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REVIEWING THE BASICS CHAPTER 8 1. What are the two common sizes for hard drives? 3.

5 and 2.5 2. Why is a solid state drive referred to as solid state? because it has no moving parts 3. If a magnetic drive has four platters, how many heads does it have? Eight 4. What is the name of the Vista technology that supports a hybrid drive? Readydrive 5. When the OS addresses the sectors on a hard drive as one long list of sequential sectors, what is this technology called? LBA (Logical block addressing) 6. What are the main two components of the Master Boot Record on a hard drive? Master boot program and partition table 7. What is the smallest unit of space on a hard drive that can be used to store a file? A cluster 8. What two file systems can Windows use to format a hard drive? FAT32, NTFS Which system supports the most storage capacity? NTFS 9. Which ATA standard for hard drives first introduced S.M.A.R.T.? ATA-3 10. Which ATA standard is the latest standard that made improvements to PATA? ATA/ATAPI-7, ultra ATA/133 11. A CD drive that uses a PATA connection must follow what standard? ATAP1 12. How many pins does a PATA cable have? 40 PINS What is the maximum recommended length of a PATA cable? 80 INCH

13. What transfer mode can transmit data from a device to memory without involving the CPU? DMA 14. What term describes the technology that allows you to exchange a hard drive without powering down the system? Hot swapping

15. Which RAID level mirrors one hard drive with a second drive so that the same data is written to both drives? RAID 1 16. Which RAID level stripes data across multiple drives to improve performance and also provides fault tolerance? RAID 5 17. How many pins does a floppy drive cable have? 34 PINS 18. Which file system does a floppy disk use? FAT12 19. What are three current ratings for spindle speed for a magnetic hard drive? 5400,7200,10000 RPM 20. What Windows utility can be used to partition and format a hard drive? DISK MANAGEMENT 21. What are the four possible configurations for a PATA drive installed in a system? PRIMARY IDE CHANNEL, MASTER SLAVE PRIMARY IDE CHANNEL, SLAVE SLAVE SECONDARY IDE CHANNEL, MASTER SECONDARY IDE CHANNEL, SLAVE 22. If a motherboard has one blue IDE connector and one black IDE connection, which do you use to install a single drive? BLUE CONNECTOR 23. When implementing RAID on a motherboard, where do you enable the feature? IN BIOS SETUP

24. To write to a floppy disk, is it necessary for the write-protect notch to be open or closed? WINDOW MUST BE CLOSED 25. What is the name of the Seagate utility that can be used to test a hard drive and diagnose a hard drive problem? SEATOOL