ICLML 2012

ueve/opment ond stondorditotion of
the onqer-expression type indicotor test
kyan Iranc|s C. Cayub|t, MA
Department of Þsycho|ogy
Un|vers|ty of Santo 1omas
Man||a, Þh|||pp|nes
Nature of the research
• lL ls a cross-secLlonal explanaLory research
LhaL soughL Lo develop and sLandardlze a
qulck measure of anger-expresslon among
young adulLs.
Accordlng Lo !ohnson (2001), a sLudy ls cross-secLlonal explanaLory
ln naLure lf lL lnvolves gaLherlng daLa from respondenLs ln a slngle
polnL ln Llme ln order Lo explaln a parLlcular phenomenon.
Wn¥ ANGLk LkÞkLSSICN?
• Accord|ng to nay (1990), anger |s a natura| and
norma| emot|on.
• It |s an emot|ona| state that var|es |n |ntens|ty
(Sp|e|berger, 1999).
• It has been ||nked to many hea|th re|ated
concerns ||ke heart d|sease (Sp|e|berger, 1999).
Iramework of the study
HUMAN EMOTION
Anger
(Spielberger, 1999 and Villar, 1998)
ANGER-EXPRESSION
Development and Standardization
of the Anger-Expression
Type Indicator Test (AETIT)
Application of AETIT
(Testing, Research, Behavioral Medicine, Health
Psychology, Counseling, Psychotherapy,
Intervention Programs)
ML1nCDCLCG¥
• A sca|e deve|opment pro[ect to standard|ze a
short measure for anger-express|on.
• Co||ege students (N = 4,423) from 12 tert|ary
schoo|s part|c|pated |n the study.
Data Gather|ng Þrocedure
Stage I - S00 part|c|pants
(|n|t|a| survey, |tem construct|on and content va||dat|on)
Cutput - 138 |tems
Stage II - 1,278 part|c|pants
(|tem ana|ys|s, Cronbach's a|pha)
Cutput - 94 |tems
Data Gather|ng Þrocedure
Stage III - 2,290 part|c|pants
(Cronbach's a|pha, LIA)
Cutput - 69 |tems
Stage IV - 3SS part|c|pants
(Cronbach's a|pha, CIA)
Cutput - 37 |tems
S1AGL I
Content va||d|ty - was estab||shed
by S psycho|og|sts who |n|t|a||y
eva|uated the test |tems.
S1AGL II
Item d|scr|m|nat|on - |tems w|th a
d|scr|m|nat|on |ndex of .30 and
above were reta|ned.
S1AGL III
ke||ab|||ty - was estab||shed
v|a Cronbach's A|pha (r = .94).
Va||d|ty - was done v|a LIA.
Iactor |oad|ngs - |tems w|th
|oad be|ow .30 were
e||m|nated, 29 |tems were
d|scarded.
L|genva|ues - 3 Iactors
Iactor 1 - 36 |tems
Iactor 2 - 1S |tems
Iactor 3 - 18 |tems
kLSUL1S
kLSUL1S
Table 1
Eigenvalues of the Factors extracted
Iactors L|genva|ue ¼ 1ota| Cumu|at|ve
L|genva|ue
Cumu|at|ve ¼
1ota|
1 13.33 16.32 13.33 16.32
2 8.11 8.62 23.64 23.13
3 3.78 4.03 27.42 29.17
Plot of Eigenvalues
Number of Eigenvalues
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
V
a
l
u
e
Figure 1
Eigenvalues scree plot
kLSUL1S
Figure 2
CFA Model
kLSUL1S
Mode| I|t Ind|ces
Coodness of flL - 2 = 1693.398,
p < .003
8M8 = .061
Cll = .781
ACll = .733
ÞCll = .691
8MSLA = .070
AlC = 1837.398
nll = .708
Cll = .791
8ased on Lhe ClA, 32 lLems were
furLher dlscarded. llnal counL of lLems
ls 37. (lacLor 1 = 17 lLems, lacLor 2 =
10 lLems, lacLor 3 = 10 lLems)
8LLlA8lLl1?
lacLor 1 = 0.880
lacLor 2 = 0.813
lacLor 3 = 0.848
As a whole = 0.842
CCNCLUSICN
• kesu|ts |nd|cate that the sca|e that was
deve|oped |s re||ab|e and va||d. 1hough the f|t
|nd|ces are not great, |t |s to|erab|e and |eaves
some room for |mprovement.
• 1he sca|e deve|oped measure 3 factors. 1hey are
named as Anger Man|fest, Anger Suppress and
Anger Manage.
CCNCLUSICN
• Anger Man|fest perta|ns to the outward
express|on of angry fee||ngs.
• Anger Suppress perta|ns to the |nward
express|on of angry fee||ngs.
• Anger Manage perta|ns to the construct|ve
express|on of angry fee||ngs.
1nANk ¥CU!

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