Drone Nations Al Mac | Unmanned Aerial Vehicle | Israel


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
1 2

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com.latimes.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.co.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.00.guardian.com/articles/0.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.7340.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.html 16 Britain https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.0.defense.wikipedia.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.L-4296758.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.wikipedia.gov/news/newsarticle.cfr.php 11 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.co.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.longwarjournal.theage.com.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.html http://www.globalresearch.guardian.cfr.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.co.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.theaustralian.cfr.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.cfr. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.4050682.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.theregister.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.wordpress.minnpost. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.html https://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.ynetnews.scribd. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.nytimes.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.wikipedia.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en.aljazeera. and of course Iran is upset about this.wordpress.cfr.

htm One of the pictures here.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. which is part of the UK.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. https://en.co.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.wikipedia.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.cfr.edmontonjournal. is of a Chinese drone.bbc.theprovince. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.aljazeera.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940.chinadaily.nydailynews.cfr. 17 Bulgaria https://en.html 24 China http://india.cfr. 19 Burundi http://www.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat.co.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www. http://aviationintel.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. China: See Venezuela.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.html.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154.guardian.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wordpress.wikipedia.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland. 21 Canada: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence.com.yahoo.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.wikipedia.html See listing http://blogs.zerohedge.alaskadispatch. 23 Chile https://en._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .bbc.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.co.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.

aljazeera.freedomsphoenix. including 3 drones. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer. this has created a market demand.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www. In the US military.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.cfr.com/site/topics/article.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www.wired.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. 27 Croatia https://en.fas.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.google.ULXKld5FLQw.htm#.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman.N.washingtonpost.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo. then America blocking sales to other nations.gulftimes. https://publicintelligence.yahoo.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. or controls. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.stanford.wordpress.cfr.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.wikipedia.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news. http://abcnews. according to: http://www.html In the USA. which U.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.go.html http://www. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license. UN Security Council has approved this.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498. http://www.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. which China is filling.washingtonpost. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .foxnews.

35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www. Spain.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. Italy. http://www. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.wikipedia. but a group of nations.chicagotribune.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour. which sometimes act together.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II.cfr.story http://aviationintel.scribd.cfr. have developed the NEURON.lawfareblog.cfr.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.cfr.html 32 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www. Sweden.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. See Europe’s NEURON.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www. 35 France.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. in combination.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www. Greece and Switzerland.alaskadispatch.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.6479969.wikipedia.scribd.com/Blogs.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.wikipedia.nytimes.aviationweek.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.defpro.fas.aljazeera.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs.0.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www. http://aviationintel.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence. a stealth drone.com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.

com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran.ethz.de/national/20130125-47549.nbcnews.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. http://www.ynetnews.janes. See picture # six.com.html 43 See listing http://blogs. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations.cassidian.wordpress.mb.7340. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.wsws.wordpress.wikipedia.cfr.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wordpress.wikipedia.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www.wikipedia. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents. April 18. See listing http://blogs.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.wikipedia.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .huffingtonpost.html http://www.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.com/newstext.cfr.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.huffingtonpost.cfr. in Hong Kong.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/opinion/columns/index.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.farsnews.com/articles/0.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www. See listing http://blogs.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 46 https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.cfr. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.00.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www.wikipedia.cfr.462262 http://www.presstv. manufactures drones.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.html http://www.L-4276196.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.thelocal.cnn.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.silive.shtml http://www. according to http://www.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.com/products/janes/defence-security-report.haaretz. 42 DJI company.html http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.isn.

according to: http://www.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.wikipedia. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq. Also see Venezuela here.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.wordpress. Drones are also built in Ireland. https://en.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.washingtonpost.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones.time.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en. All weigh less than 150kg.wikipedia. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.wordpress. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.factoverfiction.wikipedia. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. see News & Research.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject.html http://world.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.barackobama.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.com/site/topics/article.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.gulftimes. manufactured by IAI in Israel.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.middleeastvoices. http://www. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.jta. moved to Drone Iran.herald.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.wikipedia.wikipedia.wikipedia. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones. per Drone Wars UK.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . for more info about this claim.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line). and of course Iran is upset about this.wikipedia.

It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. L. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. Rather.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject.nytimes. http://www. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.html https://www.wikipedia.  Italy52 And: http://www. pp.foxnews. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL.” Journal of Palestine Studies.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www. no.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868. https://dronewarsuk. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed.debka.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. 36.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. for now. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.longwarjournal. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792.html http://www.wikipedia. 21-42.html See listing http://blogs.nationalterroralert.wordpress. and of course Iran is upset about this. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies.php Israel shoots down a drone.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL. Hajjar.wikipedia. but broad in regards to policies. http://aviationintel.huffingtonpost.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine. against Israel. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL).aljazeera.com/article/22416/ http://www.wsj. vol.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. origin unknown. 1. There have been drones launched in the past.cfr. They will need one to go after Iran.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs. They do know it did not launch from Gaza. 2006.

wordpress. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en. 53 See listing http://blogs.2844488. South http://www.voanews.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .dronejournalismlab.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.cfr.63 https://dronewarsuk.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea.cfr. South. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.cfr. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya. 60 Latvia https://en.wikipedia.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www.wikipedia.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.tgdaily.0.scribd.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en. 58 Korea.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.fas.wordpress.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON.pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.story https://publicintelligence.chicagotribune.faa.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.

org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.ihs.wikipedia. 69 See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.mepc. with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones. http://www. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.nujournal.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence.cnn.reuters.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.examiner.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www. https://publicintelligence.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.factoverfiction. Here is a confirmation: http://www.com.cfr.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.mexican.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www.cfr.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs. see News & Research.scribd.drone/index.thehawkeye.cfr.com/page/content.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.cfr.wordpress.mb.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .humanrightsfirst.libyaherald. attributed to some groups. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs. 67 https://publicintelligence.cfr.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org Libya already has their own drones.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.

com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www. are not the same people. Statistics.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wikipedia. when Pakistan has similar technology.wordpress. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.wikipedia.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.cfr.html http://www.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.com. Pakistan.html http://www.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base. 77 https://en.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www. Also: http://www.gov/News/NewsArticle.examiner.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan. see News & Research.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there. International Law.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www.factoverfiction. http://www. The USA has exported them to Oman. http://www.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.smh.cfr. in Drone Notes.thebureauinvestigates.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.nz/nz/news/article.nytimes.com.upi. 75 Norway https://en.defense. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd.nzherald.wikipedia.78 Nepal http://www.washingtonpost.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development.cfr.co.mb. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.whitehouse. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.

abc.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia.scribd.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net/detailnews.wikipedia.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.middleeastvoices. http://aviationintel.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.newsleader.cfr.lawfareblog.wikipedia.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com.time.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.com/podcast/episode.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.scribd.cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.wordpress. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.dailytimes.pk/default.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en. 80 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.cfr.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.asp?id=175816 http://www.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.cfr.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.wikipedia.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.net.cfr.mepc.alaskadispatch.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .scientificamerican.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.wikipedia. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.

http://www.washingtonpost.cfr.freedomsphoenix. In the US military. http://www. see News & Research.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en. http://www.htm#. 92 Singapore https://en. or controls.591 88 https://publicintelligence. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia. http://www.nytimes.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wordpress.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.php http://www. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs.wikipedia. http://www.google.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.mepc.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www.cfr.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.cfr.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.wikipedia. some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.middleeastvoices.factoverfiction.wikipedia.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.wordpress.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.seattlepi.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.95 According to this article.ULXKld5FLQw.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.washingtonpost.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .thebureauinvestigates.

South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. see Korea.lawfareblog.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wired. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www. but the US is not applying for them.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.foxnews. https://www.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON. which allows for nations to get exemptions. 105 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea.wordpress. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e.voanews.cfr.cfr. before they stumbled over it.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.scribd. Republic of See listing http://blogs. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement.html http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.fas.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.wikipedia. 96 http://www. 104 Switzerland https://en.usatoday.net.abc.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia.wikipedia.html 99 http://www.cfr.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en. 103 Sweden https://en.wikipedia.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence. South http://www.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www.usatoday. See Europe’s NEURON.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. http://www.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.wikipedia.com.chicagotribune.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.latimes.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721. 113 Uganda.fas.6933108.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.mb. see Somalia http://www.thenews.usatoday.org/node/65614 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.cfr. http://www. 114 See listing http://blogs.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.e-ir.wikipedia.0.defensenews.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.cfr.eurasianet.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.cfr.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.wikipedia.reuters.story See listing http://blogs.story 116 See listing http://blogs.wordpress.cfr.wikipedia.0.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.wired.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.com.co.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.pdf http://www.bbc.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www.2844488.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).cfr.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.

factoverfiction.nytimes.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.wired. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www. International Law.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.barackobama.html http://americansecurityproject.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices. Iran. Statistics.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www. https://www.119 Vietnam.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614. according to their President.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.cnn. with help from China. for now.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.story 120 https://en. 118 http://www.120 independently of US in Vietnam War. http://icrac.wandtv.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en.wikipedia.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.washingtonpost.wordpress. including: Maps.scribd. https://dronewarsuk.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story.html?_r=1 http://www.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www. http://www.php http://www.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike.0. Russia.mepc.html http://www.longwarjournal.foreignaffairs.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones.nytimes.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen. See many chapters of Drone Notes.html http://www. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.273634.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.thebureauinvestigates.voanews.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd. and other countries.middleeastvoices.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.wikipedia.scribd.chicagotribune. see News & Research.cfr.

to help try to avoid collisions.npr. Some are now self-operated.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. which will be operated by the Yemeni government. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site.lawfareblog.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www.npr.google. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception. http://www. http://main.wired.  Sep 2011. and they can also land on air craft carriers. Also note Drone Issues. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. I do not know how they get landing permission. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air. and another observer watching what is all around the drone.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story. We also have robot drones in outer space. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance. on and under the sea.S.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones. http://www. Capitol and the Pentagon. The military also operates drones on the ground. https://www. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones.wordpress. like man operated aircraft.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www. was at the request of the Yemen government.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk. seeing what it can see. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . using some internally loaded programming. and define some of them in Drone Terms.omanobserver. which tells them what to do. 123 http://www.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .washingtonpost. most drones are not weaponized.

126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports.html 130 http://online.usnews.L-4293342.nytimes.time.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1.cnn. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel.html http://world.bloomberg.html 127 http://www.com/articles/0. 124 http://www.wsj.premium-1. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.newsday. taken by the crashed drone.7340.html?ref=world 132 http://www.com/opinion/columns/index.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .4166799 http://www. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah. failed. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.aljazeera.html http://tehrantimes.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579.lawfareblog.silive. Oct 8.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www. Thousands of people involved in this protest. which Israel did not notice. did not react to.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622.472441 http://www.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report.ynetnews. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#.haaretz. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.go.00.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www.slate. tried to hack it down.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone.html 131 https://www. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.html 129 http://www. 134 http://abcnews.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany. where Israel thought it was from Iran. so then they shot it down. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131.

ability to detect hostile drones.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. Here’s the Journal. and other dimensions.html 138 http://www. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www.slate.html 145 http://online.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U. drone strike policy in Pakistan.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel. UNQUOTE 135 https://www.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11.npr.nytimes. as a major success for the Shiite group.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www.html?ref=world 136 https://www. Oct 12. or any nation for that matter. before they do any harm. we won’t know until much later coverage.wsj. the death toll was 18.com/Defense/Article.137 According to Lawfare.nytimes.S.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online. and intercept them.wsj.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.jpost.jpost.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.lawfareblog.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.com/Defense/Article.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.slate.

com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www. but there is discussion of possibilities. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs.usatoday. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.lawfareblog. suspected drug smuggling.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas. that is an act of war.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.story Caribbean http://www.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www.latimes.popsci.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www.examiner.nytimes.com/index.thenassauguardian.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification.presstv. Drone Terms.3135494. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity.3135494. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation. in support of NATO and other alliances.latimes.story 148 http://www.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc.html http://www.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.zerohedge.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www.0.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.0. Drone Notes.globalresearch.

and drones. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations.gao. in Drone Terms. Nuclear Drone. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles.  See: Cruise Missiles.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . cruise missiles.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. WMD.gov/assets/600/593131.

Lithuania. NOT on above MTCR list. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. Mexico. but do not yet have their own drones.25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . as of early 2012 October comparison. Estonia. Latvia. Slovakia. Nations with drones. and Slovenia. Romania.

gao. to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons.gov/assets/600/593131. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain . formed in 1996.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies. some used commonly in drones.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.

South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. Nations with drones.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea. as of early 2012 October comparison. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . but do not yet have their own drones. NOT on above Wassenaar list.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now. In a BBC article. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind. 159 http://www.pdf 158 http://www. some by that nation.co.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www. from GAO analysis. which people sometimes refer to as robots.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan.gov/assets/250/241243.bbc. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating. or did not consider should be listed. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV.gov/assets/600/593131.gao. or the larger volume of drones.gao. and some controlled by other nations.S. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries. See links in context.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones. as of 2012 Sep 15. export licensing data and open source materials.huffingtonpost. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years. According to my count. I added a dribble of additions to that count. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. Professor Ronald Arkin. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel. as of 2012 July. President Obama is quoted as saying.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. 2013. QUOTE:157  In 2004. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. without doing research as good as mine. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza. March 4. to details on each. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones.158  GAO review of current U. which I was able to reproduce below. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries. Then over time. and I am an amateur at this.

UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. just deadly force by drones. Portugal. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. Russia. Sudan. Yemen. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. I have identified 10 other nations.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. Bermuda.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. Other nations also targeted. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. with what nations were controlling those drones.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. As of 2012 Sep-30. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones. with drones not on the list of 76. also by Uganda’s drones. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. and Iran. but those nations also do not have their own. Bahamas. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. They will. which have crashed. soon after another drone crash. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. where they do not have their own. Afghanistan. over Israel. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. and in Somalia’s case. Mali. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. most of them from USA. So my count has become 86-102. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. claims more. the GAO map has 76 nations listed. or entities. and count wild life. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. Somalia. Armenia. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. I am not counting surveillance here. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. and 2 nations with bases for drones. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. Iraq. or hijack for them to study.

au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus. which referred to them as 161 http://www.google. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN. with which nations. Nov 29.com. 2012.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count.0.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.nbcnews. just deadly force by drones.161 Until then. Palestine wanted to be a member. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count.latimes.theaustralian. or regions.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www.7805802.story http://worldnews. were where the attacks took place. I am not counting surveillance here.

about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks.theaustralian.N.N.com.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . should they choose to join them. Denmark and Turkey were among the U. Panama. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U..N. elevating them to nonmember observer state. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote. but is less than full member voting status. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table.latimes. Canada. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies. which grants them access to some UN functions. France. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U.7805802.a vote of 138-9. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel.nbcnews.story 164 http://www. Spain.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories.0. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote. Norway. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body . General Assembly siding with the U.S.S. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. Italy. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. with 41 abstentions. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews.

or Holy See of the Catholic church. Western Sahara remains in dispute. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article.answers. but has full observer status. as to its legal status.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . what nations exist on planet Earth. with the usual citations. were the US. but South Sudan. It is eligible to join. which used to represent China. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. according to a guy I met on G+. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948. ratified them. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. does not yet have UN membership.answers. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. and Britain. but chooses not to. is an independent nation.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. as the Republic of China. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October.about. The Vatican. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. and not rescinded them. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. Russia may veto their application to join the UN.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. Taiwan is a former member of the UN.htm http://wiki. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC. which is in the UN. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Feb 2008. The UN believes in its right to self-determination. which is not a member of the UN. 165 http://geography. Israel. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. incorporated them into their domestic laws. so here let’s list those I am aware of. with Morocco.

34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . including drones. others not native to the nation. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. with a variety of tools.armed drones from here vs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. smugglers.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. When I first looked at this map.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. Feb 24. going beyond surveillance. so far. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders. without international intervention. The French also base some Mali-related activities here. like a whole string of other African nations. o Mauritania. and its annotations below. terrorists. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. o Mali. This is after the nation went to hell. Then thanks to events in Benghazi.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval). 2013. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. in addition to these attacks. into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. and French allies. This is after Somalia became a failed state.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. There is an ugly pattern there. 166 https://publicintelligence. US drones are back. but maybe surveillance only. and o the Sahara.  Djibouti . have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground.

The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. According to the TURKO*FILE. to crash land in Britain. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. 168 BBC. part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. carrying bombs. 25 April 2002. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. that this is Manda Bay. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). See separate chapter just on that incident. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. Germany launched several kinds of drones. but does not mesh well. The deadly attack on the 34. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. Uganda – info here supplements. for years if not decades. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. In this chapter. April 2002 there was targeted killing. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. In Oct 2012. with some German electronics. 169 http://www. Kenya. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord. with UN approval. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. then US rapidly violated.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .eurasianet. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. During WW II. from context. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). June 28. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones. then blow up there. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. and o Uganda. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. by criminal negligence accident. allegedly by Russian armed forces.e-ir. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda.

177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.174 In 2002. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen. 170 171 https://en.wikipedia.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.mepc.175 In 2005.wikipedia.wikipedia. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www. a candidate in parliamentary elections. whose drones have attacked other nations. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan). have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list. 174 http://aviationintel.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW).173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en. During the first Gulf War. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan.mepc.176 September 2010.

2010 strike.L-4296758. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011).com/articles/0.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia.00. US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. 179 Many other instances. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers. with drones used on both sides. and Drone Terms.html http://www. by mistake. 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK.minnpost.alaskadispatch.7340. According to Clark. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person. or allies. in Afghanistan.ynetnews. 181 http://www. with both sides using targeted killing. available at http://aanafghanistan. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops. who DRONES: DEATH. Drone Scribd.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. 2012) 178 Kate Clark. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH. INJURY. detailed in Drone Dates.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict. INJURY.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. Drone Notes.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). with drones on both sides.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. In April 2011.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final.

2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan.gov/assets/600/593131.185 Page Break for Illustration.gao. with drones.msnbc. http://www. 184 Jim Miklaszewski. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .msn. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces. NBC NEWS (April 11. 2011).38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters.com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.

186 186 https://maps.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.google.

org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.google.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world.ruvr.fas.444336&spn=4. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.gearthhacks.jta. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes.187 Here are links to 110 coming.html https://www.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.newamerica. Reality is constantly evolving.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.).com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world. but are not yet on above list of exporting.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.100745.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence.70. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.7.wired. nations which manufacture drones.net/drones https://maps.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .41699.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www.fas.com/downloads/related.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism. They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.html 189 http://www.

lawfareblog.gao.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones. Northrop Grumman. 194 http://www.cfr.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www. Air Force) have over 5 large drones. Elbit (Israel).gao.gao. manufactured by IAI in Israel.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. manufactured by IAI in Israel. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel).pdf from http://www. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present. and South Africa. Currently. according to the GAO. but does not cover much about their exports. this is not a complete directory. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. manufactured by IAI in Israel. and] MQ-9 Reaper. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.gov/assets/600/593131. Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria. Watch Keeper. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area.  China has large drones.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army. CASIC. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. Italy. CASC. perhaps because this is an unclassified report.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel. The models include: Hermes 450. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. CAC. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Thales (UK). manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA. downloaded http://www.gov/assets/600/593131. The US government might not want to make it public.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report.defensenews. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones. and General Atomics (US). As we see from my footnotes by nation. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc).

manufactured by EMIT (Israel). manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. manufactured by IAI (Israel). Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. Air Force) have over 3 large drones. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. IAI (Israel). EMT Penzberg. Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Navy. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by Denel (South Africa). Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones.42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. Northrop Grumman. Northrop Grumman (US). & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). USA Armed Forces (Army. Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). EMIT (Israel). Lockheed Martin. Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. IAI (Israel). South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. Air Force) have over 368 large drones. Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). manufactured by IAI (Israel). o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). manufactured by SAGEM (France).

estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name.com/directory/search.reuters.199  and misc. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies.huffingtonpost.html 200 http://www. planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones. other news articles.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . AAI Corporation located in USA. British Columbia. some of where they are being marketed.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers. and/or targets. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA. illustrations of their products. makes drones disguised as birds.flightglobal.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www.

sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). and Elbit Systems. and exports the rest to approx 49 countries. IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace . 201 http://www.jta. a government company. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry.

o Hundreds of USA locations. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. o Legal complications.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . With each nation listed.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when. interesting. etc. where. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. like Western Europe. Many writers are in denial. those concerns belong in the directory.scribd. will be in my other drone documents. hacked. spying on home territory. 2012 Sep-10. border conflicts. they may be mistaken. which later may split again. where drones are in use. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. where my notes ended up. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. financial collapse. The Middle East. with well known areas. which lists many educational. being manufactured.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. 202 202 http://www.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world. o Technology advances. some info about them. read so far. from that digesting. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. and people finding out.scribd. all my notes on Drones were in one document. and more info. crashing. not necessarily of same nation. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. o Other topics. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. civilian peaceful applications. so I cite proof this is real. the sophistication of the drones. updated as we learn more. growing excessively large. and South East Asia. o When I launched this separate document. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed. clarified. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. Political Complications. purchased.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. and need to be investigated.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. being used by military. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. including official sources. Some of the things people believe about drones.

Many places on the Internet.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. references. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found. address gaps in their presentations. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. distortions. it had 260 terms. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. which have come up in my drone research. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. and connected to me: http://www.scribd. Concepts etc. here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far. to access info there. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms.linkedin. to help authors. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. where I have collection = Drone Info. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. For more details. including Drone Info.google. o Within a few days. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. acronyms.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. with Google Drive Documents. I had folders for many topics. with copies of various official documents from my collection. Where I found.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. If you are on Scribd. 203 204 https://docs. o When first launched 2012 Sep. at end of Drone Notes document. it had grown to 440 definitions. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined. defined.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www. which is now gone. There.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link. of the other efforts.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. we must register with the site. etc. If you are on Linked In. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. relevant to my Drone research so far. I cite sources to complete the story. o By end of Sep 2012. https://docs.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. I had Drone Sources subfolder. concepts.google. Acronyms.google. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012. or incomplete pictures. which have led to some non-drone content. see Al Mac Shared Research section. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. In theory.

worth exploring and figuring out. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place.77 shared 21 pages. 456k Doc. where drones operate. Targeted Killing. 486 foot.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined. 193 are members.247k. If it ever dies down. showing when I last added anything to a chapter. 275k PDF. then I will update this section again.78 Terms. In this stage of development of my notes. I explained Manchurian Chip. in V 4. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4. o Near end – start Government can of worms. as some sub-topics become more important. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. 7 nations not members of UN. 67 foot.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. Doc 2. that concern many people.83 listed 91 documents referenced.267k. PDF 167k. plus one terrorist organization.83 shared 29 pages. plus my 8 splits. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. Where has there been the most significant growth. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another. o V 4. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people. PDF 1. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. UN Charter. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. 178 foot. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. to help improve overall organization. PDF 212k. Doc 224k. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives. 82 foot.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o Where the beginning is a list of issues. Doc 296k.78 = 145 pages. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense.8 shared 30 pages. and correlations from multiple reports. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current.

seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones. 2. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel.26m Doc. 380k Doc.8 shared 16 pages.62 started with: 29 page. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. 110 foot.1 shared 138 page. how we found out. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when. international law within national legal systems. Doc 685k. 140 foot.75 shared 26 pages. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4. what exists so far through International Law courts. o V 4. thanks to key publications. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. plus my 8 splits. so far. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. o Lots of minor changes. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. and whole Human Rights area. 236 foot. 537k Doc. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight. and mismatches.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives.1 Terms. when they came out. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3. 122 foot. 270k PDF. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones. 470 foot. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. 114 foot.72 shared: 60 pages. should be considered to be nations. which approve them. Doc 690k. PDF 324k. 575k Doc. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.66 Legal Issues added. 284k Doc.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. PDF 447k. in V 4. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 1. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations.2m PDF. and some others.7 shared: 20 pages. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4. in social media discussions. 308k PDF. but not yet have their own. 120 foot. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel. 180k PDF. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. o V 4.3 shared 24 pages.

 2012 Aug end V 2. 1. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 340 foot. 850 footnotes. in V 3. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3.3 Terms. used as bases for other nations military drones. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. all of my notes were in one document.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012. via social media. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined. to disturbing stories about drone trends. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. 815 PDF. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes.855k Doc. 735k PDF. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes.3 shared 77 pages. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd.110 doc.49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone. then exporting the technology. where sometimes they crash. 2.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. I started this research. I needed to split into smaller chunks. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. correlate the value of their information. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. in V 2. reverse engineering it.3 notes now 148 pages. many friends had shared random links. GAO also not counting nations. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May. o USA locations named with drones. at time of initial split.4. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way. o Prior to the start of this document. intended to review individual docs there. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined.” and “Technology Advances. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes.

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