TIGRAI DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (TDA

)

A PROJECT PROPOSAL ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF DRY LATRINE FACILITY, ESTABLISHMENT OF POTABLE WATER AND SUPPLY OF SCHOOL FURNITURE TO PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF TIGRAI

October, 2009 Mekele, Tigrai, Ethiopia

252 (USD 26. Project Duration: 6 months after grants are secured 8. Eastern and Southern Zones of Tigrai District: A total of 46 weredas 6. South Eastern.500. establishment of potable water points and supply of school furniture to primary schools of Tigrai 2.Project Profile 1. Box: 469 Telephone: 034-440-63-75/034-440-26-71 Cell phone: 0914 30-01-81/0911-20-08-17 Fax: 034-440-79-77 Town/City: Mekele. there will be a total of 2900 project beneficiaries every year in one primary school 7. Ethiopia 4. Therefore. O. Western.820 (This is including the cost for one segregated toilet for girls) 2 . Total Project Cost: Birr 335. Funding Agency: UNICEF 5. Project Location: Region: Tigrai Zone: North Western. Executive Director of TDA Address: P. Tigrai. Beneficiaries Information: The direct beneficiaries of one First Cycle Primary School are 400 school going children every year and the indirect beneficiaries are rural dwellers estimated at 2. Project Title: Construction of dry latrine. The Project Implementing Organization: Name of the organization: Tigrai Development Association (TDA) Contact person: Ambassador Tewolde Gebru. construction of dry latrine facilities and establishment of potable water points in lower primary schools of Tigrai in order to mitigate the lower participation rate and the incidence of water borne diseases within the school community 3. Type of the Project: This project deals with the procurement and supply of school furniture. Central.

dry latrine pits and potable water supply. Executive Summary Ethiopia. construction of dry latrine facilities and establishment of potable water points in lower primary schools of Tigrai in order to mitigate the lower participation rate and the incidence of water borne diseases within the school community. home to school distance ranged from 3. Whilst access to primary education has been continuously improving from time to time.252 (USD 26. This project is proposed to meet the felt needs of the primary schools of Tigrai for school furniture. The average cost for these three facilities for one primary school including the cost for segregated toilet for girls is Birr 335. According to the statistics from the Tigrai Regional Bureau of Education. However. these problems are more acute. the total number of governmental and non governmental primary schools increased from 1. despite improving access the expansion of primary education has entailed problems that disturb the smooth functioning of the learning and teaching environment. In Tigrai. we had more than 700 temporary shelter ‘Das’ schools and TDA conducted a very successful Telethon with the theme “From Das to class” to alleviate the problem. it requires the involvement of all development actors. The efforts made to expand primary education has significantly improved access to primary education which is measured in Gross Enrollment Rate (GER). water facilities and segregated toilet for girls. As a result. these schools do not have furniture. TDA will continue to work in strong collaboration with donors.820). has been expanding primary education in the rural and urban areas throughout the country. However. The problem is so extensive that covers most of the rural schools in Tigrai and given the resource limitation of Tigrai Regional National State. dry latrine pits and potable water supply placing heavy challenges to the smooth functioning of the school environment. Net Enrollment Rate (NER) and Home to School Distance (HSD).775 in 2008. However. there exist apparent problem of school furniture. This project deals with the procurement and supply of school furniture.06 to grade eight. Majority of the primary schools constructed suffered from lack of internal school facilities /furniture.1. in its walk to ensure Universal Primary Education. In 2008. In this telethon. TDA was successful in changing about 350 of these schools to normal buildings with the assistance of its members and the community.049 in 2004 to 1. The need is quite enormous because it is the demand of more than 700 primary schools in Tigrai. UNICEF is now requested to cover part of the project cost based on its interest and budget.1 in grade one to 5. dry latrine pits and potable water supply/. 3 . supporters and association members at home and abroad.

000 projects using the resources pooled from different sources in the last 20 years. in line with the thematic area of this proposal.2. These projects improved the livelihood of a very plenty number of poor people and thus contributed to poverty reduction. health and skill training. Majority of TDA’s commitments are in the areas of education. However. TDA implemented over 3.000 adults 4 . Special Accomplishments of Tigrai Development Association (TDA) in Education Tigrai Development Association (TDA) is a community based civil society organization registered as a legal NGO in the Ministry of Justice of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in September 1998 by all the Provisions of the Civil Code of Ethiopia Legal Notice Number 321 of 1960 with a certificate bearing number of 280 that is renewed every year. Since its inception in August 1989. and started the construction of 500 primary schools to convert them from temporary makeshift to standard school buildings using the fund generated during the successful TDA Telethon event. which focuses on education. chemicals and books to 14 secondary schools Initiated and implemented tutorial program in all junior and secondary schools Established and is running one special boarding high school around Mekele for talented students Constructed and strengthened 11 public libraries Renovated and established Internet Cafe in 14 public libraries Conducted prize award programs to encourage healthy academic competition among students Implemented functional adult literacy project among 9. which benefited over 1. Provided grant to 750 primary schools for the execution of school improvement/development plan Constructed additional classrooms in 12 secondary schools Rehabilitated 16 war affected primary schools Conducted school feeding program in 80 drought-affected schools Implemented Basic Education system Overhaul (BESO I) and Basic Education Strategic Objectives (BESO II) projects for 10 years with the assistance of USAID. the special accomplishments of TDA in education sector are outlined as follows: Constructed and furnished 127 primary schools. health and sanitation Constructing libraries in 7 secondary schools Supplied equipment.000 primary schools Running Community School Partnership Program in 150 primary schools.

Most of these diseases and resulting deaths would be quickly eliminated with safe water supplies and dry latrine facilities The absence of school furniture.53% for girls and 105. Consequently.1 km in grade one to 5. 105.06 km in grade eight. The absence of potable water facilities is exposing school children to waterborne diseases.07 % on the average for both sexes.26% for boys. In 2008. there were more than 700 temporary shelter ‘Das’ schools in Tigrai and TDA conducted a very successful Telethon with the theme “From Das to class” to alleviate the problem. and the other stakeholders involved in education sector development initiative to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE). The progress achieved in improving access to primary education is attributable primarily to the commitment of the federal and regional governments.000 OVCs with the support from USAID and World Learning Ethiopia. TDA was successful in changing about 350 of these schools to normal buildings with the assistance of its members and the community. 48% are without proper furniture. 88% of them lack dry latrine facilities and 78% of them lack potable water facility.03% for boys. cholera. The effect of these problems is creating school environment which is not comfortable to school age children. Generally. according to the official statistics of Tigrai Regional Bureau of Education (2008). waterborne diseases such as typhoid. Similarly. (TREB: 2008). In this telethon. forces students to dropout from their education and makes it difficult for children to effectively grasp 5 . 95. toilet facilities and potable water supply/. and a wide array of fatal diarrheal ill-nesses are responsible for the deaths of young children in areas where there is low access to potable water and toilet facility. The number of governmental and non-governmental primary schools has increased from 1049-1775 within the five years included between 2003/04-2007/08. dry latrine facilities and potable water facilities reduces the participation of school age children of both sexes. Problem Statement: Access to primary education has been increasing from year to year. Goal 2 of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG).14 for girls and 94. the governmental primary schools operating in Tigrai are suffering from problem of lack of internal school facilities /furniture. Nonetheless.9% on the average for both sexes. 3.Implemented Ambassador’s Girls’ Scholarship Program to reduce sociocultural impediments of girls’ and women’s success in secondary education Currently launching a new project to support about 2. GER for grade one through grade eight has reached 106. Home to school distance has also been reduced to a range of 3. Out of the total number of governmental schools. NER has grown to 93.

4. equity and quality of education in Tigrai. be impacted in terms of having their livelihoods improved.500 rural households dwelling in the villages around the beneficiary primary school will also be indirect beneficiaries. These are direct beneficiaries from the project in terms of using the learning opportunities created. Nonetheless. The procurement of the school furniture and the construction of the dry pit latrine facilities shall be accomplished as per the 6 . B. Specific Objectives: The specific objective of the project is to create attractive learning environment that stimulates increased participation of students at school level. 7. Use formal biding system to select the least cost bidder for procurement of the school furniture. construction of dry latrine facilities and establishment of potable water facilities based on TDA’s working manuals Use TDA’s engineers to secure quality and timely implementation Work in collaboration with the regional and respective educational offices at wereda level to monitor the progress of project implementation (to see that they fulfill the standards and specifications of the Regional Education Bureau. who are expected. Project Description and Major Activities The activities of this project are procurement and supply of school furniture to beneficiary schools. 5. Beneficiaries of the Project As per the standards of the Tigrai Regional Educational Bureau a First Cycle Primary School (1-4) is supposed to provide learning opportunities to 400 school going children. Project Strategies The project will follow the following strategies. reduce repetition and dropout rate by 2 and 3 percent at school level respectively every year. an average of 2.their lessons and thus increases student repetition and dropout rates. Involve the community at all levels to secure sustainability of the services - - 6. General (overall) Objective: The overall objective of the project is to contribute towards alleviating the problems of primary schools and improve the access. It is also important to note that these problems affect the girls more than the boys. construct dry latrine facilities and establish shallow water well facilities in the schools. Project Objectives A.

300 80. Project cost The cost summary for one school is as follows SN 1 2 3 4 5 Type of facility School furniture Dry pit latrine Segregated toilet for girls Shallow well potable water facility Total for one school Cost for one school in Birr 83. TDA will send regular status report and final/completion report to the donor. 8.820 7 .478 6.892 Cost for one school in USD 6. Project Outputs • Schools furnished with the necessary student desks and other school furniture • Dry latrine facilities with four pits constructed • Dry latrine facilities segregated for girls constructed • Functional potable water distribution points established 9.200 26.796 90. Expected project outcomes • • Conducive environment for teaching learning process created Access.standards and specification of the Ministry of Education. equity and quality of education improved 10. The water wells will be dug and the distribution points will be established following the formal bidding procedures of TDA and in consultation with the respective school communities. TDA will pursue formal bidding separately for the three activities. In accordance with the reporting terms of the project agreement to be signed between TDA and the donor.976 80. TDA in strong collaboration with the respective Wereda Education Offices and School Administrations will be responsible for the monitoring of the implementation of the project activities. To accomplish this task. Continuous supervision and follow up is also another very important activity.478 7.664 6.000 334.

400 4.00 Birr 80.00 12950.840 1.976.3 Cost for dry pit latrine The following is the cost for one dry pit latrine facility Major Activities Involved Excavation and Earth Work Concrete Work(Substructure) Masonry Work Concrete Work (Superstructure) Block and masonry Work Roofing Carpentry Metal Work Finishing Works Painting Electrical Installation Total Total Cost 6005. No Description of the School Furniture 1 84 combined desks 2 1 office shelf 3 2 sponge chairs 4 2 office desks 5 4 teacher’s table 6 4 teacher’s chairs 7 1 record cupboard 8 4 blackboard 9 1 notice board Total 10.00 2814.360 3.60 9416.200 600 Birr 83.00 5710.500 3.000 (USD 7.377) 10.400 2.1 School furniture The following table provides total cost of furniture for one school.00 1300.000 3.00 3600 17361.10.00 13900.2 Cost for potable water for one school The average cost for the construction of one shallow well facility is Birr 90.00 2200.000 1.00 5720.06 Total cost 63.300 8 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful