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Kalpasar as a prospective Water solution - Saurashtra

A Truly Matchless Project


To create worlds largest fresh water reservoir in sea, by constructing 30 km long dam in the Gulf of Khambhat, to store more than 10,000 MCM of surface water, i.e. 25% of volume of States average annual rain water inflow.

Why Project is required ?

1. Gujarat is a water scarce state, with 6.39% of geographical area, 5% of population & only 2% of water resources. 2. 71% of water resources available in 25% of geographical area of central & south Gujarat. 3. In Saurashtra region per capita water availability is only 540 M3/annum against 1700 m3/annum minimum requirement. 4. In Saurashtra region,only 15 lakh ha agricultural land will cover under irrigation (including Sardar Sarovar Project), against 42 lakh ha agricultural land. Hence, 27 lakh ha agricultural land will remain rainfed.

5. The excessive pumping of groundwater resulted in intrusion of saline water up to 10 km of entire coastal belt of Saurashtra. 6. The water storage capacity of Gujarat state is 20480 Mm3 in 196 medium & major reservoirs, against the total rainwater availability of 38000 MCM per annum. 7. Non availability of any suitable site for major irrigation scheme in the state, the Gulf of Khambhat Development Project is the only option available to store 10,000 MCM rainwater.


Salient features (Tentative)

1 Length of dam between two shores of Gulf Approx. 30 km 2 Top of dam 3 Reservoir features: (i) Full Reservoir Level(FRL) (ii) Maximum Water Level(MWL) (iii) Minimum Draw Down Level(MDDL) (iv) Live storage (v) Storage between MWL & FRL (vi) Reservoir area 100m wide 10 lane road + railway (+) 3.0m (+) 4.0m (-) 4.0m 10500 Mm3 1900 Mm3 2000

4 Bhadbhut Barrage & Narmada Diversion Canal (i) Barrage including earthen dykes 10 to 12 km (ii) Narmada Diversion Canal Discharge 100000 cusecs Length 32 km

5 Irrigation Command (i) Water envisaged for irrigation (ii) Envisaged three garland canal

6558 Mm3

Discharge 4000 to 6000 cusecs Length 600 to 700 km Elevation EL50 m, EL80 m, EL100 m 6 Life of reservoir 7 Ground Water Quality Improvement in Catchment area 8 Land recover between EL + 5.0m to EL+ 8.0m 400 to 500 years 7,00000 Ha

150000 to 200000 ha

9 Reduction in distance Bhavnagar Dahej 200 km Bhavnagar South Gujarat 225 km 10 Ports Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenate, Dahej port will be outside of reservoir, New ports are proposed at down stream of dam. 11 Rivers debouching in the Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhadhar, reservoir Narmada (through diversion canal), Limbadi Bhogavo, Sukhbhadar, Utavali, Keri, and Vagad 12 Construction of dam 5 to 7 years

Estimated Cost of the Project

Earlier the dam was envisaged between Ghogha to Hansot having length of 64 km. wherein tidal power component was combined alongwith development of fresh water reservoir in the Gulf. As per pre-feasibility report of the project, the cost of project was estimated of Rs. 53,000 crore (base year 1998) in which the tidal power component was Rs.33000 crore. Considering, average 8% inflation per annum present cost works out to approximate Rs.1,40,000 crore, in which the tidal power component is Rs.86,000 crore.

Recently, tidal power component is delinked from the project and the dam alignment is shifted northward by 15 km, leads to reduction of length of dam from 64 km to 30 km & height of dam is also reduced from 55 m to 35 m. Considering above the approximate project cost at present is Rs. 50,000 to 60,000 crore.

Benefits of the Project


Irrigation Benefit

Irrigation Benefit
10.54 lakh ha. land in 39 talukas of 6 districts of Saurashtra region will get irrigation facilities including rejuvenation of rivers and filling of more than 60 existing dams as well as check dams, tidal regulators, spreading channels permanently.

Perceived Agricultural Benefits

Transportation Benefits

Transportation Benefit
Substantial saving in travel time and fuel due to reduction in distance by about 250 km between Bhavnagar and Surat / Mumbai. Trillions of Rupees shall be saved in fuel cost not considering time saved. If one considers that, it shall far reach any calculations. Adding to that development of Saurashtra region shall multifold these benefits.

After the completion of dam and Bhadbhut Barrage, the route from Bhavnagar to Surat will be BhavnagarDahejHansotOlpad Surat. It is not only Bhavanagar but is true for Rajkot,Junagadh,Veraval,Amreli .. New coastal highway will be developed to connect present petro-chemical hub Hazira (Surat) to future petro-chemical hub PCPIR (Dahej). 10 lane road is proposed on the top of the dam. 75000 vehicles per day is estimated for year 2020, and 1,00,000 vehicles per day for year 2030.

The toll-tax generation is estimated approximately Rs. 1500 crore for year 2020 and Rs. 2000 crore for year 2030. Considering 10% I.R.R., Capital investment of Rs.15,000 crore to Rs. 20,000 crore may likely available from transport component (30% to 40% cost of the project)

Land Reclamation Benefits

Gulf of Khambhat is one of the Gulf in world having maximum tide of 11 m and the average tide of 8.8 m . During the high tide and flood in Narmada, Mahi, Sabarmati river etc., the sea water rise up to level of +7.0 m to +8.0 m from MSL. After closure of the Gulf of Khambhat, land which is frequently submerged during high tide will be permanently opened. About 1.5 to 2 lakh hactre land along the periphery of reservoir will be opened which can be used for the project development.

Land recovery (As per BISAG Study)

Value Addition Of Land

Projects in vicinity of Kalpasar project
Dholera SIR Fedara International Airport PCPIR at Dahej SEZ, GIDC etc. Delhi- Mumbai Industrial Corridor

Proposed 10 lane road for AhmedabadBhavnagar route 2000 sq. km worlds biggest fresh water reservoir (in sea) with 6-lane periphery road of 270 km long Solar and Wind power, Tourism, Bio-fuel park, Transportation, Fisheries etc. project components / benefits


Benefit -Reduction in Salinity

In coastal region of Saurashtra and Central Gujarat, saline ground water will be converted into sweet water, resulting reduction in inland salinity

Benefit- Port Development

Project presents highly attractive locational attributes for port development downstream of the dam such as increased water level, lower current velocity, reduced sedimentation

NIO MODEL STUDY i. Model study results show that after the construction of the dam the tide level increases at all the port locations. ii. The currents decrease at the locations near to the dam (Bhavnagar, Ghoga). iii. Sediment transport results indicate that the sediment concentration reduces in the southern gulf (outside the dam) with a maximum reduction at Dahej and Gogha. Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenated, therefore this region will be speedily developed

Benefits- Generation of Non-conventional Energy

Wind and solar power would be generated which will also be used for lifting of fresh water of reservoir.

Wind Energy
Wind energy is planned to be used for pumping of irrigation water. Approximately 250 crore unit will be required for lifting irrigation water. As per Suzlon study, 1600 MW with an estimated cost of about Rs. 9000 crore can be generated by installing wind mills/ solar units. Wind mill will have added benefit of its installation after dam construction.

Benefits-fisheries Development
Fish production to the tune of 3,00,000 tonnes per annum amounting to Rs.22,500 Million at full development stage Direct employment to approximately 1,00,000 beneficiaries and indirect employment to approximately 3,00,000 beneficiaries.

Per Capita Availability of WaterWater 2001) Per Capita Availability of (Year

730 m3/Annum


North 343 m3/Annum Gujarat




540 m3/Annum





Central & South Gujarat 1880 m3/Annum

Note :

As per M. Falkenmark if renewable freshwater availability falls below 1000 M3 per capita, water supply begins to hamper health, economy growth and human well being.