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New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents, paradigm shifted on bioassay to assess environmental

hazards of chemicals / pollutants /xenobiotics / waste waters: new conceptualization
[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]; additional key words: detergents, surfactants, pollutants, ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, book, biotesting, bioassay, phytotest, phytotoxicity, THE QUESTIONS THAT WERE ANSWERED in the BOOK entitled ‘Biological Effects of Surfactants’: 1. Do detergents and synthetic surfactants pose any serious hazard to environment? the Answer given by the book: Yes, they do; 2. Do all types of detergents and washing mixtures pose that hazard – including, e.g. laundry detergents and shampoos? The Answer given by the book: Yes, they do; 3. How broad is the spectrum of negative biological effects produced by surfactants and detergents? The Answer given by the book: it is really broad and covers all the organisms that were used in author‟s bioassays, without any exception: from prokaryotes to eukaryotes, from unicellular to multicellular organisms, from bacteria to plants and animals. 4. Do sublethal concentrations of surfactants and detergents pose a serious hazard to the biosphere? The Answer given by the book: Yes, they do. A good example is the author‟s discovery of sublethal effects of surfactants on bivalve mollusks, which lead to a decrease in filtration rate, which in turn leads to a decrease in water self-purification, which pose a serious hazard of a decrease in water quality. 5. Is it possible to offer any new efficient methods or new modifications of the current methods for bioassay of chemicals? The Answer given by the book: Yes, it is not only possible but implemented. The book contains new methods/modifications of methods which increase the efficiency of bioassay with seedlings of plants and activity of filter-feeders (Chapter 2 in the book). 6. In which countries was the book cited and proved to be useful? Answer: Belgium, Denmark, Austria, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Peru, Slovakia, and others. See the text below. 7. In which countries did some libraries acquire this book? Answer: USA (Harvard University, MIT, Library of Congress, and others), Canada, UK (Oxford, Cambridge University, and others.), Netherlands, France, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and others: to be corrected[] ** Examples of web-sites with information on the libraries that acquired the book: ** Libraries, universities worldwide acquired the books of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov (topics: environment, ecology, conservation) ** U.S.A.: All top universities, libraries acquired the books of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov on environment, ecology, conservation: ** **

台灣, 台湾, Taiwan libraries bought the book „Biological Effects of Surfactants‟ authored by a Moscow University environmental scientist, a Fulbright Awardee Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. The book was acquired by the National Taiwan University Library and the libraries of two other universities of Taiwan. ** ** Innovation / Discovery Why it is useful Who cited papers presenting various aspects of this innovation Where this innovation / discovery was published

Innovation / Discovery:
New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents; A series of new methods and facts on bioassay of surfactants, detergents, pesticides, using plant seedlings, freshwater and marine bivalve mollusks, leeches, algae, bacteria; [= Серия новых методик и фактов о биологическом и токсичном действии детергентов и поверхностно-активных веществ]

WHY IT IS USEFUL: Previously, the hazards from detergents and synthetic surfactants were underestimated. The new facts open our eyes to better see the new hazards to the environment and water quality. New insight into hazards from low, sublethal concentrations of pollutants and mild, non-lethal effects of those low concentrations on organisms; New priorities in monitoring, and environmental protection; To provide better environmental protection; To ensure water sustainability WHO CITED PAPERS PRESENTING VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THIS INNOVATION:
Mutagenesis, Volume22, Issue 6, p. 363-370. Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) and dimethyldioctadecyl-ammonium bromide (DDAB), two common quaternary ammonium compounds, cause genotoxic effects in mammalian and plant cells at environmentally relevant concentrations. F. Ferk, M. Mišík1, C. Hoelzl, M. Uhl2, M. Fuerhacker3, B. Grillitsch4, W. Parzefall, A. Nersesyan, K. Mičieta1, T. Grummt5, V. Ehrlich and S. Knasmüller*; - Author Affiliations: Institute of Cancer Research, Medical University of Vienna, Austria; 1Department of Botany, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia; 2Federal Environment Agency Austria, Vienna, Austria; 3University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria; 4University of Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory of Ecotoxicology, Vienna, Austria; 5German Environmental Protection Agency, Bad Elster, Germany; *To whom correspondence should be addressed. Tel: +43 1 427765142; ** M.B. Yagci, S. Bolca, J.P.A. Heuts, W. Ming, G. de With. Self-stratifying antimicrobial polyurethane coatings. - Progress in Organic Coatings. 2011. In press; doi:10.1016/j.porgcoat.2011.04.021. M.B. Yagci a, S. Bolca b, J.P.A. Heuts c, W. Ming a, G. de With a, a Laboratory of Materials and Interface Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands;

b Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium; c Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands;; ** J. Saudi Chem. Soc., Vol. 12, No. 4; pp. 489-514 (2008); SURFACTANTS PART 1: OVERVIEW ON THEIR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES. Hamad A. Al-Lohedan* and Fawzia F. Al-Blewi Department of Chemistry, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh-11451, Saudi Arabia; ** Nanosized Photocatalysts in Environmental Remediation. Jess P. Wilcoxon, Billie L. Abrams; Published Online: 15 JUL 2010; DOI: 10.1002/9783527628155.nanotech012; Copyright © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Wilcoxon, J. P. and Abrams, B. L. 2010. Nanosized Photocatalysts in Environmental Remediation. Nanotechnology. 51–124. Author Information: 1 University of Birmingham, Nanophysics Research Laboratory, Birmingham, United Kingdom; 2 Danish Technical University, Department of Physics Nano DTU Center for Integrated Nanoparticle Functionality (CINF), Kongens Lyngby, Denmark; ** The Biologist (Lima, Peru) 2010, 8:43-53. ISSN 1816-0719. EFECTO DE UN DETERGENTE BIODEGRADABLE EN AGUA EN LA REPRODUCCIÓN DE DAPHNIA MAGNA [=EFFECT OF A BIODEGRADABLE DETERGENT IN WATER ON DAPHNIA MAGNA REPRODUCTION] Castiglioni, M.1,2 & Collins, P.1,2; 1 Escuela Superior de Sanidad- FBCB- UNL. Cuidad Universitaria Pje El Pozo s/n, 3000 Santa Fe , Argentina. 2 Instituto Nacional de Limnología- CONICET-UNL. Cuidad Universitaria Pje El Pozo s/n, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina. Correo electrónico:; ** CITED OTHER RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS by the same author: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 27(2): 409-423. 2008; doi: 10.1899/07-058.1;; Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels; Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner. And other publications;

WHERE THIS INNOVATION / DISCOVERY WAS PUBLISHED: The book: S.A.Ostroumov. Biological Effects of Surfactants, Publisher: CRC Press, Taylor &Francis; ISBN: 9780849325267; ISBN 10: 0849325269;

Which libraries and institutions worldwide have acquired this book? Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge, MIT and other libraries worldwide which acquired the books by Dr. S. O.: Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa: USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, United Kingdom, Finland, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa: [to be corrected:]; On the book: Understanding the role of aquatic biota in forming water quality, and the impact of pollution and chemical substances that enter aquatic ecosystems is crucial to the assessment, prevention, and remediation of damaged environments. The book “Biological Effects of Surfactants” SYNTHESIZES THE MOST IMPORTANT FINDINGS from hundreds of articles and the author's current experiments. His articles

were on the biological effects of synthetic surfactants and detergents on individual organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems. This book offers a new perspective of the hazards of pollution. The book DRAWS UPON NEW CONCEPTS IN AQUATIC ECOLOGY, hydrobiology, biogeochemical cycling, and the assimilative capacity of water. The analysis is made beyond the self-purification capabilities of bacteria and nutrient cycling. The book presents and examines a lot of new effects of anionic, non-ionic, and cationic surfactants as well as detergent mixtures on a wide range of organisms. The list of the organisms includes bacteria, cyanobacteria, flagellates, algae, higher plants, and invertebrates. The author is a distinguished member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He establishes new quantitative characteristics of the effects and presents study results reflecting newly discovered phenomena. The author is proposing and substantiating new priorities and approaches for testing, assessing, and characterizing the biological activities and hazards of chemical substances. Moreover, he illustrates how the data obtained can be used to develop effective environmental remediation and protection measures to improve water quality. The book „Biological Effects of Surfactants‟ LAYS AN EXCELLENT FOUNDATION FOR SCIENTISTS TO EXPLORE HOW HAZARDOUS WASTES are absorbed in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The book determines what is required for remediation and restoring water quality in freshwater and marine water bodies and ecosystems. In addition, the book designs the best approach to counteract the toxic effects of manmade surfactants using biological methods, including phytoremediation (phytotechnology). The book is a useful contribution to water sustainability, to sustainable development.

OTHER EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]; Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification) ADDITIONAL KEY WORDS: ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]; New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents ; additional key words: book, detergents, surfactants, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 3]; Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification; To be corrected:; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 4]; New: a solution to the problem of criteria for ecohazards of chemicals, and negative anthropogenic effects on organisms and biota. To be corrected:; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 5]:

A new solution to the problem of eutrophication: To be corrected: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 6]: New Measurements. Role of Pellets of Mollusks in Fluxes of Chemical Elements. To be corrected:; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 7]; New Discovery: Pollutants Inhibit Fluxes of Chemical Elements. To be corrected:; KEY DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS.EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: To be corrected: A list of other fundamental discoveries: To be corrected:;

OTHER EVALUATIONS of works of this author: About the author:; On Twitter:;

ADDITION : A contribution to MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION : The discoveries and made by this author, and the new factual data generated have a proved innovative potential to be used as a refreshing addition to the following lecture courses and educational seminars on a number of subjects including: Environmental monitoring; Environmental sciences ; Environmental studies ; Environmental chemistry ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental ethics ; Environmental protection ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental policy ; Environmental management ; Environmental engineering ; Ecology ; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic science; Sustainability ; Biotechnology ; Limnology ;

Zoology ; Pollution ; Water quality ; Biosphere ; Aquatic bioresources ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservation biology ; Biochemical ecology ; Chemical ecology ; Ecological chemistry ; Bioassay ; Assessment of environmental hazards ; Man-made effects ; Anthropogenic impact ; Natural resources ; Eco-ethics ; Nanomaterials ; Nanoscience ; Biogeochemistry ; Geochemistry ; Phytotechnology ; Phytoremediation ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological oceanography ; Water resources ; Water pollution ; Organic pollutants ; Soil, water and air pollution ; Inorganic pollutants ; Applied ecology ; Xenobiology ; Xenobiotics ; Invertebrates ; Freshwater biology ; Marine biology ; Plant-animal interactions ; Conservation of nature ; Hydrobiology ; Aquatic ecology ; Biotesting ; Phytotest ; Plant biology ; Biotransformation ; Global change ; Interactions among organisms ; Toxicology of environment ; Protected areas ;

Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov‟s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov‟s publications are being used to modernize education: ** MORE KEY WORDS IN OTHER LANGUAGES (the series of publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov): detergents, surfactants, pollutants, ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, book, biotesting, bioassay, phytotest, phytotoxicity, биогеохимия, пеллеты, новый, химические элементы, потоки, методология, двустворчатые моллюски, моллюски, моющие средства, поверхностно-активные вещества, подавляют, экотоксикология, экологическая химия, вода, устойчивость; водные, экосистемы, пресноводные, морские, ресурсы, экобезопасность, биоразнообразие, охрана, сохранение, экосистемные услуги, гидросфера, загрязнение, окружающей среды, контроль, профилактика, охрана окружающей среды, защита, предотвращение; Biogeochemie, Pellets, neue, chemische Elemente, Flussmittel, Methodik, Muscheln, Weichtieren, Waschmittel, Tenside, hemmen, Ökotoxikologie, Umwelt-Chemie, Wasser, Nachhaltigkeit, aquatische, Ökosysteme, Süßwasser-, Meeres-, Ressourcen, ecosafety, Biodiversität, Schutz, Erhaltung, Dienstleistungen, Hydrosphäre, Umweltverschmutzung, Steuer-, globale, Erwärmung, Prävention, Umwelt-, Schutz-, 生物地球化学、ペレット、新しい、化学元素、フラックス、方法論、二枚貝、軟体動物、洗剤 、界面活性剤、阻害、生態毒性、環境化学、水、持続可能性、水生、生態系、淡水、海洋、資 源、ecosafety、生物多様性、保護、保全、サービス、水圏、汚染、制御、炭素、窒素、リン、 ケイ素、アルミニウム、アル、気候、変化、地球、温暖化、防止、環境、保護、; 生物地球化学,球团,新的化学元素,助焊剂,方法,双壳类,软体动物,洗涤剂,表面活性剂 ,抑制,生态毒理学,环境化学,水,可持续发展;水产,生态系统,淡水,海洋,资源,环境安 全,生物多样性,保护,养护,服务,水圈,污染控制,碳,氮,磷,硅,铝,碳,氮,磷,硅 ,铝,气候,变化,全球性的气候变暖,预防,环境,保护, biogeoquímica, pellets, nuevos, elementos químicos, los flujos, la metodología, los bivalvos, moluscos, detergentes, surfactantes, inhibir, ecotoxicología, química ambiental, el agua, la sostenibilidad, acuáticos, los ecosistemas de agua dulce, marinos, recursos, seguridad ambiental, la biodiversidad, la protección, conservación , los servicios, la hidrosfera, la contaminación, control, el cambio, el calentamiento global, la prevención, medio ambiente, protección, biogéochimie, des pastilles, de nouvelles, les éléments chimiques, des flux, la méthodologie, les bivalves, les mollusques, les détergents, tensioactifs, inhiber, l'écotoxicologie, la chimie de l'environnement, l'eau, la durabilité; aquatiques, les écosystèmes d'eau douce, marins, les ressources, la sécurité environnementale, biodiversité, la protection, la conservation , les services, l'hydrosphère, la pollution, le contrôle, le changement, réchauffement global, la prévention, l'environnement, la protection, ‫ال صذف ت يه رواث ، وال م ىهج يت ال تذف قبث،و ، ال ك يم يبئ يت وال ع ىب صش جذي ذة، وال كشي بث، ،ل ب يىج يىك يم يبئ يت‬ ‫وال ىظم ال مبئ يت واال س تذامت؛ وال م يبي، ،ال ب ي ئ يت ال ك يم يبءو ، ال سم يت وت م ىغ، ال سطحي،و وال م ىظ فبث وال شخىي بث‬ ‫و ص يبو ت وحمبي ت ال ب يىل ىجي، وال ت ىىع ،ال ب ي ئ يت وال س المت وال مىاسد، ،وال بحشي ت ال عزب ت وال م يبي ،ال ب ي ئ يت‬ ‫;وال م ىبخ، ششك ت، ، سي وال كشب ىن ومشاق بت وال ت لىث، ال مبئ ي، ال غ الفو ، وال خذمبث‬