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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Marine Systems
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- Prc-mdo Form 5 Blank
- City Compress & Warehouse Co. v. United States the Southport, 190 F.2d 699, 4th Cir. (1951)
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HULL

DOC NO: 05 - 42 09 036 - HU Rev. Date Annotation Done by Name Gamma Halim Approved by Name Ir. Indrajaya Gerianto, M.Sc.

Signed

Signed

1.

REFERENCES

- Bureu Veritas, Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships - Project Guide Wartsila Diesel Engine W 7L32

2. -

CALCULATION ALGORITHM Calculate frame spacing Calculate collision bulkhead Calculate Stern Bulkhead Calculate engine room bulkhead Calculate cargohold bulkhead Calculate height of Double bottom Calculate stern and collision floor Calculate weight of Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Calculate Volume HFO tank Calculate allowance Volume HFO Calculate weight of Diesel Oil (DO) Calculate Volume DO tank Calculate weight of Lubricating Oil (LO) Calculate Volume LO tank Calculate weight of Provision and Crew Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for eat and drink Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Bath and Wash Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Cooking Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Main Engine Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine Calculate Total Weight of Fresh Water Supplies Calculate Volume Ballast Tank

3. INPUT OF DESIGN PARAMETER - Calculate frame spacing - LBP = Length Between Perpendicular - Calculate collision bulkhead - LBP = Length Between Perpendicular - Calculate Double bottom -B = Moulded breadth - Calculate stern and collision floor = Depth moulded -D - Calculate weigh of Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) -P = BHP - SFOC = Specific Fuel Oil Consumption -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Calculate Volume HFO tank - FO = density HFO - Calculate weigh of Diesel Oil (DO) - WFO = Weigh HFO

- Calculate Volume DO tank - DO = Density DO - Calculate weight of Lubricating Oil (LO) -P = BHP - SLOC = Specific Lubricating Oil Consumption -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Calculate Volume LO tank - LO = Density LO - Calculate weight of Provision and Crew - Worg = Weight average person -n = Number of crew - Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for eat and drink -n = Number of crew -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Cfwd = Coefisien of the Requirement of Fresh water for eat and drink - Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Bath and Wash -n = Number of crew -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Cfww = Coefisien of the Requirement of Fresh water for Bath and Wash - Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Cooking -n = Number of crew = Sailing Radius -S = Service speed -V - Cfwc = Coefisien of the Requirement of Fresh water for Cooking - Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Main Engine = Number of crew -n -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Cfwj = Coefisien of the Requirement of Fresh water for Main Engine - Calculate Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine -n = Number of crew -S = Sailing Radius -V = Service speed - Cfae = Coefisien of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine - Calculate Total Weight of Fresh Water Supplies - Wfwd = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for eat and drink - Wfww = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Bath and Wash - Wfwc = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Cooking - Wfwj = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Main Engine - Wfae = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine - Calculate Volume Ballast Tank - = Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine

4. 5. a.

OUTPUT OF DESIGN PARAMETER frame spacing length and location of collision bulkhead length and location of stern bulkhead length and location of engine room bulkhead length and location of cargohold bulkhead height of double bottom height of stern and collision Floor Weight of Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Volume HFO Tank allowance Volume HFO weight of Diesel Oil (DO) Volume DO tank weight of Lubricating Oil (LO) Volume LO tank weight of Provision and Crew Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for eat and drink Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Bath and Wash Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Cooking Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Main Engine Weight of the Requirement of Fresh water for Auxiliary Engine Calculate Total Weight of Fresh Water Supplies Volume Ballast Tank DETAIL CALCULATION Calculate frame spacing On Bureau Veritas Part b, Volume 1, Chapters 4, Section 1.2.1 there is a rule that in ships greater than 120 m in length, the bottom is, to be longitudinally framed. So, in this calculation, due to the length of this ship less than 120 m (117 m), we use the Transversely framed double bottom system Basically Bureau Veritas (BV) have no regulation special or formula to calculate frame spacing. But if observed on BV Part b, Volume 1, Chapters 4, section 5.2 about Plate Floor, where on that part is worded implicitly that distance among plate floor may not exceed 3 m. And according to condition generalizing at field is gotten from BV Part b, Volume 1, Chapters 4, section 5 that formation plate floor is (PF OF OF PF) one that available 3 frame spacing between Plate Floor that. So of statement upon can be concluded that one of the ways determine frame spacing is by: FS = 3 / 3 = 1 m = 1000 mm And is known that frame spacing determination may not exceed the value above. In process designs this therefore taken by frame spacing as value: 700 mm Meanwhile for frame spacing on engine room was taken to assess: 700 mm

b.

Calculate collision bulkhead Based on BV Part b, Chapter 2, section 1 (2.1. 1 ) , declared for that position collision bulkhead is 5% from Lpp until 8% to Fore Perpendicular (behind FP) , so: Distance minimum = 5% x LBP = 5.65 m where, Distance maximum = 8% x LBP = 9.04 m LBP = 113.00 m in this design of ship collision bulkhead is placed on distance 6.1 m behind FP because parallel with frame spacing

c.

Determination Stern Bulkhead Class withholds special formula for it (BV Part b, Ch 2, Sect 1 (3.1. 1 ). Just only, named that deep its situating shall be adjusted by distance (long) of axis tube length that is plotted. In this case, partition stern nook to be placed on ninth frame of AP. Where does AP constitute position of number frame 0. * so, position of Afterpeak bulkhead = 11 x 600 = 6600 mm * position afterpeak bulkhead in frame is 11

d.

Determination engine room bulkhead Bulkhead on front of engine room depend on the length of engine room, where is engine room length is optimation function of volume the need of length room and engine room layout, transmission system, auxiliary engine, pumps and other equipments in it, to spatial volume loads. In this case engine room length is made as minimal as maybe appropriate aughts instrumental dimension. Base data already being gotten while common strategical count, therefore engine room length is taken 21 frame spacing. Where is front engine room bulkhead be determined on frame no.30. I. so length engine room is : 21 x 700 = 14700 mm = 14.7 m II. position bulkhead engine room in frame no 30.

e.

Based on table, cargo hold plan becomes four part where among engine room bulkhead with collision bulkhead available 3 across bulkhead, amongst those: - Position Cargo Hold Watertight Bulkhead I in number frame 65 Length of cargo hold (Cargo hold I) = 35 frame spacing x 700 mm = 24500 mm - Position Cargo Hold Watertight Bulkhead II in number frame. 99 Length of cargo hold (Cargo hold II) = 34 frame spacing x 700 mm = 23800 mm - Position Cargo Hold Watertight Bulkhead III in number frame 131 Length of cargo hold (Cargo hold III) = 32 frame spacing x 700 mm = 22400 mm

3 x 1 0 B 1 0 0 T

- Position Cargo Hold Watertight Bulkhead IV in number frame. 154 (collision bulkhead) Length of cargo hold (Cargo hold IV) = 23 frame spacing x 700 mm = 16100 mm f. Calculate height of Double bottom Rules class B.V Part B,Ch 4, Sec 4 (4.2.1) , the high of double bottom not to be less than numeral one be gotten from formula here under: Hdb = = =

3x

10 B T 100

m mm

3x

10 18 8 100

B= T=

18.0 8.0

m m

1.08 1080

g. Calculate stern and collision floor h = 0,06 D + 0,7 D= = 1.2 m was planning high of floor 1.5 m h. Estimation Calculate of Tanks - Weight Heavy Fuel Oil ( HFO ) PB Where : SFOC = t VS = = = = = W HFO =

8 m

3500

kW

Specific Fuel Oil Consumption 182.0 gr / kWh (project guide Wartsila W 8L32) Shipping time S= 1200 nm 6 day Ship Service velocity C = Reserve Correction (1.3 - 1.5) 14 Knot

= 3500 kW x 182 gr/kWh x (24 x 6)h x 10-6 x 1,3 119.25 Ton = Volume HFO = VFO W FO / where = 0.95 ton/m3 = 119.25 ton / 0.95 ton/m3 3 = 125.5225 m The addition of the tank fuel volume by 4% due to expansion by temperature and double bottom construction (Ship Design and Construction) : VFO = (1+0.04) x 125.52 m3 3 = 130.5434 m - Weight Marine Diesel Oil ( MDO ) MDO weight based on auxiliary engine that used, with specification: Merk = VOLVO PENTA Type = TAD1342GE 343 220 Power = kW Voltase = V 50 191 Frekuensi = Hz SFOC = g/kWh 1500 Rotation = Rpm Total AE = 2 + 1 (standby)

-6 weight HFO = T x SFOC x P x fG x10 -6 = (24 x 6) h x 191 gr/kWh x (2x343) kW x 1.2 x 10 = 22.64129 ton

where = 0.84 ton/m3 22.64 ton / 0.89 ton/m3 = 3 = 26.95392 m The addition of the fuel volume by 4% due to expansion by temperature and double bottom construction (Ship Design and Construction) : VDO = = (1+0.04) x 26.954 28.03208 m3 m3

Wlo

= = =

= Specific Lubricating Oil Consumption = 0.5 gr / kWH t = 6 day PB x Sloc x S/Vs x 10-6 x 1,5 3500 kW x 0.5 gr/kWh x (24 x 6)h x 10-6 x 1,5 0.378 Ton

Due to sailling in Indonesia where the condition is not low temperature so not to be need too added 2% because of temperature expansion, just added because of the shape of construction (double bottom) 2%. VLO = = (1+0.02) x 0.424 m3 0.43 m3

Where: - Weight Provision and Crew Sailing time (t) Weight of provision Unloading time Needs of provision is about 5-10 kg Total operation time Cf = 5 Kg/person/day Total of ABK (Zc) -3 (t x Zc x Cf ) x 10 Wf = (6 day x 20 person x 5 kg/person/day) x 10-3 = = 0.6 Ton Weight of crew and baggage weight of crew is about Cr = Wc = = =

= = = =

5 1 6 20

70

Kg/person

and baggage

30 Kg/person

70 + 30 = 100 Kg/person (Zc x Cr) x 10-3 ( 20 person x 100 kg/person) x 10-3 2 Ton

- Weight of Fresh Water - Weight of eat & drink needs Requirement for eat and drink is about 10-20 Kg/person/day Cfwd = 5-10 Kg/person/day Wfwd = Cfwd x Zc x t take = 5 kg x 20 person x 6 day = 600 Kg = 0.6 Ton - Weight of sanitary Sanitary need is about 60 - 200 Kg/person/day Cfws = 60 - 200 Kg/person/day Wfws = Cfws x Zc x t = = = 60 kg x 20 person x 6 day 7200 Kg 7.20 Ton

kg/person/day

take

60 kg/person/day

- Weight of cooking need Requirement fot cooking is about 3 - 4 Kg/person/day Cfwc = 3 - 4 Kg/person/day Wfwc = Cfwc x Zc x t = 3 kg x 20 person x 6 day = 360 Kg = 0.36 Ton Requirement for cooling is between 2 - 5 kg / kw Cfwj = 2 - 5 g / kW

take

3 Kg/person/day

take - Weight of cooling for main engine PB x Cfwj x (S/Vs) x 10-3 Wfwj = = = = 3500 kW x 5 kg/kW x (24x6) x 10-3 2520.00 Kg 2.52 Ton

5 kg / kW

- Auxiliary engine Wfwb = (0,1 - 0,2) x Wfwj = 0.2 x 2.52 ton = 0.504 Ton

take

0.2

So, the total needs for fresh water : Wfw = Wfwd + Wfws + Wfwc + Wfwj + Wfwb = 0.6 ton + 7.2 ton + 0.36 ton + 2.52 ton + 0.504 ton = 11.18 Ton Planning the tank volume for fresh water : VFW = W FW / FW where = 1 ton/m3 = 11.18 m3

- Ballast Tank Volume In determine the value of ballast water we need, we have the estimation of ballast is 1015% volume displacement of ship. Planning the tank volume for ballast water : VBALLAST = (10%-15%) = 1562.11 m3 where = 10414.08 m3

taken = 15.00%

h. Calculate of Tanks 1 LO Tank from frame 23-25 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 23 2.035 1 2.035 24 2.217 4 8.868 25 2.437 1 2.437 y.s = 10.903 Luas L = 2 x 1/2 h1 . y.s 2 = 6.5418 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 23 1.121 24 1.333 25 1.623 Luas L = 2 x 1/2 h1 . y.s 2 = 3.8718 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 23 0.435 24 0.867 25 1.067

h1=

0.6

s 1 4 1 y.s =

h1=

0.6

s 1 4 1 y.s =

h1=

0.6

Maka Volume Tangki Pelumas WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m A 6.542 3.872 2.342 s 1 4 1 y.s = A.s 6.542 15.487 2.342 24.371

h2= 0.75

Volume V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 6.0927 m 2 MDO Tank dari frame 30-34 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 30 4.128 1 4.128 32 4.377 4 17.508 34 4.804 1 4.804 y.s = 26.440 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 24.67733 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 30 3.197 32 3.356 34 3.756 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 19.01853 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 30 1.985 32 2.099 34 2.357 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 11.8888 m

h1=

1.4

s 1 4 1 y.s =

h1=

1.4

s 1 4 1 y.s =

h1=

1.4

10

Maka Volume Tangki MDO WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m A 24.677 19.019 11.889 s 1 4 1 y.s = A.s 24.677 76.074 11.889 112.640

h2= 0.75

Volume Tangki MDO V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 28.16007 m 3 HFO Tank dari frame 34-51 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 34 4.804 1 4.804 37 5.376 3 16.128 40 5.852 3 17.556 43 6.309 2 12.618 46 6.718 3 20.154 49 7.043 3 21.129 51 7.286 1 7.286 y.s = 99.675 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 139.545 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 34 3.756 37 4.280 40 4.652 43 5.046 46 5.430 49 5.789 51 6.012 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 112.4382 m

h1=

2.1

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

h1=

2.1

11

Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 34 2.357 37 2.572 40 3.144 43 3.529 46 3.889 49 4.249 51 4.573 Luas

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

h1=

2.1

L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 77.77 m Maka Volume Tangki HFO WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m A 139.545 112.438 77.770 s 1 4 1 y.s = A.s 139.545 449.753 77.770 667.068

h2= 0.75

Volume Tangki HFO V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 166.767 m 4 Tangki Ballast 1 dari frame 53-62 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 53 7.350 1 7.350 56 7.455 3 22.365 59 7.539 3 22.617 62 7.601 1 7.601 y.s = 59.933 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 83.9062 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 53 6.190 56 6.341 59 6.465 62 6.573

h1=

2.1

s 1 3 3 1 y.s =

h1=

2.1

12

Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 71.6534 m Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.2m) No Frame y s y.s 53 4.675 1 4.675 56 4.867 3 14.601 59 5.043 3 15.129 62 5.205 1 5.205 y.s = 39.610 Luas L = 2 x 1/3 h1 . y.s 2 = 110.908 m Maka Volume Tangki Ballast I WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m A 83.906 71.653 110.908 s 1 4 1 y.s = A.s 83.906 286.614 110.908 481.428

h1=

2.1

h2= 0.75

Volume Tangki Ballast 1 V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 120.357 m 5 Tangki Ballast II dari frame 62-88 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 62 7.721 1 7.721 64 7.815 3 23.445 66 7.912 3 23.736 68 8.016 2 16.032 70 8.126 3 24.378 72 8.288 3 24.864 74 8.302 2 16.604 76 8.333 3 24.999 78 8.330 2 16.660 80 8.310 3 24.930 82 8.292 2 16.584 84 8.290 3 24.870 86 8.302 3 24.906 88 8.323 1 8.323 y.s = 417.078

h1= 1.45

13

Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 452.0083 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 62 6.687 64 6.810 66 6.927 68 7.032 70 7.122 72 7.194 74 7.248 76 7.284 78 7.305 80 7.311 82 7.305 84 7.288 86 7.265 88 7.238 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 395.5276 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 62 5.349 64 5.477 66 5.586 68 5.677 70 5.748 72 5.800 74 5.831 76 5.842 78 5.841 80 5.834 82 5.830 84 5.834 86 5.840 88 5.842 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 317.6991 m

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

y.s 6.687 20.430 20.781 14.064 21.366 21.582 14.496 21.852 14.610 21.933 14.610 21.864 21.795 7.238 364.962

h1= 1.45

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

y.s 5.349 16.431 16.758 11.354 17.244 17.400 11.662 17.526 11.682 17.502 11.660 17.502 17.520 5.842 293.148

h1= 1.45

14

Maka Volume Tangki Ballast II WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m A 452.008 395.528 317.699 s 1 4 1 y.s = A.s 452.008 1582.110 317.699 2351.818

h2= 0.75

Volume Tangki Ballast II V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 587.9544 m 6 Tangki Ballast III dari frame 88-124 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 88 8.290 1 8.290 92 8.225 3 24.675 96 8.013 3 24.039 100 7.644 2 15.288 104 7.251 3 21.753 108 6.919 3 20.757 112 6.583 2 13.166 116 6.147 3 18.441 120 5.517 3 16.551 124 4.729 1 4.729 y.s = 251.534 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 536.7096 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 88 7.238 92 7.171 96 6.989 100 6.688 104 6.333 108 5.969 112 5.571 116 5.093 120 4.492 124 3.798 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s

h1= 2.85

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

y.s 7.238 21.513 20.967 13.376 18.999 17.907 11.142 15.279 13.476 3.798 215.543

h1= 2.85

15

2 = 459.9138 m

Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 88 5.842 92 5.802 96 5.673 100 5.444 104 5.138 108 4.819 112 4.484 116 4.045 120 3.448 124 2.682 Luas

s 1 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 1 y.s =

y.s 5.842 17.406 17.019 10.888 15.414 14.457 8.968 12.135 10.344 2.682 172.733

h1= 2.85

L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 368.568 m Maka Volume Tangki Ballast III WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m s 1 4 1 y.s = Volume Tangki Ballast III V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 768.5812 m A 536.710 459.914 368.568 A.s 536.710 1839.655 368.568 3074.325

h2= 0.75

7 Tangki Ballast IV Perhitungan dibagi 2, yakni dari frame (124-145) dan frame (145-154) dari frame 124-145 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 124 4.729 0.5 2.365 h1= 2.15 127 4.046 0.5 2.023 130 3.439 3 10.317 133 2.909 3 8.727 136 2.450 2 4.900 139 2.053 3 6.159 142 1.670 3 5.010 145 1.375 1 1.375 y.s = 40.876 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 65.75846 m

16

Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y 124 3.798 127 3.158 130 2.567 133 2.055 136 1.637 139 1.320 142 1.074 145 0.863 Luas

y.s 1.899 1.579 7.701 6.165 3.274 3.960 3.222 0.863 28.663

h1= 2.15

L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 46.1116 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0m No Frame y 124 2.682 127 2.049 130 1.475 133 1.042 136 0.739 139 0.525 142 0.365 145 0.220 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 22.98019 m Maka Volume Tangki Ballast IV WL WL db WL 0.75m WL 0m s 1 4 1 y.s = Volume Tangki Ballast IV1 V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 136.5925 m A 65.758 46.112 22.980 A.s 65.758 184.446 22.980 273.185

y.s 1.341 1.025 4.425 3.126 1.478 1.575 1.095 0.220 14.285

h1= 2.15

h2= 0.75

17

dari frame 145-154 Perhitungan Luas WL Double Bottom (1.5m) No Frame y s y.s 145 1.375 1 1.375 h1= 2.15 148 1.033 3 3.099 151 0.674 3 2.022 154 0.367 1 0.367 y.s = 6.863 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 11.04085 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0.75m No Frame y s y.s 145 0.863 1 0.863 h1= 2.15 148 0.600 3 1.800 151 0.245 3 0.735 154 0.000 1 0.000 y.s = 3.398 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 5.466533 m Perhitungan Luas WL 0m (hanya sampai frame-148) No Frame y s y.s 145 0.220 1 0.220 h1= 0.7 146 0.168 3 0.504 147 0.113 3 0.339 148 0.054 1 0.054 y.s = 1.117 Luas L = 2 x 3/8 h1 . y.s 2 = 0.586425 m Maka Volume Tangki Ballast V WL A s A.s WL db 11.041 1 11.041 h2= 0.75 WL 0.75m 5.467 4 21.866 WL 0m 0.586 1 0.586 y.s = 33.493 Volume Tangki Ballast IV2 V = 1/3 h2 . y.s 3 = 16.7467 m Total Vol. Tangki Ballast IV = 136.6+16.7 = 153.339

Volume Tangki Ballast = Volume Bahan Bakar & Pelumas = TOTAL VOLUME TANGKI =

18

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