SUMMER TRAINING PROJECT REPORT ON

INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
FOR THE PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REQUIREMENT FOR THE TWO YEARS FULLTIME DEGREE INMASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION.

SUBMITTED BY: SONAM PAHWA

COER SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT UTTARKHAND TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY 2010-2011

Internal Guide: Ms. Neha Aggarwal B

External Guide: Mr. Subhasish Bhattacharya

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am extremely grateful to Mr.Subhasish Bhattacharya, Manager, (Finance Department), Lucas-TVS Ltd., Pantnagar Plant for the invaluable guidance and support he has extended to me during the course of the project. I thank Mr. Ranbir Negi, Manager, (HR Department) for giving me an opportunity to do the project with Lucas-TVS Ltd., Pantnagar. I extend my gratitude towards Mr. Gaurav Saxena (Dy. Engineer Purchase) and Mr. Vardharajan (Store Officer) for their critical inputs to the project & timely help and invaluable inputs which enabled me to complete the project within the stipulated time-frame. Finally, I thank all the engineers and operators for their co-operation without whom this project would ever have been completed. I would like to sincerely thanks Ms. Neha Aggarwal, Lecturer( MBA), COER SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT for their valuable suggestions and guidance and making it possible for me to accomplish the Project.Last but not the least, I would like to thank my parents and my colleagues who instilled confidence and gave moral support at various stages during the course of summer training.

SONAM PAHWA MBA IInd year College of Engineering Roorkee

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The conceptual knowledge acquired by management is the best manifested in the projects and trainings they undergo. As a part of curriculum of M.B.A, I have got a chance to undergo partial training in LUCAS-TVS LTD. The present project gave a perfect event to my understanding of Financial Management specially the most modern concept of “INVENTORY MANAGEMENT”. Which define about the inventory control of material and analysis of material consumption and depicts the direct relationship between material and turnover. It is also concerned with supplier quality assurance and methods to control inventory.?

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CONTENTS CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION Company’s profile Products manufactured in this unit Customers Mission & vision of the company Lucas-TVS Ltd Pantnagar organization structure CHAPTER -2 INVENTORY MANAGEMENT Introduction Meaning of inventory Need for inventory Types of inventory Inventory flowchart 4 .

CHAPTER -3 PURCHASE MANAGEMENT Purchase policy Purchase methodology Major documents Lucas-tvs vendors. services. logistics CHAPTER-4 SUPPLIER QUALITY ASSURANCE Quality clearance Raising quality rejection note CHAPTER-5 INVENTORY CONTROL TECHNIQUES & VALUATION The ABC analysis Kanban system Just-in-time (JIT) 5 . OEM’s.

CHAPTER-6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY CHAPTER-7 ANALYSES OF INVENTORY CHAPTER-8 CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS CHAPTER-9 BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 .

To know about quality & rejection of material. To get aware about purchase management. To find out ways of controlling inventory.OBJECTIVES OF PROJECT REPORT • • • To know about the functions performed regarding inventory management. • 7 .

CHAPTER-1 COMPANY’S PROFILE 8 .

They are also into the financial services sector.TVS established in 1961 as a joint venture between Lucas UK and T V Sundram Iyengar & Sons (TVS). there are over thirty companies in the TVS Group. TVS Group originated as a transport company in 1911. India to manufacture Automotive Electrical Systems. two wheelers and a few other industrial products. Lucas-TVS is the Leader in Auto Electricals in India today with 48 years experience in design and manufacturing. LUCAS-TVS LTD. is one of the major companies of TVS group Lucas .2 billion. 4 out of 5 vehicles rolled out daily are fitted with Lucas-TVS products. automotive dealerships and electronics. Today.0 INTRODUCTION TO LUCAS-TVS LTD. TVS Group TVS Group is one of India's oldest business groups. employing more than 40.CHAPTER-1 1. It is a giant conglomerate with presence in diverse fields like automotive component manufacturing.000 people worldwide and with a turnover in excess of USD 2. The turnover of the entire group was close to $2 billion in 2003. 9 . TV Sundaram Iyengar and Sons Limited (TVSs) is the parent and holding company for the TVS Group of companies engaged in the manufacturing of various automotive components.

develops. commercial vehicles. Lucas-TVS Limited operates as a subsidiary of TV Sundram Iyengar and Sons Limited and Lucas Varity. The company was founded in 1961 and is based in Chennai. jeeps. Lucas-TVS's management style lays great emphasis on employee involvement and actively encourages participation and commitment through Small Group Activities (SGA). ignition coils. Lucas-TVS Limited. along with its subsidiaries. India. wiper. designs. headlamps. manufactures. and supplies automotive electrical systems. blower. and automotive lighting products. dynamo regulators. is situated in Padi. and stationary and marine applications.The mother plant of Lucas-TVS ltd. Its products are used in passenger cars. and alternators. diesel fuel injections. tractors. Voluntary Work Teams and the like Culture 10 .TVS is a TS16949 and OSHAS 18001 certified company. dynamos. Suggestion Schemes. The company offers starter. Tamil Nadu. in the outskirts of Chennai. Lucas . We at LucasTVS strongly believe that an organization's most valued assets are its people who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the business. electronic ignition systems. Ltd. People Human resource is an asset never disclosed in a company's balance sheet. and fan motors. Keeping this in mind. two-wheelers. and off-highway vehicles. earth moving equipment and gensets. Lucas-TVS Limited offers its products through a network of branches and outlets serving customers in the United States/European markets. fuel injection equipment.

Continuous improvement is the driver of growth.A highly visible culture of Commitment. Openness and transparency are seen in leadership styles/ meetings. backed up by Discipline & Positive Attitude prevails across Employee the organization. economy in operations in turn take care of our customers and Gemba are the basics of business culture. Approach and outlook of engineers / managers is always bi-focal (short term and long term). 5S is the first step in every function. We take care of our employees and they in turn take care of our customers. Performance culture is encouraged and visible results are rewarded. Value. PRODUCT RANGE 11 . Performance We = believe in the + following skill] equation: X [Will] [Knowledge Trust.Supplier equations are extremely strong. Learning culture prevails at all times and all places in the company. Customer. SOP (Standard Operating Procedure-shop floor) & SWP (Standard Work Procedure-office areas) are base points of DRM in line and staff functional departments. Internal customer. TEI (Total Employee Involvement) is the foundation of the organization. and Service are the key words and beliefs practiced always internally and externally. Systems and procedures are always put in place in reality to recognize an orderly workflow.

• • • Alternator Starter Wiper motors Ignition coil • 12 .

Ignition coil 13 .

LMV Starter Wiper motors 14 .

CUSTOMERS 15 .

by developing innovative products & solutions of value to customers through creative skills & involvement of employees. VISION: • To be the supplier of choice of all leading vehicle manufacturers in India. sell INR 1400 crores [USD 300 million] of products & solutions with a third to customers outside India. • To achieve global recognition for its innovative approach to products & solutions. • By 2010. • To be a recognized OE supplier in Asia Pacific & middle east markets. suppliers & dealers & use of contemporary technology. 16 .MISSION: To be a respected supplier in global auto industry.

ORGANISATION STRUCTURE PLANT HEAD head OPERATION PRODUCTION AUTO ELECTRICAL PRODUCTION FILTERS MANUFACTURING SERVICES SUPPLIER DEVELOPMENT MATERIALS IT QUALITY HR MARKETING FINANCE 17 .

CHAPTER-2 INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 18 .

0 INTRODUCTION Inventory is defined as the sum of the value of raw materials. whole sales and retail trades. semi-processed materials. A efficient system of inventory management will determine (a) What to purchase (b) How much to purchase (c) From where to purchase (d) Where to store. 2. will result in stoppage of work. If the water drops too fast from the tap.2.” The investment in inventory is very high in the most of the undertaking engaged in manufacturing. The investment in inventory should keep in reasonable limits. It is necessary for every management to give proper attention to inventory management. the tub is soon empty. The over-stocking will mean reduction of liquidity and starving of other production processes: under-processes. spare parts. maintenance consumables. The water is flowing out continuously . tub over flows. Inventory is defined as an idle source of any kind having an economic value. etc The purpose of inventory management is to keep the stocks in such a neither way that neither there is over-stocking nor under-stocking. and finished goods at any given point of time. storing and accounting should form a part of inventory management.1 INVENTORY MANAGEMENT “Managing the level of inventory is like maintaining the level of water in a tub in an open drain.If the water is let in too slowly. A proper planning of purchasing handling. 19 . These resources are idle when kept in the stores. on the other hand.

Precautionary motive necessitates holding of inventories to guard against the risk of unpredictable changes in demand & supply forces & other factors. Therefore in order to meet the uncertainties the company should maintain sufficient stock of raw material.The other factors.1(a) NEED FOR THE INVENTORY There are three general motives of for holding inventory: • Transaction Motive • Precautionary Motive • Speculative Motive Transaction motive emphasizes on the need to maintain inventories to facilitate smooth production & sales operations. transport disruption or short supply. Speculative motive influences the decision to increase or reduce inventory levels to take advantage of price fluctuation. A company should hold adequate stock of material for a continuous supply to the factory for an uninterrupted production. The procurement of materials may be delayed because of such factors as strike.2.1(b) KINDS OF RAW MATERIALS USED BY LUCAS-TVS 20 . which are necessary for purchasing and holding the raw material are quantity discount and anticipated price increase. It is not possible for a company to procure raw material whenever it is needed. 2.

loading..) GRD (Goods Receiving Desk) (Counting.The major kinds of raw-materials used by LUCAS-TVS are : Casting (Aluminium) Forging Paper goods Plastics Copper Sheet metal Mild steel INVENTORY FLOWCHART Gate Entry ( Preparation of GI. Manual entry. unloading) 21 .

2Bin system. logistics. kanban. FIFO. invoicing) 22 . random check.Quality Assurance (Material inspection. tag OK material. rejection of material found NOT OK with RSN) Store (LIFO. in house processing. final QA. ABC analysis. CTW) CDC(Customer Dispatch Centre) (Finished goods dispatch to final customer. job work with SCDN. Requisition from production) WIP(Work-In-Process) (Main line. SIT) Material Issue (Based on ADR.

CHAPTER-3 PURCHASE MANAGEMENT 23 .

The main objective of procurement activity is to purchase the required material. Procurement from unapproved vendors of the value Rs 5 lakhs and above in each case needs to be reported to the corporate materials management every month. equipments and associated services. 24 . LUCAS-TVS is procuring the material only from those vendors who are committed to quality on long term basis. so as to improve quality and reduce cost and procurement time. LUCAS-TVS is giving its Purchase preference to those who have adopted internationally. the quality management system. No purchase order is placed against anticipated customers order except under special circumstances for which prior specific approvals of competent authority shall be taken.0 PURCHASE POLICY The scope of purchase policy lays down the directions and guidelines to be followed by the manufacturing Units /Regional /Other Divisions on matters relating to procurement of materials. equipments and related services and delegation of powers. Bulk buying and bunching of materials required for several contracts shall be done to the maximum extent possible to derive price advantage. Procurements are from vendors approved as per the procedure prevalent in the unit except in very special circumstances as defined in working instructions of the respective units. Its emphasis is more on process control rather than inspection of the product.3. consistent with quality requirements and with transparency in order to adhere to commitments made to the customers. LUCAS-TVS maintains good will with approved vendors by treating them as business partners. at the right time at an optimum price.

1 METHODOLOGY The initial procedure starts as per the flowchart shown below: - Commercial department {Receives the order from the customer} Production and production planning department {Prepares the indent and passes to MM department} Material management department {Actual purchase procedure starts from here after placing orders} After purchasing material reaches the lucas-tvs gate {Here they prepare SRV(stores receipt voucher} 25 .3.

Material reaches GRD (stores department) {They again check the entries of SRV} Then goes to QC department (quality control) Now goes to concerned production department {Then it reports to finance department} Finance department Purchase bill {Proper billing is done here} Purchase accounting {Accounting as per AS-3 is done} Then it reports to Inventory department 26 .

The terms and conditions of the purchases are shown in PO (Purchase Order). i. This department receives the following documents: • • Purchase order from the material management department Stores receipt vouchers from stores department Bills from suppliers (Directly) • This section deals with the processing of supplier’s bills which is based on the quantity and the rate of material ordered. duly priced in the document of the receipt of the materials by the stores department. production department passes the indent to the material department where material procurement routes are decided. Purchase Accounting Section 27 . In order to bring uniformity as well as to meet the requirements of ISO 9000/TQM. Then they plan what type of raw material is required in the department where this material has to go for further production.e. Purchase Bill Section This section deals with the payment of supplier’s bill. The area of material procurement covers not only the process of purchasing but also the activity of evaluation. development and review of the suppliers. this department takes the order from the customer and then passes it to the production department. After deciding.The procedure starts with the commercial department. the Directors of LUCAS-TVS have constituted a Task Force for material procurement procedures. SRV.

materials and goods in his store. This documents maintained by the storekeeper. Spare is composed of indirect materials and it come under overheads Stores Records Two set of records are often maintained in LUCAS-TVS for materials issue. 28 . materials received and material transferred.Accounting for purchases is done in this section. They are: • • Bin Card Store Card Bin Card Bin Card is maintained department wise. A bin card entry is done for each materials receipt. issue or return. Bin card is used by storekeeper to keep quantitative records of all the items. There are two type of stocks:• • Raw material is composed of direct materials and it come under prime cost. “Purchase” as per Accounting Standard 3A means “purchase cost plus all the expenditure related to purchase and freight bringing the goods upto the factory except duly refundable Price Store Ledger In LUCAS-TVS PSL or stock ledger are classified according to value and quantity.

The store ledger is generally maintained in the form of loose-leaf cards. • It contains only quantitative details of materials received. because they can be removed and inserted easily. • It is always posted after transaction. issued and returned. BINCARD • It is maintained by the Storekeeper • STORE LEDGER Store ledger is maintained by Costing department. 29 . • It contains both quantity and value. • Entries are made when transaction take place. Difference between Bin Card and Price Stores Ledger.Store Card In LUCAS-TVS the Store Card is maintained monthly wise. It is kept in the costing store ledger.

Test certificate. 30 . Terms of delivery.3. date and validity period. compensation delay supply. Import license number. insurance. The purchase order contains the following essential information: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Name of the supplier. Unit of measurement. Rate at which the supply is to be made. Quality to be supplied. Description of the material. Terms of payment. the stores account section of LUCAS-TVS receives the following documents: Purchase orders: Purchase order is an order placed on the suppliers for supply of specified quantity of specific material at a specified rate in accordance with the terms and condition spelt out in the order. Destination and mode of transport.2 MAJOR DOCUMENTS RECEIVED The mammoth organization like LUCAS-TVS where it has to control and fulfill a number of supplier’s requirements for regulating the payment of the supplier’s claims.

The concerned receipt cell of stores department raises this document after receipt of material from the clearance section. There will be one SRV for each consignment of a purchase order. 12) Bin card balance. Unit of measurement. Purchase order number and date. Challan number and date. 13) Railway/lorry freight particular. 10) Quantity supplied. Name of the slip. It contains the following information: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Ward/section from which the store receipt voucher is issued or where the stores are to be stocked ultimately. Name of the indenter. This document will also be raised when ever materials issued on loan are returned by the outside parties and received by the stores department. 14) Other like postage 31 .Store Receipt Voucher: Store receipt vouchers are the document through which the receipt of the materials by their stores department and their acceptance is communicated to the store account section and also to other departments. Name of the supplier. PSL will be maintained only in the unit of issue by the stores department. 11) Quantity accepted and quantity rejected. Description of the material with material code number. Bill of landing number and data.

Material Requisition Slip This document would be prepared to authorize a shop/work center to draw the required materials from the concerned holding cell. 32 . Shop planning section will arrange to present material requisition slips to the holding cell and get the material delivered at the required work center prior to the planned start of manufacture.Direct Supplier’s Bill This is the document commercially recognized and presented by a supplier for the settlement of his claim for the supplier services that are rendered or to be rendered. Scrap Delivery Note The concerned department when delivering scrap to the concerned holding cell of the store department would raise this document.

VENDORS Harinaam Aurangabaad General auto Punjab Tractor Ltd Ashok Leyland CUSTOMERS Tata Motors Ltd Mahindra & Mahindra International Tractor Ltd LOGISTICS BIC T&S TVS SERVICES ELECTRICAL IMPAL Sundaram Madras Auto Services TVS Ware house Ltd Lucas Indian Service 33 .

CHAPTER-4 SUPPLIER QUALITY ASSURANCE 34 .

35 .PROCEDURE INVOLVED IN SUPPLIER QUALITY ASSURANCE Material gate Store (GRD) sample inspection by quality NOT OK deptt. From store parts will go mainline. Put a RSN note send the entire lot to supplier assurance O K Put a QA tag & send to store.

Part will be used in line if any rejection is there due to supplier parts. Production dept. CDC will dispatch goods to customers 36 . will raise CTW for finished goods Final QA will check the finished goods & put sign on CTW. Then those parts will go to SQA SQA will put DRSN note for those rejected material.

CHAPTER-5 INVENTORY CONTROL TECHNIQUES 37 .

non moving stock is an essential requirement of inventory control . we can classify inventory according to ABC classification. Controlling process are as follows :-• • • • • The ABC Analysis KANBAN System Just-in-time (JIT) Maintaining minimum Stock level Taking Physical on monthly basis 5.0 INTRODUCTION Inventory control means understanding inventory .Controling & reduction of surplus stock. It effect inventory carrying cost & working capital .0. Ist we have to identify the stock label as per requirement of business.1 ABC ANALYSES In Lucas-TVS Ltd.5. Here we have adopted various techniques to resolve the excess inventory & smooth production on day to day basis. ABC has two methods for classification:• Value per item 38 .

Value with consumption

‘A’ ITEMS
Small in number, but consume large amount of resources Must have:
• • • •

Tight control Rigid estimate of requirements Strict & closer watch Low safety stocks

Managed by top management

‘C’ ITEMS
Larger in number, but consume lesser amount of resources. It must have:
• Ordinary control measures • •

Purchase based on usage estimates High safety stocks

ABC analysis does not stress on items those are less costly but may be vital

‘B’ ITEM
Intermediate Must have:
• •

Moderate control Purchase based on rigid requirements

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• •

Reasonably strict watch & control Moderate safety stocks Managed by middle level management

5.0.2 KANBAN

Lucas-TVS uses kanban system for inventory control .Kanban process is a tool to control inventory . It is a process which demands lot of discipline and sincerity. But the benefits derived from it far outweigh these rigors. Lean Manufacturing team has contributed in these efforts by identifying all the aspects which cause interruption in the smooth functioning of this system. Along with the concerned agencies of Stores and PLG they have planned and executed incorporation of new Kanban items as well. The efforts taken by this team is commendable and I congratulate them for publishing this Kanban booklet summarizing the process. The book contains all the basic

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requirements and steps that is to be followed in the Kanban process and also the systematic approach towards increasing the scope of Kanban.

WHAT IS KANBAN?
Kan - ” Sign” Ban -” Board”

So, Sign Board “A signaling device that gives authorization and instruction for the production or withdrawal of item in a pull system” It is based on 2-Bin system

KANBAN is the two bin system that is mainly depend upon the. • Lot size (material) • Lead time • storage media (means capacity of ware house)

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5. Benefits of JIT:• • • • • Uniform workstation loads Small lot sizes Closer supplier ties Maintenance of high quality Quick and economic setups 42 . all components and other inventory items arrive as and when required (i. just before the start of an operation).0. Item are picked up by the worker and fed directly in to the production process.3 JUST IN TIME (JIT) According to JIT system.e.

however. Somebody once told me there are at least 10 reasons why a person hits a bad shot in golf. if you learn to keep your head down you can forget about the other 9! We have been working with manufacturing companies for a long time and have established a few items needed to get your hands around the Inventory Control requirements of a company. finding someplace to put the in-coming stock. keeping some sort of identification system inside the cage and procedures for keeping inventory accurate.• • Flexible facilities and multi-skilled workforce Continuous improvement 5.1 INVENTORY CONTROL (Reduction & Accuracy) Inventory Control is one of the hardest things to get your hands around with the pressures of "getting the product out". Some examples are: • • • • • • • Inventory accuracy Reduce lead times of items you make Speed up the time to replenish raw material Review order quantities Clean out old inventory Hold your suppliers accountable Tighten up on replenishing from forecast 43 .

sub assemblies and top level finished goods to find out what makes up the product overall lead time. Company decisions need to be made concerning master scheduling finished good products. If you can replace the same item in one day. Speed up the time to replenish raw material The amount of inventory you have has little to do with your level of customer service. If it takes six weeks to replace an item. you must reorder with at least six weeks (plus safety stock and "Just in Case" inventory) supply or you risk a stock out. In some cases you can master schedule the sub-assemblies where large variations of end products exist.Inventory accuracy One of the thing we do during in MRP audit or review of Inventory Control is ask the folks "How accurate is the inventory?" The answers are quite revealing depending on who your talk to. If the computer inventory doesn't match the actual count the part count is wrong. It doesn't matter why the counts are wrong. We then go to the cage and count 10 parts and immediately go to the computer and see what the system indicates. Performing cycle counts to keep inventory accurate is a path leading to unreliable information and unrealistic procedures. not until the next batch is produced. This is one area where "islands of automation" can hinder the overall plan to reduce total lead time to the customer. I always make sure the sampling is representative of normally used parts. Reduce lead times of items you make Review the overall lead time of raw material. It has more to do with how fast you can replace it. Some times stocking sub assemblies can be effective depending on the labor content. 44 . a two day supply will give you more than enough to fill any order and a stock out is only for one day. period! The inventory must be accurate and kept accurate for the MRP system to reliability plan for replenishment of material.

Tighten up on replenishing from forecast Forecasts are great and necessary but they are no more than educated guesses. Clean out old inventory There are a number of reports available to identify obsolete or slow moving inventory. not to mention tying up valuable cash. Vendor Managed Inventory has proven to be quite beneficial to have material arrive when needed. These misalignments create large quantities of inventory that run the risk of slow movement. the benefit of producing a product that has questionable overhead expense attached. To use market demand to replenish finished goods keeps the inventory level aligned with what customers are actually buying. Analysis should be performed on the cost of keeping old inventory vs. If the supplier misses delivery dates 20 percent of the time or deliveries bad quality material then the company is likely to miss customer shipments due to stock out situations. And the farther out into the future the forecast the higher the probability that the guess will be very wrong. These reports have been used as ISO documentation to track supplier performance and rate the supplier against standards. information technology and other high tech 45 . Hold your suppliers accountable Suppliers must be held accountable for on-time delivery of a quality product. obsolescence and damage.Review order quantities Many companies buy raw material in thousands. In these days of ERP systems. If the material is arriving from off-shore suppliers the economy of stocking such a large quantity of material to get the "volume discount" should be reviewed. Most companies justify this behavior based on "economies of scale". We have a number of supplier performance reports available to calculate the on-time. produce product in hundreds and sell in units. early and late percentages of material received.

systems. The firms follow the traditional method of valuation of materials ‘Cost Price or Market Price whichever is less’. If management is interested to show more profits then it can choose such a method which will show more stocks or vice versa. which are received first are issued first.2 VALUATION OF INVENTORY The value of material has a direct bearing on the income of the concern. Last In First Out Method In this LIFO method the last received materials are issued first. LIFO method is suitable during rising prices because goods will be issued from the latest received lots at prices. But there are different methods of pricing material which give different values. it almost seems too simple. which are closely related to current market price. so it is necessary that a method of pricing materials should be such that it gives a realistic value of stocks. The materials are issued in chronological order. It may be of two types:46 . all the material in stocks are mixed at a price based on all lots. Average Cost Method In average cost method of pricing. This method is suitable when prices are falling because material issues will be priced at earlier figures while costs of replacements will be low. I can assure you that these things are easier to talk about than to execute. but the payoff is worth it. 5. This method is also known as replacement cost method because the latest purchased goods will correspond to the current price except that goods which were not purchased much earlier. The following methods for pricing material issues are generally used: First In First Out method In FIFO method the materials.

This method recover the whole cost of materials and this method is suitable when price fluctuations are frequently changed. In this method new issue prices are need not to be calculated each time when the issues are made unless new lot of material is received. 47 .• Simple Average Cost Method: In this method the prices of all the lots in stock are averaged and the materials are issued on that average price. • Weighted Average Cost method: In this method the total cost of all the materials are divided by the total number of items in the stock. This method is suitable when price fluctuations are frequent. LUCAS-TVS uses the weighted average method for issuing the inventories and purchases the inventories on cost basis.

CHAPTER-6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 48 .

To find out ways of controlling inventory. To get aware about purchase management. To know about rejection of material. • TOOLS & TECHNIQUES: They are:Tables & Graphs Charts & diagrams 49 .RESEARCH PROBLEM: “Analysis of inventory management” RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: • • • To know about the functions performed regarding inventory management.

SECONDARY DATA: In order to carry out my project I have used the secondary data. the analyst is not the first user and it is conveniently available for research prospects. Under this. For ex: Internet. SOURCE OF SECONDARY DATA • • • LUCAS-TVS REPORT LUCAS-TVS PUBLICATION DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF THE COMPANY LIKE etc 50 . Secondary data is that source in which data is already exist and which is already being used by some other.ANALYSIS OF DATA: The Data used in this project report is Secondary.

CHAPTER-7 ANALYSES OF INVENTORY 51 .

iron .0 INTRODUCTION Analysis of inventory means controlling of materials from procurement to finish goods in a time frame where we can have sufficient time to build up inventory as per business trend & management guide line. Following are the percentage available at store stock • • • Copper Elements – 27 % to 39% Iron parts – 42 % Aluminum product used as raw materials 19% to 22% Based on copper we are having main products • Field coil – for Starter manufacturing 52 .7. Presently we are getting more than 90 % materials out side of Pantnagar so we need to analyse our inventory on daily & hourly basis. In Lucas-Tvs Limited we are having three types of Raw materials like copper . Aluminum base & plastic product .

2 days stock Finish Goods stock – Maximum 3 days stock To maintain all stock we are doing ABC stock anaysis on daily basis . for WIP we are having three to five shift stock & for Finish goods we are followed customers demand trend or three days stock whichever is less. we used to maintain 12 days inventory including 6-7 days transit stock. From WIP floor raw materials became finish goods 7 through. considering lead time & follow up time. As per the value & required quantity commercial department provide their schedule to respective vendors. Raw materials Stock – Considered as store Stock – 12 days stock WIP Floor Stock . For transferring stock from store to WIP floor we are maintain proper book keeping . On monthly basis we are doing flowing activities for inventory analysis.• • • Stator & rotor – For Alternator Iron part also using for yoke & as a child part Aluminum part for all type s of brackets etc.so that any point of day we can assess our store stock .& applying KANBAN for all products. • • • • • • Input output ratio Utilizations of Plant & Machinery Uses & techniques adopted for production Rejection analysis Preventive action taken for all machinery as a maintenance team work Deep analysis of & make QC circle for all production related problem 53 . it will transferred to Customer godown.

• • Transit time analysis Vendor audit on timely basis. ANALYSIS OF MATERIAL CONSUMPTION WITH TURNOVER OF LAST THREE YEARS Year 2009 2008 2007 Materials Consumption 58182 46844 46156 Turnover 105299 97736 105473 Percentage Of Material Over Turnover 55% 48% 44% 54 .

According to this. We can analyze that there is a direct relationship between Material and Turnover. The Maximum Consumption of material enables the company to generate maximum sales.Observations • • By this chart we can say that material has it own importance over turnover. CHAPTER-8 55 . • This Chart assists in examining that there is better material inwarding from suppliers due to timely payment of company as it generate maximum profit.

Pantnagar during My Six week Summer Training I analyze the flow of Inventory. Overall the whole Inventory Management of this company is quiet sound which does not create any situation of Material excess or shortage.0 CONCLUSION In Lucas-TVS. The process of Material in warding and outgoing is in a very systematic way. I came to know all the processes physically and in system to go simultaneously. Pantnagar through Inventory Management. After analyzing the financial condition of Lucas-TVS. it reveals that the company is in strong financial position. 56 .CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS 8.

Material management department should be active regarding decision making. • International business of LUCAS-TVS should be widened to other different places and different types of business should be conducted with different countries. The scrap percentages of material should be reduced. • • • We should give special attention on material consumption.8. • Even though capital investment of LUCAS-TVS is satisfactory but for the future concern capital investment should be conducted. 57 . Adopting Different Management methods which should increase order procurement.1RECOMMENDATION • • The Capacity of all plants should be increased for better utilization of resources.

\ CHAPTER-9 BIBLIOGRAPHY 58 .

BOOKS:THE LUCAS-TVS LTD MODEL 2009 MANUALS TRAINING DOCUMENT FROM LUCAS-TVS LIBRARY PUBLICATIONS:LUCAS-TVS LTD ANNUAL REPORT 59 .

COM WWW.CO.WEBSITES:WWW.LUCAS-TVS.SIDCUL.IN LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS OEM GI ST CESS SHECESS CST Original Equipment Manufacturing Goods Inwards Stock Transfer Central Excise Subsidiary Sales Secondary Higher Education Central Excise Subsidiary Sales Central Sales Tax 60 .

GRD SCDN ADR RSN DRSN ALR MLR CLR BOM SIT CTW CDC JIT QA Goods Receiving Desk Sub Contract Delivery Note Average Daily Requirement Return to the Supplier Note Debitable Return to the Supplier Note Assembly Line Rejection Main Line Rejection Customer Line Rejection Bill Of Material Store Issue Ticket Consignment To Warehouse Customer Despatch Centre Just In Time Quality Assurance 61 .

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