Sentence corrections practice This file contains 265 sentence correction questions with full answers and expla

nations. Good luck on your test.

In the thirties and forties, devotees of Willa Cather’s maintained that her writin g has all the qualities found in the highest order of American writers of the ni neteenth and twentieth century. A. Cather’s maintained that her writing has B. Cather’s maintained that her writing had C. Cather’s have maintained that her writing had D. Cather maintained that her writing had E. Cather maintained that her writing has The best answer is D. The phrase devotees of Willa Cather presents a complete p ossessive without adding an apostrophe to her last name. Because the sentence d escribes a past event, the verb has in the present tense is incorrect.

William Hornby acquired bison herds for breeding stock hoping that this move wou ld eventually lead to increasing in their numbers, and a fortification of their environment. A. increasing in their numbers, B. an increase in their numbers, C. their increase in numbers, D. an increasing in numbers, E. an increasing in the numbers of them, The best answer is B. Choice B clearly and correctly uses parallel noun phrases to list the effects of Hornby’s actions: an increase in… a fortification of….

Robinson is a botanist whose dream is to reestablish an authentic pre-human piec e of Hawaii, a place now awash with introduced species of plants and animals. A. B. C. D. E. who has the dream to reestablish an authentic pre-human piece of Hawaii, whose dream it is to reestablish an authentic pre-human piece of Hawaii, who it is his dream to reestablish an authentic pre-human piece of Hawaii, that is dreaming to reestablish an authentic pre-human piece of Hawaii, whose dream is to reestablish an authentic pre-human piece of Hawaii,

The best answer is E. The pronoun whose is the best way to link the dream with R obinson is a botanist. xxxAs literary criticism grows more complex, students majoring in specialized ar eas like those of post-colonialism and Marxist discourse have been becoming incr easingly successful at finding positions in the faculties of top universities. A. majoring in specialized areas like those of post-colonialism and Marxist dis course have been becoming increasingly B. who major in such specialized areas as post-colonialism and Marxist discours e are becoming more and more C. who majored in specialized areas such as those of post-colonialism and Marxi st discourse are being increasingly D. who major in specialized areas like those of post-colonialism and Marxist di scourse have been becoming more and more E. having majored in such specialized areas as post-colonialism and Marxist dis course are being increasingly The best answer is B. The phrase As literary criticism grows more complex intro duces an ongoing condition that leads to consequences described in the rest of t he sentence, which should be expressed with simple present-tense or present prog ressive. The use of like rather than such as is incorrect. In A, C, and D, tho se of is too wordy. The woodland sub-species were in isolation from contact with humans longer than either their marsh cousins or the tree-dwelling sub-species. A. B. C. D. E. in isolation from contact with humans longer than isolated from contact with humans longer than in isolation from contact with humans longer than were isolated from contact with humans longer than were in isolation and without contacts with humans longer than

The best answer is D. The phrasing of the comparisons in choices A, B, and E is

incomplete, so the comparisons are ambiguous. Choice D employs concise, idiomat ic phrasing to express a logically complete comparison.

Drinking milk enriched with vitamin D may significantly reduce the risk of ricke ts and also aid for sufferers of heart disease, according to studies recently co mpleted at the University of California in San Francisco. A. B. C. D. E. significantly reduce the risk of rickets and also aid for be significant in reducing the risk of rickets and aid for significantly reduce the risk of rickets and aid cause a significant reduction in the risk of rickets and aid to significantly reduce the risk of rickets as well as aiding

The best answer is C. Choices A, B and D each produce a clearly unintended mea ning: by using aid as a noun rather than a verb, each creates a misleading paral lel with the noun risk. Choice E lacks grammatical parallelism. Having logged thousands of hours watching primates from chimpanzees to macaques, chimps and other primates are no longer thought to be natural-born killers by D r. Swenson, they are attuned to peacemaking. A. chimps and other primates are no longer thought to be natural-born killers by Dr. Swenson, they B. Dr. Swenson has come to believe that far from being natural-born killers, chi mps and other primates C. Dr. Swenson has now the belief that far from being natural-born killers, chim ps and other primates D. chimps and other primates are not longer thought to be natural-born killers b y Dr. Swenson, they E. chimps and other primates are no more thought to be natural-born killers by Dr. Swenson, they The best answer is B. The noun that comes directly after the comma is modified b y having logged thousands of hours watching primates from chimpanzees to macaque s. Answers A, D, and E illogically have the chimps observing other primates.

xxxThe strand fills with water during the rainy season that the peat then holds and keeps it humid, all of which creates conditions enabling trees to grow. A. enabling trees to grow. B. for the trees to grow.

C. for growing trees. D. that enable the trees to grow. E. that the trees can grow. The best answer is D, because peat is mentioned in cause. If it were leaf instea d of peat, the choice would be A . In choices B and C the preposition for is us ed unidiomatically. In choice A the omission of the word the makes it sound as though these conditions are necessary for all trees.

Xxx?People can debate the aesthetic merits of these overwrought, disquieting, so metimes gruesome works of art, but no one can dispute their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blunt instrument. A. but no one can dispute their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blunt i nstrument. B. but none can dispute their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blunt ins trument. C. but not a one can dispute their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blun t instrument. D. but no person can dispute their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blun t instrument. E. but none can dispute to their creators mastery of the paintbrush as a blunt instrument. The best answer is B. The use of none is idiomatically correct. Choice E is in correct because dispute can only be followed by a direct object. xxxFor almost five thousand years after its beginning 2.5 million years ago, Hom o habilis roamed the earth, lived in semi-permanent camps, gathered food and sha red their economy. A. B. C. D. E. For almost five thousand years after its beginning 2.5 million years ago, Beginning 2.5 million years ago for a period of almost five thousand years, Beginning a period of almost five thousand years 2.5 million years ago, During five thousand years, a period beginning 2.5 million years ago, Over a period of five thousand years beginning 2.5 million years ago,

The best answer is E. Choice E is precise and idiomatically phrased. Choice A is illogical because its refers grammatically to Homo habilis. Choice B is less clear and direct.

xxx-Despite protests from some share holders, committee members have ordered the levels of department head involvement to be curtailed and that the advertising program be undertaken.

 

 

 

 

 

 

with his distant employees. the measure of levels of department head involvement to be curtailed and the advertising program to be D. but also to developing new and innov ative techniques. A. Choice E clearly and correctly uses parallel phrases: th e levels of department head involvement be…. but also to develop ing new and innovative techniques. and his distant employees. communication between the manager. B. to his distant employees. who continues to work on-site at the offi ce. who continues to work on-site at the offi ce. with his distance employees. who continues to work on-site at the office. often facilitating the communication be tween the manager. with his distant employees. communication between the manager. who continues to work on-site at the offi ce. who continues the work on-site at the off ice. the levels of department head involvement to be curtailed with their adverti sing program being E. and also to developing new and inno vative techniques. communication between the manager. with his distant employees. . that the levels of department head involvement be curtailed and the advertis ing program be The best answer is E. B. communication between the manager. E. with a keen eye for using proven methods. who continues to work on-site at the offi ce. the levels of department head involvement to be curtailed and that the adver tising program being C. communication between the manager. Advances in networking technology and home computers have made it easy for milli ons of Americans to work in their homes. The communication has to be between the manager and his em ployee. The best answer is D. the levels of department head involvement to be curtailed and that the adver tising program be B. A. with a keen eye to using proven methods. D. C. There are any number of skilled freelancers who can develop strategy and create marketing materials with a keen eye to using proven methods.A.. The advertising program be….

with a keen eye to using proven methods. The rising of costs of medication has created growing concern about the long-ter m threat the virus presents to human health on a national level. The rising cost D. Choice D does not make clear wh ether is was the father or the son who helped craft the Declaration of Independe nce. xxx-While royal governor of New Jersey. to do doing to do doing to do it endangers it endangers this would endanger so would endanger it would endanger The best answer is D. who initially preferred a continued association with England. but to developing now and innovativ e techniques.C.   . Choice D appropriately used the adverb so to refer back to the verb accord. with a keen eye not only to using proven methods. who initially preferred like his father Benjamin Franklin. The rising of costs B. D. helping craft the D eclaration of Independence after a change of heart A. but also to developing new and innovative techniques. B. Choice A is unidiomatic. A. and his initial preference like that of his father Benjamin Franklin. The best answer is C. William Franklin’s conviction that the col onies should remain part of England was not unlike that of his father Benjamin F ranklin. Rising costs C. D. though he eventually played a role in forging America s independence. not unlike that of his father Benjamin Franklin. and B costs…has lacks subject-ver b agreement. Because the rising cost E. B. A. Choice E incorrectly uses as to compare two noun phrases. E. with a keen eye not only to using proven methods. and also to developing now and innovative techniques. The expedition did not enter the water-filled clearing because it believed that to do it endangers the rare Spanish moss hanging from the trees. comparing Wil liam’s conviction with Benjamin Franklin himself. for preferring as that of his father Benjamin Franklin. Because of rising costs The best answer is C. who initially preferred The best answer is A. E. C. C. Choices B and C present faulty comparisons. Choice C correctly develops the parallel not only… but also…. who initially preferred not unlike his father Benjamin Franklin. E. D. Choices D and E produce sentence fragments since Because makes the clause subordinate rather than independent.

Forest Service. A. xxxThe U. C. directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the pas t. B. D. policy. C. not to the idea expressed in an entire clause. The pronoun which should be used to refer to a previously mentioned noun. A. on account of having on account of their having because they have because of having because it has The best answer is C. . directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. D. E is incorrect because of the unwarranted use of the present perfec t tense. B. which doubles to 250 the junior staff in the claims department doubling to 250 the number of junior staff members in the claims department which doubles to 250 the junior staff of the claims department doubling to 250 the number of junior staff members of the claims department which doubles to 250 the junior staff in the claims department that The best answer is B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.S. directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A. and super-fast home PCs.M. directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past . then five years old. directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. policy. The best answer is D.M.M. E. decided to put out every fire i n its domain.xxxAfter adopting broadband internet access. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A. E. Choices D and E correctly use the adverbial phrase more qu ickly than. pol icy. D. directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past . Weston Insurance has hired new employees. C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A. B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. pol icy. wireless personal digital assistant s. policy. A. and D. which doub les to 250 the junior staff in the claims department working from home.M. and E th ere is no specific noun. As used in choices A. xxxThe National Museum of American History owns Harley-Davidsons of various vint ages on account of having evolved into an American touchstone. and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A. Choice E has a subject-verb agreement problem. the phrases on account of and because of are unidiomatic. E. pol icy.M. C. In A. B.

relax in a palm recliner in his pa lm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. motorcycles were allotted to some of the staff by the police chief. B. others say that Ger many will take the warning seriously only if it would be backed by sanctions. If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe were marooned on an island with an eclectic mix of palms. A. he could eat dates and coconut meat. he could eat dates and coconut meat. the participial phrase beginning with able to must modify the subject of the main clause. A. relax in a palm recliner in hi s palm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. The sentence starts with the word if setting up a conditi onal situation. . If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe was marooned on an island with an eclectic m ix of palms. he could eat dates and coconut meat. If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe was marooned on an island with an eclectic m ix of palms. the decision of the police chief was to allot to some of her staff motorcycl es C. The correct form of to be with a conditional is were. If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe were marooned on an island with an eclectic mix of palms. he could eat dates and coconut meat. The best answer is C. If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe was marooned on an island with an eclectic mix o f palms. Grammatically. the police chief decided to allot to her staff motorcycles D. if it was only backed by sanctions. relaxing in a palm recliner in his palm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. B. If a latter-day Robinson Crusoe was marooned on an island with an eclectic m ix of palms. he could eat dates and coconut meat. only if it is backed by sanctions. he could eat dates and coconut meat. E. only if it would be backed by sanctions. relaxing in a palm recliner i n his palm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. relax in a palm recliner in h is palm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. it was decided that the pol ice chief would allot motorcycles to some of her staff. D. to relax in a palm recliner in his palm-post bungalow under a palm-thatch roof. C. While some economists believe that Germany should be warned by the European Comm ission that it could face the imposition of radical restrictions on its domestic fiscal policymaking as early as the beginning of next year. C. it was decided that the motorcycle would by the police chief to allot motorc ycles to some of her staff. B. buff his palm-plank surfboard with ca rnauba palm wax and watch a palm-fringed sunset. A. D. The word motorcycles has to fo llow the comma to become the subject of that clause. The best answer is E.Able to out-navigate other vehicles on rutted roads. if it is backed only by sanctions. some of her staff was allotted motorcycles by the police chief E.

and admit their lack should be admit to their lack. B compares talent to many people in the program. B. In sentences expressing a conditional result (X will happe n if Y happens). No less remarkable than the development of the after-school enrichment progr ams D. Unlike musical talent or other creative skills. The best answer is B. The best answer is D. willing to admit that they lack musical talent o r other creative skills. Besides being wordy. writing talents bring out a disinclination in many participant in the program to acknowledge that they are w eak to a degree. are disinclined to acknowledge that their writing skill s are weak. there is a disinclination on the part of many participants in the program to acknowledge the degree to which their writing talents are weak. In E. Unlike musical talent or other creative skills. The thing that was as remarkable as developing the after-school enrichment p rograms C. Unlike musical talent or other creative skills. Thus.E. many participants in the program are disinclined to acknowledge that their writi ng talents are weak. is backed (i n B) is consistent with will take. Unlike musical talent or other creative skills. Development of the after-school enrichment programs has been no less remarka ble as The best answer is C. Choice A illogically compared talents to a disinclination . C. What was as remarkable as the development of the after-school enrichment program s has been New York City s nonprofit Chess-in-the-Schools initiative. Many people in the program have a disinclination to acknowledge the weakness of their writing talents while willing to admit their lack of musical talent or other creative skills. E. Developing the after-school enrichment programs has been none the less remar kable than E. Choice C is awkward and uni diomatic. there is a disinclination on the part of many participants in the program to acknowledge the degree to which the ir writing talents are weak. the beginnings of Choices A and B cau   . the verb of the main clause should be in the future tense and t he verb of the if clause should be in the present indicative. giving mor e girls than ever before the opportunity to learn the rules of the game. What was as remarkable as the development of the after-school enrichment pro grams B. A. D. if it would only be backed by sanctions. have a disinclination… while willing is grammatically incomplete . which they admit they lack. A. Many people in the program.

librettos. E. autobiographies. librettos. would publish hundreds of poems.   . essays and children’s books. librettos. plus novels. The best answer is C. one of America’s most enduring writers and a k ey figure in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920’s. the verb suggest does not agree with its singular subject. librettos. will have published hundreds of poems. suggest that birds are the more usual host to the virus. Over his 65-year life span. essays and child ren’s books. A. suggests that birds are the more usual host for the virus. autobiog raphies. strengthening researchers’ original contention t hat migratory birds have contributed to the virus s spread across the nation. short stories. short stories. plus novels. would have published hundreds of poems. short stories. short stories. D. will have published hundreds of poems. plus novels. autobiographies. essays and children’s books. essays and children’s books. suggest that birds are the more usual host for the virus. autobiogr aphies. B. C. suggests that birds are the more usually host of the virus. will publish hundreds of poems. essays and children’s books. rise. is publishing hundreds of poems. Hughes. essays and children’s books. autobiographies .se inconsistencies in verb tense: the development of the after-school programs c annot logically be described by both the present perfect and the past. Choices D and E use the adverb usually where the ad jective form is required. The increase in land area which the virus has colonized suggest that birds are t he more usual host for the virus. short stories. plus novels. A. E. autobiographies . B. short stories. plus novels. C. In choices A and B. librettos. librettos. D. suggests that birds are the more usually host for the virus. The phra ses none the less… than in choice D and no less… as in E are unidiomatic. plus novels.

including eleven other people connected with his family s business empire. is probably the most difficult for analysis. D. the word including is u sed incorrectly because the other people were arrested in addition to Henry Uric k. C. who wished to make clear tha t poor nations should be liberated from the one-size-fits-all trading model. E. C. it may be. A.             . B. B. D. Hughes. Roberta Henson wished to make clear that free trade is unfair and that poor nations should being liberated from the one-size-fits-all trading model. and not included in his arrest. and including eleven other people connected with his family s business empir e. is maybe the most difficult for analysis. forceful winds affecting the rowing venue. The best answer is A. Choice C sets up a condition would have published. A. Choice B i ncorrectly places the gerund being after the model. is required. Choices C... the analysis that is most difficult. xxxA warrant was issued on Sunday by a New York prosecutor for the arrest of Hen ry Urick. as is evidenced by the sentence. is probably the more difficult for analysis. but the cond ition is then not specified. free trade was called unfair by Roberta Henson. The preposition for governs both Henry Urick and eleven o ther… so along with is sufficient. most. The best answer is B. In choice A. who wished to clarify that p oor nations should be liberated from the one-size-fits-all trading model. The best answer is B. D and E present dangling modifiers. is maybe the more difficult for analysis. who wished to make clear tha t poor nations should being liberated from the one-size-fits-all trading model. and for including eleven other people connected with his family s business e mpire. B. free trade was called unfair by Roberta Henson. C. the superlative form. including eleven other people connected with his family s business empire. Monetary Fund and the World Trade for disaster. free trade was called unfair by Roberta Henson. should. the International Organization. until recently chairman of the mobile telecommunications company Telec om. E. Therefore.The best answer is E. the subject of the sentence. A. Having seen first-hand this recipe lear that free trade is unfair and e one-size-fits-all trading model. Of all the possible disasters that threaten the upcoming Olympic games. is deceased. along with eleven other people connected with his family s business empire. The use of maybe is unidiomatic. The sentence compares one thing. the poss ibility of forceful winds affecting the rowing venue is maybe the more difficult for analysis. Roberta Henson wished to make clear that free trade is unfair and that poor nations should be liberated from the one-size-fits-all trading model. D. E. B and D use tenses that can only be used for th e living. Choices A. C and E. is. to all other possible disasters. for eleven other people connected with his family s business empire. Roberta Henson wished to make c that poor nations should be liberated from th promoted by the World Bank.

A. B. xxx-Mahatma Gandhi’s is credited as having championed a nonviolent approach to ref orm as a practical and moral means to struggle against social injustice. C. the past perfect verb form had been is used appropriat ely to refer to an action completed prior to the action of the simple past tense produced. as having with having to have as the one who for being the one who The best answer is B. E. intricately painted coffins. and they did not visit places not already seen and mapped by generations of native people. and did not visit places not already seen and mapped by generations of nativ e people. the equivalent of those that visited last year’s Impressionist show. E. and numerous accoutrements. E. The phrases equivalent to. Choice D compares the hundreds of people incorrectly to enrollment . B. and equal t o have too broad a range of meanings to be used precisely here. the AD & M company produced clear evidence to back its claim. equivalent to the number of visitors to last year’s Impressionist show.xxxThe exhibition of ancient Egyptian funerary art — imposing statues. A. . Lewis and Clark were not the first white men to cross the continent from the Atl antic to the Pacific north of Mexico. D. B. and they did not visit places not already seen and mapped by generations of native people. In English it is idiomatic usage to credit someone with having done something. Denying that one of its many irregularities had been the long-term mismanaging o f company funds. the equivalent of. equivalent to the number of visitors to last year’s Impressionist show. As many as is preferable. A. C. The singular pronoun its agrees in number with the singu lar noun referent AD & M. D. drew hundreds of people each day. D. C. A. B. equal to those who visited as many as the visitation to as many as visited The best answer is E. its many irregularities had been the long-term its many irregularities has been the long-term its many irregularities is the long-term their many irregularities is the long-term their many irregularities had been the long-term The best answer is A.

reduce the loathsome discharges of oil that foul American rivers and lakes. D. reduced the loathsome discharges of oil that fouled American rivers and lake s. In choice A. and they had not visit places not already seen and mapped by generations of native people. it is ready for use.C. A. D. E. A. and reduc ed. ready for use. would abolish literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. to threaten fish and bird life. E. each object a necessity for daily life. Being the second thing that Lewis and Clark did not do. agree. A. Among the era’s triumphs were the Civil Rights Act of 1964. reduce the loathsome discharges of oil that foul American rivers and lakes. threatening fish and bird life. Electric boats have eliminated the noise pollution that conventional powerboats made and reduce the loathsome discharges of oil that foul American rivers and la kes. all the objects a necessity for daily life. The best answer is E. to threaten fish and bird life. ready for use. B. B.. . D. threaten fish and bird life. all the objects a necessity for daily life. and the 1965 Voting Rights Act. which ordered the state shou ld abolish literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. the 24th Amendment to the Constitution. to abolish literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. the words object and necessity. each object a necessity for daily life. should abolish literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. prohib iting the poll tax. reduce the loathsome discharges of oil that foul American rivers and lakes. nor had they visited places not already seen and mapped by generations of na tive people. The best answer is A. C. both royalty and commoners arranged to fill their tombs with household objects. The first negative phrase is in the past simple. E. th e word nor is required. threatening fish and bird life. threatening fish and bird life. reduced the loathsome discharges of oil that fouled American rivers and lake s. The best answer is E. ratified in 1964. The form of the word reduce is governed by first verb phr ase because it continues in a parallel construction: Have eliminated. ready for use. was ready for use. C. nor did they visit places not already seen and mapped by generations of nati ve people. each object a necessity for daily l ife. they are ready for use. barring segregation in public places. so the second one must be in past simple form as well. B. xxxBeing literal-minded about the afterlife. every object a necessity for daily life. both singular . C.

Choice d correctly uses the not only… but also… construction . and were also extraordinary craftsmen. which slowing E. C. which slo wed D. produc ing the grammatical and idiomatic sequence X ordered Y to do Z. which slowed B. twenty-five years previous. twenty-five years previously. It is concise and idiomatic. being hotter and more humid than averages in the Ohio region. E. Choice B is idiomatic and precise. Twenty-five years ago this month. and sl owed The best answer is B. The infinitive to abolish follows the verb ordered. with parallel phrases. The best answer is C. who founded the first cities.D. A. which slowed metabolism and reproductive activity. and but but but and were were also also also also extraordinary craftsmen. A. hotter and more humid than average in the Ohio region. abolishing of literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. slowing C. In this month. B. Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar El-Sadat gathered there for a tense and grueling 13 days. were extraordinary craftsmen. Kim managed to gather valuable knowledge abou . the abolishing of literacy tests as a requirement for registering to vote. D. and which has a clear refere nt. D. fashioned extraordinary crafts. It was twenty-five years ago to this month. which was hotter and more humid than average in the Ohio region. not only invented writing. B. also extraordinary craftsmen. hotter and more humid than average in the Oh io region. E. Camp David became the setting for an unprec edented episode of American diplomacy—and entered the lexicon as a near synonym fo r high-level peacemaking—when Jimmy Carter. The best answer is B. C. Twenty-five years ago in this month. E. The best answer is D. the weather. having been hotter and more humid than was average in the Ohio region. Twenty-five years ago in this month. The Sumerians. Researchers blamed the low rate of growth in the harbor’s toad population on lake toxicity as well as on the weather. As well as getting away unscathed. created poetry and the rule of law. A. since it was hotter and more humid than average in the Ohio region. In this month. fashioned extraordinary crafts.

Bees on the Irish Sea. Starting in the west at St.t orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens. E. Besides getting away unscathed. As well as getting away unscathed. Scientists from the Cytolab team are conducting experiments to see whether prote     . past lakes. it is anyone who organizes and manages a business. The best answer is E. The best answer is C. a mong sheep. amon g sheep. E. past lakes. it is anyone who organizes and manages a business. Kim got away not only unscathed. over stiles. The best answer is D. heather and woods dot the route which meanders over stiles. it refers to anyone who organizes and manages a business. among sheep. A. The route is the on ly logical subject. C. also Kim managed to gather valuable knowledge about orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens D. Although the term “entrepreneur” is popularly applied to a high-profile. but also managed to gather valuable knowledg e about orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens. over stiles. over stiles. C. the route that meanders through heather and woods. past lakes. it is any person that organizes and manages a business. past lakes. all the way to the village of Robin Hood s Bay on th e North Sea. A. among sheep. B. they are people who organize and manage a business. the meandering route through heather and woods. bees on the Irish Sea. and across three of Brita in s finest national parks. the route meanders through heather and woods. heather and woods dot the route that meanders over stiles. Kim not only got away unscathed. compliments of Brazilian envi ronmentalists. E. B and C. past lakes. but also managed to gather valuable knowledg e about orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens. A. In choices A. B. Choice D has no modification errors and uses parallel phr ases to complete the idiomatic construction not only… but also. Kim also managed to gather valuable knowledge about orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens C. As a result. the route meanders through he ather and woods. risk-taking businessman. it is in reference to any people who organize and manage a business. over stiles. D. D. the pronoun it simultaneously refer s forward to anyone and backward to the term entrepreneur. The noun phrase that appears after the first comma is mod ified by starting in the west at St. the sent ence asserts illogically that the term is actually a kind of person rather than a word referring to a kind of person. Besides getting away unscathed. past lakes. among sheep. among sheep. Kim managed to gather valuable knowledge a bout orchids and bring home scores of rare specimens B.

that funding for the business’ development. In D and E experiments that see is im precise. development funding for the business. be E. financially strained countie s point out that small classrooms cost twice as much as maintaining regular size d classrooms. D. so that. B. The sentence calls for an adverbial clause of purpose to e xplain why the governing council met over the weekend. which could be franchised early next year. is obtained through local investors. Whether is preferable to if in presenting the situation w hich is possible rather than conditional. to see whether proteins will prematurely turn into solids to see whether proteins should prematurely turn into solids to see if proteins will prematurely turn into solids that see if proteins would prematurely turn into solids that see whether proteins would prematurely turn into solids The best answer is A. perhaps franchised early next year. it is the business that could be open. Choice D employs an appr opriate conjunction. so as to avoid and so could they avoid so that they could avoid so that it could avoid in order that it could avoid The best answer is D. that funding for the development of the business. which could be franchised early nex t year. A. when in fact.ins will prematurely turn into solids in silk-producing animals under laboratory conditions. E. to mod ify development. is to be The best answer is B. be C. is B. because it is the Cytolab scientists that will see. A. which could be franchised early next ye ar. . Although few would disagree that small classrooms of a maximum of 15 students ar e ideal environments in which to educate the young. Choice A attaches the relative clause which could be open… t o the noun development. Choices C incorrectly use perhaps open to the public. B. Xxx?The governing council met over the weekend to continue talks over appointing ministers to run the government so as to avoid public anger at deteriorating se rvices. C. not the experiments themselves. Ch oice C omits that. funds for the business’ development. Jennifer Wilson suggested that funding for the business’ development. E. co uld avoid. perhaps franchised early next ye ar. A. C. which could be franchised e arly next year. Choice E seriously distorts meaning. D. to be D. funding for the development of the business. and contains a logically appropriate verb form.

A. Being D. taciturn and are they are that local citizens are difficult to reach. A. E. taciturn and are suspicious of innovations. National zoos involved in modernization have found the local citizens are diffic ult to reach. and only E expresses meaning accurately with the phrase although accounting for.A. . D. Despite having E. and taciturn and they are The best answer is C. small classrooms cost twice as much as maintaining B. mountain ranges and prairie plants. C. preserves parallelism in the comparison as well. maintaining small classrooms cost twice as much as o. small classrooms cost twice as much to maintain as o. stunning dog handlers. second and third pl ace ribbons. Although accounting for The best answer is E. The word or phrase that begins this sentence should establ ish the contrast between the percentage of dogs from the Shipman kennel and the success of its dogs. they might have been expected for their diaries to focus on tribal politics. taciturn and are that local citizens are difficult to reach. the 200-year-old Shipman Kennel won 42 percent of first. regular sized classrooms. B. As C. river c urrents. taciturn and are local citizens to be difficult to reach. to maintain small classrooms cost twice as much as ms. the local citizens are difficult to reach. D. regular sized classrooms d regular sized classrooms d it does for regular sized for regular sized classroo The best answer is B. the best choice. With only 12 percent of the hounds in the annual Seclusival Dog Competition tria ls. A. taciturn and local citizens are difficult to reach. and (3) suspicious… Only C fulfils this requirement appropriatel y. C. With B. maintaining small classrooms cost twice as much as classrooms. This sentence compares the cost required to maintain two kinds of classroom. This sentence requires parallelism in the three coordina te complements that form the direct object clause: local citizens as (1) difficu lt…. E. The expedition diarists wrote about such things as bison. (2) taciturn. B. thunderstorms. when they might have been expected for their diaries to focus on tribal politics. Only choices D and E do this. judges and observers alike.

a member of the aristocracy. thus A and C are unidiomatic. there might have been an expectation that it would focus on tribal politics. animators are now able to produce triple the frames per hour that they could in the 1960’s. Using computer animation programs. The noun that follows the comma must be the subject modi fied by Conceived outside her mother’s body by in vitro fertilization (IVF) develo ped by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. that of a member of the aristocracy. Choice c. B. . and properly employs many rather than much to describe a quantity made up of countable units (frames). uses the singular pronoun that. a heated ethical debate followed her widely publicized birth. A. the average life span in England for a working class family was 12 years less than a member of the aristocracy. The best answer is B. D. E. C. B. to sta nd for life span thus establishing a logical comparison. of a member of the aristocracy. Only she is a logical subject. her widely publicized birth prompted a heated ethical debate. a member to the aristocracy. E. E is needlessly wordy. E. which was widely publicized. B. D. C. a heated ethical debate has followed her widely publicized birth. its focus might have been expected to be on tribal politics. A. triple the frames per hour that they could three times as many frames per hour as they did as much as triple the frames per hour they had three times as many frames as there were a tripling of the frames per hour that they did The best answer is B. Conceived outside her mother’s body by in vitro fertilization (IVF) developed by P atrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. the best choice. they might have been expected to focus on tribal politics. D awkwardly substitutes its focus for the pronoun they as a subject. C. they might have been expected that it should focus on tribal politics. she was born amid great publicity that prompted a heated ethical debate. E. The best answer is D.B. The best answer is C. those of members of the aristocracy. In the 17th century. C. D. In English x [is] expected to y is idiomatic usage. Choice B correctly uses the adverbial phrases twice as m any… to modify the verb produce. her widely publicized birth prompted a heated ethical debate. Choices A and D illogically compare the average life span to a member. D. prompted a heated ethical debate. A. her birth.

scientists investigated atoms surrounding mercury fo und in muscle tissue C. it is of such precision. A. agree in number. each breed a treasure living inside its unique habitat. xxx-From the start. A. D. all breeds a treasure living inside its unique habitat. E. such is its precision. there is so much precision that scientists investigated atoms surrounding mer cury found in muscle tissue The best answer is A. precise. each breed a treasure living inside it s unique habitat. all the breeds a treasure living inside its unique habitat. it is so precise that scientists investigated atoms surrounding mercury found in muscle tissue B. B. both singular. each breed a treasure living inside their unique habitat. it’s funding might have been expected to be provided for by the federal governm ent. and so precise that idiomatically introduces a clause that pr ovides a further explanation of precise. it might have been expected to be provided by the federal government. for the most part. E. The best answer is A. B. the Zoo s funding was provided.Although X-ray absorption spectroscopy has its limitations. His experience on the prairies convinced him that there were numerous American s pecies in danger of disappearing forever. by the Di strict of Columbia when it might have been expected for it to be provided by the federal government. it might have been expected for it to be provided by the federal government. it might have been expected that it should be provided by the federal governm ent. that scientists investigated atoms found in muscle tis sue surrounding mercury E. The appositive terms breed and treasure. it is so precise tha t scientists investigated atoms surrounding mercury found in muscle tissue were able to determine that the metal was most often bound to a carbon atom on one si de and sulfur on the other.   . is links the noun x-ray absorption spectroscopy with its m odifier. C. every breed a treasure living inside their unique habitat. D. so precise is it so scientists investigated atoms surrounding mercury found i n muscle tissue D. A. C. there might have been and expectation it would be provided by the federal gov ernment. both also agree with the singular possessive pronoun its.

the higher speed ne twork link you need to get adequate performance. A larger percentage of DOE Corporation’s resources are spent on building data t han Genetix Inc. Choic e E follows the first paradigm. had turned into a hazard for tourists visiting the area requiring that government officials agree to have the area razed. the idiom is requiring x to y or requiring tha t x y with x as the noun subject and y the unconjugated form of the verb. spends on the Microbial Genome Program. In English. In the DOE Corporation. C. In DOE they spend a larger percentage of their resources on building data tha n Genetix Inc. x [is] expected to y is idiomatic usage. C. DOE spends a larger percentage of resources on building data than Genetix Inc . government officials to agree to have the area razed. A.The best answer is B. D. the higher speed netwo rk link you need to get adequate performance. the highest speed n . In English. B. C. a larger percentage of the resources is spent on buildin g data than is spent on the Microbial Genome Program in Genetix Inc. spends on the Microbial Genome Program. xxx-The loggers’ railway roadbed. DOE spends a larger percentage of resources on building data than spending on the Microbial Genome Program by Genetix Inc. B. the speed of the ne twork link you need to get adequate performance must be higher. that government officials agree for to have the area razed. In the DOE Corporation. E. a larger percentage of the resources is spent on buil ding data than is spent on the Microbial Genome Program in Genetix Inc. The greater the bandwidth requirements of an application. The greater the bandwidth requirements of an application. D. with its narrow spurs jutting fingerlike into th e swamp. A. B. The best answer is E. A. Parallel phrasing in choice E allows a logical comparison to be made between what DOE spends and what Genetix does. The greater the bandwidth requirements of an application. that government officials agree to have the area razed. the agreeing by government officials to have the area razed. E. The greater the bandwidth requirements of an application. The best answer is E. spends on the Microbial Genome Program. government officials agreeing to have the area razed.

Choice D uses the grammatically correct expression demande d that it reflect in which demanded that it is followed by the subjunctive verb reflect. like other inert gases. was militarily vulnerable. Helium atoms never form stable molecules. by chemically bonding with other atoms. C. had militarily vulnerability. Helium atoms never form stable molecules by chemically bonding with other ato ms. the modifying phrase begun by like immediatel y follows the noun it modifies. D. including abortion. Northern India. A. A. as other inert gases. As the bandwidth requirements of an application becomes greater. B. that it was militarily vulnerable. E. Xxx?In a move that surprised many political analysts. In choice E. . and Bangladesh descend or that it was m ilitarily vulnerable. Helium atoms never form stable molecules. militarily vulnerable. The best answer is E. as other inert gases.etwork link you need to get adequate performance. E. never form stable molecules by chemi cally bonding with other atoms. C. same as other inert gases. Republicans were forced to yield to conservative Christians demanding that they should modify their party platform to reflect public concerns about social issues. was it militarily vulnerable. never form stable molecules by chemical ly bonding with other atoms. E. Helium atoms. the higher s peed network link you need to get adequate performance. as other inert gases. the speed of network link you need to get adequate performance becomes higher. demanding that they should demanding it to and their demand to who demanded that it who demanded it to The best answer is D. B. by chemically bo nding with other atoms. The best answer is C. Helium atoms. As other inert gases. Only choice A employs the grammatically correct constructi on the greater the …. A. the higher the …. E. D. The best answer is A. Choice C is the only one that maintains grammatical paral lelism with the either… or… construction. Xxx?Indus civilization was either in decline when it was destroyed by Aryan inva ders from the northwest speaking an Indo-European language from which most of th e languages of Pakistan. D. B. C. Helium atoms never form stable molecules by chemically bonding with other atoms. D. As the bandwidth requirements of an application becomes greater. Helium atoms.

and E omit the necessary for in the second element. and also regular visitors. was flying about 60 miles north from New York City looking for a new permanen t home for his museum when he spotted The best answer is D. A. In an interview with the Financial Times last week.In early 1998. the director of the Dia Art Foundation. A. long a symbol of the bay and a source of livelihood for many inh abitants of the region as well as for regular visitors. As used in choices A. B and D. has flown about 60 miles north of New York City looking for a new permanent h ome for his museum when he has spotted D. Choice correctly uses the past progressive and past simple verb forms was flying and spotted. Two elements connected by a coordinate conjunction should be expressed in parallel for. Michael Govan. is preferable here since because can introduce a complete subordinate clause explaining the r . D. D. was flying about 60 miles north of New York City looking for a new permanent home for his museum when he has spotted C. E. and regular visitors as well. Choice D uses the form north from which is not idiomatic. A. D. B. has flown about 60 miles north of New York City looking for a new permanent home for his m useum when he spotted a faded factory sign along the banks of the Hudson River. which appears in C and E. Solomon Maah accused the gov ernment of a campaign against his family business interests because it wanted to discredit his brother Timothy. the phrase on account of and because of are unidiomatic. B. on account of wanting to discredit his brother Timothy on account of its wanting to discredit his brother Timothy because it wanted to discredit his brother Timothy because of wanting to discredit his brother Timothy being it wanted to discredit his brother Timothy The best answer is C. C. C. because. C. has flown about 60 miles north of New York City looking for a new permanent h ome for his museum when he spotted B. was flying about 60 miles north of New York City looking for a new permanent home for his museum when he spotted E. Choices B . The best answer is A. E. as well as for regular visitors. and regular visitors too. xxxThe species with the greatest sustained commercial catch in the Chesapeake is the blue crab. as well as the regular visitors. Only A correctly observes this rule.

After requiring orchestras… the infinitive to provide is ne eded. D. Both must come before the author if it is to link author a nd editor. is both the a uthor of 15 previous books and the editor of The Book of Wayward Humor. journalist. A. journalist. C. many of them are depicted in his latest book. playwright and raconteur. is the author of both 15 previous books and the editor of The Book of Wayward Humor. he has vent ured everywhere from the remote highlands of New Guinea to the glitzy beaches of Saint-Tropez and saw many outstanding sites. C. to provide musicians with unpaid leave so as to C. journalist. A. is both the auth or of 15 previous books and the editor of The Book of Wayward Humor. to provide musicians with unpaid leave so that they can E. a noted humorist. journalist. a noted humorist. commercial photographer. many of whom are depicted in his latest book. As a photojournalist. seen many outstanding sites. Bryant. . playwright and raconteur. journalist. So as to in choices A and B fail to specify that the musicians receiving the leave will be the people caring for the sick family members. The best answer is A. provide musicians with unpaid leave so as to D. E. saw many outstanding sites. saw many outstanding sites. is both the a uthor of 15 previous books and the editor of The Book of Wayward Humor. playwright and raconteur. B. xxx-The Music Foundation Fund is debating on a proposal requiring certain orches tras provide musicians with unpaid leave so as to care for sick family members. Bryant. a noted humorist. A. saw many outstanding sites. artist and filmmaker. Bryant. many of which are depicted in his latest book. is both the a uthor of 15 previous books and the editor of The Book of Wayward Humor too. many of which are depicted in his latest book. provide musicians unpaid leave and The best answer is D. Bryant. a noted humorist. playwright and raconteur. B. Bryant. many of which are depicted in his latest book. D.eason why accused the government. provide musicians with unpaid leave so as to B. a noted humorist. both wrote 15 previous books and edited The Book of Wayward Humor. journalist. playwright and raconteur. a noted humorist. playwright and raconteur. Bryant.

C. the highway s summit. and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts adopted the secret ballot system. but the system was accepted only after Henry Winslow returned from New South Wales. then a territory in Australia and reported on how secret ballots wer e used there. clearing the pavement at Carson Pass. This past New Year s. clearing the pavement at C arson Pass. but the system was accepted only at a time after Henry Winslow returned from New South Wales. but the system was accepted only after when Henry Winslow returned from New S outh Wales. would do the work through the night and into New Year s Day. producing the grammatical and idiomatic sequence x ordered y to do z. The infinitive to work correctly follows the verb ordered. The best answer is D. working through the night and into New Year s Day. has ventured… has seen… is required in place of has saw. then a territory in Australia and reporting on how secret ballots we re used there. B. E. the highway s summit. is the best answer. the highway s summit. It was not until the late 19th. then a territory in Australia and reported on how secret ballots were used there. should work through the night and into New Year s Day.E. A. along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada. E. The best answer is C. then a territory in Australia and reported on how secret ballots were used there. D. C. the work through the night and into New Year s Day of clearing the pavement a t Carson Pass. the highway s summit. then a territory in Australia and reported on how secret ballots were use d there. D. the highway s summit. clearing the pav ement at Carson Pass. grammatical and idiomatic. that the city of Louisville. A.                           . Choice C. the highway s summit. but the system was accepted only after when Henry Winslow returned from New S outh Wales. but the system was accepted only after Henry Winslow returned from New South Wales. to work through the night and into New Year s Day. Choice E is awkward . then a territory in Australia and reported on how secret ballot s were used there. B. The parallel construction. The phrase after when is unidiomatic. The best answer is E. clearing the pavement at Carson Pass. seen many outstanding sites. Kentucky. Joel Allen ordered hi s winter maintenance crew should work through the night and into New Year s Day. century. clearing the pavement at C arson Pass. but the system was accepted only subsequent to Henry Winslow returning from N ew South Wales. in which many are depicted in his latest book.

Extending about 150 miles from Sedan in the west to beyond Wissembourg in the ea st, the Maginot Line bristled with some 50 large fortifications, each within can non range of another. A. B. C. D. E. all the cannons within range of another. every within cannon range of another. each cannon within cannon range of the others. each within cannon range of another. all of them within cannon range of the others.

The best answer is D. Only choices C and D correctly use each to refer to the fo rtifications separately. Similarly, another is correctly used to refer to the o ther fortifications individually instead of collectively.

Some ancient societies mistook tides, which are a natural phenomenon involving t he alternating rise and fall in the large fluid bodies of the earth caused by th e combined gravitational attraction of the sun and moon, as a magical phenomenon controlled by invisible water nymphs. A. as a magical phenomenon controlled by invisible water nymphs. B. for a magical phenomenon controlled by invisible water nymphs. C. to a magical phenomenon controlled by invisible water nymphs. D. with a magical phenomena controlled by invisible water nymphs. E. for a magical phenomena controlled by invisible water nymphs. The best answer is B. Choice B is best because it alone correctly handles the id iom to mistake x for y. Phenomena is the plural form of phenomenon and therefor e is inappropriate in choice E.

Outlined in the new Small Business Guide, these plans require business owners to make assumptions about the tax and regulatory environment or that they pay the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the end of the year. A. that they pay the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the end of the year. B. for paying the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the end of the year. C. they should pay the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the e nd of the year.

D. that they should pay the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the end of the year. E. to pay the maximum taxes up front and request reimbursement at the end of the year. The best answer is E. Choice E is the only one that maintains grammatical parall elism by using an infinitive, to pay, to complete the construction either to ap prove… or…

From the start, the fluoroscope invoked the authority of modern science and tech nology to sell more shoes, and functioned so fast, and in some cases even faster than the old-fashioned manual fitting. A. so fast, and in some cases even faster than the old-fashioned manual fitting. B. so fast, and in some cases even faster than, how the old-fashioned manual fit ting did. C. as fast, and in some cases even faster than the old-fashioned manual fitting. D. as fast as, and in some cases even faster than, the old-fashioned manual fitt ing. E. so fast as, and in some cases even faster than the old-fashioned manual fitti ng. The best answer is D. The properly completed sentence here must (1) use the prop er form of the comparative conjunction, as fast as and (2) enclose the parenthet ical statement and… even faster than in commas.

As he follows Keneely s Weather Channel team through Bonnie s path, writer David Laskin discovers that the Weather Channel s appeal lies in a particular mix of working professionally, live field reporting, and behind-the-scenes technical wi zardry. A. working professionally, live field reporting, and behind-the-scenes technical wizardry. B. working professionally, dramatically live field reports, and behind-the-scene s technical wizardry. C. professionalism, dramatically live field reports, and a wizard technically wo

 

 

 

rking from behind-the-scenes. D. professionalism, reporting live from the field, and behind-the-scenes technic al wizardry. E. professionalism, live field reporting, and technical wizardry from behind-the -scenes. The best answer is E. Only choice E has a correctly put together parallel constr uction.

xxx-After having wintered in what is now known as James Bay, the southern pocket of the huge bay that would be named for Henry Hudson, some of his crew mandated for Hudson to leave the ship. A. some of his crew mandated for Hudson to leave the ship. B. some of his crew mandated that Hudson be forced to leave the ship. C. some of his crew mandated for forcing Hudson to leave the ship. D. some of his crew had a mandate that Hudson be forced to leave the ship. E. some of his crew mandated to Hudson be forced to leave the ship. The best answer is B. When mandate is used as a verb to mean “make it mandatory,” i t must be followed by that and a verb in the subjunctive mood.

During their years on the frontier, they had numerous pitched battles against Li pans, Kickapoos, Kiowas, Comanches — and their most determined foe, the Apaches, i ncluding ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio, possibly the mo st skillful enemy in frontier history. A. the Apaches, including ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio , possibly the most skillful enemy in frontier history. B. the Apaches, including ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio , the possibly most skillful enemy in frontier history. C. the Apaches, including ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio , the most skillful enemy, possibly, in frontier history. D. the Apaches, including ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio , possibly a most skillful enemy in frontier history.

E. the Apaches, including ferocious encounters with the great war chief Victorio , possibly the more skillful enemy in frontier history. The best answer is A. Choice A places the word possibly before the phrase that it modifies and correctly uses the superlative form.

Xxx?Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, injecting a much -needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones that had been demolished. A. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy , and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones B. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy , as well as painstaking reconstructions of the old ones C. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones D. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones E. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but they also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones The best answer is C. Choice C correctly employs the correlative construction no t only x but also y, where x and y are grammatically parallel.

Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, displacing lower la yers upward; in spring, the process reverses. A. B. C. D. E. displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses a method to displace lower layers upward; reversing, in spring, the process as a displacement of lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses to displace lower layers upwards; reversing, in spring, the process

The best answer is A. Choice A is best because the participle displacing begins a phrase that explains what the surface waters did.

The first consideration for most patients undergoing being operated on is if to sign a waver form. A. B. C. D. E. being operated on is if to sign being operated on is whether they should be signing being operated on is whether or not they sign an operation is if to sign an operation is whether to sign

A. Xxx?In addition to having more engineers than Brunswick Inc. B. Choice A is best because it correctly uses the simple pa st tense and because it is the most concise.each of them fallen so ldiers – were hard workers C. were part of a widespread cult ure of colonial artists. to sign. Brent Hall and Bob McCay . neutrons o r protons. The fallen soldiers – Henry Johnson.The best answer is E. .Henry Johnson. Choice B logically compares the qualifications of the engi neers in Brunswick Inc. Hard workers . C. Choice C correctly links soldiers with were. the qualifica tions of the engineers are better than those of Newton Group. Hard workers . E. Each choice but C contains errors of agreement. Henry Johnson.were hard workers. were part of a widespread culture of colonial artists had been part of a widespread culture of colonial artists were people who were part of a widespread culture of colonial artists had been people who were part of a widespread culture of colonial artists were a people which had been part of a widespread culture of colonial artists The best answer is A. Brent Hall and Bob McC ay . Choice E idiomatically completes whether with an infiniti ve. Paul Rider. Paul Rider. Colstrom scientists have known for dec ades that for every kind of particle--whether the familiar electrons. but d ifferent in at least one crucial way. The carvers who turned whale bone and teeth into cane handles rich with scrimsha w for the folks back in New Bedford or Nantucket.every o ne a fallen soldier The best answer is C. Paul Rider. Each of the fallen soldiers – Henry Johnson. Bases on accounts of various researchers. C. Paul Rider. Each of the fallen soldiers – Henry Johnson. identical in mass and amount of charge. and pr ovides a clearer structure. Brent Hall and Bob McCay . to those of Newton Group. A. does. or the more recently discovered quarks and neutrinos--there exists a particle that is its mirror image. Brent Hall and Bob McCay . D. E. A. D. Paul Rider.were hard workers B. eliminates the unnecessary pronouns. Brent Hall and Bob McCay . the the the the the qualifications of the engineers are better than those of engineers have qualifications better than those of qualifications of the engineers are better than they are of quality engineers are better than those of engineers have qualifications better than The best answer is B. very different from the soldiers that remained to guard th e hospital.we re all hard workers D. Brent Hall and Bob McCay .each a fallen soldier E. B. Paul Rider.Henry Johnson.

E.A. as old as any of their supposed older than any of their supposed as old as their supposed older than any of their supposedly as old as their supposedly The best answer is B. xxx-Studies conducted in the 1990s indicate that even after fifty years. The pronoun that is redundant since one is sufficient to introduce the modifier. A. D. D. E. C and E do not state the comparison logically. the Shutters Company. Its collection includes such treasures as a woven funerary headdress. A. E. contracted when a child contracted when children that was contracted when a child contracted when they were children that has been contracted as each was a child The best answer is D. patient s are still suffering the long term effects of polio occurring when a child. C. The granddaddy of manufacturers. The expression as old as indicates equality of age. D. Older than makes the point of comparison clear. is nearly 50 yeas as old as any of their supposed predecessors. patients. A. Choices A. headquartered in Milton. B. xxxUnlike H. B. C. Bases on accounts of various researchers Basing it on various researchers’ accounts With accounts of various researchers used for a basis By the accounts of various researchers they used Using accounts of various researchers The best answer is E. who wrote more than 100 books. E. one that t hey believe is a type unique to ancient Thebes. Choice E is clear and concise. Choice E follows the idiomatic construction “believe X to be Y”. The phrasing polio contracted when they were children corr ectly uses contracted to modify polio and includes a pronoun and a verb that ref er unambiguously to their antecedent. C. but the sentence indicates that the Shutters company predates other companies. it correctly uses a presen t participle to introduce the modifier describing how the scientists worked. and countless essays and a . B. D. C. that that they they they they believe is they believe it to be believe it is of believe that is believe to be The best answer is E. B. G. Wells.

early in the 1970s wife. in the early 1970s wife. it was a time when sturdy wooden fruit boxes were being phased out among local farm ers in favor of lighter-weight baskets for picking. the novel written by Henry Williams in 1923 would prove to be his only one. in the early 1970s his wife. C. and countless essays and articles. Wells’ oeuvre. C. A. early in the 1970s The best answer is D. Choice E solves the problem by u sing two independent clauses linked by but. G. E. one one and one one which of them which one of them which of them of which The best answer is E. the novel written by Henry Williams in 1923 B. Unlike H. G. Unlike those of H. the novel written by Henry Williams in 1923 C. B. Toys. D. and dressy cardboard boxes f or shipping. that identifies and individual from among a larger group. Rosemary. Wells. the novel written by Henry Williams in 1923 D. In comparative structures. G. and countless essays and articles. D. Wells. Wells. Wells wrote over 100 books and countless essays and articles. G. When When When When When Crawford Crawford Crawford Crawford Crawford has begun farming with had begun farming with has begun farming with began farming with his began farming with his his wife. For almost 11 years after having its inception in 1992. Rosemary. in the early 1970s. Recent commercial offshoots of Manson s imagination are toys.   . It also uses the idiomatic in the early 1970s. and countless essays an d articles. such as o ne of which. in the early 1970s his wife. adding to a population estim ated at between 15. In comparison with H. When Crawford has begun farming with his wife. but Henry Williams wrote a novel in 1923 which The best answer is E. Rosemary. who wrote more than 100 books.000. the things being compared must be both logically and grammatically parallel. one which is a col orful foam tube with variously shaped pieces that children can bend and fit toge ther to make otherworldly creatures. who wrote more than 100. with more than 100 books. Rosemary. must be followed by a limiting appositive. B. the novel written by Henry Williams in 1923 E. Smith housed some 400 re scued orangutans before returning them to the wild. and countless essays and a rticles. G. Rosemary. Rosemary.000 and 20. Unlike H. H. who wrote more than 100 books. A. A.rticles. E. Choice D correctly uses the past tense verb form of began to refer to an action completed in the past.

and also The best answer is C. D. B. B. E. helps to reduce sick leave. precise and idiomatic. B. Beginning in 1992 for a period of almost 11 years. Choice D uses the idiomatic and clear construction the r ate of addition… will drop while the rate of loss rises. to organize and every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Cle   . a period beginning in 1992. who have been at work for 36 years on a scholar ly undertaking of almost inconceivable proportions: to hunt down. In choices A and B. A. and also not only helps to reduce sick leave. C. to hunt down. Choices B and C do this . A. A. Beginning a period of almost 11 years. E. organize and i nterpret every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Clemens during his 74 years on earth. Choices C and D are awkward and imprecise. but also enhances job satisfaction. Choice E supplies the id iomatic expression but introduces it with the unidiomatic and wordy there are ri ses for. D. in 1992 During 11 years. The World Forestry Association has predicted that the rate of addition to wooded lands will drop while those of loss rise. none could feel more pleased—or more vindicated—by the re newed interest than the steadfast editors of the Mark Twain Project at the Unive rsity of California at Berkeley. The best answer is E. C. but also helps to reduce not only sick leave. E.A. to hunt down. but not only helps to reduce sick leave. organize and every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Clemen s during his 74 years on earth was interpreted. but B introduces a construction which is not parallel. For almost 11 years after having its inception in 1992. C. Of Mark Twain s many fans. The district manager claimed that providing on-site child care helps to reduce s ick leave. To convey the idea that providing on-site child care has two benefits. it is Smith who illogically has his i nception in 1992. D. B. Over a period of 11 years beginning in 1992. those of loss rise it rises for loss those of losses rise the rate of loss rises there are rises for the rate of loss The best answer is D. Choice E is logic al. the correct sentence must link grammatically parallel statements o f these effects with and also or with not only… but also. but also helps the reduction of sick leave.

E. The best answer is C. E. rival 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. chess’s new fresh face with Brian H anson B. A. B. developing rivalry between 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. A. researching not only the battles themselves but the uniforms worn at the time. C. Moody. D. rivalry between 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. The enumeration of the rivals requires the conjunction an d. to hunt down.mens during his 74 years on earth was interpreted. E. instead using aid as a verb that is parallel with reduce. rivalry that has developed between 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. C. who manages the National Numismatics Collection at the National Museum of American History. In his article. significantly reduce the number of complaints and also aid for be significantly reduce the number of complaints and aid for significantly reduce the number of complaints and aid cause a significant reduction in the number of complaints and also aid to significantly reduce the number of complaints as well as aiding The best answer is C. winner of numerous championships. D. either the rivalry between x and y or the rivals x and y. A. chess’s new fresh face against her competitor Brian Hanson C. it permitted him to significantly reduce the number of complaints and also aid for customers in finding the configuration that best suited them. D. chess’s new fres h face and Brian Hanson D. By enabling him to demonstrate the correctness of his fitting. chess’s new fresh face w ith Brian Hanson E. organize and interpret every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Clemens during his 74 years on earth. organize and interpret every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Clemens while on earth 74 years. organize and every scrap of writing that issued from Sam Clemen s while on earth for 74 years. to hunt down. and and and and and to do doing to do doing to do it soon got swept it soon got swept this soon got him swept so soon got swept it would soon got swept . to hunt down. 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. started buying unpainted miniature soldiers and to do it soon got swept into the field of military history. B. chess’s new fresh face with Brian Hanson. Choice C avoids the preposition for and to. Hoffman profiles the rivalry between 22-year-old Yvonne Meadows. chess’s new fresh face and the rivalry with Brian H anson The best answer is C. C. Choice C had a grammatically correct parallel constructio n and uses the idiomatic during his 74 years.

the mutant instruments of Samuel Meadow Like Johnson. Only C.The best answer is D. D. Waterman carried a Leica or Nikon camera and committed thousa nds of musicians to film. but is more of ten whimsical. E. C. avoid being forgotten. given in the same year as his appointment as ch airman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. the best choice. A. the mutant instruments of Samuel Meadow are ‘thumbing their noses’ at eons of musical tradition. to compare Johnson’s instruments with Meadow’s instruments. Samuel Meadow’s mutant instruments Like Johnson’s. At issue is a comparison of Johnson’s instruments with Mead ow’s. catching the magical and the mundane in order to keep from being forgotten. the relative pronoun that should intro duce the clause he was appointed… commemorated to make a relative clause modifying year. Like Johnson. Choice D appropriately uses the adverb so to refer back to the verb buying. E. the birthplace of one of the regiments. commemorated the buffalo soldiers at Fort L eavenworth. even mystifying. Colin Powell gave a dedication in the same n of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that E. keep them from being forgotten. given in the airman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff B. A dedication by Colin Powell. Choice B is the best because it use the pronoun them which . A dedication by Colin Powell. Kansas. given in the airman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff D. uses the elliptical like Johnson’s (instrument being understood). Samuel Meadow’s mutant instruments As is Johnson’s the mutant instruments of Samuel Meadow The best answer is C. Colin Powell gave a dedication in the same the Joint Chiefs of Staff that same year as his appointment as ch same year as his appointment to ch same year that he was appointed ch year as his appointment as chairma year of appointment as chairman of The best answer is C. avoid them from being forgotten. Samuel Meadow’s mutant instruments As with Johnson. xxxA dedication by Colin Powell. avoid from their forgetting. C. A. D. keep from being forgotten. The best answer is B. For three decades. B. B. A dedication by Colin Powell. given in the airman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff C. In this sentence. making music that can be merely weird. A. Like Johnson.

up to 12 to 16 hours a day. A. giant pandas roam the mountainous government-protected reserves eat two speci   . This sentence requires parallel verb forms be successful… br ing about. any apparent connections of modern tap and Thomas is right. any apparent connections of modern tap and Lancashire c logging is purely coincidental. any apparent connections of modern tap and Thomas is right. E. and with so much feeding. giant pandas roam the mountainous government-protected reserves and eat two s pecies of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests. B. If Sam Thomas was right. C. the giant panda roams the mountainous government-prote cted reserves and eats two species of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests. in order to agree with the verb in the main clause. B. C. any connection is… coincidental. The best answer is C. any apparent connections of modern tap and Sam Thomas be right. the giant panda roams the mountainous government-protected reserves. it will eventually bring about the closing of the Massy Art Complex. any apparent connections of modern tap and The best answer is D. eventually bring over the closing of the Massy Art Complex.refers to the musicians. It also presents the coordinate obj ects of the preposition between x and y. any apparent connections between modern tap and Sam Thomas have been right. Choice D uses the present indicative verb form in the con ditional clause. E. If Sam Thomas is right. A. It also uses the more precise keep rather than avoid. There were concerns that the nation s new center for the contemporary arts — a com plex of 27 buildings totaling more than 720. B. C. they eat two species of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests. feeding for 12 to 16 hours a da y. If Sam Should If Sam If Sam Should Thomas was right. it might eventually over about the closing of the Massy Art Complex. D. it would eventually bring about the closing of the Massy Art Complex. eventually bring about the closing of the Massy Art Complex. D.000 square feet — might be successful and it would eventually bring about the closing of the Massy Art Complex. A. the y feed for 12 to 16 hours a day. xxxFound only in Sichuan.

albeit reluctantly. Choice A also employs the idiomatic phra se restitution …for. Choice A uses that appropriately to introduce a clause th at describes the Supreme Court’s ruling. Choice A is concise and grammatically correct. Salman Rushdie’s first novel. his or her children grow. The best answer is A. Price to owe restitution to Universal for substantial noninfringing uses. Just like many successful authors. their when a child grows.Price Corp.the Supreme Court ruled that Price owed restitution to Universal for substantial noninfringing us es. C. Grimus. Grimus. Choice D clearly subordinates eating and feeding to roam s. about D. Gr imus. on the restitution Price owed to Universal for substantial noninfringing uses . on The best answer is A. using the comparative preposition. Grimus. about B. about C. B. D. As did many successful authors. about a Na tive American who receives the gift of immortality. Salman Rushdie’s first novel. Grimus. A. the realization the realization to realize that to realize that that that that as a as a child grows. xxx-One of the points the therapist stressed was the realization that as a child grows. and it feeds for 12 to 16 hour s a day. Like many successful authors. A. E. enables them to take turns. their as children grow. A. As have many successful authors. the first of Salman Rushdie’s novels. their ability to share and comprehend time. versus Universal Industries -. Grimus. the giant panda roams the mountainous government-protected reserves eats two species of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests. that Price owed restitution to Universal because of substantial noninfringing uses. Salman Rushdie’s first novel. E. on E. C. that Price owed restitution to Universal for substantial noninfringing uses. the first of Salman Rushdie’s novels. and feed for 12 to 16 hours a day. their . like. was an abject failure. Xxx?Like many successful authors. on Price owed restitution to Universal for substantial noninfringing uses. The best answer is D. the giant panda roams the mountainous government-protected reserves eating tw o species of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests and feeding for 12 to 16 hour s a day. D. In the 1984 case -. B.es of bamboo that grow in the mixed forests. Salman Rushdie’s first novel. to express the comparison between many successful authors and Salman Rushdie. Just as with many successful authors. D.

realizing that as children grow. B. then refined and heate d. then ref ined and finally one must heat them. sieved. such as iron. then refined an d finally one must heat them. their The best answer is B. ground. ground. and various types of earth — starts off as powders that are pounded. D. which has 14 percent of the land area arable. A. then refined and heated. start off as powders that are pounded. then refined and fina lly one must heat them. B. ground siev ed. in which 14 percent of it has arable land area. we see it as it was a little over four years ago. Choice C uses a clear. where the land area of only 14 percent of it is arable. ground. In C. where they have 14 percent of the land area arable. starts off as powders that are pounded. E. sieved. C. then you refine and he at them. C. and D to realize and realizing ar e not an appropriate continuations of: one of the points the therapist stressed. A. E. A. had started off as powders that are pounded. When we look at the star Alpha Centauri. D. The best answer is C. sieved. Planners in Pyongyang are also banking on wonder crops that will offer an escape route for a country where the land area of only 14 percent of it is arable. ground. and economical adjective cl ause to indicate the percentage of land that is arable in the country in questio n. are starting off as powders that are pounded. D. ground. D. Choice B uses the simple past tense to describe a past c ondition. then refined and heated. It also correctly uses a parallel construction: pounded. C. ground. Pigments. the plural pronoun their does not agree in number with the singular noun child. for it took the light that long to get here. B. we we we it it see it as it was a little over four years ago see it as it had been a little over four years ago see it as if it was a little over four years ago appears to us as it did in a little over four years ago appears to us as though a little over four years ago . start off as powders that are pounded. sieved. direct. sieved.E. E. metals. produced from natural sources — slate. where only 14 percent of the land area is arable. In choice A. The best answer is B. sieved.

such companies have had to re-think their pace of expansion. The tragedian Seneca. to C. Choice B exhibits correct subject-verb agreement and use s appropriate verb tenses. The subject of the main clause (such companies) presumes a prior reference to the companies in question. Choice A employs the simple past verb tense to describe xxx-Because of the recent growth in e-commerce required to survive in the global marketplace. E. A. tutor to the insane emperor Nero. it uses the idiomatic in his own time. full professors.The best answer is A. E. B. recently. Furthermore. must be followed by a limi ting appositive. one one and one one whom is now retiring of them who is now retiring one of them who he is now retiring of whom now retires which is now retires The best answer is D. a past condition. one whom is now retiring. were as controversial to his own time as he is was as controversial in his own time as he is has been as controversial to his own time as he is had been as controversial in his own time as he is have been as controversial in his own time as he is The best answer is B. the logical subjec t of to survive and the logical complement of required should be made explicit. D. Additionally. Derrida shows the power of discourse and language and attempts to deconstruct how meaning is made. such as one of whom. 7. A. of e-commerce required for surviving of the recently growth in e-commerce required for survival the recent growth in e-commerce required for companies survival The best answer is B. a marketplace characterized by a constant reinventing of the medi um. Penbrook University has had the smallest tenured and tenure-track faculty in the state with only six full professors. B. Like Foucault. D. C. Because Because survive Because Because Because of the recent growth in e-commerce required to survive of the recent growth in e-commerce required of traditional companies of the growth. B. The subject. D. was as controversial to his own time as he is compelling in ours. . that identifies an individual from among a larger group. A. E. 8. For the last fifteen years. C.

A. because of the result of his diligence in capturing photographs on subjects a s diverse as the cosmopolitan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Camb odia D. E. The best answer is A. appeared in these pages more frequently than are any poet. have appeared in these pages more frequently than any other poet. B. appeared in these pages more frequently as are those of any other poet. have appeared in these pages more frequently than those of any other poet. artist Sarah Willensky has since lived in the U. and England. Derrida is showing As Foucault. E. D. a clear and logical comparison is made betwe en Foucault and Derrida. Merwin have appeared in these pag es more frequently than any poet. resulting from the diligence in capturing photographs on subjects as diverse as the cosmopolitan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Cambo dia. A. Derrida shows As did Foucault. as does Foucault. as a result of his diligence in capturing photographs on subjects so diverse as the cosmopolitan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Cambodia The best answer is D. S. C. he received the Outstanding Photographic Achievement Award. his diligence in capturing photographs on subjects as diverse as the cosmopol itan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Cambodia resulted and C. A. Over the past three decades the poems of W. Choice D uses the idiomatic as a result of and conveys i nformation unambiguously. D. and first came to Canada in . resulting from his diligence in capturing photographs on subjects as diverse as the cosmopolitan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Cambodia B. C. The best answer is D. Being a Canadian citizen since 1958 and born in Czernowitz in 1938. other poets. In choice A. Derrida shows Like Foucault. have been appearing in these pages more frequently than any poet. as a result of his diligence in capturing photographs on subjects as diverse as the cosmopolitan cafés of Paris and the impoverished villages of Cambodia E. Choice D correctly compares Merwin’s works to the works of xxxIn 1998. Derrida’s showing Derrida shows. S. B. Like Foucault.

the wife of the poet Shelly wrote the world-famous a nd increasingly relevant Gothic horror tale. The best answer is E. moved were determined from their own reported levels of involvement in schoo l-based sports activities like soccer and track. B. Born in Czernowitz in 1938. artist Sarah Willensky E. in response to a challenge to create a ghost sto ry. and uses correct subjectverb agreement. . F rankenstein. The wife of the poet Shelly wrote the world-famous and increasingly relevant Gothic horror tale. The use of a semicolon to set apart the remaining informatio n further assists the clarity of the sentence. Mason. artist Sarah Willensky The best answer is C. in response to a chal lenge. Being a Canadian citizen since 1958 and born in Czernowitz in 1938. artist S arah Willensky has B. A. Choice E conveys its meaning clearly. without ambiguity. The first clause presents its information clearly and in logical sequence. E. D. E. D. artist Sarah Willensky became a Canadian citizen in 1958. the wife of the p oet Shelly made the world-famous and increasingly relevant Gothic horror tale. the wife of the poet Shelly wrote in response to a challenge to create a ghost story.1957 to study at York University. artist Sarah Willensky C. A. moved moved moved moved moved were determined from were determined because of was determined through was determined by was determined as a result of The best answer is D. Frankenstein. The wife of the poet Shelly wrote the world-famous and increasingly relevant Got hic horror tale. Having been a Canadian citizen since 1958. B. and uses straightforward syntax. Having been born in Czernowitz in 1938 and being a Canadian citizen since 19 58. Choice D is clear and concise. hiking. Writing in response to a challenge to create a ghost story. A. and tennis. running. in response to a challenge to create a ghost s tory. Adams and Jon es. Being born in Czernowitz in 1938 and having been a Canadian citizen since 195 8. C. Frankenstein. the wife of the poet She lly wrote the world-famous and increasingly relevant Gothic horror tale. To create a ghost story. Frankenstein. Frankenstein. extramural classes and activiti es like swimming. C. she has D. 13. The world-famous and increasingly relevant Gothic horror tale. In response to a challenge to create a ghost story. Franken stein. she was born in Czernowitz in 193 8. Choices A and B are incorrect because they use the plural verb were to refer to the singular subject The way. The way in which Taylor and the other the participants.

Two out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies also attend our a nnual conference on biodiversity and endangered species. they do it does it does returns returns not not not are are expect return when expect return when it is expect will be returned when they are not expected to be made when not expected to be made when they will be . Our annual conference. Additionally. meningitis and pneumonia. compared to other children in the United States. Two out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies our annual confer ence on biodiversity and endangered species is attended by them. is atten ded by two out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies. in comparison with other children of the United States. The best answer is A. Two out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies also they attend our annual conference on biodiversity and endangered species. B. E. A. A. C.STOP Two out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies also attend our annu al conference on biodiversity and endangered species. than other children in the United States. Prior to the development of this vaccine. D. Choice B correctly uses the idiomatic construction more common among x than among y. it is on biodiversity and endangered species. choice A avoids problems with doubled subjects found in B D and E. and maintains subject-ver b agreement. Our annual conference on biodiversity and endangered species is attended by t wo out of every four participants in the Earth Day rallies. D. idiomatic. C. 17. Prendhurst Public Library recently calculated that it has loaned 40 items th at they do not expect return when due. C. 16. A. D. E. The best answer is B. Choice A is concise. than among other children in the United States. B. B. E. due to H ib were much more common among Navajo and Apache children than other children in the United States. than is so of other children of the United States.

The best answer is C. a prominent Staten Island family. E. Like their French counterparts. The meaning is clear despite the relative complexity of the sentence. Shields was called bad-smelling because B. condensed milks that impart a particularly nutty caramel taste. A. has survived a close brush with f inancial ruin. its assets are now almost three times greater than its assets are now almost three times more than their assets are now almost threefold now with threefold the assets now with assets three times greater than The best answer is A. C. C. B. ruin. Choice C has subject verb agreement throughout. As well as a fool and a liar. A. The Watsons. using it a s a pronoun to refer to the singular noun. their Latin counterparts get their flavor and texture from their flavor and texture is from one place they get their flavor and texture from is they get their flavor and Latin texture from Latin flans get their flavor and texture from The best answer is E. library. E. financial financial financial financial financial ruin. As we now enter an era of broadband communication. D. ruin. Shields was called bad-smelling because he only ba thed once every month or so. C. Latin flans are coated with a dark caramelized s ugar. that no less than a new that nothing other than that a new breakthrough the necessity for a new the necessity for a new breakthrough is necessary a new breakthrough is needed is necessary breakthrough breakthrough occurring The best answer is C. A. its. As well as a fool and a liar. to refer to the sin gular antecedent. and it properly uses the construction its assets are now…greater than. its assets are now almost three times greater than what they were before their problems commenced. A. D. ruin. but unlike French flans. B. Choices A and B needles sly lengthen the statement by expressing the idea through negation: no less than and nothing other than. Besides a fool and a liar. their Latin counterparts get their flavor and tex ture from egg yolks and from canned. B. E. The word that functions grammatically to introduce the c lause that describes the point on which analysts agree. Choice A uses a singular pronoun. the comparison of Latin with French is logical. D. most analysts agree that no l ess than a new breakthrough is necessary to meet the need for higher data storag e capacity and faster data transfer rate. also Shields was called bad-smelling because . ruin. The Watsons.

the number of high school students who are working part time in sales have gr own C. Choice A correctly balances the contrasting terms low and high in parallel form (adjectives in the positive degree). E. A. C. Shields was called not only a fool and a liar. and the heroism. there has been growth in the number of high school students working part time in sales D. to do doing to do doing to do it rewards it rewards this would reward so would reward it would reward The best answer is D. A conveys the intended meaning concisely and unambigu ously. The singular verb has agrees with the subject of the clau se. decency and compassion shown by . the number of high school students working part time in sales has grown B. the number. In brief and halting remarks after the service at the church. D. Choice D appropriately uses the adverb so to refer back to the verb buy. C. xxxThe 20-year alligator protection program has been declared a success. but also bad-smelling because The best answer is D. According to a recent census. Moreover. B. B. A.C. Choice D has no modification errors and uses parallel ph rases to complete the idiomatic construction not only…but also. the number of high school students working part ti me in sales has grown every decade since the 70’s. they called Shields bad-smelling because D. a growing number of high school students have been working part time in sales E. because trapping is low and alligator births in the wild are high since habitats have been restored to their natural state. Shields was not only called a fool and a liar. D. A couple of years later. but also bad-smelling because E. low low low low low and alligator births in the wild are high as and the births of the alligators in the wild are high since with higher alligator births in the wild as and alligator births in the wild are higher as and alligator births in the wild are highest as The best answer is A. high school students working part time in sales have been growing in number The best answer is A. the mayor remember ed those who lost their lives. E. A. he decided not to buy Mary Jane the Florida retreat of her dreams because he believed that to do it rewards her disrespectful conduct. Besides a fool and a liar. The other choices inappropriately use pronouns (it or this) to refer back to the verb.

and Meli ssa Booth. Recorded in New York city. The best answer is E. E. Recorded in New York city. Recorded in New York city. D. The Gift was written and sung by two teenaged sing ers. who would later make her reputa tion as an actress. The best answer is C. Only in C is Recorded in New York city followed immediatel y by the gift. who would later make her reputation as an actress. The first decision for most people which consider the use of an irrevocable t rust is whether or not they make the gift outright or in trust. who would later make her reputatio n as an actress. A. Melissa Booth and Darlene Berman. C makes it clear that the clause beginning who refers to D arlene. The first decision for most people which consider the use of an irrevocable trus t is if or not to make the gift outright or in trust. C. D. The first decision for most people who consider the use of an irrevocable tru st is if or not to make the gift outright or in trust. The first decision for most people considering the use of an irrevocable trus t is if to make the gift outright or in trust.all on that sad and terrible day. C. The first decision for most people which consider the use of an irrevocable t rust is if or not to make the gift outright or in trust. Recorded in New York city. B. The first decision for most people considering the use of an irrevocable trus t is whether to make the gift outright or in trust. Also. the songwriter and singer of The Gift were two teenag ed singers. Melissa Booth and Darl ene Berman. and recorded in N ew York city. who would later make her reputation as an actress. the songwriter and singer of The Gift were two tee naged singers. A. E. Melissa Booth and Darl ene Berman. who would later make her reputation as an actress. Only E idiomatically completes whether with an infinitive to make. Melissa Booth and Darlene Berman. Melissa Booth and Darlene Be rman. The Gift was written and sung by two teenaged singers. who would later make her reputation as an actress. two teenaged singers. The Gift was reco rded in New York city. The songwriter and singer being two teenaged singers. . Darlene Berman. were the songwriter and singer of The Gift. B.

S. in the JSWU program. those that deal on the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to mak e non-binding recommendations. By licensing technologies to private companies and awarding grants for innovativ e research. and the program encourages stude nts to build on their technical backgrounds and experience. The UN distinguishes two sorts of Security Council resolutions. The UN distinguishes two sorts of Security Council resolution. The UN distinguishes between two sorts of Security Council resolutions. those that dea l with the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to make non-b inding recommendations. B. those that deal with the peaceful resolution to disputes and entitle the council to ma ke non-binding recommendations. the project is catalyzing the multibillion-dollar U. and the program emphasizes planning and design skills that are specifically requ ired in project-based organizations the students are encouraged. the students are encouraged. In addition.Unlike traditional MBA programs. A. The best choice is E because it used the idiomatically co rrect expression distinguishes between x and y. and the program emphasizes planning and design skills that are specifically required in project-based organizations . as well. to build on their technical backgrounds and experience. tha t are specifically required in project-based organizations and encourages studen ts to build on their technical backgrounds and experience. C. The UN distinguishes between two sorts of Security Council resolution. in the JSWU program.. E. planning and design skills are emphasized in the JSWU program emphasizes. to build on their technical backgrounds and experience. Choice E correctly uses a parallel construction to draw a logical comparison: Unlike traditional MBA programs… the JSWU program… Xxx?The UN distinguishes two sorts of Security Council resolution. the program encourages students to build on their technical backgrounds and experience. planning and design skills that are specifically required in project-based or ganizations are emphasized by the JSWU program. The best answer is E. and D. which aim to convey broad-based business and ma nagement concepts. The UN distinguishes two sorts of Security Council resolutions. and those that give the council broad powers to take ac tion. those that de al with the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to make nonbinding recommendations. there are tho se that deal with the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to make non-binding recommendations. and The best answer is E. planning and design skills that are specifically required in project-based or ganizations are emphasized by the JSWU program. and E. A. and C. some that dea l with the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to make non-b inding recommendations. choice C uses the idiomatic deal with construction. biotechnology . and B. the JSWU program emphasizes planning and design skills that are specifically required in project-based organizations and encourages students to build on thei r technical backgrounds and experience. D.

fostering the development cations known world-wide C. an amount which has about the size of the entire education budget . have increased from 500. the yearly expenses have increased from 500. the longer time people spend using the Internet.000 to two million. xxxAccording to a recent study performed at Stanford University.000 to two million. and to make their appl of new medical applications. their contact with their social environment the lost.000 to two million. and make their applica of new medical applications. has increased from 500. fostering and making. A. and making their appli of new medical applications. Despite objection to the tax policies of town auditor. the more they lose contact with their social environment The best answer is C. an amount that is about the size of the entire education budget B. as in the more they lose…. the more time p eople spend using the Internet. fostering the development ications known world-wide B. their contact with their socia l environment the lost C.000 to two million. to foster the development cations known world-wide of new medical applications. A. the more time it is that people spend using the Internet. to foster the development ications known world-wide E. an amount about the size of the e ntire education budget D. the more time people spend using the Internet. fostering the development of new medical applications. the more time people spend using the Internet the more they lose contact with their social environment D. Choices A.industry. to foster the development tions known world-wide D. The phrase the more time people spend… should be completed a parallel phrase that begins with a comparative adjective and a noun phrase. and making their appli The best answer is B. have increased from 500. about the size of the entire educ ation budget C. and to make th eir applications known world-wide. C. the more the contact with thei r social environment is lost B. have increased from 500. A.000 to two million. D and E all violate parallelism by employin g infinitive in place of participial phrases: catalyzing. and to make their appl of new medical applications. an amount that is about the size of the e ntire education budget. the more time people spend using the Internet. their contact with their social environment the lost E.

Although doctors agree they would like medicine to be a science . Choice E is unnecessarily wordy. it is not. With an account from a survivor who talks about her own history of abuse both in childhood and in adulthood D. Basing it on an account from a survivor who talks about her own history of ab use in childhood and in adulthood C. it is not .because life would be simpler that way . A. about the entire education budget’s size The best answer is C.because life would be simpler that way . it is not . and its impact on other family members. Choice s C and D omit the word that after agree. C.the fact is that owing to its human element.because lif e would be simpler that way . In choice B. However much doctors would like medicine to be a science . However much doctors would like medicine to be a science . it is not. Despite agreement among doctors that to the fact that they would like medicin e to be a science . A.because life would be simpler that way .E. the author weaves a story about the experience of mu ltiple selves. Based on an account from a survivor who talks about her own history of abuse in childhood and in adulthood.the fact is thanks to its human element. There is agreement among doctors that they would like medicine to be a scienc e . Based on an account from a survivor who talks on her own history of abuse in childhood and in adulthood B. has increased from 500.the fact is that with its human element. agreement to the fact is unidiomatic.the fact is that with its human element. The best answer is A. it is not.the fact is that with its human element.000 to two million. an amount about the size of the entire educat ion budget clearly describes an equivalence between the budget and the savings. B. Using the account of a survivor who talks about her own history of abuse in b oth childhood and adulthood .the fact is that with its human element. Although doctors agree they would like medicine to be a science . By the account from a survivor who talks about her own history of abuse in ch ildhood and in adulthood E. D.because lif e would be simpler that way .because life would be simpler that way . In choice C. E. it is not.

3 and 0. follows estimated with to be.45 p chance of HIV transmission is estimated to be between 0.45 percent chance of HIV transmission is estimated as being between 0. does not extinguish the independent existence of the weaker state.45 percen chance for HIV transmission is estimated as between 0. using. and using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult.45 percent The best answer is D. it was decided by the brothers to employ the medieval justice of trial by com bat. A.The best answer is E. A. the medieval justice of trial by combat was decided upon by the brothers The best answer is C. the situation was as that which can exist between a superpower to a satellite or protectorate . Because it is the brothers who were ea ger. Grammatically. there was a situation which was like that which can exist between a superpowe r and a satellite or protectorate E. the cent C. the situation was not unlike that which can ex ist between a superpower and a satellite or protectorate. the medieval justice of trial by combat.45 percent. D. Choice E is clear and concise. using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult was decided upon by the brothers E. using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult B. the decision of the brothers was to employ the medieval justice of trial by c ombat. A. using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult D.3 and 0. the best choice. though politically significant. the brothers decided to employ the medieval justice of trial by combat. the ercent D. the chance of HIV transmission is estimated at between 0. the chance of HIV transmission is estimated at between 0.3 to 0. the situation was not unlike that which can exist between a superpower and a satellite or protectorate B.3 and 0. is the best answer. xxx-Of those 2 percent of needle-stick injuries where HIV-infected blood is know n to be present. choice C. the B. the situation was not unlike between a superpower to a satellite or protector ate C. Eager to prove a point.3 to 0. choice D uses the idiomatic the chance of. xxxAt the height of Manchu power. it correctly uses a present participle. and therefore one whic h.45 per chance for HIV transmission is estimated that it is between 0. to introduce the modifier describing how the author gathered information. the situation was like between a superpower to a satellite or protectorate D. using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult. in which the brothers appears as the subject. the participial phrase beginning Eager… mus t modify the subject of the main clause. the t E. it was decided by the brothers to employ the medieval ju stice of trial by combat.3 and 0. using both sword and pistol to wipe out the insult C. In addi tion.

a larger percentage of students take their A Level exams in colle ge than do so in Northern Ireland. A larger percentage of the students in England than do so in Northern Ireland . C. In England.and animal carcasses rarely. A larger percentage of students in England than is the case in Northern Irel and. B. D. a larger percentage of the students take their A Level exams in coll ege than is the case in Northern Ireland. nuts. The best answer is E. the best answer must logically and grammatically attach to the main clause when the list is omitted. A. a larger percentage of the students take their A Level exams in c ollege than is the case in Northern Ireland. Choice B is clear and concise. xxxDespite being a carnivore. and animal carcasses is rare. C. Do so is correctly used t o refer back to take their A level exams. Choice D is unn ecessarily wordy. The best answer here must qualify the statement made in t he main clause. roots. take their A Level exams in college. and animal carcasses rarely. the diet of the bear is largely vegetarian: it cannot be treated as part of the list of vegetarian foods. A. Choice E incorrectly uses as rather than like to compare two noun phrases. take their A Level exams in college. revamped s chool policy. fruits. animal carcasses a rarity. The best answer is B.. with animal carcasses a rarity. D. E. being worried about the presence of drugs in her school and the failing of her students to improve on the state tests. and tubers . In England. B.The best answer is A. The newly appointed principal. In England. with animal carcasses as rare. In England. In B and C there are faulty comparisons. a larger percentage of the students take their A Level exams in c ollege than the Northern Ireland students do. the diet of the bear is largely vegetarian – fresh l eaves. . berries. In other words. E.

To make negotiations successful. for them to be transformed into patchwork quilts once the collection is big e nough. worried about the presence of drugs in her school and the failure D. Having no word such as at to indicate location. because of her worry concerning the presence of drugs in her school as well a s the failing The best answer is C. D and E begin with unnecessarily wordy phrases. to transform them into patchwork quilts once enough of them have been collect ed. The best answer is E. D. if they are transformed into patchwork quilts once enough of them have been c ollected. one must look at the interests of the parties. Choice C also uses t he idiomatic worried about. D. B and C fail to complete the parallel construction at the interests of the par ties rather than at… Choice E is wordy and unidiomatic. in order to make it easier in contrast with a series of positions. in order to make it easier rather than at a series of positions. choices A . A report by the National Refiners Association has concluded that much of the unt apped oil reserves they had counted on will remain inaccessible for the foreseea ble future. A. instead of a series of positions. B. Choice C is best because its phrasing is parallel and co ncise. A. B. being worried over the presence of drugs in her school and the failing B.A. in that they were worried over the presence of drugs in her school. if the pieces are transformed into patchwork quilts once enough of them have been collected. much of the untapped oil reserves that they had counted on will remain inacce . to have it transformed into patchwork quilts once enough pieces have been col lected. Choice E has parallel infinitives and uses pieces to refe r unambiguously to material. A. in order to make it easier as against being at a series of positions. C. in order to make it easier to reach a compromi se on the particulars. E. C. in order to make it easier The best answer is D. in order to make it easier as opposed to a series of positions. instead of a series of positions. worrying over the presence of drugs in her school and the failure C. also the failing E. much of the untapped oil reserves they had counted on will remain inaccessibl e for the foreseeable future B. A. The only way for seamstresses to salvage leftover material is to transform them into patchwork quilts once enough of them have been collected. E.

Choice B contains the same main clause and dangling modifier. Choice A presents a dangling modifier. Using a laparoscopy. which is consistent to the growt h of crime there. findings consistent with the growth of crime in t he area E. many of the reserves that are currently untapped oil they had counted on will remain inaccessible for the foreseeable future E. the district of Meadowvale. findings consistent to its growth of crime D. the expression crime’s growth instead of growth of crime is awkward. In choice E. Choices A and C use the unidiomatic consistent to. which is consistent to the growth of crime there B. Choice C suggest t hat doctors can use a laparoscopy after they remove the ovaries. which allows the procedure to be done on an outpatient basis. b y being done. whi ch allows the procedure to be done on an outpatient basis. a doctor can remove ovaries without opening the abdomen. Using a laparoscopy. the Meadowvale district. which allows the procedure to be done on an outpatient basis. much of the untapped oil reserves they would have been counting on will remai n inaccessible for the foreseeable future D. the district of Meadowvale. D. xxx-Undercover police detectives have observed large concentrations of gang memb ers in the west end of the Meadowvale district. where the crime’s growth is consistent with these find ings C. Removing the ovaries without opening the abdomen. It us es many with the word reserves which is a count noun. the doctor can use a laparo scopy. now at the end. A. Using a laparoscopy. is awkward. By being done on an outpatient basis using a laparoscopy. B. . the Meadowvale district. E. ovaries can be removed without opening the abdomen. A. many of the untapped oil reserves they had counted on will remain inaccessibl e for the foreseeable future The best answer is E. C. Ovaries can be removed without opening the abdomen. using a laparoscopy. Choice E is both grammatically correct and concise. allowing the procedure to be done on an outpatient basis. The best answer is D. the Meadowvale district. the use of the definite article before crime is unwarranted. ovaries can be remo ved by a doctor without opening the abdomen.ssible for the foreseeable future C. In ch oice E. whic h allows the procedure to be done on an outpatient basis. consistent with the growth of the crime there The best answer is D. ovaries can be removed without opening the abdomen. In cho ice B.

If he were to decide to take military action. which is maybe the most easy way to copy sample text to your computer. D. no doubt he would choose the bes t path for to achieve their objectives. Choice B correct the misuse of the subjective. no doubt he would choose the best pat h to achieve their objectives. In choices A and C the use of maybe is unidiomatic.What was as remarkable as the development of his distinctive brush strokes in th e many sketches and watercolors van Gogh produced in his ten short years as an a rtist. Choice E is awkwardly phrased. A. the way that is easiest to copy sample text to your computer. E. is probably the easiest way to copy sample text to your computer. In C. no doubt he would choos e the best path for achieving their objectives. What was as remarkable as the development of his distinctive brush strokes B. especially not to the United States Congress. and has since quickly spread thr oughout most of the range of five-needle pines in the West. the clauses beginning with What was and The thing that was cause inconsistencies in verb tense. no doubt he would choose the be st path to achieve their objectives. C. Had he decided to take military action. The blister rust fungus is native to Asia but was introduced to British Colum . C. is probably the more easy way to copy sample text to your computer. has been the continued popularity of his letter sketches. no doubt he would choose a best path to achieve their objectives. The p hrase more easy used in D is incorrect. B. Besides being wordy. The best answer is B. the noun dev elopment is parallel to popularity. A. E. You can copy and paste text from web pages just as you would copy and paste text in a word processing document. Developing his distinctive brush strokes has been none the less remarkable th an E. is maybe the easiest way to copy sample text to your computer. A. and correc tly chooses the infinitive to achieve ollowing would choose the best path. is. If he was to decide to take military action. If he was to decide to take military action. but I expect they would not be announcing tho se plans publicly. Development of his distinctive brush strokes has been no less remarkable as The best answer is C. no doubt they would choose the best path to achieve their objectives. Supposing he was to decide to take military action. B. No less remarkable than the development of his distinctive brush strokes D. is maybe the most easy way to copy sample text to your computer. In the event that he decides to take military action. B is th erefore the best answer. A. D. The blister rust fungus is native to Asia but was introduced to British Columbia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910. it may be. The best answer is B. The thing that was as remarkable as develop his distinctive brush strokes C.

In English it is idiomatic usage to credit someone with h aving done something. The expression nativ e to is idiomatic. E. the competitor’s product costs twice e B. and still exists in. xxx-Except for the ban that the president announced last week. credited as having discovered several elements through electrolysis. Choice E is awkw ard and wordy. credited to have discovered several elements through electrolysis D. Humphry Davy was one of the most celebrated British chemists of the early 19th c entury. his career has b een characterized by progressive policy decisions. A. In D. especially in the area of wel fare. the participle announcing inappropriately ex presses ongoing rather than completed action. British Colombia. The blister rust fungus is a native in Asia but was introduced to British Col umbia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910 C. The phrasing are native to correctly suggest that the rus t is indigenous to. only choice B is idiomatic. Hence. the use of excepting is unidiomatic. In choice B. and he is credited as the one who discovered several elements through electro lysis E. maintaining the competitor’s product ning the new Mills’ machine as much as maintaining the new Mills’ machin as much to maintain as the new Mills’ machin costs twice as much as the new Mills’ machin costs twice as much as it does for maintai . credited as having discovered several elements through electrolysis B. xxxIn a press conference given last week. credited for being the one who has discovered several elements through electr olysis The best answer is B. The blister rust fungus had been natives to Asia but was introduced at Britis h Columbia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910 The best answer is A.bia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910 B. Choice C uses the participle bein g inappropriately. A. A. The blister rust fungus had been native of Asia and were introduced to Britis h Columbia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910 E. the Mills Company spokesman explained that although other machines are cheaper. Except for the ban that the president announced Except for the ban with the president announcing it Besides a ban being announced by the president himself Excepting a ban that the president announced With the exception of a ban that the president announced The best answer is A. C. the competitor’s product costs twice e C. D. maintaining the competitor’s product e does D. B. The blister rust fungus are natives to Asia but were introduced to British Co lumbia via Europe on a shipment of seedlings in 1910 D. the competitor’s product costs twice as much as maintaining the new Mills’ machine. credited with having discovered several elements through electrolysis C.

This sentence compares the costs required to maintain two machines. to maintain the competitor’s product costs twice as much as for the new Mills’ ma chine The best answer is B. C. those in some areas even faster than. whose sturdy appearance conceals a surprising sensitivity. B. (2) enclose the parenthetic al statement and … even faster than in commas. A. those in some areas even faster than what they did The best answer is D. so so so as as fast. that all of the thousands of stories written by the world’s authors are essenti ally variations of B. that the world’s thousands of stories written by authors of which all are essen tially variations of C. and some areas even faster than what they did some areas even faster than. Over the last decade.E. clarity of reference. E. Choice B is able to maintain parallelism in the comparison as well. xxx-Mr. salaries in most types of technological professions rose a lmost so fast. treating treating treating treating treating her so frail her being so frail her yet being so frail her. and (3) preserve parallel structure . as fast as. all of the thousands of stories written by the world’s authors to be essentiall y variations of E. The properly completed sentence here must (1) use the pro per form of the comparative conjunction. D. D. B. C. and precisely indicates the relationship of the thousands of stories to the six basic plot themes. that the world’s authors have written thousands of stories which are essentiall y variations of The best answer is A. that the world’s thousands of stories written by the authors are essentially va riations of D. A. and in fast. and so frail her yet was so frail . and fast as. and in some areas even faster than what they did outside the fiel d. those and in some areas even faster than. Choice A correctly uses a noun clause introduced by that after said. Torres. and economy by using those. Literary critics have often said that all of the thousands of stories written by the world’s authors are essentially variations of six basic plot themes. and in much faster. descr ibed how his patient use to rain epithets upon all the doctors and nurses treati ng her so frail that none dared to put her in her place. A. keeps the contention clear by making all of the thousands of stories the subject of the noun clause. E. fast as.

Here. Choice E states that although the patient rained epithets she was frail. a . A. a technician. Using a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020. having the company of one Because one of his four brothers accompanied him One of his four brothers being his company Accompanied by one of his four brothers The best answer is E. Having the company of one of his four brothers With four brothers. 6-year-old Luke. C. the testing process yields ha rd data that reveals why one’s heating and air conditioning system is not deliveri ng better comfort and also efficiency. C. The construction Accompanied by… clearly and grammatically modifies the subject of the sentence. Having the company of one of his four brothers. the princ iple would be the same for a person who is appointed and subsequently elected. a technician can obtain hard data that reveals why one’s heating and air conditioning system is not delivering bett er comfort and efficiency. Using a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020. Using a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020. as to certain elected positions. A. hard data can be yielded that rev eals why one’s heating and air conditioning system is not delivering better comfor t and efficiency. the conjunction yet is appropriately and correctly used to link the two verb phrases. E. D. B. one should note that. Using a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020. using a diagnostic tool. Called the AT-2020. E. B. The best answer is E. 6-year-old Luke would ramble thr ough the bayous along the Mississippi River near his home in Donaldsonville. the testing process yields hard d ata that reveals why one’s heating and air conditioning system has not delivered b etter comfort and efficiency.The best answer is E. D. Using a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020 clearly modifi es the subject of the sentence. the testing process yields hard data that reveals why one’s heating and air conditioning system is not delivering better comfort and efficiency. Before closing. hard data can be yielded that reveal s why one’s heating and air conditioning system is not delivering better comfort a nd efficiency. By use of a diagnostic tool called the AT-2020. spo rting a Daisy Red Ryder air rifle.

Unlike a typical high-tech job. In choice B. D. D. houses in the United verage Kingdom are nearly 10 years as old as any of the average Kingdom are nearly 10 years older than the average milit Kingdom are nearly 10 years as old as of the military ho Kingdom are nearly 10 years older than any of the milita Kingdom are nearly 10 years as old as military home on a The best answer is B. C. the person accepting our position is not required to make with our position there is no requirement to make job applicants are not required to make for the person accepting our position there is no requirement to make . C. as a person who is elected to an unexpired term as for a person who is elected to an unexpired term just as it would to a person who is being elected to an unexpired term as it would to the person who is elected to an unexpired term just as to the person who is elected in an unexpired term The best answer is B. B and D are un idiomatic. B. E. A. A. primarily on account o f the late onset and relatively benign course of the trait. houses in the United military home B. which appears in C and E is preferable since because can int roduce a complete subordinate clause explaining the reason why the pattern of in heritance has not been studied. which requires a 50 or 60 hour-per-week commitme nt. B. because. D. Choice B uses the idiomatic and grammatically parallel for m the same for x as for y. houses in the United mes on average D. This pattern of genetic inheritance has not been studied. houses in the United ry homes on average E. houses in the United Kingdom are near ly 10 years as old as any of the average military home in the United States. the person accepting our position is not required to make an agreement to wo rk so excessively. on account of the late onset on account of their having a late onset because of the late onset it is because of the late onset it is because they have a late onset The best answer is C. E. con cluded United States Air Forces civil engineer officials. A. A.s a person who is elected to an unexpired term. On account of and because of as used in A. houses in the United ary home C. With an average age of more than 40 years. B. older than makes the point of comparison be tween homes in the United Kingdom and the US clear. without having first been appoin ted to fill the vacancy. C.

if the browser would be set up to automatically load images only The best answer is B. C. D. A. D. if the browser is set up only to automatically load images D. like bees around a honey pot. and and and and and created enormous interest it created interest enormously creating enormous interest would create enormous interest it had created enormous interests The best answer is C. Choice E correctly uses a parallel construction to draw a logical comparison: Unlike a typical high-tech job….   . C. A. choice E is the only option that supplies an active verb form. th e picture should be displayed instantly. In sentences expressing a conditional result (x will hap pen if y happens) the verb of the main clause should be in the future tense and the verb of the if clause should be in the present indicative. only if the browser would be set up to automatically load images B. to parallel requires. A. slowing the growth or destroying the damage or the slowing of the growth of the damage to or the slowing of the growth of destroyed or slow growth of destroying or slowing the growth of The best answer is E The correct sentence must make clear that both destroying and slowing the growth of refer to pre-cancerous cells.E. E. once a browser meets an appropriate tag on the page. B. B. C. Additionally. There is no agreement on what role. Only choice C has a present participle (or –ing form) that is parallel with recalling. only if the browser is set up to automatically load images. E is the only choice t hat does so without introducing errors. our position does not require the prospective employee to make The best answer is E. our position…. xxxThe club s display board was newly adorned with many long lost photographs of events gone by and albums. and created enormou s interest. According to the manual. others claim that the command will func tion only if the browser would be is set up to automatically load images. is played by diet in slowing the gro wth or destroying pre-cancerous cells in a benign brain tumor. recalling stories of years past. E. does not require . with guests hovering around them. if any. if the browser was set up only to automatically load images E. The second verb phrase describing the display board shou ld have the same grammatical form as the first one.

driver s licen se number or customer account numbers from its files or computer systems D.Local state regulations require that a company disclose to its associates when a security breach may have allowed someone to steal a person s name and social se curity number. a company disclosing to its associates when a security breach may have allowe d someone to steal a person s name and social security number. that developed at the same time as the organization of cities                         . A. that a company disclose to its associates when a security breach may have all owed someone to steal a person s name and social security number. driver s licen se number or customer account numbers from their files or computer systems B. as is be disclosing in choice E. a company that it should disclose to its associates whether a security breach may have allowed someone to steal a person s name and social security number. C. that a company be disclosing to its associates when a security breach may hav e allowed someone to steal a person s name and social security number. d river s license number or customer account numbers from their files or computer systems E. B. xxx-Any cable modem will occasionally fail to signal that there is a connection when it is present and mark that there is one when there is not. xxx-When studying the origin of written language. that there is a connection when it is present and mark that there is one when a connection is present and mark that there is one a connection when it is present and mark that there is one when a connection is present and mark that there is one the presence of a connection when it is there and mark its presence The best answer is C. that a company disclose to its associates when a security breach may have all owed someone to steal a person s name and social security number. E. one should not overlook the de mand for written law that developed at the same time as the organization of citi es. D. driver s license number or customer account numbers from its files or computer systems The best answer is C. produces a sentence in which every pronoun refers clearly and logically to the noun connection. driver s license number or customer account numbers from their fi les or computer systems. B and C the plural pronoun their does not agree wit h the singular noun company. A. driver s license number or customer account numbers from their files or computer systems C. requires a company that it should is ungramm atical. In D. In A. Choice C is the best answer. A.

E. B. they are still in demand as a top act they are still in demand as a top act it is still in demand as a top act it are still in demand as being a top act being still in demand as a top act The best answer is C. maritime air flowing onshore from the south-east. that had developed at the same time as had the organization of cities that developed at the same time as the organization of cities had developing at the same time as the organization of cities did developing at the same time as the organization of cities were The best answer is A. Choice A uses the simple past tense developed to describ e the written law that developed at the same time as the organization of cities. many consumers had chosen Topp’s Supermarket rather than face the long drive to Savemore. D. D. . The Celestial Choir has been an important local cultural icon since the 19th cen tury. C. B. Only E correct employs the present perfect tense and is i diomatic. participating in several gala events at concert halls throughout the United States. A. All nouns and pronouns grammatically referring back to th e singular noun choir must be singular. xxx-A recent study has discovered that during the past few weeks. C. A. Only choice B maintains a parallel structure by listing: ( 1) maritime air flowing onshore… and (2) moist tropical air flowing southward. had chosen Topp’s Supermarket rather than face had chosen Topp’s Supermarket instead of facing have chosen Topp’s Supermarket instead of facing have chosen Topp’s Supermarket rather than facing have chosen Topp’s Supermarket rather than face The best answer is E. D.B. E. and they are in demand as a top act. E. a high pressure cell and the southward flowing of m oist tropical air. C. The rain was caused by a combination of lower level moist. the southward flowing of moist tropical air moist tropical air flowing southward the flowing southward of moist tropical air the southward flowing of moist tropical air moist tropical air that flows southward The best answer is B. A. D. E. C. B.

a legitimate subject for literature and to The best answer is E. whose clothes were torn B. as being a legitimate subject for literature and D. saw a wounded man sleeping on the sofa. In choice B. saw a wounded man sleeping on the sofa. in the 1980’s the figure was 17 percent expenditure. B. To establish the clearest comparison between circumstanc es in the 1920’s and those in the 1980’s. to be a legitimate subject for literature and B. expenditure. as being in choice C. as if she was a legitimate subject for literature and E. 17 percent in the 1980’s was the figure expenditure that rose to 17 percent in the 1980’s The best answer is B. When the verb consider is used to mean “regard” or “deem. A. A.” it ca n be used more economically without the to be of choice A. whose clothes torn . and 17 percent in the 1980’s. C. stating grammatically and cl early that. Choice D is the best answer.Richardson. and 17 percent in the 1980’s expenditure. widely considered the first novelist. with the Trout Variations. D. E. Never before had the musicians faced so many challenges at once as they had in p laying Schubert’s Trout Variations. a separate clause is needed to describe ea ch decade. and as it in choice D is used unidiomatically with this sense of consider. the musicians faced more simultaneous cha llenges than ever before. E. B. A. whose clothes were torn as if he had been attacked. C. A. and in the 1980’s 17 percent expenditure. In the 1920’s. D. should be a legitimate subject for literature and C. should be in choice B . clothing made up 11 percent of an average parent’s monthly expenditur e. so at at as so many once once many many challenges at once as many challenges as many challenges challenges at once challenges at once as they had in as that they were when as they confronted in that confronted them in The best answer is D. A person who had no knowledge of the situation would have walked into the room a nd saw a wounded man sleeping on the sofa. was also one of the first Engl ish writers to consider a servant girl to be a legitimate subject for literature and portray her sympathetically. two properly constructed clauses that clearly express t he comparison are separated by a semicolon.

which could be open ed next year. to lead to an increase of 12 percent in nned people and doubled skin cancer in light skinned people a of skin cancer in light skinned peopl incidence of skin cancer in light ski incidence of skin cancer in light ski . saw a wounded man sleeping on the sofa. whose clothes were torn E. leading to 12 percent more of incidence e and doubling C. is B. B and C use have… saw where have…seen is requir xxx-In one of the most tragic incidents in Milltown’s history. is to be The best answer is B. in fact. to lead to an increase in the incidence of skin cancer in lig ht skinned people and doubles the number of people suffering from eye diseases such as cataracts. A. Choices A. Choice A attaches the relative clause which could be opene d.than is unidiomatic. A. that support for the expansion of the physics laboratory. as many …. which could be opened next year. 1952. Choice E seriously distorts meaning. Choice D uses perhaps opening next year… to modify expansion instead of laboratory. seen a wounded man sleeping on the sofa.. and in C and E. those who is a wordy intrusion. support for the expansion of the physics laboratory. which could be opened next year . D. more i s redundant. it is the lab that could be opened. C. B. whose clothes have torn The best answer is D. support for the physics laboratory’s expansion. In B and C. to the noun expansion when. to lead to 12 percent more incidence of nd doubles B. The faculty suggested that support for the physics laboratory’s expansion. expansion support for the physics laboratory’s. A. to lead to a 12-percent increase in the nned people and double D.C. seen a wounded man sleeping on the sofa. perhaps opening next year. to be D. The recent depletion of stratospheric ozone has resulted in greater exposure to ultra violet rays. with clothes torn D. be C. on May 14.. E. perhaps opening next yea r. concert goers were concert goers were concert goers were more concert goers more concert goers hurt hurt hurt were were as than than those who hurt as there hurt as those who The best answer is A. Choice A is the only option that accurately expresses the comparison by using the idiomatic form as many…as. that support for the physics laboratory’s expansion. th ree times as many concert goers were hurt as would later be hurt at the infamous Mason Rock Festival tragedy. ed. C hoice C omits that. which c ould be opened next year. is E. In D and E. is obtained through the university’s alumni association.

one of whom is Russian. Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a pre siding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one si tting with nine jurors . one of them who is Russian. In this case. will take part in more than 30 pro jects in the Federal Development Programme of the Kaliningrad Region. D. leading to a 12-percent increase in the incidence of skin cancer in light ski nned people and doubling The best answer is E. A. that identifies an individual from among a larger group. A.E. Choice E clearly states that Assize courts consist of a presiding judge and two other judges in contrast to the French courts. A. . will take part in The best answer is D. the past perfect properly describes action that is completed prior to some other even described with the simple past tense. which is t o continue until 2010. Investors in the project. In choice E. one who is Russian. will be taking part in D. C. xxxSome parents have a very difficult time coming to grips with the fact that th eir offspring have become adults. E. one who is Russian.ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls. D. The subject. and one of them who is Russian. will take part in C. the oth er action is described in the present tense (see). E. Choice A correctly employs the simple past verb tense to describe a past condition. they see their they see their they see their their children their children children as they were during children as they had been during children as if during appear to them as they did in appear to them as though in The best answer is A. parallel structure is maintained in the part icipial phrases introduced by leading and doubling. Choice B inappropriately switches to the past perfec t (had been). investors. and the phrase 12-percent in crease in incidence conveys the meaning more accurately than does the phrase 12 percent more incidence. consequently. one of which is Russian. will take a part in B. B. they see their children as they were during their adolescence. C. will take part in E. because because because in that in that they are composed they are composed they are composed their composition they are composed of of of is of a presiding judge and two judges additionally a presiding judge and also two other judges a presiding judge and also of two other judges of a presiding judge and two other judges a presiding judge and two other judges The best answer is E. must be followed by a limiting a ppositive – such as one of whom. B.

The best answer is C. C. memory as well as perception attempt to try and visualize time. D. E. and workload related stress. In addition to having a greater number of students than Lexington Community Coll ege. the initial clause modifies the nearest noun. In C and D attempt to try is redundant. and military operations. B. n C. trying to visualize time. creating an . with more national achievement award winners among their ranks. A. identifying it as the thing being compared with Lexington Community Colle ge. Choice B logically compares Lexington College with Vaughn by placing the noun im mediately after the initial clause. there is an increasing interest in multiple autonomous mobile robot s ystems due to their applicability to various tasks such as space missions. and military operations. D. memory and perception The best answer is E. and left unchanged. Jock McDougall’s mixed media works compile images from our cultural landscape on p icture-thick canvases that are the artist’s trying to visualize time. the students in Vaughn College are academically stronger than those in Vaughn College is home to students who are academically stronger than those i the students in Vaughn College are academically stronger than they are in Vaughn College’s students are academically stronger than they are in Vaughn College has students stronger academically than The best answer is B. B. and in military operations. E. A. memory and perception attempt to visualize time. In this sentence. Choice E is unclear. D. memory and p erception. memory and perception attempt to try to visualize time. B. Choice A violates parallelism. Choice B is misleading. Workplaces are often either dramatically restructured. the phrase the artist’s trying is unidiomatic because trying is used as t he object of artist’s. while op erations that are military in choice D is unidiomatic. A. and operations in military or hazardous environments. opera ting in hazardous environments. C and D illogically compare Lexington Community College with students. military and hazardous environments operations. operating in hazardous environments. Although a gerund such as trying can sometimes be used as a noun. B also uses those to refer to the students in Lexington college. operations in hazardous environments. A. and operations that are military. the students in Vaughn College are academically stronger than those in Lexi ngton. operations in hazardous environments.Currently. C. which results in increasi ng rates of injury. Only choice C explains clearly and concisely what the var ious tasks are. memory and perception trying that it visualizes time. E.

or leav ing C. which results in increasing rates of injury. which should ref er to a specific noun rather than to the action of an entire clause. Except for a reading that the author herself staged three years ago. the use of Excepting in place of the preposition Except for i f unidiomatic. with the result of increasing rates of injury. with a resulting in increasing rates of injury. B. A. Likewise. idiomatic and parallel with the rest of the sentence. E. and workload related stress. A. In B. Choice E is awkward and wordy. o r leaving D. Except for a reading that the author herself staged Except for a reading with the author herself staging it Besides a reading being staged by the author herself Excepting for a reading that the author herself staged With the exception of a reading with the staging done by the author herself The best answer is A. C uses the participle being inapp ropriately. E. Mary Wither tree’s insightful poetry has not been made public to this very day. In D. and workload related stress. C. D. or left E. the participle staging inappropriately expresses on going rather than completed action. Choice A misuses which as a relative pronoun. resulting in increasing rates of injury. and left The best answer is D.inefficient workplace environment. and left B. A. B. C. Base flood elevations are the basis for the floodplain management measures that each community is required either to adopt or to show evidence of being already in effect in order to qualify for participation in the National Flood Insurance Program. and workload related stress. and the prepositional phrase containing this participle (with…it) is unidiomatic. adopt adopt adopt adopt adopt or or or or or that they show evidence of being already for showing evidence already of being they should show evidence of already being it should show its evidence of being already to show evidence of being already . and workload related stress. D. Choice D is concise. resulting in increasing rates of injury. and workload related stress.

far exceeds those necessary to fully satisfy D. to complete the construction either to a dopt… or…… All of the other choices offer syntactic structures that are not parallel to the infinitive phrase to adopt. D. far exceeds those that are necessary to fully satisfy B. proposed a reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to support the Endangered Species Program and to expand B. C. A. was proposing that the amount they allocate be reduced from the previous year for supporting the Endangered Species Program and for the expansion The best answer is A. B. exceeds by far those necessary to the full satisfaction of E. it it it it it is when one proceeds to is proceeding to is when one is proceeding to refers to a direction to proceed to is in reference to proceeding with The best answer is D. In choice A. The construction the amount allocated… to support… and to exp . exceeds by far those necessary to fully satisfy C. Only in choice E does the plural verb exceed agrees in n umber with its subject. xxxAlthough the term “segue” has come into popular use in the last few years. B and C. No funds obtained through FDB proceedings should be utilized for the payment of payroll taxes. xxx-Faced with increased welfare spending. has proposed a reduction from the previous year in the amount allocated for s upporting the Endangered Species Program and to expand E. A. amounts. or unless the amounts far exceeds tho se that are necessary to fully satisfy all remedial requirements. unless the funds obtained through these actions specifically incl udes an amount designated for the purpose. especi ally in journalism.The best answer is E. proposed a reduction from the previous year in the amount allocated to suppor t the Endangered Species Program and for expanding C. E. As a result. Choice E is the only one that maintains grammatical paral lelism by using an infinitive. proposed to reduce the amount from the previous year allocated for the suppor t of the Endangered Species Program and to expand D. A. the pronoun it simultaneously refer s forward to when or proceeding and backward to the term “segue”. the government proposed a reduction i n the amount allocated the previous year to support the Endangered Species Progr am and to expand the Wallaby Project. to show. in musicology it is when one proceeds to what follows withou t pause. the sentence asserts illogically that the term is actually a time rather than a word referring to a musical direction. far exceed those that are necessary to fully satisfy The best answer is E.

so difficult is it to navigate as to be considered a serious safety hazard D. Choice D does this clearly a nd correctly. C. such is its difficulty to navigate. A. A. it is considered a serious safety hazard E. D. A. that might at one time have been found as guilty who might once have been found guilty that at one time might have been found guilty who at one time might have been found to be guilty who. it is so difficult to navigate that is considered a serious safety hazard B. B. As a result of modern DNA testing. as well as. E. now walk ou t of the courtroom innocent individuals. guilty and i nnocent. could travel. xxx-Theologian Martin Luther changed his appearance so as to travel around Worms without being recognized. such as rape and murder. It is introduced by an appropriate conjunction. while the phrase a reduction in the amount allocated the previo us year is both clear and concise. The sentence calls for an adverbial clause of purpose to explain why Martin Luther changed his appearance. The pronoun it links the noun Larson Pass with its modifie r difficult. it is of such difficulty to navigate that is seriously considered a safety ha zard C. Although Larson Pass is not often blocked. D. to ref er to many people. Unable to come up with a definitive diagnosis. It observes formal and logical parallelism in the wording of the relative clause and the main clause: once and now. E. B. and so difficult that idiomatically introduces a clause that provid es a further explanation of difficult. so that. at one time. who. so as to travel and so could travel to travel so that he could travel in order that he would travel The best answer is D. one physician suggested that a ra . C. many people that might at one time have been found guilty of crimes they did not commit. there is so much difficulty in navigation that is considered a serious hazard in safety The best answer is A. might then have been found guilty The best answer is B. and cont ains a logically appropriate verb form.and is parallel. it is so difficult to navigate that i s considered a serious safety hazard by the local mountaineers. Choice B uses the preferred relative pronoun.

and darke ning. E. has yielded interesting results and attracted the a ttention of several major research centers. and easing . D. B. psychological and emotional wounds of the peop le. C. A. In A. when the Ringling brothers first opened their circus. difficulty.re African virus may have caused the low-grade fever. A. D. A. B. D. with the o pening in 1871. aiming at the healing the physical. has followed a policy aimed at healing the physical. The work shaking must function as a noun to parallel the other items in the noun series of which it is part: fever. the singular auxiliary verb has does not a gree with the plural subject of the sentence. has yielded interesting results and attracted the attention has yielded results of interest and has attracted the attention has yielded interesting results and have attracted the attention have yielded interesting results and attracted the attention have yielded results of interest and have attracted the attention The best answer is D. without having to m ove around individual atoms. and the darkening of his fingernail beds. and to ease C. B. aimed at healing the physical. the difficulty swallowing. Efforts. A. E. Never before had circus-goers confronted so much excitement at once as they had in 1871. headed by Chief Mini ster Mufti Mohammed Sayeed. his body to shake violently the violent shaking of his body shake the body violently his body shaking violently a body that shook violently The best answer is B. psychological and emotional wounds of the people. and easing D. so at at as so much once once much much excitement at once as much excitement as much excitement excitement at once excitement at once as they had in as that there were with as they confronted in that confronted them in The best answer is D. psychological and emotional wounds of the people. and easing the suffering of K ashmir’s sick and homeless. E. aimed at the healing of the physical. Choice E is wordy. and easing B. psychological and emotional wounds of the people. the Kashmir government. psychological and emotional wounds of t he people. B and C. Choice D states grammatically and clearly that. C. circus-goers confronted more simultaneous excitement than ever b efore. Efforts made by York Laboratories to study how the atoms in metal crystals or ot her collections of tiny particles interact with one another. the aim of which is the healing of the physical. C. Since it came to power in November. his body to shake violently.

were an influence on the petroleum industry. After these symptoms began to affect the quality of her work. and to ease The best answer is A. In D and E. and postdoctoral scholar. and through his many years of teaching and academic administration also inspired generations C. A. that see that ozone is able to alter potassium channels in guard cells using E. A. as she belie ved that to do it enables her to perform her regular job functions satisfactoril y. A. xxxThe 2003 Earth Sciences Award recipient was Jacob Ells. D. because it is the experimenters that do the seeing. and through his many years of tea ching and academic administration was also an inspiration to generations B. Choice A offers an adjective phrase unequivocally modifyin g policy and exhibiting grammatical parallelism (healing. C. to see whether ozone can alter potassium channels in guard cells by the use o f C. to see if ozone can alter potassium channels in guard cells with using D. was influential to the petroleum industry. influenced the petroleum industry. with the aim to heal the physical. Greene repeate dly asked her employer to relieve her of the additional assignment. Choice B is idiomatic. and through his many years of teaching and academic administration was also an insp iration to generations of exploration geologists. clear and without agreement errors or redundancy. are conducting experiments to see whether ozone can alter potassium channels in guard cells using an electrophysi ological tool called patch clamping. The other choices inappropriately use pronouns (it or this) to refer back to the verb. to see whether ozone can alter potassium channels in guard cells using B. were influential on the petroleum industry. with using. whose contributions t o our understanding of the earth were influential on the petroleum industry. is unidiomatic. was influential to the petroleum industry. In choice C. and through his many years of teac hing and academic administration was also inspirational to generations D. experiments that see is imprecise. easing). Sam Barr. Choice B.E. the phrases were influential on and were an influen . In A and E. Choice D appropriately uses the adverb so to refer back t o the verb relieve. not the experiments themselv es. Greg Hill. which uses by the use of. is wordy. B. Ms. psychological and emotional wounds of the people. that see whether ozone are able to alter potassium channels in guard cells us ing The best answer is A. and through his many years of teac hing and academic administration also inspired generations E. and through his many years of te aching and academic administration was also an inspiration for generations The best answer is B. that to do it enables doing it enables to do this would enable doing so would enable to do it would enable The best answer is D. E.

A. Out of every ten children in the school age years in Ghana. seven suffer from anemia. Out of every ten. Asian and native American men. Hispanic. . the head of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service has disclos ed. as well as cited in the national media more often as are those of any think tank The best answer is D. which are cited in the n ational media more often than any other think tank C. provide expert reports to all branches of government. Testicular cancer is much more common among Caucasian men than afro-American. C. Asian and native American men. Hispanic. Choice A is concise. having in comparison with afro-American. D. with than is so of afro-American. which are cited in th e national media more often than any think tank. A. with 93% of testicular cancers occurring in white males. wi The best answer is B. Asian and native American men. Hispanic. E. B. seven out of every ten school-age children suffers from anemia.ce on are not idiomatic. Seven out of every ten school-age children in Ghana suffer from anemia. th than afro-American. which are cited in the national med ia more often than any think tank. the head of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service has disclosed. provide all branches of government with expert reports. Asian and native American men. Asian and native American men. Anemia is suffered by seven out of every ten children in the school age years in Ghana. idiomatic and maintains subject-verb agreement between the noun phrase seven out of every ten and suffer. th e head of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service has disclosed. disclosed the head of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service. Choice D correctly compares NSD scholars’ reports to the re ports of other think tanks. with than among afro-American. seven children in the school age years in Ghana suffers fro m anemia. C. A. having compared to afro-American. Asian and native American men. E. Hispanic. Choice B correctly uses the idiomatic construction more co mmon among x than among y. the head of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service has disclo sed. In Ghana. Hispanic. provide all branches of government with expert reports. xxxNSD scholars testify frequently before congressional committees and provide e xpert reports to all branches of government. Hi spanic. B. B. D. provide expert reports to all branches of government. Both C and D begin with the singular was which does no t agree with contributions. the h ead of the nutrition unit of the Ghana Health Service has disclosed. Seven out of every ten school-age children years in Ghana suffer from anemia. provide expert reports to all government branches. which are cited in the national media more often than those of any other think tank E. The best answer is A. and are cited in the nation’s media more often than are any think tank D.

credited his high school history teacher for his having a profound influence C. D. Melomel is a fermented drink popular in ancient Greece. apple or grape juice are added The best answer is C. A. The underlined section must modify the noun mead by noting addition. C. where credit(ed) is used as a verb. D. in part th at they have strategic location. It also correctly uses partly t o set up a construction of partly x and partly y. in part that they have strategic location. E. partly because of its strategic location. credited his high school history teacher for having a profoundly strong influ ence E. In this sentence. partly because of their strategic location. between those who wanted to accept the merger with those who opposed between those who wanted to accept the merger and those who opposed between those wanting to accept the merger with those opposing among those who wanted to accept the merger with those who opposed . credited his high school history teacher with having had a profound influence B. Choice C does this clearly. A. The best answer is E. E. it is basically a kind o f mead to which has been added apple juice or grape. Thus only choice A is idiomatic. partly because of their having a strategic location. D.Samuel Renton. credited his high school history teacher to have had a profound influence D. and partly due to government policy. directly and correctly in the form of a relative clause. to which has been added apple juice or grape added to which is apple or grape juice to which apple or grape juice has been added with apple or grape juice having been added to it and. in addition. the board was sharply divided between those who wanted to accept the merger with those wh o opposed. A. gave credit his high school history teacher in that he had a profound influen ce The best answer is A. From the beginning of the meeting until it recessed seven hours later. the noted British economist. in part for its strategic location. B. the idiom in English is to credit something with having had some effect. B. B. C. Singapore has become one of the world’s most vibrant financial centers. A. C. Choice E best indicates the reason Singapore has become o ne of the world’s most vibrant financial centers. credited his high school history tea cher with having had a profound influence on his work and his personal life.

bu received a large number of applications from suitable candidates. C. Choice B correctly uses the construction between x and y to describe the conflict between two opposing groups. not only t also the C. not only t the B. Hudson Net has developed several websites that range from standa rd web presence sites and e-commerce sites. received e received a large number of applications from suitable candidates. and not that they not only received x but also “y-ed” it. closely linked more than ever before so C. of less than 65 percent and fewer B. A. The words not also must come after the verb received the make clear that they received not only x but also y. D. A. The construction range from x must be completed by to y. The influence of El Nino in the late 1990s demonstrated that global weather cond itions are linked more closely than never before and events in one part of the w orld have a direct influence on event in other parts of the world. bu received a large number of applications from suitable candidates. more closely linked as never before while D. In their meticulous search for the ideal person to replace the retiring administ ration assistant. A. bu not only a large number of applications from suitable candidates.E. not only t also the D. they not only received a large number of applications from sui table candidates. bu a large number of applications from suitable candidates. but the high quality of applicants. A. Choice D produces a clear sentence in which parallel str uctures (two clauses introduced by that) underscores meaning. With a renewal rate of less than 65 percent and fewer new subscribers than last year. lower than 65 percent and less C. E. between those wanting to accept the merger with those opposing The best answer is B. and also th The best answer is D. linked more closely than never before and B. more closely linked than ever before and that E. more than ever before closely linked as The best answer is D. the Flash fashion journal is in danger of folding by the end of the next q uarter. and e-commerce sites to e-commerce sites and to e-commerce sites with sites of e-commerce in addition to sites of e-commerce The best answer is B. B. received t also a E. lesser than 65 percent and fewer . as in choice B. The other choices lack this parallel construction and contain additional faults. Over the years.

for small businesses it is potentially devastating. in that their C. Choice E follows first of all correctly with second. but it is potentially devast ating for small businesses. finance. at dawn they emerged immortal. first of all. it is potentially devastating for small businesses. and secondarily. B. for small businesses. emerged immortal at dawn. they can potentially devastate small businesses. and maintains parallel construction. emerged immortal at dawn. secondly. whose The best answer is A. A. it is potentially devastating. secondly. The best answer is E. whose capital – often representing a life’s savings – can disappear in a short period of time. whose B. Being only seven percent of the jobs D. of fewer than 65 percent and fewer The best answer is A. As only seven percent of jobs C. fewer than 65 percent and less E. it can potentially devastate small businesses. xxxThe recessed economy may hurt some corporations. second. A. A. and real estate compris e the largest sector of the today’s economy. D. in that their E. Although accounting for only seven percent of the jobs . insurance. when mortals died. C. joined Re on his nocturnal journey through the underwor ld. E. Choice A appropriately uses less to talk about percent an d fewer to talk about the countable number of new subscribers. With only seven percent of the jobs. emerged immortal at dawn. emerged immortal at dawn. at dawn emerged as immortal. The pronoun whose clearly refers to small businesses and efficiently connects them with the idea of lost capital. With only seven percent of the jobs B. they. second. xxxAccording to ancient Egyptian belief. because their D.D. whether noble or com mon. secondarily. Despite having only seven percent of jobs E.

found only after their being such a method developed . from a one-hour interview with her clients he has the ability of determining C. from a one-hour interview with her clients that he can determine B. to determine E. The word or phrase that begins this sentence should esta blish the contrast between the percentage of jobs and how much of the economy th e sector comprises. A. A. The committee stressed the urgency to find a method to reveal the radiation-indu ced mutations since corrective treatments can be found only after when such a me thod is developed. The best answer is D. who established an excursion park on the shore and used the land as a B. it idiomatically e mploys the phrase used the land as. who established an excursion park on the shore and used the land as a private sanctu ary. the ability. to be able. A. who. found only after when such a method is developed B. found only at the time after such a method is developed E. used the land like a D. establishing an excursion park on the shore. from a one-hour interview with her clients. also. who. Willow’s Lake was used by David Meadows as the setting for his solitary retreat fr om civilization before 1966. Choice D and E are the only ones that establish the contras t. using the land to be E. Choice A correctly supplies the past tense verbs establis hed and used to describe two actions performed in 1966. establishing an excursion park on the shore and using the land as a The best answer is A.The best answer is E. xxx-An interior decorator that specializes in color claims from a one-hour inter view with her clients that he can determine which colors will create the best at mosphere for the inhabitants of the space. when he established an excursion park on the shore. used the land like a C. Choice D correctly uses an infinitive to connect the verb claims with the decorator’s assertion: claims to be able… to access… . found only after when such a method is has been developed C. being able to access. and only E expresses meaning accurately with the phrase Although accounting f or. when it was bought by the Finchcrest Railroad. from a one-hour interview with her clients. from a one-hour interview with her clients. who had established an excursion park on the shore. of determining D. found only after such a method has been developed D.

the construction after their being… is u ngrammatical. In E. Choice B correctly uses the construction more negative t han to compare the climate inside and outside of the classroom. that existed at the same time as had the Australopithecines D. a paid-employee approach is the foundation of the Safe-home Shelter E. than compared to the climate inside the classroom E. a paid-employee approach is the foundation of the Safe-h ome Shelter. the approach of the Safe-home Shelter is based on paid-employees D. where the work is carried out by a team o f dedicated volunteers. a paid-employee approach is the foundation of the Safe-home Shelter B. In D. A. compared to those of the climate inside of the classroom The best answer is B. In choice A and B after when is unidiomatic. the ph rase at the time after is awkward. In this sentence. Paranthropus Paranthtropus are a group of hominids that existed at the same time as the Australopithecines and some other species of the Homo genus. A. Choice A uses the simple past tense existed to describe species existing simultaneously in the past. Students generally feel that the atmosphere both inside and outside the classroo m is quite positive. the foundation of the Safe-home Shelter is a paid-employee approach C. than the climate inside of the classroom B. Unlike the Chester House Organization. that existed at the same time as the Australopithecines B. the noun of the main clause grammatica . existing at the same time as the Australopithecines E. A. that had existed at the same time as had the Australopithecines C.The best answer is C. existing at the same time as were the Australopithecines The best answer is A. than is so of the climate inside the classroom D. though overall reports of the climate outside the classroom are slightly more negative than the climate inside the classroom. than those of the climate inside the classroom C. the Safe-home Shelter is founded on a paid-employee approach The best answer is E.

being worried over the mounting operating expenses inflation has been causing B. C makes it clear that the clause beginning who refers to C hris Babcock. Only in C i s developed in the Silicon Valley followed immediately by the revolutionary Star light program. As faculty pushed to change financial priorities. Sandy Wilson. the comparison must be made between comparable things. Only E compare s the system of one organization with that of another. D an d E begin with unnecessarily wordy phrases. Marc Lefevre and Chris Babcock. it was recommended by the boar d that the SDC take additional steps to add new subscribers and ensure that othe rs will be able to remain on the network. Marc Lefevre and Chris B abcock. B. . The engineers being three high-school dropouts. A. the engineers of the revolutionary Starlight program were three high-school dropouts. Developed in the Silicon Valley. were the engineers of the revolutionary Starlight program. Developed in the Silicon Valley by three high-school dropouts. Choices A and B present dangling modifiers that illogical ly suggest that the engineers were developed in the Silicon Valley. Marc Lefevre and Chris Babcock. Marc Lefevre an d Chris Babcock. The best answer is C. the revolutionary Starlight program was crea ted by three high-school dropouts. A. D. the revolu tionary Starlight program was developed in the Silicon Valley. Also. Choice C also uses worried about ra ther than worried over or worrying over. who would later break away to found his own company. C. to be logical. Marc Lefevre and Chris Babc ock. who would later break away to found his own comp any. Sandy Wilson. The phrasing of choice C is parallel and concise. worried about the mounting operating expenses caused by inflation D. who would later break away to found his own company. because of their worry concerning the mounting operating expenses caused by i nflation The best answer is C. Developed in the Silicon Valley. Developed in the Silicon Valley. Although pleased with the success of the program. being worr ied over the mounting operating expenses caused by inflation. who would later break away to found his own company. Sandy Wilson. Sandy Wilson. Marc Lefevre and Chris Babcock. Sandy Wilson. Sandy Wilson. E. who would later break away to found his own company. The revolutionary Starlight program was created by three high-school dropouts . worrying over the mounting operating expenses caused by inflation C.lly identifies what is being compared with the Chester House Organization. in that they were worried over the mounting operating expenses caused by infl ation E. the administration. who would later break away to fo und his own company. the engineers of the revolutionary Starlight pr ogram were three high-school dropouts. played a muted cou nterpoint on the financial issue. and was developed in the Silicon Valley. A.

encouraging of writers with her wild imagination. encouraged writers with her wild imagination. Choice A is unnecessarily wordy. B. C. quiet grace and unwavering str ength D. B. Jacqueline Kennedy.A. quiet grace and unwa vering strength C. the board recommended that SDC take additional steps to add new subscribers and ensure that others will be able to remain on the network. in which the board appears as the subject. new subscribers had been added and others had been ensured that they will be able to remain on the network. A. quiet grace and unwavering strength The best answer is D. E. D. quiet grace and unwavering stre ngth E. she encouraged writers with her wild imagination. encouraging writers with her wild imagination. Because it is the board who was disp leased. it was recommended by the board that the SDC take additional steps to add ne w subscribers and ensure that others will be able to remain on the network B. In statistics the term validity’ denotes the extent to which an instrument is meas uring what it is supposed to measure. encouraged writers with the wildness of her imagination. A. new subscribers were added and others were ensured that they will be able to remain on the network. C. to which an instrument is measuring that which it is supposed to measure to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to measure that an instrument is measuring what it is supposed to measure of instrument measuring what it is supposed to measure of the measuring of an instrument is what it is supposed to measure The best answer is B. so as to warm up the rooms and so would be able to warm up the rooms to warm the rooms up so that they could warm up the rooms . D. Grammatically. the decision of the board was to take additional steps to add new subscriber s and ensure that others will be able to remain on the network C. inspired collectors and preservationists with her passi on for art and history and she encouraged writers with her wild imagination quie t grace and unwavering strength. xxxThe ancient Romans piped hot water through the walls and under the floors so as to warm up the rooms. choice C. quiet grace and unwavering strength B. the wife of John F. the participle beginning Although pleased… m ust modify the subject of the main clause. A. D. is the best answer. E. Choice D correctly uses encouraged writers… to parallel ins pired collectors… Choice D is also idiomatic and concise. The best answer is C. Choice B is best because to which is idiomatic. Kennedy who was blessed with an unquench able sense of adventure.

The country in which the antique music box was fashioned has been determined by Walter Essex. written in the same year that The Golden Sun was re corded D. Choice D does this clearly and correctly. has been determined by Walter Essex. In this sentence. A. From the 17th century to the 19th century literacy rates all over western Eur ope increased at a relatively constant rate B. but what is much more difficult to dete rmine is D. A ballad by Simon Taylor.E. but what is much more difficult to determine are the company that produced it. but what is much more difficult to dete rmine are . so that. A ballad by Simon Taylor. but what is much more difficult to deter mine is C. At a relatively constant rate from the 17th century to the 19th century liter acy rates increased all over western Europe E. A ballad by Simon Taylor.. Choice A conveys the relevant information clearly and dir ectly. the relative pronoun that should introd uce the clause The Golden Sun. From the 17th century to the 19th century was an increase in literacy rates a ll over western Europe at a relatively constant rate The best answer is A. that should b e the subject of the sentence. recorded to make a relative clause modifying yea r. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun t hat The best answer is C. xxx-From the 17th century to the 19th century literacy rates all over western Eu rope increased at a relatively constant rate. has been determined by Walter Essex. shows that Taylor was a more diverse musician than is commonly believed. have been determined by Walter Essex. The sentence calls for an adverbial clause of purpose to explain why the Romans piped hot water through the walls and under the floors. A. A ballad by Simon Taylor. written in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun C. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year as he recorded The Golden Sun th at E. but what is much more difficult to deter mine are B. have been determined by Walter Essex. Also. in order that they would warm up the rooms The best answer is D. written in the same year as The Golden Sun were recor ded. A. the singular title of the song demands a singular verb: was. Because the focus of interest is the increase in literacy. Literacy rates all over western Europe increased at a relatively constant rat e from the 17th century to the 19th century D. There was a relatively constant rate of increase from the 17th century to the 19th century of literacy rates all over western Europe C. It is introduced by an appropriate co njunction. written in the same year as The Golden Sun were rec orded B.

in economics it is the measurement of satisfaction received from consuming a good or service C. double the grapes that a similar piece of land in France does twice as many grapes as a similar piece of land in France does as much as twice the grapes that a similar piece of French land does two times as many grapes as there were a similar piece of land in France does a doubling of the grapes that a similar piece of French land does The best answer is B. already the restoration fun d costs of D. A. and already costs the rest   . New leaks caused by the torrential rain have damaged the historic Henson House. in economics it is the measure of satisf action received from consuming a good or service. E. C. which already cost the rest oration fund C. With the help of new technologies. Choice E is unnecessarily wordy. B. which already are a cost to th e restoration fund of more than $70. A. significantly compounding the effects of neglect. in economics it refers to the measure of satisfaction received from consuming a good or service E. but that which is much more difficult to determine are The best answer is B. in economics it is the measure of satisfaction received from consuming a good or service B. D. in economics it refers to the measure of satisfaction received from the consu ming of a good or of a service The best answer is D. in economics it is referring to the measure of satisfaction received from con suming a good or service D. Although the word ‘utility’ has other uses. A. Choice B correctly uses the adverbial phrase twice as man y… to modify the verb produces. significantly compounding the effects of neglect. significant in compounding the effects of neglect. Chile s production is so efficient that one h ectare of land produces double the grapes that a similar piece of land in France does. Two instances of subject-verb agreement must be observed i n this sentence: The country…has been determined and what is much more difficult to determine is. significant in compounding the effects of neglect. significantly compounding the effects of neglect. The answer must use the verb refer so that the sentence does not illogically assert that the term itself is a measure of satisfaction. which already are a cost to the restoration fund of B. significantly compounding the effects of neglect. has been determined by Walter Essex.E.000. and already costing to the restoration fund of E.

with the sweep of last April. D.oration fund of The best answer is B. The oth er choices are unidiomatic. Choice B uses clear and concise phrasing to state that it is the effects of neglect that already cost the restoration fund the sum mention ed. as being $169. a colonoscop y patient is not required to stay overnight. E. the outcome in the NFC North is maybe the easiest to predict. The sentence compares one thing to all other things in it s class – that is. D. B. is maybe the easiest to predict is probably the easiest to predict is maybe the easiest for predicting is probably the easier to predict is.9 million versus $547 million for the same period of the last year D. Therefore.9 million versus $547 million for the same period last year B. A. C. as $169. A. C. B. B.9 million versus $547 million for the same period last year E. to all the outcomes in all the football divisions. a colonoscopy patient is not required to stay with a colonoscopy there is no requirement that the patient stay colonoscopy patients are not required to stay for the colonoscopy patient there is no requirement of a colonoscopy does not require the patient to stay . at $169. A. A.9 m illion versus $547 million for the same period last year. which requires an overnight hospital stay.9 million versus $547 million for the same period of the last year The best answer is D. D. that it is $169. the one that is easier to predict The best answer is B. Of all the football divisions. it may be. the sentence requires the superlative form of the adjective: easiest. so at at as so many once once many many dismissals at once so many dismissals so many dismissals dismissals at once dismissals at once as they had in as that there were with as they did in that they did in The best answer is D. Choice D states grammatically and clearly that. Choice D correctly follows estimated with to be.9 million versus $547 million for the same period last year C. to be $169. Never in the history of the company had board members approved of so many dismis sals at once as they had in the massive sweep of last April. E. Recurring segment profit for the fourth quarter of 2001 is estimated at $169. E. C. board members confronted more simultaneous change than ever before. Unlike a typical biopsy.

. D. young men and women are reapin g the benefits of the effects of breastfeeding received when an infant. For members of the Samori tribe. B. a method to protect family members against enemy curses. Choice C correctly uses the relative clause that was rece ived to modify breastfeeding and included a pronoun and verb they were that ref er unambiguously to their antecedents. B. A. ebony amulets were essential religious symbols. documented their personal lives and taking priceless photographs of them at work and rest. so that the amount of rain for growing crops has been such that such has the rain been plentiful for growing crops that such has been plentiful the rain for growing crops that The best answer is A. traveled…documented… took. before the direct ob ject. E. B. Waters who travele d with them. A. taking priceless photographs of them priceless photographs of them were taken took priceless photographs of them took of them priceless photographs was taking priceless photographs of them The best answer is C. priceless photographs. E. The construction so plentiful has the rain been…that correct ly and clearly expresses the relationship between the abundance and the investor s’ response. of them. The third verb phrase in the series describing Bert Water s should have the same grammatical form as the first two. Choice E correctly uses a parallel construction to draw a logical comparison: Unlike a typical biopsy… a colonoscopy… Perhaps no one alive has known more jazz masters than Bert A. xxxStudies indicate that even after twenty years. so plentiful has the rain been for growing crops that rain has been so plentiful for growing crops. C. so plentiful has the rain been for growing crops that farmers on the verge of bankr uptcy have been able to save their farms. A. C. C. received received that was that was that had when an infant when infants received when an infant received when they were infants been received as each was an infant The best answer is D. A sudden improvement in the weather has been a boon to farmers in the south. D.The best answer is E. D. Choice D incorrectly places the indirect object. E.

B. x [is] expected to y is idiomatic usage: expe cted for it to in choice A and expected that it should in choice C are thus unid iomatic. E. While some banks have trained its employees to do various tasks. A. A. C. B. xxx-A recent article reports that many professors had elected early retirement r ather than deal with the new rules in place at Hambleton College. working with the public and to process checks writte . C. In English. D. D.A. x rather than y is the appropriate form. at least as much as one hundred and more others had not m ade any payment whatsoever. at least as much as one hundred and more others had not made any at least as much as more than one hundred others made no more than one hundred others had not made any more than one hundred others made no there was at least one hundred or more others without any The best answer is D. Both A and B in correctly use much rather than many to describe the countable noun others. E. clear and concise. C. E. Choice D is idiomatic. E. Crane County officials decided to raise p roperty taxes when it might have been expected for it to be lowered. A. is best because the participle protecting begins a phrase that explains what the amulets did. which denotes an action completed at a specific time in the past. xxx-In a seven to four vote last week. choice A and B are incorrect in using the past perfect had ele cted. had elected early retirement rather than deal had elected early retirement instead of dealing have elected retiring early rather than dealing have elected to retire early rather than dealing have elected to retire early rather than deal The best answer is E. B. a method to protect as a method protecting protecting as a protection of to protect The best answer is C. xxxAt the last charity drive only 68 percent of the pledges were paid up to the Heartbeats Federation. B. most banks stil l prefer to have different clerks take on different duties such as dealing with foreign currency accounts. D. it might have been expected for it to be reduced they might have been expected to have reduced them they might have been expected that it should be reduced its reducing might have been expected there might have been an expectation for them to be reduced The best answer is B. Also. D. C. Because the sentence describes a situation that continues into the present.

A. Because the verb phrases used to describe the clerks’ duti es are governed by the phrase different duties such as. E. identifying it as the thing being compared with DSN. their advantage is greater in the workplac e E. B. that they believe it to be . that they believe is B. their advantage is the greater in the workplace in skills involving cooperati on C. In this sentence. their advantage is greater in the workplace in skills involved i n cooperation. with more of them having scientific backgrou nds. their greater advantage in the workplace i s theirs The best answer is C. in skills involved in cooperation. B. in skills involved in cooperation. E.n by clients. one that they believe is a type previously unknown to science. C. working working to work to work to work with with with with with the the the the the public public public public public and to process checks written by clients and processing checks written by clients and process checks written by clients and to process checks written by clients processing checks written by clients The best answer is B. D. choices A and C illogically compare DSN with investors. A. as in the greater their advantage…. The phrase the more business students work together and e xchange ideas should be completed by a parallel phrase that begins which a compa rative adjective and a noun phrase. Dr. A. In addition to having more investors than DSN. Wilson’s research has shown that the more business students work together and exchange ideas. D. the investors in Netfix are more financially sound than that in DSN. C. they should each be expr essed in the present participial (-ing) form to parallel: dealing. their advantage is greater in the workplace in skills involved in cooperation B. an area know n as the South Atlantic Bight. Choice E correctly uses the pronoun those to refer back to DSN investors. A. the investors in Netfix are more financially sound than that in Netfix has investors which are more financially sound than that in the investors in Netfix are more financially sound than they are in Netfix investors are more sound financially than they are in Netfix has investors who are more financially sound than those in The best answer is E. the greater their advantage in the workplace in skills involving cooperation D. By making the inve stors the noun modified. the initial clause modifies the nearest noun. Islands in the Stream 2002: Exploring Underwater Oases" consisted of four scient ific investigations to study the continental shelf break and slope from Scientist exploring the eastern coast of Florida to North Carolina. have come across a sponge.

Cedric. Ethan and Selena -.000 votes and it was candidate. The sentence compares one thing. who received 758. Each of Johnson’s children –. Ethan and Selena -. C. the sentence requires the superlativ e form: most difficult. E. Weak and ineffectual children -– Cedric. Choice B and E produc e the illogical statement that the candidate was the greatest number of votes.were all weak and ineffectual D. the mind of the psychopathic patient is maybe the more difficult for analysis. Weak and ineffectual children -. therefore.were weak and ineffect ual B. received 758. Judy Aronson.every one of John son’s children were The best answer is C. Johnson’s children –. received 758.000 votes and it was the greatest number of votes ever received by a democrat i n a local election. the mind of the psychopat h. and p rovides a clearer structure. Ethan and Selena -. Cedric.each of them Johnson’s children –.C. A comma is needed after candidate.Cedric. Ethan and Selena -.000 votes and it was candidate. they believe that is E. C.were weak and inef fectual C. and was The best answer is C. since the pronoun one is sufficient to introduce the modifier and the sentence is more flu id without it. Choice C avoids this problem by using a noun phrase in which number of votes c learly refers to 758.each a child of Johnson’s. eliminates the unnecessary pronouns. they believe to be of The best answer is E.000 votes being candidate.Cedric. In B and C it and that are intrusive and ungrammatical. is maybe the more difficult for analysis is probably the most difficult to analyze is maybe the most difficult for analysis is probably the more difficult to analyze is. Choice C correctly links children with were.000 votes.000. the the the the the democratic democratic democratic democratic democratic candidate received 758. B and D lack of. was E. they believe that it is of D. Each choice but C contains errors of agreement. A. B. Addit ionally.Cedric. Of all the mentally ill patients hospitalized in the Raymond Institute. candidate has received 758. A. . A. The pronoun that in A and B should be deleted. the analysis that is most difficult The best answer is B. A.000 votes. it may be. Ethan and Selena -. E. xxx-In the spring elections. D. Ethan and Selena -. very different from the great man himself.were weak and ineffectual . Each of Johnson’s children –. to all other things in its class. namely all the mentally ill patients hospit alized in the Raymond Institute. the democratic candidate received 758 . B. D.

Choice B uses the idiomatic and grammatically parallel for m the same to X as to Y. because of its worry concerning leaks of military information through the use of the internet The best answer is C. which was that the teeth belonged to an extinct animal. which was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specim ens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England. A. . E. just as to the The best answer is B. have decided to look beyond the solutions currently in use. was verified by compa ring the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at England’s Hunterian Museu m of the Royal College of Surgeons. D. Cunninghan believed that the CFS treatment would appear the same to someone receiving a placebo as a person receiving an actual course of treatment. Choice C uses the idiomatic expression worried about . just as it would to a placebo. being worried over leaks of military infor mation through internet use. as it would to the placebo. and both use which where that would be the preferred pronoun for introd ucing a clause that states Dr. E. A. worried about leaks of military information through internet use D. Russel’s hypothesis. B. of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verified by comparing the fin dings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal C ollege of Surgeons in England B. A.Military security personnel officers. of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verified through a comparison with findings with large teeth and bone specimens at England’s Hunterian Museum o f the Royal College of Surgeons. Russel’s hypothesis of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verifie d by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England. placebo as a placebo as to a placebo. being worried over leaks of military information through internet use B. D and E are awkward an d wordy. xxxDr. worrying over leaks of military information through internet use C. in that they were worried over leaks of military information through the use of the internet E. C. was tha t the teeth belonged to an extinct animal The best answer is C. C. Choice A and B are faulty because a relative clause begin ning with that is needed to state Dr. Dr. Russel’s hypothesis. that the teeth they found belonged to an extinct animal was verified by compa ring the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England D.

Although he dealt with a number of similar cases while being a lawyer. B. idiomatic and precise. The verb. like that when Australia lost as that for Australia’s loss just as when Australia lost as it has been the time that Australia lost as it was when Australia lost The best answer is E. his of her hold the belief that when children grow. their believing that as a child grows. When. B. while being a lawyer while in law at the time of his being a lawyer as being in law as a lawyer The best answer is E. A. the plural pronoun their does not agree in n umber with the singular noun child. is less precise than as in characterizing a prolonged and gradual process such as growing. their hold the belief that when a child grows. The intended comparison should be completed by a clause b eginning with as and containing a subject and verb that corresponds to the subje ct and verb of the main clause. B. bel ieving. is the best answer. is used incorrectly in choice E.The tennis committee has finally decided that grass will be the chosen surface f or the final competition. In choice A. A. B and D are unidiomatic and choice C is awkward and wordy. his The best answer is B. Choice A. . D. Choice E. their range of emotions and t he way they expresses those emotions mature as well. Judge Gut terman had yet to preside over an embezzlement case. C. D. in C and D. believe that as a child grows. E. C. Child psychologists believe that as a child grows. C. E. D. like that when Australia lost to France two years ago. their believe that as children grow. certainly not one as comple x as the case at hand. E. A.

A. the valuation of the July contra cts seems like it is indicative that it may be a good time sell the maturity. like it is indicative that as if to indicate to indicate that indicative of like an indication of The best answer is C. D. D. and C use have…saw where have…seen is required. which is in turn follow by its direct object. D. C. xxx-Visitors to Toronto have often gone to the top of the CN tower. E. B. B. Choice D incorrectly places beneath them between the verb and direct object. B. E. and see the entire city beneath them. a noun clause introduced by the relative pronoun th at. and and and and and saw the entire city beneath them saw all of the entire city beneath them saw beneath them the entire city seen beneath them the entire city seen the entire city beneath them The best answer is E. E. its many advisors had been detained by police its many advisors has been detained by police its many advisors is the recently police-detained their many advisors is detained by police their many advisors had been detained by police The best answer is A. C. Choice A. The singular pronoun its agrees in number with the singul ar noun referent organization. C. .Though not all the economists are in agreement. A. A. the orga nization expressed its support and reaffirmed its belief that the advisor would soon be released. xxxReporting that one of its many advisors had been detained by police. the past perfect verb form had been is used appro priately to refer to action completed prior to the action of the simple past te nse expressed. Choice C offers a concise and idiomatic grammatical seque nce: the verb seem is followed by an infinitive (to indicate). the world’s ta llest freestanding structure. B.

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