Rebuildi ng the Plot: Participation in Regeneration?

Daniel Taghioff, MA Anthropology of Media 103497, School of Oriental and African Studies August 2004 I confirm that this dissertation consists of my own work, and that where the work of others has been used, that it is referenced fully in the text.

Daniel Taghioff, MA Anthropology of Media, School of Oriental and African Studies

Acknow ledgement s:

I’d like to thank Donal Savage and Elizabeth Fitzgerald for giving me so much help in West Hendon. I’d like to thank Mark Hobart for giving me the benefit of his ruminations and Marjorie Mayo for her wise guidance. I’d like to thank Sabrina Fitzgerald, Rev. James Fullam, Fereidoon Mostowfei and Colin Parsons for being good sports and participating. I’d like to thank Derek Chung for welcoming me in, and helping me to understand. I’d like to thank the Detached Youth Team in West Hendon for their good humour and patience. But most of all I’d like to thank Olivia and Alva, just because.

Abbrev iat ions :
ITA MWH RA Independent Tenant’s Advisor Metropolitan West Hendon Resident’s Association

Figures :
Figure 1: Map of West Hendon Figure 2: Aerial Photograph of the Estate Figure 3: Metropolitan West Hendon's most recent vision of the area Figure 4: Street scene Figure 5: Overview giving building heights, from the old master plan Figure 6: Overview from the new master plan 17 18 19 31 32 33

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Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration?

Contents
Cha pter 1: Co ntextu ali sing Urban Contextual Global: Isation towards a state. Imagine there's no heaven. States of Mediation States of Development So what does this mean for this study? Cha pter 2: Bu ild ing M ethod s Cha pter 3: Plott ing the field . Some Basic Background to the Regeneration Getting to know the regeneration Cha pter 3: Fiel din g the Gro up. Composition of the group Issues that emerged during the Focus Group Creating consensus Representation? History Density Description Difference Cha pter 5: Me diat ion s Discourse: More than just text and reception. United States of Democracy? Inconclusion Bi blio graph y App end ix 1 : The note intr oduc ing my r ese arch App end ix 2 : The Ca st o f C haract ers App end ix 3 : The Pro mpt Pag e App end ix 4 : Tran scr ipti on of the fo cu s group. App end ix 5 : A sa mpl e o f pub licit y mate rial. App end ix 6 : L etter fro m the M P App end ix 7 Artic le in th e Bar net Ti me s
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8 8 10 12 13 14 15 17 17 19 25 25 26 26 27 28 30 34 37 37 38 40 41 45 46 47 50 67 68 70

School of Oriental and African Studies Page 4 of 70 . MA Anthropology of Media.Daniel Taghioff.

Whilst polysemy is contingent on both “sender” and “receiver” that does not erase the possibility of some of the “sender’s” intention being discernable in a discourse-practice. polysemic.) This seems like a curious criticism. in the sense that they are not addressing ongoing institutionalised practices that form persistent relations of power and oppression (Torfing.) This has lead to a consideration of how subjects are constituted inter-textually. 1997. leading to a perspective that tends to overlook the still considerable influence that media output may have. These approaches are attempting to contextualise audience reception studies more broadly and comprehensively. or utterly. belonging and identity. In Morley’s case this is particularly in response to what is portrayed by him as an overly liberal and de-politicised approach within the “active audience” type debates (see Morley . but also in relation to other practices. Polysemy seems to abound in discourse-practice (Hobart. I use the words therefore to give emphasis rather than distinction. Also one of the key influences on Stuart Hall’s encoding/decoding 1 I need to make a clarification about terminology here. in that I follow Laclau and Mouffe’s sense of their being no essential distinction between them (1985.) However I also do not see all things as equally. I use “discourse” and “practice” somewhat interchangeably.) and in terms of how “audiences” tend to contextualise and re-contextualise the messages they “receive” (Fiske. between discourses1 not only of and about the mass media. This can be seen as part of a general criticism of so called “post-modern” approaches as being de-politicised.). Page 5 of 70 . 1991. 2000) focussing on the social construction of senses of home.) He sees this as placing too much emphasis on the ability of audiences to recontextualise media output. especially when considered in relation to other hegemonic discursive practices. 1999: 291. This does not mean that I consider them both “meaningful” in the sense of fully containing the intention of their agent. 1999a. even if it is not ultimately determinable.) Work has been done to explore some of the discursive practices that are often implicated in the ways that audiences contextualise media messages (Morley. The inadequacy of considering subjects only or mainly as audiences has been thoroughly explored: In terms of the ways that media organisations tend to construct audiences (Ang. 1991.criticising Fiske-. in that much of Foucault’s work attempted to deal with precisely these types of enduring practices. 1992 : 26–29.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Introduct ion One problem within Media Studies is conceptualising the subject in audiencehood (Hobart.

and on Cultural Studies in general.) But how can this sense of the contingency and particularity of discourse be reconciled with a sense of enduring hegemonic practices? Page 6 of 70 . 2003: 18. School of Oriental and African Studies paper.Daniel Taghioff. an inquiry into democratic practices and their subject positionings. MA Anthropology of Media. in order to allow inquiry into the ways in which they themselves articulate their lives. This has taken the form of criticism of the encoding/decoding model.) His work on articulation and discursive practices actually emerged in relation to a consideration of the discursive construction of polity and citizen. leading to an overly mechanical sense of communication (see Reddy. as relying on overly mechanical notions of social positioning. 2003.) Within media studies Laclau’s work has contributed to limiting the ways in which people are pre-articulated theoretically. 1990. This seems to be an attempt to address ongoing practices.) which obscures much of the contingency and particularity of discursive responses to messages (Hobart. has been the work of Ernesto Laclau (Hobart. 1979. and particularly their social positioning. constitutive of what “we” consider to be “the social” (Laclau.

I broadly. however. by combining an ethnographic and audience reception approach to studying the consultation process of an urban regeneration project. erase a historical body-self as a continuity. inquiry. historically/agentively produced (Laclau and Mouffe. Chapter 4 will describe the composition of the focus group. in and of the discussions in a focus group setting. I do not see a necessary relation between positing continuity-memory (as a basis for active contextualisation) and essentialising a reified subject. 2 The issue of agency in discourse is tricky. for now. giving an account of the lead-up to the focus group. hopefully involving those likely to be affected by the outcomes (Abbot.”(Baudrillard. Chapter 2 will review the methodological decisions I made during this work. in relation to the particularity and contingency of their2 mobilisation.) This study attempts to start to consider these strands in relation to one another. Things can look very different within different discussions. 1985) and without necessary relation to the “real. and makes talking about discourse tiresome. so objects are transformable (Bakhtin.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? One way into this question might be to look at how “audiences” are influenced by those practices implicated in the empty signifier of “democracy. whilst taking in the radical contingency of the discursive. Page 7 of 70 . settle for Morley's (1992: 59-72) conception of subjects in history interpolated by and interpolating subject positions in discourse . Chapter 1 will critically consider a range of theorisation that seems relevant to the study.” (Torfing. Chapter 5 is a discussion of some of the more general implications of this work. ethnographic and documentary.) One example is the practices surrounding the idea of participation or consultation in “public” decision making. but also in relation to a more historical. and my attempts to construct a “balanced” group. 1986). 1996. Chapter 3 will describe the ethnographic part of my work.) This does not. in order to establish a theoretical explanation of using an “audience reception” type of approach to study a consultation process. before discussing thematically the issues emerging from it in relation to the ethnographic work and relevant documentary sources. This seems to allow opportunity to address these issues discursively. This is aimed at allowing a sense of the endurance of the discourses that seem to be influencing “audience” reception. 1990. I see this as a non-dualistic model of agency that acknowledges both the endurance and historicity of the subjective. in West Hendon in London. 1999: 248.

of how people at the same time are shaped by their surroundings. What is strange about this is that he is describing how people are simultaneously shaped by internal and external forces interacting with one another (is not the hustle of city life to a great extent but an expression of the money economy?) However. Page 8 of 70 . 1903: 20. School of Oriental and African Studies Chapter 1: Contextua lis ing Urban Contextual Global: Isation towards a state. “Such an inquiry must answer the question of how the personality accommodates itself in the adjustment to external forces. or breaks down.Daniel Taghioff.” (Simmel.) Surely Simmel here is aware of two distinct ways of approaching “the individual” and yet he turns to biology to try and reconcile the tension between them. whereas in rational relations man is reckoned with like a number. like an element which is in itself indifferent. He then argues that this fits with the effects of the money economy. the individual. 1903: 20. struggles with the problem of if the metropolis builds up.” (Simmel. he still insists on maintaining the notion of the individual as causally distinct from the surroundings. “ All intimate emotional relations between persons are founded on their individuality. An examination of an urban regeneration project implies some reference to urban Sociology. through their understanding of it. He argues that people are rendered physiologically “blasé” by the mass of impressions that the city present to their nervous system.” Simmel's classic article (1903) on The Metropolis and Mental Life. This seems to present barriers to an analysis of how people shape their surroundings through their understanding of it. One area that has been treated extensively within urban Sociology is the relation between an “individual” and “the urban context.) So clearly this is a work based on the notion of an individual distinct from their surroundings. or. and so flat and lacking in particularity. which makes all things exchangeable for one another. via it’s influence on the Chicago School. which has gone on to influence contemporary urban Sociology. to mirror the dualism. MA Anthropology of Media.

Giddens. it seems to me. Examples would include the constructions of individualism that correspond with Amely Rorty's exposition of notions of the self as an accumulation of “properties.” as place devoid of particular content and thus amenable to commodification and exchange (See Sacks. and thus exchangeability. are what allows these writers to assume there is some sort of natural context to which they can refer to. either locally or globally fixed and unitary) urban context.g.) Another example would include the notion of “space. and pristine in their generalisability. more or less stable. Writing on Globalisation often seems to posit the Global or Modern as a determinable endpoint to the processes that they describe (e. 1990) as a discourse built around two main elements: 1) The notion of processes tending towards equilibrium.) (For criticism of equilibrium Ecology see Forsyth.e. like Dickens. separate from the contextualising activities of those involved. this imputed equilibrium state. notions of an equilibrium. This implies some sort of social equilibrium determined by some more or less fixed underlying context. and working within.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? In order to explore this problem further.” (1976. with other objects expressed via these units.) Another example is a notion of “human instinct. 2) A set of basic units that operate as the basis of exchange processes tending towards. 1997. 1986. 1990: p.) All these. This comes out explicitly in the Urban Ecology influences in Chicago School thinking (Dickens. non-negotiable and determining reality external to the agents involved.) There are problems that follow on from these elements: 1) This notion of a climax state tends to posit one specific.) It also can be seen in the Sociological writing that.” (See Dickens. This brings the problem of Page 9 of 70 .) a notion that tends to be devoid of particularistic content. These units are often devoid of particular features. some sort of climax or steady state. I am treating what I have selected from writing on urban Sociology (mainly from Dickens. 1990: 32-34. and mainly used in the construction of a standard individual (an oxymoron. sees people tending towards a condition formed by the (i. 2003: 63-68.

the idea that things can ever stand still.” are respectively fixed or avoided. So time. 1970: 330-373.e.) Imagine there's no heaven. In the case of subjects/people/agents etc. 1976.) In other words there seems to be irresolvable tension between the general and particular in the construction of the notion of “the individual. This tends to bring about a doubling of the subject (Foucault. 1993: 44-47. The resort to space and time distanciation mainly as a cause of a universal need for social 3 There is not much evidence that time exists if one abandons the notion of “nontime” i.) This tension seems to arise from overlooking the ways in which subjects (and objects for that matter) are continually constituted and re-constituted discursively (Hobart. are determined by events largely beyond our face to face.) However Giddens's ideas seem to mask as much as they reveal. In that light one could just as well argue that we exist in one unending but ever-changing moment.” (Baumann. An issue that is picked up and runs as a theme throughout Dickens’s Urban Sociology is Giddens's idea of space-time distanciation i. This becomes particularly acute in the ways in which the notions of “context” and “contextualisation. MA Anthropology of Media. from this perspective. rational and rationalising “self “(again by Rorty's scheme.Daniel Taghioff. uses this to construct a notion of an overarching human instinct that is explanatory of the human need for social order and hierarchy (Dickens. Page 10 of 70 .) There is a tension between the notion of a unique “individual” (In Rorty's terminology) conscience. unsurprisingly. as a point for the interpretation of principle. or even mental. horizon. as expressed by Dickens. 2) The standardisation of these units tends. 1990. for a control and understanding of the contexts of our lives. to mask their particularity. space and time3. that our lives. and the notion of a standardised. in a modern and inter-connected world.) A tension that was found even in the earliest writings within the liberal tradition (Winch.e. What is interesting in this is that he is basing his ideas on two basic units of exchangeability. 1997.e. School of Oriental and African Studies a dualism between that which is “natural. seems like another way of dividing up our lives into standard units amenable to exchange. 1960. He posits this as leading to the increased activation of a universal human instinct for ontological security i. Giddens.” and that which is “cultural” or socially produced.

2000: 93 – 100. shielded behind an ontological need for some sort of overall “equilibrium” or state of reality. This seems like a nice way to explain the social order as being natural. 1999b. The account then leads to a universal instinct that all “individuals” share. whilst. quantifiable and exchangeable units. qualitative and synthesising discursive forces that would seem to shape events at all scales. where those whose discussions affect the way things are done globally are immune from scrutiny.) This again seems to defend some sort of ontological status quo. in the absence of any explanation of how it is actively and discursively constituted. in his ideas around structuration. excludes viewing it as an effect of the discursive aspects of globalisation. 2002.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? order. by positing structure as something distinct from agency (Hobart. His ideas of structuration reproduce the sense of an overall background reality. diverting attention away from strategically active agents constitutive of that status quo. Giddens's framework seems well suited to masking the discursive aspects of power. The blunt notion of instinct is used to easily explain away how people come to understand their own needs. and towards the analysis of agency in relation to more immediate constraints. rather than taken as an a priori reality (Bogason. Here the actions of actors and their qualitative discussions are seen as significant. It serves to mask the political processes that give rise to Globalisation i. and they don't do this in isolation from their environments. national and international processes of negotiation (see Stiglitz.e. or in isolation from how these are represented to them. by themselves and others. The differences encountered are precisely negotiations over Page 11 of 70 . What is missed out is an explanation of how a general need for order is translated into the myriad of specific practices that make up people's lives. somewhat pan-optically. But the rest of us are subject to scrutiny. and so worthy of scrutiny. might mask the very particular. Clearly they don't necessarily do this as individuals. or contexts.) It is not surprising that a view incorporating metaphors of splitting things down to basic. It is interesting that Giddens’s work on Globalisation stands in contrast to his work at a more “local” level.) This seems to lead to a pan-optical structure in Giddens's work. This is a particularly pressing point when considering local participation in a regeneration process.

which is built around a notion of codes determined by a fairly singular contextualisation of what social “positioning” is. What the future reality. Nor is it to say that people face total freedom of meaning and interpretation in relation to their life situation. obscures important issues: How is the regeneration process contextualised by local people. or type of context. The division between an individual and a sense of their environment. due to the specific circumstances of their lives and occupations (1992). One example is Stuart Hall's Encoding-Decoding model. School of Oriental and African Studies people's needs for secure and familiar homes. in this view. This is not to say that there is necessarily no relation between positioning and the interpretation of messages. or the types of interpretive resources available. MA Anthropology of Media. by others? States of Mediation The issue of active contextualisation also causes problems within the study of the Media. and how is it being contextualised to them. Morley makes this case in his Nationwide study (which employs a focus group methodology. can be found in models of communication that are current within Media Studies. isolated from “outside” articulations of their positioning. and the ways in which these needs are negotiated as part of a highly politicised process. and thus the types of “reading” people will make of messages. But the ways in which people interpret their own positioning confounds any simplistic determinate model of class and other social / structural categorisations. In other words almost the entirety of the local context is part of the negotiation. They are not. once it has been produced via these discursive processes. so an approach that takes a form of equilibrium. as given. and their sense of their positioning is contingent on discursive processes.) with the differences in responses between more oppositional shop stewards. as a given background state separate from their actions or interpretations. and more accommodative union officials. or ontology. for instance. Despite both groups explicitly being members of the same “class for themselves. security and familiarity mean that are at stake. will be.” these two groups diverged in their interpretations. Thus the various and contingent ways in which people actively Page 12 of 70 .Daniel Taghioff. is also at stake. He points out that audiences will respond to messages by mobilising codes based on historical and current articulation of their positioning. It is precisely these sorts of negotiations of what. Morley examines the problem of a notion of “positioning” being viewed as distinct from the discursive processes they are supposed to influence.

is in a sense. He. in terms of its non-specific reference to an ideal (Torfing. he seems to universalise in a way that blocks any sense of the contextualisation of participation by those involved in “participation. especially around participation and empowerment. portrayed as determining which type of participation would be appropriate. Mosse points out that this assumption of community can be manipulated to construct the outcomes of “participation. John Abbot's Sharing the City attempts to address the issue of participatory processes taking place in a variety of contexts.” Surely a large part of any participation is precisely a negotiation of what the context of the participation is. Thus an uncritical contextualisation of participation. However. 1999: 282. be involved. reaching towards a sense of Participation as an empty signifier i. or through the manipulation of public discourse by elite groups within the “communities” concerned. This is especially so for those whose interests may be less likely to be articulated in public (e. discursively. to generate a context for discussions of “community” needs. Development savvy Governments. and the implication of a need for a variety of approaches to participation.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? contextualise their own positioning is significant in any study of “audiences. for instance.g.” either by “facilitators” working towards organisational priorities. therefore. women.) A more dynamic (less state-like) and more antagonistic view of “communal” life. Approaches such as participatory rural appraisal are aimed at helping people to articulate their own resource positioning.e. that it is useful.) However he opts to set up a classification of different contexts. as occurring within communal consensus. are Page 13 of 70 . might lead on towards a more careful consideration of the various interests that may be in play in the situation. This might sensitise enquiry to the various contextualisations that may. This seems to embody some valuable experience of what has and has not worked in various situations. This takes place within a type of focus group or group interview setting. can lead to such processes becoming less than participatory for many of those involved.” States of Development One area where people's articulation of their own positioning has taken on significance is in debates on Development.

2001: 185. Page 14 of 70 . such “global” influences have to operate via specific discursive threads within the situation anyway.) So what does this mean for this study? It would be tempting here to try and analyse this process based on the preceding criticism of Giddens's discourses on globalisation. so it seems to me to be more fruitful to examine the various types of discourses mobilised and mobilising in relation to the regeneration's consultation project. especially in response to recent development agendas on “Good Governance. when so little attention is paid to the views of the people who do participate? (See Abram. seems like a valid position from which to critically analyse the discourses found around urban regeneration (see for instance Taylor. so influential in Dickens’ overview of urban Sociology. 2002.Daniel Taghioff. Indeed the ex-nomination of the influence of neoliberal discourses.) Unfortunately.” (Stiglitz. MA Anthropology of Media. for the purposes of this study. and only then to reflect on what implications this might have for more general discussions. where the question has been raised: Why the great emphasis on public participation in planning policy. Also. this does not realise the goal of investigating how the people involved contextualise their situation. School of Oriental and African Studies likely to want to portray themselves as being open to participation. 2002.) This may well be an issue within the context of UK planning policy. within the decision-making related to governance.

which is engaged in negotiation with the company running the regeneration. My first key informant. I adopted this approach to avoid fixating on one “text” as the main determinant of the “discursive formation” and rather to look at inter-textuality.) the local press (appendix 7) and correspondence from the local MP (appendix 6. and first suggested the possibility of the study to me. I simply did not have the resources available for random sampling (Bryman.) I used a snowballing methodology in putting together my focus group.” (Morley. 2000. This was due partly to the types of theoretical reflections given before. nor am I sure Page 15 of 70 . 1992: 97. 2001. or the various discourses in play in the situation.) I also triangulated the focus group with the various meetings and discussions I encountered during my ethnographic work. as it allows the researcher some insight into the discussions that go on between members of an “audience. in relation to the ways in which people make consumption choices (Holbrook & Jackson.) interplay. Elizabeth Fitzgerald. A focus group is a useful methodology. Donal Savage. 2003.) Focus group research has also found favour in studies of the social construction of space.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Chapter 2: Build ing Met hods I approached this research with a focus group methodology in mind. sources such as the Urban Regeneration Handbook (Roberts and Sykes. I focussed on documentary sources that might indicate what sorts of discourses were “in play” around the regeneration.) I attempted some level of “external validation” or rather triangulation of the responses from the focus group by following up documentary sources. Metropolitan West Hendon (MWH. She pointed out that looking for participants in a non face-to-face manner was unlikely to produce a good response rate in this type of study. My second key informant. and what I could glean of “their” (see footnote 2 in the introduction.) MWH's own publicity material (Metropolitan West Hendon. I was unable to devote time to going through sections of the final text with them to check my interpretation against theirs. has lived in the area for three years. Whilst I obtained informed consent from those participating in the research for what I have included here. helped me to assemble a focus group. 1996. She is active in the Resident's Association (RA).) I lived for the year in West Hendon. as recommended to me by Professor Marjorie Mayo at Goldsmith's.

Page 16 of 70 . MA Anthropology of Media.Daniel Taghioff. School of Oriental and African Studies they would have had the time and goodwill to devote to this.

according to the regeneration body. and the Welsh Harp. Oak Lane frames it at the southern end.com The map above (figure 1) gives a sense of West Hendon Broadway. Some Basic Background to the Regeneration Figure 1: Map of West Hendon.page 19) gives the planned layout of the estate. is between the Broadway.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Chapter 3: Plott ing the fie ld. The estate. The image below that (figure 3.) Page 17 of 70 . which is going to be knocked down and rebuilt. which will be partially demolished and remodelled for traffic flow purposes. (The arrow in the top-right indicates north.multimap. to give more of a sense of the scale of the project. a reservoir that serves as a leisure and wildlife spot in the area. Source: www. See figure 2 below for an aerial photograph of the area.

Daniel Taghioff, MA Anthropology of Media, School of Oriental and African Studies

Figure 2: Aerial Photograph of the Estate, Source www.multimap.com

The estate is going to go from around 650 homes to over triple that number, although this final figure has been the subject of quite some discussion. The building work is due to take place after the planning applications are complete, and is broadly scheduled between 2006 and 2014, subject to completion of the negotiations around the planning application and the types of timing problems often associated with such projects. The West Hendon regeneration is one of four regeneration projects going on in the borough of Barnet, with others in Stonegrove, Graham Park and Dollis Valley. I would like to leave my account of the background here, to try to avoid pre-interpreting the situation too much.

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Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration?

Figure 3: Metropolitan West Hendon's most recent vision of the area (August 2004.) Source: Metropolitan West Hendon's website.

Getting to know the regeneration
I started by attending a meeting for traffic planning on the 29th of October 2003 (incidentally 5 nights after Diwali and the 3rd day of Ramadan, in an area with both a Hindu Mandir and a Mosque on the Broadway.) The meeting was at 215 West Hendon Broadway, which is the main information distribution point for the regeneration team, as they term themselves. The meeting was to present a computer simulation, to show how traffic flow would be improved by the building work. What struck me about those turning up was that they were all white and all seemed over 50 years old (Donal (35) and I (28) felt somewhat out of place.) The computer model, presented by external traffic consultants, at first seemed to inspire awe in those present. It was presented as “factual” and thus seemed hard to question. A discussion ensued, where it emerged that this was a model for morning traffic. When I asked about evening traffic, the consultants admitted that they had no model for this, but that it would be “about the same but in the opposite direction.” At this point a discussion ensued, where residents challenged as to if the system would be able to deal with future increases in traffic numbers
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Daniel Taghioff, MA Anthropology of Media, School of Oriental and African Studies

etc. Discussing this afterwards, Donal and I were shocked at the profile of those attending (perhaps people working don't have the time or energy, perhaps nonBritish people feel excluded,) and at the impression that the traffic model had been produced mainly for presentation purposes, as it had not been produced very thoroughly, covering all times of the day.

I went to see Derek Chung on the afternoon of the 20th of July. He is one of the two most active members on the RA, I had seen one of his newsletters up in the window of the community centre on the estate. He welcomed me in, and we sat in his living room as he explained to me his responses to the regeneration process. He explained to me that initially the density of housing had been 2500 homes and that this had been reduced to around 2100 when the first planning application had been rejected. He pointed out that some of the residents had been living in their houses for 32 years, and as such they had made a major financial and emotional investment in their homes. He then started to explain some of the conflicts over the design of the new homes. He pointed out that the initial proposal for window sizes and room sizes would have reduced them considerably, and that he was fighting to keep them the same as they had been. He pointed out that the houses were currently very pleasant inside, and that the residents weren't willing to have worse, after they had moved. He raised the issue of the shape of the rooms: Even if the floor space remained the same, a change of shape in room meant that the new home would be unsuitable, that it wouldn't “fit” the residents. He used the image of trousers being the wrong shape, of having one long leg instead of two shorter ones. I was surprised by how nice the homes were once you were inside them, in contrast with my initial pre-conception of the estate as being run-down and poor. This “sample of one” seems to support the need for a discussion of how areas are constructed as “problem areas” and who exactly goes about doing that.

Derek also pointed out that the regeneration process had been much less consensual than MWH and the council had been presenting it as. He said that when the original plan, for all four regeneration projects within Barnet, had been placed before the council, the vote had been split evenly down the middle, five councillors for and five against. The Chairman gave the casting vote for the regeneration. He was also suspicious of the voting process, pointing out that
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and then moved back into properties on the estate once building work was completed. She explained how the she had held MWH to account over the size of the public spaces in the area. alongside where people lived. The overall impression she gave me was that opposition and scrutiny from the RA had been necessary to keep MWH within minimum legal boundaries. I also discussed Page 21 of 70 . I went on to Interview Elizabeth Fitzgerald. Since I had encountered mainly middle-aged men in my initial work. that they were below certain legal minimum standards. and I assume that this is why he uses the metaphor of a child. I decided to ask Elizabeth. He mentioned that the “decanting” meetings had been put off. and that this was perceived as disempowering for the RA. She also explained that she had held them to account over the Welsh Harp being a site of special scientific interest. by implication. “If you offer a child a stick of Broccoli or an Ice Cream. what are they going to choose?” He felt that residents hadn't been very well informed about the project. and the ways in which they already belonged to existing political affiliations in relation to the regeneration. He felt that they coached people as to how they should respond and that the project was sold to people: As he put it. MWH had not been pro-active about it's own compliance. but issues of gender and age.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? employees of the council or MWH went around following up the polling. rather than Derek. and that this meant that they could not build anything within 60 feet of the water. He then discussed the issue of the way in which the planning process worked. I had realised by this time that the main issue I was facing in terms of putting together a focus group was not so much ethnic representation. These were meetings to discuss the issue of how residents were to be re-housed during the building work. also on July 20th. She seems to be the other person most active in the RA alongside Derek. to participate in the focus group. and that.” I read this to mean that there was a perceived general tendency towards deferral and vagueness on behalf of MWH. and then had much less power to negotiate once the proposals had been “accepted. Residents were required to vote on proposals that were very vague.

Elizabeth also invited me to a meeting between the four RAs. and so would give another perspective on the regeneration. We met Derek and a man called Colin Parsons. and she said she might know younger people. and so would help to round it out as a sample. drawn from on the estate. During the car journey to the meeting. or people that were for the regeneration who might be able to help. of the four regeneration sites in Barnet. Sabrina Fitzgerald. the level of provision of housing to key workers and about the overall costing of the project: Where would all the money from the sale of private housing go? They pointed out that the whole project was based on what they saw as a gift of public land from the Page 22 of 70 . MA Anthropology of Media. So I introduced myself and my work. Whilst I was wary of my group being completely colonised by people connected to Elizabeth. whilst I was playing at a community cricket match put on by the Detached Youth Team.) about the proportion of social housing to private housing to be built. but had to acknowledge that his would be an interesting perspective to have. Elizabeth had explained that Colin was a leaseholder on the Estate. to share a car to the meeting. was likely to have a differing set of perspectives and priorities from the others in the group. I met Elizabeth on the 26th of July to go to this meeting. as a younger woman in the process of completing her law qualifications with work experience at the Crown Prosecution Service. There was a concern about a lack of information about the tenancies on offer. introduced me to her daughter. acting now as one of my key informants. and it seemed that Elizabeth and Derek were also worried that the social housing tenants would not have secure tenancies in the long run: That the trend would be to turn all the properties over to housing association type arrangements. Colin explained to me some of the historical background to the regeneration. I was again wary of the group being taken over by a clique. about the possibility of children inheriting these tenancies (some of this information is available on MWH’s website. although not in any great detail. a further strategy for getting rid of social housing. as part of the summer programme for kids on the estate. due to his different ownership position. as he saw it. I also had to acknowledge that Sabrina. and explained that he saw the regeneration as an extension of this. He pointed out the long history of selling off council housing in this country.Daniel Taghioff. Elizabeth. A discussion opened up within the car. School of Oriental and African Studies this problem with her.

The ITAs pointed out that there was a variety of different standards that might be applicable. By contrast the West Hendon RA was struggling to make sure that their development conformed to minimum legal standards on space and density. and by the residents being unaware of the relevant standards and how they might access them. We arrived at the meeting slightly late. Another issue was that it was difficult for tenants to evaluate the regeneration schemes when they did not have access to accounts of how funds would be allocated within the scheme. These were concerns shared between the RAs. I was disturbed that provision of these types of information was not an integral part of the consultation process. which was likely to basically operate as a property developer. This stymied any discussion of if the schemes would be providing social or key worker housing.) It seemed that most of the residents were. I passed a copy of the Parker Morris standards on to Elizabeth. with considerable support from their ITA. I raised the issue of the individualised approach to negotiating with one of the ITAs. like the Mayor's plan for London. This issue seemed compounded by the lack of a common standard.consultants) present. (after the meeting was finished) and Page 23 of 70 . to get space at the highest standard (Parker Morris) plus 10 %. I had to go to the LSE library. The meeting was the first of its kind and was chaired by a consultant. As the meeting progressed the issue of the density of dwellings and space standards emerged as a major area of concern. There were nine residents and four Independent Tenants Advisors (ITAs . This meant that each RA had negotiated a different space standard for their estate. 1961. to a rolling stack in the lower ground floor and climb up a step-ladder to find a dusty government publication to access a copy of the Parker Morris standards – they are not easily available on the internet. Some of them had negotiated. Barnet’s Unitary Development Plan. at best. or would be more oriented as a private property development. only partially aware of these standards.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? council to a private housing association. They expressed scepticism about MWH's stated ethos. The lack of one clear standard was cited as an issue by the ITAs. and I was introduced as a student doing research on the regeneration. It then emerged that each of the RAs was required to negotiate with their respective regeneration authorities individually. the Housing Corporation standards and the Parker Morris standards (Morris.

and that Marilyn Taylor had written on these types of issues (2002. Elizabeth brought up one of the other issues raised in the meeting: That MWH had made a pledge to residents when they were asked to vote for or against their regeneration proposal. to even keep the homes at the same size as previously. MA Anthropology of Media. better homes.Daniel Taghioff.” She maintained that it was a struggle to hold MWH to that pledge. Page 24 of 70 . School of Oriental and African Studies was informed that this was indeed a long term problem.) On the way back in the car. That pledge was for “bigger. mirroring what Derek had expressed earlier. She did not see how homes were really going to be “better” when the density of housing was going to increase so much.

Page 25 of 70 . in chronological order. (56). Finally there was Father James Fullam. lived on the estate with Elizabeth. but either failed to work out they existed in the area. but was reported by Elizabeth as being for the regeneration in as much as she saw the need for extra housing for young people. and the question I asked was how did they feel about the way in which they had been consulted with by MWH. guided somewhat by my interventions (D=).g. living next to the Church. or to persuade them to participate. The focus group took place in the Corner Cafe on the Broadway.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Chapter 3: F ie ld ing the Group . The contributions are also coded with the first initial of the participants: e.) This was a loose focus. but will pick out what I see as the major themes. at 7. being provided on the private market. which was initially focussed around a page from the MWH website (see appendix 3. Elizabeth's daughter. There was also Fereidoon Mostowfei. who is Iranian and runs a drycleaners on the Broadway. but not on the estate. I recorded and transcribed the interaction. both involved in the RA. but with Colin as a leaseholder whilst Elizabeth was a council tenant. the Catholic priest from the Church on the Broadway. I had Elizabeth and Colin. Then Sabrina. I attempted to contact other faith groups. J=…) I will not go through the transcript chronologically. which are shown in the transcript.g.00 p. The interaction took on a dynamic of it's own. (see appendix 4: Each contribution to the focus group is numbered: e. Composition of the group Appendix 2 gives a slightly fuller profile of those that participated in the focus group.m. another resident. for the sake of easy reference. or failed to contact a representative. and so was somewhat representative of business interests in the area.

it's gonna be great. and in laying down a strategic framework early on. Her impression of them was of making vague promises about the future without going in to any detail. Fereidoon confirms this tendency towards vagueness when he points out that business people on the high street were unclear if their premises were to be Page 26 of 70 . in the context of having been visited by local councillors. This mirrors my experience of MWH representatives and also of what appears in their publicity materials.” Father James begins by saying. it's it's saying it's gonna be great..” So there is a sense of the consensus for the project being produced (or rather seduced. without actually really going into detail. without really. without giving any detail of what it will involve. overwhelming. that. 1990.) Indeed from the Urban Regeneration Handbook the first criterion for a successful “strategic partnership” is: “A strategic vision and framework.Daniel Taghioff. that it was put to him how strongly people had voted in favour of the scheme. Furthermore Sabrina's comments: “ (119)S= And. 2003. School of Oriental and African Studies Issues that emerged during the Focus Group Creating consensus “(2) J = They told me that the voting was. However Derek's comments.. MA Anthropology of Media. Baudrilard. uh in favour of.. it's selling an idea. kind of lip-service.. providing a clear picture of the desired outcomes. it's all. Sabrina recounts ((14) in the transcript) how MWH seemed the least prepared during the exhibition when bidding alongside two other companies. but it's.. namely that there was a 62% turnout for the vote (from estate residents) and that 75% were in favour (MWH. This seems to be an ongoing issue in the relation between the RAs and MWH. joint understanding and action. uh the regeneration. I think that's all sort of.. about the way the project was sold to residents.) through a technique of selling the project. encourages partners to align their goals and objectives while making appropriate contributions. Partnerships should be built on shared interests. 2000: 56. problematise this.” (Carter.) It seems there is a strong emphasis here on legitimating the regeneration process as consensual.

which was the basis on which the vote was made. Elizabeth was upset. There seem to be no systems in place to ensure the residents have ready access to all the information and standards relevant to the consultation process.) It seems clear that it is difficult for the resident's to have known what they were voting for. This issue extended into the meeting between the four RAs. and also Elizabeth's earlier concerns about outside spaces.” This issue seems particularly pressing in relation to the pledge that was given to residents. was going to be knocked down. It seems strange that there should be no common standards by which Resident's Associations could negotiate. the details. and what information they do get is perceived as being very vague. that MWH did not seem to be keeping to the terms of the pledge (130. the intricate details will come when they've been given permission to do what they want. The involvement of these groups is necessary to ensure their full commitment to achieving the Page 27 of 70 .) This supports what Derek reported about the difficult negotiations currently under way about what “bigger and better” might mean. Indeed the Urban Regeneration Handbook states as the last criterion of a successful partnership: “Partnerships should involve local residents and community organisations as equal partners. as she had indicated before. Representation? An obvious response to this criticism is that the RAs are there to make sure that the vision continues to include resident's interests. no process from the outset for resident's associations to come together. so it's basically you are now stuck with whatever project we've got.) Elizabeth also explained earlier that she only got involved when she was told that her street. Colin sees this vagueness as a strategy of sorts: “(153)C= The detailed applica. shape and window sizes. from the very start. after having been assured that it would not be (Sabrina reiterates this see 196. share information and form a common position. in terms of room size.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? knocked down (190 & 194. since a full consultation is taking place and resident's are being included at every stage. Ramsey Close. This often requires a change in culture and way of operating to accommodate community participants. Derek maintained that the meeting happened because he and other RAs called for it. when so many changes to the project kept happening along the way.

but say for example the freeholders who. wouldn't. this does not really answer the question of how the RAs can operate as equal partners. and this regeneration group. then it seems that for a meaningful consultation to be carried out. MA Anthropology of Media. they have to. I think that the Metropolitan feel obliged to involve them. (108)D= right. and actively kept on the record as much as is possible. and RAs seen as not. because they're the people. but they never write in the minutes our objections or our concerns.” Now clearly one criticism possibly levelled at those active in the RAs is that they are not representative of the bulk of opinion on the estate: Indeed the way in which the vote has become such a focus of antagonism seems to reflect this. School of Oriental and African Studies jointly established goals and to ensure that they are the principle beneficiaries of whatever action is taken. If they are meant to represent the estates. However. Otherwise there is an imbalance of legitimacy between proposals seen as having an official mandate. Sabrina presented another way of looking at this problem: “(107)S= I think what you were saying about the consultation. so they have to have these people involved. 2000: 56) But Elizabeth's perception of the process is slightly different: “(123)E= They've set up these groups for the residents to go to and the planning and design group.” History Colin. From this point of view. accusing the RAs of not being representative is pretty close to admitting that the consultation has not been managed properly. but if they could get away with it then. (109)S= Is because. supposed to mean we're in on the planning. as someone who has lived on the estate for 20 years and who has had a Page 28 of 70 . but we had a big argument with them in that they take minutes. well not necessarily the tenants. the views of the resident's representatives need to be taken at face value. euuh the management. and they feel obliged. If no election is held. my sort of impression is that. the need to have compulsory purchase orders. I think if they could get away with it they probably wouldn't have consulted anyone. uuhm. they probably. then surely there should also have been a vote for them..Daniel Taghioff. I think that the only reason that the tenants are involved as they are to a limited extent..” (Carter.

(49)E= Who the council? (50)C= The council. they tried numerous different. uhhm this is.. and particularly the metaphor of “looking forward.. seems keen to contextualise the regeneration historically: “(48)C= Originally it wasn't affected.. (53)D= uuhm (54)C= Whichever way or means they did. and that was the process they started.. with past experiments which they've done up North and everything else. since there was no money budgeted for the creation of social housing.5 billion for 2002/3. in the region of £1.” His claim is mirrored somewhat by a report by the House of Commons Council Housing group. it was pointed out by the ITAs that the Regeneration Schemes had no choice but to build high density housing for sale on the private market.) This metaphor seems to have two striking Page 29 of 70 . The urban regeneration literature is focussed on the sensory metaphor of vision. its. this is been tried and tested. well the late seventies they started up looking at this idea. the government. as I say. what since. or income drawn off from council housing.” Colin's point seems to be that the consultation is an empty process in as much as the overall agenda is already set: To “get rid of council properties... The “consensus” on this seems to have been negotiated before any of the regeneration contracts were even put out to tender. projects. 1980.” and thus “looking ahead to the future.Oh the government (52)C= In the eighties. this is just the latest one.” (This is in relation to the work of Lakoff and Johnson. but. It would seem from this that the issue of the increase in housing density. which points out that there has been annual disinvestment. most of which have fallen flat on their face. they’ve. euhm. of June 2004. they've been doing this for the last.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? long standing engagement with the union movement.” This is based on a metaphor of “time as a journey. (51)E= . the government was adamant they was gonna get rid of council properties. The issue of history is interesting from another perspective. During the meeting between the four Resident's associations. was beyond the scope of any consultation to address. involving an increase in private ownership. they was gonna get rid of it.

The other feature is that this metaphor is ultimately all about the future. somewhere that I'd probably like to live. 1991 : 805 – 806. so I mean to have that many new homes in that one area. I mean they.. Another feature of the literature is how everything is portrayed as “new.” not exactly encouraging comparison with. what has gone before (See appendix 5 for an example of this kind of text.Daniel Taghioff. and seems to de-emphasise history. The effectiveness of the public inquiry into the Barnet Unitary Development Plan. never mind actively provided. of 1990.I think. is it 2000? (172) E= 680 at the moment. when you say looking at their website and the pictures. it looks like an area of maybe the city or somewhere that you know like young London. it doesn't. I don't think that comes across here (175) E= .. rather than with a sense of an ongoing consultation where things are genuinely up for renegotiation. What is looked at is an image. to two thousand (173) J in background (174) S= I mean at the moment it's quite dense as it is. I mean.. but from what I have encountered it also seems to be an issue of basic information simply not being available. I think that's one of the things about.. A lack of understanding of the details of planning procedures and standards meant that the inspector felt he needed to take a very active role in scrutinising the plan.” and “unique. a vision rather than an unfolding drama. they look very attractive. was called into question for precisely this.) This could be seen as an issue of expertise.The traffic. 2001: 193-196.. but I think part of it is. Page 30 of 70 .) The issue of local residents not having the support or information they require for operating within arenas of public consultation is not a new one for Barnet. since residents were not put in a position to do so (Webster and Lavers. or learning lessons from the past. and thus is compatible with a notion of a static consensus. uuh part of what doesn't come across from the graphics is how dense it's actually going to be. I mean at the moment there's what 560 homes on the estate and they're going to increase it to. Density Description “(171) S= .” “exciting.) This issue has also been phrased in terms of the issue of “learning planning speak” (Abrame.. and learning from.. MA Anthropology of Media. sorry. School of Oriental and African Studies features..

Source: Metropolitan West Hendon’s website. It is clear that the whiting out of the buildings in the background. as far as I can see. the houses on the Broadway that are going to remain that you realise the actual scale of the development. in part. (177 ) D= Right (178) S= It's what was it made out of? The proper (179) E= Wood (180) S= You now like the plans (181) D= Scale model sort of thing (182) S= Yeah. then when you look at that in comparison to the... and the focus on the blue of the sky and the green of the trees minimises the sense of density and Page 31 of 70 .” Sabrina seems to be making a point of media criticism.And I think the first time that I got that was from the model. one of those.) one of the images from which is reproduced below: Figure 4: Street scene. This is the most “dense” looking image from that page. She is. to the. the plan. referring specifically to the colour printout of a webpage from the MWH site that I had provided as a prompt (see appendix 3.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? (176) S= .

MA Anthropology of Media. Here is an example of the type of overview given there. But what is also interesting is that this type of height data is not easy to find now on the MWH website.) It gave an overview of the area including information about building heights: Figure 5: Overview giving building heights. for the revised master plan: Page 32 of 70 . Source: Metropolitan West Hendon.) there is an overview of the site. 2003. School of Oriental and African Studies maximises the sense of space or naturalness. In a document I obtained when I went to the first meeting about the traffic planning (Metropolitan West Hendon. the height here is represented as being warm and cosy by being in red tones: A communal feeling perhaps. (According to Elizabeth this was due partly to high-rise buildings being placed too close to the Welsh Harp. 2003. based on the old master plan that failed its planning application. from the old master plan.Daniel Taghioff. As Mark Hobart pointed out to me.

if the building's more than five stories high then you cannot get a mortgage for it. I am not going in a building which is five stories high. (321)E= Well you have to or you won't get a mortgage out. (315)E= Even if you're only on the fourth say. This information is highly significant to lease-holding residents on the estate: “(313)E= Isn't there some reason you can't get a mortgage for a council place over the 5th or 4th floor? (314)C= You can't get it over. (319)E= Have you got any guarantee that you will get a. hinting at building heights. that's what I pointed out to them. (316)C= Doesn't matter cos you're in a building. Another overview is given (see figure 3 ) with some shadows on it.” Page 33 of 70 .Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Figure 6: Overview from the new master plan. Source: Metropolitan West Hendon’s Website.. (320)C= I will make sure that I do not end up in a higher building. but there is no direct indication of building heights mapped out on the site.. and thus no clear publicity on building heights for the new master plan. It seems that there is not even a thin description of density present on the website. (317)E= And they're all above that? (318)C= There are some which are only four stories high. said to them I want one which is four stories high or I go on the ground.

Daniel Taghioff. Colin. more cosmopolitan as they explained it. even to rebuild what is here. well personally. as controlling an interview context. when I announced the end of the focus group. (340)F= Injecting 2000 people in this area means more work. (S+E object in background) you have to think it this way. or related to.) From this it seems likely that a regeneration / consultation model that attempts to set up a strong consensus from the beginning (I had actively encouraged them to express differences in opinion at the beginning and throughout the interview) is very likely to lead to the masking of differences Page 34 of 70 . (343)S= . from my point of view.. However. It's just a money making thing. an interesting discussion began: “(334) E= Well the council should be able to get money to re.. (335)S= I'm not against it. and the freeing of the formal context. It's all for profit. (337)S= Uhm... the RA.Yeah.” Suddenly Sabrina and Fereidoon 's differing interests begin to be expressed more strongly... if it's somewhere where my friends will say oh what d'you live in West Hendon. Sabrina) being involved in. MA Anthropology of Media. injecting more money to the area. kind of. (344)F= Yeah? So more shops. (341)S= I just don't. (E in background) that's like a real nice area. if it's going to bring the area up. more people is going to be in this area. from my point of view being. had suppressed difference of opinion.. School of Oriental and African Studies Difference I had been concerned that an overriding consensus had been reached in the group. which emerged when the interview was “over” (the participants gave me permission to use this material... (342)F= This is what I think. due to three of the participants (Elizabeth.. I'm living in London and I know it's going to be over developed and I know that it's a big city and I just want somewhere. (338)F= I think that's what's gonna happen. if it's going to attract more people into the area. (339)S= Well that's. that brings the work.. the over development people are against.. The first thing that this seems to illustrate is that my normative influence within the group. (336)E= Oh well nobody's against it that being knocked and rebuilt.

maybe have first call or whatever and the idea of the area coming up as well like maybe get like I don’t know a lot of people object to to it but from my point of view like some trendy bars or some like like you know kind of more sort of going out like area I.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? of opinion. it's targeting a completely different sort of idea of what.Yeah.” So even for those residents that feel that they have a lot to gain from the regeneration.. 2001.399.. supported by housing association phased ownership schemes etc.) However. this is only likely to be meaningful for them if there is some financial detail provided about how much the new properties are likely to cost. The stress within MWH's publicity material on “the community. would only serve to accentuate this. this is not necessarily a bad thing. and what proportion of them will be social housing. for Sabrina this evaluation is very contingent on detailed information about what these outcomes might be: “(233)S= . for instance because it will stimulate business or result in new places to go out and spend time (381.. affordable accommodation it'll be somewhere get my foot on the property ladder maybe being a resident here will have the opportunity to. perhaps mirroring the problems encountered in participation in development in an international setting (Mosse.) My experience of who it was that participated in MWH's open meetings only reinforced this impression.” as if it were one entity. Fereidoon and Sabrina are not dissenting with what is going to happen: That more affluent people will move into the area.. from where they are standing. in the context of his application for a restaurant license: Page 35 of 70 . key worker housing. This mirrors the concerns raised in the meeting of the four RAs about a lack of financial information about the regeneration proposals. that was what I was quite excited about but I think that's what it was initially but now it just looks like there's no way I'd ever be able to afford one of them on the private market and it's just. perhaps also pushing prices up (see 227.) They are pointing out that. I don't know. Fereidoon gives an indication of the political will behind the regeneration on the part of the council.

did you have to change it to an A3 use? (388) F= Yes. it’s a nightmare. Conservative) and Mr Dismore. (390)F= Yes.. (393) S= . This means that a consultation model that is formed around the idea of an early fixed consensus or vision. pointed out that Barnet has a conservative council and a Labour MP. specifically applying for these things.When you applied for this... so they need more things. so because normally there is lots of objections to that kind of thing. (S breaks in) . (396) E= Yeah. in his own commentary on what is going on.. and that local people are very much aware of this. (389) S= You did.) In addition there had been a certain amount of confrontation between one of the main Councillors pushing for the regeneration (Brian Sallinger.. MA Anthropology of Media. The MP had sent a letter to constituents.Daniel Taghioff.. that this area should be injected with more people. (397) F= With the council. reported in the Local Barnet Times (see Appendix 7. and you pay them thousands of pounds... and a unitary sense of “the community” is unlikely to draw people in. (387) S= .” Donal. did you have to change the land use.And I managed to get it myself. but they encourage that you're saying.) It would seem from all of this that differences of interest are very much driving the regeneration process. School of Oriental and African Studies “(386) F= They're gonna have more coffee shop this and that. I tried it in Camden.. (394) F=. but there is the willingness.Because Camden's.. (391) E= Yeah. It was very easy.. (395) F= It was very easy. (392) F= If you wanted to do it in Camden you had to go to one of these firms. detailing his concerns about the consultation process (see Appendix 6.. or make them feel that the issues that they see as important are being addressed. and that the conservative council would not be upset if more affluent voters moved into the borough. I knew it. Page 36 of 70 . otherwise to get an A3 license for a shop like that. this part is not going to be affected.

but what is at stake here? One clue comes from the study of discourse within organisations. The subjectivity of residents is obscured behind public discourses on the quantity of floor space and so on.) It is always possible to ask. about getting things done collectively. not in danger of reproducing an a priori liberal division between the “private” and the “public. However. In this study the social construction of space is addressed in relation to practices of mediation. as it were. this seems like a very searching question.e. to a large extent. where people don’t see eye-to-eye. has seen a negative response to what is portrayed as nominalism in discourse theory (Reed. “what difference does it make?” Apart from the irony of discourse theory being precisely about the production of similarities and differences.” But surely one major aspect of what is so interesting about nonface-to-face practices (i. I must note.) is that they cross this division in so many ways. Now this is a strong argument for an ethnographic approach to discursive practices. when faced with the bewildering complexities of discourse theory. 2000. What is interesting within this is that the subjectivities of home are precisely what are disarticulated in this “public” discussion of the social construction of space. This raises the question: Is Media Studies. of mediation.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Chapter 5: Mediation s Discourse: More than just text and reception. but does that mean we actually do it in this way?” Now discourse theorists can protest that it is precisely that gap between text and practise that discourse inhabits. (Morley.) How can people operate to get things done collectively without forms of collectively institutionalised discourse? This conflict seems to focus debate on those features of discourse that Page 37 of 70 . Organisational studies being. One way of putting a similar criticism is to ask “we may talk about it in this way. see 1992: 270-289.) of reality being seen as defined by what you call things. by focussing on the “private” aspect of the subjectivity of home. 2000. But they are hampered in this if they focus mainly on the linguistic or textual aspects of discourse. the response to this charge is fairly robust. is well aware of this. in as much as discourse and organisation itself can be portrayed as synonymous (Chia.

to try and approach the specificities of how these discourses might be mobilised and mobilising. it would clearly be a means of following through on what the reception of mediation means in practice. it's underlying presuppositions and metaphors. a drama within which can be articulated the values of competition. 1990. sportsmanship. in that they are precisely the features of discourse that tend to be performative i. 1987. 1981. by strict definitions. 1999: 252-255.) in as mush as things are never directly represented. drive to succeed etc. and the political will of those supporting that consensus. on Mouffe’s conception of plural democracy. in terms of sports being a discursive compliment to enterprise. is study of how. School of Oriental and African Studies are constitutive of the possibility of action in a particular situation.) Thus the notion of a necessary direct relation between an act constitutive of what is possible and some underlying reality is untenable. A process that is built around a single “vision” 4 The problem with the term “real” being used in this context.) Page 38 of 70 .”4 This opens up a set of questions for Media Studies that I cannot adequately trace out in full here. is that constituting what is possible necessarily involves some element of seduction (Baudrillard. but perhaps I can illustrate with an example. Now clearly this would need to be an ethnographic study.) The book is contextualised in the introduction.” Giddens. 1983. many ways of seeing the world are likely to become incompatible with the consensus arrived at. Now whilst not. these discourses are put into play in the workplace: To look at if they become incorporated into the discursive practices of enterprise.Daniel Taghioff. These are precisely the features of discourse that are less prone to the charge of nominalism. or if. Out of Bounds is a book about the mediation of sports (Baker and Boyd.) Once a consensus is formed and solidifies.e. United States of Democracy? Is a sense of an underlying realism. Nationalism is a striking example (Anderson. 1997. that are constitutive of what is possible and thus “real. really compatible with notions of democracy? Is democracy not tied to the pluralistic notion that there are many valid ways of approaching the world. MA Anthropology of Media. or state (or “globality.) towards some state of consensus or unity. but “represented as” by situated agents (Goodman. 1997) leading to a notion of convergence in understanding through communication (Habermas. and that these all need to be admissible into discussion? (Torfing . teamwork. But what is not included. a “Media Studies” piece of work.

organisational discourses are played out here. in this case. But the negotiation is also implicated in wider discursive practices of economistic governance. by the House of Commons Council Housing Committee. Where there is a wish to be part of. to be a fairly specific process. but also the under-determination of the project management of a tendering process that retains flexibility for the contractors. These practices are clearly discursive. is therefore unlikely to be seen as being strongly democratic. This seems to confirm the theoretical observation that supporting the ongoing articulation of differences of interest is a significant factor in attempts to achieve forms of democracy that are meaningful for those participating in them (Ibid. or have influence on. but also under-determination in the form of not having access to the timings of meetings. seems to have been necessary to ensure that the regeneration project stayed within legal limits. They were left not able to put forward their own articulations of these socially over-determined organisational narratives. There is the specific overdetermination (reification) of housing densities. to financial information about the regeneration schemes and so on.) However the issue here is not simply one of over-determination. or economistic. in this study. some over determined social scheme of how things shall be done collectively (a discourse. at the price of certainty and intelligibility for those being consulted.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? from the beginning. institution or form of organisational practice) then access to the over-determinations. In this case it seems that there is indeed a certain de-reifying tendency in the ways in which market. and one that is driven by a great deal of non-negotiable economic and political pressures. of these collectivities is a critical pre-condition to power (when seen as the ability to influence events or rather practices. to the details of the proposals. This seems to be confirmed by the way in which opposition. or forms of discourse. The details of the regeneration scheme are what is at stake here. This seems. and to a significant extent contingent upon this. to the relevant standards. That is a large part of what really matters for those being consulted. in that they have been contested at every stage. by Andrew Dismore MP and by the RAs (who have obtained strikingly different Page 39 of 70 .) The residents in this study not only faced over-determination in the form of a vision for regeneration that they felt was being thrust upon them.

2002. 2003.) it also seems important to look into these issues from an ethnography-of-mediation perspective. of how these policy messages are received and played out. through both reification and de-reification (Dean.) These findings seem to confirm an overall sense of capitalism undermining the meaning-making that is implied by a notion of democratic citizenship. Inconclusion Media Studies seems to partly be built on the often unspoken premise that there is an important relation between practices of mediation and democratic practices.Daniel Taghioff.and under-determining moves of politicians. in the [rare] instances where ethnographic access to political life might be a workable research strategy. might mean in practice. School of Oriental and African Studies outcomes in their negotiations so far. And yet we seem hampered by the apparent gap between the “texts” of media and the “texts” of democracy. citizens. So whilst it seems valid to investigate these types of processes at the level of public policy (Taylor. 1989) I would venture that the most fruitful place to explore this connection is where both mediational and democratic / political practices contribute to the re-forming of the lives of those that are not personally considered as being a part of the “public. But in the spirit of the asylum (Foucault. It would seem that the connections can only be found in practice. This is an approach that seems able to explore what the many interpretations of “public scrutiny” of decision–making. The same study could be carried out in reverse.” Page 40 of 70 .) These discursive “trends” seem to unfold in specific ways that seem highly significant to the outcome. One area of linkage that is ripe for exploration is the articulation of “mediation” and “organisation” as sets of practices. Some traditionally oriented examples might be the ways in which media professionals modify their practices in response to and in anticipation of the over. MA Anthropology of Media. especially for those. supposedly meaning-making.

(2003) Capitalism and Citizenship: The Impossible Partnership.) Inside Organisations: Anthropologists at Work. (1990) Urban Sociology. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. London: Routledge Baker. Bryman A. Emerson and M.N. (1993) Postmodern Ethics. Austin.) Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. I. Sykes (eds) The Urban Regeneration Handbook. Indiana: Indiana University Press Bakhtin. London: Blackwell Bogason.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Bib liography Abbot J. R. (1990) Seduction.M. A. Bauman. (1991) Desperately Seeking the Audience. (2001) Among Professionals: Working with Pressure Groups and Local Authorities in G. McGee (trans. Oxford: Oxford University Press Carter A. Hirsch and D. P. J. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf Page 41 of 70 . B. (1986) From Notes Made in 1970-1971 in C. Oxford: Berg Anderson. (2001) Social Research Methods. T. Z. Suger (trans. Abrame S. M. Holquist (eds. Texas: University of Texas Press Baudrillard. B. Roberts and H. (1983) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism.) New York: St Martin’s Press. London: Routledge Dickens P. London: Verso Ang. Media and the Politics of Identity.W. & Boyd. (2000) Strategy and Partnership in Urban Regeneration in P. (2000) Discourse Analysis as Organisational Analysis in Organization 7(3): 513-518 Dean K. (2000) Public Policy and Local Governance: Institutions in Postmodern Society. (1997) Out of Bounds: Sports. London: Sage Chia. London: Earthscan. Gellner (eds. (1996) Sharing the City.) V.

Page 42 of 70 . (1987) An Alternative Way Out of the Philosophy of the Subject: Communicative versus Subject-Centered Reason" in Lawrence Cahoone (ed. London: Verso. Rothenbuhler & M. M. ed. (2003) The Profanity of the Media in E. M. Dilley. MA Anthropology of Media. Oxford: Berghahn Hobart (1999b) Just Talk: Anthropological Reflections on the Object of Media Studies in Indonesia. London: Arnold Goodman. (1996) Shopping Around: Focus Group Research in North London. M. (1970) The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. (1981) Languages of Art: An approach to the theory of symbols.) The Foucault Reader. in R. Holbrook. London: Tavistock Foucault. T. M. Media Anthropology.. M. D. SOAS Media Research Group: Position Paper Hobart. J. (Ed. J. (1997) The Globalizing of Modernity in Anabelle SrebernyMohammadi et al. (1989) Television Culture. Media in Global Context. Area 28(2): 136-142 House of Commons Council Housing Group c/o Austin Mitchell MP (June 2004) The Case for the "Fourth Option" for Council Housing. London: Routledge Foucault. (1989) Madness and Civilisation.Daniel Taghioff. Hobart. J. School of Oriental and African Studies Fiske.Coman. A. (1999a) As they like it: over interpretation and hypo reality in Bali. London: Penguin Foucault M. (1984b) Panopticism in Paul Rabinow. London: Routledge Forsyth. (1997) The Subject of the Subject in Media Studies. The problem of context.) (2003) From modernism to postmodernism: An Anthology. Brighton: Harvester Habermas. Conference Paper. London: HMSO Laclau (1990) The Impossibility of Society in New Reflections on the Revolution of our time. London: Routledge Giddens. Publisher under discussion. (2003) Critical Political Ecology. London: Blackwell Hobart. N. & Jackson.

(2000) (eds) The Urban Regeneration Handbook.) Metaphor and Thought.D. (1980) Metaphors We Live By. A. (2000) Home Territories: Media.org/hosted/w_view. Berkeley: California Univ. (2000) The Limits of Discourse Analysis in Organizational Analysis. P. Metropolitan West Hendon’s Website (checked 18th Aug 2004) http://www.Moore & P. (1979) The Conduit Metaphor: A case of Frame Conflict in our Language about Language. in A. Roberts. (1985) Hegemony and socialist strategy: Towards a radical democratic politics. Press and M. Audiences and Cultural Studies. W. (1903) The Metropolis and Mental Life in I. Press. Rorty. Ortney (ed. M.quest-net. & Mouffe. G. London: Verso Lakoff. A. Hirsch and D. individuals. C. ( 1986) Human Territoriality. E. London: Sage Rorty. M. Oxford: Berg Reed.. H. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (1992) Television. In The identities of persons.N.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Laclau. London: HMSO Mosse D. Trans. Gellner (eds) Inside Organisations: Anthropologists at Work. Organization 7(3) 524-530 Reddy. ed. M. (1961) Homes For Today and Tomorrow. persons. (2001) Social Research in Development Projects in E.E. London: Routledge Morley D. London: Routledge Morris P. and Sykes. Smith (eds) (1980) Urban Place and Process: Readings in the Anthropology of Cities. Sacks. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Simmel G. Johnson. Cammack.asp?websiteid=84 Morley D. (1976) A literary Postscript: characters. Mobility and Identity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press Metropolitan West Hendon (2003) West Hendon Regeneration: New Plans Unveiled. Page 43 of 70 . selves. R.

A. (1999) New Theories of Discourse: Laclau. M. (1971) The Emergence of Economics as a Science 1750-1870. London: Penguin Taylor. Mouffe and Zizeck. Journal of Environmental and Planning Law: 803-813 Winch. School of Oriental and African Studies London: Macmillan Stiglitz. (2002) Globalization and its Discontents.Daniel Taghioff. London: Fontana Page 44 of 70 . MA Anthropology of Media. (2002) Public Policy in the Community. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Torfing J. J. B. & Lavers. London: Blackwell Webster. (1991) The Effectiveness of Public Local Inquiries as a Vehicle for Public Participation in the Plan Making Process: A Case Study of the Barnet Unitary Development Plan Inquiry. D.

Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Appendix 1 : The note in troducing m y research Would you like to discuss what is happening here in West Hendon? Would you like to join a group of 3-5 people. then please contact me by the following means: CONTACT DETAILS REMOVED Page 45 of 70 . My name is Daniel Taghioff. I am hoping to bring together people drawn from groupings in the area. or people attending groups together such as at the multi-cultural centre. and also the other ways that they find out things about the project. The discussions are for a small piece of research for my MA dissertation. or have any questions about this. I am studying the Anthropology of Media at the School of Oriental and African studies. I am looking at the ways that the West Hendon regeneration project communicates with the public. University of London. to discuss the West Hendon regeneration project? The discussion is likely to last around an hour. people in business together. such as local faith groups. If you are interested in discussing the regeneration project and its likely effects. I am interested in how residents and local business people feel about these messages.

She is a trainee Solicitor. School of Oriental and African Studies Appendix 2 : The Cast of Characters Elizabeth Fitzgerald is 49-58 years old. He runs a laundrette and drycleaners on West Hendon Broadway. She was born in Dublin in Ireland.) He works as a Telephone Engineer. She was born in Ireland. He has lived in West Hendon for 3 years. Sabrina Fitzgerald is 19-28 years old. He was born in Iran. He identifies himself strongly with the Catholic Community. Page 46 of 70 .Daniel Taghioff. He is a Roman Catholic (sort of. MA Anthropology of Media. Donal Savage is 29-38 years old. He works as an IT consultant. She is a Catholic. James Fullam has lived in west Hendon for 19 years. He was born in Dublin in Ireland. He has lived in West Hendon for over 20 years (too long. H has lived in West Hendon for 18 months. He is a Catholic Priest. She has lived in West Hendon for 9 years. He has converted from Catholicism to Judaism. She has lived in West Hendon for 9 years. He is a Muslim.) He was born in Edgeware. Fereidoon Mostowfei is 39-48 years old. he says. She sees herself as White Irish – Roman Catholic. He was born in Belfast in Northern Ireland. ColinParsons is 39-48 years old. he says. Rev. She is a housewife.

A new drop off point and taxi rank at the station will be provided and a pedestrian route will be developed to connect the station with the heart of West Hendon. July 2004) Improvements will be made to Hendon Station. We will work with English Nature and local conservation groups to retain and enhance the area’s natural features. Landscaped 'green corridors' will link the beauty of the Welsh Harp through the new residential areas to the heart of West Hendon. socialise or just enjoy the peace and tranquility of the Welsh Harp and Site of Special Scientific Interest.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Appendix 3 : The Promp t Page (Downloaded from MWH’s site. the managed coppicing of some willows. We will create better access around the Harp. Page 47 of 70 . Key enhancements could include improving water filtration. this could include a new pedestrian bridge across the Silk Stream. � To find out more about the proposals for transport click here. creation of new ponds for amphibians and the provision of new hides. � Greening West Hendon � � � � � York Park will be redesigned with residents and relocated to create a safe environment in which to play. � To find out more about the proposals for the environment click here.

A new GP surgery will improve access to health care for local people. School of Oriental and African Studies Health & Leisure � � � � � The Youth Sailing Base will be rebuilt with improved facilities. New homes for sale. To find out more about the design of the new homes click here.g. A new local health and fitness club will be subsidised for local residents. Page 48 of 70 . for key workers and people on modest incomes.Daniel Taghioff. equity transfer and low cost home ownership e. New homes for intermediate market rent. New Homes � � � � New homes for affordable rent. Existing community facilities will be reprovided on the estate. MA Anthropology of Media. We will set up a community fund to enhance the social environment of West Hendon.

Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Page 49 of 70 .

Participants: E= Elizabeth S= Sabrina J= James F = Fereidoon C = Colin D= Daniel (Me) Markings within the transcription: The punctuation and spelling is done after the sound of the speaker's voice rather than grammatical logic (to try and reduce pre-interpretation) “!” indicates something said suddenly or dramatically. “= pause “.”= longer pause “. Each contribution is numbered for easy reference... So.. uh the regeneration. I did object to it. uh in favour of.. “. ( indistinct ) .... So we won't be. the uh church the presbytery would be moved rigth down. “? “ indicates a rising question tone to the sentence.”= even longer pause “(pause)” = a gap in the conversation “{time code x}” = time codes from a standard cassette player are placed at regular(ish) intervals. “= Interruption (NOT a pause) (Where speech overlaps. MA Anthropology of Media. that first firm didn't get the . overwhelming..Daniel Taghioff.. but.. Italics indicate emphasis on a word or syllable. CAPITALS indicate a loudly spoken word. towards Marsh Drive. I called in to see would we be affected because the.... (1)Transcript starts {000} (2)J = They told me that the voting was. School of Oriental and African Studies Appendix 4 : Transcr ipt ion of the focus group. the first scheme I was hoping that uh our church. Page 50 of 70 . uh contract.. it is indicated in bracket with full name or first letter of other speaker) “..

the road down there and (clears throat) what to do you see. he didn't call to see me specifically.. (5)D= Uhm. (4)J= Yes... The MP all right. if they don't like ya they will penalise Page 51 of 70 . (17) (18) D= Right. (16) S= And I think that's. The other two seemed much more professional. (13) D= Right. well it wasn't consultation it was where uhmm there was a sort of open evening at the Marquin centre.. they are very fus... (3)D= Oh. they take the wrong turn so.. it was the bidding. the stands. they seemed to have a lot uhm a lot more detailed plans and they were able to say OK this is what we're doing. I don't know what they were calling it.. but it was uhm. I wasn't keen on Warden.. and I think that's a lot of the stuff in their literature has always been..Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? uh it won't uh interfere with us at all.. we'll do that.. did you? (6)J= Uh. and that will be sorted out and I think that's probably my experience of them so far has been well that's something that we'll do in the future. but they had a good scheme. he called in one day . And the MP actually came and called in on you.. sort of consultation.. and they're not treated very well. with their. (12) J= But they were visiting (indistinct) Well I had written to them about uhm. we'll do that. (8)J= Yes.. (9)D= Right. sorry. we're promising this and this is gonna happen and that's gonna happen but in sort of vague broad terms without any real kind of . very choosy. they think they can get into the estate there. I think uh thirteen hundred uh families that would occupy the estate there.. all came down with their . that will be of interest to us. when they had three different housing uhm trusts or associations who were going to. (beep obscures voice) knocking down a wall there. (10) (11) J= And two of the councillors... (15) D= Right. some of them will be Catholic you see so aah. I think. we'll do that.. detail or specifics an. who were bidding for the contract here and MY. Mr Dismore.. he happened to be going round... I mean that's sort of been my general impression of them so far. but uh he said uh that uh there would be uh a big increase in people. that I did like ( I motion to him to speak louder) I. because lorries coming.. I know uhm tenants from other Warden properties who are... but I remember at the time speaking to Metropolitan and they were like oh well you know that's something that will be sorted out.. (7)D= Right.. and the plans and they were all they all had representatives from their firm there to answer the questions and uhm I just remember metropolitan being the only ones not able to answer anyone's questions. ( I try and break in ) . the MP contacted you dire....... because a different firm got the contract. much more sort of. (14) S= I think it's interesting that you mentioned the uhm first uhm. There was one that I particularly liked. my memory of that was they (19) D = Is that an impression shared by others in the group? (20) {71} (21) C= And there was (indistinct) I got them indoors. D= Right. No way. S=. that's what we're doing.

to look at these uhm. (26) D= Right. (27) C= And it was more like a circle as such. why haven't you introduced it.. School of Oriental and African Studies ya they will treat you like hell. we could certainly uhm fit that in within the scheme of things.. they never come back with it. owarsit uhm there's been a lot of stuff which's gone on with service charges and various things when they was trying to do it like before theses schemes come along. what d'you call it? The health and Leisure gaff . that wasn't so. the. and I said to them. I think it was three or four housing associations.. (39) E= I... and if you put in the. no problems about that at all. everything has just gone puzzled. uhm . guaranteeing that the prices would be basically the same at least for ten years. we told them we didn't want any of them because where we live the houses Page 52 of 70 . was I haven't gone too far down the line..... (37) {119} (38) C= ( I try and interrupt again ) The way the vote was done. but everything else was basically kind of flat. could you whack in like a fun pool you know like for kiddies and youngsters and that as well. (30) D= Right.. I remember with this uhm. the les. (28) D= The leisure centre or something. eh yeah it was one of the uhm the last three that was still in the running. we went to this exhibition uhm in the Marquin centre. but there was another one which I asked them about.. dunno we'd have to ask the council. (34) (35) D= Right. (36) C= cos that's what it's doing. J= People who tendered (25) C= Uuh. two nights it was on.. self managing schemes where they was trying to hire out the estates. (29) C= . plus putting an indoor play area as well as an outdoor play area so like cos then you get a lot of Mums and that coming in Yeah. they got the majority from the people who didn't actually really investigate the actual plans.. (33) C= What's wrong with doing it for the leaseholders now? And if you got that scheme. that was one. cos I was going on about.Daniel Taghioff. well it was actually the centre was different it was a centre. Yeah. because what they had was quite good all they had done was like a town. (32) D= Right. it's privatising the estate.. so they've tried various different things. what I asked there was either a basically a direct no or there was a yes there was one or a couple of things were they said. you had the uhm. (22) J= Was that the second group. they're service charges and that would be frozen for the next ten years. but it seems to me that the voting seems to done. the. uhm they was more or less as well. run the show... (23) (24) C= Uuh.. not the third. MA Anthropology of Media. the amenities was concerned for the estate as a whole. (31) C= But as far as the uhm. this is the latest on incorporating the thing and actually privatising the estate... we're saying that other firms would come in. you could introduce that straight away. and well we. (I try and interrupt) Couple of years later. two days and two nights it was`on. flattened out towards the Harp [ The Welsh Harp Reservoir ] rather than being built up and going the opposite way. previously? When you've been looking at it on other estates in the previous couple of years.

(44) J= Because they want to take you with. but we thought that was it... (46) J= (In background) . the people voting.Right.. most of which have fallen flat on their face. (51) E= ... (40) D= Was that how the choice was made then? (41) E= Well yes. but it's difficult to work into this kind of context. that that was our night of seeing the. and then we found. everything after that was. (48) C= Originally it wasn't affected. projects. the.. (57) D= .Oh the government (52) C= In the eighties. they were making out it was a big majority who wanted it but uhm. (47) E= . uhm I think it was 62% voted. as I say. although. (55) D= OK I need to bring it back to the kind of here and now a bit. you're on the high street. the government. they were very vague with their answers.. they... in that ehm.. when it came to uhm..... but. (58) F= and. an awful lot of people didn't know that exhibition was even on. they tried numerous different. because the history is interesting for me. uhm.. this is been tried and tested. they've been doing this for the last. I mean Feiredoon.. this is just the latest one.. you know. with past experiments which they've done up North and everything else. from that we just became very suspicious.'ve. coming back to the figure. this is what we're told. to us was very. The only communication I Page 53 of 70 ... (42) D= OK (43) E= uhm.. uh. or. uuh the question was put in a way.. it wasn't a big majority. which a lot of us didn't know anything about.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? are only fifteen years old so we. were you aware of or involved in this decision about which contractor would be doing the regeneration. I don't think any. (53) D= uuhm (54) C= Whichever way or means they did..So it will be affected then. the government was adamant they was gonna get rid of council properties.. the people who aren't on the estate.... well the late seventies they started up looking at this idea.yeah. that you couldn't say no to it. that was April. they was gonna get rid of it.. what I'm interested in is uhhm. well very few people did. we got involved to save Ramsey Close. (49) E= Who the council? (50) C= The council. yeah Ramsey is being knocked. we were told Ramsey Close wasn't part of this. that's never been the case. we knew it was just a profit making thing from what we could see. the housing associations but it came. its. but it was like 37 for. uhhm this is. we've got deeper and deeper into things. and then in June they had another exhibition..so it's gone from.. what since. and twenty four people out of an estate of 680 people to pick them. (45) E= Yeah. and you're (gesture to Father James) overseeing a faith group. now that made us very suspicious. and uhm it came to light then shortly afterwards that twenty four people at that exhibition picked Metropolitan as the partner for Barnet Council. and that was the process they started. you're running a business. and then... euhm. so that's how we got involved. do you feel like you should have been? (56) F= I have never personally approached.

... (71) D= Right. the business people shouldn't be involved in it.. they've got a panel. no consultation as such. did you have the same experience? (75) J= Similar. so uuh. the newsletters. because they're not living on it. and so I couldn't (indistinct. (89) C= They're only working here.Right. you're gonna think of preparation for yourself.right.. (64) D= Right (65) E= And they're a bit upset about this. never clear.Daniel Taghioff. (72) S= Are you talking about the newsletter that they publish? (73) F= Yes... (82) D= . (67) D= . and last time there was something like a booklet.. (63) E= They don't consult the wider community at all. of course we will..giving the whole idea of what's going to happen. as well. well I've raised the issue. (81) J= No. you know. both sides of the coin. (68) F= So you're going to have to have full information on this.Right. (90) D= But how do you think that.yep... (66) F= . information.. But it always clashed. which was open inside. E+S = The community centre. School of Oriental and African Studies received off them is sometime they dropped some leaflets or something. process. (79) J= The community centre. that was the last thing I received. (88) D= Right. in one point of time they are telling you you are part of the regeneration. but the way they going to do it.. a map or something. (59) D= . OK on the one hand we have a sense that the wider community's Page 54 of 70 . just talking to my letter box.. uuh.... (69) D= They didn't approach you at all? (70) F= They did approach. (76) (77) (78) D= Right J= Down beside your place. (86) D= Really. but. the fact that the design of the actual estate itself should be. they've got business. (62) F= . (83) J= As I say we've never asked for a (indistinct) (84) D= Right (85) C= According to them on some of the meetings. (61) D= ..) Uuhm.. then that's different.. they were having quite an input there. (indistinct) alright for the business side of things. (80) D= You don't feel directly affected by the regeneration. of course we'll be (indistinct) a larger number there.. uuhm I think on a few occasions I was notified about a meeting. uuh with converts or something like that. as I say it doesn't affect us directly down there. But they didn't communicate it to us.. (60) F= . there are a couple of people who have got businesses here who live on the estate... I mean. so they're perfectly entitled to have both.. MA Anthropology of Media.even last July when I went to the meeting. they've been involved? (87) C= That's what the information which I've picked up. but if they're living here. but just informative. at least 15% of the input. (74) D= Father. (indistinct) meetings.. it seems to me they don't know what they are going to do.

they never put plaster on so you still have the concrete walls... (106) D= Right (107) S= I think what you were saying about the consultation. what is gonna go on. you know they still haven't finished it from the time they actually built the place. E tries to speak they're asking me for money for the major works and I'm asking them for money for the repairs to the major works. they want an uplift for the estate..Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? not been consulted. spread out. got the gaps between the two walls and. and they feel obliged. There's plenty of defects in it which they never actually rectified.it's no it's not a problem. I think. (93) C= So.. on the other hand we have a feeling that the residents should have priority in terms of deciding what happens on the estate. I honestly think (96) C= By taking the greenery and stuff so as it's there. (94) (95) D= Right.. (104) D= Is there an ongoing issue there? (105) C= Oh yeah. I think that the Metropolitan feel obliged to involve them. I'm still waiting for them to repair the major work which they did. (99) {237} (100) D= Right (101) C= They haven't done that. how do you deal with that? (91) C= The problem we've got. do you think that's a legal obligation or a. (97) D= Right. I think if they could get away with it they probably wouldn't have consulted anyone. is the fact that people are. there's a lot of people who've got uuhm false ideas about what is actually going on. wouldn't. I think the real problem we've got. well not necessarily the tenants. the way they're built. they're still building that estate? (98) C= No. uuhm. these buildings were built back to front.. they probably. the estate needs to be uplifted. (92) D= Right. they have to. (108) D= right. and they did the major works. without putting up high-rises on it. (113) S= I think political. but if they could get away with it then. (109) S= Is because. but say for example the freeholders who. I think that the only reason that the tenants are involved as they are to a limited extent. because they're the people. (111) S= Uuhm. Page 55 of 70 . which I think fair enough. again they never did the major works. with parliament (116) D= So you don't feel that this is something that is coming from Metropolitan West Hendon? (117) S= No. if they actually designed it and built it right. so they have to have these people involved. legal. I mean (114) D= Right (115) S= With the council. which they did the major works deliberately so that they could coin in the money from the leaseholders. (110) D= OK. windows.. I mean I think there'd be uproar. you could put more homes on it. the need to have compulsary purchase orders. my sort of impression is that. (102) D= Right (103) C= So that's how we sit. there would. (112) D= Or a political obligation.

with this. much smaller. and this regeneration group. (132) E= To see that they stick to the pledge that they gave us which they don't seem to be doing. School of Oriental and African Studies that if they . they're they're like we say we know now that they're smaller than the minimum required standard. and some of the discussion. and when you think back you know. (118) D= yep (119) S= And. so they've decided to dive in early rather than leaving it to the last minute. that was then.. housing organisations and ombudsmen and and to try and fight outside of. better homes.. I mean basically it's a legal obligation.. they've got to consult with and that's been a statute for a number of years. if they could get away with it they would.. (127) E= Now. whe whole thing. (126) D= Right. it's all. I mean. have you heard about these kind of . but they never write in the minutes our objections or our concerns. and they have a model of what the future estate is going to look like. (136) F= No. without actually really going into detail. to the sizes of these flats and houses.. sometimes. but it's.. no you know. well we get the people's names in the minutes now. kind of lip-service. it's not in the minutes. and these are much. it's a reluctant type of thing and. the council. you know. uhm tenants leaseholders and freeholders uuh of trying to get what we were promised because by the looks of things we are not going to get what we were promised.Daniel Taghioff. (120) D= Right. (122) D= Right (123) E= They've set up these groups for the residents to go to and the planning and design group. (124) D= Right. (125) E= We've had it out with them a few times. because of the aggravation they've had. so we've brought that up lots of times. without really. the houses especially they're ridiculous what they intend to build. it's selling an idea.. it's it's saying it's gonna be great. not just leaseholders. they have 215 as their sort of base. oh that was then. with the last lot of works which was on. cos there's a lot said at the meetings. and we've been ignored. wha what's been left out of the minutes. euuh the management. I think the model that they have. (135) D= OK. but when you think back. generally I'm uh. (133) D= Right (134) E= So we're still in the process of trying. so with the result we've had to go and contact other organisations. so people are taking far more of an interest. you've forgotten. supposed to mean we're in on the planning. OK. I think that's all sort of. Is that a general impression or? (121) C= Well it is. but we had a big argument with them in that they take minutes. They're getting more of a backlash from it because of the problems that you've had. around here. the Council and Metropolitan to try and be heard. it's council tenants as well. sometimes then by the time that you come to the meeting.. I think it is a Page 56 of 70 . (131) D= Right. MA Anthropology of Media. (128) {276} (129) D= Right. and time and time again we've said we were promised bigger. no gardens. and people outside the estate have you had any impression of this going on. like we we've got objected. it's gonna be great. that. (130) E= Now.

..uhm in the beginning they had eh was it seven or eight big tower blocks round the edge of the water.. (137) D= Yup. is in in September.is needed a shake-up.. (143) E= ... (151) J= Is there a date fixed when they. well that's been changed. the uhm the Page 57 of 70 . you can say well I'm not moving.We're too posh for dosh... security. (160) C= Private places will be virtually exactly the same.because this is the poorest area of the whole borough.(E starts). yu can cause as much trouble because if they've got the compulsory purchase. (145) E= .. (148) F= And it seems to me that nobody can communicate the problem. crime.... (146) F= .. (140) F= . magazine. they knew that area is protected.... they are not going to deliver what they promised.. but the way they doing it.. (150) F= Or sometimes in your case. (153) C= The detailed applica. the the second planning application. yeh (142) F= That's why we can see the situation.. OK I might loose out dow in the long run. uuh they'll say at that point you can just as easily. (149) D= No. (138) F= .. (139) D= yup. (152) E= ........ stealing from the shops. the details. Has there been information about.. the sec.... Well.. (154) D= Right (155) C= And that sui. in West Hendon.always been neglected.Yeah.. so it's basically you are now stuck with whatever project we've got. (147) D= Yep. yep the outline planning application so they're telling us well uuhm. uuhm but if you think someone's gonna pay twice as much as I am to live in a shoe box and I'm gonna be looking in the better places... (163) D= Right (164) C= But that will change (165) D= Right (166) C= There will be lawyers further down the line once a lot more of these things have gone through we'll get rid of them.. I mean people live in cloud cuckoo land. (169) D= Right (170) E= But uhhm. (158) {319} (159) D= Right.. is needed a shake-up. according to the . about the future. . second application is going. but it's costing you a damn sight more.. (141) D= yeh. (144) F= .... when it comes to the details planning application that we'll have more of a say.. is different people involved. then you've got others.. (F continues). if you're just sitting there (156) D= Right (157) C= I know the council places will end up being reasonable places. (161) D= Right (162) C= The only reason we will get it is because we are inverted commas sitting tenants they cannot get rid of us at this moment.... yeh..Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? positive thing to do. (167) D= Right.. about how it's gonna look in the future. the housing magazine. the intricate details will come when they've been given permission to do what they want. (Indistinct) to commence. (168) E= ..

..... it looks like an area of maybe the city or somewhere that you know like young London... the first planning application uuhm English Heritage and uhm I think a lot of the wider community as well. and then like what you are saying there. to the.Yeah. when you say looking at their website and the pictures.. (171) S= .. sorry... (176) S= . then when you look at that in comparison to the. it doesn't. that's the whole thing.... that's like the shifting boundaries I mean initially we thought that Ramsey Close wasn't going to be included and then it was... I mean pollution.. so I mean to have that many new homes in that one area... I mean at the moment there's what 560 homes on the estate and they're going to increase it to. We have the highest (186) F= They've been widening the A5 as we say. one of those. (194) F= . MA Anthropology of Media. the plan. (187) E= . (195) D= So it's not very clear who's going to get bought or who's not. I don't think that comes across here (175) E= . they look very attractive. some of these shopkeepers asked them and they said you are not affected. (192) F= .went and asked them and they says No... but I think part of it is.. They're only taking out the bus lane... I think that's one of the things about.I think. It will have a very good effect on the traffic flow. you are going to be part of it.And I think the first time that I got that was from the model. (196) S= And going back to the initial consultation as well. when it went before the planning.. somewhere that I'd probably like to live..The traffic.. that's how they're widening it.Do you know how they're widening it. the houses on the Broadway that are going to remain that you realise the actual scale of the development... (191) E= ... how can they widen it when nothing's being knocked on that side of the road? (190) F= Yeah.. (183) D= Right (184) S= And how big it's going to be (185) E = And the traffic and the commuters. I mean. (193) E= . some people are Page 58 of 70 . (177) D= Right (178) S= It's what was it made out of? The proper (179) E= Wood (180) S= You now like the plans (181) D= Scale model sort of thing (182) S= Yeah.. I mean they. who else? Oh this organisation called Kabe uuhm they all had a say in it and it was sent back they couldn't uuhm (laughs) they couldn't uuh uuhm build these big high blocks round the Harp so they've had to move them back so this is why it's gone to the euuh second planning applications so we'll see what comes back or if it comes back or if it's passed. (188) F= .. (189) E= .. uuh part of what doesn't come across from the graphics is how dense it's actually going to be..yeah... to two thousand (173) J in background (174) S= I mean at the moment it's quite dense as it is..Daniel Taghioff. is it 2000? (172) E= 680 at the moment. School of Oriental and African Studies wildlife the whole Welsh Harp there is protected so uhm English Heritage..and the other one next to it.

.. you got the under. they've still got money invested in these properties... (202) {365} (203) E= ....Right.... (213) D= .. (198) D= Right (199) C= You've got to realise that this estate is really built on floods.. because you've got down the road there its going to be a major development with 51 storey block.. (200) D= aah ha (201) C= So you'd have to drain it. (208) C= Its. (210) C= .Right..Coming down to Hendon. (217) D= . (206) C= . I think the first the first pans which they put in was rove exasperated and they basically knew they wasn't going to be accepted... You keep it in. (204) C= . Oh yeah....Right. (218) C= You've got the it's already been classified as Hendon North West four is where the Yuppies who can't afford Sloan Square are all coming down to ..You got to go down. (219) D= . (197) C= trying not to be cynical. (215) D= Right (216) C= Where you stop it for now five years time you're building through so it will be one massive (indistinct) they class it as the next West End... (222) C= Yeah I think it's definitely uhmm there's two major things which is going on. you're gonna affect the Welsh Harp because you're gonna be draining underneath.. (205) D= . so it's major sort of geological work to make it happen. (207) D= . the reason they keep the horsefield the way it is you don't build on that because that's an overflow so as when it rains heavily the water comes up form their so you can't build on their either so to actually put large blocks you got to you got to do heavy piling. because the whole lot used to be a reservior and it used to be flooding. you've got underwater streams flowing through round this area.Hence the name Marsh Drive...... So you're not going to do it so... one is you're getting rid of council properties for private properties uhm stroke uhm housing associations at the moment. because it's all swampland underneath...... eventually.that won't last.... thens two is the long term profitability of the gaffs. these properties they are gonna rise the leaseholders are not going to be able to catch up Page 59 of 70 .Right. (220) C= ... (214) C= This isn't gonna stay separate it's gonna be expanded out it's all gonna meet (indistinct) so you've got the final way of how you're gonna do that that you can link up like a jigsaw puzzle. (221) D= ......... I mean they're on a winner...In Cricklewood..... if you've got every leaseholder stays..Right.... (223) D= . (209) E= . Brent Cross is being MASSively developed... so they'll be looking to buy up the housing place.Yeah...Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? included and some people aren't and it's like they're drawing up boundaries and then saying oh well we'll move it not really funny. So you think it's a gentrification thing.... I can't see. this is in between. so you're gonna put these blocks on.. (224) C= . No Staples Corner. (211) E= Oh (212) C= Staples Corner. Colindale is being massively developed.

.... and I'm not sure that's what they're gonna do. when I first heard about the regeneration. I don't know.... (235) S= . that it's low. because it also kicked off quite an interesting discussion.. (233) S= .. it was supposed to be uhm nurses. just for balance I'd like to develop that side. that it's going to bring the area up and it's going to bring everyone else up with the area but I don't think it is.... the thing is that there's a lot off voices of residents that have got concerns and Feriedoon kind of made some points about what he thought was going to be positive about that. (242) S= You have to have a top floor. so I mean.... (240) S= . Page 60 of 70 .. I think quite obviously that they (indistinct) will offload (indistinct) but I'm more worried about all of a sudden they will start channelling people in because it's been done in other Boroughs people were for the expensive places which immediately pushes everything else up. affordable accommodation it'll be somewhere get my foot on the property ladder maybe being a resident here will have the opportunity to. uuhm... maybe have first call or whatever and the idea of the area coming up as well like maybe get like I don I know a lot of people object to to it but from my point of view like some trendy bars or some like like you know kind of more sort of going out like area I... low rent accommodation.Daniel Taghioff.. we were told uuhm... (227) C= I'm not worried abut who moves in as long as they treat the place with respect and the people who live there with respect. but Metropolitan uuh... police. it's targeting a completely different sort of idea of what.Affordable. School of Oriental and African Studies by buying these properties out so they've got money vested there already which is gonna sit their which they're gonna make.. but uuhm.. the gentrification obviously it's not particularly cool for the residents.Yeah it. they say there won't be penthouses but the architect said there would be.Right. but I mean what does that mean. sorry. firemen.... (225) S= I think that's what uhhm. the social housing starts to be kicked back into one area. (232) E= . that was what I was quite excited about but I think that's what it was initially but now it just looks like there's no way I'd ever be able to afford one of them on the private market and it's just. (228) S= I was quite excited about it though. was supposed to be like for the essential workers and there's no way i don't know a fireman or a policeman or a nurse who would be able to afford one of these premises and they're selling it on that basis.. you were saying that you thought.Yeah.. loads more premises I can move out of home. (226) D= I'm just a bit. (231) S= I was told these like you know. (229) (230) D= .. . you've gotta mix in and you've gotta mingle properly and that's point of fact.. how do you.. because I thought great. .Quarter of a million or something.. (241) E= uuhm yeah. (234) E= . they can use that to develop the place further. there are some penthouses going for a million and maybe more. (236) {412} (237) F= Do you have any idea what how much is selling it? (238) S= Some of the penthouses how much are they going for? (239) E= Well. MA Anthropology of Media.

and were keeping it for the workmen because many of them would be from other parts of the country..... (252) F= It is going to raise. (245) E= . (258) S= Yeah. for quite a long time.. (265) E= ... . Well I happen to be involved in that that the uhhm asked I was told uuh it's going to be evacuated by July and then they're going to keep it for the workmen who would be building the estate here. (249) E= .... (256) E= Yeah (257) F= They are not sure them selves........ you are looking at the same price.. (247) C= They was doing immediate comparison. (273) E= Well there's an example.. a 175 thousand for a one bedroom so whatever that's gone up two years. once they actually get it going they will all of a sudden they'll be motoring.. (267) D= How did you hear about that? (268) J= Well I happen to be involved with someone..Yeah. was telling me that uuh those people would be leaving in July (269) D= Right (270) J= Next July (271) D= Right (272) J= This time next year. (266) J= Ther're going to .Yeah... (261) {427} (262) C= Yeah (263) E= Gonna knoack that first (264) J= No they're not gonna knock it. (274) J= .. no-one knows. they're the last one on the project....oh Endover lodge.. (259) C= Well I think they've got a fair idea... (E in background) . we were in the planning and design group and we weren't told that........ yeah.. (244) F= The prospect of the time... I don't know how they manage to give you the prices. (253) E= Yeah (254) F= But. (250) F= ... (260) E= . we're there in the group supposed to be working on it.. it wasn't the last one but they Page 61 of 70 . so this is apparently the other the homefields is closing down very shortly.we've gone back from 2008 to 2012 2014.. (275) C= The other problem you've got about (indistinct) if you've got workmen there how much you're cars make noise and various other things which is going to affect people who are gonna be there..That's going to be the price of one bedroom flat... (251) E= You mean it's not going to raise uhhm as time goes... so uuh we were given prices uuh about two years ago.. That's how I know about that.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? (243) E=They're hardly...... (246) F= They gonna spend... (280) C= Well it will be. then probably a (indistinct) then after two or three years...They told us they would. (276) D= Oh (277) C= So it's uuhm (278) E= Living in a building site. one of the residents there on the uhm uuh housekeeper. Because that'sn (255) D= It's along time in advance. (279) D= So you you you imagine that you will be living in a building site. (248) F= By the time they finish the whole project. I mean they did.They're goin to uuhm.

.. they gave her a price she couldn't refuse. but people like Colin. trying to get a mortgage. this sounds to me like you worked this out for yourselves. her children are all reared but Colin you're in a bit of a predicament aren't ye.. and uuh she uhm sold hers last year. well I mean she has lived her life. (284) C= We've got other things which are (indistinct) traffic coming in and coming out you do (indistinct) you'll have cranes you'll have pilers. they gave very good. but she gave.the woman who runs the (indistinct) (296) E= Sheila (297) J= Yeah the woman who runs the club for us. (283) D= .. parking up their vehicles they've got to get to and from you can't expect them to be quiet as mice. (301) J= She said uuh. to uhm she was able to sell that off and she can move away.. (313) E= Isn't there some reason you can't get a mortgage for a council place over the 5th or 4th floor? Page 62 of 70 ... (300) E= Well she's goina lose her compensation. (291) {452} (292) D= Right (293) J= They have bought some of the flats. but that was changed when the last application was sent back.. to the council.. (302) E= Well she's. (294) E= Yeah I believe some man sold a flat.. but you see people who do that are losing out on their compensation. (303) J= .Right. you had the workmen uhm. (304) E= Ooh.Then they rented it back to her.. (310) {465} (311) J= Yeah which she'd be and her husband be (indistinct). School of Oriental and African Studies did th exactly the same thing people should have been het up people should have been claiming for their peace and quiet. (306) E= Yeah (307) J= Yes she's a Tenant now... we're not really sure. (286) E= No we got a phasing (287) D= Right OK (288) E= uuh plan. Could change again. MA Anthropology of Media. (305) S= So she reverts back to a tenant.... (285) D= OK I've got a particular agenda here. well they gave her a price that she couldn't. we don't really. It's not open to me or to you or anything. (298) E= Oh (299) J= She did. (282) C= Well you'd have delivery lorries backwards and forwards. but disabled or aged people. (308) S= And did they target her directly? Is that something that they're doing to everyone? (309) C= Only certain people are allowed that... But when aah they rebuild it then she says if she's alive she hopes to get a flat here. (312) C= They would be entitled to do that. (289) D= Right (290) E= Places that were supposed to be knocked in 2007. I didn't ask her. (281) D= When did you work out that you were going to be living on a building site? Uuh what was the process by which. it's different now. it's not open to everybody.. (295) J= the (indistinct) it was Sheila's own.Daniel Taghioff.

if it's going to attract more people into the area. more people is going to be in this area.. the over development people are against. (330) D= I think I'm going to set you free at this point.... yeah yeah. (E in background) that's like a real nice area. (342) F= This is what I think... (345) E= No schools. (F+E continue in background) . THEN I TURN IT ON AGAIN AS THEY LAUNCH INTO AN INTERESTING DISCUSSION: (334) E= Well the council should be able to get money to re. (316) C= Doesn't matter cos you're in a building. there won't be as much much need for it because you'll have. (341) S= I just don't. (331) E= Oh that went quick. (315) E= Even if you're only on the fourth say. (336) E= Oh well nobody's against it that being knocked and rebuilt.. (347) E= NO schools. that's what I pointed out to them.. (319) E= Have you got any guarantee that you will get a.) (333) BREAK IN RECORDING AS I TURN THE TAPE OFF. (332) S= (Laughs. (343) S= .. kind of. (340) F= Injecting 2000 people in this area means more work.] I think it is.. said to them I want one which is four stories high or I go on the ground. (348) S= The type of people who'll be living here. from my point of view being. (326) C= Yeah. won't need . (S+E object in background) you have to think it this way.. (317) E= And they're all above that? (318) C= There are some which are only four stories high.. It's all for profit. well personally. from my point of view. (320) C= I will make sure that I do not end up in a higher building. she's in Marsh Drive. (325) J= Oh yeah then Sheila... (338) F= I think that's what's gonna happen. more cosmopolitan as they explained it. I am not going in a building which is five stories high. I can't get re mortgage. I'm living in London and I know it's going to be overdeveloped and I know that it's a big city and I just want somewhere.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? (314) C= You can't get it over. that brings the work. (346) F= More schools.. (321) E= Well you have to or you won't get a mortgage out.. even to rebuild what is here.Yeah. (328) C= She's got uh some of Marsh Drive run four stories high. It's just a money making thing. if it's going to bring the area up. (337) S= Uhm. (335) S= I'm not against it. if it's somewhere where my friends will say oh what d'you live in West Hendon. (329) J= Aah yes that's it. you'll have Page 63 of 70 . (327) J= (Indistinct) [1. (339) S= Well that's. (322) {473} (323) J= Which part are you in then? (324) C= I'm in Marsh Drive. Thank you very much.. if the building's more than five stories high then you cannot get a mortgage for it.. injecting more money to the area. (344) F= Yeah? So more shops.

.. (363) C= You.. Could means if we can.) (369) E= Lovell was supposed to be the builder here. (382) E= . MA Anthropology of Media. you say it's over and people start talking. (359) S= But it does say on their website that there'll be plenty of uuh.. (381) S= Because that's what they want.uuhm. Lovell was gone.Yeah. it's could. what is it? There are many local people who would like to work locally. (352) S= ... (384) F= Because obviously you have Page 64 of 70 . is not will. (354) I don't live in this area. that's how I see it but I don't that's (349) {492} (350) C= You're saying about. so it's a good... and young people for whom the development could provide a career start in some aspect of the construction industry... generally it's a good positive thing. They can put out notices. (356) C= The myth about creating uhm extra work for the people round here is a myth... (364) E= . (383) F= . (358) C= Yeah..... and I didn't havbe much of trouble. with them. There is no necessity that they give you a job.) (375) D= It's always the way you work. (355) E= Yeah. (376) P= I just got the planning permission for this building you are sitting in. (372) E= It's not is it? (373) D= Yeah... you've hit the word could. (362) E= (indistinct) is gone. (351) F= You just raised the matter. (379) F= Yeh but they were. the cafe culture and the.. just because you live here doesn't mean to say that they actually have to give you a job... but they are gonna be more people around you. doing different things I'm talking about different shops.. just work. (380) E= Yeah. (366) S= I find that quite insulting though. (360) C= Aah but there's (361) S= So only the people who live here can go into the construction. (367) E= (Laughs) (368) S= I do (also laughs.. School of Oriental and African Studies single professional people. they can get . (353) F= There's more money gonna be in this area.. (357) F= . and then as soon as they got the yes vote. That' another thing. (378) E= No because it's from the Church down it won't be touched.Well.. they can't do anything else. (365) C= ..Daniel Taghioff.. he was supposed to create loads of jobs.. (374) E= Oh (laughs. when they want to rear their families they'll probably move out to the countryside or something.or maybe. I'm just looking at it as a business point of view. with this idea of having a place with this sort of business here. (377) D= Really. where's your tape? (370) E+S= (laughs) (371) D= It's on.. It's a legal obligation if you put a firm here they've got workers which they're dispositioning moving around they get priority so if they fill up all the job vacancies with their already employed you don't get a look in.

well we have a name and all now. it''s a nightmare. otherwise to get an A3 license for a shop like that. your gaff! This is his trendy restaurant in West Hendon. (422) E= Yeah.. good to see you all I got very good information. (402) {522} (403) J= Have they (indistinct) I was told. (395) F= It was very easy. that this area should be injected with more people. (387) S= . that's what I mean.. (410) E= Yeah. (408) S= Next to the Church? (409) J= Next to the Church. the whole lot. they're decided.) is it going to take in your place then. (392) F= If you wanted to do it in Camden you had to go to one of these firms.. (399) F= ... (417) J= Yeah.Because Camden's.. West Hendon place [referring to website printout] we Page 65 of 70 .. (391) E= Yeah. (397) F= With the council. did you have to change the land use. (428) E= Sort of. I knew it. (411) J= The bank there. (420) E= Yeah.. (394) F=. (385) E= All your customers they're going to die of pollution. (416) E= No that's that's all going. (390) F= Yes.. (396) E= Yeah. (393) S= . just... (425) F= I never get a chance. that's what I call it. (398) S= And if you compare it with Camden. (389) S= You did.Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? to feed mentally and spiritually.Come back to your point.That's right. I tried it in Camden. so that stands... (421) J= And all down along there. I have to go now... so because normally there is lots of objections to that kind of thing. you know where Barclay's bank used to be? (404) E=Yeah (405) J= At the corner.. (419) J= And uuh.. so they need more things... but there is the willingness. this part is not going to be affected. you are going to have more choices of where to sit. (401) F= And enjoy..When you applied for this. it'll (indistinct. and you pay them thousands of pounds.And I managed to get it myself. thank you very much.. (386) F= They're gonna have more coffee shop this and that.. is this your gaff? (427) F= Sort of... (424) J= Well there'll be plenty of work.. (400) S= Uuhm. (426) C=Did you work here. (423) F= Sorry to disrupt everyone. (S breaks in) . (418) E= Yeah. It was very easy... From the Church up is all going. (407) J= The barbers there and then the motor garage. (413) J= All down the (indistinct) (414) E= Up to the Petrol Station. specifically applying for these things.. but they encourage that you're saying. (412) E= That's being knocked.. And then Barclay's on the far side.. (406) E= Yeah. did you have to change it to an A3 use? (388) F= Yes.. (415) J= .

(447) J= Where.) .) (442) J = I went to Mill Hill. (430) S= It'll be city people getting the Thameslink into city and then. (439) F= you've got a point.. (443) S= There's not even a cash machine here. (444) E= There's one in the pub. MA Anthropology of Media. (432) E= They won't be able to pay their mortgages because they won't get a train to work.. fifteen years ago. along the Broadway. they have to have a drink before they go over to the cash machine. (433) (All laugh) (434) F= To get a mortgage first you have to get the banks to open. (441) (S Laughs. (445) (General Noise) (446) E= Some people are embarrassed. Mill Hill Broadway.Daniel Taghioff. (436) F= Once you get them... when it's all built you can't say is that you're gaff. (General noise. (437) J= Yeah there's no bank here. (429) J= You'll have shirts to wash and suits to clean with so many people moving in. (438) C= That's what tells you how wealthy the actual gaff is.. (435) E= Yeah. (431) C= Very refreshing. you have to go to Sainsbury's. (440) E= Well. (449) (General Noise) (450) ENDS {545} Page 66 of 70 . that's the first thing struck me. over here? (448) S= In the pub yeah.Banks and charity shops. every time a bank didn't.. School of Oriental and African Studies didn't know that. seventeen years ago.

Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Appendix 5 : A samp le o f public it y materia l. Page 67 of 70 .

School of Oriental and African Studies Appendix 6 : Letter from the MP Page 68 of 70 . MA Anthropology of Media.Daniel Taghioff.

Rebuilding the Plot: Participation in Regeneration? Page 69 of 70 .

Daniel Taghioff. and at the Ingliss barracks in Mill Hill and RAF East Camp in Colindale. But that also covers infrastructure such as schools. libraries and roads. He said: "Barnet Council is not interested in providing affordable homes. Mr Dismore said the Government should issue strict guidelines on the number of private homes developers can build before they are obliged to provide social housing in outer London. He said affordable housing was incorporated into the regeneration schemes in Cricklewood and RAF East Camp. cabinet member for housing. denied the claim that the council was not interested in social housing. He said: "The basis of our regeneration is to replace the existing very substandard affordable housing with new homes with minimum amounts of public money literally a handful of millions of pounds out of a total budget of over £1billion. There are serious prospects of them being unable to do so." 12:29pm Wednesday 5th May 2004 By Sophie Kummer Page 70 of 70 ." he said. largely because of Barnet Council's housing policies. 485 of which are rented will have 1. the Labour MP for Hendon. The balance comes from the sale of private sector housing. "We will meet the targets that are being set for us with developments in the pipeline. accused the Conservative led council of letting down tenants. "There will be more homes for the wealthy people moving into the constituency.350 new homes. He pointed out that the council's aim in regenerating the estates was to renovate existing homes. MA Anthropology of Media. he referred to the planned developments in West Hendon and Grahame Park. where there are currently no homes at all. hospitals." In particular. For example. Speaking in the House of Commons (on April 28). July 2004) 'Don't ignore housing need' Barnet Council has been accused of a failing to include enough affordable housing in its regeneration schemes. Andrew Dismore. Conservative councillor Brian Salinger. but no extra affordable ones. he pointed out that the Spur Road/Stonegrove development area in Edgware which currently has 600 homes. but little provision of housing for people who have grown up in the area and want to continue to live near their friends and relations. School of Oriental and African Studies Appendix 7 A rtic le in th e Barnet Times (Downloaded from the Barnet Times website.

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