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University

Alcatel 7302-7330 ISAM

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp 1

During class please switch off your mobile, pager or other that may interrupt.

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

Course objectives
At the end of the course, you will be able to explain why we need the ISAM
what is the ISAM? what can the ISAM be used for?

summarize the general topologies


Subtending vs. expansion

describe the architecture of the ISAM family


describe the functions and boards part of the ISAM family

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Table of contents
Why the ISAM? What is the ISAM? General topology Hardware . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .

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p. p.

4 9

p. 19 p. 28 p. 34
p. 36 p. 78 P. 115 P. 129

Equipment practice .
XD FD RU . . . . . . . . . . .

REM .

Addendum

P. 130

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University
Why the 7302/7330 ISAM?

Why a multi-service IP DSLAM?

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

> or a justification The usual marketing/business stuff > Its all about the introduction of new services, in general voice and video services, where the video services can consume/take a lot of bandwidth in the network of an operator. Lets call this > the need for speed of customers. > Operators translate this in a couple of requirements, namely the need for increased revenue the need for service bundling the need for high market penetration the need for new access technologies

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Impact of the need for speed on access


1

Multi-service from a single access platform is key.


Triple Play : Data, voice and Video

Increased need for bandwidth results in


new BB access technologies (Multi-DSL, VDSL, FTTU) deployment of deep fiber & remote devices upgraded capacity in the DSLAM
2

Access network architecture evolves to IP multi-edge & Ethernet:


initiated by DSLAMs providing both ATM/GE interfaces DHCP is the end-game for VoIP and STBs, PPP remains for HSIA this requires a service enabled edge, ensuring security & guaranteed QOS

Access platform becomes an intelligent multi-service hub


which needs centralized subscriber & access management which is IP empowered (e.g. native multicast, IGMP proxy) which needs optical Ethernet termination

> So we started off saying that customers do have the need for speed, i.e. faster lines, bigger capacities on their lines. This impacts the operators a lot, and the slide above indicates four main areas operators focus on. > For the single topic mentioned here, some slides explain them on following pages. > Multi-DSL: ADSL and the new ADSL2 flavors: ADSL2, ADSL2+ & READSL2 > SHDSL: single pair high speed DSL > VDSL: Very High Speed DSL > FTTU: fiber to the User > STB: Set top Box, attached to your TV set

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The DSLAM as a triple play capable device


1

Business Access Broadcast TV


Video on Demand
Personal Video Recorder

Leased line QoS Predictability, control


One or multiple Aggregation network(s)

Strict Multicast QoS Broadcast capacity Strict QoS point to point High capacity Real Time, no delay High availability Best effort Not impacting

voice & Video phony High Speed Internet

DSLAM, Litespan, FTTU, Wimax support

> The traditional DSL access multiplexer (DSLAM) (being an ATM DSLAM or an IP DSLAM) is built and tailored for supporting one single service: the high speed internet access service (HSIA), which is a best effort service. > Given the increased penetration of multiple services over the broadband infrastructure, these nodes are evolving towards multi-service access nodes, focusing on guaranteeing the delivery of multiple services towards all users, and this for business as well as residential subscribers. > The major challenge to be solved is the capability to deliver the complete service kiosk to every subscriber, with different customer profiles (for both business and residential subscribers), with different QoS and service level agreement (SLA) constraints.

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The IP-DSLAM requirements


2

for different types of services/subscribers

Beyond Internet Access


ENTERTAINMENT
VOD TV Broadcast

COMMUNICATION
E-mail, chat, and instant message Video Communication

BUSINESS
Web hosting Teleworking

Gaming

Music download

IP based Telephony

Unified messaging

voice over IP

IP-VPN

Specific network Requirements


More Bandwidth More More Quality of Service More Multicast (zapping) Multicast More Security More Strict Quality of Service Strict Upstr and Downstr Delay, packet loss Service Availability More Security More Latency Latency More Security More Better Availability Better High Bandwidth High Quality of Service Quality CoS options CoS Committed SLA Committed

> Each service demands its own specific network requirements. Consequently migrating to a range of new services beyond high-speed internet access requires that not only the access node, but also the transport, management and service architectures evolve accordingly. > The existing access network needs to evolve from the current best effort service to an architecture that supports multimedia services.

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The DSLAM as a service hub


3

The service delivery point is now closer to the subscriber


2- Security
e.g. control/block L2 user to user communication (e.g. VoIP)
BTV Server

1- Service node
e.g. GE hubbing, Central mgmt

e.g. broadcast streams are not duplicated in the network

3- Advanced Multicast
e.g. advanced authentication & session awareness (e.g. DHCP relay option 82)
ISP 1..n

4- Authentication

5- IP intelligence

e.g. PPP, IP aware bridge, IP routing

> The access nodes in the central office (CO) are now intelligent multi-service hubs, providing Gigabit aggregation for subtended remote units or management system and access point to all devices. > Bringing the service delivery point closer to the subscriber is essential for the success of multiservices deployment, providing improved QoS, scalability and reliability. This enhanced architecture provides an increased level of service knowledge in the CO by distributing the intelligence from the central BRAS towards the access nodes. > The next generation multi-service access nodes need to ensure that the variety of service types are properly prioritized, processed and that services are classified onto dedicated virtual local area networks (VLANs) or permanent virtual circuits (PVCs) extending into the second mile of the access network. The increased need for bandwidth for video services has lead to strong innovations inside the access nodes. Dedicated video resources, native layer 2 multicast and IGMP proxy lead the way to multi-service. > In addition, advances such as network processors, non-blocking architectures, subscriber management relay or termination, increased Gigabit connectivity and advanced security features (tracking users to a port to prevent fraudulent activity and denial of service attacks) are critical features in the network evolution process.

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University
What is the 7302/7330 ISAM?

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

> Consider the ISAM to be a two stage switch: first stage is at the NT (SHUB), with 24 GE ports, second stage is at the LTs (ASAM-CORE). LT cards are cards terminating DSL lines. the number of slots depends on the hardware:
> > > > >

7302 ISAM CO (XD) 7302 ISAM CO (FD)

16 slots 16 or 18 slots 4 slots 8 or 10 slots

7330 FTTN host shelf (XD) 7330 FTTN host shelf (FD) 7330 FTTN REM

1 slot (no pluggable boards) in the future more than 48 ports on

the number of ports on an LT depends on the LT type:


>

24 or 48 ports (XD or FD equipment FD LTs)

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Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) family


Non-Blocking IP Access Platform for 3Play delivery
Central Office Small CO / Outside Plant
7330 ISAM FTTN

MDU/Building
7354 ISAM FTTB RU

MDU/Building
7302 ISAM 7356 ISAM FTTB REM

Copper access

Small CO / Outside Plant


7330 ISAM RA

Cabinet
7357 ISAM FTTB SEM

10

> The figures on the slide shows equipment based on eXtreme Density equipment practice (XD), but also Flexible Density equipment practice is an option (see further). > Focus in this presentation is copper delivery: 7302 and 7330 ISAM > Solutions for different environments 7302 ISAM (multi-DSL, VDSL, SHDSL) 7330 ISAM FTTN (multi-DSL, VDSL, SHDSL) 7342 ISAM FTTU (GPON) > Access Manager (ISAM) family supports a range of deployment practices including: 7302 ISAM for DSL-focused deployments from large COs 7330 ISAM fiber to the Node (FTTN) for smaller COs or serving area interface locations and remote outside plant locations 7330 ISAM FTTN Remote Expansion Module (REM) for multi-dwelling units and small remote outside plant locations 7342 ISAM GPON for higher bandwidth Gigabit passive optical network (GPON)-focused deployments from COs > The whole range of access products including the ASAM and ISAM family can be managed from a single, dedicated management platform. > FTTB Fiber To The Building

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) family


Non-Blocking IP Access Platform for 3Play delivery

Customer
Comprehensive ONT family

7342 ISAM FTTU

GPON-FTTB
FTTB ONT

fiber access

11

> The figures on the slide shows equipment based on eXtreme Density equipment practice (XD), but also Flexible Density equipment practice is an option (see further). > Focus in this presentation is copper delivery: 7302 and 7330 ISAM > Solutions for different environments 7302 ISAM (multi-DSL, VDSL, SHDSL) 7330 ISAM FTTN (multi-DSL, VDSL, SHDSL) 7342 ISAM FTTU (GPON) > Access Manager (ISAM) family supports a range of deployment practices including: 7302 ISAM for DSL-focused deployments from large COs 7330 ISAM fiber to the Node (FTTN) for smaller COs or serving area interface locations and remote outside plant locations 7330 ISAM FTTN Remote Expansion Module (REM) for multi-dwelling units and small remote outside plant locations 7342 ISAM GPON for higher bandwidth Gigabit passive optical network (GPON)-focused deployments from COs > The whole range of access products including the ASAM and ISAM family can be managed from a single, dedicated management platform. > FTTB Fiber To The Building

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

ISAM product portfolio overview

VoIP IPTV
7750 SR 7450 ESS

7302 ISAM VDSL2/ADSL2+ P2p Fast Eth 7330 ISAM FTTN

Internet

VDSL2/ADSL2+ P2p Fast Eth 7356 ISAM FTTB REM VDSL2 7354 ISAM FTTB RU VDSL2

Aggregation Network

CO

Cabinet

MDU

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7302 ISAM Product highlights


Non-blocking video delivery

Service hub

1 Gigabit per LT IGMP proxy at LT Layer 2 multicast inside line rate packet forwarding 100% BTV, 100% VoD 16 LT slots @ 1Gbps wire speed 24 Gbps non blocking switch Distributed processing Layer 2 QoS (Strict priorities) Same AWS management Same DSL provisioning SW Same DSL chipset Bridging & Cross-Connect PPP termination DHCP option 82 IP routing

Up to 7 or 8 FE/GigE for uplinks & subtending Link aggregation

Wire Speed service delivery


Ethernet access for SMEs


FE/GE - optical or electrical Long reach with 1000B-Zx (up to 80km) 48 Multi-ADSL / 24 VDSL / 24 SHDSL XD 768 subscribers per shelf, 3072 per 60x60 FD 864 subscribers per shelf splitterless practice Full metallic test access High reliability High quality supply chain: in time delivery, first time right, spare parts locally available Local presense of expertise and support End-to-end QoS with 7450 ESS

LT

Continuity with ASAM


Service Intelligence

An Alcatel product

13

> The 7302 ISAM as depicted over here is mainly used for central office (CO) deployment.

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7330 ISAM FTTN Product highlights


Integral part of the Alcatel User-Centric Triple Play Solution FTTN system is a compact remote IP DSLAM designed to address the growing need for a deep fiber access solution Enables service providers to offer IPTV and other ultra-high bandwidth applications while leveraging the existing copper plant FTTN can support anywhere from 24 to 500 subscribers per node

14

> The 7330 ISAM FTTN (Fiber To The Neighborhood) has the same feature set as the 7302 ISAM, except for the number of lines attached (scalability). > Targetted market: small number of lines remote deployment

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

DSLAM portfolio evolution


HSI & Ethernet only
FE
Ethernet AggreAggre-

Multi-Service for Ethernet only

7300 ASAM R4 gation


HSIA

Add Ethernet Aggregation

7302 ISAM

Ethernet Aggregation

Towards a full IP aggregation network

Add MultiService

. . . 7301 ASAM R5

Ethernet Aggregation Cost effective bandwidth ATM aggregation

7301 ASAM

ATM 7300 ASAM R4 aggregation High Speed Internet

Broadcast Video Video on Demand High Speed Internet Business access

Multi-Service for ATM and Ethernet

ATM aggregation

For high Video increase

One Management

Continuity in operation & zero effort introduction (practice, management, DSL Software, QOS) Continuity in operation & zero effort introduction (practice, management, DSL Software, QOS)

15

> The 7302 ISAM is particularly interesting for those operators who are planning a fast evolution towards multiple services over the broadband infrastructure. These are typically service providers looking to implement a triple play package of internet, video and voice over copper as well as business internet and corporate access services for SMEs. > The Alcatel 7302 ISAM is tailored for Ethernet aggregation. Typically the ISAM does not offer any ATM network connectivity. There is however a solution to connect to an ATM network, but that is not covered in this presentation. > The 7302 ISAM is initially targeted for operators with Ethernet aggregation networks deploying new DSLAMs in the COs. This market is distinct from that of the Alcatel 7300 ASAM and the 7301 ASAM, which offer a migration path towards Ethernet aggregation with the existing Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet uplink products while keeping the legacy connectivity to the existing ATM network. As a final migration step, the 7300 and 7301 ASAM upgraded with Ethernet uplinks can be subtended to the 7302 ISAM to operate in a 100 percent Ethernet aggregation environment, with guaranteed services towards all the subscribers.

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

From the ASAM concept


Internally the ASAM is ATM-based
1st mile Traditional broadband architecture xDSL ATM over DSL 2nd mile

ASAM
ATM

E1/STM-1/4 ATM
ATM swich

DSL with Ethernet backhaul

xDSL ATM over DSL

ASAM
ATM

FE, GbE Ethernet


Ethernet swich

ATM <==> Ethernet


16

> Before describing the 7302 ISAM platform, let us first position it in the world of DSLAMs. > Traditionally, a DSLAM (DSL Access Multiplexer) had an ATM core aggregating traffic from all ATM based xDSL access lines. Given that most edge networks were - and mostly currently still are based on ATM switching and/or SDH transport, it is quite natural to keep ATM as underlying layer 2 technology and provide interworking to IP deeper in the network (e.g. at the BAS). > The need for a DSLAM with Ethernet and/or IP capabilities is widely recognized. The specific term IP DSLAM can however be interpreted in different ways, for in the most generic sense IP DSLAM means a DSLAM with IP/Eth functions that interfaces with an Ethernet aggregation network.

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to the ISAM concept


Internally the ISAM is Ethernet based
1st mile DSL with Ethernet backhaul xDSL ATM over DSL 2nd mile

ASAM
ATM

FE, GbE Ethernet


Ethernet swich

DSL with Ethernet backhaul

xDSL ATM over DSL

ISAM
Eth

FE, GbE Ethernet


Ethernet swich

DSL with Ethernet Backhaul Direct Ethernet

xDSL Eth over DSL Ethernet

ISAM
Eth

FE, GbE Ethernet


Ethernet swich

ATM <==> Ethernet


17

> On the slide you see 3 possible interpretations of an IP DSLAM, and at the same time this slide positions the 7300/7301 ASAM versus the 7302 ISAM. > Option A represents in fact an ATM DSLAM with ATM/Ethernet interworking function at the trunk interface. That means that the end-user traffic (e.g. IP/Eth or IP/PPP/Eth) remains encapsulated in ATM until the point where the traffic is aggregated and sent into the edge network i.e. the internal architecture of the DSLAM in this case is still based on ATM. > Option B shows a DSLAM where the ATM/Ethernet interworking function is no longer at the trunk interface, yet at the termination side of the xDSL lines. That means that the end-user traffic (e.g. IP/Eth or IP/PPP/Eth) is decapsulated from ATM at the point of entrance in the DSLAM and processed as Ethernet traffic inside the DSLAM i.e. the internal architecture of the DSLAM in this case is based on Ethernet. > Finally option C shows a DSLAM that is not only based on an Ethernet switching core, but is even capable of terminating Ethernet based access interfaces. These access interfaces can be Ethernet based xDSL (such as packet based VDSL) or direct Ethernet interfaces (e.g. optical links to connect end-users). The 7302 ISAM can currently terminate direct Ethernet user interfaces as well as packet based VDSL and SHDSL (EFM = Ethernet in the First Mile).

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Interfaces
7302 ISAM
DSL Access ISAM CO FE/GE Uplinks
REM

7330 FTTN

fiber Access

Ethernet Switch/Router

expansion link
REM

FTTN host

Subtending Links

7302 User Interfaces


ADSL/ADSL2/RE-ADSL2/ADSL2+, ann.M VDSL SHDSL Direct Ethernet over fiber

FTTN host
Similar to 7302 (but no FE Optical) Extra link type = expansion links
link between REM and FTTN host

FTTB REM
No fiber access or subtending VDSL only R3.3

7302 network Interfaces


Uplinks, subscribers or subtending FE/GE Optical/Electrical
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> Logically, the 7330 FTTN host and the REM(s) behave as one single ISAM. The REM has splitter and LT functionality and is managed as if it is a LT board inserted in the FTTN host. > --> host (H) > Remote Expansion Module (REM)

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

University
General topology

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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The ISAM in the access network


ADSL any IP-DSLAM k*FE/GE ISAM Ethernet l*FE/GE Switch

IP Edge Router NSP IP backbone

ADSL

ADSL

ISAM

GE

EMAN

NSP IP backbone

FE/GE ISAM

GE m*FE n*FE ADSL NSP IP backbone

ADSL

FE/GE FE/GE

p*FE/GE ISAM

NSP IP backbone

20

> At the user side, the ISAM terminates ADSL/ADSL2/Re-ADSL/ADSL2+, SHDSL & VDSL links. It is also possible to terminate a limited number of Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet links (FE/GE). > At the network side, the ISAM terminates GE or FE links. In case of more than 1 FE or 1 GE, Ethernet link aggregation can be used. The Ethernet links can also be connected to 1 or more Ethernet switches. The Ethernet switches forward the frames over the Ethernet based aggregation access network until it reaches the IP Edge Router of the corresponding network service provider. At the IP Edge Router, the frame enters the IP backbone of the network service provider. The ISAM can also be connected directly to the IP Edge router, in which case the Ethernet aggregation network is reduced to 1 or more parallel Ethernet links. > At the user side it is also possible to connect subtending IP-DSLAMs. It is possible for example to connect ISAMs in cascading model. The last system can be any IPDSLAM, e.g. an ISAM/FTTN, or an Alcatel ASAM with an Ethernet uplink (FENT or GENT) or any other kind of DSLAM with Ethernet uplink.

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Cascading topology
Cascading topology
link aggregation (n*FE/GE) no strict limitation on the number of subtended ISAMs.

Ethernet DSLAM

7302 ISAM 7330 ISAM

7302 ISAM 7330 ISAM

7302 ISAM 7330 ISAM

EMAN node

N * FE/GigE

N * FE/GigE

N * FE/GigE

N * FE/GigE

xDSL

xDSL

xDSL

xDSL

21

> The cascaded topology allows installing shelves and racks in a chain. The so-called subtended system is connected to the main system through a subtending interface (such as Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet) and shares the network interface of the main system. Depending on the exact purpose (expanding to large DSLAMs in certain central offices and/or increasing coverage in the network by positioning DSLAMs at as many locations as possible), the subtended systems can be located near the main system (=co-location) or at a remote location. > There is no strict limitation on the number of subtended ISAMs. Each ISAM has its own free running clock. Of course, the available and necessary bandwidth has to be taken into account. > Note that also other types of DSLAMs can be cascaded of an ISAM via Fast or Gigabit Ethernet interfaces: 730x ASAM, 730x ASAM-c, 7324 RU, non Alcatel DSLAMs. > Sometimes, the cascaded topology is also referred to as the daisy-chained topology.

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

Star topology
Star topology
7302 ISAM

limitations: number of physical interfaces link aggregation (n*FE/GE)


N * FE/GigE

7302 ISAM 7302 ISAM 7302 ISAM xDSL Ethernet DSLAM EMAN node

xDSL

22

> A 7302 ISAM can also be used as an aggregation multiplexer to collect traffic from multiple directly connected subtended DSLAMs. Rather than adding subtending levels, we then create a star architecture. Again, other DSLAMs can be subtended through FE/GigE and the subtended systems can be located near the main system or not.

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Ring topology
N * FE/GigE
7302 ISAM xDSL 7302 ISAM

N * FE/GigE

xDSL

EMAN node

N * FE/GigE
7302 ISAM 7302 ISAM

N * FE/GigE

Ring topology
limitation by number of hops of STP

xDSL

N * FE/GigE
xDSL

link aggregation (n*FE/GE)

23

> It is possible to put the ISAM in a ring architecture, i.e. a special case of the cascading architecture where the last system of the chain has yet another uplink to the EMAN network as well. > The maximum number of devices in the ring is 8, because of delay (R)STP.

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Subtending vs. Expansion topologies (1/2)


CO CO or Cabinet
7342

Cabinet/MDU

7302

subtending link
7330 host

7356 FTTB REM

expansion link
7354 FTTB RU

7356 REM Ethernet Switch 7330 host

expansion link

7330 RA
24

7357 SEM

> The 7330 FTTN host supports the 7356 ISAM FTTB REM (Remote Extension Module) and the 7357 SEM (Sealed Extension Module) > Each REM/SEM is equivalent to adding a single remote LT unit to the host. > An 7330 ISAM FTTN shelf that is functioning as a host shelf, supports up to 12 remote LT units (R3.3). > The Alcatel-Lucent 7354 Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) Fiber-to-the-Building (FTTB) Remote Unit (RU) is a compact full-service IP access node for MDU and cabinet deployments, designed to deliver up to 100Mbps over VDSL2. (24 ports)

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Subtending vs. Expansion topologies (2/2)


subtending
connecting multiple ISAM systems (7302 CO or 7330 host) via Ethernet subtending links standalone nodes: each node provides the Ethernet switch and aggregation function and is managed separately

expansion
connecting ISAM host shelf (7330 only) with remote LTs, via expansion links (optical) switch and aggregation function in host shelf only one system: host shelves are managed together as a single system

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> No ASAM-like extension supported in ISAM/FTTN

> ASAM-like extension


supported in ISAM.)

daisy-chaining of ASAM shelves via extender cables and cards. (This is not

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Terminology and interfaces (1/2)


No expansion link in the 7302 ISAM
7302 ISAM

NT Contr function network link GE/FE optical/electrical

Subtending GE/FE optical/electrical Control links FE - electrical User link GE/FE optical/electrical

Eth

Aggr Function

ASAM links GE - electrical

LT

Physical user links ADSL/ADSL2/READSL2 ADSL2+ VDSL2 - EFM SHDSL EFM or ATM Optical Ethernet
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> User link: direct Ethernet connection to the user. No ATM involved. 1 port 1 Gigabit link. > (data) aggregation function = LanX = Servicehub (Shub) The name Shub is used in the ISAM command window (CLI)

Internal interfaces: External interfaces

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Terminology and interfaces (2/2)


Physical user links xDSL

REM
LT

expansion links GE - optical

7330 ISAM FTTN HOST


network link GE opt./elect. FE electrical. Contr function

GENC NCNC

Physical user links ADSL/ADSL2/READSL2 ADSL2+ VDSL2 - EFM SHDSL EFM or ATM Optical Ethernet

LT

Eth
Aggr Function

ASAM links GE - electrical User link GE/FE optical/electrical Subtending GE/FE optical/electrical

NT

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University
Hardware

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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The ISAM building blocks


ACU Clock Power control management Control link TAU

802.3 port

External ethernet links

Aggregation function (SHUB)


GE/FE 1->max 7/8

FE

AGGROBC
GE

GE 802.3 port

0*

y*

expansion Links

802.3 port

LT module

SP

x*

SMAS

ASAM links
SP

OBC

LT module

IWF (ATM)/IWF
* I.f.o ISAM-shelf type Total ASAM links + expansion Links <=16/18
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VDSL / SHDSL

EFM

CPE

1 PVC = logical user port


xDSL / SHDSL CPE

> OBC = On board Controller > IWF= InterWorking Function > --> The Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) is a frame based Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer (DSLAM), i.e. a digital subscriber line (DSL) access multiplexer which is based on a (ethernet) frame forwarding architecture in a packet aggregation network. > Different types of ISAM do exist, but conceptually they have the same building blocks. The mapping of functional blocks to hardware modules depends on the equipment practice chosen. > Data forwarding in the ISAM is accomplished by interworking functions (on LTs) and/or an aggregation function (on the NT): both of them include a forwarding engine. > The core of the ISAM is the 24 port Ethernet service hub (shub or aggregation switch), providing a 24 Gbps switching capacity. > The line termination module terminates subscriber interfaces and provides the interworking and aggregation function towards the service hub. > The LT-module actually consists out of 2 functional submodules. The transport function ant the IWF(Interworking function). > The transport function varies with the type of access technology used (ADSL, VDSL, SHDSL, Ethernet, ...). > For DSL interfaces, the transport function contains: the High-Pass Filter (HPF) , separating the DSL portion of the signal spectrum from the narrowband signal (POTS or ISDN) the DSL modem function, providing the physical layer termination of the DSL signal

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> The line termination module (contd) Transport function On the slide you see that the LT module terminates VDSL or SHDSL (EFM) and below the line termination module terminates xDSL or SHDSL (ATM-based). Depending on the access technology terminated, you will have a different type of LT board. The IWF handles frame forwarding, including sophisticated filtering and traffic management (QoS), all at the line rate of the transport medium. Internally the ISAM is Ethernet based. As a result of this, the IWF will, in case of DSL interfaces with ATM transport mode, also remove ATM/AAL layer. Line termination modules ( located on LT-boards), are connected to the aggregation function via the ASAM-ports or expansion port the line card can be a separate box (REM) (which doesnt behave as a standalone node!). Links between aggregation function and LT-boards are called ASAM-links. Links between aggregation function and REM are called expansion-links. > The remaining ports on the service hub can be allocated to uplink interfaces (connecting to the upstream E-MAN), to subtending interfaces (connecting to downstream Ethernet DSLAMs) or to user Interfaces (connecting directly to 802.3 subscribers). IEEE 802.1d STP and IEEE 802.1w RSTP are supported on network ports only. IEEE 802.3ad Link aggregation is supported on network ports and subtending ports. > The max. number of LTs and the max. number of uplinks depends on the equipment practice. > The packet processing architecture of the ISAM family is future-safe and specifically designed for multimedia and business service delivery over IP/Ethernet aggregation networks. > The Control and Management function is required for maintenance and operations, remote inventory information, shelf management. As the name indicates, this function implements the management plane of the system and part of the control plane, in particular the part related to subscriber management which is typically not found in an Ethernet switch product. The Control function is distributed over multiple general-purpose processors, managing the system, service hub and LT modules in a hierarchical way. > The ACU (alarm Control unit) module provides collection & distribution of equipment & customer alarms. > The clock module generates the system clock. It consists of a local oscillator which can optionally be locked to an external reference clock (BITS). > The TAU (Test Access unit) function provides access to an external line test head (for Metallic Test Access) and provides control of the MTA relays on the splitter modules. Manages the switching of signals between the MTA ports (located on the PWIO-B) and subscriber lines (connected to appliques). > The Power function is the interface point to the external DC power supply systems and provides power monitoring, filtering, distribution and securing functionality. > The 802.3 Port function provides the physical layer interface for Ethernet ports. Electrical autosensing 10/100/1000 RJ45 ports and optical FE/GE ports on SFPs are supported. > Server modules can be plugged into LT slots. Instead of providing subscriber connectivity, they typically provide an auxiliary central processing function, e.g. the ISAM-V IVPS (ISAM voice Packet Server) module, which provides a centralized signalling interface to the call server or softswitch. Server modules are not discussed in this presentation, nor indicated on the drawing. They are discussed in separate dedicated courses. > SMAS module System MAC Address storage. The SMAS module is integrated on a remote inventory PROM that contains the MAC address of the ISAM (NT). Upon booting up of the ISAM, the MAC address is read by the active NT (or the standby NT in case of failure of the active NT). The 24 MAC-addresses for each port on the SHUB, are derived from the system MAC address that is stored on the SMAS PROM. By having this MAC address stored on a separate board, the same MAC address can be maintained when swapping between active and stand by NT, or when a NT board is to be replaced/upgraded. The SMAS module is considered an integral part of the shelf. Where the SMAS functionality is integrated depends on the equipment practice.

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LT module for xDSL


LT
OBC

Backplane i/f to NT

ATM/Eth IWF

xDSL modem

High Pass Filter

Backplane i/f from connector

Ethernet

x/ATM
ADSL

x/ATM/xDSL
POTS ADSL POTS ADSL

31

> The figure shows a schematical view of the line termination (LT) module in case of XDSL, indicating the main functional blocks. > High-Pass Filter (HPF) The incoming xDSL signal first passes a HPF to separate the data portion of the signal (higher frequencies) from the PSTN signal (lower frequencies) > xDSL modem The xDSL modem module (also known as MDM = MoDem Module) is the xDSL PHYsical interface (PHY) of the LT > ATM/Eth InterWorking Function The InterWork Function Module (IWFM) on the LT provides following functions: the termination of ATM - reassembly of datapackets traffic management packet forwarding and filtering other layer 2/3 protocols > On board Controller The On board Controller module (OBC-M) on the LT provides following functions: board control signals board ID signals information storage (EEPROM) DHCP functionality

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LT module for VDSL


Ethernet x/ATM
ADSL

x/ATM/xDSL
POTS ADSL POTS ADSL

LT
OBC
X/ AT M

ADSL modem High Pass Filter VDSL modem

Backplane i/f to NT

ATM / ETH Forwarding engine

Backplane i/f from connector

X/ETH

Ethernet
VDSL

Ethernet/VDSL
POTS VDSL POTS VDSL

32

> The figure shows a schematical view of the line termination (LT) module in case of VDSL, indicating the main functional blocks. > High-Pass Filter (HPF) The incoming VDSL signal first passes a HPF to separate the data portion of the signal (higher frequencies) from the PSTN signal (lower frequencies). > VDSL modem The VDSL modem module is the VDSL physical interface (PHY) of the LT > The InterWork Function Module (IWFM) on the VDSL LT provides following functions: traffic management packet forwarding and filtering other layer 2/3 protocols > On board Controller The On board Controller module (OBC-M) on the LT provides following functions: board control signals board ID signals information storage (EEPROM) DHCP functionality > From NVLT-C onwards, ADSL and VDSL2 will be supported on the same board

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LT module for SHDSL


Ethernet x/ATM x/ATM/SHDSL

OBC
X/ AT M

SHDSL modem

LT

Backplane i/f to NT

(ATM)/Eth IWF
H ET X/

Backplane i/f from connector


SHDSL modem

Ethernet

Ethernet/SHDSL
SHDSL SHDSL

33

> The figure shows a schematically view of the line termination (LT) module in case of SHDSL, indicating the main functional blocks. > On the SHDSL LT module you will not find any High-Pass Filter since SHDSL is using the full spectrum. There can be no overlay with POTS or ISDN! > SHDSL modem The SHDSL modem module is the SHDSL physical interface of the LT. > The InterWork Function Module (IWFM) on the SHDSL LT provides following functions: traffic management packet forwarding and filtering other layer 2/3 protocols SHDSL can be ATM based or EFM based. Depending on the technology used by the SHDSL modem the IWF on the SHDSL LT module will provide termination of ATM or EFM and forward datapackets (Ethernet or IP). > On board Controller The On board Controller module (OBC-M) on the LT provides following functions: board control signals board ID signals information storage (EEPROM) DHCP functionality

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University
Equipment practice

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

34

> Equipment practice is mainly about the mechanical and electrical aspects of the equipment: physical dimensions, number of shelves allowed in a rack, power feeding, electro magnetic interference > In this course we are covering eXtreme Density equipment practice (XD) as well as Flexible Density equipment practice(FD). > FD equipment practice is the successor of the XD equipment practice. > For both equipment practices, ISAM 7302 and ISAM 7330 FTTN products will be covered.

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Equipment practice
eXtreme Density - XD
ISAM 7302 16 slot ETSI
dedicated shelf for line boards dedicated shelf for splitters

ISAM 7330 FTTN 4 slot ETSI


line and splitter boards are in same shelf

Remote Expansion Module


1 line board and 1 splitter board in a separate enclosure behaving as a remote LT connecting to an 7330 FTTN host shelf

Flexible Density FD
universal slot concept allows any mix of xDSL LTs, splitters, fiber LTs, voice cards in the same shelf
NT-B slot + NT I/O slot can be used as LT slot

ISAM 7302 16/18 slot ETSI ISAM 7330 FTTN 8/10 slot ETSI Remote expansion Module (FTTB 7356)
1 line board ,1 splitter board and/or 1 POTS board in a separate enclosure behaving as remote LTs connecting to an 7330 FTTN host shelf.
35

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University
Equipment practice - XD

eXtreme Density

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

36

> XD equipment ALTS-T: ETSI shelf for line boards ASPS-A: ETSI splitter shelf with backplane ASPS-C: ETSI splitter shelf without backplane ARAM-D: Mini shelf 7330 FTTN host (4LT-slots) EREM-A: 7330 FTTN Remote expansion Module (1LT)

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General architecture 7302 ISAM-XD


XD equipment practice 16 LT boards
48 lines/LT Each LT contains an IWF separate splitter shelf
3/4 External Ethernet links 4 External Ethernet links

ASAM-shelf
NT I/O NT
Clock
1..4 GE/FE
802.3 port 802.3 port

Power

Control/Mgt function
Control link
(FE)

Aggregation (service hub) and control- & management function integrated on NT 1GE connectivity between NT and LT via backpanel SMAS card
System MAC address storage

1..3/4 GE/FE

Aggregation function
1 16 GE

ASAM link ACU

LT 1
LT module

LT 16
LT module

SMAS ACU
SMAS

48 lines
37

> The slide above shows the 7302 ISAMs XD system architecture. > The 7302 ISAM XD consists of a set of 16 subscriber line termination (LT) boards, 1 or 2 network termination (NT) boards, 1 network termination I/O board, 1 alarm control unit (ACU) board, all located in an eXtreme Density (XD) splitter-less shelf ALTS-T. > The NT board contains an integrated aggregation function with a total switching capacity of 24 Gbps which is commonly referred to as the service hub (SHUB). > Actually there are two ethernet switches on the NT having a capacity of 12 Gbps each, which means the total switching capacity is 24 Gbps, corresponding with 16 GE ASAM links + 8 Ethernet links. > Depending on the NT card type you will have 7 external Ethernet links + 1 control link or 8 external Ethernet links. In case of 8 external Ethernet links the connection of the SHUB with the control and management function is no longer done via ethernet. This way the ISAM has an additional network link (true e.g. for ECNT-C see later in this presentation) > Whether a clock function (BITS) interface is present on the NT or not will also depend on the variant of NT card. > The 7302 ISAM XD does not have a dedicated power unit (the interface point to the external DC power supply systems and provides power). On the shelf itself there are so called fast-on connectors for providing power supply coming from the top rack unit (TRU). The power signals BATA, BATB and BATRET are distributed via the backplane and feed the plug-in units and fan units installed. > You do not find the TAU module on this drawing, although ISAM XD equipment practice provides this functionality. An RJ45 for test access (connection to TAU) is present on the NTI/O ( see later), but the TAU module itself is on a TAUS-card which physically needs to be inserted in the splitter-shelf.

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General architecture 7330 ISAM FTTN host-XD


ARAM-D => 4 LTs
Control/Mgt function
3/4 External Ethernet links
FE GE/FE 1 .. 3 GE1 ..4

NT
Clock

802.3 port

Control link External Aggregation function Ethernet links


GE1..2+2

GE1 ..10+2

ASAM link

Exp. link Power PWIO SMAS

LT 4 LT 1 LT 1
LT module

OR

ACU

GENC
TAU

PS

OR

DSL lines
38

Ext Eth Links 2+2

EXP links 10 +2

> The ARAM-D is a four-LT-slot shelf. It is used for the 7330 ISAM FTTN, and can be mounted horizontally or vertically. > The PWIO card functions as a General Facilities Card (GFC). It provides connectivity and distribution for power feeds and external alarms. The PWIO card is integrated in the shelf. in the ARAM-D the GFC functionality is provided by the PWIO card the SMAS functionality is implemented using a remote inventory prom located on the PWIO (a few fields in this prom are reserved for the contents of the SMAS prom). > The ACU functionality is not on a separate card as in the ISAM XD equipment practice, but integrated on the GENC card.

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LT line termination in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302 ISAM-XD
PSTN

contains the LT-module


contains the IWF
i.e. the LT is on the data forwarding path

LT

LT module

P S

transport function determines type of card

. . LT BOARDS .
LT P S

provide connection to DSL users the applique boards are


in a separate shelf, maybe even in a separate rack

APPLIQUE BOARDS
39

> For the data path, in the 7302 ISAM-XD , the main building blocks are the LT boards on which we can find the IWFs and the NT (see later) on which we can find the aggregation function. All the data that passes through the 7302 ISAM-XD will always pass through the NT. > The 7302 ISAM-XD is equipped with a large number of line termination boards (LT). Different LTs exist for DSL access. Most of the LTs also need a paired applique boards. These applique boards can reside in an equipment placed in the same rack or in another location (see further in this document). > In the 7302 ISAM-XD, each LT card is connected with the NT via the backpanel using a 1 GE electrical interface. This way the Alcatel 7302 ISAM-XD offers wire speed delivery of services towards each user through a non-blocking bandwidth of 1 Gigabit per slot.

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LT line termination in 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD


7330 ISAM FTTN-XD host

same functionality as in 7302 applique board in the same shelf


7330 FTTN-XD REM expansion link
PSTN LT
. . .

LT P S

P S

LT

ASAM link

P S

40

> The ARAM-D is shown as 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD host shelf. > The LT boards in the 7330 units perform the same functionality as in the 7302. I.e terminating the physical layer and forwarding the data packets to the aggregation function. > The 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf perceives remote LT units as though they were installed locally on the host shelf itself, adding them to its total number of LT units.

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NT network termination in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302 ISAM-XD
PSTN

service hub
the main ethernet switch electrical or optical Ethernet interfaces

LT NT

CTR SHUB

P S

runs control plane software and management software


management and control interfaces SW management fault management configuration management DB management

3/4 FE/GE elec or GE optical

802.3 port

Clock

. . .
LT P S

clock functionality
optional

41

> All the data that passes through the 7302 ISAM will always pass through the NT. It is the 24 Gbps Ethernet aggregation switching function, i.e. the service hub residing on the NT that is responsible for the data forwarding towards the Ethernet aggregation network. > Another functionality of the NT-board is the control plane of the 7302 ISAM required e.g. for maintenance and operations, remote inventory information and shelf management. It provides management interfaces (LAN, CRAFT, RCRAFT) to the outside world and control interfaces towards the line termination (LT) boards and the network termination I/O. > On the NT resides an interface and media conversion block which provides 3 or 4 (depending on NT card type) external Ethernet interfaces. These interfaces are primarily intended to be used as subtending and/or network links or for a directly connected user. In case optical interfaces are needed the media converter on the NT converts the electrical signal coming from the service hub into an optical signal. > Whether a clock function (BITS) interface is present on the NT or not will depend on the type of NT card. > NT redundancy is supported

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NT network termination in 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD


7330 ISAM FTTN-XD host

performs aggregation,management and control functions REM


Seen as one NE on 5523 AWS
7330 FTTN REM
LT P S PSTN LT P S

NT

CTR SHUB
. . .

802.3 port

LT

P S

Clock

42

> The NT has the same functionality in the 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf as in the 7302 ISAM. > The NT in the 7330 FTTN host shelf however, will also provide the different functionalities for the remote units connected to the 7330 FTTN host shelf.

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NT I/O NT Input Output in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302 ISAM-XD
PSTN

provide additional external interfaces to the 7302 ISAM shelf.


interfaces with the NT via the backpanel

NT I/O

4 x elec or optical

802.3 port

LT

P S

ethernet interface for management interface for test access one NT-I/O per ISAM system Supports NT redundancy

NT

. . .
LT P S

43

> The network termination Input/Output (NT I/O) board is an applique or interface card which interfaces via the backplane with the network termination (NT) board. It is required in case more than the available external interfaces on the NT board are required, or when different physical interfaces are required than the NT board can offer. > On the 7302 ISAM-XD, the NT I/O can provide up to 4 additional interfaces > The NT I/O also provides: - an outband management interface which currently cannot be used ( R3.2) - the interface for communication between the NT and the TAU module on the TAUS board of the XD splitter (SP) shelf

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ACU alarm Control unit in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302 ISAM-XD
PSTN

collection of equipment alarms (fans, fuses, ) customer external alarms drive alarm lamps in TRU connection to craft terminal Ethernet interface
not to be used for out-band management

NT I/O 4 x FE/GE elec or GE optical

LT

P S

NT

. . .
LT P S

ACU
ACU Craft Terminal

one ACU/ISAM system

44

> For the 7302 ISAM-XD the alarm control module is placed on a specific board, the ACU (alarm Control unit) board. > You need one ACU board in each 7302 ISAM-XD system. It takes care of the following functions: collect equipment alarms from rack and sends them to the NT. These alarms are FAN alarms, fuse alarms, power alarms, external customer definable alarms the ACU sends its alarms to the network termination board, which transfers these signals to the element management system (5523 AWS). allows to connect a craft terminal using an RS232 (ACU in main rack) drive rack alarm lamps and provides visual alarm indications via LEDs > The ACU handles input and output alarm information via a cable connection to the top rack unit (TRU): 20 input signals of which 10 are spare alarm inputs 20 output signals for audible, visual and telemetry alarms > The RJ-45 port on the AACU-C card is not available for use on the ISAM.

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GENC Gigabit Ethernet Network Combiner in 7330 FTTN-XD


7330 ISAM FTTN-XD host

GENC houses
802.3 port function
uplink and downlink (expansion)

Craft Terminal

ACU
802.3 port

TAU ITSC 10 + 2 optical

2+ 2 optical

ACU module TAU module ITSC module (optional)

expansion link
LT P S P S

GENC

802.3 port

PSTN LT
. . .

NT

LT

ASAM link

P S

14 optical GE interfaces
10 for expansion 2 for uplinks 2 selectable (expansion or uplinks)

45

> The GENC card has 14 Gigabit Ethernet optical connectors. Two ports are dedicated for uplink connectivity to high-bandwidth IP services networks. The high-bandwidth IP services network can provide service for the xDSL subscribers and supports inband management of the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD. Two more ports are configurable as either uplinks or as expansion ports (downlinks.) The GENC card has 10 expansion ports (downlinks) used to connect remote expansion units to the host shelf. > The ACU module and TAU module are integrated on the GENC card as well, so besides providing 14 optical Gigabit Ethernet interfaces for uplink and downlink activity, the GENC card provides alarm and control support as well as support for MTA (Mechanical test access) based testing. > It is the ACU-block in on the GENC-card that collect up to five external alarms, AC fail alarm, door alarm, fuse alarm and two fan fail alarms and sends them to the NT. The ACU-block sends its alarms to the NT board which transfers these signals to the element management system. > The Test Access unit (TAU) module manages the switching of signals between the MTA ports (located on the PWIO) and subscriber lines (connected to appliques). > Depending of the type of GENC card, the board can be equipped with an Integrated Test and Sealing Current (ITSC) module. The ITSC module is present as a daughter card of the GENC-F. The ITSC module is used to perform narrowband tests and provide sealing current on customer lines.

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PWIO Power Input/output


Craft terminal

7330 ISAM XD FTTN host


Power SMAS
PWIO external test equipment

Connectivity to ACU module:


Collection of 5 customer external alarms Craft terminal connectivity

2+ 2 optical

ACU

TAU 10 + 2 optical

expansion link

GENC P S

LT P S

LT
. . .

NT

LT

ASAM link

P S

alarm lamps on PWIO driven by ACU

Connectivity to TAU module SMAS module Power

PSTN

46

> The power module and the SMAS module in the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD equipment practice can be found on the PWIO board. > The main purpose of the PWIO is to provide power to the other units in the ARAM-D shelf, including the fan unit, and to provide connectivity for a wide range of inputs and outputs for the ARAM-D shelf. Most of the inputs and outputs are for the GENC. > The main electrical power entry via redundant power feeds A and B happens on the PWIO. The PWIO processes electrical power output for other cards in the shelf and for the fan tray. > External alarm, MTA, and craft terminal connections are made on the PWIO card However the ACU and the TAU unit itself is placed on the GENC board.

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XD shelf types
ISAM 7302 - XD
XD-LT XD-SP XD-SP ALTS-T ASPS-A ASPS-C
ETSI shelf for 16 line boards (48 lines) ETSI splitter shelf with backplane for 16 splitter boards (48 lines) 16 slot ETSI splitter shelf without backplane for 16 splitter boards (48 lines)

ISAM 7330 FTTN - XD


XD-ARAM-D
mini-RAM shelf for 4 line boards (LT 48 lines)

REM-XD
EREM-A
1XD-LT 24 ports VDSL and 1 XD-PS can be connected to 7330 FTTN XD or FD
47

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XD equipment practice
Single-shelf ASAM equipment practice
XD-LT ETSI splitterless shelf
ALTS-T

TRU

Mounted in ISAM XD RACK (with TRU)


LEDs power:
incoming from office battery outgoing to shelves

SUB 1

Different rack configurations


splitterless deployment
Max 2 shelves per rack 2 ISAM systems per rack

SUB 2

Deployment with splitters integrated in rack


1 shelf per rack 1 ISAM system per rack

splitterless deployment
48

> The ISAM equipment is a 2200mm tall dedicated rack system, which will include one of the following items, depending on the rack configuration: TRU, for power termination and distribution, splitter shelf and one or two splitterless shelves > It is not possible to extend the ISAM with multiple shelves. One ISAM system is limited to 1shelf. > For the ISAM shelf the ASAM XD-LT ETSI splitterless shelf is reused. > When the splitter-shelf is not integrated in the rack, one rack will be able to accomodate 2 ISAM systems (see drawing). splitterless deployment is used in case of splitters collocated with MDF or splitterless deployment (CLEC). > In case the splitters are integrated in the rack itself, one ISAM system can be accomodated within the rack.

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XD rack configurations
TRU TRU TRU

splitterless shelf 1
dust filter

splitterless shelf 1

splitter shelf

splitterless shelf 2
dust filter

splitterless shelf
dust filter

splitterless deployment 1 ISAM systems in 1 rack

splitterless deployment 2 ISAM systems in 1 rack

combo deployment splitters integrated in rack

49

> In the 7302 ISAM we use the XD modular rack equipment practice, i.e. the XD LT shelf and the splitter shelf is used. > Three rack configurations are defined based on a standard ETSI rack (2200mm x 600mm x 300mm): 7302 ISAM rack with one LT shelf/splitterless shelf one 7302 ISAM top rack unit (TRU): ATRU-Q one 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelf: ALTS-T capacity of 768 xDSL lines, no splitters included 7302 ISAM rack with two LT shelves/splitterless shelves one 7302 ISAM TRU: ATRU-Q two 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelves: ALTS-T capacity of 1,536 xDSL lines, no splitters included 7302 ISAM rack with one splitter shelf and one LT shelf - combo deployment one 7302 ISAM TRU one 7302 ISAM XD splitter (SP) shelf: ASPS-A one 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelf: ALTS-A capacity of 768 xDSL lines, splitters included > Note: as each ISAM shelf is a stand-alone unit, there is in principle no extension between subsequent LT shelves in a rack, i.e. in order to grow the capacity of a node, combinations of A, B and C are possible knowing that each LT shelf will contain its own aggregation function and its own (external) interfaces.

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ALTS-T Line terminating shelf

ISAM NT PWR

I/O

Back panel
LINE(1..24)

connector area

LINE(25..48)

LT board

NT ACU NT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT

ACU

line board area


SMAS

XDSL x 24 XDSL x 24

Fan unit
Dust filter
50

fan area

FAN dust filter

> This eXtreme Density ETSI shelf is a splitterless shelf with front access and backpanel architecture: NT slots: NT-A and NT-B (for NT redundancy). NT I/O slot: to insert the NT I/O applique board. ACU slot: for the ACU card also used in ASAM. ACU performs alarm management of the shelf LT board area: 16 slot positions where LT cards are inserted (48 ports XDSL / 24 ports SHDSL / 24 ports VDSL. In the future also 48 port SHDSL and VDSL cards will be supported) POLT and IVPS cards can also be inserted in the LT area (ISAM-V) 1 SMAS slot: for the SMAS (System Mac Address Storage) card, contains a remote inventory PROM that contains the MAC address(es) of the system 1 fan unit with or without dust filter. The upper part of the shelf is referred to as the connector area (also see one of the following slides). > 16 LT boards in one sub-rack and only one sub-rack in one ISAM system means that the max number of xDSL lines that one ISAM system can support is 48*16=768 lines. > The ALTS-T has no splitter area. The splitter function can be done in the same rack or in another rack (external splitters).

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ALTS-T connector area


AL - AR BL - BR RET

previous subrack * Not supported

connectors for ADSL lines

remote CT
dial-in modem

PWR

extension

PSTN

TRU A
51

next subrack * Not supported

> The connector area contains: TRU interface (50 way D-sub connector): to connect the subrack to the top rack unit. extender interfaces (26 way connector, not used in ISAM) interfaces for xDSL: 24 lines per connector, for the LT board immediately below. The connectors used are 48 CHAMP connectors: via these connectors, the xDSL is brought into the shelf. One connector contains 24 pairs. Therefore we need 2 connectors for each board/slot position remote craft terminal interface (9 pin connector): will allow for remote management via a Craft Terminal through a permanent connection to the ASAM subsystem This can be a modem connection (see drawing) REMARK: the CT connector on the ACU board is DCE type and the CT connector mentioned here is of DTE type (modem = DCE) See also above power plugs

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ALTS-T PLID switches

splitter shelf (ASPS-A) does not have PLID jumpers. in case a splitter shelf is equipped, the next splitterless
shelf (ALTS-T) in the rack is considered as subrack 1.

52

> The Physical Location Identification Switches (PLID) identify the position of the subrack/shelf in the ASAM. Depending on the shelf type (LT or combo) you have 2 or 3 per rack! > The PLID jumpers are located on the ASAM back-plane behind the NT board (see slide). SR-ID0 SR-ID2: identifies the position of the subrack inside the rack. R-ID0 R-ID3: identifies the position of the rack within the DSLAM. R-TYP0 R-TYP3: identifies the type of DSLAM to the AWS.

> The ALTS-T subrack provides the PLID setting. This requires 21 PLID bits for extreme density equipment. > PLID setting is done on the backplane. Nine bits (SLOT-IDxx, BP-TYP) are fixed by the backplane lay-out, the other twelve (SR-IDxx, R-IDxx, R-TYPxx and ACU-EN) are altered at the installation with jumpers.These jumpers are placed on the backplane in two columns between the ACU and the NTA slots.

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ASPS-A Splitter shelf


Back panel
A L M

connector area
LINE 25-48

LINE (25..48)

TAUS

POTS 25-48 LINE 1-24 POTS 1-24

PSPC board

splitter board area

LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP

P W R

LINE (1..24)

connector area

53

> The ALTS-T does not include any splitter functionality. In order to add splitters to the system, a separate splitter shelf needs to be added, either the Alcatel XD splitter shelves ASPSA/ASPS-C or a 3rd party splitter shelf. > In the case of ASPS-A the front access and backpanel architecture is maintained. The splitter subrack physically has three areas: one connector area, the splitter area and another connector area. > connector areas This area contains connectors for xDSL lines, top rack unit interface and power connections. > 48 CHAMPS connectors are provided on the board as well as on the backpanel. Each with their own specific functionality (see further) > splitter area The splitter area provides housing to the splitters and appliques. > The XD splitter subrack can accommodate the following units: up to 16 splitter boards (PSPS or PSUS): one per equipped LIM in the XD splitterless subrack. one TAUS test access unit (Test-I/O applique) for metallic test access: The XD splitter subrack provides a Test/Spare bus on the backpanel for the support of 1:N LT redundancy and Metallic Test Access (MTA) to control the relays on the splitter boards. > For VDSL, the splitter cards are VSPB-A, VSUB-A: VSPB-A: 24 line passive POTS splitter VSUB-A: 24 line passive ISDN splitter

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ASPS-C Splitter shelf


No backpanel
POTS 25-48 LINE 25-48 XDSL 25-48 PSPC board LINE (25..48)

LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP LP

POTS 1-24 LINE 1-24 XDSL 1-24

to ALTS-T shelf
54

> The ASPS-C subrack has no backpanel. splitter card has interfaces on front plate for 2 x 24 XDSL, 2 x 24 POTS/ISDN and 2 x 24 subscriber lines No backplane also means: no MTA support and no LT redundancy support. > The subrack can house up to 16 splitter boards, one per equipped LIM in the XD-LT subrack. Each board is able to handle 48 lines (for XDSL LIMs). > The subrack is mountable in the existing rack frame of an XD modular system (above the XD splitterless subrack) or in a standard 19 rack. By re-orienting the mounting brackets, the subrack can be mounted in frames).

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Cabling Internal splitters (1/2)


MDF

POTS

ADSL

Subscriber line

POTS

PSTN

POTS

ADSL

55

> Cabling of the ISAM is all via connectors either on the front panel of the splitter cards or on the backpanel of the splitter shelf and of the splitterless shelf. > The figure shows how the MDF cabling is exactly done: incoming xDSL cabled at the stiffeners of the splitter cards (90 deg. connector) PSTN (e.g. POTS) part is split of through low pass filter (LPF) of the splitter board and connected, via a connector on the stiffener of the splitter board (90 deg. connector) and through the MDF to the PSTN network xDSL signal leaves splitter board via back panel of splittershelf (180 deg. connector) and is connected to the line termination (LT) shelf Evidently, in case of ASPS-C (which has no backpanel), the xDSL signal leaves via a connector on the stiffener of the splitter board (90 deg connector). On the slide, however, an ASPS-A splitter shelf is depicted at this splitterless (LT) shelf, the xDSL signal enters via a cable connected to the backpanel of the line termination (LT) shelf. (180 deg. connector) > MDF Main Distribution Frame

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Cabling Internal splitters (2/2)


splitter shelf cabling
ADSL lines 25-48
ADSL 25-48 POTS 25-48

connector area splitterless shelf

ADSL 1-24 POTS 1-24

ADSL lines 1-24


56

> On this slide an ASPS-A splitter shelf is depicted.

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Cabling External splitters

POTS

MDF

External splitter device

POTS

LPF
ADSL

POTS

POTS

ADSL

Incumbent LEC Competitive LEC

SPLIT
POTS ADSL

splitterless ISAM shelf + service hub

Subscriber line
POTS ADSL

57

> In case external splitters are used, typically the incoming subscriber lines are connected at the MDF (Main Distribution Frame). From there they will be further connected towards an external PSTN POTS splitter rack and also towards the splitterless shelf.

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ARAM-D based 7330 ISAM FTTN host

GFC - PWIO GENC NT-B NT-A LT-4 LT-3 LT-2 LT-1 LP4 LP3 LP2 LP1
DSL 25-48
58

PWR

FAN UNIT

POTS 25-48

DSL 1-24

POTS 1-24

> The ARAM-D (4-LT shelf) has the following front-accessible slots: > GFC slot: The General Facilities Card (GFC) is mounted on top of the shelf. In case of the ARAM-D, the GFC provides power input and filtering, fan control, SMAS functionality, external alarm collection, a craft interface and Test Access Port connectors. In the case of the ARAM-D shelf the GFC functionality is provided by the PWIO board. > In the slot beneath the GENC card needs to be inserted - alarm control and host expansion interface unit on the 7330 ISAM FTTN. > NTA and NTB slot: These slots can be equipped with the standard NT board types on the 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf. Additional NT I/O interfaces are located on the GENC card. The component side for these NT boards is UP. If the shelf is used as a slave, then a single slave expansion card must be inserted at the position of NT A. The NT B slot must be covered with a filler plate. > LT1 through LT4 slots for LT units: The LT boards supported are e.g. EBLT-C, EBLT-E, EBLT-K (48 ports multi-DSL) and EVLT-A, EVLT-C (24 ports VDSL) > LP1 through LP4 slots for appliques: The splitterboards supported are e.g. AVPC-A, HCUT-C, HLPC-H, HLPC-J and VPSC-D > Fan slot: only the NTs, combo I/O card and LTs are cooled directly by the fan unit. The LPs and the GFC will only receive some limited cooling. The fan unit for ARAM-D exists out of a four-fan assembly, the AFAN-L. > The ARAM-D shelf supports MTA.

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ARAM-D vertical mounting

ETSI 19 rack ARAM-D 600mm rack ARAM-D

ARAM-D does not fit horizontally in an ETSI rack


20 or 512mm

adapters required for vertical mounting: mounting kit

ALTR-E 4 Free space 2,5/side Free space 125mm/side

2200mm

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Other system components


top rack unit ATRU-Q

Up to 2 XD LT shelves XD LT shelves per rack


power provisioning

fuses for boards/fans Fan units AFAN-H with or without dust filter

air flow

splitter shelf can be integrated in rack or separate (as shown)

60

> The slide depicts a single rack holding 2 ISAMs (splitterless deployment). > So two ALTS-T shelves are housed in this rack. Each shelf holds a fan tray. This is an 8-fan fan-unit with or without dust filter. Only one dust filter is needed per rack. > The top rack unit (TRU) is the unit providing the power interface between the office power plant and the subracks. It is also the interface between the office alarm system and the rack equipment (including up to five customer defined external alarms) and displays the rack alarm conditions. > Fan unit: One fan unit (AFAN-H) provides forced air cooling in the subrack. The fan unit is a field replaceable unit in the subrack fan area, it plugs directly into the backplane. > There are two variants, one with dust filter and one without dust filter. The fan unit of the subrack in the lowest rack position must always contain a dust filter.

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ATRU-Q Top rack unit for ISAM 7302 XD


2 variants exists
top rack unit for splitterless rack configuration
one or two LT subracks

top rack unit for rack configuration with splitter


one LT subrack + one SP subrack

61

> The TRU is installed in the top position of the rack and is always cabled for two subracks, even if the configuration only requires one subrack . This is due to anticipated difficulties in adding cables after initial installation. > The top rack unit terminates the feed(s) of the office battery branches A and B and distributes the power to up to two subracks via individual feeds and via circuit breakers. > In an XD rack, the top rack unit (ATRU) distributes fused -48 Vdc or -60 Vdc power to all the subracks and fan units via two redundant branches. It interfaces between the DSL equipment and the Central Office alarm system. > The ATRU-Q contains the following functional blocks: Front panel with circuit breakers and alarm display termination for external wiring alarm and control boards with interface to internal ACU boards and external CO alarm systems.

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ECNT Network termination board XD (1/2) service hub


24 Gbps line rate capacity 16 port reserved for line cards & expansions 1 (0) port to the control & mgt function 7 (8) ports remaining for Ethernet user links, subtending links and network links

contains FLASH, RAM and ROM memory interfacing with management and control interfaces via backpanel traffic management on NT

ECNT-A ECNT-C
62

> ECNT-A NT board with integrated SHub. Provides three electrical FE, electrical GE or optical GE links on the front panel. > ECNT-C NT board with integrated SHub. Provides four GE links on the front panel: three GE optical + one 10/100/1000Mbps optical/electrical (selectable) > Besides providing network termination, the ECNT card performs Ethernet switching and control functions for the 7302 ISAM-XD and the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD, as well as for any connected 7330 REM. It handles the xDSL, the shelf, and the switching data path. > The ECNT card handles high-bandwidth IP services for xDSL subscribers by providing a 24 Gigabit Ethernet switching fabric (service hub). In the downstream direction, high-bandwidth IP services enter the network termination side of the 7302 ISAM or 7330 ISAM FTTN over connectivity at the ECNT card or through the NT I/O (7302 ISAM) or GENC card (7330 FTTN). > The ECNT card switches the Ethernet IP traffic. The appropriate packets for each connected xDSL subscriber are then forwarded over the backplane to the LT. In the upstream direction, the ECNT card receives Ethernet packets from the LTs over the backplane. The ECNT card either switches the Ethernet packets to the high-bandwidth IP services network or passes them to the NT I/O (7302 ISAM) or GENC (7330 ISAM FTTN) card. > For expansion configurations with REMs, the NT on the 7330 FTTN host shelf switches traffic destined for remote subscribers to expansion ports on the GENC card via the shelf backplane. Traffic from remote subscribers is forwarded to the NT over the expansion links that connect to the GENC card on the host shelf. > The ECNT card supports inband or outband management traffic received through its connectors. Local management (craft terminal) is supported by the ECNT card through craft connections on the AACU (7302 ISAM) and PWIO (7330 ISAM) cards. The NT on the FTTN host shelf is used to manage REMs which cannot behave as standalone units.

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ECNT network termination board XD (2/2)


ECNT-A: 3 Ethernet interfaces
LEDs Electrical itfs

RJ45 auto-sensing 10/100/1000Base-T On board media conversion to GE optical SFP optical modules required

ECNT-C: 4 Ethernet interfaces


1 x 10/100/1000Mbps port electrical or 1Gbps optical
optical port 1,2,3

Optical itfs

3 x 1Gbps SFP port

ECNT is used in:


7302 ISAM XD 7330 ISAM FTTN XD

63

> ECNT-A Has three connectors for Gigabit Ethernet optical or electrical connections and three connectors for Ethernet electrical connections to a high-bandwidth IP services network. The six connectors on ECNT-A are logically grouped into three pairs of one electrical connector and one optical connector each. Only one of the two connectors in a logical pair can be active at any one time. For example, if you are using the optical connector in the first pair, then you cannot use the electrical connector of the pair until you disconnect the optical connector for the pair. If ECNT-A cards have been installed for NT redundancy, a total of six NT connectors are provided, with three being active. > ECNT-C: port 0 10/100/1000 Mbps electrical or optical 1GE optical only! port 1,2,3

> SFP (Small Form factor Pluggable units) for NT & NT-I/O or GENC: optical modules exist for GE and FE. On one of the following slides some examples are given, but the list is not complete!

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port 0: optical or electrical

2 variants: 100 Mb or 1Gb to each LT

NT I/O Network termination I/O board


provides 4 additional (external) Ethernet interfaces ECNC-A
RJ45 auto-sensing 10/100/1000Mbps Or optical interfaces (1G only)

ECNC-B
FE optical interfaces

SFP optical modules required RJ45 for test access (connection to TAU)

64

> Different types of NT I/O cards exist currently: ECNC-A: 4 x 10/100/1000 electrical interfaces or 4 x optical GE interfaces ECNC-B: 4 x optical FE interfaces (ECNC-C: 4 x optical GE for ISAM-V!) > ECNC also has an ethernet port labeled for outband management. This port cannot be used!

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SFP pluggable optical modules for NT & NT-I/O


Optical modules available for GE
GE SX MM 850nm GE LX SM 1310nm GE EX SM GE ZX SM 1550nm 550m (4dB) 10km (11dB) 40km 80km (20dB)

1310nm

List is not exhaustive more available

Optical modules available for FE


FE MM FE SM 850nm 1310nm 550m (4dB) 10km (11dB)

List is not exhaustive

All modules do have an LC connector

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CWDM SFP transceivers


Eight center wavelengths are available:
1471 nm, 1491 nm, 1511 nm, 1531 nm, 1551nm, 1571 nm, 1591 nm, 1611 nm.

CWDM SFP support

66

> CWDM technology uses an ITU standard 20nm spacing between the wavelengths, from 1310nm to 1610nm. With CWDM technology, since the wavelengths are relatively far apart (compared to DWDM), the transponders are generally not very expensive. > The SFP-CW has the following features: > Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) transceivers. These transceivers are available for eight different wavelengths. > Compliant with SFP Multi Source Agreement (MSA). > Compatible with IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet 1000Base-LX PMD specifications. > Digital diagnostic through serial interface. > Internal calibration for digital diagnostics. > Eye safe (Class 1 Laser Safety). > Duplex LC optical interface. > Loss Of Signal (LOS) output and TX Disable input. > Hot pluggable.

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EBLT MultiDSL line termination board


multi-ADSL line card
48 ports per card ADSL/ADSL2/READSL2/ADSL2+ line termination POTS and ISDN line cards

GE interface towards NT ATM cell <-> Ethernet packet conversion


Inter Working Function (IWF)

L2 and L3 cards
difference in supported FW Models, QoS,...
EBLT-C-E (POTS, L3) EBLT-D-F (ISDN, L3) EBLT-J (POTS, L2)

67

EBLT-A/J

L2 functionalities only (see forwarding models later on)

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EVLT VDSL line termination board


VDSL line card
24 ports per card POTS and ISDN line cards

GE interface towards NT

EVLT-C (ETSI/POTS) EVLT-D (ETSI/ISDN)

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SMLT SHDSL line termination board - XD


SHDSL line card
symmetric service:
bit rate from 192 kbps to 5696 kbps in steps of 64 kbps

24 ports per card EFM or ATM/IMA

GE interface towards NT
SMLT-J SMLT-K

69

> The SMLT-J: Provides symmetric variable rate service to CPE. Provides 24 symmetric ports at line rates from 192 kbit/s to 5696 kbit/s payload rate in steps of 64 kbit/s. Supports symmetric spectral profiles. Supports two-wire mode, channel bonding (four-wire/six-wire/eight-wire mode) using ATM for extended range and/or greater payload. Supports multi-link (up to 8 links) grouping using Inverse Multiplexing over ATM (IMA) for extended range and/or greater payload. If IMA grouping is used, up to 24 groups with a maximum of eight links per group are allowed. Supports Packet Transfer Mode (PTM / EFM). The SMLT-J units do not require an applique, the SHDSL interface lines are immediately connected to the UTP cables via the subrack connectors. But, if required, an applique in an external splitter subrack can provide this connection.

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PSPS MultiDSL splitter board


ADSL 25-48

POTS/ISDN 25-48 ADSL 1-24 POTS/ISDN 1-24

48 lines per card inserted in any of the 16 slots of splitter shelf separates the ADSL and POTS/ISDN signals upstream & combines the ADSL modem signals with POTS/ISDN signals downstream with or without relays
supports connection to external test device for line measurement purposes
AA variant: outward line testing AB variant: full test access

XD-PSPC 48 lines PSPS-A (POTS) PSPS-B (POTS) PSPS-C (POTS) PSUS-A (POTS + ISDN)
70

ready to support N+1 LT redundancy

compatible with ADSL2+ (2.2 MHz) POTS and POTS+ISDN 2B1Q variant

> The Pots splitter board will filter and combine ADSL and POTS/ISDN signals, thus allowing the concurrent use of POTS/ISDN and ADSL on the same UTP. Exists in a wide range of impedances (Real, Complex, ) Special version for ISDN due to different spectrum. > The PSPS boards for the ISAM splitter shelf contains 48 LPFs or splitters so one board can serve up to 48 ADSL lines. Note that the ADLT splitter function is performed by a High-Pass Filter (HPF) on the ADLT board. > The pots splitter boards are mounted in the applique slots of the ASPS-A. > PSUS-A: universal POTS/ISDN splitter version A (PSUS-A) - with N+1 redundancy and limited test access. The PSUS-A: Can be installed in the XD splitter shelf, installed in the Central Office (CO) Contains 48 Low-Pass Filters (LPFs) Separates the ADSL and the POTS/ISDN signals in the upstream direction Supports ADSL, ADSL2+ and RE-ADSL (multi-ADSL). Combines the ADSL signals with POTS / ISDN signals to the customer Protects the POTS/ISDN against interference from signals generated by the network termination (NT) unit or the (multi) ADSL line termination unit Protects the receivers at both the subscriber and the Central Office from all POTS/ISDN related signals Allows connection to the Spare bus to provide N + 1 redundancy (not supported for this release) Allows connection to the Spare bus for limited test access (only this variant). For ISDN only 2B1Q encoding is supported

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VSPB VDSL splitter board

24 lines per card separates the VDSL and POTS/ISDN signals upstream & combines the VDSL modem signals with POTS/ISDN signals downstream POTS and POTS+ISDN 2B1Q variant

VSPB-A (POTS) VSUB-A (POTS+ISDN)

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Cut-through appliques XD
SHDSL 1-24 LINE 25-48 SHDSL 25-48 LINE 1-24 SHDSL 1-24 SHDSL 1-24 CTAB - C applique LINE 25-48 LINE 1-24 CTAS - C applique

CTAB-C

CTAS-C

72

> The cut-through applique forms an interface between the SHDSL line and the SHDSL LT board. > CTAB-C The CTAB-C splitter board is an SHDSL cut-through splitter board. The splitter board extends to XD 48 ports configuration (same layout as 24 ports LT) and cooperates with the SHDSL line termination circuitry present on the SHDSL line termination board. All interfaces to the SHDSL line termination board and the customer LINE are accessible via four 24-pair CHAMP connectors on the front stiffener of the board. The CTAB-C splitter board is installed in a Central Office environment (CO) and is mounted in an XD-LT splitter shelf, which can contain up to 16 splitter boards. The CTAB-C splitter board is a completely passive circuit. > CTAS-C provides an interface between the SHDSL line connection and the SHDSL line terminating board (LT). The splitter board extends to XD 48 ports configuration and cooperates with the SHDSL line termination circuitry present on the SHDSL line termination board.

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GENC: Gigabit Ethernet network Combiner 7330 XD

Generic Facility card for ARAM-D


power distribution to other units in the shelf
Redundant power infeed

alarm and control support MTA support

14 optical GE interfaces
10 for expansion Downlinks 2 for uplinks towards network/subtended/end-user 2 selectable (expansion or uplinks)
GENC-E GENC-F (ITSC)
73

> The GENC card is a general facility card and is a field-replaceable unit . Its main functionality is to provide connectivity and distribution for power feeds and external alarms > The GENC is a plug-in unit that performs as stated above multiple functions in which also additional optical Gigabit Ethernet connectivity for the 7330 FTTN ISAM 4-LT-slot host shelf and remote units (REM). > In total the GENC card provides 14 additional optical Gigabit Ethernet connectors to supplement the connectors provided on the ECNT card. On the GENC-E card faceplate, the first two optical ports (ports 4 and 5) are reserved for network connections (uplinks). Ports 6 and 7 are configurable as either uplinks or as expansion links (downlinks). The other 10 ports are expansion ports. It is possible to have up to 12 expansion links connected to remote expansion units for each host shelf since each shelf has one GENC card. > ITSC: Integrated Test and Sealing Current The ITSC module is present as a daughter card of the GENC-F. The ITSC module is used to perform narrowband tests and provide sealing current on customer lines. The ITSC module replaces external test heads by providing: a reduced-suite of narrowband tests to the customer the ability to apply sealing current for dry (non POTS) lines.

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> On the board the SFP modules for Gigabit Ethernet optical connectivity are not delivered with the card but need to be ordered separately. Depending on the requirements of the operator. The Optical Gigabit Ethernet ports support standard Alcatel optical SFPs. > On the board itself the status of the SFP modules are indicated by LEDs. > alarm and control support > The GENC collects external alarms received through five general alarm inputs connected through the PWIO and passes them to the active NT unit. > The GENC controls the alarm LEDs on the PWIO. The GENC monitors the ACO switch on the PWIO and controls the ACO LED (located on the PWIO-B). ACO = alarm Cut Off : allows the audible alarms to be extinguished without affecting the visual alarms. The audible alarms can be toggled as enabled or disabled. > The ACU module is integrated on the GENC card. In other words, it is the GENC that supports the craft port of the PWIO (used for connecting a craft terminal). The power status and status of the board itself as well as information on SFPs are provided by LEDs on its faceplate. MTA support > The GENC provides support for MTA-based testing and monitoring of one line at a time in the 4-LT-slot host shelf. MTA up and MTA down connections are made at the PWIO. The GENC provides a relay-based matrix and monitor circuitry to connect the test in and test out signals with the backplane for connection to the appropriate applique (the applique uses relays to connect to the appropriate line). It is the GENC that controls the TAP activity LED on the PWIO to indicate that MTA-based testing or monitoring is in progress. > GENC-E : an alarm control and host expansion interface unit that performs multiple functions and provides additional optical GE connectivity and expansion links for the ARAM-D shelf. > GENC-F : an alarm control and host expansion interface unit that performs multiple functions, including ITSC (integrated test and sealing current implemented on a daughter board), and provides additional optical GE connectivity and expansion links for the ARAM-D shelf.

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ACU Alarm Control Unit in 7302 ISAM XD


inserted in the leftmost slot of the splitterless shelf (ALTS-T) five LEDs to indicate different levels of fault conditions
ACO/lamp test push button switch

craft interface
9-pin D-connector

Ethernet connection
RJ-45 for out-band mgmt cannot be used

one ACU/ISAM system

AACU-C
75

> Five LEDs to indicate fault conditions Critical red Major red Minor yellow alarm local red ACO active green > Same ACU as for ASAM > RJ45 for outband management cannot be used interfaces only to DSL boards not to the Service Hub

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PWIO in 7330 FTTN XD


Installed in ARAM-D
Field replaceable

Connectivity for
Power External alarms MTA Craft Terminal

PWIO-B
76

> The PWIO board provides: connectivity for external alarm, MTA, and craft terminal connections provides connectivity for five general-purpose alarm inputs provides connectivity for AC failure alarm input provides connectivity for MTA up and down provides local connectivity for a craft terminal LEDs giving status information/control information provides LEDs indicating alarm, fan, MTA, and power status provides an alarm cut-off and a visual display of alarm cut-off SMAS functionality: the system MAC-address is stored in a remote inventory prom on the PWIO card. > The following additional connectors are on the PWIO-B card, but they are not available for use: out-of-band management over Ethernet fan and fuse ETSI BITS > Two variants of the card are available: one provides connectivity for six user-definable external alarm inputs and the other provides connectivity for three user-definable external alarm inputs and critical, major, and minor alarm outputs. Both variants provide an AC failure input, MTA connectivity, and a connection for a craft terminal. > The PWIO board is seen as a integral part of the ARAM-D shelf and is normally delivered together with the shelf.

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SMAS System MAC Address Storage card 7302 XD


located on the XD splitterless shelf (ALTS-T) next to slot 16 contains only a remote inventory contains the MAC address of the shelf
NT public MAC address

without SMAS the ISAM doesn't come online


SMAS is delivered with XD splitterless shelf

SMAS

77

> On the SMAS-card the MAC-addresses of the NT/service hub that will be used for management, are stored. When the system boots, the service hub gets its MAC-address(es) from the SMAS-card. The 24 MAC-addresses for each port on the SHUB, are stored on the PROM of the SMAS-card. The reason why the MAC-addresses are stored on a separate card, that only contains a remote inventory of the ISAM shelf, is that if it would be on the NT and the NT would fail, the network might have trouble. The MAC-address will have been learned and if you replace the failing NT by another one, a new MAC-address would have to be learned. What if the old arpentry first has to age? (e.g. a delay of 5 minutes). With the MAC-addresses on the SMAS card, any NT will get the same MAC-addresses after replacement, so the switches in the network dont need to learn any new MAC-addresses from the NTs. > The SMAS card as depicted on the slide is only used in 7302 ISAM CO XD. For 7330 FTTN XD, the SMAS functionality is integrated on the PWIO card.

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University
Equipment practice - FD

Flexible Density

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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Migration towards FD (Flexible Density)

ASAM Family ISAM Family SD HD UD XD


Smooth migration

FD

288 lines/rack CO xDSL

768 lines/rack CO xDSL

1536 lines/rack CO xDSL OSP xDSL

2304 lines/rack CO xDSL OSP xDSL FTTN xDSL MDU xDSL voice

2592 lines/rack CO xDSL OSP xDSL FTTN xDSL MDU xDSL voice incl. splitters IMS ready voice gateway Distributed IVPS VDSL2 48p Multi-ADSL 48p P2p fiber Ethernet LT

79

> Main reason for going towards FD equipment practice is cost reduction!

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2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

ISAM FD shelf Flexible Density Equipment Practice


FD slots are universal: can hold LTs as well as splitters Higher densities can be obtained with FD shelves
One rack may contain 3 FD shelves compared to only 2 XD shelves

Various FD splitters will be available


multiDSL and VDSL2
VDSL2 POTS

POTS-only and universal POTS/ISDN

Single shelf for all deployments DSL voice fiber

Multiple flavors of line cards available Multiple density variants (28p, 48p)

80

> The following LTs will be supported starting from ISAM release 3.3: 24p G.shdsl LT 16p Ethernet LT (p2p fiber Ethernet) 48p VDSL2 LT 48p mDSL/VDSL splitters

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fiber (p2p Eth) Multi-ADSL

splitters

ISDN

General architecture 7302 ISAM-FD


new equipment practice NEP
NFXS-A
6 External Ethernet links

7302 FD-shelf
NTIO
802.3 port

capacity = 16 + 2 line slots


NT-B/NTIO slots can be used as line slot

NT

universal slot concept


shelf can accomodate any mix of xDSL LTs, splitters, fiber LTs, voice cards
2 External Ethernet links

Control/Mgt functions Control link


1..6 GE

ACU

Clock

aggregation (service hub) and control- & management function integrated on NT 1GE connectivity between NT and LT via backpanel
Backplane ready to support evolution to higher densities

802.3 port

2 GE

Aggregation function (SHUB)


1 16/18 GE

ASAM link

ACU & clock function integrated on NT board SMAS functionality integrated on backpanel
81

SMAS

LT16 18 or SP16 18 or mixed

Power

> The slide above shows the 7302 ISAMs FD system architecture. > The universal slot concept in the FD equipment practice allows the 7302 ISAM-FD shelf to accommodate line termination cards and splitter cards. Therefore the 7302 ISAM FD shelf (NSFX-A) can be configured as LT shelf, as splitter shelf or as a mixed shelf. A mixed shelf combines LT/splitter pairs, with front cabling to interconnect LT and splitter. > The NFXS-A shelf is used for the 7302 ISAM-FD. The shelf has 16 universal slots, 2 NT slots and 1 NTIO slot. This way NT redundancy is supported. However the second NT slot and NTIO slot can also be used as universal slot, increasing the capacity to 18 slots. > The NT board - as with the XD equipment practice - contains an integrated aggregation function with a total capacity of 24 Gbps which is commonly referred to as the service hub (SHUB). There are two ethernet switches on the NT having a capacity of 12 Gbps each, which means the total switching capacity is 24 Gbps, corresponding with 16 GE ASAM links + 8 extra Ethernet links. These extra Ethernet links can then be used as uplink, subtended links or directly connected end-user links. > The NT cards for FD equipment practice can terminate 2 external Ethernet links. The NTIO is providing the connectivity to the outside world for the 6 additional links. > In the case where the second NT slot and NTIO slot are used as universal slots, 2 of these 8 Ethernet links are used as ASAM-links leaving us with 6 uplinks available on the SHUB. As said before the NT in FD equipment provides connectivity to the outside world for two of these links. So in that case 4 uplinks will remain unused. (uptil R3.2)

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> Clocking and alarm control unit functionality are also provided on the NT > Each LT card is connected with the NT (SHUB) via the backpanel using a 1 GE electrical interface (ASAM-links). The backplane of the FD however is ready to support evolution to higher densities and higher subscriber bandwidths. > Powering and other general shelf functionality (e.g. visual alarm indicators) (= the power unit) is integrated in the 7302 ISAM FD shelf . This way the FD shelf can operate as a a standalone unit, allowing the operator to install the 7302 ISAM FD in any standard ETSI 2200 rack.. > You do not find the TAU module on this drawing, although ISAM FD equipment practice provides this functionality in LT mode. MTA is not supported in combo mode. An RJ45 for test access (connection to TAU) is present on the NTIO ( see later), but the TAU module itself is on a TAUS-card which physically needs to be inserted in the splitter-shelf. > The SMAS functionality (Remote Inventory PROM) is placed in a socket which is plugged on the backplane.

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General architecture 7330 ISAM FTTN host-FD


Same concept as 7302 ISAM FD New equipment practice
NFXS-B
External Ethernet links (configurable) expansion links

7330 FD-shelf
NTIO
802.3 port 802.3 port

Capacity = 8 + 2 line slots


NT-B/NTIO slots can be used as line slot

NT
ACU Clock

Control/Mgt functions Control link


1..x GE/FE 1..x GE

Possiblity to have expansion links


number depends on NT I/O card and the ISAM release running: 2 External
NCNC-B (6 opt ext itf) NCNC-C (12 opt ext itf) NCNC-D (6 opt 4 elec itf) NCNC-E (14 opt ext itf)
Ethernet links

802.3 port

2 GE

Aggregation function (SHUB)


1 8/10GE

ASAM link

SMAS

LT 8 10 or SP 8 10 or mixed

Power

83

> The NFXS-B shelf is used for the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD. The shelf has 8 universal slots, 2 NT slots and 1 NTIO slots. This way NT redundancy is supported. However the second NT slot and NTIO slot can also be used as universal slot, increasing the capacity to 10 slots. > NT and LT cards used in 7302 ISAM FD are also used in the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD. The functionality of the different boards is the same as in the 7302 ISAM-FD. > The difference with the 7302 ISAM-FD is the number of LT-slots and the fact that the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD can be equipped with an NTIO with 6 external interfaces (NCNC-B) as well as with an NTIO having 12 external interfaces (NCNC-C). Other NTIO cards have been released from ISAM R3.4. See later for more information. > The number of expansion or ethernet uplinks has become configurable from ISAM R3.4 on.

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LT line termination in 7302 ISAM-FD


7302 ISAM-FD
PSTN

provide connection to DSL users Contains the LT-module

LT

LT module

P S

Transportation function determines type of card Contains the IWF


i.e. the LT is on the data forwarding path

. . LT BOARDS .
LT P S

the applique boards can be


mixed with LTs in one shelf in a separate shelf, maybe even in a separate rack

APPLIQUE BOARDS
84

> For the data path, in the 7302 ISAM-FD, the main building blocks are the LT boards on which we can find the IWFs and the NT on which we can find the aggregation function. All the data that passes through the 7302 ISAM will always pass through the NT. > The 7302 ISAM-FD is equipped with a large number of line termination boards (LT). Different LTs exist for DSL access. Most of the LTs also need a paired applique boards. These applique boards can reside in a separate shelf or the same shelf. > The 7302 subrack can be used in 2 modes. LT-mode, the FD subrack is equipped with LT boards only . The corresponding splitter cards must be placed in a splitter subrack which can be placed in the same rack or in a rack on another location. combo-mode, the FD subrack is equipped with LT boards and splitter boards. For each equipped LT board, the corresponding splitter is placed in the slot to the right of the LT board (see later) > In the 7302, ISAM-FD, each LT card is connected with the NT via the backpanel using a GE electrical interface.The backplane of the FD however is ready to support evolution to higher densities and higher subscriber bandwidths.

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LT line termination in 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD


7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host

Same functionality as in 7302 Applique board in the same shelf


7356 FTTB REM expansion link
PSTN LT
. . .

LT P S

P S

LT

ASAM link

P S

85

> The NFXS-B is used as 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host shelf. > The LT boards in the 7330 units perform the same functionality as in the 7302, i.e terminating the physical layer and forwarding the data packets to the aggregation function. > The 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf perceives remote LT units as though they were installed locally on the host shelf itself, adding them to its total number of LT units.

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NT Network termination in 7302 ISAM-FD


7302 ISAM-FD
PSTN

runs control plane software and management software


management and control interfaces

LT NT

CTR SHUB

P S

SW management fault management configuration management DB management

2 GE elec / optical

802.3 port

ACU

Clock

. . .
LT P S

service hub electrical or optical Ethernet interfaces ACU functionality Clock functionality: optional

Craft Terminal

86

> All the data that passes through the 7302 ISAM-FD will always pass through the NT. It is the 24 Gbps Ethernet aggregation switching function, i.e. the service hub residing on the NT that is responsible for the data forwarding towards the Ethernet aggregation network. > Another functionality of the NT-board is the control plane of the 7302 ISAM required e.g. for maintenance and operations, remote inventory information and shelf management. It provides management interfaces (LAN, CRAFT, RCRAFT) to the outside world and control interfaces towards the line termination (LT) boards and the network termination I/O. > On the NT resides an interface and media conversion block which provides 2 external Ethernet interfaces. One of the interfaces will certainly be used as network link. The remaining link can be used as subtending and/or network links. The media converter on the NT converts the electrical signal coming from the service hub into an optical signal. > Whether a clock function (BITS) interface is present on the NT or not will depend on the type of NT card. > NT redundancy is supported. > In the ISAM FD equipment practice the ACU module is integrated on the NT board as well. It is the ACU-module on the NT board that collects up to five external alarms, AC fail alarm, door alarm, fuse alarm and two fan fail alarms and sends them to the NT. The ACU-module sends its alarms to the NT board which transfers these signals to the element management system.

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NT network termination in 7330 FTTN-FD


7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host

Performs aggregation,management and control functions REM


Seen as one NE on 5523 AWS
7356 FTTB REM
LT P S PSTN LT
. . .

NT

CTR SHUB

P S

802.3 port

LT

P S

Clock

ACU

87

> The NT has the same functionality in the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host shelf as in the 7302 ISAM-FD. > The NT in the 7330 FTTN host shelf however, will also provide the different functionalities for the remote expansion modules connected to the 7330 FTTN-FD host shelf.

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NT I/O NT Input Output in 7302 ISAM-FD


7302 ISAM-FD
PSTN

provide additional external interfaces to the 7302 ISAM shelf.


interfaces with the NT via the backpanel

NT I/O

6 x optical

802.3 port

LT

P S

one NT-I/O per ISAM system Supports NT redundancy

NT

. . .
LT P S

88

> The network termination Input/Output (NT I/O) board is an applique or interface card which interfaces via the backplane with the network termination (NT) board. In the 7302 ISAM-FD it is required in case more than the available external interfaces on the NT board are required. These interfaces can be used as network links, directly connected user links or subtending links. > The NT I/O for the 7302 ISAM-FD can provide up to 6 additional interfaces to the shelf.

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NT I/O NT Input Output in 7330 FTTN-FD


7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host 7356 FTTB REM
NT I/O

6->14 optical

802.3 port

1 12 expansion links
PSTN LT
. . .

LT P S

P S

provide additional external interfaces to the 7330 FTTN


expansion links i.f.o card type interfaces with the NT via the backpanel

LT

ASAM link

P S

one NT-I/O per FTTN system


89

> As in the 7302 ISAM-FD equipment the network termination Input/Output (NT I/O) board is an applique or interface card providing extra external interfaces. > In the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD the extra interfaces can now be used as expansion links as well. However how many interfaces available and how many can be used as expansion links will depend on the type of NTIO board and software used

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Shelf types FD equipment practice


ISAM 7302 - FD
FD -NFXS-A
ETSI shelf for 16/18 boards (x lines) universal slot concept allows any mix of xDSL LTs, splitters, fiber LTs, voice cards

ISAM 7330 FTTN - FD


FD-NFXS-B
Mini-RAM ETSI shelf for 8/10 boards (x lines) universal slot concept allows any mix of xDSL LTs, splitters, fiber LTs, voice cards

7356 FTTB REM - FD


FD-NFXR-A
can be connected to 7330 FTTN XD or FD.

90

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7302 ISAM-FD equipment practice


FD shelf mounted in any standard ETSI rack.
3 FD 7302-shelves fit in ETSI rack of 2200mm height FD also fits in
ISAM-XD rack ASAM UD rack

NO TRU

FD-7302-1

Self contained shelf concept.


Stand-alone deployment with integrated power management & shelf alarm Power directly on the shelf. FD-7302-2

TRU Lite functionality integrated in shelf


TRU optional in case of rack power feeding for multi-shelf rack

Different rack configurations

FD-7302-3

2200mm heigh STD ETSI-RACK


91

> The ISAM-FD equipment can be mounted in a standard ETSI rack, This is possible because the ISAM FD Shelves can operate as a stand-alone unit powering and other general shelf functionality (e.g. visual alarm indicators) (= the power unit) are integrated in the 7302 ISAM FD shelf. Therefor Integration into a rack with a top rack unit is not required, but it is possible. Integrated 7302 FD rack configurations (rack + subracks + evt. Cabling) are also offered. 7302 FD shelves can also be mounted in existing XD modular space improved rack and in the UD rack. > The Reduced Height of the FD shelves allows to combine 3 FD shelves into a ETSI rack of 2200 mm height. This way higher densities can be obtained with FD shelves. One rack may contain 3 FD shelves compared to only 2 XD shelves

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FD 7302 rack Configurations


NO TRU NO TRU NO TRU NO TRU NO TRU

FD-7302 shelf

FD-7302 shelf

FD-7302 shelf

XD MTA Ready splittershelf

XD Passive splittershelf

FD-7302 shelf

FD-7302 shelf

FD-7302 LT shelf

FD-7302 LT shelf

FD-7302 shelf

92

> In a standard ETSI rack (2200mm x 600mm x 300mm) there are a couple of possible configurations that you can have with FD equipment practice. An overview of these configurations are given in the following slides. : 1) 1 rack with 1 FD subrack NFXS-A FD subrack 2) 1 rack with 2 FD subracks 2 x NFXS-A FD subrack 3) 1 rack rack with 3 FD subracks 3 x NFXS-A FD subrack] In these first 3 configurations, FD subracks can be configured as LT shelf, mixed shelf or splitter shelf. 4)1 rack with XD MTA-ready (Red) splitter shelf and 1 FD subrack ASPS-A (ISAM XD-modular splitter subrack with Test Access) NFXS-A FD subrack configured as LT shelf 5) 1 rack with XD Passive (Blue) splitter shelf and 1 FD subrack ASPS-C (ISAM XD-modular splitter subrack without Test Access) NFXS-A FD subrack cionfigured as LT shelf > Bottom FD subrack is equipped with dust filter. > A configuration with 3 LT shelves may not be appropriate, since a lot of heat is produced. An evaluation is needed on a case by case basis. Its not a problem for mixed splitter/LT shelves.

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7302 ISAMFD shelf: NFXS-A


No connector area: direct front access cabling 2 NT slots + 1 NTIO slot 16 LT/splitter slots Capacity = 16 + 2 line slots
NT-B/NTIO slots can be used as line slot Max 864 lines/shelf
600 LT/splitter slots 2 x NT + NTIO LT/splitter slots

FAN

500 W x 600 H x 280 D


93

> This ISAM 7302 16/18 slot FD ETSI shelf/subrack (NFXS-A) is a shelf with universal slot concept and reduced backpanel architecture. This is a high-dense subrack for central office and large cabinet applications, which fits in standard ETSI racks. > Reduced backpanel architecture in the sense that the 7302 ISAM-FD shelf has no connector area for subscriber, xDSL and narrowband interfaces. External cabling is applied directly to front access connectors on the line termination boards. Initial multi-ADSL cards have 48-port density, but higher density cards can also be accommodated within the shelf (future) > There can be maximum 18 LT boards (16 + 2) in one 7302 ISAM-FD sub-rack. Since one subrack is one ISAM system, the maximum number of xDSL lines that one ISAM FD system can support is 48*18=864 lines.

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7302 ISAMFD shelf: NFXS-A

Back panel

LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT NTA NTIO/LT NTB/LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT

Card cage area

DSL

LT board

fiber conduct

fiber channel Fan area Power & connector area


fiber conduct FAN dust filter

Fan unit
Dust filter
PWR

94

> The ISAM 7302 FD shelf is subdivided in following areas: Card cage containing slots for NT, NTIO, LT and splitter boards. Fiber conduct for NT and NTIO fibers Fan unit area: the fan unit is provided with dust filter. The dust filter must be installed only beneath the lowest fan tray in a configuration. The dust filter can be removed without plugging out the fan tray. Power and connection area: This area provides housing for connectors for the power supply, circuit breakers and rack lamps. > The shelf has 19 vertical slots for pluggable boards. > In the center of the shelf, three slots are foreseen for NT-A, NTIO and NT-B. Other 16 slots are universal slots. universal slots can accommodate LT board types, server board types and splitter board types. Hence, splitters can be mixed with LTs in a shelf or be deployed separately/externally. A mixed shelf combines LT/splitter pairs, with front cabling to interconnect LT and splitter.(see later in this presentation) > The NTIO slot and the NT-B slot can also be assigned as universal slot. Such assignment turns the shelf into a 18-slot shelf. Note: A 17-slot configuration, where only NTIO slot or NT-B slot is assigned as universal slot, is currently not supported.

type
3FL 00276_A AAAA WBZZA Ed 03 94 2008 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

7302 ISAM-FD shelf configurations LT shelves


XDSL

XDSL

XDSL cable management area


48p-LT 48p-LT NT IO NT NT

XDSL cable management area


48p-LT 48p-LT NT IO NT NT

BITS TAU Craft Mgt SFP3

BITS Craft Mgt

ADSL 1 48 -

BITS Craft Mgt

TAU

BITS

SFP3

Mgt

SFP4

SFP4

SFP5

SFP5

SFP6 SFP1 SFP7 SFP2 SFP8 SFP2


SFP2

SFP6

SFP1

SFP1 SFP7

SFP1

SFP2 SFP8

fibermanagement area fiber conduct


Fan unit

fiber management area fiber conduct


Fan unit

Fan unit
connector area Lamps LEDS CBs
PWR Inlet Block

Fan unit
connector area Lamps LEDS CBs

BPA

PWR Inlet Block

BAT filters PWR filers

PWR filters BAT filers

BPA

FD CO 16 slot LT shelf with NT redundancy

FD CO 18 slot LT shelf no NTIO / no NT redundancy (e.g. HSI only application)

95

> The 7302 ISAM-FD subrack can be used in different modes. You can have an LT-shelf, splitter shelf or mixed/combo-shelf. In LT mode, the FD subrack is besides the NT and NTIO board, equipped with LT boards only . The corresponding splitter cards must be placed in a separate splitter subrack. splitter shelf: In that case only splitter boards are inserted in the LT-slots. No NT or NTIO boards needed. Also a fan unit is not required in this configuration. mixed shelf-combo configuration, pairs of splitter & DSL LT boards in the same FD shelf. > On the slide you see the configuration for a 7302 ISAM-FD LT-shelf. If NT redundancy is required, the FD subrack can be equipped with 16 LT boards If neither NT redundancy nor extra external interfaces are required, the FD subrack can be equipped with 18 LT boards. LT 17 and LT 18 are placed in the NT I/O and in the NTB slot respectively.

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ADSL 1- 48

Craft

7302 ISAM FD shelf configurations LT/splitter shelf


POTS LINE 48p-LT NT IO
TAU

BITS Craft Mgt

BITS

SFP3

Mgt

SFP4

XDSL
SFP5 SFP6 SFP1 SFP7 SFP2 SFP8 SFP2 SFP1

LT SP

Fiber management area


Fan unit

LT SP

Fan Unit
Connector area Lamps LEDS CBs

BPA

PWR Inlet Block

PWRfilers BAT filters

ADSL 1-48

Craft

48p-LT

NT

NT

FD CO 16 slot shelf with NT redundancy


96

FD CO 18 slot shelf without NT redundancy

> When the 7302 ISAM-FD is used in a mixed shelf-combo configuration, pairs of splitter & DSL LT boards can be placed in the same shelf. For each equipped LT board, the corresponding splitter is placed in the in neighboring right slot of the LT board. > On the slide you see the configuration for a 7302 ISAM-FD LT-shelf with redundancy. In that case the FD subrack can be equipped with 8 LT boards and 8 splitters. If NT redundancy is not required, the FD subrack can be equipped with 9 LT boards and 9 splitters. LT 9 and splitter 9 are placed in the NT I/O and in the NTB slot respectively. (This configuration is shown on the right of the slide.) > Splitters for the xDSL LIMs can be mounted next to (and to the right of) the corresponding LT. The connection between the LT and the correlating splitter is done via the front with a 48 pairs connector and cable. > At the front of the splitter, there is the 48 pairs connector and cable towards the PSTNexchange. > In this configuration, there is no MTA on the splitters. MTA is not supported in combo mode

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7330 ISAM FTTN FD shelf: NFXS-B


Medium-sized DSLAM for CO or Cabinet 2 NT slots + 1 NTIO slot
Remote expansion capabilities via NTIO
355 (horizontal mounting)

8 LT/splitter slots Capacity = 8 + 2 line slots


NT-B/NTIO slots can be used as line slot Max 480 lines/shelf

8 LT/splitter slots

Power and alarm functionality in GFC Card


Remote expansion capabilities via NTIO

2 NT + NTIO slot

No connector area
direct front access cabling

GFC

240 D x 445 W x 355 H


97

> The 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD 8/10 slot FD ETSI shelf/subrack (NFXS-B) can be deployed at either the Central Office (CO), or in a remote location (which can be in an outside cabinet). The shelf can be mounted horizontally in 19 or ETSI rack . > Like the 7302 ISAM-FD shelf (NFXS-A) the NFXS-B is a shelf with universal slot concept and reduced backpanel architecture. Reduced backpanel architecture in the sense that no connector area for subscriber, xDSL and narrowband interfaces are present on the backpanel. External cabling is applied directly to front access connectors on the line termination boards. Initial multi-ADSL cards have 48-port density, but higher density cards can also be accommodated within the shelf (future) > Max 10 LT boards (8 + 2) in one 7330 FD sub-rack means that the maximum number of xDSL lines that one 7330 ISAM FD system can support now is 48*10=480 lines. > The 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD has expansion capabilities to remote expansion modules. The 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host shelf perceives remote LT units as though they were installed locally on the host shelf itself, adding them to its total number of LT units.

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7330 ISAM FTTNFD shelf: NFXS-B

Card cage area

LT LT LT LT LT LT LT LT NT-B / LT NTIO / LT NT-A


PWR

Fan unit

GFC
Power & connector area Fan area

98

> The 7330 FD subrack physically has three areas: the card: card cage containing slots for NT, NTIO, LT and splitter boards. the fan area: This area provides housing for a separate fan unit. Power unit and cable connection area. This area houses connectors for the power supply, circuit breakers, subrack lamps and connectors for alarm cabling > The shelf has 12 horizontal slots for pluggable boards. > A mandatory GFC card takes the bottom position of the shelf. The GFC card takes up powering and other general shelf functionality (e.g. visual alarm indicators). > Above the slot for the GFC card, three slots are foreseen for NT-A, NTIO and NT-B. The other 8 slots are universal slots. universal slots can accommodate LT board types, Server board types and splitter board types. Hence, splitters can be mixed with LTs in a shelf or be deployed separately/externally. A mixed shelf combines LT/splitter pairs, with front cabling to interconnect LT and splitter.(see later in this presentation) > The NTIO slot and the NT-B slot can also be assigned as universal slot. Such assignment turns the shelf into a 10-slot shelf. Note: A 9-slot configuration, where only NTIO slot or NT-B slot is assigned as universal slot, is currently not supported.) > Besides some exceptions you can state that in general the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD uses the same boards as the CO-system (7302 ISAM-FD). > slot numbering is bottom up (below legacy numbering is used):
LT 1/1/11 LT 1/1/10 LT 1/1/9 LT 1/1/8 LT 1/1/7 LT 1/1/6 LT 1/1/5 LT 1/1/4 NT-B NTIO NT-A

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7330 ISAM FD shelf configurations

management area

TAU BITS BITS BITS BITSTAU

Craft Craft

SFP3 Mgt Mgt Mgt SFP3 Mgt

SFP2 SFP2

LT 48p NT NT

LT8
SFP1 SFP1 SFP6 SFP6 SFP7 SFP7 SFP5 SFP5 SFP4 SFP4

fiber

fiber

Fan unit

Fan unit

NT

NT

FD CO 8 slot LT shelf With NT redundancy

FD CO 10 slot LT shelf No NTIO/ No NT redundancy (e.g. HSI only application)

99

> As the 7302 ISAM FD the 7330 FD subrack can be used in different modes. You can have an LT-shelf, splitter shelf or mixed/combo shelf. In LT mode, the FD subrack is besides the NT and NTIO board, equipped with LT boards only . The corresponding splitter cards must be placed in a separate splitter subrack. splitter shelf: In that case only splitter boards are inserted in the LT-slots. No NT or NTIO boards needed. Also a fan unit is not required in this configuration. mixed shelf-combo configuration, pairs of splitter & DSL LT boards in the same FD shelf. > The ISAM 7330 FD shelf can be configured as: LT shelf: configured with NT boards (at least one, second is optional) , NTIO boards (optional) and LT/server boards. If NT redundancy is required, the FD subrack can be equipped with 8 LT boards. (Left drawing) If NT redundancy is not required, the FD subrack can be equipped with 10 LT boards. LT 9 and LT 10 are placed in the NT I/O and in the NTB slot respectively; Right drawing

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Fan unit

Craft Craft

SFP1 SFP1

SFP2

BITS

Craft

Mgt

SFP1

SFP2

48p - LT

NT IO

LT - 48p

LT10

Fan unit

SFP8 SFP8

48p - LT

NT

ADSL 1 48 -

ADSL 1

48

ADSL 1 48 -

ADSL 1

48

management area

NT IO NT

7330 ISAM FD shelf configurations


POTS SP
XDSL
SFP1 SFP1 SFP2 SFP2

LT1

BITS

TAU BITS BITS TAU

NT IO NT NT

Craft Craft

Fan unit

LINE

NT

Craft

Mgt

SFP6 SFP6

SFP7 SFP7

SFP8 SFP8

SFP3 SFP3

SFP5 SFP5

SFP4 SFP4

Fan unit

LT

FD CO mixed shelf With NT redundancy

100

> In combo mode, the 7330 FD subrack is equipped with LT boards and splitter boards. For each equipped LT board, the corresponding splitter board is placed in the slot below the LT board. So, the LT card comes in top position and the splitter card in neighboring right position. > For the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD as LT-shelf: If NT redundancy is required, the 7330 FD subrack can be equipped with 4 LT boards and 4 splitter boards.

If NT redundancy and no extra external interfaces are required, the 7330 FD subrack can be equipped with 5 LT boards and 5 splitter boards. LT 5 and splitter 5 are placed in the NT I/O and in the NTB

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Fan unit

Mgt Mgt

SFP1 SFP1

SFP2

NT

NANT - Combined NT unit


service hub
24 Gbps line rate capacity Supports i.f.o setup/configuration
Up to18 LT cards Up to 8 ports for Ethernet user links, subtending links and network links Up to 12 ports for expansion links i.f.o available links on NTIO board

contains FLASH, RAM and ROM memory interfacing with management and control interfaces via backpanel traffic management on NT ACU module integrated on NT
NANT-A
101

> At this stage the only NANT card existing is the NANT-A. (>R3.1). Two variants exist: with or witouth Bits interface. > the NANT card performs Ethernet switching and control functions for the 7302 and the 733ISAM FTTN-FD equipment, as well as for any connected remote expansion units. It handles the xDSL, the shelf, and the switching data path. The SHUB is integrated on the NANT board. > The NANT board can be placed in the 7302 ISAM equipment as well as in the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD equipment. The number of LT cards, external ethernet interfaces and/or expansion links will depend in which type of shelf the card is inserted. > The NANT card handles high-bandwidth IP services for xDSL subscribers by providing a 24 Gigabit Ethernet switching fabric. In the downstream direction, high-bandwidth IP services enter the network termination side of the 7302 ISAM-FD or 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD over optical or electrical connectivity at the NANT card or through optical connectivity at the NT I/O card. > The NANT card switches the Ethernet IP traffic. The appropriate packets for each connected xDSL subscriber are then forwarded over the backplane by an LT unit. In the upstream direction, the NANT card receives Ethernet packets from the LT units over the backplane. The NANT card either switches the Ethernet packets to the high-bandwidth IP services network or passes them to the NT I/O card for transmission to the high-bandwidth IP services network. > For expansion configurations with remote expansion units, the NT unit on the 7330 ISAM FTTN-FD host shelf switches traffic destined for remote subscribers to expansion ports on the NT I/O card via the shelf backplane. Traffic from remote subscribers is forwarded to the NT unit over the expansion links that connect to the NT I/O card on the host shelf.

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NANT-A - Combined NT unit version A


NANT used in:

RJ45 BITS (AB variant only) RJ45 Craft RJ45 Outband Managemen (LOM) RJ45 Uplink 1

7302 ISAM FD 7330 ISAM FTTN FD

1 Craft interface (RJ45) 1 BITS interface (RJ45)


Availability I.f.o variant

1 100BaseT outband Mgt interface


Not used at the moment
SFP Uplink 1 SFP Uplink 2

switchable

2 ports for user/network/subtending links


1 GE Optical SFP and 1 switchable GE Optical SFP/RJ-45

102

> The NANT card supports inband management traffic received through its connectors. The ACU module and the craft connection is found on the NANT supporting local management this way. The NT unit on the host shelf is used to manage remote expansion units. > The NANT provides network two GE links on the front panel. These interfaces are primarily intended to be used as subtending and/or network links. One port always need to be used as a 1 GE optical port, this is a fixed 1000BASE-X port (SFP only). The other interface is a combo-port. Meaning that or the optical interface can be used or the electrical 10/100/1000 BASE-T Port (RJ45 connector) > 3 management interfaces are available via the front panel: BITS interface (RJ45 connector) Craft management interface (RJ45 connector) Ethernet management interface (RJ45 connector). At this point (R3.3) this management interface can not be used > The Craft wiring is not the same as in ASAM or ISAM ACU-board The Craft Wiring on ISAM Flexible Density is the following 54321 ---------------\ooooo/ \oooo/ --------9876 1=orange 4=black 7=n.c. 2=green 5=red 8=brown 3=yellow 6=n.c. 9=blue

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NCNC - NT I/O Applique version B & version C


NCNC-B NCNC-C

6 optical GE Eth interfaces to the active NT board. serial TAUS interface to the TAU board. Environment Monitoring interface to communicate with a monitor box over a RS-232 link.

12 optical GE Eth interfaces to the active NT board. uplinks to the network or connecting Remote Expansion Modules (REMs)

103

> In general, the NCNC-B-C card is a NT I/O applique which interfaces with the NT board. It provides additional GE interfaces to the FD subrack. (>R3.2) > The NCNC-B serves as an NT I/O applique for the 7302 ISAM FD and 7330 FTTN ISAM FD. It provides 6 slots for up to 6 SFP GE interface modules which are external to the NCNC-B board. In case the NCNC-B is mounted in a 7302 ISAM FD shelf the NCNC-B is providing additional uplinks to the network, subtending links or directly connected end-user links. When mounted in a 7330 ISAM FTTN FD shelf however, these links can also be used to connect Remote expansion Modules (REMs) to the FD subrack. The 6 links of the NCNC-B can be used as expansion links. Support of # of expansion links will depend on Release. The NCNC-B supports Metallic Test Access (MTA) by providing a serial TAUS interface to the TAU module, providing communication between the 7302 ISAM NT and the Test Access unit (TAU) of the splitter shelf. As stated before, when the ISAM FD shelf is used as combo shelf, MTA is not supported. > The NCNC-C serves as an NT I/O applique for 7330 FTTN ISAM FD only and provides 12 slots for up to 12 SFP GE interface modules which are external to the NCNC-C board. These links can be used as network-, subtending-, directly connected end-user and/or expansion links. Max 6 links of the NCNC-C can be used as uplinks. The 12 links can be used as expansion links. However, the support of # of expansion links will depend on Release. No MTA nor Environment Monitoring Interface is provided via the NCNC-C.

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NCNC - NT I/O Applique version D & version E


NCNC-D NCNC-E

6 optical and 4 electrical GE Eth interfaces to the active NT board. serial TAUS interface to the TAU board. 2 serial MTA interfaces. Environment Monitoring interface to communicate with a monitor box over a RS-232 link.

14 optical GE Eth interfaces to the active NT board. uplinks to the network or connecting Remote Expansion Modules (REMs)

104

> In general, the NCNC-D-E card is a NT I/O applique which interfaces with the NT board. It provides additional GE interfaces to the FD subrack. (>R3.4) > The GE optical Network Termination (NT) Input/Output (I/O) Applique version D is part of the 7302 Intelligent Services Access Manager (7302 ISAM) and 7330 Fiber To The Node Intelligent Services Access Manager (7330 FTTN ISAM). NCNC-D has six optical and four electrical Ethernet interfaces to implement up to six Ethernet traffic media interfaces. Four of them can be multiplexed with 100BASEFX/1000BASE-X and 10/100/1000BASE-T interfaces, and the remaining two are 1000BASE-X interfaces. Provides Equipment Protection Switching (EPS) in case of failure of the active NT in a redundant NT pair configuration. Supports integrated TAUS to provide Metallic Test Access (MTA) in FD LT shelf NCNC-D has an interface to separate TAUS (in combination with a splitter shelf supporting MTA). > The GE optical Network Termination (NT) Input/Output (I/O) Applique version E which is part of the 7330 Fiber To The Node Intelligent Services Access Manager (7330 FTTN ISAM). NCNC-E has 14 GE interfaces via SFP optical modules. Provides Equipment Protection Switching (EPS) in case of failure of the active NT in a redundant NT pair configuration.

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7330 FD NTIO use from ISAM R3.4 on


up up

NANT-A (2 SFPs) NCNC-B/D


20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 unused 11 10 9
21 22
SFP-2 SFP-3 SFP-4 SFP-5 SFP-6 SFP-7

0
SFP-0

1
SFP-1

(6 SFPs)
up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down

24

23

2 3 4 5 6 7

NT LANX (Logical Ports)

From ISAM R3.4 all ports on the NTIO type B & D are configurable in a 7330
Expansion link (downlink) Ethernet link (uplink)

18

22 21
(down)

LT 1 - 8

105

> The NCNC-B & D can be deployed in the 7302 & 7330 FD ISAM. When deployed in a 7302 ISAM all links are uplinks (not reconfigurable) > The white numbers are as we see them in the AWS view of the NT board. The black numbers are as wee see them on the card faceplate. > Consult chapter 3FL00324 part C on how to configure the direction of these SFPs.

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7330 FD NTIO use from ISAM R3.4 on


up up

NANT-A (2 SFPs) NCNC-C (12 SFPs)


20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9
21 22 22 21
SFP-2 SFP-3 SFP-4 SFP-5 SFP-6 SFP-7 SFP-8 SFP-9 SFP-10 SFP-11 SFP-12 SFP-13

up

up

NANT-A (2 SFPs) NCNC-E (14 SFPs)


20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 22 21
SFP-2 SFP-3 SFP-4 SFP-5 SFP-6 SFP-7 SFP-8 SFP-9 SFP-10 SFP-11 SFP-12 SFP-13 SFP-14 SFP-15

0
SFP-0

1
SFP-1

0
SFP-0

1
SFP-1

24

23

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down down down down down down down

24

23

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down up/down down down down down down down up up

LANX NT (Logical Ports)

NT LANX (Logical Ports)

18

unused
(down)

18

21 22
(down)

LT 1 - 8

LT 1 - 8

From ISAM R3.4, 6 ports on the NTIO type C & E are configurable
Expansion link (downlink) Ethernet link (uplink)
106

> The NCNC-C & NCNC-E can only be deployed in the 7330 FD. > The white numbers are as we see them in the AWS view of the NT board. The black numbers are as wee see them on the card faceplate.

> Consult chapter 3FL00324 part C on how to configure the direction of these SFPs.

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NALT MultiDSL Line Termination Unit


multi-ADSL line card
48 ports per card ADSL, ADSL2, ADSL2+, READSL and Annex M POTS and ISDN line cards

Front access connector on the LT board. GE interface towards NT ATM cell <-> Ethernet packet conversion
Inter Working Function (IWF)

L2 and L3 cards
NALT-B (POTS, L2, 48 ports) NALT-C (POTS, L3, 48 ports) NALT-D (ISDN, L3, 48 ports)
107

difference in supported FW Models, QoS,...

> NALT-B

L2 functionalities only (see forwarding models later on)

> External cabling is applied directly to Front Access connectors on the line termination boards.

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NSLT SHDSL Line Termination unit


SHDSL line card
symmetric service:
bit rate from 192 kbps to 5696 kbps in steps of 64 kbps

24 ports per card EFM or ATM/IMA

GE interface towards NT

NSLT-A 24 SHDSL

108

> Provides symmetric variable rate service to Customer Premises Equipment (CPE). > Provides 24 Symmetric High-Bitrate Digital Subscriber Line (SHDSL) ports at line rates from 192 kbit/s to 5.696 Mbit/s payload rate in steps of 64 kbit/s. > Supports both symmetric spectral profiles. > Provides 8 kHz Network Timing Reference (NTR) clock to CPE for timing synchronization. > Supports two-wire mode, channel bonding (four-wire/six-wire/eight-wire mode) using ATM for extended range and/or greater payload. > Supports multi-link (up to 8 links) grouping using Inverse Multiplexing over ATM (IMA) for extended range and/or greater payload. > If IMA grouping is used, up to 24 groups are allowed. > Supports Packet Transfer Mode (PTM). > Can be installed in any of the Line Termination (LT) slots of the line termination area of the subrack or of the outdoor cabinet. > Can be mixed with xDSL Line Termination (xDSL LT) boards in the same subrack or in the same outdoor cabinet.

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NVLT VDSL(2) Line Termination unit


VDSL line card
24 or 48 ports per card POTS and ISDN line cards

Support VDSL(2) and ADSL(2+) GE interface towards NT

NVLT-A 24 VDSL(2) POTS NVLT-B 24 VDSL(2) ISDN NVLT-C 48 VDSL(2)-ADSL(2+) POTS NVLT-D 48 VDSL(2)-ADSL(2+) ISDN
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NELT Ethernet Line Termination Unit


16 ports optical Fast Ethernet
P2P optical Ethernet CPE

100 Mb/s over 10 km with p2p single-mode fiber Full ISAM Service Intelligence
Supports L3 Interworking Forwarding (IWF) engine.

Full feature parity with DSL line cards for mixed deployments

NELT-A 16 FE Opt
110

> NELT-A card is intended for the following applications: P2P FTTU applications. A dedicated fiber from the ISAM to each user. This can be both for residential applications (FTTH) as well as for SME/SOHO applications. For this application the port density is typically as large as possible, and this to minimize the CO cost per user. The optical transceiver technology requirement is usually FE (e.g. 100Base-BX10) as this suffices the BW needs and is a bit more cost effective than GE transceivers. Fixed Mobile Convergence application. In this application a number of wireless base stations can be aggregated on the ISAM rather than a dedicated mobile aggregation node. This is particularly of interest for operators who already have ISAM deployed for DSL-based services, as they only have to add this Ethernet LT card rather than to install a dedicated node for this application, thereby saving a lot of CAPEX and OPEX costs. The considered development of WiMAX controller functionality on ISAM also has to be seen in this context. Prime interest is the support for aggregation of Wimax base stations (Evolium 9100 in particular), but in principle 3G backhaul could also be foreseen. The optical link between the base station and the ISAM is typically FE, as the total BW aggregated per Wimax base station is 50 Mbps at most.

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LT Applique Cards
NPSP-A MII Passive POTS Splitter without
MTA

NPSP-B ETSI Passive 48 port POTS splitter NPSP-C TBD NPSP-D ETSI Passive 48 port POTS splitter NVSP-A Passive 24-port VDSL2 over POTS
Splitter Version A

NVSP-B Passive 48 port POTS VDSL splitter NVSU-A Passive 48-port VDSL2 over POTS/ISDN Universal 2B1Q Splitter NVSU-B Passive 48-port VDSL2 over
POTS/ISDN Universal 4B3T Splitter
Passive Splitter cards have no backplane connectors, NOT detectable by the ISAM
111

> MII : Ministry of Information Industry ADSL/ ADSL2+ application, optimized for the MII China impedance > NPSP-A Passive POTS splitter. ADSL2+ compatible. Optimised for the MII China impedance Only frontpanel connectors, no backplane > NPSP-B Idem NPSP-A, but optimised for the complex impedance terminations as requested in ETSI TR 1010 728 (TBR21 impedance, TBR38 impedance, high frequency termination and the high pass load). > NPSP-C TBD > NPSP-D This POTS splitter meets the same electrical requirements as the currently deployed NPSP-B and is also compliant with the standard The only deviation the NPSP-B has with the standard is that the ADSL BAND Isolation requirement is 55dB, I.e. Telstra RCIT0004 compliant

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GFC and fan for 7330 FD


GFC unit for 7330 ISAM-FD EMA-NGFC-A
Rack Lamps Connectors Door Open Connector Battery Available LED

Power Terminals (BAT-A, BAT-B, BAT-RET)

40 A Circuit Breakers (BAT-A, BAT-B)

Office Alarms Connectors

Shelf Alarm Status LED

Fan unit for 7330 ISAM-FD EMA-EFCU-D

112

> GFC board for 7330 ISAM-FD: NGFC-A > The EMA-NGFC-A is the power interface point of the FD7330 rack. It is also the interface for alarm system between outside(use defined )and NT . > The EMA-NGFC-A (3FE-29191-AAAA) is at the bottom of 7330 ISAM system. Its a halfclosed box, Power filter module, circuit breaker, PBA-NGFC-A are all assembled in the box. EMA-NGFC-A can be inserted and pulled out of the back panel directly. > The GFC provides the following functions : Main electrical power entry: Provisioning for the connection of the external input power feeders (branch A and branch B feeders) and distribution of these to all slots (for 8 LTs, 2NTs and 1NTIO ) and a FAN unit. > Fan for 7330 ISAM-FD - EMA-EFCU-D The fan plug in unit is designed for forced air cooling in 7330 ISAM equipment practice and is integrated within the 7330 ISAM shelf. It contains 6 wide range fans and alarm interface board and can be hot inserted. The Fan unit provides an alarm indication towards the NT in case of failure. One alarm LED is present on the front panel of the Fan unit, to provide a visual indication of fan failure conditions.

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AFAN-H ADSL Fan Unit


Fan unit for 7302 ISAM FD AFAN-H with or without dust filter

113

> Fan unit in 7302 ISAM FD The Fan unit used in the 7302 FD shelf is a new variant of the AFAN-H Fan unit, which is used in the 7302 XD LT shelf and fully compatible with ETSI shelf (600mmx300mm). > The AFAN-H contains eight temperature controlled variable speed fans to cool the plugin boards in the ISAM subrack assembly. The fans have a local temperature sensor, which monitors the local ambient temperature of the fan and defines the fan speed as a function of this temperature. > The AFAN-H must be in the fan area of the subrack. Fan power and interface connection are provided via two backplane connectors, type 15-pin male Sub-D. When there is a malfunction of a fan blower, the Alarm LED will turn red. Under normal operating conditions, this LED is turned off. > The Fan unit is provided with or without dust filter. The dust filter must be installed only beneath the lowest fan tray in a configuration. The dust filter can be removed without plugging out the fan tray.

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Power unit for 7302 FD


Power unit for 7302 ISAM FD EMA-POWER UNIT

Power Filters 60A (A/B/RET)

BAT A / BAT B Circuit Breakers (60A)

BAT B BAT A BATRET power terminal blocks (35mm2 cable termination)


114

Lamps Bat-Available (A/B) Alarm

Splitter Shelf Circuit Breakers A/B (4A)

> The 7302 FD subrack is designed to be used as stand-alone equipment. A top rack unit (TRU) is not required, as (shelf level) power inlet, distribution and alarming functions are integrated in the Power unit of the shelf. > The Power and connection area is located at the bottom of the subrack it consists out of a Power unit and some miscellaneous connectors (like Office alarms connector). > The power unit provides housing for power inlet terminals, power filters, circuit breakers and visual alarm indicators (Lamps).

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University
7356 ISAM FTTB REM

Remote Extension Module for XD and FD FTTN ISAM

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

115

> FTTB Fiber To The Building A technique of subscribers' distribution using optical fibers, in which the optical network terminations are located at the cable entrance into the building, usually in the basement. > FTTN Fiber To The Node Combined fiber and copper access system in which fiber extends towards remote nodes in the network so that the remaining loop over copper is reduced in length and brought in line with the need for higher bandwidth.

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General architecture 7356 ISAM FTTB REM-FD


Is a flexible mechanical enclosure in an environmentally hardened enclosure (~450mm wide, ~110 mm high, ~265 mm deep). Allows to equip any Flexible Density board Connects to the 7330 FTTN ISAM host (ARAM-D and 7330 FD).
Power

Exp link

LT
LT module

Up to 12 REMs can be connected to the 7330 FTTN ISAM. Contains two 1 Gbit Ethernet interfaces (REMFD slaved to the host, 1 SFP per LT). An extra slot position is available for the future support of the voice application (NPOT-A in combination with the NALT-C).

PS
DSL lines

116

> Has a replaceable AC/DC or DC/DC convertor and FAN-unit (and optional dustfilter). > Provides for support of 5 external alarms inputs and 2 outputs (for e.g. visual and/or audible indicators). > Within the scope of R3.4, following boards are supported: 48p VDSL2 (NVLT-D) with the corresponding 4B3T universal splitter 48p VDSL2 (NVLT-C) with the corresponding POTS splitter (3rd order)

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7356 ISAM FTTB REM implementation


Central Office
Large-Medium Distribution area Small Distribution area

7342

7302

7356 FTTB REM

7330 XD host 7356 FTTB REM Ethernet Switch 7330 FD host

117

> 7356 ISAM FTTB REM Remote Expansion Module for use in locations: basement, street cabinets, hall

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7356 REM customer deployment

Class5 (POTS/ISDN switching exchange

SAI (Analog Distribution Frame)

ISDN/POTS TDM 7356 REM 7330 Host GigE Fiber CO SW Internet


24 or 48x VDSL or Multi-DSL + ISDN/POTS

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Overview HW setup REM-FD


VDSL ADSL2+

AC

FAN

NVSU-A/B (48xVDSL2 ISDN Splitter) 12 or 24 VDSL2 (17 or 30MHz) AC Controller Board

FAN

NPSP-B (POTS Splitter - ETSI) NALT-C AC Controller Board

FAN

NVSU-B (48xVDSL2 ISDN Splitter) NVLT-D Not Used DC Controller Board

FAN

NPSP-D NALT-C NPOT-A DC Controller Board

DC

FAN

NVSP-B (48x VDSL2 POTS Splitter) NVLT-C Not Used DC Controller Board

FAN

NPSP-B (POTS Splitter - ETSI) NALT-C NELT DC Controller Board

FAN

NPSU-A (ISDN Splitter - ETSI) NALT-D Not Used DC Controller Board

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VDSL configuration of the REM-FD

DC power supply

NVSU-B NVLT-D Dummy NRCD-A

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VDSL configuration of the REM-FD

AC power supply

24 port splitter 24port VDSL2 17/30 NRCA-A

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ADSL2+ and Voice-LT configuration of the REM-FD

NPSP-D

NALT-C

NPOT-A

NRCD-A

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NRCD-A New equipment REM-FD Control board DC input

The Remote Expansion Module Flexible Density DC Controller Board has three functions:
PSU (Power Supply Unit) DC DC converter
DC power dual feed (-48 V / -60 V) with two branches (RETA/BATA and RETB/BATB)

Controller External Interfaces

123

> PSU A DC input voltage enters the unit at the controller board, where the necessary filtering, fuses, switches and surge protection is implemented. The -48V is distributed to the other slot positions via the backplane. On the controller board, the -48V input voltage is converted to a 12VDC bus voltage for powering the fan unit and a 3V3 bus voltage used to supply the On-Board Point-Of-Load (POL) converter. The power consumption of the SB-REM is maximally 300 W (peak) and 200 W (average) when powered from the NRCD-A. Power is applied to both BAT-A and BAT-B inputs, to minimize the voltage drop on the boards. It uses the one with the highest absolute voltage. It switches automatically to the other supply branch if a voltage drop or failure of the initial supply branch occurs. > Controller The controller functions include: Interconnections between the controller board and the other slot positions via the backplane Dying gasp functionality A link with the host via the Man Machine Interface (MMI) RS-232 Control signals for active/standby functionality and 8KHz reference clock generation Control of the fan unit, for this purpose 12V fan power, PWM signals for fan speed control and tacho feedback signals are implemented. A fan present and fan ID signal is received Scanning of five external alarm inputs and driving of two external alarm outputs Local alarm scanning (fan-alarm, DC-input alarms, temperature alarms and SFP alarms Handling of over-temperature shutdown. > External Interfaces Next to the power input the controller board has the following features: Alarm I/O interface On/Off Switch Alarm Cut-Off (ACO) switch LEDs for ACO, Fan alarm, Alarm, System, and Power Two SFP interfaces Ethernet Interface Craft interface
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NRCA-A New equipment REM-FD Control board AC input

The Remote Expansion Module Flexible Density AC Controller Board has three functions:
PSU (Power Supply Unit) AC Controller External Interfaces DC converter
AC power single feed connector 220-240 VAC to an -48 VDC voltage

124

> PSU The NRCA-A first transforms the 220 VAC to an -48 VDC voltage. The -48VDC is distributed to the other slot positions via the backplane. On the controller board, the -48VDC input voltage is converted to a 12VDC bus voltage for powering the fan unit and a 3V3 bus voltage used to supply the On-Board Point-Of-Load (POL) converter. The power consumption of the SB-REM is maximally 110 W when powered from the NRCA-A. > Controller The controller functions include: Interconnections between the controller board and the other slot positions via the backplane Dying gasp functionality A link with the host via the Man Machine Interface (MMI) RS-232 Control of the fan unit, for this purpose 12V fan power, PWM signals for fan speed control and tacho feedback signals are implemented. A fan present and fan ID signal is received. Scanning of five external alarm inputs and driving of two external alarm outputs Local alarm scanning (fan-alarm, AC-input alarms, temperature alarms and SFP alarms) Handling of over-temperature shutdown. > External Interfaces Next to the power input the controller board has the following external features: Alarm I/O interface On/Off Switch Alarm Cut-Off (ACO) switch LEDs for ACO, Fan alarm, Alarm, System, and Power Two SFP interfaces Ethernet Interface Craft interface

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University
NRCx-x External Interfaces

REM-FD

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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External Interfaces: Optical Interface


Two optical links provided (GiGE link), one per LT equipped.
Clear indication of direction provided on the REM. Optical indicators provided per direction to indicate that the link is active. Connects to one of following Central Office options:
7330-XD (ARAM-D) (ECNT-A/ECNT-C), via board GENC-E (any link). 7330-FD (NFXS-B) (NANT-A), via board NCNC-D, NCNC-E (any link).

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External Interfaces: Alarm Connector


This interface can be used to support e.g. door-alarm reporting (alarm input) and to provide visual/audible indicators (alarm output) for alarm conditions. Closing an alarm input contact is resulting in alarm ON condition.

15

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External interfaces: Power inlet & Visual indicators


Green LED: ON when respective BAT supplied

Power inlet: Use Phoenix connector 5.08mm

PWR-LED: Green LED, ON when power present

SYS-LED: Green LED, ON when board starting-up, 50% duty cycle when OS running but not yet contacted by FD-LT, 80%ON/20%OFF block when contacted by FD-LT.

ALM-LED: Common alarm LED, activated when any alarm input or temp alarm of BAT alarm.

FAN-LED: Active when FAN-unit in alarm state (extracted of failing fan-blower)

ACO-LED: Activated when ACO button pressed briefly and any of alarm input 1..5 active.

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7354 ISAM FTTB RU

ISAM Remote Unit Compact full-service access node

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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> The Alcatel-Lucent 7354 Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) Fiber-to-the-Building (FTTB) Remote Unit (RU) is a compact full-service IP access node for MDU and cabinet deployments, designed to deliver up to 100Mbps over VDSL2.

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7354 ISAM FTTB RU


Feature Content
24p VDSL2 stand-alone IP-DSLAM, built-in splitters 12a/b, 17a and 30a DSL profile ADSL and ADSL2+ support ETSI and ANSI bandplans Variants POTS or ISDN, AC or DC 19 pizza box chassis, 1.5 RU high Stacking up to 4 units Front panel cable access for flexible installation in cabinets and buildings Industrial temperature for outdoor deployment IGMPv3 support L2 forwarding: VLAN CC and I-bridge

Value or Application
Remote deployment close to customer (MDU or cabinets) delivering very high bandwidth (100Mbps symmetrical) ISAM compatible management: TL1, CLI and AMS R8.3 integration
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> The Alcatel-Lucent 7354 Intelligent Services Access Manager (ISAM) Fiber-to-the-Building (FTTB) Remote Unit (RU) is a compact full-service IP access node for MDU and cabinet deployments, designed to deliver up to 100Mbps over VDSL2. Its non-blocking architecture and IGMPv3support, including IGMP snooping and IGMP Immediate Leave, ensure scalable delivery of high-quality IPTV services. The 7354 ISAM FTTB RU is optimized for MDU deployments with a 19in. form factor, front panel cable access, and AC/DC powering, and is temperature hardened for outdoor deployments. Its 24 VDSL2 ports support 30a, 17a, and 12a/b profiles and are backwards compatible with ADSL/2+.

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7354 ISAM FTTB RU


Power
100-240 VAC

Power
36 to 72 VDC

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> The 7354 ISAM is a pizza box equipment in which all the items are built-in units (fan unit, Line Termination (LT), splitter and PSU/control board). > The 7354 ISAM is offered in different variants depending on the PSU unit type and the POTS/ISDN service options. > The AC version requires 100-240 VAC single-feed input from the mains. The DC version supports -36 to 72 VDC single-feed or dual-feed input (normal provided by -48 or -60 VDC sources). When using dual-feed DC input, the unit supports power load sharing, and power backup in case one of the power sources fails.

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Addendum

Supported LT boards IWF capabilities

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

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www.alcatel-lucent.com

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