You are on page 1of 33

~.

, _ ~. :~i~2tC:'

','l.C:

:',)5~O, -

~~vo .. (~'
I
I

[\Ir

)~

:~.

,'

,;\'

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY MEMORANDUM

- ATTACHMENT

____ - 'l'
FRO~~~ 1.

~.

.'Ambassador Colby

LIEA - Robert ~tarr

Attached are the following documents:

Handbook on GVN National Security Laws and Procedures (handling civilian security suspects) Annex A, Criteria for Classification and Disposition of DetaineeS,tD~I2stive 381-46, 27 December 1967. MACV Directive 20-5, 15 March 1968, on Determination of Eligibility for PWs.

2. 3.

If I can be of any further assistance, please let me know.

DEPARTMEN'TOF STATE A/eDe/1m

Attachments: As stated

RDS[Jor XDSuZXT. DATE T8 AUTH. EEASm! (s) ENDORSE EXIS'rING MARKInGS DECLASSIF'IEDO RELEASABLE~ RELEASE DENIEDO PA or FOI EXEMPTIONS

0-----

-------

L:L/EA:RIStarr:cdj:7/l6/7l

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY - ATTACHMENT

:'~,:!.: -,

.~1FIXIJt

..

:,~::~~;.;
.-.v.

M.

oi~

.OutliOb 01 Hndllook

NATIONAL SECURITY Handl!n, 01 Civilian

LAWS AND PROCEDURES 8ttcurlly SUBpacta

Pale In troduc Scope I. t 10n J National Security &

ot Handbook
A,aioat

Olfenses Su_ary Coaaenta

ot

la

II.

(.eKe! Screenlne By thtll .111 tary By civil autnorlt1ea

10

III.

Arreat 8u....ry

aDd of

Teaporary
1

Cuatody

11

aDd prac lice Sec ur I ty 14

IV.

ProceH81n, and Detent10n by COIIIII ft

Provincial Security COIIIIltteee Central 8ecurity C.-itte. V. Trial Rellular IIUttary VI. VII.

by lIilitary

Courts

17

)(111 tary Court. Field Court. Re rk8 21 22

ConcludlnK Appendic

,
11

T i
40UHEVIATIONS USW

~-~-!-~
This handbook the 8uaarlz.ea brietly co.tody. the le"al aatpectB con.d.inllltra-

Civilian Security Su.pe~t


nected w1th apprehen.,lon, and trial IIcrttenl nlf. Bu.peeled Republic known ot In

Central Corp.

Security Coa.ltt Zone

live

detention,

ot civiUan ot It.
auepecta "civil

or oereneee
Vletn current and (CS8)
(BVN).

&&&1n8t the

natlonal thoa.

security civilian

Tactical

Thi8 GoverlWlent ot Vlet"a.

include. "civil

te . 111"YC will be

olOIY a. suspects."

deleRdant tera all hall

detainee.'. Su.peet

The include

Civilian such been

Security

Ml11tar,

A tatance Co nd. Vietn


ueed , to lndlYldua.a. In la. reapona. on the the to above nua.roua aatters. involved un1tor.tty. ar, dlarequeat. Unare

ProviDcial

Security Coaalttee
tor

The study clarification

aade the

the

to la.

Prteone.. of W.
fortunately. lepublic of YietDa. often Thls Viet CoOl Insurgency, or"anlzatlon. The lei. Ortental out root.. 1 syate. of Soutb Vletn the la. ha. 1. botb oot tbe French aaae and throulbTbe Code, 10 the while used aa and .ttendant lacldlll 1. due to both in and procedures definitene such , coneeence , and

factora

a.

h1stortc.1

develoa-ent

polit1cal

and ad81nlatrattve

10 addition, due to Frencb

tbe country, Code

colont.l (the 1912) the

aubdlv1aiou. Crt81nal

Crt.in.l .od1tled tor.er the

ot South Vietn
of 31 Dec.

French i.

by Decree Cochtn

applicable

Ch1na .nd Code of

l&Oat of

Central

Kilhlaods,

cri.tna. 1.

Central in out tbe of

Vleto , r atnder colon1al subject

1933 (foraerly of and the local

1n Annaa). Other

applied arl.lna

aepubl1c. la. and

factora have

practices

a bearln. that la.8

on the

.atter. are now publisbed and trans-

The tact only 1n the are

and re.ulattona lanlua.e, obtaloable, and that .akes

Vletn not r.adl1y

coptes research to the

latlona 2 ana1ya1s

and

difficult.

Indexe.

and aulde.

law are the elve8

lnadequate.

Governaent

01 Yieln.a
3

(GYM) authorlt1es

-) .. Jji.;, .~ti ~ :
. '
;

...
.,
';

. ...

.\

:.

.J .

ott~n t1nd
.ubject. i.portant

1t Par to

ditlicult tue. direct

to re ooa

ascerta1n it . toward

the

law on liv~n part1cularly workinl. l. 8UCCtHslve

I.

OFHHSt::J

A(;AIHtiT

H~1.:IONAL_~~

COll81der~d

attention

lhe pr.ctical

To co.bat

co.aunillt 01 the

tlubver.lon Rttpubllc lIettlnK

and

Lneur-g e oc y , (RVN) have utfbn~ti difficult a poor en-

at the

.,ate . 1 de io thi.
operatlonal-leKal It.ited and ahort treati..

govern.bot eaer~eocy

01 Viet"a. forth

10 ettort aolve
difficult 1 la.

to di.cus.
Rather, tb. tor thi. baatc

or

promuliated

~nactaent. lI.cur1ly. attuation

probl....

avatuBt
political vlronaent of

the nat10nal and lor .1litary

The eKtreaely ha. that the not afforded retlull1n,

baDdbook

,trat att pt at recordlnl a point at departure


proble The

ext.tlae
aldera&loa

practice,

con-

law-.akina,

.0

collection and

ot aolutlooa
aad i.proved

tor epecitic
au arie I April

and tor aubaetb. new

Decrees

and Decree-Lawti ve whole.

dOOIll

tor.

a haraoniou.

,(
1
i

quaDt

revlaed

coapr-enenej

advent ot

Coo.tltutloa OD 31 October
alr.ad, -

(proaul.ated 18.7 01 tb.


to

2.

The in a.

new ConsUtuUon. Article

proaul&ated

1 April

1961,

1967) aDd tbe 10atallat100


thereunder

Dew loverne_nt
betna

bave extat_

provides

4:
Vietlla. opposes Co unis.

reeulted r.eoc, la

que.tlon.

rataad

to

certatn

The gepub j r c ot in any lor . Every carry

and relulationa.

lY_nluell,

a, 01 tb
ao
The public enact.entH

b.

il1 be cbe d, _, recod1f1catioo.


01

aDd aodlficatiooe,

acUvi ty destvned to pub t rc aae or out Coaaunt_ 1. prohibU.ed . 1t and being lelt for specilic therelor. the

wIllcll. 00.

18

tb. pluoiq

.t

policy

1_ thu clear, otten.e.

to detine Und.r to ie

provide the li.lted.

punish.ent authorl ty of

I.G.H.
Sa1aon, 'letnaa

J. Executive authority tor the

the ne.

Conllti tutlon, 1. very

Is.ue veet.ec ot

decree

LeKl.1ative Ho.ever, that the

J)ec_ber

IN'
purposes executive in

in the
lhis eeceeee

National 1t the

Asseably. will field

study, in

be .sBu.ed 01 natIonal superaeded act.

ex18tlnl wIll by

securlty or nullifled

continue lelti.lattve, 4.

torce executive

until or

repealed, Judicial

ror purpoa.a
under in the le.al in "roup

01 conveu f eoce , we w1l1 headinKs and wl11 use it should

separate

the

offenses e.ployed that and soch

teralnoloKY be understood those detined We .111

decree.. ter are

However, not la. onl,

.ynony.ou8

wtth

e.ployed concern the

Weatern

booll.. or with

dictionaries.

.~

also to

our-ee l v of

per-eona owln& alle,,1ance

RelJubl1c

Vletn .

'f~
'l,
I

errd

16

set SJ

ttn C1 naarm!

N.'.

PH

-----

1..... -

Yi;.UlS are

nr'~HSIS PUHISHA8L~ UY IMPRISONMENT


POll IIOU TIUH FlU 5. Under lbl. h.adtna

oa

By OUTH. In the nature Act. 01

I.

Knowlnt(ly

ca r ry

UII

co

IOTcli11

t r a na-

c r r

o t ne r s ,

tre OQ, .edit1oo,

Plon and botaKe.

01 Inaur_
a.

wllelh~r dlr~ctly or tllTOUKl1 with the pe r-e on ne I uf co unidt oTKanlzatlon or lh~ cl11z~nB or aKenta 01 an ene., nation 1n tl_e 01 war. PrejudlC~ the territorlal lflte~rlty ot

actlol.H,

Arl.7(5)

,ency. revolt, or terrort , and act. directed del.o or lovera.aat


lortb below. A

tnat eet
ollenae.,
n,

tacl11t1e.,

are prohibited
01

the country or cau the RVN to lOMe control over any part 01 ber territory.
Art.S(l) Conspire with foreign agents to pr~Judice th~ .ilitary or aituation 01 the aVN.

brt.1 deacrlptioG

aoa. ot

th

"ltb I'el.re.aaa

to "be attachad text.,


"7 ot 21

tOllow.:
1956 Art.40)

.i th f n t.e nt
dip10.aUc Art.8(2)

OrdlDaoce

.u,,"u.t
the IVN.

b.

"ar

ar a io.t

o.
p.

Unauthorized entry into restricted around detense 1natallatlona

ar.as Art.K(6)

Iollcit or ald aKires.ioo aKainst the IVN, a torellu naUon or a Co_unlHt


ora&untioQ. Art .1.4U)

b,

c.

Help tbe per.onne] ot & torelKo nation a Co._unl.t orKaolzatloa to 111.aally eater or live 00 Vi.tn e t.rritory, or belp tbe. Coaaunicate with each otber 4r eov. out 01 VietDaa terrior tor,. 4r,.1(~).H2) Gtv. or deleo

Aiders and abettors are defined (Arl.9) and are liable to the aa.e pun1sh.en t a8 those who actually co it the crl ., (Art. 59, Penal Code of South Vletn ). Failure to prohibited ~!.~/~9 inlor. the activitie. authorities of i. punishable.

q.

Ar t. 10

of ~_~L19~9

d.

atteapt
tatoraatlon

to

,ive

cl sitted to & lorelao

r.

tl0D or a coa.unlat e. t.
..bot delea

or olzat10D.
4rt.2(la4(~
8.

t.i e reo acts of eabo t ag e or ee r r-or t ee , or atteapte thereat, co ltted witb specitied IDtent are puni.hable. Adhere to an organization all a eeeber , or conspire with othere, ao aa to aid in the planninK or co_1waion at the forelJoinlJ otten.ea . _No. 18/64 of 1 Au.ust 1964

Art.

11<2

ordnance.

Art .2(3).4(3)

.aral

UDder.t

public or .111tar,
Art.2(4).4(2)

Art.3

a
b.
1.

Ilecree-Law t.

Obtain tDtor.atlon on detea 'actll tt , b, aubtertUl'e or autborl~tl0D. carry o~ coaauaicatlon. to _Uoa&1 de......
Iollclt otber., or aar

wl tbout
Art.3.4(2)

preJudiclal 4rt.3(2).4(3)

Terrorist., .aboteur., and epecu l e ror e who injure the natton'a econo.y, apprehended en flalJrant d~lit, wl11 be een rencec to-d~ No._~04/65 of 19 July 196~

Art.~

Decree-Law to do, Art. 5 u.

.D~ ot t~e above .cta. J. "crult troop. lor a toret.n nation or peraoaDeI lor a co..uaiat or.aat&ation.

Art.1(J) II.

Any person who joins a co unLe t or"aolz.a t I o n or cone p r r-e a wi th the co unitH., to be ar ar aaainat the RVM, shall be sentenced to death and total or partial Art. conli.eatlon 01 hi. property. person who r-ebe l e <aKaloat the RYH), or recruita troops and furnishe. the. ...ith weapons and a_un.1tion, withoul order or authorization trOll the Governaent , ene t t be aentenced to death.
A

14

.' ~

Inowinal, co"uoic.te or .alnta1n relatl0D. wl&b tb. peraonnel at co uniet or.aoizatloo Or tbe Citizen. or a.ent. aI &a ea., utloa 10 U or war. Art.7(4)

v,

Art.

rs

s.ttl appena.dlie~oraore
to puot.b t '0'
the

w.

.pacitic Intor.allon a. warlou. otteu.. 6

Incit1ng aecurlty

a aob, at the

10 order atate.

to

di.turb

the

Art.16

1j
1

,-

j
-, j

I.j

--

---=-=:...-=--:-.:-==---:----_

...

a .

Dlllitie.lnallnw: co uu r s t propaKllllda or dll"ttctlvetii; .tt8.ptln" to Undel".l'ne the &Dll-co u.,18t apirtt of tlle country or to prejudice the atrUlte le ot the people and the '-red force_; plott!nl

6.

Cotllllcnt&

a. set tin" are out

In spile offense and

ot

the

1.Vrov1&ed the naUonal to aftord

nature

of
y ,

the they

law

,&In&t are

ee c ur-Lt

to act under lul of peace or neutralt 10 acoordance _lth co unl.t doctrine. Art.17
Docree-Law

broad

1n scope tor the

able

aubel_ntta1 revised

,.

No.

004/66

at

15 rebruary

1966

protection

RVN.

They

whould

be co.phttely

Moo) t'iDj.a: Carrytnl lllet'al weapona iflliou uatltled rea.on IlDd w1th lntent to co.al t otber ot ten j torli n. or u.tn, forced peraita. Thoae pereon. who vather tn se.bl.a. 01 two or ItOre and attaCk, realat or obatruct tb. public torcea In their duti aball be put to d.ath. The killtne 01 aucb ottender. 10 .elf delenee .Ull " eacuH4.

when conditiona ke thl. te.alble, and eventually


be superseded Art. 20 Crt.lna1 Law and of Cri8inat Procedure. that by appropriate prov181oD. 1n

ahould
of

new Code.

b.
co uniet Art. 22 under ed.Unl

It i doubtful

ure

.aeaberah1p

to

controlled

orl.ntzation deftnite

1. a punlahable intent or act

otteo

la .a; ecee

apecifled

orrENSES

PIJIIIIllLABL.&

BY IllPlll80NIWtf

rea

riVE

Y&AIIS OR U8S.

lnthe law. euat alao be abowp. an individual who enlacea

However. it

appeara

that

in any 8ubatantial
with an

and provable
under one

Decree-La" .

No.

93/SLICT

at I rebruary

1964 Viet Cong Mctivi ty can be cnarled provl.lon. below, the ottenae

Acta 1. turtber.oce Coeaual.t Neutrall.. Law 110. 004/65

ot

Coaauni_

or

proArt.l.2

or .ore
Also, take
1.8

at the varloue
wl11 be aeen

of 1 auaaarlzed
Security Co.altte.a

above.

ot 17 llay 196~

can

.a.

Coaaunl.t propa,anda and polittcal activity: aubat tlall, lbe a prohlbited activ1t1 in .-abpar rapb lOX" abov . (In leural, actlvity aDd "zit , be eh.rled
aubeequeot de.crlbed under
t.,

actlon

on a cae ven thouah a crl_lnal

act cannot be

proven.

" acts

under "x

wbleh 1.
thereto, Iro. the

c.
detrt.ental t.he ar.ad

In

lieu ot aakiD,
to the

out.

ca ba d
or io

00

POllit tive

"DteAG
eaared ~

enactaent prov1dlo& b vier durina the 8tate ot War, d.JUBe 186~.)

natlonal curlty,

addition

GVM 18 ofteD

able to cbarae and pro"e De.ertloD


Iv

Draft b~.

ava.loo

and De rtlon
aad

r or-cee

, Draft

loD, or

the

fOTlina or u e

Dratt ad.r. aubject to bard labor. U*.10--13, Ut.ll, De.art.ra to aent.nc. to deatbt

tbetr acco.pllcea oteece of conlln ent


Decree-Law Docree-Law 4/6~ 4/86

are at
19 July l~ Feb. 196~; 1988

at '.lae

Identification

dccu vidence

nta or per.ita.
of

d.
ottenee, the

Adequat 1n

tb_ coaIIi

tOD

ot an

at at

available
te.parar),

uaable tora, 18 Dece ary to support


cuatody, atrict, and tr1al 01

ce.

l'

deaertton.
10 .illtar, Ut.1-3,

and thelr .ceo.pI1cee are .ubject ot contlne.ent at bard labor or d~pendinl on the circu.stancee ot Their eent.nee i. to be .erved field labor battallona. Docr -Law II<>.OU/86 at 21 Al'rll

arreat,

CSS.

The ad.lntetr.-

requireaent. tive 1966 detentton

are le

1n order
eo..ltt

to aupport
procedure. a.erieney procedure.

by Security The baa.a spec tor

e.

the

va.rioua and

enactIlea to

~OrreD

characterized indlct.ent nd riDi tbe naUonal "jeopardiun. lb. national curtty." Penal Cod. at Iouth ,1.tD 8

are U8U&11,

In charse. aDd escurtt," or Article 91,

aenta

and

tor

tal puntan-enta
[aariency 9

declaration.

ot National

and of war,

e.peclally

,,
!
!,

~;.. Ik~.l.' -:.'f,

, f~' :,~: i t., j' ,J...


I'

~:.:

Ordtnance

No.

Ol/UBLDQG at

24 JUDe

1965

eState

at

War)

and

however,

that Geneva of torcs,

the

ce

e t nee

eee t

the to

atandarda the Treat

of

Art1cle

acree-Law

No. ~1~!8L/CT of 7 AUiuat II.~~

1964 (Stat. ot &.eriency).

ot

the

Convention War (1949). weartne Irreiularll

Relative by beiDI diatinct1v. a.y thu. .nd

su t 01

Prisoner. .11itary

a __ ber 10alKnta

01 en oq~.n1zed and carry1nc a. "'.,

1.
uDdew

au.peot. captured
auperviaioD,

b, the
tbe

.tittar, tol10_1nc

are acr oed


arallll openly. be c t a llied .d.tnlatrallve re.ult.:

t~lr

witb

in a proper
llon ordinarily

c....
should

Poltttcal
not be ao

1ntra.truc:tur. _ltb

CI."Ulc.t1o~
InDGe.at PrilaODar Civiltao 01 War

Diapoal

cl llled,

1n accordanca

eo-.

Clwlll.n lacurltJ auapact 1 Cb.nh (aaturD.e) Crl~ 1

lUtt Iree To PW Cup To c1vil authorlt1 To Cbieu Hot center To civil autborltle.

the !olloWlni MACY-J~

.e ie ot 2~ May 1987:

IDterroc.tloa

t~ 10tel111ence
.111tary

purpoae.
control

1s

carried

out

.hile

tbe ~tal t.uader Center.

or .t aD IAterrolatloQ

"3. We.bers 01 Intrastructure, varioua as soc r a t t one , and political cadre, dratt ~v.derY. deserter., and thoa. 8uapecled or having v Lc l a t e d the la.8 01 RVH will nor.ally be claaailled civ11 delendanta and not pw'a unlea. they are actually enKaled 1n an overt ho.tlle act .t tb. tla. at capture Considerable u l.r ly .a variation between Free tro. the in licreenlnl practice occu ee , conducted teaaa are particby the at work ~a .

,(
I

t.
datao'loa uAlta or

. 11. lecurltJ suapeeta thu. received Into. 1


oaap ureat

Qr

Jail, b, the

aDd tboae

turned over
are qu tloDed

by

par illtary
aDd lB tito . tlttary

acreenln& ror cee . persona a.y

operation. Rescreening i.properly a.

pollc.,

dilferent to r-e sove 5. vided proaraa:

World

ted ~y ~e
court 'or

pollce.

Tbe,

are to.D turn.d over


to be aufllcient

PW caapa

classtfled Returneea, Chieu

trial"

tbera

appear.

avidenca;

The tollowln61 .eet the

be cla itled r.Quir enta

proHal

ot rws , tke, .,e beld tor proceaaiDi "curll, eo..tt~.

by tbe Provlncl.1

they

current

ot the

I.

IS .p~.

tbat

a practical _Uer,

tb. Dlatrtct CB8

Cb1ef ,.. aM PrO"'Dce Chlef baa tbe por to I wbo 1. uodar bl.Jurl.dicCloD, lDaoc t C"lU~. aleo. 4. broad
d.flnltlon of Prl.ooer

b, tindln, hi. to be aD
true of tbe PoUce CUet

TIll. 1. u.ua11J

"Any persona who have liven active support to .tlitary, polittcal or econoaie .ctlvit1 of the Viet Cong , or the KYA. and who voluntar11 y decide to r-e turn to the .ide ot the cove r oeent ot Vietna.. The ae r v Lce w1 th the VC/NVA aay have been voluntary or involuntary. However, lbe act ot return .hould be volun-

tary."
III. ARREST AND TEIIPORARY CUSTODY

ot War baa beeD


1.

.dopt bJ MACV (Dlr.ctlve No. leO-3 01 8 April 1987, p.r.3b)'.


The wr 1 t
j

ten 1

on

thia

aubject

1. to

not

readil

y or of

detaiDe

io

y be cl lI1ad coabat or

PW

it he

captured

wblle
\ 'c

avallable to the

1n coep r enene t ve

r oee , either t I ee . It

the public
laraely

en.ali tbe

a belli,erenl but terrorl.t,

act, or ia
aabotaur

ber 01

r-eepone l e authori Lb

conaist.

\"").e& eo tor, ;

or apy

doe. AD' q~I"J


.

for PI .tatu..

It la not nac ry.

TYrom,rTf"e'""""C'fi[eU""Hor~()ifri\...-:-QUeBTroiisinaAn8wer8i'-.
Ch1eu Hal 01v1alon, auCCORDB. June 1961 .

----

~
:1

~ new par_tiop. at.teol

act
wit.

DfriCTIVe on the SubJecr"-curr.nfTj~pri::The Co nte _d. tn this paravraph 4 are tha draft Directive now beloi atatt.d.
10

11
COR-

varioue th.

enacta.ot. of

01 the .>uth

French

whtch

ar.

att11

appl1ed

In

1.

Arreats

ahould

be .ade except in.

purauant

to a warrant !.!.aKrant_~~~ the

Republio i. ot .& __ cr1

Vletna., How.yer,

plu~

aeveral i.

GYMMlntaterial a certaln uOllor.ity

,
j

h'Bued or

by coepe t.en t authority where there hi danaer Since security

c e ot

dir.ctiv

order.. tbe

there arre.t

that

the

au.peet are f ree ,

_111 Ilee particularly they are

c r s e-. to

01 praot1c.
u.peeled

couatry

to the

and cuatody .eeurity.

01 per.ona

.".0
or .hortl,

dd c t Lon learn of

lIuilpecte and

lIkely coaaonly

aloa.

natlonal

an iapend1nl without LikewIse, obtained Local

arrelilt

3.
rloU8

D wbo h louod 1D the act of c_UU


alt.r ita co..l loD or

arreated 10 po lon later. i8 otten 8. ror a .arrant, per.iasion .fter that tn althouah tor one , be obtained detention beyond 24 bour.

of 1Dorl.IDatlac evldenc. (1 n Ila,raDt dtlll) y be


arr , by Otl.n and the 'lie public al t tb. authorltt.a--or Natlonal Security AD act ind d by any cl tiz.en. are terrort 1. rlou8 crl a

perIod the to

haa expired. procedures occur. than other

variation. peraiaaton 1_ at

above

ex.aple,

the hours

hold

a auapect fra. court

10na8r certato

lor Qjac I'u....

applt.a. . cIvllian the

ot

would fall to be

twenty-tour otficials i8 not 9. ottenses concrete i_edtate

tiae8

obtaloed at the

UDder tbi. turaed 3. aec~tt, .latl0

eo arreated civil authorltle

requir.d . tbe to the

when the readil

Prosecutor

bavinK juriadlction

OYer PI"08IPtly to

y available. aenara 1 ru les are app iicab Le to there 1. adequate for aany

A pereDD auapected y bt ad beld takeo up to Iota

ot an olt.n ,aln.t
cuatody or au..aned lor

natIonal police aDd

The lore,oiol (auch a.

Il.irant

d/llt)

where

twenty-lour

hour.

Qua.tloolna

evidence

and whiCh are in fall tbe under

conaidered

appropriate .or of the the

low"U f.

UOD.
proa.cuttoo cases, which apeelal cecer-s . .tlttary tbe cour ee . coan1zance beeo that It 11tbt. tbe tweoty-tour pollc. of tb. abould tbe hour. atter hi. court reeetvtn. or obtain to bold eu.tody per.l.alon bl. lonaer

at

other Co

Security by

auapect. tbe

r.l

t ttees,

procedures These

have

prescribed tbe

Iroe

Proaequtor to ~l.te

cocnlzaot

IUntatertal auat

provtde daya. auat i. to

tove.tiaaUon to-

1n ord.r

prellalQary

lnveatlaatlon.

Th.

be coepleted i. tlee

wlthia

live it

a auppleaental

Proaecu~
cuatocly.

, .utborlz. additional period. 01 tporary

vestia_tton at wblch

requtred, the dO.liler

be coapleted be preaented tor purpolie. of

in one .0Dth, to tbe Security

6. Proaecutor. durioa .~ valid!t, ~UHd. tt a.ai tl

Tbe c,-pl.ted Co.,loe.eot

police

report the

1.

delivered .ay court

to

tbe

Co

t ttee.
aust

Any turther be authorized of security

detentioo by tbe of lenders or

01 InyeattInterior. to c r ty) All bi"her wI thin

ot

accuaed by the

be continued and pend1nc lor t.etiol 01 trIal. the the 01

.atioR

aUnister are to

addltio081 Tb.r. of tbe

loye.tl.atloD

dettiotlonB authori ty

be reported

a.

DO babeaa

cor~

procedure the lor

(Province hours.

Chlel,

lIayor

01 autono.aua

det.otloD

aod obtaloinl are held tb.

1'.1

twenty-lour 10. custody

OIl oeo&al0D, durt loye.tt,attoD. 1. tak.o

paraooa

lona: perlod.

The exIstence haa created rule.

at

two eete

ot rulea

on arrest on the are

and

Howeyer, loto account

pertod

ot

detention tb.

eoneiderable and lnstruct 13

eonfueton 10n. ao_tlae.

subject. not tollowed.

tloa to

trial

when calculat1nl

In add! tion,

be eerved

by a convicted
12

p.raon.

III

_ .

..

..:--=.::..:..::.c:.:.:... __

However.

tbere

to

be

no

lack

of

power bl.

1n the

author!

tie"

3. residence Sal&on. Interior study

A PSC'" 1. 86nl tor for

r-eco endatlon to the Central and

lor

detention

or

e o r or ced (CSC) 1n

to err t and aDd d.1apoaed

to hold.

au.pect

until or

ca 1&

lnv t1vated It 1.

Security to

Co ltt~e lhe

at by ad.lnt.tratiy.

judicial

acllon.

concurrence lIIIian.ture.

tor rdln"

tolKter

ot

D.c r'. of cour , that auttlclant aDd adequatelr cualod,. pr nted. to juatlty

evidence

be deyeloped

Another
aD

ruec t ron 01 the cse 1. to


the caae. 01 1.prlaoned

the arr t or contioued

and ke reeo_endatlona

"eolu~. and .,fectly. actton on the part at the

security
or early

oflenders who are beina


release. i.pr1aoned The cae ln a1ao

conaidared review. cutea


Correctiona

tor conditional ot cur1ty


Centera betore of and

author1tl are al80 Dtl.l.


11. peraoo It who

ebould be a.Dlioned
.ak

10 C10MiDa

thl. topic

that

ottenders those

Hatlonal cour

a. arreat or tapr.eoo. to tln.

aootber,

without

due

aentenced

by .illtary ter_,

t.e, ahortly

the eathe 10

autborlt7

1e law, 1 ubJ.ct

and 1.prlao~nt.
3.1.)

piraUon
prisoner such

ot their
.ill the

to deter_ine

lt releaae

("-oal

C 01 IGoItbVi.t ArUcl.
01

A1.0. th.oe.
1

be prejudicial

to the naltonal aeeurt ty.


a 'La'thee period

eolUlUtuUoa

1 &,>rll 11181.

provid io Articl. and later da , .

that .
iOQOcent

ceeee 4.

esc

y order

ot detention. are elo.ad


to the in

peraca wbo i. uaJu.tly d.tatned a.,


IV.

prODOuoced

Proceed1nali The frequency

ot Securlty ot toraa.

Co_itteea aeetio

.u.

tke Itae.

lor Co-pen.atory

public. t he

varieD Kreatly
ekly tailen

different areaa, aGee Province.


bl-.onthly the or

reportinl aay ot be the

aeetinaM

c:
!

PR0CU8I1IG 1.

"lID OKrEIII'ION SecuritJ

BY PROVINCIAL

SECURITY

COIlllITTEE

::l

and othera
CtY1li.o

le.8. Actioo

without beina aay by be

SUMpect. _bo are turned over

to
a tor l aeellnl, reco endationa io writtn.. and to bera presented to

tb. ciY!1 autborltl bJ captorlna arr tad


tor _re

toree., aDd aaoJ ot those tbe coaalttee


peraonally The accuaed be repre nted Co..ittee a

br tbe police, ara

proc d by the Securlty

tbe Provloc. 01' autooo.oua clty or area.

Tbea. coaai e t eee peraona


COQ-

lLcwed to appear

counael,

tabli.bed dao,.rou.
1 Ut.r ao..Ut

Cor

tb. purpo of lat~rninc .ecurlty.

althousb

be 1. accorded

00 aueh

riebt.
or

81dered

to tbe national
CCiOI aDd t.chnieal of , tall.

5. Tbe la. Their procedurea


tor a .alti.ua

autborizea

detentloD

enforced
poaslble

reBidence
later

.re tar
2.

per-Iod of two yeara,


y be be

with a.

es teu-

than tboae ot tb. courta.


810n8.

The ter

aM liltle

three two

.ontba.
year or

Apparent 1)'
the

could.ration (PaC)

the

ca.e,

the

Provlncial an e x t eue rou could tor

all .uch a.
noraally an for

under

Securit,
action.:

aoy one 01 tbe 10110.1011


law;

but exteuet

coe are

on. year

I....

8y
tor conlive he

1.

a.
'

use ot repeated ReI the auapeet aa innocent, it tor "e'.ot100 are de d in.utliclent. .round.
1.8

exten.iona,

ottender can be detained require.. In lieu


not in ot to

' I
"

..

100& a.

the natlonal
co_itt area, In or it

interet
"'I aay

b_

Send the calie to the appropriate .il1tary court tor trial, it the evldence 1a auttlclent for ,roaecutloQ 01 aD oIleD tnat the Datl.oal .ecurl ty. aec~od detention

r rneeent , tbe
Ln a certain .ust live.

order

tbe ottender
an area

d~lIlloate ot

whlch

e,

the areat

.ajority

ceeee , however,

the

tor

al_ua ~rlod
U

or entorced re.tdance, 01 two ,.ar

Kullty

person la

incarcerated. to auch

Tbe Vietnaaese ordera.

tel'. An Trl

i.

ueed to reter

detention 15

l '

J
/
j .

...

--

...
Security COlUltte~", olfic1al . ; Chair.an Meaber W ber I. ratber _ocy Civilian than Decrees specity 2. 01 do
Dot

6.

Provincial

are

nor_ally

coapoaed

bee n aucc e eded by OJarloU8 D~crtJe-l..MWs and Mlnlsterial

or-de r e

of the tol10.1na Provinc. Provinc. Cbl.t

on the Bubjecl. V.

(Bee Appendlcelil.) TRIAL BY MILITARY COURTS


security ottender. are tried ln the the al11tary eaer-

Deput, Chi., tor Security Pro.ec~tor "t~l (Le.al Adv1aor)

Police reprentatlve Service repreeentative

lI_ber Me.ber
Me.ber

the and the

civil

cou r ee , ln

accordance define

wlth securlty

11111 ' SMulty .. Sector 8-3

Decree-LawlI f or-ue , 01

wbicb

otten.ea

and

It

1s nec~sBary. ot

coucee , tbat

Bufticlent ln order

evldence to

"I1oDa1 fore /Popular


1. The

Force. repre nt.tive

M ber

the

co_i8sion the arrest,

an ottense custody,

be developed trial ea.)'

dlr~tlye.

01 tbe

jUnt.ter ot Interior
Haber. aa,

support suspect .ctivity hiblted or

aDd conviction

ot the

.bow lb.
.Iud In

Deput, Chi.f
tbe civf,l

tor Security .
ProYince

The Senior
appear 1n the

ThiliJ is but aay activity,

relatively

in a c e 01 terrorist with involvlo1 of other type.

c.ourt. ot tbe 81tber

be Qulte euch .a

dilticult those

ot proeccnoeae
Docuand

Lelal &dvlaor ~ltloD.

In place ot the Pro cutor

propalanda, CoDa obtaln,

of tb. court ot cau tbey are one and tbe a.ae aao (aa in tbe l r c:o~rt.). (:0-.001, MD . be .ttalr. eitb.r 10 ,lace Tb. D.>puty Cb1ef tor 8ecurUy of tb. co_it te. i b. 81t. tbe ProvlDee Ch1.f. pereonally
OQ.

or.anlzational or phys1cal .ay

work On behalf
evidence to uy

the Vlet to

IDentary wit.De
eli

be bard

be reluctant

teatlf),. besitate or to arre.t or hold

01, or in add1t1oo to, co-..der

3.
a person that wll1

The police
on the lole

und.r.tandably

,be Sector .1UtU')' ODtbe c..altt abou

1. eDtUled to eit repre nt.d by

baal.
in

ot be.r.ay

a pr1vate

accusation a do ler to the

but 1. no.ll' _D.

of

tb.

he 1_ en,aaed have It 4.

VC activity. OD the review entl

They know tbat ca , tor by detens. pre.entation ccunee and

Ueted u11Ur, I.

to be prepared is subject to Itat the

TU CeDU'al Securit,

eo..1U.e

10 8ali00

1. eOD.U-

court.

t. ot
and the accu.ed

tuted a. to1108.: MiDi. tel' 01 Inter tor Director GooDenlot "Uooal Director ot Correctton.
WardeD of are Cbalraao

The allned in

ot .. tn 1
Olficlal

1nacr fbed be .ay

dos.ler. to to

report.

recorda

Pollee

lIeaber _ber

aa), it

1ncluded or reterred
b. possible to brio, .hieb me

1n the do ler,
the attention not be

On occasion ot tbe
court

prlaoo

(1f accuaed eODltDed)

t_ lIe_ber

claSlllifled the official

1nloraatloD record ot

will case .

incorporated

1n

.paa ProViDC. Cbief conceroed i. al.o allowed to partiei'" pate in tb. de11btratlooa ot tbe cO"ittee, due to ble
.~e1.1 II.

s"
accused.

Conle iona He a.y,

are

accepted atteapt It 17

ln

evidence,

.igned

by the and

however.

later

to ahow coercion substantlal

koow1edl. &AdlDt.r t 10 tbe ca.e.


~iDl.tratly. deteotton of _ecur1ty otfender. waa

10et1tuted b, Ordlnanc. 110, 6 of 11 January 11ll>6, bleb ba. w 111

<.
\

thus

overCOMe its

eftect.

18 .aid

that.

,
alons. 6.
t.be Bot

at

nu.ber of conviction.

VC are obtained

throUlb cont -

dossler and .ay

on the take

case.

Thl_

procedure t1 to

i_

rather

tor l1zed loveatlat1ve

conHlderable .111tary nor

co.plete. poltee. Tbe lhi.

Chaab aa, be a lood _ouree


In tbe event of

01 wi tn

10r

work

18 done by the 12. Trh.1M are

jud1ei.1 public.

pro cutlon.

contllct

01 t tiltOny.

ll,

aceu.ed belD, at

i 0coat by tbe

1t 1. 00..-00 to arraD, . "controotatloo"

at tbe accu d and tbe trutb. are and

titled to hi.

to civilian it

deten couo.el. to civil court. Mlnt.try pay. court

the wl& , tor tbe purpo at cart.l01na 1. relatlye., Al tboulb the ru 1 on ad.l_lon the accueed aa, rebut

he 18 unable of alIi the tary

Appeal. .yatea.

are

beard

ot evidence

Supree 13. of

Court The

1eDl t,

aucb evidence

function of

under

tbe

D1rec

tora te

..j

, d nd tbat Witn wbo tat eot. are In the do ler appear


8. cr181nal

Military

Juatlce,

Deten .

pereD II, 10 court.


IIILITARY 10 C~parlaoD witb u.lo-4M:rlcan pro cuted procedure., or delended. 14. The to of present deal field court. were e.tabltshed otlen ln 1962. flEW COURTS

1~
!.
J

O&MII Are Dot y110roue1)'

In the .plrtt the lalttatlve

ot 'be Frencb

lel.l

.,.t, tb.

court tak

ln order
the of atat.

exped1tloua1y e.erleDcy.

wlth

certatn 1.

durin.
10 each

, ,,

'J ~

b
f

18 the conduct 01 tbe ca , att ptloc to aad tbe I od diopeoae aubat.oU.1

natlonal

There

one court

certa1D botb t t.ct.

the tour

CTZ.

Thelr due

operatlon haa received


nature

cooalderable

,i:

ju.Uce.

public VC case. IlIliULU IIILITAilY COURTS valved.

attention tried

to the .en.attonal
and tbe aravit,

of aGIle of tbe
In-

there

of tbe

penaltl

"

~.

.l .ub.t."U.1 .11l~J

Duaberof VC c court.,

b ba.D tried
beinl that and

l~.

The court

conal.t. 11ke i. tbe

of

five

ber., .lUtary

the

cOllpoa1tl'oD .&Cept be a

iD tbe relular

of Wblch tbere .re tour-

.ubatant1ally the Pre.tdent

re.ular

court, Dot

ODe1a e.eII Corp. W..,Uc.1 10 (CTZ).


10. .,...

a .1litary

olficer

aDd n.ed

court

co l.ta

01 Pre.ldeot

tour otber

i'
lawyer.

1(
Fleld cour the

_.bar..

,...

Pre~d.Dt

1. DOraally chi U.D judle froe dlatrlct ltboulb Judie


18 thelr

16.

t.e are
trla1 in

able to travel 01 ca.e.


a ca 10 tbe ,oine

a.

Deee ary wltbln Province .


11eld court

tbe Court 01 Ap_l. proyi.ioa 1 d. lor

ot tbe Judlcl.1

CTZ, tor

varioue tbe

tbe .ppoiDt t 01 allit.r, pr 1dloa judie.

17.

The procedure

belore

.dvocate aub.t1tute are .111tar,


11. 1

Tbe otber _aber.

cons1derably 81ap1il1ed
the pre-trlal attached to

and abbreviated,
There but

particularly
'1. DO ""a.lninl 10veatlca.e..

n, 'belr ra~
Pra..cutor 1D tbe

depeDdlol OD that of tbe accu d.


(Co .1lltary

re6l:ards

10ve.ttcaUoD. the court.

T_. cbtet
a tal1e.

t aire du Goverqe ot)


1

Ma.6I:1.trate latlon

a pre-trial

Jude_ advocat.

al rvlce,

1.

)' be conducted

10 certaln 1. l1na1,

coap11cated appeal.

The of a

tba 01 \IIIlietr.te
conduct.

(JU,8

d' Jo.trucUon
lutlon

Il1Ut.lre) bo
a

cec reaon of tbe


death aentence,

court

witbout

In ea pet1tion to

pre-trlal 111

and prepare.

nceeve e , tor

tbere 1& a ndatory

the Chlel

01 8tate

cle ncy , 19

l. \1.'
,j.

,~

..
f~
I,

I.

A(

.;.'.

Varioue Decree and the .tate. national DtJcree-La.1 ."curtly provide 10 the tor lield The lawH and tr1al

18.

CONCLUDING pr-oce r e e du
tro. l~ader. the war. 1n pertect ot

REMARKS -------lor dea and the l f ng wi th eecu .util r r ry be are well to

01 otlen

10.1 tbe

,;

court.,

durio.

ot natlonal

ertJenc), and ot war.


o f feuue r s e r e far eventually replaced, as But, the tor the Rapubllc 01 Vie In

Thi. ba. been 11.1ted u.ually pprebeoded bol CU . 11. lb 1\later eo 11a,raot

to c wbere the .ccu8ed terror1at and


aware. be present, Special the the e.phalll18 aUlt 01 area. continue of una.de, that on winning or studlelil l ege I It
a),lIIte.

d'll~--prlnclp.llY

Decr -La ttln. blv. not Itlted

lortb tblt

otteo

a.ainst

certainty and reaedial

weakness eeaeur ee

ahou Id be however,

liol,l

curil,

tbe Juri.diction
taken. appears,

of tt.ld

COOlrt. i.

UaHed to c 01 IIllfrl.t .ald

diUt.

GVH

effective results can be obtained author!t1e. bave recently that the la W111b. interolt.a cbar.ed
Lng t with the Viet Cong worda aenace, applied. 1. In the "For r r-aeevor k , which affords the

within the e.ls11nv


facUlties ad.lnl tor tered

lela1
dealand

necessary it

preted ao to allow trial bereuDder an tbe Ileld Mourl

01 a.curlly

properly Pope:
10018

court..

Tbe), have al.o cOOperated Decr.e-Law 049/61, tb. cr.atlon ot tour


Whatter i s best

at Alexander
let

to.

J."u ce 01 tbe .ttacbed 1867, wbleb autborized

tor.s ot Government

contest;

d.t.d 30 October

ad.lnlster'd

1s beat,"

Iddit10Dal Ulld court.. 01 curlt, it


tb.

h .11. of tbe broadenld .pectru. to be tried 1n the new court.,


01

ca peeted
by

i. plao_ Pre.ld.at

tb. Directorat.

MiUtary Ju.Uc.

tbat

wl11 be qualifled

.111tar), la.yer to
lllY

aad the
cali

Pro-.cy&or

"'11 haye le l 1.taot

tiaate

aDd prepare lb. do 1er.


30. Tbe

lore.o1q

actiona

ot

tb. GYM ha"e created tor tbe peditiou.

a trial

"botaatlal

additioDal capabilit, ~ial. aay bo blld i.

ot

cea'..

tbe Province. and at tbe wl11

plaaoe4 ne. detealion bo prowld.d.

caapa. wbere courtrooe t.cl1itie.

It
!, I
,'

20

21

'Ii

au ,..
'

it
I
I,

I
A. Chart:

APPEHDIC[S Patte f'acLl1tleai lor Trial on Calle. ot Civilian t7 10/59 or AdJllnl.tratlve Security Buapect. Action 23 24 36 41> 48 1>7

B.
C,

Ordinance Law

or 21 4ullu8t 191>6 or 6 .ay 191>9

No.

D.

Decree-Law Decree-Law Decree-Law Decree-Law Law

No. 18/64 or 7 AUlluBt 1964 No. 004/61> or 19 July No. 4/66 or II> February No. 93/8L1CT
1961> 1966 1964

i: 1:.'I ;~
I

I.

r.
G.
H.

or 1 February

62
66

No. 00t/61> of 17 .ay 1965 No. 015/66 or 21 April


1966 1966 1967

!
!

~\:

I.
J.

Decree-Law Decree

69 75 77 79 112 Applicable 84

I
,
I
~,

l; . I!
i:
I'

No. 1763 ND/AN or 24 Septe.ber No. 049/67 of 30 October

I.
L. .

Decree-Law Decree-Law Ordinance

':~
I
( ( {

L ;;:t! ;1
;

No. 211>/SLICT or 7 AUlluBt 1964 No. 01/UBLDQU


of Crt.lnal

of 24 June

1961>

:;t

~.
j;

N.

French Code Provision.

PTocedure-Certal0

~t
;i,~ j

;.~L n ~t 'i '


~i

(
( ( (

,
( (

.'. .
~
22

: t~

It
4

r,

i~
I'

.. ... . .
.
-~:-.-:--~---.~::.:.-.---.--~

.
<

..

--:~____

'J

-_.;:...

,'.
,I

I
1

APKJCDIX "0"

UPIIBLIC

or

VUTN.lII

OrdlDaDce 47 dated 21 Auguat 1956 preacrlblol tbe punt.haunt of crlee. &C.108t the e.teroal ecurlty ot tbe State

L Give claswltled de fe uae Intor.alton to a torf!110 nation, a co unlI81 oTa:anlzatlon or th~lr pe r-aon ne I by any eeane and 1n any fora, or atteapt by any .ean. to Kat" acce88 to such totor.atlon with Intent to co unlcate 1t to a forell" natlon, a coa.unlat oT,anlzatlon or thetr personnel 2. Gl ve infor t Ion to person work lnt( for a ror-e rjn nation or a co_unlitl orlantzatlon on a scientific discovery pertaining to de fe uae , or the aethod at a.nutacture pert.tnlna to lbi. discovery or to any deten Induatry, without autborization by ca.peteol authorit,. J. Intentionally deatroy or daaale boata, aircraft, equf peent supplies, construction 01" outtlttlnt(8 which can be used for national ce fenee , or co_it 8abota .e whether durin& or atter the nut.cture of the above ter Ie 1, .i th intent to .ake 1t unaerv iceable or to cau.e an accident 1n 1t. ulle. 4. Knowingly participate in a plan designed to under.ine public or troop .orale, or to conspire in v.riou~ plota to exerci8e pressure reaardloK the cec t stcee of responllible aeabera of the anted service. to pr-oeo te de.ert10n or to obstruct tb. eurrender of the .1I8ay. one ot the

TIIK Pll&81 DIJIT

or

TU

UPUBLIC

or

VI KTIIAII

26

Coulderl t_parary Oc'ober 11166;

COWlUtuUoa

.1 dated

COD.lderl Doer 4-TTP dated 211 October 1955 aDd aube ueDt docuaeat., pr.acrlblac tba coapoeltloo or tb. Gov.r eati 'ooald.rlac tbe Soutb VI Revlaed Cod. ot Crlaloal La , .Drtb VII Cod. ot Crial La aDd C.Dnal l VII Cod t Crial 1 La.a; eoDald.rlac t-' Code ot .llitary Juatlca;

.ad attar d.llberatloD


I88UU

ot tb. CabID.t;
OIRDU.lIIC&:

THI rot.J.OIllKl

AaTICLII I: ThOlle aile nc c..aU ODe at the acta li.ted "r.uDder aball be cODvlct.d ot .aploaace aDd punl.bed b, deatb Dt.Dce: 1. Coneptre with. forelan DattoD or a ca.auolst oraaDtaatton with lotent to induce tbat nattOD or or.aDt.at10e to ca.alt ,reaeloa aaainet tbe Republic ot YNj or 1.t tll eucb al.reeetoD by ald1ac the ar.ed tore ot tbat oatiOD or oraaDlsatioa. or b, uDder.1Dine the loyall, ot tbe 'l.taaaeee ira" .av, aa4 Air tarce, by ea, o'ur _ADa. 2. Surrender Vi.t e Ml1itary uDit or any part ot 91.' t.rritor" tow tortltlcatlou, lutaila'10 depot are.Dal plaat aa'eri.l, pooa, ehipe or alrcraft to a tor.l,. Batloa. ca.aual.t orlaDiNUoa. ow tb.lr peUODDe1. 3. 8011clt ber of tbe Vlet u.y, Navy or &lr roree to rv. a toreiaD nation 01' a c unlat or.aa.satloD, or a.ei.t aucb oattoD or ~1.D1a.tloD. or recruit per.oDDel for tb_. 4. CODapire wItb a tore liD natloD, a ca.aunlat GrlaDIaattoD or tbeir peraoDDel wttb 1DteDt to aS8i_t lD r lv. act alaat tbe lepubllc at Vl.t

ARTICLE 3: Tho aliena who co it act. Ii.ted hereunder shall be cODvicted and punl.hed by a deatb eenrence :

of e.pionaae

1. DtsguIee , uae a fa Ise na.e or h ide rea 1 natlonality ln order to enter a tort, constructlon work, post, plant, worksite barracka, .llltary caap, naval vessel, "rchant ilhiP. aircratt. allttary zation

hospttal. nayal or other tnetallatlon or an oTlanior worksbop operated tor de ten purpoa8Ia.

2. Orlanlz.e t11elal 10na-ranl8 coa.unication by aal1 or any tacilities, which i. prejudiclal to natlonal defenae, even wlthout dl.lutatoll or bid!n, real naae and natlonallty. 3. Fly over naval authority, carry out terraln naval positions, wlthout authority.

an area torbidden by .ilitary or to draw sketches. take photographs, survey inulde or around al1ltary or cone t r-cc t rone , torta and lnlltall_tlons authoriz.alion of the co.peteot .llltary
or

ARTICLE : Thos. Vletna who co_it e one of the acta listed hereunder sball be convicted at treaaon and punlabed by a deatb ntence:

.' ..

S. HelP. by any a.au, the per.onn.l of torelln ..ttoa or a ca.auolat orllaolzatloa to 111.,al1, enter or liY. OD Yletoaa territory, or h.lp th caa.unIcat. wltb eacb otber or .ow. out of Vi.t territory.
AJlTICLB 2: Th~e all.u who cc.IIlt one 01 tbe act. l1ated '.reuDder aball be cODvleted of plOD&&. aDd puDl by a d.atb te"".:

1.

To bear

arall

&&:alnst the

the

Republic

ot Vietnaa
in Article I,

2. To co it one ot 2 or 3 ot thls Ordinance.

act. 11sted

25

,/

I:


1
.1.

.j. . ARTICLE

iii

i
~11i

AkTICLJ:: 5: Thc ao l t c t t a t Lou of other the a.ree.ent to do one of the ac t e llaUud 1, 2, 3 _nd 4 ot thl~ Ordilialice ~Il.ll alwo lor th~ coltf~lon of the.~ act. Th~ t~r. Clatlit:iltled herein include.: 6: Dtttunati

pe r s ou s , or 1n art f c l e e be pun renec

2.
cause

Conspire
effect

with
on

foreign
the

.q(cnlS

with

Iu t c n t
or

to

a dve r ae

v re t n aeH~
n acct.H;'"

.111Uu')'

dlplotnu.t1c J.
defense

tfltuatlon.
UtiC

1:

any

rDCkliB

to

ga r

to

(:lj,!:iyltlt;d pub f

Intoraatlol1

10f(lnnat10n pertfOnii

or

dt ec Ios c forlll

it
or

to

the

rc

o r- to

reterred

to

ullauthorizeu

1n any

without
a

I. Mill tary, dlploaat rc e conosaf c and industrial lnlor tlon whollie nature 1_ euc h that only authorlzed per.oD., .ay have access to it and that, in the 1ntere~t ot deteoe, auat not be di.closed to otber person.

fn t en t to co_unlcilLe cOIll.ullltiL or.canlzatlon or

1l their

by "")1 ee ane , CVCII to a torel"n na t t on , ptln"onn~l.

2. Objecta, equl ~ent, docu.enta, dra.inKY, chart!;, .aps, land aurvey .ape, photo,rapha, copies and docuaent. whoa. nature ia such that only authorlzed pe r-aoue aay bave acce to thea and tbat they aust not be exposed to ot.er per.oDs becau.e thelr exposure will dillclo the type. 01 lutor.at ion referred to above.
3.. All types of .il1tary 1nto . atlon which have not publillhed by the Govern.ent and do not belon" to any type. ot lntoraation referred to above and who~e publ1cation, di.closure, or disseaination whether 10 part or 10 total are forblddeD by Decr.e. been

4. El ther t nr ougn nE:KIIKcuce or non-obtfcrvallct!' of regulations, to ~uffer the lotal, p~rtlal or temporary 1068 or des t ruc t ion of equip_cnt and uocu.cntti with which one ls entrutHed and the expotiure which lillY dhlclo8e ch,ti.lfltid de f enee infor_allon; or to su r re r the exposure, evon partially, ot rneee documents and equip.ent to unauthorized pe r cns , 5. To fly ove r VietnamedC terrltory authorlzatlol1 by co_petent aulhority or aatic aw;reeaent. without by a diplo-

ot

ot the

6. To cnter the restricted areas around de f enue COIl.!ilJ"uctions. or .111tary and naval installations in violation at restriction orders. ARTICLE 9: In addition to other provisionl:l of law, those Vlelna..ese or aliens who co_1t one of acta 11dted hereunder shall be pun1t1hed as alderti abet tors 1. :

Intoraat 10n pertain in" to act rcns taken to identity and apprehend t ne offender and accesoriea ln cria alalnat tbe external curlty of the etate, or pertalaln. to tbe cODduct of their pro cution and ex.aination, or perta1ulQi to pleadio"a in their trial before tb. Court.

the the and

ARTICLE

one of cri by t.~

1: Those Vletnaaese or allena wbo co it tbe act. 11sted bereunder tthaU be convicted ot ,alnat the security at the State aDd punished or bard labor;
by the to

Provide assistance In cash, ee ans of t t vtng , hiding places or aee t Lng places to ollcnderH avain!;t the 8~curity 01 the State, with lull knowledve of their cri_ina} intent. 2. Knowin~ly act as ee seenge r for offenders against the security 01 the State, or k.nowingly help th~. In the pr-oc ur-eee n t , hidlng or transportatioD ot the things perta hdnl to their crl.ea. 3. Knowingly receive and conceal objects which will be or have been used to co lt offenses against the s e cu r Lt y of the State or objects and docuaenta pertaining to these renaee

1. Take actions whicb are not authorized Govern.eDt and whicb .ay cauae a torei,n nation decl.,. .ar on tbe Republic at Vi.to
3. Take actions Governaeot and .bicb to repri.ala. whicb are not autborized y e_peae the Yletnaae.e

by the people

or

3.
tor
&

Recruit eo.-uniat

troopw tor oJ"!Canlzatlon.

a lore laD natloo

Or

per~onDel

44 kno.inlly co_unlcate or aa111taln r-e La t Lone wlth t~e ~raonnel ot a co unlst or~anlzatlon or with tbe ci*l&en. or alent a at an ene.y natlon 10 tiae ot war. ~. I.nowln"ly _atntaln whether directly or throuah ot co un1.t orKaolzatloo &Il ene.y oatlon io t1 of co~rcial t r anaac t Ious, , .iddleaen. with the pe raonne I or the ctt1zen. or aKentd ot war.

4. Knowingly destroy, steal, receive, conc ea L, or falsify a doc ueen t whether public or private, which .ay facilltate the Inve~t1gat10n of an oftenHe against the ~ecurlty of the Slate or reveal evidence or facilitate punish.ent at the otfenders. ARTICLE 10: Those Vletnaaese or allenM who know or act of espionage or treason but tail to lilfor. _tlttary, ad.lnlMtratlve or judiclal authorlty of this atte.pt or act i_edilltely upon knowing ot the. shall be punished by teraa at hard labor.

ot an a t t eept

I
I.

Am-leu:: it: Tho~e Vietna.tJ~e or alien~ who co it one of the acta li~led hereunder .,hall be con~lctcd of cri.e a,ain_t the aecur1ty ot the State and punlhtJd by t.~ ot bard labor:

v te

Ii
!

of

at her

1. Co_lt o r f e nee _wain.llt the Vietoa. or cause Vietna. to Ioee terr i tory by any ~anY .

territorial t n t ug r t t y control over ~lfly part

The saee pun i.I:;h.ent s na 11 be appl tc ab Ie to those t.uaeeee or a l f e ne who tall to lulor. the a r or-e s a Ld authoritie~ 01 activities prejudiclal to natioflal de f e uee conducted by a po r-eon wlth who. t ney have r-e La t Lone , hwedlately upon reallz1n, the nature of t noae act I vi t tee , 27

26

.1,

.........-. I

Appendix
B

:,'

I'

j
I AHl'ICl.. 11: Obj ee t a and properties which have been u8ed by 16., of t~lId.r to 1,;o_1t the oftenlYe Bha11 l_edt.tel)' be contlilcaled whether they are owned by thllt offender or hot. Tbe Court pronounclnl' the judv_ellt ahall order the confiscation ot hi alary, to be put In the public tUbda Whether 1t ha. been received Or not.

l
11
I"

i'
i.

ID all the ca provided tor by the above artlclea, ~e Court y In additton order the conllticatlon ot all ot tb. ottender'. propert!.,. It the Offender 1. a
aoldler, b. aball auto tlcally be aubJect to ".tlllar), d r tlon" (Tranalator'. Dote: Acce ory punlahaent lnvoh,lna disch.rle, 10 ot retlreaent beneflt. per_Dt.

V DA 47

ngay 21 thang tam nam 1~~ trUng-ph~t nhUng t~1ph~m eh6ng n~n an-ninh qu6c-ngo~1.

~!

~~ ;

talolal to decoratlona, and 10 ot clvtc, polittcal and , U, r1.bh) 1Dadd1tiODto tbe pr1Dc1pai pun1.h-

Tdlm-TH~NG VI~-NAM Ch1Au H1An-udc t~m-thal Ilm 1955,

COrm-HOA, s6 1 neay ~6 thang mud1

ARTICLE 12: Thla Ordinance reac1nda all contrary proy1.lone that .ere d. prevlou.ly, particularly the aevl.ed Code ot Crl.1nal La Ira. article 75 to .rttcl. 85 and the Cod. 01 M111tary Juatlce Ira. arttcle It6 t. article 151. Deten , the Secretary at State tor the Interior aDd tbe Secretary ot State tor JU8tlce ahall, each accord10, to bi. r pectlve r.aponslbl11tl , carry out lhie OrdiDuce. Th1. Ord1naDceohall b. ""bl1ah.d 1n the Viet_a. OUie1a! Gautt

!!f MattoDa

ICLI

13:

The

Secretary

at State,

As.letaot

for

Chi~u sAc-IOnh Be 4-'l'TP ngay 2~ ttuing mudl nam 955 va cac vll.n-kl0n t1Ap An-d+nh thanh-phAn Chinh-pbu, kA Chi~u b~.hlnh-lu$t tu-chlnh Nam-ViOt, b~ hlnhu~t TrWlg-Viet va Me-ViOt, Chl~u b~ quAn-luft, H~i-d~ng nOl-cae da thAo-lufn,

OFFICIAL

SAIGON, at

21 AUKUAt

1956

DV :
D1Au thU nh~t. - Phim tOi g1an-dl0p va bl ph~t ;u-hlnh ng9ai-kiAu nao: l)~ ThOng-dAng ydi m9t ngo~i-bang hay v1i rn9t :huc c9ng-san m~c-dich xu1-Giye nGo~i-bR9g hay to-chu~ do ~liy h!n ch6ng V1~t-flam C~ng-Iloa, hOlfc giup c ho h9 nmmg ?huong,t19n bang ca~h t9 IVc eho quAn-d~i ngoQi-qu~c ha~ :9nF,-sanxam nh4p vuo 1anh thd Vl0t-Nam, hay b~ng cach lam LWlg-1~c lo~g tr~g-th8nh cua hAi, Ivc, khOng-quAn, hay bAt Lu~ b~nG caeh oao, 2)- Giao-n~p eho nr,o~i-b~g hay cho m~t t~-~h~c :~ng-san ha~ cbo nhung nhAn-v1~n.eua ~9 ho~c quan-doan Vi~t Nam, ho~c lanh-dta, th~-tr!n, thanh-lu!, cA~g-trtnh,.d~n; binb, kho d~l cAnG-xudn~, v4t-llOu, khl-g1d1, tau-be, may bay thuOe quyen B3-h~ eua VIOt-Nam, 3)- xU! gi~c quAn-nhfin thu~c hai"l~c, khO~g-qudn sang p~vng-B~ m~t ngo~i-bang hay m~t trl-chuc cOng-Gan, hoic ki&m each g1up pbUdngtiOn h9, ho~e ehiAu-mO b1nh-linh cho h9'
, A

~.

'or tbe 'Irat Secretary t b. Pre. t deDc Y 111.&a,1.tant .1 , TU. VAIl'IIUC I

S11ned, NGO DINH DIEM

tg-

.
!

:1

::,~
I'
il

29
28

i
:.

'~~~'l1'!~]'i'1~~~"'~''''' '-,1"1' -

'T-'-

APPENDIX

"C" eore

1. Robbery pereone;

with

pone,

or

by a croup

of

two or

LAW NO_ 10/59,

DATED 8 IIAY 1959 terrort

2.

Blockin, at tratftc on ro.d. and t . ,. , threat. with weapona or any oth.r aeaD.; threat. or or kldnapplDI;

by

PART I SABOTAGE AND OrFENSES AGAINST nlE LIVES AGAINST THE NATIONAL SECURITY AND PROPERTII5 or THE PEOPLE AND 3. Dir"ct or indirect areon, d"etruction ot corps 4. Dlaruptin, bar the people Other which

lD.tlOD, .ltb
Intent

(((
(, ({ ( ( (

ARTICLE 1. He who co lts or att pt. to ca.ait the rollo.lng acta with apecific tntent to eneale In botaKe, or endanger the "atlonal Security. or to injure the live. or propertl 01 the people, will be Benteneed to death,
to forfeiture of part or all 01 hi. properties, and, If

to

a .arket or lat.rt.rll~ tro. _rket.;


in

"I
'
':

'

~. bota,e

acte ot aabot.c. ere not Ii.ted

or ln the nature of the toreaotn, para-

araph ARTICLE3. lie .bo .dher". to an orl.atzatin a. tt. ae.ber, or othe"I octat wtth other person. eo to aid In the preparation or e~I 10n ot the otr"n."11 deacribed in Article. 1 and 2, wl11 be puni.bed a. proyided In tho two Artiel
ARTICLE 4. The act .bet tor. and planoera, wbo diction ot Special lI11itar), tn part J I 01 thl. Law, are
I

solider.
1.

to forfeiture 01 rank and .IIltary


poieoninc and kidnappinl

privileges:

Murd.r,

2.
abillt"

In091nll, d.atro,tn,
In part or In whole,

or reducing
by

to un rvlce-

the uee 01 exploaives,

tire or any other .eana, 01:


ao OWelllnl8, whether or not occupied by

hu.an bet", at the tl ; church.a, t ple. and palod ; r.hou workshop., tar.. and other privately owned atructurea; b. Public bul1dln.a, ottlcea, workahop., and, In leneral, all atructurea owned by 10Yern.ent; other propertle., aoyable or '.ayabl. owned or controlled by the loyernaent or operated by public utillty cOllpanle.; warebouae. c.
d.

perpetraton, .re .ubJect Tribunal. not .nti Ued

.tel. and t. the Juri.pre.cribed to pl

"xt.Du.tln,
att

clrcu_tanc
to tll. c"'l.d ott.n , ta or tb. tlrat

ARTICLE 5. lie who. prior to co tt the tore,oina

pt

to reveal to the IOyern.JMnt or to .tIltary, aclai.latratlve or judiciary authoriti , or after proc.edlq. hay. been inlttated a,alnat the princlpal. or ecc rl
aasiste in .lesion or punishable their apprehenalon, ,. beD.tlt ttoll re.it1latlon or puni.t..nt tor aD, by Special lIiUtar)' Tribwlala.

Alrcr.tt,
Mlnea

boat. and ~ehlclea;


equlp.ent;

0"._

and their

'.~ -

. We.pon., _terlel, .tlltary poat., auch oflicea, warehous.a. workahop. and structures ot all typea a. are ea ntial to national detens. .alntenance of public order j t. Crope, ItYe.tock, tor t. of .11 type.;

and and and

or PJ.nlshaent
or

any accU8ed who benerlt. fro. real loa .ay .tt11 be aenteneed to local baDl Dt auperyl.lon tor aucb period tbe tribunal .a,. direct. However. a<l.lo1",tratly.

t.r chtnery,


ARTICLE 19.

.hen T'fi"i-i)e-rrIToD . 811nal, poetal, radiO, po r and .ater .uppl, lnstallatlona e11 buildings, atructure. and equlp.ent used In the operation ot theae In.t.llationa;
atrfteld., there.lth;

A d.ath nt.nee tor cl.aency

.111

be

.., t.d

onl,

reJect.d . a decr wl11


cutlon of 1n tb

ARTICLE20.
prellcrlbe th1e 1a. the

It It i. de d nec ar"
to be oba.ry.d

procedure

h. Dlkea, d roada and hlgh y., railroads, harbor., bridle. and other structure. connected I.
Mayllable rlyer.

Ii

ARTICLI 21. contents or thfll publ1l1hed In the

Any prov1alona th.t ar. la. are re.clnd.d. Thi. RVH Oftletal Gazett .
SAIGO".

contrary 1 wll1

to be

the

and canal. ot all

alze .

ARTICLE 2. He who co tt. or att pt. to co tt the fOllo.lng acts wtth epec t r ro Intent to enc In abotale, to endancer the National Security, or to Injure the live. and properties of lhe peop t e , .tll be .entenced
to hard l.bor for to tortelture hie properties, and, 1f a .oldler, and _llitar, prlvlleces: 36

8 lIa), 1959

IIGO DINK 01 (Slan.ture)

II.".

to

of part or forfeiture

.11 of of rank

37

~lf'f"",

oMt.if, I~r'

(~'f~'~"'" . ~ 1 '~:!,'.~.~:
r

-"

~t;":ttlo: ~r
4rt: '"..

.~_.:lt~"'t f,

tt ~ t t. ,
'! '

- J~r!,

:~j~: 'I

."

i'l

i
APPEJrnIX "0"

LU~T 8& 11/59 nr-flY mAng 8 tbang n.im nam 1959 stta <!6t va b6-tuc d\l sA '.>7/3 n('o.y ,~3 th~ne; rntfdl

Decree-Law

No.

18/64 Mtnieter, Prov181onal Conlltltutlonal Act No. 1

n~::l 1', 5b. qui-dinb thg-i~ nh2-s1 vo nu b9-sinh.

hanh-nr:he y-31
of

II
I
7. 1964 ot the Major General 1. and on.arda,

The Prl.e Constdering Ncvewber . , the 1963:

Qu6c-b~1

da

thao-lu~n

va bi~u-qlly~t;

Cone t de r-f ng the Decisions of Februar, 11 t tary Rcvo Iu tionary Counc 11 de.t.na U. nl Nguyen Khanh to for. the Govern.ent:

manr

, T6ng-thAnG bun=hanh lu~t sA 11/59 n;-;ay ~ t hang n Jm nr" 1'.59. nc:uyen-viln nhu sau:

cone t de r t ng the Decree-Law Mo. 215-SL/CT ot Au,ust 1964 of the IU 11 tary Reyo I u t tonary Counc t 1 pr-oc lal.1ng the St. te of Iaergenc,; fo 11011'1"1 discussion b, the Cab1net: Decree ARTICLE 1. Our t na the date of pro.utga tlon of f o l Iowf ng .ea.ure. witt

the the

....... . .

ot "erlene, this Decree-Law be applied:


Sta te

tro.

those

- Order the detention of or eleMent. who are con.idered

national

security.

&e.lln re.idence a. dan.erous to

to the

national

'

..

ARTICLE e . Any violation of public:: order and ae cu r I t y will fall under the jurl.dlctloD the .dlltary court and will be dealt with accordin, to u r g e n t pr-oce dur-ea

of

, f

ARTICLE 5. 'rer r or+e t e . people who indul._ In sabotif>, speculators har.tul to the natlon.l acono_1, caultht red-handed, _Ill be sentenced to d th and will not beneftt fro. attenuatinl circu tance . All t heee casea .u.t In the ehor t.ee t ti.e eJl:a.inaUon. be tried possible by the .111 and without

Ij, !
!1

;t
f'

court trial

... .... ..
La_ .111 be SalRon St~ned: 4~
I

tar, pre-

Th 1. Decreeu r-ge n t procedures.

pr-oau I.ated

accordlnc

to

44

AUKU.,t

1,

1964

NGUYEN lIIANH

Ii

iI

i
,
I

I APPBNDIX

"I"

The principal
eent.nced to the 11: ARTICLa

off.nder .nd hi. penaltie . It w111 be aad the couldered offender

acco.pl1cea
a. a tal

are

,
({ ( ((

hire

to

RBPUBLIC "ATIO"AL

CI

VlBTMAil OIRICTORY

report ror Induction folio :


Solttar,

.111 be Dt ced
labor: tbo ho
;

LlADBR8HIP

conttn nt

with

hard

ottlce 01 the Chair.an


Jluaber 004/6S

THB CHAIRKA" Consider!n, 1965;

or

ar.elIl, notiFied to report ror inductIon ht f.ll to report to the deailnat.d place within 20 clear day. ineludinl the day .entioned in the order.; tho who enliet or re-enliet but fall to report to the d ilnated
LEADERSHIP Convention DIRICTORY 01 June 19, that In public nottce induction or re-lnduction but fal1e to preettnt hl elf to the .lllt.r, authority of the place where he re.lde. for the relul.riz.tlon of bl. statua _I thin a ~rlod of 15 d.,._, co.aenetna: oa the d.te .enttoned In the public notice. ARTICLa 12: I ntenced to IIOlltar1 canfl_ent with hard tabOr .n, ber of the eo..l lon of IIobllizetlon Census, the COIIaitt.e 01 draft e."pUon or dratt adjourn nt, the Medica. b ln.elon o-ltt , who, upon bel"1 requeated to al opinion. or to conduct an)' ella.tnatlon, place within. day .entloned period in the of

THB "ATIOMAL Prov181onal

tra.el

20 clear day., order .

i.cludine

tb.

I
I

the

196$

Con.lderlnl Ded.lon '3-QLV"CH/QO dated June 14, 01 lb_ General Council 01 the Ar d forces 01 the Leader.hip

hi!h~:;t[~~I:ro~r!irr!::~:~!~lO: ~!!~;Dl~:r~:~:: lor


I

Republic of Yletn pre.criblnl the coepo.ltlon 01 the Nattona.


Coulderln, 198$ pre.crlb1n, Co_ttte.; Conaider!n,

the eetablish_ent and Director,;


dated Central June 19, Execut1

Decree 'OI-a/CT/LDQG/IiL the eoapo.ltlon ot the

ordinance 'l-UBLDQG dated June 24, 196~ prOWIulcatlnl the State 01 War throuahout the territory 01 the Republic 01 Yletn ;
On the reco.IIendatlon IlI.cutlve C~ltt.e; of the Chalr_n of the Centra.

or

,t

service n

pro.tae.

, ,,

to avoid
- '.I.lfte.

to a tat their .lllt.r, paper.

or inctt ,oUDI n or oblt,.ttona.


.lllt.r, obilla-

ISSI/U ARTICLE 1:

THB fOLLOWUG

DICRIB-LA.: the public eecur t ty eerioue punieh.entll thl. decree-I tlon 80 to appl,

In order to feluard and order to the u teoe t , particularly ere applied to the offences listed in durinl the etate of .ar.

a., to a alat tor .xe.ptlon

or incite Joune .en or .ervlce.en tro. or d.l., ot allttar, aervlce.

concerninl

:t

..... .....
PART THREI AGAIMST "ATIONAL to

VIOLATIONS ARTICLE

OBLIGATION Bolitary confine.ent

A.RTICLE 13: Are ntanced to a penalt, of ter. fro. Plve year. 01 aolltarr contlne nt wlth bard labor to hard labor lor. ter. of ,ear. all rylce n 01 the Rellular, ReKlon.I, Popul.r ber. publtc forces, and personnel or v.rtou. public .ervlc (lDc lud t ng r-egu ler , contr.ctua. and Journe, who, within a tl.e-ll.it of I~ da,., without rllhtful cauae, refuse to carry out an ord.r of transfer or appolnt.ent, or an nrder for an official .1s.10n, i ued by the r1ahtful authorities in co end.

.nd

Forc, of ~rllOnael)

~f
i

10: Are sentenced ., th Iii'i-(TI'i1iOf those youtha:


avoid fuUtll

II .alli.u.

to I.pede
80

the breach t. co ttted b, a band or with lnt.nt the functlontn, ot the public .ervice, the penalty .111 be applied. PART IV

Who use fraudulent .annere or tricks presenting the.ee' e when they reach thelr allilary obligation

a. to the ale to

-IJ !

- Who .ake the.selvea physica'" di.abled or a.k other persons to cause their physica' die_bili ty eo to avoid the fulfill.ent of .llitary oblll.tlon., either teapor.rity or per nently.

their

a.

!!I.!~~!I_-=--P}STURBANCE PR()-COMIIIJN IS ARTICLE 14: Any

or

STATE

SIC\JR.ITY

"IITI'RALIS. who Joi n Co_unlet

person

48

or.anl7.illon----oi collaboratell .ith the Co..unl.ta, to bear ar.s .gainst the countr" ahall be punished by
49

I..

_Je-_-.........
procedure.
May 21,

"tenc. of death and a total or partial confl.catlon of hi. property. In ca.e the offender 18 a aervlee.an, thl. violation aleo brings about hie .11itafY degradation.

prescribed tn Decree-Law
the

110. 11/82 of
'laid Courta,

1962 eotabllahlnc

111\1 tary

:t

AltTICU

l~:

Ie sentenced to death any person:

- Who rebel. or incites other ar.ed people to rebel, or recruits soldiers and furni.hee thee with weapone and a unitione without order or authorization Iro. the govern.ent.
of or a a

ARTICLE 25: Once culpabtllty ha. bean .atabl1.hed, the court Is not authoriz.ed to live con.ideratton to extenuatln, cLreuee t anc tor the eceueee , PART VII ARTICLE 28: All provi.ion. of an, other la and reculation. whtch are tnconstatent with tbt. Decree-Law are auspended fro. enforce.ent. ARTICLE 27: The Chalraan, the Co.ai toMr General, and the Co I.stoners of the Central axecutlv. Co..itt", each I n accordance with hi. respon.t bill tJ. execute. this Decree-Law.

- Who, without authority, voluntarily tall.es coa.and platoon, ar.hip, a wine ot atrplane., a .ea port ctty.

ARTICLE 16: t. sentenced to ao1t tary eonfine.ent with hard labOr for lite any pereon who excites the .ob by organizing .eetlnl8 or de.anetrattone with the purpoae to dtsturb the securtty of the etate.

,, ,

of

ARTICLE 11: I enteneed to hard labor for a ter. years any per.an:

Sallon,

July

III,

1965

- Who directl, or tndlrectl, die.e.inat any policy, elolan, or directive of the ca..unist., or ot an individual or a lealue influenced or controlled by the Co..unlat. - Who co_ita any act in order to under.ine the ant!-cOIUIunl.t .pirt t of the country or to cause har.tul aftect to the atrullI. of tb. people and the Ar.ed Forces. - Who plot. to act under d1.lutsad eilntllcation of peace or neutral! In accordance with co untat doctrine. - Who poPularl~ , circulate., distrtbutes, brin._ to public attention, eell., .xhibit. at public place., or conceals with those pur poee. , any printed .aterials, picturea, or other aedt., eo a. to attain the purpose entioned In the above three para.raphs. ARTICLB 18: Or nlzatton., aoctatton., establish.en~a.ue. which violate article l7 are auto.atlcall, ~ c t vee , The chalr.an ot the Central Executive Coa.lttee will leaue decree. to prescribe the liquidation of the property 01 the organizations, aoct.tlona, eatabll.h.ent. or leacues which violate the afore-.enttoned article.

Slln.d: IIaJor Gaaau I

JlGlmIl-YAlJ-TlIIU

..... .....
PART VI
-

JURISDICTION

PROCEDURES

ARTICLE 24: Throu,hout the 8tate 01 War the ailltary fl~ld courts .111 have Jurisdiction over the offences set out In this Decree-Law in accordance with
50 ~I

u
j!
1
. i

i;
APPaIlDIlt

: I

"roo

rnb THO sAU


THiM-QUItN THU-TYC

Decre. Law 11'004/66 dated U hbruar, 19ee, coep te., .ent1ng Decree-Law #"/6~ dated 19 Jul, 196~ relative to the puni.h.ent of speculation l11e.al tran.ler 01 fund., uggllng. bribery, influence peddltnl . tol.tiona 01 pub lic secur r t)'. e.bezz le.en t of pubUc fund., rebe Ilion, hooll.anl , co_uni.t .y.pathlzer8 and neutral1et=. THI CIIAIRIIAN or THI "ATIONAL L&ADIlISHIP COnITTll,

n,

!I
I

Dl"u thd 24.- Toa-an .~U.n-BtJ MV-t Trfn, trong s~At ~ha~ 6ian co ttnh-tr~ng chl~n-tranh, co t~5m-quy~n xet-x~ cac t01-tr~ng qu1-d!nh trong s1c-1uOt nay, theo thl thdc qui-Glnh trong s5c-1uft sa 11/62 ngay 21-5-1962 th1~t-1~p 'roa-an r,~t-trfn. Dl~u thd 25.- !iOt 1m1 tOl-tr~g da d~~c xac-nhfn, toa khOng d~~c phep cho bl cao d~~c h~ang tr~ang-h~p giam kh1nh. D1~u thd 2~.- NbUng dl~u-khoan cun c~c 1uOt-!~ tra1 vdl S C-1u4t nay d~u dJ~c tqm dinh chi ap-

With relerence
19 June 196~;

to the Conatitutional

Charter

ot

To Re80lut\on II'3/QLV"CH/QD dated 14 June 1965 by the Convent ton of Co_andere tn the Republtc 01 Vietn Ar.ed lorce8 activaUna the National Leader.hip Co..ttt ee and deter.tntnl t ta co.po.l t roe : To Decree aub8equent Cabtnet; 'OI-a/CT/LDQG/IIL Decree. deter.lntne dated I. JUDe 1985 and the Co.~ittoD of

the the

h1~n h~ dyng.

~ Idlt 'Ol-UBLDQG atate of war throuchout of Vtetna.; To Decree-Law '04/65

dated 24 JUDe the territor,

1'8~

01 tb.

declariDI "public

dated

19 Jul,

1985; OeD 1

D1~u thd 27.- Chu-tich, T~ng-iiy-vl@n va ~y-y1~n ban Hanh-p~ap Trung-~dng, ch ~u nhi~m-vv, 1unh thl-hanh sAc-luOt nay. S!c-1uft nay d~~c ceng-b6 theo thii-tvc khin-c!p. Sal-gon, ngay 2~ thang 7 n~m 1965
,-

the

To the NaUonal To the

r.c ndatton. of the Leader.bip COIUIlttee; reco...adatlona of the

Secntar, .nd Pre.ter of

01

tbe

Govern-

aent; And after deUberation Leader.htp COUIi ttee i 188ue. the follo.lna: and yoU b, tI "atlonal

Decr.e-La.: dat 19 hi, 1965 I.

ARTICLI I. Decree-Law "'04/85 hereb, cO.Ple.ented t rc :

a. ro


ARTiCLI II. (" paragraph 2) Three ,ean of t.prtaon.ent: An, cittzen who kno he t. called or recalled to .tlttar, .ervice .hether under. eo t tec e r ee draft or not and fall. to report to the atlltar, authorttie t hie place reaidence within 15 tull days after the date pre.cribed In the public announce nt.

0'

56

ARTICLE 19. (Rew) Thoee peraone considered dangerous to the nallona. defenee and public security .ay be Interned In a pr t ecn or de.lltnated area, or bantahed troa desiKnated areas for a .axl_UII pertod of two ,ear., which III rtonewable; the Intern.ent and bantshaent shall be ordered by Arr~te of the Prl.e linillter lSBued upoo the recoaaendatlon ot the Minister of Interior.
~7

ii
! j
I

-'--"-----------

'(:t,'

,4 '

-':'7'...,.,'"

",""

tit,,'-n J 'r, , ,':. " .' .~~.".,. J ,f""',f,~Kl'~


,

t'

f:::;

1 "

The ae Arrete .hall a180 an, properties used tn activities defense and publlc securtty.

order the dlspo l ot dangerous to national

An internee who etICapea or atte.pt. to escape fro. the area of Internaent or forced residence shall be ltable to Reclusion.

Appendlx F SfC-LUiT s6 004/66 ngay l5 tnang bal nlm 1966 b~-tuc s4c1u~t 86 4/65 n~ay 19-7-1965 trUng-tri cuc t~l d~u-ed, chu~~n ngdn pql-pnap, buen l~u, i6l-10, hA~ mQl quy~n-th6, blgn-thu Cenf.-q~, pban nghteh, pha ral tri-an, cen-d~, thdn COng va Trung-1~p. CHU-TICB
UI-lWI

ARTICLB 20. (New' The followlna convlCTicroTnOoll.anl :


rea.on - Those who carr, and with inlent 111eKal weapon. to ca..lt other or uae forced

perllOn hall be
without Justified otfenaes; and to .oye Iro.

one

- Those who forae place to another. ARTICLI 21.

per.tta

(New) Thoee pereona

above

w1i()"'ir=e--con.lcted of hoot!._n1 with fixed ter. at hard labor.


ale

ahall

15 yeara at be punished

LlIm-I>.lO

Qu6c-au
.1

Those pereona under 15 ,ears of aCe who are convicted 01 hooll nl hall be turned over to Governaent relor tor, ln8tltutlone; when the, reach the ace ot IS they
.hatl be released tnc on the record p.riod. or

ot

pro.ecuted before the Court, dependtheir conduct during the retor.atory

ARTICLB

6iace two or _ore the public force per.onnel punl.hed with d.ath. The killin, excueee

or

22.

(New, Tho.e per.on,

who lather 1.

and attack, realet or obstruct In their duti.s ahall be

of offendera

In self

defense

.hall

be

'kTICLI 24, (""w, During the .tat. of .ar a.d In accoraance .1 th the procedures prescribed 1n Decree-Law . 11/62 dated 21 , 1962 activating th tribunals, Military ,Ield Tribunal. ahall have jurisdiction over the offenses described In the present Decree-Law, excep t those or reneee dealt with In Decree-Law #003/66 dated 15 Pebruary 1966 activatin. the SpeCial Tribunal. ARTICL! ot Violations
1965 that have

III.

Thl. Decree-Law sh.ll .pplJ to ca.es a.alnet Decree-Law .4/65 dated 19 July
not been prosecuted.

ChlAuGdc-phap ngay 19 th8ng .au nlm 1965; cIJ1Au quygt-d~nh s~ 3-Q~VNCH~QD ngs1 11~ thang BaU nam 19~5 cu~ L~l hOi~deng cac T~~ng-1aQh QuAn-1ve_Vl~t-nam COg~-hoa thunh-1fp va fn-dinh thanh-phAn Uy-ban Lanh-d~o Quae-giu; Chl'u S!c-1~nh 86 01-a/CT/LQG/SL n~ay 19 thing ~au nam 1965'vg cac Sde-1u~t kg-tigp fn-dinb thanh-phan Oy-ban Jlanh-phapTrung-t1dng; Chigu Dy. s6 1-UBLDQG ngny 2J~ thang 8aU nllm 1965 ban hanh ttnh-tr~nG ehign-trang tr@n toan 1anh-th4 Vl~tNam COng-Hon; Chlgu sgc-1uft s6 04/65 ngay 19 thug bay nlim1965 Chl~u d~-nghi cua t3ng th~-ki fly-banL5.nh-d'10 .~u6c l gin; Chigu d~-nRhi cua Chu-tieh fly-banHanh-phap Trunv,l1dnr;; ~ Gau khi ~y-bnn L8nh-d~o Qu6e-gla da th8o-1u~n va bieu-quy~t;
4

d
;t

H: .
,j

I
'I

8AO

LU4T

t,
J

ARTICLE IV. The Pre.ier. the Mini.ters, the Secretaries and Under-Secretartea shall .ach according to hie responsibilitiea execute this Decree-Law. Thia Decree-Law ahall be publiahed Vietn Otticial Gazette. Sai&on, In the RepublJc

of

, i)i~uthlt".- Nay sua d8l Sjc-1u~t s6 4/65 npiy 1<; than~ buy nJm 1965 nht1.au:
59

15 February

1966

J General
58

NGUYEN VAN THIIU

'Ij

I .,

APPENDIX

"G"

ARTICLE 9. The Pri.e .Untster, the the secr~t.rle8 01 State, each accord1n. biltty, .hall carry out thia Decree-La . Thl. Decree-La. ahall e.ergeney procedure . be proclat.ed

_Snlstere, and to h1s respons1_

It

REPUBLIC No.

or

VIETNAM in accordance w1th of the of tUtary Provisional Revolutionary Constitution Council, dated

iI

93/SL/CT The Chat",.n 'In consideration II. 1963; In consideratIon

Official: Dlrector S1Koed:

of

Cabinet IY.l KIIIM NHIIU

Sailon, Staned:

Februar,

1,

1984

Noy

Lt Col

.aJor Genera. NGUYEN-KHANH

of

Procla.atlon

by the

MIlitary

Revolutionary

Council dated January 30, 1964; of Ordinance


Code of

In consideration
1951 pro.ull_Ung the subsequent docu.ents;

Mo. 8 dated lay 14,


JustIce, and the

MIUtary

In conalderatlon

of the Ordinance

Mo. 8 dated

lllay 16, 1954 prescrlblnl the direct ell 1natlon procedures by .llltary accused of flagrante delicto telony preacrlbed In the Code MIUtary

or

trial without court. of per_ORII or ade.eanour .Juatlce;

And upon the present clrcu tancea of the country;


I ued the 10110 .1nl Decree-Law

8, thl. Decree are outl.wed prlYate pereons, partlee, lea.ue., assoclatlone that co.att act. of any lora whlch are, directly or Indirectly, at.ed at practlctn. eo-unt or Pro-Co..untet MeutraU . ARTICLI 2. Shall be considered a. a Pro-COIIauntst "eutraIIs( pereon .ho c lta act. 01 propa.anda for and tnclte.ent of NeutraUs.; these acta are as.tatlated to acts of Jeopardizing public security. (Note ot the tranlliator: The act of Jeopardlzln. public security Is punished by Article 91 para 3 of the South Vietn Revised Code of Crl.tnal La.s w'th a xl.u. pena I ty of 5 .. 'ear. of taprt.on.ent.) OTICLI 3. ThOBe who Violate trleOTil"iCCOi="d ence with the third 2 of the Code of IUlttar, Justice. Arttcles para.raph I and 2 are of Article

ARTleLl 1.

In case of a flagrante Deltcto of tens., the offender I ubjected to trial 6y a .llitary Court without an, prell.lnary ex lnatlon tn accordance .Ith e.ercency procedures prescribed by Ordlnance No. 8 dated lIay 16, 1954. ARTICLE 4. Punlsh nt. applied by the lit It tar, Court--.re---TfiOie prescribed b, the Code at Mtlltary Juetlce, the Codes of Crt.lna. La.s, and other epeclal lawe; nevertheleS8, the sentence pronounced BU8t not be below the stnt.ua sentence.

...

62 63

~I

;'\
I
APPENDIX "H"

it
Appendlx R
V$-NAIt

LAW .004/65

....... ...
DATED

I !

\7 MAY 65

C9NG-HOA

ARTICLE 1. The fo110wlna acta _II t be . 1 thin the scope--or&nd subject to the punish.ente provided In Decree-Law 09J-SL/CI' dated 1 February 1964:
(

tor

, ,,

.0
b.

seal".t!n, Co untets trolled or

All act. directly or Indirectl, ataed at d1.po t rc ree . 1I10lanIJ or directives of the
or of individual. tnt luenced by the and organization. Co..unists. con-

LU4T s6 004/65 n~ay 17 th3ng n~m nnm }965 b~tuc S~c-1u~t sll 93-~4!CT I}gay 1 tllaVg hal nam 196Lf dlJ.1{ ngoal vong phap-1uft Chu-nghta COng-san va thuy~t Trung-1~p than COng-san.

HQr-MNG Qu6c-GIA Lfp-lIL\F


<%8 th8.o-1uOn va b1Iu-qU',7lt.

All

ea-.unt.t

c patcn. that In effect weaken the .nH.ptrtt of the natton and cause prejudice to

the .trulale of the Araed 'orees and the people, tne ludinl plots and acts servin. the Co unlat cause that are c.~uf laced peace or neutralist _ove.ent. and sl.llar acta.

QoOc-TRlldBG vrtr-lLlR CQfo-HOA.


Ban=hanh Ll1ft 86 004/65 ngay 17 thB.ng bll.m Db Van nhtl sau: 1965 D~t!n-

,
(

'(

c.
(

Dl e.l"l.tton, circulation.

dl.trlbutton,

offer

to the pubttc e purpose., tions throUlh

te , di.play In public or etorale for the of publlcatlone, pictures and co unlcaother .edla that have the above effect .

ARTICLE 2. Those or,.nlzatlon., a ocl.tlon., qencTi"s or group. that violate Arttcle 1 .111 be dissolved and their properties confiecated. The Prl.e 'Unt.ter will I ue a Decree prescribinl the procedure for disposing 01 the propertiea owned by such orlanlzatione, associatione, agencies or groups. ARTICLE 3. bcept for cases where Ordinance No. , dated 21 August 1956 relative to external security of the State .ay be applied, all cases of violaUons a.alnst thls Law wi I) be punlshed _I th Ira. one to tlve year. ot l.prison.~t; supple.entar, punlsh_ente (11.1tinK civil rights) provided tor in Article 42 ottha South Vietn Penal Code or In Article 21 of the Central Vietn Penal Code , also be i_posed. ARTICLE .. Durinl the .t.t. of national eraency each Military Field Tribunal will have juriSdiction to try the offenses Uated In thl. La_ if thf' offenders are apprehended In flalrante delicto tn Its Corps Tactica I Zone, in accordancewr('Flt]le procedure prescribed in Decree Law 11/62 dated 21 May 1962 activating Military Field Tribuna . In caaes olher than f.asranle delicto than state of na t1 oniT-e.ergencY-:---liIfU will have jurisdiction. This La ill and published Ga~ette. and in tt.es tary Tri-

Dl~u th~ nhAt.- Dtl~q col Dh~ DbUn~ hBnh-v1 11~u trJng-ph~t do SAC-111ft 88 093-64!CT ngay 1 th8Dg ~ nnm 1964:

va

dv

a). M91 hBnh-dOng tr~c-tl~p h~ glan-~llp n~lm P9~bl1D 9nc Chanh-saqh, fblu-hlfu. c~-tht cua CCng~nn, cVa m91 ca-nhAn hay t8-chtlc bl C~g-san ch -ph61 hay anh-hVdngi b) M91 vOn-dOng,c9 tac-~vng suy ylu ;chi ch6Qg C~n~ CUB Qu6c-~1a va Bnh-hVdng CO h,1 chq cYOc chl~n ddu cua qutn-dOl VB nhAn-dAn. Nhung 4m-muu VB hanhdQng ngvy-danh hoa-blnh,va,Trun~-lfp theo chu trvdng COngs~n ho~c nhUng Am-mtlU va hanh-d9ng t~dng-t~ dAu bl 11ft vao 1091 v~n-dOng tr~ni c). SV pht-bl~n. lUU-hanb. ph!n-phat d~ ~dC cho den chUng mang rB ban, trun~-bay ~ ndl c~ng c6ng ting tru vdl cac myc d{ch do, CBC 10ft dn-phGm, t~anh anb cung m91 phvdng-t1~n truy~n-bn khac co tac-dyng k~ trong hu1 do~n tr~D.

lam

, j

!I

v,

I!

other bunals

Dl~u th~ ht\.- Cnc t~-ch~c. hlfp-bOl, cd-quan h~y d?nn-thi v1-ph,m 31 u 1 dVdng nh1@n bl glal-tBn, va tal-san bl tlch th~u. Thu-t~dng se ra Bdc-1~nh fn-dlnh
67

il
, I I

'1

ARTICLE 5. urgen(:-y-pr()~ure VietnaM Official

be prolllUlated In the in the Rr.publtc of

thi-thtlc

PHAH-KHAC-SUU 66

APPENDIX "I"

th~nh-tq3n,tal-sBn cua cac td-ch~c, hlep-hol, cd-quan hay 40an-thl nol tr@n. dyng Dy 47 nr,o~l,myi nAm. Ngosi tfong ~l~u Hinh-luft.
, ,
(

Dl~u th~ ba.- Ngo~l trU truang-h~p co thi ngay 21 thang tam n~m 1956 v~ an-ninh qu6cvi-p~~m tu4t nay se bl,ph~~ tu tu n~m tai 5 ra con co th~ tuy8n~phan cac phy-h n~ dV-11~u 42 Hlnh-1uft canh-cal hay 41~u 27 Hoang-vl~t

ap-

REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM NATIONAL DIRECTORY COUNCIL THE CHAIRMAN'S orrlCI peer -La" No. 015/68 punt tive _easurell for

ot 21 Aprtl
de.erter.

1988 pre.cribi and aCCOIIpllc

In

r-U.e.
THI CHAIRMAN

or

THI

NATIONAL DIR~'

COUIICIL

Conalderlna

Provlalonal

Con.tltutlonal

Act at

Dl~u th~ tll.-Toa-ollQuAD-s.;HQ.tTr(Ln,trc,mg s6t ~hat gian co t nfi-trFg khdo-trudng, ~o thgm-quy~n xet-xu ~ac tOi-tr~n~ qul- ln~ trong Lu$t nay, do bl~can ph~m qua-tang t~l 1anh-th Vung Chi~n-th~$t, theo cac thlthuc qui-dlnh troDB ~~c-1uft sO 11/62 ngay 21 thnng nAm nAm 1962 thlh-1$p Toa-an (~u4n-s'l~l tiQ.t-trfn. t N~u khO~ phil Phtm-php qua-tqpg ho~c t,on~ tlnh-tr~~ bt~h-thuang thl nO -vy thuOc thAm-quy~n Toa-an QuAD-a'lxet-XU. piau th~ nam.- Luft nay ~u~c ban-hnnh theo t~u-tvc khin-c!p va se a~g vao COng-bao Viet-Nam COngHoa ,

19 June

1965.

Conslderln. Decl.lon No. J-QLVIICII/QD ot If June 196~ of the General AII bly of aVNAP preacrlbtnc the ereatton and the cOllpollltlon of the atlonal Dtrector, Council. Con.lderlnl the Cod. Ordlnance No, 8 ot of .t 11tary Ju.tlce. Decree-La" acttvatlon 110. 11/82 of Mtlltary 14 , 11151 proeu1-

.a U"I

eonalderlnl pr crib!n. the

01 21 , 111412 Field-Court .

Con.lderlnl ordinance 110, 01-UBLDQG ot 24 Ju.e 198~ proclat.lnl the 8tat. of war o.er tb@ nole territor,. of the Republtc 01 VletD". Upon recOII.endatton Co ittea, of the Chalr_ of tbe Central

Ixecutlve

Sai-gon, ngay 17 thang n&m nnm 1965


FHAB

mAC s(fu

After deliberation. Director, Council. ISBUI8 1111 rOLLOWl1Kl

and yot.

ot

tb atlonal

.-..

DiaD-LAW ARTICLE 1. A. Ion the Btat _r1a.t. a procliT over the terrt tor, of the a.publlc of 'tetDa. and frea the date 01 protlulcatton 01 the pre_lilt Deer.aLa., all .llttary per.onnel lullt, of de.ertlon, all abettor. and acca.pllcee 01 de.art.r ball be ntenced In accordance with the .peei.l punltl ur t lorth below:

ARTICLE 101100:--

2.

Punl.h

nt.

for

rtlon

.hal1

be

a.

,l
~i

Jotn

- Death: the ene.y

If or

the deserter the rebel . I I Ie:

abandon

hie

untt

to

of

- Hard the ene.,

labor tor or rebel.,

It he d rt.d
duration:

la

pr ence

- Hard labor for deserteiJW11Tl"e'llT8"uni

a .pecllied

It

h.

68

or has received

t 8 being eni'i'"i'Oin oper.tton orders to enaage operations. 69

-_ 5 year. 01 .olitary conline.ent In caee he de.erted .hile his unit with


8

_L___
ARTICLE 8. 11111tary Field-Court., a. 10D, thia Decree=T"""""'-eftective, .hall have juri.diction o r a 11 the aforesaid offender., In accordance .1 th the condi t.f one eet forth 1n Decree-Law No. 11/62 dated 21 b, 1962 order!nl the eatabltah nt 01 Milttary Field Court . ARTIe . 9. In ceee their gutlt 1. reeo tzed by the Courte, no .ltllatlnl clrcu tanceB y be con.tdered ot the accu8ed. e.cept tn case the, baYe y turned the.se h 1 n.

tL..~

'!

hard

labor

not enK.~

o pe r e t f one or 1f he deserted 1n such clrcu.8tancefl a8 are specified In the Code of Military Justice and the punish.ent. prescribed theretn are Itchler than that provided herein. ARTICLE 3. deserTers-sniTl dtrectly to the 8.tt.l1ona. When servinl their sentence, convicted not be kept In jatl. but shall be 8ent field to serve ln epec f a t Field Labor

it
I

1n favor YO 1un tarlI

ARTICLE 4. Convicted de.erter hall auto.atically recetve the suppleaentary punish.ent of .tlttary deRradatton, be deprived of their riCht. to pay and allowances and In case of death shall be deprived of their riCht. to ~ recoanlzed aa havln. died for the Country, and of t~ riCht to any sub.idy of any kind tor the widow. In case of wound or tnfir.it,. the, Shall not be entitled to any substdy or co.pen.ation allowance.

ARTICLI 10. All the presenrnecree-Law

prevlou. artlcl In co.tllct with shall be te.por.rit, of no .fl.ct.

ARTICLI It. Whenever the 8ituation ot t'. natloD 80 al lo.s, ana-in order to restore nor.al 1 1 pr-cceee , another Decree-Law shall be pro_ullated to .upereede the present Decree-Law. ARTICLI Co t ttee Is, charged with The Republic

,,

ARTtCLI
escape:

5.

While

s.rvln.

their

.entence,

It

they

12. The Chair.an of the Central ".cutiY" In accordance wi th hi. ofliclal duti , the eaecu t Ion of the pr ent Dlcr.e-Law.
In the

shall
( (

- The tirst be doubled;

tl , the

.entence

previou.ly

adjudaed

pre.ent Decree-Law .hall be publi.hed of Vietn Official Cazette.

- The cond
death.

ti ,

the, .hall

be eentenced

to

Sallon,
81lned:

21 Aprll
lIajor

! 19&1
!!Gunll , nn.u

'(

ARTICLE 6. 10 case they alread,. have been convicted for deB~and sentenced In application of punitive .ea.ures specified in tbe present decree la., and have thereafter been rehabilitated, if they desert a.aln the eentence shall increase by one degree. ARTICLE 7.

Goon.rai

, c

('

,,

a. Any person who by what.yer .eans, whether effective or not, incites or pro.ote. deeertton shall 1f he is .111 tary be sentenced to the ea.e een tence a. adjudged to the deeerter and shall serve hi. sentence the ea ay as does the deserter; if he ls a civilian, he shall be sentenced to 5 years of .olitary contlne.ent w 1 th hard laoo.-,

b. An,. person convicted of havinl intentionally liven a.eistance of any kind, harbored. deeerter or concealed a deserter ehall, If he Ie .illtary. be eentenced to the 8a.e punlsh.ent a. adjudged to the deserter; he shall serve hi. sentence the e .ay does the deserter. If he is a civilian he Shall be sentenced to 5 year. 01 solitary conr r neeen t with hard labor.
c. A. lor co erciat Industrial fir and liberal profession practitioners, the court .ay etther order the closing of the flr.s or the ce ation of practice, or the te_parary suspenaion thereof.

70

71

i
APPENDIX ".I"

,
(
(

b). BAt cd ng~aI nao c6 tinh giup phudng-tifn, ch~a chAp ho~e che cha ch~ ke dio ngu ph~m tOl,ho~c tr6n tranh, neu In quAn-nhdn s~ bl cung hInb-p~~ va cach thy b!nb denh cho quAn-nhdn dao-ngu; n~u 18 thudng dAD se bl XU ph~t 5 nam cAm c6. c). D6i vdl cac x1-~h1fp thudng-m~i kj-nghf va cac nguai hanh ngh~ t~-do, Toa-an co thi tUY8n dong cua x{-n~hl~p hay cta h8nh ngh~ trong mOt thai gian hUU-h~n hay vlnh-vil!n. IlI&uthd 8.- TOil-anQu4n-s~ i1~ttrfn, troQg s~6t what ~lan SAc-Juft nay dU~c thi-ganh, co tht__ q~el} xet XU va ap-dyn~ cac hlnh-Phlt cho cac can-p~ da nol tren,dAy the9 cac d1~u-kien n-dinh tron~ S~c-lu~t 56 11/62 ngay 21 thang DAm Dam 1962 thi t-1fp Toa-an QuID s~ ~llJ.t trfn.
( (

necr-ee No. 1763 NDIAII f 24 Septe.ber 1966 dele.aUnl o to the Mlnieter ot "atlonal Security the authority to order deterrent ae ure . In.t per.an. reC.rded as dangeroue to the NatIonal {)refenee or Public Security.

Ii


The Pri Mint.ter, - Con.lderlng - Coulderlng ot CoutUuUonal Act fated Itl Juu
1.65.

Decre. 1I'001/a/CT/LIlQG/SL

of 19 Jun.
the Co_position

198~ and .ubeequent docuaent. pre.crlblnc the Otflce of the Pria" IUnl.ter.

- Con.lderlng Decre. Law 11'004/65 of 19 Jul, 1965, nd.d bJ Decree Law 11'004/66 of 15 Februar, 1186, preecrlblnl deterrent .eure. tor certain off.n co_i tted durinl the .tat. of .ar, I ue. the fo110wl Decree: ARTICLK I. There 1. herebJ del"lated to tbe lIi.leter of lIatlonal Security the power to pronounce by order the deterrent a.asur.a, ot adalnletratlYe intern.ent In a prleun or coapulaor, r ldenc. tn a deSignated area or bantshaent trOll certain local area , tor xl.ua period bt 3 7ear., which-7 be ext.aded at the expiration.
tol10.lng

~1Au thd 2.- HOt kbi t01 tr.og dU9c xacnbin, ~~a kb&ngu9C phe~ cho bl-can dU~c hudng ~ruan~99P giam khInh, ngofi trU truang-h9P Qutn-nh4n dao-ngu t~ y ra trlnh dIfn. IlIAuthl1l~r l'fb.ilog kho8.ntrai vai dib S~c-1uft nay d~u dU9c t~m nh chi ap-dyng.

('

Di~ thl1~l.- MOt khi tlnh-trfDg cho phep, va,dl tai 1fp s~ b h-tbV ng,cua luft-p~p, ~9t S!c-1uft kh8c minh-tbl tuy8n-b6 huy bo S!c-1uft nay se dU9c c&ng-

b&.

Th" Il1nl.ter of IfaUon.l IlecurltJ ""II be re.ponslble tor decldlna the d.epo.ttton ot object., .on., or other property involved In acUvitte. dana.ro_ to tb. :::!~~:ll~!:n:C~~e-Put!!i~o:~~~i

Di~u thl112.- QhU-t1ch fty-b~ Hanh-pb8.p Trung-udng 1anh.nhIl__vv tbl-b8nh S!c-1utt nay. S!c-1utt nay dU9c dang vao C&ng-bao VIftnam COnp;-hoa. Sai-gon, ngay 21 tbang tu nAm 1966 Trung-tudng NGUY!N VAN THrtu

~!i.:l:r;:~~!:;: ~:68.

---with

ARTICLK 2.

The llint.ter of "atlonal Securit, "'d the Itni.ter ot Justice will carr, out this Decree La. tn accordance
their respective re.pon.lbil1tlel!l.

This Decree-Law will be publl.hed eaergency procedure.

ptlraua.t to

,I
Sa110n, 24 Sept_ber Vice Air "rahal IIGUYltll CAO ItY Signed
1966

74

7~

r'~>~ "..

"'~I'
Append1x
J

"t"

,~

,~/'

t
"I"

APPlIIDIX

DECRE! LAW W049/87

dated

30 October

lV67

pre.criblnl

the

eetablish.ent

of four edition.l 'I1IB UTIOlIAL


ConatttuttoD

.obi Ie Military .ield


DIRECTOaY

Court .

~1
.:
I

~l

TIlE CHAIRIAII OF

~&Ht-D~ :

86 17Q3/NV/AN n~ay 24 thnng 9 n&~ 1~ Uy-quy~n cho T6ne Oy-v18Q An-nlnh duyCt-kY cac nih!-d~nh an;tri, ho~c c~dng:bach ~~-trU"ho~c bl t-tru khql ndl cu-tru ~hung.phAn-ttl co hanh-d ng.nguyh1em cho qu6c-phon~ va an-~lnb ~Ong~cOng va quy~t-dtnb nhJng tal-yft d~g vao cac ho~t-dOng nguy-h1em cho qu6c-pbong va an-nlnb cOng-cOng.

dated

Con.ider!D, the I April 1967; Con.ld.rln.

ot tbe public

of

Vl.tn

Decl.lou

'3/QLVIICHlQD

by Decision ~/QLV"CHlQD dated 6 June Council prescribing the e8t.b118~ent National Directory; Con.ld.rlnl aul.attn, the ot Vietn ; Con.lderlnl of IUl1tary Con.lderlnl

dated 14 June 1985, eDded 1968, of the aVIIAr General

<

< < <


r (,

and the co-po.ition of the


dated IV June 1965 proterritory of the RepubUc

od-t;oa Ut-Bd Bin-niP

,aUllG-UdlG,

Decree II'OOI-a/CT/LDQG/8L State ot .ar tbrou&hout tbe

OrdlD.nee Juetlce; Decr.e-Law 11'8 dated 14 .a, 1951 protaUlcattal tbe

<

Cbl~u OdC-pb8p Dgay 19 tbing sau n~m 1965; Ch1~~ s4c-1tnb 86 OOl-a/CT/~G/SL ng~y 19 thang ~au n~m 1965 v~ cac T~-klfn kA t1Ap tn~dlnh tbanh-ph!n 'Oy-ban Hanb-pbilp Trung-~dng; , Cbl~u S4c-1utt 86 004/65 ngay 19 thang bay n~m 1965 b~ tuc bdl s!c-1u t 86 004/66 ngay 15 thang hal n~m 1966 quy-dlnb cb~-ta1 d6l TOl mOt 86 tOl danh trong tinb:trtng chl~n-tranb,

Code

#11/82

dated

docuaent.

pre.crib!n.

tb t.bll.~eDt

or

II la, IV62 and Bube uent Militar, Pleld Courte;

Conolderlnl Deere. II'205/CT/LIlQG/8L dated 2 Dee_ber 1965 pre8crlblnl regulation. IOyerotnl tbe or.anta.lioa and responalbll1tlea of .aenctes aubordlnate to the lint.try of Natloaa1 Defenlle and

the RVNAF; Upon rec~end.tlon


After ISSUES deliberation TIll rou,owll'G

of tbe Olflce of the Pri


and approval by' tb ttonal

1alater;
Director)"

IGBi-JlpIB :
Dl~u ~b~ 1.- Nay Uy-quyAn cho T6nS Oy-v18n kn:nlnb dUyft-ki ca~ nghl-dlnh ~-tr{, bo~c cUdng-b~ch c~-tru bo~c blet-tru khol nd c~-tru tron~ nbung dla-dlem chldinb trong thal ~fD t 1 de 2 9~m.va co tbl gle-hiP mel kj ,ta~ da ~ nam, nbung pbAn-ttl co ban~-dOng nguy-bl&m cho q~8c-~bong va an-~lnb cOng-cOng, cung quy~t-d!nh v~ nhUng tat-vtt dU~c dUng.vao cac hOft-d~ng nguy:bltm cho qu~cpb~Dg va ~-n1nb cOng-cOng nAu co, nb~ da,quy-dlnh t~l dleu 19 cua S!c-1uft s6 004/66 ngay 15 than~ hu nam 1966 tbl1~ng cblAu. Di~u th~ 2.- T~ng Oy-v1,n An-nlnh, T~n~ Oy-v18n Td-pbRp chi u nhifm-vv 1anb thl-banb ngb!-d!nh nay. Ng~-d!nh COng-boa. nay dl1~c ding vao COng-bao Vlet-nam Sal-gon, ngay 24 thBng chin nam 1966 Thl#u-t~bng NGurfN CAO xi
76

DEClO-LAW: are hereby eatabltabed tour additional the trial of ottena a.alnst the .obtle

ARTICLE 1.
Military Hatlona1

There

PJela Court., S~curtty.


2.

tor

ARTICLE various Corp.

The court. Tacttcal Zones.

will

be or.antzed

needed,

In the

ARTICLE J. The Prlae IUntater, Mtnt.ter., and th. Secretarle8 of "atlonai oeten.e, JU8ttce, and rlnance will carr, out thl. Decree-Law tn accordance with their offtcia1 r ponaibilitiea. This Decree-Law will be publ1ahed pur8uant SAIGON, ADDRESSES Office of the Prt.e Mintster Cabinet Subordinate Alencles Offtce of the Deputy Pri Mtnt.ter Upper Houee Lower House Mtni.try of "attona1 Defense Mint.lry or Justice Ministry ot Finance Mtnistry or Int~rlor cor-ps Tacttcal Zones "ayore and Province Chiers Official Gazelte to eIIer.ency 30 October procedure.

1987

81,ned:

LT, VAIl

GElQ!RAL IIOtIYBII THlEU COPT Cabinet VU DOC "HUA~ TRUE COpy

OFFICIAL Director of the SiaDed; Colonel CIRTlrlED

11. ,
"

________________ 1

i,

,~,

77

,._

..

Cbiet of PreeR Service. Official Gazette, Orrice of the Prhle Minister Sllned: HUYNH QUANG 1111"

.,.

*. .. rf,,:~'f
<~ ..

.~
..-;
.J../

rl

APPIMDII "L" REPUBLICor VIETNAM .2U/SLIcr of 7 AUlu.t

Appendix L
1964

THI CHAIIlllAN OP THI MILITARYRIVOLUTIO"ARY COUNCIL, - Conalderlnc the Prowl.lonal


dated 4 No., 1963, &aended

VI$T-NAM COBG-HOA
36: 215-SL/CT

Conetl tutlon Act '1


Constitutional

by Provlalonal

Act .2 dated
the Militar, Nluyen .hanh

7 Peb 1964. the Decl.lon


of

CBU-TICD BOI-D6BG Qu1B-~I CACD-M4BG Chlfu qac Hlfn-Udc ~,. thai

- Conelderln.

of 30 January 1964 of
Lt General

ReYoluttonar,

a.

Cbalr.an

Council appolnt1na the IRe,

86 1 ng~

- Conalderln. the present riou. altu&t10n requirtn, special .e urea In order to te.uard the whole terr! tor,. of the Republic 01 Vietn ,aln.t the :0..unl. ta' 10 10n. I u tb. follcnr1nc Decre.-Le.:

4 thang 11 n~m 196~ va se 2 ngal 7 thOng 2 nAm 1964; Chl~u quy6t-dlnb ng~ 30 thing gl~ng nAm 1~64 cua HOl-d~ng ~uin-d~l Ca~b-mtD8 chl-4~b Trung-

ARTICLI 1. Th.re 18 hereby proclal.ed a Slate of "erlenc, tfiroucbout tbe territory of Vietn , of thl. date uDtil Ita"tber order. ARTICLI 2. An, la. or relul.tlon which .hall d~e.ea-n.iCiiiarJ not to be applied , be declared teaporarll, au_pended. be

t~dng NGUYtN-KRANH gLa chUc-VV Chu-tlch HQ1-d8ng QuAD-dOl Cach-~~; let hLfn tlnh khin-trudng qU&C-DQl d~ bao-ve t08n v~n Linh-h~ Vl~t-nam cOng~hoa truac hlf.h9a xm-l~g c~ng-khal cua ~-qu6c COng-san,

v,

S1C-LU+TI
DltUtt~Uvt.- Ray tuyen-~& tlqh-~rtDS khln-tr~dng tren toan lan ft-nam COng-hoa, kf tu ngay ceng-b6 S~c-lu~t nay va cho tdl khl co I,Db .61. , _ Dl~u tb~ hanh se dU~c tuygn-b

ARTICLI 3. The Prl Mlnleter .111 carr, out thl. Decree-Liw 6, tak1n, adequate ur to 1ntalD the aecurl of the 8tate and to te.uard the whole territor,. of

t, the

RepubUc

of

Vi.tn . be publlahed 1n accordance

Thla

.t th ergeney

Decree-Law ahall procedur

i'- Lu4t-l~ nio,xet ra cAn ngUDg tbit,m d!nb-chi ap-dvng.

8al,on.

Au.uet 196. General Sllned RGUTIKKHNAH

Lieutenant

DLAu thu 3.- Thu-tuang Ch8nb-phq linh tracbn~le~ ban-qunb Dhung blfn-pb8p th{cb-~ df baa-vf an-nLnh va lanh-tb6 Qu6c-gla. S4c-lu~t nay se d~~c c~ng-b6 theo thu-tyc khtfn-d,p. SaL-gon, ngay 7 thang tam n~m 1964 TrUDg-t~ang NGUYfN KHANH

80

81

~.

~~

'1
APPENDIX
Or,din.nee Proclat.lng No. Ol/U8LDQG of of

" "
01 June 24, 1965 the

Append1x M ,,
V$-NAM CONG-BOA Ur-BAH UHH-BAO

'\
.!

a State Republic

War throughout Y1etn

ARTICL~ 1:
War tnroUlhoUf

There t. hereby
the territory of

proclataed a State of
VietD",

ARTICLE 2: Durine the State of .ar, the Central Executive Co tttee Is delegated the power to take appropriate aeasures tor safeguarding the territory of the country and the public security and order. ARTICLE 3:
ance

QUOc-GIA -++s6: Ol/UBLIlQG

, , ,

CIW-TJCB
Ur-BAB LlHH-~O Qu6c-GU

This Or~tn.nce
procedure

t. pro.ul.lted

In accord-

wIth

e.erlency

Ch1Au Gdc-phBp ngay 19 thing 8BU nam 1965 tt-ch~c cd-cAu Qu3c-g1a; Ch1lu d~-nghl CUB H01-dAng Anninh Qu6c-g1a, DV:
(

Chair-an of the National LeaderShip Co..tttee "ajor General NGUYEN VAN TRIEU

, ,

Dth th~ IiSJ ban-h8.nhtlnhtr!plgch1~n-tranh tr8n oan lan -thl Viet-n COng-hoa.
D1tu th~ 2.- ~-n~f' by-ban Han4-phap T~g-~dng, eu t trong th~l ki ~lnh-~~g ch1~~-tran4, ~p-dyng cac bien-phap th{ch-ung 41 baov~ lanh-th~ v8 trqt-tV an-ninh c&ng-cOng. ~u th~ 3.- DV nay c!1.tC1c banhanh theo thu-tyc khdD-cp. Sa1-gon, ngay 24 thans
,

C-

,
:, , ,
(

,,

Trung-tudng NGUYEN VAM TH~U Chu-ttch Oy-ban L8nh-dto Qu6c-gia

...

S8U

nam 1965
,.

I !

I I

83
82

----L-

APPDDII

"N"

SUl'l'1aPIA!. .,.
de 1_ 101 du 17 Move.bre

Tsm.,..,

Code D'JnatructloD

Crt.tnelle

(Suite

ARTICLE
foule

10e.

Tout deposit.ire
eera tenu de

de 1. torce publ1que.
lsir Ie pr-evenu Burprls

8t

pereonne,

en flagrant d.ltt, ou poursulv., Bolt par 1. cat.eur publlque, 801t dane lee ca. ae81.11e8 au flagrant d411t, et de Ie condutre devant re procureur du Rot t te procureur de 1_ Republlque), "ana qu'it eolt besotn de ndet d'ener, 81
Le crt.e In8tr.16, ou d~llt eaporte 30,.0,41,; Pen. pe i ne .ffllctt 7,8.415-120. .e ou lnf nte.-

Lot du 20 lIat 1863 Sur I'instructlon de. fleerant. d~Jllt. de nt lea tribunau. correctlonnela
(D. ARTICLI ler. d411t Tout P. 83. 4. lOti). et 'tat de fla,rant

tnculpi

arr'te

pour un fait punt de peln correctlonnett". e.t ,.edt.te.ent conduit deyant 1e procureur t.p4rlal (Ie procureur de la R'publ1que) qui l'tnterroKe, et, s'11 J a lieu, Ie tradul t aur-le-che.p l'.udience du tribuna1 . Dana ce caa, Ie procureur
Republlque) peut _Hr. (L. I'tnculpe 8 dec. 1897.) AJlTICLI 93.

t.plrlal
aou

(le procur.ur de la
ndU de 4.""t. c de ndat de

Dana Ie

co.parutlon, il (le JUle d'inatructlon) interrolera de eultej dan. le ca. de ndat d'a.ener, dan. lea vinl-quatre heuree au plua tard de I'entree de l'lnculpe dan. la .alson de dep8t ou d'arrh. A l'eaplratton de ee dch.l, l'loculp4 .era coeeut t , d'officft e t .an. aucun nouveau delat, par lee .01n. du .ardlenchef, devant Ie procureur de la R~publlque, qui requerra du JUle d'ln.lructlon lOlnlerrolatolre ledtat. En ca. de refu., d'abeenee ou d'ft.plc~.ent dO.ent con.tat4 du jUle d'tnstructton, l'lnculpe sera Interrol~ Ban. retard, 8ur lee r~qut.ttlon. du .lnlBtere publlc, . Ie president du tribunal ou p.r Le .1ulft r qu'il deatlnera; delaut de quol Ie procureur de la ~publtque ordonnera 1 i.e en l1bert4 ledtate de l'lnculp~. Tout inculpl arr'tl en vertu d'un .and.t d n.r qui. en ,.lolatlon du para.raphe pr'cedent. aura Jt~ lntenu pendant elull de vlnlt-quatre heurea denll 1 180n de d'P&t ou d'arr't sanll evoir fte interrole par te JUle d'ln.tructlon ou c~ndult, coeee 11 vlent,d'tftre dlt, devant le pro~ureur de 1& aepubllque, sera consider' caa-. arbltralre.ent detenu.

,I

.i
. I

Iii ,

84

8~

:1

...

ii