By: Nolzen M. Torres

. land use patterns. soil types. the slope of the terrain.Definition: Map Overlay in GIS is the process of taking two different thematic maps of the same area and overlaying them one on top of the other to form a new map layer. The ability to integrate data from two sources using map over is perhaps the key GIS analysis function. and animal loading. An example diagram illustrating the map overlay process used to evaluate potential agricultural pollution by watershed in Pennsylvania: The potential agricultural pollution by watershed was estimated by overlaying watershed boundaries.

used to find out the polygon in which a point falls. IDENTITY.could be used to examine the overlay of one area on another area.The output map will contain roads split into smaller segments representing ‘roads in forest areas’ and ‘roads outside forest areas’. therefore this is more complex than either of the two input maps. Three input feature types in map overlay: 1) Point-in-polygon 2) line-in-polygon 3) polygon-in-polygon Point-in-polygon . lines or polygons) that creates a new output vector dataset and is visually similar to stacking several maps of the same region. Polygon-in-polygon . There are three overlay methods in map overlay: UNION.Concept: Map overlay addresses the relationship of the intersection and overlap between spatial features. The output map will contain attribute record for each new road segment. Line-in-polygon . Topological information must be retained in the output map. These overlays are similar to mathematical Venn diagram overlays. The output map can be a new map with additional attributes describing the overlay. . It is the combination of several spatial datasets (points. You can have two input data layers. INTERSECT.

UNION . IDENTITY .overlay also known as symmetric difference overlay defines an output area that includes the area of both inputs except for the overlapping area. .the combined polygons . the output coverage contains.combines the geographic features and attribute tables of both inputs into a single new output. . creates new coverage by overlaying two polygon coverages. -all of the input features -keeps only those portions of identity coverage features that overlap the input coverage.only those portions of features that are in the area occupied by both the input and intersect coverages. . • • creates a new coverage by overlaying two sets of features the output coverage contains. creates a new coverage by overlaying two sets of features. • • • = ‘and’ Boolean operator.attributes of both coverages • all coverages must be polygons INTERSECT . the output coverage contains. • • • = ‘or’ Boolean operator.defines the area where both inputs overlap and retains a set of attribute fields for each.

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