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(i)

CONTENTS
PARTICULARS
MAIN DRAIN DESIGN CALCULATION

PAGES
1-5

1 ) Design of Main Drain 'M1'


Calculate tc for pre development
1.1)
1.2)
Determine design flows for the darin
Location plan
Pelan Butiran dan Titik Ketinggian
1.3)
Data Main Drain 'M1'

2
2
2
3
4
5

DETENTION POND DESIGN CALCULATION

6 - 60

1)

Calculate time of concentration


1.1)
Pre-development
Pelan Butiran dan Titik Ketinggian
1.2)
Post-development

7
8
9

2)

Compute Time-Area Diagram (TAD) for pre-development

10 - 11

3)

Compute Time-Area Diagram (TAD) for post-development


3.1)
Computation of sub-catchment
3.2)
Rearrange data in ascending order of t
3.3)
Differentiating area with respect to time
3.4)
Isochrone division, using 4 time intervals

12 - 13
14
15
15

4)

5)

6)

7)

Calculate Design Rainfall for Kuala Lumpur


4.1)
10 ARI Design Rainfall
4.2)
50 ARI Design Rainfall
4.3)
100 ARI Design Rainfall
Computation of Temporal Pattern & Effective Rainfall (ER)
5.1)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 10 ARI pre-development
5.2)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 50 ARI pre-development
5.3)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 100 ARI pre-development
5.4)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 10 ARI post-development
5.5)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 50 ARI post-development
5.6)
Temporal Pattern & ER for 100 ARI post-development
Compute the detention pond outflow limits for tc pre
6.1)
Cal. Inflows Hydrograph for 10 ARI, 60 min Rainfall Duration
6.2)
Cal. Inflows Hydrograph for 50 ARI, 60 min Rainfall Duration
6.3)
Cal. Inflows Hydrograph for 100 ARI, 60 min Rainfall Duration
Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for tc post
7.1 - 7.5)
For 10 ARI
7.6 - 7.10)
For 50 ARI
7.11 7.15) For 100 ARI

8)

Summary of pre & post-development flows hydrographs

9)

Graphs of 50 ARI post-development inflow hydrographs for estimation of


Detention pond size

16
17
18

19
20
21
22 -23
24 - 25
26 - 27

28
29
30

31 -33
34 - 36
37 - 39
40
41 - 42

(ii)

CONTENTS
PARTICULARS
10) Graphs of 100 ARI post-development inflow hydrographs for estimation of
Detention pond size

PAGES
43 - 44

11) Estimation of detention basin volume


11.1)
Based on 50 ARI post-developed inflows
11.2)
Based on 100 ARI post-developed inflows
11.3)
Conclusion

45
46
46

12) Compute Stage - Storage Relationship

47

13) Size the minor and major design storm primary outlet
13.1)
Estimate size of primary outlets
13.2)
Size the minor and major design storm primary outlet
13.3)
Trials selecting acceptable combinations of primary outlets

48
49
50

14) Compute stage-discharge relationship using orifice equation for primary outlet

51

15) Develop storage - outflow function

52

16) Inflow hydrograph routing for primary outlet


16.1)
Route the 10 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the
1st primary outlet

53

16.2)

Route the 50 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the


2nd primary outlet

54

17) Compute stage-discharge relationship for secondary outlet (emergency spillway, ES)

55

18) Inflow hydrograph routing for secondary outlet (emergency spillway)


18.1)
Route the 100 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the
2nd primary outlet

56

19) Summary of detention pond design calculation

57

Plan and Section of Detention Pond

58 - 60

INTERNAL MAIN DRAIN DESIGN CALCULATION

61 - 71

1)

Design of Internal Main Drain 'D1'

62 - 63

2)

Design of Internal Main Drain 'D2'

64 - 65

3)

Design of Internal Main Drain 'D3'

66 - 67

4)

Design of Internal Main Drain 'D4'

68 - 98

5)

Design of Internal Main Drain 'D5'

70

Site Plan

71

REFERENCE

72

7
DESIGN OF DETENTION POND
PROJECT:
1) Calculate time of concentrations
1.1) Pre-development ( using Eq. 14.6 for natural catchment )
tc = 92.5 x L / (A1/10 x S1/5)
A = 12.141 ha.
L=
0.810 km
y = 18.000
x = 12.800
Average slope,S = ( y - x ) L
S=
6.423 m/km
tc =
40
min.
Time interval =
No. of intervals =

5
8.0

min

Equation 14.6, Vol. 5, natural catchment


Conversion factor = 58.5 if area in km 2
L = length of flow path from catchment divide to outlet
y = RL at upstream point ( refer contour plan attached )
x = RL at downstream point ( refer contour plan attached )
S = slope of stream flow path
Use
60 min
Table 13.4, Vol. 4
Use
12 intervals

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND

1.2) Post-development
to = (107 x n x L1/3) / (S1/2)
Lo = 12.192 m
n=
0.015
Road camber slope =
1/40
Side table slope =
1/25
Average Slope, S = 13/400
S=
3.25
%
to =
2
min.
td = Ld / V
Ld =
V=
td =

810
1
13

Equation 14.1, Vol. 5, urban catchment


Length of road
Manning's n from Table 14.2, Vol.5
1/40 ( JKR Srandard )
1/25
S = slope of overland surface ( runoff from road )

(Eq.14.5, Vol.5)
m
m/s
min.

tc = to + td
tc =

16

min.

Use

30 min

Time interval =
No. of intervals =

5
3.1

min

Table 13.4, Vol. 4


Use
6 iintervals

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


2) Compute Time-Area Diagram(TAD) for pre-development ( natural catchment )
Using 5 time intervals:
Time of flow is proportional to length
for t =
5
min
L=
101
m
for t =
10
min
L=
201
m

( 40/810 = 5/L )

Draw isochrones on plan ( refer attached plan ) and planimeter areas:

Time
( min )
0-5
5 - 10
10 - 15
15 - 30
30 - 60
Total

Area ( m2 )
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5

25,672
24,789
24,440
24,204
22,305
121,410

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND

3) Compute TAD for post-development ( urban catchment )


3.1) Computation of subcatchment and flow time
Refer plan attached for subcatchment
to = (107 x n x L1/3) / (S1/2), for runoff from road surface
td = time of flow in drain up to subcatchment outlet
td1 = time of flow in drain from subcatchment outlet to detention pond
Sub

Area
2

Lo

Ld

Ld1

to

td

td1

Catchment

(m )

(m)

(m)

(m)

( min )

( min )

( min )

( min )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

7,471
14,630
12,973
12,821
14,863
6,453
5,923
5,831
3,376
6,530
606
8,595
3,907
6,121
5,879

6.096
12.192
12.192
12.192
12.192
12.192
12.192
7.62
12.192
12.192
3.048
6.096
6.096
6.096
6.096

240.506
49.663
51.193
51.189
89.929
51.053
46.491
170.118
20.291
146.994
157.018
317.321
112.667
51.118
95.865

569.046
507.339
444.102
380.865
278.892
215.833
157.336
233.422
202.296
43.296
0
59.715
170.904
107.763
0

1.63
2.05
2.05
2.05
2.05
2.05
2.05
1.75
2.05
2.05
1.29
1.63
1.63
1.63
1.63

4.01
0.83
0.85
0.85
1.50
0.85
0.77
2.84
0.34
2.45
2.62
5.29
1.88
0.85
1.60

9.48
8.46
7.40
6.35
4.65
3.60
2.62
3.89
3.37
0.72
0.00
1.00
2.85
1.80
0.00

15.12
11.33
10.30
9.25
8.20
6.50
5.45
8.48
5.76
5.22
3.91
7.91
6.35
4.27
3.22

115,979

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND

3.2) Rearrange data in ascending order of t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Sub
Catchment

t
( to+td+td1 )

Area

Cummulative
Area

( No. )

( min )

( m2 )

( m2 )

15
11
14
10
7
9
13
6
12
5
8
4
3
2
1

0
3.22
3.91
4.27
5.22
5.45
5.76
6.35
6.50
7.91
8.20
8.48
9.25
10.30
11.33
15.12

0
5879.00
606.00
6121.00
6530.00
5923.00
3376.00
3907.00
6453.00
8595.00
14863.00
5831.00
12821.00
12973.00
14630.00
7471.00

0
5,879
6,485
12,606
19,136
25,059
28,435
32,342
38,795
47,390
62,253
68,084
80,905
93,878
108,508
115,979
115,979

tc =
Te =

40
15.12

Te/tc =

0.38

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


3.3) Differentiating area with respect to time

TAD GRAPH FOR POST-DEVELOPMENT


140000

120000

115,979

Cummulative Area (m2)

108,508

100000
93,878

80000

80,905
68,084
62,253

60000

47,390

40000

20000

5,879

12,606
6,485

38,795
32,342
28,435
25,059
19,136

Time (min)

For (a) :
Te =
dA/dt =

15.12 min
115,979 15.12 =

7,671

3.4) Isochrone division, using 4 time intervals


Time
( min )
0-5
5 - 10
10 - 15

Area ( m2 )
A1
A2
A3

38,356
38,356
38,356

m2/min

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

10

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


4) Calculate Design Rainfall for Kuala Lumpur
4.1) 10 ARI Design Rainfall
In ( RIt ) = a + b In( t ) + c ( In( t ) )2 + d ( In( t ) )3

( Eq. 13.2, Vol. 4 )

a) Rainfall > 30 minutes


tc
(min)

30
60
120
180

4.9696
4.9696
4.9696
4.9696

Table 13.A1, Vol. 4


b
c
0.6796
0.6796
0.6796
0.6796

-0.2584
-0.2584
-0.2584
-0.2584

d
0.0147
0.0147
0.0147
0.0147

In ( I )

I
mm/hr

Pd
mm

4.8702
4.4293
3.9137
3.5891

130.35
83.88
50.08
36.20

65.18
83.88
100.16
108.60

b) Rainfall < 30 minutes


Pd = P30 - FD( P60 - P30 )

( Eq. 13.3, Vol. 4 )


d
(min)

FD
(Table 13.3)

Pd
(mm)

Id
mm/hr

5
10
15
20
30

2.08
1.28
0.80
0.47
0.00

26.28
41.24
50.21
56.39
65.18

315.33
247.43
200.86
169.16
130.35

11

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


4.2) 50 ARI Design Rainfall for Kuala Lumpur
In ( RIt ) = a + b In( t ) + c ( In( t ) )2 + d ( In( t ) )3

( Eq. 13.2, Vol. 4 )

a) Rainfall > 30 minutes


tc
(min)

30
60
120
180

4.8047
4.8047
4.8047
4.8047

Table 13.A1, Vol. 4


b
c
0.9399
0.9399
0.9399
0.9399

-0.3218
-0.3218
-0.3218
-0.3218

d
0.0197
0.0197
0.0197
0.0197

In ( I )

I
mm/hr

Pd
mm

5.0540
4.6106
4.0905
3.7664

156.64
100.54
59.77
43.22

78.32
100.54
119.53
129.67

b) Rainfall < 30 minutes


Pd = P30 - FD( P60 - P30 )

( Eq. 13.3, Vol. 4 )


d
(min)

FD
(Table 13.3)

Pd
(mm)

Id
mm/hr

5
10
15
20
30

2.08
1.28
0.80
0.47
0.00

32.10
49.88
60.55
67.88
78.32

385.25
299.28
242.18
203.63
156.64

12

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


4.3)100 ARI Design Rainfall for Kuala Lumpur
In ( RIt ) = a + b In( t ) + c ( In( t ) )2 + d ( In( t ) )3

( Eq. 13.2, Vol. 4 )

a) Rainfall > 30 minutes


tc
(min)

30
60
120
180

5.0064
5.0064
5.0064
5.0064

Table 13.A1, Vol. 4


b
c
0.8709
0.8709
0.8709
0.8709

-0.3070
-0.3070
-0.3070
-0.3070

d
0.0186
0.0186
0.0186
0.0186

In ( I )

I
mm/hr

Pd
mm

5.1489
4.7024
4.1803
3.8548

172.24
110.21
65.39
47.22

86.12
110.21
130.78
141.66

b) Rainfall < 30 minutes


Pd = P30 - FD( P60 - P30 )

( Eq. 13.3, Vol. 4 )


d
(min)

FD
(Table 13.3)

Pd
(mm)

Id
mm/hr

5
10
15
20
30

2.08
1.28
0.80
0.47
0.00

36.03
55.29
66.85
74.80
86.12

432.31
331.76
267.42
224.41
172.24

13

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5) Computation of Temporal Pattern & Effective Rainfall ( ER )
Fraction of Rainfall in Each Time Period
Table 13.B1, Vol. 4
4
5
6
7
8
9

Duration
( min )

No of
Time
Periods

10
15
30
60
120
180
360

2
3
6
12
8
6
6

0.570
0.320
0.160
0.039
0.030
0.060
0.320

0.430
0.500
0.250
0.070
0.119
0.220
0.410

0.180
0.330
0.168
0.310
0.340
0.110

0.090
0.120
0.208
0.220
0.080

0.110
0.232
0.090
0.120
0.050

10

11

12

0.060
0.101 0.089 0.057 0.048 0.031 0.028 0.017
0.119 0.094 0.030
0.040
0.030
-

5.1) Temporal Pattern & ER for 10 ARI pre-development


Initial loss = 10 mm ; proportional loss = 20 % of rainfall

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 60 minutes


Storm Duration = 60 min
Rainfall =
83.88 mm
No. of Time Interval = 12
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Time
Rainfall
Initial Loss
Pro. Loss
ER
Interval
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

3.27
5.87
14.09
10.07
19.46
8.47
7.46
4.78
4.03
2.60
2.35
1.43

3.27
5.87
0.86
-

0.00
0.00
2.65
2.01
3.89
1.69
1.49
0.96
0.81
0.52
0.47
0.29

0.00
0.00
10.58
8.05
15.57
6.78
5.97
3.82
3.22
2.08
1.88
1.14

Total

83.88

10.00

14.78

59.10

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

14

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.2) Temporal Pattern & ER for 50 ARI pre-development
Initial loss = 10 mm ; proportional loss = 20 % of rainfall

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 60 minutes


Storm Duration = 60 min
Rainfall =
100.54 mm
No. of Time Interval = 12
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Time
Rainfall
Initial Loss
Pro. Loss
ER
Interval
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

3.92
7.04
16.89
12.06
23.33
10.15
8.95
5.73
4.83
3.12
2.82
1.71

3.92
6.08
-

0.00
0.19
3.38
2.41
4.67
2.03
1.79
1.15
0.97
0.62
0.56
0.34

0.00
0.77
13.51
9.65
18.66
8.12
7.16
4.58
3.86
2.49
2.25
1.37

Total

100.54

10.00

18.11

72.43

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

15

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.3) Temporal Pattern & ER for 100 ARI pre-development
Initial loss = 10 mm ; proportional loss = 20 % of rainfall

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 60 minutes


Storm Duration = 60 min
Rainfall =
110.21 mm
No. of Time Interval = 12
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Time
Rainfall
Initial Loss
Pro. Loss
ER
Interval
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
( mm )
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

4.30
7.71
18.51
13.22
25.57
11.13
9.81
6.28
5.29
3.42
3.09
1.87

3.92
6.08
-

0.08
0.33
3.70
2.64
5.11
2.23
1.96
1.26
1.06
0.68
0.62
0.37

0.30
1.31
14.81
10.58
20.45
8.90
7.85
5.03
4.23
2.73
2.47
1.50

Total

110.21

10.00

20.04

80.17

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

16

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.4) Temporal Pattern & ER for 10 ARI post-development
Initial loss = 1.5 mm ; loss rate = 0 mm/hr

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 5 minutes


Storm Duration = 5 min
No. of Time Interval = 1
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
26.28
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

26.28

1.50

24.78

Total

26.28

1.50

24.78

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

b) For Storm Duration, td = 10 minutes


Storm Duration =10 min
No. of Time Interval = 2
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
41.24
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2

23.51
17.73

1.50
-

22.01
17.73

Total

41.24

1.50

39.74

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

c) For Storm Duration, td = 15 minutes


Storm Duration =15 min
No. of Time Interval = 3
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
50.21
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3

16.07
25.11
9.04

1.50
-

14.57
25.11
9.04

Total

50.21

1.50

48.71

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

d) For Storm Duration, td = 30 minutes


Storm Duration = 30 min
No. of Time Interval = 6
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
65.18
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3
4
5
6

10.43
16.29
21.51
5.87
7.17
3.91

1.50
-

8.93
16.29
21.51
5.87
7.17
3.91

Total

65.18

1.50

63.68

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

17

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.4) Temporal Pattern & ER for 10 ARI post-development
Initial loss = 1.5 mm ; loss rate = 0 mm/hr

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

d) For Storm Duration, td = 30 minutes


Storm Duration = 30 min
No. of Time Interval = 6
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
65.18
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3
4
5
6

10.43
16.29
21.51
5.87
7.17
3.91

1.50
-

8.93
16.29
21.51
5.87
7.17
3.91

Total

65.18

1.50

63.68

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

e) For Storm Duration, td = 60 minutes


Storm Duration = 60 min
No. of Time Interval = 12
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
83.88
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

3.27
5.87
14.09
10.07
19.46
8.47
7.46
4.78
4.03
2.60
2.35
1.43

1.50
-

1.77
5.87
14.09
10.07
19.46
8.47
7.46
4.78
4.03
2.60
2.35
1.43

Total

83.88

1.50

82.38

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

f) For Storm Duration, td = 120 minutes


Storm Duration = 120 min
No. of Time Interval = 8
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )
1
3.00
2
11.92
3
31.05
4
20.83
5
9.01
6
11.92
7
9.42
8
3.00
Total
100.16

Rainfall =
100.16
Time Interval = 15 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )
1.50
1.50

11.92

31.05

20.83

9.01

11.92

9.42

3.00
1.50
98.66

g) For Storm Duration, td = 180 minutes


Storm Duration = 180 min
No. of Time Interval = 6
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )
1
6.52
2
23.89
3
36.92
4
23.89
5
13.03
6
4.34
Total
108.60

Rainfall =
108.60
Time Interval = 30 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )
1.50
5.02

23.89

36.92

23.89

13.03

4.34
1.50
107.10

18

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.5) Temporal Pattern & ER for 50 ARI post-development
Initial loss = 1.5 mm ; loss rate = 0 mm/hr

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 5 minutes


Storm Duration = 5 min
No. of Time Interval = 1
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
32.10
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

32.10

1.50

30.60

Total

32.10

1.50

30.60

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

b) For Storm Duration, td = 10 minutes


Storm Duration =10 min
No. of Time Interval = 2
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
49.88
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2

28.43
21.45

1.50
-

26.93
21.45

Total

49.88

1.50

48.38

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

c) For Storm Duration, td = 15 minutes


Storm Duration =15 min
No. of Time Interval = 3
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
60.55
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3

19.37
30.27
10.90

1.50
-

17.87
30.27
10.90

Total

60.55

1.50

59.05

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

19

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.5) Temporal Pattern & ER for 50 ARI post-development
Initial loss = 1.5 mm ; loss rate = 0 mm/hr

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

d) For Storm Duration, td = 30 minutes


Storm Duration = 30 min
No. of Time Interval = 6
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
78.32
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3
4
5
6

12.53
19.58
25.85
7.05
8.62
4.70

1.50
-

11.03
19.58
25.85
7.05
8.62
4.70

Total

78.32

1.50

76.82

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

e) For Storm Duration, td = 60 minutes


Storm Duration = 60 min
No. of Time Interval = 12
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
100.54
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

3.92
7.04
16.89
12.06
23.33
10.15
8.95
5.73
4.83
3.12
2.82
1.71

1.50
-

2.42
7.04
16.89
12.06
23.33
10.15
8.95
5.73
4.83
3.12
2.82
1.71

Total

100.54

1.50

99.04

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

f) For Storm Duration, td = 120 minutes


Storm Duration = 120 min
No. of Time Interval = 8
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )
1
3.59
2
14.22
3
37.06
4
24.86
5
10.76
6
14.22
7
11.24
8
3.59
Total
119.53

Rainfall =
119.53
Time Interval = 15 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )
1.50
2.09

14.22

37.06

24.86

10.76

14.22

11.24

3.59
1.50
118.03

g) For Storm Duration, td = 180 minutes


Storm Duration = 180 min
No. of Time Interval = 6
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )
1
7.78
2
28.53
3
44.09
4
28.53
5
15.56
6
5.19
Total
129.67

Rainfall =
129.67
Time Interval = 30 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )
1.50
6.28

28.53

44.09

28.53

15.56

5.19
1.50
128.17

20

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


5.6) Temporal Pattern & ER for 100 ARI post-development
Initial loss = 1.5 mm ; loss rate = 0 mm/hr

( Table 14.4, Vol. 5 )

a) For Storm Duration, td = 5 minutes


Storm Duration = 5 min
No. of Time Interval = 1
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
36.03
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

36.03

1.50

34.53

Total

36.03

1.50

34.53

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

b) For Storm Duration, td = 10 minutes


Storm Duration =10 min
No. of Time Interval = 2
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
55.29
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2

31.52
23.78

1.50
-

30.02
23.78

Total

55.29

1.50

53.79

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

c) For Storm Duration, td = 15 minutes


Storm Duration =15 min
No. of Time Interval = 3
Time
Rainfall
Interval
( mm )

Rainfall =
66.85
Time Interval = 5 minutes
Initial Loss
ER
( mm )
( mm )

1
2
3

21.39
33.43
12.03

1.50
-

19.89
33.43
12.03

Total

66.85

1.50

65.35

( Table 13.4, Vol. 4 )

24

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


6) Compute the detention pond outflow limits for tc pre
6.1 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

60

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 ) A5 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 25,672
24,789
24,440
24,204
22,305
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min )
Inflow Volume ( m )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0.00
0.00
0.00
10.58
8.05
15.57
6.78
5.97
3.82
3.22
2.08
1.88
1.14

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0106
0.0081
0.0156
0.0068
0.0060
0.0038
0.0032
0.0021
0.0019
0.0011

0.00
0.02
0.03
271.74
206.71
399.65
173.98
153.31
98.19
82.69
53.40
48.23
29.28
0.00

0.00
0.02
0.03
262.39
199.60
385.90
168.00
148.04
94.81
79.84
51.56
46.57
28.28
0.00

0.00
0.02
0.03
258.70
196.79
380.47
165.63
145.95
93.48
78.72
50.84
45.92
27.88
0.00

0.00
0.02
0.03
256.20
194.89
376.79
164.03
144.55
92.57
77.96
50.35
45.48
27.61
0.00

0.00
0.02
0.02
236.10
179.60
347.23
151.17
133.20
85.31
71.84
46.40
41.91
25.44
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
0.02
0.05
271.79
469.15
857.99
1,012.90
1,132.77
968.26
834.72
522.43
404.29
289.96
196.38
119.75
69.52
25.44
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.906
1.564
2.860
3.376
3.776
3.228
2.782
1.741
1.348
0.967
0.655
0.399
0.232
0.085
0.000

3.776

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


6.2 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

60

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 ) A5 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 25,672
24,789
24,440
24,204
22,305
(m)
( min ) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0.00
0.00
0.77
13.51
9.65
18.66
8.12
7.16
4.58
3.86
2.49
2.25
1.37

0.0000
0.0000
0.0008
0.0135
0.0097
0.0187
0.0081
0.0072
0.0046
0.0039
0.0025
0.0023
0.0014

0.00
0.02
19.67
346.90
247.78
479.05
208.55
183.77
117.70
99.11
64.01
57.82
35.10
0.00

0.00
0.02
19.00
334.97
239.26
462.57
201.38
177.45
113.65
95.70
61.81
55.83
33.90
0.00

0.00
0.02
18.73
330.25
235.89
456.06
198.54
174.95
112.05
94.36
60.94
55.04
33.42
0.00

0.00
0.02
18.55
327.06
233.61
451.66
196.63
173.26
110.97
93.45
60.35
54.51
33.10
0.00

0.00
0.02
17.09
301.40
215.29
416.22
181.20
159.67
102.26
86.11
55.62
50.23
30.50
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
0.02
19.69
365.91
601.50
1,067.13
1,251.17
1,376.22
1,160.63
1,000.56
626.23
484.62
347.58
235.40
143.54
83.33
30.50
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
0.000
0.066
1.220
2.005
3.557
4.171
4.587
3.869
3.335
2.087
1.615
1.159
0.785
0.478
0.278
0.102
0.000

4.587

22

23

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


6) Compute the detention pond outflow limits for tc pre
6.3 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 100 ARI,

60

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 ) A5 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 25,672
24,789
24,440
24,204
22,305
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min )
Inflow Volume ( m )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0.00
0.30
1.31
14.81
10.58
20.45
8.90
7.85
5.03
4.23
2.73
2.47
1.50

0.0000
0.0003
0.0013
0.0148
0.0106
0.0205
0.0089
0.0078
0.0050
0.0042
0.0027
0.0025
0.0015

0.00
7.76
33.57
380.25
271.60
525.10
228.60
201.44
129.01
108.64
70.16
63.37
38.48
0.00

0.00
7.50
32.41
367.17
262.26
507.04
220.74
194.51
124.57
104.91
67.75
61.19
37.15
0.00

0.00
7.39
31.96
362.00
258.57
499.90
217.63
191.77
122.82
103.43
66.80
60.33
36.63
0.00

0.00
7.32
31.65
358.50
256.07
495.08
215.53
189.92
121.64
102.43
66.15
59.75
36.28
0.00

0.00
6.75
29.17
330.38
235.98
456.23
198.62
175.02
112.09
94.39
60.96
55.06
33.43
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
7.76
41.06
420.05
678.05
1,187.76
1,381.88
1,508.53
1,272.21
1,096.75
686.43
531.21
380.99
258.03
157.34
91.34
33.43
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
0.026
0.137
1.400
2.260
3.959
4.606
5.028
4.241
3.656
2.288
1.771
1.270
0.860
0.524
0.304
0.111
0.000

5.028

24

25

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.1 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

min Rainfall Duration

2
2
2
2
Effective Effective A1 ( m ) A2 ( m ) A3 ( m ) A4 ( m )
38,356
38,356
912
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
(m)
( min ) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30

0.00
24.78

0.0000
0.0248

0.00
950.35
0.00

0.00
950.35
0.00

0.00
950.35
0.00

0.00
22.60
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
950.35
950.35
950.35
22.60
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.2 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

10

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min)
Inflow Volume ( m )
0.00
22.01
17.73

0.0000
0.0220
0.0177

0.00
844.04
680.14
0.00

0.00
844.04
680.14
0.00

0.00
844.04
680.14
0.00

3.168

min Rainfall
min
Duration
Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35

0.000
3.168
3.168
3.168
0.075
0.000

0.00
20.07
16.17
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
844.04
1,524.18
1,524.18
700.20
16.17
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
2.813
5.081
5.081
2.334
0.054
0.000

5.081

26

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.3 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

15

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40

0.00
14.57
25.11
9.04

0.0000
0.0146
0.0251
0.0090

0.00
558.79
963.00
346.68
0.00

0.00
558.79
963.00
346.68
0.00

0.00
558.79
963.00
346.68
0.00

0.00
13.29
22.90
8.24
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
558.79
1,521.79
1,868.47
1,322.97
369.58
8.24
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.4 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

30

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min)
Inflow Volume ( m )
0.00
8.93
16.29
21.51
5.87
7.17
3.91

0.0000
0.0089
0.0163
0.0215
0.0059
0.0072
0.0039

0.00
342.44
624.96
824.95
224.99
274.98
149.99
0.00

0.00
342.44
624.96
824.95
224.99
274.98
149.99
0.00

0.00
342.44
624.96
824.95
224.99
274.98
149.99
0.00

6.228

min Rainfall
min
Duration
Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

0.000
1.863
5.073
6.228
4.410
1.232
0.027
0.000

0.00
8.14
14.86
19.62
5.35
6.54
3.57
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
342.44
967.40
1,792.34
1,683.03
1,339.77
669.57
430.32
156.53
3.57
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
1.141
3.225
5.974
5.610
4.466
2.232
1.434
0.522
0.012
0.000

5.974

27

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.5 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 10 ARI,

60

min Rainfall Duration

2
2
2
2
Effective Effective A1 ( m ) A2 ( m ) A3 ( m ) A4 ( m )
38,356
38,356
912
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min)
Inflow Volume ( m )

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80

0.00
1.77
5.87
14.09
10.07
19.46
8.47
7.46
4.78
4.03
2.60
2.35
1.43

0.0000
0.0018
0.0059
0.0141
0.0101
0.0195
0.0085
0.0075
0.0048
0.0040
0.0026
0.0023
0.0014

0.00
67.93
225.20
540.48
386.05
746.37
324.93
286.32
183.38
154.42
99.73
90.08
54.69
0.00

0.00
67.93
225.20
540.48
386.05
746.37
324.93
286.32
183.38
154.42
99.73
90.08
54.69
0.00

0.00
67.93
225.20
540.48
386.05
746.37
324.93
286.32
183.38
154.42
99.73
90.08
54.69
0.00

0.00
1.62
5.35
12.85
9.18
17.75
7.73
6.81
4.36
3.67
2.37
2.14
1.30
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )

Time

0.00
67.93
293.13
833.61
1,153.34
1,678.26
1,470.21
1,366.80
812.38
631.85
444.34
348.59
248.17
147.14
56.83
1.30
0.00

0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Time

Inflow

( sec ) ( m3/s )

Maximum Inflow =

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

0.000
0.226
0.977
2.779
3.844
5.594
4.901
4.556
2.708
2.106
1.481
1.162
0.827
0.490
0.189
0.004
0.000

5.594

28

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.6 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25

0.00
30.60

0.0000
0.0306

0.00
1173.85
0.00

0.00
1173.85
0.00

0.00
1173.85
0.00

0.00
27.91
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
1,173.85
1,173.85
1,173.85
27.91
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.7 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

10

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
0.00
26.93
21.45

0.0000
0.0269
0.0214

0.00
1032.98
822.67
0.00

0.00
1032.98
822.67
0.00

0.00
1032.98
822.67
0.00

3.913

min Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30

0.000
3.913
3.913
3.913
0.093
0.000

0.00
24.56
19.56
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
1,032.98
1,855.65
1,855.65
847.23
19.56
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
3.443
6.185
6.185
2.824
0.065
0.000

6.185

29

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.8 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

15

min Rainfall
min
Duration
Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40

0.00
17.87
30.27
10.90

0.0000
0.0179
0.0303
0.0109

0.00
685.59
1161.13
418.01
0.00

0.00
685.59
1161.13
418.01
0.00

0.00
685.59
1161.13
418.01
0.00

0.00
16.30
27.61
9.94
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
685.59
1,846.72
2,264.73
1,595.44
445.62
9.94
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.9 )

Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

30

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
3
(
mm
)
(
m
)
( min)
Inflow Volume ( m )
0.00
11.03
19.58
25.85
7.05
8.62
4.70

0.0000
0.0110
0.0196
0.0258
0.0070
0.0086
0.0047

0.00
423.12
751.01
991.34
270.37
330.45
180.24
0.00

0.00
423.12
751.01
991.34
270.37
330.45
180.24
0.00

0.00
423.12
751.01
991.34
270.37
330.45
180.24
0.00

7.549

min Rainfall
min
Duration
Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

0.000
2.285
6.156
7.549
5.318
1.485
0.033
0.000

0.00
10.06
17.86
23.57
6.43
7.86
4.29
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
423.12
1,174.13
2,165.47
2,022.78
1,610.01
804.63
517.12
188.10
4.29
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
1.410
3.914
7.218
6.743
5.367
2.682
1.724
0.627
0.014
0.000

7.218

30

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.10 ) Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 50 ARI,

60

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0.00
2.42
7.04
16.89
12.06
23.33
10.15
8.95
5.73
4.83
3.12
2.82
1.71

0.0000
0.0024
0.0070
0.0169
0.0121
0.0233
0.0102
0.0089
0.0057
0.0048
0.0031
0.0028
0.0017

0.00
92.86
269.94
647.86
462.76
894.66
389.49
343.21
219.81
185.10
119.55
107.98
65.56
0.00

0.00
92.86
269.94
647.86
462.76
894.66
389.49
343.21
219.81
185.10
119.55
107.98
65.56
0.00

0.00
92.86
269.94
647.86
462.76
894.66
389.49
343.21
219.81
185.10
119.55
107.98
65.56
0.00

0.00
2.21
6.42
15.40
11.00
21.27
9.26
8.16
5.23
4.40
2.84
2.57
1.56
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
92.86
362.80
1,010.66
1,382.77
2,011.70
1,762.31
1,638.36
973.78
757.38
532.62
417.85
297.48
176.38
68.12
1.56
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
0.310
1.209
3.369
4.609
6.706
5.874
5.461
3.246
2.525
1.775
1.393
0.992
0.588
0.227
0.005
0.000

6.706

31

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.11 ) Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 100 ARI,

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25

0.00
34.53

0.0000
0.0345

0.00
1324.26
0.00

0.00
1324.26
0.00

0.00
1324.26
0.00

0.00
31.49
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )

0.00
1,324.26
1,324.26
1,324.26
31.49
0.00

0
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.12 ) Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 100 ARI,

10

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
3
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m )
0.00
30.02
23.78

0.0000
0.0300
0.0238

0.00
1151.33
911.95
0.00

0.00
1151.33
911.95
0.00

0.00
1151.33
911.95
0.00

4.414

min Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30

0.000
4.414
4.414
4.414
0.105
0.000

0.00
27.38
21.68
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
1,151.33
2,063.29
2,063.29
939.33
21.68
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
3.838
6.878
6.878
3.131
0.072
0.000

6.878

32

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


7 ) Compute the detention pond inflow hydrograph for t c post
7.13 ) Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 100 ARI,

15

min Rainfall Duration

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m3 )
Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35

0.00
19.89
33.43
12.03

0.0000
0.0199
0.0334
0.0120

0.00
763.02
1282.12
461.56
0.00

0.00
763.02
1282.12
461.56
0.00

0.00
763.02
1282.12
461.56
0.00

0.00
18.14
30.49
10.97
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
763.02
2,045.14
2,506.70
1,761.82
492.05
10.97
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

7.14 ) Cal. Inflow Hydrograph for 100 ARI,

30

Effective Effective A1 ( m2 ) A2 ( m2 ) A3 ( m2 ) A4 ( m2 )
Rainfall Rainfall 38,356
38,356
38,356
912
3
(m)
( min) ( mm )
Inflow Volume ( m )
0.00
12.28
21.53
28.42
7.75
9.47
5.17

0.0000
0.0123
0.0215
0.0284
0.0078
0.0095
0.0052

0.00
470.99
825.81
1090.08
297.29
363.36
198.20
0.00

0.00
470.99
825.81
1090.08
297.29
363.36
198.20
0.00

0.00
470.99
825.81
1090.08
297.29
363.36
198.20
0.00

8.356

min Rainfall
min
Duration
Rainfall Duration

Time

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

0.000
2.543
6.817
8.356
5.873
1.640
0.037
0.000

0.00
11.20
19.64
25.92
7.07
8.64
4.71
0.00

Total
Depth
( m3 )
0.00
470.99
1,296.80
2,386.88
2,224.38
1,770.36
884.77
568.62
206.84
4.71
0.00

Time
Time Inflow
Interval
( min ) ( sec ) ( m3/s )
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

0
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

Maximum Inflow =

0.000
1.570
4.323
7.956
7.415
5.901
2.949
1.895
0.689
0.016
0.000

7.956

34

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


8 ) Summary of Pre and Post-Development Flow Hydrographs
Pre-Development
Time
( min )

10

50

100

60

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0
0.000
0.000
0.906
1.564
2.860
3.376
3.776
3.228
2.782
1.741
1.348
0.967
0.655
0.399
0.232
0.085
0

0
0.000
0.066
1.220
2.005
3.557
4.171
4.587
3.869
3.335
2.087
1.615
1.159
0.785
0.478
0.278
0.102
0

0
0.026
0.137
1.400
2.260
3.959
4.606
5.028
4.241
3.656
2.288
1.771
1.270
0.860
0.524
0.304
0.111
0

10
5

10

15

30

0
3.168
3.168
3.168
0.075
0

0
2.813
5.081
5.081
2.334
0.054
0

0
1.863
5.073
6.228
4.410
1.232
0.027
0

0
1.141
3.225
5.974
5.610
4.466
2.232
1.434
0.522
0.012
0

Post-Development
ARI ( years )
50
Storm Duration ( minutes )
60
5
10
15
30
Flow ( cumecs )
0
0.226
0.977
2.779
3.844
5.594
4.901
4.556
2.708
2.106
1.481
1.162
0.827
0.490
0.189
0.004
0

CRITICAL STORM DURATION FOR POST-DEVELOPMENT, Q50 =

0
3.913
3.913
3.913
0.093
0

0
3.443
6.185
6.185
2.824
0.065
0

15

MINS.

0
2.285
6.156
7.549
5.318
1.485
0.033
0

0
1.410
3.914
7.218
6.743
5.367
2.682
1.724
0.627
0.014
0

100
60

10

15

30

60

0
0.310
1.209
3.369
4.609
6.706
5.874
5.461
3.246
2.525
1.775
1.393
0.992
0.588
0.227
0.005
0

0
4.414
4.414
4.414
0.105
0

0
3.838
6.878
6.878
3.131
0.072
0

0
2.543
6.817
8.356
5.873
1.640
0.037
0

0
1.570
4.323
7.956
7.415
5.901
2.949
1.895
0.689
0.016
0

0
0.358
1.344
3.711
5.053
7.350
6.439
5.986
3.558
2.767
1.946
1.527
1.087
0.644
0.249
0.006
0

CHECK : Rational Method Hydrograph


Qy = ( C x yIt x A ) 360

10

C=
I10 =

50

I10 =

0.8
( assumed average )
(tc = 10)
247.43 mm/hr
(tc = 10)
299.28 mm/hr

100

I10 =
A=

331.76 mm/hr
1.152 ha.

Q10 =

0.633

m3/s

Q50 =

0.662

m3/s

Q100 =

0.849

m3/s

(tc = 10)

34

35

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


9) Graphs of 50 ARI Post-Development Inflow Hydrographs for estimation of detention pond
size

10 Min. 50 ARI Hydrograph


7.0
6.185

6.0

6.185

Inflow (m3/s)

5.0
4.0
3.443

3.0

2.824

2.0
1.0
0.0

0.065
25

0
0

10

15

20

Time (min)

Volume =

5,611

m3

15 MIn. 50 ARI Hydrograph


8.0

7.549

Inflow (m3/s)

7.0
6.156

6.0

5.318

5.0
4.0
3.0
2.285

2.0

1.485

1.0
0.0

0
0

10

15

20

Time (min)

Volume =

6,848

m3

25

0.033
30

36

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


9) Graphs of 50 ARI Post-Development Inflow Hydrographs for estimation of detention pond
size

30 MIn. 50 ARI Hydrograph


8.0
7.218

7.0

6.743

Inflow (m3/s)

6.0
5.367

5.0
4.0

3.914

3.0

2.682

2.0

1.724

1.410

1.0
0.0

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

0.627
0.014
40
45

Time (min)

Volume =

8,910

m3

60 MIn. 50 ARI Hydrograph

Inflow (m3/s)

8.0
7.0

6.706
5.874
5.461
4.609

6.0
5.0
4.0

3.369

3.0

3.246
2.525
1.775
1.393
0.992
0.588
0.227
0.005

2.0
1.209
0.310

1.0
0.0

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Time (min)

Volume =

11,487

m3

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

37

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND

10) Graphs of 100 ARI Post-Development Inflow Hydrographs for estimation of detention pond
size

10 Min. 100 ARI Hydrograph


8.0
7.0

6.878

6.878

Inflow (m3/s)

6.0
5.0
4.0

3.838
3.131

3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0

0.072
25

0
0

10

15

20

Time (min)

Volume =

6,239

m3

Inflow (m3/s)

15 MIn. 100 ARI Hydrograph


9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0

8.356
6.817

5.873

2.543
1.640
0
0

10

15

20

Time (min)

Volume =

7,580

m3

25

0.037
30

38

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND

10) Graphs of 100 ARI Post-Development Inflow Hydrographs for estimation of detention pond
size

Inflow (m3/s)

30 MIn. 100 ARI Hydrograph


9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0

7.956

7.415
5.901

4.323
2.949
1.895

1.570
0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

0.689
0.016
40
45

Time (min)

Volume =

9,814

m3

60 MIn. 100 ARI Hydrograph

Inflow (m3/s)

8.0

7.350
6.439
5.986

7.0
6.0

5.053

5.0
4.0

3.711

3.558
2.767
1.946
1.527
1.087
0.644
0.249
0.006

3.0
2.0
1.344

1.0

0.0

0.358

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Time (min)

Volume =

12,608

m3

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

39

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


11 ) Estimation of detention basin volume
11.1 ) Based on 50 ARI post-developed inflows

Parameter

Storn Duration ( minutes )


15
30
6,848
8,910

Vi

(m )

10
5,611

Qi

( m3/s )

6.185

7.549

7.218

6.706

Qo

4.587
30

4.587
35

4.587
50

4.587
80

ti

( m /s )
( minutes )

tp

( minutes )

Vs/Vi
Preliminary Vs ( m3 )
Vs/Vi =
where,
Vs =

60
11,487

15

15

15

25

0.351

0.451

0.368

0.336

1,968

3,087

3,282

3,864

1.291x ( 1 - Qo/Qi )0.753x ( ti/tp )-0.411

Eq 20.13, Vol.7

estimated storage volume

Vi =

inflow hydrograph runoff volume

Qi =

inflow hydrograph peak flow rate

Qo =

allowable peak outflow rate

ti =

time base of the inflow hydrograph

tp =

time to peak of the inflow hydrograph

From the above table, the basin volume is estimated for 3,864 m 3 at time 60 minutes.
Maximum pond depth within the basin should not exceed 3.0 m under normal operating conditions
(See Section 20.5.2, Vol.7)

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


11 ) Estimation of detention basin volume
11.2 ) Based on 100 ARI post-developed inflows

Parameter

Storn Duration ( minutes )


15
30
7,580
9,814

Vi

( m3 )

10
6,239

Qi

( m3/s )

6.878

8.356

7.956

7.350

Qo

4.587
30

4.587
35

4.587
50

4.587
80

ti

( m /s )
( minutes )

tp

( minutes )

Vs/Vi
Preliminary Vs ( m3 )
Vs/Vi =
where,
Vs =

60
12,608

15

15

15

25

0.425

0.501

0.412

0.383

2,649

3,795

4,047

4,834

1.291x ( 1 - Qo/Qi )0.753x ( ti/tp )-0.411

Eq 20.13, Vol.7

estimated storage volume

Vi =

inflow hydrograph runoff volume

Qi =

inflow hydrograph peak flow rate

Qo =

allowable peak outflow rate

ti =

time base of the inflow hydrograph

tp =

time to peak of the inflow hydrograph

From the above table, the basin volume is estimated for 4,834 m 3 at time 60 minutes.
Maximum pond depth within the basin should not exceed 3.0 m under normal operating conditions
(See Section 20.5.2, Vol.7)
The overall detention pond dimensions refer plan attached.
Depth =
2.000 m
Side Slope = 4 (H) : 1 (V)

12)

Volume =
Area =

4,963
3,406

m3 > 4,834 m3 O.K for 100 ARI post-development inflows.


m2 ( 0.842 acres ) - area of the the pond

Total Area =

5,064

m2 ( 1.25 acres )
- area of the pond with 6.0 m width for maintenance
around the pond

CONCLUSION
Pond area to be provided is
Pond area with 6.0 m width for maintenance around
the pond to be provided is
Pond area required is

= 3,406 m2 ( 0.842 acres )


= 5,064 m2 ( 1.25 acres )
= 5,099 m2 ( 1.26 acres )

46

44

11 ) Compute Stage - Storage Relationship


11.1 ) Preliminary Total Basin Stage-Storage Relationship
Stage, RL Depth, d
(m)
(m)
12.45
12.35
12.25
12.15
12.05
11.95
11.85
11.75
11.65
11.55
11.45
11.35
11.25
11.15
11.05
10.95
10.85
10.75
10.65
10.55
10.45

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00

d
(m)

SS
( m/m )

2xSSxd
(m)

Length
L1 ( m )

Breadth
B1 ( m )

Area
A1 ( m2 )

Length
L2 ( m )

Breadth
B2 ( m )

0.00
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.00
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

41.10
41.90
42.70
43.50
44.30
45.10
45.90
46.70
47.50
48.30
49.10
49.90
50.70
51.50
52.30
53.10
53.90
54.70
55.50
56.30
57.10

31.90
32.70
33.50
34.30
35.10
35.90
36.70
37.50
38.30
39.10
39.90
40.70
41.50
42.30
43.10
43.90
44.70
45.50
46.30
47.10
47.90

1311.09
1370.13
1430.45
1492.05
1554.93
1619.09
1684.53
1751.25
1819.25
1888.53
1959.09
2030.93
2104.05
2178.45
2254.13
2331.09
2409.33
2488.85
2569.65
2651.73
2735.09

41.10
41.90
42.70
43.50
44.30
45.10
45.90
46.70
47.50
48.30
49.10
49.90
50.70
51.50
52.30
53.10
53.90
54.70
55.50
56.30
57.10

31.90
32.70
33.50
34.30
35.10
35.90
36.70
37.50
38.30
39.10
39.90
40.70
41.50
42.30
43.10
43.90
44.70
45.50
46.30
47.10
47.90

Area
Total Area
2
A2 ( m ) A ( m2 )
1311.09
1370.13
1430.45
1492.05
1554.93
1619.09
1684.53
1751.25
1819.25
1888.53
1959.09
2030.93
2104.05
2178.45
2254.13
2331.09
2409.33
2488.85
2569.65
2651.73
2735.09

2,622.18
2,740.26
2,860.90
2,984.10
3,109.86
3,238.18
3,369.06
3,502.50
3,638.50
3,777.06
3,918.18
4,061.86
4,208.10
4,356.90
4,508.26
4,662.18
4,818.66
4,977.70
5,139.30
5,303.46
5,470.18

Average
Area( m2 )

Storage
( m3 )

Total Storage
S ( m3 )

0.00
2,681.22
2,800.58
2,922.50
3,046.98
3,174.02
3,303.62
3,435.78
3,570.50
3,707.78
3,847.62
3,990.02
4,134.98
4,282.50
4,432.58
4,585.22
4,740.42
4,898.18
5,058.50
5,221.38
5,386.82

0.00
268.12
280.06
292.25
304.70
317.40
330.36
343.58
357.05
370.78
384.76
399.00
413.50
428.25
443.26
458.52
474.04
489.82
505.85
522.14
538.68

0.00
268.12
548.18
840.43
1,145.13
1,462.53
1,792.89
2,136.47
2,493.52
2,864.30
3,249.06
3,648.06
4,061.56
4,489.81
4,933.07
5,391.59
5,865.63
6,355.45
6,861.30
7,383.44
7,922.12

42

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


12 ) Compute Stage - Storage Relationship
12.1 ) Designed Basin Stage-Storage Relationship

Stage, RL
(m)

Depth, d
(m)

d
(m)

SS
( m/m )

2xSSxd
(m)

Length
L1 ( m )

Breadth
B1 ( m )

Area
A1 ( m2 )

Length
L2 ( m )

Breadth
B2 ( m )

Area
A2 ( m2 )

Total Area
A ( m2 )

Average
Area( m2 )

Storage
( m3 )

Total Storage
S ( m3 )

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15
12.25
12.35
12.45

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00

0.00
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10

0
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.00
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

47.80
48.60
49.40
50.20
51.00
51.80
52.60
53.40
54.20
55.00
55.80
56.60
57.40
58.20
59.00
59.80
60.60
61.40
62.20
63.00
63.80

25.10
25.90
26.70
27.50
28.30
29.10
29.90
30.70
31.50
32.30
33.10
33.90
34.70
35.50
36.30
37.10
37.90
38.70
39.50
40.30
41.10

1,199.78
1,258.74
1,318.98
1,380.50
1,443.30
1,507.38
1,572.74
1,639.38
1,707.30
1,776.50
1,846.98
1,918.74
1,991.78
2,066.10
2,141.70
2,218.58
2,296.74
2,376.18
2,456.90
2,538.90
2,622.18

20.80
21.60
22.40
23.20
24.00
24.80
25.60
26.40
27.20
28.00
28.80
29.60
30.40
31.20
32.00
32.80
33.60
34.40
35.20
36.00
36.80

21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30
21.30

443.04
460.08
477.12
494.16
511.20
528.24
545.28
562.32
579.36
596.40
613.44
630.48
647.52
664.56
681.60
698.64
715.68
732.72
749.76
766.80
783.84

1,642.82
1,718.82
1,796.10
1,874.66
1,954.50
2,035.62
2,118.02
2,201.70
2,286.66
2,372.90
2,460.42
2,549.22
2,639.30
2,730.66
2,823.30
2,917.22
3,012.42
3,108.90
3,206.66
3,305.70
3,406.02

0.00
1,680.82
1,757.46
1,835.38
1,914.58
1,995.06
2,076.82
2,159.86
2,244.18
2,329.78
2,416.66
2,504.82
2,594.26
2,684.98
2,776.98
2,870.26
2,964.82
3,060.66
3,157.78
3,256.18
3,355.86

0.00
168.08
175.75
183.54
191.46
199.51
207.68
215.99
224.42
232.98
241.67
250.48
259.43
268.50
277.70
287.03
296.48
306.07
315.78
325.62
335.59

0.00
168.08
343.83
527.37
718.82
918.33
1,126.01
1,342.00
1,566.42
1,799.39
2,041.06
2,291.54
2,550.97
2,819.47
3,097.16
3,384.19
3,680.67
3,986.74
4,302.52
4,628.13
4,963.72

48
DESIGN OF DETENTION POND
13 ) Size the minor and major design storm primary outlet
13.1 ) Estimate size of primary outlets
From pre-development inflow hydrograph,
Maximum basin outflow for Q10 =
3.776

m3/s

From pre-development inflow hydrograph,


Maximum basin outflow for Q50=
4.587

m3/s

Q = C.Ao. (2.g.Ho)

Eq 20.2, Volume 7, Chap.20

where,
3
Q = orifice discharge, m /s
C = discharge coefficient ( 0.40 - 0.62)
Ao = orifice x-sectional area, m 2 ( Do2/4 )
Do = orifice , m

Ho = effective head on the orifice measured from centre of opening, m


Ho =

0.375
m
Ao = Q10 {C. (2.g.Ho)0.5}
0.5
Ao = 3.776 {0.62 x (2 x 9.81 x 0.375) }
Ao =

2.245

m2

Do =

1.691

Trials
2nd Primary, Top Row
Ist Primary, Bottom Row
Total

( mm )

Nos.

Area( m2 )

600

2
2

0.565
0.565

49
DESIGN OF DETENTION POND
13.2 ) Size the minor and major design storm primary outlet

1800mm
12.45 Crest-Level of Spillway
12.38 : Q100
12.23 : Q50

12.13

Freeboard, 300 mm

11.90 : Q10

10.45

Bed Level of Detention Pond / Soffit Level of 1st Primary Outlet

2 Nos. 750 mm Pipe

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


13.3 ) Trials for selecting acceptable combinations of primary outlets

Trials

( MAX. POND DEPTH NOT GREATER THAN 3 m. UNDER MAX. DESIGN STORM ARI -20.5.2, VOL. 7 )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Pipe
Area

Size &
Storage

2 No. 750 mm

0.884

4,963.72

2 Nos 600mm

0.565

0.00

Pipe Combinations

10 ARI
50 ARI
Total 100 ARI
Soffit
Q
Limit
Q
Limit
Outflow
Stage
Stage
Diff.
Outflow
Stage
Stage
Diff.
Height
10
50
Level
RL
10.45
10.45
10.45 2.921
3.776 11.90
1.45
3.233
4.587 12.23
1.78
3.23 12.38
10.45
10.45
10.45
3.776
4.587

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


13.3 ) Trials for selecting acceptable combinations of primary outlets

Trials

( MAX. POND DEPTH NOT GREATER THAN 3 m. UNDER MAX. DESIGN STORM ARI -20.5.2, VOL. 7 )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Pipe Combinations
2 No. 750 mm

Pipe
Area

Size &
Storage

0.884

4,963.72

10 ARI
50 ARI
Total 100 ARI
Soffit
Q
Limit
Q
Limit
Outflow
Stage
Stage
Diff.
Outflow
Stage
Stage
Diff.
Height
10
50
Level
RL
10.45
10.45
10.45 2.921
3.776 11.90
1.45
3.233
4.587 12.23
1.78
3.23 12.38

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


14 ) Compute stage - discharge relationship using oriffice equation for primary outlets

Stage, RL
(m)

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15

1st Primary
Bottom, Q1
Ho

Nos.
2
C.Ao. (2.g)0.5

( mm )
750
Ho0.5

Q1

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70

2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427

0.000
0.316
0.447
0.548
0.632
0.707
0.775
0.837
0.894
0.949
1.000
1.049
1.095
1.140
1.183
1.225
1.265
1.304

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

2nd Primary
Top, Q2
Ho

Nos.
C.Ao.(2.g)0.5

( mm )
Ho0.5

Q2

Total Discharge
Q ( Q1+Q2 )
( m3/s )
0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

Q = Ap x { 2g x Ho )

Eq 19.6, Vol 7
Ho = H /KL= ( K t + K e + K f + K o ) x V2/2g

where,
Q=
Ap=
H=
Ho =
S=
L=
K L=

pipe capacity ( m3/s )


cross-sectional area of pipe ( m 2 )
difference in water levels of pond and outlet drain
effective head ( m )
pipe longitudinal slope ( m/m )
pipe length ( m )
sum of loss factors for the pipe system

KL = K t + K e + K f + K b + K o
where,
K t = trash screen loss factor
K e = entrance loss factor
K f = friction loss factor
K b = bend loss factor
K o = outlet loss factor

Outlet pipe slope =


Pipe length
=

3%
8.6

%
m

Eq 19.7, Vol 7

Hydraulic Grade Line


5m
4.80
Ho
4.10

3.90

8.6 m

K t=
where,
A n=
Ag=

1.45 0.45 { A n / A g } { A n / A g }2

Eq 19.8, Vol 7

net open area between the screen bars ( m 2 )


gross area of the screen and supports ( m 2 )

For the trash rack,


A n/ A g=
0.75
K t=
0.55
Ke=
where,
Cd =
Ke=

1/Cd2 1
orifice discharge coefficient =
1.60

Eq 19.9, Vol 7
0.62

Kf =
where,
f=
D=

f x L/D

f=
where,
n=

125 x n2/D1/3

Kf =

Ko=

Eq 19.10, Vol 7

Darcy-Weisbach friction loss coefficient


pipe diameter ( m )
Eq 19.11, Vol 7

Manning's n =

0.011

125 x 0.0112 x L/ D4/3

0.50
( per pipe )

Ap

Kt

Ke

Ko

Kf

KL

(m )
#REF!

0.55

1.60

0.50

8.60

#REF!

#REF!

For

CONCLUSION :
1) Loss only minus 2.3 %
2) Loss in terms of pipe length is only about minus 2.7 % for up to 20 m

Ho

(m)

( = H/KL )

( m /s )

( m/s )

1.10

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

pipes, Q =

#REF!

52
DESIGN OF DETENTION POND
15 ) Develop storage - outflow function

Stage, RL
(m)

Depth
H(m)

Discharge
Q1 ( m3/s )

Discharge
Q ( m3/s )

Storage
S (m3 )

( min )

( sec )

(2S/t)+Q1
( m3/s )

(2S/t)+Q
( m3/s )

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

0.00
168.08
175.75
183.54
191.46
199.51
207.68
215.99
224.42
232.98
241.67
250.48
259.43
268.50
277.70
287.03
296.48
306.07

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

0.000
1.888
2.257
2.553
2.811
3.046
3.264
3.470
3.666
3.855
4.038
4.215
4.388
4.557
4.722
4.885
5.046
5.204

0.000
1.888
2.257
2.553
2.811
3.046
3.264
3.470
3.666
3.855
4.038
4.215
4.388
4.557
4.722
4.885
5.046
5.204

14.1 ) Graphs

3.500
3.000
2.500
2.000
1.500
1.000
0.500
0.000

Storage - Outflow Relationship


0.70

0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10

2S/t + Q, m3/s

1.60

1.40

1.20

1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
0.00

Outflow( m3/s )

0.60

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


16 ) Inflow Hydrograph Routing for Primary Outlets
16.1) Route the 10 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the 1st primary outlet
Time, t

Inflow, I

Ij + Ij+1

(2Sj /t)-Qj

(2Sj+1 /t)+Qj+1

Outflow

( mins )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

(m)

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85

0
1.141
3.225
5.974
5.610
4.466
2.232
1.434
0.522
0.012
0.000

0
0.214
2.010
7.109
13.496
17.825
18.680
16.729
13.490
9.462
5.698
2.803
0.878
0.164
0.031
0.006
0.001
0.000

0
1.141
4.580
11.209
18.693
23.572
24.523
22.346
18.686
14.023
9.474
5.698
2.803
0.878
0.164
0.031
0.006
0.001

0
0.464
1.285
2.050
2.598
2.874
2.921
2.808
2.598
2.281
1.888
1.447
0.963
0.357
0.067
0.012
0.002
0.000

10.45
10.51
10.73
11.16
11.60
11.85
11.90
11.79
11.60
11.33
11.06
10.81
10.61
10.50
10.46
10.45
10.45

( m /s )

1.141
4.366
9.199
11.585
10.076
6.698
3.666
1.956
0.534
0.012
0.000

Water Level Stage, RL

Discharge,Q

(m)

(m)

( m /s )

(m )

( m3/s )

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

0.00
168.08
343.83
527.37
718.82
918.33
1,126.01
1,342.00
1,566.42
1,799.39
2,041.06
2,291.54
2,550.97
2,819.47
3,097.16
3,384.19
3,680.67
3,986.74

0.000
1.888
3.377
4.845
6.327
7.838
9.386
10.977
12.613
14.298
16.034
17.822
19.665
21.563
23.519
25.533
27.607
29.742

Peak outlow for 10 year ARI post-developed =

2.921

m3/s

10 year ARI pre-developed outflow limit =

3.776

m3/s

@ RL =

Storage,S

(2S /t)+Q

Depth

11.90
OK

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


16 ) Inflow Hydrograph Routing for Primary Outlets
16.2 ) Route the 50 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the 2nd primary outlet
Time, t

Inflow, I

Ij + Ij+1

(2Sj /t)-Qj

(2Sj+1 /t)+Qj+1

Outflow

( mins )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

(m)

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80

0.000
1.410
3.914
7.218
6.743
5.367
2.682
1.724
0.627
0.014
0.000

0.000
1.410
5.324
11.132
13.961
12.109
8.049
4.406
2.351
0.641
0.014
0.000

0.000
0.264
2.724
9.321
17.565
23.353
24.935
23.049
19.469
14.743
10.088
6.196
3.163
1.084
0.203
0.038
0.007
0.001

0.000
1.410
5.588
13.856
23.282
29.674
31.401
29.341
25.400
20.111
14.758
10.088
6.196
3.163
1.084
0.203
0.038
0.007

0.000
0.573
1.432
2.267
2.858
3.161
3.233
3.146
2.965
2.684
2.335
1.946
1.516
1.039
0.441
0.082
0.015
0.003

10.45
10.52
10.80
11.32
11.84
12.15
12.23
12.13
11.94
11.67
11.38
11.09
10.84
10.64
10.51
10.46
10.45
10.45

Stage, RL

Stage, RL

Discharge,Q

(m)

(m)

( m /s )

(m )

( m3/s )

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164

0.00
168.08
343.83
527.37
718.82
918.33
1,126.01
1,342.00
1,566.42
1,799.39
2,041.06
2,291.54
2,550.97
2,819.47
3,097.16
3,384.19
3,680.67
3,986.74

0.000
1.888
3.377
4.845
6.327
7.838
9.386
10.977
12.613
14.298
16.034
17.822
19.665
21.563
23.519
25.533
27.607
29.742

Peak outflow for 50 year ARI post-developed =

3.233

m3/s

@ RL =

50 year ARI pre-developed outflow limit =

4.587

m3/s

OK

Storage,S

(2S /t)+Q

Depth

12.23

55
DESIGN OF DETENTION POND
17 ) Compute Stage - Discharge Relationship for Secondary Outlet ( Emergency Spillway, ES )

Adopt a freeboard height of 300 mm for weir


Stage, RL
(m)

B
(m)

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15
12.25
12.35
12.45

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

Broad-Crested Weir, Q = CBCWBH1.5


CBCW
H
H1.5
(m)

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30

1.48
1.48
1.48
1.48

0.000
0.084
0.238
0.438

Combined Eq. 20.6, Volume 7


Discharge
( m3/s )

( m /s )

(m)

0.000
0.032
0.089
0.164

QES

Q
( m3/s )

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164
3.256
3.345
3.432

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164
3.340
3.583
3.869

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


18 ) Inflow Hydrograph Routing for Secondary Outlet ( Emergency Spillway )
Route the 100 ARI 30 min. post-developed inflow hydrograph through the 2nd primary outlet
Time, t

Inflow, I

Ij + Ij+1

(2Sj /t)-Qj

(2Sj+1 /t)+Qj+1

Outflow

( mins )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

( m /s )

(m)

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105

0.000
1.570
4.323
7.956
7.415
5.901
2.949
1.895
0.689
0.016
0.000

0.000
1.570
5.893
12.279
15.371
13.316
8.850
4.845
2.585
0.705
0.016
0.000

0.000
0.294
3.156
10.668
20.047
26.414
27.910
25.928
22.294
17.313
12.304
8.016
4.547
1.988
0.410
0.077
0.014
0.003
0.003

0.000
1.570
6.186
15.435
26.039
33.363
35.264
32.755
28.513
22.999
17.328
12.304
8.016
4.547
1.988
0.410
0.077
0.014
0.003

0.000
0.638
1.515
2.384
2.996
3.475
3.677
3.414
3.109
2.843
2.512
2.144
1.735
1.280
0.789
0.167
0.031
0.006
0.000

10.45
10.53
10.84
11.42
11.97
12.31
12.38
12.28
12.09
11.82
11.52
11.23
10.96
10.73
10.56
10.47
10.45
10.45

Stage, RL

Stage, RL

Discharge,Q

(m)

(m)

( m /s )

(m )

( m3/s )

10.45
10.55
10.65
10.75
10.85
10.95
11.05
11.15
11.25
11.35
11.45
11.55
11.65
11.75
11.85
11.95
12.05
12.15
12.25
12.35
12.45

0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00

0.000
0.767
1.085
1.329
1.535
1.716
1.880
2.030
2.170
2.302
2.427
2.545
2.658
2.767
2.871
2.972
3.069
3.164
3.340
3.583
3.869

0.00
168.08
343.83
527.37
718.82
918.33
1,126.01
1,342.00
1,566.42
1,799.39
2,041.06
2,291.54
2,550.97
2,819.47
3,097.16
3,384.19
3,680.67
3,986.74
4,302.52
4,628.13
4,963.72

0.000
1.888
3.377
4.845
6.327
7.838
9.386
10.977
12.613
14.298
16.034
17.822
19.665
21.563
23.519
25.533
27.607
29.742
32.023
34.437
36.961

Peak outflow for 100 year ARI post-developed =

3.677

m3/s

@ RL =

100 year ARI pre-developed outflow limit =

5.028

m3/s

OK

Storage,S

(2S /t)+Q

Depth

12.38

72
REFERENCE

1. Urban Stormwater Management Manual For Malaysia (MASMA 2000), JPS Malaysia,
Volume 4, 5, 7 & 10

52

DESIGN OF DETENTION POND


20 ) SUMMARY OF DETENTION POND DESIGN CALCULATION
unit
CATCHMENT DETAIL
Catchment Area, A =
PRE-DEVELOPMENT
tc = 92.5 x L / (A1/10 x S 1/5)
Length of flow path from catchment, L =
Slope, S =
Time of Concentration, tc =
Use Time of Concentration, tc =
Rainfall Intensity for 10 ARI,

50

12.141

ha.

Eq.14.6, Vol.5
0.810
6.423
40

km
m/km
min.

60

min.

I60 =

83.88

mm/hr

Rainfall Intensity for 50 ARI, 100I60 =

100.54

mm/hr

Maximum inflow for 10 ARI, Q10 =

3.776

m3/s

Maximum inflow for 50 ARI, Q50 =

4.587

m3/s

POST DEVELOPMENT
to = (107 x n x L1/3) / (S1/2)

Eq.14.1, Vol.5
Length of Road, Lo =
n=
Slope, S =
to =

td = Ld / V

12.192
0.015
3.25
2.05

m
%
min

Eq.14.5, Vol 5
Length of drain, Ld =
Velocity of flow, V =
Duration of drain flow, td =

809.55
1.00
13.49

m
m/s
min

Time of concentration, tc =

16

min

Use Time of Concentration, tc =

30

min.

tc = to + td

Rainfall Intensity for 50 ARI,

50

I30 =

156.64

mm/hr

Rainfall Intensity for 100 ARI, 100I30 =

172.24

mm/hr

Maximum inflow for 50 ARI, Q50 =

7.549

m3/s

Maximum inflow for 100 ARI, Q100 =

8.3557

m3/s

Estimated Storage Volume for 50 ARI, Vs =

3,864

m3

Estimated Storage Volume for 100 ARI, Vs =


Pond depth, y =
Side Slopes, S =
Bottom area of the pond, A1 =
Top area of the pond, A2 =
Pond area with 6.0 m width for maintenance
around the pond area to be provided =
Pond's area to be provided =
Pond's area to be provided in acres =
Pond area required =
Type of primary outlet pipe and size
No. of outlet

4,834
2.000
4(H) : 1(V)
1,643
3,406

m3

5,064

m2

SIZING OF DETENTION POND

m
m2
m2

m2
5,064
1.25
acres
1.26
acres
750mm dia. R.C. Pipe
2