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# Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns

Contents

Introduction and Scope of work Review of Existing Software

PI-Design Prokon CSI COL Design Basis Formulation

RCC Columns

Sample Problems and Applications

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns

Introduction

• Columns are most important members of Reinforced Concrete

**Structures having different cross sectional shapes.
**

• They are classified on the basis of their length, lateral

**dimensions, support condition and nature of loading.
**

• Aim of the dissertation is to prepare a SOFTWARE MODULE

FOR DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR AND NON-RECTANGULAR RCC COLUMNS subjected to Axial Force and Biaxial Bending Moments as per IS Codes

• Module supports a user friendly input of required data and an

impressive graphical output of calculated data.

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns

+. T) • To identify software requirements and prepare the formulation • To design front-end and do the implementation of module using Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 • Testing of software and verification by comparing its results with the standards solution available in references • To design the Security system with the help of hardware locking system (Safe-Net Systems) Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .) of rectangular and non-rectangular shapes RCC Short Columns (incl. L. C.Scope of Work • To prepare a software module for design (capacity calc.

Background for Dissertation • Design of RCC Column subjected to Axial Force and Biaxial Bending Moments is an iterative task which is tedious and time consuming if done manually which can be used for Rectangular shape only and with Symmetric Rebar Arrangements only • Present Design methodology in India is based on use of Interaction Charts given in Handbook Design of Reinforced Concrete • Software packages are available for design of rectangular and non-rectangular based on international codes but very few are based on IS code Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

Review of Existing Software • PI – Design • Prokon Structural Analysis & Design • CSI COL Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

• It includes following Column sections : Rectangular. L-shaped. T-shaped. Quadrilateral. slabs) subjected to axial forces (N) and axial or biaxial (Mx and My) bending moments. Π-shaped • It supports a user friendly graphical input of required data and an impressive graphical output of calculated data. Z- shaped. beams. Circular.Design : Introduction • Pi–Design is a software package for advanced analysis and design of reinforced concrete elements (columns.PI . Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

ready to be printed. All diagrams are visualized both in 2D and 3D for a better clarification and presentation.Design : Specification Design codes •EC2 (Eurocodes) •EKOS 2000 (Greek regulations) •German DIN 1045 (nominal Bn και ΒSt) Materials •Concrete from C12 to C90 •All steel qualities • All calculated data are adequately organized in table format.PI . Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

PI .Design : User Interface Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

GenCol: Columns of any general shape and columns with openings. CirCol: Solid circular columns where the simplified design approach applicable to rectangular columns may be applied. • Circular Column Design. • General Column Design. Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .Prokon : Introduction PROKON Structural Analysis and Design is a useful tool for solving everyday building design problems The concrete Column Design modules are suitable for the design of the following column types: • Rectangular Column Design. RecCol: Solid rectangular columns of which the larger column dimension does not exceed four times the smaller dimension.

1992.1994.3 . BS 8110 . BS 8110 .1987. CSA-A23. IS-456 : 2000 Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns 11 . Eurocode 2 -1992.Prokon : Specification • All column design modules can design reinforced concrete columns subjected to axial load and bi-axial bending • Bending schedules can be generated for editing and printing • Code of Practice supported: • • • • • • • ACI 318 . SABS 0100 .1993.1997.

Prokon : Input Form Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

Prokon : Design Chart Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns . BS 8110 .2000 Eurocode 2 -1992. • Software designs the column and perform the check in accordance with the specifications of the selected design code • Generate capacity interaction surfaces and diagrams • Code of Practice supported: • • • • ACI 318 .1997. and reinforced concrete composite columns of all shapes.CSI COL : Introduction • CSICOL is a comprehensive software package for analyzing and designing reinforced concrete. IS 456 .1993.

CSI COL : User Interface Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

05D or 0.67* fy*Asc) Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .79* fy*Asc) for fy = 250 for fy = 415 • Pu = (0.446* fck*Ac) + (0. εmax = 0.05B Pu= Puc + Pus Pu = (0.002 When eccentricity ≤ 0.4* fck*Ac) + (0.Column Design Basics Axial Load Capacity: • Pu = (0.87* fy*Asc) • Pu = (0.446* fck*Ac) + (0.75* fy*Asc) for fy = 500 For axially loaded column.446* fck*Ac) + (0.

45*fck*Ac) + (0.Column Design Basics Column Subjected to Axial Load with Biaxial Bending: When the Column is subjected to axial load with biaxial bending. where. Puz = ( 0. 𝑀𝑢𝑥 𝛼𝑛 𝑀𝑢𝑦 𝛼𝑛 ( ) +( ) ≤ 𝑀𝑢𝑥𝑙 𝑀𝑢𝑦𝑙 1 αn is related to Pu/Puz. such columns are designed by the following equation.75*fy*Asc) Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

Formulation for L – Column For Axial Load + Uniaxial Bending 1) Highly Compressed Edge at Flange Portion (Moment is –ve) Neutral Axis Lies Outside The Section Neutral Axis Lies Inside The Section 2) Highly Compressed Edge at Web Portion (Moment is +ve) Neutral Axis Lies Outside The Section Neutral Axis Lies Inside The Section .

446 ∗ 𝑔(− 𝐹 𝑥 − 𝐹𝑐𝑖 𝑥). 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐷.5 ∗ 𝐷1 + 𝐷1 𝑖=1 2 𝑋3 = 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐴𝑋3 /𝑃𝑢3 𝑃𝑖∗𝐴 ℎ 3 ℎ 3 . 𝑘𝐷 − 7 𝐷+ 1 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝑃𝑖 ∗ 3 3 𝐷 − 𝑋 𝐴𝑋3 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵1 𝑋 1 − ℎ𝑃𝑥 2 + 2 ℎ 𝑥 𝑋 ∗ 𝑥 . 𝐴𝑔 ∗ 𝐹𝐷+ 𝐹 ∗ 𝑌 𝐷 𝐷 − ∗ + 𝐷 − 𝑘𝐷 − 7 𝑠𝑖 − 𝑐𝑖 𝑀𝑢 = 𝑃𝑢1 + 𝑃𝑢2 7 2 − 𝐷 𝑔2 𝑢3 + 1 2 𝑖 2 2𝑔 3 100 𝑋1 = 𝑋2 = 0.Neutral Axis Lies Outside the Section 3 a) D > D1 : 7 𝑃𝑢3 + 0. ∗ 𝐵 − 𝑃𝑢1 = 𝑛 1 ∗ ∗ 2 𝐵2 𝐷𝐷2 𝑃𝑢 = 𝑃𝑢1 + 𝑃𝑢2 + 𝑃𝑢3𝑢2= 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵100𝐹𝑐𝑘𝑔∗𝑠𝑖 7∗+ − 𝑔𝐷1 𝑘𝐷 1 𝐷.

𝑘𝐷 −7 𝐷+ 3 𝑋1 = 7 𝑋2 = 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐴𝑋2 /𝑃𝑢2 2 3 3 𝑢3 . 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐷+ 𝑃𝑢1 = 0. 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐷.Neutral Axis Lies Outside the Section 3 b) D < D1 : 7 ℎ3 2 ℎ 33 𝑃𝑢2 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵1 ∗ (− 𝐷1 . 𝑘𝐷 − 77 𝐷+ ∗ 2 𝑢3 2 𝑔 7 ℎ ℎ 33 𝐴𝑋2 = 3 𝐷 2 ∗ − 𝑔2 𝑥 2 + 2 𝑔 𝑥 ∗ 𝑥 . 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐷1 .𝑘𝐷 − 7𝐷+ 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵1 𝐷.446 ∗ 𝐹𝑐𝑘 ∗ 2 𝑥𝐷 + 𝐵 𝑔 𝑥).

0 .5 ∗ 𝐷∗ 𝐴𝑋3 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵1 1 − 𝑔2 𝑥 + 2 𝑔 𝑥 ∗ 𝑥 . 7 𝑘𝐷+ 3 7 𝑋𝑢 − 𝐷1 + 𝐷 𝑋 = 𝑋32 = 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐴𝑋3 /𝑃𝑢3 1 2 .Neutral Axis Lies Inside the Section 3 a) Xu > D1 : 7 ℎ 3 ℎ 4 𝑃𝑢2 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵1 𝐹𝑐𝑘 𝑔 𝐵 2 𝐷 2 𝑥).446 ∗ ∗ (−∗ 2 𝑥∗𝑋𝑢1 −𝑔𝐷1 0 .𝐵1 𝑢3 7 ℎ 2 ℎ 4 𝑋1 0. ∗ 7 𝑘𝐷+ + 𝑃𝑢1 = 0.

7 − 𝐷 𝑢2 2 𝑔 7 ℎ 2 ℎ 4 ℎ ℎ 4 𝐴𝑋2 = 3 𝑋𝑢 2 ∗ − 𝑔2 𝑥 2 + 2 𝑔 𝑥 ∗ 𝑥 .446 1 ∗ (− ∗ 2 𝑥𝑋𝑢 ∗2 𝑥). 𝑘𝐷. −𝑘𝐷+ 7 𝑘𝐷+ 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵 1 𝐷1 . 𝐴𝑋3 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵 0 7 𝑔2 𝑔 7 𝑋1 = 2 𝑋3 = 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐴𝑋3 /𝑃𝑢3 2 2 𝑢2 . 7 𝑘𝐷+ 𝑃𝑢3 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵∗ 𝐹𝑐𝑘 𝑔 2 + 𝐵 . 0𝑘𝐷 𝑘𝐷+ 1 .Neutral Axis Lies Inside the Section 3 b) Xu < D1 : 7 ℎ3 ℎ 4 4 𝑃𝑢1 = 0.

7 𝑘𝐷+ 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵 𝑋1 = 2 𝑋2 = 𝑘𝐷 − 𝐴𝑋2 /𝑃𝑢2 . 7 𝑘𝐷+ 𝑃𝑢1 = 𝑖𝑛𝑡*𝐵 (− 𝑔2 + ∗ 𝐵 7 3 ℎ ℎ 4 𝐴𝑋2 = 7 𝑋𝑢 ∗ − 𝑔2 𝑥 2 + 2 𝑔 𝑥 ∗ 𝑥 . 0 .Neutral Axis Lies Inside the Section c) Xu < D1 : ℎ 3 ℎ 4 𝑃𝑢2 = 0.446 ∗ 𝐹𝑐𝑘 ∗ 𝑥 2 𝑋𝑢 2 𝑔 𝑥). 0 .

• Inequality ratio is calculated based on moment capacities obtained • It checks the criteria of minimum and maximum percentage of steel. • Program will read the Muxl and Muyl values from interaction diagram corresponding to given axial load Pu. axial load carrying capacity of the section and spacing of reinforcement Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .Description of the Program • Program contains separate modules for different column shapes • Input Geometrical and Reinforcement data • Input Pu. This will prepare interaction diagram for Pu-Mux and Pu-Muy. Mux and Muy for all load combinations • Click ‘Check’ button.

1 (Rectangular Column) Reference Book: SP-16.4 kNm By using program: Pt = 1.4 kNm Inequality ratio is 0. Muxl = 218.27%.2 kNm and Muyl =122.105 B = 400 mm D = 600 mm Pu = 1600 kN fck = 15 MPa fy = 415 MPa Mux = 120 kNm Solution: SP-16 : Muy = 90 kNm Pt = 1.85 Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns . Muxl = 205. Pg.Sample Problems Problem:. Example-8.3 kNm and Muyl =135.27%.

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(Example 5. By using program. Pg.40% is required for the safe design.2 (L-Shape Column) Reference Book: Handbook of Reinforced Concrete Design By S.38% for the same data and reinforcement pattern Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns B1 = 250 mm D1 = 250 mm fy = 415 MPa Muy = -1390 kNm . Pt = 3. Sinha. N.Sample Problems Problem:. Pt = 3.257) B = 1000 mm D = 1000 mm fck = 25 MPa Pu = 4000 kN Mux = -1390 kNm Solution: By using the interaction curve.8.

Notations .

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

Sample Problems Problem:. Sinha. Pt = 3.84% is required for the safe design. (Example 5. By using program.9.315) B = 1000 mm D = 1000 mm fck = 20 MPa Pu = 4000 kN Mux = -1390 kNm Solution: By using the interaction curve.52% for the same data and reinforcement pattern Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns B1 = 250 mm D1 = 250 mm fy = 415 MPa Muy = 750 kNm .3 (T-Shape Column) Reference Book: Handbook of Reinforced Concrete Design By S. Pg. Pt = 3. N.

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

By using program.Sample Problems Problem:. values of Muxl =Muyl =473 kNm.80% Solution: B1 = 200 mm D1 = 200 mm fy = 415 MPa By Using interaction curves. B = 800 mm D = 800 mm fck = 20 MPa Pu = 2240 kN Pt = 2.4 (Plus-Shape Column) Reference Book: Handbook of Reinforced Concrete Design By S. Sinha. N. we get Muxl = Muyl = 480. Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .54 kNm for the same data and reinforcement pattern.

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

36% Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns . Pt = 2.Sample Problems Problem:.5 (C-Shape Column) Illustrative Problem B = 800 mm D = 800 mm fck = 25 MPa Pu = 4000 kN Mux = 750 kNm Solution: B1 = 200 mm D1 = 200 mm fy = 415 MPa Muy = -750 kNm By using program.

Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns .

• Sentinel HASP HL comes in USB Card form factors that protect software against piracy and illegal copying by allowing access and execution of the protected software only when the key is connected to the computer. • Cost per dongle ranges from Rs.600 to 2000 based on the size of software and its platform. • This system is being used by well known softwares like STRUDS and STRAP for security purpose.Security System • Safe Net systems provide Sentinel HASP HL hardware based protection and licensing component. the purchased dongle costs Rs 650 Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns . For this module.

References • Ivor Horton... Wiley Publication Inc. Khanna Publishers. Handbook of Reinforced Concrete Design. New Delhi. 2004.N. Bureau of Indian Standard • Unnikrishna Pillai and Devdas Menon.H. • Special Publication SP: 16.. Second edition. Bureau of Indian standard. Indian Standard Plain and Reinforced Code of Practice (Fourth Revision).Hill. • Variyani U. Reinforced Concrete Design.2010 • Infosys Campus Connect Generic Courseware • Sinha S. 1980 • IS 456:2000. Tata McGraw . 2003. Design Aids (for reinforced concrete) to IS 456: 1978. Beginning Visual C++ 2010. Design Aids for Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete Members. 2001. Software Module for Design of Rectangular and Non-Rectangular RCC Columns . and Radhaji A. Tata McGraw .Hill.