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Indian Standard Drinking Water - Specification IS 10500 : 1991
• • • • • • BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Desirable limits Permissible limit PPM NTU Hazen Units
Copper. Iron. Hazen Units IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 5 Hz. Risks or effects Visible tint.Colour. Ozonisation Sources Treatment . Manganese Natural deposits Filtration. Permissible : 25 Hz. Distillation. . acceptance decreases Tannins. Reverse osmosis.
Musty.Odour IS 10500-1991 Unobjectionable Risks or effects Rotten egg. Filtration Sources Treatment . Chemical Chlorine. Organic matter. Hydrogen sulfide. Air stripping. Methane gas Activated carbon. Septic contamination. oxidation.
Permissible :No relaxation Low pH . deposits Sources Natural Increase pH by soda ash Decrease pH with white vinegar / citric acid Treatment .corrosion. metallic taste High pH – bitter/soda taste.5.5 – 8.pH IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable :6.
septic system Landfills. staining. iron and manganese Reverse Osmosis. corrosion of pipes and fittings Livestock waste. Distillation. scaly deposits. Permissible : 2000 mg/l Hardness. salty or bitter taste. nature of soil Hazardous waste landfills Dissolved minerals. deionization by ion exchange Sources Treatment . sediment. cloudy colored water.Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 500 mg/l .
soap scums Dissolved calcium and magnesium from soil and aquifer minerals containing limestone or dolomite Water Softener Ion Exchanger . Permissible : 600 mg/l Risks or effects Scale in utensils and hot water system. Reverse Osmosis Sources Treatment .Hardness IS 10500-1991 Desirable :300 mg/l .
Alkalinity IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 200 mg/l . Permissible : 600 mg/lit Low Alkalinity (i. Risks or effects Sources Pipes. landfills Hazardous waste landfills Neutralizing agent Treatment . high acidity) causes deterioration of plumbing and increases the chance for many heavy metals in water are present in pipes.e. solder or plumbing fixtures.
discolored beverages Leaching of cast iron pipes in water distribution systems Natural Risks or effects Sources Treatment Oxidizing Filter . rusty sediment. browngreen stains. Green-sand Mechanical Filter .3 mg/l . bitter or metallic taste.Iron. Permissible : 1.0 mg/l Brackish color. Fe IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 0. iron bacteria.
Permissible : 0. Mn IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 0. Oxidizing Filter . Green-sand Mechanical Filter .3 mg/l Brownish color. bitter taste. Chlorination. altered taste of water-mixed beverages Sources Landfills Deposits in rock and soil Treatment Ion Exchange .Manganese.2 mg/l. black stains on laundry and fixtures at .1 mg/l .
"rotten-egg" odor from hydrogen sulfide gas formation Animal sewage. Reverse Osmosis . laxative effects.Sulphate. sewage By-product of coal mining. industrial waste Natural deposits or salt Sources Sulphate Treatment Ion Exchange . medicinal taste. SO4 IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 200 mg/l. corrosion. Distillation . scaly deposits. septic system. Permissible : 400 mg/l Bitter.
NO3IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 45 mg/l.Nitrate. fertilizers Fertilizers Natural Deposits Ion Exchange. Permissible : 100 mg/lit Methemoglobinemia or blue baby disease in infants Livestock facilities. septic systems. manure lagoons. fertilizers Household waste water. Reverse Osmosis Sources Treatment . Distillation.
Chloride. Permissible : 1000 mg/l High blood pressure. corroded pipes. salty taste. Distillation. fixtures and appliances. Cl IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 250 mg/l . seawater Reverse Osmosis . Activated Carbon Sources Treatment . blackening and pitting of stainless steel Fertilizers Industrial wastes Minerals.
F IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 1.5 mg/l Brownish discoloration of teeth. Permissible : 1. Distillation.Fluoride. Reverse Osmosis.0 mg/l. Ion Exchange Sources Treatment . bone damage Industrial waste Geological Activated Alumina.
Ion exchange. Distillation. Chemical Precipitation.05 mg/l Permissible: No relaxation Weight loss. Mining Rocks Activated Alumina Filtration. Skin and nervous system toxicity Previously used in pesticides (orchards) Improper waste disposal or product storage of glass or electronics. lime softening Sources Treatment . Reverse Osmosis. Lack of energy.Arsenic. As IS:10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable: 0. Depression.
Cr IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 0. lung tumors. damage to the nervous system and Risks or effects circulatory system. skin and nasal ulcers.05 mg/l.Chromium. accumulates in the spleen. kidney and liver Sources Septic systems Industrial discharge. Permissible : No relaxation Skin irritation. mining sites Geological Treatment Ion Exchange. gastrointestinal effects. Reverse Osmosis. bones. Distillation .
liver and kidney damage. digestive disturbances. Distillation Treatment . wood preservatives Natural deposits Ion Exchange. Reverse Osmosis. Cu IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 0.5 mg/l Anemia. Permissible : 1.Copper. gastrointestinal irritations. Blue-green stains on plumbing fixtures Risks or effects Sources Leaching from copper water pipes and tubing. bitter or metallic taste.05 mg/l. algae treatment Industrial and mining waste.
Chlorination .Cyanide IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 0. Permissible : No relaxation Thyroid. nervous system damage Fertilizer Electronics.05 mg/l. Reverse Osmosis. plastics mining Sources Treatment Ion Exchange. steel.
hypertension. hearing loss.Lead. Pb IS 10500-1991 Desirable : 0. leaded gasoline Natural deposits Ion Exchange. discarded batteries.05 mg/l. blood disorders. Activated Carbon . interference with Risks or effects kidney and neurological functions. Distillation Treatment . Permissible : No relaxation Reduces mental capacity (mental retardation). death at high levels Sources Paint. paint. Reverse Osmosis. diesel fuel combustion Pipes and solder.
paper and vinyl chloride Natural deposits Reverse Osmosis. death at high levels Fungicides Batteries. intellectual deterioration.001 mg/l. Distillation Sources Treatment .Mercury. Permissible : No relaxation Loss of vision and hearing. electrical equipment. fungicides Mining. Hg IS 10500-1991 Risks or effects Desirable : 0. plant. kidney and nervous system disorders.
Distillation . paints. dyes Natural deposits Ion Exchange Water Softeners. Zn IS 10500-1991 Desirable :5 mg/l. Permissible : 15 mg/l Risks or effects Metallic taste Sources Treatment Leaching of galvanized pipes and fittings. Reverse Osmosis.Zinc.
Total Coliform Bacteria IS 10500-1991 95% of samples should not contain coliform in 100 ml 10 coliform / 100ml Risks or effects Gastrointestinal illness Livestock facilities. Distillation. Iodination Sources Treatment . manure lagoons Household waste water Naturally occurring Chlorination . septic systems. Ultraviolet.
Iodination Sources Treatment . septic systems.E. Ultraviolet. manure lagoons Household waste water Naturally occurring Chlorination .coliform Bacteria IS 10500-1991 Nil / 100ml Risks or effects Gastrointestinal illness Livestock facilities. Distillation.
staining of clothes materials. scale formation 6.0 Manganese 0.5-8. affects aquatic life Boiled rice turns yellowish Poor lathering with soap. color and turbidity. gastro intestinal irritations. with sulfate laxative Poor or sometimes bitter taste.3 . corrosion or incrustation Affects mucous membrane. staining.HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL PARAMETERS Parameter BIS Guideline value (maximum allowable) 2000 mg/L General & Health effect Total dissolved solids PH Undesirable taste. color and turbidity. iron bacteria causing slime Poor taste. scale forming. skin irritation. boiled meat and food become poor in quality Poor lathering and deterioration of the quality of clothes. black slime Iron 1.5 Alkalinity Hardness 600 mg/L 600 mg/L Calcium 200 Magnesium 100 Poor lathering and deterioration of clothes. corrosion. bitter taste. incrustation in pipes. deterioration of the quality of clothes.
gastro intestinal irritation Taste affected.5 Indicates pollution. corrosive Dental and skeletal fluorosis. non-skeletal . algal growth Taste affected. renal damage and depression. mucosal irritation. dehydration. restricts growth of aquatic plants Astringent taste. opalescence in water. vomiting. laxative effect.5 Neurological disorders.HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL PARAMETERS Parameter BIS Guideline value (maximum allowable) General & Health effect Aluminum Copper 0. growth of algae Forms nitrosoamines which are carcinogenic Blue baby disease (methemoglobineamia). Alzheimer's disease Liver damage. gastro intestinal irritation.2 1. abdominal pain. nausea and dizziness Zinc 15 Ammonia Nitrite Nitrate Sulfate Chloride Fluoride 100 400 1000 1.
bio-accumulation. ulcerations. causes 'itai-itai' disease-painful rheumatic condition.05 Chromium Pesticide Detergent 0.01 Algal growth Toxic.HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL PARAMETERS Parameter BIS Guideline value (maximum allowable) General & Health effect Phosphate Arsenic Mercury Cadmium 0.05 0. mutagenic Highly toxic. central nervous system affected. irritability. cardio vascular system affected. anaemia. abdominal discomfort. respiratory problems and skin complaints Affects central nervous system Undesirable foaming Lead 0. bio-accumulation.001 0.05 0. carcinogenic Highly toxic. causes 'minamata' disease-neurological impairment and renal disturbances. impaired neurological and motor development. lassitudes. gastro intestinal upsets and hyper tension Causes plumbism-tiredness. and damage to kidneys Carcinogenic.001 - .
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