Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Drone Nations
List Nations where Drones
Collected by Alister William Macintyre Count = 88+ nations operate drones by its government and people, mainly for spying.

110+ nations & regions have drones, if we include those operated by foreigners. 11+ nations used deadly drone attacks, into 19+ nations.
Last updated 2013 March 19
Version 5.2

Table of Contents Introduction (2 Sep 10) ....................................................................................................... 2 Doc Structure (2 Sep 03)..................................................................................... 2 Where in World? (3 Mar 04) .............................................................................................. 3 Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)................................................................................................ 5 Nations C+ (3 Mar 13)................................................................................................ 6 Nations E+ (3 Mar 11) ................................................................................................ 7 Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) ................................................................................................. 9 Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)................................................................................................ 12 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18) .............................................................................................. 12 Nations M+ (3 Mar 18) ............................................................................................. 13 Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) .............................................................................................. 14 Nations R+ (2 Nov 30).............................................................................................. 15 Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) ............................................................................................... 16 Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)............................................................................................... 18 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) .............................................................................................. 18 Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) .................................................... 20 Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) ..................................................................................... 21 International Airspace Waters etc. (2 Nov 10) ......................................................... 23 Outer Space (2 Dec 02)............................................................................................. 23 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29) ............................................................................... 23 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08)........................................................................... 23 MTCR (2 Oct 08)...................................................................................................... 24 Wassenaar (2 Oct 08)................................................................................................ 26 Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) .................................................................................. 29 Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) .............................................................. 30 Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) .............................................................. 31 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) ......................................................................... 31 Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) ................................................................................... 33


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

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Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) .................................................................................... 33 Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) ................................................................................ 34 Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................... 35 Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) ............................................................................... 35 NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) ......................................................... 36 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27).................................................................................................. 37 Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) ..................................................................................... 37 Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) .................................................... 38 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11).................................. 40 Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) .............................................................................. 42 Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07)................................................. 44 Document split (3 Mar 19)................................................................................... 45 Revision History (3 Feb 26).............................................................................................. 47 Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)...................................... 48 Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26) ............................................................ 48 Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) ................................................................................... 49

Introduction (2 Sep 10)
This list of nations with drones, is a portion of Al Mac research into the use of drones around the world, and what the controversies are all about, originally found in a companion (main) document = Drone Notes by Al Mac, but also see Document Split for evolving organization of Al Mac notes. The Author of this research, Alister Wm Macintyre, welcomes other people to download copies of Al’s work, but warns that different cited sources have different attribution and copyright restrictions, so care should be followed downstream, in selecting where to reuse the material.
Users of my research hold Alister Wm. Macintyre harmless, and also the places I upload my research to, and agree that my copyright is reserved and that the information is available for the intended purpose of helping my social network friends share an understanding on how humans ought to do a better job of learning about our world, so that we ca n take constructive action to improve it. I am doing this using individual documents focusing on different topics which appear to be vastly misunderstood by policy makers, and large segments of voters, to try to avoid any one document being excessively lar ge. Some of my research content is direct quotes from other sources. I try to give credit every time I do this, and structure the quotes, so it is pretty obvious that they are quotes.

Doc Structure (2 Sep 03) Topic subtitles end in a date signifying when that info was last updated, in the format
YEAR MONTH DAY, so by viewing table of contents, we see where most recent input to these research notes, especially aiding people with copy of an earlier version.


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder


Drone Nations listed by Al Mac

3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM

Version numbers are incremented, as replacement editions of this document are
periodically uploaded various places for convenience of other people who can then pick and choose which of my research efforts they wish to download, and also see if the last version I have uploaded is numbered beyond the last that they downloaded. Original sources, and how the doc is ultimately copied, shared, accessed, hyperlinks sometimes become inoperative, for some people, so I now often upload both Doc and PDF versions, to help with that challenge.

Some chapter headings have # symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of # drone attacks, persons killed, injured, who are justified targets and who are alleged innocent victims, or collateral damage. Figures vary significantly for many reasons, discussed in Drone Notes. Some chapter headings have $ symbol, after date of last update. This means source(s) here have estimates of cost of drones, taxpayer investments, or what it costs for ordinary people to get into this market. Some chapter headings have ! symbol, after date of last update. This means content here includes what I consider to be: seriously controversial; wild speculation; conspiracy theory; or many people (sometimes including me) have serious doubts of the factual basis. The content can be either the myth, or debunking info. There are multiple areas of dispute, so I may later add to symbol collection to help with that. My general policy on chapter breaks is to try to have no more than two pages for one chapter. When some chapter runs longer than that, I periodically review to see if it can be broken up into something more digestible.

Where in World? (3 Mar 04)
Here, by nation, are links showing how we know Drones operational in those nations, sometimes thanks to other nations, identified.1 Not all of them are military. Drones have many peaceful applications.  Afghanistan2  Afghanistan Attacked by Drones from US, Australia, Britain, Canada, Germany. 3
1 2

http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Afghanistan now has its own drone air force http://americansecurityproject.org/featured-items/2013/asp-fellow-for-asymmetric-operations-joshua-foustwas-featured-in-global-post-discussing-the-promised-delivery-of-a-fleet-of-unmanned-reconnaissanceaircraft-to-the-afghan-air-force/ 3 Afghanistan: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes. http://www.factoverfiction.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired, see News & Research. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/11/drones-afghan-air-war/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

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Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Algeria4 Angola5 Argentina6 Armenia7 Australia uses drones purchased from Israel.8

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http://www.middleeastvoices.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://americansecurityproject.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia

Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing
http://www.scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 US Drone in Afghanistan becomes a “runaway” and has to be shot down. http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/when-drones-go-wild-air-forceshoots-them-down Afghanistan wants their own drones. The USA is not helping, so Afghanistan is shopping around to China, India, Russia, other potential suppliers http://aviationintel.com/2012/10/08/karzai-begging-for-indigenous-aviation-assets-will-go-to-russia-chinaand-india-if-us-does-not-act/ Info about US drones killing in Afghanistan, where permission to access US Government data is uncertain. http://icrac.net/2012/04/2100-page-centcom-report-on-afghan-drone-victims/ See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. 4 Algeria http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-obama-drone-20130223,0,7202135.story http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 5 See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 6 Argentina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 7 Armenia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krunk_UAV http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4296758,00.html http://www.minnpost.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 8 Australia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-08/australias-drone-war-in-afghanistan/4058058 http://www.smh.com.au/national/flying-drones-a-safety-threat-at-airports-20120910-25nds.html http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/09/26/going-mad-with-drones/ http://tvnz.co.nz/world-news/drones-option-australia-s-defence-5354204 http://www.dronejournalismlab.org/post/44569802144/drones-set-for-large-scale-commercial-take-off-in According to https://dronewarsuk.wordpress.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones, per Drone Wars UK, Australia has 8 large Heron drones, manufactured by IAI in Israel. US drones sold to Australia https://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/280.pdf See listing http://blogs.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Australian forces have deployed Israeli-owned drones in Afghanistan on lease from a Canadian company. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1741690/US-drone-debate-may-affect-Australia US Drones based in Australia: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-03/revealed-us-flew-drone-missions-from-australia/4236306


Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 12 Belgium https://en.13 Botswana14 Brazil15 Britain (United Kingdom)16 http://www.wordpress.scribd.theaustralian.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.4050682.00.wikipedia.guardian.cfr.uk/2012/10/07/uav_challenge_canberra_win/ Paparazzi http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.wikipedia.7340.co.cfr.minnpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/articles/0.story Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.au/technology/technology-news/privacy-fears-as-drones-move-into-mainstream20130217-2elcj.wordpress.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.nytimes.5   Austria9 Azerbaijan10 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations B+ (3 Mar 15)       Belarus11 Belgium12 US Drones over Bosnia.uk/world/2012/oct/24/immorality-and-illegality-drone-warfare?newsfeed=true See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 http://www. and of course Iran is upset about this.longwarjournal. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.globalresearch.html 9 Austria https://dronewarsuk. 5 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .cfr.au/national-affairs/aviation-buffs-uncover-us-drone-launches/story-fn59niix1226464279669 See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.cfr.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-mini-drone-battlefield-20130204.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 10 Azerbaijan http://blogs.ynetnews.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.wikipedia.uk/uk/2011/jan/16/drones-unmanned-aircraft http://www.co.co.co.defense.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.cfr.gov/news/newsarticle.uk/2012/10/unmanned-drone-squadron-stood-up-at-raf-waddington/ http://www.aspx?id=40516 14 See listing http://blogs.0.guardian.html 16 Britain https://en.com.aljazeera. Drone finds missing hiker: http://www.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil.L-4296758.cfr.theage.wikipedia.php 11 See listing http://blogs.html http://www.latimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 15 Brazil https://en.html https://www.theregister.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.cfr.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.ca/britains-new-drone-squadron/5309232 http://thelincolnite.com.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.

com/news/Editorial+Rules+police+drones+need+established/7886205/story.alaskadispatch.cfr.nydailynews.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.html 24 China http://india.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21808253 Police in Northern Ireland.uk/uk/2013/feb/12/450-british-military-drones-lost http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.6        Bulgaria17 Burkino Faso18 Burundi19 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations C+ (3 Mar 13) Canada20 is looking to buy drones which will function in the Arctic.com/news/2013-03-01/guest-post-here-comes-chinas-drones 6 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://europe.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.yahoo.co. http://aviationintel. 23 Chile https://en.aljazeera.guardian.html See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 in Drone Dates.com/chinas-drone-swarms-rise-challenge-us-power173949154. 21 Central African Republic22 Chile23 China (PRC)24 Britain has lost almost 450 military drones in Iraq and Afghanistan http://www. are buying 2 drones @ about 1 million pounds each.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 https://publicintelligence.co.html See listing http://blogs.cn/china/2012-10/21/content_15834940. https://en.com/2012/10/18/chinese-take-out-the-red-dragons-growing-air-combat-capability-inpictures/ http://www.html.com/business/f83a20a35018230cf523e6ac161a0943/china-to-deploy-drones-formarine-surveillance https://rt.com/news/mind-controlled-drone-china-157/ http://thediplomat.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2011 in Drone Dates.bbc. 21 Canada: http://www.bbc. to watch over the upcoming G8 summit there.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.chinadaily.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 20 Canadian domestic police have drones: http://www.com.theprovince. China: See Venezuela. 19 Burundi http://www.cfr.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.edmontonjournal.wikipedia.com/article/us-defense-firm-may-build-arctic-drones-canada http://www.com/news/case+armed+drones+Canada/7175031/story.co._ylt=A2KJ2UiJ8UBR214APb7QtDMD See listing http://blogs.zerohedge.htm One of the pictures here.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk. 17 Bulgaria https://en. which is part of the UK.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ http://news.cfr.wordpress. is of a Chinese drone.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 22 https://publicintelligence.

org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Denmark buys drones from USA https://www. or controls.591 According to a post in drone-list (you must be a subscriber to view) https://mailman.edu/mailman/private/drone-list/2013-February/000498. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has said he hopes will be deployed by the summer.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 25 Columbia http://blogs. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.html The UN will be deploying more forces to the Congo.washingtonpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 29 http://blogs.com/US/wireStory/plans-spy-drones-eastern-congo-18305791 http://news.google. which U.gulftimes.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://www.cfr.yahoo.com/world/national-security/remote-us-base-at-core-of-secretoperations/2012/10/25/a26a9392-197a-11e2-bd10-5ff056538b7c_story.html?tid=pm_pop https://publicintelligence. http://abcnews. The force will be aided by three surveillance drones.html 26 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda. then America blocking sales to other nations. this has created a market demand.26 Democratic Republic Croatia27 Czech Republic28 Denmark29 Djibouti30 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations E+ (3 Mar 11)  Ecuador31 According to this article.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. 27 Croatia https://en.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.stanford. The intervention would be under the direct operational command of the MONUSCO force commander.wired. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.wikipedia. In the US military.washingtonpost.wikipedia. according to: http://www.fas.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story. which China is filling.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://latino.html In the USA.ULXKld5FLQw.com/latino/news/2012/10/26/colombia-to-develop-its-own-drone-program-to-combatdrug-trafficking/ http://www.wordpress.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html http://www.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.freedomsphoenix.aljazeera. UN Security Council has approved this.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/u-n-security-council-allows-drones-eastern-congo-180052240.google_plusone_share Thanks to America demonstrating the value of drones.N.7       Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Columbia25 Congo.foxnews.htm#.com/site/topics/article. https://publicintelligence. 7 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . including 3 drones.go.cfr. http://www.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 28 Czech Republic https://en. some of China’s killer drones are aimed at Russia: http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.cfr.pdf 30 https://dronewarsuk.

com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planescircled-its-airspace-for-an-hour.cfr.scribd.cfr.cfr. Sweden.cfr. but a group of nations.lawfareblog.nytimes.wikipedia. a stealth drone. See Europe’s NEURON.cfr. 35 France.scribd.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 33 http://blogs.com/sns-rt-germany-dronesl6e8j3q1c-20120803.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/Blogs.html 32 See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 37 France: http://www.aspx?plckBlogId=Blog:27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7&plckPostId=Blog%3a27ec4a53-dcc8-42d0-bd3a01329aef79a7Post%3a71b969d2-a785-494b-807b-6071d7fe7794 36 Finland https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 2008 Drone War between Georgia and Russia http://www.alaskadispatch.cfr. in combination. 38 Gaza see Israel Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. Italy. Spain.fas.net/u-s-flying-drone-missions-from-civilian-airport-in-ethiopia/ https://publicintelligence.com/2012/12/03/the-rise-of-the-machineseuropes-neuron-fires-into-the-sky-for-the-first-time/ http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.aviationweek.wikipedia. http://aviationintel.pdf 34 See listing http://blogs.html?ref=world 39 Georgia https://en.wikipedia.aljazeera.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 40 Germany used unmanned aircraft in WW II. which sometimes act together. Greece and Switzerland.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. have developed the NEURON.chicagotribune.com/news/details/36390/?SID=438081094585130fe3b3722aa811e392 See listing http://blogs.8          31 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Egypt32 Estonia33 Ethiopia34 Europe is not a nation.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ 8 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ US flying drones from Ethiopia civilian airport: https://publicintelligence.6479969.story http://aviationintel.defpro. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.0.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Estonia buys drones from USA https://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence. 35 Finland36 France and French Army Drones37 Gaza38 Georgia39 Germany40 Ecuador http://www.

wikipedia. http://www. See listing http://blogs.com/products/janes/defence-security-report. See picture # six.html http://www.html?hpt=hp_t2 http://www. in Hong Kong.cfr.ynetnews.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON.com/articles/0.shtml http://www.cnn.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 2010: Iran displays one of their drones during Army Day celebrations.L-4276196.nbcnews.htm 9 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.isn.wsws.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.silive.com/opinion/columns/index.php?nn=9107146918 Iran claims first VTOL drone (vertical take off and landing) which I know is bogus.wordpress. 42 DJI company.html See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=159707 See summaries end 2008 2009 in Drone Dates.7340.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.huffingtonpost.presstv.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles https://www. to try to keep track of a high volume of incidents. manufactures drones.html http://www.ethz.html 43 See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en.mb.wikipedia.00.wikipedia.com/2013/03/04/us/new-york-drone-report/index.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.html http://www. according to http://www. See listing http://blogs. See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://english. http://www.cfr.aspx?ID=1065926989 https://dronewarsuk.org/articles/2012/aug2012/dron-a16.de/national/20130125-47549.com/news/middle-east/top-iran-official-says-tehran-to-fit-self-made-long-range-dronewith-missiles-1.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.org/2013/03/opisrael-archive.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 45 Indonesia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.huffingtonpost. 46 https://en.thelocal.cfr.com.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 41 Greece https://en.wordpress.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 46 Iran – March 2013 I started Drone Iran.cassidian.wikipedia.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569.com/technology/futureoftech/are-laser-firing-drones-weed-killers-future-795307 http://www.janes.haaretz.cfr.cfr. due to medical helicopter drones used to deliver medical supplies in mountainous regions where nothing else can land or take off.com/en_US/web/guest/first-sensor-test-flight-of-euro-hawk-successfullyaccomplished http://www.462262 http://www.ir/detail/2012/11/03/270194/iran-builds-worlds-first-vtol-drone/ http://cryptome.farsnews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 44 India: http://www.9       Greece41 Hong Kong42 Hungary43 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations I+ (3 Mar 19) India44 Indonesia45 Iran had Drones before US started using them over Iran. April 18.wikipedia.com/newstext.

html http://world. See summaries end 2009 2010 in Drone Dates. https://en. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www.factoverfiction. see News & Research. and Drone Notes chapter on “Hacker and Malware Concerns” Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.com/site/topics/article. http://www.org/wiki/Shahed_129 http://en.org/wiki/Ghods_Mohajer http://en.php This next link now appears to be broken: http://www. according to: http://www.wikipedia.washingtonpost.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.wordpress.html The Irish Aviation Authority confirmed that it has licensed eight users to operate unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or remotely piloted aircraft systems.barackobama.middleeastvoices. manufactured by IAI in Israel. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh.10     Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM US Drones over Iran overhead at least since 2010.html 48 Iraq: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.com/20121231_more-hermes-900-drones-for-idf. 50 Israel: http://defense-update. moved to Drone Iran. Israel is selling drones in Asia and Latin America.50 Iranian "Small Scale" Drones : http://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 49 Ireland: http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle http://www.ie/news/rise-of-the-drones-29088035. Australia has 8 large Heron drones.org/wiki/Karrar_(UCAV) http://en.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line).jta.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://americansecurityproject. and of course Iran is upset about this.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ Directory of Who has Drones.longwarjournal.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=523292&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26 10 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/world/national-security/us-sees-intelligence-surge-as-boost-toconfidence/2012/04/07/gIQAlCha2S_story.wikipedia. for more info about this claim. All weigh less than 150kg.47 US Drone Attacks in Iraq. Also see Venezuela here.wordpress. per Drone Wars UK.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. Drones are also built in Ireland.wikipedia.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf According to https://dronewarsuk.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ https://dronewarsuk.herald.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghods_Saeghe http://en.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofreh_Mahi 47 US drones captured by Iran: http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghods_Ababil http://en.gulftimes.time.48 Ireland49 Israel started using Drones after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

nationalterroralert. Hajjar.wikipedia.  Italy52 And: http://www. “International Humanitarian Law and “Wars on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of Israeli and American Doctrines and Policies.foxnews. 21-42.” Journal of Palestine Studies.longwarjournal. http://www. but broad in regards to policies. They will need one to go after Iran. origin unknown.php Israel shoots down a drone.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://online. Rather.com/article/22416/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Israel is developing a stealth drone. See Hezbollah chapter after nations listed.huffingtonpost.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 11 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .html See listing http://blogs. Hajjar’s paper offers a comparative examination of how Israeli and US policies in their wars on terror decant from traditional norms and international humanitarian law (IHL).wikipedia.com/article/SB10001424052702303395604577432323658176792. There have been drones launched in the past. http://aviationintel.com/indepth/opinion/2012/11/2012116114514211617.wsj.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 51 http://americansecurityproject.org/archives/2012/12/reports_of_israeli_d. See chapter on Palestine joining the UN with less than full member status.html See summaries end 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates. They do know it did not launch from Gaza. 1. L. Azerbaijan allegedly has Israeli drones.com/world/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ See listing http://blogs. Using the second intifada and the current US war on terror as examples. for now.com/2012/10/16/iran-drones-israel_n_1970868.aljazeera. It is most useful in understanding IHL in relation to any policy that may endorse targeted killings.debka. and of course Iran is upset about this.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones. pp.wikipedia. Israel radio reported that it appeared to be an intelligence gathering drone.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/drone-information-sources-annotated-bibliography/ 52 Italy: https://en. by the Iran-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah.nytimes.com/2012/10/06/israel-shoots-down-unpiloted-aircraft-reports-say/ http://www.html https://www.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle https://en.cfr.cfr. but is difficult to relate directly to US drone programs. vol.html http://www. no.com/2013/02/23/sports/soccer/plans-to-use-drones-during-confederations-cup-inbrazil. ASP Assessment: Paper is very specific to IHL.wordpress. https://dronewarsuk. 36. Israel and Azerbaijan denied the allegations http://www. each country seeks to reinterpret IHL in such a manner that it may continue to pursue its political agenda by its preferred means.com/2012/12/03/israel-developing-a-stealth-ucav/ https://en. with USA weapons conducting spying missions over Iran's shared border with Karabakh. 2006. American Security Project (ASP)51 provides a reference on Israel use of drones in Palestine. Hajjar argues that neither country actually ignores IHL. against Israel.11 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.

cfr.faa. 62 Lesotho Lesotho Medical Rescue http://matternet. South http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ http://www.net/2011/08/22/lesotho/ 12 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .org/post/44561302250/drone-journalism-off-the-ground-in-italy See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates. 53 See listing http://blogs.chicagotribune.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Lebanon buys drones from USA https://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Crop Dusting by Drones in Japan http://www. 58 Korea.com/hardware-features/56852-robot-fails-to-complete-japanese-nuke-plant-mission 55 https://en.wordpress.pdf Drones and Robots attempt to do some cleanup at Fukushima http://www.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721. see South Korea58 Kuwait59 Nations L+ (3 Mar 18)     Latvia60 Lebanon61 Lesotho62 Libya.tgdaily.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 61 Lebanon https://dronewarsuk.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wikipedia.wikipedia. 60 Latvia https://en.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 See Europe’s NEURON.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 57 Kenya http://www.gov/about/initiatives/uas/media/UAS_FACT_Sheet.12  Ivory Coast53 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations J+ (3 Feb 24)       Japan54 Jordan55 Kazakhstan56 Kenya57 Korea. South. Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.story https://publicintelligence. The USA has exported them to Kuwait.2844488.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.cfr.pdf See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 54 Japan https://en.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 56 See listing http://blogs.cfr.voanews.wordpress.63 https://dronewarsuk.fas.0.scribd.dronejournalismlab. 59 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html See summary end 2012 in Drone Dates.

net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/products/Global-Insight/industry-economic-report.wikipedia.com. 67 https://publicintelligence.examiner.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots See listing http://blogs. Also see allegations in UN investigation launched Jan 24 2013.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 13 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .drone/index. 69 See listing http://blogs.com/page/content.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. referenced in Drone Dates and Drone Scribd.com/doc/84993286/Drone-Wars-Briefing-Final2 Libya after US ambassador killed in attacks under cover of protests against a film http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 65 Malaysia https://en.cnn. maybe not yet confirmed -> airport closed There is an air base in Libya used by US and France for operations in Mali.factoverfiction.mb.com/article/2012/09/14/us-protests-libya-airport-idUSBRE88D0PJ20120914 US drones over the city.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.scribd.cfr.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.mepc.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Libya during the over-throw of Quadaffi http://www.html See summary end 2010 in Drone Dates.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.com/2010/US/12/17/texas.org Libya already has their own drones.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.html?isap=1&nav=5033 http://www. attributed to some groups.wordpress.com/story/BC-World-Briefly-102312 http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/03/17/libyan-drones-take-to-skies-for-first-time/ 64 See listing http://blogs. https://publicintelligence. with the knowledge of Libyan government what they doing -> anti-aircraft fire against the drones.nujournal.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa https://publicintelligence.13  Lithuania64 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations M+ (3 Mar 18)      63 Malaysia65 Mali66 Mauritania67 Mexico68 Morocco69 Libya before overthrow of Qadaffi See listing http://blogs.ihs. http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 66 France and USA send drones into Mali http://www.wikipedia. see News & Research.detail/id/260107/France-to-send-drones-to-Maliregion. 68 Mexico See listing http://blogs.mexican.reuters.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Mexico military drone crashes in USA http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr. Here is a confirmation: http://www. According to a Dec 2012 report by HRF = www.humanrightsfirst.thehawkeye.aspx?ID=1065929426 http://www.cfr.

html http://www.thebureauinvestigates.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Dutch police http://www.com/article/obama-deploys-u-s-predator-drones-to-north-africa http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles I have had Pakistan on my list of nations with domestic drones for some time. 77 https://en.wikipedia.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.nz/nz/news/article.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 73 Niger https://www.78 Nepal http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. The USA has exported them to Oman.cfr.cfr. 75 Norway https://en.au/technology/sci-tech/nepal-launches-drones-to-combat-poachers-2012062120pd9. http://www.washingtonpost.factoverfiction.nytimes.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ 14 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . See summaries end 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.com/2013/02/23/world/africa/in-niger-us-troops-set-up-drone-base. see News & Research. International Law. 78 Pakistan: See chapters on Maps.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. Pakistan.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.whitehouse.cfr.mb.html We all should know that Pakistan’s enemies and US enemies only overlap.wikipedia.smh.70 Netherlands71 New Zealand72 Niger73 Nigeria74 Norway75 Oman76 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations P+ (3 Mar 10) Pakistan has drones independently of the ones USA using in attacks there. That is one reason for US slowing Pakistan development.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 71 Netherlands https://en. See chapters on International Law implications in Drone Scribd. Also: http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10868674 https://en.com/category/projects/drone-data/ http://dawn.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://publicintelligence.wikipedia.examiner.wordpress. Just as some US drones kill Pakistan friends.defense.com/business/pakistan-racing-todevelop-armed-drones-but-lacks-key-technology-china-offers-help/2012/11/17/e2f293e6-30eb-11e2-af1767abba0676e2_story.co.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 76 See Cruise Missile in Drone Terms.nzherald.77 US Drone Attacks in Pakistan. in Drone Notes.com. when Pakistan has similar technology.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.gov/News/NewsArticle. 74 Nigeria See listing http://blogs. are not the same people. yet this article seems to indicate that Pakistan getting armed drones is a new surprise for the author. http://www.upi.14          70 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nepal uses drones to catch poachers.com/2012/09/28/pakistan-endorses-drones-rejects-method-khar/ https://dronewarsuk.html http://www.com/Science_News/Technology/2013/03/18/Dutch-question-police-use-ofdrones/UPI-95391363614754/ 72 New Zealand http://www.com. some Pakistan drones will kill some US friends.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/22/letter-president-concerning-niger http://www.aspx?ID=119361 https://publicintelligence. Statistics.

wikipedia.net/detailnews.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://www.wordpress.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 86 Russia: See Venezuela.time.cfr.com/podcast/episode.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.au/news/2012-07-09/an-philippines-us-drone/4119604 83 Poland http://aviationintel.dailytimes.scribd.scribd.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-279/ http://www.com/2012/08/31/ucav-fever-is-spreading/ See listing http://blogs.com/article/20120929/OPINION02/309290019/Obama-s-furtive-drone-war-goesunchallenged?odyssey=nav|head http://americansecurityproject.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://abcnews.asp?page=2012\09\04\story_4-9-2012_pg3_5 http://www.mepc.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en. 80 See listing http://blogs.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See chapter on Hezbollah use of drones.com/doc/86681294/Pakistan-Has-Drones-That-Save-Lives Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://world.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.pk/default.cfr.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 2008 Drone War between Russia and Georgia http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 79 https://dronewarsuk.wikipedia.lawfareblog.net.middleeastvoices.com.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. http://aviationintel.newsleader.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 85 Romania https://en.scientificamerican.cfm?id=drones-accelerate-archaeological-si-12-12-31 82 Philippines https://en.cfr.go.alaskadispatch. Panama80 Peru81 Philippines82 Poland83 Portugal84 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations R+ (2 Nov 30) Romania85 Russia86 http://pakobserver.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/drone-strikes-in-pakistan-damaging-and-counterproductivestudy-finds/ http://www.cfr. See chapter on Palestine becoming #194 member of UN.wikipedia.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Did the USA do a drone strike in the Philippines in 2006? http://www.abc.wikipedia.asp?id=175816 http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 84 https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 81 Peru https://en.15         Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Palestine79 – Also see Israel.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 15 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/2012/10/23/drones-a-non-issue-in-u-s-presidential-debate-riles-pakistan/ http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.

http://www.com/News/123408-2012-11-27-china-unveils-new-killer-drones-aims-themat-russia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 16 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .php http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. people may crash multi-million $ drones because they do not have a clue about flying procedures.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2013/02/06/new-york-times-broke-informalarrangement-on-drones/ 90 Serbia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.cfr.google_plusone_share 87 UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG.factoverfiction. http://www.washingtonpost. 92 Singapore https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 95 Somalia: See Drone Notes chapter on Statistics.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 94 Slovenia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.html?_r=1 http://americansecurityproject.591 88 https://publicintelligence.wordpress.wikipedia.freedomsphoenix.com/news/article/CIA-operates-drone-base-in-Saudi-Arabia-4254146. the88 Saudi Arabia89 Serbia90 Seychelles91 Singapore92 Slovakia93 Slovenia94 US Drone Attacks in Somalia.seattlepi.cfr.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 93 See listing http://blogs.html?tid=pm_pop Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.16          Ruwanda87 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations S+ (3 Feb 26) Sahara.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 91 https://dronewarsuk.thebureauinvestigates.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.cfr.wikipedia.middleeastvoices.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://dronewarsuk. In the US military. http://www.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. see News & Research.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired. http://www.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www. http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ In the USA.wikipedia.nytimes. the FAA will not permit drones to be flown by people unless they have a commercial pilot’s license.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://www.htm#.ULXKld5FLQw.mepc. 89 Saudi Arabia has a base for US drones.wordpress. or controls. some of China’s killer dron es are aimed at Russia: http://www.com/world/national-security/drone-crashes-mount-at-civilian-airportsoverseas/2012/11/30/e75a13e4-3a39-11e2-83f9-fb7ac9b29fad_story.washingtonpost.cfr.95 According to this article.google.

See Europe’s NEURON.html http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.wired.wikipedia.usatoday.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 102 Sudan.cfr. which allows for nations to get exemptions.com/dangerroom/2012/08/somalia-drones/ http://www. because there have been a LOT of other articles about this.com/dangerroom/2012/06/drones-south-america/ 100 Spain https://en.cfr. https://www.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. 103 Sweden https://en.wired. in the context of the article … I guess it was secret from the people who wrote the articl e. and now the US is in violation of that UN agreement.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://dronewarsuk.net. before they stumbled over it. South102 Sweden103 Switzerland104 Syrian government uses drone attack on Syrian Civilians.wikipedia.cfr.com/content/u_moves_to_sell_spy_drones_to_south_korea/1572398.org/blog/secrecy/2012/07/somalia_arms.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 98 South Korea. see Korea.fas.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Syria See listing http://blogs.com/tech/2012/10/09/korea-developing-kamikaze-attack-drone/ http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 97 South Africa https://en.wikipedia.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ See Europe’s NEURON. Republic of See listing http://blogs.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 https://publicintelligence.scribd. The US is blatantly violating the agreement the US helped craft.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ https://en. 96 http://www.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.lawfareblog.html 99 http://www.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 https://publicintelligence.usatoday.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. South98 US Drones to South America99 Spain100 Sri Lanka101 US Drone use in Sudan.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.abc. South http://www. but the US is not applying for them.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 104 Switzerland https://en.cfr.cfr.com/2012/06/proxy-detention-in-somalia-and-the-detention-drone-tradeoff/ The USA helped the UN establish an arms embargo to Somalia 20 years ago.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.wired.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 101 See listing http://blogs.voanews.au/news/2012-06-12/52-killed-in-syria-as-troops-pound-rebels-strongholds/4064990 17 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .cfr. http://www.105 Here is an article entitled “American’s secret war in Africa” which really means Somalia.foxnews. 105 http://www.cfr.wikipedia.wordpress.17           Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Uganda Drone attacks in Somalia96 South Africa97 South Korea.

cfr.wikipedia.wired.defensenews.com/news/sns-rt-us-kenya-usa-militarybre86k0h0-20120721.com/news/world/story/2012-08-03/clinton-sudan/56727774/1 http://www.org/node/65614 http://www.com.6933108.latimes.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 108 http://www.com/article/2013/02/18/us-emirates-drones-idUSBRE91H0AY20130218 http://www.usatoday.wordpress.18  Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Syria uses Iranian-made drones.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs. 114 See listing http://blogs.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.com.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 112 Turkey https://dronewarsuk.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 18 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .mb.eurasianet.story 116 See listing http://blogs.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/wsh2013/278.106 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations T+ (3 Feb 24)            106 107 Taiwan107 Tanzania108 Thailand109 Trinidad and Tobago110 Tunisia111 Turkey112 Nations U+ (3 Feb 24) Uganda113 UK see Britain Ukraine114 United Arab Emirates115 (UAE) United Arab Republics116 http://www.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ Uganda buys drones from USA https://www.wikipedia.chicagotribune.thenews.0.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head Turkey wants to use US military drones against militants of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 115 https://en.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 110 See listing http://blogs. 113 Uganda.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.com/business/la-fi-predator-drone-sale-20130223.cfr.pk/article-72521-Use-of-Shamsi-for-drones-had-a-Pak-nod http://www.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles See listing http://blogs.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ https://en.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter.cfr.uk/news/world-africa-13946702 https://publicintelligence.pdf http://www.story See listing http://blogs.cfr.ph/articles/372086/age-of-drone-and-robots 109 Thailand https://en.reuters. see Somalia http://www.bbc.2844488.fas.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ 111 Tunisia https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles http://www.e-ir.cfr.0.com/dangerroom/2012/07/syria-drones/ Taiwan https://en.cfr.co.cfr.wikipedia. http://www.cfr.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ See listing http://blogs.

html http://www.wikipedia. including: Maps.com/2012/06/14/opinion/how-drones-help-al-qaeda.net/2012/03/robot-wars-documentary/ https://en.longwarjournal.com/articles/137760/christopher-swift/the-drone-blowback-fallacy 19 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .foreignaffairs. see News & Research.com/world/national-security/yemeni-president-acknowledges-approving-usdrone-strikes/2012/09/29/09bec2ae-0a56-11e2-afff-d6c7f20a83bf_story.com/2012/10/quicktake-drones-sometimes-kill-the-wrong-peoplegregory-johnsen41579/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+middleeastvoices%2Ffull feed+%28Middle+East+Voices+-+Full+Feed%29 Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. Inventory of US military drones: https://publicintelligence.ir/en/news/10521 See Dec 2012 in Drone Dates (time line) for more info about this claim.html?_r=1 http://www.122 USA: Prominent in all my Drone documents. Iran.story 120 https://en.cfr.washingtonpost. with help from China.org/issues/asymmetric-operations/the-strategic-effects-of-a-lethal-dronespolicy/ http://www.mepc.barackobama. and other countries.nytimes.net/us-air-force-uas-mishaps-1997-2011/ See listing http://blogs.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle 122 Yemen: See chapter on Statistics in Drone Notes.chicagotribune. according to their President.org/multimedia/Yemen/code/Yemen-strike. http://www. See many chapters of Drone Notes.com/news/sns-rt-us-venezuela-iran-dronebre85d14n20120614. Russia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print http://www.html http://www.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Introduction to Drone Wars UK Briefing http://www. https://dronewarsuk. http://icrac.middleeastvoices. 118 http://www.wikipedia. The USA used Drones in the Vietnam War.cnn. Also see International Law in Drone Scribd. for now.wikipedia.com/dangerroom/2012/10/secret-drone-base/ http://middleeastvoices.voanews. Statistics.com/category/projects/drone-data/ https://www.factoverfiction.html http://americansecurityproject. https://www.com/2012/06/11/opinion/bergen-yemen-drone-war/index.121 (1960’s-1970’s) US Drone Attacks in Yemen. International Law. See summaries end 2011 2012 in Drone Dates.scribd.php http://www.com/article/983 Fact over Fiction has retired.0.273634.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 http://www.19      117 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM United States of America117 Venezuela is using Drones made in Russia118 Venezuela is building its own drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ which says USA and Israel are primary exporters of drones.scribd.net/dod-uas-inventory-through-2017/ Lists of USAF drone official mishaps (not including those still a secret): https://publicintelligence.thebureauinvestigates.nytimes.com/story/18783048/chavez-venezuela-making-drones-assembling-rifles 119 http://www.wandtv.com/doc/84993286/Drone-WarsBriefing-Final2 Al Jazeera “Fault Lines” series looks at US use of drones and robotic weaponry.com/2012/06/16/world/obama-admits-us-fight-of-al-qaeda-has-extended-to-somaliaand-yemen.120 independently of US in Vietnam War.wordpress.com/2012/06/at-issue-are-us-drone-strikes-in-south-asia-middle-east-ethical97033/ http://www.wired.119 Vietnam.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles 121 https://en.org/wiki/List_of_unmanned_aerial_vehicles Iran claims to capture US drones: http://www.

the FBI arrested an individual in the US on charges that he planned to crash radio-controlled unmanned airplanes loaded with explosives into the U.wired.org/2012/05/17/152854335/why-the-u-s-is-aggressively-targeting-yemen https://dronewarsuk.20 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Contrary to a common misconception. which will be operated by the Yemeni government. like man operated aircraft.google. most drones are not weaponized. Typically there is one person piloting the thing. since air craft carriers are often quite busy with man operated flights.com/2012/09/06/a-century-of-drone-crashes/ Some US Drone Usage in Yemen. Some drones are operated by another person in a manned chase plane. US military statistics indicate that only 4-5% of US military drones carry weapons. I do not know how they get landing permission.html The USA is buying a fleet of spy planes. Also note Drone Issues.  Sep 2011.npr.com/dangerroom/2012/11/yemen-spy-planes/ https://publicintelligence.S.591 20 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . and another observer watching what is all around the drone. and they can also land on air craft carriers. Most drones in the skies are used for surveillance. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. to help try to avoid collisions.npr. http://www. 123 http://www. Many drones are operated by someone on the ground who can see the drone involved. Those kinds can refuel in mid-air.org/2012/07/06/156367047/yemen-airstrikes-punish-militants-andcivilians?sc=17&f=1001 https://www. http://www. was at the request of the Yemen government.om/node/100875 The Yemen government is making it very difficult to get good counts of how many killed by US drones.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i1Mg8u5k0LNqU8qxGUHVN33C9aQ?docId=CNG. using some internally loaded programming.com/2012/12/the-washington-post-on-drones-and-civilian-casualties-in-yemen/ http://www. and define some of them in Drone Terms. Non-Nations and Terrorists with Drones (2 Oct 08) I address potential developing threats in my Drone Notes.wordpress. Some are now self-operated.8f657e7756ba3cc13598d43a03fa008d. The military also operates drones on the ground. UN wants to use drones to monitor fighting between Congo and Rwanda . seeing what it can see. We also have robot drones in outer space.lawfareblog. https://www.123 So add UN to the list of non-nations with drones.com/world/middle_east/when-us-drones-kill-civilians-yemens-governmenttries-to-conceal-it/2012/12/24/bd4d7ac2-486d-11e2-8af9-9b50cb4605a7_story.washingtonpost.omanobserver.net/us-drones-in-africa/ Also see Africa Drone Attacks chapter. which tells them what to do. Capitol and the Pentagon. http://main. Drones are not all operated by some person at some remote site. on and under the sea.

com/International/wireStory/pakistan-motorcade-protesting-us-drones-sets-off17412632#. where Israel thought it was from Iran.L-4293342.com/indepth/opinion/2012/10/20121017145040613579.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-285/ 128 http://www. so then they shot it down. Here’s John Villasenor over at Slate on the news’ implications. Oct 8. 124 http://www.com/articles/0.ynetnews. they find that some of the on-board equipment was made in Germany.html 127 http://www.00.UHLOVlLXeyE 21 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .html 131 https://www.haaretz. and Guy Azriel of CNN with video of the drone being shot down:132 Speaking of drones.usnews. 125 Both Iran and Hezbollah claim to have sent other drones over Israel. Israel announced that it had shot down a drone that had penetrated its airspace.com/news/world/report-iran-has-drone-pictures-of-israeli-bases-1. which Israel did not notice.html http://tehrantimes.go.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.134 and Salman Masood of the New York Times135 on the protests.ssf/2012/10/america_should_brace_for_blowb.time.com/2012/10/23/riding-the-thermals-inside-hizballahs-drone-mostly-hot-air/ http://www.128 Bloomberg129 with Israel’s remarks. Here’s Ishtiaq Mahsud of the AP.html?ref=world 132 http://www.472441 http://www.com/news/2012-10-07/israel-says-drone-origin-being-probed-amid-hezbollahlink-report.html 129 http://www.aljazeera.cnn. the AP on Israel’s flyover over Lebanon in response130.bloomberg.html http://world.com/2012/10/08/world/middleeast/lebanon-says-israeli-planes-circled-its-airspacefor-an-hour.com/article/SB10000872396390443294904578042861902724622. the New York Times story on Israel’s flyover131. 134 http://abcnews. did not react to.com/opinion/102606-the-collapse-of-iron-dome 125 http://www. tried to hack it down.nytimes.com/news/articles/2012/10/30/new-iranian-surveillance-drones-likely-expert-says 126 http://www.124 Iran claims to have pictures of Israeli military bases.7340. failed. Thousands of people involved in this protest.126 Lawfare points at some of the early reports. Now that Israel has the crashed evidence.  Hezbollah is one terrorist organization which has acquired and used UAV technology to date.html 130 http://online.wsj.slate.lawfareblog.com/opinion/the-real-purpose-of-the-hezbollah-drone. 2012 QUOTE127 Over the weekend.newsday.com/opinion/columns/index.4166799 http://www. The Oct 6 drone incursion was subsequently traced to Hezbollah.premium-1.silive. taken by the crashed drone. There was a story in the news in October 2012 about a drone over Israel. there’s a protest underway led by Pakistani politician Imram Khan along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border133.com/2012/10/07/world/meast/israel-downed-drone/ 133 See Oct 2012 in Drone Dates.21 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Hezbollah drones (2 Oct 29) According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.

wsj.npr.139 Hezbollah officials acknowledged that the drone that Israel shot down last weekend was theirs.com/2012/10/12/world/middleeast/hassan-nasrallah-sayshezbollah-flew-iranian-designed-drone-into-israel.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370. before they do any harm.html?_r=2&ref=world& 143 http://www.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 22 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .nytimes.lawfareblog.22 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here’s NPR’s Dina Temple-Raston’s latest report on U. Oct 12.html?mod=googlenews _wsj 141 http://www.com/2012/10/todays-headlines-and-commentary-289/ 139 As with all such news.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.com/Defense/Article. if local officialdom agrees the killed were insurgents.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan 137 http://www. drone strike policy in Pakistan. and other dimensions.jpost. 140 the Jerusalem Post141 and the Times142 on the subject.S.136 UNQUOTE The Slate article raises important questions about the ability of Israel. UNQUOTE 135 https://www.html?ref=world 136 https://www. and intercept them.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/10/07/israel_shoots_down_drone_that_may_have_been_ma de_by_iran_launched_from_lebanon_.wsj. ability to detect hostile drones. 2012 QUOTE145 Hezbollah leader Seyed Hassan Nasrallah characterized the reconnaissance operation. the death toll was 18.aspx?id=287487 144 http://www.aspx?id=287487 142 New York Times https://www.jpost.143 Slate said the drone was shot down by an Israeli fighter jet air to air missile. Here’s the Journal.com/article/SB10000872396390443749204578050983096555370.com/2012/10/08/world/asia/in-pakistan-drone-protest-led-by-imran-khan-takesdetour-for-safety.137 According to Lawfare. which he said used an Iranian drone assembled in Lebanon.slate. as a major success for the Shiite group.html 145 http://online.slate.html 138 http://www. 2012 QUOTE138 There was a drone strike yesterday that killed 18 insurgents yesterday along the Afghan-Pakistan border.144 The Wall Street Journal wrote Oct 11. we won’t know until much later coverage. or any nation for that matter.com/Defense/Article. 140 Wall Street Journal http://online. UNQUOTE The Jerusalem Post said the drone was shot down with a Patriot surface to air missile.nytimes.

thenassauguardian.story Caribbean http://www.ir/detail/2012/11/10/271423/us-drone-in-iran-act-of-provocation/ 151 http://www. and been told that the USA does not believe they need any permission from nations of the Caribbean for this activity.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 150 http://www.0.popsci. Drone Notes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623.presstv. 150 US officials say that it is an act of war for Iran to attack US drones.html http://www. suspected drug smuggling. Most people are aware of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.com/index.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2009-09/no-nuke-or-space-military-botspleads-arms-control-committee 153 US Drone military bases.nytimes.0. Other countries consider the relevant distance to be much smaller.com/story/news/world/2012/11/08/us-drone/1692479/ http://aviationintel.com/article/krauthammer-today-iran-hits-a-drone-tomorrow-a-plane-with-a-pilotit 152 http://www. which seeks to limit the spread of nuclear weapons.152 Regions and Continents (3 Jan 29)  Africa153 Non-Proliferation Treaties (2 Oct 08) More info about International Law is in: Drone Scribd. 151 Outer Space (2 Dec 02) We might not have them there yet.globalresearch.com/2012/11/08/iranian-su-25s-fire-on-predator-flying-over-the-persian-gulf/ http://aviationintel.3135494.3135494.146 Caribbean has US drones surveillance vs.lawfareblog.ca/american-drones-over-africa-new-us-military-bases-in-west-africa/5321454 23 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32304&Itemid=86 149 http://www.com/news/2013-01-28/here-come-drones-or-true-reason-mali-incursion http://www.147 Nations of the region have asked the USA for clarification. in support of NATO and other alliances. (2 Nov 10)   US Drones over the Bahamas. Drone Terms.com/2013/01/29/us/us-plans-base-for-surveillance-drones-in-northwest-africa. A US drone was operating 16 miles from Iran’s coast.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-drugs-caribbean-20120623. Some countries think 200 miles off their shores is part of their nation. while promoting the spread of peaceful uses of 146 147 http://www. that is an act of war.zerohedge. an area the USA claims to be International Airspace. when it was attacked by the Iranian Air Force.148 There is also some finger pointing going on between politicians.23 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM International Airspace Waters etc.com/2013/01/the-end-of-war-a-recent-timeline/ http://www.story 148 http://www.latimes.examiner.usatoday.latimes.149 Iran says that for the USA to fly a drone through their air space. fighting in multiple nations of a region: https://www. but there is discussion of possibilities.

Nuclear Drone.gao.  See: Cruise Missiles. Member nations of MTCR:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Brazil  Britain = UK  Bulgaria  Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  France  Germany  Greece  Hungary  Iceland  Ireland  Italy  Japan  Korea. and for technologies associated with the delivery of such weapons. WMD. There are similar treaties for the chemical and biological WMD. MTCR (2 Oct 08) MTCR = Missile Technology Control Regime154 is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 34 nations. in Drone Terms. South  Luxembourg  Netherlands  Norway  Poland  Portugal  Russia  South Africa  Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey 154 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.pdf 24 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .gov/assets/600/593131. cruise missiles. and drones. capable of transporting and delivering WMD payload. started in 1987 to limit the spread of technology of ballistic missiles.24 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM nuclear energy.

Lithuania. Latvia. as of early 2012 October comparison. excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA. Romania.  Algeria  Angola  Armenia  Azerbajan  Belarus  Botswana  Burundi  China  Chile  Columbia  Croatia  Egypt  Estonia  Ethiopia  Gaza  Georgia  India  Indonesia  Iran  Israel  Ivory Coast  Jordan  Kazakstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Libya  Lithuania  Malaysia  Mexico  Morocco  Nepal  New Zealand 25 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .25   Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations in Wassenaar but NOT on above MTCR list: Croatia. Slovakia. but do not yet have their own drones. NOT on above MTCR list. and Slovenia. Estonia. Nations with drones. Mexico.

formed in 1996.pdf 26 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .gov/assets/600/593131.Uk  Bulgaria  Canada  Croatia  Czech Republic  Denmark  Estonia 155 See GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July from http://www.155 It is a voluntary consensus-driven association of 41 nations.26                        Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Romania Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Wassenaar (2 Oct 08) Wassenaar Arrangement controls export of dual-use technologies. and sensitive technologies which are dual-use in both civilian and military applications. Member nations of Wassenaar:  Argentina  Australia  Austria  Belgium  Britain . some used commonly in drones. to limit the proliferation of certain conventional weapons.gao.

but do not yet have their own drones. NOT on above Wassenaar list. Nations with drones.        Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbajan Belarus Botswana Brazil 27 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . excluding nations like Somalia which are under attack by drones of Uganda and USA.27                               Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea. South Latvia Lithouania Luxembourg Malta Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine USA Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Brazil is a member of MTCR but NOT on above Wassenaar list. as of early 2012 October comparison.

28                                             Drone Nations listed by Al Mac Burundi China Chile Columbia Egypt Ethiopia Gaza Georgia India Indonesia Iran Israel Ivory Coast Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Kuwait Lebanon Lesotho Libya Malaysia Morocco Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman Pakistan Panima Peru Philippines Serbia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Uganda United Arab Emirates United Arab Republics Venezuela Vietnam 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM 28 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .

I had found reports identifying 85 nations where drones had been operating. is quoted:159 Besides the United States there are 76 countries with military robotics programs right now.bbc. export licensing data and open source materials.S. Most news media reports appear to use the GAO 2004 estimate. See links in context. QUOTE:157  In 2004. March 4.29 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Count Reconciliation (3 Mar 04) Many news stories156 repeat ancient estimates of how many nations have drones. On the occasion of an Nov 2012 attack by militants in Gaza.pdf which I downloaded as GAO Drones by Nation 04-175 2004 Jan. UNQUOTE That’s approximately double in 7 years. Professor Ronald Arkin.huffingtonpost.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003&ir=Politics 157 from http://www.gao.co.gov/assets/250/241243. Nov-19: "There's no country on Earth that would tolerate missiles raining down on its citizens from 156 http://www. In a BBC article. Then over time.com/2012/11/27/americandrones_n_2199193. to find those the GAO apparently did not know about. 159 http://www. as of 2012 July. which I was able to reproduce below. of the Georgia Institute of Technology. as of 2012 Sep 15. According to my count. found that this number grew over the intervening period to at least 76 countries. or did not consider should be listed. without doing research as good as mine. and I am an amateur at this.uk/news/magazine-21576376 29 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 2013. According to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. President Obama is quoted as saying. and some controlled by other nations.gov/assets/600/593131. to details on each. or the larger volume of drones.gao. from GAO analysis. some by that nation.pdf 158 http://www. UNQUOTE It is unclear from context if he is referring to the autonomous kind. I compared the nations on the bottom of the map below. to the nations listed above with links to how I found out they had drones. GAO reported approx 41 countries had acquired a UAV.158  GAO review of current U. which people sometimes refer to as robots. shooting hundreds of missiles into Israel. I added a dribble of additions to that count. Figure 3 of the GAO report is a map of those 76 countries.

I am not counting surveillance here. Tanzania uses drones to catch poachers. Somalia. Djibouti and Seychelles have bases for drones used by NATO nations in above conflicts. Russia. and Bosnia have been on the receiving ends of NATO nations’ military drones. also by Uganda’s drones. As of 2012 Sep-30.”160 That is a very odd thing to say. There are also 14+ more nations-regions under attack-surveillance by drones. and 2 nations with bases for drones. and Iran. The above listed nations or regions do not yet have their own drones. Yemen. Bahamas. Bermuda. but those nations also do not have their own. and count wild life. or hijack for them to study. Hezbollah has flown at least one drone. Gaza and Palestine are on the receiving ends of Israel military drones. given that USA is outside the many nations where drones are raining down upon them. Other nations also targeted. Armenia. but I am just listing here those which appear to be missing from the GAO report. Lesotho mountainous regions have NGO drones delivering medical supplies. Portugal. the GAO map has 76 nations listed. Afghanistan. soon after another drone crash. They will. most of them from USA. Venezuela is building drones with help from China. Drone Attack by what Nations? (2 Oct 28) More details in later chapters. claims more. or entities. over Israel. Nepal uses drones to catch poachers. which have crashed. Kenya is receiving drones from US military to help in fight against Al Qaeda. which have also experienced the phenomena of drone crashes.com/blog/2012/11/19/no-country-on-earth-would-tolerate-missi 30 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . with drones not on the list of 76. So my count has become 86-102. UN uses drones to monitor fighting and cease fires. Mali.30 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM outside its borders. and Caribbean are being spied on by US Border Patrol drones looking for drug smuggling. and in Somalia’s case. depending on whether the 14+2 should be included. Sudan. just deadly force by drones. and Vietnam are listed in Wikipedia as having their own drones. with what nations were controlling those drones. I have identified 10 other nations.  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Britain 160 http://reason. Iraq. Congo and Rwanda fighting is to be monitored by UN drones. where they do not have their own.

7805802. which referred to them as 161 http://www.com. just deadly force by drones.google.theaustralian. There were those which doubted Palestine was in fact a nation state.nbcnews.31          Drone Nations listed by Al Mac France Georgia Germany Israel Russia Turkey Uganda USA 11 = my count.161 Until then. were where the attacks took place.com/u/0/113203226894654744883/posts/hrkMNgDE6PH 31 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .story http://worldnews.latimes. as of 2013 Feb-24 Palestine #194 joins UN (2 Nov 30) Update: Palestine became # 194 member state of UN. 2012. or regions. Palestine wanted to be a member. I am not counting surveillance here.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite http://www. It had a weak kind of observer status at the UN. Nov 29.  Afghanistan  Armenia  Azerbaijan  Bosnia  Britain  Chechnya  Gaza  Georgia  Iraq  Libya  Mali  Pakistan  Palestine  Russia  Somalia  Sudan  Turkey  Vietnam  Yemen  19 = my count.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 https://plus.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129.0. with which nations. as of 2012 Oct-28 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Drones Targeted what Nations? (3 Feb 24) More details in later chapters.

France. with 41 abstentions. The United States and its allies share the objective of a two-state solution.latimes.com.com/_news/2012/11/29/15546351-un-upgrades-palestinian-status-bolsteringstatehood-claim?lite 163 http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-un-palestine-vote-20121129. Norway..story 164 http://www.0. in its quixotic vote against the Palestinian Authority’s request for nonmember observer state status. Panama. should they choose to join them. but is less than full member voting status. And the Greens argued the Federal Government was out of step with the world.a vote of 138-9. UNQUOTE 162 http://worldnews. the Czech Republic and four tiny Pacific island states were the only ones in the 193-member U. which grants them access to some UN functions. NBC World News wrote:162 QUOTE The resolution lifts the Palestinian Authority's U. Granting Palestinians the title of "non-member observer state" falls short of full U. The UN resolution was approved overnight by more than two-thirds of the 193member world body .32 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM the “occupied territories.7805802.N. Italy.au/news/palestine-vote-row/story-e6frg6n6-1226527733858 32 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .S.N. But it does allow them access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies. membership — something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year.S. elevating them to nonmember observer state. Spain. Denmark and Turkey were among the U.N. General Assembly siding with the U. UNQUOTE The AUSTRALIAN wrote. UNQUOTE The LA Times wrote:163 QUOTE Israel. observer status from "entity" to "non-member state”. about Australia abstaining:164 QUOTE Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr said the vote would encourage peace talks.theaustralian. allies joining the majority in the 138-9 vote.” But that cha nged with the Nov 29 vote. while Opposition Leader Tony Abbott said it should have been voted down until Palestine accepted Israel's right to security. Canada. differing more on procedural strategy for getting the two sides back to the negotiating table.

165 http://geography. and not rescinded them. Western Sahara remains in dispute. which is not a member of the UN.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_part_of_the_United_Nations 33 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .com/od/politicalgeography/a/nun.33 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Nations not in UN (2 Dec 20) In my studies of International Law on Drone usage. but trust New Zealand to represent their interests there. is an independent nation. Taiwan is a former member of the UN. so here let’s list those I am aware of. as the Republic of China. For example North Korea has exited the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Israel. according to a guy I met on G+. with Morocco. but chooses not to. however it has diplomatic relations with 69 nations. It is eligible to join. I have been careful to note that the UN treaties are only valid among nations which have signed them. ratified them. does not yet have UN membership. but now China is represented by the People’s Republic of China. supposedly in rebellion since Pakistan acquired the territory in 1948. and Britain.answers. The UN believes in its right to self-determination. or Holy See of the Catholic church. with the usual citations.about. Cook Islands and Niue are not members of UN. Drone Foreign Attacks (2 Oct 27) In late 2012 October. which are not members of the UN? 165 Balochistan is a province of Pakistan. when I was aware of maybe a dozen or more.answers. but has not gained enough international recognition to join the UN. as to its legal status. South Sudan recently won independence from North Sudan. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The Vatican.com/Q/Which_countries_are_not_members_of_the_UN http://wiki. I saw an article on CNN saying that the only nations which had used drones to attack other nations. but has full observer status. which used to represent China. as Taiwan is considered to be part of the PRC. what nations exist on planet Earth. and many nations with nuclear weapons never signed that treaty. incorporated them into their domestic laws. Feb 2008. I was amazed at how CNN could publish such an ignorant article.htm http://wiki. which is in the UN. but South Sudan. Aside from the many UN treaties which only some of the 194 member nations of the UN have signed. were the US. Russia may veto their application to join the UN.

 Somalia is attacked by drones from Uganda (with UN approval) and from USA (without UN approval). with a variety of tools. including drones. There is a heck of a lot of surveillance. and its annotations below. where a DRONE DOMESTIC ATTACK is where a drone controlled by someone in nation-A attacks people in nation-A.net/us-drones-in-africa/ I am also updating Drone Dates time line with some info from this link. This is after Somalia became a failed state. Feb 24. 2013. but maybe surveillance only. like a whole string of other African nations.  Mali is attacked by drones from France. doing nothing to help the local people rebuild a nation. There will be attacks where we do not know who controls the drone. US drones are back. have had 2 crashes since Dec 2011  South Sudan – sounds like drone surveillance only. o Mauritania.  Djibouti . let’s define a DRONE FOREIGN ATTACK as one where a drone controlled by nation-A attacks people in nation-B. going beyond surveillance. The French also base some Mali-related activities here. without international intervention. When I first looked at this map. terrorists. Africa drone attacks (3 Feb 24) Attacks = where drones attack the people on the ground. Then thanks to events in Benghazi.  Libya escaped Qadaffi rule. no confirmation that US drones from here  Libya – used by US and French in Mali  Niger – new base.  Seychelles – drones fly from here since 2009. and French allies. and o the Sahara.166 It is not immediately clear if some of these are for manned flight only.armed drones from here vs. so far.  Syrian government is using drones to attack its own people. There is an ugly pattern there. o Mali. 166 https://publicintelligence. smugglers. where the international response is to attack the criminals and pirates based there. thanks to NATO aiding the rebels. There are also attacks where the targets are believed to be invaders. in addition to these attacks.: o Somalia o Yemen  Ethiopia – armed drones from here fly over Somalia  Kenya – it is only a suspicion. 34 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . into: o Central African Republic o Democratic Republic of Congo. This is after the nation went to hell. south of Mali – US drones fly surveillance missions from here vs. I saw they existed in the following nations:  Burkino Faso – this tiny nation is in NW Africa.34 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM For purposes of my research. not yet operational  Nigeria – US drones here are used for surveillance in Mali. others not native to the nation. Here is a map of US drone and surveillance bases in Africa.

carrying bombs.168 It is unclear to me whether drone involved. using a treaty the US helped negotiate. 25 April 2002. 2012:169 QUOTE The Turkish military in December 2011 killed 34 Kurdish villagers who were mistakenly thought to be PKK militants.org/node/65614 Also see: http://www. by criminal negligence accident.35 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM   o Republic of South Sudan.eurasianet. In this chapter. Kenya. and o Uganda. The US drone damn near killed over 100 Ugandan soldiers. June 28. of “rebel warlord” Omar Ibn al Khattab in Chechnya. See in my Drone Reports official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. 168 BBC. with prior sources167 Unclear symbol right on border of Kenya and Somalia … which nation is it in? I shall assume. such as a US drone near miss over Somalia international airport. Germany launched several kinds of drones. Many of these I had already known thanks to other sources. April 2002 there was targeted killing. Russia ‘Kills’ Chechen Warlord.info/2012/06/27/flying-blind-why-armed-drones-may-detract-from-turkish-security/ 35 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 167 Prior sources indicate Uganda obtained armed drones to support their operations in Somalia. with UN approval. According to the TURKO*FILE. with a Uganda flight of troops approved to go in by the UN. 169 http://www. part of a convoy of alleged smugglers heading towards the Turkish border from Iraq. but does not mesh well. and also supplying Uganda and Burundi with unarmed spy drones. allegedly by Russian armed forces. for years if not decades. Uganda – info here supplements. This source talks about the US using drones here for surveillance of Uganda. from context. and it was one sided as far as the drones were concerned. and Drone Wars (where both sides have drones). Europe drone attacks (2 Oct 27) See separate chapters on NATO drone attacks (by NATO nations on nations where NATO doing peacekeeping work). The deadly attack on the 34. that this is Manda Bay. Israel shot down a drone launched by Hezbollah. which was assembled in Lebanon from an Iranian kit. then blow up there. During WW II. In Oct 2012.e-ir. with some German electronics. but this does increment my count of nations where drones are operating. then US rapidly violated. to crash land in Britain. I cite where some nation in Europe got attacked by drones. in response to rocket attacks and suicide bombing attacks against Israel. See separate chapter just on that incident. came as a result of intelligence provided by an American drone on loan to Turkey which first noticed the convoy. Arab Israeli Drone Conflict (2 Oct 27) Gaza and Palestine have been on the receiving ends of Israel military drones.

org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). During the first Gulf War.org/wiki/Anwar_al-Aulaqi https://en. LIVING UNDER 36 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .36 UNQUOTE Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM NATO and Coalition drone attacks (2 Oct 28) Nations attacked by NATO nations’ military drones. according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan). a candidate in parliamentary elections.175 In 2005.wikipedia.wikipedia.mepc.org/wiki/Mohammed_Atef https://en.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan 172 https://en. US drones were first known to be used in Pakistan.wikipedia. have had their drones attack all of the nations on the earlier list.173 drones were used to shoot down aircraft violating the no fly zones.wikipedia.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 177 http://livingunderdrones. have included: 170  Afghanistan  Bosnia  Iraq  Mali 171  Pakistan  Somalia  Sudan  Vietnam 172  Yemen NATO nations. 170 171 https://en.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/drone-warfare-blowback-new-american-waywar?print 176 http://www.org/wiki/Kamal_Derwish 173 The first Gulf War was the one which started because of Iraq invasion of Kuwait.174 In 2002. 174 http://aviationintel. have included:  Britain  France  Germany  USA Not all of the NATO nations on above list.177 US special forces bombed the convoy of Zabet Amanullah. whose drones have attacked other nations.176 September 2010.mepc. US drones were first known to be used in Yemen.com/2012/08/14/predator-vs-foxbat-the-future-of-air-to-air-combat-via-drone-beganalmost-a-decade-ago/ 175 http://www.

com/articles/0. detailed in Drone Dates. 179 Many other instances. 2012) 37 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . according to Living Under Drones (in Pakistan)183 US forces used a predator drone to fire upon and kill two American soldiers. by mistake. Drone Notes.L-4296758.ynetnews. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September. let’s define a DRONE WAR as where drones are used on BOTH SIDES of a conflict. In April 2011. or allies. and Drone Terms. Drone Friendly Fire (2 Oct 27) “Friendly Fire” is when military shoots at its own troops. where a DRONE ATTACK is where a drone is used in making a military attack on some people. 181 http://www.pdf US authorities contended that Muhammad Amin and Zabet Amanullah were the same person. Drone Scribd.37 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM killing him along with nine fellow election workers. who DRONES: DEATH. of US inappropriate drone attacks on innocents. AFGHANISTAN ANALYSTS NETWORK. It is unclear to me whether drones were involved.minnpost. with drones on both sides. 180 See in my official document collection: UN Drone Legalities 2010 May. INJURY. available at http://aanafghanistan. AND TRAUMA TO CIVILIANS FROM US DRONE PRACTICES IN PAKISTAN (September.00.org/ INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CLINIC (STANFORD LAW SCHOOL) AND GLOBAL JUSTICE CLINIC (NYU SCHOOL OF LAW). THE TAKHAR ATTACK: TARGETED KILLINGS AND THE PARALLEL WORLDS OF US INTELLIGENCE AND AFGHANISTAN (2011).181 In 2010 I learned about a war going on between Armenia and Azerbaijan. US forces reportedly mistakenly believed Amanullah to be a member of the Taliban.alaskadispatch.com/uploads/20110511KClark_Takhar-attack_final. According to Clark. 178 This illustrates the quality of US intelligence used to determine who should be attacked.7340. in Afghanistan.179 Drone Wars (2 Oct 27) For purposes of my research. with both sides using targeted killing. with drones used on both sides. as opposed to drones used in surveillance and terrorizing civilian populations. this assertion was demonstrated to be false when Amin was interviewed in Pakistan after the September 2.180 August 2008 there was a five day war between Russia and Georgia. 2010 strike.html http://www. INJURY.com/article/how-russia-and-georgia-started-drone-arms-race 182 http://www. 2005-2008 there was a revolution in Sri Lanka. LIVING UNDER DRONES: DEATH.com/global-post/2012/10/drone-violence-along-armenian-azerbaijani-border-couldlead-war 183 http://livingunderdrones. 2012) 178 Kate Clark.182 I do not know how long that conflict has been going on.

http://www.38 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM had apparently been mistaken for Taliban fighters. 2011).com/id/42537620/ns/world_newssouth_and_central_asia/t/usservicemen-mistakenly-killed-drone-attack-afghanistan/ 185 from http://www.msnbc.185 Page Break for Illustration. 2 US servicemen mistakenly killed by drone attack in Afghanistan. organized by location and continent of planet Earth according to GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.msn. NBC NEWS (April 11.gov/assets/600/593131. Mapping Drone Nations and Drone Strikes (2 Oct 26) Here are nations. 184 Jim Miklaszewski.pdf 38 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . with drones.184 which illustrates the reliability of systems used to identify enemy forces.gao.

00047e 8cdfc55d220dee7 39 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=202193247307216271592.39 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of where US drones have attacked in Pakistan:  New America Foundation map analysis of drone strikes in Pakistan.186 186 https://maps.

They also talk about 88 actually operating right now (88-64=24 not on earlier list.jta.com/dangerroom/2012/06/64-drone-bases-on-us-soil/ https://publicintelligence. but are not yet on above list of exporting.70.com/2013/03/02/here-comes-chinas-drones/ 192 http://www. Reality is constantly evolving.org/sgp/news/secrecy/2012/06/061412.net/drones https://maps.org/blog/secrecy/2012/06/us_drone_bases.).188 Here is info about CIA bases for drones around the world.fas.html 189 http://www.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 193 http://english.41699. some news articles indicate maybe they belong on above list.40 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Here is a map of 64 bases inside USA allegedly used to control military and CIA drone usage around the world.com/downloads/related.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=111611283754323549630.html https://www.fas.php?file=31659 190 Map of where drone attacks in Pakistan: http://counterterrorism.190 Nations where Drones Manufactured (3 Mar 11) According to sources cited within my overall notes.7.100745.google.newamerica.00047e8cdf c55d220dee7&ll=33.gearthhacks.ru/2013_03_02/Russia-to-buy-no-more-foreign-drones/ 40 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder .03125&t=p&z=7&source=embed 191 http://thediplomat. nations which manufacture drones.187 Here are links to 110 coming.444336&spn=4.net/dod-us-drone-activities-map/ 188 https://www. Here is map of Pakistan locations of USA drone strikes. include:  Britain (UK)  Germany  Hong Kong  India  Ireland  Malaysia  Norway  Russia193 187 http://www. nations (and/or geographies) which manufacture and export drones include:  Austria  China191  Europe  France  Iran  Israel192  Italy  South Africa  Switzerland  USA According to sources cited within my overall notes.ruvr.189 All this info is as of when it was found out.wired.

manufactured by USA companies: BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc). and General Atomics (US).gao.  Britain (UK) Armed Forces (Army.  China has large drones.org/zenko/2012/09/13/who-else-has-drones/ via http://www. CASC. and] MQ-9 Reaper. manufactured by IAI in Israel. perhaps because this is an unclassified report. I called GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July.  Belgium Air Force has 13 large RQ-5 Hunter drones.wordpress.gov/products/GAO-12-536 thanks to http://blogs.gao. manufactured by: Elbit Systems (Israel).pdf from http://www. As we see from my footnotes by nation.195 the largest manufacturers and exporters of drones are the USA and Israel.pdf 197 https://dronewarsuk. there are over 50 countries developing more than 900 different UAV systems. manufactured by Northrop Grumman in USA. Currently. per Drone Wars UK:197  Australia Army has 8 large Heron drones. Air Force) have over 5 large drones. Elbit (Israel). According to that GAO Drones by Nation 12-536 2012 July. This growth is attributed to countries seeing the success of the United States with UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan and deciding to invest resources into UAV development to compete economically and militarily in this emerging area. Thales (UK).cfr.41   South Korea Turkey194 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM According to US GAO analysis. 194 http://www. Italy. The models include: Hermes 450.com/article/20130304/DEFREG01/303040018/Turkey-Buy-10-Locally-MadeAnka-Drones?odyssey=nav|head 195 This per the report. according to the GAO. manufactured by Chinese companies: ASN. this is not a complete directory. downloaded http://www. QUOTE196 The number of countries developing UAVs has increased dramatically from 2005 to the present.com/2012/09/todays-headlines-and-commentary-269/ 196 http://www.gov/assets/600/593131.  Egypt Air Force has 49 large drones.defensenews. Northrop Grumman.  Ecuador Navy has 6 large drones.gao.lawfareblog. The US government might not want to make it public. The GAO report writes of many more nations in the manufacturing business. manufactured by IAI in Israel. Watch Keeper. and South Africa. but does not cover much about their exports. UNQUOTE According to Directory of Who has Drones as of beginning of 2013.  Canada Air Force has 5 large Heron drones. how much it knows about exports by nations which are potential future adversaries. CASIC. Other nations manufacturing and exporting drones include: Austria. CAC.com/6-who-has-drones-2/ 41 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . manufactured by IAI in Israel.gov/assets/600/593131.

Northrop Grumman (US). Lockheed Martin. Singapore Air Force has over 43 large drones. manufactured by SAGEM (France). Morocco Army has R4E – 50 Skyeye large drones. EMT Penzberg. Sweden Army has 3 large Sperwer drones. Air Force) have over 3 large drones. South Korea Air Force has over 3 large drones. manufactured by IAI (Israel). USA Armed Forces (Army. Germany o German Army has 14 large drones manufactured by German companies: Rheinmetall. manufactured by BAE Systems (formerly DS Inc) in USA. manufactured by Denel (South Africa).42   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM                  Finland Army has 6 large ADS-95 Ranger drones. manufactured by: Denel (South Africa). manufactured by US companies: General Atomics. manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Switzerland Army has 4 large ADS-95 drones. Thailand Army has large Searcher drones. Netherlands Army has 14 large Sperwer drones. Drone Manufacturers (3 Mar 14) Initially I got lists from multiple sources. manufactured by SAGEM (France). Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Army. Mexico Air Force has 2 large Hermes 450 drones manufactured by Elbit Systems (Israel). Malaysia Air Force has large Aludra drones manufactured by UST (Malaysia). manufactured by EMIT (Israel). manufactured by IAI and Elbit Systems (Israel). manufactured by RUAG Aviation (Swiss) & IAI (Israel). Northrop Grumman. IAI (Israel). Navy. o German Air Force has 4 large drones manufactured by IAI (Israel). manufactured by KAI (South Korea) and IAI (Israel) Spain Army has 4 large Searcher MK2 drones. Turkey Air Force has 28 large drones. EMIT (Israel). Air Force) have over 368 large drones. such as: 42 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . South Africa Air Force has large Seeker 2 drones. Philippines Air Force has 2 large Blue Horizon 2 drones. IAI (Israel). Italy Air Force has 6 large RQ-1B Predator drones manufactured by General Atomics (US). manufactured by General Atomics (US) and IAI (Israel). manufactured by IAI (Israel). & EADS (Eu’pe) India Armed Forces (Army Navy Air-Force) have 50 large drones manufactured by: ADE (India).

other news articles.huffingtonpost.com/directory/search. AAI Corporation located in USA.200 then I combined here alphabetically by company name.reuters. estimates of how much $ income they are getting (or losing) thanks to their drones.com/article/2013/03/07/mining-pdac-drones-idUSL1N0BTLQS20130307 43 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . planning separate chapters later for nations with many companies making drones. and/or targets.flightglobal. Space & Security in USA Cassidian in UK Cyberflight in UK Dassault Aviation in France Denel Aerospace Systems in South Africa Denel Dynamics in South Africa DJI in Hong Kong DRS Technologies in USA EMT in Germany Flight Solutions in Brazil Flying Robots in France General Atomics Aeronautical Systems in USA General Dynamics Gulfstream Aerospace in USA Hydra Technologies in Mexico Innocon in Israel Insitu in USA Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) 198 https://www. It includes: links to articles on each of these companies.43   Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM info about drone manufacturers in Flight Global UAV index.198 This Huffington Post piece lists some drone manufacturers.com/2013/03/11/companies-making-drones_n_2849569. makes drones disguised as birds. makes UAV for US Army Accuas Inc. Canada (mining exploration) Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) in South Africa Aeronautics Defense Systems in Israel AeroVironment (AV) in USA.199  and misc. among other kinds Aerovision in Spain Alenia Aeronautica in Italy (previously known as Aeritalia) makes air and space for military and commercial American Dynamics Flight Systems in USA Aurora Flight Sciences in USA BAE Systems in UK Baykar Machine in Turkey Bell Helicopter in USA Blue Bird Aero Systems in Israel Boeing Defence.html 200 http://www. British Columbia.aspx?navigationid=372&aircraftcategory=uav&manufacture rtype=uav 199 http://www. illustrations of their products. some of where they are being marketed.

and exports the rest to approx 49 countries.org/news/article/2013/03/04/3120936/israeli-drones-play-ever-larger-role-in-idf 44 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . a government company.Aviation & Space in Switzerland Saab Aerosystems in Sweden Sagem Défense Sécurité in France SAIC (submarine drones) Schiebel in Austria Selex Galileo in Italy Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) in Singapore Swift Engineering in USA Swiss UAV in Switzerland Textron (marine and submarine drones) Thales in France Ucon System in South Korea United States Naval Research Laboratory in USA Urban Aeronautics in Israel Warrior (Aero-Marine) (page not found) Yamaha Motor Company in USA Zala Aero in Russia Israel Drone Manufacturing (3 Mar 07) According to JTA:201 Drone manufacturing in Israel is dominated by two companies: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). 201 http://www. IAI has been manufacturing drones since 1974.jta. and Elbit Systems. all approved by the Israeli Defense Ministry. sells about 1/5 of them inside Israel.44 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Kaman Aerospace Corporation in USA Korea Aerospace Industries (South Korea) L3 BAI Aerosystemsin USA Lockheed Martin in USA Microdrones in Germany Mission Technologies (MiTex) in USA MMIST in Canada Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems in USA Patria Systems in Finland Pioneer UAV in USA Prioria in USA Prox Dynamics AS in Norway Proxy in USA Qinetiq in USA Rafael in Israel Raytheon Missile Systems in USA Rheinmetall Defence Electronics in Germany Ruag Aerospace .

which later may split again. o Legal complications. 202 202 http://www. reasons we need to figure out what is happening. which lists many educational. o When I launched this separate document. civilian peaceful applications. those concerns belong in the directory.scribd. or are victims of other nations using drones against them. where my notes ended up. Many writers are in denial. where. then participate in the political debate over what should be happening. o I am considering adding CIA Fact Book and other links to show which nations are high up in first world. read so far. etc. all my notes on Drones were in one document. o Calendar of events in Drone usage history. o Statistics on numbers of innocent bystanders killed.  Drone Notes = my main overall initial document.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info at http://www.  Drone Nations = A list of nations where drones are operating. including official sources. crashing.  Drone Iran = Claims and counter-claims about drones over Iran. and people finding out. with well known areas. from that digesting. 2012 Sep-10. I have now split them into the following:  Drone Dates = Time Line what happened when. hacked. o Later I may add regional lists by Continent. and more info. and South East Asia.scribd.  Drone Scribd = I created a Drone Info collection on Scribd. With each nation listed. The Middle East. Political Complications. o The initial list is alphabetical by nation. border conflicts. and need to be investigated. interesting. o Technology advances. clarified. o We see many articles claiming drones are in 40 or 50 nations. and stimulating Scribd Drone documents and articles. so we see which are more likely to be using drones in combat. Some of the things people believe about drones. thanks to being recent hot spots in the news. purchased. so as to get at what numbers of enemy targets. not necessarily of same nation. spying on home territory. being manufactured.  Drone Issues = A summary of what the controversial problems appear to be. the sophistication of the drones.45 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Document split (3 Mar 19) Formerly. o Drone Reports = A directory of official downloads I located. o Drone Robots = Implications of killer drones which can operate without humans in the loop. changing nature of Drone Capabilities. my count was up to 80 countries with drones. being used by military. financial collapse. will be in my other drone documents. updated as we learn more. they may be mistaken. growing excessively large. like Western Europe. o Here you can find: o Links to where I get this info. where drones are in use. some info about them. I have footnotes with links to examples of how drones are being used in that nation.com/AlMac99 45 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . so I cite proof this is real. o Other topics. o Hundreds of USA locations.

google.google. concepts. I also provide a road map to the big picture of other sources I have found. address gaps in their presentations. https://docs. we must register with the site. which have led to some non-drone content. to help authors.com/in/almacintyre then you could access my Linked In Box Net shared document files.google. etc. I cite sources to complete the story. distortions. I have also encountered some parallel tales of alleged official misconduct. where I look into what the heck happened to cause various disasters. to get at my Drone Info204 Google collection. various proposals to be better prepared for better response. In theory. Concepts etc. references. and connected to me: http://www. or incomplete pictures. I had folders for many topics. it had grown to 440 definitions. o So in addition to my summary observations on many Scribd info sources about Drones. If you are on Linked In. which have come up in my drone research. defined. to access info there. and some people are nervous about personal info which must be divulged to do so. Within the Linked In Box Net Drone Info folder. at end of Drone Notes document. o When first launched 2012 Sep. it had 260 terms. until Linked In dropped that service late in 2012.com/AlMac99 46 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . with copies of various official documents from my collection. 205 It includes a spectrum of research into many different topics. acronyms. 203 204 https://docs.  Drone Terms = Glossary of Terminology. Acronyms. Where I found. see Al Mac Shared Research section. relevant to my Drone research so far. I personally am able to access the 150+ documents involved on Box Net. which is now gone. of the other efforts. with my Drone Iran + Issues + Nations+ Notes + Reports + Robots + Scribd + Terms.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit I also have a Google Drive Doc Collection = Disaster Avoidance. here you can locate what I have uploaded there so far.scribd.linkedin. I had Drone Sources subfolder. o Within a few days. Many places on the Internet. which also includes many official documents from government and other sources. in many cases I do not yet have all the answers I desire. including Drone Info. o By end of Sep 2012. where I have collection = Drone Info. what seemed to me to be errors of fact. If you are on Scribd. There. That folder contained my Drone Issues+ Nations + Notes + Scribd + Terms.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 205 http://www.46 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Then I started reviewing them. For more details. with Google Drive Documents.203 all you need is the url in my footnote link. but it is far from as convenient as it was on the Linked In interface. to expand on the picture painted by these Scribd reports. it had grown to 750 acronyms and concepts defined.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Google Drive Document Collection = Drone Info: https://docs.

2012 Oct-14 Issues V 4. o Additions to: GPS Spoofing. PDF 167k. In this stage of development of my notes.  7 suggested key education  50 Drone downloads  1 Disasters  3 Earth Quake  7 National Security  2 Scandals  14 Later  7 Scribd mentioned 2012 Oct-17 Issues V 4. plus one terrorist organization. o Intro – Oxymoron that Killing Saves Lives. 178 foot.78 Terms. PDF 212k.8 shared 30 pages.247k. I explained Manchurian Chip. 193 are members. worth exploring and figuring out. towards the end is what I have figured out which disturbs me greatly about the nation’s vulnerability to a great spectrum of threats. then I will update this section again. 486 foot.  2012 Oct-28 Nations V 4. 82 foot. apparently not on the radar screens of the people in charge of National Defense. showing when I last added anything to a chapter.78 = 145 pages. o I reacted to another damn silly untrue news media article. identifying “the only” nations using drones to attack other nations. If it ever dies down. and serious holes in what passes for privacy protection for the people.267k. PDF 1. 7 nations not members of UN. 275k PDF. where 3 were listed … I found that 11+ nations have used drones in military attacks. Doc 2. UN Charter. Where has there been the most significant growth. o V 4. Information has been flowing too rapidly for me to keep this current. such as an additional citation? Note that I also periodically move some chapters from one split area to another.83 shared 29 pages. 2012 Oct-16 Terms V 4.83 listed 91 documents referenced. where drones operate. Doc 296k. and correlations from multiple reports. 67 foot. o Where the beginning is a list of issues. Targeted Killing.77 shared 21 pages.85 shared o 84-98 nations and regions. in addition to the hints implied by chapter headings with date in parentheses. 456k Doc. Doc 224k. where it is 18+ nations where the military attacks took place. to help improve overall organization. plus my 8 splits. in V 4. o Near end – start Government can of worms. that concern many people.    47 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . as some sub-topics become more important.47 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Revision History (3 Feb 26) Here is additional aid for people revisiting my notes.  2012 Oct-25 Reports V 4. o 870 acronyms and concepts defined.

180k PDF.48 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM Dates Issues Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-13 (2 Oct 28)   2012 Oct-13 Nations V 4. 2012 Oct 10 Reports V 4. plus my 8 splits. o   76 nations known to GAO … I reconcile this. o 85 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.1 Terms. o This is time line calendar of what allegedly happened when.7 listed: 67 documents referenced. seem to think it is wrong to call them a nation. GAO was not counting nations where they being attacked by drones.8 shared 16 pages. 470 foot. I added list of what 7 “nations”206 exist which are not members of the UN. 114 foot. o While at the same time try to explain why I think Congress should get an F grade for the quality of this work. 380k Doc. o Lots of minor changes. and mismatches. 308k PDF. 270k PDF.  6 suggested key education  44 drone downloads  7 Scribd mentioned  6 National Security  10 More 2012 Oct-10 Issues V 4. 1. what exists so far through International Law courts.7 shared: 20 pages. but not yet have their own. o 85 nations & regions with drone usage heavy citations. thanks to key publications. Doc 685k. 48 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 140 foot. o Latest focus = need for innocent victims to have remedy alternatives. o Hezbollah Drone over Israel. 2012 Oct-7 Terms V 4. and whole Human Rights area. o 830 acronyms and concepts defined. Doc 690k.62 started with: 29 page. PDF 447k. PDF 324k. which approve them. 284k Doc. 2012 Sep-30 Nations V 3. o V 4. 2012 Oct-9 split Drone Dates from Drone Notes. 110 foot. 2012 Oct-11 Scribd V 4. 280k PDF    Nations Scribd Terms thru Oct-8 (3 Feb 26)  2012 Oct-8 Nations V 4. should be considered to be nations. o I listed nations in relevant non-proliferation treaties. 2. how we found out.26m Doc. o V 4.3 shared 24 pages. 122 foot. but the major addition was my argument that: o Given that there is ample evidence Congress is doing drone oversight.66 Legal Issues added. international law within national legal systems. 575k Doc. Large numbers of people hostile to Israel.75 shared 26 pages.72 shared: 60 pages. 206 It has been controversial whether Palestine. in social media discussions. and some others. 236 foot. o UN treaties only apply to 193 UN member states. 537k Doc. so far.1 shared 138 page.2m PDF. in V 4. when they came out. o It is wrong for people to call upon Congress to do oversight of drones. 120 foot.

to disturbing stories about drone trends. and also sometimes easier for me to manage updates that way.3 Terms. had grown to:  8 cities  2 counties  14 states  26 academia  15 federal agencies  2012 May. 2012 Sep-10 I split Drone Nations separate from Drone Notes. 1. 2012 Sept-3 I split Drone Terms separate from Drone Notes.” and “Technology Advances. 850 footnotes. via social media. used as bases for other nations military drones. o I had started a Drone Info collection on Scribd. I needed to split into smaller chunks. o 80 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.855k Doc. where sometimes they crash. 49 Drone Nations in Al Studies / Drones folder . 735k PDF.3 shared 77 pages. o 635 acronyms and concepts defined. GAO also not counting nations. This became an effort to put the many links and contexts into a more coherent package. 815 PDF. correlate the value of their information. 2.4. reverse engineering it. then exporting the technology. intended to review individual docs there. 340 foot. in V 3. 2012 Sep-6 I split Drone Scribd separate from Drone Notes. since different people at different times interested in portions of the whole. at time of initial split. o 70 nations & regions identified as having drones operating.  2012 Aug end V 2. I started this research.    Notes thru 2012 Aug (2 Oct 14) Until I did first split in September 2012. all of my notes were in one document. o USA locations named with drones. o 265 acronyms and concepts defined. in V 2.3 notes now 148 pages.49 Drone Nations listed by Al Mac 3/19/2013 12:34:43 PM  which can change rapidly as we have seen with Iran taking down a US drone. 2012 Sep-21 Terms V 3. o New sections and chapters were growing for “Dates Time Line.110 doc.” o I nailed down how drones very different from other government regulation philosophies. o Prior to the start of this document. many friends had shared random links.

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