Frustration and revolt of architecture school +architect status nowadays credibility of architect the ambiguity of architects role history

of architect power among history the specialization architecture: Art Vs. Technology [schools] The sink of architect role; Modern Movement cultural renewal the raise of architecture public Faith in HOW and ignorance of WHY 3 reasons they fail at Hoddesdon, as at Frankfurt casestudy [1] based on economic power, social status [2] small group set of process and control [3] restricted relation between clients, owners …etc

5 Good reasons for the non-credibility of arch. good question: why Architecture is no longer credible? Architecture is important to be left to architects important concept to develop new practice and new behaviour architecture depends on social structure Participation and scientific method the difference between planning FOR users and planning WITH them Quality of consensus and quality of plan Dealing with the problem of "HOW" ignoring the problem of "WHY"

Architecture alters the context in which its placed

[1]Architecture's Public

the discovery of the users' needs allow new participation mood History after 68: the events of 68 demonstrated the power of the new youth culture The formulation of the hypotheses involve the users actions/ satisfaction administration and use Criticizing Modernism, functionalism, international style, archigram conclusion on guidelines of new participation requires growth and flexibility placatory participation • • • • • • • self building - WALTER SEGAL Giancarlo De Carlo - work description Kroll Christian Hunziker Huth Peter Suzler Peter Hubner re-empower the user Cultural and aesthetic class code heroes of participation initiative architecture public Transformative Participation acknowledge the imbalance of power and knowledge Critic of zoning by Kroll Degrees of participation* full participation partial participation New Deal Communities

1960s architecture reached its own crossroad

Ideals and issues of participation
argument: participation presents a threat normative architectural values different definitions perspectives [1]citizen control [2] delegated power [3] partnership [4] placation [5] consultation [6] informing [7] therapy [8] manipulation

Price thinkings VS. arch styles

[8] Sixty-Eight and after

Pseudo-participation : Carole Pateman

"reading the territory" by De carlo

[2] The negotiation of hope
The expert-citizen/ citizen-expert

political that affect people's live Koolhass defines practice as 3 stages

• • •

elation suspense disappointment

Peace movement

self-building political challenges

[9] Fragments of participation in architecture, 1968-2002, Graz and Berlin

architecture knowledge can't be applied as an abstract object the work has to depend on the context/ situation rather than solve from outside a process of two-ways for the architect Negotiating Space

Peter Sulzer's expérience on participation Segal project - how did he started the project with students the story of micro and macro Case study of The Landau Cultural Center Architect must developed 'ordering structure' line of flights imaginary speech in 2034 His experience on participation in the school he used to enrol case study: aaa [studio of self-managed architecture] network of self-managed places ecobox case study line of flights: Guattari & Deleuze urban storeytelling

communication positioning the participation in the architecture practice

[10] Notes on participation
The problem of the problem sense making : new design process new model for communication temporal 4 stages of the appropriateness o f conversation to the architecture participatory process stories personal and social: describe the world around social occupation space case study : Table Manners: j. Till

[11] Kemal Ozcul's acceptance speech

Participation needs desire

Histories of Participation

Desire & Bricolage

How to make desire visible? Desire relates to otherness, multiple, different participatory design is a collective bricolage making best sense • • • no ones is perfect involve in the process identifies the architecture practice

HOPE is based on making the best sense How to achieve community engagement through participation? form of inspirational tool case study of regeneration of North Sheffield in South Yorkshire Participation: what for? criticizing on some of architecture pioneers among history threes review on functionalism, sociology science and history

[12] Ozcul Postskript: The Gelsenkirchen school as built
Molecular revolutions

power placement Desire before power, why? cities driven by economic desire Conclusion: the negotiation of hope

[13] Animal town planning and homeopathic architecture

telling stoies about cities: James Holston "shapes of time" Dolores Hayden 'new urbanism' David Harvey 'views on city' Iain Sinclair the shared process of city narrative - 'Shared Authority' 'The Creative City' Charles Landry a new language to be broke through the professional codes case study on white cube exhibition Tony Bennett's 'the exhibitionary complex' Narrative as a Utopia process from Utopia to A-Topia - Dieter Hassenpflug Moneynations - Shedhalle Zurich 1998 - vision for a city 'City branding' - Hans Mommaas how to choose a theme for a narrative Image, identity, a city-wide narrative be creative - the creative imperative exhibition ecobox as a platform transitional devices for liberating desires is architecture really slow? The overarching themes the topography - as a tool case study: the horsetail Specific aspects of a vision for Sheffied case study: the pumpkin logic case study: Free access space the memory of place Sheffield's - History and politics understand the new participatory and political practice in art whats urban action?

Narrative [14] WHAT IF? … a narrative process for re-imagining the city

Urban action

Green Guerrilla's activist actions, 1970 NY - jardins partages, France - Ecobox part of DIY - line of flights progress How to sustain the long-term participation-in-progress? how [aaa] works? Small change: Guattari stressed on sizing the critical scale of experiment

used the case study to be as Utopia process

Practices of participation
[15] Politics beyond the white cube

[3] losing Control, Keeping Desire [very important]

Politics of Participation

organized participation and Transversal participation Transversal Participation nice idea: discussion space

MUF strategy - THINKUP

[16] Rights of common: ownership. participation, risk

how ecobox officially works co-produce participation knowledge and space are produced the same time and by different participants Tactical practice : Michel De Certeau "Urban Resistance" - very important Autonomy and subjectivation

[17] we need artists 'ways of doing things'

developing the neighbourhood strategies leading to the regeneration framework

very important: Participation Outcome- Diagram
case study: the pumpkin logic conclusion: community based art 3 points

The architect-user/ the user-architect practice of architect-user called design action

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

park city see and be seen identity from landform from city to country and back again green arteries

A dynamic narrative for North Sheffield - Five big ideas

Parkwood springs: the next stage in the developing framework for North Sheffield Stalker concept - urban art lab campo Boario and kurdish community - objectives and characteristics Leonie Sandercock project supported regional, national and local SMALL CHANGE What if? Stalker system of desiring power if u always do what you have always done- the future will look a lot like the past - 2002


creativity in use Example: urban park fiction project Urban kitchen part of ecobox its a middle approach "Politics of location" concept


[18] Stalker and the big game of campo Boario

• • • • •

communication transparency negotiation consensus user re-empowerment

Urban curating

new planning tool Meike shalk, what is changed when participation is part of curatorial practice rather than part on the mainstream planning process? proximity centres resulted from radical movements

prototype: actors who have desires for projects - agents who interest in projects

proto-urban conditions

Cardonagh, donegal: signs for the scared heart lough foyle spatial development plan case studies

[19] Points, spirals and prototypes References:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Forester - Planning the face of power-1989 P. Healy - Collaborative PLanning: shaping places in fragmented societies - 1997 *s. Participation - The Ladder of citizen participation' journal of the institute of american planner, 34, no4, 1969 pp216-24 Henry Sanoff - Community Participation Methods in Design and Planning John Friedmann - Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action Lefebvre - the production of space M Crawford - can architecture be socially responsible? D.Y. Ghirardo L. Lerup - building the unfinished: architecture and human action John Shotter - Cultural Politics of Everyday life J. Albrecht - towards a theory of participation in architecture - journal of architecture education - 42 no1 p 24-31, 1998 M. Comerio - community design : idealism and entrepreneurship - journal of architecture and planning research - 1 no.40 - 1984 p 227-43 Koolhas - S,M,L,XL J. Forester - designing: making sense together in practical conversation - journal of architecture education - 38 - no.3 - 1985 J. Forester - planning the face of power p:119-33 Politics of Participation

public space of proximity

centrosociale leoncavallo,

urban gallery

ecobox strategy - leftover space Other spaces - leaving spaces for others how we can maintain 'otherness' as a rule within both planning and use?

• • •

tokoy story virtual building very important

urban gallery : interesting

reflects the issues of participation and contemporary public spaces

investigates the potential of temporary uses as a motor of urban change urban catalysis definitively temporary zones Nomadic planning and rhizomatic participation micropolitical planning is transforming the imagination as it transforms the place

A new suburb: Hoje Taastrup applying the concept of urban gallery Project w, sector E the Nertherlands agencies and governments identify problems, statistics

[20] Your place, or mine …?
barriers of public space and negatives youth fabrications social media and media 'meaning brokers' case study on solving youth problems and providing public space - students work

• • • •

B. shepard, R. hayduk - from act up to the WTO: urban protest and community building in the era of globalization J. Hill - actions of architecture: architects and creative users Cupers & Miessen - spaces of uncertainty hakim bey- the temporoay autonomous zone, ontological, anarchy, poetical terrorism

keeping desire - losing control

[4] Mass housing cannot be sustained
Pattern Language

• • • • • • • • • INTRO

intro: the nature of new practice of participation important questions of what participation?… debate on participation: the possibility of consensus? Participation vs governments: Anthony Giddens - third way new vision of planning vaunt recognize consensus pragmatic consensus planning in face of power how participation could remove power? Participation may not lead to consensus

City/ Democracy: Retrieving citizenship

• •

H. Lefebvre - Writings on cities T. Hoskyns - the empty place of power - Scroop, cambridge architecture Journal, 2002 68 and after • • • • • E. F. Schumacher's -Small is beautiful RIBA journal- Crisis in Architecture, Malcolm McEwen 1969 P. Boudon - Lived in architecture L. Koll the architecture of Complexity Peter Hubner - building as a social process What if?

critical idea: emergence pf consensus Planning theory: a short history of contingent rationality try to resolve the "problem" of power

Mannheim's concept on rationality and irrationality the communicative turn • • • • emerging device to break rationality 5 characteristics of collaborative planning some thesis about communication important: communicative approach vs power

Rational Planning

• • • •

J. Holston - Cities and citizenship the power of place: urban landscapes as public history, cambridge MIT press. 1997 p 227 David Harvey - 'the new urbanism and the communitarian trap' - haravard design magazine v. 1 1997 pp.68-69 Dieter Hassenpflug- from Utopia to A-Topia / social utopias of the 20th - Cities in transition. 2001

[5] Reinventing public participation: planning in the age of consensus

a turn towards a dark side?

Foucault ideas on rationality and policy processs Consensus in planning in Britain What's consensus building? Sidaway identifies 3 specific distinctions • Architecture as a domination tool of power and wealthy • Architecture become more important in the transition of industrial to economy system • brief history of participation after 1968 - 2002 Participative problems before 1968 two example of participation CONCLUSION Film: La Courneuve, les 4000 participation and mental illness Film: Quand les habitants prennet l'unitiative participative control participation and the built environment france governments used the participation as a society mandatory action to control participation is dialogue with differences Participation and architecture participation is collaboration that can change the invisible participation: social media, internet? Guattari "Plan of consistency" very important pg.115 consensus based approach • • • the traditional one is not practical new approach of 3 exclusion of people, issues, outcomes potential of participation may lead to spatial and social justice should be all agreed from all parties ideal and pragmatic consensus ways of choose decisions: • • • exclusion of people exclusion of issues exclusion of outcomes in communication: power can be understand as positive instead of negative

Rights of common: ownership. participation, risk MUF: this is what we do: a mud manual 2001

• • •

Hebdige - hiding the light: on images and things robert park - the city: suggestions for the investigation of human behaviour in the urban environment n Klein: no logo

Your place, or mine …?

rational planning to collaborative planning

[6] How inhabitants can become collective developers: france 1968-2000

The transformation of cities: Paris by Henri Lefebvre citizenship engagement to the city Musemification: term by Lefebvre

Representing the invisible within society

history of revolution and strike important: 'predication of middle east revolutions, this book has been written from 2005": the new revolutionary subject seems to appear only in participatory processes, in gatherings, in digital exchanges. Very impotent questions of how architect can create new space to bring freedom?

[7] City/ Democracy: Retrieving citizenship

the idea of public buildings become as museum in paris, newyork..etc the problem of buildings, questioning always "what to put inside them?"

Architecture and democracy

separated history of Rome and Greek Polis: shared meaning for public, political and city Port Alegre: participatory democracy on all levels theorists: Aristotle, Rousseau, Hegel democracy as a form of resistance to elitist

Participation - political philosophy the struggle of democracy history The problem of public space Critics of participatory democracy National Forum of urban reforms

case study of: Port Alegre