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: ENGINTSPERF0RIViANCt COYIBUSTI0N NGINTERNATRTCIPROCATI III : TESTI'{EASUREI{ENTS PART

DEPARTEMEN,' PERTAMBANGAN

DAI\I

ENERGI

PERUSAI-IA,{'\UMUM LISTRII( ruEGARA


J L . T R U N C J O Y OM T I 1 3 5 . K E B A Y O R A NB A R U - J A K A R T A

i iJTE RI{ATI Oru L STAT'I RD A DA

l s o 3 0 4 6u t . 1 e 7( E ) l e

enq sc F. ip racating internalccn"ibusticn i nes : P ericrrnencs rernents P a r tt E I: T e s t meesu


: SCCFE agreement betv"cen ihe a inspecting uthority.

n i a n u ' la c i u r c r , c u s t c m e r a r r C ! c r

l::rs lntbrnational Standard summarizes the common : : : : : n i q u e s o f r n e a s u r e m e n to f t h e m a i n p a r a m e t e r s o f -:::procating internal combustion . e n g i n e st o e n s u r e t h e ' e : u i r e d p r e c i s i o n i n m e a s u r e m e n t s .l V h e r e n e c e s s a r y , ' : : i v i i u a l r e q u i r e m e n t s a y b e g i v e n f o r p a r l i c u l a re n g i n e m i ::: iicatons. FIELD OF APPLICATION

b 4 . 2 - 2 T h e l o c a t i o n o f p o i n t s o f m e a s u r e m e n its s e l e c t e d y the manufacturer. 4.3 Accurary of measurement

? -:

s l ; l t e r n a t i o n a lS t a n d a r da p p l i e st o r e c i p r o c a t i n gi n t e r n a l : : - . ; u s i i o n e n g i n e sf o r l a n d , r a i l - t r a c t i o n n d m a r i n e u s e . a : x : : u i i n g e n g i n e su s e d t o p r o p e l r o a d c o n s l r u c t i o n a n d : : : : r ' r - m o v i n gm a c h i n e s .a g r i c u l t u r a la n d i n d u s t r i a l t y p e s o f : - a 3 i o r s ,a u t o m o b i l e sa n d t r u c k s a n d a e r o - e n g i n e s . 3 REFERENCES

, c 4 - 3 . 1 T h e a c c u r a c r T f m e a s u r e r n e nitn c i i c a r . O n c o l u m n 6 i o f c i a u s e5 o f t h i s l n t e r n a t i o n a lS t a n d a r c a p p l i e so n l y l o t h e p o w e r d e c l a r e c ji n t h e c o n t r a c t , a n d n o t o n i y i n c l u d e s t l r e a c c u r a c y o f t h e i n s t r u m e n t b e i n g u s e d b u t a l s oi n v o l v e s t h e c o r r e c t n e s so f i t s l o c a t i o n , t h e c o n d i t i o n s u n d e r r ^ i l r i c h ir is being used, and the interpretation of the resulrs obtained-

S3 3046/1, Becip,rocating internal combustian engines : sziormance - Part I : Standard reference conditions and :e:.'arations of pov{er, fuel cansumption and lubricating oil :onsumotion. .33 3046/ll, Reciprocating internal combustion engines : 'eiormance - Pert ll : Test methods. .SC 3046/lY, Reciprocating internal combustion engines : 'eiormance - Part lV : Speed governing. g i,IEASUREI\4ENT ONDITIONS AND DEFINITIONS C 9 F D E G R E EO F A C C U R A C Y O p e r a t i n gc o n d i t i o n s :.'!-1 B e f o r e a s e t o f m e a s u r e m e n t si s c o m m e n c e d , t h e . . - : : n e s h a l l h a v e o p e r a t e d , a t . t h ep a r t i c u l a r c o n d i t i o n s o f : : : : ; ' r i r o t a t i o n a lf r e q u e n c y ( s p e e d )f o r a s u f f i c i e n t l e n g t h :: :i:.e to ensurethat the operating temperatures have ' . : : i e 3 s t a b l e o n d i t i o n sa sl a i d d o l v n b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r . c

W h e r e t h e t o t a l a c c u r a c y i n v o l v e s m e a s u r e m e n t so f a o n u m b e r o f q u a n t i t i e s ,e a c hw i t h i t s o w n a c c u r a c y , r w h e r e a n i n d i v i d u a l m e a s u r e m e n t i s d e p e n d e n t o n s e v e r a lp a r a ' meters, each with its own ?ccuracy, the overall accuracyis o taken as the square rsct of the sum of the squares f tlte s e p a r a t e a c c u r a c i e s ,- e e c h . . m u l t i p l i e d b y a n a p p r o p r i a t e factor equal to 'the exponent of irs parameter in the formu.lae4.3.2 The accuracy quoted is that consideredadequatelor may adopt most acceptance test purposes. l\4anu{acturers greater accuracy of measurement: a) for type tests; r b ) f o r s p e c i a lc o n t r a c t u a l o r l e g i s l a t i v ee q u i r e m e n t s .

W h e r e m e a s u r e m e n t sa r e u s e d i n s u b s e q u e n tc a l c u l a i i o n s accuraciesother than those specified for the rr,easure p a r a m e t e r sm a y b e c h o s e nt o a c h i e v e h e s p e c i f i e da c c u r a c y t o f t h e f i n a l c a l c u l a t e dp a r a m e t e r s .

t 4 . 3 . 3 T h e d e g r e eo f a c c u r a c ya s s u m e sh a t t h e i n s t r u m e r r t s selected are operating within their range of maximum accuracy. r

e . i 2 D u r i n g t h e p e r i o d i n w , h i c l ra s e t o f m e a s u r e m e n tis s : : : r c n r a d e , t h e l o a d , r o t a t i o n a l f r e q u e n c y { s p e e d )a n d a l l ':ii t e m o e r a t u r e s a n d p r e s s u r e ss h a l l b e r n a i n t a i n e d ::..siant rrithin the limits of accuracy of measurement : ' : ' e n i n c l a u s e , c o l u m n6 o f t h i s l n t e r n a t i o n a S t a n d a r d . l 5
hiethods of measurement

u 4 . 3 . 4 A l l m e a s u r i n g n s t r u m e n t s n d a p p a r a t u s s e dd u l i r t g i a t e s t s s h a l l b e c h e c k e d a n d c a l i b r a t e do v e r t h e r a n g eo f t l r e e x p e c t e dr e a d i n g s . 4 . 3 . 5 H y d r a u l i c b r a k e s , e l e c t r i c d y n a m o m e i e r so r o l h e ' s i m i l a r a p p l i a n c e sf o r m e a s u r e m e n t f t o r q u e s h o u l d b e o s t a t i c a l l y c a l i b r a t e db y s u s p e n d i n g e i g h t s o n a l e v e r a r m w o f c o n s t a n tl e n g t h o r b y o t h e r s u i t a b l e e r h o d s . : m E l e c t r i c d y n a m o m e t e r s i r a l lb e c a l i b r a r e d o r b o t h " b r a k e " s f and"motoring" positions.

{ , . ? - 1 i . 4 e t h o d o f m e a s u r e m e na r e s e l e c t e db y t h e m a n u s t : . : : . . ; r e r a n d , i f n e c e s s a r ym a y b e s u b j e c t t o c o n t r a c t u a l .

E:l:6r'ill'1979 (E)
T L:S; CF PARAMETEFS

r O e

Paramerer

Oef inition

S y m b o ll U n i t I A c c u r a c y 5
t)

2
G e n e r a lp a r a m e t r s
I

3
I | U " o . , t o r q u e n r e a s u r e da t t h e
enSine driving sh:ft exrremiry

<

: ' i

E n g i n et o r q u e l )
Rotationaf frequency of engine (engine speed)

Trcl
n

kN.m

',

c'-

I | ftre number of revolutions of | the crankshaft in a givcn period I of time The number of revolr-rtions

. 1 1 .

rlmin

< : ' l

9otational frequency of engine CrivinE haft s ( e n g i n ed r i v i n g s h a f t s p e e d ) Brakeoower3l

It , , d

of the engine Crivihg shaft in a given period of time The power or sum of the powers measured at the driving shaft or shafts

r/min P. KW
r ? a l

5.r.4

)s 5.2 :'; -..fPressuref ) : 2.1{i:i .l ,"ro*erric pressure6) s 2.-z::'t I ao'-oression pressure in a cvtinOerT) - - '|
|

'

| I in I na"*i-r- pressure a r | cytindeat momentary


| fuet cut.off pa pc

I
kPa kPa !0,5% t 3 %

s.i.:] .-,, l:nr*i-up r e s s u r eh i ' . -.:' a cvlinderTl .. I 5 - 2 - 4 '; - _n ; r p r e s s u r e t t h e e n g i n e a | or Fressure hargerintet c I 5.2-4.1 a | Deeression t engineor pressure R U s o l u t ep r e s s u r e t e n g i n e a | o r p r e s s u r e h a r g e ri n l e t c I 5.2.5 | Cnurn" air pressureafter a pressurecharger I 5.2.6 eoort pressure fter the air a | cooler I 'Charge 5.2.7 . . - | air pressure rop in d ' . 5.2.8 5.2-4.2

| rut"*ir.u- combustion p r e s s u r ei n a c y t i n d e( I I I I

P^.*

kPa

57"

? t

charser intet

Lpk Py P6
Pi.,t

kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa

I
I I I I i t r t . " n p r e s s u r eb e f o r e t h e e n s i n ei n t e t I I
a u < / a

I
I

| 9',.

/ . , o

I a
t

I
| I I I I

tneaircooter

ryint

10% 6 %

I
I

E x h a u s t g a sp r e s s u r e t t h e a inler to the turbochargeror o t h e r e x h a u s t g a sa s s i s t e d Or.rture charger(valid only for e n g i n e sw i t h a c o n s t a n t p r e s s u r e

I
I u " " n p r e s s u r ei n t h e e x h a u s t I pipe before the turbine I I I I M e a n p r e s s u r ei n t h e e x h a u s t manifcld or after the pressure I cnarger | pr".rrr" at given points of the I ttuia cooting system | l o i t o r e t r r r e a t g i v e np o i n t s o f I r h e t u b r i c a t i n gs y s t e m ( i n | I i n d i v i d u a lc i r c u i t s b e f o r e a n d a f t e r f i l t e r s , c o o f e r s ,e t c . ) | I t . " n f u e r p r e s s u r ea f t e r t h e f u e l t"PotY PumP |
l or other similar arrangements. Pgt

I
I
I I

I I I

i I

5.2-g

5.2.10 5-2.11

5-2-12

I e * h u u r t g a sp r e s s u r ei n t h e e x h a u s to i O e I | cootant pressure | | r Luuricating il pressure o | | I | ruer pressure | |

Pgz

kPa

t69'o

Pcoot po

kPa kPa

5 % 5 1',o

Ps
l

kPa

10%

;l 2l 5l 4l 5l 6l 7l

Measured by hydraulic brake, electric dynamorneter

Measured by a tachometer, revolution counter or rachoscope. Calcufated from measured values of torque and rotational frequency of engine driving shaft (speedl. rhe accuracy of each prelsure (except the pressure in 5.2-1 and 5.2.4.2J is given as a percentage of the gauge p.sssure. The unit bar may be used instead of kpa. Measured by spring-loaded or fluid-type lvleasured by a recording craximum barorneters

pressure gauge. mechanical indicator or from an indicato. diaqram.

rso 304s/fi t-1979 E {

List of paramters lcontinuedl

5.3 5.3.1

Temperaturesl )

2)

A i r t e m p e r a t u r ea t t h e e r r g i n e or pressurecharger inlet (ambient ternperature l Charge air trnperature a{tet the pressurecharger Charge air temperature after the coolcr E , x h a u s g : s t e m p e r 6 i r r r ea t t h e t cylinder outlet E x h a u s t g a st e m p e r a t u r e B t t h e inlet to the turbochargcr or other exhaust gas assisted pressurecharger Exhaust gas timperature in the outlet pipe or after turbocharger or other exhaust gas assistedpressurecharger Coolant temperalure Lubricating oil tempere ture ' Air temperature before the . engine intake h'iean tcrnpcrtture of rhe thermal pick-up Mean temperature of the thermat pick-up

s.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.5

Tb

4.,.
In Tet

::

5.3.6

Mean ternperature of rhe thermal pick-up

Tgz

'

5.3.7 5-3.8

Temperature{s} at given point(sl of ttre fluid cooling rysrem{sl Oil temperarure{sl at given poinr(sl of the lubricaring system(sl Fuel ternperature at a given . point'of the fuel system

T"ool Ta

R ? O

Fuel temperature

Tl

5.4 53.1

'Consumptions3) Fuel consumption The quantity of fuel consumed by the engine per unit of time The fuel consumption per unit of power The guantity of cylinder oil supplied by the fubricator per unit of time The lubricating cytinder oit consurnption' per unit of power The quantity of circulating oil consumed per unit of time by the engine, irrecoverably The circulating lubricaring oil consumption per unit of power The quantity of air drawn into the engine from the atmospherc per unit of time The quantity of lluid flowiog through the engine cooling syslem per unit of rime The guantity of oil flowing througrh the engine lubricating system per unit of time

G{ ' 9t G.vr '

g/s kgls ks/h e/kW'h s/MJ

37"

5.4.2 5.4.3

Specific fuel consumption Cylindsr lubricating oil consumptio Specific fonsumption cylinder oil of

395,

'-.. .--glr k9/s ks/h g/kW.h s/MJ g/s ks/s ke/h e/kw'h g/MJ kg/s . ke/h k9/s k9/h l.9/r ks/h

:1O%

5.4.4 5.4.5

9cvl G"i, '

t 1356 ! 10%

Circulating lubricaring oil consumption Specific consumption of circulating lubricating oil Air consumption

5.4.6 5.4.1

9cir

t 13% ! 5%

4t,
6.ool

5.4.8

Cooling {luid flotv

r l0t:

5.4.9

Lubricating oil flow

6o

r 1O%

1)

Measuredby-electrical methods {resistancethermomerers or a therm@oupte with -""r,rl,nn appararusl ,,uto-,roerhernlomerers. ol

2l Th! unir oC may b! usedin3rcrd ol K. 3l Consumprio.l3 mc!.u.ed by mast o. volume rncthods,by dete.mining th tim during which . given quaority of lluid ir con$rn.J. ate uring normal p.cssu..di{te.cntiC ryrrcms o; other rypcr ot ftolvmder.

rso 3046/il 1-1979 {E}

List of parsnreterslconctudedl

5.5 5.5.1

E x h a u s t g a se m i s s i o n characteristics Smoke indexll

I I a I filter soiling (expressed s I function of light reflecrivityI I by unoituted 9as2l | Light obscurement bV "t undiluted gas4l b! Coefiicient oi light absorption5; : C,3ina :cale of 'li inirs3l

5.5.2

Smoke opaciry 1l

N
m

5t5

5.5.3 5.5.4 5.5.5: 5.5.6 '11

Soot content Gaseousemission compcitionTl Emission ratelol Specific ernission

I Gravimetric carbon concentration of I votu-etric | go"ou, "o-po*n,, I mot of each component emitted in unit o{ time I e-irrion rate per unit of power

C
t,tl F8) :i eisl

gim3 % er pp;n

t 10 ?i

{fr,ig9}

slh s/kw-h

At!4ca) AI\tCal

mly Elect eithrr paranErerfor the meaaureJnenr lTlE lngrm manulEcttrrer indiceied in 5.5.I or 5.5.2 acco.dingtorth..f6cili1i6,svaitabte. 2J. f,l8u4d W prs5ing a kdorvn ioluma of gEsthrough a 3prcified area ot lwbiiEl {ilter prper nd deildining drq.ldoction ?nlilht rflectld {rorn thr lilrqJr. Fo. dutometc contnuoo5 mai'lurlrnnl, fh accuracy io S-5-1 mav bc i 0,6 on a sc? e of lO unirs. fl ll'tra$tiad orrfi th! entinr a:ro.t{ecdon of lhe exhaust plume clola to the point ot exit froft tha exha4i pige or over a de{;nd ln$h qt th! sanotacolurnn, the lioear dirnctsion in cach caie being denoted by L, exprcrsd in matrea. 5l :ih. vatu! k b siven bi th. .gurrion i i,

N\ . -r / k=-;- tog.It -1; I L '-\ loo,l


\ .
where rvis the reading of smoke opacity on a linear scale from o to l O 0 u n i t s . 6l Measured by rhe increase in mass of a {ilter through which a known volume sf undilured exhatrst gas has been pasled and corrected standard temperature and pressure. 7l gl g, lol i4easured by chemicat or physicat methods appropriate to each component (and/or its concentrationl. :.:r' is the suffix of an individuar component of the exhaust gas. ,

AMc fpresents "by Agreernent between Manufacturer and customer,,. ,l Calcufated from emission "onc"nt""tion measurement and calculated rate of exhaust gas flow.

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