Research Report on “Which is the best method to teach, either through power point or whiteboard?

Submitted By: Peetar Adhikari MBA Term III Roll No: 14

Submitted To: Moon Pradhan

Graduate School, Ace Institute of Management In Partial fulfillment of the research methodology course of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SINAMANGAL, KATHMANDU 2010

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The course Instructor Research Methodology Ace Institute of Management

Respected Mam,

I am conducting the research on the topic “Which is the best method to teach, either through power point or whiteboard” as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Business Administration. I hereby submit a proposal for the same.

Hoping for your approval and support

Yours sincerely

………………

Peetar Adhikari MBA Term III Ace Institute of Management Recommendation
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This is to certify that the Dissertation

Submitted By: Peetar Adhikari MBA Term III Roll No: 14

Entitled “Which is the best method to teach, either through power point or whiteboard?” Has been prepared as approved by college

……………………. Signature Date: 22nd March, 2010 Supervisor’s Name

..………………….. Signature of Program Director Date:

SIGNATURE PAGE

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I certify that I have read this document and in my opinion, it is satisfactory in scope and quality as a research project in partial fulfillment for the MBA course of Research Methodology held at the Ace Institute of Management, Pokhara University during 2010.

_________________________ Course Instructor Ms. Moon Pradhan Ace Institute of Management

COPYRIGHT
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contained therein. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information. without prior permission of the authors. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this report. Date: Ace Institute of Management ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 5 .All right reserved No part of this report may be reproduced. or by any means. the authors assume no responsibility for error or omission. stored or transmitted in any form.

........ Sinamangal..... Date: TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY........ Moon Pradhan.... I am also thankful to Pokhara University for providing such a problem........... At last my special thanks go to my family and friends for their coordination to succeed this thesis... without whom this research would have been totally impossible...11 6 . for guiding me throughout this study and whose academic expertise in this field provided us with the in depth insight and analytical skills necessary for this project and taking some time out of her hectic schedule to listen to me and providing me with valuable and constructive comments..... Firstly... lecturer. I would like to thank Ms.. Ace Institute of Management......I would like to express my sincere appreciation to each and every individual who has directly or indirectly assisted me in compiling this research work... My sincere thanks go to all the respondents who courageously spelled out their privacy............

...........................................................................27 CHAPTER 5: Analysis and Data interpretation.....................................................................14 The Disadvantages and Advantages of Using Whiteboards.................................43 7 ....29 CHAPTER 6: DISCUSSION................................................................................Chapter 2: INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................................19 CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH DESIGN............................................24 CHAPTER 4: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY..............................42 Chapter 7: Conclusion and Recommendation.......

..................................................................................................31 Chart 3.............................................................................................26 Chart 2...................... 36 8 .......................................................35 Chart 6.32 Chart 4..................LIST OF FIGURES 3......6 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK..........................................................................................34 Chart 5...................................................

.39 9 ...................................................................................38 Table 9...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................37 Table 7.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................35 Table 6.......................................................................................33 Table 4......................................................................32 Table 3...............................................................................................38 TABLE 10............................................................................................37 Table 8 ....................29 Table 2.........................................................34 Table 5....LIST OF TABLE Table 1.......................

This survey will be beneficial for the college as well. I found that whiteboard is best when teacher are dealing with numerical subjects like account and finance and for theoretical subjects power point is good . From the research I came to know that there is not any single best medium to teach.Executive Summary: This report has been prepared under the subject research methodology and design. for the fulfillment of the requirement for the MBA degree. The research is based on questionnaire distributed to people belonging to Ace Institute of Management. as it will be able to improve its student’s learning capacity. The report is based on the sample of 30 respondents. 10 . This survey will be useful for the students as they will be able to express their satisfaction /dissatisfaction. This research is conducted to find out the best medium to teach the students. Media to be chosen depends upon whether the subjects are numerical or theoretical. This research is a problem finding research. The study period taken for the research is 3 months.

since by this survey they will know to what extent the students learning at ace are being affected by the use of PowerPoint and whiteboard. I have conducted the research through structured questionnaire and one experiment with people inside Ace Institute of Management. as they will be able to express their satisfaction /dissatisfaction to the management as well as suggest ways for dealing with the problem in hand. This survey will be useful for the students as well. The college will be able to see where the teachers are doing well.2 Rational This survey will be beneficial for the college. They will get an understanding as to how students are facing the problem due to of bad selection of media by the teachers.CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY 1. 1. For that. 11 . This will further help the college to produce more talented students in the future. The research topic carried out which is the best method of teaching that is either through the help of power point or whiteboard. The reason behind choosing this research topic is to find out whether student learning is affected by teaching method of PowerPoint and whiteboard. Hence they can expect improvement for the days to come and a solution for the problem.1 Background of the report This project was assigned by the Pokhara University as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Business Administration under the subject Business Research Methodology. This will be presented to Management of the college. and also to determine where the teachers are lacking and needs improvement.

• • 1.3 Objective of the study • • For the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MBA To find out the extent to which power point and whiteboard has been affecting the students learning capacity.They have given indifferent answers to the questions. and charts.4 Limitations • • The sample population is very large but sample size taken is small. To provide aid for conducting further through research. To find out the students preferences. bars. • To find out the probable solutions to the existing problem. As the questionnaire consisted of very few Yes/No questions. • Most of the respondents have filled the answer carelessely.1. not much of analysis part consists of tables. 12 .

where each of 30 individuals will have equal chance of being selected for the study. This would thus avoid misleading conclusion due to communication gap while collecting the information 1.5 Methodology The questionnaire will be given to students of ace morning MBA personally by the investigator. 13 . This will insure accuracy and precision of result. The questionnaire will be personally explained by the investigator to the sample on any topic they do not understand. The sample of 30 students will be chosen through simple random sampling design. not much secondary data will be collected. However insights are collected from internet on the related topics consists of: • www.1.6 Literature review The report is on the best method of teaching at Ace institute of Management and basically being a primary research.google.com From this site I found out the meaning to some important terms and incidents related to the research topic and gave me an idea about the current scenario. so that no communication gap will be created.

Plus. Its advantages are. Using PowerPoint and slide shows to teach offers benefits. Interaction and Engagement PowerPoint and slide presentations hold student attention through the use of video. Also. Technology surrounds students. so it is easier for viewers to read it out in full sentences. 14 . PowerPoint. They're convenient and easy to transport because you can put them onto a memory stick and then onto your chosen computer. graphics and music. You can have your information in note form on the slides. they're useful because you can add sound and videos to them which will captivate the viewer’s attention. tools that involve technology such as slide shows increase student involvement and interaction. You can add pictures/animations/slide transitions to make it more interesting and keep the audience's attention.Chapter 2: INTRODUCTION PowerPoint and Whiteboard PowerPoint is good ways to effectively get across short bullet points of information. It can be attached to an email and sent to any other computer in the world (or to your teacher) It can be made to suit your audience by changing the slide background/font. PowerPoint and similar slide show presentation programs provide an effective approach to both student work and classroom instruction. although they use electricity are more of an environmentally friendly way of presenting things. can be easily read if you have a big enough projector. If you used leaflets in a presentation you'd be wasting paper and ink. They look good visually. they're quick to make and you have as much information on them as you want because you can add lots of slides. PowerPoint is a quick way to make your presentation. as well. They're good base points for a presentation to remind you of what you need to say. Because students today are so technologically advanced.

Absent students receive the same instruction as those who are present. Microsoft's PowerPoint program. information and data. has emerged as one of the most dynamic presentation tools in today's Information Age. add value to lectures. styles and custom layouts are used by working professionals. sound effects and flashy animations are used creatively to enliven discussions. PowerPoint presentations in many forms. teacher easily can incorporate photos of student work. Slide show tools allow us to incorporate text. audio and photos from the Internet easily. Integration of Multiple Sources Using PowerPoint and slide shows. related content from news sources and the latest expert research into a single presentation. politicos and others to showcase material. video from a field trip. medical practitioners.Ability to Capitalize on Modern Media The Internet provides current events coverage and the latest information on an enormous number of topics. teacher can integrate multiple sources in classroom presentations. images. For example. Slide shows and complex presentations comprising of text. Teachers can share the workload of creating presentations. Availability of Instruction Rather than handing absentee students written notes of a lesson they missed. academicians. which is bundled with any MS Office suite. video.3-D graphics audio clips. Today. students. It’s another advantages are: 15 . allowing teacher to share the most recent information using media that engage students. so they do not fall behind. teacher can reply lesson or presentation using a slide show. Cooperation and Collaboration Teachers can share lessons and presentations simply using a file-sharing system or flash drive. make compelling speeches and enrich studies and reports.

Educational Value PowerPoint presentations are used by professors and teachers to add value to their lectures and notes. Slides with statistical highlights and important facts are also used to present critical information. Effective Visual Tool The visual imagery made possible by juggling various PowerPoint combinations. educate and enthuse different user audiences about products and services. seminars and symposiums. surveys and studies on any subject or domain. design templates and other tools is used by speakers to add value to speeches and presentations and engage audiences via projector screens during conferences. 16 . projects and other coursework submissions.Flexibility and Customization Introduction of newer tools. custom templates and the ability to be used in many platforms makes PowerPoint a flexible and highly customizable tool. User ingenuity can be meshed with these flexibility and customization characteristics to present information and material to suit specific needs and audiences. Students use PowerPoint slides and presentations to enrich their assignments. Sales Presentations Sales professionals regularly use compelling PowerPoint presentations comprising of data and informative content to inform. Summarize Detailed Reports PowerPoint presentations capture the essence and summarize key points of highly detailed reports.

dynamic Smart Art diagrams. With PowerPoint Slide Libraries. Create powerful. relationship. so your content is always up to date. it is easy to share these custom slides with others so that your presentations have a consistent and professional look and feel. we can define and save your own custom slide layouts so you no longer have to waste valuable time cutting and pasting your layouts onto new slides or deleting content on a slide with your desired layout. Communicate with users across platforms and devices.1 Use custom layouts to assemble presentations more quickly. Rich features and capabilities are presented in a streamlined. uncluttered workspace that minimizes distraction and enables people to achieve the results they want more quickly and easily.Get better results faster with the Microsoft Office Fluent user interface. We can even convert a bulleted list into a Smart Art diagram. 17 . Not only does this cut down the time you spend creating presentations. Easily reuse content with Office PowerPoint 2007 Slide Libraries. but any slides you insert can remain synchronized with the server version. In Office PowerPoint 2007. It’s easy for users to take advantage of rich formatting options with new contextual diagramming menus. or hierarchy diagrams from within Office PowerPoint 2007. Wish there was a better way to reuse content from one presentation to another? With PowerPoint Slide Libraries. Help ensure broad communication with your PowerPoint presentations by converting your files to XPS and PDF files for sharing with users on any platform. Easily create high-impact and dynamic workflow. or modify and update existing diagrams. you can store presentations as individual slides on a site supported by Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 and easily repurpose the content later within Office PowerPoint 2007.

charts. and other presentation elements in richer ways than ever before. PowerPoint has emerged as one of the most popular tools of choice for giving presentations. and graphics with new Smart Art graphics tools and effects. Office PowerPoint 2007 makes these tools readily available through the streamlined user interface and contextual menus. text. so that in just a few clicks. Granted most people turn to Microsoft products as a familiar friend. tables. Dramatically modify shapes. styles. Microsoft has developed this application with ease of use in mind. but there are many other reasons to integrate PowerPoint with your talk. we can be confident that our entire presentation has a professional and consistent look and feel. By applying a theme. There are many advantages and disadvantages to using PowerPoint. shapes. charts. We can now add a digital signature to your PowerPoint presentations to help ensure their contents are not changed after they leave your hands. your work can have greater impact. If you are standing in front of an audience describing your innovative thoughts. We can manipulate and work with your text. tables. but also the colors. Document Themes enable us to change the look and feel of your entire presentation with just one click. and fonts of the diagrams. People love visuals because it helps them put an image to an idea. and text within your presentation. there are templates and tools right at your fingertips to help you construct the perfect accompaniment to your presentation. Add more security to your PowerPoint presentations. or you can mark a presentation as “final” to prevent inadvertent changes. Changing the theme of your presentation not only changes the background color.Uniformly format your presentations with Document Themes. showing a picture or photo with the highlighted points helps get your point across and your listeners are likely to sit up and 18 .

The tools provided within the PowerPoint application are very user friendly and easy to follow step-by-step. PowerPoint provides a terrific way to make your presentation memorable if properly used as an enhancement to augment your ideas. 19 . At early eighties whiteboards become more popular than any other boards. In today’s busy world people don't like to get caught up in detail and PowerPoint gives an effectual means to get your ideas across. even surface used for temporary markings that is specially designed for non-permanent marker. especially for the children. you can effectively capture your audience's attention if done properly. It was in those times computers were beginning to be introduced into classrooms and the airborne particles from chalks posed the threat of greatly damaging the chips of the computer. The Disadvantages and Advantages of Using Whiteboards This is commonly known as a white board marker partner to a whiteboard a white. Even its application become more suitable to some institutions. Adding some pictures and graphical representations add charm and helps personalize your presentation. but when utilizing a tool such as PowerPoint. places of education and other similar environments because of its credibility and usefulness. The application provides you with a variety of layouts to choose from and it's easy to select what kinds of features you want to integrate into your slides which help you create an expert looking slideshow.take notice. offices. even the novice user can sit down and effectively learn how to navigate this program with the helpful templates and tips offered within the program. Long speeches tend to become boring and people tune out. meeting halls. chalks also render the surrounding air quality to be very poor. The whiteboard appeared just when the airborne particles from the chalks began to raise concerns in people’s minds. All these factors influenced the replacement of chalkboards with whiteboards on a large scale. These are some terrific enhancements and benefits in applying PowerPoint to your discussion. It starts from a chalk board and then later on it becomes White boards both functions are similar. Slides should be designed in such a way where they are catchy and provide key phrases which will keep listeners attuned and focused on bulleted and the most important points. Moreover.

However. A porcelain board has a magnetic surface. such as class or meeting notes. smaller pieces are easier to write with because the longer ones break easily. This allows you to pin up important documents. This can reduce fatigue and making writing on the board much easier. Less mess. There are many advantages to using one. as well as any papers you may working from. 3. 3. PowerPoint presentations. so it can be used as a magnetic bulletin board. The most significant advantage of whiteboards over chalkboards is that the whiteboard markers do not generate dust like chalks. 5. A person who has arthritis may find chalk extremely difficult to grasp. 4. The board is comparatively cleaner. Another advantage to using a whiteboard is that it can be used as a projection screen for slide shows. The markings are also not affected by external factors.The benefits of a whiteboards over chalkboards: 1. In addition to being messy. Whiteboards have become a very popular way of communicating with people. Here are five distinct advantages to using a whiteboard. 1. Whiteboards with non-reflective surfaces can also be used for LCD projection. Chalkboards are very popular in schools and they've even been used in professional settings. Dry-erase makers are easy to use. You can project on to it. and 20 . overhead projections. 2. as well as people with larger fingers. The availability of many colors of markers allows for an engaging visual presentation. especially when you compare them to chalkboards and paper. chalk can be a very messy medium to work with because it produces a lot of dust. This dust has the tendency to get all over the place and it can be hazardous to people with breathing problems and/or allergies. 4. 6. You can use it as a bulletin board. Using a whiteboard eliminates the mess so they're great for use in which dust would cause problems. less dust. The marker is easier to hold and handle. Dry-erase markers are much more comfortable to hold because you can hold them like you would a ballpoint pen. You can't hold it like a pen and usually. chalk can be difficult for some people to hold. and provides for a clearer presentation. 2. especially in the workplace.

Use only standard dry-erase markers on the whiteboard. Whiteboards are invariably employed in various places starting from small kitchens in homes to huge meeting halls of companies. The white surface is perfect for projecting images on to. 21 . Too much glossiness in the surface can be a problem to those who have poor visibility. The maintenance of whiteboards is also easy. Using a whiteboard will eliminate the need for all that paper which is much better for the environment. Boards with low quality can leave ghosting effects that can be bothersome for the future markings on the board. Permanent markers should be avoided under any condition. The markings must not be erased immediately. as this may smudge and cause ghosting effect. and do not generate dust. 5. After every use the board must be erased. their advantages outshine all the downsides. 5.even movies. If the board is used every day. If there is an advantage of Whiteboards then there is only a set of disadvantages: 1. which means you won't need to purchase a screen for your presentations. 3. The cleaner must be non-abrasive (glass cleaner). Whiteboards are more costly than black boards. They provide the utmost comfort. 2. Although whiteboards have disadvantages. to those who have vision problems a white background can cause them difficulty in viewing the content. It will help you save paper. If you've been using an easel with a big pad of paper on it for meetings and presentations. while still damp. 4. It has to be dry wipe type of markers since there are some that is not appropriate to use. you're no doubt ending up with a bunch of paper that needs to be either thrown away or recycled. excellent visual presentation. Pick the right markers to use on whiteboards. it has to be cleaned at least 3 times a week.

D. conscientious learning center where students at different levels prepare to meet the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century. Within the short period of ten years. It was established in 1999 A.2 Vision Enhance the capacity of individuals and institutions in Nepal to contribute to the nation's development. It is affiliated to Pokhara University. It was the first institution to introduce Executive MBA program in 1999.1 Background of the organization of study. Various programs offered by Ace are: • • • • • • • EMBA MBAe MBA BBA BBA-BI A level Ace Higher Secondary 2. Ace Institute of Management is a contemporary. 22 . it has been able to establish itself as one of the leading institutions in the country.2.

3 Mission Promote entrepreneurship and professionalism by assisting entrepreneurs and institutions in acquiring and managing resources effectively.2.Promote a learning environment where individuals can learn to be thoughtful and responsible managers.4 Values • • • • • • • • Honesty in work Learning from mistakes Adherence to regulations Sincerity in relationships Respect for self and others Responsibility for one's actions Care for resources Questioning spirit. and entrepreneurs. 23 . leaders. 2.

whether teaching through power point or whiteboard? 3.3 Research Question • What is the level of effect of using PowerPoint and whiteboard on students learning capacity? What might be the probable solutions to the existing problem? 3.CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH DESIGN 3.2 Management Decision Problem How to enhance the students learning capacity? Whether to use whiteboard or power point? 3.1 Research Topic Which is the best method of teaching.4 Dependent variable The dependent variable of the research topic: 24 .

Load shedding no problem Whiteboard 25 .• Student learning 3.5 Independent variable From the above mentioned interview. following independent variables related to the research topic were derived: PowerPoint • • • • • • • • Handout Load shedding problems Faster medium Better understanding Graphic design and figure Time consuming Easier solving of numerical problems.

7 HYPOTHESIS • • • There is significant relationship between Power point and handouts There is significant relationship between Power point and better understanding by the students. 26 .3.6 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Students learning 3. There is significant relationship between Power point and faster medium.

4.2 Study place The study was conducted in the premise of Ace institute of Management. 4. There is significant relationship between white board and load shedding.4 Study period The study period taken for this research is approximately 4 months. 4. It is based on questionnaire distributed to students studying in Ace Institute of Management. The samples were chosen using simple random sampling design. 27 . trying to find out the extent of the effect of PowerPoint and whiteboard on students learning and also looks to find out the potential solutions to the problem. There is significant relationship between Power point and load shedding.• • • • • There is significant relationship between Power point and Graphic design and figure.1 Research Design The research design adopted in this study is descriptive based on survey study. It requires 4 month for the proper study and analysis of the research. morning shift and experiment done by our instructor. The research is a problem identification research. CHAPTER 4: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 4. There is significant relationship between white board and numerical easier. There is significant relationship between white board and time consumption.3 Study population The study population covers the students of second term and third term of Ace Institute of Management studying in Morning Shift MBA. ensuring accuracy and precision of result.

28 . 4. frequency tests etc) the calculated values. the information was coded and got fitted on the SPSS program to determine the effectiveness of the media.5 Sample size The study sample taken for this research is 30 respondents all students of Ace Institute of Management. where each of 30 individuals had equal chance of being selected.7 Data Analysis Once the data was collected. The samples were chosen using simple random sampling design. By using various tools of SPSS (One sample t test.4. tables. graphs were derived. On the basis of these analyses has been drawn. 4. This has insured accuracy and precision of result.6 Data collection This survey is more on the primary data collected through questionnaires distributed to the sample as well as secondary data collected through websites.

7 10.3 100.7 10.7 100.0 Cumulative Percent 26.0 63.CHAPTER 5: Analysis and Data interpretation Frequency Table Table 1 What media does your teacher use while teaching? Frequenc y Valid PowerPoi nt whiteboar d both Total 8 3 19 30 Percent 26.0 63.0 Valid Percent 26.0 29 .7 36.3 100.

what media does your teacher use while teaching? 20 15 Frequency 10 5 0 powerpoint whiteboard both what media does your teacher use while teaching? Chart 1 Interpretation 63. 19 say both. number of teacher using power point is large enough. Out of 30 students. From this data we can see that.3% of the respondents tell that teacher uses both while teaching. Number of teachers who only uses power point is also less than it seems to be. 30 . very few uses whiteboard solely. As compare to number of teacher using whiteboard.

00 do you understand when the teacher delivers mathematical problems through powerpoint? Chart 2 Interpretation: Majority of the respondents do not understand mathematical problems when teacher uses PowerPoint. 31 . Very few students understand when the numerical problems are easier.do you understand when the teacher delivers mathematical problems through powerpoint? 20 15 Frequency 10 5 0 yes no 3. In case of complex problem they do not understand too.

0 100.3 100.0 Valid yes no cannot say Total do you think the popularity of whiteboard is decreasing? 20 15 Frequency 10 5 0 yes no can not say do you think the popularity of whiteboard is decreasing? Chart 3 32 .0 46.7 26.0 Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 26.3 100.7 20.Table 2 Do you think the popularity of whiteboard is decreasing? Frequency 8 6 16 30 Percent 26.7 53.7 20.0 53.

From this data we can conclude that popularity of whiteboard is not decreasing.0 76. Table 3 Do you understand better when the teacher teaches through whiteboard? Frequenc y Valid yes 20 no 3 may ne 7 Total 30 Percent 66.0 23.0 Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 66.7 10.3 100.0 100.7 10.7 23.3 100.0 do you understand better when the teacher teaches through whiteboard? 20 15 Frequency 10 5 0 yes no may ne do you understand better when the teacher teaches through whiteboard? 33 . Respondents have mentioned that whiteboard is necessary for statistical subjects. They further said that its importance will not decrease in future also.Interpretation: More than 50% of the respondents are indifferent about the decreasing popularity of the whiteboard.7 66.

0 Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 13.0 Valid poor average good excellen t Total 34 . 90% understand when the teacher teaches through whiteboard.7 46. Table 4 Do you prefer whiteboard? Frequenc y 4 11 14 1 30 Percent 13.7 3.3 100.3 13.3 36.7 96.7 50.0 46.0 100.7 3.3 36.Chart 4 Interpretation: Yes many of the respondents understand when teacher teaches through whiteboard.3 100.

0 40.3% considers it as excellent.0 100.0 43.7% thinks it as average.0 Valid average good excellen t Total 35 .3 16.3 16.0 43. Table 5 Do you prefer PowerPoint? Frequenc y 12 13 5 30 Percent 40. The main reason behind they like whiteboard is that teacher can write anything to make things understand better to the students and it is very easy to understand mathematical problem because teacher can extends the necessary steps when students do not understand. 13.7 100.3 83. So in conclusion we can say that students like whiteboard.36.0 Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 40.7 100.do you prefer whiteboard? 14 12 10 Frequency 8 6 4 2 0 poor average good excellent do you prefer whiteboard? Chart 5 Interpretation: 46.3% considers it as poor and only 3.7% of the respondents think whiteboard is good.

etc. Overall we can say that students also prefer power point. arts. 40% think it as average and16. Basically students love to read theoretical subjects through slides because slides increases interest of the students as teachers can add various graphs.do you prefer pow erpoint? 14 12 10 Frequency 8 6 4 2 0 a verag e good e xce lle n t d o y ou p refe r p o w erpo in t? Chart 6 Interpretation: 43.3% of the respondents think it as good. 36 .7% considers it as an excellent media.

H1= students prefer whiteboard.845 Tab t=1. Error Mean .845 df 29 Sig. Level of significance= 5% Cal t=2.14061 N Do you prefer whiteboard? Interpretation: 30 Mean 3.699 37 . Table 7 One-Sample Test Test Value = 3 Mean Differenc e . Deviation .77013 Std.1124 Upper .40000 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower .4000 Here mean is greater than 3 therefore there is positive relationship between student learning and whiteboard.Table 6 One-Sample Statistics Std.008 H0= students do not prefer whiteboard.6876 t do you prefer whiteboard? Interpretation: 2. (2tailed) . Hence students learn more if teacher uses whiteboard. Whiteboard is the effective medium of teaching.

000 H0= students do not prefer PowerPoint. Deviation . (2tailed) . 38 .0385 t Do you prefer PowerPoint? 5.72793 Std. Table 8 One-Sample Statistics Std.769 df 29 Sig.76667 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower . Hence we reject H0 .13290 N Do you prefer PowerPoint? 30 Mean 3. Error Mean .Therefore students prefer whiteboard.7667 Here again the mean is greater than 3 therefore majority of the students prefer power point. Table 9 One-Sample Test Test Value = 3 Mean Differenc e .Here Table T value is smaller than Calculated T value.4949 Upper 1.

H1= students prefer power point Level of significance=5% Cal t=5.669 Here Calculated T is greater than is Table T.769 Tab t =1. TABLE 10 39 . therefore we reject H0 that is students prefer power point.

25 2.5 9 10 9 9.8 42.5 2.25 16.25 2.5 5 17.75 16.5 10 9 10 8.75 5.25 15 15 16.75 16.25 2.5 34.25 2.C Pushpa Poudel Malina Joshi Diksha Shrestha Avash Koirala Astha Karki Nikesh Makaju Shrestha Shristi Acharya Sunita Bista Noopur Adhikari Reagan Bhandari Sabin Ghimire Sweata Piya Yashmin Dongol Pramee Adhikari Ashish Vaidya Rajiv Sharma Kripa Adhikary Sulav Nepal Mahesh Tiwari Peetar Adhikari Romi Bhatta Mreedu Gyawali Sajina Sharma Rakshya Shrestha Sampurna K.5 2.25 9.75 37.75 5 5.25 16.75 9.5 6 5.5 34.25 4.5 16.25 Kriti Thapa Deepa Yogi Reetu Joshi Shilpa Dhakal Anuradha K.5 19.25 4.75 6 5.75 36.5 8.5 9.25 1.55 39.25 0 3.5 40 .75 39.5 22.25 17 16.75 8.5 41 40 40 39.5 44.5 2.5 34.5 2.25 2.25 9.5 9.25 6 5.75 9 43 18.25 1.5 44 21.25 2.5 1.25 2 2. 8 5 20 25 1 16 10 6 4 3 12 26 28 13 19 22 29 30 15 2 17 7 27 9 14 21 11 23 18 24 Name Quiz1 (3) 2.75 18.5 10 8.5 9 9.25 22.5 17.75 38.25 3.75 2.5 5.5 9.5 8.75 6 4.25 5.5 9.75 2.75 4 3.5 45.5 21.25 2.5 5.25 2.S.5 2.75 35.25 34 22.8 17.C Quiz2 Assgnmnt (7) 1 (7) 6 6 6 5 4.5 38 37.25 2.25 2.5 2.25 2.5 9.2 9.5 9.25 9.25 17.25 2.25 2.25 8.75 4 7 5 4.75 4 5.25 6 5. No.75 5.5 44 20 10 43.25 39 39 39 38.5 5.5 2.5 9.25 39.5 35.8 20.25 15 18.5 2.5 0 4 6 5 5 4 5 5 5 5 4 4 5 3 4 5 4 4 6 7 6 4 M i Mid Term Quiz 3 Total (25%) (10) (42) 21.5 20 17.75 16.25 2.5 42.25 5.

PowerPoint is time effective. Teacher can spend remaining time for important analysis. There was no significant changes found in the results of students after being taught through both the forms of teaching. 5. Many of the respondents consider PowerPoint as standard medium because it saves time and contents of PowerPoint are portable. So we can come to the conclusion that both methods of teaching are eualyy powerful and significant. 3. 4. 6.Interpretation: Quiz one and two had been taken after being taught through powerpoint while quiz 3 had taken after being taught through whiteboard. 41 . Findings from open ended questions The other factors that have been found from the questionnaire are: 1. 2. Visuals make the learning more interesting. Most of the respondents prefer to use whiteboard when studying numerical subjects. They consider whiteboard as source of spoiling time because teacher has to write everything. Some student do not think PowerPoint is a standard medium of teaching as it is not applicable for all course.

finance. A main drawback of whiteboard is that some teacher’s handwriting is very complex to understand. On the contrary there are those who prefer learning form Power point. Absent students receive the same instruction as those who are present. It is also beneficial for the students in the sense that rather than handing absentee students written notes of a lesson they missed. From the research it is evident that PowerPoint is better medium while teaching theoretical subjects and whiteboard is better while teachers are giving lectures on mathematical subjects like account. Many of the students still prefer whiteboard. Another reason for student’s preference of learning from Power point is due to the fact that sometimes the teacher’s handwriting is very complex to understand thus hampering the students learning. teacher can reply lesson or presentation using a slide show. so they do not 42 . Beforehand I had assumed that power point was the best medium to deliver the courses. This is because content couldn’t portable and when student miss to listen they could not understand the remaining portion. The assumption that we had came wrong after having completed the research. 8. CHAPTER 6: DISCUSSION The research was conducted to find out student learning capacity. 9. The main reason behind the students preference of whiteboard is the fact that teachers can write anything to make things understand better and it is very easy to understand mathematical problem this way.7. Whiteboard has its own importance. For this I have chosen two independent variables that are PowerPoint and whiteboard. Some did not like whiteboard since it does not have visuals and due to of its manuallness. Form the study we found out that the number of teacher using whiteboard is greater than the number of teacher using power point. From this survey we can conclude that popularity of whiteboard is not decreasing. It has been found that learning through visuals makes learning more interesting while at the same time teachers can spend the remaining time for important analysis and explanation of the topic and contents of PowerPoint are portable. Main advantage of whiteboard is that student should have to give utmost attention.

On the contrary while teaching through whiteboards teachers can write the necessary steps to make things understand better and it is very easy to understand mathematical problem this way. allowing teacher to share the most recent information using media that engage students. Learning through visuals makes learning more interesting. My one and only recommendation for the management is that Faculties should requested to use necessary medium as demand by the subjects and students.fall behind. surveys and studies on any subject or domain. Slide show tools allow us to incorporate text. From the research we found out that PowerPoint is a better medium while teaching theoretical subjects while whiteboard effective while teachers are giving lectures on mathematical subjects. Slides with statistical highlights and important facts are also used to present critical information. PowerPoint presentations capture the essence and summarize key points of highly detailed reports. 43 . There are pros and cons of both these methods of teaching. Chapter 7: Conclusion and Recommendation From the finding and interpretations we can conclude that students prefer both white board and power point as effective tools of teaching. So all in all we can say that both white board and power point are effective tools of teaching in itself. Both of them have their advantages and disadvantages. What might be good for one may not be good for the other. video. . audio and photos from the Internet easily.

Donald R. (2006). Pamela S. India: Tata McGraw.com 44 .REFERENCE/ BIBLOGRAPHY • Cooper. Business Research Methods.google.Hill • www. / Schindler.

Peetar Adhikari I am student of Ace Institute of management conducting research on “Effects of teaching method on students at Ace. Perception of the Respondents What media does your teacher use while teaching? Power Point Whiteboard both What does your teacher uses while teaching numerical subjects like account and finance? PowerPoint whiteboard 45 . A.” for academic purpose and the information provided by you will be valuable for conducting this research.APPENDIX A Survey Questionnaire Research problem: “Which is the best method to teach the student. either through whiteboard or power point?” .

Do you think the popularity of whiteboard is decreasing? yes No can not say Do you understand better when the teacher uses PowerPoint presentation? yes No Maybe Do you understand better when the teacher teaches through whiteboard? yes No Maybe B. and that every data you will provide will be treated with utmost confidentiality. Open end question How do you think that adding of graphics and pictures can increases students learn better? 46 . 5 – Excellent 4 – Good Do you prefer Whiteboard? 1 Do you prefer power point? 1 3 – Average 2 2 3 2 – Poor 3 4 5 1 –Very Poor 4 5 C. Instruction: Please encircle the number that best describes your preference.D Do you understand when the teacher delivers mathematical problems through power point? Y Yes No How much time do your teachers save if they use slides? Less than 5 minute 10 minutes other (please specify)……….

47 .……………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… What are the drawbacks of using whiteboard? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Thank you for your valuable time Your information will be significant for research. ………………………………………………………………………………………… Why do you think PowerPoint is standard medium of teaching? ……………………………………………………………………. how numerical subjects should be delivered? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………. Why do you think popularity of PowerPoint is increasing in ACE and other colleges? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………… In your opinion..

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