SOFTWARE-MEDIATED MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF PSYCHOMETRIC PRINCIPLES IN AID OF RATIONAL AND EXPEDITOUS COMPUTATION OF GRADES

Polytechnic University of the Philippines Mulanay Campus

Honesto Odi Camino

2nd International Conference on Educational Measurement and Evaluation Traders’ Hotel, Manila August 9-11, 2012

Background of the Paper
an attempt to address the perennial problem of laborious grade computation that inevitably results to delayed submission of grades.

Background of the paper
deriving different formulas to offer methods of computing grades that fit the institution's or individual's policies on grading based on some psychometric principles

Background of the Paper
demonstrating how a readily available and user friendly software package can expedite or facilitate the computation using the derived formulas.

Introduction
Grading - with the end view of communicating information about the students’ mastery of the subject matter.

Introduction
On the surface, grading is a technical job. Grading has moral underpinnings which maybe unknown to some of those who grade students, thus leading them to commit unfair practice which are also violative of professional duties to the students.

Introduction
unfair practices: There are several but this paper tackles two of them. They are: (1) partiality and inconsistency in grading, and, as a consequence of this; (2) delayed or late submission of grades.

Introduction
Partiality and inconsistency : 1) variations in the formulas used in computing grades of student belonging to the same group. 2) uneven calibration or scaling of the formulas or unsystematic methods used in grade computation.

Introduction
Using various formulas for the same set/s of students makes computing laborious and cumbersome, thus delaying computation that results to late submission of grades.

Principles of Fair Grade Computation
Impartiality & Consistency Meritoracy Typicality

Scaled Distribution

Criterion-Referencing Psychometric Principles

Norm-Referencing

Rational Grade Computation

Scaled Distribution linear transformation of raw scores using uniform units of measurement

Criterion-referencing determining a student' grade by s comparing his or her achievements with clearly stated criteria for learning outcomes and clearly stated standards for particular levels of performance (James, 2002).

Norm-referencing determining a student' grade by s comparing his or her performance with the typical performance of the group (as indicated by any measure of central tendency) to which he/she belongs

Derivation and Application of Derived Formulas
demonstrating the derivation of the formula for scaled distribution EXCEL application of the derived formula

Derivation and Application of Derived Formulas
demonstrating the derivation of the formula for criterion referencing EXCEL application of the derived formula

Derivation and Application of Derived Formulas
demonstrating the derivation of the formula for norm referencing EXCEL application of the derived formula

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