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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33

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Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.

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Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
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http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

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http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306

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L-4296758. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.wordpress.cfr.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.minnpost.com.guardian.cfr.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.ynetnews.com.wikipedia.nytimes.cfr.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.theaustralian.gov/news/newsarticle.00. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.theage.cfr.defense.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.globalresearch.co.html http://www.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.aljazeera.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.php 11 See listing http://blogs.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.scribd.guardian.co.co.theregister.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.latimes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.cfr.html 16 Britain https://en.longwarjournal.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.wordpress.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.7340.4050682.wikipedia.0.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.cfr.com/articles/0.html https://www. and of course Iran is upset about this.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.

co.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat.zerohedge.aljazeera.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.theprovince.nydailynews.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.co.bbc.wordpress.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www. 21 Canada: http://www._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.yahoo.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.wikipedia.cfr. https://en.cfr. 19 Burundi http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.html 24 China http://india.guardian. which is part of the UK. 17 Bulgaria https://en. 23 Chile https://en.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.htm One of the pictures here.com.cfr.html.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.alaskadispatch.chinadaily.wikipedia. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.bbc.wikipedia. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.edmontonjournal.html See listing http://blogs. http://aviationintel.co.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence. China: See Venezuela.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. is of a Chinese drone.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940.

htm#.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article. which China is filling.cfr. or controls. which U.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.foxnews.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www. then America blocking sales to other nations.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www.gulftimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs. In the US military.aljazeera.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino.html http://www.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.washingtonpost.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news.html In the USA.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman. including 3 drones.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence. http://abcnews.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498.wordpress.wikipedia.wikipedia.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.stanford.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo. according to: http://www.ULXKld5FLQw. this has created a market demand. https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.fas.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en.N.cfr. 27 Croatia https://en. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wired.freedomsphoenix.com/site/topics/article.yahoo.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.go. UN Security Council has approved this.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.washingtonpost.google. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.

com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.cfr. in combination.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.0.6479969.alaskadispatch.cfr.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.scribd.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www. which sometimes act together.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II.aljazeera.wikipedia.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www. but a group of nations. See Europe’s NEURON.wikipedia. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. Sweden.defpro.lawfareblog.com/Blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.wikipedia.cfr.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation.chicagotribune.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en. Greece and Switzerland.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.fas. Italy.nytimes.scribd.cfr.aviationweek. have developed the NEURON. http://aviationintel. Spain.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.story http://aviationintel.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.html 32 See listing http://blogs. a stealth drone. 35 France.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www.

html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wordpress.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb. See listing http://blogs.html http://www.farsnews.com/opinion/columns/index.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.00.mb.thelocal.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www. in Hong Kong.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en. See listing http://blogs.com.presstv.462262 http://www.com/newstext.nbcnews.cfr. 46 https://en.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.silive.huffingtonpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.haaretz.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en. April 18.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.de/national/20130125-47549. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents. http://www.wordpress. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. See listing http://blogs.janes.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16. according to http://www.ethz.html 43 See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.cassidian.html http://www.wikipedia.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.com/articles/0.L-4276196.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.cfr.cfr. 42 DJI company.wikipedia.cfr. See picture # six.7340.cfr.wikipedia.huffingtonpost.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.wsws. http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran.wikipedia.com/products/janes/defence-security-report.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english. manufactures drones.html http://www.isn.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www.shtml http://www.ynetnews.cnn.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.

com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www. https://en. moved to Drone Iran.jta.washingtonpost.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www. according to: http://www.factoverfiction.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.longwarjournal. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.wordpress.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq.gulftimes.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War. see News & Research.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones.wikipedia. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.wikipedia. Drones are also built in Ireland.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.herald.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems. for more info about this claim.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010. manufactured by IAI in Israel. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. http://www.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.wikipedia. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.html http://world.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.wordpress. and of course Iran is upset about this.barackobama.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.middleeastvoices.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line).com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/site/topics/article.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Australia has 8 large Heron drones. per Drone Wars UK.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www. All weigh less than 150kg.time. Also see Venezuela here.

for now.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en. http://www. origin unknown. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed. but broad in regards to policies. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status. 21-42.aljazeera. L. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone. 2006.debka. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL).nationalterroralert. They will need one to go after Iran.wsj. Rather.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs.  Italy52 And: http://www.html http://www.html https://www.wikipedia.nytimes. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.cfr.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means.cfr. https://dronewarsuk.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.” Journal of Palestine Studies. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah.huffingtonpost.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792. vol.longwarjournal.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www. http://aviationintel. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online.wikipedia.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. against Israel.com/article/22416/ http://www. There have been drones launched in the past. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . pp.wordpress. They do know it did not launch from Gaza. Hajjar. 36. and of course Iran is upset about this.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en. no.foxnews. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine.html See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.php Israel shoots down a drone. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL. 1.

pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.63 https://dronewarsuk.fas.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.cfr.cfr. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.2844488.faa. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.scribd.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.tgdaily. South http://www.wordpress.0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON. 58 Korea.cfr.chicagotribune.org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.cfr.dronejournalismlab. South.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. 60 Latvia https://en. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.wikipedia.cfr.story https://publicintelligence.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.wordpress.voanews.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www. 53 See listing http://blogs.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www.

cnn.com/page/content.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.cfr.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs.mepc.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .libyaherald. http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.wordpress.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.mexican.drone/index.cfr.ihs. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.humanrightsfirst.org Libya already has their own drones.cfr.mb.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.factoverfiction. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali. https://publicintelligence.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. see News & Research.wikipedia.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www.examiner. 69 See listing http://blogs.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence. Here is a confirmation: http://www. with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.nujournal.cfr. 67 https://publicintelligence.thehawkeye.scribd.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.reuters.com.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013. attributed to some groups.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.

International Law.upi.gov/News/NewsArticle. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. The USA has exported them to Oman.wikipedia.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.wikipedia.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. http://www.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.mb.html http://www.nz/nz/news/article.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www. are not the same people.whitehouse.nzherald. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time.wordpress. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.smh. see News & Research. 75 Norway https://en.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap.78 Nepal http://www.washingtonpost.wikipedia. Statistics.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd.wikipedia.cfr.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.cfr. Pakistan.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .cfr.co. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author. when Pakistan has similar technology. in Drone Notes.html http://www.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.thebureauinvestigates. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.defense.com.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.cfr. 77 https://en.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www.com.examiner.nytimes. Also: http://www.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there.factoverfiction.

cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.pk/default.wikipedia.net/detailnews. http://aviationintel.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.cfr.wikipedia.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.wikipedia.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.middleeastvoices.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.time.scribd. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.wordpress.cfr.scribd.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.net.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.mepc.alaskadispatch.wikipedia.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.cfr.wikipedia.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.abc.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.scientificamerican.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.newsleader.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.dailytimes.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/podcast/episode.asp?id=175816 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.lawfareblog.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www. 80 See listing http://blogs.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .go.

com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.591 88 https://publicintelligence.95 According to this article. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.washingtonpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk. http://www.wikipedia.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146. 92 Singapore https://en.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .ULXKld5FLQw. see News & Research.htm#. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.cfr. http://www.cfr. some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.seattlepi. In the US military.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.freedomsphoenix.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.cfr.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs. or controls.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.washingtonpost.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.wikipedia.factoverfiction.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.thebureauinvestigates. http://www.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wordpress.mepc. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.cfr.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.nytimes. http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wordpress.php http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.

wikipedia.html http://www.wired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.scribd.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.wikipedia.usatoday.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.html 99 http://www.usatoday. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.wordpress. before they stumbled over it.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.fas. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.foxnews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs.wired.cfr.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www.wikipedia. Republic of See listing http://blogs. see Korea.wired. 103 Sweden https://en.lawfareblog.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence. 104 Switzerland https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. 105 http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON. https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e. 96 http://www. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement. http://www.net.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea.cfr.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia. See Europe’s NEURON. but the US is not applying for them. which allows for nations to get exemptions.voanews.cfr.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www.abc.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en. South http://www.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.cfr. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms.cfr.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .cfr.

story See listing http://blogs.bbc.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.cfr.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.mb.0.defensenews.reuters.cfr.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.story 116 See listing http://blogs.fas.cfr.eurasianet.co. 113 Uganda.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wired.cfr.cfr.com.e-ir.wordpress.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.6933108. http://www.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).wikipedia.0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.com.org/node/65614 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.pdf http://www.wikipedia.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs. 114 See listing http://blogs.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.2844488.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.usatoday.cfr.cfr.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.chicagotribune.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721. see Somalia http://www.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.thenews.latimes.

html http://americansecurityproject.factoverfiction.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wordpress.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.html http://www. Russia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.longwarjournal.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www. for now.html?_r=1 http://www.chicagotribune.wikipedia.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www. Statistics. according to their President.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents.120 independently of US in Vietnam War.wired.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike. http://www. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.cfr. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. and other countries.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.middleeastvoices. International Law. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.119 Vietnam.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.273634. https://dronewarsuk.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www.wikipedia. see News & Research. See many chapters of Drone Notes.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.scribd.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.php http://www.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614.0.mepc.washingtonpost.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs. including: Maps.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.html http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www. Iran.scribd.wikipedia.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story. 118 http://www.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.voanews.barackobama.story 120 https://en.cnn. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War.foreignaffairs. https://www.wandtv.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en. http://icrac.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.nytimes.thebureauinvestigates.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index. with help from China.nytimes.

and define some of them in Drone Terms. like man operated aircraft.S.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. using some internally loaded programming.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes. http://www.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. which will be operated by the Yemeni government. https://www.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence.washingtonpost. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved. Some are now self-operated. which tells them what to do. seeing what it can see. and another observer watching what is all around the drone. Typically there is one person piloting the thing.  Sep 2011. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen. http://www.google. on and under the sea.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Capitol and the Pentagon. Also note Drone Issues. 123 http://www. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U. We also have robot drones in outer space.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones.omanobserver. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.npr.wired. to help try to avoid collisions.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story.npr. most drones are not weaponized. I do not know how they get landing permission. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception.lawfareblog. was at the request of the Yemen government. http://main. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site. and they can also land on air craft carriers. The military also operates drones on the ground.

html 131 https://www.html?ref=world 132 http://www.newsday.472441 http://www. 134 http://abcnews.lawfareblog.cnn.com/articles/0.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb. 124 http://www. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel.html 130 http://online. taken by the crashed drone. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622. where Israel thought it was from Iran. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence.html 127 http://www.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.com/opinion/columns/index.00. tried to hack it down.html 129 http://www. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.premium-1. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany.html http://tehrantimes.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#.ynetnews. which Israel did not notice. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.bloomberg. Oct 8.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wsj.usnews. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date.7340.aljazeera.silive. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel. Thousands of people involved in this protest.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www.4166799 http://www. so then they shot it down.slate. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1.nytimes.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone. failed.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.haaretz.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.time.html http://world.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www. did not react to. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour.L-4293342.go.

com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news. Oct 12. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile. the death toll was 18.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel.html?ref=world 136 https://www.wsj. as a major success for the Shiite group.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs.npr. and intercept them.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www.S.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www.jpost.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U.html 145 http://online. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border. Here’s the Journal. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.nytimes. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.slate. ability to detect hostile drones.jpost.com/Defense/Article. we won’t know until much later coverage. and other dimensions.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370. before they do any harm.slate.com/Defense/Article.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile.wsj. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online.nytimes. drone strike policy in Pakistan.html 138 http://www.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www.lawfareblog. UNQUOTE 135 https://www.137 According to Lawfare. or any nation for that matter.

com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.0.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www. Drone Terms.story 148 http://www. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.thenassauguardian. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force.lawfareblog.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd.3135494. in support of NATO and other alliances.globalresearch.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases.nytimes.examiner.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .0.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast.popsci. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.zerohedge.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www.com/index.usatoday.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity.latimes.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www.story Caribbean http://www.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc. that is an act of war.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.presstv. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation. Drone Notes. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace.3135494.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification.latimes. but there is discussion of possibilities. suspected drug smuggling.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www.html http://www. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas.

and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons.gov/assets/600/593131.gao. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. cruise missiles. in Drone Terms. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. WMD. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. and drones. capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy.  See: Cruise Missiles.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Nuclear Drone.

25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. Estonia. Romania. as of early 2012 October comparison. and Slovenia. Lithuania. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. but do not yet have their own drones. Mexico. Slovakia. NOT on above MTCR list. Latvia. Nations with drones.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons. and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications.gao. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain . some used commonly in drones.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.gov/assets/600/593131. formed in 1996.

as of early 2012 October comparison. NOT on above Wassenaar list. Nations with drones. South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. but do not yet have their own drones.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel. QUOTE:157  In 2004.S. Then over time. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. President Obama is quoted as saying. or the larger volume of drones. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. which I was able to reproduce below.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www. without doing research as good as mine.gov/assets/600/593131. According to my count. as of 2012 July. or did not consider should be listed. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries.co. Professor Ronald Arkin. to details on each. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating. which people sometimes refer to as robots.pdf 158 http://www. March 4.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV. 159 http://www. See links in context. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. export licensing data and open source materials. some by that nation. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. I added a dribble of additions to that count. and some controlled by other nations. In a BBC article. from GAO analysis. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now.huffingtonpost. and I am an amateur at this.gao. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza. as of 2012 Sep 15. 2013. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years.pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan.bbc.gov/assets/250/241243.gao. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind.158  GAO review of current U.

but those nations also do not have their own. I have identified 10 other nations.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. where they do not have their own. As of 2012 Sep-30. also by Uganda’s drones. and count wild life. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them. Mali. or hijack for them to study. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. most of them from USA. Sudan. and 2 nations with bases for drones. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. Other nations also targeted. Bermuda. over Israel. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. Afghanistan. and Iran. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. They will. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. Russia. with drones not on the list of 76. Portugal. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. just deadly force by drones.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. and in Somalia’s case. claims more. Somalia. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. or entities. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. I am not counting surveillance here. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. with what nations were controlling those drones. Iraq. Bahamas. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. Armenia. which have crashed. So my count has become 86-102. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. Yemen. soon after another drone crash. the GAO map has 76 nations listed.

which referred to them as 161 http://www. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters. Nov 29.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN.7805802.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count. were where the attacks took place.theaustralian.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count. Palestine wanted to be a member.nbcnews. There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus.com. or regions.latimes. 2012.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.google. just deadly force by drones.story http://worldnews. I am not counting surveillance here. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN. with which nations.0.161 Until then.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

N.S.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.latimes. Canada. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table.N. Norway. with 41 abstentions. Italy.story 164 http://www. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks.nbcnews. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories. Panama.com.S.0. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. which grants them access to some UN functions. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. should they choose to join them. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”.. but is less than full member voting status. General Assembly siding with the U.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www. Denmark and Turkey were among the U. Spain. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel.N. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution. France.7805802.a vote of 138-9. elevating them to nonmember observer state.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security.theaustralian. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body .

Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. Taiwan is a former member of the UN. is an independent nation. Israel. It is eligible to join.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. as to its legal status. with Morocco. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . were the US. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. which is in the UN. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations. Feb 2008. so here let’s list those I am aware of. as the Republic of China. The Vatican. 165 http://geography. does not yet have UN membership. ratified them.htm http://wiki. The UN believes in its right to self-determination.answers. but chooses not to. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more.about.answers. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October. and Britain. Russia may veto their application to join the UN.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. what nations exist on planet Earth. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC. Western Sahara remains in dispute. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. but has full observer status. but South Sudan. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. incorporated them into their domestic laws. or Holy See of the Catholic church.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. which used to represent China. with the usual citations. and not rescinded them. according to a guy I met on G+. which is not a member of the UN. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948.

166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only. others not native to the nation. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. This is after the nation went to hell.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. without international intervention. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. When I first looked at this map. There is an ugly pattern there. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. Feb 24.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. US drones are back. terrorists. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A. The French also base some Mali-related activities here.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval). This is after Somalia became a failed state.armed drones from here vs. but maybe surveillance only. with a variety of tools. smugglers. 2013. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. including drones.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. Then thanks to events in Benghazi. and o the Sahara. going beyond surveillance. so far. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali.  Djibouti . There is a heck of a lot of surveillance. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. and French allies. into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. in addition to these attacks.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. 166 https://publicintelligence. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base. o Mali. o Mauritania. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. and its annotations below. like a whole string of other African nations.

June 28. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN. According to the TURKO*FILE. In this chapter. Kenya.e-ir. by criminal negligence accident. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. 25 April 2002.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. Uganda – info here supplements. but does not mesh well. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones. that this is Manda Bay. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. 169 http://www. and o Uganda.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. The deadly attack on the 34. for years if not decades. In Oct 2012.eurasianet. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport. then US rapidly violated. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. See separate chapter just on that incident. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. then blow up there. to crash land in Britain. carrying bombs. April 2002 there was targeted killing. part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. Germany launched several kinds of drones. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. 168 BBC. with some German electronics. allegedly by Russian armed forces. from context. with UN approval. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. During WW II.

173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.174 In 2002.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW).wikipedia.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones. 170 171 https://en.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations. whose drones have attacked other nations. have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 174 http://aviationintel. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan).177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.176 September 2010.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en.wikipedia.mepc.175 In 2005. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen.mepc.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan. a candidate in parliamentary elections. During the first Gulf War.

Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops.ynetnews. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2012) 178 Kate Clark. detailed in Drone Dates. with both sides using targeted killing. and Drone Terms. in Afghanistan. According to Clark. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on.L-4296758. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked. 181 http://www. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH. In April 2011. with drones on both sides. 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.minnpost.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW).180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia. INJURY. who DRONES: DEATH. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. with drones used on both sides. by mistake. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person.com/articles/0.00. INJURY.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers. or allies. Drone Notes.html http://www.7340. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011). US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban. 2010 strike.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. Drone Scribd.alaskadispatch. available at http://aanafghanistan. 179 Many other instances. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones.

Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations. http://www. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan.com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters.gao.msnbc. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. NBC NEWS (April 11.gov/assets/600/593131. 2011).pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . with drones. 184 Jim Miklaszewski.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces.185 Page Break for Illustration.msn.

00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.186 186 https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.

100745.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism.41699.70.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.html 189 http://www.ruvr.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.187 Here are links to 110 coming. but are not yet on above list of exporting. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes. nations which manufacture drones. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world. They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.google.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www.).com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.gearthhacks. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.jta.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412. Reality is constantly evolving.fas.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.fas.444336&spn=4.com/downloads/related.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.newamerica.wired.net/drones https://maps.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .html https://www.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.7.

and] MQ-9 Reaper. manufactured by IAI in Israel.lawfareblog. The models include: Hermes 450.pdf from http://www. and South Africa. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. Elbit (Israel).  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army. downloaded http://www. manufactured by IAI in Israel.  China has large drones. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN. Watch Keeper. but does not cover much about their exports.gao. CAC. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc).gov/assets/600/593131. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones.wordpress.cfr. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013. Currently.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel. perhaps because this is an unclassified report.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis.gao. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. Italy.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones. The US government might not want to make it public.gov/assets/600/593131. manufactured by IAI in Israel. Thales (UK).gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs. and General Atomics (US). CASIC. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA.gao.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel). Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www.defensenews. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Northrop Grumman.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report. Air Force) have over 5 large drones. this is not a complete directory. 194 http://www.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. As we see from my footnotes by nation. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present. CASC. according to the GAO.

Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. manufactured by EMIT (Israel). manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. Air Force) have over 368 large drones. Northrop Grumman (US). Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). Lockheed Martin. Navy. manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. USA Armed Forces (Army. manufactured by Denel (South Africa). IAI (Israel). Northrop Grumman. manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Air Force) have over 3 large drones. manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by IAI (Israel). manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). IAI (Israel). EMIT (Israel). Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. manufactured by IAI (Israel). Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. EMT Penzberg. Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. Thailand Army has large Searcher drones.42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones.

huffingtonpost. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence. other news articles.flightglobal. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and/or targets.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. illustrations of their products.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers.199  and misc. British Columbia. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www.html 200 http://www. makes drones disguised as birds. planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones. some of where they are being marketed. AAI Corporation located in USA.reuters. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones.com/directory/search.

and exports the rest to approx 49 countries.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974. and Elbit Systems.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace . 201 http://www.jta. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry. a government company. sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).

com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. clarified. being manufactured. and people finding out. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. Political Complications. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. 202 202 http://www. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. interesting. The Middle East. updated as we learn more. like Western Europe.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. and more info. Some of the things people believe about drones. where my notes ended up. o Technology advances. Many writers are in denial.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . so I cite proof this is real. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world. spying on home territory. which later may split again. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. o Other topics. financial collapse. they may be mistaken. all my notes on Drones were in one document. growing excessively large.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. where drones are in use.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. hacked. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening.scribd. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation. from that digesting. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news. crashing. o When I launched this separate document. read so far. or are victims of other nations using drones against them.scribd. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when. including official sources.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. with well known areas. which lists many educational. o Hundreds of USA locations. and South East Asia. 2012 Sep-10. not necessarily of same nation. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. some info about them. and need to be investigated.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. o Legal complications. will be in my other drone documents. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. civilian peaceful applications. those concerns belong in the directory. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. etc. the sophistication of the drones. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed. purchased.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. border conflicts. where. With each nation listed. being used by military.

here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. I had Drone Sources subfolder. including Drone Info. If you are on Scribd. Concepts etc. Many places on the Internet. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. https://docs. with copies of various official documents from my collection. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. which have led to some non-drone content. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. o By end of Sep 2012. to help authors. I had folders for many topics. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. relevant to my Drone research so far.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. where I have collection = Drone Info. which is now gone. defined. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms. I cite sources to complete the story. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. it had grown to 440 definitions. which have come up in my drone research. to access info there. In theory. There.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined. Where I found.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Acronyms.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. distortions. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. o When first launched 2012 Sep.google. concepts. and connected to me: http://www. at end of Drone Notes document.google. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. If you are on Linked In. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found. 203 204 https://docs.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. acronyms.linkedin. address gaps in their presentations. For more details.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. it had 260 terms. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. of the other efforts. or incomplete pictures.scribd. see Al Mac Shared Research section. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. we must register with the site. with Google Drive Documents. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. references.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology.google. etc. o Within a few days.

UN Charter. In this stage of development of my notes. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. I explained Manchurian Chip. Doc 2. Doc 224k. 82 foot. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. showing when I last added anything to a chapter.83 shared 29 pages.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses.8 shared 30 pages. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place. Doc 296k.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes. worth exploring and figuring out. 67 foot. in V 4. o V 4. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4. 193 are members. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. Where has there been the most significant growth. 275k PDF. and correlations from multiple reports. that concern many people. then I will update this section again. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4.77 shared 21 pages. PDF 167k.83 listed 91 documents referenced. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense. as some sub-topics become more important. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another.247k. to help improve overall organization.78 Terms. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations.78 = 145 pages. 486 foot. 7 nations not members of UN. where drones operate. plus one terrorist organization. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people. plus my 8 splits. Targeted Killing.267k. If it ever dies down. PDF 212k. o Where the beginning is a list of issues. PDF 1.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. 178 foot. 456k Doc.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. o Near end – start Government can of worms.

2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives.1 shared 138 page. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. 470 foot.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones. PDF 324k.75 shared 26 pages. 308k PDF. 284k Doc. and mismatches. 110 foot. so far. 122 foot. o V 4.72 shared: 60 pages. 120 foot. 270k PDF.3 shared 24 pages. how we found out. 1. Doc 690k. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. which approve them. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3. and some others. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. 575k Doc. international law within national legal systems. when they came out. should be considered to be nations. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel. 537k Doc. 140 foot.2m PDF.26m Doc. in V 4. 236 foot. thanks to key publications. in social media discussions. 380k Doc. and whole Human Rights area. PDF 447k. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN. what exists so far through International Law courts. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4.66 Legal Issues added. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .7 shared: 20 pages. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. 180k PDF.62 started with: 29 page.1 Terms. o Lots of minor changes. Doc 685k. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight.8 shared 16 pages. plus my 8 splits. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. o V 4. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. 2. 114 foot. but not yet have their own.

to disturbing stories about drone trends. 735k PDF. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. correlate the value of their information. GAO also not counting nations. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. all of my notes were in one document. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd. I started this research. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes. then exporting the technology. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. I needed to split into smaller chunks. 815 PDF. 340 foot. many friends had shared random links.3 notes now 148 pages. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes. used as bases for other nations military drones. where sometimes they crash. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3. in V 2. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May.” and “Technology Advances.110 doc.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies.4.  2012 Aug end V 2. 1. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. 850 footnotes. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone. via social media. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. 2. reverse engineering it. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. intended to review individual docs there.3 shared 77 pages. o USA locations named with drones.855k Doc. at time of initial split. in V 3. o Prior to the start of this document.3 Terms.

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