1. An overheated system can cause intermittent problems or cause the system to reboot or refuse to boot. T 2. Excessive heat can damage the CPU and the motherboard T 3. All processors contain L1, L2, and L3 cache memory. F 4. Overclocking a processor will cause it to run cooler, increasing overall system performance. F 5. Intel Processors perform better, and are generally more reliable than AMD processors. F 6. Processor core frequency is measured in gigahertz 7. Intel’s _________allows each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with the other threads being handled by other processors within the package. A.Hyper-threading b. Hyper transport c. multi-threading d. hyper-threading 8.______holds counters, data, instructions, and addresses that the ALU is currently processing. a. logic units b. caches c. registers d. shifters 9. Installing more than one processor on a motherboard creates a multiprocessor platform. 10. Intel’s current families of processors for the desktop include four major groups: The Core, the Pentium, the Celeron, and the Atom families. 11. The cooler sites on top of the processor and consists of a fan and a heat sink, which are fins that draw heat away from the processor. 12. A peltier device is a heat sink which carries an electrical charge that causes it to act as an electrical thermal transfer device. 13. The most common method of cooling overclocked processors is a(n) liquid cooling system. 14. The current set of standards that is used by BIOS, hardware, and the OS to manage power is________. a. advanced connection and programming interface. b. advanced configuration and programming interface. c. advanced connection and power interface. d. advanced configuration and power interface. 15. A CMOS battery failure will be detected during the POST and reported by the startup BIOS program. 16. Processors can sense their operating temperatures and report that information to BIOS. 17. The temperature inside the case should not exceed 38 degrees C. (centigrade)

18. When you hear three beeps followed by three, four, or five beeps during POST, you know that a keyboard controller failed or video controller failed. 19. Dust, overclocking and poor air flow can cause a component to overheat, reduce performance, or possibly causing permanent damage.

20. We can change the processor’s speed by adjusting the multiplier in relation to the system bus speed. 21. To increase cooling efficiency, both Intel and AMD both recommend a chassis air guide as part of the case design. 22. The type of high-speed memory that is used by the CPU for cache memory is SRAM. 23. Every Intel processor has a specification number called a(n) sSpec number printed somewhere on the processor which can be used to research the CPU’s features. 24. The frontside bus of most CPU’s is used in a desktop system is 64 bits wide. 25. If the system refuses to boot or hangs after a period of activity, suspect overheating problems. 26. To increase the transfer of heat from the CPU to the heat sink, it is a good practice to put a layer of THERMAL compound on top of the CPU before installing the cooling system. 27. After installing a new CPU, you can check the BIOS setup screen to ensure that the CPU and motherboard temperatures are within their acceptable ranges. 28. Small Holding areas on the processor chip that hold data, instructions, and addresses that the ALU is currently using. REGISTERS 29. This allows the CPU to receive a single instruction, and then execute it on multiple pieces of data, to improve performance on graphics and multimedia. SSE 30. The speed at which the processor operates internally. Processor frequency 31. Running a motherboard or processor at a higher speed than the manufacturer suggests. OVERCLOCKING 32. RAM that holds data and instructions that the memory controller anticipates the processor will need next. Registers 33. Groups of instructions that accomplish fundamental operations in the CPU. Microcode 34. Save power by lowering the CPU frequency and voltage. PState 35. The current set of standards used by the BIOS, hardware, and the OS to manage power in a PC. ACPI 36. Four “modes” used to indicate different levels of power-saving functions. SStates

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