Only the graphics card and the ram connect directly to the faster end of the chipset, the Northbridge. (F) 2. On-board ports are also called integrated or embedded components? (T) 3. A motherboard can retain setup or installation information using different settings of jumpers on the board (T ) 4. The real time clock chip is a field replaceable unit. (F) 5. When you replace the programming in the ROM BIOS chip with new, updated programming, it is called “flushing” the BIOS. (T) 6. On newer motherboards, the most common way to store hardware configuration information is in the CMOS chip (T) 7. An Asynchronous device is one which runs in synchronization with the system clock. (F) 8. PCIe is backward compatible with PCI (F) 9. A motherboard’s form factor determines the size of the board and it’s features that makes it compatible with power supplies, cases, processors, and expansion cards. 10. The most common Motherboard form factor is called an ATX component. 11. A component physically mounted on a motherboard is called an onboard component. 12. A jumper cover that is PARKED is attached to a single pin for safekeeping, but is NOT being used to turn a jumper setting on. 13. The process of upgrading or refreshing the programming on the ROMBIOS chip is called FLASHING the ROM. 14. A new mother comes bundled with CD that contains drives for all the onboard components. 15. Motherboard standoffs are also called SPACERS. 16. PCI express uses a ______ type of connection to the chipset. 17. Configuration information can be stored on a motherboard using ALL THE ABOVE. 18. The new PCI express x16 slot is used primarily for video cards. 19. How many pins are on P1 power connector on an enhanced ATX (ATX-2) motherboard? 24 pins 20. How many pins are on a p1 connector of a regular ATX motherboard? 20 21. Earlier Pentiums uses a pin grid aray socket, with pins aligned in uniform rows around the socket. 22.The zero insertion force sockets have a lever that is used to lift the processor up and out of the socket. 23.Data throughput is sometimes called bandwith.

24.Some cases have standoffs, also called spacers, which are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case. 25. On the motherboard, the POWER SW controls power to the motherboard and must be connected for the PC to power up. 26. Sometimes documentation marks pin 1 as a SQUARE pin in the diagram, rather than round like the other pins. 27. A component that can be repaired or replaced without returning the computer to the shop is called a field replaceable unit (FRU) 28. In the chipset, the northbridge works the hardest, because it controls the high-speed devices. 29. The four types of cargo that travels on the bus are: data, control signals, memory addresses, and electrical power. 30. A motherboard form factor determines the size of the board and its features that make it compatible with power supplies, cases, processors, and expansion cards. 31. During the boot process, the BIOS checks the critical hardware components by running the POST. 32. Used by many motherboards and expansion cards to store setup or configuration data. dual in-line package(DIP) 33. Requires a battery to hold configuration data when the computer is turned off. CMOS RAM. 34. Sets the time for all synchronous devices and the cpu. System clock 35. Holds the startup BIOS program that manages the startup process, the system BIOS program that manages basic I/O functions of the system, and the CMOS setup program. ROM BIOS 36. A metal cover that comes with the computer case and fits over the ports to create a well-fitting enclosure for them. FACEPLATE. 37. A round plastic or metal peg that is used to separate the motherboard from the case, so that the back of the motherboard does not touch the case. standoff 38. Controls power to the PC; must be connected to the motherboard for the PC to power up. REMOTE SWITCH 39. Light indicating that power is on. POWER LED 40. The name of the main power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. P1

PCI Express uses a serial bus.

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