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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33

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Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.

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Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
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http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

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http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306

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org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.cfr.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.4050682.globalresearch.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.minnpost.cfr.wikipedia.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html http://www.html 16 Britain https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.gov/news/newsarticle.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en.latimes.co.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.wikipedia. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.longwarjournal.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.guardian.wordpress.cfr.theage.nytimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www.com/articles/0.com.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.defense.theregister.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.co.com.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk.guardian.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.cfr.cfr.wikipedia. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil. and of course Iran is upset about this.theaustralian.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.aljazeera.00. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.0.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.wikipedia.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.7340.co.co. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .ynetnews.cfr.L-4296758.scribd.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.html https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.php 11 See listing http://blogs.

co.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.nydailynews. which is part of the UK.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.alaskadispatch.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.chinadaily.wordpress. is of a Chinese drone.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.htm One of the pictures here.html.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .yahoo. 21 Canada: http://www.wordpress. 19 Burundi http://www.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.cfr.guardian.html 24 China http://india.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.cfr.com.wikipedia. 23 Chile https://en.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates. https://en.cfr.html See listing http://blogs.bbc.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154. 17 Bulgaria https://en.cfr.com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.theprovince.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence.bbc.zerohedge. China: See Venezuela.wikipedia.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.edmontonjournal.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.aljazeera. http://aviationintel.

ULXKld5FLQw.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news. which U.com/site/topics/article. http://abcnews.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman.cfr.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www. which China is filling.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . then America blocking sales to other nations.html http://www.cfr. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.htm#.freedomsphoenix.cfr.wordpress. In the US military. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer.wired.yahoo. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.cfr.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.wikipedia. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en.aljazeera.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www. 27 Croatia https://en.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. including 3 drones.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia. UN Security Council has approved this.washingtonpost.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story. https://publicintelligence.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story. according to: http://www.fas.stanford.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.html In the USA.washingtonpost. http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. this has created a market demand.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.foxnews.gulftimes.N.google.go.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones. or controls.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence.

lawfareblog.chicagotribune. Spain. 35 France.com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.cfr.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en.nytimes. in combination.wikipedia. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.aljazeera.com/Blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II. See Europe’s NEURON.story http://aviationintel.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.fas.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278. http://aviationintel.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.0.alaskadispatch.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation. have developed the NEURON.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. Sweden. http://www. Greece and Switzerland.defpro. which sometimes act together.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .aviationweek. a stealth drone.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour.scribd.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. but a group of nations.html 32 See listing http://blogs.scribd.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.6479969.wikipedia.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.cfr. Italy.cfr.

462262 http://www.wordpress.7340.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia.ynetnews.wikipedia.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/articles/0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.html http://www.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.cfr.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran.com. See picture # six. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON. according to http://www. See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.com/opinion/columns/index.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.com/newstext.html 43 See listing http://blogs.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.wikipedia.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www.cassidian.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb. 42 DJI company.farsnews. http://www.cfr.wordpress.L-4276196.wikipedia. April 18.de/national/20130125-47549. 46 https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.cnn.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.wikipedia.huffingtonpost.html http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www.html http://www.00.silive.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome. in Hong Kong. See listing http://blogs. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.shtml http://www.wsws.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.janes.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.huffingtonpost.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.mb. http://www. manufactures drones.presstv.isn.cfr.thelocal.ethz.nbcnews.haaretz. See listing http://blogs.com/products/janes/defence-security-report.cfr.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.

http://www.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/site/topics/article. per Drone Wars UK.factoverfiction. Also see Venezuela here.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.barackobama. according to: http://www. see News & Research.jta.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf.wikipedia.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www. 50 Israel: http://defense-update.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line). Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en. manufactured by IAI in Israel.com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.html http://world.time.middleeastvoices.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.wikipedia. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.wikipedia.herald.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones.wordpress.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia. Drones are also built in Ireland.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035. All weigh less than 150kg.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.longwarjournal. and of course Iran is upset about this.wordpress.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America. for more info about this claim.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.gulftimes.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.wikipedia. moved to Drone Iran.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones. https://en.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www.washingtonpost.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.nationalterroralert. against Israel. L. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples. 2006.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.html http://www. but broad in regards to policies.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies. 36.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en. https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www.wikipedia.php Israel shoots down a drone. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone.wordpress. 21-42. Rather.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en.com/article/22416/ http://www.debka.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL). vol.foxnews. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine. pp.html https://www. http://www. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed.wikipedia.html See listing http://blogs. and of course Iran is upset about this. origin unknown.cfr. They do know it did not launch from Gaza. no.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. http://aviationintel. Hajjar. 1.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617. There have been drones launched in the past.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en.  Italy52 And: http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online.wsj.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.longwarjournal.huffingtonpost.” Journal of Palestine Studies.aljazeera. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868. for now. They will need one to go after Iran.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792.nytimes.

wikipedia.story https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www. 53 See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.tgdaily.wordpress.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.cfr.chicagotribune.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.faa.2844488.pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.wikipedia.fas. 60 Latvia https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.cfr.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.63 https://dronewarsuk.cfr.dronejournalismlab. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.wikipedia. 58 Korea.wordpress.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www.voanews.cfr.scribd.0.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en. South.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278. South http://www. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea.

thehawkeye. attributed to some groups. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali.cfr.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. see News & Research.examiner.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.nujournal. http://www.libyaherald.mepc.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.mb.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs. 69 See listing http://blogs.org Libya already has their own drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report. 67 https://publicintelligence.wordpress.com. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www. with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.reuters.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.cfr.drone/index.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www. https://publicintelligence.ihs. Here is a confirmation: http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs.mexican.cfr.scribd.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.com/page/content.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.factoverfiction.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.humanrightsfirst.wikipedia.cnn.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www.

cfr.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.smh.78 Nepal http://www.wikipedia.mb.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.com.thebureauinvestigates. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.com.nzherald.whitehouse. are not the same people.html http://www.co. International Law.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms. when Pakistan has similar technology. 77 https://en.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www. Statistics.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www. http://www.html http://www.wikipedia. Also: http://www.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en.defense.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan.gov/News/NewsArticle.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.wikipedia.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .nz/nz/news/article.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 75 Norway https://en.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author. The USA has exported them to Oman. in Drone Notes.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.upi.cfr.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk. See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there.cfr.washingtonpost.nytimes. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs.cfr.wordpress. Pakistan.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base. see News & Research.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.factoverfiction.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development. http://www.examiner.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.

cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.scribd.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.pk/default.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.net/detailnews.wikipedia.cfr.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.cfr.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www. http://aviationintel.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.middleeastvoices.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.go.com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.cfr.wikipedia.abc.cfr.asp?id=175816 http://www.com.lawfareblog.time. 80 See listing http://blogs.newsleader.mepc.wordpress.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.scientificamerican.dailytimes.alaskadispatch.cfr.com/podcast/episode. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.net.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.wikipedia.cfr.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.

com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. http://www.factoverfiction.nytimes.htm#.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.middleeastvoices.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.thebureauinvestigates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.ULXKld5FLQw.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.php http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wikipedia. In the US military.cfr.google.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. http://www. http://www.mepc.cfr.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146. 92 Singapore https://en.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www. http://www.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs. see News & Research. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www.washingtonpost.cfr.freedomsphoenix.wikipedia. http://www.wordpress.seattlepi.95 According to this article.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. or controls.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.591 88 https://publicintelligence.

au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. see Korea.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea. See Europe’s NEURON.fas.cfr. but the US is not applying for them.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. Republic of See listing http://blogs.wordpress. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.wikipedia.abc.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www. 103 Sweden https://en.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.wikipedia.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.cfr.voanews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.cfr.cfr.net. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians. South http://www.wired.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en. which allows for nations to get exemptions. 96 http://www.usatoday. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement.wired. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.wikipedia.usatoday.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea. 105 http://www. http://www.cfr.html 99 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.lawfareblog.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia. https://www.scribd.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan. 104 Switzerland https://en.wikipedia. before they stumbled over it.foxnews.wired.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.html http://www.

bbc.0.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .e-ir.defensenews.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.chicagotribune.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.wikipedia.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.usatoday.wikipedia.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.latimes.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.wikipedia.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.eurasianet.0.mb.org/node/65614 http://www.com. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.6933108.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. 113 Uganda.cfr.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www. 114 See listing http://blogs.co.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).pdf http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.cfr. see Somalia http://www.cfr.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.cfr.story See listing http://blogs.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.story 116 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.reuters.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.com.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.cfr.fas.thenews.wikipedia.wordpress.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs.wired.cfr.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.2844488.

com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs. International Law.barackobama.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike.wikipedia. https://www.cnn.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.foreignaffairs. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .html?_r=1 http://www.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index. See many chapters of Drone Notes.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www. according to their President. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen.120 independently of US in Vietnam War. https://dronewarsuk. Russia.0.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones.longwarjournal.nytimes.voanews.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. and other countries.wordpress.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.119 Vietnam. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.273634.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www.thebureauinvestigates.wikipedia.html http://americansecurityproject.story 120 https://en. Iran.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.scribd.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en.chicagotribune.nytimes.wandtv.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.cfr.php http://www. including: Maps.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents. with help from China.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.html http://www.washingtonpost. http://icrac. http://www.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War. see News & Research. Statistics.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. for now.html http://www.wired.factoverfiction. 118 http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.scribd.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en.mepc.

lawfareblog. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.washingtonpost. which will be operated by the Yemeni government.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones.S. and another observer watching what is all around the drone. http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen. like man operated aircraft. Capitol and the Pentagon. on and under the sea. which tells them what to do.  Sep 2011.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence. The military also operates drones on the ground. most drones are not weaponized. http://www.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www. 123 http://www. http://main.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.npr. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved.wired. I do not know how they get landing permission.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes.npr. We also have robot drones in outer space. Some are now self-operated. using some internally loaded programming. to help try to avoid collisions. and they can also land on air craft carriers. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www.omanobserver. was at the request of the Yemen government. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. seeing what it can see.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U. https://www.google. Also note Drone Issues. and define some of them in Drone Terms.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception.wordpress. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda .

ynetnews. where Israel thought it was from Iran. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence.html?ref=world 132 http://www.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.silive.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.bloomberg.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622.wsj.7340.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.00.com/opinion/columns/index.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579. failed.newsday.html 131 https://www.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports. tried to hack it down.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone.html 130 http://online. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.com/articles/0.cnn. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date.L-4293342. Thousands of people involved in this protest. did not react to.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.html http://world. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany. which Israel did not notice. Oct 8.usnews.4166799 http://www. 134 http://abcnews.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1. so then they shot it down.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.go.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.time. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications.472441 http://www.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour.html 129 http://www.lawfareblog.html 127 http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks.aljazeera. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones. taken by the crashed drone. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.premium-1.html http://tehrantimes. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah.haaretz. 124 http://www.nytimes.slate.

2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation. ability to detect hostile drones.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www.slate.nytimes. we won’t know until much later coverage.com/Defense/Article.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon. UNQUOTE 135 https://www. the death toll was 18.slate.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11.S. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www. and intercept them.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www.jpost.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.jpost. before they do any harm.lawfareblog.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile.wsj.nytimes. drone strike policy in Pakistan.wsj.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www. or any nation for that matter. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U.html?ref=world 136 https://www.html 138 http://www. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.137 According to Lawfare. Here’s the Journal.html 145 http://online. as a major success for the Shiite group. and other dimensions. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online.aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.com/Defense/Article.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border. Oct 12.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .npr.

examiner.popsci.0.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www.3135494.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation.nytimes. suspected drug smuggling.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www. but there is discussion of possibilities. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.zerohedge. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.latimes. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast.3135494.0.globalresearch.thenassauguardian. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www.lawfareblog.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas.story 148 http://www.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians. Drone Notes.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.latimes.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.html http://www.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www. that is an act of war.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc. Drone Terms.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity.story Caribbean http://www.usatoday.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www.presstv. in support of NATO and other alliances.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd.com/index. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www.

South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www. in Drone Terms.  See: Cruise Missiles.gov/assets/600/593131.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload. Nuclear Drone. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD.gao. and drones. WMD.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy. cruise missiles.

Romania. NOT on above MTCR list. Mexico. and Slovenia. Estonia. Latvia. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. as of early 2012 October comparison. Slovakia. Lithuania.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Nations with drones.25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. but do not yet have their own drones.

26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . formed in 1996.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.gov/assets/600/593131. to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain . and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications. some used commonly in drones.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.gao.

but do not yet have their own drones. as of early 2012 October comparison. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . NOT on above Wassenaar list.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea. South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. Nations with drones.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV. as of 2012 July. Professor Ronald Arkin. as of 2012 Sep 15.huffingtonpost. without doing research as good as mine.S.pdf 158 http://www. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. I added a dribble of additions to that count.co. which I was able to reproduce below.158  GAO review of current U. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. Then over time. In a BBC article. According to my count. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. or the larger volume of drones. President Obama is quoted as saying.bbc. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. and some controlled by other nations. which people sometimes refer to as robots. 2013. to details on each.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones.gao. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. March 4.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan. and I am an amateur at this. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www.gov/assets/250/241243. some by that nation. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries. QUOTE:157  In 2004. or did not consider should be listed. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel.gao. export licensing data and open source materials. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind.gov/assets/600/593131. 159 http://www. I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years. See links in context. from GAO analysis. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www.

given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. I am not counting surveillance here. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. but those nations also do not have their own. with drones not on the list of 76. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. which have crashed. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. just deadly force by drones. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. or hijack for them to study. Yemen. Venezuela is building drones with help from China.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. Bahamas. Other nations also targeted. with what nations were controlling those drones. Bermuda. They will. Armenia. and 2 nations with bases for drones. also by Uganda’s drones. Portugal. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires. So my count has become 86-102. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes. where they do not have their own. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. Russia. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . Afghanistan. the GAO map has 76 nations listed.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. Sudan. I have identified 10 other nations. Mali. most of them from USA. claims more. Iraq. and in Somalia’s case. Somalia. As of 2012 Sep-30. soon after another drone crash. and count wild life. over Israel. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. or entities. and Iran. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers.

or regions. I am not counting surveillance here.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state.com.0.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www. which referred to them as 161 http://www.161 Until then. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters.theaustralian.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus.7805802. with which nations.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. 2012.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count. Palestine wanted to be a member.google. were where the attacks took place. just deadly force by drones.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count.story http://worldnews. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN. Nov 29. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN.latimes.nbcnews.

com.7805802.theaustralian.a vote of 138-9. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security. Canada.latimes.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. Norway. Italy.N. should they choose to join them.nbcnews.S. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks. with 41 abstentions. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel. which grants them access to some UN functions.S. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution. Panama.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . General Assembly siding with the U. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world. Denmark and Turkey were among the U. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U. but is less than full member voting status. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body .com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U. France.32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories.. Spain. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote.0. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. elevating them to nonmember observer state.N.story 164 http://www.N.

Taiwan is a former member of the UN. The UN believes in its right to self-determination. what nations exist on planet Earth. which used to represent China. but chooses not to. and not rescinded them. It is eligible to join. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. with Morocco. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. with the usual citations. Western Sahara remains in dispute. ratified them. but South Sudan. is an independent nation.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations. Israel. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. so here let’s list those I am aware of. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN.htm http://wiki.about.com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. incorporated them into their domestic laws. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. Feb 2008.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . as the Republic of China. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. according to a guy I met on G+. The Vatican. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC. and Britain. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article. Russia may veto their application to join the UN.answers. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. but has full observer status. does not yet have UN membership.answers. which is not a member of the UN. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. as to its legal status. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948. which is in the UN. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. or Holy See of the Catholic church. 165 http://geography. were the US.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October.

going beyond surveillance.armed drones from here vs. This is after Somalia became a failed state. and its annotations below. Then thanks to events in Benghazi. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. without international intervention. but maybe surveillance only. US drones are back. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base.  Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval). 2013. let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. in addition to these attacks. 166 https://publicintelligence. Feb 24. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. o Mauritania. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa. including drones. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only. This is after the nation went to hell. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. and o the Sahara. and French allies. smugglers. There is an ugly pattern there.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. The French also base some Mali-related activities here. into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. so far. with a variety of tools.  Djibouti . where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. When I first looked at this map. terrorists. others not native to the nation. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance. o Mali. like a whole string of other African nations.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali.

part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. carrying bombs.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . June 28. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. During WW II. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. Kenya. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. that this is Manda Bay. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport. 168 BBC. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). 25 April 2002. by criminal negligence accident. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. The deadly attack on the 34. 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants. to crash land in Britain. In this chapter. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. Germany launched several kinds of drones. but does not mesh well. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved.eurasianet. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. for years if not decades. allegedly by Russian armed forces. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan. Uganda – info here supplements. with UN approval. with some German electronics. and o Uganda. 169 http://www. In Oct 2012. then US rapidly violated. then blow up there. from context. April 2002 there was targeted killing. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord. According to the TURKO*FILE. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume. See separate chapter just on that incident.e-ir.

com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en.wikipedia. have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list.177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah.174 In 2002. During the first Gulf War.176 September 2010.36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones.175 In 2005.wikipedia. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan). 170 171 https://en.wikipedia. a candidate in parliamentary elections. whose drones have attacked other nations.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen.mepc.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait. 174 http://aviationintel. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www.mepc.wikipedia. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW).173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones.

AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked. 181 http://www. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. and Drone Terms.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person. detailed in Drone Dates. with drones on both sides. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. by mistake.minnpost. available at http://aanafghanistan.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers.7340. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers. INJURY. 179 Many other instances.com/articles/0. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011).L-4296758. US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. Drone Scribd.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. In April 2011. or allies.alaskadispatch. with both sides using targeted killing.html http://www. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). in Afghanistan. INJURY.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops.ynetnews.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final. According to Clark. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. who DRONES: DEATH. with drones used on both sides. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2. 2010 strike. Drone Notes.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia.00. 2012) 178 Kate Clark. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved.

2011).com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.185 Page Break for Illustration. NBC NEWS (April 11. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . with drones. http://www.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces.msn. 184 Jim Miklaszewski.msnbc.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters.gao.gov/assets/600/593131.

com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.google.00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .186 186 https://maps.

nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes. nations which manufacture drones.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www.net/drones https://maps.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.187 Here are links to 110 coming.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.444336&spn=4.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.html https://www.41699.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence.html 189 http://www. They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www.188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world.).com/downloads/related.gearthhacks.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.google.wired.03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes. Reality is constantly evolving.newamerica. but are not yet on above list of exporting.fas.100745.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.7.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.70.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .ruvr.jta.fas.

com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs.  China has large drones.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel. CASC. manufactured by IAI in Israel. The US government might not want to make it public.gov/assets/600/593131. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries. manufactured by IAI in Israel. but does not cover much about their exports.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report.pdf from http://www. manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc). there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems. according to the GAO.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones.wordpress. Currently. and General Atomics (US). I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. Northrop Grumman. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present.gao.gao. Watch Keeper. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA.lawfareblog. Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria. Elbit (Israel). Air Force) have over 5 large drones. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. As we see from my footnotes by nation.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones.gao. The models include: Hermes 450. this is not a complete directory.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. downloaded http://www. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones.gov/assets/600/593131. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013. manufactured by IAI in Israel. perhaps because this is an unclassified report. Italy. CASIC. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business.defensenews. and] MQ-9 Reaper.cfr. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel). 194 http://www.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. and South Africa. Thales (UK). CAC.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones. According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.

manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. manufactured by IAI (Israel). Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. manufactured by EMIT (Israel). EMIT (Israel). Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). IAI (Israel). Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. Lockheed Martin. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. Northrop Grumman. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. IAI (Israel). South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. Navy. manufactured by IAI (Israel). Air Force) have over 368 large drones. EMT Penzberg. manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. manufactured by SAGEM (France). manufactured by Denel (South Africa). & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India). Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). USA Armed Forces (Army. Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). Air Force) have over 3 large drones. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. Northrop Grumman (US). such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. manufactured by SAGEM (France).

planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA. and/or targets.com/directory/search.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index. AAI Corporation located in USA.html 200 http://www.flightglobal.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name.reuters.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers.199  and misc. some of where they are being marketed. British Columbia. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . makes drones disguised as birds. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. other news articles. illustrations of their products. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones.

a government company. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry. and exports the rest to approx 49 countries. 201 http://www. IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace . sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.jta.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). and Elbit Systems.

the sophistication of the drones. 2012 Sep-10. 202 202 http://www. which lists many educational. updated as we learn more. The Middle East. where my notes ended up. and need to be investigated. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. being used by military. read so far. With each nation listed. some info about them. interesting. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation. not necessarily of same nation. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. spying on home territory. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world. Political Complications. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. hacked.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran.scribd. including official sources. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. they may be mistaken. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. with well known areas. and South East Asia. reasons we need to figure out what is happening.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. where. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. Some of the things people believe about drones. and people finding out. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news.scribd. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. growing excessively large. o Other topics. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. etc. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. clarified. crashing. o Hundreds of USA locations. so I cite proof this is real.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www. those concerns belong in the directory. which later may split again. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. o Technology advances. like Western Europe. and more info. will be in my other drone documents. o Legal complications. financial collapse. from that digesting. purchased. o When I launched this separate document. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. being manufactured.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document. civilian peaceful applications. where drones are in use. border conflicts. all my notes on Drones were in one document. Many writers are in denial.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets.

see Al Mac Shared Research section. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. concepts.google. with copies of various official documents from my collection. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. o By end of Sep 2012. of the other efforts. I had folders for many topics. 203 204 https://docs.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. I had Drone Sources subfolder. which have led to some non-drone content. which have come up in my drone research. If you are on Scribd. defined. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012. For more details.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. with Google Drive Documents. o When first launched 2012 Sep. references. to access info there. at end of Drone Notes document. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. Acronyms. relevant to my Drone research so far. where I have collection = Drone Info. to help authors. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms. o Within a few days.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. and connected to me: http://www. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link. including Drone Info. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them.google. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports.linkedin. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined. Where I found.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. https://docs.google.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www. If you are on Linked In. acronyms. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms. etc. There. it had grown to 440 definitions. In theory.scribd. Concepts etc. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. distortions. or incomplete pictures.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files. which is now gone. here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far. Many places on the Internet. it had 260 terms. address gaps in their presentations. I cite sources to complete the story. we must register with the site.

Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current. and correlations from multiple reports. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. PDF 212k.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. o Near end – start Government can of worms. plus one terrorist organization. UN Charter. Doc 296k. PDF 1. 486 foot. 2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4. 193 are members. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4. o V 4. 67 foot. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. worth exploring and figuring out.78 = 145 pages. Targeted Killing. to help improve overall organization. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes.78 Terms.77 shared 21 pages. In this stage of development of my notes. o Where the beginning is a list of issues.83 shared 29 pages. Doc 2. showing when I last added anything to a chapter. 7 nations not members of UN. 456k Doc. that concern many people. in V 4. where drones operate. 82 foot. Doc 224k. I explained Manchurian Chip.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. 178 foot.83 listed 91 documents referenced. then I will update this section again. PDF 167k. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense.8 shared 30 pages. as some sub-topics become more important. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined. If it ever dies down. plus my 8 splits.247k. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. 275k PDF. Where has there been the most significant growth. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people.267k.

o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. which approve them. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. 470 foot. plus my 8 splits. 284k Doc. PDF 324k. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones. o V 4. and mismatches.2m PDF. 2. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3. 270k PDF. 308k PDF. 122 foot. how we found out. but not yet have their own. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. should be considered to be nations.26m Doc. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .72 shared: 60 pages. 140 foot. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4.62 started with: 29 page. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. in social media discussions. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. o V 4.66 Legal Issues added. so far. when they came out. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4. Doc 685k. 380k Doc. what exists so far through International Law courts. international law within national legal systems. in V 4. 575k Doc.3 shared 24 pages.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. 180k PDF. 1. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when. and some others. PDF 447k. thanks to key publications.7 shared: 20 pages. and whole Human Rights area. Doc 690k. 236 foot.8 shared 16 pages. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. 120 foot. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined.1 shared 138 page. 114 foot. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4.1 Terms. 537k Doc. o Lots of minor changes. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes.75 shared 26 pages. 110 foot.

This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. reverse engineering it. I started this research. 735k PDF. 1. all of my notes were in one document. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3. where sometimes they crash.” and “Technology Advances. in V 3.4. to disturbing stories about drone trends. I needed to split into smaller chunks. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way. o Prior to the start of this document. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes. then exporting the technology.3 shared 77 pages. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating. intended to review individual docs there. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.855k Doc. 2. via social media. 815 PDF. many friends had shared random links. used as bases for other nations military drones. GAO also not counting nations. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. at time of initial split. 850 footnotes. 340 foot.49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined.3 Terms. o USA locations named with drones.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd. correlate the value of their information. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes.110 doc.  2012 Aug end V 2.3 notes now 148 pages. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. in V 2.

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