CASES IN MANAGEMENT

Case studies prepared as part of the course Communication for Management Teachers

FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (1997-98)

Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad

March 1998

L.D. College of Engineering

L. D. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
ANUBRATA DATTA*
Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Ahmedabad is one of the oldest engineering institutions in the state of Gujarat that has a history of 48 years in engineering and technical education. The institution is affiliated to Gujarat University, Ahmedabad and is being administered by the Department of Technical Education, Gujarat State, Gandhinagar. This institution is the brainchild of a great visionary - Shri Kasturbhai Lalbhai, who had the foresight to perceive the need for a technical institution in Gujarat to cater to the growing needs of technical manpower during the post independence era. The institution was established in June 1948 with a generous donation of Rs. 25 Lakhs and 31.2 hectares of land by the textile magnate Lalbhai, who made an unique contractual agreement with the Government to avoid all bureaucratic hassles while establishing the institution. "A unique contractual arrangement, perhaps the only one of this kind in the State, was agreed upon between the State Govt. and the donor under which the entire project work comprising of planning, construction, purchasing equipment and furniture, equipping laboratories and workshops, hostels and infrastructure facilities, and determining agencies to carry out these tasks was entrusted to the donor without any traditional bureaucratic restrictions. This arrangement paid rich dividends both in terms of the excellent quality of work and equipment and timely implementation of the project.... The vast resources of the Lalbhai Group of Industries also became available to render all possible assistance to the project... The good contacts that late Shri Kasturbhai maintained with leading foreign manufacturers and Indian agencies, contributed considerably towards procuring the best possible equipment at the minimal cost and that too within the shortest possible time". (Source: LAA News, June 1996, p.2.) The vision statement for the Golden Jubilee Year - 1998, that has been published in the L.D. College of Engineering Brochure, 1997 is :

"L.D. College of Engineering Committed to Excellence in Engineering Education"
Thus, the institution is committed to impart technical education of high quality through the various academic programmes and through research and training in various fields of engineering and technology to upgrade the quality of engineering and technical education in the State of Gujarat so as to bring it up to the international standard in the 21st century.
* The author wishes to acknowledge the guidance of Prof. Rajeev Sharma.

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1.0 GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
The institution made a modest start with 75 students for Undergraduate programmes in 1948. In June 1955, enrollment increased to 150. In J the degree programme. From June 1963, degree and diploma institutions were separated administratively though they were functioning in the same buildings. Postgraduate programme in Electrical Engineering was introduced in 1954. Since then, the institution has shown a consistent growth record. Detailed information regarding the growth and development of the institution, different courses offered by it, annual intake and duration of the courses are elaborated in ExhibitA.

2.0 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
The institution is governed by a multi-layered structure involving some functionaries from the State Government as well as the internal authorities. It is evident from the organization chart (see Exhibit - B) that the institution is under control of the Government of Gujarat. Government which exercises its control over the institution through the Additional Chief Secretary and the Director of Technical Education, Gandhinagar. The Principal is the Chief Executive of this institution who administers the institution through various committees framed from time to time so as to meet the different academic and administrative needs and purposes. There are seven major academic Departments and each Department has a Departmental Committee headed by the concerned Head of the Department. Since the structure is fragmented into a number of levels, it is rather difficult to integrate the structure vertically and to reach at a consensus regarding a common issue without substantial effort and a great deal of compromise at each level. Each Department, being structurally independent in its day to day operations, tends to resist any new idea or proposal simply because of justifying its own separate identity. Again, since the institution is under direct supervision and control of the Government, it has become rather a further extension of Governmental bureaucracy with a very high degree of centralization and formalization. At the institutional level, decision making power has been centralized in the hands of the Principal who enjoys absolute authority and power in all internal matters.

3.0 ACADEMIC PROCESSES
3.1 Admission Procedure Since the institution is under the direct control and supervision of the Government of Gujarat, admission to all the courses is governed in accordance with the State Rules. The Government of Gujarat has imposed certain reservation of seats for the students from the backward communities. Admission to the Undergraduate courses is based upon the H.S.C.E. score and the entire admission process is being handled centrally by the State Government for all the Technical Institutions in Gujarat. In accordance with the rules of the institution, Government of India nominates certain candidates in the First Year of the Undergraduate courses.

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Admissions for the Postgraduate courses are mainly based upon the GATE score for which advertisements are published in all national level dailies in the month of May every year. Students with a valid GATE score are only entitled to a stipend. Admission for the MCA course is based upon a Centralized Entrance Test in which 10 seats are kept reserved for students from the other states. For Part Time courses, admission is governed by the institution itself. 3.2 Code of Discipline for the Students The institution has developed a code of discipline for the students to preserve the academic environment within the campus. To assure a moral commitment towards institutional discipline, each student is required to sign an undertaking mentioning that he/she shall abide by all the rules and regulations of the institution and shall not do anything inside or outside the campus that may dilute the image of the institution. Some important dimensions of the code of discipline of the institution are as under : The institution issues an identity card to each student that the student must have to carry with him/her. Every student is required to wear a blue apron during their practical sessions in the Workshop. During the working hours of the institution, particularly while classes are going on, certain areas have been located as silence zones wherein making any kind of sound or disturbances is prohibited. The authorities of the institution expects the students to take pride for the institution and care for the institutional properties like building, equipment, laboratories, classrooms, workshops, drawing halls, etc. In case of a legitimate grievance of any kind, students are advised to contact the concerned institutional authorities rather than organizing protest movements or signature campaigns which ultimately goes against the reputation of the institution. Moreover, the students are supposed to maintain a healthy teacher-student relationship at all costs. The students are advised to pay due respect and honor to the teachers. 3.3 Attendance : A Crucial Issue In view of the authorities of this College, attendance is an important issue since they believe that in case of professional courses, it is rather difficult for the students to rely totally on self-learning. Every student is supposed to attend classes regularly. However, in case of unavoidable circumstances, the students are required to secure prior permission from the concerned Head of the Department. As per the rules laid down by the University, a student must have to attend at least 75% of the total lecture sessions and practical classes held during a particular session in a particular subject. There is a relaxation up to 10% on medical grounds if a medical certificate is produced within a week after resuming and is authenticated by the parents. 3.4 Evaluation System for the Students The institution follows the three tire evaluation system as has been prescribed by the affiliating university. The evaluation system comprises internal examination, submission of term work and external examination conducted by the University.

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(a) Internal Examinations : Internal Examinations are being conducted by the institution itself but it is obligatory for the students to appear for and pass in it as per University Rules. To pass in a particular subject, a student must have to score more than 40% marks. Students securing less than 40% marks are sometimes given a second chance to appear in the block session examinations. (b) Term work : Term work comprises of the experimental works students usually carry out during their practical sessions in the laboratory as well as the tutorial exercises. The students usually carry out their assignments in the laboratory and record them in their workbooks and get that evaluated by the concerned faculty regularly. If a student fails to submit his/her term work in time, he/she is not allowed to appear for the University Examination. (c) University Examination: University examination is the final stage of evaluation and is being conducted by the University itself at the end of the academic session/semester. The entire gamut of the final evaluation system has been framed by the University and the institution follows the norms set by the University authorities. A student must have to secure at least 40% marks to pass in a particular subject. However, a student secured 30% marks in a theory paper may be declared pass if the sum of his/her scores in internal examination, term work and University Examination totals to be 45% or more. 3.5 Reward & Recognition for the Students A number of scholarships (worth approximately Rs. 16 lakhs per year) from the State and Central Governments, Gujarat University and different Private Trusts are being awarded to the deserving students of this institution. There are also separate provisions for assistance for the students coming from the backward communities. Besides these scholarships, 22 medals and 2 prizes are also awarded by the Gujarat University to the students securing first rank in the University in the various branches of study or securing highest marks in some particular subjects. 3.6 Placement of the Students There is no separate Department or Officer to initiate effort for the placement of the Final Year students of this institution. However, the Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering Department looks after the placement activities. Some of the faculties have developed rapport with the local industries and help the students to get Training Seats and placement. The Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with this institution and CII helps in organizing lectures on career guidance and counseling, developing interview skills, entrepreneurship awareness and motivation, etc. Moreover, the L.D. College Alumni Association (LAA) has decided to emphasize primarily on guiding and assisting the students who want to pursue higher studies abroad and promoting a better industryinstitute linkage to facilitate placement of the students.

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4.0

FACULTY OF THE INSTITUTION

The faculty members of this institution represent a broad spectrum of knowledge, experience and expertise in various subject areas. There are about 180 teachers from a diverse background like civil, mechanical, metallurgy, electrical, electronics, instrumentation and control, computer, applied mechanics, chemical, textile technology, rubber technology, plastic technology, chemistry, environment, geology, mathematics, humanities, etc. Besides teaching at the Postgraduate as well as Undergraduate levels, most of the faculties are also actively linked with the industrial world through activities like testing, constancy, training, continuing education programmes, and research projects. There are seven academic Departments which are offering different courses or subjects as has been exhibited in Exhibit - C. 4.1 Recruitment Teachers for this institution are being recruited through the Gujarat Public Service Commission which conducts competitive examinations from time to time to recruit teachers for all the Government Colleges in the State. 4.2 Retention, Growth & Transfer Policies There is no separate Retention or Growth Policies for any particular Technical Institution in the State of Gujarat as such, since the teachers of the Government Colleges are treated as employees of the Government. There is no budget sanction for faculty development programmes and as such, the issue of faculty development is grossly neglected in this institution. A majority of the teachers (35.14 %) possess only the minimum qualification viz., a Bachelor Degree in any branch of Engineering or Technology. One important dimension of the HRD Policy of the Government is the transfer policy which is equally applicable for the teachers of this institution also. Every teacher is being transferred to another technical institution after every five years of service. Thus, none of the teachers have the experience of working in this institution for more than five years at a stretch, though many of teachers - particularly those who are in service for more than twenty years or so, have been transferred to this institution more than once. A survey of the existing teachers of this institution reveals that only 4.05 % of the teachers have a Doctorate Degree, 60.81 % have a Masters Degree and 35.14% have a Bachelors Degree only. 95.93 % of the teachers have no research experience and only 4.07 % of the teachers have an experience of less than 2 years. 59.46% of the teachers have no industrial experience. 82.43 % of the teachers have not yet published a single research paper. 6.76 % of the teacher, so far, have published one paper/article and 4.05 % of the teachers have published at least one paper/article in an international journal. 32.43% of the teachers have not yet attended any seminar, symposium or workshop (for more details, see Exhibit - D)

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4.3 Research & Publication by the Teachers Some of the faculties of the institution are highly qualified with specialization in certain academic/technical areas. However, research and publication have got very little attention. There is a rule for this institution that before publishing anything, prior and explicit permission from the concerned authority is to be taken. As such, most of the faculties are not energetic about research publications. Thus, institutional rules have restricted professional freedom as well as growth potential in the academic career. 4.4 Reward & Recognition System for the Teachers There is no system of reward or recognition for the teachers since all of them are recognized as Government Employees. Teachers enjoy all the benefits other Government employees are enjoying as per the Rules laid down by the State Government.

5.0 INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES
5.1 Academic Infrastructure Besides a pool of 180 teachers, the institution has developed well-equipped laboratories to create an ideal but down to earth academic environment both for Undergraduate and Postgraduate studies. Besides the central facilities like Library, Computer Center, and Workshops, each engineering /technical Department has its own fully equipped laboratories most of which are recognized for testing and standardization by the various industries. Through the assistance of the Department of Technical Education, Gujarat and the Central Government, the laboratories of this institution are being modernized continuously. Since the laboratories are also used for testing and standardization purposes, new and new instruments are being purchased and new laboratories are being set up so as to cater to the needs of the industries in a better manner. The Workshop of the institution is also well equipped with sophisticated machines like CNC, Electro-discharge Machine as well as latest Metallurgical instruments. The Main Computer Center has SUN Work Station with Solaris, Dec Alpha System with 25 net worked PC-ATs, ORG Super Max System with 19 terminals, Pentium based Multimedia System and a large number of PC-AT 486 and other Personal Computers. Over and above this central facility, each academic Department has its own full fledged Computer Centers to cater to the computational needs of both the Postgraduate and Undergraduate students. Besides the Laboratories, Workshops and Computer facilities, the institution has a library that has a collection of more than 62,000 technical books and about 150 periodicals are being subscribed regularly. The library has a good collection of text books, reference books, handbooks, encyclopedia and Indian Standards. The library also provides book bank facility to the students. During the preparatory stage before commencement of the examination, students require more library hours and at that time, the library is kept open from morning till evening. Besides the lending and reference services, the library also provides reprographic facilities as it has its own Xerox facility that provides photocopying

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services to the students and teachers at a nominal rate. Besides the main library, each academic Department has a reference library for quick references. 5.2 General Infrastructure The institution has a huge infrastructure to provide for the possible amenities to the students. The campus is located just near the Gujarat University and there is no problem of communication since the campus is just on the roadside and very near to a bus stand. Institutions like PRL, ATIRA, IIMA, AMA, etc. are also not far away from the campus and hence, the students as well as the faculties have the opportunity to interact with these seats of higher learning as and when required The total plinth area of the institution including the hostels is nearly 37,420 sq. mts. Altogether, 750 boys can be accommodated in the hostels and there is no hostel facility for the girls of this institution though the enrollment of girls is increasing day by day. As such, girls from outside the city seek accommodation to other girls' hostels or arrange private accommodations. There are four different messes in the hostel campus that are being managed by the students themselves under the supervision and guidance of the Rector and the four Wardens. The Principal, Rector and the Wardens are also being accommodated in the campus itself. Many newspapers and magazines are subscribed for the hostel library. For the boarders of the hostel, facilities like TV room, playground, badminton hall, gymnasium, etc. are also provided. The University Health Center extends its medical services to the boarders of the hostel. There is a canteen in the campus for the students as well as for the staff members. To cater to the needs of the students for stationery, tools and instruments, calculators, photocopying facility, etc. there is a Cooperative Students' Store in the campus itself that provides for the requirements of the students at reasonable prices. A Post Office is there in the University Campus and a bank is there near the University Library where the students can open and operate accounts with prior introduction from the Rector or In charge of the Students' Section. 5.3 Co curricular Infrastructure Besides their studies, the students are also being encouraged to organize and participate in different Co curricular activities. The students' association (Vidyarthi Sansad) is authorized to plan and manage the Co curricular activities like sports, indoor games, cultural activities, debate, social services, social gathering, etc. Out of their own sense of social responsibility and consciousness, the students frequently organize Voluntary Blood Donation Camps almost on a regular basis. The institution has its NCC wing too which provides Technical Training for the Engineering Students. Engineers, EME, and Signal Platoons are the three branches for Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering students. Interested students are given three years NCC training wherein the subjects taught are military science, weapon training, map reading, field craft, civil defense, general conduct and discipline, role and organization of EME, engineers and signals, etc.

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6.0 LINKAGES
6.1 Administrative Linkage with the State Government The institution is under the direct control and supervision of the State Government. Thus, all the administrative aspects are being bureaucratically controlled by the State Government Consequently, the institution does not have the required autonomy and freedom to make its own policy decisions. All important decisions having a financial implication like faculty recruitment, admission of students and the fee structure, allocation of budgets, appointment of non-teaching staff, etc. are under the jurisdiction of the Addl. Chief Secretary and the Director of Technical Education. As the regulatory agency these authorities have imposed a number of rules and procedures even for the routine activities and hence, very little scope is there for the institution to initiate and introduce anything unique of its own. 6.2 Academic Linkage with the Gujarat University The institution is also affiliated to the Gujarat University. Hence, the academic aspects like curricula, evaluation system and all other academic issues are under the preview of the Gujarat University. The institution itself cannot introduce any change in any of its academic affairs like curricula or evaluation system. It takes lot of time to introduce any change through the University. 6.3 Linkage with the Industries The institution has a consistent record of interaction with the major private and public sector industries and institutions a list of which has been enclosed in Exhibit - E. To enrich the quality and effectiveness of engineering and technical education, and to facilitate greater interaction with the industries, a MoU between Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and the institution has been signed. The main objective behind this was to accelerate curriculum development, exchange of faculty, industry visit, arranging guest lectures, facilitating continuing education programmes, availing sponsorship for projects, etc. So far, a number of guest lectures and industry visits were being organized with the active collaboration of CII. CII also extends its cooperation in arranging lectures on career guidance and counseling, developing interview skills, entrepreneurship awareness and motivation, etc. The institution maintains a close linkage with the industries and institutions through visiting lectures, testing, consultancy, joint investigations, students' training, continuing education programme, seminars, workshops, etc. A majority of the faculties of this institution have an inclination towards undertaking consultancy projects from the industries in their respective field of interest. Civil Engineering Department undertakes project in areas like environmental engineering, air pollution, waste treatment plants, cooling towers, irrigation, water resources management, etc. Mechanical Engineering Department undertakes projects in areas like machine design, machine vibration, fabrication and design, fluid mechanics, energy savings, metallurgy, cryogenics, etc. Electrical Engineering Department has investigated the causes of explosion on Xylene Plant of GSFC. This Department also provides technical training and

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consultancy services to AEC. Applied Mechanics Department provides training and consultancy services in areas like structural analysis and design, subsoil exploration, load testing of structures, investigation of structural failures, software development, etc. Chemical Engineering Department concentrates on projects in areas like chemical and petroleum products, plastic, rubber and other polymer products, pollution control plants, etc. Textile Engineering Department prepares computer aided fabric designs for the textile industry. In the Postgraduate Departments, every year some candidates are being sponsored by the industries, research or Government organizations as well as other Technical Institutions, Polytechnics and engineering colleges both under private and public sectors. Postgraduate students undergo research work as a part of their curricula since they are required to submit a dissertation after completion of their study of a real life phenomenon. Some CSIR and DST sponsored research projects were also being undertaken by the faculties. Recently some students have registered for Ph.D. degree in Biomedical Engineering, Water Resources Management and Structural engineering. 6.4 Linkage with the Alumni Association L.D.College of Engineering Alumni Association (LAA) was formed after a general meeting of the ex-students held on 10th December, 1995 in the college campus. More than 300 alumni attended the meeting and promised to contribute funds, provide training facilities, sponsor projects, etc. The members of LAA decided to emphasize primarily on the following activities : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Generating funds for the upliftment of the institution. Providing a forum for technical discussion. Preparing database for all member alumni. Guiding and assisting the students who want to pursue higher studies abroad. Promoting industry-institute linkage, etc.

A list of the activities of LAA is enclosed in the Exhibit - F

7.0

INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES & SYSTEMS : SOME OBSERVATIONS

It has already been mentioned that the structure of governance is highly centralized with a high degree of formalization since by composition, it is rather an extension of governmental bureaucracy. The accumulated effect of the different set of control measures used by the government bureaucrats have slowed down the process of initiation, absorption or adoption of a new idea whether originated internally or has been imported from the external environment. Bureaucratic structure itself is a stumbling block since it fails to encourage energy and initiative at the lower levels. For example, there is a demand for evening classes for the in-service executives and engineers over and above the Part Time Diploma/Degree courses. Even the faculties are also enthusiastic. However, the idea, so far, has failed to get clearance from the Directorate of Technical Education and hence remained un-implementable.

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Despite the intervention of the Government bureaucrats into the day to day affairs of the institution, the high degree of formalization and centralization have another significant implication too. The Principal, being the Chief Executive of the institution, has the ultimate authority for all internal affairs and day to day decision making. Even though he has the authority of decision making, he must have to implement his decisions through the Head of the Departments who may or may not always accept the decisions made by the Principal wholeheartedly. Again, frequent change of leadership has become a common phenomenon in this institution since during the last four years, eight temporary Principals have taken and handed over the charge of 'principalship' of the institution. Repeated change of leadership has substantially diluted the moral of the employees and even it may result into a shift in the mission and vision of the institution. There are two major areas of decision making for a technical institution like this academic and administrative. While the administrative decisions are taken by the Government agencies or functionaries, academic decisions are made by the affiliating university. These two external agencies together made the institutional decision making system weak or crippled through eating up the initiatives of the institutional authorities.

8.0

CHALLENGES BEFORE THE INSTITUTION

a) The overall communication system is poor in this institution. There is interdepartmental rivalry but no formal system of vertical communication. Nobody knows what is going on in other Departments. In the absence of a welldeveloped formal channel of communication, informal channels have developed which, many a time, twists and distorts facts and figures and thus, sometimes providing extra fuel to the conflicting groups. b) Faculties are not securing adequate clerical assistance to extend the sphere of activities even beyond the boundary of the institution. Lack of clerical assistance has forced the faculties to remain confined with the routine activities only. Moreover, the skill and competence of the support staff, in general, are poor. For example, the Computer Programmers and laboratory assistants are lacking the required skill to handle their job effectively and efficiently. c) The physical conditions of the institution are also not conducive for an effective learning environment. The building is old, dark, shabby, and bears the sign of poor maintenance everywhere. Repair, maintenance and house keeping are largely, the most neglected activities. Besides, supply of drinking water is not sufficient and toilets are badly maintained. d) Overall work culture in this institution is poor. Normal office hour starts from 11.00 o'clock but most of the faculties report even later. Most of the faculties leave the campus around 5:30 p.m. and in between, they enjoy one hour lunch break.

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e) Politics has become an integral part of the institutional life alike most other Government Departments for this institution too. Politics plays a major role behind most all administrative as well as academic issues which twists and turns facts so as to make the system change resistant. There are a number of groups under almost every Department and apparently there is a strong inter group rivalry. Each group criticizes the activities of the other groups and as such, initiative and energy to do something new among the faculties is seriously lacking. Difference of opinion and internal politics amongst the faculties sometimes percolates even among the students to make the situation worst. There are a number of stories where project fellows were victimized as a consequence of internal politics among the faculties. f) Even though the students are formally warned not to indulge in political movements, organized agitation, strikes, etc. are common phenomena resulting into loss of working days. In many cases, the institutional authorities were compelled to accept unreasonable demands of the students like postponement of examination, etc.

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EXHIBIT - A
Table - 1: Showing Growth & Development of the L.D. College of Engineering
Name of the Course PG Course under the Mechanical Engineering Department in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning PG Courses under the Civil Engineering Department in Soil Engineering and Structural Engineering Public Health Engineering PG Programme in Computer Aided Structural Analysis & Design (C ASAD) and Water Resources Management Master in Computer Applications Programme PG Programme in Cryogenic Engineering PG Programme in. CAD/CAM (Proposed) Introduced in 1963 1970 1972 1986 1987 1990 1997-98

The Study Center for IGNOU Programmes leading to B. Tech. Degree in Construction Management and Water Resource Management has been started since 1995.

Table -2: Showing Different Courses of Study, Annual Intake & Duration of the Programmes offered by L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, 1996-97 Full Time Undergraduate Programmes Intak Area Duration 4 Years (8 Civil Engineering 75 Mechanical Engineering 90 Electrical Engineering 60 Instrumentation & Control Engineering. 45 Electronics & Communication Engineering 45 Computer Engineering 45 Chemical Engineering 30 Rubber Technology 10 Plastic Technology 20 Environmental Engineering 20 Textile Technology 20 Total 460

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Full-time Postgraduate Programmes Area Computer Aided Analysis & Design Structural Intake Duration 1.5 Years (3 Semesters) Eligibility Degree in related branch of engineering with minimum 55% marks GATE scores are preferred

10

Water Resources Management Cryogenic Engineering Electrical Engineering CAD/CAM (Proposed) Master of Computer Applications Total

10 10 10 10 3 Years (6 Semesters) Degree in Science / Commerce /Man agreement/ Engineering with at least 2nd Class of Gujarat University or its equivalent (Electives : Electrical Machine Design, Automation & Control, Interconnection & Protection

30

80

Part Time Post Diploma Programmes Area Intake Duration Eligibility The candidate should have passed diploma in related branch of engineering & should have minimum work experience of 2 years. The person should be working in an organization located in and around Ahmedabad

Civil Engineering

60

4 Years (8 Semesters)

Mechanical] Engineering Electrical Engineering. Electronics & Communication

30 30 15 3.5 Years (7 Semesters) Total 135

Total Annual intake

675

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EXHIBIT – B Organization Structure of L.D. College of Engineering
Government of Gujarat

Additional Chief Secretary

Director of Technical Education

Principal
Head of the Departments

Professors

Assistant Professors

Lecturers

Support Staff

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EXHIBIT – C
Different Academic Departments & the Courses Offered in L.D. College
Civil Engineering Department Mechanical Engineering Department Electrical Engineering Department Applied Mechanical Department Chemical Engineering Department Textile Technology Department General Department Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Management (PG.) Mechanical Engineering, Cryogenic Engineering (PG.), CAD/CAM (PG.) Electrical Engineering (UG & PG.), Electronics & Communication, Instrumentation & Control, Computer Engineering, MCA (PG.) CASAD (PG.), Civil Engineering (UG) in the areas like Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Concrete Technology, etc. & basic subjects like Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials. Chemical Engineering, Rubber Technology, Plastic Technology Textile Technology Mathematics & Humanities

EXHIBIT - D
Table - 1 : Showing Teaching Experience of the Teachers of L.D. College :
Years of Teaching Experience Less than 5 5 to 10 10 to 15 15 to 20 More than 20 %of Teachers 40.5 13.5 10.87 13.51 21.62

Table - 2 : Showing Industrial Experience of the Teachers of L.D. College:
Years of Industrial Experience No Industrial Experience Up to 1 Year 1 to 2 Years 2 Years or more % of Teachers 59.46 17.57 14.86 08.11

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Table - 3 : Showing Seminars, Symposiums Or Workshops Attended By The Teachers of L.D. College:
No. of Programmes Attended Not a single one 1 to 5 6 to 10 11 to 15 More than 1 5 % of Teachers 32.43 43.24 16.23 4.05 4.05

EXHIBIT - E
Table Showing the Institutions and Industries having Linkage with L.D. College of Engineering
CII GNFC ISRO GEB IPCL NID IFFCO CBRI SAC GIHED GICEA PWD AEC ONGC GSFC ATIRA PRL GEDA IIM WALMI SISI Institution of Chemical Engineers Institution of Engineers

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EXHIBIT - F List of Some Activities of L.D. College Alumni Association
1.

On 23rd December, 1996, LAA organized a workshop to provide career counseling to the students who are aspiring to go abroad for higher studies.

2. By-weekly counseling sessions are conducted on every Wednesday and Saturday between 6 to 8 P.M. wherein a knowledgeable volunteer provides guidelines to the students. 3. A library of information on foreign universities has been set up.
4.

LAA is publishing LAA News on a quarterly basis so as to provide reports on the activities of the Association. This Newsletter contains a Technical Section wherein latest developments of the technological world are being reported. LAA Luminaries Section highlights the achievements of a particular alumni in each issue. Campus News Section keeps the members in touch with the current happenings in the College campus. Altogether, LAA Newsletter seeks to emerge as a media of communication for both the alumni and the students of the institution. LAA has already formulated a detailed plan for campus development. With the active cooperation of the alumni, the action plan has been prepared wherein activities have been listed priority-wise. LAA is also negotiating with PWD and other agencies not only to mobilize funds but also to initiate action as early as possible. LAA members are planning to introduce a Mentor Programme under which members settled abroad will provide guidance and assistance in settling down a fresh student abroad.

5.

6.

7. LAA has decided to organize and sponsor an exhibition of machine tools and plants which will be one of the most educative and high profile business oriented exhibition in the State.

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EXHIBIT - G
The Technical Manpower Requirement Scenario in the State of Gujarat
The State of Gujarat came into being on May 1, 1960 as a result of bifurcation of the former organized State of Bombay. As per 1991 census, the population of Gujarat was 4.13 Crores that amounts to be the 5% of the country and the estimated population for 1997 is 4.44 Crores with an annual growth rate of 2.04%. Out of this population, working population in 1997 was estimated to be 1.94 Crores. The State has exhibited an impressive record of industrial growth mainly due to the initiative of its enterprising citizens, peaceful industrial environment, rapid development of infrastructure by the State Government, adequacy of natural resources and supply of power. During the 1960s, the industrial activities of the State were mainly confined within the textile and its auxiliary industries. The discovery of oil and natural gas, establishment of the oil refinery, fertilizer units and petro-chemical complex - altogether have paved the way of diversification of industrial activities in the State of Gujarat. Again, exploration of mineral resources and the development of agro-based industries and dairy plants provided extra impetus for growth and diversification of industrial activities. The State is in the second position in India in terms of value of production with a share of 10.6% of the national aggregate. Besides the textile sector, other major industries are chemicals, petrochemicals, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, drugs, engineering, cement, food and agro-based industries like sugar, vanaspati oil, etc. The number of working factories in Gujarat at the end of 1994 was 16,810 but at the end of 1995, it was estimated to be 18,532. The overall economic growth rate of the State during 1980-91 was 4.91% and during 1994-95 it has increased to 13.2%. Besides the large scale industries, the State has witnessed an impressive growth record even in the medium, small and cottage industry sectors also. The number of registered SSI units was 1.31 lakh on 1992 but at the end of 1996, it is more than 1.91 lakh. Even in the cottage industry sector, number of persons employed during 1992-93 was 97,066. From the above facts and figures, it is evident there a steady demand for engineering and technical personnel in the State. According to Development Programme 1993-94, "Shortages of trained manpower is acutely felt in many critical industries... The demand for trained manpower is already actually felt in Baroda, Ankleshwar, Surat belt. Recent survey of non-managerial staff of different industries in this region shows around 38% of the jobs have gone to persons from outside the State" (Ch.V, p.63). However, according to the Statistical Outline of Gujarat, 1996, employment seekers under the different categories of Engineering Graduates were as under :

Category Civil Mechanical Electrical

1990 2368 681 370

1991 2576 651 395

1992 2353 760 462

1993 2243 774 560

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Anubrata Datta

L.D. College of Engineering

In view of the above, it has been predicted in the Development Programme 1993-94, that "As per job demand pattern the demand for civil engineers will be very meager while demand for chemical, instrumentation, plastic, petroleum, Computer engineers will be there" (Ch.V, p.63) and "For the Eighth Five Year Plan, the manpower need for technical categories has been estimated at 51105 against 39385 capacity for degree holders and above...." (Ch.V, p.64)*. *Source: Development Programme 1993-94, General Administration Department, Planning Division, Sachivalaya, Gandhinagar, February, 1993.

References
1. LAANews, Vol.1, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, June, 1996. 2. LAANews, Vol. 2, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, October, 1996. 3. LAANews, Vol. 2, Issue 1, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, February, 1997.
4. 5.

LAA News, Vol. 3, Issue 1, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad, September, 1997.

6. L. D. College of Engineering Brochure, 1997, Ahmedabad. 7. Development Programme 1993-94, General Administration Department, Planning Division, Sachivalaya, Gandhinagar, February, 1993.

20

Anubrata Datta

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