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Nuclear Energy

A Viable Option for Jordan
Ned Xoubi, PhD
Nuclear Energy
A Viable Option for Jordan
Dr. Ned Xoubi
Commissioner for Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
The Institution of Engineering and Technology
November 30, 2008
Amman - Jordan
يبعزلا لاضن روتكدلا
Invited Talk
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Nuclear Energy
Nuclear energy offers a promising approach to meeting
Jordan’s energy needs, an approach that would
Reduce dependence on oil imports
Create jobs
Raise the standard of living
Alleviate the burden on the national budget
Provide electricity for water desalination, and hydrogen
production
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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2005 19.5 As % of GDP
2005 $2,339 Individual Income
2004 $2,133 GDP per Capita
2005 23.9 As % of Imports
2005 $2,500
Energy Imports
(million)
2004 3.40% Inflation Rate
2004 12.60% GDP growth rate
2005 $12,842 GDP (million)
Facts and Figures
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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18000
19000
20000
21000
22000
23000
24000
25000
26000
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
2500
2700
2900
3100
3300
3500
3700
3900
4100
GWH
MW
YEAR GWH MW
2015 18738 3000
2016 19812 3172
2017 20942 3353
2018 22135 3544
2019 23391 3745
2020 24752 3963
963 MW
Electrical Demands
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Reactors Operating in 2008
943 Reactors are being operated around the world
284 Research Reactors in 56
Countries
220 reactors power over 150
ships and submarines
439 Power Reactors in 30
countries
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Operating Reactors around the World
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Reactors Under-Construction in 2008
36 Reactors are being built today around the world
36 Reactors are
under
construction in
12 Countries
97 Reactors are
planned in 17
countries
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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NPPs are built on Beaches & Lakes, Rivers
Switzerland
Belgium
United States of
America
Lake Michigan
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Types of Operating Power Reactors
none
liquid
sodium
PuO
2
and
UO
2
4
Japan, France,
Russia
Fast Neutron Reactor
(FBR)
graphite water
enriched
UO
2
12 Russia
Light Water Graphite
Reactor (RBMK)
graphite CO
2
natural U
(metal),
enriched
UO
2
18 UK
Gas-Cooled Reactor
(AGR & Magnox)
heavy
water
heavy
water
natural
UO
2
43 Canada
Pressurized Heavy
Water Reactor
'CANDU' (PHWR)
water water
enriched
UO
2
94 US, Japan, Sweden
Boiling Water Reactor
(BWR)
water water
enriched
UO
2
264
US, France, Japan,
Russia
Pressurized Water
Reactor (PWR)
Modrtor Coolnt Fuel No. Main Countries Reactor type
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Electricity Production Cost
Jordan
(2008)
$.06
/kWh
Gas
$.18
/kWh
Oil
Plants
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Limitation of Jordan’s Electrical Grid
Jordan’s electrical grid is projected to be
3000 – 5000 Mwe between 2015-2030
Lithuania
Has One Reactor , Producing Over 70% of its total Electricity Since 1992
Armenia
Has One Reactor , Supplying 25% - 42% of its total Electricity Since 1996
Slovenia
Has One Reactor, Supplying 32% - 39% of its total Electricity Since 1992
Source xoubi, EIA ( 2005)
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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1979/1980 Airborne Survey
Source: NRA Source: NRA
Source: NRA
Potential Uranium Areas
Mostly related to Areas with
Phosphate rock formations
Central Jordan
Mafraq
Wadi Bahiyyah
Wadi Alsaheb Al-Abyad
Ruwaished
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Central Jordan
Joint Venture with Areva signed
on September 30, 2008
A total area of approximately
1400 km² (50 km² fertile zone)
Detailed exploration program
Bankable feasibility study (BFS)
Uranium production in 2012
2000 tons per year (estimated)
French and Jordanian geologists
are currently working in the area
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Northern Jordan
Includes Housha and Hamra which
are located in Mafraq governant in
northern Jordan
Currently under active exploration
An area of approximately 30 Km
2
maybe expandable up to 150 Km
2
Jordanian/ Chinese Joint working
groups
Chinese and Jordanian geologists
are currently working in the area
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Wadi Bahiyyah
Currently under active exploration
Wide area of approximately 1300 Km
2
Jordanian/ Chinese Joint working groups
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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The Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Natural Uranium
& Thorium
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF)
Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Pool
SNF is Fuel removed from a
reactor, after it has reached
the end of its useful life
It can be reprocessed to
produce new fuel (France,
UK, Russia, Japan)
Or Stored, and then disposed
of in a final repository (USA)
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Limitation of The National Grid Size
Lithuania
Has One Reactor , Producing Over 70% of its total Electricity Since 1992
Armenia
Has One Reactor , Supplying 25% - 42% of its total Electricity Since 1996
Slovenia
Has One Reactor, Supplying 32% - 39% of its total Electricity Since 1992
Source xoubi, EIA ( 2005)
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Nuclear Energy
Safe, Proven, Reliable, Low-cost supplier of electricity
Available and proven technology
Economic benefits – jobs & economy
Each nuclear plant
Adds over $500 million/year to the economy
Employs ~ 500 – 1500, with an equivalent number of
indirect jobs
Waste product is controlled, stored, monitored, protected
and regulated
The developed world is moving back to Nuclear
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Cooperation Agreements
Complete Nuclear Cooperation Agreements (NCA) with
1. France
2. China
Initiated Nuclear Cooperation Agreements (NCA) with
1. USA 2. Russia 3. Canada
Signed MoU’s with key countries including
1. USA 2. Russia 3. UK
4. Canada 5. Korea 6. Romania
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Human Resource Development
The establishment of a Nuclear
Engineering department at
Jordan University of Science &
Technology
The program is modeled after
USA nuclear engineering
program
Scholarships for Jordanians to
France and China
Training of Jordanians in the
mining company
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Subcritical Reactor
Signed a Contract with
China for the Design and
Construction of a
Subcritical Reactor
Will be built next year
Train Nuclear
Engineering Students
Reactor parameters
Flux distribution
Material buckling
reactor operations
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
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Thank You
Questions ?
More than a dream ……. It is our Goal
NX