Tulane University School of Architecture Natural Landscape / Built Form – LNSP 3300-01/ 7400-01
Fall Semester - 2010 Mark W. Thomas III, MPS
GENERAL COURSE DESCRIPTION It is the purpose of this course to introduce the student to the fundamental principles of landscape architecture, with emphasis on the interrelationship between architecture and the landscape in which it is placed. Particular focus will be directed to plant material, the functional and aesthetic roles they play, and the environmental factors that affect landscape design. Additionally the process of landscape design development will be examined, with a series of design exercises relating to specific sites on campus. These exercises cumulatively comprise a major semester project, which counts for approximately half of the semester’s grade. A brief overview of the history of landscape architecture will also be covered through the individual research assignments. In addition students will become familiar with many of the major landscape architects that have contributed to the profession, again through a series of class discussions, presentations, and student research papers. PLANT MATERIAL STUDIES Specific types of plant material will be studied through field research exercises, which include plant identification, environmental requirements, growth characteristics, design applications, functional uses, etc. Local and regional plant species will be emphasized through a series of “plant walks” during class periods. These field studies exercises take place during the first half of class, as long as daylight permits, or approximately the first nine class sessions. In addition to the study of specific plant species, comparisons will be made to plant types found in other regions or climates, in order that students may apply the knowledge gained in this class to any other place. Field sessions will also include analysis of and discussion about specific landscape designs visited by the class. It is recommended that each student obtain a clipboard or notebook for making field notes and sketches. Students may also use photography for field documentation. SEMESTER PROJECT (50% of grade) The focus of the semester project is the preparation of a landscape design project, as mentioned above. Each student will select a specific site on campus, which will become the subject of each class assignment. Similar to the process of architectural design, the semester project will take students through a series of exercises that result in a final landscape plan for the chosen site. After the site is selected, a thorough site analysis will be conducted, followed by the development of a program and concept for the project. Through design development student will produce a hardscape plan, a planting plan, and a rendered presentation plan. A more detailed description of each phase of the project will be presented as the semester continues. The project is worth 50% of final grade. RESEARCH PAPERS and CLASS PRESENTATIONS (40% of grade) As mentioned above, each student will do two brief research papers, one being a topic related to the history of landscape architecture, and the other a biography and portfolio study of major players in the profession. Each student will be assigned a history topic and landscape architect for these research exercises. Papers should follow MLA format, should be a minimum of 5 pp. in length, plus illustrations. Papers will be due on the last day of class. In addition to the written papers, each student will prepare a brief PowerPoint presentation to be given during class, relating to the research topic. The PowerPoint presentation should be approximately 10-15 minutes in length, and should succinctly address the principal points and issues contained in the research. There should be a good graphic representation of the subject matter in the presentation. Each presenter should also prepare a one-page handout to be distributed to classmates. Each research project counts for 20% of the final grade. LANDSCAPE JOURNAL (10% of grade) The landscape journal is the last component of assignments for the class. The journal should contain any field notes or sketches, photographs, handouts, plant lists, quizzes, any other assignments, etc. Students are encourage to exercise creativity in putting the landscape journal together, as it is intended to serve as a personal reference source for future school projects. The journal will be graded on the basis of thoroughness, completeness, and creativity. The landscape journal counts for 10% of the final grade.
GRADING POLICY & ATTENDANCE Students will be graded on the basis of class participation as well as completion of class assignments. Since the course is designated as a seminar, all students are expected to participate fully in class discussions and activities. There is no final exam scheduled for this course. Non-excused absences will be figured into final grade determination, as required by Tulane University policy. Any student who misses or plans to miss a class should advise via email in advance, or in the case of illness, within 24 hours of having missed the class. If sufficient notification is not given, the absence will be counted as non-excused. University policy provides for students with non-excused absences to receive a lower grade. All cell phones must be turned off during class or set on “vibrate”. Use of a cell phone, I-pods, laptops (other than for class presentations), and other electronic devices during class is not permitted, and will not be tolerated. SUMMARY It is hoped that this course will provide students with a greater understanding of the natural landscape and its relationship to built form. By undertaking class activities and assignments the student will have engaged in a variety of landscape-related topics and processes. It is the intent of this course to help future architects and preservationists to be able to approach projects in a more sensitive and environmentally responsible manner, resulting in higher quality design proposals and preservation policies. Finally, the course is meant to be fun. Students are encouraged to participate fully and enjoyably, which allows them to get the most out of the class experience. WRITING INTENSIVE Any student wishing to receive writing intensive credit for this class must fill out the proper paperwork and submit for professor’s authorization, then submit to the Associate Dean’s office for final approval. Writing intensive requites that there be a minimum of 20 pages, not including illustrations. Furthermore the student must submit the first draft of the paper for review no later than Wednesday, 03 November 2010. Once the paper has been returned to the student, it must be re-written and submitted no later than the last class period, Wednesday, 01 December 2010. NOTE: All assignments must be submitted in hard copy as well as digitally on a CD, as per TSA requirements.
CLASS SCHEDULE Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Class 5 Class 6 Class 7 Class 8 25 August 01 September 08 September 15 September 22 September 29 September 06 October 13 October Introduction to landscape class, student introductions Personal plant assignment Plant walk, lecture Introduction to project sites, research topics assigned Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Select project sites, site analysis assignment Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Site analysis exercise discussion Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Conceptual / program development exercise Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Hardscape exercise Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Planting design exercise Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Landscape project review
Class 9 Class 10 Class 11 Class 12 Class 13 Class 14 Class 15 Class 16 NOTE:
20 October 27 October 03 November 10 November 17 November 24 November 01 December 08 December
Plant walk, lecture, possible landscape quiz Landscape project review Independent research session (no class) Research presentations and discussion Landscape project review Research presentations and discussion Landscape project review Research presentations and discussion Landscape project review Thanksgiving break (no class) Landscape project review Research presentations and discussion Landscape project review Research presentations and discussion Landscape project review
Saturday field trip to be scheduled (class will decide date) PRESENTATION 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 04 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 10 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov DATE DUE 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov 17 Nov
LANDSCAPE HISTORY RESEARCH TOPICS 1. Ancient or Pre-historic Landscapes 2. Asian Traditions – China and Japan 3. The Classical World – Ancient Greece, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Rome 4. Ancient Persia and India 5. Moorish Gardens and Spain 6. Renaissance Italian gardens and villas 7. Baroque chateaux of France and 18 th c. Europe 8. The English Landscape – Serpentine, Picturesque, and “Gardenesque” 9. Colonial and Post-revolutionary North America 10. Landscapes of Louisiana and the South 11. Colonial and Post-colonial Latin America 12. The Parks Movement and Frederick Law Olmsted 13. The City Beautiful Movement 14. Eclecticism and Arts and Crafts Landscapes 15. North American Botanical Gardens 16. The Environmental Conservation Movement 17. Abstract gardens and the Modern Movement 18. Contemporary Landscapes in Europe 19. Contemporary Landscapes in Asia 20. Sustainability, Xeriscapes, and Roof Gardens 21. Fantasy Landscapes – Art and Escapism BIOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH TOPICS 1. Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-52) 2. Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903) 3. Jens Jensen (1860-1951) 4. Ellen Biddle Shipman (1869-1960) 5. Beatrix Jones Farrand (1872-1959)
6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.
Fletcher Steele (1885-1971) Thomas D. Church (1902-78) Luis Barragán (1902-1988) Roberto Burle-Marx (1909-1994) James Rose (1913-1991) Daniel Kiley (1912-2004) Garrett Eckbo (1910-2000) Hideo Sasaki (1919-2000) Ian McHarg (1921-2001) Lawrence Halprin (1916) Beverly Pepper (1922) Kathryn Gustafson (1951) George Hargreaves (1952) Martha Schwartz Maya Lin Raymond Jungles
01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 01 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec 08 Dec
NOTE: Presentation dates may change as may be required. PRESENTATION SCHEDULE Class 11 04 November Ancient or Pre-historic Landscapes Asian Traditions – China and Japan The Classical World – Ancient Greece, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Rome Ancient Persia and India Moorish Gardens and Spain Renaissance Italian gardens and villas Baroque chateaux of France and 18th c. Europe The English Landscape – Serpentine, Picturesque, and “Gardenesque” 10 November Colonial and Post-revolutionary North America Landscapes of Louisiana and the South Colonial and Post-colonial Latin America The Parks Movement and Frederick Law Olmsted The City Beautiful Movement Eclecticism and Arts and Crafts Landscapes North American Botanical Gardens The Environmental Conservation Movement 17 November Abstract gardens and the Modern Movement Contemporary Landscapes in Europe Contemporary Landscapes in Asia Sustainability, Xeriscapes, and Roof Gardens Fantasy Landscapes – Art and Escapism Andrew Jackson Downing Frederick Law Olmsted Jens Jensen Ellen Biddle Shipman Beatrix Jones Farrand 24 November Thanksgiving break (no class)
01 December Fletcher Steele (1885-1971) Thomas D. Church (1902-78) Luis Barragán (1902-1988) Roberto Burle-Marx (1909-1994) James Rose (1913-1991) Daniel Kiley (1912-2004) Garrett Eckbo (1910-2000) Hideo Sasaki (1919-200 08 December Ian McHarg (1921-2001) Lawrence Halprin (1916) Beverly Pepper (1922) Kathryn Gustafson (1951) George Hargreaves (1952) Martha Schwartz Maya Lin Raymond Jungles
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Product profiles and directory : the official resource guide of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Washington, D.C. : American Society of Landscape Architects, c2000-c2001. 2001 ed.-2002. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: 712.05 .L263 Re-envisioning landscape/architecture Catherine Spellman, ed. Published: Barcelona : Actar, 2003. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 469.3 .R44 2003 Roberto Burle Marx in Caracas : Parque del Este, 1956-1961 Berrizbeitia, Anita. Published: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2005. LOCATION: Howard-Tilton Latin American Library CALL NUMBER: SB470.B87 B47 2005 Security and site design : a landscape architectural approach to analysis, assessment, and design implementation Hopper, Leonard J. Hoboken, N.J. : J. Wiley & Sons, c2005. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: NA2540.5 .H67 2005 Studies in landscape design Jellicoe, Geoffrey Alan, London, New York, Oxford University Press, 1960 LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 472 .J44 The afterlife of gardens Hunt, John Dixon. Philadelphia, Pa. : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 472.45 .H86 2004 The architecture of Luis Barragán Ambasz, Emilio. New York : Museum of Modern Art ; Boston : distributed by New York Graphic Society, c1976. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 470 .B37 A67 The Baroque landscape : André Le Nôtre & Vaux le Vicomte Brix, Michael. Uniform Title: Barocke Garten. English Published: New York : Rizzoli ; Distributed to the U.S. trade by St. Martin's Press, 2004. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 466 .F83 V38313 2004 The book of garden design Brookes, John, New York : Macmillan : Maxwell Macmillan International, c1991. LOCATION: JONES HALL Southeast Architectural Archives (garden library) CALL NUMBER: SB 473 .B723 1991 The enclosed garden : history and development of the hortus conclusus and its reintroduction into the present-day urban landscape Aben, Rob. Uniform Title: Omsloten tuin. English Published: Rotterdam : 010 Publishers, c1999. LOCATION: JONES HALL Southeast Architectural Archives (garden library) CALL NUMBER: SB 472.7 .A2413 1999 The Garden of Cosmic Speculation Jencks, Charles. London : Frances Lincoln, 2003. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 466 .G8 G375 2003 The landscape of man : shaping the environment from prehistory to the present day Jellicoe, Geoffrey Alan, New York : Viking Press, 1975. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB470.5.J44
The living landscape : an ecological approach to landscape planning Steiner, Frederick R. New York : McGraw Hill, c2000 LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE The nature of landscape design: as an art form, a craft, a social necessity. Fairbrother, Nan. New York, Knopf, 1974. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB472.F3 1974 The Oxford companion to gardens / edited by Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster ; consultant editors, Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe and Susan Jellicoe. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986. LOCATION: Howard-Tilton Stacks CALL NUMBER: SB469.25.O95 1986 The Penguin dictionary of architecture and landscape architecture Fleming, John, 1919- Published: London, England ; New York: Penguin Books, 1998. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE Reference CALL NUMBER: NA 31 .F55 1998 The picturesque garden and its influence outside the British Isles / [edited by Nikolaus Pevsner]. Conference: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (2d : 1972). Published: Washington : Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, 1974. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB470.5.D85 1972 The tropical gardens of Burle Marx Bardi, P. M. (Pietro Maria), New York: Reinhold 1964 LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 470 .M27 B3 1964 The Vanguard landscapes and gardens of Martha Schwartz edited by Tim Richardson. Published: London : Thames & Hudson, 2004. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 470 .S39 V36 2004 Tract : landscape architects and planners Beck, Haig. Mulgrave, Vic. : Images Group Pub., c2004. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB 469.386 .A8 B43 2004 Trees in the urban landscape : site assessment, design, and installation Trowbridge, Peter J. Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, c2004. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB436 .T86 2004 Urban spaces Mostaedi, Arian. Barcelona, Spain : LINKS International,  LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: NA 9053 .S6 M69 2002 Water in landscape architecture Campbell, Craig S., New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1978. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB475.8.C35 Water and landscape : an aesthetic overview of the role of water in the landscape R. Burton Litton, Jr., Robert J. Tetlow, principal investigators [et al.]. Published: Port Washington, N.Y. : Water Information Center, 1974. LOCATION: ARCHITECTURE CALL NUMBER: SB475.8.W37 1974