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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33

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Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.

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Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
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http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

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http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306

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scribd.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.cfr.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.co.cfr.defense. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.minnpost.guardian.com.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.aljazeera.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.html 16 Britain https://en.cfr.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en.wikipedia.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.cfr.theage.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.co. and of course Iran is upset about this.com/articles/0.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .longwarjournal.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.theregister.html https://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.nytimes.cfr.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.php 11 See listing http://blogs.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.wordpress.gov/news/newsarticle.cfr.wikipedia.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html http://www.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.latimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.4050682.L-4296758.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.co.guardian.theaustralian.wikipedia.ynetnews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.cfr.com.wordpress.00.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.7340.globalresearch.0.

which is part of the UK. China: See Venezuela.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.wikipedia.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder ._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs. 17 Bulgaria https://en.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154. is of a Chinese drone.yahoo.theprovince.wikipedia.co.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.cfr.chinadaily.aljazeera.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence. https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.html See listing http://blogs.co.bbc.cfr.guardian.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.co.html.zerohedge.html 24 China http://india.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat. 19 Burundi http://www.edmontonjournal. http://aviationintel. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www.cfr.htm One of the pictures here.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.wikipedia. 21 Canada: http://www.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.cfr.nydailynews.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt. 23 Chile https://en.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.wikipedia.bbc.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.wordpress.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.alaskadispatch.com.wordpress.

wikipedia. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www. In the US military.wired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en. 27 Croatia https://en.htm#.foxnews.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www. according to: http://www.aljazeera.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.cfr.html In the USA.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wikipedia.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.cfr.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story. UN Security Council has approved this.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs. http://www.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498.ULXKld5FLQw.washingtonpost. or controls. this has created a market demand.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman. which China is filling.yahoo.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs.freedomsphoenix.fas. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www. including 3 drones.N.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www. https://publicintelligence.wordpress.google.washingtonpost. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino. then America blocking sales to other nations.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. http://abcnews.cfr.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence. which U.stanford.cfr. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.html http://www.com/site/topics/article.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer.go.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news.gulftimes.

com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.scribd.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.chicagotribune.story http://aviationintel.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en. 35 France.cfr.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. in combination.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. which sometimes act together.wikipedia.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.cfr.0.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. http://www.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.cfr.lawfareblog.com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.aviationweek.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.6479969. Spain.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs. See Europe’s NEURON.html 32 See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II.com/Blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.alaskadispatch.nytimes.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour. Sweden.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en.defpro. http://aviationintel.aljazeera.scribd.cfr.wikipedia.cfr.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .fas. have developed the NEURON. Greece and Switzerland. but a group of nations. Italy. a stealth drone.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www. manufactures drones.wikipedia.cnn.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.shtml http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive. April 18.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.nbcnews.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.L-4276196.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.isn.thelocal.cfr.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.wordpress.com.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.huffingtonpost.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.farsnews.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations.7340. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.presstv.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cassidian.cfr.com/opinion/columns/index.wordpress.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www.html http://www.huffingtonpost.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www. according to http://www.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.cfr. 42 DJI company.com/articles/0.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.wordpress.de/national/20130125-47549.cfr. See picture # six.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.html 43 See listing http://blogs.com/newstext.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.462262 http://www. See listing http://blogs.mb.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.ethz. http://www. See listing http://blogs.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran. 46 https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.silive.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.com/products/janes/defence-security-report.html http://www.janes. in Hong Kong.00.haaretz. http://www.html http://www.wsws.ynetnews.cfr.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english.

html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. Also see Venezuela here. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America. manufactured by IAI in Israel.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.gulftimes.herald.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. moved to Drone Iran.washingtonpost. and of course Iran is upset about this.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035. per Drone Wars UK.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq. Drones are also built in Ireland.wordpress.longwarjournal.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.jta. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.wikipedia.wordpress. https://en. http://www. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www.wikipedia.time.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line).html http://world.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www. see News & Research.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones. for more info about this claim.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.wikipedia.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf.com/site/topics/article.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.middleeastvoices.factoverfiction.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www. according to: http://www.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.barackobama.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War. All weigh less than 150kg.

com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.wsj. for now.nytimes. There have been drones launched in the past. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL). pp. http://www.html http://www.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en.debka. and of course Iran is upset about this. 1. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL.longwarjournal. https://dronewarsuk.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.  Italy52 And: http://www.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status.nationalterroralert. http://aviationintel. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means. no.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online. but broad in regards to policies. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed. They will need one to go after Iran.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.aljazeera. 36.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792.wordpress. against Israel. origin unknown. vol. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.com/article/22416/ http://www. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL. L. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine. Hajjar.wikipedia.html See listing http://blogs. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones. They do know it did not launch from Gaza.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject. 2006.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.cfr.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. 21-42.cfr. Rather.wikipedia. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies.html https://www.huffingtonpost. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs.php Israel shoots down a drone.” Journal of Palestine Studies.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples.

pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www.63 https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.wikipedia.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.chicagotribune.tgdaily.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.faa.wikipedia.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON.cfr. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.cfr.scribd.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en. 60 Latvia https://en. 58 Korea.cfr.org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.dronejournalismlab.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.2844488. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea. South.story https://publicintelligence.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates. 53 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.fas.wordpress.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.wordpress. South http://www.voanews.0.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.

Here is a confirmation: http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www. 69 See listing http://blogs.libyaherald.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/page/content. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.scribd.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.wordpress.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report. http://www. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013.ihs.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs.mepc.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence. 67 https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.cfr.wikipedia.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org Libya already has their own drones. see News & Research.mb.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.mexican. attributed to some groups.factoverfiction.cfr.com.drone/index.humanrightsfirst.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www. https://publicintelligence. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.cfr.examiner.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.nujournal.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.cfr.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.cfr.cnn.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.reuters.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.thehawkeye.wikipedia. with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.

cfr.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd.com.gov/News/NewsArticle.examiner.cfr. in Drone Notes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.78 Nepal http://www.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence. http://www. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.mb.wikipedia.wordpress. Statistics. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.wikipedia. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9.nz/nz/news/article.whitehouse. Pakistan.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.thebureauinvestigates. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.smh. International Law.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there.html http://www. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development.cfr.cfr.html http://www. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.com. Also: http://www.co.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap. 77 https://en.nzherald.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.nytimes.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.defense. http://www.upi. see News & Research. when Pakistan has similar technology. are not the same people.factoverfiction.washingtonpost. 75 Norway https://en.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www. The USA has exported them to Oman. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.

asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.middleeastvoices.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.wikipedia.com/podcast/episode.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.scribd.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net.cfr.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.dailytimes.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.pk/default.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.mepc.asp?id=175816 http://www. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver. http://aviationintel.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.scribd.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.lawfareblog.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.cfr.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.net/detailnews.newsleader.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.com. 80 See listing http://blogs.scientificamerican.wordpress.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.abc.time.alaskadispatch.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.go.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.wikipedia.

some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.seattlepi. http://www.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story. http://www.ULXKld5FLQw. 92 Singapore https://en.factoverfiction.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www. http://www. see News & Research.wikipedia.wikipedia.freedomsphoenix.cfr.95 According to this article.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.middleeastvoices.wordpress. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.washingtonpost.thebureauinvestigates.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs. In the US military.wordpress.google. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.htm#.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.591 88 https://publicintelligence. or controls.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.washingtonpost.wikipedia. http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.php http://www.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.nytimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.mepc.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.

org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.abc. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.cfr.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.html http://www.html 99 http://www.cfr.net.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.lawfareblog. before they stumbled over it.wikipedia.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia.wikipedia.wired.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.wikipedia. See Europe’s NEURON. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. South http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence. https://www. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e.wordpress. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.cfr. 105 http://www.wikipedia.cfr.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk. see Korea.wikipedia.fas.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wired.foxnews. 104 Switzerland https://en.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .scribd.wired. Republic of See listing http://blogs.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.usatoday. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea.cfr.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.voanews.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. but the US is not applying for them.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www. which allows for nations to get exemptions.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms. 96 http://www. 103 Sweden https://en.usatoday.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.

com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.cfr.wikipedia.cfr.cfr.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.org/node/65614 http://www.pdf http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .co.6933108.latimes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.wikipedia.thenews.usatoday.2844488.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.0.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).cfr.story See listing http://blogs.com.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.cfr.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en. see Somalia http://www.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.fas.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.wikipedia.com. 113 Uganda.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www. http://www.e-ir.story 116 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www.chicagotribune.eurasianet.cfr.bbc.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.0. 114 See listing http://blogs.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.wired.wordpress.mb.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.reuters.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.defensenews.

273634.wikipedia.html http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.wandtv. Russia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. according to their President.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www. and other countries.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.chicagotribune.cfr.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.foreignaffairs.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.scribd.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www. Statistics.119 Vietnam.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .0.cnn.wikipedia.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike. http://icrac. https://dronewarsuk.scribd. including: Maps. for now.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents. Iran.php http://www.wikipedia.wired.wordpress.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.120 independently of US in Vietnam War.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.html?_r=1 http://www.html http://www. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. https://www.thebureauinvestigates.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War.mepc.nytimes.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.washingtonpost. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd.barackobama. See many chapters of Drone Notes. with help from China.html http://americansecurityproject.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.middleeastvoices.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story.voanews.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614. International Law.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs.story 120 https://en.longwarjournal. 118 http://www.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones.factoverfiction. see News & Research.nytimes.

com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved. I do not know how they get landing permission. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes. most drones are not weaponized.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story. http://main.lawfareblog. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. Capitol and the Pentagon. The military also operates drones on the ground. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U. We also have robot drones in outer space.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . and another observer watching what is all around the drone. to help try to avoid collisions.npr.S.npr. using some internally loaded programming. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. http://www. and define some of them in Drone Terms.washingtonpost. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance.google. on and under the sea.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk. which will be operated by the Yemeni government. https://www. Some are now self-operated.wired. like man operated aircraft.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. Also note Drone Issues. and they can also land on air craft carriers. which tells them what to do.  Sep 2011.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site. http://www.wordpress.omanobserver.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights. 123 http://www. was at the request of the Yemen government. seeing what it can see.

the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.lawfareblog.html http://tehrantimes. tried to hack it down. where Israel thought it was from Iran. which Israel did not notice. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.bloomberg.time. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131.html 130 http://online.html?ref=world 132 http://www. did not react to.com/articles/0.html 127 http://www.aljazeera.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report.haaretz. 124 http://www.html 131 https://www. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.usnews.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www.silive.ynetnews.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#.L-4293342. so then they shot it down.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications.html 129 http://www.4166799 http://www.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.472441 http://www. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.com/opinion/columns/index.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports. Oct 8.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence. failed. Thousands of people involved in this protest. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah.wsj.html http://world.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www.cnn.premium-1. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel.7340.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1.newsday.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.nytimes.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . taken by the crashed drone.slate.go. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones.00. 134 http://abcnews.

html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .jpost.wsj.lawfareblog.wsj.html 145 http://online.S.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation. we won’t know until much later coverage.nytimes.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www. the death toll was 18. or any nation for that matter. UNQUOTE 135 https://www.npr.com/Defense/Article.slate.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U. and other dimensions.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile. ability to detect hostile drones.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www.137 According to Lawfare.nytimes. Oct 12.html 138 http://www.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs. before they do any harm. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.jpost. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www. drone strike policy in Pakistan. and intercept them.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.html?ref=world 136 https://www. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border.com/Defense/Article.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents. as a major success for the Shiite group.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www. Here’s the Journal. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online.slate.

latimes.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.popsci.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space.presstv.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians. that is an act of war.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www.0.com/index.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs.zerohedge.nytimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.html http://www. Drone Notes.latimes.thenassauguardian.usatoday.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa. but there is discussion of possibilities. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases.examiner. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www.3135494.story Caribbean http://www. suspected drug smuggling. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www.story 148 http://www.globalresearch. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas.lawfareblog.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www.0.3135494. in support of NATO and other alliances. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity. Drone Terms.

 See: Cruise Missiles.gov/assets/600/593131. in Drone Terms. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload. cruise missiles. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD. and drones.gao. WMD. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. Nuclear Drone.

Romania. but do not yet have their own drones. and Slovenia. Nations with drones. Estonia. NOT on above MTCR list.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Mexico. Lithuania. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. Slovakia. Latvia.25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. as of early 2012 October comparison.

formed in 1996. and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications.gao.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons.gov/assets/600/593131. some used commonly in drones.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain .26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies.

South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. Nations with drones.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. as of early 2012 October comparison. NOT on above Wassenaar list. but do not yet have their own drones.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

pdf 158 http://www. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years.huffingtonpost. to details on each.gao. which I was able to reproduce below. See links in context. In a BBC article. March 4.gov/assets/250/241243. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. which people sometimes refer to as robots. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. Professor Ronald Arkin. export licensing data and open source materials. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. I added a dribble of additions to that count. 159 http://www. without doing research as good as mine. as of 2012 July. President Obama is quoted as saying. Then over time. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now. or did not consider should be listed.S.158  GAO review of current U. some by that nation. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www. as of 2012 Sep 15. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries.gao. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV. and some controlled by other nations. from GAO analysis.pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan.co.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating. and I am an amateur at this. QUOTE:157  In 2004.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. or the larger volume of drones. 2013.gov/assets/600/593131.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind.bbc. According to my count.

which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. the GAO map has 76 nations listed. Portugal. Yemen. which have crashed. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. with what nations were controlling those drones. I have identified 10 other nations. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. So my count has become 86-102. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. also by Uganda’s drones. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. As of 2012 Sep-30. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. I am not counting surveillance here. Russia. just deadly force by drones. or entities. Somalia. Iraq. They will.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. or hijack for them to study. and 2 nations with bases for drones. Bermuda. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. with drones not on the list of 76. Other nations also targeted. most of them from USA. where they do not have their own. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. Afghanistan. Bahamas. Armenia. and Iran. and count wild life. Mali. over Israel. but those nations also do not have their own. and in Somalia’s case. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. claims more. soon after another drone crash.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Sudan.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders.

 Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count. which referred to them as 161 http://www.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count.7805802. There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state.0. Palestine wanted to be a member.latimes.com.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . or regions.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus.google. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN. with which nations.theaustralian.161 Until then. Nov 29. just deadly force by drones. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters. 2012. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN. were where the attacks took place.nbcnews.story http://worldnews. I am not counting surveillance here.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.

UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel. Panama. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. which grants them access to some UN functions. Italy.N. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www.com. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status.nbcnews.a vote of 138-9. General Assembly siding with the U.story 164 http://www..0. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks. Denmark and Turkey were among the U. should they choose to join them. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security. but is less than full member voting status.latimes. France.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body . membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote.N. Norway. with 41 abstentions.theaustralian. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U.S.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .7805802. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. elevating them to nonmember observer state.S.N. Spain. Canada. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies.

but has full observer status.htm http://wiki. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. Russia may veto their application to join the UN. It is eligible to join. with Morocco. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. which is not a member of the UN. as the Republic of China. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948.answers. as to its legal status. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. Taiwan is a former member of the UN. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. Israel. or Holy See of the Catholic church. 165 http://geography. with the usual citations. Feb 2008.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article. were the US. which is in the UN. so here let’s list those I am aware of. ratified them. incorporated them into their domestic laws. and not rescinded them. The UN believes in its right to self-determination. according to a guy I met on G+. and Britain. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. Western Sahara remains in dispute.answers.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . is an independent nation. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. what nations exist on planet Earth.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. but South Sudan. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October. does not yet have UN membership. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty.about. which used to represent China. but chooses not to. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations. The Vatican. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC.

into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A. US drones are back. others not native to the nation. Feb 24. Then thanks to events in Benghazi. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. and o the Sahara. 2013. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. and French allies. including drones. so far.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. This is after Somalia became a failed state. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.armed drones from here vs. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. terrorists.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. This is after the nation went to hell. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. o Mali. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. There is an ugly pattern there. like a whole string of other African nations. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .  Djibouti . in addition to these attacks. but maybe surveillance only. The French also base some Mali-related activities here. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa. o Mauritania. smugglers.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. with a variety of tools. When I first looked at this map. without international intervention.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval). going beyond surveillance. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders. 166 https://publicintelligence. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. and its annotations below.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule.

Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. Kenya. In this chapter. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume. to crash land in Britain. During WW II. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). In Oct 2012. by criminal negligence accident. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. but does not mesh well. 168 BBC. See separate chapter just on that incident. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. The deadly attack on the 34. According to the TURKO*FILE. then blow up there. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. Germany launched several kinds of drones. with UN approval. and o Uganda. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones.eurasianet. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport. with some German electronics.e-ir. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. 169 http://www. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. that this is Manda Bay. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. 25 April 2002. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. April 2002 there was targeted killing.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. carrying bombs. from context. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). June 28. Uganda – info here supplements. allegedly by Russian armed forces. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. for years if not decades. then US rapidly violated. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel.

174 http://aviationintel.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www.177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait.mepc. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones.wikipedia.176 September 2010. a candidate in parliamentary elections. whose drones have attacked other nations. have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list. 170 171 https://en.175 In 2005.wikipedia. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan).wikipedia. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). During the first Gulf War.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.174 In 2002.org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones.

com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. 2012) 178 Kate Clark. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. INJURY.minnpost. US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban. in Afghanistan. with both sides using targeted killing. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people.00.html http://www.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final. detailed in Drone Dates. with drones on both sides. 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW).37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2.L-4296758. INJURY.7340. who DRONES: DEATH. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK. According to Clark. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked. 179 Many other instances.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and Drone Terms.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia. available at http://aanafghanistan. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict. or allies. by mistake. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops. 181 http://www. Drone Scribd.alaskadispatch. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH. 2010 strike. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011).com/articles/0.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person.ynetnews. In April 2011. with drones used on both sides.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones. Drone Notes.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on.

msnbc. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters.185 Page Break for Illustration. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan. 2011). http://www. NBC NEWS (April 11. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.gov/assets/600/593131.com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.gao. with drones.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .msn. 184 Jim Miklaszewski.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces.

186 186 https://maps.google.39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.100745.newamerica.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism.jta.ruvr.gearthhacks.google.html https://www.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat. nations which manufacture drones.wired.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .fas.444336&spn=4. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world.net/drones https://maps.41699.70.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes.187 Here are links to 110 coming.html 189 http://www.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world. but are not yet on above list of exporting. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www.fas.).com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.7. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.com/downloads/related. Reality is constantly evolving.

pdf from http://www.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. As we see from my footnotes by nation.gov/assets/600/593131. The US government might not want to make it public.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. perhaps because this is an unclassified report. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN.gov/assets/600/593131.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present. this is not a complete directory. downloaded http://www. CAC. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Watch Keeper.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. Northrop Grumman.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones.gao.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel. manufactured by IAI in Israel. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel).gao. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA. The models include: Hermes 450. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. according to the GAO.defensenews. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc). CASC.cfr.wordpress.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report.gao.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones. and South Africa.lawfareblog. and General Atomics (US). manufactured by IAI in Israel. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems. Currently. 194 http://www.  China has large drones. manufactured by IAI in Israel.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. CASIC.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army. and] MQ-9 Reaper. Thales (UK). how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries. Air Force) have over 5 large drones. Elbit (Israel). but does not cover much about their exports. Italy.

Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). Northrop Grumman. & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). Air Force) have over 368 large drones. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Northrop Grumman (US). manufactured by IAI (Israel). manufactured by Denel (South Africa). Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. USA Armed Forces (Army. Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). Lockheed Martin. manufactured by SAGEM (France). Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. IAI (Israel). South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. EMT Penzberg. Navy. manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. EMIT (Israel).42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). IAI (Israel). manufactured by IAI (Israel). o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). Air Force) have over 3 large drones. manufactured by EMIT (Israel).

makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc. planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA. British Columbia.com/directory/search.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies. illustrations of their products. and/or targets.199  and misc.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .reuters.flightglobal. some of where they are being marketed. makes drones disguised as birds.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index.huffingtonpost. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones.html 200 http://www. other news articles. AAI Corporation located in USA.

Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .jta. a government company. IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace . all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry. 201 http://www. and exports the rest to approx 49 countries. and Elbit Systems.

which later may split again. financial collapse. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. 202 202 http://www.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . not necessarily of same nation. o Other topics. from that digesting. o Technology advances. being manufactured. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. those concerns belong in the directory. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when. border conflicts. civilian peaceful applications.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. changing nature of Drone Capabilities.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. hacked.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. growing excessively large. where drones are in use. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news.scribd. including official sources. crashing. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. so I cite proof this is real. with well known areas.scribd. clarified. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed. and people finding out. purchased. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. etc. Many writers are in denial. interesting. and need to be investigated. where. o Hundreds of USA locations. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. where my notes ended up. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. all my notes on Drones were in one document. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. updated as we learn more. the sophistication of the drones. being used by military. will be in my other drone documents. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. they may be mistaken. With each nation listed. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. some info about them. and more info. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. Political Complications. Some of the things people believe about drones. The Middle East. o Legal complications. read so far. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. and South East Asia. like Western Europe. o When I launched this separate document. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. 2012 Sep-10.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. which lists many educational. spying on home territory. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles.

but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. which have come up in my drone research.google. o When first launched 2012 Sep.google. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. acronyms.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. which is now gone. In theory. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. defined. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www. For more details. Acronyms.google. it had grown to 440 definitions. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. I cite sources to complete the story. which have led to some non-drone content. of the other efforts. relevant to my Drone research so far.scribd. with copies of various official documents from my collection. distortions.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found. here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. at end of Drone Notes document. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. o Within a few days. I had folders for many topics. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. If you are on Linked In. it had 260 terms. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. I had Drone Sources subfolder. etc. where I have collection = Drone Info. references. o By end of Sep 2012. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. to help authors. including Drone Info. and connected to me: http://www. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. Where I found. or incomplete pictures. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined. There. to access info there. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. we must register with the site. https://docs. If you are on Scribd. Concepts etc. with Google Drive Documents. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. Many places on the Internet.linkedin.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. 203 204 https://docs. concepts. address gaps in their presentations. see Al Mac Shared Research section.

where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place. plus one terrorist organization. If it ever dies down. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. Doc 296k. PDF 1. UN Charter. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article.247k.83 listed 91 documents referenced. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense.78 Terms. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. In this stage of development of my notes. o V 4.77 shared 21 pages. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people. 193 are members. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current. Where has there been the most significant growth. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. 7 nations not members of UN.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. 486 foot. showing when I last added anything to a chapter.267k. then I will update this section again.8 shared 30 pages. 82 foot. o Near end – start Government can of worms. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4. 456k Doc. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives. 67 foot. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses. that concern many people.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. to help improve overall organization. where drones operate.83 shared 29 pages. Doc 224k. Doc 2.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. worth exploring and figuring out. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined. 275k PDF.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . PDF 167k. as some sub-topics become more important. and correlations from multiple reports. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another. I explained Manchurian Chip. in V 4. Targeted Killing. o Where the beginning is a list of issues. PDF 212k.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes. 178 foot.78 = 145 pages. plus my 8 splits.

but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel.26m Doc. plus my 8 splits.72 shared: 60 pages. what exists so far through International Law courts. 1. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. which approve them. 236 foot. 284k Doc. o V 4. 470 foot.66 Legal Issues added. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. international law within national legal systems. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4. 380k Doc.8 shared 16 pages. and mismatches. thanks to key publications. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones.7 shared: 20 pages.2m PDF. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives. how we found out. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4.62 started with: 29 page.3 shared 24 pages. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when.1 Terms. 122 foot. o Lots of minor changes. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN. when they came out. 270k PDF. so far. 114 foot. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . PDF 324k. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. but not yet have their own. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. Doc 690k. 537k Doc. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. 110 foot. 120 foot. PDF 447k. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. 140 foot. and whole Human Rights area. should be considered to be nations. in V 4. 308k PDF.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. Doc 685k.75 shared 26 pages. 180k PDF. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. o V 4. 575k Doc. and some others. 2. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3.1 shared 138 page. in social media discussions.

o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. used as bases for other nations military drones. via social media. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes. 2. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. I started this research. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes.” and “Technology Advances.110 doc. o Prior to the start of this document. at time of initial split. 850 footnotes. GAO also not counting nations. all of my notes were in one document.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. 1. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. reverse engineering it. 340 foot.  2012 Aug end V 2.4. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. correlate the value of their information. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd. in V 2.3 Terms. I needed to split into smaller chunks.855k Doc. then exporting the technology. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .3 shared 77 pages.49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone. intended to review individual docs there. 815 PDF.3 notes now 148 pages. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. in V 3. where sometimes they crash. to disturbing stories about drone trends. o USA locations named with drones. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way. many friends had shared random links. 735k PDF. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012.

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