

158,748,483
4,035,697,703
648,148,887
OK

158,748,483
4,035,697,703
648,148,887
OK

Mr
Mcr

5.4. Checking Shear Resistance (ASSHTO 98 5.8.3.3)
Specified strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of tension reinforcement
Yield strength of compression reinforcement
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 3,4,5) (32 strands)
Area of strand at bottom fibre (at section 1,2) (10 strands)
Specified compressive strength of Concrete
Specified compressive strength of Concrete at time of initial prestressing
Elastic modulus of Prestressing Steel
Elastic modulus of reinfocing bars
Elastic modulus of Concrete

fpu
fpy = 0.9fpu
fy
f'y
Aps1
A'ps1
f'c
f'ci = 0.9f'c
Ep
Es
Ec

1860
1674
400
400
3.16E+03
9.87E+02
42
37.8
197000
200000
33990

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
mm2
mm2
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Vu < Vr  OK
Vr = j*Vn
Vn = Vc + Vs + Vp
Load combination

Ps*1+DL1*1.25+DL2*1.25+DL3*1.25+DL4*1.5+LL*1.75

Mu
Nu
Vu

Unit
N.mm
N
N

Section 1
0
1,367,310
768,593

Section 2
178,637,962
1,367,310
745,305

Section 3
29,014,505
3,681,220
569,044

Section 4
345,416,508
3,681,220
479,511

Section 5
834,072,609
3,681,220
216,674

Sectional Properties

Depth of Girder
Width of compression flange
Effective web width
Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement

H
b
bw
Aps

mm
mm
mm
mm2

870
990
990
987,000,000

870
990
990
987,000,000

870
990
990
3,158,400,000

870
990
990
3,158,400,000

870
990
990
3,158,400,000

dp
As

mm
mm2

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

67500
0

dv
bv
s

mm
mm
mm

626
990
150

626
990
150

626
990
150

626
990
150

626
990
150

a

degrees

90

90

90

90

90

b
Av
ex
q

mm2

#NAME?
616
-0.000065
#NAME?

#NAME?
616
-0.000065
#NAME?

#NAME?
616
-0.000065
#NAME?

#NAME?
616
-0.000065
#NAME?

#NAME?
616
-0.000065
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

0
1,367,310
768,593
#NAME?

-178,637,962
1,367,310
745,305
#NAME?

-29,014,505
3,681,220
569,044
#NAME?

345,416,508
3,681,220
479,511
#NAME?

834,072,609
3,681,220
216,674
#NAME?

Calculation of Vr

Checking

centroid of

Effective shear Depth
Effective web width
Spacing of stirrups
Angle of inclination of transverse reinforcement to longitudinal
axis of girder
Factor indicating ability of diagonally cracked concrete to
transmit tension
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
Component of effective prestresed force in the direction of the
applied shear
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Nominal Resistance
Resistance factor for shear
Factored Resistance

Vp
Vc
Vs
Vn
j
Vr

N
N
N
N

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads
Factored Shear Force due to External Loads

Mu
Nu
Vu

N.mm
N
N

degrees

N

6. Checking deflection and camber (AASHTO 98 2.5.2.6.2)
[D] : Deflection limits = Ltt / 800
Ltt : Span length for calculation
g : Distribution of live loads per Lane for Moment in exterior beam
I : Impact factor
Ec : Elastic modulus of concrete
fpt : Stress in Prestressing steel immediately prior to transfer
It : Transform moment of inertia
Ic : Composite moment of inertia
Asp1 : Area of strand at bottom fibre
Asp2 : Area of strand at top fibre
* Deflection due to S.W of girder
4

Where : DG = 1.85*(5*W*Ltt )/(384*Ec*It) =
DG : Deflection due to self - weight of gider
W : Uniform self - weight of girder
1.85 : Long - term deflection component due to creep effect
* Camber due to prestressing

1.33

32765
1395
3.294E+10
5.088E+10
3.16E+03
9.87E+02

MPa
MPa
mm4
mm4
2
mm
2
mm

41.2 mm
13.04 N/mm

Dc = 1.8*(Nu*e*Ltt2) / 8*B1 =
Where : B1 = Ec*It
=
Dc : Camber due to prestressing
Nu : Prestressing force at transfer (not included losses)
Nu = fpt*Asp1 - fpt*Asp2 =
B1 : Stiffness of girder
e : Eccentricity from of prestress force from neutral axle of girder
1.8 : Long - term camber component
* Deflection due to S.W of deck slab
4
Where : DD = (5*W*Ltt )/(384*Ec*Ic) =
DD : Deflection due to self - weight of deck slab
W : Uniform self - weight of deck slab
* Deflection due to S.W of railing, parapet and barrier

-68.1 mm
2
1.08E+15 N.mm

2397226 N
362 mm

4.0 mm
3.64 N/mm

4

Where : DR = (5*W*Ltt )/(384*Ec*Ic) =

1.1 mm

DR : Deflection due to self - weight of railing, parapet and barrier
W : Uniform self - weight of railing, parapet and barrier
* Deflection due to S.W of surface
4

Where : DS = (5*W*Ltt )/(384*Ec*Ic) =
DS : Deflection due to self - weight of surface
W : Uniform self - weight of surface
* Deflection due to Live Load
- Deflection due to Design truck
P1 =
35000 N
X1 =
P2 =
145000 N
X2 =
P3 =
145000 N
X3 =

24.25 mm
19400 mm
0.25

0.97 N/mm

1.2 mm
1.12 N/mm

5400 mm
9700 mm
14000 mm

P1

a

P3

P2

Pi

b

X1
X2

x = Ltt/2

X3

Yi

Ltt
DDT = (P1*Y1 + P2*Y2 + P3*Y3)*1.25*g*I / (Ec*Ic) =
Where : DDT : Deflection due to Design truck
Y1 : Value of influential line due to P1 at the middle of span =
Y2 : Value of influential line due to P2 at the middle of span
Y3 : Value of influential line due to P3 at the middle of span
2
2
2
Yi = If (a>0 and a<Ltt / 2 , b*x/(12*Ltt)*(Ltt - b - x ))
Yi = If (a>Ltt / 2 and a<Ltt , a*x/(12*Ltt)*(Ltt2 - a2 - x2))
- Deflection due to Lane load
DLL = (5*W*Ltt4)*1.25*g*I / (384*Ec*Ic) =
W : Uniform lane load
Total of Deflection D
D<[D]

OK

=

9.3 N/mm

10.1 mm
1.01E+11
1.52E+11
1.01E+11

4.3 mm
9.30 N/mm
-6.2 mm

5. Checking Norminal Flexural Resistance of Sections
5.1 Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (LRFD)
COMBINATION 1
Load type
Factor
Girder Selfweight G_DC
1.25
Prestress PS
1.00
Section

N(T)

V(T)

M(T.m)

MAXIMUM

N(T)

V(T)

M(T.m)

SEC-1

1668851.85

158146.38

0.00 1668851.85

158146.38

0.00

SEC-2

1668851.85

152032.47 ######### 1668851.85

152032.47

0.00

SEC-3

4493062.66

104344.00 ######### 4493062.66

104344.00

0.00

SEC-4

4493062.66

79073.19 ######### 4493062.66

79073.19

0.00

SEC-5

4493062.66

0.00 ######### 4493062.66

0.00

0.00

1
Section
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5

2
N (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

3
4
S.W of girder
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
########
0.00
######## 46526826.56
83475.20 ###########
63258.55 ###########
0.00 ###########

5

6
7
S.W of Deck Slab
N (tf)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
0.00 35269.20
0.00
0.00 33905.70 12970293.75
0.00 23270.40 96590340.00
0.00 17634.60 ###########
0.00
0.00 ###########

R

R

0.23255 0.58138

8
S.W of Surface (g = 1)
N (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

9
10
S.W of Surface (g = 1)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
10829.87
0.00
10411.19 3982698.53
7145.48 ##########
5414.93 ##########
0.00 ##########

11
12
13
LiveLoad max + Impact
N (tf)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
0.00 ########
0.00
0.00 ######## 39971666.35
0.00 ######## ###########
0.00 ######## ###########
0.00 ######## ###########

35
N (tf)
1668851.85
1668851.85
4493062.66
4493062.66
4493062.66

36
Prestress
V (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

37
Prestress
M (tf.m)
0.00
-239998824.35
-1058376836.77
-1058376836.77
-1058376836.77

4

Summary of sectional Forces:
S.W of girder
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
########
0.00
########
46526826.56
83475.20 346487295.00
63258.55 460205951.25
0.00 613607935.00

S.W of Deck Slab
N (tf)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
0.00 35269.20
0.00
0.00 33905.70 12970293.75
0.00 23270.40 96590340.00
0.00 17634.60 128291715.00
0.00
0.00 171055620.00

S.W of Surface + Barrier
+ Parapet + Railing(g=1.5&1.25)
N (tf)
V (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

S.W of Surface + Barrier
+
Parapet + Railing (g= 1)
N (tf)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
0.00 10829.87
0.00
0.00 10411.19
3982698.53
0.00 7145.48
29659328.66
0.00 5414.93
39393650.95
0.00
0.00
52524867.93

Live Load + Impact
N (tf)
V (tf)
M (tf.m)
0.00 ########
0.00
0.00 ######## 39971666.35
0.00 ######## 292218280.35
0.00 ######## 387935310.77
0.00 ######## 507661483.34

N (tf)
########
########
########
########
########

Section
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5

Section
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5

N (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Prestress
V (tf)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

of Surface +
er
+
M (tf.m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Prestress
M (tf.m)
0.00
########
########
########
########

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 1
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Checking

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

750
920
120
920
990
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
987 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
540 mm
Effective web width
bv
920 mm
Spacing of stirrups
s
150 mm
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
90 degrees
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
#NAME?
2
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
616 mm
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
-0.569781
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
#NAME? degrees
Shear stress on the concrete
v
3537.001 N/mm2
v/f'c
#DIV/0!
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
27.00 degrees
#NAME?
Effective stress of P/S after all losses
fpe
16,906,614 MPa
ex1
-34.92957912
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
345000 mm2
Fe
0.016312269
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
0N
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance
Vn
#NAME? N
Resistance factor for shear
j
0.9
Factored Resistance
Vr
#NAME? N
Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

0 N.mm
############ N
1,581,463,750 N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 2
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Checking

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

750
920
120
920
990
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
987 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

850 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

850 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
540 mm
Effective web width
bv
920 mm
Spacing of stirrups
s
150 mm
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
90 degrees
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
#NAME?
2
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
616 mm
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
-0.574813
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
#NAME? degrees
Shear stress on the concrete
v
3400.261 N/mm2
v/f'c
#DIV/0!
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
27.00 degrees
#NAME?
Effective stress of P/S after all losses
fpe
16,906,614 MPa
ex1
-35.23810779
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
345000 mm2
Fe
0.016312269
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
0N
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance
Vn
#NAME? N
Resistance factor for shear
j
0.9
Factored Resistance
Vr
#NAME? N
Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

0 N.mm
############ N
1,520,324,688 N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 3
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Checking

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

750
920
120
920
990
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
540 mm
Effective web width
bv
920 mm
Spacing of stirrups
s
150 mm
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
90 degrees
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
#NAME?
2
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
616 mm
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
-1.736310
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
#NAME? degrees
Shear stress on the concrete
v
2333.691 N/mm2
v/f'c
#DIV/0!
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
27.00 degrees
#NAME?
Effective stress of P/S after all losses
fpe
14,224,314 MPa
ex1
-34.4568348
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
345000 mm2
Fe
0.050390883
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
0N
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
#NAME? N
Nominal Resistance
Vn
#NAME? N
Resistance factor for shear
j
0.9
Factored Resistance
Vr
#NAME? N
Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

0 N.mm
############ N
1,043,440,000 N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 4
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

540 mm
920 mm
300 mm
90 degrees

0.0
308
#NAME?
0.00
1768.500
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
14,224,314
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
############ N
790,731,875 N
#NAME?

#DIV/0!

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 5
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
300 mm
90 degrees

0.0
308
#NAME?
0.00
0.000
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
14,224,314
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
############ N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 6
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-494250 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
300 mm
90 degrees

0.0
308
#NAME?
0.00
0.000
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
0
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
0
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 7
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
300 mm
90 degrees

0.0
308
#NAME?
0.00
-0.263
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
1,246
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
130,900
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 8
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
300 mm
90 degrees

0.0
308
#NAME?
0.00
-0.430
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
1,230
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
213,840
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 9
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
150 mm
90 degrees

0.0
616
#NAME?
0.00
-0.590
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
1,207
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
292,943
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 10
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
150 mm
90 degrees

0.0
616
#NAME?
0.00
-0.731
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
1,186
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
363,359
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

6. Checking Nominal Shear Resistance of Sections
6.1. Load Combinations for Checking Nominal Resistance (See Section 5.1 above)
6.2. Nominal Shear Strength of Girder (Article 5.8.3.3 AASHTO)
Section 11
Sectional Properties

Calculation of Vr

Calculate b & q

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Soffit Slab
Depth of Soffit Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of Tensile Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Tensile Reinforcement
Area of Compressive Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive fibre to
centroid of Compressive Reinforcement

Ap

2
3159 mm

dp
Ast

-66750 mm
2
0 mm

dst
Asc

0 mm
2
0 mm

dsc

0 mm

Effective shear Depth
dv
Effective web width
bv
Spacing of stirrups
s
Angle of inclination of transverse
reinforcement to longitudinal axis of girder a
Factor indicating ability of diagonally
cracked concrete to transmit tension
b
Area of shear reinf. within a distance s
Av
Strain in the tensile reinforcement
ex
Inclination angle of diagonal compressive stress
q
Shear stress on the concrete
v
v/f'c
Assumed Inclination angle
qassumed
Effective stress of P/S after all losses

fpe
ex1
Area of Conc. on flexural tensile side of section
Act
Fe
Component of effective prestresed force in
the direction of the applied shear
Vp
Nominal Resistance of Concrete
Vc
Nominal Resistance of Reinforcement
Vs
Nominal Resistance
Vn
Resistance factor for shear
j
Factored Resistance
Vr
Checking

750
920
120
920
990
0

Factored Moment due to External Loads
Mu
Factored Axial Force due to External Loads Nu
Factored Shear Force due to External
Vu

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

540 mm
920 mm
150 mm
90 degrees

0.0
616
#NAME?
0.00
-0.780
#DIV/0!
#NAME?
#NAME?
1,186
#NAME?
345000
#NAME?
387,480
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
0.9
#NAME?

mm2
degrees
N/mm2
degrees
MPa
mm2
N
N
N
N
N

0 N.mm
0N
0N
#NAME?

SECTION PROPERTIES FOR CHECKING NORMINAL RESISTANCE
For Initial stage
Section

1

2

3

4

5

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Bottom Slab
Depth of Bottom Slab

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

750
920
120
920
990
0

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme top fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of bottom Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive
fibre to centroid of bottom Reinforcement
Area of Top Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive
fibre to centroid of Top Reinforcement

Ap

987.1

dp
Ast

-66750

-66750

dst
Asc

850

dsc

850

For final stage
Section

-66750

-66750

2

3

4

5

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

750
920
120
920
990
0

H
bd
hd
bw
bs
hs

750
920
120
920
990
0

Total Area of Prestressing Cables
Distance from extreme top fibre to
centroid of Prestressing Cables
Area of bottom Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive
fibre to centroid of bottom Reinforcement
Area of Top Reinforcement
Distance from extreme compressive
fibre to centroid of Top Reinforcement

Ap

987.1

dp
Ast

-66750

987.1 3158.72 3158.72 3158.72
-66750

dst
Asc

850

dsc

850

fpu
fpy
fy

-66750

1

Depth of Girder
Width of Deck Slab
Depth of Deck Slab
Total width of Webs
Width of Bottom Slab
Depth of Bottom Slab

Material Properties
Specified strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Prestressing steel
Yield strength of Tensile Reinforcement

987.1 3158.72 3158.72 3158.72

1860 MPa
1674 MPa
400 MPa

-66750

-66750

-66750

Specified compressive strength of Concrete
f'c
Elastic modulus of Prestressing Steel
Ep
Elastic modulus of Reinforcement
Es
Elastic modulus of Concrete
Ec

42
197000
200000
33900

MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Stress Limits of concrete (tf/m2)
f'c
Compressive
Tensile
Stress

40
30
1835.50 1376.62
-161.23 -139.63

(-) tensile
(+) Compress

8. Horizontal Shear at the interface between girder and deck slab (AASHTO 5.8.4):
Horizontal Shear per unit length of girder Vh due to Vertical Shear Vu
Distance from the centroid of tensile steel to the midthickness of the deck
Required area of reinforcement:
Avf >= max {0.35 bv / fy ; (Vh - c bv - m Pc) / m fy}
Width of the interface between the girder and the deck:
Yield strength of reinforcement
Cohesion factor
Friction factor
Permanent net compressive force normal to the shear plan
Section
de (mm)
Interface Shear(N):
Girder Selfweight G_DC
Slab+Dia. Selfweight S_DC
Surface + Railings DW
Max. Live Load LL_MAX
Creep CR
Shrinkage SH
Temperature TG
Total
Avf required (mm2)
Area of Stirrups (mm2)

SEC-1

Checking

SEC-3

-66800

-66800

-66800

########
########
########
########
0
0
0
########
16820447

########
########
########
########
0
0
0
########
16298773

########
########
70072874
########
0
0
0
########
12337488

2714

2714

5881
(D12@75)

Total Connector Area Avf (mm2)

SEC-2

5881

Vh = Vu/de
de
Avf
bv =
fy=
c=

920
400
0.17
0.7
2475

m=
Pc=

SEC-4
-66800

SEC-5
-66800

########
0
########
0
53102100
0
######## ########
0
0
0
0
0
0
######## ########
10315790 4336395
1357

679

(D12@150) (D12@150) (D12@300) (D14@300)

2714

2714

1357

4448

FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE FAILURE

mm
MPa
MPa
N

Section
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

External Forces
N (T)
V (T)
M(T.m)
####### ######
0.000
####### ######
0.000
####### ######
0.000
####### 79073.19
0.000
#######
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.00
0.00
0.000

P/S
Vp (T) Np (T)
0.00 ######
0.00 ######
0.00 ######
0.00 ######
0.00 ######
0.00
0.00
13.09
393.64
21.38
388.39
29.29
381.16
36.34
374.55
38.75
374.55
0.00
0.00

Nmax(T) Nmin(T)
######
0.00
######
0.00
######
0.00
######
0.00
######
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Vmax(T)
158146.38
152032.47
104344.00
79073.19
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Vmin(T) Mmax(T.m)Mmin(T.m)Node
0.00
0.00
0.00
1
0.00
0.00
0.00
2
0.00
0.00
0.00
3
0.00
0.00
0.00
4
0.00
0.00
0.00
5
0.00
0.00
0.00
6
0.00
0.00
0.00
7
0.00
0.00
0.00
8
0.00
0.00
0.00
9
0.00
0.00
0.00
10
0.00
0.00
0.00
11
0.00
0.00
0.00
12

1
Shrinkage
Diff.
1
2
3
4

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress due to Differential Shrinkage
Top of Slab Top of Girder Bottom of G.

SEC- 1
SEC- 2
SEC- 3
SEC- 4

Creep
Diff.

-0.37
-0.37
-0.37
-0.37

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Stress due to Creep Diff.
Top of Slab Top of Girder Bottom of G.

SEC- 1
SEC- 2
SEC- 3
SEC- 4
Temp.
Diff.

0.01
0.01
0.05
0.06

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Ns(N) Ms(N*mm)
m
3.64E+04 1.82E+06 549034784630674.0
3.64E+04 1.82E+06 515488398941595.0
3.64E+04 1.82E+06 515488398941595.0
3.64E+04 1.82E+06 515488398941595.0

NCr(N) MCr(N*mm)
-5.480E+02 -2.740E+04
-1.292E+03 -6.460E+04
-5.081E+03 -2.540E+05
-5.904E+03 -2.952E+05

P(N)
1.669E+10
1.669E+10
4.493E+10
4.493E+10

Stress due to Differential Temp.
Top of Slab Top of Girder Bottom of G.

1
2
3
4

SEC- 1
SEC- 2
SEC- 3
SEC- 4

-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Nt(N)
Mt(N*mm)
m
4.92E+04 2.46E+06 549034784630674.0
4.92E+04 2.46E+06 515488398941595.0
4.92E+04 2.46E+06 515488398941595.0
4.92E+04 2.46E+06 515488398941595.0

9

10

13

14

y1'
387839.8
392727.7
392727.7
392727.7

y1
-362160.2
-357272.3
-357272.3
-357272.3

R c1
######
######
######
######

B
#######
#######
#######
#######

C(mm)
#######
#######
#######
#######

F(mm2)
#######
#######
#######
#######

y1'(mm)
387839.8
392727.7
392727.7
392727.7

y1(mm) ep1(mm) Rc12(mm2)
-362160.2 67500.0 ######
-357272.3 67500.0 ######
-357272.3 67500.0 ######
-357272.3 67500.0 ######

Ic1(mm4) Ic2(mm4) Ac1(mm2)
3.51E+22 8.25E+07 7.30E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11

y1'
3.88E+05
3.93E+05
3.93E+05
3.93E+05

y1
-3.62E+05
-3.57E+05
-3.57E+05
-3.57E+05

R2c1
4.80E+10
6.23E+10
6.23E+10
6.23E+10

R2c2
8.33E+02
8.33E+02
8.33E+02
8.33E+02

4

11
4

12
2

Ic1(mm ) Ic2(mm ) Ac1(mm )
3.51E+22 8.25E+07 7.30E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11
3.29E+22 8.25E+07 5.29E+11
Md0
(N*mm)
0.000E+00
4.653E+14
3.465E+15
4.602E+15

Md1
(N*mm)
0.000E+00
1.297E+14
9.659E+14
1.283E+15

2

2

R c2
833.3
833.3
833.3
833.3

15

16

B
######
######
######
######

C
######
######
######
######

B
5.49E+14
5.15E+14
5.15E+14
5.15E+14

C
######
######
######
######

17
F
######
######
######
######
Rc12(mm2)

F
1.83E+18
1.72E+18
1.72E+18
1.72E+18

51

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61

0
374.547
381.155
388.39
393.642
395.958
393.642
388.39
381.155
374.547
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-51.265 300.594
-48.857
221.35
-41.761
93.307
-33.781 -38.495
-25.414 -63.722
-12.316 -148.056
0.72 -165.955
9.014 -161.73
16.925 -117.844
23.966 -58.788
26.378
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Secondary Moment due to Creep (tf.m)
Section
Mgirder1
Mslab1
SEC-1
0.000
0.000
46526826.563 12970293.750
SEC-2
SEC-3 346487295.000 96590340.000
SEC-4 460205951.250 128291715.000
SEC-5 613607935.000 171055620.000
114.756
91.065
SEC-6
101.688
80.441
SEC-7
95.787
75.643
SEC-8
59.290
45.970
SEC-9
15.914
11.948
SEC-10
0.000
0.000
SEC-11
Secondary Shear due to Creep (tf)
Section
Vgirder1
Vslab1
SEC-1
126517.100
35269.200
121625.975
33905.700
SEC-2
83475.200
23270.400
SEC-3
63258.550
17634.600
SEC-4
0.000
0.000
SEC-5
0.000
0.000
SEC-6
-6.298
-5.120
SEC-7
-7.588
-6.169
SEC-8
-12.975
-10.549
SEC-9
-18.287
-13.972
SEC-10
-20.290
-14.990
SEC-11

Mps1
0.000
-239998824.350
-1058376836.774
-1058376836.774
-1058376836.774
-298.353
-264.915
-250.176
-162.376
-68.993
0.000

Vps1
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
13.090
21.384
29.294
36.336
38.748

Mgirder0
-111.599
-91.897
-35.777
17.025
26.830
58.956
64.948
62.951
42.756
12.125
0.000

Vgirder0
24.883
22.880
17.568
12.180
10.891
4.593
-1.705
-2.995
-8.382
-13.695
-15.698

Mslab0
-87.734
-72.808
-28.767
13.724
21.591
47.198
51.558
49.829
32.972
8.969
0.000

Vslab0
18.601
17.583
14.159
9.779
8.731
3.611
-1.510
-2.558
-6.938
-10.362
-11.380

Mps0
300.594
221.350
93.307
-38.495
-63.722
-148.056
-165.955
-161.730
-117.844
-58.788
0.000

Vps0
-51.265
-48.857
-41.761
-33.781
-25.414
-12.316
0.720
9.014
16.925
23.966
26.378

M0-M1
101.261
180501760.683
615299230.537
469879162.778
273713266.473
50.630
33.337
29.796
15.000
3.437
0.000

V0-V1
-161794.082
-155540.069
-106755.634
-80904.972
-5.793
-4.113
-4.167
-4.167
-4.166
-4.167
-4.167

-f

(M0-M1)x(1-e )
70.762
126135675.125
429974663.705
328354278.651
191272414.888
35.381
23.296
20.822
10.482
2.402
0.000

`
(V0-V1)x(1-e-f)
-113062.641
-108692.301
-74601.455
-56536.863
-4.048
-2.874
-2.912
-2.912
-2.911
-2.912
-2.912

Secondary Moment due to DeadLoad Creep (tf.m)
Section
Mgirder1
Mslab1
Mgirder0
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5
SEC-6
SEC-7
SEC-8
SEC-9
SEC-10
SEC-11

0.000
46526826.563
##########
##########
##########
114.756
101.688
95.787
59.290
15.914
0.000

0.000
12970293.750
96590340.000
128291715.000
171055620.000
91.065
80.441
75.643
45.970
11.948
0.000

0.000
17.792
77.206
115.096
116.327
104.248
47.822
39.740
-68.025
-177.790
-206.885

Secondary Shear due to DeadLoad Creep (tf)
Section
Vgirder1
Vslab1
Vgirder0
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5
SEC-6
SEC-7
SEC-8
SEC-9
SEC-10
SEC-11

126517.100
121625.975
83475.200
63258.550
0.000
0.000
-6.298
-7.588
-12.975
-18.287
-20.290

35269.200
33905.700
23270.400
17634.600
0.000
0.000
-5.120
-6.169
-10.549
-13.972
-14.990

22.750
20.381
11.953
2.906
2.019
-6.851
-15.720
-16.607
-25.654
-34.082
-36.451

Mslab0
0.000
11.157
50.653
77.857
78.796
71.230
32.820
27.283
-46.817
-120.105
-138.848

Vslab0
14.032
13.014
8.480
2.188
1.571
-4.598
-10.766
-11.383
-17.675
-22.209
-23.227

Secondary Moment due to PC Creep (tf.m)
Section
Mpc1
Mpc0
M0-M1 (M0-M1)x(1-e-f)
SEC-1
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
SEC-2 ##########
-149.469 ####### 167712463.141
SEC-3 ##########
-319.638 ####### 739599636.151
SEC-4 ##########
-437.016 ####### 739599554.127
SEC-5 ##########
-439.310 ####### 739599552.524
SEC-6
-298.353
-332.567
-34.214
-23.909
SEC-7
-264.915
-171.335
93.580
65.394
SEC-8
-250.176
-142.295
107.881
75.388
SEC-9
-162.376
246.964
409.340
286.049
SEC-10
-68.993
612.154
681.147
475.989
SEC-11
0.000
805.523
805.523
562.904

(M0-M1)x(1-e-f)
0.000
0.000
-59497091.364 -41576911.819
########## ##########
########## ##########
########## ##########
-30.343
-21.204
-101.487
-70.920
-104.407
-72.960
-220.102
-153.808
-325.757
-227.641
-345.733
-241.600
M0-M1

V0-V1
-161749.518
-155498.280
-106725.168
-80888.056
3.590
-11.448
-15.069
-14.234
-19.806
-24.031
-24.397

(V0-V1)x(1-e-f)
-113031.500
-108663.098
-74580.165
-56525.042
2.509
-8.000
-10.530
-9.947
-13.840
-16.793
-17.049

0.000
######
######
######
######
-45.113
-5.526
2.428
132.241
248.349
321.304

Secondary Shear due to PC Creep (tf)
Section
Vpc1
Vpc0
SEC-1
SEC-2
SEC-3
SEC-4
SEC-5
SEC-6
SEC-7
SEC-8
SEC-9
SEC-10
SEC-11

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
13.090
21.384
29.294
36.336
38.748

-37.228
-33.772
-15.863
-7.459
4.081
13.432
22.861
34.159
45.642
53.405
63.746

V0-V1
-37.228
-33.772
-15.863
-7.459
4.081
13.432
9.771
12.775
16.347
17.069
24.998

(V0-V1)x(1-e-f)
-26.015
-23.600
-11.085
-5.213
2.852
9.386
6.828
8.927
11.424
11.928
17.469

N

SURFACE
V

M

N

LLMAX
V

LLMIN

Node

Sec

1

1

0.000

12.298

-1.361

0.000

9.012

M
2.144

N
0.000

6

2

0.000

10.862

9.350

0.000

8.569

6.477

0.000

11

3

0.000

5.311

38.258

0.000

6.937

28.640

0.000

16

4

0.000

-1.828

48.863

0.000

5.452

49.910

0.000

21

5

0.000

-2.605

47.755

0.000

5.244

51.238

0.000

26

6

0.000

-2.437

54.923

0.000

2.594

49.296

0.000

31

7

0.000

-9.888

24.917

0.000

1.323

36.206

0.000

36

8

0.000

-3.705

23.372

0.000

2.607

33.904

0.000

41

9

0.000

-11.624

-15.718

0.000

1.487

13.495

0.000

46

10

0.000

-16.760

-65.472

0.000

1.123

12.128

0.000

51

11

0.000

-18.196

-81.640

0.000

1.120

12.906

0.000

56

12

0.000

1.474

-80.709

0.000

8.091

14.838

0.000

LLMIN
V

M

N

DECK
V

M

-0.719

-2.092

0.000

-18.629

0.000

-0.726

-0.549

0.000

17.611

14.950

-1.149

-2.616

0.000

13.078

71.342

-3.336

-6.579

0.000

6.786

121.994

-3.589

-6.999

0.000

6.169

125.232

-5.098

-9.366

0.000

0.000

140.654

-6.979

-12.070

0.000

-6.169

125.232

-8.605

-12.285

0.000

-6.786

121.994

-10.489

-19.659

0.000

-13.078

71.342

-11.305

-46.049

0.000

-17.611

14.950

-11.551

-54.291

0.000

-18.629

0.000

-6.664

-53.123

Table 5.8.3.4.2-1 - Values of b and q for Sections with Transverse Reinforcement
1 - Values of b:
-0.150
6.17
6.17
5.87
2.71
2.61
2.58
2.49
2.44
2.36

-0.100
5.63
5.63
5.31
2.71
2.61
2.54
2.48
2.43
2.32

0.000
4.88
4.88
3.26
2.60
2.55
2.50
2.45
2.37
2.30

0.125
3.99
3.65
2.61
2.57
2.50
2.41
2.37
2.33
2.28

ex x 1000
0.250
3.49
3.01
2.54
2.50
2.45
2.39
2.33
2.27
2.01

-0.150
27.00
27.00
23.50
21.00
22.50
24.00
25.50
27.00
28.50

-0.100
27.00
27.00
23.50
22.00
23.50
25.00
26.50
27.50
29.00

0.000
27.00
27.00
23.50
23.50
25.00
26.50
27.50
29.00
30.00

0.125
27.00
27.00
24.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.50
31.00

ex x 1000
0.250
28.50
27.50
26.50
28.00
29.00
30.00
31.00
32.00
32.00

v/f'c
0.050
0.075
0.100
0.125
0.150
0.175
0.200
0.225
0.250

-0.200
6.78
6.78
6.50
2.71
2.66
2.59
2.55
2.45
2.36

0.500
2.51
2.47
2.41
2.37
2.28
2.20
2.10
1.92
1.64

0.750
2.37
2.33
2.28
2.18
2.06
1.95
1.82
1.67
1.52

1.000
2.33
2.16
2.09
2.01
1.93
1.74
1.58
1.43
1.40

1.500
1.95
1.90
1.72
1.60
1.50
1.35
1.21
1.18
1.30

0.500
29.00
30.00
30.50
31.50
32.00
32.50
33.00
33.00
33.00

0.750
33.00
33.50
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00

1.000
36.00
36.00
36.00
36.00
36.00
35.00
34.50
34.50
35.50

1.500
41.00
40.00
38.00
37.00
36.50
35.50
35.00
36.50
38.50

2 - Values of q:
v/f'c
0.050
0.075
0.100
0.125
0.150
0.175
0.200
0.225
0.250

-0.200
27.00
27.00
23.50
20.00
22.00
23.50
25.00
26.50
28.00

Chuù yù khi nhaäp soá lieäu:
* Caùc oâ chöõ maøu ñoû laø soá caàn nhaäp
* Caùc haøng coù neàn maøu xaùm ghi laø caùc haøng caàn aån (Hide) tröôùc khi in.

2.000
1.72
1.65
1.45
1.35
1.24
1.11
1.00
1.14
1.25

2.000
43.00
42.00
39.00
38.00
37.00
36.00
36.00
39.00
41.50

11. Design of Deck Slab
11.1 Sumary of Bending Moment:
Bending Moment due to Live Load:
(a) Continuous Slab
1) Effective Span Length S
1.700 m
2) Load
10.000 T
3) Impact Factor IM
33%
4) Positive Moment
M=0.8*(1+IM)*(0.12S+0.07)*P = 2.92 T.m/m
5) Negative Moment
M=-(1+IM)*(0.15S+0.125)*P = -5.05 T.m/m
(2) Cantilever Slab
1) Effective Span Length
2) Load
3) Impact Factor IM
4) Negative Moment

0.100 m < 0.5m --> ignore
10.000 T
33%
M=
0.00 T.m/m

Bending Moment due to Self-weight of Slab:
Section
A
Bending Moment (T.m)
-0.152

B
0.152

C
-0.150

Bending Moment due to Asphalt Concrete:
Section
A
Bending Moment (T.m)
-0.050

B
0.050

C
-0.030

Bending Moment due to Parapet & Railings:
Section
A
Bending Moment (T.m)
0.000

B
0.000

C
-0.424

Sectional forces of deck slab
Section
Section-A
Section-B
Section-C

Self
weight
M(tfm)
-0.152
0.152
-0.150

Surface
Parapet Live load with impact
SERVICE-IIISTRENGTH-I
Dead load
load
& Railings
(LF=1.0)
M(tfm)
M(tfm)
M(tfm)
M(tfm)
M(tfm)
M(tfm)
-0.050
0.000
-5.054
-0.202
-4.245
-9.109
0.050
0.000
2.915
0.202
2.534
5.366
-0.030
-0.424
0.000
-0.603
-0.603
-0.762

TRENGTH-I

Combination of Bending Stress
Prestress

Section A
Section B
Section C
Section D
Section E

Top
fibre
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Bottom
fibre
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Self-weight
Upper
edge
-3.01
3.01
-14.37
#REF!
#REF!

Stress Notations: (+): Compressive
(-): Tensile

Lower
edge
3.01
-3.01
14.37
#REF!
#REF!

Surface load
Top
fibre
-0.99
0.99
-2.90
#REF!
#REF!

Bottom
fibre
0.99
-0.99
2.90
#REF!
#REF!

Live Load
Top
fibre
-100.24
57.83
0.00
#REF!
#REF!

Bottom
fibre
100.24
-57.83
0.00
#REF!
#REF!

Live Load
Top
fibre
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Unit: T/m2

Live Load
Bottom
fibre
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

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