Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
1 2

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.00.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.minnpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.globalresearch.co.wikipedia.cfr.gov/news/newsarticle.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.wordpress.7340.cfr.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.co.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.cfr.com.html https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.latimes. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.aljazeera.0.ynetnews.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en.com.com/articles/0.html 16 Britain https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.nytimes.wikipedia.theage.co.php 11 See listing http://blogs.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.cfr.guardian.4050682. and of course Iran is upset about this.cfr.wikipedia.cfr.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.defense. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.longwarjournal.guardian.theregister.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.cfr.html http://www.co.L-4296758.theaustralian.

com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.html See listing http://blogs.yahoo.bbc.zerohedge.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.co.wikipedia._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www. 17 Bulgaria https://en.alaskadispatch.guardian. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.edmontonjournal.wordpress. China: See Venezuela. 19 Burundi http://www.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.wikipedia.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940.cfr. http://aviationintel. 23 Chile https://en.theprovince.cfr.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cfr. which is part of the UK. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.co.nydailynews. 21 Canada: http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html 24 China http://india.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.bbc.aljazeera.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.chinadaily.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.wordpress.cfr.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.htm One of the pictures here.com. is of a Chinese drone.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.html.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.cfr.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.

com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. http://www.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo.gulftimes. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240. according to: http://www.com/site/topics/article. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . including 3 drones.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman. http://abcnews.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.washingtonpost.wired.go.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.cfr.fas.ULXKld5FLQw. 27 Croatia https://en.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.cfr.washingtonpost.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.html In the USA.html http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.aljazeera.stanford. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. this has created a market demand. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.cfr. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer. https://publicintelligence.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. which U.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs. UN Security Council has approved this.cfr. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. which China is filling.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story. then America blocking sales to other nations. or controls.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs. In the US military.wikipedia.wikipedia.freedomsphoenix.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.htm#.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498.yahoo.foxnews.N.wordpress.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino.google.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www.cfr.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.lawfareblog.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour.0. have developed the NEURON.html 32 See listing http://blogs.fas.story http://aviationintel. which sometimes act together.chicagotribune.com/Blogs.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en.6479969.cfr. See Europe’s NEURON. http://aviationintel.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.defpro.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.aviationweek.alaskadispatch.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation. in combination.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr. Greece and Switzerland.cfr. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. Sweden.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.scribd.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.scribd.nytimes.cfr.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www. Spain.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence. Italy.wikipedia. a stealth drone.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.wikipedia.aljazeera.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en. but a group of nations. 35 France.

wikipedia. See listing http://blogs. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran. http://www.cfr.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.7340. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.janes.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations. April 18. 42 DJI company.wikipedia.wordpress.00.mb.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.wsws.cnn.ethz.isn.cfr. according to http://www.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.haaretz.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.nbcnews.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.ynetnews.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. http://www.thelocal.huffingtonpost.shtml http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.cassidian. See listing http://blogs.huffingtonpost.cfr.silive.html http://www.presstv. 46 https://en. See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/newstext.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.com/products/janes/defence-security-report. manufactures drones.L-4276196.html http://www.com/articles/0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.html 43 See listing http://blogs.wordpress.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.wikipedia.html http://www.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com/opinion/columns/index.com.cfr.de/national/20130125-47549.462262 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk. in Hong Kong.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.cfr. See picture # six.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.farsnews.

com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.barackobama.wikipedia.wikipedia. https://en.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. see News & Research.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.html http://world.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www.com/site/topics/article.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line).wikipedia. moved to Drone Iran. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.longwarjournal.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en.wikipedia.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .gulftimes.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.jta.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.factoverfiction.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War. manufactured by IAI in Israel.time.wordpress. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.wikipedia.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.wordpress. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.middleeastvoices.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones. http://www.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq. for more info about this claim. according to: http://www. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. per Drone Wars UK.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.washingtonpost. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. and of course Iran is upset about this.herald.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf. All weigh less than 150kg.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en. Drones are also built in Ireland. Also see Venezuela here.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.wikipedia. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.

Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL.” Journal of Palestine Studies.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www. 21-42.nytimes. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en.wikipedia. origin unknown.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.huffingtonpost. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone.cfr.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples.debka. 36.html http://www. but broad in regards to policies. L. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means.php Israel shoots down a drone. vol. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. http://aviationintel.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone.aljazeera.foxnews.nationalterroralert. and of course Iran is upset about this. no.cfr. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online. against Israel.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en. Hajjar.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.  Italy52 And: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. 1. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings. There have been drones launched in the past.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.html See listing http://blogs. 2006. Rather. https://dronewarsuk. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed.html https://www.wordpress. They will need one to go after Iran.wsj.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil. http://www. for now. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs.wikipedia. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL). pp.com/article/22416/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status.longwarjournal. They do know it did not launch from Gaza.

wikipedia. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON.fas.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.scribd. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.cfr.2844488.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.wordpress.story https://publicintelligence.chicagotribune.cfr.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www. South http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 53 See listing http://blogs.cfr.tgdaily.dronejournalismlab.cfr.wikipedia.63 https://dronewarsuk. South.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en.faa.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.0.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 60 Latvia https://en.voanews.org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. 58 Korea.wordpress.

with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs. Here is a confirmation: http://www.mb.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali. 69 See listing http://blogs.thehawkeye.nujournal.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.cfr.cfr.drone/index.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.examiner. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.cfr. attributed to some groups. http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com/page/content. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.mexican. 67 https://publicintelligence.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr. https://publicintelligence.wikipedia.humanrightsfirst.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.cnn.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.org Libya already has their own drones.factoverfiction.reuters.com.ihs.mepc.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.wordpress.libyaherald.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.scribd. see News & Research.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www.cfr.

That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development.wikipedia. 75 Norway https://en.wordpress.wikipedia.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .nzherald. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.thebureauinvestigates.defense.gov/News/NewsArticle.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9. when Pakistan has similar technology.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.smh.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.examiner.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www. http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.nytimes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time.whitehouse. Statistics. Also: http://www.com.html http://www.html http://www.cfr.washingtonpost.wikipedia.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.nz/nz/news/article.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. The USA has exported them to Oman. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www.cfr.wikipedia. Pakistan. 77 https://en.mb. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap.78 Nepal http://www. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers.cfr.factoverfiction.co. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn. http://www.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en. in Drone Notes.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base.cfr. are not the same people.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www.upi. International Law. see News & Research.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.wordpress.lawfareblog.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.pk/default.cfr.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.newsleader.wikipedia.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en. 80 See listing http://blogs. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.net/detailnews.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.abc.alaskadispatch.dailytimes.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net.wikipedia.com/podcast/episode.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.scientificamerican.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.wikipedia.go. http://aviationintel.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.asp?id=175816 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.middleeastvoices.mepc.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.time.scribd.scribd.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.

org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.wikipedia.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.cfr.wikipedia.cfr.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. In the US military.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.nytimes. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.washingtonpost.95 According to this article.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.591 88 https://publicintelligence. http://www.freedomsphoenix.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.google.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.ULXKld5FLQw.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www. http://www. http://www. some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.cfr.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.thebureauinvestigates.cfr. http://www. see News & Research.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.wordpress.washingtonpost.htm#.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.mepc.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.factoverfiction.seattlepi.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.wordpress.php http://www. 92 Singapore https://en.middleeastvoices. or controls.

wired.wikipedia.html http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.foxnews.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . See Europe’s NEURON.wired. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement. https://www.wired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. but the US is not applying for them.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia.wikipedia. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e. 103 Sweden https://en. 104 Switzerland https://en.cfr.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398. http://www.wikipedia. 105 http://www.wikipedia. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.html 99 http://www.cfr.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms. Republic of See listing http://blogs.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.usatoday.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.wordpress. which allows for nations to get exemptions.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.fas. 96 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs. see Korea.net.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.lawfareblog. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians.wikipedia.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.voanews.cfr.cfr.scribd.abc.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.usatoday. before they stumbled over it. South http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www.cfr.cfr.

defensenews.cfr.cfr.story See listing http://blogs.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.wikipedia.wikipedia.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.org/node/65614 http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.cfr.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.latimes.reuters.chicagotribune.wired.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www. 114 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.6933108.wordpress.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.thenews.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .eurasianet. 113 Uganda.bbc.wikipedia.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www. see Somalia http://www.pdf http://www.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.cfr.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.fas.com.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en. http://www.wikipedia.com.e-ir.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.cfr.cfr.story 116 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.0.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.mb.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.2844488.wikipedia.0.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.usatoday.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.

org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd.longwarjournal.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.120 independently of US in Vietnam War.story 120 https://en.273634. Statistics.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www. http://www.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.scribd. including: Maps.html http://americansecurityproject.cfr.nytimes. https://dronewarsuk.factoverfiction. Iran.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.nytimes.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs. with help from China. Russia.wikipedia.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.php http://www.html http://www.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones. http://icrac.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents.119 Vietnam.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614.0.html http://www.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www. according to their President. and other countries.wordpress.html?_r=1 http://www.chicagotribune.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www.voanews. International Law.cnn.foreignaffairs.wandtv. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.mepc.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.washingtonpost. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War. for now.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.middleeastvoices. See many chapters of Drone Notes.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en. 118 http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.barackobama.wikipedia. https://www.wired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. see News & Research.wikipedia.

591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. on and under the sea. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. The military also operates drones on the ground. seeing what it can see. http://www. Capitol and the Pentagon. http://www.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen. http://main. https://www. We also have robot drones in outer space. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.npr. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site.npr. to help try to avoid collisions.wordpress. was at the request of the Yemen government.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk. Some are now self-operated. I do not know how they get landing permission.washingtonpost. and they can also land on air craft carriers.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons. using some internally loaded programming. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. 123 http://www. which tells them what to do. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. and another observer watching what is all around the drone. like man operated aircraft.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones. and define some of them in Drone Terms.lawfareblog.  Sep 2011.wired. most drones are not weaponized.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. Also note Drone Issues.S.google.omanobserver. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved. which will be operated by the Yemeni government.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.

com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1.00.ynetnews. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones. where Israel thought it was from Iran.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 134 http://abcnews.472441 http://www.lawfareblog.com/opinion/columns/index.html 129 http://www. taken by the crashed drone.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.go. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence.L-4293342. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.html 130 http://online.html http://tehrantimes. did not react to.newsday.aljazeera.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour. so then they shot it down.usnews.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#.premium-1. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel.cnn.7340.slate.bloomberg. Thousands of people involved in this protest. tried to hack it down.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www.silive. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.html 131 https://www.html 127 http://www. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace. 124 http://www.html?ref=world 132 http://www. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel.nytimes. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.haaretz.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports.time.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone.4166799 http://www. Oct 8.com/articles/0. failed. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.wsj.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www. which Israel did not notice.html http://world.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications.

aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www.slate.html 145 http://online.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile.nytimes. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile.nytimes.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news. the death toll was 18.npr. and intercept them. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.com/Defense/Article. before they do any harm. or any nation for that matter. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.137 According to Lawfare.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs.html?ref=world 136 https://www.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www.jpost. as a major success for the Shiite group.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11.S.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety. UNQUOTE 135 https://www. Oct 12. and other dimensions. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. drone strike policy in Pakistan. we won’t know until much later coverage.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U.com/Defense/Article.jpost.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online.wsj. ability to detect hostile drones.slate.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.wsj.html 138 http://www.lawfareblog.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel. Here’s the Journal.

ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www.zerohedge. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www.presstv.thenassauguardian. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas. Drone Notes.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification.3135494. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.nytimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.com/index.story 148 http://www.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation.0.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www.0. that is an act of war.html http://www.globalresearch. suspected drug smuggling.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity. in support of NATO and other alliances.lawfareblog.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.latimes.story Caribbean http://www. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace.examiner.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www.3135494.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel. but there is discussion of possibilities.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www. Drone Terms.popsci.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs.usatoday.latimes. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.

gov/assets/600/593131. cruise missiles.gao. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. and drones. Nuclear Drone. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. WMD.  See: Cruise Missiles. in Drone Terms.

Nations with drones. Latvia. NOT on above MTCR list. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. but do not yet have their own drones. Estonia. and Slovenia. as of early 2012 October comparison.25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. Lithuania.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Mexico. Romania. Slovakia.

some used commonly in drones.26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. formed in 1996. and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .gao.gov/assets/600/593131. to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain .

excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea. but do not yet have their own drones. as of early 2012 October comparison. Nations with drones. NOT on above Wassenaar list. South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

and I am an amateur at this. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now.bbc. without doing research as good as mine.158  GAO review of current U.gov/assets/250/241243. and some controlled by other nations. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza. 2013. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. which people sometimes refer to as robots.gao. or did not consider should be listed.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones.pdf 158 http://www. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. some by that nation. Then over time. 159 http://www.pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan. export licensing data and open source materials. to details on each. as of 2012 July.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years.gov/assets/600/593131.co.S. In a BBC article. as of 2012 Sep 15. I added a dribble of additions to that count. According to my count.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. President Obama is quoted as saying. or the larger volume of drones. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries. from GAO analysis. See links in context.gao. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV. Professor Ronald Arkin. March 4. which I was able to reproduce below. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. QUOTE:157  In 2004. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating.

also by Uganda’s drones. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. and Iran.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. most of them from USA. or hijack for them to study. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. So my count has become 86-102. As of 2012 Sep-30. Iraq. which have crashed. with drones not on the list of 76. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. and in Somalia’s case. just deadly force by drones. over Israel. Bermuda. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. I am not counting surveillance here. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. Bahamas. and count wild life. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. Sudan. Yemen. and 2 nations with bases for drones. Mali. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. Portugal. with what nations were controlling those drones. claims more. soon after another drone crash. Russia. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. but those nations also do not have their own. where they do not have their own. Somalia. They will. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. or entities. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. I have identified 10 other nations. Afghanistan.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. the GAO map has 76 nations listed.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Armenia. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. Other nations also targeted.

with which nations.story http://worldnews.latimes.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus. were where the attacks took place.com. 2012.nbcnews. which referred to them as 161 http://www.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. or regions.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN. Palestine wanted to be a member.theaustralian.161 Until then. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters. There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state. just deadly force by drones.7805802.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count.0. I am not counting surveillance here. Nov 29.google.

differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote.story 164 http://www. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. Panama.S. General Assembly siding with the U. Spain. Italy. Denmark and Turkey were among the U. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. which grants them access to some UN functions.nbcnews.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories.a vote of 138-9. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body . elevating them to nonmember observer state.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www.N. should they choose to join them.latimes. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote.theaustralian.0..7805802. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies. Canada. but is less than full member voting status. with 41 abstentions.N. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status. Norway. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.S.com. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.N. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U. France.

with Morocco. and not rescinded them. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. Russia may veto their application to join the UN.htm http://wiki. incorporated them into their domestic laws. Taiwan is a former member of the UN. and Britain. as the Republic of China. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. but has full observer status. Western Sahara remains in dispute. which is not a member of the UN. what nations exist on planet Earth. It is eligible to join. Feb 2008.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. but chooses not to. with the usual citations. but South Sudan. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. ratified them. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. which is in the UN. The Vatican. or Holy See of the Catholic church.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. as to its legal status. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948. is an independent nation.about. so here let’s list those I am aware of. does not yet have UN membership. were the US. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October. The UN believes in its right to self-determination.answers. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations.answers. Israel. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article. which used to represent China. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. according to a guy I met on G+.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 165 http://geography.

 Djibouti . south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. so far. including drones. terrorists. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. and o the Sahara. and French allies. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone. When I first looked at this map. but maybe surveillance only. 166 https://publicintelligence. o Mali. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. and its annotations below. o Mauritania. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa. others not native to the nation. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. smugglers. Then thanks to events in Benghazi.armed drones from here vs. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. Feb 24. 2013.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. going beyond surveillance. This is after the nation went to hell.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. in addition to these attacks. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. like a whole string of other African nations. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. The French also base some Mali-related activities here.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. There is an ugly pattern there. US drones are back. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders. This is after Somalia became a failed state. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. with a variety of tools. without international intervention. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval).

of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya.e-ir. Kenya. In Oct 2012. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. that this is Manda Bay. In this chapter. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. with some German electronics. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. allegedly by Russian armed forces. by criminal negligence accident. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. for years if not decades. 169 http://www. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. then blow up there. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. 25 April 2002. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN. carrying bombs. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). and o Uganda. June 28. See separate chapter just on that incident. from context. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. but does not mesh well. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. April 2002 there was targeted killing. to crash land in Britain. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. then US rapidly violated. During WW II. 168 BBC. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. with UN approval. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. Germany launched several kinds of drones. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. Uganda – info here supplements. According to the TURKO*FILE. The deadly attack on the 34.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .eurasianet.

org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait.176 September 2010.org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en.177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan). 174 http://aviationintel.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en.173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list.175 In 2005.wikipedia.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). During the first Gulf War. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations.174 In 2002. a candidate in parliamentary elections.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones.mepc.wikipedia. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .mepc. whose drones have attacked other nations. 170 171 https://en. have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list.wikipedia.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones.

INJURY. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. who DRONES: DEATH.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. 2012) 178 Kate Clark.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final. detailed in Drone Dates.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved.html http://www. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops.ynetnews. 2010 strike. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. available at http://aanafghanistan. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH. with both sides using targeted killing. with drones on both sides.7340. 181 http://www.alaskadispatch. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. According to Clark.00. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers.com/articles/0. or allies. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011). INJURY. by mistake. Drone Scribd. and Drone Terms.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). Drone Notes. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. with drones used on both sides.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK. 179 Many other instances.minnpost.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked.L-4296758. in Afghanistan. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2. In April 2011.

184 Jim Miklaszewski. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters.185 Page Break for Illustration. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.gao.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces.gov/assets/600/593131. http://www. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations.msnbc. with drones. 2011). NBC NEWS (April 11.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .msn.com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.

00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .google.39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.186 186 https://maps.

Reality is constantly evolving.jta.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.100745. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes.444336&spn=4. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.fas.com/downloads/related.gearthhacks. They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.html 189 http://www.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.70.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism.).ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net/drones https://maps.google.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www. nations which manufacture drones.187 Here are links to 110 coming. but are not yet on above list of exporting.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.fas.7.html https://www.newamerica.ruvr.wired.41699.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.

manufactured by IAI in Israel. manufactured by IAI in Israel.  China has large drones. Thales (UK).wordpress. according to the GAO. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN.gao. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones. and] MQ-9 Reaper. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. perhaps because this is an unclassified report. and South Africa. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. Currently. CASC. downloaded http://www.gov/assets/600/593131.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs. manufactured by IAI in Israel.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones. Italy.defensenews. Elbit (Israel).com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013.gao.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www. this is not a complete directory. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel). The models include: Hermes 450.gao.lawfareblog. CASIC. Watch Keeper.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army. 194 http://www. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc).cfr. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. CAC. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Northrop Grumman. The US government might not want to make it public. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present.pdf from http://www. As we see from my footnotes by nation. Air Force) have over 5 large drones.gov/assets/600/593131. and General Atomics (US). but does not cover much about their exports.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones.

Navy. EMIT (Israel). Air Force) have over 368 large drones. Lockheed Martin. Northrop Grumman (US). manufactured by IAI (Israel). Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). manufactured by Denel (South Africa). IAI (Israel). manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. IAI (Israel). Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). EMT Penzberg. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. Northrop Grumman. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. manufactured by EMIT (Israel). Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. manufactured by IAI (Israel).42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). USA Armed Forces (Army. Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. Air Force) have over 3 large drones. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa).

among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence. and/or targets. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies. planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/directory/search.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name. makes drones disguised as birds. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc. AAI Corporation located in USA.reuters.html 200 http://www. illustrations of their products. British Columbia.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.huffingtonpost.199  and misc. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA. some of where they are being marketed. other news articles.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers.flightglobal.

IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974. and Elbit Systems.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace .org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 201 http://www.jta. sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel. and exports the rest to approx 49 countries. a government company. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry.Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).

Some of the things people believe about drones. spying on home territory. hacked.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. not necessarily of same nation. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news. will be in my other drone documents. which lists many educational. etc. where drones are in use. o Hundreds of USA locations.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. where my notes ended up. interesting. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world. which later may split again.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. crashing. with well known areas. o Other topics. they may be mistaken. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. so I cite proof this is real. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed. read so far. where. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. clarified.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. o Legal complications. o Technology advances. being manufactured.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. civilian peaceful applications. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. including official sources. With each nation listed. those concerns belong in the directory. some info about them. purchased. 2012 Sep-10. and people finding out.scribd. and more info.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. financial collapse. my count was up to 80 countries with drones.scribd. 202 202 http://www. and South East Asia. updated as we learn more. and need to be investigated. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. Many writers are in denial. o When I launched this separate document.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . the sophistication of the drones. being used by military. border conflicts. Political Complications. like Western Europe. all my notes on Drones were in one document. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when. The Middle East. from that digesting. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. growing excessively large.

I had folders for many topics. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. 203 204 https://docs. distortions. https://docs. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. If you are on Linked In. and connected to me: http://www. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined.google. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. I cite sources to complete the story. Many places on the Internet.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. references.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. which have come up in my drone research. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. acronyms. of the other efforts. relevant to my Drone research so far. o By end of Sep 2012. address gaps in their presentations.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. which have led to some non-drone content.linkedin. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. including Drone Info. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. Acronyms. at end of Drone Notes document. I had Drone Sources subfolder. where I have collection = Drone Info.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. to access info there. concepts. with copies of various official documents from my collection. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012. here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far. it had 260 terms. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. If you are on Scribd. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found. Where I found. it had grown to 440 definitions. In theory.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o Within a few days.google. or incomplete pictures. we must register with the site.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports. There. Concepts etc. which is now gone. defined.scribd. to help authors. see Al Mac Shared Research section. etc. with Google Drive Documents.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link.google. For more details. o When first launched 2012 Sep. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface.

that concern many people. o Near end – start Government can of worms. UN Charter. PDF 212k. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people. then I will update this section again. to help improve overall organization. Doc 2. 275k PDF. PDF 1. Doc 296k. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current.83 shared 29 pages. 178 foot.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats. o V 4. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another.247k. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. worth exploring and figuring out. 486 foot.83 listed 91 documents referenced. where drones operate.78 Terms. Doc 224k. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. showing when I last added anything to a chapter. In this stage of development of my notes. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives.77 shared 21 pages.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes. 7 nations not members of UN.78 = 145 pages. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place. in V 4. plus my 8 splits. Where has there been the most significant growth. plus one terrorist organization. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. 456k Doc. If it ever dies down. 82 foot. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. and correlations from multiple reports. 67 foot.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o Where the beginning is a list of issues.267k. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined.8 shared 30 pages. I explained Manchurian Chip. Targeted Killing. 193 are members. PDF 167k.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. as some sub-topics become more important.

2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel. so far. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. o Lots of minor changes. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4. 114 foot. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4. o V 4. and mismatches.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones. international law within national legal systems. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. 270k PDF.66 Legal Issues added.3 shared 24 pages. how we found out. 110 foot. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives. when they came out. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine.8 shared 16 pages. 470 foot. 575k Doc. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN. thanks to key publications. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.1 shared 138 page.62 started with: 29 page.2m PDF. 180k PDF. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when.75 shared 26 pages. should be considered to be nations. Doc 685k. 122 foot. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones. PDF 324k. in social media discussions. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel.1 Terms. 537k Doc.72 shared: 60 pages. 120 foot. PDF 447k. 308k PDF. what exists so far through International Law courts.26m Doc. and some others. 236 foot. o V 4. and whole Human Rights area. 380k Doc. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. but not yet have their own. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. 284k Doc. plus my 8 splits. Doc 690k. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. 2. 1. 140 foot. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. in V 4. which approve them.7 shared: 20 pages.

intended to review individual docs there. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .  2012 Aug end V 2. in V 3. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined. to disturbing stories about drone trends. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes. 1. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. then exporting the technology. I started this research.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012. many friends had shared random links. I needed to split into smaller chunks. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way.3 notes now 148 pages. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole.4. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3.” and “Technology Advances. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. in V 2. GAO also not counting nations.855k Doc.110 doc. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes. 735k PDF. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May. at time of initial split. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd. o Prior to the start of this document. via social media. 815 PDF. all of my notes were in one document. 2. reverse engineering it. 340 foot.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. o USA locations named with drones.3 Terms. 850 footnotes. where sometimes they crash. correlate the value of their information.49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone.3 shared 77 pages. used as bases for other nations military drones.