Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
1 2

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

minnpost.cfr.theaustralian. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.php 11 See listing http://blogs.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.guardian.html 16 Britain https://en.cfr.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite. and of course Iran is upset about this.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.co.cfr.html http://www.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.guardian.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.wordpress.00.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.defense.cfr.7340.aljazeera.html https://www.ynetnews.co.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.wordpress.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.nytimes.co.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.scribd.cfr.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.L-4296758.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/articles/0.longwarjournal.theregister.com.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.latimes.4050682.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.globalresearch.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.0. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.co.gov/news/newsarticle.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.theage.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.wikipedia.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.cfr. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.

wordpress.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.cfr. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.guardian.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.htm One of the pictures here. 19 Burundi http://www.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .alaskadispatch.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. China: See Venezuela.html 24 China http://india. http://aviationintel.theprovince.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence. 23 Chile https://en. 17 Bulgaria https://en.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cfr.bbc.co.cfr._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.html.cfr.wordpress.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story. https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.cfr.co.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.bbc. 21 Canada: http://www.zerohedge.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.edmontonjournal.html See listing http://blogs. which is part of the UK.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence.co.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.chinadaily.wikipedia.yahoo.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.aljazeera. is of a Chinese drone.wikipedia.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www.nydailynews.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.

people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www.wikipedia. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.stanford.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.google.cfr.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. which China is filling.yahoo.fas.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www.cfr. http://abcnews.wikipedia. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.ULXKld5FLQw.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence.htm#. https://publicintelligence.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www.cfr. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .foxnews.washingtonpost.N.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs. including 3 drones.cfr.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.washingtonpost.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article.go.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. this has created a market demand.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.wordpress.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.wired. or controls.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo. then America blocking sales to other nations.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs. In the US military.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story. 27 Croatia https://en.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.aljazeera. which U.gulftimes. UN Security Council has approved this.html In the USA.html http://www.com/site/topics/article.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.freedomsphoenix.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. according to: http://www. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer. http://www.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.

scribd. a stealth drone. Greece and Switzerland.lawfareblog.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.story http://aviationintel.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. Sweden.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. http://www.cfr.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence. in combination.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II. 35 France. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs. have developed the NEURON.com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs. Italy.html 32 See listing http://blogs.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.defpro.fas.cfr.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.scribd.wikipedia.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.aviationweek.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en. which sometimes act together.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.aljazeera.wikipedia.6479969. See Europe’s NEURON.cfr.alaskadispatch.cfr.com/Blogs.0. http://aviationintel. but a group of nations.chicagotribune.cfr.nytimes. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Spain.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

42 DJI company. according to http://www.00. http://www.nbcnews. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www. 46 https://en.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.com/newstext.wikipedia.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.janes.html http://www.cassidian. See listing http://blogs.462262 http://www.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.ethz.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.huffingtonpost. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents.L-4276196.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www.wikipedia.ynetnews.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran. http://www.com/opinion/columns/index.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.thelocal.de/national/20130125-47549.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.html http://www. April 18.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.wikipedia.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.cfr. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations. in Hong Kong.wordpress.silive.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb. See listing http://blogs.huffingtonpost.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.mb.cfr.wikipedia.wsws.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.shtml http://www.7340.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.haaretz.com/products/janes/defence-security-report. manufactures drones.presstv.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english.cfr.isn.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.farsnews.html 43 See listing http://blogs.cfr. See listing http://blogs.cnn.com/articles/0. See picture # six.cfr.html http://www.

with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.wordpress. see News & Research.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.middleeastvoices. according to: http://www. and of course Iran is upset about this.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en.time.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line).org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.wikipedia.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.com/site/topics/article.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.barackobama.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.washingtonpost.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035.wikipedia. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www.html http://world. http://www.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems. for more info about this claim.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.wikipedia.gulftimes. manufactured by IAI in Israel.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story. Also see Venezuela here. https://en.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.wikipedia. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America.herald. All weigh less than 150kg.wikipedia. moved to Drone Iran.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.jta. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.wordpress.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.factoverfiction.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . per Drone Wars UK.longwarjournal.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www. Drones are also built in Ireland.

com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868. vol. 1.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en.wikipedia.cfr. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings.html https://www. They do know it did not launch from Gaza.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. 21-42. but broad in regards to policies.html http://www. no. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792.” Journal of Palestine Studies.wikipedia.com/article/22416/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. and of course Iran is upset about this.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wordpress.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status. 36.wikipedia.huffingtonpost. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine.nytimes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www. http://aviationintel. http://www.foxnews. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject. L. https://dronewarsuk. They will need one to go after Iran.longwarjournal. Hajjar. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.nationalterroralert.html See listing http://blogs. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies. origin unknown. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL). See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed. Rather.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. pp.wsj.  Italy52 And: http://www.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs.aljazeera.php Israel shoots down a drone. There have been drones launched in the past.debka. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs. 2006.cfr. against Israel. for now. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en.fas. South. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.cfr.tgdaily.faa.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON. South http://www.dronejournalismlab.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.scribd.63 https://dronewarsuk.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.2844488.story https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. The USA has exported them to Kuwait. 58 Korea.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.chicagotribune.wordpress.wikipedia.wikipedia.voanews.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www.cfr.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www. 53 See listing http://blogs.wordpress.0. 60 Latvia https://en.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.

with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.mexican.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs.com/page/content. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cfr.scribd.cfr.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion.ihs. see News & Research.examiner.cfr.cfr.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.thehawkeye.humanrightsfirst.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www.wikipedia. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013. https://publicintelligence.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www.org Libya already has their own drones.wikipedia. attributed to some groups.drone/index.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.cnn.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates. Here is a confirmation: http://www. 69 See listing http://blogs.cfr. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.mb.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com.factoverfiction.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.libyaherald.nujournal.reuters.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.mepc. 67 https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.

com. when Pakistan has similar technology. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk. see News & Research. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.factoverfiction.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.nz/nz/news/article.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.nzherald.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.html http://www.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.cfr.mb.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. in Drone Notes.whitehouse.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www.cfr. Statistics.wikipedia.examiner.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. 77 https://en.washingtonpost.com. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author.upi.cfr. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap. are not the same people.wikipedia.wordpress.wikipedia.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9. The USA has exported them to Oman.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.78 Nepal http://www. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.defense. Pakistan.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www.html http://www.nytimes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. 75 Norway https://en.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there. International Law. Also: http://www. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.co.thebureauinvestigates. http://www.gov/News/NewsArticle.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.smh.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.

org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.time.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.lawfareblog.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.scientificamerican.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.net.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wordpress.com/podcast/episode.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.abc.go.cfr. http://aviationintel.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.scribd.net/detailnews.middleeastvoices.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.pk/default.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.newsleader.cfr.cfr. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.wikipedia.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.alaskadispatch.mepc.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.asp?id=175816 http://www. 80 See listing http://blogs.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.cfr.wikipedia.dailytimes.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.scribd.cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.com.

some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.wikipedia. http://www.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www.google.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wordpress. see News & Research.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . http://www.cfr.cfr.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.washingtonpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.factoverfiction.wikipedia. 92 Singapore https://en.thebureauinvestigates.cfr.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.wordpress.htm#. http://www.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.freedomsphoenix.591 88 https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda. http://www.seattlepi.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.ULXKld5FLQw.mepc. In the US military. http://www.washingtonpost. or controls.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.php http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.95 According to this article. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.nytimes.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.

scribd.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www. 105 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.cfr. See Europe’s NEURON.wired.wikipedia.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs. before they stumbled over it. see Korea.voanews. 104 Switzerland https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs. South http://www. https://www. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement.fas.wikipedia.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en.cfr. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.cfr. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e. http://www. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft. but the US is not applying for them.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON. 103 Sweden https://en.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia.wired.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.usatoday.cfr.cfr.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. 96 http://www. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.html 99 http://www. Republic of See listing http://blogs.cfr.html http://www.net.foxnews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan. which allows for nations to get exemptions.usatoday.abc.wired.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.lawfareblog.cfr.

net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.latimes.mb. see Somalia http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.pdf http://www.usatoday.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence. 114 See listing http://blogs.story See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.cfr.thenews.org/node/65614 http://www.2844488.cfr.wordpress.0.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.6933108.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .story 116 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.fas.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.defensenews.reuters.co.bbc.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.cfr.wikipedia.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.e-ir.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.cfr.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.eurasianet.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.chicagotribune.0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.cfr.cfr.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www. 113 Uganda.wired. http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.

Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.voanews.mepc. including: Maps.wired.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.thebureauinvestigates.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .scribd.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www. see News & Research.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones. according to their President.html http://americansecurityproject. See many chapters of Drone Notes. for now.barackobama.longwarjournal.chicagotribune.wikipedia.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen. https://dronewarsuk.nytimes. 118 http://www.wikipedia. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike. and other countries.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.html http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en. http://www. International Law.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www.washingtonpost.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index.wordpress.cnn. Iran.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.php http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www.120 independently of US in Vietnam War.html http://www.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.273634.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.middleeastvoices. https://www.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.story 120 https://en. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. http://icrac.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story.html?_r=1 http://www. Statistics.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs.scribd.factoverfiction.wikipedia.0.cfr.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.foreignaffairs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents.119 Vietnam.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War.nytimes.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614.wandtv. Russia. with help from China.

to help try to avoid collisions. The military also operates drones on the ground. most drones are not weaponized. and another observer watching what is all around the drone. on and under the sea.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones.google. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights.npr. Some are now self-operated.lawfareblog. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons. We also have robot drones in outer space.wordpress.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence. like man operated aircraft. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.washingtonpost.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception. which will be operated by the Yemeni government. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved.wired. and define some of them in Drone Terms.  Sep 2011.omanobserver.npr. http://www. using some internally loaded programming. was at the request of the Yemen government. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story. Also note Drone Issues. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. seeing what it can see. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U. and they can also land on air craft carriers.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen.S.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www. which tells them what to do.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk. https://www. http://main. http://www. Capitol and the Pentagon.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . 123 http://www. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. I do not know how they get landing permission.

html http://tehrantimes.usnews.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour.html http://world.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel.html 129 http://www. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.com/articles/0.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.silive.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.go. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www. Oct 8.html?ref=world 132 http://www.lawfareblog.wsj. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones. Thousands of people involved in this protest.ynetnews.00. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence.aljazeera. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www. tried to hack it down.cnn.472441 http://www.haaretz.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.bloomberg.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports. which Israel did not notice. where Israel thought it was from Iran. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany.L-4293342.html 127 http://www. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622. 134 http://abcnews.7340.html 131 https://www.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report. failed.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.newsday.com/opinion/columns/index.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1.nytimes.time. so then they shot it down.premium-1. did not react to.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#.html 130 http://online. taken by the crashed drone.slate. 124 http://www.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .4166799 http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.

136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs. before they do any harm.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online. Oct 12.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.137 According to Lawfare.html 138 http://www. ability to detect hostile drones. drone strike policy in Pakistan.nytimes. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation.slate. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.lawfareblog.aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news.nytimes. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile.npr.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www. we won’t know until much later coverage.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www.com/Defense/Article.jpost.html?ref=world 136 https://www.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U. UNQUOTE 135 https://www.com/Defense/Article.wsj.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. Here’s the Journal.S.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www. as a major success for the Shiite group. and other dimensions.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . or any nation for that matter. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11.wsj.jpost.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www. the death toll was 18. and intercept them.slate.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.html 145 http://online.

Drone Notes.examiner.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www. Drone Terms. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.html http://www. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas.globalresearch.presstv.nytimes.3135494.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa.3135494.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space. suspected drug smuggling.thenassauguardian.usatoday.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast. in support of NATO and other alliances.popsci. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.0. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification.zerohedge.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.latimes.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases.story Caribbean http://www.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs. but there is discussion of possibilities.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www.lawfareblog.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.com/index. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.0.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www. that is an act of war.latimes. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.story 148 http://www.

WMD. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles.gao. cruise missiles. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy. Nuclear Drone. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD.gov/assets/600/593131. and drones.  See: Cruise Missiles. in Drone Terms.

Mexico. Slovakia.25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. but do not yet have their own drones. Latvia.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and Slovenia. Estonia. Lithuania. Romania. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. as of early 2012 October comparison. Nations with drones. NOT on above MTCR list.

and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies. some used commonly in drones. formed in 1996.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain .gao.gov/assets/600/593131.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.

but do not yet have their own drones. South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. as of early 2012 October comparison.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. Nations with drones. NOT on above Wassenaar list.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . or did not consider should be listed. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries. According to my count. some by that nation. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.bbc. which I was able to reproduce below. 159 http://www. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries. and I am an amateur at this.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. or the larger volume of drones. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating.co. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. In a BBC article. QUOTE:157  In 2004. as of 2012 Sep 15. which people sometimes refer to as robots. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones.huffingtonpost. Then over time. 2013. March 4. and some controlled by other nations.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www. from GAO analysis. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now.S.gov/assets/600/593131. I added a dribble of additions to that count. export licensing data and open source materials. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel.pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan.gov/assets/250/241243. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. See links in context. without doing research as good as mine.gao. to details on each.pdf 158 http://www.gao. as of 2012 July.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones. Professor Ronald Arkin. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. President Obama is quoted as saying.158  GAO review of current U.

”160 That is a very odd thing to say. Somalia. with what nations were controlling those drones. and Iran. soon after another drone crash. where they do not have their own. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. I have identified 10 other nations. with drones not on the list of 76. or entities. or hijack for them to study. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. but those nations also do not have their own. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. Other nations also targeted. Sudan. also by Uganda’s drones. Afghanistan.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. Armenia. Iraq. and count wild life. They will. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones. Mali. I am not counting surveillance here. Bahamas. claims more. So my count has become 86-102. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. Bermuda. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. over Israel. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. As of 2012 Sep-30. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. Russia. which have crashed. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. just deadly force by drones. Yemen. and in Somalia’s case. the GAO map has 76 nations listed. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. Portugal. and 2 nations with bases for drones. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. most of them from USA. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda.

com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters. 2012.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. which referred to them as 161 http://www. just deadly force by drones.google.latimes. or regions. Nov 29.story http://worldnews. Palestine wanted to be a member.com.theaustralian. were where the attacks took place. There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus.7805802.161 Until then. with which nations. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN.0. I am not counting surveillance here.

The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body .com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. Norway. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table. which grants them access to some UN functions.S.0.latimes.a vote of 138-9. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U. Panama.theaustralian.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories. but is less than full member voting status.story 164 http://www. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote. with 41 abstentions. elevating them to nonmember observer state. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”. General Assembly siding with the U. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution. France. should they choose to join them.S. Spain.7805802. Denmark and Turkey were among the U.N.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies.nbcnews.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status.N.N. Canada. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. Italy. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security..com.

Israel. as the Republic of China. what nations exist on planet Earth. is an independent nation. It is eligible to join.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948. The UN believes in its right to self-determination. so here let’s list those I am aware of. Feb 2008. were the US. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan.about. but chooses not to. as to its legal status. or Holy See of the Catholic church. according to a guy I met on G+. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC. incorporated them into their domestic laws.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. ratified them. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. Western Sahara remains in dispute. which is not a member of the UN. but South Sudan. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed.htm http://wiki.answers. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. which is in the UN. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. Taiwan is a former member of the UN. The Vatican. but has full observer status. and not rescinded them.answers. Russia may veto their application to join the UN. 165 http://geography. does not yet have UN membership. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October. which used to represent China. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. with Morocco.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. and Britain. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. with the usual citations. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations.

This is after the nation went to hell. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders. like a whole string of other African nations. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. The French also base some Mali-related activities here. Feb 24.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval).  Mali is attacked by drones from France. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. and French allies. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. US drones are back.armed drones from here vs.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. o Mali. This is after Somalia became a failed state. into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. and its annotations below. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. in addition to these attacks. smugglers. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. including drones. 166 https://publicintelligence.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. When I first looked at this map. There is an ugly pattern there. but maybe surveillance only. without international intervention. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. o Mauritania.  Djibouti .  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A. and o the Sahara. with a variety of tools. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali. terrorists. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. going beyond surveillance. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base. so far. others not native to the nation. Then thanks to events in Benghazi. 2013.

but does not mesh well. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). using a treaty the US helped negotiate. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. Germany launched several kinds of drones. The deadly attack on the 34. part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq.eurasianet.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Uganda – info here supplements. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. June 28. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. According to the TURKO*FILE.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. with UN approval. In Oct 2012. from context. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. In this chapter. Kenya. 25 April 2002. allegedly by Russian armed forces. 168 BBC. then US rapidly violated. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved. to crash land in Britain. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. that this is Manda Bay.e-ir. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. April 2002 there was targeted killing. During WW II. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. and o Uganda. by criminal negligence accident. 169 http://www. See separate chapter just on that incident. then blow up there. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. with some German electronics. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. carrying bombs. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport. for years if not decades.

org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.wikipedia.mepc. 174 http://aviationintel.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www.173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.174 In 2002. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list. whose drones have attacked other nations.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones. a candidate in parliamentary elections.wikipedia. 170 171 https://en. During the first Gulf War.mepc. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan). LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.175 In 2005.176 September 2010.

L-4296758. 179 Many other instances.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. or allies.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH. Drone Scribd.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict. INJURY.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK.com/articles/0. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. In April 2011. who DRONES: DEATH. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved. According to Clark. INJURY. 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. in Afghanistan.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. and Drone Terms.minnpost.html http://www.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. Drone Notes.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked.7340.00. by mistake. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. available at http://aanafghanistan.ynetnews. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011). with drones used on both sides. 2010 strike. with drones on both sides. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2.alaskadispatch. 181 http://www. 2012) 178 Kate Clark. with both sides using targeted killing. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia. detailed in Drone Dates. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May.

gov/assets/600/593131. 2011). http://www. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters. with drones. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations.msnbc.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .185 Page Break for Illustration.msn. 184 Jim Miklaszewski.com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.gao.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces. NBC NEWS (April 11. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.

com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.google.39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.186 186 https://maps.00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

newamerica.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world.jta.189 All this info is as of when it was found out. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.444336&spn=4.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.net/drones https://maps.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat.100745. but are not yet on above list of exporting.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.gearthhacks.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence.fas. Reality is constantly evolving.fas. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.html https://www.com/downloads/related. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list. They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.7.google.187 Here are links to 110 coming.41699.).html 189 http://www.wired.70. nations which manufacture drones.ruvr.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.

defensenews. The models include: Hermes 450.lawfareblog.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs. according to the GAO.gov/assets/600/593131. and General Atomics (US). manufactured by IAI in Israel. Watch Keeper.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army. and] MQ-9 Reaper. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries.gov/assets/600/593131.cfr. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel). but does not cover much about their exports.gao. downloaded http://www.gao. CASIC. Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. CAC.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones. Italy. Air Force) have over 5 large drones. perhaps because this is an unclassified report. manufactured by IAI in Israel. CASC.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel. this is not a complete directory. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. Thales (UK). QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present.gao.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. Northrop Grumman.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones. As we see from my footnotes by nation. and South Africa. 194 http://www.wordpress. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems. Currently. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc). manufactured by IAI in Israel.pdf from http://www.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. Elbit (Israel). manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report.  China has large drones. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. The US government might not want to make it public.

Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). USA Armed Forces (Army. manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. manufactured by SAGEM (France). Navy. manufactured by Denel (South Africa). o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. Air Force) have over 368 large drones. Lockheed Martin. IAI (Israel). Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. Northrop Grumman (US). Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel).42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. Northrop Grumman. & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. EMT Penzberg. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . manufactured by IAI (Israel). South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. manufactured by EMIT (Israel). Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Air Force) have over 3 large drones. IAI (Israel). EMIT (Israel). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). manufactured by SAGEM (France). Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. manufactured by IAI (Israel). Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones.

planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies. British Columbia.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name.199  and misc. makes drones disguised as birds. and/or targets.com/directory/search.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .reuters.huffingtonpost. illustrations of their products. other news articles. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence.flightglobal.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.html 200 http://www. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. some of where they are being marketed.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones. AAI Corporation located in USA.

IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974. and Elbit Systems. sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace . and exports the rest to approx 49 countries.jta. a government company. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry. 201 http://www.Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).

read so far. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. spying on home territory.scribd. Some of the things people believe about drones. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. from that digesting. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. purchased. With each nation listed. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. updated as we learn more. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. Many writers are in denial. will be in my other drone documents. 202 202 http://www.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. and more info. financial collapse. where my notes ended up. including official sources. border conflicts. The Middle East.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . the sophistication of the drones. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. o Legal complications. interesting. o Other topics. where. and people finding out.scribd. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening. growing excessively large. o When I launched this separate document. o Technology advances. being manufactured. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. hacked. not necessarily of same nation. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. some info about them. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed. those concerns belong in the directory. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. with well known areas. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. and South East Asia. being used by military. o Hundreds of USA locations. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. so I cite proof this is real. they may be mistaken. civilian peaceful applications.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. where drones are in use.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. etc. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. like Western Europe. 2012 Sep-10. and need to be investigated. Political Complications. clarified. crashing. which later may split again. all my notes on Drones were in one document. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. which lists many educational.

here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far. defined. https://docs.linkedin. to help authors. Acronyms.scribd. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined. o When first launched 2012 Sep. relevant to my Drone research so far.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. where I have collection = Drone Info.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. I had Drone Sources subfolder. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. address gaps in their presentations. Where I found. it had 260 terms.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. we must register with the site.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .google. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. etc. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. which have come up in my drone research. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. acronyms.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. I cite sources to complete the story. There. with Google Drive Documents. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. If you are on Scribd. with copies of various official documents from my collection. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. it had grown to 440 definitions. o Within a few days. concepts. or incomplete pictures. Many places on the Internet. which have led to some non-drone content. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. and connected to me: http://www. distortions. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www. 203 204 https://docs.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. of the other efforts. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found.google. For more details. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. to access info there. o By end of Sep 2012. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms. Concepts etc. In theory.google. I had folders for many topics. at end of Drone Notes document. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. including Drone Info. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. which is now gone. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. references. see Al Mac Shared Research section. If you are on Linked In.

247k. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined. to help improve overall organization.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. In this stage of development of my notes. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place. 178 foot. plus one terrorist organization.267k. PDF 167k. 193 are members. 82 foot. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives. in V 4. Doc 296k. Doc 224k. and correlations from multiple reports. PDF 212k. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. Targeted Killing. then I will update this section again.78 Terms. worth exploring and figuring out. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. that concern many people. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. o Near end – start Government can of worms. 67 foot. as some sub-topics become more important. o V 4. where drones operate. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. 7 nations not members of UN.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. Doc 2. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4. plus my 8 splits.77 shared 21 pages. showing when I last added anything to a chapter.78 = 145 pages. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current. o Where the beginning is a list of issues. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. Where has there been the most significant growth. PDF 1. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses. 275k PDF. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats. I explained Manchurian Chip.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. If it ever dies down. UN Charter. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people.8 shared 30 pages.83 shared 29 pages. 456k Doc.83 listed 91 documents referenced. 486 foot.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes.

o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel. 308k PDF.1 shared 138 page. PDF 324k. 140 foot. 120 foot. 110 foot. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. should be considered to be nations. 236 foot. what exists so far through International Law courts. Doc 690k.3 shared 24 pages. international law within national legal systems. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel. 1. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN.1 Terms. how we found out. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. 114 foot. and some others.66 Legal Issues added. 470 foot.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4.72 shared: 60 pages. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight. Doc 685k. but not yet have their own. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. PDF 447k. 270k PDF. and mismatches. which approve them.75 shared 26 pages. o V 4. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. thanks to key publications. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives. when they came out. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3.62 started with: 29 page.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. in V 4. o Lots of minor changes. 2. and whole Human Rights area.8 shared 16 pages.26m Doc. o V 4. 575k Doc.7 shared: 20 pages. so far. 537k Doc. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation.2m PDF. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. 380k Doc. 180k PDF. 122 foot. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones. plus my 8 splits. 284k Doc. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. in social media discussions.

to disturbing stories about drone trends. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. 2.110 doc. GAO also not counting nations. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3.3 notes now 148 pages.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012.  2012 Aug end V 2. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone. all of my notes were in one document. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. reverse engineering it. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. many friends had shared random links. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined.3 Terms. then exporting the technology. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May. I started this research. via social media. 815 PDF.3 shared 77 pages. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd.855k Doc. 735k PDF. 340 foot. intended to review individual docs there.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. 850 footnotes. correlate the value of their information. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. in V 2. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way.4. where sometimes they crash. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes.” and “Technology Advances. at time of initial split. in V 3. I needed to split into smaller chunks. 1. o Prior to the start of this document. used as bases for other nations military drones. o USA locations named with drones.

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